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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 346-348, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285064

ABSTRACT

Abstract Paracoccidioidomycosis is an endemic systemic mycosis caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis complex and P. lutzii. It is a rare disease in non-HIV-induced immunosuppressed individuals. In organ transplant recipients, it is more frequently associated with immunosuppression after kidney transplantation. In a liver transplant patient, only one case has been published in the literature to date. The present report comprises the case of a 47-year-old female patient with disseminated skin lesions associated with signs and symptoms of systemic involvement of paracoccidioidomycosis that manifested one year after liver transplantation and under an immunosuppression regimen with tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Paracoccidioides , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Transplantation , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Transplant Recipients , Middle Aged
2.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362816

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mortality attributed to fungal infections, in Brazil between 2003 and 2013. Methods: This ecological study relied on official data collected from the Sistema de Informação Sobre Mortalidade ­ Mortality Information System database. The mycoses were identified by the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases, which included categories B35­B49 in its first chapter. Results: Overall, 11,991,935 deaths were reported in the aforementioned period. The deaths of 4,192 individuals were primarily attributed to mycoses. High annual mortality rates were observed in all Brazilian regions, except in the Northeast. The main recorded mycoses were paracoccidioidomycosis (35.6%) and cryptococcosis (24.1%). There was a downward trend in the number of deaths due to paracoccidioidomycosis. In addition, 10,925 death certificates listed mycoses as an associated cause of death. Cryptococcosis (89.7%) and histoplasmosis (89.4%) were the most common mycoses associated with deaths in HIV patients. Conclusions: There was a downward trend in the number of deaths stemming from invasive fungal infections. However, opportunistic mycoses follow been a significant cause of death, especially in HIV patients.


Objetivo: Investigar a mortalidade atribuída para as infecções fúngicas, no Brasil, entre 2003 e 2013. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo ecológico, em que os dados foram obtidos do Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM), disponíveis na plataforma do DATASUS. As micoses foram identificadas por meio da 10ª revisão da Classificação Internacional de Doenças (CID-10), a qual incluiu as categorias B35-B49 no primeiro capítulo da CID-10. Resultados: No total, 11.991.935 óbitos foram notificados no período do estudo. Os óbitos de 4,192 indivíduos foram atribuídos às micoses. Foram observadas elevadas taxas de mortalidade em todas as regiões brasileiras, com exceção do Nordeste. As principais micoses registradas foram paracoccidioidomicose (35,6%) e criptococose (24,1%). Houve uma tendência na redução do número de óbitos em relação à paracoccidioidomicose. Além disso, em 10.925 declarações de óbitos informavam que as micoses foram causas associadas ao óbito. Criptococose (89,7%) e Histoplasmose (89,4%) foram as micoses mais comumente associadas ao óbito, principalmente em pacientes HIV positivos. Conclusões: Houve uma tendencia na diminuição dos óbitos por infecções fúngicas invasivas. Entretanto, micoses oportunistas continuam sendo importantes causas de morte, especialmente em indivíduos HIV positivos.


Subject(s)
Invasive Fungal Infections , Paracoccidioidomycosis , Patients , Mortality , Cryptococcosis
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 116: e200592, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154883

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis with high prevalence in Latin America that is caused by thermodimorphic fungal species of the Paracoccidioides genus. OBJECTIVES In this study, we used quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to investigate the expression of genes related to the virulence of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb18) and P. lutzii (Pb01) strains in their mycelial (M) and yeast (Y) forms after contact with alveolar macrophages (AMJ2-C11 cell line) and fibroblasts (MRC-5 cell line). METHODS The selected genes were those coding for 43 kDa glycoprotein (gp43), enolase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), 14-3-3 protein (30 kDa), phospholipase, and aspartyl protease. FINDINGS In the Pb18 M form, the aspartyl protease gene showed the highest expression among all genes tested, both before and after infection of host cells. In the Pb18 Y form after macrophage infection, the 14-3-3 gene showed the highest expression among all genes tested, followed by the phospholipase and gp43 genes, and their expression was 50-fold, 10-fold, and 6-fold higher, respectively, than that in the M form. After fibroblast infection with the Pb18 Y form, the 14-3-3 gene showed the highest expression, followed by the phospholipase and aspartyl protease genes, and their expression was 25-fold, 10-fold, and 10-fold higher, respectively, than that in the M form. Enolase and aspartyl protease genes were expressed upon infection of both cell lines. After macrophage infection with the Pb01 Y form, the 14-3-3 gene showed the highest expression, followed by the phospholipase and aspartyl protease genes, and their expression was 18-fold, 12.5-fold, and 6-fold higher, respectively, than that in the M form. MAIN CONCLUSIONS In conclusion, the data show that the expression of the genes analysed may be upregulated upon fungus-host interaction. Therefore, these genes may be involved in the pathogenesis of paracoccidioidomycosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paracoccidioides/genetics , Paracoccidioidomycosis/genetics , Virulence Factors/genetics , Fibroblasts , Macrophages , Paracoccidioides/pathogenicity , Gene Expression , Latin America
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e0008-22021, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155584

