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1.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(2): e20210041, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1286049

ABSTRACT

Eurytrema coelomaticum is a trematode reported in the pancreatic ducts of ruminants. It is conjectured that may cause disorders in the pancreas, as well as digestive and metabolic processes dependent on them. This study, determined if there is an impairment of exocrine pancreatic function, and correlated it with parasite burden. Pancreas, blood, and fecal samples were collected from 119 bovines at a abattoir. Stool samples were subjected to the gelatin and x-ray film digestion tests (to detect the presence of trypsin in feces). Using blood samples, the following biochemical tests were performed: amylase, lipase, glucose, fructosamine, cholesterol, triglycerides, total protein, albumin, and globulins. Analyses were correlated with pancreatic parasite burden. Cattle with a high parasitic load presented higher incidence of negative tests in both gelatin digestion and x-ray film digestion tests (P < 0.001) when compared to non-parasitized animals and those with a low parasitic load. Changes in those tests only occurred if the parasitemia was moderate or severe. The activity of the amylase and lipase enzymes was significantly higher in animals with low parasitemia (P < 0.05), compared to non-parasitized animals and with a high parasitic burden. In this study, in cases of high parasitemia, negative results were observed in both gelatin and x-ray film in the feces digestion tests. However, the low infection of E. coelomaticum, higher levels of serum amylase and lipase that also indicated loss of pancreatic exocrine functions were reported.


Eurytrema coelomaticum, um trematódeo de ductos pancreáticos de ruminantes. Conjectura-se que possa ocasionar transtornos nas funções pancreáticas, mais especificamente nos processos digestivos e metabólicos dependentes destas. Neste estudo, o objetivo foi determinar se há comprometimento da função pancreática exócrina, correlacionado-a a carga parasitária. Foram utilizados pâncreas e respectivas amostras de sangue e fezes de 119 bovinos. As amostras de fezes foram submetidas aos testes de digestão da gelatina em tubo e digestão de filme radiográfico, ambos para detecção de tripsina nas fezes. Foram realizados os seguintes exames bioquímicos em amostras de sangue: amilase, lipase, glicemia, frutosamina, colesterol, triglicerídeos, proteínas totais, albumina e globulinas. Após isto, as análises bioquímicas foram correlacionadas com a quantidade numérica de parasitas encontrados no pâncreas (post-mortem). Houve maior quantidade de testes negativos (digestão do filme radiográfico e prova de digestão da gelatina) nos animais com alta carga parasitária (P < 0.001), quando comparados aos animais não parasitados e com baixa carga parasitária. Portanto, os exames supracitados se alteram somente se a quantidade de parasitas for moderada ou severa. As atividades das enzimas amilase e lipase foram significativamente maiores nos animais que apresentavam baixa parasitemia (P < 0.05), em comparação com os animais com alta carga parasitária e não parasitados. Conclui-se que em quadros de alta parasitemia há alteração significativa nos testes de digestão nas fezes, e que em quadros de baixa parasitemia há alterações significativas nos valores de amilase e lipase séricas, ambos comprovando alterações pancreáticas importantes, de acordo com o quadro de parasitemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency/parasitology , Pancreatitis/parasitology , Trematode Infections/complications , Trematode Infections/veterinary , Amylases/blood , Lipase/blood , Trematoda , Parasite Load/veterinary
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 146-150, 20211217. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357602

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En las hernias paraesofágicas tipo IV se produce la herniación del estómago junto a otros órganos abdominales. La herniación del páncreas es muy infrecuente.Caso clínico. Varón de 57 años que acude por dolor torácico, disnea e intolerancia al decúbito. En la tomografía computarizada toracoabdominal se observa hernia diafragmática que contiene colon transverso, intestino delgado y páncreas, con reticulación de la grasa alrededor del mismo, compatible con pancreatitis aguda. Conclusión. La asociación de hernia hiatal con páncreas herniado y pancreatitis es extremadamente infrecuente. El diagnóstico se estableció mediante tomografía computarizada y el tratamiento fue conservador, con cirugía diferida de la hernia de hiato.


Introduction. In type IV paraesophageal hernias, the stomach is herniated along with other abdominal organs. Herniation of the pancreas is very rare. Clinical case. A 57-year-old man presented with chest pain, dyspnea, and intolerance to decubitus. The thoracoabdominal computed tomography shows a diaphragmatic hernia containing the transverse colon, small intestine and pancreas, with reticulation of fat around it, compatible with acute pancreatitis. Conclusion. The association of hiatal hernia with herniated pancreas and pancreatitis is extremely rare. The diagnosis was established by computerized tomography and the treatment was conservative, with delayed surgery for the hiatal hernia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing , Hernia, Hiatal , Pancreas , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatitis , General Surgery
3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 402-404, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345303

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There is controversy about the initiation of gastric or oral feeding in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) because they could increase pancreatic stimulation and exacerbate symptoms and complications. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and results of patients with SAP who underwent gastric tube or oral feeding versus parenteral or jejunal feeding. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on patients over 18 years old with SAP diagnostic, who had been treated in critical care units. We excluded patients coming from other hospitals and those with incomplete medical records. RESULTS: Thirty patients with SAP were included, fifty three percent of them tolerated the gastric tube or oral feeding, and most of them were females and older than patients who received parenteral or jejunal feeding. Other clinical characteristics and outcomes were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Gastric tube or oral feeding is no absolute contraindication for SAP.


RESUMO CONTEXTO Há controvérsias sobre o início da alimentação gástrica ou oral em pacientes com pancreatite aguda grave (PAG), pois elas podem aumentar a estimulação pancreática e exacerbar os sintomas e complicações. OBJETIVO Descrever as características clínicas e os resultados de pacientes com PAG submetidos à alimentação por sonda gástrica ou via oral versus alimentação parenteral ou jejunal. MÉTODOS Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo em pacientes maiores de 18 anos com diagnóstico de PAG, atendidos em unidades de terapia intensiva. Excluímos pacientes procedentes de outros hospitais e aqueles com prontuário incompleto. RESULTADOS Trinta pacientes com PAG foram incluídos, 53% deles toleravam a sonda gástrica ou alimentação via oral, e a maioria era do sexo feminino e tinha mais idade do que os pacientes que receberam alimentação parenteral ou jejunal. Outras características clínicas e resultados foram semelhantes em ambos os grupos. CONCLUSÃO A sonda gástrica ou alimentação oral não é contra-indicação absoluta para PAG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pancreatitis/complications , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Enteral Nutrition , Parenteral Nutrition
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 270-275, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345283

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a widely used therapeutic modality for the pancreaticobiliary tree. However, it is responsible for the highest rates of complications among the endoscopic procedures, especially post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis. The preventive methods include mechanical and pharmacological approaches, such as the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of two different strategies using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the prevention of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis, and to clarify the uncertainty about the route of administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the prevention of this complication. METHODS: This was a prospective trial. Two therapeutic groups were compared with a control group that was composed of patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, performed in the same service and by the same team in the period preceding the study (historical series), without the administration of any type of prophylaxis. The first group received 100 mg rectal diclofenac. The second group received 100 mg intravenous ketoprofen. Both groups were compared, separately and jointly, with the control group. RESULTS: Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis occurred in 4.39% (12/273) of the participants. In the group without prophylaxis, the incidence was 6.89% (10/145). Among those who received intravenous ketoprofen, the incidence was 2.56% (2/78). No cases of acute post-procedural pancreatitis were observed in the group that received rectal diclofenac (0/52). Although there was no statistical difference between the therapeutic groups when they were separately analyzed, a statistical difference in the prevention of post-procedural pancreatitis was observed when they were analyzed together (P=0.037). CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence for the efficacy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the prophylaxis of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) é uma modalidade terapêutica amplamente utilizada para vias biliopancreáticas, responsável pelas taxas mais elevadas de complicações entre os procedimentos endoscópicos, especialmente a pancreatite pós-CPRE (PPC). Os métodos preventivos incluem abordagens mecânicas e farmacológicas, entre elas, a utilização de antinflamatórios não esteroidais (AINEs). OBJETIVO: Comparar a eficácia de duas estratégias diferentes utilizando AINEs para a prevenção de PPC. Elucidar o cenário incerto sobre a via de administração do AINEs na prevenção da PPC. MÉTODOS - Ensaio clínico prospectivo. Duas estratégias terapêuticas foram comparadas a um grupo controle, composto por pacientes submetidos a CPRE no mesmo serviço e com a mesma equipe no período anterior ao estudo (série histórica), que não recebeu qualquer tipo de profilaxia. O primeiro grupo experimental recebeu 100 mg de diclofenaco via retal, o segundo grupo recebeu 100 mg de cetoprofeno endovenoso. Ambos os grupos foram comparados separadamente e em associação com o grupo de controle. RESULTADOS: A PPC ocorreu em 4,39% (12/273) dos participantes. No grupo sem profilaxia, esta incidência foi de 6,89% (10/145); entre os que receberam cetoprofeno endovenoso foi de 2,56% (2/78). Não houve casos de pancreatite aguda após o procedimento no grupo que recebeu diclofenaco via retal (0/52). Apesar de não haver diferença estatística entre estes grupos analisados separadamente, quando os dois grupos terapêuticos são analisados em conjunto estes apresentam diferenças estatísticas na prevenção da PPC (P=0,037). CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo foi capaz de corroborar a eficácia da utilização de AINEs para a profilaxia de pancreatite pós-CPRE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis/etiology , Pancreatitis/prevention & control , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/adverse effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Diclofenac , Prospective Studies
5.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(3): 274-283, mayo-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341296

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hipertrigliceridemia (HTG) es un problema que se presenta con frecuencia en la práctica clínica. Su prevalencia en adultos es cercana al 10%. El espectro varía desde una predisposición que resulta en HTG solo en presencia de sobrepeso considerable o consumo excesivo de alcohol hasta mutaciones graves muy raras que pueden conducir a HTG grave en la infancia, incluso en ausencia de factores adicionales, como en el síndrome de quilomicronemia familiar (FCS, familial chylomicronemia syndrome). Este es un trastorno autosómico recesivo poco frecuente del metabolismo del quilomicrón que causa una importante elevación de los triglicéridos (>10 mmol/885 mg/dl). Esta condición está asociada con un riesgo significativo de pancreatitis aguda recurrente. La aproximación diagnóstica se logra mediante la caracterización fenotípica, y el hallazgo de la alteración genética ayuda a dar un diagnóstico más preciso. Además, se ha propuesto una puntuación clínica para el diagnóstico de FCS, pero necesita más validación. Las opciones de tratamiento disponibles para reducir los triglicéridos, como los fibratos y los ácidos grasos omega-3, no son eficaces en los pacientes con FCS. Actualmente, el único tratamiento sigue siendo una dieta de por vida muy baja en grasas, que reduce la formación de quilomicrones. Finalmente, los inhibidores de la apolipoproteína C-III están en desarrollo y podrían constituir opciones de tratamiento para estos pacientes. Considerando lo anterior, el objetivo de este artículo es realizar una revisión general sobre la HTG grave, con énfasis en el FCS, basados en la literatura disponible más reciente.


Abstract Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a problem that occurs frequently in clinical practice. Its prevalence in adults is close to 10% and it varies between regions. The spectrum ranges from a disposition that results in HTG only in the presence of considerable overweight and/or excessive alcohol consumption to very rare serious mutations that can lead to severe HTG in childhood, even in the absence of additional factors such as familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS). This is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of chylomicron metabolism that causes a severe elevation in triglyceride levels (>10 mmol/885 mg/dL). This condition is associated with a significant risk of recurrent acute pancreatitis. Because this is a genetic condition, the optimal diagnostic strategy remains the genetic test. In addition, a clinical score for the diagnosis of FCS has been proposed but it needs further validation. Available treatment options to lower triglycerides, such as fibrates or omega-3 fatty acids, are not effective in patients with FCS. Currently, the cornerstone of treatment remains a very low-fat, lifetime diet that reduces chylomicron formation. Finally, apolipoprotein C-3 inhibitors are under development and may eventually be treatment options for these patients. The objective of this article is to carry out a general review of severe HTG, with an emphasis on FCS and based on the most recent available literature.


Subject(s)
Chylomicrons , Pancreatitis , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IV , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type I
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e554-e558, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292827

ABSTRACT

En abril de 2020, en informes provenientes del Reino Unido se notificó una presentación en niños similar a la enfermedad de Kawasaki incompleta o al síndrome de choque tóxico asociados con la enfermedad por el nuevo coronavirus (COVID-19). Desde entonces, ha habido informes de niños afectados de manera similar en otras partes del mundo. En la actualidad, la afección se ha denominado síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico asociado a COVID-19 en niños (SIM-C). Por otra parte, se notificaron casos de pancreatitis aguda, en su mayoría en pacientes adultos, en el contexto de la infección aguda por el coronavirus 2 causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SARS-COV-2), causada por efectos citopáticos directos o respuestas celulares indirectas sistémicas inflamatorias e inmunomediadas. Sin embargo, son escasas las notificaciones en las que se describe el cuadro de pancreatitis aguda durante el SIM-C. Se describe aquí la presentación clínica, el tratamiento y la evolución de una paciente de 9 años que presentó un cuadro de pancreatitis aguda en el contexto del SIM-C.


In April 2020, UK studies informed a condition in children similar to incomplete Kawasaki disease or toxic shock syndrome. From that time onwards, papers on children suffering from similar conditions have been published in different parts of the world. Today the disease is named multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with Covid-19. Acute pancreatitis was reported mainly in adult patients with acute SARS-COV-2 infection developing direct cytopathic effect or immune-mediated and systemic inflammatory indirect cellular responses. However, there are only a few studies, which describe the acute pancreatitis case during MIS-C period. The present article describes the clinical presentation, therapy and evolution of a 9 years-old female patient developing an acute pancreatitis case suffering from MIS-C


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Pancreatitis/complications , Pediatrics , COVID-19/complications , Acute Disease , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 102-106, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251556

ABSTRACT

Resumen La macroamilasemia debe sospecharse en todo paciente con aumento catalítico de amilasa α plasmática persistente y sin clínica de dolor abdominal, descartando otras etiologías de patología pancreáticas y extrapancreática. La macroamilasemia se caracteriza por la unión de complejos de amilasa α con inmunoglobulina, más frecuente inmunoglobulina A; pueden presentarse 3 tipos de macroamilasemia. Es importante realizar el diagnóstico diferencial de otras patologías que puedan causar el aumento de la amilasa y así evitar los procedimientos innecesarios. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 53 años, de sexo femenino, que ingresó a emergencia por clínica de dolor abdominal y hiperamilasemia, que fue diagnosticada inicialmente de pancreatitis aguda.


Abstract Macroamylasemia should be suspected in any patient with a persistent catalytic increase of plasma α-amylase but no other clinical signs of abdominal pain after ruling out other causes of pancreatic and extra-pancreatic disease. The binding of α-amylase complexes with immunoglobulin, most commonly immunoglobulin A, characterizes this condition. Macroamylasemia is classified into three kinds. To prevent unnecessary procedures, it is critical to make a differential diagnosis of other conditions that can cause amylase increase. The present article reports the case of a 53-year-old female patient who was admitted to the emergency room with abdominal pain and hyperamylasemia, who was initially diagnosed with acute pancreatitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hyperamylasemia , Pancreatitis , Immunoglobulins , Abdominal Pain , Amylases
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 471-480, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254297

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En el paciente con pancreatitis aguda severa, la presencia de necrosis infectada y falla multiorgánica se asocian con una mortalidad del 20-40 %. La tomografía computarizada con contraste intravenoso y la clasificación del Consenso de Atlanta 2012 son importantes herramientas de diagnóstico para el tratamiento oportuno. En esta investigación, se analizó la relación del índice de severidad tomográfico y los cambios morfológicos locales según dicha clasificación, con la estancia hospitalaria, intervención, infección y mortalidad de los pacientes. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva realizado entre los años 2015 y 2019, donde se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 15 años con pancreatitis aguda severa diagnosticado por tomografía computarizada con contraste, y se evaluó el índice de severidad tomográfico y los cambios morfológicos según la clasificación de Atlanta 2012, en relación con los desenlaces clínicos de los pacientes. Resultados. Se incluyeron 56 pacientes, en el 82,1 % (n=46) de los casos la causa fue litiásica. La falla orgánica fue principalmente pulmonar 53,6 % (n=30) y cardiovascular 55,4 % (n=31). Según la tomografía, se clasificó como severa (7-10 puntos) en el 91,1 % (n=51) de los pacientes. En pacientes con necrosis amurallada infectada la estancia hospitalaria media fue mayor (78,5 días); en todos los pacientes con pancreatitis severa se encontró infección y fueron sometidos a algún tipo de intervención. La mortalidad fue menor del 10 % (n=5).Discusión. El índice de severidad tomográfica para la categorización de severo se correlacionó en un 90 % con pancreatitis aguda severa. Una tomografía de control a la cuarta semana podría identificar complicaciones tardías para un manejo precoz


Introduction. In patients with severe acute pancreatitis, the presence of infected necrosis and multiple organ failure are associated with a mortality of 20-40%. Computed tomography with intravenous contrast and the 2012 Atlanta Consensus classification are important diagnostic tools for timely treatment. In this research, the relationship between the tomographic severity index and the local morphological changes according to that classification, with the hospital stay, intervention, infection and mortality of the patients was analyzed.Methods. Retrospective cohort study carried out between the years 2015 and 2019, which included patients older than 15 years with severe acute pancreatitis diagnosed by contrast computed tomography, the tomographic severity index and morphological changes according to the Atlanta 2012 classification were evaluated, in relationship with the clinical outcomes of the patients. Results. Fifty-six patients were included, in 82.1% (n=46) of the cases the cause was lithiasis. Organ failure was mainly pulmonary 53.6% (n=30) and cardiovascular 55.4% (n=31). According to the tomography, it was classified as severe (7-10) in 91.1% (n=51) of the patients. In patients with infected walled necrosis, the mean hospital stay was longer (78.5 days); infection was found in all patients with severe pancreatitis and they underwent some type of intervention. Mortality was less than 10% (n=5).Discussion. The tomographic severity index for the categorization of severity is 90% correlated with severe acute pancreatitis. A control tomography at the fourth week could identify late complications for early management


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis , Severity of Illness Index , Infections , Tomography , Mortality , Intraoperative Complications , Necrosis
9.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 85(2): 41-45, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288198

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pancreatitis aguda es una patología inflamatoria del páncreas que se caracteriza por dolor abdominal y elevación de los niveles séricos de amilasa. Desde el punto de vista imagenológico, se la estudia con tomografía computada (TC), siendo esa la modalidad de elección para evaluar la extensión y la localización de las complicaciones. Según la gravedad, el tiempo de evolución y la extensión, hay distintos tipos de complicaciones y una variedad de hallazgos en TC.


Abstract Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory pathology of the pancreas characterized by abdominal pain and elevated levels of serum amylase. In radiology, it is studied with computed tomography (CT), which is the preferred method to evaluate the extent and location of complications. Depending on the severity, time of evolution, and extent, there are different types of complications and a variety of findings on the CT scan.


Subject(s)
Pancreas , Pancreatitis , Tomography , Pathology , Radiology , Time , Abdominal Pain , Lifting , Serum , Selection of the Waste Treatment Site , Gravitation , Amylases , Methods
10.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 81-86, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251525

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pancreatitis aguda secundaria a la obstrucción de la papila mayor causada por la migración del balón interno es uno de los efectos secundarios poco frecuentes, pero potencialmente graves relacionados con el uso de gastrostomías endoscópicas percutáneas (PEG). Hasta ahora solo existen 15 casos reportados en el mundo, presentamos el que para nuestro conocimiento sería el caso número 16 en la literatura internacional.


Abstract Acute pancreatitis secondary to major papilla obstruction caused by intragastric balloon migration is one of the rare but potentially severe side effects associated with the use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). To date, there are only 15 cases reported worldwide. This article presents a case that, to the best of our knowledge, is the sixteenth case reported in the international literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pancreatitis , Gastrostomy , Literature
11.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e985, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289379

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La retinopatía de Purtscher o ceguera por pancreatitis es una complicación poco frecuente de la pancreatitis aguda. Objetivo: Presentar a una paciente que en el curso de una pancreatitis aguda desarrolla una retinopatía de Purtscher como complicación infrecuente. Caso clínico: Paciente de piel blanca, de sexo femenino de 52 años de edad, con antecedentes de salud, que ingresa en el servicio de cirugía con el diagnóstico de pancreatitis aguda litiásica, con elementos clínicos, humorales e imaginológicos de esta entidad. Durante su ingreso presenta pérdida brusca de la visión y es diagnosticada durante su exploración oftalmológica de una retinopatía Purtscher, con resolución del cuadro a los 3 meses, previo tratamiento con esteroides por vía oral. Conclusiones: La retinopatía de Purtscher es una complicación oftalmológica poco frecuente de la pancreatitis, por lo que en todo paciente con diagnóstico de pancreatitis y alteraciones visuales hay que sospechar esta entidad(AU)


Introduction: Purtscher's retinopathy or blindness due to pancreatitis is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. Objective: To present the case of a patient who develops Purtscher's retinopathy as a rare complication during acute pancreatitis. Clinical case: 52-year-old female white-skinned patient without a previous history of medical conditions, admitted to the surgery service with a diagnosis of acute lithiasic pancreatitis, showing clinical, humoral and imaging elements characteristic of this entity. During her admission, she presented sudden vision loss. During her ophthalmological examination, she was diagnosed with Purtscher's retinopathy. The condition disappeared at three months, after treatment with oral steroids. Conclusions: Purtscher's retinopathy is a rare ophthalmological complication of pancreatitis, a reason why this entity should be suspected in all patients diagnosed with pancreatitis and visual disturbances(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Steroids/therapeutic use , Blindness/complications , Pancreatitis/diagnostic imaging
12.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 17-25, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248993

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: New recommendations for the management of patients with acute pancreatitis were set after the Atlanta Classification was revised in 2012. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review is to assess whether these recommendations have already been accepted and implemented in daily medical practices. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out in studies conducted with humans and published in English and Portuguese language from 10/25/2012 to 11/30/2018. The search was conducted in databases such as PubMed/Medline, Cochrane and SciELO, based on the following descriptors/Boolean operator: "Acute pancreatitis" AND "Atlanta". Only Randomized Clinical Trials comprising some recommendations released after the revised Atlanta Classification in 2012 were included in the study. RESULTS: Eighty-nine studies were selected and considered valid after inclusion, exclusion and qualitative evaluation criteria application. These studies were stratified as to whether, or not, they applied the recommendations suggested after the Atlanta Classification revision. Based on the results, 68.5% of the studies applied the recommendations, with emphasis on the application of severity classification (mild, moderately severe, severe); 16.4% of them were North-American and 14.7% were Chinese. The remaining 31.5% just focused on comparing or validating the severity classification. CONCLUSION: Few studies have disclosed any form of acceptance or practice of these recommendations, despite the US and Chinese efforts. The lack of incorporation of these recommendations didn't enable harnessing the benefits of their application in the clinical practice (particularly the improvement of the communication among health professionals and directly association with the worst prognoses); thus, it is necessary mobilizing the international medical community in order to change this scenario.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Após a revisão da Classificação de Atlanta, em 2012, foram estabelecidas novas recomendações no manejo dos pacientes com pancreatite aguda. OBJETIVO: Objetiva-se avaliar o grau de aceitação e implementação dessas recomendações na prática clínica. MÉTODOS: Foi realizada revisão sistemática da literatura com auxílio das bases: PubMed/Medline, Cochrane e SciELO, por meio de busca de estudos em humanos, publicados em inglês e português, no período de 25/10/2012 até 30/11/2018, utilizando os descritores e operador booleano: "Acute pancreatitis" E "Atlanta". Foram incluídos apenas estudos do tipo Ensaios Clínicos Randomizados que avaliaram alguma recomendação relacionada a revisão da Classificação de Atlanta após 2012. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 89 estudos após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão, exclusão e avaliação qualitativa. Esses foram estratificados quanto à aplicação ou não das recomendações propostas após a revisão da Classificação de Atlanta. Verificou-se que 68,5% dos estudos aplicaram essas recomendações, principalmente, na classificação da gravidade dos pacientes (leve, moderadamente grave, grave). Desses 16,4% eram estudos de origem norte-americana e 14,7% chineses. Os outros 31,5% limitaram-se a comparar ou apenas validar essa classificação de gravidade. CONCLUSÃO: Poucos estudos divulgaram alguma forma de implementação das novas recomendações, apesar dos esforços norte-americanos e chineses. A falta da aparente incorporação dessas recomendações na prática clínica, não permitiu o aproveitamento de suas vantagens (principalmente a melhora da comunicação entre os profissionais e estabelecimento da classificação e identificação precoce dos pacientes mais graves), sendo necessário toda a comunidade médica internacional se mobilizar de alguma forma para mudar esse cenário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis/therapy , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Disease
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 578-587, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887710

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis is a common acute abdomen of the digestive system. In recent years,great progress has been made in the diagnosis and treatment concepts,methods and strategies of acute pancreatitis,which plays an important role in promoting the standardization of acute pancreatitis management and improving the level of patient treatment. Based on the previous guidelines and expert consensus,this guideline adopts an evidence-based and problem-oriented presentation in a way. Comprehensive analysis of the data of important domestic and foreign clinical research in the past 5 years,29 recommendations are formed after multi-disciplinary expert discussion which including diagnosis,treatments and follow-up,with the expectation of providing evidence support for clinical practice of acute pancreatitis in China.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , China , Consensus , Humans , Pancreatitis/therapy
14.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06697, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1279527

ABSTRACT

Patients with acute renal failure often have a negative energy balance, which promotes metabolic changes predisposing to complications. The objective of this study was to evaluate laboratory parameters of 30 dogs with severe acute renal failure, to assess their relationship with the possibility of developing acute pancreatitis due to the negative energy balance, and to correlate these findings with the degree of renal failure. Serum concentrations of urea, creatinine, beta-hydroxybutyrate, triglycerides, amylase, total lipase, and canine pancreatic lipase were compared between healthy dogs and dogs with severe acute renal failure. A greater serum concentration of beta-hydroxybutyrate and greater activity of pancreatic enzymes, particularly canine pancreatic lipase, as well as a stronger correlation between the latter and serum creatinine concentrations, were related to the occurrence of acute pancreatitis in patients with severe acute renal failure. A greater degree of renal failure implied a greater predisposition to acute pancreatitis.(AU)


O portador de insuficiência renal aguda é um paciente que, muitas vezes, encontra-se sob importante condição de balanço energético negativo, gerando alterações metabólicas que predispõem a complicações. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar parâmetros laboratoriais de trinta cães com insuficiência renal aguda grave, quanto a possibilidade de desenvolvimento de pancreatite aguda em função do balanço energético negativo, e relacioná-los ao grau de gravidade da insuficiência renal. As concentrações séricas de ureia, creatinina, betahidroxibutirato, triglicérides, amilase, lipase total e lipase pancreática canina foram comparadas entre o grupo de cães hígidos e o de cães doentes. Observou-se maior concentração sérica de betahidroxibutirato e maior atividade das enzimas pancreáticas, especialmente da lipase pancreática canina, além de forte correlação entre esta última e a concentração sérica de creatinina, demonstrando a ocorrência de pancreatite aguda em pacientes com insuficiência renal aguda grave. Verificou-se também que quanto mais grave é a insuficiência renal, maior é a predisposição à pancreatite aguda.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Pancreatitis , Renal Insufficiency , Dogs
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1620, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355507

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: It is currently understood that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) directly enters target cells by binding to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. Accordingly, tissues with high expression levels of ACE2 are more susceptible to infection, including pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells, small intestine enterocytes, cholangiocytes, and vascular endothelial cells. Considering the atypical manifestations of COVID-19 and the challenges of early diagnosis, this review addresses the possible gastrointestinal complications of the disease. Method: The phrase "Gastrointestinal complication of COVID" was searched in the PubMed, Medline, and SciELO databases. Due to the heterogeneity of the studies included in the present review, a narrative synthesis of the available qualitative data was performed. Result: The literature search retrieved 28 articles, primarily case reports and case series, for the qualitative analysis of gastrointestinal complications of COVID-19, in addition to two retrospective cohort and one case-control. The studies focused on hemorrhagic, thrombotic, ischemic, and perforation complications, in addition to acute pancreatitis and pneumatosis intestinalis. Conclusion: There is a straight relationship between high expression levels of ACE2 in the gastrointestinal tract and its greater susceptibility to direct infection by SARS-CoV-2. So, it is important to consider the gastrointestinal infection manifestations for early diagnosis and treatment trying to avoid more serious complications and death.


RESUMO Racional: Atualmente, entende-se que o vírus SARS-CoV-2 é capaz de infectar diretamente células-alvo por acoplamento ao receptor da enzima conversora de angiotensina 2 (ECA 2), por isso tecidos que contêm altos níveis de ECA 2 estão mais suscetíveis a infecção, como as células epiteliais dos alvéolos pulmonares, os enterócitos do intestino delgado, os colangiócitos e o endotélio vascular. Objetivo: Levando em consideração as manifestações atípicas da COVID-19 e a dificuldade na suspeita diagnósticaprecoce, esta revisão busca apresentar aspossíveis complicações gastrointestinais da doença. Método: A busca foi realizada com o descritor"Gastrointestinal complication of COVID" nas bases de dados PubMed, Medline e SciELO e dada à natureza heterogênea dos textos adicionados a esta revisão, optou-se pela realização uma síntese qualitativa narrativa dos dados disponíveis.Foram selecionados 28 artigos para análise qualitativa sobre o tema, sendo principalmente relatos e séries de casos, além de duas coortes retrospectivas e um caso-controle.Os estudos tratavam de complicações hemorrágicas, trombóticas, isquêmicas, perfurativas, além de pancreatite aguda e pneumatose intestinal. Resultados: Diversos autores sugerem que o vírus tenha um papel direto no dano às células da mucosa gastrointestinal. Os estudos relatam casos de hemorragia gastrointestinal, assim como fenômenos trombóticos e isquêmicos, reforçando o papel do SARS-CoV-2 nos distúrbios de coagulação. Casos de perfuração intestinal e pancreatite também foram associados à COVID-19. Conclusão: Uma vez que a relação entre altos níveis de ECA 2 no trato gastrointestinal e a sua maior suscetibilidade a infecção direta pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2 esteja estabelecida, é importante estar atento para as diferentes manifestações e complicações gastrointestinais e serem elas diagnosticadas e tratadas precocemente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis , Gastrointestinal Diseases , COVID-19 , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Endothelial Cells , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 32(3): 244-255, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348528

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis is a prevalent disease, with variable clinical course: several patients recover quickly and uneventfully, while others require treatment in critical care units with long hospital stay and even with a considerable mortality. The patient's symptoms, laboratory tests and radiological images allow diagnosis without major difficulties. However, early identification of more severe cases can be difficult, and it determines the adequate selection of the hospitalization unit and the quick initiation of the appropriate therapy. In this paper we give some practical treatment guidelines for the everyday clinical practice: immediate severity stratification, fluid replacement and pain control. Early enteral nutrition, monitorization of severe cases in critical care units, adequate therapeutic but no prophylactic use of antibiotics assures the best treatment results. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Pancreatitis/therapy , Pancreatitis/classification , Pancreatitis/complications
17.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359773

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivos: Apresentar um caso raro de cetoacidose diabética (CAD) e pancreatite secundários ao uso de PEG-asparaginase em paciente pediátrico em tratamento para leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) e alertar quanto aos sinais que remetem a esses diagnósticos. Descrição do caso: Adolescente do sexo feminino, 10 anos e 11 meses, em tratamento para LLA e uso prévio de PEG-asparaginase há seis dias da internação, admitida com choque hipotensivo grave e encaminhada à Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Inicialmente o quadro foi interpretado como choque séptico. Em seguida a anamnese detalhada e os exames laboratoriais direcionaram para os diagnósticos de CAD e pancreatite, iniciando-se as intervenções específicas. Recebe alta hospitalar após 30 dias, sem necessidade de insulinoterapia, mas com reposição de enzimas pancreáticas. Comentários: Geralmente, às crianças com LLA gravemente enfermos e leucopênicos, atribui-se apenas o diagnóstico de sepse, que é um diagnóstico prioritário. Entretanto, no grupo em uso de PEG-asparaginase, o pediatra emergencista deve estar alerta ao raciocínio diferencial envolvendo CAD e pancreatite, o que pode ser bem difícil inicialmente. O alerta dos diagnósticos diferenciais do choque séptico, mesmo que raros, na assistência a pacientes oncológicos pediátricos, além da correta e pronta identificação do quadro e seu manejo apropriado, correlacionam-se diretamente ao sucesso terapêutico e, em algumas situações, à sobrevivência do paciente. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Objectives: We present a rare case of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and pancreatitis secondary to the use of PEG-asparaginase in a pediatric patient being treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and draw attention to the signs that refer to these diagnoses. Case description: A female adolescent, aged 10 years and 11 months, undergoing treatment for ALL, used PEG-asparaginase for 6 days prior to admission. She was hospitalized due to severe hypotensive shock and was then referred to the intensive care unit. Initially, the clinical condition was interpreted as septic shock. However, detailed anamnesis and results of laboratory tests led to the diagnoses of DKA and pancreatitis; hence, appropriate interventions were initiated. She was discharged after 30 days without the need for insulin therapy but received pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy. Comments: Generally, diagnosing severely ill and leukopenic children with ALL is only attributed to sepsis, which is a priority diagnosis. However, in the group treated with PEG-asparaginase, the pediatric emergency specialist should consider differential reasoning in patients with DKA and pancreatitis, which can be quite difficult to assess initially. Alertness towards the differential diagnoses of septic shock, although rare, in the care of pediatric oncology patients, in addition to the correct and prompt identification of the condition and provision of appropriate management, directly correlates with treatment success and, in some situations, the improvement in patient's survival. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Pancreatitis , Asparaginase , Diabetic Ketoacidosis , Sepsis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Enzyme Replacement Therapy
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(12): 841-844, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156070

ABSTRACT

Abstract Primary hyperparathyroidism is an endocrine disorder characterized by hypercalcemia and elevated or inappropriately normal levels of parathyroid hormone. The diagnosis is based on a biochemical evaluation, and a neck ultrasound is the first choice during pregnancy to access the parathyroid glands. Manifestations during pregnancy are rare and can be present with life-threatening complications, so the diagnosis is challenging. The conservative treatment is limited, and there is not enough data about its safety and efficacy during pregnancy. Surgery is the only curative treatment, and a parathyroidectomy performed during the second or third trimesters is considered safe. Recently, some authors suggested an association between primary hyperparathyroidism and preeclampsia. We describe a case of preeclampsia with severe features at 27 weeks of gestational age. The severity of the preeclampsiamotivated an early termination of the pregnancy by cesarean section. During the postpartum period, the patient presented life-threatening complications, such as severe hypercalcemia and acute pancreatitis. An ultrasound exam found two parathyroid nodules, suggestive of parathyroid adenomas. The patient recovered after the pharmacological correction of the calcemia levels.


Resumo O hiperparatiroidismo primário é umdistúrbio endócrino caraterizado pela elevação do cálcio sérico associada a níveis de paratormona elevados ou inapropriadamente normais. O diagnóstico é baseado em análises bioquímicas, e, na gravidez, o exame de imagem de primeira linha é a ecografia cervical. É uma doença rara na gravidez, e pode se apresentar com complicações ameaçadoras de vida, pelo que o seu diagnóstico é desafiante. O tratamento médico disponível é limitado, havendo poucos dados relativos à sua eficácia e segurança na gravidez. A cirurgia é o único tratamento curativo, e pode ser realizada no segundo ou terceiro trimestres. Tem sido descrita uma relação entre hiperparatiroidismo primário e pré-eclâmpsia. Apresenta-se um caso de uma grávida de 27 semanas com pré-eclâmpsia com critérios de gravidade, o que obrigou ao término da gravidez por cesariana. Verificou-se agravamento clínico no período pós-parto, com aparecimento de complicações graves, tais como hipercalcemia grave e pancreatite aguda. Ecograficamente, constataram-se duas massas paratiróideias sugestivas de adenomas da paratiroide. A doente recebeu tratamento médico, e teve melhora apenas após a correção dos níveis de cálcio sérico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Prenatal Diagnosis , Adenoma/diagnosis , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnosis , Pancreatitis/complications , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic/diagnosis , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Adenoma/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications
20.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(4): 465-470, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156329

ABSTRACT

Resumen El manejo de la nutrición en pancreatitis aguda ha sido cuestión de debate. Durante muchos años el concepto de reposo pancreático fue generalizado y aceptado en el manejo de la pancreatitis aguda. Actualmente se conoce que la nutrición temprana permite mantener la integridad de la barrera intestinal, que previene la aparición de complicaciones infeccionas y se asocia con una menor estancia hospitalaria, menos complicaciones y un mejor pronóstico. En esta revisión se discuten las principales ventajas de la nutrición temprana en pancreatitis aguda, la seguridad de la misma y la vía de administración.


Abstract Nutrition management in acute pancreatitis has been a matter of debate worldwide. For many years, the concept of pancreatic rest was widespread and accepted to treat acute pancreatitis. However, current knowledge of early nutrition allows maintaining the intestinal barrier's integrity, preventing the occurrence of infectious complications, which is associated with a shorter hospital stay, fewer complications, and better prognosis. This review presents the main advantages of early nutrition in acute pancreatitis, its safety, and the route of administration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis , Nutritional Sciences , Rest
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