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1.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(2): e00226320, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360278

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The topics of endometriosis and pain imply far-reaching problems for women's health. Using a qualitative research approach, this paper addresses the subjective experience and effects of pain, the methods for dealing with these issues, and the needs of affected women in Austria. Data were collected by problem-focused interviews conducted with ten women suffering from endometriosis, which were later transcribed and subjected to qualitative content analysis. Findings are therefore described using content-related categories. Results show that negative thoughts and feelings like fear, despair, and anger are associated with endometriosis and pain. Moreover, predominantly negative impacts and changes are found in various areas of life, such as the well-being and psyche of those affected, their attitude towards life in general, partnerships, social life, leisure time and work-life balance. In dealing with endometriosis and pain, both Western biomedicine and complementary medicine treatments are used. Support from one's inner circle of friends and exchange and interaction with others affected by the disease are seen to be invaluable. Attending physicians as well as patients themselves and their private, social, and working environment should encourage open communication about endometriosis and the related pain.


Resumo: O tema da endometriose e dor tem implicações relevantes para a saúde das mulheres. O artigo procura contextualizar a experiência subjetiva e os efeitos da dor, os métodos para lidar com essas questões e as necessidades das mulheres afetadas por essa condição na Áustria. Foi escolhida uma abordagem qualitativa para examinar esses temas. Foram realizadas entrevistas focadas em problemas com dez mulheres com história de endometriose. Após a transcrição do material, foi realizada a análise qualitativa do conteúdo. Assim, os achados são retratados com o uso de categorias relacionadas ao conteúdo. Os resultados mostram que pensamentos e sentimentos negativos como medo, desesperança e raiva estão associados com a endometriose e dor. Além disso, são encontrados impactos e mudanças predominantemente negativos em vários domínios da vida, tais como o bem-estar e o estado psicológicos das mulheres afetadas, a atitude geral em relação à vida, parcerias, vida social, tempo de lazer e equilíbrio entre trabalho e vida pessoal. Tanto a medicina ocidental quanto os tratamentos da medicina complementar são utilizados no manejo da endometriose e da dor. O apoio do círculo próximo de amigas e as trocas e interação com outras pessoas afetadas pela doença são vistos como extremamente úteis. Os médicos atendentes e as próprias pacientes e seus ambientes privados, sociais e laborais devem incentivar a comunicação aberta sobre a endometriose e a dor associada.


Resumen: La endometriosis y su dolor asociado implican problemas profundos para la salud de las mujeres. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar la experiencia subjetiva y los efectos del dolor, los métodos para tratarlos, así como las necesidades de las mujeres afectadas en Austria. Para el examen de los temas mencionados anteriormente, se eligió un enfoque de investigación cualitativo. Las entrevistas enfocadas en los problemas se realizaron con diez mujeres que sufrían endometriosis. Tras la transcripción material de los datos, el análisis se realizó usando un análisis cualitativo de contenido. Por lo tanto, los resultados se describen usando categorías relacionadas con el contenido. Los resultados muestran que los pensamientos negativos y los sentimientos como miedo, desesperación, y enfado están conectados con la endometriosis y el dolor. Además, predominantemente se encontraron impactos negativos y cambios en varias áreas de la vida, tales como: bienestar, psique de quienes se veían afectadas, su actitud ante la vida en general, relaciones, vida social, equilibrio entre tiempo de ocio y trabajo. Para enfrentarse a la endometriosis y el dolor, se utilizan tratamientos biomédicos occidentales, así como medicina complementaria. El apoyo del círculo íntimo de los afectados, como son los amigos, así como el intercambio e interacción con otras personas afectadas por la enfermedad parecen ser muy útiles. Ir al médico, el entorno privado, social y laboral de las pacientes, así como ellas mismas, deben estar y ser animadas para una comunicación abierta sobre la endometriosis y el dolor relacionado con la misma.


Subject(s)
Endometriosis/complications , Endometriosis/therapy , Pain/etiology , Quality of Life , Austria , Brazil , Qualitative Research
2.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(3): 434-439, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347291