ABSTRACT

Abstract We describe the first report of a patient with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis associated with disseminated and recurrent paracoccidioidomycosis. The investigation demonstrated that the patient had a mannose receptor deficiency, which would explain the patient's susceptibility to chronic infection by Candida spp. and systemic infection by paracoccidioidomycosis. Mannose receptors are responsible for an important link between macrophages and fungal cells during phagocytosis. Deficiency of this receptor could explain the susceptibility to both fungal species, suggesting the impediment of the phagocytosis of these fungi in our patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paracoccidioidomycosis/complications , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Candidiasis, Chronic Mucocutaneous/complications , Candidiasis, Chronic Mucocutaneous/genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface , Lectins, C-Type , Mannose-Binding Lectins
7.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 116: e210203, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis endemic to Latin America. Etiological agents are Paracoccidioides species that diverge phylogenetically throughout South America. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to document the epidemiology of PCM in Venezuela. METHODS We have performed a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study in 31,081 clinical records of patients from two reference centres during 65 years (1954-2019). FINDINGS PCM diagnosis was confirmed in 745 patients. Chronic PCM was the most prevalent form (90.06% cases); 80.67% were male and the most affected age range was 41-60. Farming and construction were the most prevalent occupation and Miranda State had a higher prevalence. Lung and skin were the most affected organs, followed by oral manifestations. Direct examination, culture and serology showed a high sensibility, and no statistical difference was observed among the diagnostic tools. Out of 17 Paracoccidioides isolates genotyped from Venezuela, one was typed as Paracoccidioides americana and 16 as Paracoccidioides venezuelensis. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Clinical manifestations observed, information about the epidemiology and molecular profile is essential not only for diagnosis but also for understanding therapeutic responses to mycotic drugs and prognosis. Therefore, it is necessary to sequence all positive isolated strains in order to confirm the dominance of P. venezuelensis in Venezuela.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Paracoccidioides/genetics , Paracoccidioidomycosis/genetics , Paracoccidioidomycosis/epidemiology , Venezuela/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 740-742, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142120

ABSTRACT

Abstract Paracoccidoiomycosis is a systemic mycosis with a higher incidence in males with history of exposure to the rural environment; its classic clinical manifestation is an oro-pulmonary lesion. The authors report a case of a female, urban, 76-year-old patient with atypical clinical-dermatological presentation and diagnostic conclusion after histopathological examination. The clinical response was quick and complete after treatment with itraconazole 400 mg/day in the first month, decreased to 200 mg/day until the sixth month of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Lung , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 10(4): 1-11, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253087

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic disease caused by the dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis found in the tropical and subtropical regions of Latin America. This study aimed to perform a retrospective analysis of PCM cases from the northern region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods: A total of 200 records of PCM cases diagnosed at the local reference pathology laboratory from 1995 to 2015 were analyzed Results: Of the patients, 185 were male and 15 female. Patients ranged in age from 31 to 80 years, the largest pro portion ( being aged between 51 and 60 years and living or working in the countryside. Clinical samples were mostly obtained from the oral cavity, followed by the oropharynx, lungs, brain, skin, and prostate. Conclusion: PCM is endemic in the south o f Brazil, as the local economy is largely based on agricultural activities, favoring the contact of the population with P. brasiliensis . Due to the great similarity between PCM symptoms and other respiratory diseases, the differential diagnosis is essentia l for the correct treatment of the disease and to avoid its progression.(AU)


