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Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225924, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355003


Aim: To assess the reliability and validity of morphometric features on 3D digital models produced by scanning maxillary dental casts of Malaysian Malay subjects. Methods: Dental casts of 20 subjects were scanned using a 3D laser scanner (Next Engine Inc., Santa Monica, California, USA). The palatal rugae morphometric features were assessed on the resulting 3D models using 3-Matic Research 9.0 software (Materialise NV, Heverlee, Belgium). The assessments were repeated by the first and second authors to assess the intra- and interexaminer reliability, respectively. Rugae morphometric features were also evaluated on the conventional plaster models to assess the validity of the 3D method. Results: Kappa values of the validity ranged from 0.807 to 0.922 for rugae shape, size category and direction. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for rugae number validity was 0.979. For intra-examiner reliability, kappa values ranged from 0.716-1.000 for rugae shape, size category and direction. The ICC for rugae number intra-examiner reliability was 0.949. Kappa values of interexaminer reliability for rugae shape, size category and direction were 0.723-885, while the ICC of rugae number was 0.896. Conclusion: Palatal rugae analyses on 3D digital models scanned by the 3D Next Engine laser scanner using 3-Matic Research 9.0 software are valid and reliable

Palate , Forensic Anthropology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Forensic Dentistry
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 36-39, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254737


The Polymorphous Low Grade Adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a common minor salivary gland carcinoma. It mostly affects the buccal mucosa and retromolar region, but the palate is an unusual site. As the carcinoma is low grade the recurrence is also uncommon. Our patient had a PLGA initially in the palate which was treated initially through surgical management but had a recurrence after four years. Hence we planned a partial maxillectomy along with level I nodes. Post-operatively follow-up is successful till date. So the management of a recurrent PLGA through careful surgery and post-operative follow ­up with prosthetic rehabilitation is discussed in this article... (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Salivary Glands, Minor , Mouth Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Mouth Mucosa , Palate , Recurrence
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-8, feb. 24, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283264


Background: The corollary is not investigated in the completely edentulous patients with palatal tori. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the oral stereognostic ability in completely edentulous patients with palatal tori. Material and Methods: Thirty-four completely edentulous patients aged 50 to 89 years were allocated to Group 1 (without palatal tori, n=18) and Group 2 (with palatal tori, n=16). The oral stereognostic test was conducted using 6 intraoral test pieces (circle/square/rectangle/triangle/plus/toroid) that were fabricated to standard dimensions using the light cure acrylic resin. Each test piece was placed in the patient's mouth and was asked to manipulate the test piece between the tongue and the palate. The patients identified the shapes by matching them on a shape chart. Each correct identification was assigned a score of 1. The response time taken to identify each shape was recorded. Statistical computation was done using a chi - square test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Significant difference was observed in the overall scoring percentages between the 2 groups (p<0.05). Group 2 had lower oral stereognostic scores compared to group 1 (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the mean response time for identifying the shapes among the groups, however group 2 patients had longer response time. Conclusion: Oral stereognostic ability of the completely edentulous patients with torus palatinus was lower when compared to completely edentulous patients without tori.

Antecedentes: el corolario no se investiga en los pacientes completamente desdentados con toros palatinos. Objetivo:El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la capacidad estereognóstica oral en pacientes completamente edéntulos con toros palatinos. Material y Métodos: Treinta y cuatro pacientes completamente edéntulos de 50 a 89 años fueron asignados al Grupo 1 (sin toros palatinos, n = 18) y al Grupo 2 (con toros palatinos, n = 16). La prueba estereognóstica oral se realizó utilizando 6 piezas de prueba intraorales (círculo / cuadrado / rectángulo / triángulo / cruz / aro) que se fabricaron a dimensiones estándar utilizando la resina acrílica fotopolimerizable. Cada pieza de prueba se colocó en la boca del paciente y se le pidió que manipulara la pieza de prueba entre la lengua y el paladar. Los pacientes identificaron las formas haciéndolas coincidir en un gráfico de formas. A cada identificación correcta se le asignó una puntuación de 1. Se registró el tiempo de respuesta necesario para identificar cada forma. El cálculo estadístico se realizó mediante la prueba de chi-cuadrado y la prueba U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: Se observó una diferencia significativa en los porcentajes de puntuación generales entre los 2 grupos (p<0,05). El grupo 2 tuvo puntuaciones estereognósticas orales más bajas en comparación con el grupo 1 (p<0,05). No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa en el tiempo medio de respuesta para identificar las formas entre los grupos, sin embargo, los pacientes del grupo 2 tuvieron un tiempo de respuesta más largo.Conclusión: La capacidad estereognóstica oral de los pacientes completamente edéntulos con torus palatino fue menor en comparación con los pacientes completamente edéntulos sin torus.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Palate/pathology , Stereognosis , Exostoses , Mouth, Edentulous , Palate, Hard , Denture, Complete
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 98-103, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180724


