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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 493-510, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416551

ABSTRACT

A quimioterapia do câncer pode ocasionar reações adversas medicamentosas (RAM), podendo resultar de interações medicamentosas (IM) e impactar na adesão. O presente estudo relatou as RAM apresentadas por pacientes em quimioterapia (QT) e propôs estratégias de intervenções. Este trabalho foi aprovado em comité de ética (5.160.503), sendo incluídos 23 pacientes em quimioterapia (oral- VO e/ou endovenosa- EV) e todos foram entrevistados. Recebiam apenas o QTEV, 20 pacientes e 2 QTEV e VO, a maioria em tratamento paliativo (50%), predomínio de estadiamento IV, sendo as doenças mais presentes de pâncreas (27,3%), estômago (22,7%) e mama (18,2%) e esquema mais usado foi Carboplatina + Paclitaxel. As principais comorbidades foram diabetes e hipertensão arterial. As interações medicamentosas foram classificadas em graves (45%), moderadas (55%) e intencional (75%), sendo necessário introdução de medicamentos de suporte (61%). Houve RAM de maior gravidade, neutropenia, sendo necessário a suspensão temporária, e de menor gravidade náuseas. Houve um óbito relacionado a evolução de doença e, talvez, o tratamento possa ter contribuído. Ao final, foram feitas as intervenções para cada caso e validado o formulário para a consulta farmacêutica a pacientes oncológicos.


Cancer chemotherapy can cause adverse drug reactions (ADRs), which can result from drug interactions (IM) and impact adherence. The present study reported the ADRs presented by patients undergoing chemotherapy (CT) and proposed intervention strategies. This work was approved by the ethics committee (5,160,503), and 23 patients on chemotherapy (oral-VO and/or intravenous-IV) were included and all were interviewed. Only received CTIV, 20 patients and 2 CTIV and VO, most in palliative treatment (50%), predominance of stage IV, being the most common diseases of pancreas (27.3%), stomach (22.7%) and breast (18.2%) and the most used regimen was Carboplatin + Paclitaxel. The main comorbidities were diabetes and arterial hypertension. Drug interactions were classified as severe (45%), moderate (55%) and intentional (75%), requiring the introduction of supportive drugs (61%). There were more severe ADRs, neutropenia, requiring temporary suspension, and less severe nausea. There was one death related to the evolution of the disease and, perhaps, the treatment may have contributed. At the end, interventions were made for each case and the form for the pharmaceutical consultation to cancer patients was validated.


La quimioterapia contra el cáncer puede causar reacciones adversas a los medicamentos (RAM), que pueden ser consecuencia de interacciones farmacológicas (IM) y repercutir en la adherencia. El presente estudio reportó las RAM presentadas por pacientes en quimioterapia (QT) y propuso estrategias de intervención. Este trabajo fue aprobado en comité de ética (5.160.503), se incluyeron 23 pacientes en quimioterapia (oral- VO y/o endovenosa-EV) y todos fueron entrevistados. Recibieron sólo QTEV, 20 pacientes y 2 QTEV y VO, la mayoría en tratamiento paliativo (50%), predominio de estadiaje IV, siendo las enfermedades más presentes las de páncreas (27,3%), estómago (22,7%) y mama (18,2%) y el esquema más utilizado fue Carboplatino + Paclitaxel. Las principales comorbilidades fueron la diabetes y la hipertensión arterial. Las interacciones farmacológicas se clasificaron como graves (45%), moderadas (55%) e intencionadas (75%), requiriendo la introducción de fármacos de apoyo (61%). La RAM más grave fue la neutropenia, que requirió la suspensión temporal, y la menos grave las náuseas. Hubo una muerte relacionada con la evolución de la enfermedad y, tal vez, el tratamiento pudo haber contribuido. Al final, se realizaron intervenciones para cada caso y se validó el formulario de consulta farmacéutica a pacientes oncológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patients , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Palliative Care , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Carboplatin/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Interactions , Hypertension , Nausea/drug therapy , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neutropenia/drug therapy
2.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 425-430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986911