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a intensidade de dor durante a punção arterial realizada em recém-nascidos internados em uma unidade de cuidados progressivos neonatais e avaliar a percepção do profissional em relação à dor neonatal. Métodos: Estudo observacional analítico, em que foram observadas 62 punções arteriais realizadas em 35 neonatos. Avaliou-se a dor durante a coleta pela escala Premature Infant Pain Profile. Os profissionais responsáveis pela coleta avaliaram a dor pela escala numérica verbal de zero a dez. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva por meio do programa Statistical Package for the Social Science. Resultados: Entre os recém-nascidos, 30,6% (n = 19) não tiveram dor ou tiveram dor leve (0 - 6), 24,2% (n = 15) apresentaram dor leve a moderada (7 - 11) e 45,2% (28) dor intensa (12 - 21). Constatou-se que os profissionais identificam a dor durante o procedimento. Conclusão: A punção arterial é considerada um procedimento doloroso e pode resultar em dor leve a intensa, sendo necessária a adoção de estratégias sistematizadas de avaliação, possibilitando a intervenção terapêutica adequada.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate pain intensity during arterial puncture performed in newborns admitted to a neonatal progressive care unit and to evaluate the perception of health professionals regarding neonatal pain. Methods: This was an observational analytical study in which 62 arterial punctures were performed in 35 neonates. Pain was assessed during collection using the Premature Infant Pain Profile scale. The health professionals responsible for collection evaluated pain using a verbal numerical scale ranging from zero to ten. The data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis using the Statistical Package for the Social Science software. Results: Among the newborns, 30.6% (n = 19) had no pain or mild pain (0 - 6), 24.2% (n = 15) had mild to moderate pain (7 - 11) and 45.2% (28) had severe pain (12 - 21). It was found that health professionals identified pain during the procedure. Conclusion: Arterial puncture is considered a painful procedure that can result in mild to severe pain. The adoption of systematic evaluation strategies is necessary to enable appropriate therapeutic intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pain/etiology , Punctures/adverse effects , Infant, Premature , Health Personnel , Hospitalization
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(1): 125-130, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287781

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of withdrawal of the antiparkinsonian drug regimen administration on patients with PD and its relation to pain. METHODS: The sample included 22 men and 12 women who were candidates for neurosurgery to control motor signs and symptoms treated with L-dopa as a drug, alone or in combination with others (Cholinergic Antagonists; Dopamine Agents). All of them were examined at two different moments, with and without medication, and analyzed for painful symptoms. The Hoehn and Yahr scale was used for functional staging of the disease. Pain intensity was assessed by using the numerical verbal scale. RESULTS: The mean pain intensity among those on medication {2.17±0.39 (SE)} was significantly lower than in the abstinence group {4.2±0.59 (SE), p=0.006, Wilcoxon}, which corresponded to the increase in the total functional staging score from 93 to 111, respectively. CONCLUSION: The interruption of the administration of specific medications in patients with Parkinson's disease caused, or increased the intensity of, painful discomfort correlated with the intensity of functional impairment. This effect was also observed in women, but it was statistically relevant only for men. The results suggest that pain may be a "red flag" that points to the need for a therapeutic drug review when its presence or worsening is detected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Parkinson Disease/drug therapy , Pain/etiology , Pain/drug therapy , Levodopa/adverse effects , Antiparkinson Agents/adverse effects
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate relationship between cold pain of knee joint and subchondral bone marrow edema (BME).@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to August 2019, 92 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) associated with cold pain of knee were admitted, all patients were underwent MRI examination. The patients were divided into observation group (47 patients with BME) and control group(45 patients without BME). In observation group, there were 6 males and 41 females aged from 36 to 87 years old with an average of (63.2±12.3) years old. In control group, there were 10 males and 35 females, aged from 48 to 84 years old with an average of (62.7±8.3) years old. All patientswere treated with drugs. The degree of joint degeneration was evaluated by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading. Degree of cold pain of knee was evaluated by knee cold pain score, and degree of BME was evaluated according to WORMS. The correlation between cold pain of knee and K-L grading and BME was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Score of cold pain in observation group (15.55±7.68) was higher than that of control group (9.42± 5.50), which had significant difference (@*CONCLUSION@#The cold pain of KOA patients is not related to K-L grading, but corelate with BME grading. The Cold pain of knee was more pronounced in KOA patients with BME, and the severity of BME is often related to degree of cold pain. It seemed to be a tendency:the more serious BME, the heavier coldpain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Edema , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888700

ABSTRACT

Pain of the orofacial region is the primary complaint for which patients seek treatment. Of all the orofacial pain conditions, one condition that possess a significant global health problem is temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Patients with TMD typically frequently complaints of pain as a symptom. TMD can occur due to complex interplay between peripheral and central sensitization, endogenous modulatory pathways, and cortical processing. For diagnosis of TMD pain a descriptive history, clinical assessment, and imaging is needed. However, due to the complex nature of pain an additional step is needed to render a definitive TMD diagnosis. In this review we explicate the role of different biomarkers involved in painful TMD. In painful TMD conditions, the role of biomarkers is still elusive. We believe that the identification of biomarkers associated with painful TMD may stimulate researchers and clinician to understand the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of TMD and help them in developing newer methods for the diagnosis and management of TMD. Therefore, to understand the potential relationship of biomarkers, and painful TMD we categorize the biomarkers as molecular biomarkers, neuroimaging biomarkers and sensory biomarkers. In addition, we will briefly discuss pain genetics and the role of potential microRNA (miRNA) involved in TMD pain.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Humans , MicroRNAs , Pain/etiology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis
6.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 3-9, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1359836

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Actualmente se prefieren procedimientos mínimamente invasivos como las técnicas endovasculares para el tratamiento de la insuficiencia de vena safena mayor que pueden ser por ablación térmica, química o mecánica. Éstos tienen la ventaja de ser ambulatorios, presentar menos complicaciones postoperatorias, una rápida incorporación laboral y mejores resultados estéticos. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar los resultados del tratamiento con radiofrecuencia versus crosectomía safenofemoral más oclusión endovascular distal. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que incluyó a todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de insuficiencia de la vena safena mayor de enero 2017 a octubre 2019. La elección de la técnica a utilizar se hizo al azar. Resultados: El 77% correspondió al género femenino, con edad media 49 años, el estadío C:2 de la clasificación clíica CEAP fue la más frecuente (57%) y el shunt tipo 3 (63%). La ablación por radiofrecuencia se realizó con mayor frecuencia (83%). El dolor y parestesias (fueron las complicaciones más frecuentes en ambos grupos sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0.1470). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativo entre las dos técnicas quirúrgicas realizadas en resultado estético (p = 0.4456), el retorno de actividades cotidianas (p = 0.992) ni las laborales (p = 0.901). Conclusiones: Tanto la ablación por radiofrecuencia de la vena safena mayor como la crosectomía safenofemoral más oclusión endovascular distal se consideran dos métodos seguros y efectivos para tratar insuficiencia de vena safena mayor; ya que los resultados finales fueron similares para ambas técnicas quirúrgicas.


Introduction: Minimally invasive endovascular procedures like thermal, chemical or mechanical ablation are currently preferred for the treatment of the great saphenous vein insufficiency, because have the advantage of being outpatient, with minimal postoperative complications, a faster incorporation to work and better aesthetic results. This study persuit to evaluate the results of radiofrequency treatment versus sapheno-femoral crosectomy plus distal endovascular occlusion. Methods: The study included all the patients with a diagnosis of great saphenous vein insufficiency from January 2017 to October 2019. The technic was chosen randomly. Results: 77% of patients was female , with a mean age of 49 , the C2 stage of the CEAP classification is present in 57% and the type 3 shunt in 63%. Radiofrequency ablation was performed in 83% of the cases. Pain and paresthesia were the most frequent complications, without statistically signification between both technics (p = 0.1470). The aesthetic result, the return to daily activities (p = 0.992) and to work (p = 0.901) had not statistically significant differences between the two surgical techniques. Conclusions: Both, radiofrequency ablation of the greater saphenous vein and sapheno-femoral crosectomy plus distal endovascular occlusion are considered safe and effective methods to treat great saphenous vein insufficiency because the final results were similar for both surgical techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Saphenous Vein/surgery , Venous Insufficiency/surgery , Ablation Techniques/methods , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Pain/etiology , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1633-1637, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143665

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: Anxiety is almost always present before medical interventions and may play a role in pain perception. We aim to evaluate factors associated with pain intensity reported by patients submitted to Office Hysteroscopy (OH). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study, with data from April to November 2015. It included patients attended at the Assis Chateaubriand Maternity School (MEAC/UFC) with an indication of office hysteroscopy. Before the examination, the patients answered a validated questionnaire about anxiety (STAI). After the examination, women answered the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 15.0, with Spearman correlation, Mann-Whitney U-test, and analyses of variance. RESULTS: 252 patients were included, with a mean age of 45.7 years, of whom 29% were postmenopausal (mean pain 5.5) and 71% were in menacme (mean pain 5.1) (p = 0.258). The anxiety trait and state showed a significant influence on the pain scale (p <0.001 and p=0.001), but age or endometrial sample did not. 27% of the patients were nulliparous. Less pain was associated with the number (p=0.01) and vaginal (p=0.005) of deliveries. The main indication for the procedure was abnormal uterine bleeding (54.4%). CONCLUSION: OH may be associated with moderate but tolerable discomfort. There was a significant correlation between higher scores on the pain scale and anxiety. There was evidence of reduced pain with parity and type of delivery, but not with reproductive age or endometrial biopsy.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: A ansiedade está quase sempre presente antes de intervenções médicas e pode desempenhar um papel importante na percepção da dor. Buscou-se avaliar os fatores associados à intensidade da dor relatados pelos pacientes submetidos a histeroscopia ambulatorial (HA). MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional transversal, com dados de abril a novembro de 2015. Foram incluídas pacientes atendidas na Maternidade Escola Assis Chateaubriand (Meac/UFC) com indicação de HA. Antes do exame, as pacientes responderam a um questionário validado sobre ansiedade (IAM). Após o exame, as mulheres responderam à Escala Visual Analógica (EVA). Os dados foram analisados no Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 15.0, com correlação de Spearman, teste U de Mann-Whitney e Anova. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídas 252 pacientes, com idade média de 45,7 anos, das quais 29% estavam na pós-menopausa (dor média 5,5) e 71% eram menacme (dor média 5,1) (p = 0,258). O traço e o estado de ansiedade mostraram influência significativa na escala de dor (p<0,001 e p=0,001). Vinte e sete por cento das pacientes eram nulíparas. Menor dor foi associada ao número (p=0,01) e tipo vaginal (p=0,005) de partos. A principal indicação para o procedimento foi sangramento uterino anormal (54,4%); 66,1% necessitaram de amostra endometrial. CONCLUSÕES: A HA pode estar associada a um desconforto moderado, mas tolerável. Houve correlação significativa entre escores mais altos na escala de dor e ansiedade, menor paridade, mas não com idade reprodutiva ou procedimento de biópsia endometrial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pain/etiology , Hysteroscopy , Anxiety , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pain Perception , Middle Aged
8.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 491-499, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143963

