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1.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200208, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135227

ABSTRACT

Paracoccidioides spp. isolation from environmental samples is rare and hardly reproducible. Molecular techniques have facilitated the fungal detection. However, it can be still difficult. Some strategies to enhance the capacity of DNA detection have been adopted, including the analysis of soil samples belonging to the habitat of animals from which Paracoccidioides spp. have already been isolated, notably armadillo burrows. To date, the detection of Paracoccidioides spp. has not yet been reported from outbreak hotspots. Clusters and outbreaks of acute paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), usually a more severe clinical form, have currently occurred in urban areas being associated to climate changes, deforestation, and great constructions. These occurrences potentially signalise the fungus' environmental niche, a riddle not yet solved. The authors performed an environmental investigation in a deeply disturbed area, after a highway construction in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where a recent outbreak of acute PCM occurred. Specific DNA sequences of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis were detected in shallow soil samples around the highway, reinforcing the association between the road construction and this PCM outbreak.


Subject(s)
Animals , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Armadillos , DNA, Fungal/genetics , Paracoccidioides/growth & development , Paracoccidioides/genetics , Soil Microbiology , Brazil , Base Sequence , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Ecosystem
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 902-904, Nov.-Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038284

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Molecular studies have shown more than one species of the genus Paracoccidioides to be the causal agent of paracoccidioidomycosis. Efforts have been made to correlate the identified species with epidemiological and clinical data of patients, aiming to determine the real meaning and impact of new species. Bearing this objective in mind, the authors report a clinical case of paracoccidioidomycosis, from São Paulo state, Brazil, that manifested as uncommon sarcoid-like cutaneous lesions and was caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis sensu stricto (S1a). The patient was treated with itraconazole 200mg/day for 12 months, with complete clinical remission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paracoccidioides/classification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 56(1): 15-20, jun. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869402

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: un caso clínico de paracoccidioidomicosis restringida a cavidad oral, contribuyendo con el conocimiento de esta patología al odontólogo general. Caso clínico: paciente masculino de 57 años de edad proveniente de la ciudad de Tartagal, Salta, derivado a la Unidad de Estomatología del Hospital Señor del Milagro, por presentar lesiones orales de tres meses de evolución. Clínicamente se observaron lesiones granulomatosas, indoloras, moriformes, en encía vestibulary palatina del sector antero superior derecho con ausencia de lesiones pulmonares. Se realizaron estudios microbiológicos y anatomopatológicos. Posteriormente, el paciente fue derivado al Servicio de infectología, donde recibió tratamiento con itraconasol (200 mg), con repuesta clínica favorable. Conclusión: el conocimiento de las manifestaciones orales puede llevar al diagnóstico clínico de la paracoccidioidomicosis por parte del odontólogo. El diagnóstico precoz es la mejor manera de salvar al paciente de las complicaciones de esta enfermedad.


Objective: a clinical case of paracoccidioidomicosis restricted to oral cavity, contributing to the knowledge of this disease to the general dentist. Case report: male patient of 57 years old from Tartagal, Salta referred to the Stomatology Center of Hospital Señor Del Milagro, presenting oral lesions with an evolution of three months. He had painless granulomatory lesions in the buccal and palatal gingiva of the upper right sector and without lungs injury. It performed microbiological and pathological studies. Subsequently, the patient referred to the Service of Infectious Diseases where he was treated with 200mg Itraconasol with a favorable clinical response. Conclusion: knowledge of oral manifestations can lead to clinical diagnosis of paracoccidioidomicosis by general dentist. Early diagnosis is the best way to save the patient from complications of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Oral Manifestations , Paracoccidioidomycosis/complications , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/etiology , Argentina , Culture Media , Early Diagnosis , Histological Techniques , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 134(3): 263-267, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785804

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic form of mycosis that spreads hematogenously, secondarily to reactivation of lung infection or infection at another site or to new exposure to the causative agent. Few cases of bone involvement have been reported in the literature and involvement of the spine is extremely rare. CASE REPORT: We describe a case of a 68-year-old male patient with spondylodiscitis at the levels L4-L5 caused by presence of the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, which was diagnosed through percutaneous biopsy. The patient was treated with sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim for 36 months, with complete resolution of the symptoms. CONCLUSION: Spondylodiscitis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is uncommon. However, in patients with chronic low-back pain who live or used to live in endemic regions, this infection should be considered as a possible differential diagnosis.


RESUMO: CONTEXTO: Paracoccidioidomicose é uma micose sistêmica de disseminação hematogênica, secundária a reativação de uma infecção pulmonar ou de outro sítio, ou a uma nova exposição ao agente causador. Poucos casos de envolvimento ósseo são relatados na literatura, e o acometimento da coluna vertebral é extremamente raro. RELATO DE CASO: Descrevemos o caso de um paciente masculino de 68 anos, apresentando espondilodiscite no nível L4-L5, causada pela presença do fungo Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, diagnosticada após biópsia percutânea. O paciente foi tratado com sulfametoxazol e trimetoprim por 36 semanas, com resolução completa dos sintomas. CONCLUSÃO: A espondilodiscite causada pelo fungo Paracoccidioides brasiliensis é incomum, mas, em pacientes portadores de lombalgia crônica que viveram ou vivem em regiões endêmicas, deve ser considerada como um possível diagnóstico diferencial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnostic imaging , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Spinal Cord Diseases/microbiology , Spinal Cord Diseases/pathology , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
5.
Clin. biomed. res ; 36(3): 142-147, 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-831713

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A paracoccidioidomicose (PCM) é uma micose sistêmica endêmica causada pelo fungo Paracoccidioides spp. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a associação entre tuberculose (TB) e PCM em pacientes com exame micológico negativo. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo de diagnóstico molecular de amostras de escarro, com resultado positivo para bacilo álcool ácido resistente (BAAR) e negativo no exame direto e cultivo micológico. Resultados: A aplicação de técnicas moleculares resultou em 18,4% de pacientes coinfectados com PCM e TB. Conclusão: O conhecimento das diferenças clínicas, epidemiológicas e laboratoriais da PCM quando associada à TB é importante para prevenir a disseminação da doença, complicações e o aumento da letalidade (AU)


Introduction: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic endemic mycosis caused by Paracoccidioides spp. The aim of this study was to determine the association between tuberculosis (TB) and PCM in patients with negative mycological examination results. Methods: Prospective study of molecular diagnosis of sputum samples, with positive results for bacilli resistant acid (BAAR) and negative results on direct examination and mycological culture. Results: The application of molecular techniques resulted in 18.4% of patients co-infected with PCM and TB. Conclusion: The knowledge of clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory differences of PCM when associated with TB is important to prevent the spread of disease, complications, and increased mortality (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Sputum/microbiology , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Paracoccidioides/genetics , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Prospective Studies
6.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 57(supl.19): 5-10, Sept. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762050

ABSTRACT

SUMMARYResearch on Paracoccidioides brasiliensis has centered in the yeast cell probably because of the lack of distinctive features in the mycelium. In 1942 and for the first time, lateral conidia were noticed in the fungus' hyphae. Later on, Brazilian, Venezuelan and Argentinean researchers described "aleurias" when the fungus was grown in natural substrates. In 1970 authors became interested in the conidia and were able to obtain them in large numbers and treat them as individual units. Their shape and size were defined and the presence of all the elements of a competent eukaryotic cell were demonstrated. Conidia exhibited thermal dimorphism and, additionally, when given intranasally to BALB/c male mice, they converted into yeasts in the lungs and produce progressive pulmonary lesions with further dissemination to other organs. Studies on the phagocyte-conidia interaction were revealing and showed that these versatile structures allow a better understanding of the host- P. brasiliensisinteractions.


RESUMOA investigação sobre Paracoccidioides brasiliensis tem-se centrado na célula de levedura, provavelmente devido à falta de características distintas no micélio. Em 1942 e, pela primeira vez, conídios laterais foram notados nos hifas dos fungos. Mais tarde, pesquisadores brasileiros, venezuelanos e argentinos descreveram "aleurias" quando o fungo foi cultivado em substratos naturais. Em 1970, os autores se interessaram pelos conídios e foram capazes de obtê-los em grande número e tratá-los como unidades individuais. A sua forma e tamanho foram definidos, e a presença de todos os elementos de uma célula eucariótica competente foram demonstrados. Conídios apresentam dimorfismo térmico e, além disso, quando administrados por via intranasal a camundongos BALB/c machos, são convertidos em leveduras nos pulmões e produzem lesões pulmonares progressivas com posterior disseminação para outros órgãos. Estudos sobre a interação de fagócitos-conídios foram reveladores e mostraram que estas estruturas versáteis permitem melhor compreensão das interacções entre hospedeiro e P. brasiliensis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Lung Diseases, Fungal/microbiology , Paracoccidioides/pathogenicity , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Spores, Fungal/pathogenicity , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Paracoccidioides/physiology , Spores, Fungal/physiology
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(2): 513-517, Apr-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749731

ABSTRACT

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is the etiological agent of the major systemic mycosis in Brazil, called paracoccidioidomycosis. Although the Rio Grande do Sul is considered an endemic area of the disease, there are few studies on the ecology of P. brasiliensis in the state. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the infection of P. brasiliensis in horses from the mesoregion of Southwest Riograndense, using these animals as sentinels. Serological techniques, such as double immunodiffusion in agar gel (AGID) and indirect ELISA, were performed to detect the anti-gp43 P. brasiliensis antibody in horses from five different farms in the region of Bagé, RS, Brazil. Serology was performed in 200 Pure Blood English horses up to two years of age that were born and raised exclusively at the farms. Of these horses, 12% had anti-gp43 antibodies according to the ELISA results, with rates ranging from 0 to 30% according to the farm of origin (p < 0.001). Based on the immunodiffusion results, all equine serum samples were negative. These results indicate the presence of the fungus P. brasiliensis in the middle region of the southwestern state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Fungal/blood , Horse Diseases/epidemiology , Paracoccidioides/immunology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/veterinary , Brazil/epidemiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Horses , Horse Diseases/microbiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/epidemiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies
8.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 56(3): 259-264, May-Jun/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-710412

ABSTRACT

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is caused by the dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb) and corresponds to prevalent systemic mycosis in Latin America. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the dose response effect of the fungal yeast phase for the standardization of an experimental model of septic arthritis. The experiments were performed with groups of 14 rats that received doses of 103, 104 or 105 P. brasiliensis (Pb18) cells. The fungi were injected in 50 µL of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) directly into the knee joints of the animals. The following parameters were analyzed in this work: the formation of swelling in knees infused with yeast cells and the radiological and anatomopathological alterations, besides antibody titer by ELISA. After 15 days of infection, signs of inflammation were evident. At 45 days, some features of damage and necrosis were observed in the articular cartilage. The systemic dissemination of the fungus was observed in 11% of the inoculated animals, and it was concluded that the experimental model is able to mimic articular PCM in humans and that the dose of 105 yeast cells can be used as standard in this model.


A paracoccidioidomicose (PCM) é causada pelo fungo dimórfico Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb) e corresponde à micose sistêmica de maior prevalência na América Latina. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a dose resposta de leveduras do fungo para padronização do modelo experimental de artrite séptica. Os experimentos foram realizados com grupos de 14 ratos que receberam doses de 103, 104 ou 105 células de P. brasiliensis (Pb18). Os fungos foram injetados em 50 µL de solução salina em tampão fosfatado (PBS) diretamente na articulação do joelho dos animais. Os seguintes parâmetros foram analisados neste trabalho: a formação de edema nos joelhos infundidos com as células das leveduras e alterações radiológicas, anatopalógicas além de titulação de anticorpos por Elisa. Após 15 dias de infecção, os sinais de inflamação foram evidentes. Aos 45 dias, algumas características de dano e necrose foram observadas na cartilagem articular. A disseminação sistêmica do fungo foi observada em 11% dos animais inoculados, concluiu-se que o modelo experimental é capaz de mimetizar a PCM articular em humanos e que a dose de 105 leveduras representa a dose padrão para o desenvolvimento do modelo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Arthritis, Experimental/microbiology , Arthritis, Infectious/microbiology , Paracoccidioides/pathogenicity , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Arthrography , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Arthritis, Infectious/pathology , Histocytochemistry , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Rats, Wistar
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(10): 839-843, 24/set. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-688562

ABSTRACT

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a chronic systemic mycosis caused by the inhalation of the thermally dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis as well as the recently described P. lutzii. Because the primary infection occurs in the lungs, we investigated the differential involvement of the right and left lungs in experimental P. brasiliensis infection. Lungs were collected from C57BL/6 mice at 70 days after intravenous infection with 1×106 yeast cells of a virulent strain of P. brasiliensis (Pb18). The left lung, which in mice is smaller and has fewer lobes than the right lung, yielded increased fungal recovery associated with a predominant interleukin-4 response and diminished synthesis of interferon-γ and nitric oxide compared with the right lung. Our data indicate differential involvement of the right and left lungs during experimental PCM. This knowledge emphasizes the need for an accurate, standardized protocol for tissue collection during studies of experimental P. brasiliensis infection, since experiments using the same lungs favor the collection of comparable data among different mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Lung Diseases, Fungal/microbiology , Lung/microbiology , Paracoccidioides , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Disease Models, Animal , Interferon-gamma/analysis , /analysis , /analysis , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Time Factors
10.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(5): 637-643, ago. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-680779

ABSTRACT

We aimed to evaluate whether the occurrence of cryptic species of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, S1, PS2, PS3 and Paracoccidioides lutzii, has implications in the immunodiagnosis of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM). Small quantities of the antigen gp43 were found in culture filtrates of P. lutzii strains and this molecule appeared to be more variable within P. lutzii because the synonymous-nonsynonymous mutation rate was lower, indicating an evolutionary process different from that of the remaining genotypes. The production of gp43 also varied between isolates belonging to the same species, indicating that speciation events are important, but not sufficient to fully explain the diversity in the production of this antigen. The culture filtrate antigen AgEpm83, which was obtained from a PS3 isolate, showed large quantities of gp43 and reactivity by immunodiffusion assays, similar to the standard antigen (AgB-339) from an S1 isolate. Furthermore, AgEpm83 was capable of serologically differentiating five serum samples from patients from the Botucatu and Jundiaí regions. These patients had confirmed PCM but, were non-reactive to the standard antigen, thus demonstrating an alternative for serological diagnosis in regions in which S1 and PS2 occur. We also emphasise that it is not advisable to use a single antigen preparation to diagnose PCM, a disease that is caused by highly diverse pathogens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paracoccidioides/immunology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Phylogeny , Paracoccidioides/classification , Paracoccidioides/genetics , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 86(6): 1220-1221, nov.-dez. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-610435

ABSTRACT

Paracoccidioidomicose é doença causada pelo fungo Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, caracterizada por quadro polimórfico e acometimento preferencial de pele, mucosas, pulmões, linfonodos, adrenais e sistema nervoso. De acordo com o local de inoculação e o estado imunológico do indivíduo, ocorrem as diversas formas da doença: tegumentar, linfonodular, visceral e mista. Relatamos caso de paciente com quadro de paracoccidioidomicose mista (tegumentar e pulmonar), com lesões cutâneas caracterizadas por pápulas e pústulas disseminadas e sintomas sistêmicos, possivelmente associada a imunossupressão causada por neoplasia maligna visceral.


Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis that is characterized by polymorphous clinical manifestations principally affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lungs, lymph nodes, adrenal glands and the central nervous system. Depending on the site of inoculation and the individual's immunological status, the disease may take various different forms, affecting the skin, lymph nodes, viscera or a combination of these. The present report describes a patient with extensive cutaneous and pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis, with disseminated papules and pustules, fever and pulmonary symptoms, probably related to immunosuppression caused by a renal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/microbiology , Kidney Neoplasms/microbiology , Paracoccidioides , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/immunology , Kidney Neoplasms/immunology , Lung/pathology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Skin/pathology
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 44(1): 22-25, Jan.-Feb. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-579825

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Neuroparacoccidioidomycosis (NPCM) is a term used to describe the invasion of the central nervous system by the pathogenic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. NPCM has been described sporadically in some case reports and small case series, with little or no focus on treatment outcome and long-term follow-up. METHODS: All patients with NPCM from January 1991 to December 2006 were analyzed and were followed until December 2009. RESULTS: Fourteen (3.8 percent) cases of NPCM were identified out of 367 patients with paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM). A combination of oral fluconazole and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (SMZ/TMP) was the regimen of choice, with no documented death due to Paracoccidioides brasiliensis infection. Residual neurological deficits were observed in 8 patients. Residual calcification was a common finding in neuroimaging follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: All the patients in this study responded positively to the association of oral fluconazole and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, a regimen that should be considered a treatment option in cases of NPCM. Neurological sequela was a relatively common finding. For proper management of these patients, anticonvulsant treatment and physical therapy support were also needed.


INTRODUÇÃO: Neuroparacoccidioidomicose (NPCM) é um termo utilizado para descrever a invasão do sistema nervoso central pelo fungo patogênico Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. NPCM é descrita, esporadicamente, em relatos de casos ou pequenas séries de casos com pouco ou nenhum enfoque no tratamento ou acompanhamento de longo prazo. MÉTODOS: Todos os pacientes com diagnóstico de NPCM entre janeiro de 1991 a dezembro de 2006 foram acompanhados até dezembro de 2009. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 14 (3,8 por cento) casos de NPCM de 367 pacientes com paracoccidioidomicose (PCM). Regime combinando fluconazol oral e sulfamethoxazol/trimetoprim (SMZ/TMP) foi o tratamento de escolha. Não houve nenhum caso de óbito causado pelo fungo Paracoccidioides brasiliensis.Sequela neurológica foi identificada em 8 pacientes. Durante o seguimento, calcificação residual foi um achado comum de neuroimagem. CONCLUSÕES: Todos os pacientes deste estudo responderam de forma favorável a associação do fluconazol com o sulfamethoxazol/trimetoprim, um esquema terapêutico que deve ser considerado nos casos de NPCM. Sequela neurológica foi um achado relativamente comum, desta forma, a utilização de anticonvulsivantes, assim como foi necessário suporte fisioterápico para um manejo adequado destes pacientes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Fungal Infections/drug therapy , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Fungal Infections/microbiology , Follow-Up Studies , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 43(6): 728-730, Nov.-Dec. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-569441

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic infection caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. METHODS: In this study, a semi-nested PCR for paracoccidioidomycosis diagnosis was developed. The primers ITS1 and ITS4 were used in the first reaction, while the primers MJ03 and ITS1 primer were used in the second reaction. The semi-nested PCR was used to investigate biopsies of five patients with oral lesions that resembled paracoccidioidomycosis. RESULTS: The semi-nested PCR was positive for four samples and negative for a sample from a patient later diagnosed with leishmaniasis. CONCLUSIONS: The new semi-nested PCR describe is useful for paracoccidioidomycosis diagnosis.


INTRODUÇÃO: A paracoccidioidomicose é uma infecção sistêmica causada pelo Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. MÉTODOS: Neste estudo, uma semi-nested PCR foi desenvolvida para o diagnóstico da paracoccidioidomicose. Os oligonucleotídeos iniciadores ITS1 e ITS4 foram usados na primeira reação, enquanto os oligonucleotídeos iniciadores MJ03 e ITS1 foram usados na segunda reação. A semi-nested PCR foi usada para investigar biopsias de cinco pacientes com lesões orais que se assemelhavam a paracoccidioidomicose. RESULTADOS: A semi-nested PCR foi positiva para quatro amostras e negativa para a amostra de um paciente, posteriormente diagnosticado com leishmaniose. CONCLUSÕES: A semi-nested PCR descrita aqui é útil para o diagnóstico da paracoccidioidomicose.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , DNA, Fungal/analysis , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Paracoccidioides/genetics , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Mouth Diseases/microbiology , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Sensitivity and Specificity
15.
Med. infant ; 17(3): 291-297, Septiembre 2010. ilus, Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1254093

ABSTRACT

La paracoccidioidomicosis es una micosis endémica en la Argentina, cuyo agente etiológico es un hongo dimórfico saprófito, el Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Puede manifestarse como una enfermedad localizada o diseminada; ésta última es la forma de presentación más frecuente en pediatría. Objetivo: Alertar a los médicos pediatras sobre la importancia de considerar este diagnóstico en niños con cuadros clínicos sugestivos provenientes de áreas endémicas. Población, materiales y métodos: se realizó un análisis comparativo de la presentación clínica de la enfermedad y de sus factores determinantes. Se incluyeron pacientes inmunocompetentes menores de 18 años de edad entre los años 2000 y 2010, con diagnóstico anatomopatológico y/o microbiológico de paracoccidioidomicosis. Resultados: Se identificaron 4 casos, 3 niños y 1 niña, provenientes de áreas endémicas, con una edad media de presentación de 6,5 años. Clínicamente, todos presentaron un síndrome mononucleósico y marcado compromiso del estado general, asociado a: anemia, hipergamaglobulinemia y eosinofilia severa. El tiempo de evolución al diagnóstico fue, en la mayoría de los casos, mayor a 45 días. Se arribó al diagnóstico mediante anatomía patológica y/o cultivo del hongo. Se realizó tratamiento con anfotericina EV y/o itraconazol vía oral, con buena respuesta. Conclusión: La afectación sistémica observada en la población pediátrica, así como la demora en el diagnóstico hacen indispensable su consideración entre los diagnósticos diferenciales en pacientes con cuadros clínicos compatibles provenientes de área endémica (AU)


Paracoccidioidomycosis is an endemic mycosis in Argentina, caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis,a saprophytic dimorphic fungus. It may manifest as a localized or disseminated disease, the latter being the most frequent presentation in children. Objective: To increase awareness among pediatricians of the importance of considering this diagnosis in children with clinical signs and symptoms coming from endemic areas. Patients, Materials, and Methods: A comparative analysis was conducted on the clinical presentation of the disease and its determining factors. Immunocompetent patients under 18 years of age with a histopathological and/or microbiological diagnosis of paracoccidioidomycosis between 2000 and 2010 were included in the study. Results: Four cases, three boys and one girl, with a mean age of 6.5 years coming from endemic areas were identified. Clinically, all children presented with a mononucleotic syndrome and marked compromise of their general state associated with: anemia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and severe eosinophilia. The time of evolution at diagnosis was more than 45 days in the majority of the cases. The diagnosis was made based on histopathology and/or culture of the fungus. Treatment consisted of IV amphotericin and/or oral itraconazole, with good response. Conclusion: Because of systemic involvement observed in the pediatric population as well as the delay in diagnosis, it is important to consider this entity in the differential diagnosis of patients with compatible signs and symptoms coming from endemic areas (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Infectious Mononucleosis/diagnosis , Argentina/epidemiology , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential
16.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 105(1): 62-65, Feb. 2010. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-539297

ABSTRACT

This study is the first report on genetic differences between isolates of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis from a single patient. We describe a simultaneous infection with genetically distinct isolates of P. brasiliensis in a patient with chronic paracoccidioidomycosis. The clinical isolates were obtained from lesions in different anatomical sites and were characterised by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. The RAPD technique can be helpful for distinguishing between clinical isolates. Different random primers were used to characterise these clinical isolates. The RAPD patterns allowed for differentiation between isolates and the construction of a phenetic tree, which showed more than 28 percent genetic variability in this fungal species, opening new possibilities for clinical studies of P. brasiliensis. Based on these results and preliminary clinical findings, we suggest that different genotypes of P. brasiliensis might infect the same patient, inducing the active form of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , DNA, Fungal/analysis , Paracoccidioides/genetics , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Chronic Disease , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Paracoccidioides/classification , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique
17.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 72(6): 822-825, Nov.-Dec. 2009. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-536779

ABSTRACT

O acometimento ocular da paracoccidioidomicose é raro e quando ocorre é geralmente secundário à disseminação hematogênica. Descrição de um caso de paracococcidioidomicose multifocal em homem de 73 anos com história de trauma contuso no olho direito por pedaço de madeira e que teve como primeira manifestação clínica lesão palpebro-conjuntival. Interroga-se possível infecção primária ocular por contiguidade e alerta-se para a manifestação da doença em idade mais avançada.


Ocular involvement of paracoccidioidomycosis is rare and when it occurs it is usually secondary to hematogenic dissemination. A case of multifocal paracoccidioidomycosis in a 73 year-old male after history of blunt trauma in the right eye with a stick of wood that presented as the first clinical sign a lid-conjunctival lesion is described. The possible primary ocular infection spreading by contiguity is argued and the disease manifestation in an advanced age is highlighted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Blepharitis/complications , Eye Injuries/complications , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications , Blepharitis/microbiology
18.
Rev. biol. trop ; 57(3): 489-504, sep. 2009. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-637888

ABSTRACT

Humoral response of paracoccidioidomycosis sera in hamsters with different Venezuelan isolates. Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a progressive systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paraccocidioides brasiliensis (Pb), endemic to Venezuela and Latin America. In this study, eight different Venezuelan isolates obtained from patients with PCM, were inoculated intraperitoneally in Syrian hamsters (Cricetus auratus) and studied by immune-serum. Each strain was collected by gently scraping the surface of the culture medium (Sabouraud Dextrose Agar) and suspended in 3ml of 0.15 M phosphate-buffered saline. The antigen obtained was called Paraccocidioides brasiliensis Crude Antigen (CAP). Immunoblotting results showed that the immune-sera from hamsters recognized at least 3 bands: one over 200 kDa, and two of 80 and 15-20 kDa. This study suggests that IgG anti-CAP can reveal a significant variability in the eight Venezuelan isolates. Sera from 88 infected hamsters were evaluated by ELISA with eight different CAPs and Western blot with CAP 37383. ELISA results showed that, the antigen of the virulent isolate 37383 had the highest percentage (38%) of positivity, while the non-virulent isolate 1458 had the lowest one (13.6%). Furthermore, scanning densitometry revealed that the isolate 37383 had less bands than the non-virulent isolates. These results suggest that the ELISA test with CAP 37383 can detect circulating antibodies, and that this virulent isolate may be useful for the diagnosis of PCM, and to monitor disease responses to treatments. Rev. Biol. Trop. 57 (3): 505-513. Epub 2009 September 30.


La Paracoccidioidomicosis (PCM), es una micosis sistémica causada por el hongo Paraccocidioides brasiliensis (Pb), endémica en Venezuela y Latino América. En este estudio ocho diferentes aislados venezolanos, obtenidos de pacientes con PCM, fueron inoculados intraperitonealmente en hámsteres y fueron estudiados por ELISA e inmunoblotting. Los antígenos obtenidos de P. brasiliensis fueron llamados, Antígeno Crudo (CAP). Los resultados del immunoblotting mostraron que los sueros inmunes de hámsteres reconocieron al menos tres bandas: una sobre 200, y otras de 80, y 15-20 kDa. Este estudio sugiere que la IgG anti-CAP muestra una variabilidad en los ocho aislados Venezolanos. Sueros de 88 hámsteres infectados fueron evaluados usando ELISA, el antígeno del aislado virulento 37383 mostró el más alto porcentaje de positividad (38%) en los sueros de los hámsteres estudiados. El aislado novirulento 1458 mostró un porcentaje bajo de positividad (13.6%). Además, un escaneo densitométrico reveló que el aislado 37383 tiene menos bandas que el otro aislado no-virulento. Por lo tanto, estos resultados sugieren que el ensayo de ELISA con CAP 37383 puede detectar anticuerpos circulantes y este aislado virulento puede ser útil para el diagnostico de PCM, y para el monitoreo de la respuesta al tratamiento de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cricetinae , Male , Antibodies, Fungal/immunology , Immunity, Humoral/immunology , Paracoccidioides/immunology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/immunology , Antibodies, Fungal/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunoblotting , Mesocricetus , Paracoccidioides/pathogenicity , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Venezuela , Virulence
19.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 12(1): 57-62, Feb. 2008. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-484420

ABSTRACT

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis causes paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) that is one of the most prevalent systemic human mycoses in Latin America. Armadillos show a high incidence of PCM infection and could, therefore, be a natural reservoir for this fungus. In this study were compared the virulence profiles of isolates obtained from nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) (PbT1 and PbT4) and isolates from PCM patients (Pb265 and Bt83). Pathogenicity was evaluated by fungal load and analysis of colony morphology. Immunity against the fungus was tested by delayed type hypersensitivity test (DTH) and antibody quantification by ELISA. The higher virulence of PbT1 and PbT4 was suggested by higher fungal load in spleen and lungs. Armadillo isolates and Bt83 presented a cotton-like surface contrasting with the cerebriform appearance of Pb265. All isolates induced cellular and humoral immune responses in infected BALB/c mice. DTH reactions were similarly induced by the four isolates, however, a great variability was observed in specific antibody levels, being the highest ones induced by Bt83 and PbT4. The present work confirms that armadillos harbor P. brasiliensis, whose multiplication and induced immunity in experimentally infected mice are heterogeneous, resembling the behavior of isolates from human PCM. This study reinforces the possibility that armadillos play an important role in the biological cycle of this pathogen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Armadillos/microbiology , Paracoccidioides/pathogenicity , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/veterinary , Colony Count, Microbial , Disease Reservoirs/microbiology , Disease Reservoirs/veterinary , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hypersensitivity, Delayed/immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Phenotype , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Time Factors , Virulence
20.
J. bras. pneumol ; 33(3): 295-300, maio-jun. 2007. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-461993

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a freqüência da real associação entre paracoccidioidomicose (PCM) e tuberculose (TB) e a freqüência do diagnóstico errôneo prévio de TB em doentes com PCM entre os pacientes atendidos na Disciplina de Pneumologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas (SP). MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de 227 pacientes adultos com diagnóstico confirmado de PCM (forma crônica) entre 1980 e 2005. RESULTADOS: Dos 227 casos, 36 (15,8 por cento) haviam sido tratados anteriormente para TB. Porém, apenas 18 (7,9 por cento) apresentaram baciloscopia positiva. Os outros 18 (7,9 por cento) nunca tiveram o diagnóstico confirmado pela baciloscopia nem responderam ao tratamento específico para TB. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar de a associação entre PCM e TB existir e estar documentada na literatura, o erro diagnóstico é bastante comum, haja vista a sobreposição e similaridade das apresentações clínicas e radiológicas dessas duas doenças, havendo, portanto, a necessidade do diagnóstico bacteriológico antes de se iniciar o tratamento específico.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of the real association between paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) and tuberculosis (TB) as well as the rate of previous TB misdiagnosis in individuals with PCM among the patients treated in the Pulmonology Division of the State University of Campinas Hospital das Clínicas, Campinas, Brazil. METHODS: A retrospective study of 227 adult patients with PCM (chronic form) treated between 1980 and 2005. RESULTS: Of the 227 patients studied, 36 (15.8 percent) had been previously treated for TB. However, only 18 (7.9 percent) presented positive sputum smear microscopy results. The remaining 18 (7.9 percent) neither presented positive sputum smear microscopy nor showed improvement after receiving specific anti-TB treatment. CONCLUSION: Although the existence of an association between PCM and TB has been documented in the literature, misdiagnosis is common due to the superimposition of and the similarity between their clinical and radiographic presentations, thereby warranting the need for bacteriological diagnosis before initiating specific treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diagnostic Errors , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Antibiotics, Antitubercular/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis , Retrospective Studies , Sputum/microbiology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/microbiology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
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