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1.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 7(1): 96-102, ene. 26, 2024. tab.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1526722

ABSTRACT

El dolor neuropático es común en la práctica clínica. Se estima que afecta entre el 2 y 3 % de la población a nivel global. Una cantidad considerable de pacientes presentan dolor refractario a tratamientos existentes, volviéndolo un reto diagnóstico y terapéutico. El objetivo de este estudio es describir el uso clínico de lidocaína intravenosa para manejo de dolor neuropático no oncológico en adultos. La búsqueda de información se realizó consultando las bases de datos HINARI, SciELO y PubMed. Se seleccionaron artículos en inglés y español de 2017 a 2021. Se utilizaron artículos originales, ensayos clínicos, revisiones bibliográficas y metaanálisis. Las causas de dolor neuropático en las que ha sido utilizada la lidocaína son la neuralgia posherpética, neuropatía diabética y neuralgia del trigémino. El uso de lidocaína intravenosa demostró que disminuye la intensidad del dolor; sin embargo, al compararlo con otros fármacos de primera línea no hay diferencias a largo plazo. La mayoría de efectos secundarios se presentan en el sistema nervioso, gastrointestinal y cardiovascular. La lidocaína intravenosa como monoterapia para manejo de dolor neuropático no oncológico, si bien fue eficaz a corto plazo con dosis de 3-5 mg/Kg, no tuvo un efecto persistente y duradero


Neuropathic pain is common in clinical practice; it is estimated that 2 to 3 % of the global population is affected; a considerable number of patients present pain refractory to existing treatments, making it a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The objective of this study is to describe the clinical use of intravenous lidocaine for the management of non-cancer neuropathic pain in adults. The information search was performed by consulting the HINARI, SciELO and PubMed databases. Articles with an obsolescence of no more than five years, both in English and Spanish, were selected. Original articles, clinical trials, bibliographic reviews and meta-analyses were used. The causes of neuropathic pain in which lidocaine has been used were postherpetic neuralgia, diabetic neuropathy, and trigeminal neuralgia. The use of intravenous lidocaine has been shown to decrease pain intensity; however, when compared with other first line drugs, there are no long-term differences. Most side effects occur in the nervous, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular systems. Intravenous lidocaine as monotherapy for the management of non-cancer neuropathic pain, although effective in the short term with doses of 3-5 mg/Kg, does not have a persistent and long-lasting effect


Subject(s)
Pain Management , Adult , El Salvador
2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 260-266, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010333

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of acupuncture have varied in different randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and there are many factors that influence treatment effect of acupuncture in different outcomes, with conflicting results.@*OBJECTIVE@#To identify factors and their impact on the treatment effect of acupuncture in different outcomes.@*METHODS@#Acupuncture RCTs were searched from 7 databases including Medline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, and China Biology Medicine disc between January 1st, 2015 and December 31st, 2019. Eligible studies must compare acupuncture to no acupuncture, sham acupuncture, or waiting lists, and report at least 1 patient-important outcome. A multi-level meta-regression was conducted using a 3-level robust mixed model and univariate analyses were performed for all independent variables, even those excluded from the multivariable model due to collinearities. We used thresholds of 0.2 and 0.4 for the difference of standardized mean differences (SMDs), categorising them as small (<0.2), moderate (0.2-0.4), or large (>0.4) effects.@*RESULTS@#The pain construct analysis involved 211 effect estimates from 153 studies and 14 independent variables. High-frequency acupuncture treatment sessions produced larger effects compared to low-frequency sessions [large magnitude, the difference of adjusted SMDs 0.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07 to 0.84; P=0.02]. The non-pain symptoms construct analysis comprised 323 effect estimates from 231 studies and 15 independent variables. Penetrating acupuncture showed moderately larger effects when compared to non-penetrating acupuncture (0.30, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.53; P=0.01). The function construct analysis included 495 effect estimates from 274 studies and 14 independent variables. Penetrating acupuncture and the flexible acupuncture regimen showed moderately larger effects, compared to non-penetrating acupuncture and fixed regimen, respectively (0.40, 95% CI 0 to 0.80; P=0.05; 0.29, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.53; P=0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-frequency acupuncture sessions appear to be a more effective approach to managing painful symptoms. Penetrating acupuncture demonstrated greater effect in relieving non-painful symptoms. Both penetrating acupuncture type and flexible acupuncture regimen were linked to significant treatment effects in function outcomes. Future studies should consider the factors that are significantly associated with the effects of acupuncture in patient-important outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Pain , Pain Management , China
3.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 70(1)Jan-Mar. 2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1537404

ABSTRACT

A sobrevida de mulheres após o tratamento do câncer de mama tem aumentado em virtude de avanços na detecção precoce e terapias disponíveis. Porém, as sobreviventes comumente enfrentam efeitos adversos após o tratamento que representam grande carga física e psicológica. Além da fadiga, a dor é o sintoma persistente mais frequente após o tratamento. Objetivo: Sistematizar os resultados de ensaios clínicos randomizados sobre a intervenção fisioterapêutica na dor neuropática periférica induzida pelos tratamentos para o câncer de mama. Método: Busca realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE via portal PubMed e Cochrane. Foram selecionados ensaios clínicos randomizados publicados a partir de 2017, em língua inglesa, que abordassem as modalidades fisioterapêuticas como intervenção, a dor neuropática periférica induzida por tratamentos oncológicos como desfecho, e mulheres sobreviventes ao câncer de mama como população de interesse. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi avaliada pela ferramenta Cochrane para o risco de viés. Resultados: Quatro estudos foram revisados na íntegra. Majoritariamente, os efeitos adversos do tratamento oncológico se devem a regimes quimioterápicos à base de taxanos. Os desfechos avaliados incluem, além da dor, demais sinais neuropáticos e influência nas atividades de vida diária. Os estudos variaram quanto à intervenção e fase de tratamento. Apenas um dos estudos demonstrou resultado significativamente positivo a favor do grupo intervenção. Conclusão: Estudos clínicos randomizados disponibilizam evidências escassas quanto aos efeitos positivos da intervenção fisioterapêutica na dor neuropática periférica induzida pelos tratamentos para o câncer de mama.


