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1.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e180595, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040622

ABSTRACT

The genetic information of ancient Paragonimus westermani, the oriental lung fluke infecting over 20 million people worldwide, has not been thoroughly investigated thus far. We analysed genetic markers (COI and ITS2) of P. westermani from coprolite specimens (n = 6) obtained from 15th to 18th century Korean mummies. Our results indicated that all P. westermani sequences were generally distinct from the other species of the genus Paragonimus. The sequences were clustered into three groups: Group I for East Asia; Group II for South and Southeast Asia; and Group III for India and Sri Lanka. In this study, we found that ancient P. westermani sequences in Korea belong to Group I, adding invaluable information to the existing knowledge of Paragonimus paleogenetics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mummies/parasitology , Electron Transport Complex IV/genetics , DNA, Helminth/genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer/genetics , Paragonimus westermani/isolation & purification , Feces/parasitology , Paleodontology , Parasite Egg Count , Phylogeny , Asia , Paragonimus westermani/genetics
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106134

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis produces no specific symptoms or radiologic findings, allowing for the possibility of misdiagnosis. We evaluated the specific clinical and pleural fluid features of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis masquerading as pleural tuberculosis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and radiologic characteristics of 20 patients diagnosed with pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis between 2001 and 2011. RESULTS: In total, 17 patients presented with respiratory symptoms, including dyspnea (30%), hemoptysis (20%), cough (20%), and pleuritic chest pain (15%). Chest radiographs revealed intrapulmonary parenchymal lesions, including air-space consolidation (30%), nodular opacities (20%), cystic lesions (15%), ground-glass opacities (10%), and pneumothorax (5%). A pleural f luid examination revealed eosinophilia, low glucose levels, and high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in 87%, 76%, and 88% of the patients, respectively. These traits helped to distinguish pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis from other pleural diseases such as parapneumonic effusion, malignancy, and pleural tuberculosis. CONCLUSIONS: Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis is often initially misdiagnosed as other pleural diseases. Therefore, it is important to establish the correct diagnosis. In patients with unexplained pleural effusion living in paragonimiasis-endemic areas, pleural fluid obtained by thoracentesis should be examined to distinguish pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis. When marked eosinophilia, high LDH levels, and low glucose levels are identified in pleural fluid, physicians could consider a diagnosis of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Animals , Biomarkers/analysis , Child , Child, Preschool , Diagnosis, Differential , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophilia/diagnosis , Female , Glucose/analysis , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/analysis , Lung Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Paracentesis , Paragonimiasis/diagnosis , Paragonimus westermani/isolation & purification , Pleural Effusion/diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tuberculosis, Pleural/diagnosis , Young Adult
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222445

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary paragonimiasis is a relatively rare cause of lung disease revealing a wide variety of radiologic findings, such as air-space consolidation, nodules, and cysts. We describe here a case of pulmonary paragonimiasis in a 27-year-old woman who presented with a 2-month history of cough and sputum. Based on chest computed tomography (CT) scans and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) findings, the patient was suspected to have a metastatic lung tumor. However, she was diagnosed as having Paragonimus westermani infection by an immunoserological examination using ELISA. Follow-up chest X-ray and CT scans after chemotherapy with praziquantel showed an obvious improvement. There have been several reported cases of pulmonary paragonimiasis mimicking lung tumors on FDG-PET. However, all of them were suspected as primary lung tumors. To our knowledge, this patient represents the first case of paragonimiasis mimicking metastatic lung disease on FDG-PET CT imaging.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Diagnostic Errors , Female , Humans , Lung Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paragonimiasis/diagnosis , Paragonimus westermani/isolation & purification , Positron-Emission Tomography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151020

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the infection status of Paragonimus westermani metacercariae in freshwater crabs (n = 363) and crayfish (n = 31) from October 2007 to October 2008 using the crush method. All of the freshwater crabs, Eriocheir japonicus, were negative for P. westermani metacercariae while 10 (32.3%) of the 31 examined crayfish were positive. The 10 positive crayfish were caught in Haenam, Jeollanam-do, and there were 8-59 (mean 28.4) metacrcariae per infected crayfish. These results suggest that P. westermani metacerariae are still transmitted by crayfish enzootically in southern Korea, and that freshwater crabs may transmit metacercariae only on rare occasions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astacoidea/parasitology , Brachyura/parasitology , Humans , Korea/epidemiology , Paragonimiasis/epidemiology , Paragonimus westermani/isolation & purification , Prevalence
6.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 2006 ; 37 Suppl 3(): 57-61
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-35926

ABSTRACT

Field surveys of Paragonimus in Surat Thani Province, southern Thailand, revealed a new record of a lung fluke species other than P. westermani. The metacercariae were obtained from the crab, Ranguna smalleyi. The cysts of the metacercariae were spherical in shape and the larval body in the cysts contained pinkish granules. Fully mature adult worms were obtained from experimental infections with a rat and a ferret. The adult worms from the two host animals resembled each other, except for size, and had the anatomical characteristics of P. bangkokensis, ie the cuticular spines were arranged mainly in groups, the ovaries were highly branched, while the testes were more simply divided. Chromosomal preparations of the testes showed a haploid number of 11. As no sequence data of P. bangkokensis has been deposited in the GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ nucleotide database, the ITS2 region was sequenced using the metacercariae as starting material. A similarity search of P. bangkokensis ITS2 sequence using the BLAST program revealed that there was only one base difference between this population and P. harinasutai occurring in central Thailand. The result may suggest a close relationship between P. bangkokensis and P. harinasutai. This is the first description of Paragonimus species other than P. westermani occurring in southern Thailand.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brachyura/parasitology , Ferrets/parasitology , Genes, Helminth , Genetic Variation , Paragonimiasis/parasitology , Paragonimus/classification , Paragonimus westermani/isolation & purification , Rats/parasitology , Thailand
7.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2005 Apr; 23(2): 131-4
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-53732

ABSTRACT

Paragonimiasis is an important cause of pulmonary disease worldwide. Infection in humans mainly occurs by ingestion of raw or undercooked freshwater crabs or crayfish. The disease is well known in endemic regions of Asian countries, where culturally based methods of food preparation foster human transmission. Three patients with clinical and radiological features compatible with pulmonary tuberculosis had been treated for tuberculosis without remedy despite an inability to demonstrate acid fast bacilli in sputum smears. All patients had history of ingestion of raw crabs and crayfish. The confirmed diagnosis of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis was made based on the demonstration of Paragonimus eggs in the sputum, and high absolute eosinophilia in their peripheral blood and pleural fluid. All the patients had been treated with praziquantel successfully.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use , Humans , Male , Paragonimiasis/diagnosis , Paragonimus westermani/isolation & purification , Parasite Egg Count , Pleural Effusion/diagnosis , Praziquantel/therapeutic use , Sputum/parasitology
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