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1.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 56(1)abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442400

ABSTRACT

Baço ­ acessório localizado dentro do parênquima pancreático ­ é uma anomalia congênita do tecido esplênico, com características morfológicas e histológicas semelhantes ao baço normal apresentado, geralmente, na cauda do pâncreas. O baço acessório intrapancreático (BAI) trata-se, sobretudo, de uma lesão benigna, usualmente assintomática e encontrada incidentalmente em estudos de imagem, mas que suscitam frequentemente uma preocupação de malignidade e podem ser radiologicamente indistinguíveis de tumores neuroendócrinos, tumores pancreáticos e adenocarcinomas. O presente estudo visa, portanto, relatar um caso de baço acessório intrapancreático através da tomografia computadorizada (TC) e ressonância magnética (RM), além de correlacionar os achados radiográficos do relato de caso com outros métodos radiológicos encontrados na revisão de literatura. As informações contidas foram obtidas por meio de revisão do prontuário, entrevista com o paciente, registro fotográfico dos métodos diagnósticos em geral e dados laboratoriais, aos quais o paciente foi submetido. Nesse contexto, o relato de caso é de um homem com história prévia de carcinoma de células renais que, após realização de nefrectomia total à esquerda e de linfonodos retroperitoneais, constatou no seguimento de seus exames de controle pós-operatório uma imagem nodular na cauda pancreática sugestiva de metástase, mas que, através do estudo tomográfico e de RM, foi possível realizar o correto diagnóstico, tratando-se apenas de uma afecção benigna assintomática e de intervenção conservadora descrita como BAI (AU).


The spleen, an accessory organ located within the pancreatic parenchyma, is a congenital anomaly of the splenic tissue with morphological and histological characteristics resembling a normal spleen, usually in the tail of the pancreas. The intra-pancreatic accessory spleen (IPAS) is mainly a benign lesion, being usually asymptomatic and found on imaging studies on an incidental basis, but which often raises concern about malignancy and may be radiographically indistinguishable from neuroendocrine tumors, pancreatic tumors, and adenocarcinomas. Therefore, the present study aims to report a case of IPAS using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, in addition to correlating the radiographic findings of the case report with other radiological methods in the literature review. Information was obtained by reviewing medical records, conducting interviews with the patient, and using diagnostic photographs and laboratory data. In this context, the case report is of a male patient with previous history of renal cell carcinoma who had undergone total left nephrectomy and resection of retroperitoneal lymph nodes. Post-operative followed-up exams showed a nodular image in the pancreatic tail suggestive of metastasis, but whose correct diagnosis was possible by CT and MR studies as only an asymptomatic benign affection was shown, meaning that only a conservative intervention was necessary (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pancreas/pathology , Spleen/pathology
2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1135-1169, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010825

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer, notorious for its late diagnosis and aggressive progression, poses a substantial challenge owing to scarce treatment alternatives. This review endeavors to furnish a holistic insight into pancreatic cancer, encompassing its epidemiology, genomic characterization, risk factors, diagnosis, therapeutic strategies, and treatment resistance mechanisms. We delve into identifying risk factors, including genetic predisposition and environmental exposures, and explore recent research advancements in precursor lesions and molecular subtypes of pancreatic cancer. Additionally, we highlight the development and application of multi-omics approaches in pancreatic cancer research and discuss the latest combinations of pancreatic cancer biomarkers and their efficacy. We also dissect the primary mechanisms underlying treatment resistance in this malignancy, illustrating the latest therapeutic options and advancements in the field. Conclusively, we accentuate the urgent demand for more extensive research to enhance the prognosis for pancreatic cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms/therapy , Prognosis , Pancreas/pathology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genomics
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 251-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970187

