Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 514
Filter
1.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e698, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289350

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La videolaparascopía es un procedimiento frecuente en los servicios de urgencias de cirugía general. El dolor agudo después de estas intervenciones es de naturaleza compleja y requiere un tratamiento analgésico efectivo. Objetivo: Determinar la utilidad del empleo de bupivacaína intraperitoneal en el alivio del dolor posoperatorio en la videolaparascopía de urgencia. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo y analítico en 80 pacientes mayores de 18 años, anunciados para videolaparoscopía bajo anestesia general orotraqueal en el servicio de urgencias del HMC: Dr. Luis Díaz Soto, desde septiembre de 2016 hasta septiembre de 2018. Los pacientes fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos de 40 cada uno. Al grupo 1 se aplicó lidocaína transdérmica preincisional en las incisiones de piel y, al término de la cirugía, se irrigaron ambos hemidiafragmas con bupivacaína al 0,25 por ciento. Al grupo 2 se le administró dosis preincisional de analgésicos endovenosos solamente. Resultados: Predominó significativamente el sexo femenino sin diferencia entre grupos. La analgesia posoperatoria fue mejor en el grupo 1 estadísticamente significativa a las 4, 8 y 12 horas. Los requerimientos de analgesia de rescate fueron menores en el grupo 1 (p=0,0024). No se reportaron efectos adversos. Conclusiones: La administración de lidocaína transdérmica preincisional y la instilación de bupivacaína intraperitoneal al final de la videolaparoscopía de urgencia, reduce significativamente el dolor en las primeras horas de posoperatorio. Su aplicación es sencilla, fácil y segura sin evidencias de efectos adversos(AU)


Introduction: Videolaparoscopy is a frequent general surgery procedure in emergency services. Acute pain after these interventions is complex in nature and requires effective analgesic treatment. Objective: To determine the usefulness of intraperitoneal bupivacaine in the relief of postoperative pain in emergency videolaparoscopy. Methods: A prospective, analytical and longitudinal study was carried out in eighty patients older than eighteen years old, announced for videolaparoscopy under orotracheal general anesthesia in the emergency department of Hospital Militar Central Dr. Luis Díaz Soto, from September 2016 to September 2018. The patients were randomly divided into two groups of forty individuals each. Group 1 was applied pre-incisional transdermal lidocaine on skin incisions and, at the end of surgery, both hemidiaphragms were irrigated with bupivacaine 0.25 percent. Group 2 received pre-incisional doses of intravenous analgesics only. Results: The female sex predominated significantly, without difference between the two groups. Postoperative analgesia was better in group 1, insofar it was statistically significant at four, eight and twelve hours. Rescue analgesia requirements were lower in group 1 (p=0.0024). No adverse effects were reported. Conclusions: The administration of pre-incisional transdermal lidocaine and the instillation of intraperitoneal bupivacaine at the end of emergency videolaparoscopy significantly reduces pain during the first hours after surgery. Its application is simple, easy and safe, without evidence of adverse effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , General Surgery , Bupivacaine/therapeutic use , Longitudinal Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Analgesia/methods
2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 45-50, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153105

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine whether codeine plus acetaminophen after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) have beneficial effects on sleep quality, activity levels, and food intake, beyond their effect of pain relief. Methods: We enrolled 40 patients (80 eyes) in this randomized, double-blind, paired-eye, placebo-controlled, add-on trial. Each eye was treated 2 weeks apart, and the patients were randomly allocated to receive either the placebo or the intervention (30 mg codeine and 500 mg acetaminophen) (4 times a day for 4 days). Outcomes were sleep quality, daily activity level, and food intake within 24-72 h post-photorefractive keratectomy, as measured by the McGill Pain Questionnaire. Results: Sleep quality and daily activity level were inversely associated with pain scores within the first 48 h post-photorefractive keratectomy. During the intervention, patients were significantly more likely to score their sleep quality as good at 24 h (relative risk=2.5; 95% confidence interval 1.48-4.21, p<0.001) and 48 h compared to during placebo (relative risk=1.37; 95% confidence interval: 1.03-1.84, p=0.023). The probability of reporting good daily activity level at 24 and 72 hours post-photorefractive keratectomy was three times higher when patients received the intervention compared to the placebo (relative risk=3.0; 95% confidence interval: 1.49-6.15, p=0.006 and relative risk=1.31; 95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.67, p=0.021, respectively). No difference was observed in food intake. Conclusion: The oral combination of codeine and acetaminophen significantly improves sleep quality and daily activity level within the first 24-72 h post-photorefractive keratectomy compared to a placebo.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar se codeína (30 mg) mais pa­racetamol (500 mg) após ceratectomia fotorrefrativa fornece efeitos benéficos sobre a qualidade do sono, níveis de atividade e ingestão de alimentos além de seu efeito analgésico. Métodos: Quarenta pacientes (80 olhos) foram incluídos neste estudo randomizado, duplo-cego, pareado, placebo-controlado, add-on. Cada olho foi tratado com 2 semanas de intervalo, sendo aleatoriamente alocado para placebo ou intervenção (4x/dia durante 4 dias). Os resultados incluíram a qualidade do sono, atividade diária e ingestão de alimentos dentro de 24-72 horas de pós-operatório, conforme medido pelo McGill Pain Questionnaire. Resultados: A qualidade do sono e os níveis de atividade foram inversamente associados aos escores de dor nas primeiras 48 horas após o ceratectomia fotorrefrativa. Durante a intervenção, os pacientes foram significativamente mais propensos a classificar seu sono como bom em 24 horas (risco relativo=2,5, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,48-4,21, p<0,001) e 48 horas comparado ao placebo (risco relativo=1,37, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,03-1,84, p=0,023). A probabilidade de relatar bons níveis de atividade em 24 e 72 horas após ceratectomia fotorrefrativa também foi significativamente maior durante a intervenção em comparação com placebo (risco relativo=3,0, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,49-6,15, p=0,006 e risco relativo=1,31, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,02 -1,67, p=0,021, respectivamente). Nenhuma diferença foi observada entre a intervenção e placebo em relação à alimentação oral. Conclusão: A combinação de codeína e paracetamol melhorou significativamente a qualidade do sono e atividades diárias nas primeiras 24-72 horas após o ceratectomia fotorrefrativa em comparação com placebo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Double-Blind Method , Codeine/therapeutic use , Photorefractive Keratectomy , Eating , Acetaminophen/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period , Sleep
3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 815-818, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922163