Abstract Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) have the ability to increase vascular proliferation and permeability. The aim of this study was to quantify the release of two diffusible angiogenic growth factors (VEGF and FGF-2) after rapid maxillary expansion (RME). Thirty animals were randomly assigned to two groups. Control group (5 rats - intact suture) and Experimental groups (25 rats with RME) which were evaluated in different periods of treatment. Five animals were euthanized in different periods of healing at 0, 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7 days after RME. RT-PCR was used to evaluate the gene expression of angiogenic growth factors released on different periods of study. Data were submitted to statistical analysis using ANOVA followed by Tukey test and significance was assumed at a=0.05. RT-PCR showed that mRNAs of VEGF and FGF-2 were expressed in intact palatal suture tissue. mRNAs of VEGF and FGF-2 was upregulated in early periods (24 h) after RME (p<0.001 and p<0.01, respectively). The molecular levels of VEGF never returned to its original baseline values, and FGF-2 expression decreased up to day 5 (p<0.001) and suddenly increased at day 7, returning to its original level. RME increased VEGF secretion, but decreased FGF-2 secretion when compared to intact tissue. The results showed that these angiogenic growth factors are released and regulated in the palatal suture tissue after RME and could make an important contribution to the knowledge of overall reparative response of the suture tissue during the bone remodeling process.

Resumo Fator de crescimento endothelial (VEGF) e fator de crescimento de fibroblasto (FGF-2) tem a capacidade de aumentar a proliferação e permeabilidade vascular. O objetivo deste estudo foi quantificar a liberação dos dois fatores de crescimento (VEGF e FGF-2) após expansão rápida da maxilla (ERM). Trinta animais foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos. Grupo Controle (5 ratos - sutura intacta) e grupos Experimentais (25 ratos submetidos a ERM) que foram avaliados em períodos diferentes de tratamento. Cinco animais foram eutanaziados em diferentes períodos de avaliação aos 0, 2, 3, 5 e 7 dias após ERM. RT-PCR foi usado para avaliar a expressão gênica dos fatores de crescimento liberados nos diferentes períodos de estudo. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística usando ANOVA seguido do pós-teste de Tukey com nível de significância de a=0.05. RT-PCR mostrou que os RNAm de VEGF e FGF-2 estavam expressos na sutura palatina mediana intacta. Os RNAm de VEGF e FGF-2 foram estimulados nos períodos iniciais (24h) após ERM (p<0.001 e p<0.01, respectivamente). Os nívies moleculares de VEGF nunca retornaram aos valores originais, e a expressão de FGF-2 reduziu até o dia 5 (p<0.001) e de repente aumentou até o dia 7, retornando aos níveis originais. ERM aumentou a secreção de VEGF, mas diminuiu a secreção de FGF-2 quando comparado ao tecido intacto. Os resultados mostraram que estes fatores de crescimento são liberados e regulados na sutura palatina mediana após ERM e podem ser de importante contribuição para o entendimento da resposta reparadora geral do tecido da sutura durante o processo de remodelação óssea.

Animals , Rats , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Palatal Expansion Technique , Palate/surgery , Sutures , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878426


OBJECTIVES@#The present study aimed to explore the innervation of the anterior hard palatine and its relationship with individual development stage. Specifically, the effects of anesthesia on patients of different ages were observed, and neurodevelopment in the maxillofacial region was invesitgated. References that are helpful in selecting local anesthesia were provided.@*METHODS@#A total of 182 patients with mixed dentition were randomly divided into the nasopalatine nerve block and greater palatine nerve block groups. Then, 219 patients with permanent dentition were divided into an adolescent group (13-18 years old) and adult group (over 19 years old), all of whom underwent bilateral greater palatine nerve block. Palatal mucosal pain sensation was tested pre- and post-anesthesia with Von Frey hairs.@*RESULTS@#Among the children with mixed dentition, bilateral greater palatine nerve block tended to result in better anesthetic effects than nasopalatine nerve block (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The sensation of the anterior hard palatine seems mainly dominated by the greater palatine nerve until mixed dentition and gradually shifted to the nasopalatine nerve in conjunction with maxillary development and tooth replacement. Hence, the innervation of the anterior hard palatine induce a secondary development during the development of the maxilla.

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Dentition, Mixed , Humans , Maxilla , Maxillary Nerve , Nerve Block , Palate , Palate, Hard , Young Adult
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878407


OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to assess the influence of different types of rapid maxillary expansion on root resorption (RR).@*METHODS@#Literature searches were carried out electronically in five English and two Chinese databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs), cohort studies, and case-control studies were included. The data were extracted by three authors. The risk of bias in the RCTs and nonrandomized studies were assessed in accordance with corresponding scales.@*RESULTS@#Among the 400 articles identified, seven were included for the final analysis. Three studies were graded as high value of evidence, while two and another two studies were graded as moderate value and low value, respectively. According to the available evidence, the tooth-borne maxillary expansion caused more obvious RR of anchorage teeth than the bone-borne one. In addition, the Haas-type palatal acrylic pads could not effectively reduce the degree of RR. The difference in the design of the retainer between the tooth-borne maxillary expansion (the use of a band or wire framework to connect the anchorage tooth) did not cause the difference in the incidence and degree of RR.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Clinical evidence suggested that bone-borne maxillary expansion may decrease the amount of RR, while the amounts of resorption did not significantly differ between Haas and Hyrax and between different retainer types of Hyrax.

