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1.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 215-220, July-sept. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521150

ABSTRACT

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted viral diseases. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with the purpose of clinically and epidemiologically characterizing anal HPV infection in patients who attended the Benign Orificial Pathology Consultation of the Coloproctological Unit at the Dr. "Antonio María Pineda" Central University Hospital, during the period March 2022 -February 2023, by selecting 288 patients whose average age was 47.09 ± 14.61 years, being the 41-50 years old group (29.17%) and the 51-60 years old group (19.44%) the most affected groups by pathologies of the anal region, with a predominance of male (54.17%). The sociodemographic characteristics with the highest frequency included married (48.61%) and single (47.22%); secondary level of education (44.44%) and traders (18.05%) and housewives (15, 28%) as predominant occupations. The risk factors were represented by onset of sexual intercourse between 16-20 years of age (65.28%), heterosexuality (91.67%), 22.22% reported having anal sex and 5.56% oral sex. Likewise, 5.56% were reported with a history of genital HPV and 4.17% were HIV positive. In addition, 48.61% stated not to use condoms. The initial clinical diagnosis included hemorrhoidal disease (30.55%), anal fistula (25%) and anal fissure (18.05%), and one patient (1.39%) with anal HPV infection. Anal cytology results showed 8.33% flat epithelial cells with cytopathic changes suggestive of HPV infection and 1.39% squamous cells with cytopathic changes suggestive of HPV infection: 50% mild inflammatory negative for malignancy and 33.33% flat epithelial cells without atypia. In conclusion, the anal cytology investigation should continue to determine the actual frequency of anal HPV infection. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anal Canal/injuries , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Anal Canal/pathology , Health Profile
2.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526864

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infections are of significant concern in men, given its potential impact on their health and the risk of transmission to partners. Understanding and addressing this infection in men is crucial to evaluate the effectiveness of vaccination in reducing HPV-related diseases. Objective: To assess the impact of HPV vaccination, potential genotype shifts, and adverse effects, through a prospective study conducted with male university students. Methods:The study involved 286 volunteers who were examined at Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics at the Universidade Federal Fluminense in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The HPV prevalence was evaluated using generic PCR, genotyped by DNA microarray and monitored adverse effects. Results: The findings of this study revealed the absence of moderate or severe adverse effects. Genetic shifts were observed, including the disappearance of oncogenic HPV types 16 and 18. Surprisingly, even after completing the full vaccine regimen, students still harbored HPV11 in the oral tract. Furthermore, persistent HPV 6 and 11 infections were identified in three students, who had pre-existing infections prior to vaccination, at the follow-up visit. Multivariate analysis uncovered independent associations, notably an increased risk of HPV infection in the oral tract among men who have sex with men. HPV prevalence rates remained low both before and after the vaccination scheme (T0: 14.7%, T1: 8.7%). Even after the full vaccination scheme, the prevalence remained similar at T2 (14.6%), with no statistically significant differences recorded. HPV11 emerged as the most prevalent type throughout the study, followed by HPV6. Vaccine genotypes were detected in a significant proportion of samples at T0 (85.4%), T1 (89.5%), and T2 (100%). Conclusion: Overall, this study suggests that vaccination may represent a promising approach to reducing HPV-related health risks. These findings shed light on the potential benefits and challenges of HPV vaccination, emphasizing the need for continued monitoring and vaccination efforts


Introdução: As infecções por papilomavírus humano (HPV) são de grande preocupação em homens, dada sua possível influência na saúde deles e no risco de transmissão para parceiros. Compreender e abordar essa infecção em homens é fundamental para avaliar a eficácia da vacinação na redução de doenças relacionadas ao HPV. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da vacinação contra o HPV, possíveis alterações genotípicas e efeitos adversos, por meio de um estudo prospectivo realizado em estudantes universitários do sexo masculino. Métodos: O estudo envolveu 286 voluntários examinados em Clínicas de Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis na Universidade Federal Fluminense, em Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. A prevalência do HPV foi avaliada por polymerase chain reaction (PCR) genérico e genotipada por microarranjo de DNA, e foram monitorados os efeitos adversos. Resultados: Os resultados deste estudo revelaram a ausência de efeitos adversos moderados ou graves. Observaram-se mudanças genéticas, incluindo o desaparecimento dos tipos oncogênicos do HPV 16 e 18. Surpreendentemente, mesmo após a conclusão do esquema completo de vacinação, os estudantes ainda abrigavam o HPV 11 na cavidade oral. Além disso, foram identificadas infecções persistentes pelo HPV 6 e 11 em três estudantes que já tinham infecções preexistentes antes da vacinação e na visita de acompanhamento. A análise multivariada revelou associações independentes, especialmente um aumento no risco de infecção pelo HPV na cavidade oral em homens que têm relações sexuais com homens. As taxas de prevalência do HPV permaneceram baixas tanto antes quanto depois do esquema de vacinação (T0: 14,7%, T1: 8,7%). Mesmo após a conclusão do esquema de vacinação, a prevalência permaneceu semelhante em T2 (14,6%), sem diferenças estatisticamente significativas registradas. O HPV 11 emergiu como o tipo mais prevalente ao longo do estudo, seguido pelo HPV 6. Genótipos da vacina foram detectados em uma proporção significativa de amostras em T0 (85,4%), T1 (89,5%) e T2 (100%). Conclusão: No geral, este estudo sugere que a vacinação pode representar uma abordagem promissora para a redução dos riscos à saúde relacionados ao HPV. Esses achados lançam luz sobre os benefícios e desafios potenciais da vacinação contra o HPV, enfatizando a necessidade de monitoramento contínuo e esforços de vacinação


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Vaccines/administration & dosage , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Brazil/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Genotype
3.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510614