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel for postoperative hypospadias in children.@*METHODS@#From January to December 2020, we treated 116 children with distal hypospadias in the Department of Urology, Department of Pediatrics and the Seventh Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital, 58 by primary Snodgrass urethroplasty only (the control group) and the other 58 with Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel smeared on the penis postoperatively in addition (the trial group). We compared the operation time and postoperative pain score, edema regression and incidence of infection between the two groups, followed by statistical analysis using T test and Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed by the same surgeon under general anesthesia. There were no statistically significant differences between the trial and control groups in age ([2.5 ± 0.8] vs [2.4 ± 0.6] yr, P > 0.05) or operation time ([95.6 ± 14.5] vs [97.1 ± 15.2] min, P > 0.05). No incision infection occurred in any of the cases. The pain scores at dressing removal were remarkably lower in the trial than in the control group at 2 hours (1.4 ± 1.0 vs 2.6 ± 1.3, P < 0.05), 24 hours (2.2 ± 1.3 vs 3.9 ± 1.6, P < 0.05), 48 hours (1.2 ± 0.7 vs 1.6 ± 0.9, P < 0.05) and 72 hours after surgery (2.5 ± 0.8 vs 3.7 ± 1.8, P < 0.05). Significantly more cases of edema regression were achieved in the trial than in the control group at 2 weeks postoperatively (35 vs 19, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel can effectively relieve pain, reduce edema and accelerate edema regression after surgery in children with hypospadias, and therefore deserves wide clinical application.、.


Subject(s)
Chamomile , Child, Preschool , Humans , Hypospadias/surgery , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Male , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of local infiltration anesthesia of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone for postoperative analgesia in patients with hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#From September 2019 to December 2020, 48 patients with hallux valgus were treated surgically. According to different postoperative analgesia methods, the patients were divided into combined local infiltration group and intravenous analgesia pump group. There were 24 cases, in the combined local infiltration group including 2 males and 22 females;the age ranged from 21 to 78 years old, with an average of (58.3±7.7) years old;soft tissue release and chevron osteotomy were performed in 15 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 9 cases;immediately after operation, 20 ml of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone mixed diluent was used for local infiltration anesthesia once. There were 24 patients in intravenous analgesia pump group, including 3 males and 21 females;the age ranged from 23 to 81 years old, with an average of(56.8±8.3) years old;soft tissue release and Chevron osteotomy were performed in 17 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 7 cases;immediately after operation, intravenous analgesia pump was used for analgesia. The basic flow was 2 ml / h;the self control dose was 0.5 ml;and the locking time was 15 min. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded at 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after operation;and the VAS was recorded at 24 hours after operation. The occurrence of adverse drug reactions at 0 to 12 hours, 12 to 24 hours and 24 to 48 hours after operation were recorded;and the healing of incision was recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 14 to 17 days, with a mean of (14.60±0.92) days. There was significantdifference in VAS at 12, 24 and 48 hours between the combined local infiltration group and the intravenous analgesia pump group(@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with intravenous analgesia pump group, ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone can significantly reduce postoperative wound pain without increasing adverse drug reactions, and does not increase wound infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Analgesia , Anesthesia, Local , Bunion , Feasibility Studies , Female , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Young Adult
5.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1530, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248510

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: As the number of bariatric operations increases, there is a greater interest in knowledge, experience and skills in the operative and anesthetic management of obese people. Anesthetic recovery is an important point in the therapeutic approach and less adverse effects delaying discharge of these patients are necessary to be kept in mind by the surgical team. Aim: To compare anesthetic-analgesic techniques in the opioid-sparing era through epidural administration of local anesthetic associated with low-dose morphine vs. clonidine and analyze the impact of analgesia on the effectiveness of postoperative recovery by comparing these two techniques. Methods: Randomized, double-blind clinical trial with 66 patients candidates for Roux-en-Y gastrojejunal bypass divided into two groups: morphine group and clonidine group. Multimodal analgesia included epidural anesthesia with 0.375% ropivacaine 20 ml at the eighth thoracic vertebra with the association of morphine (morphine group) at a dose of 15 mcg / kg or clonidine (clonidine group) at a dose of 1 mcg / kg. Results: The groups were homogeneous and statistical significance was found when analyzing the difference in pain between them in the first postoperative period. The pain was higher in the clonidine group, as in this period, analgesic rescue was also better in this group. In the other times, there was no significance in the differences regarding pain and rescue. The return of intestinal motility in the morphine group was earlier in the first postoperative period. Nausea, vomiting and hospital discharge did not show significant differences between groups. Conclusion: Epidural anesthesia with low-dose morphine allowed less pain during the entire hospital stay, with a positive impact on patient recovery.


RESUMO Racional: Com o aumento do número de operações bariátricas torna-se maior o interesse pelo conhecimento, experiência e habilidades no manejo operatório e anestésico de obesos. A recuperação anestésica é ponto importante na abordagem terapêutica e menos efeitos adversos que retardem a alta são necessários estar em mente da equipe cirúrgica. Objetivo: Comparar técnicas anestésico-analgésicas na era poupadora de opioides através da administração epidural de anestésico local associado à morfina em baixa dose vs. à clonidina e analisar o impacto da analgesia na efetividade da recuperação pós-operatória comparando as duas técnicas. Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado e duplo-cego com 66 pacientes candidatos ao bypass gastrojejunal em Y-de-Roux divididos em dois grupos: grupo morfina e grupo clonidina. A analgesia multimodal incluiu na anestesia epidural com ropivacaína 0,375% 20 ml na altura da oitava vértebra torácica a associação de morfina (grupo morfina) em dose de 15 mcg/kg ou de clonidina (grupo clonidina) na dose 1 mcg/kg. Resultados: Os grupos se mostraram homogêneos e foi encontrada significância estatística ao analisar a diferença da dor entre eles no primeiro pós operatório. A dor foi superior no grupo clonidina, como também neste período o resgate analgésico foi melhor neste grupo. Nos demais tempos não houve significância nas diferenças quanto à dor e resgate. O retorno da motilidade intestinal no grupo morfina foi mais precoce no primeiro pós-operatório. Náuseas, vômitos e a alta hospitalar não apresentaram diferenças significativas entre os grupos. Conclusão: A anestesia epidural com morfina em baixa dose permitiu menor dor durante todo internamento com impacto positivo em relação a recuperação dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesia, Epidural , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Ropivacaine , Anesthetics, Local , Morphine
6.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200266, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285556

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS This scoping review summarizes the findings of clinical trials using methylene blue (MB) for the treatment of various health conditions. This research method allowed mapping main findings, clarifying research topics, and identifying gaps in the literature.