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in the treatment of locally advanced olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB), and to explore the factors related to the efficacy of NACT. Methods: A total of 25 patients with ONB who underwent NACT in Beijing TongRen Hospital from April 2017 to July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 males and 9 females, with an average age of 44.9 years (ranged 26-72 years). There were 22 cases of Kadish stage C and 3 cases of stage D. After multiple disciplinary team(MDT) discussion, all patients were treated sequentially with NACT-surgery-radiotherapy. Among them, 17 cases were treated with taxol, cis-platinum and etoposide (TEP), 4 cases with taxol, nedaplatin and ifosfamide (TPI), 3 cases with TP, while 1 case with EP. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis, and survival analyses were calculated based on the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The overall response rate of NACT was 32% (8/25). Subsequently, 21 patients underwent extended endoscopic surgery and 4 patients underwent combined cranial-nasal approach. Three patients with stage D disease underwent cervical lymph node dissection. All patients received postoperative radiotherapy. The mean follow-up time was 44.2 months (ranged 6-67 months). The 5-year overall survival rate was 100.0%, and the 5-year disease-free survival rates was 94.4%. Before NACT, Ki-67 index was 60% (50%, 90%), while Ki-67 index was 20% (3%, 30%) after chemotherapy [M (Q1, Q3)]. The change of Ki-67 before and after NACT was statistically significant (Z=-24.24, P<0.05). The effects of age, gender, history of surgery, Hyams grade, Ki-67 index and chemotherapy regimen to NACT were analyzed. Ki-67 index≥25% and high Hyams grade were related to the efficacy of NACT (all P<0.05). Conclusions: NACT could reduce Ki-67 index in ONBs. High Ki-67 index and Hyams grade are clinical indicators sensitive to the efficacy of NACT. NACT-surgery-radiotherapy is effective for patients with locally advanced ONB.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory/etiology , Ki-67 Antigen , Paclitaxel , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Nasal Cavity , Nose Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 88-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application and efficacy of paclitaxel liposome in the treatment of advanced breast cancer among Chinese population in the real world. Methods: The clinical characteristics of patients with advanced breast cancer who received paclitaxel liposome as salvage treatment from January 1, 2016 to August 31, 2019 in 11 hospitals were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome was progression free survival (PFS), and the secondary outcome included objective response rate (ORR) and safety. The survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox regression model were used for the multivariate analysis. Results: Among 647 patients with advanced breast cancer who received paclitaxel liposome, the first-line treatment accounted for 43.3% (280/647), the second-line treatment accounted for 27.7% (179/647), and the third-line and above treatment accounted for 29.1% (188/647). The median dose of first-line and second-line treatment was 260 mg per cycle, and 240 mg in third line and above treatment. The median period of paclitaxel liposome alone and combined chemotherapy or targeted therapy is 4 cycles and 6 cycles, respectively. In the whole group, 167 patients (25.8%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with capecitabine±trastuzumab (TX±H), 123 patients (19.0%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome alone (T), and 119 patients (18.4%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with platinum ± trastuzumab (TP±H), 108 patients (16.7%) were treated with paclitaxel liposome combined with trastuzumab ± pertuzumab (TH±P). The median PFS of first-line and second-line patients (5.5 and 5.5 months, respectively) were longer than that of patients treated with third line and above (4.9 months, P<0.05); The ORR of the first line, second line, third line and above patients were 46.7%, 36.8% and 28.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that event-free survival (EFS) and the number of treatment lines were independent prognostic factors for PFS. The common adverse events were myelosuppression, gastrointestinal reactions, hand foot syndrome and abnormal liver function. Conclusion: Paclitaxel liposomes is widely used and has promising efficacy in multi-subtype advanced breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/chemically induced , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Trastuzumab/therapeutic use , Capecitabine/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 74-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969808

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different medical treatment in advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma. Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective clinical study. Fifty-five advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma patients treated in Sun-Yat Sen University Cancer Center from January 2005 to August 2020 were enrolled. There were 34 patients who received first-line doxorubicin-based chemotherapy (doxorubicin group), 12 patients received first-line doxorubicin or liposome doxorubicin plus paclitaxel or albumin bound paclitaxel chemotherapy (combination therapy group), and 4 patients received first-line paclitaxel-based treatment (paclitaxel group). There were 6 patients who received anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, another 2 patients received anti-PD-1 antibody plus anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy plus targeted therapy included 5 cases of first-line therapy and 3 cases of second-line therapy. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by RECIST 1.1 standard. The adverse reactions were evaluated by CTCAE4.0 standard. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was evaluated with Log rank test. Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: There were 18 patients achieved partial response (PR) in 34 patients in the doxorubicin group, median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 4.5 months, and median overall survival (mOS) was 15 months. Four patients achieved PR in 12 patients in the combination therapy group, mPFS and mOS were 4 months and 19 months. Two patients achieved PR in 4 patients in the paclitaxel group, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 9 months. However, only 1 in 6 patients achieved PR for anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 16 months. Two patients who received anti-PD-1 immunotherapy combined with anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy acquired PR for 17 months and more than 16 months. Median PFS (7.5 months) were longer in those with primary liver, lung and spleen angiosarcoma than in those with other primary site (3.0 months, P=0.028). The mOS (20 months) was longer in females than that in males (12 months, P=0.045). Primary tumor site, sex, age and treatment were not independent prognostic factors for angiosarcoma patients (P>0.05). Grade 3-4 cardiac toxicity was found in 2 patients in the combination therapy group. Conclusions: Doxorubicin-based and paclitaxel-based chemotherapy are the most important treatment for advanced angiosarcoma. Potential efficacy for targeted therapy combined with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy are showed in some patients with long duration of response and moderate adverse event.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hemangiosarcoma , Retrospective Studies , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3472-3484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981482