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection in women. About 80% of sexually active women will have contact with this virus at some age in their lives. Most infections will be transient, but when the infection becomes persistent, associated with high oncogenic risk HPV, there may be progression to cancer, especially cervical cancer. The best way to prevent HPV infection is through the use of vaccines. Objective: To assess which are the most prevalent types of HPV in the city of Florianópolis, Brazil and if the majority of the diagnosed types are contained in the HPV vaccines currently available on the market and in the public health sector. Methods: More than 14,727 HPV tests were evaluated for the diagnosis of genital HPV infection in women from Florianópolis. The prevalence of infection was evaluated according to age of the women. HPV detection was performed using molecular biology tests, such as hybrid capture (for diagnosis of the HPV group, high or low oncogenic risk) and PCR (viral genotyping) techniques. Results: The diagnosis of HPV infection was made for women between one and 102 years of age. The highest positivity of the exams was observed in women aged 20­25 years (51% of the exams). The most prevalent age group was 31­35 years old (23.5%), and the lowest was for women aged 70 and above (0.6%). High oncogenic risk HPV was detected in 94.1% of positive samples and was the most frequent in all age groups. Mixed infection (high- and low-risk HPV) was more prevalent in the 66­70 age group (25.6%). The most frequent genotypes were non-16/18 high oncogenic risk HPV (77% of positive cases). HPV 16 was found in 17.1% of positive cases, and HPV 18 in 6.5%. Conclusion: The most prevalent types of HPV in Florianópolis in the last 6 years are non-16/18 high oncogenic risk HPV types, viral types not covered by the current HPV vaccine available in the public health sector in Brazil.


Introdução: A infecção pelo Papilomavírus Humano (HPV)é a infecção sexualmente transmissível mais frequente na mulher. Cerca de 80% das mulheres sexualmente ativas irão entrar em contato com este vírus em algum momento da sua vida. A maioria das infecções será transitória, mas quando a infecção se torna persistente, associada aos HPV de alto risco oncogênico, poderá haver a progressão para o câncer, principalmente o câncer de colo de útero. A melhor forma de prevenção da contaminação pelo HPV é através da utilização das vacinas. Objetivo: Avaliar quais são os tipos de HPV mais prevalentes na cidade de Florianópolis, Brasil, e se a maioria dos tipos diagnosticados estão contidos nas vacinas contra o HPV atualmente disponíveis no mercado e no setor público de saúde. Métodos: Foram avaliados 14.727 exames para diagnóstico da infecção genital pelo HPV em mulheres de Florianópolis, de acordo com a idade das mulheres. A detecção do HPV foi realizada através dos exames de biologia molecular pelas técnicas de captura híbrida (para diagnóstico do grupo de HPV, alto ou baixo risco oncogênico) e PCR (genotipagem viral). Resultados: Foram avaliados exames para diagnóstico da infecção de mulheres entre um e 102 anos de idade. A maior positividade dos exames foi observada em mulheres dos 20­25 anos (51% dos exames). A faixa etária de maior prevalência foi dos 31­35 anos (23,5%), e a menor, após os 70 anos (0,6%). O HPV de alto risco oncogênico foi detectado em 94,1% dos casos positivos e foi o mais frequente em todas as faixas etárias. A infecção mista (HPV de alto e baixo risco) foi mais prevalente na faixa etária dos 66­70 anos (25,6%). Os genótipos mais frequentes foram os HPV de alto risco oncogênico não 16/18 (77% dos casos positivos). O HPV 16 foi encontrado em 17,1% dos casos positivos, e o HPV 18 em 6,5%. Conclusão: Os tipos de HPV mais prevalentes em Florianópolis nos últimos 6 anos são os HPV de alto risco oncogênico não 16/18, tipos virais não cobertos pela atual vacina contra o HPV disponível no setor público de saúde do Brasil.Palavras-chave: HPV. Tipos de HPV. Câncer de colo de útero. Cobertura vacinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Reproductive Tract Infections/epidemiology , Reproductive Tract Infections/virology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Reproductive Tract Infections/diagnosis
4.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429003

ABSTRACT

Introduction: HPV infection is the most frequent sexually transmitted infection in women. The high oncogenic risk HPV, associated with others factors, there are a risk of progressing to a precancerous lesion of the cervix and even cancer. This evolution is related to the persistence of the infection and other factors, mainly those that interfere with the woman's immunity. The immunosuppression caused by HIV infection is an important factor for viral persistence and the appearance of these lesions. Objectives: To compare the prevalence of HPV infection and cervical intraepithelial lesions in HIV-positive and negative women and describe the possible associated risk factors. Methods: The sample consisted of 50 HIV positive women (study group) and 50 HIV negative women (control group) recruited from the public health system of Florianópolis during the months of January to April 2022. Cervical samples were collected for cytological analysis and for detection of high-risk oncogenic HPV DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Categorical variables were compared using the chi-square test, with a significance level set at 5% Results: HPV infection was more prevalent in the control group, however, HIV positive women had a higher frequency of intraepithelial lesions diagnosed on cytology. Factors such as greater number of sexual partners, depression and smoking were more frequent in the group of HIV positive women. The number of CD4 T cells less than 200 cels/mm3 was associated with a higher number of altered Pap smears and a positive HPV DNA test. The use of combination antiretroviral therapy and undetectable viral load were associated with a greater number of normal cytology and undetected HPV DNA. Conclusion: The prevalence of cervical intraepithelial lesions in HIV-infected women is higher than in women without infection. The presence of HIV infection was the most important risk factor associated with the development of cervical lesions. (AU)


Introdução: O Papilomavírus Humano (HPV) é a infecção de transmissão sexual mais frequente na mulher. O HPV de alto risco oncogênico, associado a outros fatores, apresenta risco de evoluir para uma lesão pré-cancerosa do colo de útero e até mesmo para o câncer. Essa evolução está relacionada à persistência da infecção e outros fatores, principalmente os que interferem na imunidade da mulher. A imunossupressão causada pela infecção HIV é um fator importante para a persistência viral e o aparecimento destas lesões. Objetivos: Comparar a prevalência da infecção pelo HPV e das lesões intraepiteliais do colo de útero em mulheres HIV positivas e negativas, e descrever os possíveis fatores de risco associados. Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 50 mulheres HIV positivas (grupo de estudo) e 50 mulheres HIV negativas (grupo controle) recrutadas no sistema público de saúde de Florianópolis durante os meses de janeiro a abril de 2022. Foram coletadas amostras cervicais para análise citológica e para detecção do DNA HPV de alto risco oncogênico por reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). As variáveis categóricas foram comparadas pelo teste qui-quadrado, com nível de significância estabelecido em 5%. Resultados: A infecção pelo HPV foi mais prevalente no grupo controle, entretanto, as mulheres HIV positivas tiveram uma maior frequência de lesões intraepiteliais diagnosticadas na citologia. Os fatores como maior número de parceiros sexuais, depressão e tabagismo foram mais frequentes no grupo de mulheres HIV positivas. O número de células TCD4 inferior a 200 células/mm3 esteve associado a maior número de colpocitologias alteradas e teste DNA HPV positivo. O uso da terapia antirretroviral combinada e a carga viral indetectável estiveram associadas a um número elevado de citologias normais e DNA HPV não detectado. Conclusão: A prevalência de lesões intraepiteliais do colo do útero em mulheres infectadas pelo HIV foi maior que em mulheres soronegativas. A presença de infecção pelo HIV foi o fator de risco mais importante associado ao desenvolvimento de lesões cervicais.Palavras-chave: HPV. HIV. coinfecção. lesões intraepiteliais escamosas cervicais. prevalência.. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia/virology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Papillomavirus Infections/complications
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 990-998, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985624

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate HPV prevalence and type distribution in Chinese juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JoRRP) patients. Methods: We searched China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang data, China Biology Medicine disc, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies assessing HPV infection of Chinese JoRRP patients up to 1 October, 2022. Two authors independently performed literature selection, data extraction, and quality assessment. HPV prevalence and HPV type-specific prevalence were pooled using a random effects model after Freeman-Tukey double arcsine transformation. All analyses were performed with R 4.1.3 software. Results: Nineteen publications investigating HPV infection of JoRRP patients were included in the final analyses. Of these, 16 studies reported HPV prevalence with a sample size of 1 528 patients, and 11 studies reported HPV6 prevalence and HPV11 prevalence with a sample size of 611 patients. All studies were graded as medium quality. In Chinese JoRRP patients, the synthesized HPV prevalence was 92.0% (95%CI:86.0%-96.6%, I2=87%), HPV6 prevalence was 42.4% (95%CI:34.9%-50.1%, I2=61%), and HPV11 prevalence was 72.3% (95%CI:59.0%-83.9%, I2=87%). All the pooled prevalence persisted in subgroup analyses stratified by publication year, sample size, and specimen type (P>0.05). There was no evidence of publication bias. In Chinese JoRRP patients, HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 52, and 58 prevalence was very low. Conclusions: Our findings suggested high HPV prevalence in Chinese JoRRP patients, and the most common HPV types were HPV6 and HPV11.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Papillomaviridae , East Asian People , Prevalence
6.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1477, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1422465

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: investigar as notificações dos eventos adversos pós-vacinação papilomavírus humano no estado de Minas Gerais, de acordo com a localidade de notificação, a causalidade, a gravidade e a evolução dos casos. Métodos: estudo epidemiológico realizado com os dados de 2015-2019, notificados no Sistema de Informação de Vigilância de Eventos Adversos. Os dados foram analisados e apresentados em proporções, segundo as macrorregiões de saúde e os anos do estudo. Resultados: em 2015, foram notificados 26,41% eventos adversos, sendo o ano com maior notificação. Na análise das macrorregiões de saúde, Vale do Jequitinhonha apresentou a menor prevalência de registro (0,43%), e a Centro a maior prevalência de notificação (30,95%). Os eventos adversos locais mais prevalentes foram: dor (56,48%) e edema (38,89%). Já quanto aos eventos sistêmicos, a cefaleia (29,69%) e a gastroenterite (29,69%) tiveram os maiores registros de casos. Os eventos classificados como adversos não graves (59,82%) foram os mais prevalentes, e quanto à causa, 35,94% deles foram atribuídos aos erros de imunização. Conclusão: este estudo reforça que os eventos adversos pós-vacina de HPV foram, em sua maioria, eventos não graves, demonstrando, portanto, a segurança da vacina HPV para o público adolescente, contribuindo para o aumento das taxas de cobertura vacinal.


RESUMEN Objetivo: investigar las notificaciones de eventos adversos de papilomavirus humano en el Estado de Minas Gerais, según la localidad de notificación, la causalidad, la gravedad y la evolución de los casos. Métodos: estudio epidemiológico realizado con datos de 2015-2019, notificados en el Sistema de Información de Vigilancia de Eventos Adversos. Los datos fueron analizados y presentados en proporciones, según las macrorregiones sanitarias y los años del estudio. Resultados: en 2015 se notificaron un 26,41% de eventos adversos, siendo el año con mayor notificación. Al analizar las macrorregiones sanitarias, el Valle de Jequitinhonha tuvo la menor prevalencia de registro, con un 0,43%, y el Centro tuvo la mayor prevalencia de notificación (30,95%). Los efectos adversos locales más frecuentes fueron el dolor (56,48%) y el edema (38,89%). En cuanto a los eventos sistémicos, la cefalea (29,69%) y la gastroenteritis (29,69%) presentaron el mayor número de casos. Los eventos clasificados como adversos no graves (59,82%) fueron los más prevalentes y, en cuanto a la causa, el 35,94% de ellos se atribuyeron a los errores de inmunización. Conclusión: este estudio refuerza que los eventos adversos posteriores a la vacuna contra el VPH fueron en su mayoría eventos no graves, demostrando así la seguridad de la vacuna contra el VPH para el público adolescente y contribuyendo al aumento de las tasas de cobertura de vacunación.


ABSTRACT Objective: to investigate reports of adverse events following human papillomavirus vaccination in the state of Minas Gerais, according to the location of notification, causality, severity, and evolution of cases. Methods: epidemiological study carried out with data from 2015-2019, reported in the Adverse Event Surveillance Information System. Data were analyzed and presented in proportions, according to health macro-regions and years of study. Results: in 2015, 26.41% of adverse events were reported, being the year with the highest number of notifications. In the analysis of health macro-regions, Vale do Jequitinhonha had the lowest prevalence of registration (0.43%), and the Center had the highest prevalence of notification (30.95%). The most prevalent local adverse events were pain (56.48%) and edema (38.89%). As for systemic events, headache (29.69%) and gastroenteritis (29.69%) had the highest number of cases. Events classified as non-serious adverse events (59.82%) were the most prevalent, and regarding the cause, 35.94% of them were attributed to immunization errors. Conclusion: this study reinforces that adverse events following HPV vaccination were, for the most part, non-serious events, thus demonstrating the safety of the HPV vaccine for the adolescent public, contributing to the increase in vaccine coverage rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Immunization/adverse effects , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Papillomaviridae/immunology , Information Systems , Epidemiologic Studies , Surveillance in Disasters , Vaccination Coverage
7.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 39(2): 117-225, abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388345

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: En Chile, el cáncer de cuello uterino (CCU) es la segunda causa de muerte por neoplasias malignas en la mujer. El principal agente causal es el virus papiloma humano (VPH). Comparando con la población general, los o las trabajadoras(es) sexuales (TS) tienen alto riesgo de adquirir VPH. OBJETIVO: Analizar la prevalencia y genotipos del VPH cervical y vaginal en TS que se atienden en un Centro de Salud Sexual de Santiago, Chile. Pacientes y MÉTODO: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 97 mujeres TS, de 19 a 70 años de edad. Se obtuvieron dos muestras por paciente, una de exocérvix y otra de paredes vaginales. El ADN de VPH fue identificado por reacción de polimerasa en cadena (RPC) y su genotipo fue investigado para 32 tipos de VPH. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de VPH global fue de 45%, observándose portación cervical en 41,2% y vaginal en 36,1%, con una coinfección de 32%. El 63% de las muestras tenía genotipos de alto riesgo. Los VPH de alto riesgo más frecuentes fueron el VPH 66 (12%), VPH 58 (9,3%), seguidos por VPH 16, VPH 59 y VPH 82 con igual frecuencia (8% c/u). Treinta y dos mujeres (43%) fueron infectadas con genotipos múltiples. CONCLUSIÓN: El VPH es una infección frecuente entre las TS. Este es el primer estudio en Chile sobre prevalencia y genotipos de VPH en TS.


BACKGROUND: In Chile, cervical cancer is the second leading cause of death from malignancy in women. The main causal agent of cervical cancer is the human papillomavirus (HPV). Compared with the general population, sex workers (SW) are at increased risk of acquiring HPV. AIM: To analyze the prevalence and genotypes of cervical and vaginal HPV in female SW attending a Sexual Control Centre. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 97 women (19-70 years old). Two samples were taken per patient, one from exocervix and the other from vaginal walls. HPV DNA. was identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and genotyping using specific probes for 32 types of HPV. RESULTS: The overall frequency of HPV was 45%, 41.2% in cervical carrier and 36.1% in vaginal carrier, 32% were co-infected, 63% of HPV were high-risk genotypes. The most frequent high-risk HPV was HPV 66 (12%), HPV 58 (9.3%), followed by HPV 16, HPV 59 and HPV 82 with the same frequency (8% each one). Thirty two (43%) of females were infected with multiple genotypes. CONCLUSION: HPV is frequent infection among SW. This is the first study in Chile on the prevalence and genotypes of HPV in sex workers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Alphapapillomavirus/genetics , Sex Workers , Papillomaviridae/genetics , DNA, Viral/analysis , DNA, Viral/genetics , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Genotype
8.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30(spe): e3834, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1409643

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to analyze the prevalence of schoolchildren vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) and the reasons related to non-vaccination. Method: cross-sectional study, with data from the 2019 National Survey of School Health. The sample consisted of 160,721 students aged 13 to 17 years. The prevalence and confidence intervals (95%CI) of vaccinated adolescents were estimated according to location, sex, and administrative dependence of the school. The differences between the strata were evaluated with the Chi-square test. Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) and 95%CI were estimated with the Poisson regression model. Results: most of the students were vaccinated (62.9%), and the prevalence of girls (76.1%) was higher than that of boys (49.1%). The most prevalent reason for not vaccinating was "did not know they had to take" (46.8%), with the highest aPR in public schoolchildren in Brazil (1.6; 95%CI 1.5;1.7), from the Northeast region (1.2; 95%CI 1.1;1.2), and in students from private schools in the Northeast regions (1.1; 95%CI 1.1;1.2) and North (1.3; 95%CI 1.2;1.4). Conclusion: one out of every two Brazilian schoolchildren was vaccinated against HPV. Misinformation was a recurring reason for non-vaccination. The North and Northeast regions had the highest prevalence of non-vaccinated people, observed mainly in adolescents from public schools.


Resumo Objetivo: analisar a prevalência de escolares vacinados contra o papilomavírus humano (HPV) e os motivos relacionados à não vacinação. Método: estudo transversal, com dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar de 2019. A amostra foi composta por 160.721 estudantes de 13 a 17 anos. Foram estimadas as prevalências e intervalos de confiança (IC95%) de adolescentes vacinados segundo localização, sexo e dependência administrativa da escola. Avaliaram-se as diferenças entre os estratos pelo teste Qui-quadrado. Estimaram-se as razões de prevalência ajustadas (RPa) e os IC95% pelo modelo de regressão de Poisson. Resultados: a maioria dos escolares foram vacinados (62,9%), sendo a prevalência de meninas (76,1%) superior à de meninos (49,1%). O motivo mais prevalente foi "não sabia que tinha que tomar" (46,8%), sendo as RPa mais elevadas em escolares de escolas públicas do Brasil (1,6; IC95% 1,5;1,7), da região Nordeste (1,2; IC95% 1,1;1,2) e em estudantes de escolas privadas das regiões Nordeste (1,1; IC95% 1,1;1,2) e Norte (1,3; IC95% 1,2;1,4). Conclusão: um a cada dois escolares brasileiros foi vacinado contra o HPV. A desinformação foi um motivo frequente para a não vacinação. As regiões Norte e Nordeste apresentaram as maiores prevalências de não vacinados, observadas principalmente em adolescentes de escolas públicas.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar la prevalencia de escolares vacunados contra el virus del papiloma humano (VPH) y las razones relacionadas con la no vacunación. Método: estudio transversal, con datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud del Escolar de 2019. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 160, 721 estudiantes de 13 a 17 años. Se estimaron las prevalencias e intervalos de confianza (IC95%) de adolescentes vacunados según ubicación, sexo y dependencia administrativa de la escuela. Las diferencias entre estratos se evaluaron mediante la prueba de Chi-cuadrado. Se estimaron las razones de prevalencia ajustadas (RPa) y los IC95% por el modelo de regresión de Poisson. Resultados: la mayoría de los escolares fueron vacunados (62,9%), siendo la prevalencia de niñas (76,1%) superior a la de los niños (49,1%). La razón más prevalente fue "no sabía que tenía que tomar" (46,8%), siendo las RPa más elevadas en escolares de escuelas públicas de Brasil (1,6; IC95% 1,5; 1,7), de la región Nordeste (1,2; IC95% 1,1; 1,2) y en estudiantes de escuelas privadas de las regiones de Nordeste (1,1; IC95% 1,1; 1,2) y Norte (1,3; IC95% 1,2; 1,4). Conclusión: uno de cada dos escolares brasileños ha sido vacunado contra el VPH. La desinformación fue una razón frecuente para la no vacunación. Las regiones Norte y Nordeste presentaron las mayores prevalencias de no vacunados, observadas principalmente en adolescentes de escuelas públicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Immunization , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Alphapapillomavirus , Papillomavirus Vaccines
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 702-708, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935447

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aim to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of cancer attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in China in 2016. Methods: Based on the cancer incidence and mortality rates, national population data, and population attributable fraction (PAF) in China, we calculated the number of incidence and death cases attributed to HPV infection in different areas, age groups, and gender in China in 2016. The standardized incidence and mortality rates for cancer attributed to HPV infection were calculated by using Segi's population. Results: In 2016, a total of 124 772 new cancer cases (6.32 per 100 000) were attributed to HPV infection in China, including 117 118 cases in women and 7 654 cases in men. Of these cancers, cervical cancer was the most common one, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, vaginal cancer, laryngeal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. A total of 41 282 (2.03 per 100 000) deaths were attributed to HPV infection, of which 37 417 occurred in women and 3 865 in men. Most deaths were caused by cervical cancer, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, laryngeal cancer, vaginal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. The incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer increased rapidly with age, peaked in age group 50-54 years, then decreased obviously. The morbidity and mortality rates of non-cervical cancer increased with age. The cancer case and death numbers in rural areas (57 089 cases and 19 485 deaths) were lower than those in urban areas (67 683 cases and 21 797 deaths). However, the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of cervical cancer were higher in rural areas than in urban areas. There were no significant differences in ASIR and ASMR of non-cervical cancers between urban areas and rural areas. Conclusions: The incidence of cancers attributed to HPV infection in China was lower than the global average, but the number of incidences accounted largely, furthermore there is an increasing trend of morbidity and mortality. The preventions and controls of cervical cancer and male anal cancer are essential to contain the increases in cancer cases and deaths attributed to HPV infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Penile Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Vaginal Neoplasms , Vulvar Neoplasms
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388691

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El cáncer de cérvix es el segundo en frecuencia y el tercero en mortalidad; la infección por el virus del papiloma humano (VPH) está asociada al riesgo de cáncer; sin embargo, no se conoce el riesgo acumulado a 1, 2, 3, 5 y 10 años. Objetivo: Determinar el riesgo de las pacientes VPH positivo con evaluación inicial citológica negativa para desarrollar lesión intraepitelial de alto grado a lo largo del tiempo. Método: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de artículos en inglés y español de los últimos 20 años, usando las bases de datos PubMed, Cochrane, LILACS, ProQuest y Embase. Se incluyeron ensayos clínicos aleatorizados en los que se determinaba el estado VPH y se realizaba seguimiento con citología cervicovaginal a 1, 2, 3, 5 y 10 años en mujeres de 20-64 años. Resultados: Se incluyeron siete ensayos clínicos aleatorizados, con un total de 98.521 mujeres, de ellas 8820 VPH positivo y 89.701 VPH negativo al ingreso, seguidas hasta por 10 años con citología cervicovaginal, encontrando que la infección por VPH es un factor de riesgo para desarrollar lesiones intraepiteliales de alto grado a 2, 5 y 10 años, con un riesgo relativo de 110.94 (79.41-154.97), 83.65 (55.22-126.73) y 29.71 (5.72-154.33), respectivamente. Conclusiones: La infección por VPH es un factor de riesgo importante para el desarrollo de lesiones intraepiteliales de alto grado a 2, 5 y 10 años.


Abstract Introduction: Cervical cancer is the second in frequency and the third in mortality, infection by the human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with the risk of increased cancer; however, the cumulative risk of 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 years is not known. Objective: To determine the risk of HPV-positive patients with negative initial cytological evaluation for developing high-grade intraepithelial lesion over time. Method: A systematic review of articles in English and Spanish in the last 20 years was carried out, using the PubMed, Cochrane, LILACS, ProQuest and Embase databases. Randomized clinical trials were included in which HPV was performed and subsequent follow-up with cervicovaginal cytology at 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 years in women aged 20-64 years. Results: Seven randomized clinical trials were included, a total of 98,521 women, 8820 with positive HPV and 89701 negative on admission and followed up for up to 10 years with cervicovaginal cytology. Finding that HPV infection is a risk factor for developing high-grade intraepithelial lesion at 2, 5 and 10 years with a relative risk of 110.94 (79.41-154.97), 83.65 (55.22- 126.73) and 29.71 (5.72-154.33), respectively. Conclusions: HPV infection is an important risk factor for the development of high-grade intraepithelial lesion at 2, 5 and 10 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , /diagnosis , /epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Mass Screening , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Human Papillomavirus DNA Tests , Papanicolaou Test , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix/diagnosis , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix/epidemiology
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(12): 6223-6234, Dez. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350498

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a associação entre o desconhecimento sobre a campanha de vacinação contra o HPV entre adolescentes e fatores individuais e contextuais. Estudo transversal com dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (2015). Foi realizada a análise bivariada e calculadas as Razões de Prevalência em uma Regressão de Poisson multinível (IC95%) para verificar o efeito das variáveis no desfecho. O desfecho esteve associado significativamente a ter 15-19 anos de idade (RP=1,36), estudar no turno da tarde/noite (RP=1,05), já ter tido relações sexuais (RP=1,10), com autopercepção do estado de saúde ruim ou muito ruim (RP=1,23), insatisfeito (RP=1,14) ou indiferente (RP=1,15) à sua imagem corporal, que falta às aulas sem consentimento dos pais (RP=1,10) e que estuda em escola pública (RP=1,24). Houve menor prevalência do desfecho entre o sexo feminino (RP=0,24) e em estados com maior desigualdade de renda (RP=0,80). O desconhecimento sobre a campanha de vacinação contra o HPV entre adolescentes foi associado às características individuais e do contexto da escola e da unidade de federação. Esses achados indicam a importância de fortalecer a promoção à saúde voltada aos jovens em vulnerabilidade.


Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the association between lack of awareness of the HPV vaccination campaign among Brazilian adolescents and individual and contextual factors. It involved a cross-sectional study with data from the National Student Health Survey (2015). Bivariate analysis was performed and Prevalence Ratios were calculated, in a multilevel Poisson Regression (95%CI) to verify the effect of variables on the outcome. The outcome was significantly associated with being 15-19 years old (PR=1.36), studying during the afternoon/night shift (PR=1.05), having already had sexual intercourse (PR=1.10), with self-perceived poor or very poor health status (PR=1.23), dissatisfied (PR=1.14) or indifferent (PR=1.15) regarding their body image, playing truant from classes without parental consent (PR=1.10) and studying at a public school (PR=1.24). There was less prevalence of the outcome among females (PR=0.24) and in states with greater income inequality (PR=0.80). The lack of awareness about the HPV vaccination campaign among adolescents was associated with individual characteristics, the context of the school and the unit of the federation. These findings indicate the importance of enhancing health promotion for vulnerable young people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Students , Cross-Sectional Studies , Vaccination , Immunization Programs , Multilevel Analysis
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(9): 1339-1346, sept. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389591

ABSTRACT

Cervical Cancer (CaCu) has a heterogeneous epidemiological behavior throughout the planet, depending on regional socioeconomic development level. Some developed countries predict a potential eradication of this cancer in the next 100 years, while in Chile it still constitutes a pending challenge. Incidence rates show a slow but sustained downward prob, however, mortality has continued to fluctuate between 500-600 cases per year. A few years ago, vaccination against Human Papillomavirus (HPV), the main causal agent for this tumor, was consolidated as a public policy, both in girls and in boys. However, the technological leap in the screening prob was pending, from cytology to molecular diagnosis of the agent (HPV). In this report, we update our most recent data (2018) regarding CaCu mortality, then review global guidelines and experiences in HPV screening. Finally, we offer an account of the strategies that our health system is promoting to address the screening of the disease and whose molecular approach generates the widest worldwide scientific consensus. We also recognize the main barriers and future challenges, which, if overcome, would allow us to be in line with the mandate of WHO to control this women's health problema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Mass Screening , Vaccination
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(3): 346-352, May-Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285683

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The association between uterine cervix and anogenital carcinomas and human papillomavirus, HPV, is well established, however the involvement of this virus in the development of oral squamous cell carcinomas remains controversial. Objectives To evaluate the relationship between HPV infection and oral squamous cell carcinomas, and to estimate the incidence of this infection in these patients. Methods Four electronic databases were searched to find studies that met the following inclusion criteria: i) performed in humans; ii) were cohort, case-control or cross-sectional; iii) assessed the HPV oncogenic activity by the E6 and E7 mRNA; iv) included primary oral squamous cell carcinomas which; v) diagnosis had been confirmed by biopsy. Information about the country; study period; sample obtainment; sites of oral squamous cell carcinomas; number, gender and age range of the population; the prevalence of HPV infection and subtypes detected; use of tobacco or alcohol and oral sex practice were extracted. The methodological quality of included articles was assessed using 14 criteria. Results The search strategy retrieved 2129 articles. Assessment of the full text was done for 626 articles, but five were included. The total of participants included was 383, most of them male with mean age between 51.0 and 63.5 years old. Seventeen patients were HPV/mRNA-positive, being the subtypes 16 and 18 detected more frequently. Nine of the HPV/mRNA-positive oral squamous cell carcinomas occurred on the tongue. The quality score average of included articles was five points. Conclusions Among the 383 oral squamous cell carcinoma patients included, 17 (4.4%) were HPV/mRNA-positive, nevertheless it was not possible to assess if HPV infection was associated with oral squamous cell carcinomas because none of the studies included was longitudinal and cross-sectional investigations do not have control group.


Resumo Introdução A associação entre os carcinomas de colo uterino e anogenitais e o papilomavírus humano (HPV) está bem estabelecida; entretanto, o envolvimento desse vírus no desenvolvimento de carcinomas espinocelulares orais permanece controverso. Objetivos Avaliar a relação entre a infecção pelo HPV e os carcinomas espinocelulares orais e estimar a proporção dessa infecção nesses pacientes. Método Quatro bases de dados eletrônicas foram pesquisadas para encontrar estudos que atendessem aos seguintes critérios de inclusão: i) feitos em humanos; ii) estudos do tipo coorte, caso-controle ou transversal; iii) avaliaram a atividade oncogênica do HPV pelo mRNA E6 e E7; iv) incluíram CECOs primários, cujo diagnóstico foi confirmado por biópsia; v) o diagnóstico foi confirmado por biópsia. Informações sobre o país; período do estudos; obtenção da amostra; locais dos carcinomas espinocelulares orais; número, sexo e faixa etária da população; prevalência de infecção por HPV e subtipos detectados; informações sobre o uso de tabaco ou álcool e a prática de sexo oral foram obtidas. A qualidade metodológica dos artigos incluídos foi avaliada através de 14 critérios. Resultados A estratégia de busca recuperou 2.129 artigos. A avaliação de texto completo foi feita em 626 artigos, mas apenas cinco foram incluídos. O total de participantes incluídos foi de 383, a maioria do sexo masculino e com média de idade entre 51,0 e 63,5 anos. Dezessete pacientes eram HPV/mRNA-positivos, os subtipos 16 e 18 foram detectados com maior frequência. Nove dos carcinomas espinocelulares orais HPV/mRNA-positivos ocorreram na língua. A média do escore de qualidade dos artigos incluídos foi de cinco pontos. Conclusões Entre os 383 pacientes incluídos com carcinomas espinocelulares orais, 17 (4,4%) eram HPV/mRNA-positivos; entretanto, não foi possível avaliar se a infecção por HPV estava associada com carcinomas espinocelulares orais porque nenhum dos estudos incluídos era longitudinal e as investigações transversais não têm grupo controle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Papillomaviridae/genetics , DNA, Viral , Cross-Sectional Studies , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/epidemiology , Middle Aged
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(1): 1-16, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152799

ABSTRACT

Abstract Infection with human papilloma virus (HPV) is related to a great number of cutaneous and mucosal manifestations. The spectrum of HPV ranges from inapparent infections, through various clinical benign presentations including cutaneous and mucosal disease, to malignant and premalignant conditions. New HPV types are currently described in the literature; many of them are characterized as high-risk types due to their oncogenic potential. Knowledge regarding their epidemiology and pathogenesis is important to understand not only infection and disease processes, but also to formulate the clinical and laboratory basis for diagnosis, therapeutics, and prophylactic measures. This non-systematic review aims to discuss and to update those aspects, with an emphasis on relevant topics for dermatologists. HPV infection and related diseases in the Brazilian scenario are highlighted, including common dermatologic conditions seen at clinics as well as the condition of a public health problem as a sexually transmitted infection. The oncogenicity of the virus and the variety of clinical outcomes - especially in the immunocompromised individuals - are addressed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomaviridae , Precancerous Conditions , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Alphapapillomavirus , Brazil/epidemiology
18.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 34(1): e1528, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248502

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Currently, persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been related in some geographic regions as a risk factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. It results in the immunoexpression of the p16 protein, which has been used as marker of the oncogenic lineage by this etiological agent. Aim: To correlate epidemiological aspects of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with the prevalence of HPV infection. Methods: Fifty-eight cases were analyzed and submitted to histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis by p16. Results: Of the 58 cases evaluated, 40 were men and 18 women, with a mean age of 63.2 years. p16 immunoexpression was positive in 46.55%. Conclusion: The prevalence of HPV infection is high in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma presenting in almost half of the cases (46.55%), without gender differentiation.


RESUMO Racional: Atualmente a infecção persistente pelo papilomavírus humano (HPV) tem sido relacionada em algumas regiões geográficas como fator de risco para o carcinoma epidermoide do esôfago. Ela resulta na imunoexpressão da proteína p16, que tem sido utilizada como marcadora da linhagem oncogênica por este agente etiológico. Objetivo: Correlacionar aspectos epidemiológicos do carcinoma epidermoide do esôfago com a prevalência de infecção pelo HPV. Métodos: Foram analisados 58 casos buscando-se perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes, com suas peças submetidas à análise histopatológica e imunoistoquímica pelo p16. Resultado: Dos 58 casos avaliados, 40 eram homens e 18 mulheres, com idade média de 63,2 anos. A imunoexpressão pelo p16 foi de 46,55%. Conclusão: A prevalência de infecção pelo HPV é alta no carcinoma epidermoide de esôfago apresentando-se em quase a metade dos casos (46,55%), sem diferenciação de idade quanto aos gêneros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Alphapapillomavirus , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Papillomaviridae
19.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(spe1): e2020790, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154158

ABSTRACT

O artigo aborda a infecção pelo papilomavírus humano (human papillomavirus, HPV), tema constitutivo do Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas para Atenção Integral às Pessoas com Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis, publicado pelo Ministério da Saúde. Tal documento foi elaborado com base em evidências científicas e validado em discussões e consenso entre especialistas. São apresentados aspectos epidemiológicos e clínicos, bem como orientações para os gestores e profissionais de saúde no diagnóstico, tratamento e prevenção da infecção pelo HPV. Este tema representa importante problema de saúde pública, haja vista essa infecção sexualmente transmissível ser a mais prevalente no mundo, capaz de desencadear o processo oncogênico do câncer do colo uterino, além de possibilitar a ocorrência de verrugas anogenitais. Neste artigo, são apresentadas informações importantes para o conhecimento do HPV, estratégias de ação para a prevenção e controle da infecção, uma assistência de qualidade e tratamento efetivo da doença.


This article addresses human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, this being one of the topics covered by the Clinical Protocol and Therapeutic Guidelines for Comprehensive Care for People with Sexually Transmitted Infections, published by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. The Protocol and Guidelines have been developed based on scientific evidence and validated in discussions with specialists. This article presents epidemiological and clinical aspects, as well as guidelines for health service managers and health workers about diagnosing and treating people with papillomavirus infection. This theme is an important public health problem, since it is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection in the world, capable of triggering the oncogenic process of cervical cancer, as well as the possibility anogenital warts occurring. Important information is presented for gaining knowledge about HPV, as well as action strategies for infection prevention and control, provision of quality care and effective treatment of the disease.


El tema del papilomavirus humano (PVH) es uno de los capítulos del Protocolo Clínico y Conductas Terapéuticas para la Atención Integral a Personas con Infecciones de Transmisión Sexual, publicado por el Ministerio de Salud de Brasil. Este documento fue desarrollado en base a evidencia científica y validado en discusiones con especialistas. Se presentan aspectos epidemiológicos y clínicos, así como guías para gestores y profesionales de la salud en el diagnóstico, tratamiento y prevención de la infección por papilomavirus. Este tema constituye uno de los principales problemas de salud pública, pues además de ser la infección transmitida sexualmente más prevalente en todo el mundo, puede tener implicaciones para el proceso oncogénico del cáncer de cuello uterino y la posibilidad de presentar verrugas anogenitales. Se presenta información sobre estrategias de acciones de prevención y control, las cuales son importantes para entender el problema, ofrecer asistencia de calidad y tratamiento efectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Condylomata Acuminata , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Clinical Protocols , Alphapapillomavirus/pathogenicity
20.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(spe1): e2020790, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154177

ABSTRACT

Resumo O artigo aborda a infecção pelo papilomavírus humano (human papillomavirus, HPV), tema constitutivo do Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas para Atenção Integral às Pessoas com Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis, publicado pelo Ministério da Saúde. Tal documento foi elaborado com base em evidências científicas e validado em discussões e consenso entre especialistas. São apresentados aspectos epidemiológicos e clínicos, bem como orientações para os gestores e profissionais de saúde no diagnóstico, tratamento e prevenção da infecção pelo HPV. Este tema representa importante problema de saúde pública, haja vista essa infecção sexualmente transmissível ser a mais prevalente no mundo, capaz de desencadear o processo oncogênico do câncer do colo uterino, além de possibilitar a ocorrência de verrugas anogenitais. Neste artigo, são apresentadas informações importantes para o conhecimento do HPV, estratégias de ação para a prevenção e controle da infecção, uma assistência de qualidade e tratamento efetivo da doença.


Abstract This article addresses human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, this being one of the topics covered by the Clinical Protocol and Therapeutic Guidelines for Comprehensive Care for People with Sexually Transmitted Infections, published by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. The Protocol and Guidelines have been developed based on scientific evidence and validated in discussions with specialists. This article presents epidemiological and clinical aspects, as well as guidelines for health service managers and health workers about diagnosing and treating people with papillomavirus infection. This theme is an important public health problem, since it is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection in the world, capable of triggering the oncogenic process of cervical cancer, as well as the possibility anogenital warts occurring. Important information is presented for gaining knowledge about HPV, as well as action strategies for infection prevention and control, provision of quality care and effective treatment of the disease.


Resumen El tema del papilomavirus humano (PVH) es uno de los capítulos del Protocolo Clínico y Conductas Terapéuticas para la Atención Integral a Personas con Infecciones de Transmisión Sexual, publicado por el Ministerio de Salud de Brasil. Este documento fue desarrollado en base a evidencia científica y validado en discusiones con especialistas. Se presentan aspectos epidemiológicos y clínicos, así como guías para gestores y profesionales de la salud en el diagnóstico, tratamiento y prevención de la infección por papilomavirus. Este tema constituye uno de los principales problemas de salud pública, pues además de ser la infección transmitida sexualmente más prevalente en todo el mundo, puede tener implicaciones para el proceso oncogénico del cáncer de cuello uterino y la posibilidad de presentar verrugas anogenitales. Se presenta información sobre estrategias de acciones de prevención y control, las cuales son importantes para entender el problema, ofrecer asistencia de calidad y tratamiento efectivo.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Papillomavirus Infections , Alphapapillomavirus , Brazil/epidemiology , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology
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