Abstract studies evaluating effective drugs for health conditions are of crucial importance for public health. Methylene blue (MB) is an accessible synthetic drug that presents low toxicity and has been used in several health areas due to its effectiveness. Objective: this scoping review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of relevant research regarding the use of MB for the treatment of health conditions. Methods: a five-stage framework Arksey and O'maley scoping review was conducted. The literature was searched in Cochrane Library database using Mesh term "methylene blue". Data were collected by two independent reviewers and submitted to descriptive synthesis. Results: The search resulted in 429 records, from which 16 were included after exclusion criteria were applied. The therapeutic use of MB was identified for acute conditions (malaria and septic shock), chronic conditions (discogenic back pain, bipolar disorder, refractory neuropathic pain, and post-traumatic stress disorder), and postoperative care (vasoplegic syndrome, and pain after haemorrhoidectomy, lumbar discectomy, and traumatic thoracolumbar fixation). Conclusion: there is much evidence emerging from clinical trials about the therapeutic use of MB for acute, chronic, and postoperative conditions; however, many gaps were identified, which open further avenues for future research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/instrumentation , Methylene Blue/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Chronic Disease/drug therapy , Acute Pain/drug therapy
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0005, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280120

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of gabapentin in the management of neuropathic pain in patients with keratoconus, who were treated with fast (10 minutes) epi-off corneal crosslinking (CXL). Methods: This was a prospective, double-blind, randomized study. The sample comprised patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus, aged 12 years or older, who underwent a bilateral epi-off corneal CXL (fast - 10 minutes) procedure. One group was given placebo orally, and the other group received gabapentin 600 mg orally, both preoperatively. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was applied to record postoperative pain up to 48 hours after procedure. The study was conducted at the Belotto Stock Centro Oftalmológico, in the city of Joaçaba, Santa Catarina, Brazil, from June 2018 to September 2019. Results: At no point in the study significant differences were observed between groups, in terms of pain intensity measured by means of the VAS questionnaire, or of opioid use (Paco®), though opioid consumption was 21% lower in the group receiving gabapentin. Conclusion: We concluded gabapentin has no efficacy in postoperative pain control after epi-off corneal CXL (fast - 10 minutes). Although there was no statistically significant difference, the group that received gabapentin suffered less pain, resulting in lower opioid consumption. UTN number: U1111-1256-0330.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia do uso da gabapentina no manejo da dor neuropática em pacientes portadores de ceratocone submetidos ao tratamento de crosslinking corneano epi-off fast de 10 minutos. Métodos: Tratou-se de pesquisa prospectiva, duplo-cega, randomizada. A amostra foi composta de pacientes com ceratocone progressivo bilateral, a partir dos 12 anos de idade, submetidos ao procedimento de crosslinking corneano acelerado epi-off fast de 10 minutos bilateral. Um grupo recebeu placebo via oral e o outro, gabapentina 600mg, via oral, ambos no pré-operatório. A Escala Visual Analógica foi aplicada para registrar a dor pós-operatória até 48 horas após o procedimento. A pesquisa foi realizada no período de junho de 2018 a setembro de 2019 em um centro oftalmológico. Resultados: Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas significativas para ambos os grupos, tanto na intensidade da dor medida pela Escala Visual Analógica, como na redução do uso do opioide (Paco®), em qualquer horário analisado durante um período de 48 horas. No entanto, houve redução de 21% no consumo de opioides pelo grupo que fez uso da gabapentina. Conclusão: A gabapentina não demonstrou eficácia no controle da dor no pós-operatório do crosslinking corneano epi-off fast de 10 minutos. No entanto, observou-se que, mesmo não havendo diferença estatisticamente significativa, houve diminuição da dor no grupo em que foi usada a gabapentina, resultando na redução do consumo de opioides. Número UTN: U1111-1256-0330.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Cross-Linking Reagents/therapeutic use , Keratoconus/therapy , Riboflavin/therapeutic use , Ultraviolet Rays , Pain Measurement , Double-Blind Method , Administration, Oral , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Collagen/metabolism , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Cornea/metabolism , Eye Pain/drug therapy , Gabapentin/administration & dosage , Gabapentin/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 588-594, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155777

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: In shoulder arthroscopy, on an outpatient basis, the patient needs a good control of the postoperative pain that can be achieved through regional blocks. Perineural dexamethasone may prolong the effect of these blocks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of perineural dexamethasone on the prolongation of the sensory block in the postoperative period for arthroscopic shoulder surgery in outpatient setting. Methods: After approval by the Research Ethics Committee and informed consent, patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia and ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block were randomized into Group D - blockade performed with 30 mL of 0.5% levobupivacaine with vasoconstrictor and 6 mg (1.5 mL) of dexamethasone and Group C - 30 mL of 0.5% levobupivacaine with vasoconstrictor and 1.5 mL of 0.9% saline. The duration of the sensory block was evaluated in 4 postoperative moments (0, 4, 12 and 24 hours) as well as the need for rescue analgesia, nausea and vomiting incidence, and Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAS). Results: Seventy-four patients were recruited and 71 completed the study (Group C, n = 37; Group D, n = 34). Our findings showed a prolongation of the mean time of the sensitive blockade in Group D (1440 ± 0 min vs. 1267 ± 164 min, p < 0.001). It was observed that Group C had a higher mean pain score according to VAS (2.08 ± 1.72 vs. 0.02 ± 0.17, p < 0.001) and a greater number of patients (68.4% vs. 0%, p < 0.001) required rescue analgesia in the first 24 hours. The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Perineural dexamethasone significantly prolonged the sensory blockade promoted by levobupivacaine in interscalene brachial plexus block, reduced pain intensity and rescue analgesia needs in the postoperative period.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Na artroscopia de ombro em regime ambulatorial, o paciente necessita de um bom controle da dor pós-operatória, que pode ser conseguido por meio de bloqueios regionais. A dexametasona perineural pode prolongar o efeito desses bloqueios. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da dexametasona perineural quanto ao prolongamento do bloqueio sensitivo no período pós-operatório para cirurgia artroscópica de ombro em regime ambulatorial. Métodos: Após aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa e consentimento informado, foram incluídos no estudo pacientes submetidos a cirurgia artroscópica de ombro sob anestesia geral e bloqueio de plexo braquial interescalênico guiado por ultrassonografia. Eles foram randomizados nos Grupo D - bloqueio com 30 mL de levobupivacaína 0,5% com vasoconstritor e 6 mg (1,5 mL) de dexametasona, e Grupo C - bloqueio com 30 mL de levobupivacaína 0,5% com vasoconstritor e 1,5 mL solução salina. A duração do bloqueio sensitivo foi avaliada em quatro momentos pós-operatórios (0, 4, 12 e 24 horas), assim como a necessidade de analgesia de resgate, incidência de náuseas e vômitos e Escala Visual Analógica de Dor (EVA). Resultados: Setenta e quatro pacientes foram randomizados e 71 completaram o estudo (Grupo C, n = 37; Grupo D, n = 34). Observou-se um prolongamento do tempo médio de bloqueio sensitivo no Grupo D (1440 ± 0 min vs. 1267 ± 164 min; p< 0,001). Pacientes do Grupo C apresentaram maior média de escore de dor de acordo com a EVA (2,08 ± 1,72vs. 0,02 ± 0,17; p< 0,001) e um maior número de pacientes solicitou analgesia de resgate nas primeiras 24 horas (68,4%vs.0%; p< 0,001). A incidência de náuseas e vômitos não foi estatisticamente significante. Conclusão: A dexametasona perineural prolongou significativamente o bloqueio sensitivo da levobupivacaína no bloqueio de plexo braquial interescalênico, reduziu a intensidade de dor e a necessidade de analgesia de resgate pelo paciente no período pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Brachial Plexus Block/methods , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Pain, Postoperative/diagnosis , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Arthroscopy/adverse effects , Time Factors , Vasoconstrictor Agents/administration & dosage , Pain Measurement , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/epidemiology , Saline Solution/administration & dosage , Levobupivacaine , Analgesia , Anesthetics, Local , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 613-619, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155774