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rg_3, an active component of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), was used as the substitute for cholesterol as the membrane material to prepare the ginsenoside Rg_3-based liposomes loaded with dihydroartemisinin and paclitaxel. The effect of the prepared drug-loading liposomes on triple-negative breast cancer in vitro was evaluated. Liposomes were prepared with the thin film hydration method, and the preparation process was optimized by single factor experiments. The physicochemical properties(e.g., particle size, Zeta potential, and stability) of the liposomes were characterized. The release behaviors of drugs in different media(pH 5.0 and pH 7.4) were evaluated. The antitumor activities of the liposomes were determined by CCK-8 on MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells. The cell scratch test was carried out to evaluate the effect of the liposomes on the migration of MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells. Further, the targeting ability of liposomes and the mechanism of lysosome escape were investigated. Finally, H9c2 cells were used to evaluate the potential cardiotoxicity of the preparation. The liposomes prepared were spheroid, with uniform particle size distribution, the ave-rage particle size of(107.81±0.01) nm, and the Zeta potential of(2.78±0.66) mV. The encapsulation efficiency of dihydroartemisinin and paclitaxel was 57.76%±1.38% and 99.66%±0.07%, respectively, and the total drug loading was 4.46%±0.71%. The accumulated release of dihydroartemisinin and paclitaxel from the liposomes at pH 5.0 was better than that at pH 7.4, and the liposomes could be stored at low temperature for seven days with good stability. Twenty-four hours after administration, the inhibition rates of the ginsenoside Rg_3-based liposomes loaded with dihydroartemisinin(70 μmol·L~(-1)) and paclitaxel on MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells were higher than those of the positive control(adriamycin) and free drugs(P<0.01). Compared with free drugs, liposomes inhibited the migration of MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 cells(P<0.05). Liposomes demonstrated active targeting and lysosome escape. In particular, liposomes showed lower toxicity to H9c2 cells than free drugs(P<0.05), which indicated that the preparation had the potential to reduce cardiotoxicity. The findings prove that ginsenoside Rg_3 characterized by the combination of drug and excipient is an ideal substitute for lipids in liposomes and promoted the development of innovative TCM drugs for treating cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Liposomes/chemistry , Ginsenosides/therapeutic use , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cardiotoxicity/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor
6.
Rev. int. sci. méd. (Abidj.) ; 25(1): 55-59, 2023. tables, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1442482

ABSTRACT

la prise en charge du cancer col métastatique s'est enrichie depuis 2017 par la disponibilité des thérapies ciblées dans notre pays. Cette étude avait pour objectifs de déterminer les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, cliniques et thérapeutiques des patientes prises en charge pour cancer du col métastatique dans notre structure. Methodes. il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective à visé descriptive menée dans les services de gynécologie et d'oncologie du CHUT, du janvier 2018 ­ octobre 2021. Elle a concerné les dossiers de patientes traitées pour un cancer du col de l'utérus métastatique confi rmé. Ont été inclus les dossiers des patientes qui ont reçu au moins 06 cures de chimiothérapie associées ou non à la thérapie ciblée, et dont la dernière cure a été réalisée 24 mois avant la fi n de l'étude. Resultats. Nous avons colligé 47 dossiers dont les patientes avaient un âge moyen de 54 ans. Elles avaient toutes déjà accouché, et étaient sans activités dans 57% des cas. La tumeur initiale était un carcinome épidermoïde dans la majorité des cas (87%). Les sites métastatiques les plus fréquents étaient lespoumons (39%), le foie (26%), les os (15%). Elles ont toutes bénéfi cié de la combinaison PaclitaxelCisplatine ­Bévacizumab comme traitement spécifi que. La survie globale a été de 52 % à 24 mois, et était meilleur chez les patientes qui ont reçu le Bévacizumab dans leur traitement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Paclitaxel , Antineoplastic Agents , Survival , Bevacizumab
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 159-164, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365364