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objective: The aim was to investigate the effects of Turkish classical music on pain and oxidative stress in patients undergoing oocyte pick-up. Methods: The study was a randomized, controlled trial. The groups included Group NM (Non-Music), control group; Group PM, which comprised patients who listened to music before the operation; and Group CM, which comprised patients who listened to music both before and during the operation. Blood was drawn prior to the operation to measure the oxidative stress values. Pain, hemodynamic parameters, oxidative stress values were assessed postoperatively. Results: The number of patients requiring additional propofol was higher in Group PM than in Groups NM and CM (p = 0.003). The postoperative Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score were lower in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p = 0.001, p = 0.007) in the 1st and 60th minutes. The postoperative VAS score was lower in Group CM than in Group NM (p = 0.045) in the 5th minute. The postoperative additional analgesic requirements were lower in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p = 0.045). The postoperative blood glutathione peroxidase values were significantly higher in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p = 0.001). The postoperative catalase values were significantly higher in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p = 0.008 and p < 0.001). The preoperative malondialdehyde values were significantly lower in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM. The preoperative nitric oxide values were higher in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p < 0.001), whereas the postoperative nitric oxide values were lower in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Turkish classical music has beneficial effects on pain and oxidative stress in oocyte pick-up patients.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos da música clássica turca sobre a dor e o estresse oxidativo em pacientes submetidas a aspiração folicular. Método: Estudo randomizado controlado. Os grupos foram: grupo controle NM, sem música; Grupo PM, com pacientes que ouviram música antes da cirurgia; e Grupo CM, com pacientes que ouviram música antes e durante a cirurgia. Foi coletado sangue antes da cirurgia para avaliar os valores de estresse oxidativo. Dor, parâmetros hemodinâmicos e valores de estresse oxidativo foram avaliados após a cirurgia. Resultados: O número de pacientes que necessitaram de propofol adicional foi mais alto no Grupo PM do que nos grupos NM e CM (p = 0,003). A pontuação da Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) pós-operatória foi mais baixa nos Grupos PM e CM do que no Grupo NM (p = 0,001; p = 0,007), no 1° e 60° minutos. A pontuação da EVA pós-operatória foi mais baixa no Grupo CM do que no grupo NM (p = 0,045) no 5° minuto. A necessidade de analgesia pós-operatória adicional foi mais baixa nos Grupos PM e CM do que no Grupo NM (p = 0,045). Os valores pós-operatórios de glutationa peroxidase no sangue foram significantemente mais altos nos Grupos PM e CM do que no Grupo NM (p = 0,001). Os valores pós-operatórios de catalase foram significantemente mais altos nos Grupos PM e CM do que no Grupo NM (p = 0,008 e p≤ 0,001). Os valores pré-operatórios de malondialdeído foram significantemente mais baixos nos grupos PM e CM do que no Grupo NM. Os valores pré-operatórios de óxido nítrico foram mais altos nos grupos PM e CM do que no Grupo NM (p≤ 0,001), ao passo que valores pós-operatórios de óxido nítrico foram mais baixos nos grupos PM e CM do que no Grupo NM (p≤ 0,001). Conclusão: Música clássica turca exerce efeito benéfico sobre a dor e estresse oxidativo em pacientes na aspiração folicular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pain/prevention & control , Oxidative Stress , Oocyte Retrieval/methods , Music Therapy/methods , Pain/etiology , Pain Measurement , Oocyte Retrieval/psychology , Hemodynamics , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
9.
Medisur ; 18(4): 694-705, jul.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125252

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El dolor ha acompañado a la humanidad desde épocas remotas hasta la actualidad; síntoma muy frecuente observado en todos los niveles de salud, y en que la medicina presenta éxitos y fracasos, por lo que preocupa y ocupa en forma permanente a los investigadores. Su atención desde el punto de vista asistencial se hace complejo por la variedad de factores que lo condicionan. El enfoque terapéutico de ese síntoma debe apoyarse en el conocimiento de la fisiopatología y el empleo de medios que permitan hacer una valoración de su origen y evolución para adecuar las estrategias analgésicas que correspondan. En este trabajo se realiza una revisión sobre los aspectos antes mencionados en relación con el dolor.


