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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 260-267, 20240220. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532615

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La fístula pancreática postoperatoria es una de las complicaciones más importantes en la cirugía hepatobiliopancreática. Su diagnóstico se hace mediante la presencia de un nivel de amilasa en el líquido de drenaje al menos tres veces por encima del valor de la amilasa en suero a partir del tercer día postoperatorio. El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar los pacientes con fístula pancreática postoperatoria en nuestra institución, evaluando la importancia de la detección temprana y el establecimiento de un manejo oportuno. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, que incluyó los pacientes sometidos a pancreatoduodenectomía, con diagnóstico de fístula pancreática postoperatoria como complicación de cirugía hepatobiliopancreática, en el Hospital Internacional de Colombia, en Piedecuesta, entre enero del 2017 y diciembre de 2020. Se excluyeron los pacientes con otro tipo procedimiento quirúrgico y aquellos que decidieron no participar en el estudio. Resultados. Se evaluaron 69 pacientes, con un predominio del sexo femenino (n=38; 55,1 %) y mediana de la edad de 57 años. El 33,3 % (n=24) de los pacientes intervenidos desarrollaron fístula pancreática postoperatoria, siendo el 23,2 % fuga bioquímica, grado B 8,7 % y grado C 2,9 %, para quienes se indicaron manejo expectante, control ecográfico y reintervención, respectivamente. Fallecieron 5 pacientes (7,2 %). Conclusiones. La fístula pancreáticapostoperatoria es una complicación para tener en cuenta en todos los pacientes sometidos a pancreatoduodenectomía. Existen estrategias que pueden permitir disminuir la incidencia de esta complicación, con el fin de mejorar el desenlace, el pronóstico y la morbilidad posquirúrgica.


Introduction. Postoperative pancreatic fistula is one of the most important complications in hepatobiliopancreatic surgery. Its diagnosis is made by the presence of an amylase level in the drainage fluid at least three times above the serum amylase value from the third postoperative day. The objective of this study was to characterize patients with postoperative pancreatic fistula at our institution, evaluating the importance of early detection and to establish a timely management. Methods. Descriptive, retrospective study that included patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy with a diagnosis of postoperative pancreatic fistula as a complication of hepatobiliopancreatic surgery at the Hospital Internacional Colombia, between January 2017 and December 2020. Patients with another type of procedure performed by this specialty and those who did not decide to participate in the study were excluded. Results. A total of 69 patients were included, the median age was 57 years with a predominance of females (n=38; 55.1%). 33.3% (n=24) of the operated patients developed postoperative pancreatic fistula, with 23.2% having a biochemical leak, grade B in 8.7% and grade C in 2.9%, for whom expectant management, ultrasound control and reintervention were indicated, respectively. Five patients died (7.2%). Conclusions. Pancreatic fistula is a complication to take into account in all patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy. There are strategies that can reduce the incidence of this complication and thus improve not only the outcome but also the prognosis and postoperative morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreas , Pancreatic Fistula , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Postoperative Complications , Pancreaticoduodenectomy
2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 85-95, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010271

ABSTRACT

Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases affecting the health of human beings. With limited therapeutic options available, complementary and alternative medicine has been widely adopted in cancer management and is increasingly becoming accepted by both patients and healthcare workers alike. Chinese medicine characterized by its unique diagnostic and treatment system is the most widely applied complementary and alternative medicine. It emphasizes symptoms and ZHENG (syndrome)-based treatment combined with contemporary disease diagnosis and further stratifies patients into individualized medicine subgroups. As a representative cancer with the highest degree of malignancy, pancreatic cancer is traditionally classified into the "amassment and accumulation". Emerging perspectives define the core pathogenesis of pancreatic cancer as "dampness-heat" and the respective treatment "clearing heat and resolving dampness" has been demonstrated to prolong survival in pancreatic cancer patients, as has been observed in many other cancers. This clinical advantage encourages an exploration of the essence of dampness-heat ZHENG (DHZ) in cancer and investigation into underlying mechanisms of action of herbal formulations against dampness-heat. However, at present, there is a lack of understanding of the molecular characteristics of DHZ in cancer and no standardized and widely accepted animal model to study this core syndrome in vivo. The shortage of animal models limits the ability to uncover the antitumor mechanisms of herbal medicines and to assess the safety profile of the natural products derived from them. This review summarizes the current research on DHZ in cancer in terms of the clinical aspects, molecular landscape, and animal models. This study aims to provide comprehensive insight that can be used for the establishment of a future standardized ZHENG-based cancer animal model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Hot Temperature , Pancreatic Neoplasms/therapy , Models, Animal , Syndrome
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 408-420, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007638

ABSTRACT

As pancreatic cancer (PC) is highly malignant, its patients tend to develop metastasis at an early stage and show a poor response to conventional chemotherapies. First-line chemotherapies for PC, according to current guidelines, include fluoropyrimidine- and gemcitabine-based regimens. Accumulating research on drug resistance has shown that biochemical metabolic aberrations in PC, especially those involving glycolysis and glutamine metabolism, are highly associated with chemoresistance. Additionally, lipid metabolism is a major factor in chemoresistance. However, emerging compounds that target these key metabolic pathways have the potential to overcome chemoresistance. This review summarizes how PC develops chemoresistance through aberrations in biochemical metabolism and discusses novel critical targets and pathways within cancer metabolism for new drug research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gemcitabine , Deoxycytidine/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Metabolic Reprogramming , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/drug therapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor
4.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 51-56, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006403

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The benefits of rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of solid masses have not been convincingly shown in large, randomized trials. New equipment using EUS-guided fine needle biopsy (FNB) allows for more material to be acquired that may obviate the need for ROSE. This study aimed to evaluate if EUS-FNB without ROSE was non-inferior to EUS-FNA with ROSE in solid pancreatic masses (SPMs). @*Methods@#Patients with SPMs requiring tissue sampling were randomly assigned to undergo either EUS-FNA with ROSE or EUS-FNB without ROSE. The touch-imprint cytology technique was used to perform ROSE. The primary endpoint was diagnostic accuracy and secondary endpoints were specimen quality, complication rates, and procedure time. @*Results@#Seventy-eight patients were randomized and analyzed (39 EUS-FNA with ROSE and 39 EUS-FNB without ROSE). Non-significantly different diagnostic accuracies were noted in both groups (97% with ROSE and 100% without ROSE, P < 0.371). The bloodiness of histologic samples and complication rates were not significantly different between groups. A significantly shorter mean sampling procedural time was noted for EUS-FNB over EUS-FNA with ROSE (30.4 ± 10.4 vs 35.8 ± 9.8 minutes, P < .02). @*Conclusions@#EUS-FNB demonstrated equal diagnostic accuracy with shorter procedure times in evaluating SPMs compared to EUS-FNA with ROSE. These new-generation FNB needles may obviate the need for ROSE.


Subject(s)
Pancreatic Neoplasms
5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 51-64, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010597

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is among the most malignant cancers, and thus early intervention is the key to better survival outcomes. However, no methods have been derived that can reliably identify early precursors of development into malignancy. Therefore, it is urgent to discover early molecular changes during pancreatic tumorigenesis. As aberrant glycosylation is closely associated with cancer progression, numerous efforts have been made to mine glycosylation changes as biomarkers for diagnosis; however, detailed glycoproteomic information, especially site-specific N-glycosylation changes in pancreatic cancer with and without drug treatment, needs to be further explored. Herein, we used comprehensive solid-phase chemoenzymatic glycoproteomics to analyze glycans, glycosites, and intact glycopeptides in pancreatic cancer cells and patient sera. The profiling of N-glycans in cancer cells revealed an increase in the secreted glycoproteins from the primary tumor of MIA PaCa-2 cells, whereas human sera, which contain many secreted glycoproteins, had significant changes of glycans at their specific glycosites. These results indicated the potential role for tumor-specific glycosylation as disease biomarkers. We also found that AMG-510, a small molecule inhibitor against Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) G12C mutation, profoundly reduced the glycosylation level in MIA PaCa-2 cells, suggesting that KRAS plays a role in the cellular glycosylation process, and thus glycosylation inhibition contributes to the anti-tumor effect of AMG-510.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glycosylation , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/metabolism , Glycoproteins , Mass Spectrometry , Biomarkers/metabolism , Polysaccharides
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(6): e202202857, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518596

ABSTRACT

Las neoplasias de páncreas son una entidad poco frecuente en pediatría; el tumor pseudopapilar de páncreas (TSP) es el más comúnmente diagnosticado. Habitualmente, se localizan en la cabeza del páncreas. La cirugía de Whipple o pancreatoduodenectomía es la técnica elegida para el tratamiento de los tumores benignos o malignos de páncreas. Si bien la mortalidad conocida ha descendido en los últimos años, debido a la mayor experiencia de los cirujanos y al mejor cuidado pre- y posoperatorio, la morbilidad se ha mantenido elevada secundaria a las complicaciones asociadas. Dentro de estas se destacan retardo en el vaciamiento gástrico, colecciones intraabdominales, fístula pancreática, reestenosis del sitio quirúrgico y hemorragia pospancreatectomía. Se presenta el caso clínico de una niña de 13 años con diagnóstico de TSP que recibió tratamiento quirúrgico efectivo desde el punto de vista oncológico, pero que requirió una internación prolongada secundaria a las complicaciones quirúrgicas.


Pancreatic neoplasms are rare in pediatrics; the pseudopapillary tumor (PPT) of the pancreas is the most common. PPTs of the pancreas are usually located in the head of the pancreas. A pancreaticoduodenectomy or Whipple procedure is the technique of choice for the treatment of benign or malignant pancreatic tumors. Although mortality for this cause has decreased in recent years, due to the greater experience of surgeons and improved pre- and postoperative care, morbidity has remained high secondary to associated complications. These include delayed gastric emptying, intra-abdominal collections, pancreatic fistula, surgical site restenosis, and post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage. Here we describe the clinical case of a 13-year-old girl diagnosed with PPT of the pancreas who underwent an effective surgery in terms of cancer treatment, but who required a prolonged hospitalization secondary to surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Pancreatectomy/adverse effects , Pancreatectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/etiology
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1550-1557, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521030

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de células renales (CCR) a nivel mundial presenta una incidencia de 431.288 casos anuales, causando 179.368 muertes en 2020. Sin embargo, a pesar de su incidencia, el desarrollo de metástasis pancreática (MP) de un RCC es un hecho inusual. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue reportar el caso de una paciente con una MP metacrónica de un CCR. Se trata de una paciente de 56 años, sexo femenino, nefrectomizada derecha hace 132 meses por un CCR, en adyuvancia con inmunoterapia. En un control imagenológico de rutina, se le pesquisó una lesión de aspecto tumoral en el cuerpo y cola del páncreas. Se intervino quirúrgicamente, realizándose una pancreatectomía córporo-caudal con preservación esplénica. Evolucionó de forma satisfactoria, sin complicaciones, siendo dada de alta al 4º día de su cirugía. El informe del estudio de la pieza operatoria con estudio inmunohistoquímico concluyó que se trataba de una MP de CCR. La paciente se encuentra en buenas condiciones generales y reinició quimioterapia con anticuerpos monoclonales. El seguimiento frecuente y prolongado de pacientes con antecedentes de CCR, facilita un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno de MP facilitando el mejor pronóstico de los pacientes, con tasas más altas de supervivencia.


SUMMARY: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) worldwide has an incidence of 431,288 cases per year, causing 179,368 deaths in 2020. However, despite its incidence, the development of pancreatic metastasis (MP) from RCC is unusual. The aim of this manuscript was to report the case of a patient with a PM of a RCC. This is a 56-year-old female patient, underwent right nephrectomy 132 months earlier for RCC. While she was in adjuvant immunotherapy, in a routine imaging control, it was found a tumor lesion in the body and the tail of the pancreas. So, she underwent surgery, performing a corpora-caudal pancreatectomy with splenic preservation. Postoperative evolution was correct, without complications, and she was discharged on the 4th day after surgery. The report of the study of the surgical piece with an immunohistochemical study included, conclusive of PM of RCC. Currently, the patient is in good general condition and restarted chemotherapy with monoclonal antibodies. Frequent and prolonged follow-up of patients with a history of RCC facilitates timely diag- nosis and treatment of PM, facilitating the best prognosis for patients, with higher survival rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/secondary , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/secondary , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 724-731, 20230906. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511129

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Un biomarcador se define como una alteración molecular presente en el desarrollo de la patogénesis del cáncer, que puede ser utilizada para el diagnóstico temprano de la enfermedad. La medición del biomarcador se hace por medio de diversas técnicas, como bioquímica, inmunohistoquímica o biología molecular, en diferentes tipos de muestras, como tejido, sangre periférica y orina. El biomarcador ideal será aquel que sea válido y específico a la vez, que sea no invasivo, barato y fácilmente detectable. El uso de biomarcadores para la detección temprana del cáncer debe seguir un desarrollo ordenado y sistemático antes de introducirlos en la práctica clínica. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda exhaustiva en las bases de datos de PubMed y Embase, seleccionando los artículos pertinentes para revisarlos acorde a la temática específica de interés. Resultados. Se propone la sistematización del desarrollo de biomarcadores en cinco grandes fases, las cuales tienen la característica de ser ordenadas desde las evidencias más tempranas hasta las fases finales de su estudio. Conclusiones. El correcto desarrollo de biomarcadores hace posible la introducción de intervenciones terapéuticas en el ámbito de la prevención secundaria del cáncer.


Introduction. A biomarker can be defined as a molecular alteration present in the development of cancer pathogenesis which can be used for early diagnosis of the disease. The measurement of the biomarker can be carried out through various techniques such as biochemistry, immunohistochemistry, molecular biology, in different types of samples such as tissue, peripheral blood, and urine. The ideal biomarker will be one that is valid and specific while is non-invasive, cheap, and easily detectable. The use of biomarkers for the early detection of cancer must follow an orderly and systematic development before introducing them into clinical practice. Methods. An exhaustive search was performed in PubMed and Embase databases, selecting the relevant articles according to the specific topic of interest. Results. Systematization of the development of biomarkers in five large phases is proposed, which has the characteristic of being ordered from the earliest evidence to the final phases of their study. Conclusions. The correct development of biomarkers makes possible the introduction of therapeutic interventions in the field of secondary prevention of cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Early Diagnosis , Secondary Prevention , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Biliary Tract Neoplasms , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(2): 181-187, set 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516183

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o câncer é um grave problema de saúde pública, considerado a segunda causa de óbitos no Brasil. Devido à sua relevância, é indispensável um controle eficiente dos casos através do acompanhamento da taxa de mortalidade. Dessa forma, o trabalho analisou a evolução da mortalidade por câncer para as localizações primárias mais frequentes, segundo sexo, durante o período de 2010 a 2020. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo observacional descritivo, no qual os dados foram obtidos através do Atlas On-line de Mortalidade por Câncer. Os dados colhidos correspondem ao número de óbitos estratificados por tipo de câncer mais frequente, por ano estudado e por sexo, além das taxas de mortalidade específica bruta e a taxa de mortalidade ajustada por idade para o sexo masculino e feminino, para cada tipo de câncer em estudo, considerando a população padrão mundial, sendo avaliado por regressão linear a significância da tendência temporal. Resultados: no Brasil, no período de 2010 a 2020, as neoplasias mais frequentes em mulheres foram câncer de mama, câncer nos brônquios e pulmões, câncer no colo do útero, câncer no cólon e no pâncreas e em homens foram brônquios e pulmões, câncer de próstata, câncer de estômago, de esôfago e no fígado e vias biliares, sendo observado uma tendência crescente na taxa de mortalidade em mulheres e decrescente na taxa de mortalidade em homens. Conclusão: os resultados demonstram um possível comprometimento com a notificação durante o período de pandemia por Covid-19 e um possível rastreamento ainda deficiente de câncer na população masculina.


Introduction: cancer is a severe public health problem, considered the second cause of death in Brazil. Due to its relevance, efficient control of cases by monitoring the mortality rate is essential. Thus, the work analysed the evolution of cancer mortality for the most frequent primary locations, according to sex, from 2010 to 2020. Methodology: this is a descriptive observational study in which data were obtained through the Atlas Online Cancer Mortality Report. The data collected correspond to the number of deaths stratified by the most frequent type of cancer, by year studied and by sex, in addition to the crude specific mortality rates and the age-adjusted mortality rate for males and females, for each type of cancer. Understudy, considering the standard world population, the significance of the temporal trend is evaluated by linear regression. Results: in Brazil, from 2010 to 2020, the most frequent neoplasms in women were breast cancer, bronchial and lung cancer, cervical cancer, colon and pancreas cancer and in men, they were bronchial and lung cancer, cancer prostate, stomach, oesophagal and liver and biliary tract cancer, with an increasing trend in the mortality rate in women and a decreasing trend in the mortality rate in men. Conclusion: the results demonstrate a possible compromise with notification during the Covid-19 pandemic and a possible still poor screening of cancer in the male population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Death , Neoplasms , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prostatic Neoplasms , Stomach Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms , Esophageal Neoplasms , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Liver Neoplasms , Lung Neoplasms
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536314

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de páncreas constituye un problema de salud debido al diagnóstico tardío, su agresividad biológica y la ausencia de un tratamiento sistémico efectivo. Objetivo: Caracterizar clínica, epidemiológica, histológica y anatómicamente a pacientes con cáncer de páncreas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de casos clínicos, en pacientes con cáncer de páncreas que acudieron al Hospital Oncológico Conrado Benítez; de Santiago de Cuba, en el período comprendido diciembre 2017 hasta diciembre 2018. El universo estuvo conformado por el total de los pacientes de ambos sexos, cuya cifra ascendió a 19 que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: No existió predominio significativo según el sexo, prevaleció el grupo de edades entre 61-70 años en un 31,6 por ciento, el 84,2 por ciento de los pacientes presentó como factor de riesgo la dieta rica en grasas y pobre en verduras y el tabaquismo, en el 63,2 por ciento coexistió la hipertensión arterial, la pérdida de peso fue el signo que sobresalió en el 79,0 por ciento. El 47,4 por ciento se les diagnosticó adenocarcinoma poco diferenciado, siendo la localización más frecuente de los tumores (31,6 por ciento) la cabeza del páncreas. Conclusiones: El cáncer de páncreas es una enfermedad maligna que se relacionada con la edad y sus síntomas se manifiestan tardíamente, se asocia con la presencia de factores de riesgo por lo que es necesario identificarlos precozmente, modificarlos y/o atenuarlos(AU)


Introduction: Pancreatic cancer constitutes a health problem due to late diagnosis, its biological aggressiveness and the absence of effective systemic treatment. Objective: To clinically, epidemiologically, histologically and anatomically characterize patients with pancreatic cancer. Methods: A descriptive study of clinical cases was carried out in patients with pancreatic cancer who attended the Conrado Benítez; Oncological Hospital of Santiago de Cuba, in the period from December 2017 to December 2018. The universe was made up of the total number of patients of both genders, which amounted to 19 meeting the inclusion criteria. Results: There was no significant predominance according to gender, the age group between 61-70 years prevailed in 31.6 percent, 84.2 percent of patients presented as risk factor the diet rich in fat and poor in vegetables and smoking, in 63.2 percent coexisted arterial hypertension, weight loss was the sign that stood out in 79.0 percent. The 47.4 percent were diagnosed with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, being the pancreatic head the most frequent location of the tumors (31.6 percent). Conclusions: Pancreatic cancer is an age-related malignant disease and its symptoms manifest late that is associated with the presence of risk factors, so it is necessary to identify them early, modify and/or attenuate them(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pancreatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Weight Loss , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 755-763, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a non-contrast CT-based algorithm for automated and accurate detection of pancreatic lesions at a low cost.@*METHODS@#With Faster RCNN as the benchmark model, an advanced Faster RCNN (aFaster RCNN) model for pancreatic lesions detection based on plain CT was constructed. The model uses the residual connection network Resnet50 as the feature extraction module to extract the deep image features of pancreatic lesions. According to the morphology of pancreatic lesions, 9 anchor frame sizes were redesigned to construct the RPN module. A new Bounding Box regression loss function was proposed to constrain the training process of RPN module regression subnetwork by comprehensively considering the constraints of the lesion shape and anatomical structure. Finally, a detection frame was generated using the detector in the second stage. The data from a total of 728 cases of pancreatic diseases from 4 clinical centers in China were used for training (518 cases, 71.15%) and testing (210 cases, 28.85%) of the model. The performance of aFaster RCNN was verified through ablation experiments and comparison experiments with 3 classical target detection models SSD, YOLO and CenterNet.@*RESULTS@#The aFaster RCNN model for pancreatic lesion detection achieved recall rates of 73.64% at the image level and 92.38% at the patient level, with an average precision of 45.29% and 53.80% at the image and patient levels, respectively, which were higher than those of the 3 models for comparison.@*CONCLUSION@#The proposed method can effectively extract the imaging features of pancreatic lesions from non-contrast CT images to detect the pancreatic lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Algorithms , China , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 251-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970187

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of digestive system with poor prognosis,and surgical resection is still the only hope for a radical cure. Although the current consensus and guidelines describe in detail the standard and extended range of lymph node dissection,the selection of specific range of lymph node dissection and its impact on prognosis are still controversial. Current studies have not only proposed some improved extent of lymph node dissection, such as total mesopancreas excision and Heidelberg triangle dissection, but also suggested different extent of lymph node dissection for ventral and dorsal pancreatic head cancer. In addition, the prognosis of pancreatic head cancer in uncinate process and non-uncinate process is different after para-aortic lymph node dissection, which is worthy of further study. Neoadjuvant therapy or conversion therapy provides more surgical opportunities for patients with pancreatic cancer. For these patients, Heidelberg triangle dissection has potential value in improving prognosis. This paper summarizes the exploration and latest progress of standard and extended lymph node dissection, lymph node dissection of specific site of pancreatic head cancer and the extent of lymph node dissection after neoadjuvant/transformation therapy in recent years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Pancreas/pathology , Prognosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 187-195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970179

ABSTRACT

Although there are still controversies over the efficiency and safety of minimally invasive radical surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), most available studies have suggested a promising application of minimally invasive radical surgery. This consensus, referring to Chinese expert opinions and worldwide researches, aimed to discuss the related issues on minimally invasive radical surgery for PDAC to ensure the perioperative and oncological outcomes. Quality of evidence and strength of recommendations were evaluated based on the GRADE approach. The 15 recommendations covered 5 topics: oncological outcomes and patient safety of laparoscopic and robotic pancreatoduodenectomy, left-side pancreatectomy for PDAC, learning curve, safety of neoadjuvant therapy, and vascular resection in minimally invasive radical surgery for PDAC. This consensus gives reference and guidance to surgeons on the use of minimally invasive radical surgery for PDAC. Although this consensus is not sufficient to answer all the questions about minimally invasive radical surgery for PDAC, it represents the current consensus on the application of the techniques in the treatment of PDAC on the Chinese mainland.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/surgery , Consensus , Laparoscopy/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Pancreatectomy/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome , China
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 76-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970175

ABSTRACT

As a severe malignant tumor of the digestive system,the highly invasive pancreatic cancer lacks typical preliminary symptoms. Rapid metastatic dissemination and difficulty in early-stage diagnosis preclude the chance of radical curative resection,hence resulting in a poor overall prognosis in most patients. In recent years,the wide application of the artificial intelligence(AI),represented by machine learning and deep learning,has developed rapidly in the field of medicine. All sorts of models based on AI have been applied to the screening, early diagnosis, treatment, prognosis prediction of patients with pancreatic cancer.Three-dimentional visualization and augmented reality navigation technologies have also been developed and applied in pancreatic cancer surgery.This paper reviews the status quo of AI application in pancreatic cancer from various aspects,and anticipates its future application prospects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreas , Machine Learning
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1-6, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970164

ABSTRACT

Over the past 20 years, the concept of pancreatic surgery has been updated and surgical skills has improved dramatically. With the significant improvement of surgical safety and increase of resection rate for pancreatic cancer, some traditional surgical issues such as surgical indications, timing and extent of resection are being re-evaluated. The improvement of patients' prognosis is the gold standard for judging the surgical indications. The traditional criteria of "unresectable" based on morphology will be constantly broken through, and the estimation of resectability will transition from "what can we resect" to "what should we resect". Except for clinical research, standard extent of lymph node dissection is recommended. However, for borderline resectable and locally advanced pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant treatment, extended lymph node dissection is recommended. All kinds of surgical approaches are feasible. The approach is subject to the needs of anatomy, anatomy is subject to the needs of radical treatment, and radical treatment is subject to the needs of improving prognosis. For some patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer, sub-adventitial divestment of superior mesenteric artery and "Heidelberg triangle" cleaning are helpful to improve the resection rate and reduce the local recurrence rate,however, the impact on the long-term prognosis still needs to be further observed clinically. The quality of pancreaticojejunostomy has more influence on the incidence of pancreatic fistula than the type of pancreaticojejunostomy. For the centers with high volume patients and the surgeons with rich personal experience, laparoscopic or robot assisted surgery has the advantages of minimally invasive, but for pancreatic head carcinoma, it is not enough evidence to prove the oncological advantages of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy and robotic-assistant pancreaticoduodenectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Laparoscopy , Pancreaticoduodenectomy
16.
Rev. venez. cir ; 76(1): 4-9, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1552928

ABSTRACT

La duodenopancreatectomía cefálica es la única opción con criterio curativo de los tumores periampulares y cabeza de páncreas. El abordaje mínimamente invasivo ha mostrado sus beneficios en la duodenopancreatectomía cefálica lo cual ha llevado a un mayor interés a nivel mundial por esta técnica. El objetivo es describir la técnica utilizada y analizar la evolución que presentaron los primeros casos realizados en Venezuela de duodenopancreatectomía laparoscópica y así dar a conocer nuestra experiencia, es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de corte transversal; se revisaron 106 historias clínicas, obteniendo 8 casos para este estudio: 5 femeninos y 3 masculinos, los promedios de edad y tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad fueron de 54,15 años y de 7 meses respectivamente, la indicación fue 4 tumores de cabeza de páncreas y 4 periampulares, el índice de masa corporal promedio fue de 23,44 kg/mt2, el tiempo quirúrgico osciló entre 315 ­ 475 min, la estancia hospitalaria de 4 ­ 24 días, las perdidas hemáticas fueron de 200cc ± 20cc, tres pacientes presentaron complicaciones post operatorias mediatas. En conclusión, los resultados que hemos observado en nuestro reporte inicial de casos de duodenopancreatectomía laparoscópica reúnen las características de otras publicaciones similares y se ratifica los beneficios de este abordaje, la clave para la duodenopancreatectomía laparoscópica de rutina es que sea realizada en centros especializados, con protocolos estandarizados, ejecutado por cirujanos hepatobiliar y pancreática con experiencia en laparoscopia avanzada(AU)


Duodenopancreatectomy is the only option with curative criteria of the periampullary tumors and pancreatic head. The minimally invasive approach has shown its benefits in cephalic duodenopancreatectomy which has led to greater interest worldwide in this technique. The objective is to describe the technique used and analyze the evolution presented by the first cases of laparoscopic duodenopancreatectomy and thus publicize our experience, it is a retrospective, descriptive, cross-sectional study; 106 medical records were reviewed, obtaining 8 cases for this study: 5 women and 3 men, the average age and the time of evolution of the disease were 54.15 years and 7 months, the indication was 4 pancreas head and 4 periampullary tumors, the average body mass index was 23, 44 kg/mt2, assisted surgery was performed in 4 patients and 4 totally laparoscopic, the surgical time ranged between 315 - 475 min, and the hospital stay was 4 - 24 days, the blood loss was 200cc ± 20cc, three patients presented mediated postoperative complications. In conclusion, the results we have observed in our initial case report of laparoscopic duodenopancreatectomy meet the characteristics of other similar publications and the benefits of this approach are ratified, the key to routine laparoscopic duodenopancreatectomy is that it is performed in specialized centers, with standardized protocols, executed by surgeons with experience in advanced laparoscopy in addition to hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Laparoscopy , Colonic Neoplasms , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 50-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969805

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells on the proliferation and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells, and to analyze the contents of exosomes and explore the mechanisms affecting pancreatic cancer cells. Methods: Exosomes extracted from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were added to pancreatic cancer cells BxPC3, Panc-1 and mouse models of pancreatic cancer, respectively. The proliferative activity and invasion abilities of BxPC3 and Panc-1 cells were measured by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell assays. The expressions of miRNAs in exosomes were detected by high-throughput sequencing. GO and KEGG were used to analyze the related functions and the main metabolic pathways of target genes with high expressions of miRNAs. Results: The results of CCK-8 cell proliferation assay showed that the absorbance of BxPC3 and Panc-1 cells in the hucMSCs-exo group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(4.68±0.09) vs. (3.68±0.01), P<0.05; (5.20±0.20) vs. (3.45±0.17), P<0.05]. Transwell test results showed that the number of invasion cells of BxPC3 and Panc-1 in hucMSCs-exo group was significantly higher than that in the control group (129.40±6.02) vs. (89.40±4.39), P<0.05; (134.40±7.02) vs. (97.00±6.08), P<0.05. In vivo experimental results showed that the tumor volume and weight in the exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs-exo) group were significantly greater than that in the control group [(884.57±59.70) mm(3) vs. (695.09±57.81) mm(3), P<0.05; (0.94±0.21) g vs. (0.60±0.13) g, P<0.05]. High-throughput sequencing results showed that miR-148a-3p, miR-100-5p, miR-143-3p, miR-21-5p and miR-92a-3p were highly expressed. GO and KEGG analysis showed that the target genes of these miRNAs were mainly involved in the regulation of glucosaldehylation, and the main metabolic pathways were ascorbic acid and aldehyde acid metabolism, which were closely related to the development of pancreatic cancer. Conclusion: Exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells can promote the growth of pancreatic cancer cells and the mechanism is related to miRNAs that are highly expressed in exosomes.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Exosomes/genetics , Sincalide/metabolism , Pancreatic Neoplasms/metabolism , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Umbilical Cord
18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 471-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981293

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is one of the digestive system tumors with a high degree of malignancy,and most of the patients are diagnosed in advanced stages.Because of limited available therapies,the mortality of this disease remains high.Tumor-associated macrophages(TAM),the main immune cells in the tumor microenvironment,are involved in the regulation of the occurrence and development of pancreatic cancer.Specifically,TAM are involved in the proliferation,invasion,immune escape,and chemoresistance of pancreatic cancer cells,demonstrating potential in the targeted therapy of pancreatic cancer.In this paper,we summarize the TAM-based therapies including consuming TAM,reprogramming TAM,dynamic imaging of TAM with nanoprobes,and regulating the phagocytic ability of TAM for pancreatic cancer,aiming to provide a theoretical basis for developing new therapies for pancreatic cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor-Associated Macrophages , Macrophages , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 413-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981017

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer has an insidious onset and lacks effective treatment methods, which is one of the tumors with the worst prognosis, so it is urgent to explore new treatment directions. Metabolic reprogramming is one of the important hallmarks of tumors. Pancreatic cancer cells in the harsh tumor microenvironment have comprehensively increased cholesterol metabolism in order to maintain strong metabolic needs, and cancer associated fibroblasts also provide cancer cells with a large amount of lipids. Cholesterol metabolism reprogramming involves the changes in the synthesis, uptake, esterification and metabolites of cholesterol, which are closely related to the proliferation, invasion, metastasis, drug resistance, and immunosuppression of pancreatic cancer. Inhibition of cholesterol metabolism has obvious anti-tumor effect. In this paper, the important effects and complexity of cholesterol metabolism in pancreatic cancer were comprehensively reviewed from perspectives of risk factors for pancreatic cancer, energy interaction between tumor-related cells, key targets of cholesterol metabolism and its targeted drugs. Cholesterol metabolism has a strict regulation and feedback mechanism, and the effect of single-target drugs in clinical application is not clear. Therefore, multi-target therapy of cholesterol metabolism is a new direction for pancreatic cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Cholesterol/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4246-4257, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008024

ABSTRACT

Insulinoma-associated protein-2 (IA-2) is a transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the tyrosine phosphatase-like protein family as well as an important autoantigen in the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. IA-2 products have been marketed in Europe and the United States. At present, commercially available IA-2 antigens are either the recombinant IA-2ic domain or the IA-2 naturally extracted from bovine islets. However, the recombinant IA-2 antigen displays weak positive in clinic practice, which often results in occasional detection failures, thus cannot completely replace the naturally extracted IA-2 antigen. In this study, an HEK293 expression system was used to explore the production of recombinant IA-2. An IA-2 transmembrane fragment (IA-2 TMF) located at amino acid position 449-979, also known as the natural membrane protein form of IA-2, was produced in HEK293 through transfection, and both the expression conditions and dissolution conditions of the membrane protein were also optimized. The purified membrane protein yield was 0.78 mg/L cell culture. Subsequently, the antigen activity of IA-2 TMF was compared with RSR rhIA-2 through enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The serum of 77 type 1 diabetes patients and 32 healthy volunteers were detected. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) curve was used to characterize the sensitivity and specificity of the test results. The results showed that the sensitivity of IA-2 TMF was 71.4% (55/77), while the sensitivity of RSR rhIA-2 was 63.6% (49/77), and the specificity of both antigens were all 100%. There was no significant difference in specificity between the two antigens, but the sensitivity of IA-2 TMF was appreciably better than that of the imported gold standard RSR rhIA-2 antigen. In conclusion, the recombinant IA-2 TMF produced in HEK293 cells can be used as a raw material to develop in vitro diagnostic reagents for type 1 diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , HEK293 Cells , Insulinoma , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Membrane Proteins , Pancreatic Neoplasms
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