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the molecular mechanism underlying the occurrence of benign bile duct stricture and the target of low-dose paclitaxel in the prevention of benign bile duct stricture. METHODS: Under the stimulation of transforming growth factor beta 1, the expression of collagen type I and connective tissue growth factor were detected on isolated primary fibroblasts. The phosphorylation levels of JNK and Smad2L were detected using Western blot. The effect of low-dose paclitaxel on the transforming growth factor beta 1-induced inhibition of type I collagen and connective tissue growth factor expression and JNK and Smad2L phosphorylation was also observed. RESULTS: Transforming growth factor beta 1 induced the secretion of type I collagen and connective tissue growth factor as well as JNK phosphorylation in biliary fibroblasts. The JNK inhibitor or siRNA-Smad2 inhibited the transforming growth factor beta 1-induced secretion of type I collagen and connective tissue growth factor. Low-dose paclitaxel inhibited the expression of type I collagen induced by transforming growth factor beta 1 and may inhibit the secretion of collagen in biliary fibroblasts. CONCLUSION: The activation of JNK/Smad2L induced by transforming growth factor beta 1 is involved in the occurrence of benign bile duct stricture that is mediated by the overexpression of type I collagen and connective tissue growth factor, and low-dose paclitaxel may inhibit the phosphorylation of JNK/Smad2L.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Collagen , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , Smad2 Protein , Fibroblasts/metabolism
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 671-676, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of paclitaxel, quizartinib and their combination on proliferation, apoptosis and FLT3/STAT5 pathway of human leukemia cell line MV4-11 (FLT3-ITD+).@*METHODS@#MV4-11 cells were treated with paclitaxel and quizartinib at different concentrations for 24 h, 48 h and 72 h, respectively, and then the two drugs were combined at 48 h to compare the inhibition of proliferation, the apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of FLT3 and STAT5 mRNA was determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the protein expression of FLT3, p-FLT3, STAT5 and p-STAT5 was determined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Different combination groups of paclitaxel and quizartinib had synergistic inhibitory effect. The cell survival rate in the combination group was significantly lower than that in the single drug group (P<0.05). The cell apoptosis rate in the combination group was significantly higher than that in the single drug group (P<0.001). The expression of FLT3 mRNA in combination group was significantly higher than that in two single drugs (P<0.01). The expression of STAT5 mRNA in combination group was significantly higher than that in quizartinib group (P<0.001); increased compared with paclitaxel group, but there was no statistical significance. The expression level of p-FLT3、p-STAT5 protein in the combination group was significantly lower than that in the single drug group (P<0.05, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Paclitaxel combined with quizartinib can synergistically inhibit the proliferation of MV4-11 cell line and promote the apoptosis of MV4-11 cell line by inhibiting the activity of FLT3/STAT5 pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Benzothiazoles , Cell Line, Tumor , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Phenylurea Compounds , RNA, Messenger , STAT5 Transcription Factor/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 26-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a polylactic acid-glycolic acid-polyethylene glycol (PLGA-PEG) nanocarrier (N-Pac-CD133) coupled with a CD133 nucleic acid aptamer carrying paclitaxel for eliminating lung cancer stem cells (CSCs).@*METHODS@#Paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 was prepared using the emulsion/solvent evaporation method and characterized. CD133+ lung CSCs were separated by magnetic bead separation and identified for their biological behaviors and gene expression profile. The efficiency of paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 for targeted killing of lung cancer cells was assessed in vitro. SCID mice were inoculated with A549 cells and received injections of normal saline, empty nanocarrier linked with CD133 aptamer (N-CD133), paclitaxel, paclitaxel-loaded nanocarrier (N-Pac) or paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 (n=8, 5 mg/kg paclitaxel) on days 10, 15 and 20, and the tumor weight and body weight of the mice were measured on day 40.@*RESULTS@#Paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed a particle size of about 100 nm with a high encapsulation efficiency (>80%) and drug loading rate (>8%), and was capable of sustained drug release within 48 h. The CD133+ cell population in lung cancer cells showed the characteristic features of lung CSCs, including faster growth rate (30 days, P=0.001) and high expressions of tumor stem cell markers OV6(P < 0.001), CD133 (P=0.001), OCT3/4 (P=0.002), EpCAM (P=0.04), NANOG (P=0.005) and CD44 (P=0.02). Compared with N-Pac and free paclitaxel, paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed significantly enhanced targeting ability and cytotoxicity against lung CSCs in vitro (P < 0.001) and significantly reduced the formation of tumor spheres (P < 0.001). In the tumor-bearing mice, paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed the strongest effects in reducing the tumor mass among all the treatments (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#CD133 aptamer can promote targeted delivery of paclitaxel to allow targeted killing of CD133+ lung CSCs. N-Pac-CD133 loaded with paclitaxel may provide an effective treatment for lung cancer by targeting the lung cancer stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Lung , Mice, SCID , Nanoparticles , Neoplasms , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2457-2464, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928125

ABSTRACT

In view of the longevity and innate immune escape of red blood cells, this study designed the red blood cell membrane-coated paclitaxel nanosuspension [RBC-(PTX)NS] and investigated its physicochemical properties and antitumor effect in vitro. Paclitaxel nanosuspension [(PTX)NS] was prepared by ultrasonic precipitation and then RBC-(PTX)NS by ultrasonic coating. The formulation of(PTX)NS was optimized with Box-Behnken method and indexes of particle diameter, zeta potential, and stability. The morphology, particle diameter, stability, in vitro dissolution, and antitumor effect of(PTX)NS and RBC-(PTX)NS were characterized. The results showed that the particle diameter and zeta potential were(129.38±0.92) nm and(-22.41±0.48) mV, respectively, for the optimized(PTX)NS, while(142.5±0.68) nm and(-29.85±0.53) mV, respectively, for RBC-(PTX)NS. Under the transmission electron microscope,(PTX)NS was spherical and RBC-(PTX)NS had obvious core-shell structure. RBC-(PTX)NS remained stable for 5 days at 4 ℃. The in vitro dissolution test demonstrated that the cumulative release rate of RBC-(PTX)NS reached 79% within 20 min, which was significantly higher than that(25%) of(PTX)NS(P<0.05). As evidenced by MTT assay, RBC-(PTX)NS highly inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The cell membrane-coated nano-preparation preparation method is simple and reproducible. It improves the solubility of PTX and endows RBC-(PTX)NS with higher stability and stronger cytotoxicity. Thus, it is a new method for the delivery of PTX via nanocrystallization.


Subject(s)
Erythrocyte Membrane , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Particle Size , Suspensions
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 364-369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935222

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of real-world eribulin in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Methods: From December 2019 to December 2020, patients with advanced breast cancer were selected from Beijing Chaoyang District Sanhuan Cancer Hospital, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Peking University Cancer Hospital, Baotou Cancer Hospital, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, and Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, and Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: The median progression-free survival (PFS) of 77 patients was 5 months, the objective response rate (ORR) was 33.8%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 71.4%. The ORR of patients with triple-negative breast cancer was 23.1%, and the DCR was 57.7%; the ORR of patients with Luminal breast cancer was 40.0%, and the DCR was 77.8%; the ORR of patients with HER-2 overexpression breast cancer was 33.3%, and the DCR was 83.3%. ORR of 50.0% and DCR of 66.7% for patients treated with eribulin as first to second line treatment, ORR of 29.4% and DCR of 76.5% for patients treated with third to fourth line and ORR of 28.6% and DCR of 71.4% for patients treated with five to eleven line. The ORR of patients in the eribulin monotherapy group was 40.0% and the DCR was 66.0%; the ORR of patients in the combination chemotherapy or targeted therapy group was 22.2% and the DCR was 81.5%. Patients with a history of treatment with paclitaxel, docetaxel, or albumin paclitaxel during the adjuvant phase or after recurrent metastasis had an ORR of 32.9% and a DCR of 69.9% when treated with eribulin. The treatment efficacy is an independent prognostic factor affecting patient survival (P<0.001). The main adverse reactions in the whole group of patients were Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ neutrophil decline [29.9% (23/77)], and other adverse reactions were Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ fatigue [5.2% (4/77)], Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ peripheral nerve abnormality [2.6% (2/77)] and Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ alopecia [2.6% (2/77)]. Conclusions: Eribulin still has good antitumor activity against various molecular subtypes of breast cancer and advanced breast cancer that has failed multiple lines of chemotherapy, and the adverse effects can be controlled, so it has a good clinical application value.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Furans/adverse effects , Ketones/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 178-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935199

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and survival outcomes of dose-dense (biweekly) carboplatin plus paclitaxel (PC) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and to explore an optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen for TNBC. Methods: Patients diagnosed as TNBC(cT1-4N0-3M0) in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College Between January 2008 and September 2018 who received dose-dense PC and standard 3-weekly PC as NAC were 1∶1 matched using propensity score matching (PSM) to compare the efficacy, safety and survival outcomes. Results: One hundred of TNBC patients were enrolled (50 patients were divided in dose-dense group, 50 patients in standard group). The objective response rate (ORR) of dose-dense group and standard group were both 90.0% (45/50). The grade 3-4 neutropenia in dose-dense group was less than that of standard group (32.7% vs. 68.0%, P=0.001), while the rate of ALT/AST elevation in dose-dense group was higher than that of standard group (57.1% vs. 32.0%, P=0.012). The pathological complete response (pCR) rates were 34.0% (17/50) in dose-dense group and 38.0% (19/50) in standard group, without statistically significance (P=0.677). The median follow-up time was 55 months (3-150 months). The 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) in dose-dense group and standard group were 83.5% and 75.2%, respectively the 5-year overall survival (OS) in dose-dense and standard group were 87.9% and 84.5% the difference were not statistically significant (P=0.322 and 0.647, respectively). Patients with residual disease (tumor size≥1 cm or lymph node positive) had poor prognosis, the 5-year RFS and OS were 59.3% and 68.5%, respectively. Conclusions: Dose-dense PC has similar efficacy with standard 3-weekly PC and has a good safety profile. Since dose-dense regimen can shorten the duration of therapy, it can be an alternative in TNBC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Carboplatin/therapeutic use , Neoadjuvant Therapy/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology
13.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 95 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396440

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes com câncer em estádios avançados e metástases ósseas frequentemente não apresentam condições clínicas para a realização de esquemas quimioterápicos convencionais subsequentes, restringindo as opções de tratamento. Anteriormente, demonstramos que nanopartículas artificiais lipídicas (LDE), semelhantes à lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL) rica em colesterol, são captadas por tecidos malignos, e quando associadas aos quimioterápicos, após injeção pela via endovenosa, reduz drasticamente a toxicidade do tratamento. Os objetivos deste presente estudo foram avaliar a resposta clínica ao tratamento quimioterápico com paclitaxel (PTX) associado à LDE; avaliar as toxicidades clínicas e laboratorial, e a capacidade da associação LDE-PTX em reduzir a dor oncológica relacionada às metástases ósseas em pacientes com carcinoma de mama, próstata e pulmão, previamente tratados e não elegíveis para tratamento quimioterápico convencional subsequente. Métodos: Dezoito pacientes (8 com câncer de mama, 5 de próstata e 5 de pulmão) com metástases ósseas foram incluídos. O tratamento consistiu no esquema LDE-PTX na dose convencional do PTX (175 mg/m2 de superfície corpórea de 3/3 semanas) e os pacientes foram avaliados por resposta clínica, redução da dor óssea, uso de medicamentos opióides, e ocorrência de fraturas ósseas patológicas. Resultados: No total, 104 ciclos de quimioterapia foram realizados, e nenhum paciente apresentou toxicidade clínica, laboratorial, assim como não houve fraturas patológicas. Dos 18 pacientes incluídos, 9 tiveram sobrevida livre de progressão de doença 6 meses. Houve em todos os pacientes redução da dor óssea, permitindo substituição da medicação opióide por analgésico não opióide. Conclusão: A melhora significativa na dor óssea sem que tenha ocorrido toxicidade do tratamento, e o tempo de não progressão de doença 6 meses na metade dos pacientes sugere que esses pacientes tenham se beneficiado consistentemente do tratamento com a LDE-PTX. Portanto, a LDE-PTX pode tornar- se uma opção terapêutica interessante em pacientes com carcinomas de próstata, mama ou pulmão em estágios avançados e sem condições clínicas de se submeterem a outros esquemas quimioterápicos convencionais


Introduction: Patients with advanced cancer and bone metastases usually do not have clinical conditions to perform additional conventional chemotherapy regimens, restricting treatment options. Previously, we showed that lipid core nanoparticles (LDE), similar to cholesterol-rich low-density lipoprotein (LDL), are taken up by malignant tissues, and when associated to chemotherapy, after endovenous injection, it drastically decreases the toxicity of the treatment. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the clinical response to chemotherapy treatment with paclitaxel (PTX) associated with LDE; to evaluate the clinical and laboratorial toxicities, and the ability of the LDE-PTX to reduce cancer pain related to bone metastases in patients with breast, prostate or lung carcinoma, previously treated and not eligible for subsequent conventional chemotherapy treatment. Methods: Eighteen patients (8 with breast cancer, 5 with prostate and 5 with lung) with bone metastases were included. Treatment consisted of the LDE-PTX regimen at a conventional dose of PTX (175 mg/m2 body surface area, 3/3 weeks) and patients were evaluated for clinical response, reduction in bone pain, use of opioid medications, and the occurrence of pathological bone fractures. Results: In total, 104 chemotherapy cycles were performed, and none of the patients showed clinical or laboratorial toxicities, as well as there were no pathological fractures. Of the 18 patients evaluated, 9 had progression-fee survival 6 months. Patients had decrease in bone pain allowing replacement of opioid medication by another non-opioid analgesic. Conclusion: Significant improvement in bone pain without treatment toxicity, and time to disease progression of 6 months in half of the patients suggest that these patients have consistently benefited with LDE-PTX treatment. Therefore, LDE-PTX may become an interesting therapeutic option in patients with advanced stage of prostate, breast or lung carcinomas and without clinical conditions to undergo other conventional chemotherapy regimens


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients/classification , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Drug Therapy/classification , Drug Utilization/classification , Training Support/methods , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/adverse effects , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnosis , Neoplasms/pathology
14.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(2): eabc289, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400347

ABSTRACT

Background: The combination of doxorubicin (DOX) with paclitaxel (PTX) effectively treats breast cancer (BC). However, DOX-associated cardiotoxicity (CTX) is aggravated by the use of PTX. Consensus is lacking about which drug sequence involves the most CTX. Objectives: To evaluate whether DOX followed by PXT or the reverse sequence has the greatest cardiotoxic potential in the treatment of BC. Methods: Prospective study of women with primary BC who received four cycles of DOX and 12 infusions of PTX. Participants were divided into Group 1 (G1; PXT before DOX) and Group 2 (G2; DOX before PXT) at the discretion of the oncologist. CTX was defined as an absolute reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 10% to a value <53%. Patients underwentclinical evaluations and echocardiography before treatment (Phase 1) and one year after treatment (Phase 2). Results: Sixty-nine women were evaluated: 19 in G1 and 50 in G2. The groups had similar clinical characteristics. The doses of radiation, DOX, and PTX used were similar. Eight (11.6%) patients developed CTX: two (10.5%) in G1 and six (12.0%) in G2 (p=0.62). The mean LVEF was similar between groups in Phase 1 (G1=65.1±3.5%; G2=65.2±3.9%; p=0.96), with a significant reduction noted after one year in both groups: G1=61.4±8.1% (p=0.021) and G2=60.8±7.6% (p<0,001). Although lower, mean LVEF remained similar between groups after Phase 2 (p=0.79). Conclusions: In women with BC who underwent chemotherapy, the incidence of CTX at the end of the first year of treatment was similar regardless of whether DOX was used before or after PTX. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Cardiotoxins/radiation effects , Cardiotoxins/toxicity , Stroke Volume/drug effects , Echocardiography/methods , Doxorubicin/toxicity , Paclitaxel/toxicity
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(2): 564-570, abr. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385368

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Cancer known as a malignant tumor, is a class of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. The Ehrlich tumor is a mammary adenocarcinoma of mice developed in solid and ascitic forms. This study was aimed to investigate the effects of paclitaxel on Netrin 1 and Factor 8 expression and also in tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and development of tumor in Ehrlich solid tumors treated with paclitaxel. In this study, 26 adult Balb/C male mice were used. 6 of them were used as stock. Ehrlich ascites cells taken from animals in stock were injected subcutaneously from the neck area to all animals. The mice were randomly assigned to two groups of ten rats per group. Paclitaxel treatment group 10 mg/kg were administered to mice intraperitoneally (i.p.) 4,9, and 14th days. 15th day the animals were sacrificed and tumor tissues were taken. Paraffin-embedded solid tumor sections were stained Hematoxylin & Eosin, Masson's Trichrome. Also solid tumor sections were stained immunohistochemically with Netrin1 and Factor 8. Tunel method was applied to determine apoptosis. Paclitaxel applied as a therapeutic Ehrlich solid tumor reduced the volume of tumors in the treatment groups. At the end of the experiments, in the treatment groups' significantly reduced the Netrin 1 expression and microvessel density compared to the group control. Also paclitaxel in the treatment group increased the number of apoptotic cells. We suggest that decreasing the expression of Netrin 1 would be reduced vessel density and increased apoptosis.


RESUMEN: El cáncer, conocido como tumor maligno, es una clase de enfermedad que involucra un crecimiento celular anormal con potencial de invadir o diseminarse a otras partes del cuerpo. El tumor de Ehrlich es un adenocarcinoma mamario de ratones desarrollado en formas sólidas y ascíticas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos del paclitaxel en la expresión de Netrin 1 y Factor 8 y también en la proliferación de células tumorales, apoptosis, angiogénesis y desarrollo de tumores sólidos de Ehrlich tratados con paclitaxel. En esta investigación se utilizaron 26 ratones machos Balb / C adultos. Seis de ellos se utilizaron como stock. Se inyectaron por vía subcutánea células de ascitis de Ehrlich tomadas de animales en la zona del cuello. Los ratones se asignaron aleatoriamente a dos grupos de diez ratas por grupo. Se administraron 10 mg/kg del grupo de tratamiento con paclitaxel a ratones por vía intraperitoneal (i.p.) 4, 9 y 14 días. El día 15 se sacrificaron los animales y se extrajeron los tejidos tumorales. Las secciones de tumor sólido incluidas en parafina se tiñeron con hematoxilina y eosina y tricrómico de Masson. También se tiñeron inmunohisto-químicamente secciones de tumor sólido con Netrin1 y Factor 8. Se aplicó el método Tunel para determinar la apoptosis. El paclitaxel aplicado como tumor sólido terapéutico de Ehrlich redujo el volumen de tumores en los grupos de tratamiento. Al final de los experimentos, en los grupos de tratamiento se redujo significativamente la expresión de Netrin 1 y la densidad de microvasos en comparación con el grupo control. Además, el paclitaxel en el grupo tratamiento aumentó el número de células apoptóticas. Sugerimos que la disminución de la expresión de Netrin 1 reduciría la densidad de los vasos y aumentaría la apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Carcinoma, Ehrlich Tumor/drug therapy , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Netrin-1/antagonists & inhibitors , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/administration & dosage , Factor VIII , Immunohistochemistry , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Microvascular Density/drug effects , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology
16.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 10-15, Mar. 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292308

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: LXYL-P1-2 is the first reported glycoside hydrolase that can catalyze the transformation of 7-b-xylosyl-10-deacetyltaxol (XDT) to 10-deacetyltaxol (DT) by removing the D-xylosyl group at the C7 position. Successful synthesis of paclitaxel by one-pot method combining the LXYL-P1-2 and 10- deacetylbaccatin III-10-b-O-acetyltransferase (DBAT) using XDT as a precursor, making LXYL-P1-2 a highly promising enzyme for the industrial production of paclitaxel. The aim of this study was to investigate the catalytic potential of LXYL-P1-2 stabilized on magnetic nanoparticles, the surface of which was modified by Ni2+-immobilized cross-linked Fe3O4@Histidine. RESULTS: The diameter of matrix was 20­40 nm. The Km value of the immobilized LXYL-P1-2 catalyzing XDT (0.145 mM) was lower than that of the free enzyme (0.452 mM), and the kcat/Km value of immobilized enzyme (12.952 mM s 1 ) was higher than the free form (8.622 mM s 1 ). The immobilized form maintained 50% of its original activity after 15 cycles of reuse. In addition, the stability of immobilized LXYL-P1-2, maintained 84.67% of its initial activity, improved in comparison with free form after 30 d storage at 4 C. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation not only provides an effective procedure for biocatalytic production of DT, but also gives an insight into the application of magnetic material immobilization technology.


Subject(s)
Paclitaxel/biosynthesis , Glycoside Hydrolases/metabolism , Kinetics , Enzymes, Immobilized , Nanoparticles , Magnets
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2481-2488, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879151

ABSTRACT

The paclitaxel-loaded and folic acid-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nano-micelles(PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs) were prepared by the emulsion solvent evaporation method, and the parameters of paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were optimized with the particle size and PDI as evaluation indexes. The morphology of the nano-micelles was observed by transmission electron microscopy(TEM), and the stability, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency were systematically investigated. In vitro experiments were performed to study the cytotoxic effects of nano-micelles, apoptosis, and cellular uptake. Under the optimal parameters, the nano-micelles showed the particle size of(125.3±1.2) nm, the PDI of 0.086±0.026, the zeta potential of(-20.0±3.8) mV, the drug loading of 7.2%±0.75%, and the encapsulation efficiency of 50.7%±1.0%. The nano-micelles were in regular spherical shape as observed by TEM. The blank FA-PLGA-NMs exhibited almost no inhibitory effect on the proliferation and growth of tumor cells, while the drug-loaded nano-micelles and free PTX exhibited significant inhibitory effects. The IC_(50) of PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs and PTX was 0.56 μg·mL~(-1) and 0.66 μg·mL~(-1), respectively. The paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were potent in inhibiting cell migration as assessed by the scratch assay. PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs had good pro-apoptotic effect on cervical cancer HeLa cells and significantly promoted the uptake of HeLa cells. The results of in vitro experiments suggested that PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs could target and treat cervical cancer HeLa cells. Therefore, as nanodrug carriers, PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs with anti-cancer activity are a promising nano-system for improving the-rapeutic effects on tumors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Folic Acid , Glycolates , HeLa Cells , Micelles , Paclitaxel , Particle Size , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
18.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 979-985, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921836

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to construct an injectable gel with stable phototherapy and chemotherapy. Res-PTX@IR780 gel with phototherapy and chemotherapy property was prepared by introduction of photosensitizer IR780 and antioxidant resveratrol (Res) into the polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution of paclitaxel (PTX). The results showed that PTX, PTX@IR780 and Res-PTX@IR780 could form gels and the gels were injectable. ATR-FTIR results indicated not only components of the gels but also the formation of hydrogen bonding during the gelation. The results of UV showed instability of IR780 solution and stability improvement of Res-IR780 solution under infrared radiation (IR) irradiation. Photothermal tests showed that Res-PTX@IR780 displayed better photothermal conversion and photothermal stability under multiple irradiations than PTX@IR780. The results of


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Gels , Hyperthermia, Induced , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Nanoparticles , Paclitaxel , Phototherapy
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 741-750, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze gene expression profile of T cell lymphoma Jurkat cell line treated with paclitaxel by computational biology based on next generation sequencing and to explore the possible molecular mechanism of paclitaxel resistance to T cell lymphoma at gene level.@*METHODS@#IC50 of paclitaxel on Jurkat cell line was determined by CCK-8 assay. Gene expression profile of Jurkat cells treated with paclitaxel was acquired by next generation sequencing technology. Gene microarray data related to human T cell lymphoma were screened from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database (including 720 cases of T cell lymphoma and 153 cases of normal tissues). Combined with the sequencing data, differential expression genes (DEGs) were intersected and screened. DAVID database was used for enrichment analysis of GO function and KEGG pathway to determine and visualize functional entries of DEGs, and protein-protein interactions network of DEGs was drawn. The levels of gene expression were detected and verified by RT-qPCR.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 results showed that the proliferation of Jurkat cells was inhibited by paclitaxel depended on the concentration apparently. Treated by paclitaxel for 48 h, P<0.05 and |log2(FC)|≥1 were used as filter criteria on the results of RNA Sequencing (RNA-Seq) and GeoChip, 351 DEGs were found from Jurkat cells, including 323 up-regulated genes and 28 down-regulated genes. The GO functional annotation and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the role of paclitaxel was mainly concentrated in protein heterodimerization activity, nucleosome assembly and transcriptional dysregulation in cancer, etc. The results of RT-qPCR were consistent with those of the sequencing analysis, which verified the reliability of this sequencing.@*CONCLUSION@#Paclitaxel can affect the proliferation and apoptosis of T-cell lymphoma by up-regulating JUN gene, orphan nuclear receptor NR4A family genes and histone family genes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Paclitaxel , Reproducibility of Results
20.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 465-477, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887717

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the molecular mechanism of high phosphorylation levels of cofilin-1 (p-CFL-1) associated with paclitaxel resistance in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells.@*Methods@#Cells displaying varying levels of p-CFL-1 and CFL-1 were created by plasmid transfection and shRNA interference. Cell inhibition rate indicating paclitaxel efficacy was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry and protein levels were detected by western blotting. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to measure the expression levels of phosphokinases and phosphatases of CFL-1. Survival analysis evaluated the correlation between the prognosis of EOC patients and the levels of p-CFL-1 and slingshot-1 (SSH-1).@*Results@#High levels of p-CFL-1 were observed in EOC cells that survived treatment with high doses of paclitaxel. SKOV3 cell mutants with upregulated p-CFL-1 showed impaired paclitaxel efficacy, as well as decreased apoptosis rates and pro-survival patterns of apoptosis-specific protein expression. Cytoplasmic accumulation of p-CFL-1 inhibited paclitaxel-induced mitochondrial apoptosis. SSH-1 silencing mediated CFL-1 phosphorylation in paclitaxel-resistant SKOV3 cells. Clinically, the high level of p-CFL-1 and the low level of SSH-1 in EOC tissues were closely related to chemotherapy resistance and poor prognosis in EOC patients.@*Conclusion@#The SSH-1/p-CFL-1 signaling pathway mediates paclitaxel resistance by apoptosis inhibition in EOC and is expected to be a potential prognostic predictor.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cofilin 1/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Phosphoprotein Phosphatases/metabolism , Phosphorylation
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