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2.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(2): 197-203, jun. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902763

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años, se está utilizando la fibrolaringoscopía con imagen de banda estrecha (NBI) como técnica novedosa para observar el patrón específico de microvas-cularización de una lesión concreta a evaluar. Es conocida por su utilidad en el diagnóstico de otras lesiones de vías aerodigestivas superiores, fundamentalmente laríngea y digestiva. Los melanomas mucosos son tumores infrecuentes, que suelen localizarse a nivel del área rinosinusaly que comportan un manejo y pronóstico distinto con respecto a los melanomas cutáneos. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente mujer con anamnesis, exploración y fibrolaringoscopía con imagen de banda estrecha, compatible con melanoma mucoso de fosa nasal izquierda. El tratamiento realizado fue quirúrgico, sin necesidad de tratamiento coadyuvante, y no presenta evidencia de enfermedad al año postseguimiento.


In recent years, it is being used fibrolaryngoscopy with narrowband image (NBI) as a novel technique to observe the specific pattern of microvasculature of a particular lesion. NBI is known for its usefulness in the diagnosis of other lesions of the upper aerodigestive tract, (primarily laryngeal and digestive lesions). Mucosal melanomas are rare tumors, which are usually located at the level of rhino-sinusal area and involving a different prognosis and management regarding cutaneous melanomas. We report a female patient case with anamnesis, clinical examination and NBI compatible with mucosal melanoma of left nostril. Surgical treatmentwas performed without adjuvant therapy, and there is no evidence of disease at one year post-monitoring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Endoscopy/methods , Narrow Band Imaging/methods , Melanoma/diagnosis , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Nasal Mucosa/surgery
3.
Rev. AMRIGS ; 61(1): 64-67, jan.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-849262

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O Schwannoma é uma neoplasia benigna com origem nas células de Schwann presentes na bainha de nervos autossômicos periféricos. Localiza-se cranial ou extracranial. Na cabeça e pescoço constitui 30 a 45% dos casos extracraniais, sendo que 4% deles estão localizados no nariz e seios paranasais. Relato do caso: Paciente feminina, 37 anos, realizou tomografia de crânio após queda para investigar trauma cranioencefálico. Esta identificou velamento de seios paranasais à esquerda. O achado motivou a investigação da hiposmia e obstrução nasal à esquerda de longa data. À rinoscopia anterior, observou-se lesão expansiva polipoide ocupando a fossa nasal, não permitindo a passagem do nasofibroscópio. Tomografia computadorizada evidenciou lesão ocupando totalmente a fossa nasal esquerda, velamento do seio maxilar e células etmoidais anteriores e posteriores à esquerda. Realizou-se exérese endoscópica da lesão, que tinha provável origem no recesso esfenoetmoidal. A biópsia transoperatória com congelação observou lesão inflamatória. A confirmação do diagnóstico de Schwannoma foi feita pelo anatomopatológico e imuno-histoquímica, que evidenciou alta reatividade à proteína S-100. Discussão: As lesões intranasais unilaterais apresentam inúmeras possibilidades diagnósticas. Os sintomas são inespecíficos e os exames de imagem pouco esclarecedores. Neste relato, a tomografia sugeriu pólipo de Killian ou papiloma invertido pela unilateralidade da lesão. Porém, as características histopatológicas e a imunorreatividade à proteína S-100 auxiliaram na confirmação diagnóstica. Conclusão: O Schwannoma intranasal faz parte do diagnóstico diferencial das lesões intranasais. O exame histopatológico e a imunohistoquímica são de extrema importância para confirmação diagnóstica frente à inespecificidade dos sintomas e achados radiológicos (AU)