Women's survival after breast cancer treatment has increased due to advances in early detection and available therapies. However, great physical and psychological burden are the result of adverse effects that survivors commonly face. In addition to fatigue, pain is the most common persistent symptom after cancer treatment. Objective: Systematize the results of randomized clinical trials on physiotherapeutic intervention in peripheral neuropathic pain induced by breast cancer treatments . Method:The search was carried out on the MEDLINE databases via PubMed and Cochrane portals. Randomized clinical trials published since 2017 in English, that addressed physiotherapeutic modalities as intervention, peripheral neuropathic pain induced by oncological treatments as outcome were selected, and the population of interest were women surviving breast cancer. The Cochrane-risk-of-bias tool was applied to evaluate the methodological quality of the studies. Results: Four studies were fully reviewed. Most of the adverse effects of cancer treatment are due to taxane-based chemotherapy regimens. The outcomes assessed include, in addition to pain, other neuropathic signs and influence on activities of daily living. The studies varied in terms of intervention and treatment phase. Only one of the studies demonstrated a significantly positive result in favor of the intervention group. Conclusion: Randomized clinical studies provide scant evidence regarding the positive effects of physiotherapeutic intervention on peripheral neuropathic pain induced by breast cancer treatments.


La supervivencia de las mujeres después del tratamiento del cáncer de mama ha aumentado debido a los avances en la detección temprana y las terapias disponibles. Sin embargo, los supervivientes suelen enfrentarse a efectos adversos después del tratamiento que representan una gran carga física y psicológica. Además de la fatiga, el dolor es el síntoma persistente más común después del tratamiento del cáncer. Objetivo: Sistematizar los resultados de ensayos clínicos aleatorizados sobre intervención fisioterapéutica en el dolor neuropático periférico inducido por tratamientos para el cáncer de mama. Método: La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos MEDLINE a través de los portales PubMed y Cochrane. Se seleccionaron ensayos clínicos aleatorizados publicados desde 2017, en inglés, que abordaron modalidades fisioterapéuticas como intervención, dolor neuropático periférico inducido por tratamientos oncológicos como resultado y mujeres sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama como población de interés. La calidad metodológica de los estudios se evaluó mediante la herramienta Cochrane de Riesgo de Sesgo. Resultados: Se revisaron en su totalidad cuatro estudios. La mayoría de los efectos adversos del tratamiento del cáncer se deben a los regímenes de quimioterapia basados en taxanos. Los resultados evaluados incluyen, además del dolor, otros signos neuropáticos y su influencia en las actividades de la vida diaria. Los estudios variaron en términos de intervención y fase de tratamiento. Sólo uno de los estudios demostró un resultado significativamente positivo a favor del grupo de intervención. Conclusión: Los estudios clínicos aleatorizados aportan escasa evidencia sobre los efectos positivos de la intervención fisioterapéutica sobre el dolor neuropático periférico inducido por los tratamientos del cáncer de mama


Subject(s)
Pain Management , Methods , Pharmacology , Polyneuropathies , Breast Neoplasms , Physical Therapy Modalities , Antineoplastic Agents
4.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 70(1)Jan-Mar. 2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1551493

ABSTRACT

Physiotherapy can contribute to control pain in cancer patients and educational strategies should be developed to increase physiotherapeutic actions in this context. Objective: To develop a guide for the assessment and physiotherapeutic management of cancer pain. Method: Study developed in three stages: 1. Descriptive analysis of sociodemographic, clinical, functional data, pain characteristics and physiotherapeutic treatments performed on cancer patients receiving palliative care; 2. Development of the preliminary version of the guide based on the results of the first stage and theoretical content; 3. Focus group formed by physiotherapists that resulted in the final version of the guide. Results: 62 patients were included, mainly females (69.3%). The most common tumor site was gynecological (25.8%) and half presented bone metastasis. Neuropathic pain (51.6%), located in the spine (29.0%) was the most prevalent type of pain. The physiotherapeutic treatments most used were: positioning (98.0%), kinesiotherapy (68.0%), walking (39.0%), orthoses (32.0%) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (21.0%). The focus group suggested changes and positively evaluated the preliminary version of the guide, highlighting that, in addition to an easy-to-understand language, it provided a comprehensive view of the methods for evaluating and physiotherapy treatment of pain.


A fisioterapia pode contribuir para o controle da dor em pacientes com câncer e estratégias educativas devem ser desenvolvidas para aumentar as ações fisioterapêuticas nesse contexto. Objetivo: Elaborar um guia para avaliação e manejo fisioterapêutico da dor no câncer. Método:Estudo desenvolvido em três etapas: 1. Análise descritiva de dados sociodemográficos, clínicos, funcionais, características da dor e tratamentos fisioterapêuticos realizados em pacientes com câncer em cuidados paliativos; 2. Desenvolvimento da versão preliminar do guia a partir dos resultados da primeira etapa e de conteúdo teórico na temática; 3. Realização de grupo focal composto por fisioterapeutas que originou a versão final do guia. Resultados: Foram incluídos 62 pacientes, principalmente do sexo feminino (69,3%). O sítio tumoral mais frequente foi o ginecológico (25,8%) e metade apresentou metástase óssea. O tipo de dor mais prevalente foi a neuropática (51,6%), localizada na coluna (29,0%). Os tratamentos fisioterapêuticos mais utilizados foram: posicionamento (98,0%), cinesioterapia (68,0%), deambulação (39,0%), uso de órteses (32,0%) e transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (21,0%). O grupo focal sugeriu alterações e avaliou positivamente a versão preliminar do guia, ressaltando que, além de ser elaborado com linguagem de fácil compreensão, possibilitou a visão integral sobre os métodos para avaliação e tratamento fisioterapêutico da dor.


La fisioterapia puede contribuir al control del dolor en pacientes con cáncer y se deben desarrollar estrategias educativas para incrementar las acciones fisioterapéuticas en este contexto. Objetivo:Desarrollar una guía para la evaluación y manejo fisioterapéutico del dolor oncológico. Método: Estudio desarrollado en tres etapas: 1. Análisis descriptivo de datos sociodemográficos, clínicos, funcionales, características del dolor y tratamientos fisioterapéuticos realizados a pacientes con cáncer que reciben cuidados paliativos; 2. Elaboración de la versión preliminar de la guía con base en los resultados de la primera etapa y contenidos teóricos sobre el tema; 3. Realización de un grupo focal compuesto por fisioterapeutas que dio como resultado la versión final de la guía. Resultados: Se incluyeron 62 pacientes, principalmente mujeres (69,3%). La localización tumoral más frecuente fue ginecológica (25,8%) y la mitad presentó metástasis óseas. El tipo de dolor más prevalente fue el neuropático (51,6%), localizado en la columna (29,0%). Los tratamientos fisioterapéuticos más utilizados fueron: posicionamiento (98,0%), kinesioterapia (68,0%), marcha (39,0%), uso de órtesis (32,0%) y estimulación nerviosa eléctrica transcutánea (21,0%). El grupo focal sugirió cambios y evaluó positivamente la versión preliminar de la guía, destacando que, además de estar elaborada en un lenguaje fácil de entender, proporcionó una visión integral de los métodos de evaluación y tratamiento fisioterapéutico del dolor.


Subject(s)
Physical Therapy Modalities , Cancer Pain , Epidemiology , Pain Management , Hospitalization
5.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13054, jan.-dez. 2024. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1533034

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados à prevalência de cicatrização em pacientes com feridas crônicas. Método: estudo transversal, em pacientes com feridas crônicas de uma Unidade de Saúde da Família, em Salvador, Bahia. Os dados foram coletados de fontes secundárias disponíveis na planilha de acompanhamento dos pacientes, analisando como desfecho os níveis de cicatrização das feridas crônicas. Resultados: foram verificadas diferenças estatisticamente significantes nas variáveis faixa etária e dor, em que a proporção de apresentar os piores índices de cicatrização foi 77,78% maior entre os pacientes adultos quando comparada aos idosos; e a proporção de apresentar os piores índices de cicatrização entre os pacientes com dor intensa/muito intensa foi 80% maior quando comparada aos pacientes sem dor. Conclusão: ficou evidente a importância de desenvolver estratégias voltadas ao estilo de vida, adesão ao tratamento, manejo da dor, bem como utilização de instrumentos qualitativos para avaliação dos fatores que possam interferir na cicatrização.


Objective: to analyze the factors associated with the prevalence of healing in patients with chronic wounds. Method: cross-sectional study, in patients with chronic wounds at a Family Health Unit, in Salvador, Bahia. Data were collected from secondary sources available in the patient monitoring spreadsheet, analyzing the healing levels of chronic wounds as the outcome. Results: statistically significant differences were found in the variable age group and pain, in which the proportion of those presenting the worst healing rates was 77.78% higher among adult patients when compared to the elderly; and the proportion of patients with intense/very intense pain presenting the worst healing rates was 80% higher when compared to patients without pain. Conclusion: the importance of developing strategies focused on lifestyle, adherence to treatment, pain management, as well as the use of qualitative instruments to evaluate factors that may interfere with healing.


Objetivos:analizar los factores asociados a la prevalencia de curación en pacientes con heridas crónicas. Método: estudio transversal, en pacientes con heridas crónicas en una Unidad de Salud de la Familia, en Salvador, Bahía. Los datos se recopilaron de fuentes secundarias disponibles en la hoja de seguimiento de pacientes, analizando como resultado los niveles de curación de las heridas crónicas. Resultados: se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables grupo de edad y dolor, siendo la proporción de quienes tuvieron peores tasas de curación 77,78% mayor entre los pacientes adultos en comparación con los ancianos; y la proporción de pacientes con dolor intenso/muy intenso que presentaron peores tasas de curación fue un 80% mayor en comparación con los pacientes sin dolor. Conclusión: se evidenció la importancia de desarrollar estrategias enfocadas en el estilo de vida, la adherencia al tratamiento, el manejo del dolor, así como el uso de instrumentos cualitativos para evaluar factores que puedan interferir en la curación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Primary Health Care , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Risk Factors , Pain Management/nursing , Family Nurse Practitioners
6.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(4): 263-278, Diciembre 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518685

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades respiratorias crónicas avanzadas son prevalentes y producen deterioro de la calidad de vida, en particular la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC), las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales difusas (EPID) y las enfermedades neuromusculares progresivas con compromiso diafragmático (ENM). Quienes las padecen presentan síntomas persistentes que no son siempre adecuada-mente controlados por los tratamientos recomendados por las guías clínicas de mane-jo. El tratamiento paliativo de los síntomas persistentes es un punto relevante y suelen presentarse barreras para su implementación.Este artículo ofrece una revisión narrativa sobre una perspectiva latinoamericana acerca del rol de los cuidados paliativos en enfermedades respiratorias avanzadas.


Advanced chronic respiratory diseases are prevalent and cause deterioration in qual-ity of life, particularly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diffuse intersti-tial lung diseases (ILD) and progressive neuromuscular diseases with diaphragmatic involvement (NMD). Those who suffer from them usually present persistent symptoms that are not always adequately controlled by the treatments recommended by the clinical management guidelines. Palliative treatment of persistent symptoms is a relevant point, but the pal-liative approach usually presents barriers to its implementation.This article offers a narrative review over Latin American perspective on the role of pal-liative care in advanced respiratory diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Respiratory Tract Diseases/therapy , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/therapy , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Neuromuscular Diseases/therapy , Prevalence , Caregivers , Drug Therapy , Pain Management
7.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 39(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533515

ABSTRACT

Propósito: La neuropatía periférica tiene un espectro clínico inespecífico y multifactorial, con frecuente subdiagnóstico y terapéutica de eficacia variable. Existe una heterogénea prescripción de vitaminas B, las cuales pueden desempeñar un rol importante en el manejo de diferentes neuropatías; sin embargo, en Colombia no existen guías clínicas al respecto. El propósito de este trabajo es orientar en el reconocimiento temprano de las neuropatías periféricas y generar recomendaciones sobre el uso adecuado de vitaminas B neurotrópicas. Descripción de la metodología: Acuerdo de expertos sobre la neuropatía periférica y el rol terapéutico de las vitaminas B con énfasis en la epidemiología en Colombia, diagnóstico y tratamiento. Contenidos: En Colombia, la prevalencia de neuropatía periférica se estima cercana al 10 %, sin embargo, no hay datos recientes. Dentro de las etiologías más frecuentes se encuentran la neuropatía diabética, infecciosa, inflamatoria, carenciales, toxica y farmacológica. Se recomiendan las siguientes herramientas de tamizaje en población de riesgo: DN4, MNSI, test de monofilamento, test de vibración y valoración de reflejos. Las vitaminas B1, B6 y B12 son seguras, accesibles y pueden ser eficaces en neuropatía periférica, incluso cuando el déficit no ha sido demostrado, pero con requerimientos particulares en su administración conjunta. Conclusiones: Las neuropatías periféricas son un reto diagnóstico y terapéutico que requiere la identificación oportuna para el tratamiento de la etiología subyacente y el control de síntomas. El uso de vitaminas B neurotrópicas es efectivo y seguro en neuropatía periférica carencial, y también parece ser eficaz en el manejo de neuropatías periféricas de diferentes etiologías.