Justificativa e Objetivos: A paracoccidioidomicose (PCM) é uma doença sistêmica causada pelo fungo dimórfico Paracoccidioides brasiliensis , o qual é encontrado nas regiões tropicais e subtropicais da América Latina. Este estudo objetivou realizar uma análise retrospectiva dos casos de PCM na região nor te do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil . Métodos: Foram anal isados 200 prontuários relativos aos casos de PCM de 1995 até 2015 diagnosticados pelo laboratório de patologia referência na região . Resultados: Destes pacientes, 185 eram homens e 15 mulheres. Os pacientes tinham idade variando de 31 a 80 anos, sendo que a maior proporção (35,5%) tinha entre 51 e 60 anos e viviam ou trabalhavam na zona rural Os materiais clínicos eram provenientes em sua maioria da cavidade oral, seguido da região orofaríngea, pulmão, cérebro, provenientes em sua maioria da cavidade oral, seguido da região orofaríngea, pulmão, cérebro, pele e próstata. pele e próstata. Conclusão: O sul do Brasil O sul do Brasil é região endêmica de PCM, devido a sua é região endêmica de PCM, devido a sua economia estar centrada na agricultura, o que propicia o contato do homem com o fungo. economia estar centrada na agricultura, o que propicia o contato do homem com o fungo. Devido à grande semelhança dos sintomas da PCM com outras doenças respiratórias, o Devido à grande semelhança dos sintomas da PCM com outras doenças respiratórias, o diagnóstico diferencial é relevante para que se diagnóstico diferencial é relevante para que seja realizado o tratamento correto da doença e ja realizado o tratamento correto da doença e para que seu avanço seja evitado. para que seu avanço seja evitado.(AU)


Justificación y objetivos: L a paracoccidioidomicosis (PCM) es una enfermedad sistémica c ausada por el hongo dimorfo Paracoccidioides brasiliensis , que se encuentra en las regiones tropicales y subtropicales de América Latina. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo realizar un análisis retrospectivo de casos de PCM en la región nor te de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil . Métodos: se analizaron 200 registros médicos relacionados con casos de PCM de 1995 a 2015 diagnosticado s por el laboratorio de patología de referencia en la región . Resultados: De estos pacientes, 185 eran hombres y 15 mujeres. Los pacientes tenían edades comprendidas entre 31 y 80 años, con la mayor proporción (35.5%) entre 51 y 60 años y viviendo o trabajando en el campo. Los materiales clínicos provenían principalmente de la cavidad oral, seguidos de la región orofaríngea, pulmón, cerebro, piel y próstata. Conclusión: El sur de Brasil es una región endémica de PCM, debido a que su economía se centra en la agricultura, que proporciona el contacto del hombre con el hongo. Debido a la gran similitud de los síntomas de PCM con otras enfermedade s respiratorias, el diagnóstico diferencial es relevante para el tratamiento correcto de la enferm edad y para evitar su progreso.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Paracoccidioidomycosis/epidemiology , Mycoses
10.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(3): 313-315, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126125

ABSTRACT

Resumen La paracoccidioidomicosis (PCM) es una enfermedad fúngica sistémica que puede invadir cualquier órgano. Es de alta mortalidad si no es diagnosticado oportunamente. Presentamos el caso de un varón de ocupación agricultor, con antecedente de diabetes mellitus, que desarrolló inicialmente una úlcera lingual y posteriormente, una neumonía y shock séptico, sin respuesta al tratamiento antituberculoso y antibacteriano. El frotis de la secreción bronquial permitió evidenciar las levaduras en gemación múltiple, compatible con una PCM. Tuvo una respuesta satisfactoria a la administración de anfotericina B deoxicolato.


Abstract Paracoccidioidomycosis is a fungal disease of systemic involvement that can invade any organ and is of high mortality if it is not diagnosed in a timely manner. We present the case of a farmer male with a history of diabetes mellitus, who previously develops lingual ulcers and subsequently presents severe lung disease associated with septic shock, without response to antituberculous and antibacterial treatment. The bronchial secretion smear shows evidence of yeasts in multiple budding, compatible with Paracoccidioidomycosis. The patient had a satisfactory recovery to the administration of amphotericin B deoxycholate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Paracoccidioidomycosis , Ulcer
12.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200208, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135227

ABSTRACT

Paracoccidioides spp. isolation from environmental samples is rare and hardly reproducible. Molecular techniques have facilitated the fungal detection. However, it can be still difficult. Some strategies to enhance the capacity of DNA detection have been adopted, including the analysis of soil samples belonging to the habitat of animals from which Paracoccidioides spp. have already been isolated, notably armadillo burrows. To date, the detection of Paracoccidioides spp. has not yet been reported from outbreak hotspots. Clusters and outbreaks of acute paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), usually a more severe clinical form, have currently occurred in urban areas being associated to climate changes, deforestation, and great constructions. These occurrences potentially signalise the fungus' environmental niche, a riddle not yet solved. The authors performed an environmental investigation in a deeply disturbed area, after a highway construction in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where a recent outbreak of acute PCM occurred. Specific DNA sequences of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis were detected in shallow soil samples around the highway, reinforcing the association between the road construction and this PCM outbreak.


Subject(s)
Animals , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Armadillos , DNA, Fungal/genetics , Paracoccidioides/growth & development , Paracoccidioides/genetics , Soil Microbiology , Brazil , Base Sequence , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Ecosystem
13.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200238, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135258

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Paracoccidioides spp. causes paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), an important and frequent systemic mycosis that occurs in Latin America. The infectious process begins with contact between the fungus and lung cells, and the molecular pattern of this interaction is currently poorly understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate the gene expression in many biological processes, including in the infections. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to analyse the expression of miRNAs in lung cells as response to infection by Paracoccidioides spp. METHODS A quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) based screening was employed to verify differentially expressed miRNAs in human lung cells infected with three different species; Paracoccidioides lutzii, Paracoccidioides americana, and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Furthermore, the in silico predictions of target genes and pathways for miRNAs were obtained. FINDINGS The results showed that miRNAs identified in the lung cells were different according to the species studied. However, based on the predicted targets, the potential signaling pathways regulated by miRNAs are common and related to adhesion, actin cytoskeleton rearrangement, apoptosis, and immune response mediated by T cells and TGF-β. MAIN CONCLUSIONS In summary, this study showed the miRNAs pattern of epithelial cells in response to infection by Paracoccidioides species and the potential role of these molecules in the regulation of key pathogenesis mechanisms of PCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paracoccidioides/pathogenicity , Paracoccidioidomycosis , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Latin America , Lung/cytology
14.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 26: e20200008, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135138

ABSTRACT

The present study was carried out aiming to evaluate the impact of laryngeal sequelae on the quality of life of treated paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Otorhinolaryngology Outpatient Clinic of the University Hospital, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Thirty-two PCM patients considered clinically and immunologically cured were included: 16 with laryngeal involvement during the active phase of the disease (laryngeal PCM group) and 16 without laryngeal involvement (control group). They were submitted to structured interview, otorhinolaryngology examination, videolaryngoscopy, videoendoscopic swallowing study, completed two questionnaires for voice self-assessment - Voice-related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) and Voice Handicap Index (VHI) - and were asked to score their voices on a scale from zero to 10 (self-assessment of vocal quality). Results: Dysphonia was present in 50% of the cases. Patients with laryngeal PCM presented worse voice-related quality of life scores on the V-RQOL and poorer vocal quality self-assessment than the control group. No significant differences in the VHI were found between the groups. None of the participants developed dysphagic sequelae, although some minor changes were observed on videoendoscopic examination. Conclusion: There were no dysphagia complaints and only a few mild changes were found on the fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, suggesting that this evaluation should be performed only in specific cases. Patients with laryngeal involvement presented worse V-RQOL and self-assessment voice quality. This study contributes to the current knowledge of the functional assessment of the larynx affected by PCM and the impact of dysphonia on quality of life.(AU)


Subject(s)
Otolaryngology , Paracoccidioidomycosis , Voice Quality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Larynx , Deglutition Disorders
15.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20180463, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057304

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic efficacy of daily amphotericin B infusion is related to its maximum concentration in blood; however, trough levels may be useful in intermittent regimens of this antifungal drug. METHODS : High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to determine the minimum concentration (Cmin) of amphotericin B in the serum of patients receiving deoxycholate (D-Amph) or liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB) for the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis (n=28), histoplasmosis (n=8), paracoccidioidomycosis (n=1), and leishmaniasis (n=1). RESULTS: Daily use of D-Amph 30 to 50 mg or L-AmB 50 mg resulted in a similar Cmin, but a significant increase ocurred with L-AmB 100 mg/day. The geometric mean Cmin tended to decrease with a reduction in the dose and frequency of intermittent L-AmB infusions: 357 ng/mL (100 mg 4 to 5 times/week) > 263 ng/mL (50 mg 4 to 5 times/week) > 227 ng/mL (50 mg 1 to 3 times/week). The impact on Cmin was variable in patients whose dose or therapeutic scheme was changed, especially when administered the intermittent infusion of amphotericin B. The mean Cmin for each L-AmB schedule of intermittent therapy was equal or higher than the minimum inhibitory concentration of amphotericin B against Cryptococcus isolates from 10/12 patients. The Cmin of amphotericin B in patients with cryptococcal meningitis was comparable between those that survived or died. CONCLUSIONS: By evaluating the Cmin of amphotericin B, we demonstrated the therapeutic potential of its intermittent use including in the consolidation phase of neurocryptococcosis treatment, despite the great variability in serum levels among patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amphotericin B/blood , Deoxycholic Acid/blood , Antifungal Agents/blood , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Leishmaniasis/drug therapy , Amphotericin B/administration & dosage , Amphotericin B/pharmacokinetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Meningitis, Cryptococcal/drug therapy , Deoxycholic Acid/administration & dosage , Deoxycholic Acid/pharmacokinetics , Histoplasmosis/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage , Antifungal Agents/pharmacokinetics
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 342-347, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114904

ABSTRACT

La Leishmaniasis es un grupo de enfermedades transmitidas por vectores y causada por la Leishmania, un parásito intracelular, que se presenta de preferencia en regiones tropicales y subtropicales. Se manifiesta mediante un amplio rango de formas clínicas como la cutánea, mucocutánea, y visceral, dependiendo de la especie y respuesta inmunológica del paciente. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 35 años que acudió derivado a Unidad de Estomatología del Hospital Señor del Milagro, Salta, Argentina, presentando en la cavidad oral lesión, granulomatosa, ulcerada, dolorosa a la palpación, única, en paladar blando, de tres meses de evolución. Se realizaron estudios serológicos, parasitológicos y PCR. Los ELISAs lisados, PCRs y cultivos de materiales de lesiones fueron positivos, confirmando diagnóstico de leishmaniasis mucocutánea. El paciente fue derivado al Servicio de Dermatología donde recibió tratamiento con Antimoniato de Meglumina, con repuesta clínica favorable. El conocimiento de las manifestaciones orales puede llevar al diagnóstico clínico de leishmaniasis mucocutánea por parte del odontólogo, pudiendo entregar un tratamiento oportuno y a la vez ayudar al paciente, evitando complicaciones de esta enfermedad.


Leishmaniasis is a group of vector-borne diseases caused by Leishmania, an intracellular parasite, which occurs preferentially in tropical and subtropical regions. It manifests itself through a wide range of clinical forms such as cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral, depending on the species and the patient's immune response. We present a case of a 35-year-old man who was referred to the Stomatology Unit of the Señor del Milagro Hospital, Salta, Argentina, presenting in the oral cavity lesion, granulomatous, ulcerated, painful on palpation, unique, soft palate with three months of evolution. Serological, parasitological and PCR studies were performed. Lysed ELISAs, PCRs and cultures of lesion materials were positive, confirming diagnosis of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. The patient was referred to the Dermatology Service where he received treatment with Meglumine Antimony, with favorable clinical response. The knowledge of the oral manifestations can lead to the clinical diagnosis of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis by the dentist, being able to provide timely treatment and at the same time help the patient, avoiding complications of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous/parasitology , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/parasitology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Diagnosis, Differential , Histoplasmosis/diagnosis , Leishmania/isolation & purification , Mouth Mucosa/parasitology
17.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 78: 1-9, dez. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1147471

ABSTRACT

Oitenta porcento dos casos de paracoccidioidomicose (PMC) ocorrem no Brasil. As regiões brasileiras com maior número de casos são: sul, sudeste e centro-oeste, sendo emergente no norte e nordeste. A imunodifusão dupla em gel de agarose assume grande importância no diagnóstico, por permitir o monitoramento da doença e por oferecer subsídios para levantamentos soroepidemiológicos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi de avaliar e caracterizar os pacientes atendidos no Laboratório de Imunodiagnóstico das Micoses do Instituto Adolfo Lutz de São Paulo, em 2016. Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo realizado utilizando-se dados secundários e avaliando-se as seguintes informações: idade, sexo, procedência do pedido médico, resultado e histórico sorológico dos pacientes. Dos 1.408 pacientes, 12,8% apresentaram reatividade sorológica para Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Destes, 42,5% não possuiam histórico sorológico, sendo considerados como casos novos da doença. A classificação dos pacientes reagentes por gênero demonstrou que 83,4% eram do sexo masculino, com razão de masculinidade de 5:1. A faixa etária variou de um (1) a 92 anos, e aproximadamente 40% dos pacientes eram da faixa etária de 41 a 60 anos. Este estudo demonstra e reforça a importância da implementação dos estudos soroepidemiológicos como ferramenta auxiliar para nortear as ações de vigilância e políticas em saúde na PCM. (AU)


Eighty percent of paracoccidioidomycosis (PMC) cases occur in Brazil. The highest numbers occur in south, southeast and center-west region, being emergent in the north and northeast areas. The double immunodiffusion in agarose gel is valuable for its diagnosis, as it allows the monitoring of the disease and offers subsidies for the seroepidemiological surveys. This study evaluated and characterized the patients attended in 2016 at the Mycoses Immunodiagnosis Laboratory of Adolfo Lutz Institute of São Paulo. This retrospective study, based on the secondary data, evaluated the information: age, sex, medical request origin, result and serological history of the patients. Of 1,408 patients, 12.8% presented positive serological reactivity for Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Of them, 42.5% had no serological history and they were considered as new cases. The classification of reactive patients by gender showed that 83.4% were males, being the masculinity ratio of 5:1. The age range was one (1) to 92 years old, and ±40% of the patients were of age ranging from 41-60 years old. This study reinforces the importance of the implementation of the seroepidemiological studies as to guide the surveillance actions and the public health politics in PCM. (AU)


Subject(s)
Paracoccidioides , Paracoccidioidomycosis , Patients , Immunologic Tests
19.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(10): 661-665, oct 2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025853

ABSTRACT

La paracoccidioidomicosis es una micosis sistemática, endémica de amplias regiones de América Latina, causada por un hongo termodimorfo, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Afecta de manera predominante a individuos de mediana edad y sexo masculino, en particular aquellos que cumplen tareas rurales. la infección se adquiere por vía inhalatoria, y puede diseminarse por vía hemática a diversos órganos y tejidos. La enfermedad puede evolucionar en forma aguda, subaguda o crónica. El diagnóstico presuntivo de la paracoccidioidomicosis se sustenta en los antecedentes epidemiológicos del paciente y en las manifestaciones clínicas. El diagnóstico etiológico clásico consiste en la visualización, el aislamiento y la identificación del agente causal, o bien el empleo de pruebas serológicas para determinar la presencia de anticuerpos específicos en sangre. Se presentan tres casos de paracoccidioidomicosis en pacientes varones, dos con formas agudas de la enfermedad y el restante con una forma crónica. En todos los casos, el diagnóstico se efectuó por los hallazgos de la microscopia, los cultivos y las pruebas serológicas


Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycosis, endemic to large regions of Latin America, caused by a thermodimorphic fungus, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It predominantly affects middle-aged and male individuals, particularly those who perform rural tasks. The infection is acquired by inhalation, and it can spread by blod to various organs and tissues. The disease can evolve in acute, subacute or chronic form. The presumptive diagnosis of paracoccidiodomycosis is based on the patient's epidemiological history and clinical manifestations. The classic etiological diagnosis consists of visualization, isolation and identification of the causative agent, or the use of serological tests to determine the presence of specific antibodies in the blood. There are threee cases of paracoccidioidomycosis in male patients, two with acute forms of the disease and the remaining with a chronic form. In all cases, the diagnosis was made by the findings of microscopy, cultures and serological tests


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/transmission , Paracoccidioidomycosis/epidemiology , Skin Manifestations , Rural Workers , Serologic Tests , Microscopy
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 470-472, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038288

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Paracoccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that occurs in immunocompetent patients and are classified into two forms: the acute-subacute form, predominantly in young patients, and the chronic adult form that may present classic ulcerated lesions to rare sarcoid ones. We present the case of a boy whose infection began with sarcoid lesions but, after being mistakenly diagnosed with cutaneous sarcoidosis and treated (for three years) with prednisone, developed painful ulcerations throughout the body. After the correct diagnosis, with evidence of the fungus in histopathological and mycological examinations, the patient was properly treated with itraconazole for eight months and evolved with total remission of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Paracoccidioidomycosis/etiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Prednisone/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
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