Case-Control Studies , Humans , Maxilla , Palatal Expansion Technique , Palate , Root Resorption , Tooth
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e211967, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154066


ABSTRACT Objective: Assess the influence of mono- and bicortical anchorage and diameter of mini-implants (MIs) on the primary stability of these devices. Methods: 60 self-drilling MIs were distributed in six groups according to diameter (1.5mm, 1.8mm or 2.0mm) and type of anchorage (monocortical and bicortical) in bovine rib. The primary stability was evaluated by insertion torque, micromobility and pull-out strength tests. ANOVA and/or Tukey analysis were used to conduct intergroup comparisons (p< 0.05). Non-parametric statistics (Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney) were performed when normality was not found (p< 0.05). Results: MIs with larger diameters and bicortical anchorage showed greater primary stability regarding insertion torque (p< 0.05) and micromobility (p< 0.05). Only MI diameter had an effect on the pull-out strength test. Larger diameter MIs presented better retention in pull-out strength tests (p< 0.001), regardless of mono- or bicortical anchorage. Conclusions: MI primary stability is dependent on its diameter and type of anchorage. Bicortical anchorage showed greater stability when compared with monocortical anchorage, independently of other variables.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a influência da ancoragem mono e bicortical e do diâmetro dos mini-implantes (MIs) na estabilidade primária desses dispositivos. Métodos: 60 MIs autoperfurantes foram distribuídos em seis grupos, de acordo com o diâmetro (1,5 mm, 1,8 mm ou 2,0 mm) e tipo de ancoragem (monocortical e bicortical), e inseridos em costela bovina. A estabilidade primária foi avaliada pelos testes de torque de inserção, micromobilidade e resistência à tração. ANOVA e/ou análise de Tukey foram usadas para realizar comparações intergrupos (p< 0,05). Estatística não paramétrica (Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney) foi realizada quando a normalidade não foi encontrada (p< 0,05). Resultados: MIs com diâmetros maiores e ancorados bicorticalmente apresentaram maior estabilidade primária em relação ao torque de inserção (p< 0,05) e micromobilidade (p< 0,05). Apenas o diâmetro do MI influenciou os resultados do teste de resistência à tração. MIs de maior diâmetro apresentaram melhor retenção nos testes de resistência à tração (p< 0,001), independentemente da ancoragem mono ou bicortical. Conclusões: a estabilidade primária do MI é dependente de seu diâmetro e tipo de ancoragem. A ancoragem bicortical apresentou maior estabilidade quando comparada à ancoragem monocortical, independentemente das demais variáveis.

Humans , Cattle , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Palate , Palatal Expansion Technique , Torque
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e2119204, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154065


ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate the height, thickness and cortical density of the palatal bone of adults with different vertical facial patterns using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). Methods: This study analyzed 75 CBCTs of patients between 18 and 35 years old (45 men and 30 women). The CBCTs were classified into three groups based on their facial pattern: normodivergent, hypodivergent and hyperdivergent as determined from lateral cephalograms synthesized from the CBCTs. The height, cortical thickness and cortical density of the palatal bone were measured at 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20mm posterior to the incisive foramen, and at 3, 6 and 9mm lateral to the midpalatal suture. ANOVA with Tukey post-hoc tests were used for analysis of the data, at significance level of p< 0.05. Results: The hypodivergent pattern had a significant difference and the greatest height and cortical thickness of the palatal bone, followed by the hyperdivergent and the normodivergent patterns. No significant differences were found in minimum and maximum values of cortical density. Conclusion: The palatal bone is a favorable anatomical area to install different orthodontic temporary anchorage devices (TADs), where individuals with the hypodivergent vertical facial pattern have a higher height and cortical thickness of the palatal bone, followed by the hyperdivergent pattern and finally the normodivergent pattern. No significant differences in the cortical density of the palatal bone in the three facial patterns were found.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a altura, a espessura e a densidade cortical do osso palatino em adultos com diferentes padrões faciais verticais, utilizando a tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Métodos: O presente estudo analisou 75 TCFCs de pacientes com idades entre 18 e 35 anos (45 homens e 30 mulheres). As TCFCs foram classificadas em três grupos, de acordo com seus padrões faciais: normodivergentes, hipodivergentes e hiperdivergentes, conforme determinado na radiografia cefalométrica lateral reconstruída das TCFCs. Altura, espessura e densidade cortical do osso palatino foram aferidas a 4, 8, 12, 16 e 20 mm para posterior do forame incisivo e a 3, 6 e 9 mm lateralmente à sutura transpalatina. Os testes ANOVA e post-hoc de Tukey foram utilizados para análise dos dados, com nível de significância de p< 0,05. Resultados: O padrão hipodivergente apresentou uma diferença significativa e a maior altura e espessura cortical do osso palatino, seguido pelos padrões hiperdivergente e normodivergente. Nenhuma diferença estatisticamente significativa foi encontrada nos valores mínimos e máximos da densidade cortical. Conclusão: O osso palatino é uma área anatomicamente favorável para instalar diferentes dispositivos de ancoragem temporária. Indivíduos com padrão facial vertical hipodivergente apresentam maior altura e espessura cortical do osso palatino, seguido do padrão hiperdivergente e finalmente do padrão normodivergente. Não foi encontrada qualquer diferença significativa na densidade cortical do osso palatino entre os três padrões faciais.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Palate/surgery , Palate/diagnostic imaging , Face , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e081, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278597