Introduction: Schwannoma is a benign neoplasm originating in the Schwann cells present in the sheath of peripheral autosomal nerves. It is located cranially or extracranially. In the head and neck it comprises 30 to 45% of extracranial cases, 4% of which located in the nose and paranasal sinuses. Case report: A 37-year-old female patient underwent skull tomography after a fall to investigate cranioencephalic trauma. This identified veiling of paranasal sinuses on the left. The finding motivated the investigation of long-standing hyposmia and nasal obstruction on the left. At anterior rhinoscopy, an expansive polypoid lesion occupying the nasal fossa was observed, not allowing the nasofibroscope to pass. Computed tomography revealed a lesion totally occupying the left nasal fossa, maxillary sinus veil, and anterior and posterior ethmoid cells on the left. Endoscopic excision of the lesion that was likely to originate in the sphenoethmoidal recess was performed. Intraoperative biopsy with freezing showed an inflammatory lesion. Confirmation of the Schwannoma diagnosis was made by pathology and immunohistochemistry that showed high reactivity to S-100 protein. Discussion: Unilateral intranasal lesions present numerous diagnostic possibilities. The symptoms are nonspecific and imaging exams are not very elucidating. In this report, CT scan suggested a Killian polyp or inverted papilloma due to the unilaterality of the lesion. However, the histopathological characteristics and immunoreactivity to the S-100 protein aided in the diagnostic confirmation. Conclusion: Intranasal Schwannoma is part of the differential diagnosis of intranasal lesions. Histopathological examination and immunohistochemistry are extremely important for diagnostic confirmation in the face of the non-specificity of symptoms and radiological findings (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908138

ABSTRACT

El pseudotumor inflamatorio (PTI) es una entidad no neoplásica, de etiología desconocida, caracterizada por la proliferación de un infiltrado inflamatorio policlonal sobre un estroma de tejido conjuntivo. Pueden ser definidos como lesiones que clínica y radiológicamente simulan neoplasias. El pseudotumor inflamatorio puede causar dolor facial, obstrucción nasal, exoftalmos y discapacidad visual y con frecuencia causa la erosión y destrucción ósea. Los corticoesteroides, la radioterapia y la cirugía se han utilizado como modalidades de tratamiento, solos o en combinación.


The inflammatory pseudotumour (IPT) is a nonneoplastic entity of unknown origin, and is characterised by a proliferation of connective tissue and a polyclonal inflammatory infiltrate. May be defined as lesions that clinically and radiologically simulate neoplasms. Inflammatory pseudotumour sometimes causes facial pain, nasal obstruction, exophthalmos and visual impairment, and often causes bone erosion and destruction. Corticosteroids, radiotherapy and surgery have been used as treatment modalities either on their own or in combination.


O pseudo-tumor inflamatório (PTI) é uma entidade não neoplásica de etiologia desconhecida, caracterizada pela proliferação de um infiltrado inflamatório policlonal em um estroma do tecido conjuntivo. Podem ser definidos como lesões que simulam neoplasias clínica e radiologicamente. O pseudo-tumor Inflamatório pode causar dor facial, obstrução nasal, exoftalmia (olhos saltados), deficiência visual e freqüentemente provoca o desgaste e a destruição óssea. Os cortiçoesteroides, a radioterapia e a cirurgia têm sido usadas como modalidades de tratamento, por si só ou em combinação.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/diagnosis , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/surgery , Epistaxis/therapy , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery
5.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 76(3): 301-307, dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-845630

ABSTRACT

El glomangiopericitoma es un tumor nasosinusal extremadamente raro, más frecuente en pacientes de edad avanzada y en mujeres. Si bien su etiopatogenia es desconocida, se reconocen ciertos factores predisponentes tales como hipertensión arterial, embarazo, trauma y uso de corticoides. Para su diagnóstico, resulta necesario recurrir tanto a estudio por imágenes como a la histología y técnicas de inmunohistoquímica. Microscópicamente se caracteriza por un prominente crecimiento perivascular de células uniformes ovales o fusiformes, dispuestas en fascículos cortos intercalados con capilares de diámetros variables ramificados en "asta de ciervo" y presenta inmuno-rreactividad positiva para actina, factor XIII-A y vimentina principalmente. Clínicamente este tumor presenta un comportamiento generalmente benigno, pero con una elevada tasa de recurrencia. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 71 años, con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial, que acudió a nuestro centro por rinorrea purulenta y epistaxis unilateral derecha de 5 años de evolución. Al examen se observa masa polipoidea en fosa nasal derecha con abundante vascularización, sin otros hallazgos al examen físico. La lesión es resecada en su totalidad mediante cirugía endoscópica. El estudio histológico e inmunohistoquímico son compatibles con glomangiopericitoma. La paciente evoluciona con remisión de su sintomatología y a los dos meses desde la resección no ha presentado evidencias de recurrencia.