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of digestive system with poor prognosis,and surgical resection is still the only hope for a radical cure. Although the current consensus and guidelines describe in detail the standard and extended range of lymph node dissection,the selection of specific range of lymph node dissection and its impact on prognosis are still controversial. Current studies have not only proposed some improved extent of lymph node dissection, such as total mesopancreas excision and Heidelberg triangle dissection, but also suggested different extent of lymph node dissection for ventral and dorsal pancreatic head cancer. In addition, the prognosis of pancreatic head cancer in uncinate process and non-uncinate process is different after para-aortic lymph node dissection, which is worthy of further study. Neoadjuvant therapy or conversion therapy provides more surgical opportunities for patients with pancreatic cancer. For these patients, Heidelberg triangle dissection has potential value in improving prognosis. This paper summarizes the exploration and latest progress of standard and extended lymph node dissection, lymph node dissection of specific site of pancreatic head cancer and the extent of lymph node dissection after neoadjuvant/transformation therapy in recent years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Pancreas/pathology , Prognosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 55-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary and secondary pancreatic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: Clinical data of patients with pancreatic DLBCL admitted at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from April 2003 to June 2020 were analyzed. Gene mutation profiles were evaluated by targeted sequencing (55 lymphoma-related genes). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) . Results: Overall, 80 patients were included; 12 patients had primary pancreatic DLBCL (PPDLBCL), and 68 patients had secondary pancreatic DLBCL (SPDLBCL). Compared with those with PPDLBCL, patients with SPDLBCL had a higher number of affected extranodal sites (P<0.001) and had higher IPI scores (P=0.013). There was no significant difference in the OS (P=0.120) and PFS (P=0.067) between the two groups. Multivariate analysis indicated that IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.025) and double expressor (DE) (P=0.017) were independent adverse prognostic factors of OS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.021) was an independent adverse prognostic factor of PFS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. Targeted sequencing of 29 patients showed that the mutation frequency of PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 in patients with pancreatic DLBCL were all >20%. PIM1 (P=0.006 for OS, P=0.032 for PFS) and MYD88 (P=0.001 for OS, P=0.017 for PFS) mutations were associated with poor OS and PFS in patients with SPDLBCL. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the OS and PFS between patients with PPDLBCL and those with SPDLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk and DE were adverse prognostic factors of pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 were common mutations in pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1 and MYD88 mutations indicated worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , Disease-Free Survival , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Prognosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Pancreas/pathology , Immediate-Early Proteins/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
5.
Biol. Res ; 56: 11-11, 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty pancreatitis (NAFP) is one of the metabolic syndrome manifestations that need further studies to determine its molecular determinants and find effective medications. We aimed to investigate the potential effect of benzyl propylene glycoside on NAFP management via targeting the pancreatic cGAS-STING pathway-related genes (DDX58, NFκB1 & CHUK) and their upstream regulator miRNA (miR-1976) that were retrieved from bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: The rats were fed either normal chow or a high-fat high-sucrose diet (HFHS), as a nutritional model for NAFP. After 8 weeks, the HFHS-fed rats were subdivided randomly into 4 groups; untreated HFHS group (NAFP model group) and three treated groups which received 3 doses of benzyl propylene glycoside (10, 20, and 30 mg/kg) daily for 4 weeks, parallel with HFHS feeding. RESULTS: The molecular analysis revealed that benzyl propylene glycoside could modulate the expression of the pancreatic cGAS-STING pathway-related through the downregulation of the expression of DDX58, NFκB1, and CHUK mRNAs and upregulation of miR-1976 expression. Moreover, the applied treatment reversed insulin resistance, inflammation, and fibrosis observed in the untreated NAFP group, as evidenced by improved lipid panel, decreased body weight and the serum level of lipase and amylase, reduced protein levels of NFκB1 and caspase-3 with a significant reduction in area % of collagen fibers in the pancreatic sections of treated animals. CONCLUSION: benzyl propylene glycoside showed a potential ability to attenuate NAFP development, inhibit pancreatic inflammation and fibrosis and reduce the pathological and metabolic disturbances monitored in the applied NAFP animal model. The detected effect was correlated with modulation of the expression of pancreatic (DDX58, NFκB1, and CHUK mRNAs and miR-1976) panel.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Pancreatic Diseases , MicroRNAs , Glycosides/pharmacology , Pancreas/pathology , Fibrosis , Signal Transduction , Models, Animal , Inflammation , Nucleotidyltransferases/metabolism
6.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(7): 966-969, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424150