Abstract The object of this study was to compare the clinical complications of 4 different appliances used in the early treatment of anterior open bite (AOB), and to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference in the number of complications among the appliances. Records from 99 Class I malocclusion patients with AOB treated using bonded spurs, BS, n = 25; chin cup, CC, n = 25; fixed palatal crib, FPC, n = 25; and removable palatal crib, RPC, n = 24) were examined. The total number and frequency of clinical complications that occurred over 12 months were described and compared by using chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests (Dunn's post-test) (α = 5%, CI = 95%). The incidence of clinical complications was 66.7%, comprising: breakage, bond failure, maladjustment, allergy, soft-tissue lesion, loss of removable appliance and abandonment. Eighteen patients gave up treatment; this occurred more frequently in the groups with removable appliances. Regarding the total number of complications per patient, Group BS exhibited a significantly higher number than the other groups (p < 0.0001). A low frequency of complications (1 to 3) was found in the groups, except for Group BS, in which 8% of the patients presented moderate frequency (4 to 6). In terms of appliance types (fixed or removable), there was no difference in the incidence of complications (p > 0.094). The null hypothesis was rejected, since the BS group exhibited the highest total number and frequency of complications. There was no difference between fixed and removable appliances in terms of incidence of clinical complications, although more patients using removable appliances abandoned their treatment.

Humans , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Open Bite/etiology , Open Bite/therapy , Open Bite/epidemiology , Palate
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200865, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286916


Abstract Denture stomatitis is the most frequent oral lesion in removable prosthesis wearers, with high recurrence rates and a complex treatment. Objective This study describes a protocol to obtain and to contaminate a palatal device with Candida albicans biofilm that could be used for an animal model of denture stomatitis. Methodology Acrylic resin devices (N=41) were obtained from impressions of the palates of Wistar rats with individual trays and polyether. The efficacy of microwave irradiation (MW), ultraviolet light (UV), or ultrasonic bath (US) was assessed by colony viability and spectrophotometric analyses (n=5) in order to select the most appropriate method for sterilizing the devices. Then, different devices (n=5) were contaminated with C. albicans and evaluated by CFU/mL determination, scanning electron microscopy, and laser confocal microscopy. Device stabilization was assessed with either autopolymerizing acrylic resins or a self-adhesive resin cement (n=2). The spectrophotometric data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey's HSD post-hoc test (α=0.05). Results MW was the only method capable of sterilizing the devices, and the contamination protocol developed a mature and viable C. albicans biofilm (~1.2 x 106 CFU/mL). The self-adhesive resin cement was the best stabilization material. Conclusions This acrylic resin palatal device was designed to be similar to the clinical situation of contaminated prostheses, with easy manufacturing and handling, effective stabilization, and satisfactory contamination. Thus, the acrylic device can be a valuable tool in the development of denture stomatitis in rats.

Animals , Rats , Stomatitis, Denture , Candida albicans , Palate , Acrylic Resins , Rats, Wistar , Biofilms , Denture Bases
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 602-609, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134546


RESUMEN: Comparar mediante una revisión sistemática los resultados clínicos de los procedimientos de cirugía plástica periodontal/periimplantar (CP) con injerto de tejido blando autógeno (ITB) obtenido del área lateral del paladar (ALP) versus del área de la tuberosidad (AT). Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica de ensayos clínicos en la base de datos Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane y las revistas de Periodoncia e Implantes de mayor impacto según la Web of Science, para hallar artículos publicados hasta abril del 2020. Se valoró el riesgo de sesgo de los artículos añadidos según el manual Cochrane Versión 5.1.0 para ensayos clínicos aleatorizados y la escala Newcastle-Ottawa para ensayos clínicos controlados. De una muestra inicial de 930 artículos, cuatro ensayos clínicos (tres aleatorizados) fueron incluidos en el presente estudio, donde se realizaron un total de 87 CP alrededor de piezas e implantes dentales, de las cuales 42 cirugías fueron realizadas con ITB del ALP y 45 cirugías con ITB del AT, se evaluó los resultados desde las 8 semanas hasta los 12 meses. No se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los resultados clínicos entre ambos grupos, se mejoró el fenotipo gingival en la zona receptora para el grupo que obtuvo el ITB del AT y el nivel del dolor del sitio donador del AT fue menor en las dos primeras semanas que el sitio donante del ALP. Los estudios incluidos manifestaron un bajo riesgo de sesgo en promedio. Ambas áreas donantes de injerto de tejido blando proporcionan resultados clínicos similares, el injerto del área de la tuberosidad mejora el fenotipo gingival de la zona receptora y reduce el dolor post operatorio en las primeras semanas del sitio donador.

ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to compare, through a systematic review, the clinical results of periodontal / peri-implant plastic surgery (CP) procedures with autogenous soft tissue graft (ITB) obtained from the lateral palate area (ALP) versus the tuberosity area (AT). We conducted an electronic search of clinical trials in the Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane database and the journals of Periodontics and Implants with the greatest impact according to the Web of Science, to find articles published until April 2020. The risk of bias of the articles added was assessed according to the Cochrane Manual Version 5.1.0 for randomized clinical trials and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for controlled clinical trials. From the initial sample of 930 articles, four clinical trials were included (three randomized) in the present study, where a total of 87 PC were performed around dental pieces and implants, of which 42 surgeries were performed with ITB of the ALP and 45 surgeries with ITB of the AT, the results were evaluated from the 8 weeks to 12 months. No statistically significant differences were found in the clinical results between the two groups, the gingival phenotype in the receiving area was improved for the group that obtained the ITB of the AT and the level of pain at the donor site was lower in the first two weeks than the ALP donor site. The studies showed a lowrisk of bias on average. Both soft tissue graft donor areas provide similar clinical results, grafting the tuberosity area improves the gingival phenotype of the recipient area and reduces post-operative pain of the donor site in the first few weeks.

Humans , Dental Implants/statistics & numerical data , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Palate , Transplantation, Autologous , Selection Bias , Tissue Transplantation , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Gingival Recession
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(4): 642-646, dez 30, 2020. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355297


Introduction: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare condition characterized by facial capillary malformation, involves ocular, neurological, and cutaneous alterations. Associated with unilateral characteristic port-wine stains, gingival growth and purple-red coloration. Aim: his case aims to report dental treatment challenges in patients with SWS and importance of oral health maintenance in these individuals. Case report: a 20-year-old woman with an established diagnosis of SWS, presented bad breath and spontaneous gingival bleeding, with gingival growth and reddish-purple spots spread to labial and alveolar mucosa, tongue, and palate. Conditioning of the patient's oral environment by supra and subgingival scraping, dental unit extraction was performed. A conservative treatment plan was adopted for management adequacy of oral environment owing to possible complications inherent to the condition. Conclusion: it is important to emphasize the importance of dental surgeon's performance in relation to a multidisciplinary health team, as well as cooperation of patient, to obtain better results from the proposed therapy.

Introdução: a síndrome de Sturge-Weber (SSW) é uma condição rara caracterizada por malformação capilar facial, envolve alterações oculares, neurológicas e cutâneas. Associada a manchas unilaterais características do vinho do porto, crescimento gengival e coloração vermelho-púrpura. Objetivo: este caso tem como objetivo relatar desafios do tratamento odontológico em pacientes com SSW e a importância da manutenção da saúde bucal nesses indivíduos. Relato de caso: paciente do sexo feminino, 20 anos, com diagnóstico estabelecido de SSW, apresentou mau hálito e sangramento gengival espontâneo, com crescimento gengival e manchas roxas avermelhadas espalhadas pela mucosa labial e alveolar, língua e palato. Condicionamento do ambiente oral do paciente por raspagem supra e subgengival, foi realizada extração da unidade dental. Foi adotado um plano de tratamento conservador para adequação do manejo do ambiente bucal devido a possíveis complicações inerentes à condição. Conclusão: é importante enfatizar a importância do desempenho do cirurgião-dentista em relação a uma equipe multidisciplinar de saúde, bem como a cooperação do paciente, para obter melhores resultados com a terapia proposta.

Humans , Female , Adult , Sturge-Weber Syndrome , Dental Care , Port-Wine Stain , Angiomatosis , Palate , Tongue , Case Reports
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(5): 1778-1784, 01-09-2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147933