Glomangiopericytoma is an extremely rare sinonasal tumor, more common among elderly and women. Although its etiology and pathogeny are unknown, there are certain predisposing factors, such as arterial hypertension, pregnancy, trauma and corticosteroids. To diagnose this tumor, it is necessary imaging, histopathologic and inmunohistochemical studies. At the microscopic study, it is characterized by a prominent perivascular growth of oval-shaped or fusiform cells, arranged in short fascicles separated by capillary vessels of variable diameters, with staghorn-like ramifications, and lmmunohistochemistry positive mainly for actin, XIII-A factor and vimentin. Clinically, this tumor has a generally benign behavior, but with high recurrence percentage. We present the case of a 71 years old woman, with history of hypertension, who present in our center with a 5 years history of purulent rhinorrhea and right unilateral epistaxis, at the physical exam there is a polypoid mass in the right nasal fossa with rich vascularization, with no other findings. This tumor was resected entirely with endoscopic surgery. Histology and immunohistochemistry were compatible witch gomangiopericytoma. The patient evolve with remission of her symptoms and with no signs of recurrence at two-month follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Hemangiopericytoma/diagnosis , Hemangiopericytoma/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery
6.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 75(2): 167-172, ago. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-757900

ABSTRACT

El melanoma mucoso se considera un subtipo distinto al cutáneo. El 40% a 50% de los melanomas mucosos están localizados en la cabeza y el cuello, siendo los más frecuentes los nasosinusales y los de cavidad oral; en la porción anterior del tabique nasal y los cornetes inferior y medio. Estas neoplasias se originan de los melanocitos de la mucosa y submucosa nasosinusal. Generalmente se diagnostican tardíamente, frecuentemente con metástasis a distancia. Ante clínica nasosinusal unilateral sospechosa es muy importante una exploración exhaustiva de las vías aerodigestivas superiores y posteriormente, un estudio anatomopatológico. Se presenta a una paciente de 56 años, con historia de epistaxis de repetición de meses de evolución. En la exploración presenta una tumoración polipoidea que ocupa toda la fosa nasal derecha, con desviación septal y deformidad de la pirámide nasal. El estudio anatomopatológico informa de melanoma maligno infiltrante. Durante la hospitalización, la paciente presenta dificultad para caminar y dolor en cadera derecha, siendo diagnosticada por traumatología de fractura basicervical. Durante la cirugía, se envía fragmento óseo de cadera para estudio anatomopatológico, compatible con lesión de sustrato tisular óseo metastatizado por una proliferación celular de morfología e inmunofenotipo de melanoma.


The mucosal melanoma is considered a distinct subtype of cutaneous melanoma. The 40%-50% of cases of mucosal melanomas is located in the head and neck, the most common are found in sinonasal level and in the oral cavity; In the anterior portion of the nasal septum and the inferior and middle turbinates. Those neoplasms originate from the malignant cells found in the mucosa and submucosa. Usually are lately diagnosed, with distant metastases. If suspicious unilateral sinonasal manifestations appears is extremely important to realize an exhaustive exploration of superior aerodigestive vias and a histopathological examination of the lesion. We present a 56 year old with repeated epistaxis of several months of duration. The examination revealed a polypoid tumor occupying the entire right nostril, septal deviation and deformity of the nasal pyramid. Pathological studies reports infiltrating malignant melanoma. During the hospitalization the patient has difficulty walking and pain in the right hip, being diagnosed by Traumatology of fracture basicervical. During the surgery, a bone fragment hip is sent for anathomopathology study which is reported as bone tissue injury support substrate metastasized malignant cell proliferation by immunophenotype and morphology of melanoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Melanoma/diagnosis , Melanoma/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Epistaxis/etiology , Hip Fractures , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
8.
West Indian med. j ; 62(8): 778-780, Nov. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045753

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of sinonasal mucosal malignant melanoma in the nasal cavity. The patient had respiratory difficulty, continuous epistaxis and nasal pain. We identified a malignant tumour which is a rare pathology with detailed physical examination, anterior rhinoscopy, computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histopathologic examination. The patient did not accept surgical procedures and was referred for chemotherapy or immunotherapy. Continued follow-up of this is necessary.


Reportamos un caso raro de melanoma maligno de la mucosa del tracto nasosinusal. El paciente tenía dificultad respiratoria, epistaxis continua, y dolor nasal. Identificamos un tumor maligno que es una patología, con examen físico detallado, rinoscopia anterior, tomografía computarizada (TC), resonancia magnética (MRI) y examen histopatológico. El paciente no aceptaba los procedimientos quirúrgicos y fue remitido para quimioterapia o inmunoterapia. Es necesario realizar un seguimiento continuo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Melanoma/diagnosis , Physical Examination , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Immunotherapy , Melanoma/drug therapy
9.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 73(5): 467-469, oct. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-708538

ABSTRACT

El papiloma invertido (PI) es un tumor epitelial benigno, poco frecuente, que se origina mayormente de la pared nasal lateral. A pesar de ser benigno, constituye una lesión altamente invasiva de tejidos vecinos y puede sufrir una transformación maligna. El PI primario del seno esfenoidal con extensión intracraneana e invasión dural, aun sin evidencia histológica de malignidad, ha sido excepcionalmente descrito. Describimos el caso de una mujer de 59 años de edad que fue evaluada por cefaleas intensas de 5 años de evolución y anormalidades del campo visual. Una resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) mostró una masa selar heterogénea de 1.4 por 2 cm con extensión supraselar y al seno esfenoidal, con erosión del piso selar y compresión del quiasma óptico. Recibió 16 mg/día de prednisona durante aproximadamente 3 meses con una regresión casi total de la masa en la RMN. En la evaluación hormonal se halló insuficiencia gonadal, tiroidea y adrenal central. En una nueva RMN se observó crecimiento del tumor con compromiso total del seno esfenoidal. Una biopsia endoscópica confirmó el diagnóstico de PI. Se realizó una cirugía sinusal transnasal endoscópica con una resección completa evidenciada en una RMN un año más tarde.


nverted papilloma (IP) is a benign uncommon epithelial tumor, arising mostly from the lateral nasal wall. Though benign, this lesion is highly invasive into surrounding tissues and malignant transformation may occur. Primary IP of the sphenoid sinus and intracranial extension with dural invasion, even without histological evidence of malignancy, has only rarely been described. Hypopituitarism as a complication of this lesion has never been reported. We describe the case of a 59-year-old woman who was evaluated because of a 5-year-history of severe headaches and abnormalities in the visual field. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a 1.4 per 2.0 cm heterogeneous sellar lesion with suprasellar and sphenoid sinus extension, eroding the sellar floor with optic chiasm compression. Otolaryngologists gave her 16 mg/day of prednisone during approximately 3 months with a near total regression of the mass on MRI. The endocrine biochemical evaluation showed pituitary gonadal, thyroid and adrenal insufficiency. A new MRI showed growth of the tumor with obliteration of the sphenoid sinus. An endoscopic sinus biopsy revealed an IP, so a transnasal endoscopic sinus surgery was performed with complete resection evidenced by MRI a year later.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Hypopituitarism/etiology , Papilloma, Inverted/complications , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/complications , Pituitary Neoplasms/etiology , Sphenoid Sinus , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Endoscopy , Hypopituitarism/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Papilloma, Inverted/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pituitary Neoplasms/diagnosis
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 7(1): 53-57, 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-690481

ABSTRACT

Los carcinomas de senos paranasales son entidades poco frecuentes y cuando se diagnostican, generalmente ya se encuentran en estados avanzados de la enfermedad, dado que el proceso neoplásico en las etapas iniciales crece invadiendo las cavidades paranasales, para luego en etapas avanzadas producir la deformación de las corticales. Dentro de las manifestaciones clínicas se pueden presentar epistaxis, obstrucción nasal, dolor en zona maxilar, dolor o movilidad dentaria. Se presentan dos casos clínicos que dentro de las primeras manifestaciones cursaron con dolor de la zona maxilar y movilidad anormal de un diente. Al momento de realizar el diagnóstico definitivo los procesos tumorales se encontraban muy avanzados, comprometiendo diversas estructuras como seno maxilar, etmoidal, esfenoidal, y piso de órbita, lo que obliga a realizar grandes resecciones de la zona maxilofacial. El rol del odontólogo en el diagnóstico de la enfermedad podría ser de gran importancia, al sospechar que un aumento de volumen del reborde, la movilidad dentaria anormal o un dolor de la zona maxilar no siempre corresponden a causas odontogénicas.


Paranasal sinus cancer are rare entities, but when diagnosed, often already in advanced stages of the disease, because the neoplastic process in the initial stages grows invading the paranasal sinuses and then in advanced stages, produces deformation of cortical bone. Among the clinical manifestations epistaxis, nasal obstruction, pain in maxillary area, pain or tooth mobility may occur. We present two clinical cases in which within the first manifestations are the maxillary pain and abnormal tooth mobility. When making the final diagnosis, tumor processes were well advanced, engaging various structures as maxillary sinus, ethmoid, sphenoid, and orbital floor, forcing large resections perform maxillofacial area. The role of the dentist in the diagnosis of the disease could be of great importance, suspecting that an increase maxillary volume, abnormal tooth mobility or pain of the maxillary not always correspond with odontogenic causes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Aged , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis
12.
Mediciego ; 18(1)mar. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-710818

ABSTRACT

Este trabajo hace referencia a tres casos de tumor nasosinusal o fibrosarcoma, entidad poco frecuente en el medio. Se presentan tres pacientes operados en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Provincial Docente Dr Antonio Luaces Iraola de Ciego de Ávila, de fibrosarcoma nasosinusal con invasión orbitaria, fosa pterigomaxilar, senos etmoidales y esfenoidales; dos de ellos fallecieron, uno a los 18 meses por complicación endocraniana y el otro por fallo multiorgánico causado por anemia aguda; el otro se recuperó satisfactoriamente. Se hace una revisión del tema para apoyar el diagnóstico y manejo de los casos.


This work makes reference to three cases of nasosinusal or Fibrosarcoma tumor, an uncommon entity in our environment. It´s presented three operated patients in Otolaryngology teaching Provincial Hospital service Dr Antonio Luaces Iraola from Ciego de Avila, of nasosinusal fibrosarcoma with orbital invasion, pterygopalatine cavity, ethmoidal and sphenoid sinuses;two of them died, one 18 months after by endocraneal complication and the other by multiorgan failure caused by acute anemia; the third one was recovered successfully. A review of the topic is done to support diagnosis and case management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Fibrosarcoma/diagnosis , Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis
13.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 6(3): 281-284, 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676186

ABSTRACT

We report on a patient who presented to our clinic with a volume increase and pain at left maxillary region. A biopsy of the area was performed and the lesion was diagnosed as differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the type cuniculatum. Due to the size of the tumor and compromise of vital intracraneal structures it was decided to perform surgical drainage and later is evaluated because of the tumor persistence to ultimately use palliative care...


Se presenta a una paciente que acudió a nuestra clínica con un aumento de volumen y dolor en región maxilar izquierda. Se realizó una biopsia del área y la lesión fue diagnosticada como carcinoma de células escamosas diferenciado de tipo cuniculatum. Debido al tamaño del tumor y el compromiso de estructuras intracraneales vitales, se decidió realizar un drenaje quirúrgico y posteriormente se evalúa la causa de la persistencia del tumor para finalmente entregar cuidados paliativos...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biopsy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 6(3): 296-301, 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676189

ABSTRACT

We present the case of a patient, a 59 year-old man, with Sinonasal Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma. Magnetic resonance exam revealed invasion of the right orbit and brain at the level of the anterior cranial fossa floor. Due to the large volume, we decided to perform radio-chemotherapy treatment to diminish the size of the lesion. On conclusion of the first stage of treatment, reduction in tumor size was confirmed by computerized tomography exam and we decided to perform surgical resection with right ocular globe preservation. At present the patient is under periodic control and without major complications...


Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 59 años con carcinoma adenoide quístico nasosinusal. El examen de resonancia magnética reveló la invasión de la órbita derecha y el cerebro a nivel del suelo de la fosa craneal anterior. Debido al gran volumen, se decidió realizar el tratamiento de radio-quimioterapia para disminuir el tamaño de la lesión. Al término de la primera etapa del tratamiento, la reducción del tamaño del tumor fue confirmada por el examen de tomografía computarizada y se decidió realizar una resección quirúrgica con preservación del globo ocular derecho. En la actualidad el paciente se encuentra bajo el control periódico y sin mayores complicaciones...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/surgery , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 5(3): 304-308, dic. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-612106

ABSTRACT

We report on a patient who presented at our clinic with a growth of the right palate of twenty years duration. A biopsy of the area was performed and the lesion was diagnosed as low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC). Due to the size of the tumor, it was decided to begin treatment with radiotherapy followed by chemotherapy. Once the initial treatment was completed, the lesion was reevaluated and surgery followed by reconstruction was recommended. The Patient rejected the recommended treatment and opted to enrolled in a pain management, palliative care program.


Reportamos sobre un paciente que se presentó con un crecimiento del paladar derecho de veinte años de evolución. Se realizó una biopsia del área y se diagnosticó la lesión como carcinoma mucoepidermoide (MEC) bajo grado. Debido al tamaño del tumor, se decidió comenzar el tratamiento con radioterapia seguida de quimioterapia. Una vez que el tratamiento inicial se completó, la lesión fue reevaluada y se recomendó la cirugía seguida de reconstrucción. El paciente rechazó el tratamiento recomendado y optó por seguir un tratamiento de manejo del dolor, programa de cuidados paliativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/therapy , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Refusal
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 86(4): 779-783, jul.-ago. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-600625

ABSTRACT

O papiloma invertido schneideriano é uma neoplasia de origem no epitélio de revestimento que surge da mucosa respiratória revestindo a cavidade nasal e os seios paranasais. Frequentemente, surge como uma lesão unilateral no septo nasal e estende-se secundariamente para o nariz e os seios paranasais. Este trabalho relata um caso incomum desta patologia, com o envolvimento da cavidade oral em um homem branco, de 61 anos de idade, cuja avaliação clínica revelou uma massa vegetante no rebordo alveolar direito da maxila, com duração de aproximadamente 4 meses. Após avaliação radiográfica, constatouse o envolvimento do seio maxilar. A análise microscópica, hibridização in situ e análise imunoistoquímica da peça cirúrgica levaram a um diagnóstico de displasia moderada em PIS associado à infecção por HPV.


Inverted Schneiderian papilloma (ISP) is a neoplasm of epithelial lining origin which arises in the respiratory mucosa that lines the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The inverted Schneiderian papilloma frequently appears as a unilateral lesion in the nasal septum and extends secondarily to the nasal and paranasal sinuses. This paper reports an unusual case of this pathology with involvement of the oral cavity in a 61-year-old white man. Clinical evaluation revealed a vegetating mass in the alveolar ridge of the right maxilla that had been present for approximately 4 months. After radiographic evaluation, involvement of the maxillary sinus was detected. Microscopic evaluation, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis of the specimen led to a diagnosis of ISP moderate dysplasia associated with HPV infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Papilloma, Inverted/pathology , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mouth Neoplasms/virology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Papilloma, Inverted/diagnosis , Papilloma, Inverted/virology , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/virology
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 77(1): 58-64, jan.-fev. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-578458

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo tem por objetivo relatar as características, fatores prognósticos e desfecho de tratamento de 18 casos de melanoma da mucosa nasossinusal e conduzir uma revisão da literatura. MÉTODO: Entre 1995 e 2005, 18 pacientes consecutivos diagnosticados com melanoma da mucosa do trato nasossinusal e tratados em nossa instituição. Para encontrar as principais casuísticas de estudos relacionados, conduzimos uma revisão da literatura em PubMed e Scopus. No total, encontramos 35 casuísticas, incluindo 1.077 pacientes com melanoma da mucosa nasossinusal. RESULTADOS: Encontramos 16 homens e 2 mulheres. A idade de apresentação foi 51-80 anos (mediana de 58 anos). Todos os pacientes sofreram excisão cirúrgica seguida de radioterapia com ou sem quimioterapia. A mediana de sobrevida foi de 15 meses e a sobrevida geral de 5 anos foi de 23 por cento. Sob análise univariada, estadiamento e remissão completa após tratamento inicial foram importantes fatores prognósticos. Entretanto, sob análise multivariada, somente estágio da doença teve significância estatística. CONCLUSÃO: Melanoma nasossinusal é um tumor raro e agressivo com alto fracasso locorregional e distante e pobre desfecho de tratamento. Entretanto, em uma revisão da literatura, encontramos significativa melhora em termos de sobrevida de 5 anos para casuísticas recentes comparadas com casuísticas previamente relatadas.


The present study aimed at reporting on the characteristics, prognostic factors and treatment outcomes of 18 cases of nasosinusal mucosa melanoma, and do a literature review on the subject. METHODS: between 1995 and 2005, 18 patients consecutively diagnosed with nasosinusal mucosa melanoma were managed in our institution. We reviewed the literature in PubMed and Scopus in order to find the main series from studies associated with this topic. We found a total of 35 series, involving 1,077 patients with nasosinusal mucosa melanoma. RESULTS: we found 16 men and 2 women, with age at presentation between 51 and 80 years (median of 58 years). All these patients were submitted to surgical excision followed by radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. The survival median was 15 months, and the 5-year general survival had a percentage value of 23 percent. Considering our univariate analysis: tumor staging and complete remission after initial treatment were deemed relevant prognostic factors. Nonetheless, considering the multivariate analysis, only disease stage was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: nasosinusal melanoma is a rare and aggressive tumor, with high loco-regional and distant failure rates, and poor treatment outcomes. Notwithstanding, in a literature review we found significant improvements considering the 5-year survival for recent series when compared to previously reported ones.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Melanoma/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Melanoma/therapy , Mucous Membrane/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Prognosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/therapy
19.
Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy. 2011; 4 (2): 94-96
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-129764

ABSTRACT

Rosai-Dorfman disease, also known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a benign indolent disorder, characterized by enlarged lymph nodes filled with histiocytes. Extranodal involvement is uncommon. The disease rarely affects the nose and paranasal sinuses. We report a case that presented with a right nasal mass, extending into all the paranasal sinuses and right orbit without any accompanying lymphadenopathy. Because of the absence of lymphadenopathy it posed a diagnostic challenge until the pathology was confirmed on histopathological examination


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Histiocytosis, Sinus/pathology , Histiocytosis, Sinus/drug therapy , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Orbital Neoplasms/diagnosis
20.
Pakistan Journal of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 2011; 27 (2): 37-38
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-118262

ABSTRACT

To analyse the sex and age incidences, clinical presentations and histopathological picture of the benign tumours of nose and paranasal sinuses. Prospective, Longitudinal, Descriptive. GMS Memorial Academy of ENT and HNS,TUTH, Kathmandu, Nepal. 2 years, September 2008 to August 2010. All cases of benign masses of nose and paranasal sinuses who visited the Outpatient department and were undergoing surgical intervention were included. The histological proven malignant masses were excluded from the study. Out of 49 patients, majority of the patients were between 13-20 years [34.69%]. Male:female ratio was 3.9:l.The most common presenting symptoms were unilateral nasal obstruction and nasal bleeding [65.29%]. Inverted papilloma and angiofibroma were the most common tumours [42.84%]. All masses of nose and paranasal sinuses should be subjected to histopathological examination and followed up for two years for assessment of outcome of treatment and monitoring recurrences


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Male , Female , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/epidemiology , Nose Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prospective Studies
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