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives There are no consensus of the ideal technique to provide analgesia in knee ligament reconstructions. The aim of this study was to compare the intensity of postoperative pain in these patients under different modalities of analgesia. Method Randomized and controlled clinical trial of patients undergoing reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) with flexor tendons between December 2013 and 2014. All patients underwent spinal anesthesia and rescue analgesia with tramadol. The groups C, M, R0,375 and R0,25 was compared with only the previously described technique, subarachnoid morphine (100░µg), or Femoral Nerve Block (BNF) with 25░mL of 0.375% ropivacaine and 0.25%, respectively. Pain intensity at 6, 12 and 24░hours, age, sex, rescue analgesia, adverse reactions and satisfaction were evaluated. Results Among the 83 eligible patients, a predominance of males (85.7%) was observed, between 28 and 31 years. The group C requested more opioid (27.3%) than the other groups, without significance when compared. There were no significant differences in pain intensity at 6, 12 and 24░hours. There was a higher incidence of urinary retention in the M group (23.8%) than in the R0,375 (0%) and prolonged quadriceps motor block in the R0,375 group (30%) than in the M and C groups (0%), with statistical significance (p░<░0.05). Conclusion There was no difference in the intensity of postoperative pain in patients submitted to ACL reconstruction with flexor tendons under the analgesic modalities evaluated, despite the predominance of urinary retention in the M group and motor block in the R0,375 group.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos Não há consenso sobre qual é a técnica ideal para prover analgesia em reconstruções ligamentares de joelho. Objetivou‐se comparar a intensidade da dor pós‐operatória desses pacientes sob diferentes modalidades de analgesia. Método Ensaio clínico randomizado e controlado de pacientes submetidos à reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior com tendões flexores entre dezembro de 2013 e 2014. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a raquianestesia e analgesia de resgate com tramadol. Compararam‐se os grupos C, M, R0,375 e R0,25; aos quais se ofertou apenas a técnica anteriormente descrita, morfina subaracnóidea (100 µg) ou bloqueio de nervo femoral com 25 mL de ropivacaína 0,375% e 0,25%, respectivamente. Avaliou‐se intensidade da dor em 6, 12 e 24 horas, idade, sexo, analgesia de resgate, reações adversas e satisfação. Resultados Entre os 83 pacientes elegíveis, observou‐se predomínio do sexo masculino (85,7%) entre 28 e 31 anos. O Grupo C solicitou mais opioide (27,3%) do que os demais grupos, sem significância quando comparados. Não houve diferenças significativas na intensidade da dor em 6, 12 e 24 horas. Houve maior incidência de retenção urinária no Grupo M (23,8%) do que no R0,375 (0%) e de bloqueio motor prolongado do quadríceps no Grupo R0,375 (30%) do que nos Grupos M e C (0%), com significância estatística (p< 0,05). Conclusão Não houve diferença na intensidade da dor pós‐operatória nos pacientes submetidos à reconstrução de ligamento cruzado anterior com tendões flexores sob as modalidades analgésicas avaliadas, apesar do predomínio de retenção urinária no Grupo M e bloqueio motor no Grupo R0,375.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Femoral Nerve , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods , Morphine/administration & dosage , Nerve Block/methods , Time Factors , Tramadol/administration & dosage , Pain Measurement , Urinary Retention/chemically induced , Quadriceps Muscle/drug effects , Acute Pain/drug therapy , Ropivacaine/administration & dosage , Analgesia/methods , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 419-428, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137206

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Postoperative pain is still a major concern in several surgical procedures. Multimodal analgesia is best for postoperative pain management; however, opioid therapy is still the main treatment for pain after surgical procedures. Transdermal buprenorphine is a partial µ-agonist opioid widely used for chronic pain syndromes, with limited evidence for acute postoperative pain. A systematic review of studies examining transdermal buprenorphine for acute pain management after surgery was conducted. Contents: Data from PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL via EBSCOhost, and LILACS were reviewed, including randomized clinical trials that evaluated total postoperative pain, postoperative analgesic consumption, drug-related side effects and patient satisfaction with analgesia regimen. Data from nine studies (615 patients) were included in this review. Most studies initiated transdermal buprenorphine use 6 to 48 hours before surgery, maintaining use from 1 to 28 days after the procedure. Most studies showed lower or similar postoperative pain scores, postoperative analgesic consumption and patient satisfaction comparing buprenorphine to placebo, tramadol, celecoxib, flurbiprofen and parecoxib. The incidence of side effects varied between studies, with most showing no increase in drug-related side effects with buprenorphine use, except one study, which compared buprenorphine to oral tramadol, and one to transdermal fentanyl. However, most results were derived from evidence with an overall high or unclear risk of bias. Conclusions: Although more studies are necessary, initial results show that transdermal buprenorphine seems to be an effective and safe opioid choice for management of acute postoperative pain.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: A dor pós-operatória ainda é uma queixa importante em vários procedimentos cirúrgicos. A analgesia multimodal é a melhor conduta para a dor pós-operatória, embora a terapia com opioides ainda seja o principal tratamento para a dor após procedimentos cirúrgicos. A buprenorfina transdérmica é um opioide agonista µ amplamente prescrito nas síndromes de dor crônica, mas com limitada evidência do seu uso para dor aguda no pós-operatório. Realizamos revisão sistemática de estudos que examinaram o papel da buprenorfina transdérmica no tratamento da dor aguda pós-operatória. Conteúdo: Revisamos os dados de PubMed, Embase, Registro Central de Ensaios Controlados Cochrane (CENTRAL), CINAHL via EBSCOhost e LILACS, incluindo estudos clínicos randomizados que avaliaram a dor pós-operatória total, consumo de analgésicos pós-operatórios, efeitos colaterais relacionados a medicamentos e satisfação do paciente com esquema de analgesia. Dados de nove estudos (615 pacientes) foram incluídos nesta revisão. A maioria dos estudos iniciou o uso transdérmico de buprenorfina 6 a 48 horas antes da cirurgia, mantendo o uso de 1 a 28 dias após o procedimento. A maioria dos estudos encontrou valores semelhantes ou menores para o escore de dor pós-operatória, consumo pós-operatório de analgésicos e satisfação do paciente quando a buprenorfina foi comparada ao placebo, tramadol, celecoxibe, flurbiprofeno e parecoxibe. A incidência de efeitos colaterais oscilou nos estudos, e a maioria não mostrou aumento de efeito colateral relacionado ao uso de buprenorfina, exceto em dois estudos, um que comparou buprenorfina ao tramadol oral e outro ao fentanil transdérmico. No entanto, a maioria dos resultados foi obtida a partir de evidências com um risco geral alto ou risco de viés impreciso. Conclusões: Embora sejam necessários mais estudos, os resultados iniciais mostram que a buprenorfina transdérmica parece ser uma forma de administração segura e efetiva de opioide no tratamento da dor aguda pós-operatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Buprenorphine/administration & dosage , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Administration, Cutaneous , Pain Measurement , Buprenorphine/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Patient Satisfaction , Analgesics, Opioid/adverse effects
11.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(4): 259-270, ago. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179044

