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1.
Dolor ; 33(76): 30-32, ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510387

ABSTRACT

Actualmente, las recomendaciones sobre cuidados paliativos sugieren que éstos se inicien lo más tempranamente posible, con el objetivo de mejorar la calidad de vida del paciente y su familia, con un enfoque biopsicosocial. A pesar de ello, aún persiste en gran parte del personal de salud la idea de que los cuidados paliativos son estrictamente cuidados de fin de vida, por lo que se asocia inconscientemente un paciente en una fase final de su enfermedad. Algunos estudios sugieren que, a pesar de las recomendaciones, la práctica habitual aún mantiene esta costumbre. Adicionalmente, no existe una duración establecida para definir cuánto deberían durar estos cuidados. A continuación, el reporte de un caso de cáncer de tiroides papilar, neoplasia conocida por su curso relativamente benigno, para tratarse de un cáncer, de lenta progresión. Este fue diagnosticado de forma tardía, con metástasis pulmonar e insuficiencia respiratoria como primer motivo de consulta, hace 8 años. Esto contrasta enormemente con la duración promedio de cuidados paliativos alrededor del mundo, que se estima es de 19 días. El reporte de este caso pretende contrastar estas realidades y mostrar un ejemplo de cuidados paliativos prolongados, los beneficios y también posibles consecuencias que éstos han tenido en la vida del paciente.


Currently, recommendations about palliative care suggest that they should be started as early in the course of the disease as possible, with the goal of improving quality of life for patients and their families, with a biopsychosocial approach. Despite this, there's still a pervasive idea among healthcare givers that palliative care is given exclusively at the end of life, thus there's a subconscious association with a patient in the final stages of their disease. Studies suggest that despite recommendations, actual practice maintains this custom. Additionally, there's no definitive duration for palliative care. The following is a case report of papillary thyroid cancer, a disease known for a relatively benign course compared to other forms of cancer, and slow progression. This disease was diagnosed in an advanced stage, with pulmonary metastasis and respiratory failure, 8 years ago. This is in stark contrast with the average duration of palliative care around the world, which is estimated to be 19 days. This report intends to highlight this difference and show an example of prolonged palliative care, the benefits and potential consequences that these may have had on the patient's life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Palliative Care , Thyroid Neoplasms/complications , Thyroid Neoplasms/therapy , Pain Management/methods , Analgesics, Opioid/pharmacology
2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 502-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of injection sites of local infiltration analgesia (LIA) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#The relevant domestic and foreign literature in recent years was extensively reviewed. The neuroanatomy of the knee, and the research progress of the selection and the difference of effectiveness between different injection sites of LIA in clinical studies were summarized.@*RESULTS@#Large concentrations of nociceptors are present throughout the various tissues of the knee joint. Patellar tendon, subpatellar fat pad, lateral collateral ligament insertions, iliotibial band insertions, suprapatellar capsule, and posterior capsule were more sensitive to pain. Most current studies support injections into the lateral capsule, collateral ligament, retinaculum, quadriceps tendon, fat pad, and subcutaneous tissue. Whether to inject into the back of the knee and subperiosteum is controversial.@*CONCLUSION@#The relative difference of knee tissue sensitivity to pain has guiding significance for the selection of LIA injection site after TKA. Although researchers have conducted clinical trials on injection site and technique of LIA in TKA, there are certain limitations. The optimal scheme has not been determined yet, and further studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain Management/methods , Analgesia/methods , Knee Joint/anatomy & histology , Anesthesia, Local/methods
3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 96-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971157

ABSTRACT

Moderate and deep sedation can effectively relieve or eliminate the pain and body discomfort during wound dressing change in pediatric burn patients, relieve anxiety, agitation, and even delirium of the children, reduce the metabolic rate of the children, make them in a quiet, comfortable, and cooperative state, which is conducive to the smooth completion of dressing change. This paper summarized the three aspects of moderate and deep sedation in pediatric burn patients, including the overview, main points of implementation, and effects, and further introduced the moderate and deep sedation medication regimens for different routes of administration, as well as the content of evaluation and monitoring. Suggestions on the prevention and management of related complications and the management of moderate and deep sedation implementation procedures were put forward, in order to provide references for the development of moderate and deep sedation for wound dressing change in pediatric burn patients in China.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bandages/adverse effects , Burns/therapy , Deep Sedation , Pain/complications , Pain Management/methods
4.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(4): 250-253, dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1426694

ABSTRACT

La neuromodulación es una práctica médica implementada desde hace más de cuatro décadas. En lo que respecta a la Neurocirugía, cumple un papel en el tratamiento de diversas patologías (Parkinson, distonías, epilepsia, etc.) y con un gran potencial para aplicarlas en otras (trastorno obsesivo compulsivo [TOC], dolor pélvico). Es por ello que, en los últimos años, se cuadruplicaron las inversiones de empresas biotecnológicas en este campo por la demanda y aplicación de la terapia. La neuromodulación abarca también otras especialidades, como por ejemplo Otorrinolaringología (ORL) en implantes cocleares, Cardiología con diversos modelos de marcapasos cardíacos, Endocrinología con bombas de infusión de medicamentos, Uroginecología en incontinencia, etcétera. Nuestra institución aplica en su práctica clínica todas estas técnicas, y cumple una función jerárquica como centro de referencia en educación y políticas sanitarias. Por estos aspectos, sumados a su infraestructura, personal profesional y enfoque sanitario, puede ser considerada como un Centro de Neuromodulación referente en la región. (AU)


Neuromodulation is a medical practice established for more than forty years. In the neurosurgical field it plays a role in the treatment of different diseases (Parkinson, Dystonia, Epilepsy, etc) and has a great potential to apply in other pathologies (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Pelvic pain). In the last years the biotechnological industry has quadrupled the investment in this field because of the demand and therapy application. Neuromodulation encompasses other specialities, for example otorhinolaryngology in cochlear implants, in cardiology with different models of pacemakers, endocrinology with implanted infusion pumps, urological gynecology in incontinence treatments, etc. Our institution applies all these techniques in its clinical practice, having a hierarchical role as a reference center in education and health policies. Due to these aspects, added to its infrastructure, professional staff and health approach, it can be considered as a reference Neuromodulation Center in the region. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Neurotransmitter Agents/therapeutic use , Deep Brain Stimulation , Chronic Pain/therapy , Drug Resistant Epilepsy/therapy , Pain Management/methods , Functional Status
5.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(4): 272-272, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1427328
6.
Dolor ; 32(75): 24-29, nov. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443185

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La artroplastia total de rodilla (ATR) es un procedimiento quirúrgico muy doloroso en cirugía ortopédica, siendo muy difícil su tratamiento. El objetivo del presente estudio fue comparar 3 estrategias de analgesia post operatoria en el manejo del dolor post ATR. Pacientes y Método: se estudiaron 60 pacientes, divididos en 3 grupos. Grupo 1: Bloqueo iliofascial (BIFC), Grupo 2: Analgesia epidural continua (AEPIC) y Grupo 3: Morfina intratecal (MIT). Se evaluó el dolor post operatorio (DPO) en reposo y movimiento con escala visual análoga en las primeras 24 hrs., consumo de morfina endovenosa (MEV), incidencia de efectos adversos: prurito, náuseas y vómitos (NVPO), retención urinaria (RU). Al término del tratamiento se evaluó la satisfacción del paciente. Resultados: El DPO fue significativamente menor entre las 6 y 24 hrs. en los pacientes del Grupo 3 versus los de los Grupos 1 y 2 (p<0,01). El consumo de MEV fue menor en los pacientes del grupo 3 (p< 0,01). La incidencia de prurito post operatorio y RU fue significativamente mayor en el grupo 3 versus los grupos 1 y 2 (p< 0, 001 y p< 0,008). La hipotensión arterial fue mayor en los grupos 2 y 3 versus el grupo 1 (p< 0,05), siendo más frecuente la hipotensión moderada en el grupo 3 versus a los grupos 1 y 2 (p< 0.01). La calidad de la analgesia fue considerada superior en los pacientes del grupo 3. Conclusión: Las 3 técnicas analgésicas son útiles para el manejo del DPO de una ATR. La MIT presenta menor índice de dolor, mejor calidad de la analgesia percibida por el paciente, pero una mayor incidencia de efectos adversos en relación con el BIFC y AEPIC.


Introduction: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a very painful surgical procedure in orthopedic surgery, making its treatmentvery difficult. The objective of the present study was to compare 3 postoperative analgesia strategies in the management of post TKA pain. Patients and Method: 60 patients, divided into 3 groups, were studied. Group 1: Iliofascial blockade (BIFC), Group 2: Continuous epidural analgesia (AEPIC) and Group 3: Intrathecal morphine (MIT). Postoperative pain (POD) at rest and movement was evaluated with a visual analog scale (EVA) in the first 24 hours, intravenous morphine consumption (VEM), incidence of adverse effects: pruritus, nausea and vomiting (PONV), urinary retention (UR). At the end of treatment, patient satisfaction was evaluated. Results: The DPO was significantly lower between 6 and 24 hours in the patients of Group 3 versus those of Groups 1 and 2 (p<0.01). MEV consumption was lower in patients of group 3 (p<0.01). The incidence of postoperative pruritus and UR was significantly higher in group 3 versus groups 1 and 2 (p<0.001 and p<0.008). Arterial hypotension was greater in groups 2 and 3 versus group 1 (p<0.05), with moderate hypotension being more frequent in group 3 versus groups 1 and 2 (p<0.01). The quality of analgesia was considered superior in patients in group 3. Conclusion: The three analgesic techniques are useful for managing the DPO of a TKA. MIT presents a lower pain index, better quality of analgesia perceived by the patient, but a higher incidence of adverse effects in relation to BIFC and AEPIC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Pain Management/methods , Analgesia, Epidural , Prospective Studies , Analgesia , Morphine/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(3): 135-138, sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396307

ABSTRACT

Árnica es una planta medicinal de la especie Arnica montana, endémica en Europa Central y Meridional, perteneciente a la familia Asteracae; rica en flavonoides y compuestos fenólicos, lactonas, helenalina y ácido hexurónico que le dan propiedades cicatrizantes, antiinflamatorias, analgésicas, antimicrobianas y anticoagulantes. Se utiliza en casos de contusiones, dolores musculares, reumáticos y hematomas profundos. El artículo describe ocho casos, que presentaron hematoma profundo por punción infructuosa, en pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica terminal con esquema de hemodiálisis, donde se aplicó árnica en gel. Por medio de fotografías se registró cómo los hematomas revirtieron a partir del tercer día, mientras que el dolor disminuyó en un 50% al tercer día. (AU)


Arnica is a medicinal plant of the species Arnica Montana, endemic in Central and Southern Europe, it belongs to the Asteracae family, rich in flavonoids and phenolic compounds, lactones, helenalin and hexuronic acid that give it healing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial and anticoagulant properties. It is used in cases of bruises, muscle pain, rheumatic pain and deep bruises. The article describes eight patients with terminal chronic renal failure under hemodialysis, who presented deep hematoma due to unsuccessful puncture of their dialysis fistula. All patients were treated with local gel arnica. Verbal analogue scale (VAS) and qualitative visual image analysis (photography) on how the hematomas reverted on the third day was analyzed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Arnica , Pain Management/methods , Hematoma/therapy , Homeopathy , Pain Measurement , Punctures/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications
9.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 486-490, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936036

ABSTRACT

As a new technology of drug-free treatment, virtual reality technique has been used in various medical fields, and is being increasingly applied in the field of wound repair. Virtual reality technology can alleviate the pain caused by acute and chronic wounds, relieve the psychological anxiety of patients with wounds, and then facilitate the recovery of patients. This paper reviews the research progress of virtual reality technique's application as a clinical adjuvant therapy in wound repair in three aspects: pain treatment, psychological treatment, and functional rehabilitation, analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of this technique, and discusses the prospects of its further application in the field of wound repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Pain , Pain Management/methods , Technology , Virtual Reality
10.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 16(2): 116-122, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525499

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de intestino irritable es un trastorno digestivo funcional recientemente reconocido como una alteración en el nivel intestino-cerebral que no se explica por alteraciones morfológicas, metabólicas o neurológicas demostrables por las técnicas diagnósticas habituales, caracterizándose por la presencia de dolor y distensión abdominal recurrente asociado a alteraciones del ritmo deposicional, ya sea en forma de constipación, diarrea o ambas. La prevalencia oscila entre los 6-11% dependiendo de los criterios diagnósticos utilizados y la zona geográfica, en Chile no hay datos actuales. Su fisiopatología es multifactorial, donde ninguno explica por si solo el síndrome. El diagnóstico es positivo basado en los criterios de Roma IV establecidos en el año 2016, a su vez es imperante establecer un subtipo de SII para realizar el manejo adecuado, es así como podemos tener un SII con predominio de constipación, diarrea, mixto o indeterminado. El manejo consta de la educación al paciente, una buena relación médico-paciente, dieta adecuada, actividad física aeróbica y otros tratamientos no farmacológicos, sumado a antiespasmódicos, antidiarreicos y fibra soluble, dependiendo del síntoma predominante.


Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional digestive disorder recently recognized as an alteration in the gut-brain axis which can´t be explained by morphological, metabolic or neurological alterations demonstrable by the usual diagnostic techniques, characterized by the presence of recurrent abdominal pain and distention associated with alterations in the stool rhythm, either in the form of constipation, diarrhea or both. The prevalence ranges between 6-11% according to the diagnostic criteria used and the geographical area, in Chile there's no current data. Its pathophysiology is multifactorial, where any of them explains the syndrome itself. The diagnosis is positive based on the Rome IV criteria established in 2016, it is imperative to establish a subtype of IBS to carry out the appropriate management, This is how we can have IBS with a predominance of constipation, diarrhea, mixed or indeterminate Management consists of patient education, a good doctor-patient relationship, adequate diet, aerobic physical activity and other non-pharmacological treatments, added to antispasmodics, antidiarrheals and soluble fiber, depending on the predominant symptom.


Subject(s)
Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/diagnosis , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Pain Management/methods , Primary Health Care , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/physiopathology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diagnosis
12.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 24(278): 5892-5901, jul.-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1343019

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar o conhecimento da equipe de enfermagem sobre o manejo não farmacológico da dor e descrever os principais métodos não farmacológicos para o manejo da dor em recém-nascidos pré-termo sob cuidados intensivos. Método: Estudo exploratório-descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, realizado em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, de Fortaleza-CE, Brasil, cuja coleta de dados foi realizada de julho a agosto de 2018, por meio de entrevista e observação dos cuidados de enfermagem aos neonatos. Participaram duas enfermeiras e seis técnicas de enfermagem e observaram-se quatro recém-nascidos quanto às respostas fisiológicas e comportamentais aos procedimentos invasivos durante o tratamento intensivo. Resultados: Os métodos mais utilizados pela equipe de enfermagem na Unidade pesquisada foram: soro glicosado a 25%, sucção não nutritiva, contenção facilitada, leite materno e Método Canguru. Conclusão: Algumas participantes demonstraram não conhecer os métodos para manejo não farmacológico da dor em recém-nascidos pré-termo, constatando-se necessidade de mais pesquisas relacionadas à temática investigada.(AU)


Objective: To investigate the knowledge of the nursing staff on non-pharmacological pain management and describe the main non-pharmacological methods for pain management in preterm newborns under intensive care. Method: Exploratory-descriptive study, with a qualitative approach, carried out in an Intensive Care Unit, in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil, whose data collection was carried out from July to August 2018, through interviews and observation of nursing care to neonates. Two nurses and six nursing technicians participated and four newborns were observed for physiological and behavioral responses to invasive procedures during intensive care. Results: The methods most used by the nursing team in the researched unit were: 25% glucose serum, non-nutritive suction, facilitated containment, breast milk and Kangaroo Method. Conclusion: Some participants demonstrated that they do not know the methods for non-pharmacological management of pain in preterm newborns, confirming the need for more research related to the theme investigated. (AU)


Objetivo: Investigar los conocimientos del equipo de enfermería sobre manejo no farmacológico del dolor y describir los principales métodos no farmacológicos para manejo del dolor en recién nacidos prematuros en cuidados intensivos. Método: Estudio exploratorio descriptivo, cualitativo, realizado en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, en Fortaleza-CE, Brasil, cuya recolección de datos se realizó de julio a agosto de 2018, a través de entrevistas y observación de cuidados de enfermería a neonatos. Participaron dos enfermeras y seis técnicos de enfermería y se observaron a cuatro recién nacidos para determinar las respuestas fisiológicas y conductuales a los procedimientos invasivos durante los cuidados intensivos. Resultados: Los métodos más utilizados por el equipo de enfermería en la unidad investigada fueron: suero de glucosa al 25%, succión no nutritiva, contención facilitada, leche materna y método canguro. Conclusión: Algunos participantes señalaron no conocen los métodos para manejo no farmacológico del dolor en recién nacidos prematuros, por lo que se necesitan más investigaciones relacionadas al tema investigado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pain/prevention & control , Infant, Premature , Pain Management/methods , Neonatal Nursing , Qualitative Research , Infant Care
14.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 10(1): 262, abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LIVECS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1147578

ABSTRACT

El bloqueo del nervio peri prostático con lidocaína, proporciona un buen alivio del dolor en la realización de la biopsia prostática guiada por ultrasonido, pero el dolor post-procedimiento, puede llegar a ser significativo, la adición del supositorio de diclofenac, podría proporcionar alivio adicional. Se asignaron al azar pacientes en 2 grupos el grupo 1 bloqueo con lidocaína del plexo peri prostático + supositorio de diclofenac sódico y el grupo 2 bloqueo con lidocaína del plexo peri prostático + supositorio de placebo, realizando biopsia doble sextante, el dolor a varios intervalos después del procedimiento se registró en una escala visual análoga (EVA) de 0 a 10. Los 2 grupos fueron similares en cuanto a edad, volumen de próstata, antígeno prostático específico, diagnóstico histopatológico. Los pacientes que recibieron diclofenac tuvieron puntajes de dolor significativamente más bajos que los que recibieron placebo (2 frente a 3,35) p 0,02. La administración rectal de diclofenac antes de la realización de la biopsia de próstata es un procedimiento simple que alivia significativamente el dolor experimentado sin aumento en la morbilidad(AU)


The peri-prostatic nerve block with lidocaine, provides good pain relief in performing ultrasoundguided prostate biopsy, but the postprocedure pain can be significant, the addition of diclofenac suppository, could provide additional relief. Patients were randomly assigned in 2 groups to group 1 blockade with lidocaine of the prostatic peri plexus + suppository of diclofenac sodium and group 2 blockade with lidocaine of the prostatic peri plexus + placebo suppository, performing double sextant biopsy, pain at several intervals after the procedure was recorded on a visual analog scale (EVA) from 0 to 10. Thee 2 groups were similar in terms of age, prostate volume, prostate-specific antigen, histopathological diagnosis. Patients who received diclofenac had pain scores significantly lower than those who received placebo (2 vs. 3.35) p 0.02. Rectal administration of diclofenac before performing a prostate biopsy is a simple procedure that relieves significantly pain experienced without increased morbidity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostate/pathology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Diclofenac/therapeutic use , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Nerve Block/methods , Placebos/therapeutic use , Prostate/diagnostic imaging , Administration, Rectal , Prospective Studies , Pain Management/methods , Image-Guided Biopsy , Anesthesia, Local
15.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 4-8, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177177

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la osteopatía aborda al paciente de manera global y aplica técnicas de tratamiento manual. Se realizó una evaluación retrospectiva sobre 447 pacientes para conocer los resultados del tratamiento del dolor lumbar y cervical. Material y métodos: fueron incluidos en este estudio 447 pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia (77,4% de sexo femenino). Los pacientes atendidos ya habían realizado tratamientos convencionales sin haber conseguido resultados satisfactorios. Se evaluó a los pacientes con la escala de valor numérico de dolor (EVN), y los puntajes (scores) de Oswestry (ODI) y el índice de discapacidad de la región cervical (NDI). Los 4 osteópatas intervinientes son profesionales certificados en esta disciplina. Resultados: el 42,8% de los pacientes fueron derivados por el Servicio de Traumatología y el 41,3% por el Servicio de Medicina Familiar. El 34,2% tuvieron diagnóstico de dolor lumbar y al 20,81% se le diagnosticó dolor cervical. Tanto en la valoración del dolor como en los scores utilizados se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la primera y la última sesión. Discusión: en pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia que no habían obtenido resultados satisfactorios con tratamientos convencionales previos, el tratamiento osteopático derivó en mejoras significativas en todos los parámetros estudiados. (AU)


Introduction: osteopathy addresses the patient globally and applies manual treatment techniques. A retrospective evaluation was carried out on 447 patients to know the results of the treatment of lumbar and cervical pain. Material and methods: 447 patients with a diagnosis of low back pain and cervical pain (77.4% female) were included in this study. The patients already had undergone conventional treatments without having achieved satisfactory results. The patients were evaluated with the numerical value of pain scale (VNS), and Oswestry scores (ODI) and the index of disability of the cervical region (NDI). The 4 intervening osteopaths are certified professionals in this discipline. Results: 42.8% of the patients were referred by the Traumatology Service and 41.3% by the Family Medicine Service. 34.2% had a diagnosis of lumbar pain and 20.8% were diagnosed with neck pain. Statistically significant differences were found between the first and last sessions in both the pain assessment and the scores used. Discussion: in patients with low back pain and neck pain who had not obtained satisfactory results with previous conventional treatments, osteopathic treatment resulted in significant improvements in all the parameters evaluated. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteopathic Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Low Back Pain/therapy , Neck Pain/therapy , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Neck Pain/diagnosis , Manipulation, Osteopathic/statistics & numerical data , Pain Management/methods
17.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(1): 48-67, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289052

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Proponer estrategias agile para este abordaje integral de la analgesia, sedación, delirium, implementación de movilidad temprana e inclusión familiar del paciente con síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda por COVID-19, considerando el alto riesgo de infección que existe entre los trabajadores de salud, el tratamiento humanitario que debemos brindar al paciente y su familia, en un contexto de falta estrategias terapéuticas específicas contra el virus globalmente disponibles a la fecha y una potencial falta de recursos sanitarios. Metodos: Se llevó a cabo una revision no sistemática de la evidencia científica en las principales bases de datos bibliográficos, sumada a la experiencia y juicio clínico nacional e internacional. Finalmente, se realizó un consenso de recomendaciones entre los integrantes del Comité de Analgesia, Sedación y Delirium de la Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva. Resultados: Se acordaron recomendaciones y se desarrollaron herramientas para asegurar un abordaje integral de analgesia, sedación, delirium, implementación de movilidad temprana e inclusión familiar del paciente adulto con síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda por COVID-19. Discusión: Ante el nuevo orden generado en las terapias intensivas por la progresión de la pandemia de COVID-19, proponemos no dejar atrás las buenas prácticas habituales, sino adaptarlas al contexto particular generado. Nuestro consenso está respaldado en la evidencia científica, la experiencia nacional e internacional, y será una herramienta de consulta atractiva en las terapias intensivas.


ABSTRACT Objective: To propose agile strategies for a comprehensive approach to analgesia, sedation, delirium, early mobility and family engagement for patients with COVID-19-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome, considering the high risk of infection among health workers, the humanitarian treatment that we must provide to patients and the inclusion of patients' families, in a context lacking specific therapeutic strategies against the virus globally available to date and a potential lack of health resources. Methods: A nonsystematic review of the scientific evidence in the main bibliographic databases was carried out, together with national and international clinical experience and judgment. Finally, a consensus of recommendations was made among the members of the Committee for Analgesia, Sedation and Delirium of the Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva. Results: Recommendations were agreed upon, and tools were developed to ensure a comprehensive approach to analgesia, sedation, delirium, early mobility and family engagement for adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome due to COVID-19. Discussion: Given the new order generated in intensive therapies due to the advancing COVID-19 pandemic, we propose to not leave aside the usual good practices but to adapt them to the particular context generated. Our consensus is supported by scientific evidence and national and international experience and will be an attractive consultation tool in intensive therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Delirium/therapy , Consensus , Pain Management/standards , COVID-19/complications , Analgesia/standards , Psychomotor Agitation/therapy , Neuromuscular Blockade/methods , Delirium/diagnosis , Early Ambulation , Checklist , Pain Management/methods , COVID-19/drug therapy , Analgesia/methods , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods
18.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 34: 5, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1155190

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effects in the pain and sleep, and the clinic significance after an analytic-behavioral intervention to manage the condition of the physical and interpersonal environment related to pain. Four women with fibromyalgia and insomnia participated in a study with intervention withdrawal multiple baseline design and initial, intermediate, final, and follow-up assessments. Self-report instruments were used to assess pain intensity and disability, sleep quality, and insomnia severity, besides the actigraphy. Data showed that the intervention (20 sessions) was effective in reducing the sleep and pain problems in all participants by shifting two participants from clinical to non-clinical status in sleep indicators. The gains were maintained or increased in follow-up measures. However, the results should take into consideration the clinical condition and other variables that may have individually impacted the results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Behavior Therapy , Fibromyalgia/complications , Chronic Pain/therapy , Pain Management/methods , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/complications , Treatment Outcome , Actigraphy
19.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 25: e1392, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1346848

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo foi mapear o conhecimento sobre o uso da solução de glicose 25% no alívio da dor de recém-nascidos durante a punção arterial e venosa. Trata-se de uma revisão de escopo. Realizada busca em oito fontes de dados (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, SciVerse Scopus, Web of Science, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Cochrane Library, Catálogo de Teses e Dissertações) e em buscador eletrônico no mês de agosto de 2020. Foram selecionados 11 estudos, que corroboram a utilização da glicose 25% como medida não farmacológica para redução da dor em Recém-nascidos, evidenciando seu efeito analgésico a partir da redução da pontuação nas escalas que avaliam a dor. Quanto à utilização, notou-se que a maioria utilizou 2 mL dessa solução, por via oral, dois minutos antes do procedimento. As medidas não farmacológicas são de fácil uso e baixo custo. A glicose 25% é vista como um método padrão-ouro para o alívio da dor de Recém-nascidos. Este estudo possibilitou mais embasamento científico ao mostrar que o uso da solução de glicose 25% é benéfico no alívio da dor de recém-nascidos durante a punção arterial e venosa, principalmente quando associada a outras técnicas. O estudo elucida as ações de saúde para o manejo da dor neonatal e contribui para o fomento da visibilidade e relevância científica ao tema.


RESUMEN El objetivo fue mapear el conocimiento sobre el uso de una solución de glucosa al 25% para el alivio del dolor en recién nacidos durante la punción arterial y venosa. Esta es una revisión del alcance. Se buscaron ocho fuentes de datos (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, SciVerse Scopus, Web of Science, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Cochrane Library, Tesis y disertaciones Catálogo) y en un buscador electrónico en agosto de 2020. Se seleccionaron once estudios, que corroboran el uso de glucosa al 25% como medida no farmacológica para reducir el dolor en Recién Nacido, mostrando su efecto analgésico a partir de la reducción de puntuaciones en escalas que evalúan el dolor. En cuanto al uso, se notó que la mayoría utilizó 2 mL de esta solución, por vía oral, dos minutos antes del procedimiento. Las medidas no farmacológicas son fáciles de usar y económicas. La glucosa al 25% se considera un método de referencia para el alivio del dolor Recién Nacido. Este estudio proporcionó una base más científica al demostrar que el uso de una solución de glucosa al 25% es beneficioso para aliviar el dolor de los recién nacidos durante la punción arterial y venosa, especialmente cuando se asocia con otras técnicas. El estudio dilucida acciones de salud para el manejo del dolor neonatal y contribuye a promover la visibilidad y relevancia científica del tema.


ABSTRACT The objective was to map knowledge about the use of a 25% glucose solution in pain relief in newborns during arterial and venous puncture. This is a scoping review. It was conducted during August 2020 in eight data sources (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, SciVerse Scopus, Web of Science, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Cochrane Library, and Theses and Dissertations Catalog), as well as in an electronic search engine. Eleven studies were selected, which corroborate the use of 25% glucose as a non-pharmacological measure to reduce pain in Newborns, evidencing its analgesic effect from the reduction of the scores in the scales that assess pain. Regarding use, it was noticed that most employed 2 mL of this solution, via oral route, two minutes before the procedure. The non-pharmacological measures are low-cost and easy to use. The 25% glucose solution is seen as a gold-standard method for pain relief in Newborns. This study provided additional scientific basis by showing that the use of a 25% glucose solution is beneficial in relieving pain in newborns during arterial and venous puncture, especially when associated with other techniques. The study elucidates the health actions for the management of neonatal pain and contributes to fostering scientific visibility and relevance regarding the theme.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pain Management/methods , Glucose/therapeutic use , Analgesia , Blood Gas Analysis
20.
West Indian med. j ; 69(2): 121-128, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341877

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the effect of body awareness therapy on pain, fatigue and quality of life in women with tension-type headaches (TTH) and migraine. Methods: Socio-demographic features of patients who are included in the study were recorded. Visual analogue scale was used for pain and fatigue severity scale was used for fatigue, Nottingham health profile (NHP) was used for life quality related to health. Following the first evaluation, body awareness therapy (BAT) was applied to patients for six weeks per 60 minutes in three sessions. Results: Among patients with TTH, there was statistical difference between visual analogue scale, fatigue severity scale and total NHP score before and after BAT (p < 0.05). Among patients with migraine, there was statistical difference between total NHP score before and after BAT (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Body awareness therapy is an effective method that can be used in order to increase life quality related to health among female patients with TTH and migraine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Tension-Type Headache/therapy , Fatigue/etiology , Pain Management/methods , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Pain Measurement , Tension-Type Headache/complications , Migraine Disorders/complications
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