ABSTRACT Pain has accompanied humanity from remote times to the present day; this is a very well- frequent symptom in health levels, where medicine presents successes and failures. For this reason it is a permanent researchers´ concern and occupation. Assisting pain is complex due to the variety of factors which conditions it. Therapeutic approach to this symptom must be based on pathophysiology knowledge and the use of means that allow assessing its origin and progress to adapt the corresponding analgesic strategies. In this work, a review is made on the aforementioned aspects in relation to pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain/etiology , Pain/physiopathology , Signs and Symptoms , Pain Management/methods , Analgesics/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(1): 66-71, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138453

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar temporalmente o estímulo doloroso em prematuros com o uso de três escalas de mensuração de dor neonatal. Métodos: Foram observados 83 prematuros durante a aspiração de vias aéreas por três avaliadores (E1, E2 e E3) utilizando três escalas de avaliação da dor (Neonatal Facial Coding System - NFCS; Neonatal Infant Pain Scale - NIPS; e Premature Infant Pain Profile - PIPP) em cinco momentos: T1 (antes da aspiração de vias aéreas), T2 (durante a aspiração de vias aéreas), T3 (1 minuto após a aspiração de vias aéreas), T4 (3 minutos após a aspiração de vias aéreas) e T5 (5 minutos após a aspiração de vias aéreas). Utilizaram-se o Light's Kappa (concordância entre examinadores e entre as escalas em cada tempo) e teste de McNemar (comparação entre os tempos), considerando-se p < 0,05. Resultados: Houve diferença significativa entre T1 e T2 para os três examinadores nas três escalas. Em T3, observou-se dor em 22,9%/E1, 28,9%/E2 e 24,1%/E3 de acordo com a NFCS; 22,9%/E1, 21,7%/E2 e 16,9%/E3, conforme a NIPS e 49,4%/E1, 53,9%/E2 e 47%/E3 considerando a PIPP dos prematuros. Houve diferença entre T1 e T3 nas três escalas, exceto para dois examinadores na PIPP (E2: p = 0,15/ E3: p = 0,17). Ao comparar T4 e T5 ao T1, não houve diferença em nenhuma das três escalas. Conclusão: Os prematuros necessitaram de pelo menos 3 minutos para retornarem ao seu estado inicial de repouso (sem dor).


ABSTRACT Objective: To temporally assess a painful stimulus in premature infants using 3 neonatal pain scales. Methods: A total of 83 premature infants were observed during airway aspiration by 3 evaluators (E1, E2 and E3) using 3 pain assessment scales (Neonatal Facial Coding System - NFCS; Neonatal Infant Pain Scale - NIPS; and Premature Infant Pain Profile - PIPP) at 5 time points: T1 (before airway aspiration), T2 (during airway aspiration), T3 (1 minute after airway aspiration), T4 (3 minutes after airway aspiration), and T5 (5 minutes after airway aspiration). Light's Kappa (agreement among examiners and among scales at each time point) and the McNemar test (comparison among time points) were used considering p < 0.05. Results: There was a significant difference between the 3 examiners for T1 and T2 using the 3 scales. In T3, pain was observed in 22.9%/E1, 28.9%/E2, and 24.1%/E3 according to the NFCS; 22.9%/E1, 21.7%/E2, and 16.9%/E3 according to the NIPS; and 49.4%/E1, 53.9%/E2, and 47%/E3 according to the PIPP. There was a difference between T1 and T3 using the 3 scales, except for 2 examiners for the PIPP (E2: p = 0.15/E3: p = 0.17). Comparing T4 and T5 to T1, there was no difference in the 3 scales. Conclusion: Premature infants required at least 3 minutes to return to their initial state of rest (no pain).


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pain/etiology , Suction/adverse effects , Pain Measurement/methods , Time Factors , Infant, Premature , Airway Obstruction/therapy
11.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018178, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057220