The Youth Quality of Life­Facial Differences (YQOL-FD), validated in the United States in 2005, was developed at the University of Washington by the Seattle Quality of Life Group (SeaQol), to evaluate quality of life of adolescents with facial deformities. Because no Portuguese version exists, the measure was not viable in Brazil. This study aimed to obtain linguistic and psychometric validation of a version of the YQOL-FD in Portuguese. Twenty-five patients with cleft lip and palate and five without facial deformity participated in Traumatology and Maxillofacial Prosthesis Surgery Clinic, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo. The linguistic validation of the YQOL-FD was carried out by a team consisting of the researcher, as project manager, two native Portuguese-speaking consultants fluent in English, and one native English-speaking consultant fluent in Portuguese. After translation and back-translation, a Portuguese version was obtained, which was applied in a pilot test (n = 10); after the final adjustments the Seattle Quality of Life Group approved the official version of the YQOL-FD in Portuguese. To obtain the psychometric validation, we requested the participation of 20 patients with cleft lip and palate who answered the questionnaire twice in a range of 7 to 15 days. The Cronbach's alpha test was applied in the 48-item block, showing a high degree of internal consistency (0.949). The Wilcoxon Signal Post Test was applied to verify if the test and retest values were similar; the general agreement was 4/5 = 80%, indicating high reproducibility. It was concluded that the Portuguese version of the YQOL-FD is adequate for evaluating Quality of Life of Brazilian adolescents with craniofacial deformities.

O YQOL-FD (Youth Quality of Life ­ Facial Differences) validado nos EUA em 2005, foi desenvolvido na Universidade de Washington, pelo Seattle Qualitity of Life Group (SeaQol), com a finalidade de avaliar a qualidade de vida de adolescentes com deformidades faciais. Por não apresentar uma versão no idioma português o seu uso não poderia ser viabilizado no Brasil. O objetivo deste trabalho foi conseguir a validação linguística e a validação psicométrica de uma versão do YQOL-FD, no idioma português do Brasil. Participaram deste estudo 25 pacientes com Fissura de Lábio e Palato (FLP) e 5 sem qualquer deformidade facial, em atendimento na Clínica do Departamento de Cirurgia Traumatologia e Prótese Maxilofacial da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo. A validação linguística do YQOL-FD foi realizada por uma equipe constituída pelo pesquisador, como gerente de projeto, por 2 consultores nativos da língua portuguesa muito fluentes em inglês e por 1 consultor nativo de língua inglesa com fluência em português. Após a tradução e a retrotradução obteve-se uma versão em português, a qual foi aplicada em um teste piloto, com n = 10, sendo 5 adolescentes com FLP e 5 sem FLP, que após os acertos finais permitiu que o SeaQol aprovasse a versão oficial do YQOL ­ FD em português. Para a obtenção da validação psicométrica solicitou-se a participação de 20 pacientes com FLP que responderam ao questionário por 2 vezes em um intervalo de 7 a 15 dias. O teste de Cronbach foi aplicado no bloco de 48 itens mostrando alto grau de consistência interna (0,949). Na aplicação do Teste dos Postos Sinalizados de Wilcoxon, com o intuito de verificar se os valores do teste (t) e do re-teste (rt) são semelhantes, foi possível observar que a concordância geral é de 4/5 = 80%, portanto uma reprodutibilidade elevada. Concluiu-se que o YQOL­FD na versão em português pode ser utilizado como instrumento adequado para a avaliação da Qualidade de Vida dos adolescentes brasileiros com deformidade carniofacial.

Palate , Adolescent , Lip Diseases
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(2): 99-101, ago. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134350


ABSTRACT: A variety of periodontal plastic surgery techniques have been proposed to correct aesthetic and functional problems of periodontal tissues. The most common procedure uses the connective tissue graft from the palate. However, patient discomfort and the limited quantity of palatal tissue results in many cases where the surgeon uses connective tissue substitutes. In this case report, we describe the use of a human dermal matrix for gingival volume augmentation in the lower incisors with a novel modified VISTA technique stabilizing the flap with sutures and cyanoacrylates, avoiding comorbidity of a second surgical site. The follow up at 6 months showed an increase in gingival thickness and a reduction in recessions length.

Humans , Female , Adult , Palate , Surgery, Plastic , Sutures , Tissues
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 14(1): 41-52, 20200615.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117186


El trabajo investigativo buscó determinar las diferencias de tipo esqueletal y de inclinación dental que se exhibe comparando medidas cefalométricas de personas con labio y paladar hendido (LPH) y personas con ausencia de cualquier trastorno bucofacial. El estudio fue de tipo observacional, descriptivo y transversal utilizando radiografías laterales de cráneo archivadas en historias clínicas de 20 individuos con labio y paladar hendido frente a 20 individuos sin fisuras bucofaciales de entre 6 y 16 años de edad. Manualmente, se realizaron los análisis cefalométricos donde el 100% de los pacientes con labio y paladar hendido presentaron clase III esqueletal, en tanto que, los individuos sin fisuras abarcan el 50% en clase I, 35% clase II y 15% clase III. La inclinación dental preponderante para los individuos con labio y paladar hendido fue de proinclinación para el incisivo inferior y retro inclinación para el incisivo superior, en tanto, el grupo de control presenta mayor proinclinación en el incisivo superior y normo inclinación para el incisivo inferior. Se logró establecer diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la inclinación del incisivo superior del grupo de control y del grupo de estudio (p=0,002; t=3,25; gl=38), además, diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la discrepancia ósea del grupo de control y del grupo de estudio (p=0,00; U=9).

The research work sought to determine the skeletal and dental inclination differences that are shown when comparing cephalometric measurements of people with cleft lip and palate (LPH) and people with absence of any bucofacial disorder. The study was observational, descriptive and cross-sectional in 20 individuals with cleft lip and palate compared to 20 individuals without bucofacial fissures between 6 and 16 years of age. Skull lateral radiographs were used, in which the cephalometric analyzes were performed manually where 100% of the patients with cleft lip and palate presented skeletal class III, while seamless individuals cover 50% in class I, 35% class II and 15% class III. The predominant dental inclination for individuals with cleft lip and palate was pro-inclination for the lower incisor and retro inclination for the upper incisor, while the control group presented greater pro inclination in the upper incisor and normal inclination for the incisor lower. It was possible to establish statistically significant differences in the inclination of the upper incisor of the control group and the study group (p = 0.002; t = 3.25; gl = 38), in addition, statistically significant differences between the bone discrepancy of the control group and of the study group (p = 0.00; U = 9).

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Incisor , Palate , Bone and Bones , Persons
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 517-522, Mar./Apr. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128388


The aim of this study was to describe the first occurrence ofKudoasp. inGobioides grahamae, contributing to the understanding of this group of parasites in the Amazonian ichthyofauna. Forty specimens ofG. grahamaecollected from the natural environment were analyzed. Cysts ofKudoasp. were diffusely distributed through the striated skeletal muscle fibers with severe edema and inflammatory infiltrate composed of lymphocytes were observed in 30% of the specimens. Edema and marked coagulation necrosis of the muscle fibers was associated with infection byKudoasp. spores, which had accumulated inside the skeletal muscle fibers. Although there are no records of foodborne outbreaks caused by Kudoa spp. in Brazil, it is of paramount importance that we evaluate its occurrence, since the consumption of fish, especially raw fish, has increased because of the adoption of Japanese cuisine. To minimize the economic impacts on the fisheries market and the risk of this parasite to public health, it is necessary to initiate a program to monitor the presence of this likely underdiagnosed, emerging parasite.(AU)

O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a primeira ocorrência de Kudoa sp. em Gobioides grahamae, contribuindo, assim, para a compreensão desse grupo de parasitas na ictiofauna amazônica. Foram analisados 40 espécimes de G. grahamae coletados de ambiente natural. Cistos de Kudoa sp. foram distribuídos difusamente através das fibras musculares esqueléticas estriadas com presença de edema grave e infiltrado inflamatório composto de linfócitos, que foram observados em 30% dos espécimes. Edema e necrose de coagulação acentuada das fibras musculares foram associados com a infecção por esporos de Kudoa sp., acumulados no interior das fibras musculares da faringe. Apesar de não haver registros de surtos de origem alimentar causada por Kudoa spp. no Brasil, é de suma importância a avaliação de sua ocorrência, uma vez que o consumo de peixe, especialmente peixe cru, aumentou por causa da adoção da culinária japonesa. Para minimizar os impactos econômicos no mercado da pesca e o risco desse parasita para a saúde pública, é necessário iniciar um programa para monitorar a presença desse parasita emergente, possivelmente subdiagnosticada.(AU)

Animals , Palate/parasitology , Pharynx/parasitology , Perciformes/parasitology , Myxozoa/parasitology , Brazil
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 67-72, mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056503


ABSTRACT: There has been little discussion about the quality of life of patients with maxillary defects. This article evaluates the issues related to the condition. We performed a cross-sectional study of patients with maxillary defects from referral centers in Brazil. To avoid subject burden, a questionnaire was developed, based on questions from seven instruments, which dealt with domains and conclusions that were similar to those from other studies. The predictor variable was the patients' score for each question. The outcome measure was the presence of the best-ranked items on the questionnaire as the impact factor. Six experts assessed these items and suggested which questions to include or exclude. Patients scored each item according to its occurrence and importance. Descriptive statistics and the items' rank according to the impact factor were computed to determine whether there is a comprehensive instrument available. Thirteen patients and six professionals were included in this study. The patients' age ranged from 24 to 72 years (mean (standard deviation, SD), 50.41 (14.46) years). We obtained a 60-item instrument from the selected questionnaires and subject interviews. Only 12 (37.5 %) out of the 32 best-rated items were verified by the existing instruments, two (6.25 %) were suggested by professionals and 18 (56.25 %) were conclusions from other studies. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to provide many features related to the quality of life in patients with maxillary defects.

RESUMEN: Existe escasa discusión en la literatura sobre la calidad de vida de los pacientes con defectos maxilares. Este artículo evalúa los problemas relacionados con esta condición. Realizamos un estudio transversal de pacientes con defectos maxilares de centros de referencia en Brasil. Se desarrolló un cuestionario basado en preguntas de siete instrumentos, que trataba sobre dominios y conclusiones similares a las de otros estudios. La variable de estimación fue la puntuación de los pacientes para cada pregunta. La medida de resultado fue la presencia de los elementos mejor clasificados en el cuestionario como factor de impacto. Seis expertos evaluaron estos ítems y sugirieron qué preguntas incluir o excluir. Los pacientes puntuaron cada ítem según su ocurrencia e importancia. Se calcularon las estadísticas descriptivas y la clasificación de los ítems según el factor de impacto, para determinar si existe un instrumento completo. Trece pacientes y seis profesionales fueron incluidos en este estudio. La edad de los pacientes osciló entre 24 y 72 años [media (desviación estándar), 50,41 (14,46) años]. Obtuvimos un instrumento de 60 ítems de los cuestionarios y entrevistas de temas seleccionados. Solo 12 (37,5 %) de los 32 ítems mejor calificados se verificaron de acuerdo a los instrumentos existentes, dos (6,25 %) fueron sugeridos por profesionales y 18 (56,25 %) fueron conclusiones de otros estudios. De acuerdo a nuestro conocimiento, este es el primer estudio que proporciona características relacionadas con la calidad de vida en pacientes con defectos maxilares.

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Maxillary Diseases/pathology , Maxillary Diseases/epidemiology , Maxillary Neoplasms/pathology , Maxillofacial Prosthesis/classification , Maxillofacial Prosthesis/standards , Palatal Obturators , Palate/surgery , Quality of Life , Brazil , Maxillary Neoplasms/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Ethics Committees , Data Analysis
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786595


Maxillectomy is performed to remove the tumor in the palate, maxillary sinus, buccal mucosa or nasal cavity. The resection range depends on the size and the extent of the tumor and it affects speech production or cause nasal regurgitation during feeding. Obturator can occlude an opening such as an oro-nasal fistula and protect the defect area. Successful reconstrucion of the patient's oral cavity who have gone over the maxillectomy is a difficult task. The condition and number of teeth, the remaining support area, and the extent of the defect area have a great influence on manufacturing the obturator. If these factors are disadvantageous, the prognosis of the prosthesis is uncertain. The final obturator must have a sufficient retention in the patient's oral cavity and must not irritate the surrounding tissue and support area where the resection was performed.In this case, a 55 year old female went through the maxillectomy and the only 3 teeth remained. And the retention of the maxillary prosthesis seems to be poor. So that, we fabricated the closed hollow obturator which has reduced weight compared to the conventional obturator. Consequently the closed hollow obturator can give better sealing and the adaptation.

Female , Fistula , Humans , Maxillary Sinus , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Mouth , Mouth Mucosa , Nasal Cavity , Palate , Palate, Hard , Prognosis , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811205


BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of three intraoral topical anesthetics in reducing the injection needle prick pain from local anesthetic among children aged 7–11 years old.METHODS: It is a prospective, Interventional, parallel design, single-blind, randomized clinical trial in which subjects (n=90) aged 7–11 years were included in the study based on an inclusion criteria. Subjects were divided into three groups based on computer-generated randomization with an allocation ratio of 1:1:1. Groups A, B, and C received benzocaine 20% jelly (Mucopain gel, ICPA health products Ltd, Ankleshwar, India), cetacaine anesthetic liquid (Cetylite Industries, Inc, Pennsauken, NJ), and EMLA cream (2% AstraZeneca UK Ltd, Luton, UK), respectively, according to manufacturer's instructions, for 1 minute prior to local anesthetic injection. After application of topical anesthetic agent, for all the groups, baseline pre-operative (prior to topical anesthetic administration) and post-operative scores (after local anesthetic administration) of pulse rate was recorded using Pulse oximeter (Gibson, Fingertip Pulse Oximeter, MD300C29, Beijing Choice Electronic). Peri-operative (i.e., during the administration of local anesthesia) scores were recorded using Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) Scale, Modified Children hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale (CPS) behavior rating scale, and Faces Pain Scale (FPS-R) – Revised (For self-reported pain). Direct self-reported and physiological measures were ascertained using FPS-R – Revised and Pulse oximeter, respectively, whereas CPS and FLACC scales assessed behavioral measures. To test the mean difference between the three groups, a one way ANOVA with post hoc tests was used. For statistical significance, a two-tailed probability value of P < 0.05 was considered as significant.RESULTS: The Cetacaine group had significantly lower pain scores for self-report (P < 0.001), behavioral, and physiological measures (P < 0.001) than the other two groups. However, there was no significant difference between the Benzocaine group and EMLA group during palatal injection prick.CONCLUSION: Cetacaine can be considered as an effective topical anesthetic agent compared to benzocaine 20% jelly (Mucopain gel) and EMLA cream.

Anesthetics , Behavior Rating Scale , Beijing , Benzocaine , Child , Clinical Study , Heart Rate , Humans , Leg , Needles , Ontario , Palate , Prospective Studies , Random Allocation , Weights and Measures