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1.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 24(3): 140-145, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144333

ABSTRACT

Resumen El desarrollo y la innovación de nuevas tecnologías ha permitido mejorar la detección de la infección por el virus del papiloma humano de alto riesgo. La captura de híbridos II es un ensayo que se basa en hibridación y quimioluminiscencia. Cobas VPH Test es una PCR cualitativa y Aptima VPH Assay permite detectar la expresión de ARN mensajero de las oncoproteínas E6/E7 del VPH de alto riesgo. Estas técnicas presentan ventajas en comparación con la citología convencional, que se utiliza como prueba de rutina para la detección temprana del cáncer de cuello uterino. En el estudio ESTAMPA se realizaron 13.691 procesamientos que permitieron identificar que para el planteamiento de proyectos de investigación o para la implementación de pruebas de tamizaje de VPH es necesario analizar las ventajas y desventajas de las pruebas del mercado.


Abstract The development and innovation of new technologies has improved the detection of high-risk human papillomavirus infection. Hybrid capture II is an assay that is based on hybridization and chemiluminescence. Cobas HPV Test is a qualitative PCR and Aptima HPV Assay allows to detect the expression of messenger RNA of the high- risk HPV E6 / E7 oncoproteins. These techniques have advantages, in comparison, with conventional cytology that is routinely used for the detection of cervical cancer. In the ESTAMPA study, 13,691 prosecutions were carried out that allowed to identify that for the planning of research projects or for the implementation of HPV screening tests, it is necessary to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of market tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Papillomaviridae/isolation & purification , Research Design , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/methods , Papillomaviridae/genetics , DNA, Viral , RNA, Messenger , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Mass Screening , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Triage , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Human Papillomavirus DNA Tests , Luminescent Measurements , Nucleic Acid Hybridization
2.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(2): 130-138, abr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959497

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: La persistencia del virus papiloma posterior a la conización del cuello uterino, se ha considerado un factor de riesgo para la persistencia de lesiones intra epiteliales (LIE) causadas por virus papiloma. Para determinar la asociación entre persistencia de lesión cervical y la presencia del virus papiloma posterior a la conización del cuello uterino, se realizó un estudio observacional prospectivo en un grupo de 123 pacientes portadoras de lesiones intraepiteliales de alto grado (LIEAG) tratadas con conización. Material y métodos: Se siguieron a 123 pacientes portadoras de LIEAG, ingresadas a la Unidad de Patología Cervical entre Abril de 2013 y Abril de 2014, las que fueron seguidas por 2 años hasta Abril de 2016. Se realizó genotipificación antes, y entre 4 a 6 meses posterior a la conización. Los datos se tabularon considerando la edad, paridad, tipo de virus, persistencia de LIE, reconización o requerimiento de histerectomía posterior. Resultados: La mediana de la edad fue de 37 años, el 91% fueron multíparas, y solo el 9% fueron nulíparas. El 56% ingresó por NIE III y el 44% por NIE II. Los virus más frecuentes fueron el 16, 31,58, 52 y 56. La persistencia de virus papiloma se constató en el 37% de las pacientes conizadas. La persistencia de LIE se observó en el 27% de las pacientes que fueron positivas para virus papiloma posterior a la conización, en comparación a sólo el 5% en las que fueron negativas. Del total de pacientes positivas para virus papiloma posterior a la conización, 12 de ellas presentaron persistencia de lesión confirmadas histológicamente por biopsia cervical, 8 pacientes requirieron recono por LIE de alto grado, 2 pacientes fueron a histerectomía y en 2 casos se realizó seguimiento estricto por NIE I. Cuando la tipificación post cono fue negativa solamente 3 pacientes requirieron conización y en sólo una se realizó seguimiento estricto por NIE I. Conclusión: La persistencia del virus papiloma posterior a la conización se asocia a mayor persistencia de LIEAG, mayor frecuencia de reconización o histerectomía posterior.


ABSTRACT Backgroud: The persistence of papilloma virus after conization of the cervix has been considered a risk factor for the persistence of cervical intra epithelial lesion (CIN) caused by papilloma virus. Aim: In order to determine the association between cervical lesion persistence and the presence of papilloma virus after conization, a prospective observational study was performed in a group of 123 patients with intraepithelial lesions treated with conization. Material and methods: We followed 123 patients with high grade CIN who were admitted to the Cervical Pathology Unit, between April 2013 and April 2014; they were followed for 2 years until April 2016. Viral genotyping was done before, and among the 4 to 6 months after the LEEP. Data were tabulated considering age, parity, type of virus, persistence of CIN, reconization or requirement of posterior hysterectomy. Results: The median age was 37 years, 91% were multiparous, and only 9% were nulliparous. 56% had NIE III and 44% NIE II. The most frequent viruses were 16, 31, 58, 52 and 56. The persistence of papillomavirus was present in 37% of patients. The persistence of CIN was observed in 27% of patients who were positive for papilloma virus after conization, compared to only 5% in those who were negative. Of the total number of patients positive for papilloma virus, in 12 of them had intra epitelial lesions were confirmed by cervical biopsy, 8 patients required recone for high grade CIN, 2 patients underwent hysterectomy, and 2 patients underwent follows up strictly by CIN I. When post cone typing was negative only 3 patients required conization and only one was followed strictly by CIN I.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology , Conization , Papillomavirus Infections/pathology , Papillomaviridae/physiology , Biopsy , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/complications , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/surgery , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/pathology , Colposcopy , Cytodiagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Observational Study
3.
Clinics ; 73: e465, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974922

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the presence of human papillomavirus DNA and genotypes in breast cancer and normal breast tissue samples obtained from women from the northeast region of Brazil. METHOD: One hundred three breast cancer samples and 95 normal breast samples, as the non-malignant controls, were studied. DNA extraction was verified by human beta-globin gene amplification, and polymerase chain reaction was conducted based on HPV L1-specific consensus primers MY09/MY11 and GP5+/GP6+, followed by nested multiplex polymerase chain reaction with type-specific primers for the E6/E7 consensus region. RESULTS: Human papillomavirus DNA was detected in 51 (49.5%) breast carcinoma samples and 15 (15.8%) normal breast samples (p<0.0001). Human papillomavirus genotypes 6 and 11 were identified in 15.2% of all samples. CONCLUSIONS: The high frequency of human papillomavirus infection in breast cancer samples indicates a potential role of this virus in breast carcinogenesis in the studied participants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms/virology , DNA, Viral/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Genotype
4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(1): 38-44, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839410

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Molecular studies about carcinomas of the oral cavity and oropharynx demonstrate the presence of human papilomavirus genome in these tumors, reinforcing the participation of human papilomavirus in oral carcinogenesis. Objectives This study aimed to determine the prevalence of human papilomavirus and genotype distribution of HPV16 and HPV18 in oral cavity and oropharynx carcinomas, as well as their association with clinical characteristics of the tumors. Methods This is a retrospective study, with clinical data collected from 82 patients. Human papilomavirus detection was conducted on specimens of oral cavity and oropharynx carcinomas included in paraffin blocks. Patients were assisted in a cancer reference center, in the central region of Brazil, between 2005 and 2007. Polymerase chain reaction was used for the detection and genotyping of human papilomavirus. Results Among the patients evaluated, 78% were male. The average age of the group was about 58 years. Risk factors, such as smoking (78%) and alcohol consumption (70.8%) were recorded for the group. HPV DNA was detected in 21 cases (25.6%; 95% confidence interval 16.9–36.6) of which 33.3% were HPV16 and 14.3% were HPV18. The presence of lymph node metastases and registered deaths were less frequent in human papilomavirus positive tumors, suggesting a better prognosis for these cases; however, the differences between the groups were not statistically significant. Conclusion The results obtained in the present study, with respect to the presence of the high-risk HPV16 and HPV18 genotypes, highlight the importance of human papilomavirus vaccination in the control of oral cavity and oropharynx carcinomas.


Resumo Introdução Estudos moleculares sobre carcinomas da cavidade oral e orofaringe demonstram a presença do genoma do papilomavírus humano (HPV) nesses tumores, o que enfatiza a participação do HPV na carcinogênese oral. Objetivos Determinar a prevalência de HPV e a distribuição genotípica de HPV16 e HPV18 nos carcinomas de cavidade oral e orofaringe, bem como sua associação com as características clínicas dos tumores. Método Estudo retrospectivo, com dados clínicos coletados de 82 pacientes. A detecção de HPV foi feita em amostras de carcinomas de cavidade oral e orofaringe incluídos em blocos de parafina. Os pacientes foram atendidos em um centro de referência para tratamento do câncer, na região central do Brasil, entre 2005 e 2007. Foi usada a reação em cadeia de polimerase (PCR) para a detecção e genotipagem do HPV. Resultados Entre os pacientes avaliados, 78% eram homens. A média de idade do grupo era de 58 anos. Fatores de risco como o tabagismo (78%) e consumo de álcool (70,8%) foram registrados para o grupo. HPV DNA foi detectado em 21 casos (25,6%; IC de 95%, 16,9-36,6), dos quais 33,3% eram HPV16 e 14,3% eram HPV18. A presença de metástases em linfonodos e os óbitos registrados foram menos frequentes em tumores positivos para HPV, o que sugere melhor prognóstico para esses casos; contudo, as diferenças entre os grupos não foram estatisticamente significantes. Conclusão Os resultados obtidos no presente estudo, com respeito à presença de genótipos de alto risco de HPV16 e HPV18, destacam a importância da vacinação para HPV no controle dos carcinomas de cavidade oral e orofaringe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/virology , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Human papillomavirus 16/genetics , Human papillomavirus 18/genetics , Mouth/virology , Brazil , DNA, Viral/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Human papillomavirus 18/isolation & purification , Genotype
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(1): 69-74, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841168

ABSTRACT

Abstract The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oral carcinogenesis is still controversial as detection rates of the virus in oral cavity reported in the literature varies greatly. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of HPV infection and its genotypes in patients with oral lesions at the Ambulatory of Oral Diagnosis of the Federal University of Sergipe, Brazil. Material and Methods We conducted a molecular study with 21 patients (15 females) aged from two to 83 years with clinically detectable oral lesions. Samples were collected through exfoliation of lesions and HPV-DNA was identified using MY09/11 and GP5+/6+ primers. Genotyping was performed by multiplex PCR. Results Benign, premalignant and malignant lesions were diagnosed by histopathology. HPV was detected in 17 samples. Of these, HPV-6 was detected in 10 samples, HPV-18 in four and HPV-16 in one sample. When samples were categorized by lesion types, HPV was detected in two papilloma cases (2/3), five carcinomas (5/6), one hyperplasia (1/1) and nine dysplasia cases (9/11). Conclusion Unlike other studies in the literature, we reported high occurrence of HPV in oral lesions. Further studies are required to enhance the comprehension of natural history of oral lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Papillomaviridae/isolation & purification , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/virology , Mouth Mucosa/virology , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Time Factors , Biopsy , Brazil/epidemiology , DNA, Viral , Base Sequence , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/virology , Prevalence , Risk Assessment , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mouth Diseases/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
6.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(11): 663-669, Nov. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829247

ABSTRACT

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are strongly associated with the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasias and invasive cervical cancer. Polymorphisms in cytokine-encoding genes and behavioural cofactors could play an important role in protecting an individual against viral infections and cancer. Here, we investigated whether IL-6 -174 G>C, IL-8 +396 G>T, and TGF-β1 +869 G>C and +915 G>C polymorphisms were associated with susceptibility to HPV infection in women from north-east (Pernambuco) Brazil. We analysed 108 healthy uninfected women (HC) and 108 HPV-positive women with cervical lesions. Genetic polymorphisms were assessed using Sanger sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Comparison of the distribution of the genotypic and allelic frequencies of the IL-18 +396 T>G polymorphism between HPV infected woman an uninfected controls showed that the GG genotype and G allele were both more frequent in the HC group, and were associated with protection from HPV infection (p = 0.0015; OR = 0.29 CI95% = 0.13-0.61; p = 0.0005; OR = 0.45 CI95% 0.29-0.7, respectively). Individuals from the control group could have previously had HPV infection that was spontaneously eliminated; however, it was undetectable at the time of sample collection. Based on our findings, we hypothesize that the IL-8 +396 G>T polymorphism could interfere with susceptibility to HPV infection, by modulating the ability of immune system to fight the virus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Interleukin-8/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Alleles , Base Sequence , Brazil , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , DNA, Viral/analysis , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology
7.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 134(1): 88-91, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777459

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Adolescence and pregnancy are considered to be risk factors for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The relationship between this infection in the uterine cervix and oral HPV infection is controversial. CASE REPORT: This report describes a case of a pregnant 16-year-old adolescent who presented HPV infection in the uterine cervix and the mouth. Smears were collected from the cervix and the tongue/palate. Dental biofilm samples were also collected. The microarray technique was used to detect HPV. The HPV 56 subtype was observed in the cervical smear and HPV 6 in dental biofilm. CONCLUSION: In this pregnant adolescent, HPV infection was present in both the cervix and the mouth, but the HPV subtypes infecting these two areas were different.


CONTEXTO: A adolescência e a gestação são consideradas fatores de risco para a infecção pelo papilomavírus humano (HPV). A relação entre essa infecção no colo do útero e na boca num mesmo paciente é controversa. RELATO DE CASO: Descrever o caso de uma adolescente grávida de 16 anos que apresentou a infecção pelo HPV no colo do útero e na boca. Esfregaços foram realizados no colo do útero e em língua/palato. Amostras de biofilme dental também foram coletadas. Para detectar o HPV, foi utilizada a técnica do microarranjo. O HPV 56 foi o subtipo encontrado no esfregaço cervical e o tipo HPV 6 no biofilme dental. CONCLUSÕES: Observamos, nessa adolescente grávida, a presença do HPV na boca e no colo do útero, mas os subtipos virais que infectavam essas duas regiões eram distintos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , DNA, Viral/genetics , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Biofilms , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Gingiva/physiology , Papillomaviridae/isolation & purification , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Cervix Uteri/virology , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/pathology , Human papillomavirus 6/isolation & purification , Human papillomavirus 6/genetics , Genotype , Gingiva/virology , Mouth/pathology , Mouth/virology
8.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 81(5): 381-387, 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-830147

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de infección por el virus del papiloma humano en pacientes que acudieron a un hospital de tercer nivel de atención en la Ciudad de México. Método: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, transversal y descriptivo que incluyó 65 mujeres entre 15 a 46 años que asistieron a consulta para atención gineco-obstétrica. A todas las participantes se les tomó una muestra cervical para la detección/genotipificación del papiloma virus mediante la prueba Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test in vitro® (Roche Molecular Systems, Inc., Branchburg, NJ). Resultados: Un total de 36 (55,4%) pacientes resultaron positivas al virus, en las que se identificaron 65 genotipos virales tanto en infección única (38,9%) como en infección por múltiples (61,1%) genotipos. El 29,2% de los genotipos identificados, fueron de alto riesgo. Los genotipos de alto riesgo más frecuentes fueron: VPH52 y 51; mientras que los genotipos de bajo riesgo más comunes fueron: VPH6 y 53. Un tercio de las pacientes con infección mostraron al menos un genotipo de alto riesgo. Conclusión: En este estudio, se observó una frecuencia relativamente baja de genotipos de alto riesgo del virus del papiloma humano, sin embargo se identificó un porcentaje importante de co-infección por múltiples genotipos. Por esta razón, se considera necesario dar seguimiento a mediano y largo plazo para monitorear la evolución de la infección.


Objective: To identify which are the most frequent genotypes of human papilloma virus among a group of gynecologic-obstetric patients at tertiary care hospital in Mexico City. Method: A prospective and descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among a group of 65 women, aged 15-46 years, receiving gynecological-obstetric care. Cervical specimens were taken from all participants for direct HPV detection/ genotyping by means of a Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test in vitro® (Roche Molecular Systems, Inc., Branchburg, NJ). Results: Virus detection was achieved in 36 patients (55.4%), with a total of 65 genotypes, either as single (38.9%) or multiple-genotype (61.1%) infections. High risk genotypes accounted for only 29.2% of all genotype. The most frequent high risk genotypes were HPV52 and 51, while HPV6 and 53 were the most frequent low risk ones. At least one high risk genotype was present in one third of infected patients. Conclusion: The relative low frequency of oncogenic human papilloma virus genotypes among the women in this study was observed, however a significant percentage of co-infection with multiple genotypes were identified. Thus, mid- to long-term follow up might be necessary for those patients to monitor the evolution of the infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Genotyping Techniques , Mexico/epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Assessment , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(5): 431-436, May 2015. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-759372

ABSTRACT

Sarcoides são tumores fibroblásticos, considerados os tumores de pele mais comuns em pele de equinos e que raramente apresentam regressão espontânea. Papilomavírus bovino (BPV) tipos 1 e 2 são relacionados com a patogenia do sarcoide e, provavelmente, o BPV tipo 13 (BPV13), recentemente descrito, também pode estar associado com a formação dessa lesão. Neste estudo, 20 amostras de lesões cutâneas, sendo 12 constituídas por tecidos frescos e 8 amostras de tecido fixado em formalina e embebido em parafina, provenientes de 15 cavalos foram utilizadas para a identificação do DNA de BPV. A análise histopatológica (HE) confirmou todas as lesões como sarcoide. Para a amplificação do DNA de papilomavírus (PV) foram realizadas três reações de PCR. Como triagem, os primers IFNR2/IDNT2 foram utilizados para amplificar um fragmento da ORF L1 do PV. O segundo par de primersutilizado é complementar a sequência dos genes E5 e L2 de BPVs 1, 2 e 13. O terceiro par de primers(FAP59/FAP64) utilizado tem o gene L1 como alvo. A primeira e a segunda PCRs permitiram amplificar produtos em todas as amostras avaliadas. Entretanto, na terceira reação, na qual foram utilizados os primers FAP, foi possível amplificar produtos com tamanho molecular esperado somente nas amostras constituídas por tecidos frescos. O sequenciamento de nucleotídeos e as análises filogenéticas realizadas nos fragmentos E5L2 resultaram na identificação de BPV1, 2 e 13 em 14 (70%), 2 (10%) e em 4 (20%) amostras de sarcoides, respectivamente. As amostras de sarcoides de um dos animais continha somente o DNA de BPV1. Entretanto, nas amostras provenientes do segundo cavalo foi possível identificar o DNA de três tipos de Deltapapillomavirus bovino (BPV1, 2 e 13) em lesões distintas. Este estudo ratifica a presença do DNA de BPV1, 2 e 13 em lesões de sarcoides em equinos, além de identificar três tipos de BPVs em um mesmo animal e descrever pela primeira vez no Brasil a presença de BPV1 e 2 nesse tipo de lesão.


Sarcoids are fibroblastic lesions, which are considered as the most common skin tumors of horses; spontaneous regression rarely occurs. The bovine papillomavirus (BPV) types 1 and 2 may be involved in the pathogenesis of sarcoids, and probably the recently described BPV type (BPV13) might be associated with the pathogenesis of this lesion. This study characterized the DNA of BPVs in sarcoids from 15 horses from Brazil by analyzing 20 cutaneous lesions (12 recently collected; 8 from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues). Histopathology confirmed the proliferative lesions as sarcoids. Three PCRs were performed to amplify papillomavirus (PV) DNA. For screening, the primers IFNR2/IDNT2 were used to amplify a fragment of the PV L1 ORF. The second primer set was complementary to a common sequence of the E5L2 genomic region of BPV1, 2, and 13. The third primer pair (FAP59/FAP64) targeted a fragment of the PVs L1 ORF. The screening and E5L2 PCRs yielded amplicons in all samples evaluated. The FAP amplicons identified BPV1, 2, and 13 only from fresh tissue samples. The phylogenetic analyses of E5L2 resulted in the identification of BPV1, 2, and 13 in 14 (70%), 2 (10%), and 4 (20%) sarcoids, respectively. Two horses demonstrated multiple lesions: the sarcoids of one of these contained only BPV1 DNA and those of the other contained three types of bovine Deltapapillomavirus (BPV1, 2, and 13). This study confirmed the presence of BPV1, 2, and 13 DNA in equine sarcoids. Moreover, these findings represent the first description of three types of BPV diagnosed in the same horse, as well as the first confirmation of BPV1 and 2 in horses from Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/veterinary , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Skin Neoplasms/genetics , Skin Neoplasms/veterinary , Skin Neoplasms/virology , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , DNA Primers/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
10.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(7): 918-922, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728814

ABSTRACT

The human beta defensin 1 (hBD-1) antimicrobial peptide is a member of the innate immune system known to act in the first line of defence against microorganisms, including viruses such as human papillomavirus (HPV). In this study, five functional polymorphisms (namely g-52G>A, g-44C>G and g-20G>A in the 5’UTR and c.*5G>A and c.*87A>G in the 3’UTR) in the DEFB1 gene encoding for hBD-1 were analysed to investigate the possible involvement of these genetic variants in susceptibility to HPV infection and in the development of HPV-associated lesions in a population of Brazilian women. The DEFB1 g-52G>A and c.*5G>A single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the GCAAA haplotype showed associations with HPV-negative status; in particular, the c.*5G>A SNP was significantly associated after multiple test corrections. These findings suggest a possible role for the constitutively expressed beta defensin-1 peptide as a natural defence against HPV in the genital tract mucosa.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Reproductive Tract Infections/virology , beta-Defensins/genetics , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Haplotypes/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology
11.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159350

ABSTRACT

Buschke–Lowenstein tumor, otherwise known as giant condyloma acuminata, presents as an asymptomatic, papillomatous growth on the genitalia or the perianal area that grows to a large size. A 28 year old male HIV seropositive patient presented to outpatient department clinic with complaint of large painfull mass in pubic, peno-scrotal & anogenital region with pus, bleeding and fetid odour since 1 year Histopathological examination revealed hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, acanthosis & papillomatosis. A wide surgical excision was performed with removal of 80% of tumor and for rest of the tumor podophyllin 20% was prescribed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Buschke-Lowenstein Tumor/diagnosis , Buschke-Lowenstein Tumor/epidemiology , Buschke-Lowenstein Tumor/etiology , Buschke-Lowenstein Tumor/surgery , HIV Infections/complications , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics
12.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2014 Jul-Aug ; 80 (4): 381
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154899

ABSTRACT

Background: Information is scarce about the presence of molecular alterations related to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in squamous cell carcinomas of the genital skin and about the effect of this infection in the number of Langerhans cells present in these tumors. Aims: To determine the presence of HPV in genital skin squamous cell carcinomas and to see the relationship between HPV infection and changes in the expression of Ki-67 antigen (Ki-67), p53 protein (p53), retinoblastoma protein (pRb) and E-cadherin and to alterations in Langerhans cell density, if any. Methods: A descriptive, comparative, retrospective and cross-sectional study was performed with all the cases diagnosed as squamous cell carcinomas of the genital skin at the Dermatopathology Service from 2001 to 2011. The diagnosis was verified by histopathological examination. The presence of HPV was examined using chromogenic in situ hybridization, and protein expression was studied via immunohistochemical analysis. Results: The 34 cases studied were verified as squamous cell carcinomas and 44.1% were HPV positive. The degree of expression of pRb was 17.50% ±14.11% (mean ± SD) in HPV-positive cases and 29.74% ±20.38% in HPV-negative cases (P = 0.0236). The degree of expression of Ki-67 was 47.67% ±30.64% in HPV-positive cases and 29.87% ±15.95% in HPV-negative cases (P = 0.0273). Conclusion: HPV infection was related to lower pRb expression and higher Ki-67 expression in comparison with HPV negative samples. We could not find a relationship between HPV infection and the degree of expression of p53 and E-cadherin or with Langerhans cell density.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cross-Sectional Studies , DNA Fingerprinting/methods , Female , Genital Neoplasms, Female/diagnosis , Genital Neoplasms, Female/genetics , Genital Neoplasms, Male/diagnosis , Genital Neoplasms, Male/genetics , Humans , Langerhans Cells/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/genetics , Young Adult
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 40(1): 67-71, Jan-Feb/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-704171

ABSTRACT

Introduction: HPV infection is a highly prevalent sexually transmitted disease and there is evidence of the relationship of HPV infection and the development of genital warts, penile intraepitelial neoplasia, invasive penile carcinoma and cervical cancer. However, there is sparse data regarding the prevalence of HPV types and co-infection of different HPV types among men. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of HPV subtypes infections and rates of co-infection among men. Materials and Methods: 366 men were evaluated from March to October 2010. Men were referred to our institution for HPV diagnostic evaluation based on the following criteria: 1. presence of a genital wart; 2. presence of an atypical genital lesion; 3. absence of symptoms and a partner with a HPV diagnosis; 4. absence of symptoms and a desire to undergo a full STD diagnostic evaluation. Genital samples were collected from the urethra, penile shaft, scrotum and anus with Digene® collection and preservation kit and submitted to HPV genotype microarray detection (Papillocheck®). All men were tested for the low-risk HPV types 6-11-40-42-43-44 and for the high-risk HPV types 16-18-31-33-35-39-45-51-52-53-56-58-59-66-68-70-73-82. Results: Of the 366 men, 11 were tested inconclusive and were excluded from the analysis. 256 men (72.1% of the men from the cohort referred to our institution) tested positive with genotype micro-array detection and 99 tested negative. The most prevalent HPV-subtypes in the studied population were 6, 42, 51 and 16. Co-infection was found in 153 men. Of those, 70 (19.7%) had a co-infection by 2 types, 37 (10.4%) by 3 types; 33 men (9.2%) by 4 types; 8 men (2.2%) by 5 types; 1 man (0.3%) by 6 types; 1 man (0.3%) by 7 types; 2 men (0.6%) by 8 types and 1 man (0.3%) by 9 types. Conclusion: The most frequent HPV types were 6, 16, 42 and 51. Co-infection was found in 59% of our patients. This information is vital to drive future public health ...


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Genital Diseases, Male/epidemiology , Papillomaviridae/pathogenicity , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Age Distribution , Brazil/epidemiology , Coinfection , DNA, Viral , Genotype , Genital Diseases, Male/genetics , Genital Diseases, Male/virology , Microarray Analysis , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
15.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 55(5): 329-334, Sep-Oct/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-685557

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY High-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) infection is necessary but not sufficient for cervical cancer development. Recently, P16INK4A gene silencing through hypermethylation has been proposed as an important cofactor in cervical carcinogenesis due to its tumor suppressor function. We aimed to investigate P16INK4A methylation status in normal and neoplastic epithelia and evaluate an association with HPV infection and genotype. This cross-sectional study was performed with 141 cervical samples from patients attending Hospital Moncorvo Filho, Rio de Janeiro. HPV detection and genotyping were performed through PCR and P16INK4A methylation by nested-methylation specific PCR (MSP). HPV frequency was 62.4% (88/141). The most common HPV were HPV16 (37%), HPV18 (16.3%) and HPV33/45(15.2%). An upward trend was observed concerning P16INK4A methylation and lesion degree: normal epithelia (10.7%), low grade lesions (22.9%), high grade (57.1%) and carcinoma (93.1%) (p < 0.0001). A multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate an association between methylation, age, tobacco exposure, HPV infection and genotyping. A correlation was found concerning methylation with HPV infection (p < 0.0001), hr-HPV (p = 0.01), HSIL (p < 0.0007) and malignant lesions (p < 0.0001). Since viral infection and epigenetic alterations are related to cervical carcinoma, we suggest that P16INK4A methylation profile maybe thoroughly investigated as a biomarker to identify patients at risk of cancer. .


RESUMO É reconhecido que infecções por papilomavírus humanos de alto risco (HPV) são causa necessária, mas não suficiente para o desenvolvimento do câncer cervical. Recentemente, estudos de silenciamento gênico apontaram que a hipermetilação do gene p16INK4A é importante co-fator para a carcinogênese cervical, eliminando a função supressora de tumor da proteína p16 em lesões malignas. Entretanto poucos estudos avaliaram a relação da metilação com a progressão da doença. Nosso objetivo foi investigar o padrão de metilação do gene P16INK4A em diferentes graus de lesão cervical e sua associação com a infecção por diferentes tipos de HPV. Nosso estudo de corte transversal avaliou 141 amostras cervicais de pacientes atendidas no Hospital Moncorvo Filho, Rio de Janeiro. A detecção e tipagem do HPV foi realizada pela técnica de reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR), e a metilação do gene P16INK4A pela PCR-metilação específica em formato nested (MSP). A frequência de HPV foi de 62,4% (88/141). O tipo mais prevalente foi o HPV16 (37%), seguido pelo HPV18 (16,3%) e HPV33/45 (15,2%). Curva ascendente foi observada quanto ao padrão de metilação do gene P16INK4A e o grau da lesão: a metilação foi identificada em somente 10,7% das amostras de epitélio normal, em 22,9% das lesões de baixo grau, em 57,1% das lesões de alto grau e em 93,1% dos carcinomas (p < 0,0001). Foram feitas análises univariada e multivariada a fim de correlacionar metilação, idade, exposição ao tabaco, infecção e genótipo de HPV. Foi encontrada correlação da metilação com a infecção pelo HPV (p < 0,0001), genótipos de alto risco (p = 0,01), ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/virology , /genetics , DNA Methylation/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/genetics , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/pathology , DNA, Viral/genetics , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Papillomavirus Infections/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology
16.
Bol. venez. infectol ; 24(1): 5-11, ene.-jun. 2013. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-721095

ABSTRACT

Entre las enfermedades de transmisión sexual, el virus del papiloma humano (VPH) es la que tiene mayor prevalencia a nivel mundial. Esta infección puede tener o no efecto oncogénico sobre la célula infectada, pudiendo clasificarse de acuerdo al genotipo como de alto y bajo riesgo. El objetivo es identificar la prevalencia de genotipos oncogenes del virus de papiloma humano a nivel genital en mujeres que acuden a una consulta ambulatoria del estado carabobo. Estudio descriptivo, no experimental de tipo transversal. Se estudiaron 51 pacientes en un año, elaborándose un instrumento de recolección de datos. Se realizó genotipificación de las lesiones cervicales de VPH usando la extracción de los ácidos nucleicos aplicando el método BOOM, con sílica magnética, en el equipo MiniMag. Para la amplificación y detección molecular de los cinco tipos cancérigenos del VPH, 16, 18, 31, 33 y 45. Se aplicó la metodología NASBA (amplficación de ácidos nucleicos en tiempo real) en el NucliSENS EasyQ. Las pacientes estudiadas, se encontraban entre 18 y 53 años de edad. La totalidad de ellas presentaron cervicitis como diagnóstico macroscópico. La periodicidad de la evaluación ginecológica, fue irregular en el 31,4% de los casos. La distribución según los resultados: genotipo 45 (5,9%); genotipo 16 (2%); genotipo 16 asociado al 18 (2%); genotipo 33 (2%). El 11,9% de las muestras procesadas resultaron positivas, estas se distribuyen de manera homogénea siendo el genotipo 45 el más frecuente, con un porcentaje bajo de infección mixta.


Among the sexually transmitted diseases, human papiloma virus (HPV) is the most prevalent Worldwide. This infection may not have oncogenic effect on the infected cell, can be classifield according to genotype as high and low risk. To identify the prevalence of genotypes oncogenes of human papillomavirus genital level in women attending an outpatient clinic of carabobo state. Descriptive, not experimental transversal type. We studied 51 patients in one year, using a data collection instrument. Genotyping was performed HPV cervical lesions using the extraction of cucleic acids using the method BOOM, with silica magnetic MiniMag on the computer. For amplification and detection of the five molecular carcinogenic HPV, 16, 18, 31, 33 and 45. We use NASBA methodology (nucleic acid amplification in real time) in the NucliSENS EasyQ. The patients studied were between 18 and 53 years of age. All of them had cervicitis as macroscopic diagnosis. The periodic gynecological evaluation was irregular in 31.4% of the cases. According to the results: genotype 45 (5.9%), genotype 16 (2%), associated with the genotype 16 18 (2%), and genotype 33 (2%) were found. 11.9% of the processed samples were postive, these are distributed evenly 45 being the most prevalent genotype, with a low percentage of mixed infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Female , Communicable Diseases , Genotype , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Oncogenic Viruses , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Tumor Virus Infections
17.
Femina ; 41(2)março - abril. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-694482

ABSTRACT

A infecção pelo Papilomavírus humano (HPV) é o principal responsável pela ocorrência do câncer cervical, sendo que o seu estudo por meio de técnicas moleculares sofreu um aumento significativo na última década. Objetivo: Analisar as publicações sobre a identificação molecular do HPV no colo uterino no Brasil. Metodologia:Trata-se de revisão sistemática nos portais PubMed e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde entre os anos de 2007 a 2012, utilizando os termos: “human papillomavirus”, “cervical cancer”, “polymerase chain reaction” e “Brazil”. Dos 37 artigos identificados, 16 permaneceram após leitura dos mesmos na integra, sendo excluídos: os disponíveis apenas o resumo; os estudos que focaram a população masculina; os retrospectivos; com dados dos tipos de HPV indisponíveis; estudos experimentais; comparativo de técnicas; e de variantes intratípicas. De posse desses artigos, realizou-se a distribuição entre a frequência dos tipos de HPV em relação às diferentes técnicas de genotipagem e regiões do Brasil onde ocorreram as pesquisas que originaram os artigos. Resultados: Houve um predomínio das publicações na região Sudeste (43,7%), seguido pelo Nordeste (25,0%) e Sul (18,7%). Dos 16 artigos incluídos, observou-se uma maior frequência pelo HPV tipo 16 seguido do 31. Conclusão:As técnicas de diagnóstico moleculares são importantes ferramentas para a identificação dos tipos de HPV presentes em infecções do colo uterino, observando a necessidade de identificação dos genótipos que predominam na população brasileira, com a finalidade de melhoria na elaboração de políticas públicas em saúde.


he infection by human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main responsible for the occurrence of cervical cancer, and their study using molecular techniques has increased significantly in the last decade. Objective: To analyze the publications on the molecular identification of HPV in cervical cancer in Brazil. Methodology: This is a systematic review in PubMed and Virtual Health Library postals between the years 2007 and 2012 using the terms: “humanpapillomavirus”, “cervical cancer”, “polymerasechainreaction” and “Brazil.” Out of the 37 articles identified, 16 remained after their fully reading, being excluded: available only the summary, the studies that focused on the male population; retrospective; with data of HPV types unavailable; experimental studies, comparative techniques; and intratypical variants. Based on these articles the frequency distribution of HPV types was held relative to different genotyping techniques and regions of Brazil where the articles research took place. Results: There was a predominance of publications in the Southeast (43.7%), followed by the Northeast (25.0%) and South (18.7%) out of the 16 articles included, we observed a higher frequency of HPtion of HPV types in cervical infections, observing the need for identification of genotypes that predominate in the Brazilian population, with the aim of improving the development of public health policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/etiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Brazil , In Situ Hybridization/methods , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/transmission , /genetics , /isolation & purification , /genetics , /isolation & purification , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Genotyping Techniques/methods
18.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 72(6): 461-466, dic. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-662152

ABSTRACT

The mortality rate for cervical cancer (CC) in Northern Argentina is three times higher than the average for the country (7.8 deaths/100 000 women). We determined the prevalence and genotype distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) in 227 sexually active women of the native Pilagá community in Formosa, Argentina. We also conducted an HPV-16 variant analysis and studied several community factors that might play a role in viral entry and infection. Endo- and exocervical samples were tested for HPV DNA with MY09/11-PCR or with GP5+/6+-PCR. HPV was detected in 46.7% of the samples and 21 different types were found; the most frequent being HPV-16 (19.4%), -6 and -18 (5.3%), -58 (3.5%) and -31 and -33 (3.1%). In relation to HPV-16 variants, 68.2% were European and 31.8% Asian-American. Among the cofactors analyzed only disposal of human excreta to the open air (P=0.01) was significantly associated with HPV infection. Our prevalence estimates clearly show that Pilagá women are highly exposed to or infected with high risk HPV types and therefore are at a high risk of developing precancerous lesions and eventually CC at the population level.


La tasa de mortalidad por cáncer cervical (CC) en la región norte de la Argentina es tres veces más alta que la media del país (7.8 muertes/100 000 mujeres). En el presente trabajo se determinó la prevalencia de infección por virus papiloma humano (VPH) y la distribución y frecuencia de los genotipos en 227 mujeres sexualmente activas de la etnia aborigen Pilagá (Formosa, Argentina). También se realizó un análisis de las variantes intratípicas de VPH-16 presentes en la comunidad y se analizaron diversos factores socioculturales que podrían tener algún rol destacado en la transmisión de la infección viral. Se estudiaron muestras de células endo-exocervicales mediante PCR basadas en los cebadores MY09/11 y GP5+/6+ con posterior restricción enzimática y/o hibridación dot-blot. La infección por VPH fue detectada en el 46.7% de las mujeres analizadas. Fueron identificados 21 genotipos, de los cuales los más frecuentes fueron HPV-16 (19.4%), -6 y -18 (5.3%), -58 (3.5%) y -31 y -33 (3.1%). Respecto al HPV-16, se encontraron 68.2% de variantes europeas y 31.8% de asiático-americanas. Entre los cofactores analizados, solo la disposición de excretas al aire libre estuvo significativamente asociada con la infección por VPH (P = 0.01). Los datos obtenidos reflejan que la comunidad Pilagá está altamente expuesta a las infecciones por genotipos de alto riesgo de VPH, lo cual puede estar asociado a una alta incidencia de lesiones cervicales preneoplásicas y neoplásicas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cervix Uteri/virology , DNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Precancerous Conditions/virology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Argentina/epidemiology , Argentina/ethnology , Genotype , Papanicolaou Test , Prevalence , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Population Groups/ethnology , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control
19.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 16(1): 40-48, mar. 2012. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-662981

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar la presencia y persistencia de variantes en E6/E7/VPH 58 en muestras de mujeres con infecciones prevalentes por VPH 58, con citología normal, que pertenecen a la cohorte de Bogotá, Colombia. Métodos: Se utilizaron cepillados cervicales de 34 mujeres VPH 58, con citología normal, pertenecientes a la línea de base de la cohorte, con su respectivo seguimiento. Se amplificó la región E6/E7 del VPH 58 usando los iniciadores E6F1-E7R1 y los iniciadores E7P1-E7P2. Para el análisis de las variantes se utilizó la técnica de secuencia automática directa. La secuencia referencia del VPH 58 se utilizó para comparar las secuencias obtenidas. Resultados: En 27/34 muestras se lograron detectar variantes de E6/E7 de VPH 58. En total, se detectaron cinco variantes diferentes, dos de ellas nunca antes reportadas (A169/T307/A694/G744/A761 y T307/A694/G744/A761/G763). Los análisis de eliminación mostraron que el 75% de las variantes se habían eliminado antes de los dos años de seguimiento, y todas las variantes ya se habían eliminado a los seis años de seguimiento. Conclusiones: Dos nuevas variantes se reportaron a escala mundial de gran relevancia en los ámbitos filogenético y epidemiológico.


Objective: To analyze the presence and persistence of E6/E7 HPV58 variations in women with prevalent HPV 58 infection, with normal cytology, who belong to the Bogotá, Colombia cohort. Methods: Cervical cytobrush was used on 34 HPV58 women, with normal cytology, who are part of the cohort base line; respective follow was performed. The HPV58 E67/E7 region was broadened by using E6F1-E7R1 and E7P1-E7P2 indicators. Variation analysis was carried out with automatic direct sequencing. HPV58 sequence reference was used to compare the sequences that had been obtained. Results: In 27/34 samples, E6/E7 variations of HPV58 were successfully detected. A total of five different variations were detected, two of which had never been reported before (A169/T307/A694/G744/A761 and T307/A694/G744/A761/G763). Elimination analysis revealed that 75% of variations had been eliminated within two years of follow up, and that all variation had been eliminated at the end of six years of follow up. Conclusions: Two new variations of universal phylogenetic and epidemiologic noteworthiness were reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Cohort Studies , Cervix Uteri/cytology , Epidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies/classification , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/classification , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colombia/epidemiology
20.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 16(1): 27-39, mar. 2012. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-662987

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir la AT y la infección por VPH en el seguimiento de mujeres que pertenecen a la cohorte de Bogotá. Métodos: Se analizaron 79 muestras del seguimiento de 25 mujeres que desarrollaron LEI-AG y 149 muestras del seguimiento de 34 mujeres con citología normal. La detección del VPH se realizó usando PCR-EIA GP5+/GP6+ y RLB. La AT se midió mediante TRAP-ELISA. Resultados: El análisis mostró que de los 25 casos, 8 fueron casos prevalentes (ingresaron al estudio con la LEI-AG) y los 17 casos restantes fueron incidentes (la lesión se detectó durante el seguimiento). De estas 17 mujeres, 12 (70,5%) presentaron AT y VPH al momento del diagnóstico o en una visita previa, con VPH de alto riesgo (VPH-AR), principalmente de la especie α-9. Tres mujeres (17,7%) mostraron infecciones transitorias por VPH y 2 (11,8%) no tuvieron VPH o AT al diagnóstico. El seguimiento de la mujeres con citología normal mostró que solo ocho mujeres tuvieron VPH y AT al mismo tiempo (23,5%), 21/34 mujeres (61,8%) tuvieron eventos transitorios de VPH durante el seguimiento y 5 (14,7%) no tuvieron VPH durante todo el seguimiento. Conclusiones: Detectar AT e infección por VPH-AR al mismo tiempo parecen predecir el riesgo de LEI-AG.


Objective: To describe telomerase activity (TA) and HPV infection in follow up of women in the Bogotá cohort. Methods: Analysis was carried out on 79 follow up samples from 25 women who developed LEI-AG, and 149 follow up samples from 34 women with normal cytology. HPV detection was made with PCR-EIA GP5+/GP6+ and RLB. TA was measured with TRAP-ELISA. Results: Analysis revealed that out of the 25 cases, 8 were prevalent (enrolled in the study with LEI-AG), and the remaining 17 incidental (lesion was detected during follow up). Among these 17 women, 12 (70.5%) had, at diagnosis or during a previous checkup, TA and high-risk HPV (HPV-AR), primarily type α-9. Three women (17.7%) had transitory HPV infections, and 2 (11.8%) had neither HPV nor TA at diagnosis. Follow up on women with normal cytology revealed that only eight women (23.5%) had HPV and TA at the same time, 21/34 women (61.8%) had transitory HPV event during follow up, and 5 (14.7%) had no HPV during entirety of follow up. Conclusions: Detection of TA and simultaneous HPV-AR infection apparently predicts LEI-AR risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Papillomavirus Infections/classification , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Telomerase , Cell Biology/instrumentation , Colombia/epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/classification , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods
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