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the perception of physiotherapists in neonatal units regarding pain, the use of measurement scales and strategies that minimize pain. Methods: Interviews were conducted with physiotherapists in hospitals with neonatal units between 2013 and 2015 in Rio de Janeiro. The questions concerned the knowledge of the feeling of pain, from its recognition to its care or treatment. The description of the results was done by comparing public and private hospitals (Fisher''s Exact exact Testtest), considering p<0.05 as significant. Results: 27 hospitals were visited. All the professionals interviewed (n=27) stated that the newborns feel pain, with facial expression being the most cited and known sign for pain. 26% of physiotherapists believe that newborns experience pain at the same magnitude as adults. Among the scales, the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) was the most well known, but only 37% of the units had routine pain assessment protocols. IV cannulation and blood collection were the most mentioned procedures as a cause of pain and there was no difference between public and private hospitals. Conclusions: There is a gap in the knowledge about neonatal pain and how to evaluate it among the participating physiotherapists, with no systematization of care routines involving this assessment.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a percepção dos fisioterapeutas de unidades neonatais sobre a dor, a utilização de escalas de mensuração e estratégias que a minimizem. Métodos: Entrevistas foram realizadas com chefes ou rotinas de fisioterapia em hospitais com unidades neonatais entre 2013 e 2015, no Rio de Janeiro. As perguntas versaram sobre o conhecimento da sensação dolorosa, desde seu reconhecimento até seu cuidado ou tratamento. Foi realizada a descrição dos resultados, comparando-se os dados dos hospitais públicos com os privados (teste exato de Fisher), considerando-se p<0,05 como significante. Resultados: Vinte e sete hospitais foram visitados. Todos os profissionais entrevistados (n=27) afirmaram que os recém-nascidos sentem dor, sendo a expressão facial o sinal de dor mais conhecido. Do total de fisioterapeutas entrevistados, 26% acreditam que os neonatos sentem dor na mesma magnitude que o adulto. Entre as escalas, a Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) era a mais conhecida, e apenas 37% das unidades possuíam protocolos de avaliação da dor na rotina. As coletas e as punções foram os procedimentos mais mencionados como causa de dor, e não houve diferença entre os hospitais públicos e privados. Conclusões: Constatou-se uma lacuna no conhecimento sobre dor neonatal e como avaliá-la entre os fisioterapeutas participantes, com ausência de sistematização de rotinas assistenciais que envolvam essa aferição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pain/diagnosis , Perception/physiology , Pain Measurement/methods , Physical Therapists/psychology , Pain/etiology , Pain/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Infant, Premature/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/organization & administration , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/statistics & numerical data , Interviews as Topic/methods , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Knowledge , Facial Expression , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190285, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092206

ABSTRACT

Abstract This reports a case of scorpionism caused by Tityus serrulatus. A male adult was stung while unloading bananas at the supply center in Belém, Pará, Brazil. The bananas originated in another state (Bahia) and were brought to Belém by truck. The patient presented with pain, edema, and erythema at the sting site, and was classified as low-risk. The specimen was identified as T. serrulatus and symptomatic treatment and clinical observation were advised. The patient was discharged later without further complications. This is the first known envenomation caused by T. serrulatus, a non-native species to Pará, in the Brazilian Amazon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Scorpions/classification , Scorpion Stings/diagnosis , Pain/etiology , Brazil , Scorpion Stings/complications
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088702

ABSTRACT

El melanoma anal (MA) es un tumor infrecuente, caracterizado por presentar un comportamiento agresivo y mal pronóstico(1). La sintomatología inespecífica con la cual se presenta y su similitud con etiologías benignas anorrectales, dificulta el diagnóstico y puede conducir a un retraso en el mismo(2)(3). Por lo tanto, es necesaria una exploración física minuciosa y un elevado índice de sospecha. Se discute el caso de una paciente que consultó por tumoración anal dolorosa, no pigmentada y rectorragia; a la que se le realiza diagnóstico de melanoma anal.


Anal melanoma (MA) is an infrequent tumor, characterized by aggressive behavior and poor prognosis(1). The nonspecific symptomatology and its similarity with benign anorectal etiologies, makes the diagnosis difficult and leads to a delay in it(2)(3).Therefore, a thorough physical examination and a high index of suspicion are necessary. The case of a patient who consulted for a non-pigmented and painful anal mass with rectal bleeding is discussed; which is diagnosed with anal melanoma.


O melanoma anal (MA) é um tumor infrequente, caracterizado por apresentar um comportamento agressivo e ter um mauprognóstico(1). A sintomatologia inespecífica da sua apresentação e a sua similaridade com etiologias benignas anorretais dificultam o diagnóstico e pode levar a um atraso do mesmo(2)(3). Por tanto é necessário uma exploração física minuciosa e um indice de suspeita elevado. Discute-se o um caso de uma paciente que consultou por uma tumoração anal, dolorosa, não pigmentada e retorragia, a qual se realizou o diagnostico de melanoma anal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Anus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Anus Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Anus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Melanoma/diagnosis , Melanoma/radiotherapy , Melanoma/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology , Pruritus Ani/etiology , Colonoscopy , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology
16.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(3): 106-111, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146631

ABSTRACT

El dolor constituye el síntoma fundamental de la artrosis, sus características e interpretación permiten el diagnóstico certero y también conocer la magnitud de esa entidad. El objetivo de este trabajo, es profundizar los conocimientos sobre los elementos más esenciales relacionados con el dolor en la artrosis de la rodilla. Se describen las causas mecánicas y bioquímicas del dolor, entre las que resaltan el dolor óseo, sinovial, así como los factores bioquímicos relacionados con ese síntoma. Se hace referencia a las principales estructuras anatómicas responsables del dolor y sus mecanismos de acción. Se mencionan la relación existente entre ese síntoma y las modalidades imagenológicas, así como los patrones del dolor. Para finalizar, se hace referencia a las escalas de dolor usadas.


Pain is the main symptom of osteoarthritis. Determining the distinctive features of pain in knee osteoarthritis allows for an accurate diagnosis. This article gives a review of the results from research work on the typical features of knee osteoarthritic pain. The mechanics and biochemical causes of pain are described including both bone and synovial biochemical symptom-related factors. The relationships between knee pain, various imaging techniques and pain mechanism are also identified. Finally, the used pain scales are presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain/etiology , Pain/physiopathology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/complications , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 587-593, nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057466

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: To investigate, describe, and assess the phenomenon of "rebound pain" as a clinically relevant problem in anesthetic practice. Content: The phenomenon of "rebound pain" has been demonstrated and described as a very severe pain, which occurs after a peripheral nerve block resolution with the recovery of sensitivity. The incidence of rebound pain is unknown. Usually, it occurs between 12 and 24 hours after surgery and, adversely affecting sleep quality. It is not yet possible to establish a mechanism as a definitive cause or trigger factor of rebound pain. Studies suggest that rebound pain is a side effect of peripheral nerve blocks, despite their effectiveness in pain control. Currently, the extent and clinical significance of rebound pain cannot be well determined due to the lack of large prospective studies. Conclusion: Rebound pain assessment should always be considered in clinical practice, as it is not a rare side effect of peripheral nerve blocks. There are still many challenging questions to be answered about rebound pain, so large prospective studies are needed to address the issue. For prevention, the use of peripheral nerve block techniques that avoid nerve damage and adequate perioperative analgesia associated with patient education on the early administration of analgesics, even during the period of analgesia provided by peripheral nerve block, is recommended. A better understanding of the "rebound pain" phenomenon, its pathophysiology, associated risk factors, and long-term consequences may help in developing more effective preventive strategies.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Investigar, descrever e avaliar o fenômeno da "dor rebote" como um problema clinicamente relevante na prática anestésica. Conteúdo: O fenômeno da "dor rebote" foi demonstrado e descrito como uma dor muito intensa que ocorre após a resolução do bloqueio de nervo periférico com o retorno da sensibilidade. A incidência de dor rebote é desconhecida. Normalmente ela ocorre entre 12 a 24 horas após a cirurgia e afeta negativamente a qualidade do sono. Ainda não é possível estabelecer um mecanismo como causa definitiva ou fator desencadeante da dor rebote. Estudos sugerem que a dor rebote seja um efeito colateral dos bloqueios de nervos periféricos, apesar destes terem eficácia no controle álgico. Atualmente, a extensão e a significância clínica da dor rebote não podem ser bem determinadas, devido à falta de grandes estudos prospectivos. Conclusão: A avaliação da dor rebote deve ser sempre considerada na prática clínica, pois não é um efeito colateral raro dos bloqueios de nervo periféricos. Ainda existem muitas questões desafiadoras a serem respondidas sobre a dor rebote, portanto fazem-se necessários amplos estudos prospectivos sobre a temática. Para a sua prevenção recomenda-se o uso de técnicas de bloqueio de nervo periférico que evitem a lesão do nervo e uma adequada analgesia perioperatória associada à orientação do paciente sobre a administração precoce de analgésicos mesmo na vigência da analgesia proporcionada pelo bloqueio de nervo periférico. A melhor compreensão do fenômeno "dor rebote", sua fisiopatologia, seus fatores de risco associados e suas consequências em longo prazo poderá ajudar na elaboração de estratégias preventivas mais eficazes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain/etiology , Nerve Block/adverse effects , Pain/physiopathology , Pain/epidemiology , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain Measurement/methods , Patient Education as Topic , Risk Factors , Nerve Block/methods
18.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(3): e489, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093663

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La insuficiencia cervical se concibe hoy día como un proceso biológico continuo con grados progresivos de insuficiencia. La expresión más extrema de la insuficiencia cervical se conoce como "bolsa en reloj de arena". La mayoría de los autores están de acuerdo en recomendar el reposo en cama y realizar cerclaje cervical de emergencia. Objetivo: Presentar el caso de una gestante en la que se logró la reversión del prolapso de las membranas amnióticas en "reloj de arena" con buenos resultados perinatales. Presentación de caso: Paciente de 31 años con antecedentes de parto anterior a las 36,5 semanas, que en los momentos actuales cursa una gestación de 20,6 semanas. Acude a la consulta por dolor en hipogastrio y al examen físico se comprueba que la bolsa amniótica protruye por el orificio cervical externo y presenta una dilatación cervical de 2 cm. Se aplica tratamiento medicamentoso y se reduce el prolapso de la bolsa. Conclusiones: Con el tratamiento conservador se logró una buena evolución de la gestación, con parto eutócico y buenos resultados perinatales(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Cervical insufficiency is conceived today as a continuous biological process with progressive degrees of insufficiency. The most extreme expression of cervical insufficiency is known as "hourglass bag". Most authors agree to recommend bed rest and perform emergency cervical cerclage. Objective: To report the case of a pregnant woman in whom the prolapse reversal of the amniotic membranes in hourglass was achieved with good perinatal results. Case report: A 31-year-old patient who is currently pregnant at 20.6 weeks and has history of childbirth prior to 36.5 weeks. She comes to the consultation complaining of pain in hypogastrium. The physical examination shows that the amniotic sac protrudes through the external cervical orifice and there is 2cm cervical dilation. Drug treatment is applied and the prolapse of the sac is reduced. Conclusions: The conservative treatment achieved good evolution of the gestation, with eutócico childbirth and good perinatal results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pain/etiology , Prolapse , Cerclage, Cervical/methods , Conservative Treatment/methods , Physical Examination/adverse effects , Bed Rest/methods
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(8): 1061-1066, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041062

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the potential association of foot pain and plasmatic adipocytes as physiological biomarkers of childhood obesity with the incidence of flatfoot in a cohort of Egyptian school children aged 6 -12 years. METHODS A total of 550 Egyptian schoolchildren (220 boys and 330 girls) aged 6-12 years were randomly invited to participate in this descriptive survey analysis. For all children, we assessed the diagnosis and severity of flatfoot as well as plasma adipocytes, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, and TNF-α, using the Dennis method and immunoassay techniques respectively. Foot pain was assessed by using a standard VAS of 100 mm and Faces Pain Scale, respectively. RESULTS Flat foot was predicted in 30.4% of school-age children, most of them showed a higher frequency of overweight (33.3%) and obesity (62.5%). Boys showed higher ranges of flat foot than girls. Foot pain significantly correlated with flat foot and obesity among the studied populations. In overweight-obese children, plasmatic adipocyte variables, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, TNF-α.; showed significant correlations with foot stance, especially in boys. Also, the studied adipocyte variables along with BMI, age, gender explained about~65% of the variance of flatfoot with pain among our school-age students. CONCLUSION Foot pain showed an association with flat foot and childhood obesity in 30.4% of school-age students (6-12 years). Foot pain was shown to correlate positively with the incidence of flat foot and changes in adiposity markers, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, Il-6, TNF-α


RESUMO OBJETIVO O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a potencial associação de dor no pé e adipócitos plasmáticos como biomarcadores fisiológicos da obesidade infantil com incidência de pé plano em uma coorte de escolares egípcios de 6 a 12 anos. MÉTODOS Um total de 550 escolares egípcios (220 meninos e 330 meninas) com idades entre 6 e 12 anos foram convidados aleatoriamente para participar desta análise descritiva. Para todas as crianças, diagnóstico e gravidade do flatfoot, bem como adipócitos plasmáticos; adiponectina, leptina, resistina, IL-6 e TNF-α; foram avaliados pelo método de Dennis e técnicas de imunoensaio, respectivamente. A dor no pé foi avaliada usando uma EVA padrão de 100 mm e a Faces Pain Scale, respectivamente. RESULTADOS O pé plano foi predito em 30,4% das crianças em idade escolar; a maioria apresentou maior frequência de sobrepeso (33,3%) e obesidade (62,5%). Os meninos apresentaram maiores faixas de pé plano do que as meninas. A dor no pé correlacionou-se significativamente com pé plano e obesidade entre as populações estudadas. Em crianças obesas com sobrepeso, variáveis adipocitárias plasmáticas; adiponectina, leptina, resistina, IL-6 e TNF-α; apresentaram correlação significativa com a postura do pé, em meninos e meninas. Além disso, as variáveis estudadas dos adipócitos, juntamente com o IMC, idade e sexo, explicaram cerca de 65% da variância do pé plano com a dor entre os nossos alunos em idade escolar. CONCLUSÃO A dor no pé mostrou associação com pé plano e obesidade infantil em 30,4% dos estudantes em idade escolar (6-12 anos). A dor no pé se correlacionou positivamente com a incidência de pé plano e a mudança nos marcadores de adiposidade; adiponectina, leptina, resistina, IL-6, TNF-α.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Aged, 80 and over , Pain/blood , Flatfoot/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Adipocytes/chemistry , Obesity/blood , Pain/etiology , Severity of Illness Index , Pain Measurement , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flatfoot/complications , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Leptin/blood , Adiponectin/blood , Resistin/blood , Obesity/complications
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(7): 928-931, jul. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058623

ABSTRACT

Lhermitte phenomenon is a neurological symptom described as a sensation of electric shock that radiates from the back towards the extremities, which appears when a patient flexes the neck. A transient myelopathy as a late complication of radiotherapy is associated with this symptom. It appears two to four months after treatment and disappears spontaneously. We report a 45 years old female with a neck malignant melanoma treated with surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy. She experienced the Lhermitte phenomenon that was triggered by heat. This phenomenon must be differentiated from the Uhthoff phenomenon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain/etiology , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant/adverse effects , Head and Neck Neoplasms/diagnosis , Hot Temperature/adverse effects , Melanoma/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Melanoma/surgery , Melanoma/radiotherapy
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