ABSTRACT

Objective: This review addresses a clinical research question related to lower third molar surgery (L3MS): does the combination of pre-emptive low-dose ketamine with local anesthesia (KLA) reduce postoperative complications compared with local anesthesia (LA) alone? Material and methods: A systematic literature search was performed to identify eligible articles by electronic searches of PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EBSCO Library, Web of Science and grey literature through June 2019 without data or language restrictions. We analyzed all randomized controlled clinical studies (RCTs) comparing use of KLA with use of LA in L3MS regarding pain, swelling, and trismus outcomes. The quality of evidence was rated according to Cochrane's tool for assessing risk of bias. Results: Five RCTs encompassing 230 extraction sites (KLA = 115, LA = 115) were included in this study. The standardized mean difference (SMD) with the 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to synthesize the results. The data show that there were significant differences between the two groups in post-operative pain (SMD -1.464, 95% CI -1.683 to -0.949, p= 0.001) and swelling (SMD -0.450, 95% CI -0.758 to -0.142, p= 0.004, all low quality evidence). However, there was no significant difference in the trismus (SMD -0.754, CI -1.487 to -0.022, p = 0.043, very low quality evidence). Conclusion: The combination of pre-emptive low-dose ketamine with LA significantly decreased pain and swelling within the first 24 hours after L3MS compared with the control group.


Objetivo: Esta revisión aborda una pregunta de investigación clínica relacionada con la cirugía del tercer molar inferior (L3MS): ¿la combinación de ketamina preventiva en dosis bajas con anestesia local (KLA) reduce las complicaciones postoperatorias en comparación con la anestesia local (AL) sola? Material y Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica sistemática para identificar artículos elegibles mediante búsquedas electrónicas en PubMed, Registro Cochrane Central de Ensayos Controlados, Biblioteca EBSCO, Web of Science y literatura gris hasta junio de 2019 sin restricciones de datos ni de idioma. Se analizaron todos los estudios clínicos controlados aleatorios (ECA) que compararon el uso de KLA con el uso de LA en L3MS con respecto a los resultados de dolor, hinchazón y trismo. La calidad de la evidencia se clasificó de acuerdo con la herramienta Cochrane para evaluar el riesgo de sesgo. Resultados: Se incluyeron en este estudio cinco ECA que abarcan 230 sitios de extracción (KLA = 115, LA = 115). La diferencia de medias estandarizada (DME) con el intervalo de confianza (IC) del 95% se utilizó para sintetizar los resultados. Los datos muestran que hubo diferencias significativas entre los dos grupos en el dolor posoperatorio (DME -1,464; IC del 95%: -1,683 a -0,949; p= 0,001) e hinchazón (DME -0,450; IC del 95%: -0,758 a -0,142, p= 0,004, todas las pruebas de baja calidad). Sin embargo, no hubo diferencias significativas en el trismo (DME -0,754; IC: -1,487 a -0,022; p= 0,043, evidencia de muy baja calidad). Conclusión: La combinación de ketamina preventiva en dosis bajas con LA disminuyó significativamente el dolor y la hinchazón dentro de las primeras 24 horas después de la L3MS en comparación con el grupo de control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Ketamine/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Local , Pain , Morbidity , Molar, Third/surgery
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(2): 153-158, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137159

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to investigate the impact of post-thoracotomy analgesia with dexmedetomidine and morphine on immunocytes. Methods A total of 118 patients with post-thoracotomy Patient-Controlled Intravenous Analgesia (PCIA) in our hospital from March 2016 to July 2018 were randomly selected and divided into the Composite (COM) Group (57 patients administered with dexmedetomidine [1.0 µg.kg-1 body weight] and morphine [0.48 mg.kg-1 body weight]) and the Morphine (MOR) group (61 patients administered with morphine [0.48 mg.kg-1]). The values of lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+) and Natural Killer cells in the peripheral blood of these two groups were detected by FACSCalibur flow cytometry at different time points (before anesthesia induction [T0], immediately after tracheal extubation [T1], 12 hours after surgery [T2], 24 hours after surgery [T3], 48 hours after surgery [T4], 72 hours after surgery [T5], and 7 days after surgery [T6]). The doses of morphine at T3 to T5 and the adverse reactions between the two groups were also recorded and compared. Results The CD3+ level and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio at T2 to T5 and the CD4+ level and NK cells at T3 to T5 were significantly higher in the COM Group than in the MOR Group (p< 0.05). The postoperative morphine dose and the incidence of postoperative itching, nausea, and vomiting were significantly lower in the COM Group than in the MOR Group (p< 0.05). Conclusions Dexmedetomidine combined with morphine for post-thoracotomy PCIA can improve the function of immunocytes, reduce morphine consumption, and reduce the adverse reactions during analgesia induction.


Resumo Objetivo Estudar o impacto em linfócitos causado pelo uso da dexmedetomidina associada à morfina para analgesia pós-toracotomia. Método Um total de 118 pacientes utilizando Analgesia Intravenosa Controlada pelo Paciente (AICP) pós-toracotomia em nosso hospital, de março de 2016 a julho de 2018, foram selecionados aleatoriamente e divididos em dois grupos: o Grupo Combinado [COM, 57 pacientes que receberam dexmedetomidina (1,0 µg.kg-1 de peso corpóreo) associada à morfina (0,48 mg.kg-1 de peso corpóreo)] e o Grupo Morfina [MOR, 61 pacientes, que receberam somente morfina (0,48 mg.kg-)]. Os valores dos subconjuntos de linfócitos (CD3+, CD4+ e CD8+) e das células NK no sangue periférico desses dois grupos foram medidos por citometria de fluxo FACSCalibur em diferentes momentos do estudo [antes da indução anestésica (T0), imediatamente após extubação traqueal (T1), 12 horas após a cirurgia (T2), 24 horas após a cirurgia (T3), 48 horas após a cirurgia (T4), 72 horas após a cirurgia (T5) e 7 dias após a cirurgia (T6)]. As doses de morfina do momento T3 ao T5 e as reações adversas entre os dois grupos também foram registradas e comparadas. Resultados O nível de CD3+ e a razão CD4+/CD8+ de T2 a T5, e o nível de CD4+ e as células NK de T3 a T5 do Grupo COM foram significantemente maiores (p< 0,05) quando comparados ao Grupo MOR. A dose de morfina no pós-operatório e a incidência de prurido, náusea e vômito no pós-operatório foram significantemente menores no grupo MOR (p< 0,05). Conclusões Dexmedetomidina combinada com morfina para AICP no período pós-toracotomia pode melhorar a função dos linfócitos, reduzir o consumo de morfina e diminuir reações adversas durante a analgesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Thoracotomy , Killer Cells, Natural/drug effects , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Lymphocyte Subsets/drug effects , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/pharmacology , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Analgesics, Opioid/pharmacology , Morphine/pharmacology , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/therapeutic use , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Morphine/therapeutic use
13.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 8-11, Jan.-Mar. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090847

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Peritoneal antibiotic or normal saline lavage is seen to be beneficial in order to reduce the pain or infection risk through laparoscopic surgeries. It can also be applied for laparoscopic colectomy surgeries. In this study, we have compared the effects of antibiotic solution lavage (gentamycin-clindamycin) with normal saline lavage in patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy surgery. Method In this double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), 40 patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy surgery were divided into antibiotic and normal saline lavage groups (20 patients in each group). Post-operational pain, need for painkiller, white blood cells count, C-reactive protein level, duration of hospitalization and wound infection were compared in 30 days between the groups. Results Antibiotic lavage group had significantly less pain than the normal saline group (p < 0.05) through 3, 6, 12 and 24 h after surgery. C-reactive protein level, white blood cells count, painkiller use, and hospitalization duration were significantly lower in antibiotic group. However, there was no difference regarding wound or intra-abdominal infection between the both groups. Conclusion Using gentamicin-clindamycin peritonea lavage helps patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy surgery in pain reduction, need for painkillers and hospitalization duration.


Resumo Introdução A lavagem peritoneal com antibiótico ou com soro fisiológico normal é benéfica para reduzir o risco de dor ou de infecção durante cirurgias laparoscópicas, além de poder ser aplicada também em colectomias laparoscópicas. Neste estudo, comparamos os efeitos da lavagem com solução antibiótica (gentamicina-clindamicina) e da lavagem com solução salina normal em pacientes submetidos à colectomia laparoscópica. Método Neste Ensaio Clínico Randomizado (ECR), controlado e duplo-cego, 40 pacientes submetidos à colectomia laparoscópica foram divididos em dois grupos (20 pacientes em cada grupo) para receberem antibiótico ou solução salina normal. Dor pós-operatória, necessidade de analgésico, contagem de leucócitos, nível de proteína C-reativa, tempo de internação e infecção da ferida foram comparados entre os grupos em 30 dias. Resultados De forma significativa, o Grupo Antibiótico apresentou menos dor que o Grupo Salina Normal (p < 0,05) em 3, 6, 12 e 24 horas após a cirurgia. O nível de proteína C-reativa, a contagem de leucócitos, o uso de analgésicos e o tempo de internação foram significativamente menores no Grupo Antibiótico. Porém, não houve diferença em relação à infecção da ferida ou intra-abdominal entre os dois grupos. Conclusão O uso da lavagem peritoneal com gentamicina-clindamicina ajuda a reduzir a dor, a necessidade de analgésicos e o tempo de internação de pacientes submetidos à colectomia laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Surgical Wound Infection/drug therapy , Peritoneal Lavage , Laparoscopy , Colectomy/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Clindamycin/therapeutic use , Gentamicins/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Length of Stay
14.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 62-67, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090549

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Posttonsillectomy pain results in significant morbidity to the patients. There is a disagreement in the literature regarding the use of local anesthetics during tonsillectomy. The aim of this placebo-controlled, double-blind study is to evaluate the effect of peritonsillar administration of local anesthetics. Objective To evaluate the role of intraoperative use of analgesics in tonsillar fossa and postoperative evaluation with visual analogue scale (VAS) scores in achieving pain relief after tonsillectomy procedure Methods In this study, 180 patients were randomized to 1 of the 6 groups: bupivacaine infiltration, lidocaine infiltration, normal saline infiltration, bupivacaine packing, lidocaine packing, and normal saline packing. Pain caused by speaking, swallowing, and on rest was assessed using VAS at 4, 8, 12, 16 hours, and at discharge. Results Significant analgesia was obtained in patients who received bupivacaine infiltration and packing compared with placebo (p < 0.05). The majority of the study subjects had no postoperative complications, and patients receiving bupivacaine infiltration required less additional analgesics in the first 24 hours after surgery. Conclusion We advocate the use of bupivacaine infiltration or packing immediately following the procedure to achieve adequate postoperative analgesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Tonsillectomy , Analgesia , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Intraoperative Care , Pain, Postoperative/diagnosis , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pakistan , Placebos/administration & dosage , Postoperative Complications , Pain Measurement/methods , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Bupivacaine/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Injections, Intravenous , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Lidocaine/therapeutic use
15.
Clinics ; 75: e2026, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133409

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We compared the analgesic efficacy of a continuous suprascapular nerve block (C-SSNB) and a single-shot interscalene brachial plexus block (S-ISNB) for postoperative pain management in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. METHODS: A total of 118 patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were randomly allocated to the S-ISNB or C-SSNB groups. Postoperative pain was assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS) at 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 h postoperatively. Supplemental analgesic use was recorded as total equianalgesic fentanyl consumption. RESULTS: The C-SSNB group showed significantly higher VAS scores at 0−1 h and 1−2 h after the surgery than the S-ISNB group (4.9±2.2 versus 2.3±2.2; p<0.0001 and 4.8±2.1 versus 2.4±2.3; p<0.0001, respectively). The C-SSNB group showed significantly lower VAS scores at 6−12 h after the surgery than the S-ISNB group (4.1±1.8 versus. 5.0±2.5; p=0.031). The C-SSNB group required significantly higher doses of total equianalgesic fentanyl in the post-anesthesia care unit than the S-ISNB group (53.66±44.95 versus 5.93±18.25; p<0.0001). Total equianalgesic fentanyl in the ward and total equianalgesic fentanyl throughout the hospital period were similar between the groups (145.99±152.60 versus 206.13±178.79; p=0.052 and 199.72±165.50 versus 212.15±180.09; p=0.697, respectively) CONCLUSION: C-SSNB was more effective than S-ISNB at 6−12 h after the surgery for postoperative analgesia after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brachial Plexus Block , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Arthroscopy , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Anesthetics, Local
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4409, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039728

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the chest tube drainage by the same thoracotomy intercostal space with the traditional approach in patients undergoing muscle-sparing thoracotomy. Methods We evaluated 40 patients aged ≥18 years who underwent elective muscle sparing thoracotomies. Patients were divided into two groups of 20 patients. One group underwent thoracic drainage by the same intercostal space of thoracotomy and the other by traditional chest drainage approach. Results The mean length of hospital stay for the intercostal drainage group in the intensive care unit was 1.5 day (1.0 to 2.0 days) and 2.0 days (25.1 to 3.0 days) for the traditional chest drainage group (p=0.060). The intercostal drainage group had mean length of hospital stay (p=0.527) and drainage (p=0.547) of 4 days, and the traditional chest drainage group and 2 and 5.5 days, respectively. Dipirona and tramadol doses did not differ between groups (p=0.201 and p=0.341). The mean pain scale values on first postoperative was 4.24 in the drainage by the same intercostal group and 3.95 in the traditional chest drainage (p=0.733). In third postoperative day, mean was 3.18 for the first group and 3.11 for the traditional group (p=0.937). In the 15th day after surgery, drainage by the incision was 1.53 and the traditional chest drainage was 2.11 (p=0.440), 30th days after drainage by incision was 0.71 and traditional chest drainage was 0.84 (p=0.787). Complications, for both groups were similar with 30% in proposed drainage and 25% in traditional approach (p=0.723). Conclusion Drainage by the same thoracotomy intercostal space was feasible and results 30 days after surgery were not inferior to those of the traditional chest drainage approach.


RESUMO Objetivo Comparar a drenagem torácica pela mesma intercostotomia à drenagem tradicional em pacientes submetidos à toracotomia poupadora lateral. Métodos Foram avaliados 40 pacientes maiores de 18 anos submetidos a toracotomias poupadoras laterais eletivas. Eles foram separados em dois grupos de 20 pacientes cada, sendo um submetido à drenagem torácica pelo mesmo espaço intercostal da toracotomia e o outro à drenagem tradicional. Resultados No grupo da drenagem pela mesma intercostotomia, a mediana de tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva foi de 1,5 dia (1,0 a 2,0 dias) e de 2,0 dias (1,25 a 3,0 dias) na drenagem tradicional (p=0,060). As medianas do tempo de internação (p=0,527) e de drenagem (p=0,547) foram ambas de 4 dias, no primeiro grupo, e de 2 e 5,5 dias, no grupo com drenagem tradicional. As doses utilizadas de dipirona e de tramadol não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos (p=0,201 e p=0,341). As médias da escala de dor foram 4,24 no primeiro dia pós-operatório do grupo com a drenagem proposta e 3,95 nos drenados da forma tradicional (p=0,733); no terceiro pós-operatório, foi de 3,18 para o grupo drenado pela incisão e de 3,11 nos drenados da forma tradicional (p=0,937). No 15º dia após a cirurgia, a drenagem pela incisão foi de 1,53 e a tradicional de 2,11 (p=0,440); no 30º pós-operatório, foi de 0,71 e 0,84, respectivamente, para a incisão e a forma tradicional (p=0,787). Em relação às complicações, os grupos foram semelhantes, com 30% na drenagem proposta e 25% na drenagem tradicional (p=0,723). Conclusão A drenagem pelo mesmo espaço intercostal foi exequível e não apresentou inferioridade à técnica tradicional no período pós-operatório estudado de 30 dias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracotomy/methods , Chest Tubes , Drainage/methods , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Tramadol/therapeutic use , Pain Measurement , Thoracotomy/adverse effects , Analgesia, Epidural , Drainage/statistics & numerical data , Dipyrone/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Dyspnea/etiology , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Length of Stay
17.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(3): 97-105, dic. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146629

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Describir los resultados clínicos postoperatorios tempranos de la primera serie de pacientes operados de artroplastía total de rodilla (ATR) con asistencia de brazo-robótico en Latinoamérica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo de 52 pacientes (53 rodillas) con gonartoris tricompartimental sintomática operados de ATR primaria con asistencia de brazo-robótico (RIO-MAKO) de manera consecutiva, con seguimiento a 2 meses postoperados. No se excluyeron pacientes. Se utilizó el mismo protocolo anestésico y de rehabilitación. Se realizó revisión de fichas clínicas para recolectar los siguientes resultados: tiempo de isquemia quirúrgica, estadía hospitalaria, tiempo a marcha, dolor postoperatorio diario [Escala visual análoga (EVA)], uso de opioides, rangos de movilidad articular (ROM), pérdida sanguínea, complicaciones y eje mecánico postoperatorio. RESULTADOS: Tiempos de Isquemia: 82 minutos (60­120). Estadía Hospitalaria: 4 días (2­12). Dolor postoperatorio: EVA el mismo día operatorio de 0 (0­10) y previa al alta de 0 (rango 0­4), con 0,3 purgas (0­6,5) de opioides por paciente. Tiempo a marcha (día logrado): 1 día (1­3), cuarenta y cinco pacientes (84,9%) iniciaron la marcha el primer día postoperatorio. ROM (Extensión-Flexión): Aumento progresivo durante el seguimiento. En el control ambulatorio de los dos primeros meses [23 días (13­50)], veintiún pacientes (40%) alcanzaron un ROM mayor o igual a 0­90° y once (20%) presentaron un ROM funcional máximo (0­120°). Pérdida sanguínea: Siete pacientes (13,2%) requirieron transfusión. Complicaciones: un paciente (1,89%) presentó una dehiscencia del cierre de la artrotomía. No hubo otras complicaciones. Eje mecánico postoperatorio: 179,1° (178,2­180). DISCUSIÓN: Los resultados concuerdan con la evidencia descrita en otras regiones, sugiriendo que la asistencia de brazo-robótico permite resultados postquirúrgicos reproducibles. CONCLUSIÓN: Los resultados clínicos postoperatorios tempranos de esta serie de pacientes operados de ATR con asistencia de brazo-robótico, muestran una baja percepción del dolor, con bajo consumo de opioides, una rápida recuperación funcional de la marcha y ROM, y excelentes resultados desde el punto de vista del eje mecánico postoperatorio. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: IV.


OBJECTIVE: Describe the early clinical postoperative outcomes, of the first series of patients operated on Robotic Arm-Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) in Latin America. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Retrospective study including 52 patients (53 knees) with advanced symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, consecutively operated on Robotic ArmAssisted TKA (RIO-MAKO) during October 2018 and May 2019 with two months of follow-up. No patients were excluded from the study. The same anesthetic and rehabilitation protocol was followed for all patients. Data were obtained from the clinical files for the following outcomes: Surgical tourniquet time, hospital stay, time to walk, postoperative daily pain [Visual Analog Scale (VAS)], opioid consumption, range of motion (ROM), blood loss, complications, and the attained postoperative mechanical axis. RESULTS: Tourniquet Time: 82 minutes (60­120). Hospital Stay: 4 days (2­12). Postoperative Pain: VAS of 0 (0­10) the same day of surgery, and 0 (0­4) before discharge. The opioid consumption was 0,3 purge (0­6,5) per patient. Time to Walk (Day achieved): 1st day (1­3), forty-five patients (84,9%) walked on their first postoperative day. ROM (Extension-Flexion): progressively increases during the follow up. On the first two-month visits [23 days (13­50)], twenty-one patients (40%) reached a ROM equal or superior to 0­90°, and eleven (20%) presented a maximal functional ROM (0­120°). Blood Loss: Seven patients (13.2%) required a blood transfusion. Complications: one patient (1.89%) presented dehiscence of the arthrotomy closure. No other complications were registered. Postoperative Mechanical Axis: 179.1° (178.2­180). DISCUSSION: The results coincide with the reported evidence from other regions. Robotic-arm assistance may generate reproducible postoperative results. CONCLUSIONS: The early postoperative clinical results of this series of patients operated on Robotic Arm-Assisted TKA show a low pain perception and opioid use, a rapid functional rehabilitation in terms of gait and ROM, and excellent postoperative mechanical alignment. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Care , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/statistics & numerical data , Recovery of Function , Robotic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Length of Stay
18.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(3): e500, sept.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093117

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía video laparoscópica posee beneficios para los pacientes. Las intervenciones con tiempos reducidos implican técnicas anestésicas ajustadas a ellos, lo que determina no pocas dificultades cuando el dolor aparece en la práctica asistencial. El hallazgo de pacientes con dolor posoperatorio inmediato motivó la realización del estudio. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de un opioide de acción rápida como analgésico posoperatorio inmediato administrado vía intranasal. Método: Se desarrolló un estudio causiexpereimental, con dos grupos de enfermos (100 cada uno) a los que se les realizó colecistectomía por vía laparoscópica en el Hospital Militar Central Dr. Luis Díaz Soto, a los 100 pacientes en estudio se les administró FENTANYL 50 mcg intranasal en gotas al llegar a la sala de cuidados posoperatorios. Las variables de estudio incluyeron el dolor según la Escala Visual Análoga (EVA), el tiempo de inicio de acción del opioide y la analgesia lograda, así como los efectos derivados de su empleo. Resultados: la edad promedio fue 51 ± 2, predominó el sexo masculino con 55 por ciento de los casos, se evidenció una EVA promedio de todos los casos iniciales en 3. Al alta, 100 por ciento de los pacientes del grupo estudio poseían analgesia excelente (EVA 2), mientras que los controles poseían una EVA promedio en 5. El prurito fue el evento adverso más frecuente tras la administración de FENTANYL intranasal. Conclusiones: El empleo de un opioide de acción rápida (FENTANYL) es una medida de control del dolor posoperatorio excelente y segura(AU)


Introduction: Videolaparoscopic surgery has benefits for patients. Interventions with reduced times involve anesthetic techniques adjusted to them, which determines many difficulties when pain manifests in the care practice. The finding of patients with immediate postoperative pain motivated the study. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fast-acting opioid as an immediate postoperative analgesic administered by intranasal way. Method: A quasiexperimental study was developed, with two groups of patients (100 each) who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Dr. Luis Díaz Soto Central Military Hospital. The hundred patients under study were administered fentanyl 50 mcg as intranasal drops upon arriving at the postoperative care room. The study variables included pain according to the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the onset time of opioid action, and the analgesia achieved, as well as the effects derived from its use. Results: The average age was 51 ± 2, the male sex predominated with 55 percent of the cases, an average VAS of all the initial cases was evidenced in three. At discharge, 100 percent of the patients in the study group had excellent analgesia (VAS 2), whereas the controls had an average VAS in 5. Pruritus was the most frequent adverse event after the administration of intranasal fentanyl. Conclusions: The use of a fast-acting opioid (fentanyl) is an excellent and safe postoperative pain control measure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
20.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(2): e550, mayo.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093106

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dolor posoperatorio en la cirugía de tórax y hemiabdomen superior tiene un fuerte componente neuropático, por ello se le asocia con evolución hacia el dolor crónico. Sobre esta base se aplican los anticonvulsivantes como parte del tratamiento multimodal. Objetivos: Evaluar la efectividad analgésica y seguridad de la gabapentina en el tratamiento del dolor tras cirugía de tórax y abdomen superior. Método: Se realizó un estudio causiexperimental, comparativo y prospectivo con los pacientes anunciados para cirugía de abdomen superior y tórax, en el periodo de 2015 a 2017. Se incluyeron 30 pacientes divididos en 2 grupos. El grupo Grupo G: (n=14) recibió tratamiento con gabapentina 100 mg vía oral el día antes de la intervención y cada 12 h en el posoperatorio hasta las 24 h. El Grupo C: (n=16) recibió la analgesia convencional pautada para este tipo de intervención. Resultados: La muestra fue homogénea para la edad y el sexo. Los niveles de intensidad del dolor fueron menores en el grupo de gabapentina y esta diferencia se hace más significativa a las 24 h de la cirugía. Ello se corresponde con menor necesidad de analgesia de rescate (71 por ciento vs 100 por ciento). Las complicaciones asociadas resultaron más frecuentes en el grupo estudio a expensas de las náuseas, aunque sin diferencias significativas. Conclusiones: El empleo de gabapentina en el perioperatorio garantiza mejor control del dolor con escasas complicaciones(AU)


Introduction: Post-operative pain in upper thorax and hemiabdomen surgery has a solid neuropathic component; it is therefore associated with evolution towards chronic pain. On this basis, anticonvulsants are applied as part of the multimodal treatment. Objectives: To evaluate analgesic effectiveness and safety of gabapentin for management of pain after thorax and upper abdomen surgery. Method: A quasiexperimental, comparative and prospective study was conducted with the patients announced for surgery of the upper abdomen and thorax, in the period from 2015 to 2017. Thirty patients divided into 2 groups were included. The Group G (n=14) received treatment with gabapentin 100 mg orally the day before the intervention and every 12 h in the postoperative period until 24 h. The Group C (n=16) received the conventional analgesia prescribed for this type of intervention. Results: The sample was homogeneous regarding age and sex. Pain intensity levels were lower in the gabapentin group and this difference becomes more significant 24 hours after surgery. This corresponds to a lower need for rescue analgesia (71 percent vs. 100 percent). Associated complications were more frequent in the study group at the expense of nausea, although there were no significant differences. Conclusions: The use of gabapentin in the perioperative period guarantees better pain control with few complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Gabapentin/therapeutic use , Abdomen/surgery , Prospective Studies , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/methods
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL