Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 41
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 76(6): 306-308, nov.-dez. 2017. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-899099

ABSTRACT

Resumo Relato de um caso clínico de proptose ocular relacionado com mucocele etmoidal, o caso é raro e seu acometimento ocular não é comumente relacionado na literatura. Ressaltamos ainda sua apresentação clínica e o tratamento instituído. W.L.S, Paciente do sexo masculino, 27 anos procedente de Fortaleza-CE. Comparece ao ambulatório HUWC com queixa de baixa da acuidade visual percebida há 10 dias em olho direito (OD). Ao exame oftalmológico melhor acuidade visual corrigida de 20/200 OD e 20/20 olho esquerdo (OE), ausência de abdução e elevação do OD com ptose leve (distância margem reflexo 1-2 mm) e diplopia ao olhar para direita. Proptose OD de aspecto axial de grau moderado (24mm). Biomicroscopia lâmpada de fenda sem alterações. Pressão intraocular: 18mmHg OD 12 mmHg OE. Fundo de olho: OD aspecto palidez discreta de disco, sem outras alterações e OE dentro da normalidade. Solicitada tomografia de crânio (TC) que demonstrou presença de lesão arredondada em área do seio etmoidal penetrando parede óssea da órbita do OD sugestiva de mucocele etmoidal. Encaminhado para serviço de otorrinolaringologia do HUWC, sendo submetido a procedimento cirúrgico endoscópico etmoidectomia. Um mês após o procedimento cirúrgico a acuidade visual OD 20/25, movimentos oculares presentes e simétricos, ausência de diplopia e persistência de leve palidez em OD. Expansão da mucocele pode ocorrer ao longo de muitos anos ou rapidamente. Acometimento ocular com baixa da acuidade visual é incomum como primeiro sintoma, quando ocorre merece tratamento imediato. O tratamento cirúrgico é geralmente indicado no caso e deve ser instituído assim que possível para adequada recuperação visual.


Abstract Report of a clinical case of ocular proptosis related to ethmoidal mucocele, the case is rare and ocular involvement is not commonly related in the literature. We also emphasize its clinical presentation and the treatment instituted. W.L.S., male, 27 years old from Fortaleza-CE. He presents to the HUWC outpatient clinic complaining of low visual acuity perceived for 10 days in the right eye (OD). The ophthalmologic exam showed a best corrected visual acuity of 20/200 OD and 20/20 left eye (OS), absence of abduction and elevation of OD with light ptosis (distance margin 1 - 2 mm) and diplopia when looking to the right. Proptose OD of moderate aspect axial aspect (24mm). Biomicroscopy slit lamp without changes. Intraocular pressure: 18mmHg OD 12 mmHg OS. Background of eye: OD discrete pallor disk appearance, no other changes and OS within normality. A CT scan was performed that showed presence of a rounded lesion in the ethmoidal sinus area penetrating the bone wall of the OD orbit suggestive of ethmoidal mucocele. Forwarded to the otorhinolaryngology service of the HUWC, being submitted to endoscopic surgical procedure etmoidectomy. One month after the surgical procedure visual acuity of OD 20/25, present and symmetrical ocular movements, absence of diplopia and persistence of mild pallor in OD. Expansion of mucocele may occur over many years or rapidly. Ocular involvement with low visual acuity is uncommon as the first symptom, when it occurs it deserves immediate treatment. Surgical treatment is generally indicated in the case and should be instituted as soon as possible for adequate visual recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/complications , Exophthalmos/etiology , Mucocele/complications , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Blepharoptosis/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Visual Acuity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Frontal Sinus/surgery , Mucocele/surgery , Mucocele/diagnosis
2.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 23(1): [67-70], ene-dic,2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-884890

ABSTRACT

La bola fúngica del seno maxilar es una sinusitis fúngica no invasiva. El aumento de pacientes con alguna forma de inmunocompromiso se ha asociado con el aumento en la prevalencia de la enfermedad. Presentamos el caso de un paciente diabético, que consultó durante un año al sistema de salud antes de realizarle el diagnóstico de bola fúngica por Aspergillus en el seno maxilar.


Fungal balls are non invasive sinusits of paranasal sinuses. Rises in the number of immune compromised patents has lead to an increase in prevalence of the disease. We report a case of a diabetc patent, who sought advice for one year before the diagnosis of an Aspergillus fungal ball of the maxillary sinus was made.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aspergillosis/surgery , Maxillary Sinusitis/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 76(2): 193-200, ago. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-793965

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El velamiento de una cavidad paranasal representa un desafío diagnóstico y puede ser causado por diversas patologías. El examen clínico generalmente es insuficiente para orientar la conducta siendo necesario un estudio completo que incluya endoscopía, imágenes e histología para lograr un diagnóstico definitivo. Objetivo: Describir la impresión clínica, imagenológica, quirúrgica e histológica de pacientes con patología unilateral de senos paranasales. Material y método: Serie retrospectiva de 32 pacientes con patología sinusal unilateral operados en Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile entre 2012 y 2014. Se consideró como criterio de inclusión el compromiso predominante de un seno paranasal en el estudio imagenológico. Se describen las variables: síntoma principal, impresión diagnóstica; clínica, imagenológica, quirúrgica, seno comprometido, entre otras. Resultados: El síntoma principal más frecuente fue obstrucción nasal (56%). Los diagnósticos más frecuentes fueron: patología inflamatoria (84%): pólipo antrocoanal (31%), mucocele (22%) y bola fúngica (22%) y patología tumoral benigna: papiloma invertido (16%), siendo el seno maxilar el más afectado (90%). La impresión diagnóstica quirúrgica fue más precisa que la imagenológica en determinar el diagnóstico definitivo, aunque esta diferencia no alcanzó significancia estadística. Discusión: Patología compleja que requiere estudio completo incluyendo endoscopía. Las imágenes son el segundo pilar en el diagnóstico y deben solicitarse de acuerdo a los hallazgos. El diagnóstico quirúrgico provee una mayor precisión diagnóstica. Conclusiones: Se incluyen varias patologías bajo este concepto, la patología inflamatoria predomina pero se debe tener alto índice de sospecha dado la relativa frecuencia de patología tumoral.


Introduction: Paranasal sinus opacity represents a diagnostic challenge and can be caused by diverse pathologies. Clinical examination is generally insufficient to achieve a definitive diagnosis and it is necessary a complete study including endoscopy, imaging and histology. Aim: To describe clinical, radiographical, surgical and histological diagnostic impressions of patients with unilateral sinus disease. Material and method: 32 retrospective serie with unilateral sinus disease treated at Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile, between 2012 and 2014. The predominant commitment of one sinus on the tomography was considered as inclusion criterion. Principal symtom, clinical, radiographical and surgical diagnostic impressions, committed sinus, among others variables were studied. Results: The most frequent symtom was nasal obstruction (56%). The most frequent diagnoses were: inflammatory disease (84%): antrochoanal polyp (31%), mucocele (22%) and fungus ball (22%) and benign tumor: inverted papilloma (16%). The maxillary sinus was affected in 90%. Surgical diagnostic impression was more precise than radiographical impression in determining the definitive diagnosis, although this difference did not reach statistics significance. Discussion: Unilateral sinus disease is a complex pathology that requires comprehensive study including endoscopy. Images are the second pillar in the diagnosis and should be requested according to the findings. Surgical diagnostic impression provides greater diagnostic presicion. Conclusions: Several pathologies are included under this concept, inflammatory disease prevails but it is necessary to have high index of suspicion in view of the relative frequency of tumour pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/epidemiology , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/surgery , Retrospective Studies
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 75(3): 239-244, dic. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-771695

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los mucoceles son formaciones benignas de lento crecimiento que pueden aparecer en cualquier seno paranasal, representando el seno esfenoidal menos del 10%. Objetivo: Presentamos nuestra experiencia de mucoceles en el seno esfenoidal. Material y método: Se obtuvieron los datos a partir de nuestra base de datos que recoge prospectivamente los casos de tumores de cabeza y cuello. Entre enero 1989 y enero 2013 se registraron 58 mucoceles en 54 pacientes, de los cuales 4 (7%) eran de seno esfenoidal. Tres pacientes eran mujeres y uno varón, con edades comprendidas entre 42 y 61 años. Todas las lesiones fueron estudiadas con endoscopia nasal, tomo-grafía computarizada y resonancia magnética. Resultados: Tres pacientes presentaron un antecedente quirúrgico de seno paranasal. El síntoma más frecuente fue la cefalea (3 pacientes de 4). Dos pacientes presentaron diplopia y uno pérdida progresiva de agudeza visual, requiriendo manejo quirúrgico urgente. Todos fueron tratados con esfenoidotomía por abordaje endoscópico endonasal. Fueron dados de alta a las 48 h posteriores con antibioticoterapia. Ninguno presentó recidiva. Conclusión: Los mucoceles esfenoidales representan menos del 10% de los mucoceles nasosinusales. La pérdida de agudeza visual requiere un rápido diagnóstico y manejo terapéutico quirúrgico urgente. El tratamiento de elección es la marsupialización.


Introduction: Sinus mucoceles are benign cysts that may appear in any sinus, but only 1%-10% occur in the sphenoid sinus. Aim: We describe the cases of sphenoid sinus mucoceles seen at our centre over the last 25 years. Material and method: In a prospective review of all mucoceles diagnosed between 1989 and 2013, we identified 58 mucocels in 54 patients. Four of the 58 (7%) were sphenoid mucoceles. There were three female patients and one male, and ages ranged from 42 to 61 years. We performed an endoscopy, CT and MR in all patients to confirm diagnosis. Results: Three patients had had endoscopic endonasal surgery in the past. The presenting symptoms were headache in 3 patients, diplopia in two, and visual loss, causing blindness, in one. The patient with amaurosis requiered urgent surgery. All four patients underwent sphenoidotomy with marsupialisation by the endonasal endoscopic approach. They were discharged 48 hours later on oral antibiotics. No recurrences have been observed to date. Conclusions: Sphenoid mucocele is a rare disease, requiring prompt treatment in cases of amaurosis. Good results can be achieved with endonasal endoscopic marsupialisation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Mucocele/diagnosis , Mucocele/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/surgery , Endoscopy , Sphenoid Sinus
5.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 72(221): 6-12, nov.2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-781829

ABSTRACT

Los senos maxilares son, hoy en día, parte del diagnóstico en odontología, por lo que el conocimiento de los mismos es fundamental a la hora de su observación por parte de las imágenes radiológicas y la clínica. El propósito de este trabajo es mostrar los límites de la radiología convencional en el diagnóstico sinusal y los avances que ofrece la tomografía computada en la visualización de los mismos en sus mínimos detalles, tanto en patologías como en la contemplación de los distintos tipos de rellenos en las técnicas de elevación de piso...


Subject(s)
Humans , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/standards , Maxillary Sinus/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Sinus Floor Augmentation/methods , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Radiography, Panoramic , Bone Transplantation/instrumentation
7.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 24(4): 292-296, 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-786570

ABSTRACT

The sphenoidal sinus mucocele is a pseudocystic lesion of paranasal cavity (CPN). These injuries are probably underdiagnosed as they may be asymptomatic or cause nonspecific symptoms. The CT scan and the MRI increase the precision of the preoperative evaluation. We present a case of sphenoid sinus mucocele in a patient of 69 years old, who was admitted at our institution with 1 month evolution of persistent headache. Clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of this case are discussed as well as the review of the literature...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/etiology , Mucocele/diagnosis , Mucocele/etiology , Polyps/complications , Sphenoid Sinus
8.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2012 May; 60(3): 216-218
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-139474

ABSTRACT

A 25-year-old male presented with complaints of sudden diminution of vision with pain on eye movement in the left eye which was diagnosed clinically as retro bulbar optic neuritis. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed lesion consistent with sphenoid sinus mucocele. Early surgical removal of mucocele led to complete recovery of vision, contrast and visual field. A high index of suspicion is necessary for intracranial lesions in all cases of retro bulbar neuritis, especially those with atypical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Mucocele/diagnosis , Mucocele/surgery , Optic Neuritis/diagnosis , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/surgery , Sphenoid Sinus , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Visual Acuity
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 63(4): 844-849, ago. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-599602

ABSTRACT

Avaliaram-se os seios nasais de 10 gatos mestiços, adultos, acometidos por afecções sinonasais, por meio de exames radiográfico e tomográfico, e descreveram-se as vantagens e desvantagens dos métodos. O grande diferencial do exame de tomografia computadorizada em relação ao exame radiográfico, na avaliação dos seios nasais, foi a detecção de alterações nos seios esfenoides e a maior facilidade em localizar a lateralidade e o grau de envolvimento de alterações dos seios frontais.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nasal sinus of ten adult mixed-breed cats with sinonasal diseases, using radiography and computed tomography to describe the advantages and disadvantages of the methods. In the evaluation of the nasal sinus, the advantages of the CT examination regarding the radiography had been the detection of alterations in the sphenoid sinus and the easiness in locating the side affected and the degree of involvement of the frontal sinus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Radiography/veterinary , Tomography/veterinary , Nose Neoplasms/veterinary , Paranasal Sinuses/anatomy & histology , Sinusitis/veterinary
11.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1261516

ABSTRACT

Background:Rhinosinusitis is defined as inflammation of the nasal and paranasal sinus mucosa.Chronic rhinosinusitis occurs when this inflammation and the symptoms persist for more than 3 months.The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and management of adult chronic rhinosinusitis in a tertiary health institution and to review the literature for its current modalities of management.Methods:This is a 5-year retrospective study of all adult patients managed for clinically and radiologically diagnosed chronic rhinosinusitis at the study center.Their medical records were reviewed for essential data which included demographic data; clinical presentations; skin sensitivity test; radiologic reports and treatment offered.The data were collated and analyzed using simple descriptive statistics.Results: There were 228 patients; 97(42.54) males and 131(57.46) females with a male:female ratio of 1:1.35; age ranged between 18 - 67 years (mean =35.2).The five major presenting symptoms were nasal discharge 228(100.00); nasal obstruction 224 (98.25); equent throat hawking 189 (82.89); itching of eye; ear; nose or throat 138 (60.53) and excessive sneezing 136(59.65).About 6of the patients developed complications.Allergy accounted for the cause in 93 (40.79)patients. Maxillary antral mucosal thickening and engorged inferior turbinates were the commonest radiological features. About 51of the patients were treated with intranasal inferior meatal antrostomy with or thout inferior turbinectomy.There was recurrence of symptoms in about 18of these patients from 3 to 8months after surgery.Conclusions: Both subjective and objective measures should be employed in the diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis and intranasal inferior meatal antrostomy may rarely produce satisfactory clinical improvement


Subject(s)
Adult , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/complications , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Review , Signs and Symptoms
12.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2009 Nov; 57(6): 465-467
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136002

ABSTRACT

The most common abnormality of the lacrimal drainage system is congenital or acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The causes of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction may be primary or secondary. The secondary acquired obstructions may result from infection, inflammation, neoplasm, trauma or mechanical causes. The maxillary sinus cysts usually obstruct the nasolacrimal duct mechanically. Dentigerous cysts are one of the main types of maxillary cysts. These cysts are benign odontogenic cysts which are associated with the crowns of unerupted teeth. The clinical documentations of mechanical nasolacrimal duct obstructions due to a dentigerous cyst in the maxillary sinus are very rare in literature. In this case report, we describe a dentigerous cyst with a supernumerary tooth in the maxillary sinus in an 11-year-old male child causing an obstruction to the nasolacrimal duct. The case was successfully managed surgically by Caldwell Luc approach.


Subject(s)
Child , Dentigerous Cyst/complications , Dentigerous Cyst/diagnosis , Dentigerous Cyst/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/diagnosis , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/etiology , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/surgery , Male , Maxillary Sinus , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/complications , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 69(1): 51-54, abr. 2009. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-538051

ABSTRACT

Se presentan dos casos clínicos del Servicio de Otorrinolaringología (SORL) del Hospital Barros Luco Trudeau (HBLT) con diagnóstico de Pneumosinus dilatans (PD). El PD es una rara condición, que se presenta como una dilatación anormal de uno o varios senos paranasales (SP) sin evidencia de compromiso óseo ni mucoso, que se asocia a dolor y deformidad facial. La tomografía computada (TC) permite hacer el diagnóstico; el tratamiento es quirúrgico y está orientado a descomprimir el o los SP comprometidos; con lo anterior se logra la erradicación del dolor, pero la deformidad facial persiste.


Two clinical cases with a diagnosis of pneumosinus dilatans (PD) from the Servicio de Otorrinolaringología (SORL) of Hospital Barros Lucos-Trudeau (HBLT) are presented. PD is a rare condition in which an abnormal enlargement of one or several paranasal sinuses (PS) is present, with no evidence of bone or mucosa involvement. It is associated with facial pain and deformity. Diagnosis is based on CT scan; treatment is surgical and it is oriented to decompress the PS involved, eradicating pain but with a persisting facial deformity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Dilatation, Pathologic/surgery , Dilatation, Pathologic/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Dilatation, Pathologic/etiology , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/etiology
20.
Rev. bras. otorrinolaringol ; 74(2): 297-302, mar.-abr. 2008. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-484840

ABSTRACT

Pseudotumor inflamatório pode ser definido como uma lesão que simula neoplasia clínica e radiologicamente. Não se trata de uma entidade clínico-patológica única, mas um termo genérico para qualquer lesão expansiva inflamatória crônica inespecífica. Há poucos relatos de pseudotumor inflamatório em cavidade nasal e seios paranasais. RELATO DE CASOS: Apresentamos três casos de pseudotumor inflamatório em nariz e seios paranasais atendidos na Divisão de Clínica Otorrinolaringológica do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. DISCUSSÃO: Pseudotumor inflamatório de seios paranasais apresenta sintomatologia variável conforme o local de origem. Geralmente, segue curso benigno, porém pode ser localmente agressivo.


Inflammatory pseudotumors may be defined as lesions that clinically and radiologically simulate neoplasms. These tumor are not a single clinical-pathological entity, but rather a generic term applied to any nonspecific, chronic, inflammatory expanding lesion. There are few reports of inflammatory pseudotumors in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. CASE REPORT: We report three cases of inflammatory pseudotumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses seen at the Division of Otolaryngology of the Medical School University Hospital, Sao Paulo University. DISCUSSION: Inflammatory pseudotumors of the paranasal sinuses present a variety of symptoms according to the site.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Biopsy , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL