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1.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 38-47, ene.-feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361906

ABSTRACT

Las urgencias odontológicas son, quizá, las razones principales de atención en el consultorio, muchas veces el significado de dolor se encuentra acompañado por inflamación; el uso de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) es común en el ejercicio de la odontología por la excelente respuesta analgésica y antiinflamatoria que tiene, por lo que es importante conocer la fisiopatología de la inflamación y el dolor y cómo actúan los AINES, ya que algunos de estos fármacos tienen respuestas adversas y sitios de acción importantes. Los factores de riesgo por inflamación y dolor nos obligan a conocer la variedad de fármacos que no entran en la clasificación de AINES y que tenemos a disposición, hay más opciones para la elección ante la presencia de inflamación por un factor en particular, cada uno de éstos tienen indicaciones y contraindicaciones que conoceremos, lo cual nos ampliará el conocimiento para dar una prescripción ante la presencia de eventos inflamatorios. Se realizó un estudio detallado de artículos bibliográficos de cada tema, los fármacos más usados en odontología son los AINES, hay poco uso y conocimiento de antiinflamatorios que podemos usar en urgencias, el porcentaje de uso de los AINES derivados del ácido propiónico es alto por la excelente respuesta en pacientes y otras veces por el desconocimiento de más opciones (AU)


Dental emergencies are perhaps the main reasons for care in the office, many times the meaning of pain is accompanied by inflammation, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is common in the practice of dentistry due to the excellent analgesic and anti-inflammatory response it has, important is knowing the pathophysiology of inflammation and pain, how NSAIDs act, some of these drugs have adverse responses and important sites of action, risk factors for inflammation and pain require us to know the variety of drugs that do not enter the classification of NSAIDs and we have at our disposal, there are more options for choosing in the presence of inflammation due to a particular factor, each of these have indications and contraindications that we will know, it expands our knowledge to give a prescription in the presence of inflammatory events. A detailed study of bibliographic articles on each topic was carried out, the drugs most used in dentistry are NSAIDs, there is little use and knowledge of anti-inflammatories that we can use in the emergency room, the percentage of use of NSAIDs derived from propionic acid is high, due to the excellent response in patients and others due to lack of knowledge of more options (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Toothache , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Inflammation , Pain/pathology , Pain, Postoperative , Propionates , Prostaglandins/physiology , Statistical Analysis , Drug Interactions , Cyclooxygenase 1/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Narcotics
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 150-158, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365739

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the techniques for the osteosynthesis of intertrochanteric fractures with dynamic hip screws (DHSs) through the Hardinge and minimally-invasive access routes of the hip, evaluating the operative time, the degree of pain in the immediate postoperative period, the hematimetric loss, and the functional aspects of active mobility. Methods A randomized, double-blinded clinical trial in which 66 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were submitted to osteosynthesis by DHS. The patients were divided into a test group, submitted to the minimally-invasive access, and a control group, in whom the surgery was performed through the Hardinge route. Results Patients submitted to the minimally-invasive treatment presented a lower degree of postoperative pain compared to the group treated by the Hardinge lateral route (p< 0.001), as well as lower hematimetric loss (p< 0.001), shorter operative time (p< 0.001), and improvement in immediate postoperative active mobility tests (p <0.05). Conclusion The study demonstrated the clinical superiority of the minimally-invasive access route parameters analyzed in relation to the Hardinge access for the fixation of intertrochanteric fractures when DHS is the choice osteosynthesis method. Level of evidence I.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar as técnicas de osteossíntese de fraturas intertrocantéricas com o parafuso dinâmico de quadril (dynamic hip screw, DHS, em inglês) pelas vias de acesso de Hardinge e minimamente invasiva do quadril, avaliando o tempo cirúrgico, o grau de dor no pós-operatório imediato, a perda hematimétrica, e os aspectos funcionais de mobilidade ativa. Métodos Estudo clínico randomizado e duplo-cego, em que 66 pacientes com fratura intertrocantérica foram submetidos a osteossíntese com DHS. Os pacientes foram divididos em um grupo teste, submetidos ao acesso minimamente invasivo, e um controle, em que a cirurgia foi realizada pela via de Hardinge. Resultados Os pacientes submetidos ao tratamento pela via minimamente invasiva apresentaram um grau de dor pós-operatória inferior em comparação ao grupo tratado pela via lateral de Hardinge (p< 0,001), assim como menor perda hematimétrica (p< 0,001), menor tempo operatório (p< 0,001), e melhora nos testes de mobilidade ativa pós-operatória imediata (p< 0,05). Conclusão O estudo demonstrou a superioridade clínica nos parâmetros analisados da via de acesso minimamente invasiva em relação ao acesso de Hardinge para a fixação de fraturas intertrocantéricas, quando o DHS for a opção de osteossíntese escolhida. Nível de evidência I.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Period , Control Groups , Clinical Trial , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Fractures
4.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1358554

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Verificar os fatores que influenciam a parturiente na decisão da via de parturição e identificar a preferência da via de parto em uma próxima gestação. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura com artigos datados de 2010 a 2020, retirado nas bases da SCIELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) e LILACS (Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências e Saúde). Resultados: Sete dimensões refletem os fatores que influenciam a parturiente no momento da decisão da via de parto: dor ou ausência de dor no momento do parto; dor ou ausência de dor no pós-parto; recuperação no pós-parto; risco de infecção e de hemorragia; experiência prévia; influência da família e médicos, e pelo desejo de realizar a laqueadura. As perguntas norteadoras da pesquisa estão expressas em: quais são os fatores que influenciam a parturiente no momento da decisão da via de parto? E, qual é a via de parto em uma nova gestação? Considerações finais: Os fatores que mais influenciam as gestantes na decisão da via de parto são o medo da dor no parto e a recuperação no pós parto. Em uma nova gestação, acabam optando pela mesma via de parto anterior, devido à segurança, por já terem vivenciado a experiência


Objectives: This study aims to verify the factors that influence the decision of the parturition method and identify the preferred route of parturition in the next pregnancy. Methodology: This is an integrative literature review with articles dated from 2010 to 2020, taken from the SCIELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Science and Health) databases. Results: Seven dimensions reflect the factors that influence the parturient when deciding the parturition method: pain or absence at the time of parturition; postpartum pain or absence; postpartum recovery; risk of infection and bleeding; previous experience; influence of family and doctors and tubal ligation. The guiding questions of this research are expressed in: What are the factors that influence the parturient when deciding the parturition method? And what is the preferred parturition method a new pregnancy? Final considerations: The factors that most influence pregnant women while deciding the mode of parturition are fear of pain during childbirth and postpartum recovery. In a new pregnancy, they end up opting for the same birth route as the previous one due to the safety of having lived through the experience


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pain, Postoperative , Parturition , Labor Pain , Fear , Brazil , Cesarean Section , Vaginal Birth after Cesarean , Obstetric Labor Complications , Natural Childbirth/rehabilitation , Nursing Care
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 717-725, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357145

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objeticve To compare the range of motion (ROM), return-to-work time, visual analogue score (VAS), disability of the arm, shoulder, and hand (QuickDASH), and radiographic outcomes of two methods of definitive internal fixation in active patients with boxer's fractures, operated in the first week. Methods This was a prospective, randomized trial, in which 50 patients, with a mean age range of 18 to 40 years old, were randomized and treated to definitive intramedullary fixation using 2 headless screws (n = 20) or bouquet (2 or 3 Kirschner wires) (n = 20). The patients were assessed on return-to-work time, ROM, patient reported QuickDASH outcome, VAS, and radiographic evaluation at 6 months. Results At 6 months, there were no differences between the two groups in terms of ROM, postoperative pain (VAS), or QuickDASH score. The overall complication rate was 4.76% in the screw group, compared with 5% in the bouquet-fixation group. Conclusions In the treatment of the active patients with unstable boxer's fractures, headless screws and bouquet fixation proved to be a safe and reliable treatment. The outcomes were similar in both groups.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a amplitude de movimento (ADM), o tempo de retorno de trabalho, a pontuação na escala visual analógica (EVA), o escore no questionário abreviado incapacidade do braço, ombro e mão (QuickDASH, na sigla em inglês) e os resultados radiográficos de dois métodos de fixação interna definitiva em pacientes ativos com fraturas do boxer; operados na primeira semana. Métodos Este foi um ensaio prospectivo randomizado, no qual 50 pacientes, com idade mediana na faixa de 18 a 40 anos, foram randomizados e tratados com fixação intramedular definitiva utilizando 2 parafusos de compressão (n = 20) ou buquê (2 ou 3 fios de Kirschner) (n = 20). Os pacientes foram avaliados em relação ao tempo de retorno ao trabalho, à ADM, ao desfecho relatado pelo paciente no questionário QuickDASH, à EVA e à avaliação radiográfica aos 6 meses. Resultados Aos 6 meses, não houve diferenças entre os 2 grupos em termos de ADM, dor pós-operatória (EVA) ou escore no QuickDASH. A taxa global de complicações foi de 4,76% no grupo de fixação com parafusos, em comparação com 5% no grupo de fixação com a técnica do buquê. Conclusões Parafusos de compressão e fixação com buquês provaram ser tratamentos seguros e confiáveis para pacientes ativos com fraturas instáveis. Os resultados foram semelhantes nos dois grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Amplitude , Metacarpal Bones , Fracture Fixation
7.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e602, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280185

ABSTRACT

Abstract Radical penectomy (RP) is infrequently performed as it is reserved for specific cases of penile cancer, hence the paucity of reports regarding surgical and anesthetic considerations. Acute postoperative pain, chronic post-surgical pain, concomitant mood disorders as well as a profound impact on the patient's quality of life have been documented. This case is of a patient with diabetes and coronary heart disease, who presented with advanced, over infected penile cancer, depressive disorder and a history of pain of neuropathic characteristics. The patient underwent radical penectomy using a combined spinal-epidural technique for anesthesia. Preoperatively, the patient was treated with pregabalin and magnesium sulphate, and later received a blood transfusion due to intraoperative blood loss. Adequate intra and postoperative analgesia was achieved with L-bupivacaine given through a peridural catheter during one week. Recovery was good, pain was stabilized to preoperative levels and the patient received pharmacological support and follow-up by psychiatry and the pain team.


Resumen La penectomía radical (PR) es una cirugía infrecuente, reservada para casos específicos de cáncer de pene, por lo que hay escasos informes sobre sus consideraciones quirúrgicas y anestésicas. Se ha documentado dolor agudo postoperatorio, dolor crónico posquirúrgico y alteraciones del estado de ánimo concomitantes, así como un profundo impacto en la calidad de vida posterior del paciente. Se presenta el caso de un paciente diabético y cardiópata coronario con cáncer de pene avanzado y sobreinfectado, trastorno depresivo y dolor previo de características neuropáticas, que recibe técnica combinada espinal-peridural para cirugía de penectomía radical. Se le trata también con pregabalina preoperatoria, sulfato de magnesio y transfusión por sangrado quirúrgico. Se otorgó una adecuada analgesia intra y postoperatoria, mediante catéter peridural con L-bupivacaína hasta por una semana. El paciente tuvo una buena recuperación, estabilización del dolor a niveles preoperatorios, controles y apoyo farmacológico por psiquiatría de enlace y equipo del dolor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Penile Neoplasms , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Catheters , Anesthetics , Pain, Postoperative , Psychiatry , Quality of Life , Blood Transfusion , Bupivacaine , Coronary Disease , Depressive Disorder , Pain Management , Analgesia , Anesthesia , Magnesium Sulfate
8.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e698, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289350

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La videolaparascopía es un procedimiento frecuente en los servicios de urgencias de cirugía general. El dolor agudo después de estas intervenciones es de naturaleza compleja y requiere un tratamiento analgésico efectivo. Objetivo: Determinar la utilidad del empleo de bupivacaína intraperitoneal en el alivio del dolor posoperatorio en la videolaparascopía de urgencia. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo y analítico en 80 pacientes mayores de 18 años, anunciados para videolaparoscopía bajo anestesia general orotraqueal en el servicio de urgencias del HMC: Dr. Luis Díaz Soto, desde septiembre de 2016 hasta septiembre de 2018. Los pacientes fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos de 40 cada uno. Al grupo 1 se aplicó lidocaína transdérmica preincisional en las incisiones de piel y, al término de la cirugía, se irrigaron ambos hemidiafragmas con bupivacaína al 0,25 por ciento. Al grupo 2 se le administró dosis preincisional de analgésicos endovenosos solamente. Resultados: Predominó significativamente el sexo femenino sin diferencia entre grupos. La analgesia posoperatoria fue mejor en el grupo 1 estadísticamente significativa a las 4, 8 y 12 horas. Los requerimientos de analgesia de rescate fueron menores en el grupo 1 (p=0,0024). No se reportaron efectos adversos. Conclusiones: La administración de lidocaína transdérmica preincisional y la instilación de bupivacaína intraperitoneal al final de la videolaparoscopía de urgencia, reduce significativamente el dolor en las primeras horas de posoperatorio. Su aplicación es sencilla, fácil y segura sin evidencias de efectos adversos(AU)


Introduction: Videolaparoscopy is a frequent general surgery procedure in emergency services. Acute pain after these interventions is complex in nature and requires effective analgesic treatment. Objective: To determine the usefulness of intraperitoneal bupivacaine in the relief of postoperative pain in emergency videolaparoscopy. Methods: A prospective, analytical and longitudinal study was carried out in eighty patients older than eighteen years old, announced for videolaparoscopy under orotracheal general anesthesia in the emergency department of Hospital Militar Central Dr. Luis Díaz Soto, from September 2016 to September 2018. The patients were randomly divided into two groups of forty individuals each. Group 1 was applied pre-incisional transdermal lidocaine on skin incisions and, at the end of surgery, both hemidiaphragms were irrigated with bupivacaine 0.25 percent. Group 2 received pre-incisional doses of intravenous analgesics only. Results: The female sex predominated significantly, without difference between the two groups. Postoperative analgesia was better in group 1, insofar it was statistically significant at four, eight and twelve hours. Rescue analgesia requirements were lower in group 1 (p=0.0024). No adverse effects were reported. Conclusions: The administration of pre-incisional transdermal lidocaine and the instillation of intraperitoneal bupivacaine at the end of emergency videolaparoscopy significantly reduces pain during the first hours after surgery. Its application is simple, easy and safe, without evidence of adverse effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , General Surgery , Bupivacaine/therapeutic use , Longitudinal Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Analgesia/methods
9.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 16-19, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280086

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT After arthroscopic ligament reconstruction, athletes still need to go through a postoperative rehabilitation training period and suffer the possible pain that can go from moderate to severe. Commonly used analgesic medications, ropivacaine and fentanyl have the effect of relieving athletes' pain. To study the analgesic effect of ropivacaine on arthroscopic reconstruction of the knee ligament, the steps of reconstruction and pharmacology of ropivacaine were first introduced. Next, the analgesic effects of ropivacaine and fentanyl in 86 athletes were compared on muscle strength recovery, patient satisfaction, and pain score. The results showed that the satisfaction of patients with ropivacaine was 95.35%, and the incidence of postoperative adverse reactions was only 9.30%. These results indicate that ropivacaine has a better analgesic effect in arthroscopic reconstruction of the knee ligament in athletes, which is suitable for postoperative rehabilitation.


RESUMO Após a reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento, os atletas ainda precisam passar por um longo período de treinamento pós-operatório de reabilitação e suportar a possível dor de moderada a severa. Os medicamentos analgésicos ropivacaina e fentanilo comumente utilizados têm o efeito de aliviar a dor dos atletas. Para estudar o efeito analgésico da ropivacaína na reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento do joelho foram introduzidos, em primeiro lugar, os passos da reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento e os da farmacologia da ropivacaína. Em seguida, os efeitos analgésicos da ropivacaína e o fentanilo em 86 atletas foram comparados com a recuperação na força muscular, na satisfação do paciente e na pontuação da dor. Os resultados mostraram que a satisfação dos doentes com a ropivacaína chegava a 95.35%, e a incidência de reações adversas pós-operatórias foi apenas de 9.30%. Estes resultados indicam que a ropivacaína tem melhor efeito analgésico na reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento do joelho, o que é adequado para a reabilitação pós-operatória.


RESUMEN Después de la reconstrucción artroscópica del ligamento, los atletas aun precisan pasar por un largo período de entrenamiento posoperatorio de rehabilitación y soportar el posible dolor que puede ir de moderado a severo. Los medicamentos analgésicos, ropivacaína y fentanilo que son comúnmente utilizados, tienen el efecto de aliviar el dolor de los atletas. Para estudiar el efecto analgésico de la ropivacaína en la reconstrucción artroscópica del ligamento de la rodilla fueron introducidos, en primer lugar, los pasos de la reconstrucción y de la farmacología de la ropivacaína. Enseguida, los efectos analgésicos de la ropivacaína y el fentanilo en 86 atletas fueron comparados en la recuperación de la fuerza muscular, en la satisfacción del paciente y en la puntuación del dolor. Los resultados mostraron que la satisfacción de los pacientes con la ropivacaína llegaba a 95.35%, y la incidencia de reacciones adversas posoperatorias fue apenas de 9.30%. Estos resultados indican que la ropivacaína tiene mejor efecto analgésico en la reconstrucción artroscópica del ligamento de la rodilla de los atletas, lo que es adecuado para la rehabilitación posoperatoria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Arthroscopy/methods , Athletic Injuries/surgery , Ropivacaine/therapeutic use , Knee Injuries/surgery , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Patient Satisfaction , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
10.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 20: e20216494, 05 maio 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1337635

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear a produção do conhecimento sobre as principais terapias não farmacológicas no alívio da dor pós-operatória de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. MÉTODO: Revisão de escopo realizada conforme recomendações do Instituto Joanna Briggs e do checklist Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews, em 11 fontes de dados nacionais e internacionais. Selecionaram-se 17 estudos sem recorte temporal ou de idioma. RESULTADOS: Predominaram as cirurgias de revascularização do miocárdio. Dos 17 artigos selecionados, dez (58,8%) se referiram à massagem, cinco (29,4%) à musicoterapia, um (5,9%) à acupressão e um (5,9%) à aromaterapia. A Escala Visual Analógica predominou na avaliação da dor. O tempo de intervenção variou de três a 30 minutos. CONCLUSÃO: As principais medidas não farmacológicas utilizadas no alívio da dor no pós-cirúrgico de cirurgias cardíacas foram massagens terapêuticas, música, acupressão e aromaterapia.


OBJECTIVE: To map the production of knowledge on the main non-pharmacological therapies in postoperative pain relief in patients who underwent cardiac surgery. METHOD: A scoping review carried out as recommended by the Joanna Briggs Institute and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews checklist, in 11 national and international data sources. A total of 17 studies were selected, without time or language restrictions. RESULTS: There was predominance of myocardial revascularization surgeries. Of the 17 selected articles, ten (58.8%) referred to massage, five (29.4%) to music therapy, one (5.9%) to acupressure and one (5.9%) to aromatherapy. The Visual Analog Scale predominated in pain assessment. The intervention time varied from three to 30 minutes. CONCLUSION: The main non-pharmacological measures used in pain relief during the postoperative period of cardiac surgeries were therapeutic massages, music, acupressure and aromatherapy.


OBJETIVO: Mapear la producción de conocimiento sobre las principales terapias no farmacológicas para el alivio del dolor postoperatorio en pacientes sometidos a cirugía cardíaca. MÉTODO: Revisión de alcance realizada de acuerdo con las recomendaciones del Instituto Joanna Briggs y checklist Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews, en 11 fuentes de datos nacionales e internacionales. Se seleccionaron 17 estudios sin límite de tiempo ni restricciones de idioma. RESULTADOS: Predominó la cirugía de revascularización miocárdica. De los 17 artículos seleccionados, diez (58,8%) se referían a masajes, cinco (29,4%) a musicoterapia, uno (5,9%) a acupresión y uno (5,9%) a aromaterapia. La Escala analógica visual predominó en la valoración del dolor. El tiempo de intervención varió de tres a 30 minutos. CONCLUSIÓN: Las principales medidas no farmacológicas utilizadas en el alivio del dolor posquirúrgico fueron el masaje terapéutico, la música, la acupresión y la aromaterapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative , Thoracic Surgery , Complementary Therapies , Postoperative Care , Postoperative Period
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 250-255, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280036

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the effect of closure types of the anterior abdominal wall layers in cesarean section (CS) surgery on early postoperative findings. Methods The present study was designed as a prospective cross-sectional study and was conducted at a university hospital between October 2018 and February 2019. A total of 180 patients who underwent CS for various reasons were enrolled in the study. Each patient was randomly assigned to one of three groups: Both parietal peritoneum and rectus abdominis muscle left open (group 1), parietal peritoneum closure only (group 2), and closure of the parietal peritoneum and reapproximation of rectus muscle (group 3). All patients were compared in terms of postoperative pain scores (while lying down and duringmobilization), analgesia requirement, and return of bowel motility. Results The postoperative pain scores were similar at the 2nd, 6th, 12th, and 18th hours while lying down. During mobilization, the postoperative pain scores at 6 and 12 hours were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 3. Diclofenac use was significantly higher in patients in group 1 than in those in group 2. Meperidine requirements were similar among the groups. There was no difference between the groups' first flatus and stool passage times. Conclusion In the group with only parietal peritoneum closure, the pain scores at the 6th and 12th hours were higher. Rectus abdominismuscle reapproximations were found not to increase the pain score. The closure of the anterior abdominal wall had no effect on the return of bowel motility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Cesarean Section/methods , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Wound Closure Techniques , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Pain Management , Gastrointestinal Motility , Analgesics/therapeutic use
12.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(1): 86-101, Mar 19, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284042

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Com a finalidade de evitar e reduzir lesões dos tecidos do canal do parto, a episiotomia pode ser realizada. Contudo, complicações cicatriciais podem ocorrer e resultar em desconfortos e dificuldades nas atividades diárias das parturientes. O uso de fotobiomodulação (FBM) em episiotomia é considerada uma alternativa de método não farmacológico para auxiliar no tratamento e cuidado destas puérperas. Objetivo: Revisar os estudos publicados nos últimos 20 anos sobre o efeito da FBM em episiotomia. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura realizada através de busca digital em artigos publicados em revistas eletrônicas, ensaios clínicos e ensaios clínicos randomizados, entre os anos de 2000 e 2020, nas bases de dados eletrônicas PEDro, PubMed, Science Direct e Bireme. Resultados: Foram verificados estudos com aplicação da FBM para reparo tecidual e analgesia em episiotomia. A partir da análise de estudos metodologicamente mais robustos, a FBM não pareceu apresentar benefícios na aceleração do processo cicatricial, mas alguns resultados positivos para o controle da dor. Conclusão: De acordo com os achados, são necessários mais estudos com adequação de parâmetros e qualidade metodológica para elucidar quais os efeitos do uso da FBM no tratamento de episiotomia. (AU)


Introduction: To avoid and reduce lesions of tissues in the birth canal, an episiotomy can be performed. However, scar complications can occur and result in discomfort and difficulties in daily activities of parturient women. The use of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) in episiotomy is considered an alternative non-pharmacological method to assist in treatment and care of these puerperal women. Objective: To review the studies published in the last 20 years on the effect of PBMT on episiotomy. Methods: A systematic review was conducted through the search of articles published in electronic journals, clinical trials, and randomized clinical trials between 2000 and 2020, in the electronic databases PEDro, PubMed, Bireme, Science Direct. Results: Studies with the application of PBMT for tissue repair and analgesia in episiotomy were verified. From the analysis of methodologically robust studies, the PBMT did not represent benefits in accelerating the healing process, but some positive results for pain control. Conclusion: According to the findings, further studies are needed with adequate parameters and methodological quality to elucidate the effects of using PBMT in the treatment of episiotomy. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pain, Postoperative/therapy , Wound Healing , Low-Level Light Therapy , Episiotomy
13.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 2-10, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342583

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La artrodesis de cuatro esquinas es una técnica de salvataje para los pacientes con artrosis avanzada del carpo. Los objetivos quirúrgicos son disminuir el dolor y mantener cierto movimiento de la muñeca. En el último tiempo, se han descrito técnicas percutáneas con asistencia artroscópica que han logrado resultados favorables, a pesar de que la técnica abierta sigue siendo el gold estándar para realizar esa técnica quirúrgica. OBJETIVO: Comparar resultados funcionales y radiológicos en pacientes con muñecas con colapso avanzado escafolunar (scapholunate advanced collapse, SLAC) o colapso avanzado en la pseudoartrosis del escafoides (scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse, SNAC) operados con técnica quirúrgica abierta versus técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo tipo caso-control, de fichas clínicas e imagenología de pacientes con artrosis avanzada del carpo operados con técnica percutánea y asistencia artroscópica y cirugía abierta. Se estudian variables demográficas, dolor mediante la Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), función en rangos de movilidad, tiempo de consolidación, y corrección del ángulo capitolunar. Se describe la técnica quirúrgica de la cirugía abierta y la cirugía percutánea con asistencia artroscópica. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 22 pacientes del sexo masculino con edad promedio de 32,5 años. Había 13 pacientes en el grupo de casos (técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica) y 9 pacientes en el grupo de controles (técnica abierta). El dolor en la EVA al momento del egreso hospitalario fue de 3 para los casos y de 5 para los controles (p » 0,008), y a los 30 días del postoperatorio, fue de 0 y 3 respectivamente (p » 0,00). Los rangos de extensión y flexión fueron de 52,6° y 38,7° para los casos y de 35,7° y 32,4° para los controles (p » 0,1119 y 0,0016, respectivamente). El ángulo capitolunar fue de 10° para los controles y de 5° para los casos (p » 0,0008). El tiempo de consolidación fue de 8,8 semanas para los casos y de 12,5 semanas para los controles (p » 0,039). DISCUSIÓN: Tanto la técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica cuanto la cirugía abierta para realizar una artrodesis de cuatro esquinas son técnicas reproducibles y efectivas en lograr consolidación, disminución del dolor, y mantenimiento de rangos de movimiento en la muñeca. CONCLUSIÓN: En el presente trabajo se demuestran mejores promedios de los parámetros evaluados con la técnica percutánea que con la cirugía abierta; sin embargo, es necesario realizar estudios prospectivos para realizar una recomendación con respecto a la técnica quirúrgica de elección.


INTRODUCTION: Four-corner arthrodesis is a salvage technique for patients with advanced carpal osteoarthritis. This procedure aims to reduce pain and preserve wrist motion. Even though percutaneous techniques with arthroscopic assistance reportedly have favorable outcomes and the advantages of minimal invasiveness, open surgery remains the gold standard for four-corner arthrodesis. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to compare the functional and radiological outcomes of patients with scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) or scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) submitted to open surgery versus percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of clinical records and radiological images of patients with advanced carpal osteoarthritis submitted to percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance versus open surgery. Demographic variables, pain score using the visual analog scale (VAS), function ranges of motion, time until consolidation, and correction of the capitolunate angle were analyzed. Both techniques are described. RESULTS: In total, 22 male patients with an average age of 32.5 years were studied, including 13 patients from the case group (percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance) and 9 patients from the control group (open surgery). The VAS score for pain at discharge was of 3 for the cases and of 5 for the controls (p » 0.008); 30 days postoperatively, it was of 0 and 3 respectively (p » 0.00). The ranges of extension and flexion were of 52.6° and 38.7° for the case group, and of 35.7° and 32.4° for the control group (p » 0.119 and 0.0016 respectively). The capitolunate angle was of 10° for the controls and of 5° for the cases (p » 0.0008). The time until consolidation was of 8.8 weeks for the cases and of 12.5 weeks for the controls (p » 0.039). DISCUSSION: Both four-corner arthrodesis techniques are reproducible and effective in achieving consolidation, pain reduction and preservation of wrist motion. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates the superiority of the percutaneous technique with arthroscopic assistance over open surgery. Further prospective studies are required for an adequate recommendation.


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis/methods , Wrist Joint/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Arthroscopy , Wrist Joint/physiopathology , Wrist Joint/diagnostic imaging , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Scaphoid Bone/physiopathology , Scaphoid Bone/diagnostic imaging
14.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 45-50, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153105

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine whether codeine plus acetaminophen after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) have beneficial effects on sleep quality, activity levels, and food intake, beyond their effect of pain relief. Methods: We enrolled 40 patients (80 eyes) in this randomized, double-blind, paired-eye, placebo-controlled, add-on trial. Each eye was treated 2 weeks apart, and the patients were randomly allocated to receive either the placebo or the intervention (30 mg codeine and 500 mg acetaminophen) (4 times a day for 4 days). Outcomes were sleep quality, daily activity level, and food intake within 24-72 h post-photorefractive keratectomy, as measured by the McGill Pain Questionnaire. Results: Sleep quality and daily activity level were inversely associated with pain scores within the first 48 h post-photorefractive keratectomy. During the intervention, patients were significantly more likely to score their sleep quality as good at 24 h (relative risk=2.5; 95% confidence interval 1.48-4.21, p<0.001) and 48 h compared to during placebo (relative risk=1.37; 95% confidence interval: 1.03-1.84, p=0.023). The probability of reporting good daily activity level at 24 and 72 hours post-photorefractive keratectomy was three times higher when patients received the intervention compared to the placebo (relative risk=3.0; 95% confidence interval: 1.49-6.15, p=0.006 and relative risk=1.31; 95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.67, p=0.021, respectively). No difference was observed in food intake. Conclusion: The oral combination of codeine and acetaminophen significantly improves sleep quality and daily activity level within the first 24-72 h post-photorefractive keratectomy compared to a placebo.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar se codeína (30 mg) mais pa­racetamol (500 mg) após ceratectomia fotorrefrativa fornece efeitos benéficos sobre a qualidade do sono, níveis de atividade e ingestão de alimentos além de seu efeito analgésico. Métodos: Quarenta pacientes (80 olhos) foram incluídos neste estudo randomizado, duplo-cego, pareado, placebo-controlado, add-on. Cada olho foi tratado com 2 semanas de intervalo, sendo aleatoriamente alocado para placebo ou intervenção (4x/dia durante 4 dias). Os resultados incluíram a qualidade do sono, atividade diária e ingestão de alimentos dentro de 24-72 horas de pós-operatório, conforme medido pelo McGill Pain Questionnaire. Resultados: A qualidade do sono e os níveis de atividade foram inversamente associados aos escores de dor nas primeiras 48 horas após o ceratectomia fotorrefrativa. Durante a intervenção, os pacientes foram significativamente mais propensos a classificar seu sono como bom em 24 horas (risco relativo=2,5, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,48-4,21, p<0,001) e 48 horas comparado ao placebo (risco relativo=1,37, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,03-1,84, p=0,023). A probabilidade de relatar bons níveis de atividade em 24 e 72 horas após ceratectomia fotorrefrativa também foi significativamente maior durante a intervenção em comparação com placebo (risco relativo=3,0, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,49-6,15, p=0,006 e risco relativo=1,31, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,02 -1,67, p=0,021, respectivamente). Nenhuma diferença foi observada entre a intervenção e placebo em relação à alimentação oral. Conclusão: A combinação de codeína e paracetamol melhorou significativamente a qualidade do sono e atividades diárias nas primeiras 24-72 horas após o ceratectomia fotorrefrativa em comparação com placebo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Double-Blind Method , Codeine/therapeutic use , Photorefractive Keratectomy , Eating , Acetaminophen/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period , Sleep
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200502, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154619

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the effect of final irrigation of root canals with NaOCl solution at different temperatures on postoperative pain level and antimicrobial activity. Methodology 45 patients were randomly divided into three groups using a web program according to the irrigation selected: NaOCl 2ºC, NaOCl 25ºC and NaOCl 45ºC. First root canal samples were collected before treatment (S1). After chemo-mechanical preparation, final irrigation was performed with the selected irrigant (NaOCl 2ºC, NaOCl 25ºC and NaOCl 45ºC) and second samples were collected (S2). Samples were subjected to quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to evaluate the levels of total bacteria. The root canal treatments were completed and the participants were given instructions to record postoperative pain levels at 24, 48 and 72 hours, 5 days and 1 week after treatment using a visual analog scale (VAS). Results The reduction in the number of total bacterial cell equivalents from S1 to S2 was statistically significant in all groups (p<0.001). The NaOCl 2˚C group reported significantly less postoperative pain than the NaOCl 45˚C group (p<0.05). Postoperative analgesic intake was significantly higher in the NaOCl 45˚C group than in the NaOCl 2˚C group (p<0.05). Conclusion We conclude that final irrigation with NaOCl at different temperatures results in similar antibacterial effectiveness. Final irrigation with cold NaOCl (2˚C) is better than NaOCl 45˚C when comparing postoperative pain levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sodium Hypochlorite , Anti-Infective Agents , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Temperature , Anti-Bacterial Agents
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200932, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250188

ABSTRACT

Abstract Third molar removal surgery usually comes accompanied by postoperative discomfort, which could be influenced by the surgical approach chosen. This scoping systematic review aimed at compiling the available evidence focused on the influence of flap design, including envelope flap (EF), triangular flap (TF), and modified triangular flap (MTF), on postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus, as primary outcome measures, and any result mentioning healing promotion or delay, as secondary outcome measure, after mandibular third molar extraction surgery. An electronic search, complemented by a manual search, of articles published from 1999 to 2020 was conducted in the Medline (PubMed), EMBASE and Web of Science databases including human randomized controlled trials, prospective, and retrospective studies with at least 15 patients. The risk of bias of the included studies was assessed either with the Cochrane's Risk of Bias tool or with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Every step of the review was performed independently and in duplicate. The initial electronic search recovered 2102 articles. After applying the inclusion criteria, 12 articles were included. For patient's perceived postoperative pain, TF and MTF frequently reported better results than EF. For swelling, the literature is divided, despite a trend favoring EF. For trismus, data showed that its occurrence is mostly associated with the duration of the surgery rather than with the chosen flap. For healing, the limited data is inconclusive. Finally, randomized studies showed a high risk of bias, whereas nonrandomized studies were mostly of good quality and low risk of bias. Although there was no clear consensus regarding the influence of different flap designs for third mandibular molar extraction on postoperative clinical morbidities; the surgeon's experience, estimated surgical difficulty, molar position and orientation, and surg ery duration should be considered when choosing among the different flap designs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Trismus/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Edema , Mandible , Molar , Molar, Third/surgery
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200998, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286921

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of using gel and solution forms of NaOCI during the chemomechanical preparation of the root canals on postoperative pain at different time intervals. Methodology 114 patients with mandibular molar teeth and symptomatic irreversible pulpitis were included in the study. All patients were divided into two groups based on the irrigant used during root canal preparation (n=57): Group 1, 5.25% NaOCI, Group 2, 5.25% NaOCI gel. All groups were filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus root canal sealer using single-cone technique. VAS scale (1-10) was used for postoperative pain assessment. After endodontic treatment, all patients were asked to record their postoperative pain levels at the 6th, 24th, 48th, 72nd hours, and 1 week later. The data were analyzed using Chi-Squared, Independent Samples T, Cochran Q and Friedman tests. Results Statistically significant difference was not found between the distributions of pain levels at different times according to the groups (p>0.050). A statistically significant difference was observed between the distributions of pain levels measured at different times in the solution group (p<0.001). A statistically significant difference was found between the distributions of pain levels measured at different times in the gel group (p<0.001). In both groups, highest postoperative pain levels occurred in the first 6 hours. Pain levels of the gel group as 38,5% mild, 17.3% moderate, 5.8% severe and pain levels of the solution group were obtained as 46.2% mild, 26.9% moderate, 9.6% severe at the 6th hour. Conclusions The use of the gel form of NaOCI during the chemomechanical preparation of the root canals showed similar postoperative pain when compared to the solution form.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Sodium Hypochlorite , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp , Dental Pulp Cavity , Molar
18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 815-818, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922163

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel for postoperative hypospadias in children.@*METHODS@#From January to December 2020, we treated 116 children with distal hypospadias in the Department of Urology, Department of Pediatrics and the Seventh Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital, 58 by primary Snodgrass urethroplasty only (the control group) and the other 58 with Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel smeared on the penis postoperatively in addition (the trial group). We compared the operation time and postoperative pain score, edema regression and incidence of infection between the two groups, followed by statistical analysis using T test and Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed by the same surgeon under general anesthesia. There were no statistically significant differences between the trial and control groups in age ([2.5 ± 0.8] vs [2.4 ± 0.6] yr, P > 0.05) or operation time ([95.6 ± 14.5] vs [97.1 ± 15.2] min, P > 0.05). No incision infection occurred in any of the cases. The pain scores at dressing removal were remarkably lower in the trial than in the control group at 2 hours (1.4 ± 1.0 vs 2.6 ± 1.3, P < 0.05), 24 hours (2.2 ± 1.3 vs 3.9 ± 1.6, P < 0.05), 48 hours (1.2 ± 0.7 vs 1.6 ± 0.9, P < 0.05) and 72 hours after surgery (2.5 ± 0.8 vs 3.7 ± 1.8, P < 0.05). Significantly more cases of edema regression were achieved in the trial than in the control group at 2 weeks postoperatively (35 vs 19, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel can effectively relieve pain, reduce edema and accelerate edema regression after surgery in children with hypospadias, and therefore deserves wide clinical application.、.


Subject(s)
Chamomile , Child, Preschool , Humans , Hypospadias/surgery , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Male , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of local infiltration anesthesia of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone for postoperative analgesia in patients with hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#From September 2019 to December 2020, 48 patients with hallux valgus were treated surgically. According to different postoperative analgesia methods, the patients were divided into combined local infiltration group and intravenous analgesia pump group. There were 24 cases, in the combined local infiltration group including 2 males and 22 females;the age ranged from 21 to 78 years old, with an average of (58.3±7.7) years old;soft tissue release and chevron osteotomy were performed in 15 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 9 cases;immediately after operation, 20 ml of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone mixed diluent was used for local infiltration anesthesia once. There were 24 patients in intravenous analgesia pump group, including 3 males and 21 females;the age ranged from 23 to 81 years old, with an average of(56.8±8.3) years old;soft tissue release and Chevron osteotomy were performed in 17 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 7 cases;immediately after operation, intravenous analgesia pump was used for analgesia. The basic flow was 2 ml / h;the self control dose was 0.5 ml;and the locking time was 15 min. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded at 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after operation;and the VAS was recorded at 24 hours after operation. The occurrence of adverse drug reactions at 0 to 12 hours, 12 to 24 hours and 24 to 48 hours after operation were recorded;and the healing of incision was recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 14 to 17 days, with a mean of (14.60±0.92) days. There was significantdifference in VAS at 12, 24 and 48 hours between the combined local infiltration group and the intravenous analgesia pump group(@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with intravenous analgesia pump group, ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone can significantly reduce postoperative wound pain without increasing adverse drug reactions, and does not increase wound infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Analgesia , Anesthesia, Local , Bunion , Feasibility Studies , Female , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Young Adult
20.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49: Pub 1822, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363835

ABSTRACT

Many variations of ovariohysterectomy techniques have been described, including the traditional one and minimally invasive procedures. Non-laparoscopic Snook hook technique is an alternative for performing minimally invasive ovariohysterectomy. Few studies have been carried out in order to assess pain in animals submitted to minimally invasive surgeries, especially involving one of the most performed surgical procedures in veterinary practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical duration, intraoperative nociception and acute postoperative pain after traditional ovariohysterectomy or minimally invasive non-laparoscopic technique in dogs using Snook hook. The hypothesis is that non-laparoscopic minimally invasive ovariohysterectomy would be faster and less painful than the conventional technique. Thirty dogs were divided into Traditional Group (TG = 15) and Minimally Invasive Group (MIG = 15). Heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic blood pressure, body temperature, oxyhemoglobin saturation, end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration (ETCO2) and end-tidal isoflurane concentration were evaluated before the surgery begins (M0), during incision (M1), clamping of the first ovarian pedicle (M2), second ovarian pedicle (M3), uterine cervix (M4), abdominal suture (M5) and at the end of surgery (M6). The modified Glasgow Pain Scale was used for acute postoperative pain assessment and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to assess the sensitivity of surgical wound. The level of significance established for all statistical analysis was 5%. Statistical differences were not observed between groups considering total surgical time and postoperative acute pain intensity (P > 0.05), in spite of MIG having shorter duration of surgery. There was no statistical difference between groups considering all intraoperative parameters except respiratory rate (TG < MIG; P < 0.05) and ETCO2 (MIG < TG; P < 0.05) at the moment of traction of the first ovarian pedicle (M2). Pain assessment by VAS showed statistical difference 24h after the end of surgery (TG < MIG) (P < 0.05). Both procedures were similar regarding intraoperative nociception and acute postoperative pain. It is possible that the sensation of pain in both procedures was blocked by the effectiveness of analgesics, once they might cause an inhibition of painful behaviors limiting a possible difference in pain identification. Higher respiratory stress observed in MIG at M2 and higher pain score by VAS noted in MIG 24 h after the end of surgery can be justified by greater traction of ovarian pedicle, due to limited surgical access of minimally invasive technique. Minimally invasive ovariohysterectomy non-laparoscopic seems to be potentially faster, probably due to the smaller size of the abdominal incision, which takes less time to be closed. In the present study, both techniques were performed by an experienced surgeon, providing safe procedures, nevertheless it is important to emphasize that iatrogenic injury can be caused by surgeons non-proficient in the Snook hook technique, considering the limited visualization of anatomical abdominal structures. Data obtained indicate that traditional ovariohysterectomy and non-laparoscopic Snook hook technique promote similar intraoperative nociception and acute postoperative pain, however minimally invasive procedure is potentially faster with less surgical trauma.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Pain, Postoperative/veterinary , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Dog Diseases/surgery , Nociception , Hysterectomy/veterinary , Dogs
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