ABSTRACT

Lipase hypersecretion syndrome (LHS) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome, associated with acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas (ACCP) in 10% to 15% of patients. Clinically, LHS manifests itself with the appearance of subcutaneous fibrocystic nodules, associated with trophic changes in the overlying skin, such as ulcers or fistulas that are difficult to manage, mainly affecting the lower extremities. Additionally, lipolysis near the joints and in the intraosseous adipose tissue can cause bilateral arthralgias, especially of the knees and ankles. We report a 57-year-old man, with a history of insulin resistance and allergic rhinitis, who presented in June 2019 with multiple subcutaneous nodules in the lower extremities, predominantly in both ankles, associated with arthralgia in that region. Additionally, a CT scan of the abdomen revealed a significant abdominal mass, measuring approximately 17 cm and in contact with the body and tail of the pancreas, pathologically compatible with an ACCP. Treatment with capecitabine was started with a favorable progression. The patient currently presents a small left lateral retro malleolar fistula, which, given the analyzes, studies and reviewed literature is concluded to be a lesion in the context of LHS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/complications , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell/complications , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell/pathology , Pancreas/pathology , Acinar Cells/pathology , Abdomen/pathology , Lipase
7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 561-567, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of early abdominal puncture drainage (APD) on autophagy and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and explore the possibile mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two male SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated (SO) group, SAP group with retrograde injection of 4% sodium taurocholate, APD group with insertion of a drainage tube into the lower right abdomen after SAP induction, and APD + ZnPP group with intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg ZnPP 12 h before APD modeling. Blood samples were collected from the rats 12 h after modeling for analysis of amylase and lipase levels and serum inflammatory factors. The pathological changes of the pancreatic tissue were observed with HE staining. Oxidative stress in the pancreatic tissue was detected with colorimetry, and sub-organelle structure and autophagy in pancreatic acinar cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expressions of autophagy-related proteins and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in SAP group, the rats with APD treatment showed significantly alleviated pathologies in the pancreas, reduced serum levels of lipase, amylase and inflammatory factors, lowered levels of oxidative stress, and activated expressions of Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in the pancreas. The ameliorating effect of ADP was significantly inhibited by ZnPP treatment before modeling. APD obviously reversed mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum damages and p62 accumulation induced by SAP.@*CONCLUSION@#APD treatment can suppress oxidative stress and repair impaired autophagy in rats with SAP by activating the Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway, thereby reducing the severity of SAP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Disease , Amylases/blood , Autophagy , Drainage , Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing) , Lipase/blood , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Oxidative Stress , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis/surgery , Punctures , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 286-292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936314

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK Ⅱ) in pancreatic tissues of mice with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and explore the protective effect of KN93, a CaMK Ⅱ inhibitor, against pancreatic injury in SAP and the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six healthy male C57 mice were randomly divided into sham operation group, SAP group, KN93 group and SAP + KN93 group (n=9). Serum and pancreatic tissue samples were collected 24 h after modeling. The pathological changes in the pancreatic tissues were observed using HE staining. Serum lipase and amylase activities and the levels of inflammatory factors were detected using ELISA. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of CaMK Ⅱ, p-CaMK Ⅱ, p-NF-κB, MAPK and p-MAPK in mouse pancreas.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in sham operation group, the expressions of p-CaMK Ⅱ, p-NF-κB and p-MAPK were significantly increased in SAP group (P < 0.05). KN93 treatment obviously alleviated pathological injuries of the pancreas in SAP mice, and significantly lowered serum levels of lipase, amylase and inflammatory factors (TNF-α and IL-6) and phosphorylation levels of NF-κB, ERK and MAPK proteins (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The activity of CaMK Ⅱ is significantly increased in the pancreatic tissue of SAP mice. KN93 can alleviate pancreatic injury and inflammation in SAP mice possibly through the ERK/MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Acute Disease , Inflammation/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis/pathology
9.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 245-251, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359179

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Los quistes hidatídicos primarios pancreáticos son raros por no decir excepcional, siendo en las grandes series su incidencia apenas entre el 0,2 % al 0,3%. Lugar de Aplicación: Servicio de Cirugía General "Pablo Luis Mirizzi" del Hospital Nacional de Clínicas, Sanatorio Allende y Clínica Privada Caraffa de Córdoba. Diseño: Cooperativo, retrospectivo. Material y Método: Entre diciembre de 2000 y diciembre del 2019 han sido tratados quirúrgicamente 9 pacientes con hidatidosis primaria de páncreas, siendo 5 del sexo masculino y los cuatro restantes del sexo femenino, con una edad promedio de 39,4 años. En relación con la clínica, todos los pacientes tenían dolor abdominal, acompañado de vómitos, distensión abdominal y fiebre. En tres presentaban una masa abdominal palpable. A todos se les solicito laboratorio y pruebas de hidatidosis, destacándose en 6 de los 9 pacientes dieron positivo. Resultados: Se estudiaron a todos los pacientes con una ecografía abdominal, TC de abdomen y en un paciente una CPRMN más RMN de abdomen. Se realizaron previamente el tratamiento con abendazol antes del tratamiento quirúrgico en todos los casos. En relación con el tratamiento quirúrgico, se llevó a cabo el destechamiento y drenaje del quiste con la técnica de Mabit-Lagrot en 6 oportunidades y en 3 con la Técnica de Goinard. Conclusión: La localización de los quistes hidatídicos en el páncreas es rara. El diagnóstico se basa fundamentalmente en los estudios por imágenes, además si se correlacionan con la epidemiología y la serología hidatídica positiva. El tratamiento del quiste hidatídico de páncreas es quirúrgico.


Background: Pancreatic primary hydatic cysts are rare not to say exceptional, with their incidence in large series being only 0.2% to 0.3%. Setting: General Surgery Service "Pablo Luis Mirizzi" of the National Hospital of Clinics, Allende Sanatorium and Caraffa Clinic of Córdoba. Design: Retrospective and cooperative. Methods: Between December 2000 and December 2019, 9 patients with primary pancreatic hydatic have been treated surgically, with 5 of the male sex and the remaining four of the female sex, with an average age of 39.4 years. In relation to the clinic, all patients had abdominal pain, accompanied by vomiting, bloating and fever. In three they had a palpable abdominal mass. All were asked for laboratory and hydatic tests, highlighting in 6 of the 9 patients tested positive. Results: All patients with abdominal ultrasound, abdominal CT and a patient were studied for CPRMN plus MRI of the abdomen. Abendazole was previously treated prior to surgical treatment in all cases. In relation to surgical treatment, the traditional unroofing and drainage of the cyst was carried out with the Mabit-Lagrot technique in 6 opportunities and in 3 with the Goinard Technique. Conclusions: The location of hydatic cysts in the pancreas is rare. Diagnosis is based primarily on imaging studies, in addition if they correlate with epidemiology and positive hydatic serology. Treatment of the pancreas hydatic cyst is surgical


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatic Cyst/surgery , Attitude , Punctures , Ultrasonography , Echinococcosis/therapy
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 347-350, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388828

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Reportamos un caso clínico con presentación atípica de una úlcera duodenal benigna que simula el cuadro clínico y radiológico de una neoplasia de páncreas. Materiales y Método: Presentamos el caso de un varón de 83 años que debuta con un cuadro clínico de astenia e ictericia mucocutánea. En estudio de imagen se identifica una masa en cabeza pancreática. En estudio endoscópico se observa úlcera duodenal benigna penetrada a cabeza de páncreas que condiciona obstrucción de vía biliar. Discusión y Conclusiones: El manejo de estos pacientes suele ser quirúrgico porque desarrollan un deterioro asociado a sepsis o perforación. Si la situación clínica lo permite se puede intentar un tratamiento conservador. En nuestro caso el paciente precisó un mes de hospitalización con antibioticoterapia intravenosa de amplio espectro, reposo alimentario, nutrición parenteral y tratamiento con inhibidores de la bomba de protones (IBP) para la resolución del cuadro. La penetración o fistulización a la cabeza del páncreas es una complicación grave e infrecuente de la enfermedad ulcerosa péptica. Su manejo puede ser conservador en casos seleccionados donde no exista perforación de la úlcera a la cavidad peritoneal, ni exista deterioro séptico ni hemodinámico.


Aim: To report an atypical presentation of a benign duodenal ulcer that simulates pancreatic neoplasia. Materials and Method: A case of a 83 years old male patient with astenia and jaundice due to a benign duodenal ulcer penetrating into the pancreas with obstruction of common bile duct. Imagining study identified a pancreatic head mass. The patient required one month admission, receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics, parenteral nutrition and intravenous proton pump inhibitors. Discussion and Conclusion: Due to frequent complications associated to this condition, such as haemodynamic failure, sepsis or free peritoneal perforation, surgery is the main treatment. However, in mild cases, as in our patient, conservative management can be considered. Penetration or fistulization to the head of the pancreas is a rare and serious complication of peptic ulcer disease. Its management can be conservative in selected cases where there is no perforation of the ulcer into the peritoneal cavity, nor septic or hemodynamic deterioration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Pancreas/pathology , Duodenal Ulcer/complications , Duodenal Ulcer/drug therapy , Bile Ducts/pathology , Duodenal Ulcer/diagnostic imaging , Conservative Treatment/methods
11.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 3-9, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1381549

ABSTRACT

La operación de Whipple es el procedimiento quirúrgico de mayor complejidad en cirugía abdominal, este se realiza en pacientes con tumores de la encrucijada pancreatoduodenal, es la única alternativa para tratamiento curativo en fases tempranas de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Determinar los resultados del procedimiento Whipple, en pacientes intervenidos con tumores de la encrucijada pancreatoduodenal en el Hospital General de Enfermedades del Instituto Guatemalteco de Seguridad Social, en el periodo de enero 2,015 a enero 2,020. Método: Descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo. Resultados: Se incluyeron 42 procedimientos de Whipple, 29 (69%) casos del género masculino y 13 (31%) para el género femenino. La edad media fue de 61.5 años, el 54% presentaban comorbilidad asociada. El 24% utilizo transfusión transoperatoria de hemoderivados, el tiempo quirúrgico de 5.5 horas. La reintervención fue del 4.7%. Complicaciones postoperatorias tempranas 18%. La histología más común fue el carcinoma de cabeza de páncreas en el 43%. La mortalidad postoperatoria temprana fue del 4.7%. El OR de complicaciones asociadas a comorbilidades fue de 1.7 con un IC 0.3046-7.20 y un valor de P: 0.9251 que no es estadísticamente significativo. Conclusiones: Los tumores pancreatoduodenales en nuestra población se presentan en edades más tempranas a lo reportado. La morbimortalidad es similar a lo reportado en otros estudios a nivel latinoamericano, sin embargo las complicaciones están más elevadas que las mejores series internacionales. No existe asociación entre el riesgo de complicaciones con comorbilidades del paciente. (AU)


Whipple operation is the most complex surgical procedure in abdominal surgery, it's performed in patients with tumors of the pancreaticoduodenal crossroads, it is the only alternative for curative treatment in early stages of the disease. Objective: To determine the results of the Whipple procedure in patients operated on with tumors of the ancreaticoduodenal crossroads at the Hospital General de Enfermedades del IGSS in the period from January 2015 to January 2020. Method: Descriptive, observational, retrospective. Results: fourtytwo Whipple procedures were included, 29 (69%) cases of the male gender and 13 (31%) for the female gender. The mean age was 61.5 years, 54% had associated comorbidity. Twentyfour percent used intraoperative transfusion of blood products and surgical time of 5.5 hours. Reoperation was 4.7% with early postoperative complications of 18%. The most common histology was carcinoma of the head of the pancreas in 43%. Early postoperative mortality was 4.7%. The OR of complications associated with comorbidities was 1.7 with a CI 0.3046-7.20 and a P value: 0.9251, which is not statistically significant. Conclusions: Pancreaticoduodenal tumors in our population present at an earlier age than reported. Morbidity and mortality is similar to that reported in other studies. There is no association between the risk of complications with patient comorbidities. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/mortality , Adenoma, Islet Cell/surgery , Pancreatitis/surgery , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis
12.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 337-342, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279749

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La hiperplasia de células neuroendocrinas pancreáticas es una patología donde se produce un aumen to en el número de células de los islotes de Langerhans y a veces puede simular un proceso tumoral. Caso clínico: presentamos el caso de un paciente con tumor sólido de cola de páncreas, sintomático, al que se le realizó esplenopancreatectomía corporocaudal laparoscópica. El resultado anatomopatoló gico posterior informó una hiperplasia neuroendocrina. Conclusión: la hiperplasia de células neuroen docrinas debería considerarse en el diagnóstico diferencial de tumores sólidos de páncreas. La alterna tiva quirúrgica laparoscópica es factible cuando no es posible establecer el diagnóstico prequirúrgico con estudios de imágenes o biopsia.


ABSTRACT Pancreatic endocrine cell hyperplasia is defined as an increase in the number of cells of Langerhans islets and can sometimes mimic a tumoral process. Case report: a male patient with a symptomatic solid tail of pancreas tumor underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy. The pathological examination reported neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia. Conclusion: pancreatic endocrine cell hyperplasia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of solid pancreatic tumors. Laparoscopic surgery is feasible when the preoperative diagnosis with imaging tests of biopsy is not possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatectomy/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pancreas/anatomy & histology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography , Laparoscopy , Neuroendocrine Cells , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Hyperplasia/diagnosis
13.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(3): e2020171, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131828

ABSTRACT

The pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) most commonly present as solid neoplasms; however, very rarely, they may present primarily as cystic neoplasms. Most of the cystic PanNETs are non-secreting tumors, and the radiological features are not well defined. Hence pre-operative diagnosis is usually challenging and the tumors are misdiagnosed as mucinous cystic neoplasms, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, serous cystic neoplasms, solid pseudopapillary neoplasms, and non-neoplastic cysts. However, the management depends on the accurate diagnosis of these cystic lesions, which poses a dilemma. Herein, we report the case of a cystic PanNET in the tail of the pancreas, which was clinically and radiologically misdiagnosed as a mucinous cystic neoplasm. This case is reported to highlight this issue to the medical community regarding the diagnostic difficulty in such rare non-functioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Cyst/diagnosis , Neuroendocrine Tumors/diagnosis , Pancreatic Intraductal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pancreas/pathology , Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous/diagnosis , Rare Diseases , Diagnostic Errors
14.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(4): e1554, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152626

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: It is important to obtain representative histological samples of solid biliopancreatic lesions without a clear indication for resection. The role of new needles in such task is yet to be determined. Aim: To compare performance assessment between 20G double fine needle biopsy (FNB) and conventional 22G fine needle aspiration (FNA) needles for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biopsy. Methods: This prospective study examined 20 patients who underwent the random puncture of solid pancreatic lesions with both needles and the analysis of tissue samples by a single pathologist. Results: The ProCore 20G FNB needle provided more adequate tissue samples (16 vs. 9, p=0.039) with better cellularity quantitative scores (11 vs. 5, p=0.002) and larger diameter of the histological sample (1.51±1.3 mm vs. 0.94±0.55 mm, p=0.032) than the 22G needle. The technical success, puncture difficulty, and sample bleeding were similar between groups. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy were 88.9%, 100%, and 90% and 77.8%, 100%, and 78.9% for the 20G and 22G needles, respectively. Conclusions: The samples obtained with the ProCore 20G FNB showed better histological parameters; although there was no difference in the diagnostic performance between the two needles, these findings may improve pathologist performance.


RESUMO Racional: As lesões sólidas pancreáticas não ressecáveis cirurgicamente demandam boa amostragem tecidual para definição histológica e condução oncológica . O papel das novas agulhas de ecopunção no aprimoramento diagnóstico ainda necessita elucidação. Objetivo: Comparar as biópsias guiadas por ecoendoscoopia com a nova agulha 20G de bisel frontal duplo (FNB) com a agulha de aspiração fina 22G convencional. Métodos: Este estudo prospectivo avaliou 20 pacientes submetidos à punção de lesões pancreáticas sólidas com ambas agulhas e envolveu análise de amostras teciduais por um único patologista. Resultados: A agulha FNB 20G forneceu amostras de tecido mais adequadas (16 vs. 9, p=0,039) com melhores escores quantitativos de celularidade (11 vs. 5, p=0,002) e maior diâmetro máximo da amostra histológica (1,51±1,3 mm vs. 0,94±0,55 mm, p=0,032) que a agulha 22G. O sucesso técnico, dificuldade de punção e sangramento da amostra foram semelhantes entre os grupos. A sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia diagnóstica foram 88,9%, 100% e 90% e 77,8%, 100% e 78,9% para as agulhas 20G e 22G, respectivamente. Conclusão: As amostras obtidas com a FNB 20G apresentaram melhores parâmetros histológicos, embora não tenha havido diferença no desempenho diagnóstico entre as duas agulhas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/standards , Needles/classification , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/instrumentation , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/methods , Needles/adverse effects
15.
Acta méd. costarric ; 61(1): 13-21, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-983714

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pancreatitis aguda es un trastorno intracelular del calcio en las células pancreáticas, el cual constituye la vía final común de múltiples estímulos etiopatogénicos y puede desencadenar cambios necroinflamatorios locales, efectos multisistémicos y compromiso en órganos distantes. Todo esto lleva a los pacientes a múltiples complicaciones por disfunción orgánica e infección. El diagnóstico adecuado y oportuno, el abordaje según severidad y la optimización de la terapia nutricional, así como una adecuada analgésica, reanimación hídroelectrolítica, detección de disfunción orgánica y de complicaciones locales e infecciosas, determinan el desenlace clínico de dicha patología. Se realizó una revisión narrativa incluyendo estudios clínicos, guías de manejo, protocolos y revisiones pertinentes, y se aporta un enfoque desde el punto de vista de medicina crítica para el abordaje inicial de esta patología.


Abstract Acute pancreatitis is an intracellular calcium disorder in pancreatic cells, which constitutes the final common pathway of multiple etiopathogenic stimuli and can trigger local necroinflammatory changes, multisystemic effects and compromise distant organs. All of this leads to multiple complications due to organ dysfunction and infection in patients. The adequate and opportune diagnosis, the approach according to severity and the optimization of the nutritional therapy; as well as an adequate analgesic, hydroelectrolytic resuscitation, the detection of organic dysfunction and of local and infectious complications, determine the clinical outcome of this pathology. A narrative review was carried out including clinical studies, management guidelines, protocols and reviews. An initial approach for this pathology, from the critical medicine point of view, is provided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis/complications , Peritonitis/pathology , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing , Necrosis
16.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(3): e17669, 2018. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974396

ABSTRACT

Olanzapine and risperidone are widely prescribed atypical antipsychotics used in the treatment of schizophrenia and various other psychiatric disorders. Both of these drugs have been extensively reported to cause Type 2 diabetes mellitus and pancreatitis, however, the mechanism of olanzapine and risperidone-induced toxicity has not been so far unveiled. We, therefore, compared the streptozocin-induced pancreatic damage with that of pancreas isolated from olanzapine and risperidone treated rats. It was noticed that fibrotic growth, necrosis and derangement of the pancreatic islet cells caused by streptozocin were more pronounced than olanzapine and risperidone.


Subject(s)
Pancreas/pathology , Benchmarking/statistics & numerical data , Antipsychotic Agents/analysis , Risperidone/pharmacokinetics
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(6): e7238, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889106

ABSTRACT

Ulomoides dermestoides is a beetle traditionally consumed to treat diabetes. In this study, we performed a composition analysis of U. dermestoides to obtain the principal fractions, which were used to assess the effect on glycemia, liver and pancreatic architecture, and PPARγ and GLUT4 expression. Normal mice and alloxan-induced diabetic mice were administered fractions of chitin, protein or fat, and the acute hypoglycemic effect was evaluated. A subacute study involving daily administration of these fractions to diabetic mice was also performed over 30 days, after which the liver and pancreas were processed by conventional histological techniques and stained with hematoxylin and eosin to evaluate morphological changes. The most active fraction, the fat fraction, was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and PPARγ and GLUT4 mRNA expressions were determined in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The protein and fat fractions exhibited hypoglycemic effects in the acute as well as in the 30-day study. Only the fat fraction led to elevated insulin levels and reduced glycemia, as well as lower intake of water and food. In the liver, we observed recovery of close hepatic cords in the central lobule vein following treatment with the fat fraction, while in the pancreas there was an increased density and percentage of islets and number of cells per islet, suggesting cellular regeneration. The GC-MS analysis of fat revealed three fatty acids as the major components. Finally, increased expression of PPARγ and GLUT4 was observed in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, indicating an antidiabetic effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Pancreas/drug effects , Tissue Extracts/therapeutic use , Coleoptera/chemistry , Fat Body/chemistry , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Liver/drug effects , Pancreas/metabolism , Pancreas/pathology , Tissue Extracts/isolation & purification , RNA, Messenger/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , PPAR gamma/drug effects , PPAR gamma/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Glucose Transporter Type 4/drug effects , Glucose Transporter Type 4/metabolism , Hypoglycemic Agents/isolation & purification , Liver/metabolism , Liver/pathology , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
18.
Clinics ; 73: e49, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The number of pancreatic transplants has decreased in recent years. Pancreatic grafts have been underutilized compared to other solid grafts. One cause of discard is the macroscopic appearance of the pancreas, especially the presence of fatty infiltration. The current research is aimed at understanding any graft-related association between fatty tissue infiltration of the pancreas and liver steatosis. METHODS: From August 2013 to August 2014, a prospective cross-sectional clinical study using data from 54 multiple deceased donor organs was performed. RESULTS: Micro- and macroscopic liver steatosis were significantly correlated with the donor body mass index ([BMI]; p=0.029 and p=0.006, respectively). Positive gamma associations between pancreatic and liver macroscopic and microscopic findings (0.98; confidence interval [CI]: 0.95-1 and 0.52; CI 0.04-1, respectively) were observed. Furthermore, comparisons of liver microscopy findings showed significant differences between severe versus absent (p<0.001), severe versus mild (p<0.001), and severe versus moderate classifications (p<0.001). The area under the receiver operating curve was 0.94 for the diagnosis of steatosis by BMI evaluation using a cut-off BMI of 27.5 kg/m2, which yielded 100% sensitivity, 87% specificity, and 100% negative predictive value. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a positive association of macroscopic and microscopic histopathological findings in steatotic livers with adipose infiltration of pancreatic grafts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Pancreas/pathology , Adipose Tissue/pathology , Fatty Liver/pathology , Liver/pathology , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Biopsy , Body Mass Index , Adipose Tissue/transplantation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Pancreas Transplantation , Area Under Curve , Parenchymal Tissue/pathology , Liver/ultrastructure
19.
Clinics ; 73: e261, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890756

ABSTRACT

Our aim in this study was to compare the efficiency of 25G versus 22G needles in diagnosing solid pancreatic lesions by EUS-FNA. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. Studies were identified in five databases using an extensive search strategy. Only randomized trials comparing 22G and 25G needles were included. The results were analyzed by fixed and random effects. A total of 504 studies were found in the search, among which 4 randomized studies were selected for inclusion in the analysis. A total of 462 patients were evaluated (233: 25G needle/229: 22G needle). The diagnostic sensitivity was 93% for the 25G needle and 91% for the 22G needle. The specificity of the 25G needle was 87%, and that of the 22G needle was 83%. The positive likelihood ratio was 4.57 for the 25G needle and 4.26 for the 22G needle. The area under the sROC curve for the 25G needle was 0.9705, and it was 0.9795 for the 22G needle, with no statistically significant difference between them (p=0.497). Based on randomized studies, this meta-analysis did not demonstrate a significant difference between the 22G and 25G needles used during EUS-FNA in the diagnosis of solid pancreatic lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/instrumentation , Needles/standards , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Likelihood Functions , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Sensitivity and Specificity , Efficiency , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/standards , Data Accuracy
20.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 20(2): 109-115, jan-mar. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-879684

ABSTRACT

O pâncreas é conhecido como uma glândula mista, uma vez que atua tanto na secreção de enzimas digestivas através de sua porção exócrina, quanto na secreção de insulina e glucagon pela porção endócrina. Envolvendo a porção exócrina, nos cães a principal alteração evidenciada é a pancreatite, enquanto que no pâncreas endócrino a principal moléstia é o Diabetes mellitus. Não obstante, o pâncreas pode ser acometido por diversas patologias, dentre elas neoplasias, processos isquêmicos, traumas ou ainda por doenças idiopáticas. Dessa forma, o diagnóstico das disfunções deste órgão torna-se um desafio na Medicina Veterinária, tornando relevante a realização de maiores estudos acerca deste tema. Tendo em vista que abordagens sobre as patologias pancreáticas em cães são escassas, propõe-se assim a realização de uma revisão de literatura mensurando as principais enfermidades pancreáticas diagnosticadas em cães.(AU)


The pancreas is known as a mixed gland, since it acts both in the secretion of digestive enzymes through its exocrine portion, and in the secretion of insulin and glucagon through its endocrine portion. Pancreatitis is main disease developed in the pancreas exocrine portion in dogs, while Diabetes mellitus is the main disease in the endocrine portion. Nevertheless, the pancreas may be affected by several pathologies, among them neoplasms, ischemic processes, injuries or idiopathic diseases. The diagnosis of disorders in this organ becomes a challenge in veterinary medicine, thus the relevance of holding further studies on this subject. Considering the scarcity of approaches on pancreatic diseases in dogs, this study proposes to hold a literature review, addressing the major pancreatic diseases diagnosed in dogs.(AU)


El páncreas es conocido como una glándula mixta, una vez que actúa en la secreción de enzimas digestivas a través de su porción exocrina, así como en la secreción de insulina y glucagón por la porción endocrina. Involucrando la porción exocrina, en perros, la principal alteración observada es la pancreatitis, mientras que en el páncreas endócrino la molestia más común es el Diabetes mellitus. Sin embargo, el páncreas puede ser afectado por diversas patologías, tales como neoplasias, procesos isquémicos, traumas o por trastornos idiopáticos. De este modo, el diagnóstico de las disfunciones de este órgano se convierte en un reto para la Medicina Veterinaria, haciendo relevante la realización de nuevos estudios sobre este tema. Teniendo en cuenta que los enfoques sobre enfermedades pancreáticas en perros son escasos, se propone la realización de una revisión de literatura abordando las principales enfermedades pancreáticas diagnosticadas en perros.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dogs , Pancreas/pathology , Review
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