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Texto & contexto enferm ; 31: e20200525, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1357477

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: determining the multidimensional factors associated with the severity of chronic back pain is essential to design appropriate interventions. The objective of this study was to assess the physical and emotional factors associated with the severity of chronic back pain in adults. Method: a descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study, carried out between November 2017 and December 2018 in Family Health Strategies, with 198 adults with chronic back pain. Pain severity, assessed by the Brief Pain Inventory, was considered the outcome variable; and the pain interference in daily activities (Brief Pain Inventory), physical disability (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire), quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief) and pain threshold (digital algometer) variables were considered explanatory. A Multivariate Multiple Linear Regression analysis, using the stepwise method with 5% significance, was preformed to establish an explanatory model of pain severity. Results: the mean age was 48.03 years old (standard deviation: 12.41). Most of the participants were women, married and worked. The variables that had a significant and joint impact on pain severity were pain interference in daily activities (parameter: 0.196; p-value<0.001) and in mood (parameter: 0.054; p-value=0.039) and physical domain of quality of life (parameter: -0.032; p-value<0.001). Conclusion: physical factors (pain interference in daily activities and physical domain of quality of life) and emotional factors (pain interference in mood) play an important role in the severity of chronic back pain, which reinforces its multidimensional character.


RESUMEN Objetivo: determinar los factores multidimensionales asociados a la gravedad del dolor de espalda crónico es esencial para diseñar intervenciones apropiadas. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los factores físicos y emocionales asociados a la gravedad del dolor de espalda crónico en adultos. Método: estudio descriptivo y analítico, de corte transversal, realizado entre noviembre de 2017 y diciembre de 2018, en unidades de la Estrategia de Salud Familiar, con 198 adultos que sufren dolor de espalda crónico. La gravedad del dolor, evaluada por medio del Brief Pain Inventory, se consideró como variable de resultado; y las variables interferencia del dolor en las actividades cotidianas (Brief Pain Inventory), discapacidad física (Cuestionario de Discapacidad de Roland Morris), calidad de vida (World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief) y umbral de dolor (algómetro digital) se consideraron como variables explicativas. Se realizó un análisis multivariado de Regresión Lineal Múltiple, usando el método stepwise con 5% de significancia, para establecer el modelo explicativo de la gravedad del dolor. Resultados: la media de edad fue de 48,03 años (desviación estándar: 12,41). La mayoría de los participantes fueron mujeres, casadas y con alguna actividad laboral. Las variables que ejercieron un impacto sobre la gravedad del dolor en forma significativa y conjunta fueron las siguientes: interferencia del dolor en las actividades cotidianas (parámetro: 0,196; valor p<0,001) y en el estado de ánimo (parámetro: 0,054; valor p=0,039) y el dominio físico de la calidad de vida (parámetro: -0,032; valor p<0,001). Conclusión: los factores físicos (interferencia del dolor en las actividades cotidianas y el dominio físico de la calidad de vida) y emocionales (interferencia del dolor en el estado de ánimo) desempeñan un rol importante en la gravedad del dolor de espalda crónico, lo que refuerza su carácter multidimensional.


RESUMO Objetivo: determinar os fatores multidimensionais associados à severidade da dor crônica nas costas é essencial para traçar intervenções apropriadas. O objetivo deste estudo consistiu em avaliar os fatores físicos e emocionais associados à severidade da dor crônica nas costas em adultos. Método: estudo descritivo analítico, de corte transversal, realizado entre novembro de 2017 e dezembro de 2018, em Estratégias de Saúde da Família, com 198 adultos com dor crônica nas costas. A severidade da dor, avaliada pelo Brief Pain Inventory, foi considera variável de desfecho; as variáveis interferência da dor nas atividades cotidianas (Brief Pain Inventory), incapacidade física (Questionário de Incapacidade de Rolland Morris), qualidade de vida (World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief) e limiar de dor (algômetro digital) foram consideradas variáveis explicativas. Análise multivariada de Regressão Linear Múltipla, usando o método stepwise com 5% de significância, foi conduzida para estabelecer modelo explicativo da severidade da dor. Resultados: a média de idade foi de 48,03 anos (desvio padrão: 12,41). A maioria eram mulheres, casadas e que trabalhavam. As variáveis que tiveram impacto na severidade da dor de forma significativa e conjunta foram interferência da dor nas atividades cotidianas (parâmetro: 0,196; valor p<0,001) e no humor (parâmetro: 0,054; valor p=0,039) e domínio físico da qualidade de vida (parâmetro: -0,032; valor p<0,001). Conclusão: fatores físicos (interferência da dor nas atividades cotidianas e domínio físico da qualidade de vida) e emocionais (interferência da dor no humor) desempenham importante papel na severidade da dor crônica nas costas, o que reforça o seu caráter multidimensional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain Measurement , Regression Analysis , Back Pain , Chronic Pain , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Nursing , Family Health Strategy
2.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1365217

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vaccination is a procedure considered painful for children; therefore, the healthcare team should provide conditions for adequate pain assessment and control. This study sought to evaluate whether behavioral distraction procedures contribute to reduce pain perception and anxiety indicators in children during vaccination. One hundred and four children between three and 12 years attending a Health Center in the Federal District participated in the study. Children were divided into four groups: baseline, groups with balloons, cards and tablets. Data were obtained by means of sociodemographic questionnaires, the Monica and Friends Pain Scale and the Observational Scale of Distress Behavior. The collected data were measured using the SPSS Statistics program. Results show that the intervention groups had lower averages, concerning pain levels, incidence of competing behaviors and duration of vaccine procedures, compared to baseline.


Resumo A vacina é um procedimento considerado doloroso para crianças, portanto, a equipe de saúde deve fornecer condições para avaliação e controle adequados da dor. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se procedimentos de distração comportamental contribuem para a redução da percepção de dor e de indicadores de ansiedade de crianças durante a vacinação. Participaram 104 crianças entre três e 12 anos em um Centro de Saúde do Distrito Federal. As crianças foram divididas em quatro grupos: linha de base, grupos com balões, cartões e tablet. Os dados foram obtidos através de: questionários sociodemográficos, Escala de Dor da Turma da Mônica e Observational Scale of Distress Behavior. Os dados coletados foram medidos por meio do programa SPSS Statistics. Os resultados revelaram que os grupos de intervenção apresentaram médias menores, em termos de níveis de dor, incidência de comportamentos concorrentes e duração dos procedimentos de vacina, em relação à linha de base.


Resumen La vacunación es un procedimiento considerado doloroso para los niños, por lo que el equipo de salud debe brindar las condiciones adecuadas para evaluación y control del dolor. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar si los procedimientos de distracción conductual contribuyen a disminuir la percepción del dolor y los indicadores de ansiedad en los niños durante la vacunación. En este estudio participaron 104 niños de entre 3 y 12 años de un Centro de Salud del Distrito Federal (Brasil). Los niños se dividieron en cuatro grupos: grupo de línea de base, grupo con globos, tarjeta y tableta. Los datos se obtuvieron a través de cuestionarios sociodemográficos, la Escala de Dolor de Mónica y sus Amigos y la Observational Scale of Distress Behavior. Los datos recopilados se midieron utilizando el programa SPSS Statistics. Los resultados revelaron que los grupos de intervención tenían medias más bajas, en cuanto a los niveles de dolor, incidencia de conductas concurrentes y duración de los procedimientos de vacunación, en comparación con el de línea de base.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Play and Playthings , Recreation/psychology , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Immunization , Pain Perception
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5215-5222, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345724

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los trastornos del cuello-hombro relacionados con el trabajo son un importante problema de salud. El objetivo de este estudio es establecer el patrón de dolor y discapacidad cervical de trabajadores con pantallas de visualización de datos, así como determinar los factores que predominan en la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor de espalda. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-correlacional, en una muestra de 88 trabajadores usuarios de ordenadores de la Consellería de Sanidade (Xunta de Galicia). Los trabajadores respondieron los cuestionarios: "Neck Disability Index", "Escala analógica visual", "12-item Short Form Health Survey" y se realizó un análisis postural. Para el análisis comparativo se realizaron las pruebas T Student y U de Mann-Whitney. Un análisis de regresión logística binaria se utilizó para la extracción de un modelo predictivo de episodio de dolor cervical. El 58% refirieron dolor cervical. No existieron diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres. Las variables que mejor predicen la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor son el nivel de discapacidad y la calidad de vida física. Los resultados indican que un trabajador con altos niveles de discapacidad cervical y bajos valores de calidad de vida física, tiene mayor probabilidad de sufrir un episodio de dolor.


Abstract Work-related neck/shoulder disorders are considered an important health issue. This study is aimed at establishing the pain and cervical disability patterns of workers with visual display terminals, as well as at determining the factors that mostly affect the onset of a new episode of back pain. A descriptive, correlational study was carried out on a sample of 88 workers who use visual display terminals, of the Ministry of Health (Xunta de Galicia). The workers completed the following questionnaires: "Neck Disability Index Scale," "Visual Analog Scale," "12-item Short Form Health Survey," and an individual postural analysis was conducted. For the comparative analysis, the Student's t-test, and the Mann-Whitney U test were performed. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to extract a predictive model of a cervical pain episode, and 58% reported cervical pain. There were no differences between men and women. The variables that best predict the onset of a new episode of pain are the level of disability, and the quality of physical life. Study results indicate that a worker who uses visual display terminals, with high levels of cervical disability and low values of physical quality of life, is more likely to suffer an episode of back pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Data Visualization , Pain Measurement , Neck Pain , Disability Evaluation
4.
Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento ; 28(4): 138-158, ago. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343083

ABSTRACT

A avaliação fisioterapêutica é fundamental para o diagnóstico cinético funcional da Dor Femoropatelar (DFP), bem como para mensuração da dor, limitações funcionais e déficits musculoesqueléticos destes pacientes. A avaliação também permite avaliar prognóstico, assim como evolução do tratamento fisioterapêutico conservador. Entretanto, devido à falta de padronização e validação dos instrumentos de medida, torna-se dificultosa a escolha da ferramenta mais apropriada para avaliar o processo de reabilitação dos pacientes com DFP. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os instrumentos mais adequados para a avaliação da dor, função e cinemática do tronco e membro inferior em pacientes com DFP. Para tal, foi realizado uma consulta à base de dados PubMed, utilizando as palavras-chave: "patellofemoral pain syndrome", "physical therapy" "physiotherapy", "evaluation", "measurement", "kinematics", "functional test", "functional activity". Sendo considerado, artigos em idioma inglês publicados entre 2000 a 2019. Os critérios de inclusão foram: 1) estudos que abordassem instrumentos de avaliação, sendo eles, escalas de dor, questionários que mensuram limitação funcional, e testes funcionais usados para analisar a cinemática do tronco e membro inferior; 2) estudos que analisassem as propriedades clinimétricas destes instrumentos; 3) população com DFP. Foram encontrados 1.399 artigos, sendo que após a retiradas de duplicatas, leitura de títulos e resumos, foram incluídos 13 estudos nesta revisão. Tais estudos foram classificados de acordo com Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. De acordo com a análise crítica dos artigos, pode-se afirmar que a Escala Visual Analógica e a Escala Numérica são ferramentas adequadas para mensurar a intensidade da dor nestes pacientes. O Anterior Knee Pain Scale, Activities of Daily Living Scale, Pain Severity Scale e Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Patellofemoral Subscale são eficazes para avaliar dor e função em pacientes com DFP, sendo os dois primeiros, os mais indicados. A escolha dos testes funcionais deverá ser realizada de acordo com o nível de capacidade física do paciente, sendo o Step Down Test indicado para a população sedentária, o Single Leg Squat e Single Leg Landing para população ativa, e o Single Leg Triple Hop Test para pacientes atletas.(AU)


: Physical therapy evaluation is fundamental for the functional diagnosis of Patellofemoral Pain (PFP), as well as for measuring pain, functional limitations and musculoskeletal deficits of these patients. The evaluation also allows the evaluation of prognosis, as well as evolution of conservative physiotherapeutic treatment. However, due to the lack of standardization and validation of measurement instruments, it is difficult to choose the most appropriate instrument to evaluate the rehabilitation process of patients with PFP. The aim of this study was to identify the most appropriate instruments for the evaluation of pain, function and kinematics of the trunk and lower limb in patients with PFP. For this purpose, a search was performed to the PubMed database, using the keywords: "patellofemoral pain syndrome", "physical therapy" "physiotherapy", "evaluation", "measurement", "kinematics", "functional test", "functional activity". Being considered, articles in English published between 2000 and 2019. The inclusion criteria were: 1) studies addressing assessment instruments, such as pain scales, questionnaires that measure functional limitation, and functional tests used to analyze the kinematics of the trunk and lower limb; 2) studies analyzing the clinimetric properties of these instruments; 3) population with PFP. A total of 1,399 articles were found, and after the removal of duplicates, reading of titles and abstracts, 13 studies were included in this review. Such studies were classified according to Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. According to the critical analysis of the articles, it can be affirmed that the Visual Analog Scale and the Numerical Scale are adequate tools to measure pain intensity in these patients. The Previous Knee Pain Scale, Activities of Daily Living Scale, Pain Severity Scale and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Patellofemoral Subscale are effective for assessing pain and function in patients with PFP, the first two being the most indicated. The choice of functional tests should be performed according to the level of physical capacity of the patient, being the Step Down Test indicated for the sedentary population, Single Leg Squat and Single Leg Landing to active population, and Single Leg Triple Hop Test to athletes patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain Measurement , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pain , Patients , Lower Extremity , PubMed , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
5.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(3): 412-424, Jul 15, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284564

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare in neonates with transitory tachypnea if chest rebalancing thoraco-abdominal method (RTA) increased immediate pain. Methods: This was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Forty-nine neonates with transitory tachypnea and aged < 72 hours were included to receive either conventional physiotherapy (CP) or RTA method. Participants received usual care and one 15- minute session of chest physiotherapy. Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS), peripheral oxygen saturation, heart rate, respiratory rate, axillary temperature before and after chest physiotherapy were recorded. Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA and Mc Nemar test were used to compare differences between measures. The relative risk (RR) for pain after interventions was calculated using a Poisson regression model (robust estimation). A significance level of 5% (p < 0.05) was adopted for all analyses. Results: RTA was not associated to pain. After chest physiotherapy, NIPS reduced (2 versus 3, p < 0.001) and number of neonates with pain reduced (10.2% versus 28.6%, p = 0.02). RR for pain after chest physiotherapy in comparison to before was 0.3 (95% CI 0.15-0.41; p = 0.02); respiratory frequency decreased after chest physiotherapy (58 versus 70, p < 0.001) and peripheral oxygen saturation increased (98% versus 96%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: In neonates with transitory tachypnea, in the first 72 hours of life, RTA did not influence pain evaluation, chest physiotherapy was safe and reduced immediate pain. (AU)


Objetivo: Comparar em recém-nascidos com taquipneia transitória se o método reequilíbrio tóraco-abdominal (RTA) aumentou a dor imediatamente após. Métodos: Estudo de ensaio clínico randomizado. Quarenta e nove recémnascidos com diagnóstico de taquipneia transitória com menos de 72 horas de vida, foram incluídos para receber fisioterapia respiratória. Os participantes receberam os cuidados usuais e uma sessão de fisioterapia convencional ou do método reequilíbrio tóraco-abdominal. Foram registradas a escala NIPS (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale), a saturação periférica de oxigênio, a frequência cardíaca, a frequência respiratória e a temperatura axilar antes e depois da fisioterapia. Para as comparações entre as medidas, foram utilizados o teste de ANOVA de Kruskal-Wallis e o teste de McNemar. O risco relativo de dor após os procedimentos foi calculado usando o modelo de regressão de Poisson (estimação robusta). Foi considerado o nível de significância de 5% para todas as análises (p < 0,05). Resultados: O método RTA não foi associado a dor. Após a fisioterapia respiratória, a escala NIPS reduziu (2 versus 3, p < 0,001) e a proporção de recém-nascidos com dor também reduziu (10,2% versus 28,6%, p = 0,02). O risco relativo de dor após a fisioterapia respiratória em comparação a antes, foi de 0,3 (IC 95% 0,15-0,41; p = 0,02), a frequência respiratória diminuiu (58 versus 70, p < 0,001) e a saturação periférica de oxigênio aumentou (98% versus 96%, p < 0,001). Conclusão: Em recém-nascidos com taquipneia transitória nas primeiras 72 horas de vida, o método RTA não influenciou a avaliação da dor, a fisioterapia respiratória foi segura e reduziu a dor imediatamente após. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pain Measurement , Infant, Newborn , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pain , Respiration , Thorax , Analysis of Variance , Respiratory Rate
6.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 20(37): 15-22, jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1283217

ABSTRACT

La mirada histórica retrospectiva del dolor nos posiciona frente a su coexistencia con la humanidad. Cada cultura tuvo su peculiar manera de afrontarlo, darle significado y tomar sus medidas de alivio. La ciencia, desde su lugar, ha desarrollado conceptos explicando razones y orígenes de su presencia. Las ciencias médicas en su anhelo de aliviar las dolencias de las personas, elaboraron escalas de evaluación del dolor. En las terapias intensivas, donde el estado de conciencia del paciente varía acorde a la necesidad que se produce a fin de resolver su patología o el motivo de ingreso a este servicio, resulta necesario valorar su estado neurológico para poder así determinar con precisión la escala de evaluación del dolor que aporte el resultado más oportuna según el momento preciso. Debido a los cuidados que lleva a cabo el profesional de enfermería con los internados, es quien permanece mayor tiempo con ellos; pudiendo cultivar una relación interpersonal más profunda, y debido a lo cual, no sólo colaborar en el alivio del dolor, sino también, si fuera necesario, ayudar a que encuentre el sentido a éste, en palabras de Travelbee. Para poder implementar dicha idea, el objetivo del presente protocolo, se define el siguiente objetivo: «Tomar acuerdo e implementar el uso adecuado y continuo de las escalas del dolor, en el paciente de terapia intensiva de adultos, de acuerdo a su grado de conciencia, a fin de reducir el dolor durante su estadía de internación[AU]


The retrospective historical view of pain positions us in front of its coexistence with humanity. Each culture had its own way of dealing with it, giving it meaning, and taking its relief measures. Science, from its place, has developed concepts explaining reasons and origins of its presence. The medical sciences in their desire to alleviate people's ailments, developed pain assessment scales. In intensive therapies, where the patient's state of consciousness varies according to the need that occurs in order to resolve their pathology or the reason for admission to this service, it is necessary to assess their neurological status in order to accurately determine the scale of pain assessment that provides the most timely result according to the precise moment. Due to the care carried out by the nursing professional with the internees, it is he who stays with them the longest; being able to cultivate a deeper interpersonal relationship, and due to which, not only collaborate in the relief of pain, but also, if necessary, help it find meaning to it, in the words of Travelbee. In order to implement this idea, the objective of this protocol, the following objective is defined: "Agree and implement the adequate and continuous use of pain scales, in the adult intensive care patient[AU]


A visão histórica retrospectiva da dor nos posiciona diante de sua convivência com a humanidade. Cada cultura tinha sua própria maneira de lidar com isso, dando-lhe sentido e tomando suas medidas de alívio. A ciência, a partir de seu lugar, desenvolveu conceitos que explicam as razões e as origens de sua presença. As ciências médicas, em seu desejo de aliviar as doenças das pessoas, desenvolveram escalas de avaliação da dor. Nas terapias intensivas, onde o estado de consciência do paciente varia de acordo com a necessidade que ocorre para a resolução de sua patologia ou o motivo da admissão neste serviço, é necessário avaliar seu estado neurológico para determinar com precisão a escala de avaliação da dor que fornece o resultado mais oportuno de acordo com o momento preciso. Devido aos cuidados realizados pelo profissional de enfermagem com os internos, é ele quem fica com eles por mais tempo; ser capaz de cultivar um relacionamento interpessoal mais profundo, e por isso, não só colaborar no alívio da dor, mas também, se necessário, ajudá-la a encontrar sentido para ela, nas palavras de Travelbee. Para concretizar essa ideia, objetivo deste protocolo, é definido o seguinte objetivo: "Acordar e implementar o uso adequado e contínuo de escalas de dor, no paciente adulto em terapia intensiva, de acordo com seu grau de consciência, a fim de reduzir dor durante a sua internação[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Pain/classification , Pain Measurement , Conscience , Consciousness , Critical Care , Culture , Interpersonal Relations , Empathy
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 320-325, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288678

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Retrospectively assess the functional outcome of patients undergoing arthrodesis after septic failure of total knee arthroplasty. Methods Eighteen patients were evaluated, with a mean time of 3.7 years of follow-up. Arthrodesis surgery was performed using a narrow anterior dynamic compression plate, and medial or external fixator in two planes of the joint (Orthofix Bone Growth Therapy, Lewisville, TS, USA), at the surgeon's discretion. Results The most frequent pathogen found was Staphylococcus aureus methicillin sensitive (38.9%). The mean lower limb discrepancy was 3.63 cm. The mean knee society score was 68 points. According to the visual analog scale for pain, 44% of the patients had a 0 score at the time of assessment, and 22.2% were very dissatisfied, despite the bone healing achieved. Patients were assessed for the ability to walk with or without assistance. Conclusion Knee arthrodesis surgery was effective in controlling the infectious process and decreasing pain complaints, but satisfaction with the procedure was low.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar de modo retrospectivo o resultado funcional dos pacientes submetidos a artrodese após falha séptica da artroplastia total de joelho. Métodos Foram avaliados 18 pacientes com tempo médio de 3,7 anos de seguimento. A cirurgia de artrodese foi realizada com placa do tipo dynamic compression plate (DCP) estreita, anterior e medial, ou fixador externo em dois planos da articulação (Orthofix Bone Growth Therapy, Lewisville, TS, EUA), a critério do cirurgião. Resultados O patógeno mais frequentemente encontrado foi o Staphylococcus aureus sensível a meticilina (38,9%). A discrepância de membros inferiores média foi de 3,63 cm. O da knee society score (KSS) médio foi de 68 pontos. Segundo a escala analógica visual de dor, 44% dos pacientes apresentaram pontuação zero no momento da avaliação, e 22,2% estavam muito insatisfeitos a despeito da consolidação óssea obtida. Os pacientes foram avaliados quanto à capacidade de deambular com ou sem auxílio de apoio. Conclusão A cirurgia de artrodese do joelho se mostrou eficiente quanto ao controle do processo infeccioso e diminuição das queixas álgicas, porém a satisfação com o procedimento é baixa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthrodesis , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , External Fixators , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Infections , Knee
8.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 137-143, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290232

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Patients with low back pain frequently undergo a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, but some of these have uncertain effectiveness. This highlights the importance of the association of healthcare services and therapeutic measures relating to disability. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures among Brazilian older adults with disability-related low back pain. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study on baseline assessment data from the Back Complaints in the Elders - Brazil (BACE-B) cohort. METHODS: The main analyses were based on a consecutive sample of 602 older adult participants in BACE-B (60 years of age and over). The main outcome measurement for disability-related low back pain was defined as a score of 14 points or more in the Roland Morris Questionnaire. RESULTS: Visits to doctors in the previous six weeks (odds ratio, OR = 1.82; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.22-2.71) and use of analgesics in the previous three months (OR = 1.57; 95% CI 1.07-2.31) showed statistically significant associations with disability-related low back pain. The probability of disability-related low back pain had an additive effect to the combination of use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures (OR = 2.57; 95% CI 1.52-4.36). The analyses showed that this association was significant among women, but not among men. CONCLUSIONS: Occurrence of the combined of consultations and medication use was correlated with higher chance of severe disability among these elderly people with nonspecific low back pain. This suggested that overuse and "crowding-in" effects were present in medical services for elderly people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Low Back Pain/therapy , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Pain Measurement , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Disability Evaluation
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(3): 1137-1152, mar. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153840

ABSTRACT

Resumo A Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), o Questionário de Incapacidade de Roland Morris (RMDQ) e Questionário de Qualidade de Vida SF-36, amplamente utilizados, tiveram seu conteúdo conectado à CIF por regras propostas em 2002 e 2005. Em 2016 foram refinadas e ainda não foram aplicadas. Aplicar as regras de conexão de conteúdo refinadas para os instrumentos EVA, RMDQ e SF-36. Dois profissionais de saúde identificaram os conceitos significativos e vincularam às categorias mais específicas da CIF, um terceiro arbitrou divergências. O grau de concordância foi dado pelo coeficiente kappa. Houve alto grau de concordância (Kappa=0,93 p<0,001). O conceito principal da EVA foi conectado à categoria b280, os 24 conceitos principais do RMDQ, à categoria b28013 e os 27 adicionais a outras categorias. O SF-36 teve 36 conceitos principais e 30 adicionais identificados, do total, 17 não foram definíveis pela CIF. Dos conceitos conectados dos 3 instrumentos 39 referem-se à Funções do Corpo, 57 à Atividades e Participação e 4 à Fatores Ambientais. O refinamento das regras propiciou mais clareza no processo de identificar, relacionar o conteúdo dos instrumentos à CIF e expor os resultado e aumentou o número de conceitos identificados e categorias contempladas pelos instrumentos.


Abstract The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) are broadly used and had their content linked to ICF by the linking rules of 2002 and 2005. In 2016 were refined and were not applied yet. To apply the refinements of ICF linking rules to VAS, RMDQ, and SF-36. Two health professionals identified the meaningful concepts and linked to the most precise ICF categories and a third triggered in divergences. The degree of agreement was calculated by kappa statistic. There was almost perfect agreement (Kappa=0.93 p<0,001). The main concept of VAS was linked to ICF category b280, the 24 main concepts of RMDQ linked to b28013, and 27 additional linked to other categories. The SF-36 had 36 main concepts and 30 additional concepts identified which 27 were definable by the ICF and 17 do not. From the total of ICF linked concepts, 39 refer to Body Functions, 57 to Activities and Participation and 4 to Environmental Factors. The refinements of linking rules propitiated more clarity in the process to identify, to link instruments content with ICF and to expose the results. Thus, increased the number of identified and linked concepts as well as the categories in the instruments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Disability Evaluation , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Visual Analog Scale
10.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 2-10, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342583

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La artrodesis de cuatro esquinas es una técnica de salvataje para los pacientes con artrosis avanzada del carpo. Los objetivos quirúrgicos son disminuir el dolor y mantener cierto movimiento de la muñeca. En el último tiempo, se han descrito técnicas percutáneas con asistencia artroscópica que han logrado resultados favorables, a pesar de que la técnica abierta sigue siendo el gold estándar para realizar esa técnica quirúrgica. OBJETIVO: Comparar resultados funcionales y radiológicos en pacientes con muñecas con colapso avanzado escafolunar (scapholunate advanced collapse, SLAC) o colapso avanzado en la pseudoartrosis del escafoides (scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse, SNAC) operados con técnica quirúrgica abierta versus técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo tipo caso-control, de fichas clínicas e imagenología de pacientes con artrosis avanzada del carpo operados con técnica percutánea y asistencia artroscópica y cirugía abierta. Se estudian variables demográficas, dolor mediante la Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), función en rangos de movilidad, tiempo de consolidación, y corrección del ángulo capitolunar. Se describe la técnica quirúrgica de la cirugía abierta y la cirugía percutánea con asistencia artroscópica. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 22 pacientes del sexo masculino con edad promedio de 32,5 años. Había 13 pacientes en el grupo de casos (técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica) y 9 pacientes en el grupo de controles (técnica abierta). El dolor en la EVA al momento del egreso hospitalario fue de 3 para los casos y de 5 para los controles (p » 0,008), y a los 30 días del postoperatorio, fue de 0 y 3 respectivamente (p » 0,00). Los rangos de extensión y flexión fueron de 52,6° y 38,7° para los casos y de 35,7° y 32,4° para los controles (p » 0,1119 y 0,0016, respectivamente). El ángulo capitolunar fue de 10° para los controles y de 5° para los casos (p » 0,0008). El tiempo de consolidación fue de 8,8 semanas para los casos y de 12,5 semanas para los controles (p » 0,039). DISCUSIÓN: Tanto la técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica cuanto la cirugía abierta para realizar una artrodesis de cuatro esquinas son técnicas reproducibles y efectivas en lograr consolidación, disminución del dolor, y mantenimiento de rangos de movimiento en la muñeca. CONCLUSIÓN: En el presente trabajo se demuestran mejores promedios de los parámetros evaluados con la técnica percutánea que con la cirugía abierta; sin embargo, es necesario realizar estudios prospectivos para realizar una recomendación con respecto a la técnica quirúrgica de elección.


INTRODUCTION: Four-corner arthrodesis is a salvage technique for patients with advanced carpal osteoarthritis. This procedure aims to reduce pain and preserve wrist motion. Even though percutaneous techniques with arthroscopic assistance reportedly have favorable outcomes and the advantages of minimal invasiveness, open surgery remains the gold standard for four-corner arthrodesis. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to compare the functional and radiological outcomes of patients with scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) or scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) submitted to open surgery versus percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of clinical records and radiological images of patients with advanced carpal osteoarthritis submitted to percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance versus open surgery. Demographic variables, pain score using the visual analog scale (VAS), function ranges of motion, time until consolidation, and correction of the capitolunate angle were analyzed. Both techniques are described. RESULTS: In total, 22 male patients with an average age of 32.5 years were studied, including 13 patients from the case group (percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance) and 9 patients from the control group (open surgery). The VAS score for pain at discharge was of 3 for the cases and of 5 for the controls (p » 0.008); 30 days postoperatively, it was of 0 and 3 respectively (p » 0.00). The ranges of extension and flexion were of 52.6° and 38.7° for the case group, and of 35.7° and 32.4° for the control group (p » 0.119 and 0.0016 respectively). The capitolunate angle was of 10° for the controls and of 5° for the cases (p » 0.0008). The time until consolidation was of 8.8 weeks for the cases and of 12.5 weeks for the controls (p » 0.039). DISCUSSION: Both four-corner arthrodesis techniques are reproducible and effective in achieving consolidation, pain reduction and preservation of wrist motion. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates the superiority of the percutaneous technique with arthroscopic assistance over open surgery. Further prospective studies are required for an adequate recommendation.


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis/methods , Wrist Joint/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Arthroscopy , Wrist Joint/physiopathology , Wrist Joint/diagnostic imaging , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Scaphoid Bone/physiopathology , Scaphoid Bone/diagnostic imaging
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 4-8, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177177

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la osteopatía aborda al paciente de manera global y aplica técnicas de tratamiento manual. Se realizó una evaluación retrospectiva sobre 447 pacientes para conocer los resultados del tratamiento del dolor lumbar y cervical. Material y métodos: fueron incluidos en este estudio 447 pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia (77,4% de sexo femenino). Los pacientes atendidos ya habían realizado tratamientos convencionales sin haber conseguido resultados satisfactorios. Se evaluó a los pacientes con la escala de valor numérico de dolor (EVN), y los puntajes (scores) de Oswestry (ODI) y el índice de discapacidad de la región cervical (NDI). Los 4 osteópatas intervinientes son profesionales certificados en esta disciplina. Resultados: el 42,8% de los pacientes fueron derivados por el Servicio de Traumatología y el 41,3% por el Servicio de Medicina Familiar. El 34,2% tuvieron diagnóstico de dolor lumbar y al 20,81% se le diagnosticó dolor cervical. Tanto en la valoración del dolor como en los scores utilizados se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la primera y la última sesión. Discusión: en pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia que no habían obtenido resultados satisfactorios con tratamientos convencionales previos, el tratamiento osteopático derivó en mejoras significativas en todos los parámetros estudiados. (AU)


Introduction: osteopathy addresses the patient globally and applies manual treatment techniques. A retrospective evaluation was carried out on 447 patients to know the results of the treatment of lumbar and cervical pain. Material and methods: 447 patients with a diagnosis of low back pain and cervical pain (77.4% female) were included in this study. The patients already had undergone conventional treatments without having achieved satisfactory results. The patients were evaluated with the numerical value of pain scale (VNS), and Oswestry scores (ODI) and the index of disability of the cervical region (NDI). The 4 intervening osteopaths are certified professionals in this discipline. Results: 42.8% of the patients were referred by the Traumatology Service and 41.3% by the Family Medicine Service. 34.2% had a diagnosis of lumbar pain and 20.8% were diagnosed with neck pain. Statistically significant differences were found between the first and last sessions in both the pain assessment and the scores used. Discussion: in patients with low back pain and neck pain who had not obtained satisfactory results with previous conventional treatments, osteopathic treatment resulted in significant improvements in all the parameters evaluated. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteopathic Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Low Back Pain/therapy , Neck Pain/therapy , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Neck Pain/diagnosis , Manipulation, Osteopathic/statistics & numerical data , Pain Management/methods
12.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3463, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1280461

ABSTRACT

Objective: to know the prevalence and characteristics of pain, to verify how pain management has been carried out by the health services, and to correlate suicide risk with pain intensity in patients with bipolar disorder. Method: an observational study with a quantitative approach. The study included people with bipolar disorder assessed by the McGill-Reduced Pain Questionnaire, Body Diagram, Visual Numerical Scale, and the Suicidal Ideation Scale (Beck). Results: the sample of 60 participants was mainly composed of women with a mean age of 40 years old and a mean psychiatric treatment time of approximately 13 years. Of these, 83% reported feeling pain at the time of the interview. Half of the participants indicated that pain interferes with routine and 80% did not receive care in health institutions. The main descriptors that qualify the painful experience were as follows: painful, heavy and sensitive for the sensory descriptors, tiring and punishing in the affective category. Suicide attempt was reported by 57% of the participants. There was a correlation between suicide risk and pain intensity. Conclusion: pain presented a high prevalence. Suicide risk was identified in more than half of the participants. Pain intensity showed a significant correlation with suicide risk.


Objetivo: conhecer a prevalência e características da dor, verificar como o manejo da dor tem sido realizado pelos serviços de saúde e correlacionar o risco de suicídio com a intensidade da dor dos pacientes com transtorno bipolar. Método: estudo observacional com abordagem quantitativa. Participaram do estudo pessoas com transtorno bipolar avaliadas pelo Questionário de Dor McGill-reduzido, Diagrama Corporal, Escala Visual Numérica e a Escala de Ideação Suicida (Beck). Resultados: A amostra de 60 participantes foi composta principalmente por mulheres com idade média de 40 anos e tempo médio de tratamento psiquiátrico aproximado de 13 anos. Desses, 83% relataram sentir dor no momento da entrevista. Metade dos participantes indicou que a dor atrapalha a rotina e 80% não receberam cuidado nos equipamentos de saúde. Os principais descritores que qualificam a experiência dolorosa foram: dolorida, em peso e sensível para os descritores sensoriais, cansativo e castigante na categoria afetiva. A tentativa de suicídio foi relatada por 57% dos participantes. Foi observada correlação entre o risco de suicídio e a intensidade da dor. Conclusão: a dor apresentou prevalência elevada. O risco de suicídio foi identificado em mais da metade dos participantes. A intensidade da dor apresentou correlação significativa com o risco de suicídio.


Objetivo: conocer la prevalencia y las características del dolor, verificar cómo se ha realizado el manejo del dolor por parte de los servicios de salud y correlacionar el riesgo de suicidio con la intensidad del dolor en pacientes con trastorno bipolar. Método: se trata de un estudio observacional con abordaje cuantitativo. El estudio incluyó a personas con trastorno bipolar evaluadas mediante el Cuestionario de dolor de McGill - versión abreviada, el Diagrama Corporal, la Escala Visual Numérica y la Escala de Ideación Suicida (Beck). Resultados: la muestra de 60 participantes estuvo compuesta principalmente por mujeres con una edad promedio de 40 años y un tiempo promedio de tratamiento psiquiátrico de aproximadamente 13 años. El 83% de ellos manifestó sentir dolor en el momento de la entrevista. La mitad de los participantes indicó que el dolor interfiere en la rutina y el 80% no recibió atención en equipos de salud. Los principales descriptores que califican la experiencia dolorosa fueron: doloroso, pesadez y sensibilidad para los descriptores sensoriales, agotador y castigador en la categoría afectiva. El 57% de los participantes informó intento de suicidio. Se observó una correlación entre el riesgo de suicidio y la intensidad del dolor. Conclusión: el dolor tuvo una alta prevalencia. El riesgo de suicidio se identificó en más de la mitad de los participantes. La intensidad del dolor se correlacionó significativamente con el riesgo de suicidio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pain , Suicide, Attempted , Bipolar Disorder/complications , Bipolar Disorder/epidemiology , Pain Measurement , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Suicidal Ideation
13.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 42: e20200180, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1352064

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To test the effect of interventions to chronic low back pain developed by nurses in the Program to Increase Self-efficacy and Reduce the Fear of Pain and Avoidance of Movement. Method: Clinical trial, with 81 patients, carried out in 2016, at the Pain Outpatient Clinic in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. The groups received: A (education and exposure), B (education) and C (control). Chi-square, Fisher's Exact, ANOVA and Kruskal Wallis tests were performed. Results: Patients in groups A and B improved self-efficacy, anxiety, depression, and disability, compared to group C. The reduction in fear of pain and avoidance of movement was greater in Group A, which also showed a decrease in current pain and overall scores compared to Group B and C. Conclusion: Education was effective in increasing the Self-Efficacy Belief. For the Belief of Fear of Pain and Avoidance of Movement and pain intensity, the association with exposure showed better results.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de las intervenciones para el dolor lumbar crónico desarrolladas por las enfermeras en el programa para aumentar la autoeficacia y reducir el miedo al dolor y evitar el movimiento. Método: Ensayo clínico, con 81 pacientes, realizado en 2016, en la Clínica del Dolor en São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil. Los grupos recibieron: A (educación y exposición), B (educación) y C (control). Se realizaron pruebas de Chi-cuadrado, Exacta de Fisher, ANOVA y Kruskal Wallis. Resultados: Los pacientes en los grupos A y B mejoraron la autoeficacia, la ansiedad, la depresión y la discapacidad, en comparación con el grupo C. La reducción en el miedo al dolor y la evitación del movimiento fue mayor en el Grupo A, que también mostró una disminución en el dolor actual y las puntuaciones generales de en comparación con los grupos B y C. Conclusión: Educación fue efectiva para aumentar la creencia en la autoeficacia. Para la creencia del miedo al dolor y la evitación del movimiento y la intensidad del dolor, la asociación con la exposición mostró mejores resultados.


RESUMO Objetivo: Testar o efeito de intervenções para lombalgia crônica desenvolvidas por enfermeiros no Programa para Aumentar a Autoeficácia e Diminuir o Medo da Dor e Evitação do Movimento. Método: Ensaio clínico, com 81 pacientes, realizado em 2016, no Ambulatório de Dor em São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil. Os grupos receberam: A (educação e exposição), B (educação) e C (controle). Realizaram-se testes Qui-quadrado, Exato de Fisher, ANOVA e Kruskal Wallis. Resultados: Pacientes dos grupos A e B melhoraram a autoeficácia, ansiedade, depressão e incapacidade, comparados ao grupo C. A redução no medo da dor e evitação do movimento foi maior no Grupo A, que também apresentou diminuição na dor atual e escores gerais de dor, comparado ao Grupo B e C. Conclusão: A Educação foi efetiva no aumento da Crença de Autoeficácia. Para a Crença de Medo da Dor e Evitação ao Movimento e intensidade da dor, a associação com exposição mostrou melhores resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low Back Pain , Chronic Pain , Anxiety , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Self Efficacy , Fear
14.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0005, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280120

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of gabapentin in the management of neuropathic pain in patients with keratoconus, who were treated with fast (10 minutes) epi-off corneal crosslinking (CXL). Methods: This was a prospective, double-blind, randomized study. The sample comprised patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus, aged 12 years or older, who underwent a bilateral epi-off corneal CXL (fast - 10 minutes) procedure. One group was given placebo orally, and the other group received gabapentin 600 mg orally, both preoperatively. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was applied to record postoperative pain up to 48 hours after procedure. The study was conducted at the Belotto Stock Centro Oftalmológico, in the city of Joaçaba, Santa Catarina, Brazil, from June 2018 to September 2019. Results: At no point in the study significant differences were observed between groups, in terms of pain intensity measured by means of the VAS questionnaire, or of opioid use (Paco®), though opioid consumption was 21% lower in the group receiving gabapentin. Conclusion: We concluded gabapentin has no efficacy in postoperative pain control after epi-off corneal CXL (fast - 10 minutes). Although there was no statistically significant difference, the group that received gabapentin suffered less pain, resulting in lower opioid consumption. UTN number: U1111-1256-0330.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia do uso da gabapentina no manejo da dor neuropática em pacientes portadores de ceratocone submetidos ao tratamento de crosslinking corneano epi-off fast de 10 minutos. Métodos: Tratou-se de pesquisa prospectiva, duplo-cega, randomizada. A amostra foi composta de pacientes com ceratocone progressivo bilateral, a partir dos 12 anos de idade, submetidos ao procedimento de crosslinking corneano acelerado epi-off fast de 10 minutos bilateral. Um grupo recebeu placebo via oral e o outro, gabapentina 600mg, via oral, ambos no pré-operatório. A Escala Visual Analógica foi aplicada para registrar a dor pós-operatória até 48 horas após o procedimento. A pesquisa foi realizada no período de junho de 2018 a setembro de 2019 em um centro oftalmológico. Resultados: Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas significativas para ambos os grupos, tanto na intensidade da dor medida pela Escala Visual Analógica, como na redução do uso do opioide (Paco®), em qualquer horário analisado durante um período de 48 horas. No entanto, houve redução de 21% no consumo de opioides pelo grupo que fez uso da gabapentina. Conclusão: A gabapentina não demonstrou eficácia no controle da dor no pós-operatório do crosslinking corneano epi-off fast de 10 minutos. No entanto, observou-se que, mesmo não havendo diferença estatisticamente significativa, houve diminuição da dor no grupo em que foi usada a gabapentina, resultando na redução do consumo de opioides. Número UTN: U1111-1256-0330.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Cross-Linking Reagents/therapeutic use , Keratoconus/therapy , Riboflavin/therapeutic use , Ultraviolet Rays , Pain Measurement , Double-Blind Method , Administration, Oral , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Collagen/metabolism , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Cornea/metabolism , Eye Pain/drug therapy , Gabapentin/administration & dosage , Gabapentin/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287482

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of pre-cooling and the use of higher gauged needles in reducing pain during local anesthetic infiltration. Material and Methods: We conducted a split-mouth randomized controlled trial among 70 patients who require bilateral maxillary local anesthetic (LA) injections for dental treatment. After applying the topical anesthetic, each participant received four local anesthetic injections, two on buccal and two palatal sides. At each visit, the participants received one buccal and one palatal infiltration based on the randomization. On the buccal aspect, participants received LA with a 26G needle injection on one side (control) and a 31G needle (test) on the contralateral side. On the Palatal aspect, participants either received LA with a 31G needle on one side (control). In contrast, the opposite side was preceded by topical ice application (iced cotton swab) before LA with a 31G needle (test). Both the visits were spaced with a gap of 7-10 days based on the participants' feasibility. Participants were asked to rate the pain on a visual analog scale independently for buccal and palatal LA injections. Results: On the Buccal aspect, the mean pain scores were 2.74 ± 1.26 and 2.11 ± 1.26 for control and test groups, respectively (p=0.002). On the Palatal aspect, the mean pain scores were 4.14 ± 1.49 and 4.3 ± 1.80 for control and test groups, respectively (p=0.295). Conclusion: Significant lower pain scores were reported with higher gauge needles (31G) when compared to traditional (26G) needles on the buccal aspect. No significant difference was seen with pre-cooling the injection site on the palatal aspect when used with higher gauged needles (31G).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain , Pain Measurement/instrumentation , Dental Anxiety/psychology , Visual Analog Scale , Anesthesia, Local/instrumentation , Efficacy , Analysis of Variance , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Randomized Controlled Trial , Cooling/methods , India , Mouth , Needles
16.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210036, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352130

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução Ocorrendo de forma branda e não invasiva, a terapia craniossacral é uma técnica de manipulação na qual o terapeuta exerce leve pressão sobre estrutura óssea, sendo utilizada como tratamento para diversos problemas de saúde, como cefaleias e DTM. Objetivo Analisar os efeitos da terapia craniossacral em indivíduos com disfunção temporomandibular associada a cefaleia do tipo tensional. Material e método Estudo descritivo, intervencionista com abordagem quantitativa, realizado no núcleo de atenção médica integrado, no período de fevereiro a setembro de 2018. Foram inclusos no estudo indivíduos com disfunção temporomandibular e que apresentaram cefaleia dentre os sintomas. Foram exclusos aqueles que não compareceram ao atendimento ou não apresentaram a sintomatologia. Previamente, foi realizada uma avaliação para identificar a dor na crise de cefaleia, a mensuração da amplitude de movimento mandibular e a palpação dos músculos da mastigação, para classificar a dor em leve, moderada ou forte. Após oito atendimentos, sendo duas vezes por semana com duração de 15 minutos cada, todos foram reavaliados. Resultado Participaram do estudo 31 indivíduos, sendo 90,3% do sexo feminino. Na classificação do RDC/TMD, houve prevalência dos grupos G1 e G1G3. Quanto a mobilidade mandibular, houve ganho para os movimentos de abertura, com 45,6 mm (±7,5) antes da terapia e, na reavaliação, 47,4 mm (±8,4); desvios laterais antes da terapia (lado direito - 7,0 ±2,8) e (lado esquerdo - 7,7±3,0), e após a terapia (8,0±3,0) e (8,6±2,9), respectivamente; o movimento de protusão, antes com média 5,03 ±2,5 e, na reavaliação, com 4,8 ±1,9. Na palpação muscular, destacamos redução do quadro álgico no músculo pterigoideo medial com média 2,2 (±1,05) antes da terapia e 1,5 (±1,02) após a terapia. Conclusão Concluímos que a terapia se mostrou eficaz no tratamento de pacientes com disfunção temporomandibular associada a cefaleia do tipo tensional.


Abstract Introduction Occurring in a mild and non-invasive way, craniosacra therapy is a manipulation technique that the therapist exerts light pressure on the bone structure, being used as a treatment for several health problems, such as headaches and TMD. Objective To analyze the effects of craniosacra therapy in individuals with temporomandibular disorders associated with tension-type headache. Material and method Descriptive, interventional study with a quantitative approach, carried out in the integrated medical care center from February to September 2018. Individuals with temporomandibular disorder and who presented headache among the symptoms were included in the study. And those who did not attend the service or did not present symptoms were excluded. Previously, an assessment was carried out to identify pain during headache attacks, measurement of mandibular range of motion and palpation of mastication muscles, to quantify pain as mild, moderate and severe. After 8 consultations, twice a week lasting 15 minutes each, all were reassessed. Result 31 individuals participated in the study, being 90.3% female. In the classification of the RDC/TMD, there was a prevalence of groups G1 and G1G3. Regarding mandibular mobility, there was a gain for opening movements with 45.6mm (±7.5) before therapy and 47.4mm (±8.4) in the reassessment; lateral deviations before therapy (right side - 7.0 ±2.8) and (left side - 7.7±3.0) and after (8.0±3.0) and (8.6±2.9); and the protrusion movement before with an average of 5.03 ± 2.5 and in the reassessment with 4.8 ± 1.9. And in muscle palpation, we highlight a reduction in pain in the medial pterygoid muscle with a mean of 2.2 (±1.05) before therapy and 1.5 (±1.02) after. Conclusion We conclude that the therapy has been shown to be effective in treating patients with temporomandibular disorders associated with tension-type headache.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bone and Bones/anatomy & histology , Pain Measurement , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Tension-Type Headache , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Masticatory Muscles
17.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1222617

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar a frequência de dificuldade dos profissionais na observação dos parâmetros da escala de Neonatal Infant Pain Scale no Recém-nascido. Descrever os tipos e frequência das medidas não farmacológicas de alívio e prevenção da dor que são utilizadas pelos profissionais de enfermagem. Métodos: Estudo quantitativo, transversal, com análise estatística através do programa IBM SPSS versão 21.0. A população do estudo foi composta por 55 profissionais da equipe de enfermagem. Para coleta dos dados foi realizada entrega de questionário aos profissionais da equipe de enfermagem, a fim de identificar os tipos e frequência da aplicação de medidas de alívio da dor. Resultados: Os profissionais de enfermagem realizam avaliação da dor majoritariamente de forma empírica, assim como a realização de medidas não farmacológicas de alivio. Conclusão: Há a necessidade de realização de ações de educação permanente para atualização de protocolos institucionais, contribuindo para a humanização da assistência e eficiência do cuidado


Objectives: To identify the frequency of difficulty of the professionals in the observation of the NIPS scale parameters in the NB. To describe the types and frequency of non-pharmacological measures of pain relief and prevention that are used by nursing professionals. Methods: Quantitative, cross-sectional study with statistical analysis using the IBM SPSS software version 21.0. The study population consisted of 55 professionals from the nursing team. To collect the data, a questionnaire was delivered to the professionals of the nursing team in order to identify the types and frequency of the application of measures of pain relief. Results:Nursing professionals perform pain assessment mainly empirically, as well as non-pharmacological measures of relief. Conclusion: There is a need for permanent education actions to update institutional protocols, contributing to the humanization of care and efficiency of care


Objetivos: Identificar la frecuencia de dificultad de los profesionales en la observación de los parámetros de la escala de NIPS en el RN. Describir los tipos y frecuencia de las medidas no farmacológicas de alivio y prevención del dolor que son utilizadas por los profesionales de enfermería. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, transversal, con análisis estadístico a través del programa IBM SPSS versión 21.0. La población del estudio fue compuesta por 55 profesionales del equipo de enfermería. Para la recolección de los datos se realizó entrega de cuestionario a los profesionales del equipo de enfermería, a fin de identificar los tipos y frecuencia de la aplicación de medidas de alivio del dolor. Resultados: Los profesionales de enfermería realizan evaluación del dolor mayoritariamente de forma empírica, así como la realización de medidas no farmacológicas de alivio. Conclusión: Se necesitan acciones de educación permanente para actualizar los protocolos institucionales, contribuyendo a la humanización de la atención y la eficiencia de la atención


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain Measurement , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Nurse Practitioners , Pain , Humanization of Assistance
18.
Ethiop. j. health dev. (Online) ; 35(3): 1-6, 2021. Tables, figures
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1292355

ABSTRACT

Background:Pain is widely prevalent regardless settingsand is thought to be one of themainreasons why patients seek medical care. Pain is consideredas the "fifth vital sign" and there is a need forit to be assessedand recordedregularly,as with other vital signs. Barriers to appropriate pain management includehealth worker's insufficient knowledge on pain assessment toolsandthe general attitude towards patient's pain management. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of childhood pain assessment and the management among pediatrics and pediatric surgical residents in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital.Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conductedto assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of pediatric and pediatric surgical residents in TASHbasedon pediatric pain assessment and management. The data was collected by a standardized pretested questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS computer software version 25.Results:The mean total score of the residents was 14.56 (SD=3.16) from a total of 27 questions consisting of 15 T/F and 12 MCQ questions. The maximum and minimum scores were 25 and 7 respectively. Most of the study groups (86.2%) were not using pain assessment tools. Final-year residents had 5.5(95% CI=1.38-21.85) more than "average and above" scores than the other year residents. Conclusion and recommendation :Knowledge deficit, poor attitude, and poor practice on pediatric pain assessment and management werediscovered from this study.The findings of the present study emphasize the need to improve the Knowledge, attitude, and practices of residents on assessment and management of pain in children.


Subject(s)
Pain Measurement , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Pediatrics , Surgical Procedures, Operative
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e26, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153611

ABSTRACT

Abstract This randomized parallel-group control trial tested the efficacy of distraction using audiovisual eyeglasses (AVE) during dental procedures [NCT03902158]. Forty-four 6-9 year-old children with low/moderate anxiety and who needed restorative treatment or exodontia of the primary molars were randomly allocated into two groups: the AVE (experimental) and the conventional behavior management techniques (control) groups. Motion sensors were used to measure the participants' body movements. Dental visits were video recorded, and their pain levels and behavior were assessed using the Faces, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability Behavioral Pain Assessment Scale and the Venham Behavioral Scale, respectively. Anxiety was assessed via heart rate measurements. After treatment, the children scored their pain using the Faces Pain Scale. Mann-Whitney U and chi-square tests were used to compare the groups. The mean score on the behavioral scale was 0.59 in the experimental group and 0.72 in the control group under local anesthesia (p = 0.73). During the procedure, the mean score was 0.41 in the experimental group and 1.32 in the control group (p = 0.07). The mean heart rate was similar in both groups (p = 0.47), but a significant increase during treatment was observed in the control group. There was no difference between the groups in terms of pain, behavior, and self-reported pain scores (p = 0.08). Children aged 6-7 who used the AVE had fewer wrist movements (435.6) than that of children in the control group (1170.4) (p = 0.04). The AVE achieved similar results to the basic behavior management techniques, with good acceptance by the children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Eyeglasses , Anesthesia, Dental , Pain Measurement , Dental Care , Anesthesia, Local
20.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 11: e62, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1283570

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar a dor e a qualidade de vida de indivíduos com e sem neuropatia diabética. Método: estudo transversal realizado com 251 participantes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Utilizou-se a escala Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) para avaliar neuropatia diabética, características da dor, perda de sensibilidade protetora (PSP) e avaliar a qualidade de vida pelo Short-Form 6 Dimensions-Brasil/SF-6D. Realizou-se análise estatística descritiva. Resultados: 16,3% apresentaram neuropatia, 97,6% queixaram-se de dor, sendo a maioria crônica e nos pés ou panturrilhas. 51,2% dos neuropáticos tiveram PSP no teste do monofilamento (p=0,001). Os descritores de dor mais referidos pelos neuropáticos: queimação (p=0,004), formigamento (p=0,002) e alfinetada e/ou agulhada (p=0,003) e os domínios de qualidade de vida afetados foram: dor, saúde mental e vitalidade. Conclusão: aqueles com neuropatia têm maior intensidade de dor, acordam à noite e apresentam alteração na sensibilidade dos pés, que pode ser rastreada na atenção primária.


Objective: to compare pain and quality of life in individuals with and without diabetic neuropathy. Method: a cross-sectional study with 251 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) scale was used to assess diabetic neuropathy, pain characteristics, loss of protective sensitivity (LPS) and to assess the quality of life by Short-Form 6 Dimensions-Brasil/SF-6D. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Results: among the participants, 16.3% had neuropathy, 97.6% complained of pain, most of them chronic and in the feet or calves. Also, 51.2% of neuropathic patients had LPS in the monofilament test (p=0.001). The pain descriptors most frequently reported by neuropathic patients were: burning (p=0.004), tingling (p=0.002), and pinprick and/or needling (p=0.003). The affected quality of life domains were: pain, mental health, and vitality. Conclusion: those with neuropathy have greater pain intensity, wake up at night, and have altered foot sensitivity, which can be tracked in primary care.


Objetivo: comparar el dolor y la calidad de vida en individuos con y sin neuropatía diabética. Método: estudio transversal con 251 participantes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Se utilizó la escala Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) para evaluar la neuropatía diabética, las características del dolor, la pérdida de sensibilidad protectora (PSP) y para evaluar la calidad de vida por Short-Form 6 Dimensiones-Brasil/SF-6D. Se realizó análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: el 16,3% presentaba neuropatía, el 97,6% se quejaba de dolor, la mayoría crónico y en pies o pantorrillas. El 51,2% de los pacientes neuropáticos tenían PSP en la prueba de monofilamento (p = 0,001). Los descriptores de dolor informados con mayor frecuencia por los pacientes neuropáticos fueron: ardor (p = 0,004), hormigueo (p = 0,002) y pinchazo y/o punción (p = 0,003) y los dominios de calidad de vida afectada fueron: dolor, salud mental y vitalidad. Conclusión: las personas con neuropatía tienen mayor intensidad de dolor, se despiertan por la noche y tienen alteración de la sensibilidad de los pies, lo que se puede rastrear en atención primaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Pain Measurement , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Neuropathies , Primary Health Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
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