Purpose: Peripheral neuropathy has a nonspecific and multifactorial clinical spectrum, with frequent underdiagnosis and therapeutics of variable efficacy. There is a high but heterogeneous prescription of B vitamins, which can play an important role in the management of different neuropathies; however, in Colombia there are no clinical guidelines in this regard. The purpose of this article is to guide the early recognition of peripheral neuropathy and generate recommendations on the proper use of neurotropic B vitamins. Description of the methodology: Expert agreement on peripheral neuropathy and the therapeutic role of B vitamins with emphasis on epidemiology in Colombia, diagnosis and treatment. Contents: In Colombia, there are no recent data to estimate the prevalence of peripheral neuropathy; the main etiologies are: diabetes mellitus, nutritional deficiencies, herpes zoster and neuropathies due to chemotherapy. Given risk factors in the anamnesis, the use of DN4, MNSI, monofilament test, vibration test and assessment of reflexes is recommended. Vitamins B1, B6, and B12 are safe and can be effective in peripheral neuropathy, even when the deficit has not been demonstrated, but with special requirements in their joint administration. Conclusions: peripheral neuropathies are a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, and require timely identification, for the treatment of the underlying etiology and symptom control. The use of neurotropic B vitamins is effective and safe in deficient peripheral neuropathy, and also appears to be effective in the management of peripheral neuropathies of different etiologies.


Subject(s)
Vitamin B 12 , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Diabetic Neuropathies , Diagnosis , Pyridoxine , Pain Management
8.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3908, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441988

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar la efectividad del autocuidado digital en el manejo del dolor y la discapacidad funcional en personas con trastornos musculoesqueléticos espinales. Método: revisión sistemática de la literatura, desarrollada con la checklist PRISMA, de ensayos clínicos aleatorizados sobre personas con trastornos musculoesqueléticos de columna e intervenciones digitales a las que se accede por computadora, smartphones u otro dispositivo portátil. Bases de datos consultadas: National Library of Medicine, Excerpta Médica dataBASE, SciVerse Scopus, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, Science Citation Indexes, Cummulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature y Physiotherapy Evidence Database. Síntesis de resultados descriptiva y por metanálisis (modelo de efectos fijos) realizada con el software Review Manager. Calidad metodológica evaluada mediante la escala Physiotherapy Evidence Database. Resultados: se seleccionaron 25 ensayos (5142 participantes) que mostraron mejoras estadísticamente significativas (p<0,05) del 54% (12/22) en los niveles de dolor y del 47% (10/21) en la discapacidad funcional en el grupo intervención. Los metanálisis mostraron efectos moderados sobre la intensidad del dolor y efectos pequeños sobre la discapacidad funcional. Predominaron los estudios de calidad media. Conclusión: las intervenciones de atención digital demostraron resultados beneficiosos para la intensidad del dolor y la discapacidad funcional, principalmente para el dolor lumbar crónico. Se ha demostrado que la atención digital es promisoria para favorecer el automanejo de las afecciones musculoesqueléticas de columna. Registro PROSPERO CRD42021282102.


Objective: to analyze the effectiveness of digital self-care in the management of pain and functional disability among people with spine musculoskeletal disorders. Method: a systematic literature review, developed with the PRISMA checklist, of randomized clinical trials of people with spine musculoskeletal disorders and digital interventions accessed by means of computers, smartphones or other portable devices. Databases researched: National Library of Medicine, Excerpta Médica dataBASE, SciVerse Scopus, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Science Citation Indexes, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and Physiotherapy Evidence Database. The descriptive synthesis of the results and by means of meta-analyses (fixed-effects model) was performed with the Review Manager software. The methodological quality was evaluated with the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. Results: a total of 25 trials were selected (5,142 participants), which showed statistically significant improvements (p <0.05) in 54% (12/22) in the pain levels and 47% (10/21) in functional disability in the Intervention Group. The meta-analyses showed moderate effects on pain intensity and small effects on functional disability. There was a predominance of medium quality studies. Conclusion: the digital care interventions showed a beneficial result in pain intensity and in functional disability, mainly for chronic low back pain. Digital care emerges as promising to support self-management of the spine musculoskeletal conditions. PROSPERO registry number CRD42021282102.


Objetivo: analisar a efetividade do autocuidado digital no manejo da dor e incapacidade funcional em pessoas com distúrbios musculoesqueléticos de coluna. Método: revisão sistemática da literatura, desenvolvida com o checklist PRISMA, de ensaios clínicos randomizados de pessoas com distúrbios musculoesqueléticos de coluna e intervenções digitais acessadas por computador, smartphones ou outro dispositivo portátil. Bases pesquisadas: National Library of Medicine, Excerpta Médica dataBASE, SciVerse Scopus, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Science Citation Indexes, Cummulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature e Physiotherapy Evidence Database. Síntese dos resultados descritiva e por metanálises (modelo de efeitos fixos) com o software Review Manager. Qualidade metodológica avaliada pela escala Physiotherapy Evidence Database. Resultados: selecionaram-se 25 ensaios (5142 participantes) que revelaram melhoras estatisticamente significativas (p<0,05) em 54% (12/22) nos níveis de dor e 47% (10/21) na incapacidade funcional no grupo intervenção. As metanálises mostraram efeitos moderados na intensidade da dor e pequenos na incapacidade funcional. Houve predominância de estudos de média qualidade. Conclusão: intervenções de cuidados digitais mostraram resultado benéfico na intensidade da dor e na incapacidade funcional principalmente para dor lombar crônica. Evidenciam-se os cuidados digitais como promissores para apoiar o autogerenciamento das condições musculoesqueléticas de coluna. Registro PROSPERO CRD42021282102.


Subject(s)
Self Care , Pain Measurement , Musculoskeletal Diseases/therapy , Low Back Pain , Internet , Pain Management
9.
Actual. osteol ; 19(3): 211-220, Sept - Dic 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1555794

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Erdheim-Chester (EEC) es una patología poco frecuente, caracterizada por presentar infiltración xantogranulomatosa sistémica, con afección de diversos sistemas incluido el óseo. La EEC se encuentra descripta dentro de las enfermedades osteocon-densantes (EO), las cuales se reconocen por presentar aumento de la masa ósea y compromiso tanto de huesos largos como planos. La presentación clínica de la EEC es variada: puede presentar desde un curso indolente hasta manifestaciones multisistémicas. Las características radiológicas son de gran importancia para establecer su diagnóstico. Presentamos una paciente con EEC, con esclerosis bilateral de huesos largos, que exhibe algunas características diferenciales con relación a otros casos reportados: a) afectación exclusivamente ósea a 10 años de evolución, b) compromiso bilateral y simétrico de distinta magnitud, c) esclerosis cortical endóstica y perióstica, d) signos radiológicos sugestivos de periostitis, d) ausencia de compromiso metafisario, e) ausencia de actividad metabólica de las lesiones en las imágenes de 18F-FDG PET/CT.Conclusión: la presencia de lesiones osteocondensantes bilaterales exclusivamente en huesos largos deben hacer sospechar EEC. La ausencia de compromiso metafisario y de actividad metabólica en 18F-FDG PET/CT ha sido raramente descripta. (AU)


Erdheim - Chester disease (ECD) is a rare disease, characterized by systemic xanthogranulomatous infiltration, with involvement of various organs including bone. ECD is described within the sclerosing bone disorders, which are recognized for presenting increased bone mass and involvement of both long and flat bones. The clinical presentation of ECD is diverse, ranging from an asymptomatic course to multisystemic manifestations. Radiological features are of great importance to establish the diagnosis. We describe here a patient with ECD, with bilateral sclerosis of long bones that presents some differential characteristics in relation to other reported cases: a) exclusively bone involvement at 10 years of evolution, b) bilateral and symmetric involvement of different magnitude, c) endosteal and periosteal cortical sclerosis d) radiological signs suggestive of periostitis, d) absence of metaphyseal involvement, e) absence of metabolic activity of the lesions in 18F-FDG PET/CT.Conclusion: the presence of bilateral osteosclerosis exclusively in long bones should lead to suspect ECD. The absence of metaphyseal involvement and metabolic activity in 18F-FDG PET/CT have been rarely described. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Sclerosis/etiology , Erdheim-Chester Disease/diagnostic imaging , Femur/pathology , Humerus/pathology , Vinblastine/adverse effects , Biopsy, Needle , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Radiography , Radionuclide Imaging , Interferons/adverse effects , Erdheim-Chester Disease/drug therapy , Positron-Emission Tomography , Pain Management , Zoledronic Acid/administration & dosage
10.
Dolor ; 33(76): 30-32, ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510387

ABSTRACT

Actualmente, las recomendaciones sobre cuidados paliativos sugieren que éstos se inicien lo más tempranamente posible, con el objetivo de mejorar la calidad de vida del paciente y su familia, con un enfoque biopsicosocial. A pesar de ello, aún persiste en gran parte del personal de salud la idea de que los cuidados paliativos son estrictamente cuidados de fin de vida, por lo que se asocia inconscientemente un paciente en una fase final de su enfermedad. Algunos estudios sugieren que, a pesar de las recomendaciones, la práctica habitual aún mantiene esta costumbre. Adicionalmente, no existe una duración establecida para definir cuánto deberían durar estos cuidados. A continuación, el reporte de un caso de cáncer de tiroides papilar, neoplasia conocida por su curso relativamente benigno, para tratarse de un cáncer, de lenta progresión. Este fue diagnosticado de forma tardía, con metástasis pulmonar e insuficiencia respiratoria como primer motivo de consulta, hace 8 años. Esto contrasta enormemente con la duración promedio de cuidados paliativos alrededor del mundo, que se estima es de 19 días. El reporte de este caso pretende contrastar estas realidades y mostrar un ejemplo de cuidados paliativos prolongados, los beneficios y también posibles consecuencias que éstos han tenido en la vida del paciente.


Currently, recommendations about palliative care suggest that they should be started as early in the course of the disease as possible, with the goal of improving quality of life for patients and their families, with a biopsychosocial approach. Despite this, there's still a pervasive idea among healthcare givers that palliative care is given exclusively at the end of life, thus there's a subconscious association with a patient in the final stages of their disease. Studies suggest that despite recommendations, actual practice maintains this custom. Additionally, there's no definitive duration for palliative care. The following is a case report of papillary thyroid cancer, a disease known for a relatively benign course compared to other forms of cancer, and slow progression. This disease was diagnosed in an advanced stage, with pulmonary metastasis and respiratory failure, 8 years ago. This is in stark contrast with the average duration of palliative care around the world, which is estimated to be 19 days. This report intends to highlight this difference and show an example of prolonged palliative care, the benefits and potential consequences that these may have had on the patient's life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Palliative Care , Thyroid Neoplasms/complications , Thyroid Neoplasms/therapy , Pain Management/methods , Analgesics, Opioid/pharmacology
11.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(2): 220-222, March-Apr. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439601

ABSTRACT

Abstract Burning mouth syndrome is a poorly understood entity for which current treatment modalities fail to provide effective relieve. Branches of the maxillary and mandibular nerves are responsible for the innervation of the affected area. These are also the nerves involved in trigeminal neuralgia, an entity where sphenopalatine block has proved to be effective. We present a case of a patient with burning mouth syndrome in whom a bilateral sphenopalatine ganglion block was successfully performed for pain treatment. It is an easy and safe technique that can be a valuable treatment option for these patients, although more studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Trigeminal Neuralgia/etiology , Trigeminal Neuralgia/therapy , Burning Mouth Syndrome/complications , Burning Mouth Syndrome/therapy , Sphenopalatine Ganglion Block/methods , Treatment Outcome , Pain Management
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 279-283, Mar.-Apr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449807

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Shoulder pain is a common presentation in the primary care setting, and shoulder pain after vaccination has a growing body of literature. The present study sought to understand how a standardized treatment protocol would aid patients experiencing shoulder injury related to vaccine administration (SIRVA). Methods Patients experiencing SIRVA were retrospectively recruited between February 2017 and February 2021. All patients were treated with physical therapy and offered a cortisone injection. Post-treatment range of motion (i.e., forward elevation, external rotation, internal rotation) and patients' reported outcomes were collected with the visual analogue scale (VAS), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES), simple shoulder test (SST), and single assessment numeric evaluation (SANE) scores. Results A total of 9 patients were retrospectively examined. Among them, 6 patients presented within one month of a recent vaccination event, while 3 patients presented 67, 87, and 120 days after vaccination. Furthermore, 8 of the patients completed physical therapy, and 6 of them underwent a cortisone injection. The follow-up time averaged 8 months. At final follow-up, the mean external rotation was 61º (standard deviation, SD±3º) and the mean forward elevation was 179º (SD±45º). Internal rotation ranged between L3 and T10. The VAS pain scores were 3.5/10.0 (SD±2.4), the mean ASES score was 63.5/100.0 (SD±26.3), and the SST scores were 8.5/12.0 (SD±3.9). Finally, the SANE scores were 75.7/100.0 (SD±24.7) and 95.7/100.0 (SD±6.1) in the injured and contralateral shoulders respectively. Conclusion Shoulder pain after a vaccination treated with physical therapy and cortisone injection ultimately resulted in favorable shoulder range of motion and functional score outcomes. Level of Evidence IV


Resumo Objetivo A dor no ombro é um quadro comum na atenção primária e há cada vez mais relatos acerca de sua ocorrência após a vacinação. Este estudo buscou entender como um protocolo de tratamento padronizado ajudaria pacientes com lesão no ombro relacionada à administração de vacina (SIRVA). Métodos Os pacientes com SIRVA foram recrutados de forma retrospectiva entre fevereiro de 2017 e fevereiro de 2021. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à fisioterapia e receberam uma prescrição de cortisona injetável. A amplitude de movimento pós-tratamento (ou seja, elevação anterior, rotação externa, rotação interna) e os desfechos relatados pelo paciente foram analisados a partir das pontuações da escala visual análoga (EVA), da American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES), do teste simples do ombro (SST) e da avaliação numérica única (SANE). Resultados No total, 9 pacientes foram examinados de maneira retrospectiva. Entre eles, 6 pacientes foram atendidos no primeiro mês após a vacinação e os outros três, depois de 67, 87 e 120 dias. Ademais, 8 dos pacientes fizeram todo o tratamento fisioterápico e 6 receberam uma injeção de cortisona. O período médio de acompanhamento foi de 8 meses. À última consulta, a rotação externa média foi de 61° (desvio padrão, DP±3°)ea elevação anterior média foi de 179° (DP ± 45°). A rotação interna variou entre L3 e T10. As pontuações de dor à EVA foram de 3,5/10,0 (DP ± 2,4) e o escore médio ASES foi de 63,5/100,0 (DP ± 26,3); as pontuações de SST foram 8,5/12,0 (DP ± 3,9). Por fim, os escores de SANE foram de 75,7/100,0 (DP ± 24,7) e 95,7/100,0 (DP ± 6,1) nos ombros lesionados e contralaterais, respectivamente. Conclusão A dor no ombro após a vacinação tratada com fisioterapia e injeção de cortisona melhorou a amplitude de movimento e os escores funcionais. Nível de Evidência IV


Subject(s)
Humans , Bursitis , Vaccination , Pain Management , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Shoulder Injuries
13.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 108-118, abr. 4, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512520

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To investigate the maximum molar bite force in women with chronic neck pain after treatment with acupuncture. Materials and Methods: Twenty-three women with chronic neck pain participated. Dynamometer was used to measure the right and left maximum molar bite force. Dong Bang acupuncture needles - 0.25 mm x 30 mm was inserted into the integumentary tissue. Treatment was 10 sessions, each 30 minutes long and twice a week. Results: The right (p = 0.01) and left (p = 0.004) molar bite force was assessed after treatment with acupuncture, and showed increased occlusal strength. Conclusions: This study suggests a functional improvement in the stomatognathic system in women with chronic cervical pain after treatment with acupuncture. However, it is important to note that further research is needed to fully elucidate the long-term effects and potential clinical implications of these findings in the field of pain management and rehabilitation.


Objetivo: Investigar la fuerza masticatoria máxima en mujeres con dolor crónico de cuello después del tratamiento con acupuntura. Materiales y Métodos: Participaron veintitrés mujeres con dolor crónico de cuello. Se utilizó un dinamómetro para medir la fuerza máxima de mordida del molar derecho e izquierdo. Agujas de acupuntura Dong Bang se insertaron 0,25 mm x 30 mm en el tejido tegumentario. El tratamiento fue de 10 sesiones, cada una de 30 minutos de duración, dos veces por semana. Resultados: Se observó la fuerza de mordida del molar derecho (p=0.01) e izquierdo (p=0.004) después del tratamiento con acupuntura, que mostró un aumento de la fuerza oclusal. Conclusión: Este estudio sugiere una mejora funcional en el sistema estomatognático en mujeres con dolor cervical crónico después del tratamiento con acupuntura. Sin embargo, es importante señalar que se necesita más investigación para dilucidar por completo los efectos a largo plazo y las posibles implicaciones clínicas de estos hallazgos en el campo del tratamiento y la rehabilitación del dolor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bite Force , Acupuncture Therapy , Neck Pain/therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Pain Management , Masticatory Muscles
14.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236653, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1452112

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar os ensaios clínicos randomizados existentes na literatura sobre os efeitos da terapia assistida com animais no manejo da dor, em pessoas com quadros álgicos, comparando-a ao tratamento convencional ou a outras intervenções não farmacológicas. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um protocolo de revisão sistemática reportado segundo o Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P). O protocolo foi registrado na International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO). A busca será realizada em bases de dados variadas, combinando os descritores 'Animal Assisted Therapy', 'Pain Management' e 'Controlled Clinical Trial' e suas variações. Serão incluídos apenas ensaios clínicos randomizados e o gerenciamento dos resultados se dará nos softwares EndNote e Rayyan. A ferramenta Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias 2 será utilizada para avaliação do risco de viés, e a ferramenta Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) será utilizada para avaliação da certeza de evidência. Se possível, a metanálise será realizada para determinar o efeito da terapia assistida com animais sobre a intensidade da dor.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the existing randomized clinical trials in the literature on the effects of Animal Assisted Therapy on pain management in people with pain when compared to conventional treatment or other non-pharmacological interventions. METHOD: Systematic Review, reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P). The protocol was registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO). The search will be carried out in various sources of information, combining the descriptors 'Animal Assisted Therapy', 'Pain Management', and 'Controlled Clinical Trial' and their variations. Only randomized clinical trials will be included, and results will be managed in EndNote and Rayyan software. The assessment of bias risk will be carried out by the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias 2 tool, and the assessment of the certainty of evidence by the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation. If possible, a meta-analysis will be performed to determine the effect of Assisted Therapy with Animals on pain intensity.


Subject(s)
Pain , Animal Assisted Therapy , Pain Management , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
15.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236635, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1437014

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Protocolo de revisão de escopo que será conduzida de acordo com a metodologia do Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) para mapear e caracterizar evidências disponíveis sobre o uso de intervenções baseadas em mindfulness para manejo da dor em pessoas com diagnóstico de câncer de mama, nas diferentes etapas de tratamento. MÉTODO: Serão incluídos estudos realizados em mulheres adultas com 18 anos ou acima, que tenham recebido diagnóstico de câncer de mama e que passaram por intervenções baseadas em atenção plena direcionadas para manejo da dor. Será considerado o contexto clínico das participantes. Incluiremos artigos de estudos quantitativos e qualitativos, além da chamada literatura cinzenta, sem limites de idioma e tempo. Será utilizada uma estratégia de pesquisa em 3 etapas. As bases de dados utilizadas serão PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, BVS, PsycInfo e Google Scholar. Os resultados serão apresentados de forma gráfica e resumo narrativo, redigidos de acordo com o PRISMA-ScR.


OBJECTIVE: A scope review protocol that will be conducted according to the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) methodology to map and characterize available evidence on the use of mindfulness-based interventions for pain management in people diagnosed with breast cancer throughout different stages of treatment. METHOD: Studies conducted in adult women aged 18 years or older, who have received a diagnosis of breast cancer and who have undergone mindfulness-based interventions aimed at pain management will be included. The clinical context of the participants will be considered. We will include articles from quantitative and qualitative studies, in addition to the so-called grey literature, with no limits on language and time. A 3-step research strategy will be used. The following databases will be used: PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, VHL, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar. The results will be presented in a graphic and narrative summary, written in accordance with PRISMA-ScR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Chronic Pain , Pain Management , Mindfulness , Cancer Pain
16.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(1): 78-84, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420649

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background There has been a growing interest in the use of ketamine following orthopedic surgeries. We hypothesized that low dose intravenous ketamine during surgery would help in mobilization following total knee replacement (TKR) in oncology patients as assessed by the timed to up and go (TUG) test at 72 hours post-surgery. Our secondary objectives were to compare the opioid requirement at the end of 72 hours, pain scores, satisfaction with pain management, adverse effects, range of joint movement achieved in the post-operative period and the functional recovery at the end of 1 month. Methods After the ethics commitee approval, registration of the trial with the Clinical Trial Registry - India (CTRI), and informed consent, this double-blinded trial was conducted. Using computer generated randomization chart, an independent team randomized the patients into ketamine group which received at induction, a ketamine bolus dose of 0.5 mg.kg-1 before the incision followed by 10 µg.kg-1min-1 infusion which was maintained intraoperatively till skin closure and the saline group received an equivalent volume of saline. Postoperatively, patient controlled morphine pumps were attached and the pain score with morphine usage were recorded for 72 hours. The TUG tests and range of motion were assessed by the physiotherapists until 72 hours. Results Fifty-two patients were enrolled in the trial. Demographics were comparable. No significant intraoperative hemodynamic changes and post-operative adverse events were noted between the groups. A decrease in the TUG test, along with decreased opioid usage with a better range of movements was noted in the ketamine group, but this was not statistically significant. Day of discharge, patient satisfaction score, and functional recovery assessed by Oxford Knee Score (OKS) were comparable between the groups. Conclusion In conclusion, low dose intraoperative ketamine infusion does not provide clinical benefit in perioperative pain management and postoperative rehabilitation following total knee endoprosthetic replacement in oncology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Ketamine , Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasms/complications , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Pain Management , Analgesics , Analgesics, Opioid , Morphine
17.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(1): 42-45, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420652

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is a common complication of neuraxial techniques which delays patients' discharge. Sphenopalatine ganglion block (SPGB) is a safe bedside technique with comparable efficacy to Epidural Blood Patch, the gold-standard treatment. There is no evidence on the ideal timing for SPGB performance. We aimed to evaluate the difference between early versus late SPGB concerning efficacy, symptom recurrence and hospital length of stay. Methods We present an observational study with 41 patients diagnosed with PDPH who were submitted to SPGB with ropivacaine 0,75%. The study sample (n = 41) was divided in two groups: an early (less than 24 hours after diagnosis) and a late (more than 24 hours after diagnosis) SPGB group. Pain was evaluated 15 minutes after the block and follow up occurred daily until patients were discharged. Patients' demographic characteristics, neuraxial technique, timing of SPGB, qualitative pain relief and post-SPGB length of stay were registered and analyzed with SPSS statistics (v26) software. Results Early SPGB resulted in a significant reduction in length of stay (p = 0,009) and symptom recurrence (p = 0,036), showing equally effective pain relief, compared to late SPGB. Conclusions SPGB was equally effective in both groups. Data showed that early SPGB reduces length of hospital stay and symptom recurrence, which potentially allows early resumption of daily activities and a reduction in total health costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post-Dural Puncture Headache/therapy , Sphenopalatine Ganglion Block/methods , Pain , Blood Patch, Epidural/adverse effects , Pain Management , Ropivacaine
18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 455-463, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010957

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The placebo response of sham acupuncture in patients with primary dysmenorrhea is a substantial factor associated with analgesia. However, the magnitude of the placebo response is unclear.@*OBJECTIVE@#This meta-analysis assessed the effects of sham acupuncture in patients with primary dysmenorrhea and the factors contributing to these effects.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched from inception up to August 20, 2022.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using sham acupuncture as a control for female patients of reproductive age with primary dysmenorrhea were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Pain intensity, retrospective symptom scale, and health-related quality of life were outcome measures used in these trials. Placebo response was defined as the change in the outcome of interest from baseline to endpoint. We used standardized mean difference (SMD) to estimate the effect size of the placebo response.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen RCTs were included. The pooled placebo response size for pain intensity was the largest (SMD = -0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.31 to -0.68), followed by the retrospective symptom scale (Total frequency rating score: SMD = -0.20; 95% CI, -0.80 to -0.39. Average severity score: SMD = -0.35; 95% CI, -0.90 to -0.20) and physical component of SF-36 (SMD = 0.27; 95% CI, -0.17 to 0.72). Studies using blunt-tip needles, single-center trials, studies with a low risk of bias, studies in which patients had a longer disease course, studies in which clinicians had < 5 years of experience, and trials conducted outside Asia were more likely to have a lower placebo response.@*CONCLUSION@#Strong placebo response and some relative factors were found in patients with primary dysmenorrhea. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42022304215. Please cite this article as: Sun CY, Xiong ZY, Sun CY, Ma PH, Liu XY, Sun CY, Xin ZY, Liu BY, Liu CZ, Yan SY. Placebo response of sham acupuncture in patients with primary dysmenorrhea: A meta-analysis. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(5): 455-463.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Dysmenorrhea/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Pain Management , Needles , Placebo Effect
19.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(1): 193299, jan.-mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1452164

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pain is the main symptom described in cancer patients. Objective: To assess pain classification and management in pediatric patients with primary bone cancer over time: admission, during treatment and follow-up, and to investigate factors associated with pain classification at the last assessment. Method: Retrospective cohort study of osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma cases in individuals <19 years old treated at a single cancer referral site and followed up by a multidisciplinary team. The primary endpoint was pain score at the last assessment. Secondary outcome: evolution of pharmacological treatment. Results: 142 patients were included. The frequency of pain assessment increased during the study period from 53.5% at admission to 68.3% during treatment and 85.9% in follow-up. Of the patients who had pain assessed, 65.8% had pain at admission and 26.2% at the end of the study. There was an increase in the use of strong opioids and antidepressants. In the last evaluation, 56 patients (39.4%) were at the end-of-life and this was not associated with more pain (p=0.68). Meanwhile, those who had more pain used strong opioids (p=0.01) or steroids (p=0.03). Conclusion: Pain management during treatment resulted in increased use of strong opioids and antidepressants with pain reduction, revealing that pain control is possible. In the last assessment, end-of-life patients no longer had pain and patients with pain were the ones who used strong opioids and steroids at the most, showing the difficulty of pain control in some patients.


Introdução: A dor é o principal sintoma descrito em pacientes com câncer. Objetivo: Avaliar a classificação e o manejo da dor em pacientes pediátricos com câncer ósseo primário ao longo do tempo: admissão, durante o tratamento e acompanhamento, e investigar fatores associados à classificação da dor na última avaliação. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo de casos de osteossarcoma e sarcoma de Ewing em indivíduos <19 anos, atendidos em único centro de referência de câncer e acompanhados por equipe multidisciplinar. Desfecho primário: classificação da dor na última avaliação. Desfecho secundário: evolução do tratamento farmacológico. Resultados: Foram incluídos 142 pacientes. A frequência de avaliação da dor aumentou durante o período do estudo de 53,5% na admissão para 68,3% durante o tratamento, chegando a 85,9% no acompanhamento. Dos pacientes cuja dor foi avaliada, 65,8% tiveram dor no recrutamento e 26,2% ao final do estudo. Houve aumento no uso de opioides fortes e antidepressivos. Na última avaliação, 56 pacientes (39,4%) estavam no fim da vida sem associação com mais dor (p=0,68), enquanto os que apresentaram mais dor foram aqueles que usavam opioides fortes (p=0,01) ou esteroides (p=0,03). Conclusão: O manejo da dor durante o tratamento resultou em aumento do uso de opioides fortes e antidepressivos com redução da dor, revelando que o controle da dor é possível. Na última avaliação, os pacientes em fim de vida não apresentavam mais dor, e os pacientes com dor foram os que mais utilizaram opioides fortes e esteroides, evidenciando a dificuldade no controle da dor em alguns pacientes.


Introducción: El dolor es el principal síntoma descrito en pacientes oncológicos. Objetivo: Evaluar la clasificación y el manejo del dolor en pacientes pediátricos con cáncer óseo primario a lo largo del tiempo: registro, durante el tratamiento y seguimiento, e investigar los factores asociados entre la clasificación del dolor y última evaluación. Método: Estudio cohortes retrospectiva de casos de osteosarcoma y sarcoma de Ewing <19 años, tratados en único centro de referencia oncológica y seguidos por equipo multidisciplinar. Desenlace primario: calificación del dolor en la última evaluación. Desenlace secundario: evolución del tratamiento farmacológico. Resultados: Se incluyeron 142 pacientes. La frecuencia de evaluación del dolor aumentó durante el período de estudio del 53,5% al 68,3% y 85,9%. Los pacientes evaluados por dolor, el 65,8% tenía dolor al registro y 26,2% al final del estudio. Hubo aumento en el uso de opioides fuertes y antidepresivos. En la última evaluación, 56 pacientes (39,4%) estaban al final de su vida y esto no se asoció con más dolor (p=0,68), mientras que, quienes presentaron más dolor fueron quienes usaban opioides fuertes (p=0,01) o esteroides (p=0,03). Conclusión: Manejo del dolor durante el tratamiento resultó en un mayor uso de opioides fuertes y antidepresivos con reducción del dolor, revelando que es posible controlar el dolor. La última evaluación, pacientes al final de la vida ya no tenían dolor y pacientes con dolor eran los que más usaban opioides fuertes y esteroides, evidenciando la dificultad en el control del dolor en algunos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Sarcoma, Ewing , Bone Neoplasms , Death , Pain Management
20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 109-127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971048

ABSTRACT

Pain disrupts neonatal vital signs and internal environment homeostasis and affects the recovery process, and recurrent pain stimulation is one of the important risk factors for neurodevelopmental disorders and some chronic diseases. In order to standardize pain management practice in neonatal wards in China and effectively prevent and reduce the adverse effects of pain on the physical and mental development of neonates, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Diseases (Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University) convened a multidisciplinary panel to formulate the evidence-based guideline for neonatal pain management in China (2023 edition) following the principles and methods for the guideline development issued by the World Health Organization. Based on the best evidence and expert consensus, this guideline gives 26 recommendations for nine clinical issues, i.e., the classification and definition of neonatal pain, common sources of pain, pain assessment principles, pain assessment methods, analgesic principle, non-pharmaceutical analgesic methods, pharmaceutical analgesic methods, parental participation in pain management, and recording methods for pain management, so as to provide medical staff with guidance and a decision-making basis for neonatal pain assessment and analgesia management.


Subject(s)
Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Pain Management , Pain , China , Child Health , Consensus
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