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1.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 157-165, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115830

ABSTRACT

Los tumores de cavidades paranasales presentan una baja frecuencia. Dentro de éstos, entre los benignos destacan las lesiones fibroóseas que se caracterizan por el reemplazo de hueso normal por estroma celular fibroso. Dentro de estas lesiones se describen osteoma, displasia fibrosa y fibroma osificante. Se revisan 3 casos de pacientes del Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile y se presenta una revisión bibliográfica en cuanto a las lesiones fibroóseas, su clínica, diagnóstico, imagenología y tratamiento.


The tumors of paranasal cavities present a low frequency. Among the benign tumors are fibro-osseous lesions characterized by the replacement of normal bone by fibrous cell stroma. Osteoma, fibrous dysplasia, and ossifying fibroma are described within these lesions. Three cases of patients from the Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile are reviewed and a bibliographic review is presented regarding the fibro-osseous lesions, their clinical features, diagnosis, imaging and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Osteoma/surgery , Osteoma/diagnostic imaging , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Fibroma, Ossifying/surgery , Fibroma, Ossifying/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Fibroma, Ossifying , Endoscopy
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 698-704, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Sinonasal organising haematoma is a recently described, rare, benign inflammatory condition, which closely resembles malignancy in its clinical presentation. Objective: To describe the clinical features of organising haematoma and to review the evolution of surgical options successfully used. Methods: A retrospective review of charts of all patients with a histopathological diagnosis of sinonasal organising haematoma was performed. Results: Six (60%) of the 10 patients were male with a mean age of 47.4 years. All patients had unilateral disease with recurrent epistaxis as the presenting symptom. Maxillary sinus was the most commonly involved sinus. There was no history of trauma in any of the patients. Hypertension (80%) was the most commonly associated comorbidity. Contrast-enhanced CT scan of the paranasal sinuses showed heterogeneous sinus opacification with/without bone erosion. Histopathological examination was diagnostic. Complete endoscopic excision was done in all patients resulting in resolution of the disease. Conclusion: Awareness of this relatively new clinical entity and its evaluation and treatment is important for otolaryngologists, maxillofacial surgeons and pathologists alike. Despite the clinical picture of malignancy, histopathological features of benign disease can safely dispel such a diagnosis.


Resumo Introdução: Hematoma nasossinusal em organização é uma condição inflamatória benigna rara, recentemente descrita, que se assemelha a lesões malignas em sua apresentação clínica. Objetivo: Descrever as características clínicas do hematoma em organização e analisar a evolução das opções cirúrgicas usadas com sucesso. Método: Foi feita a revisão retrospectiva dos prontuários de todos os pacientes com diagnóstico histopatológico de hematoma nasossinusal em organização. Resultados: Seis (60%) dos 10 pacientes eram do sexo masculino, com média de 47,4 anos. Todos os pacientes apresentavam doença unilateral com epistaxe recorrente como sintoma de apresentação. O seio maxilar era o mais comumente afetado. Não havia histórico de trauma em qualquer dos pacientes. Hipertensão (80%) foi a comorbidade mais comumente associada. A tomografia computadorizada dos seios paranasais com contraste mostrou opacificação heterogênea do seio com/sem erosão óssea. O exame histopatológico foi diagnóstico. A excisão endoscópica completa foi feita em todos os pacientes, resultou na resolução da doença. Conclusão: A conscientização a respeito dessa entidade clínica relativamente nova e sua avaliação e tratamento são importantes para os otorrinolaringologistas, cirurgiões buco-maxilo-faciais e patologistas. Apesar do quadro clínico de malignidade, as características histopatológicas da doença benigna podem descartar com segurança esse diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Hematoma/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nasal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Epistaxis/diagnostic imaging , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Hematoma/surgery , Hematoma/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Sinus/surgery
3.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 39(2): 74-77, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102133

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso de una paciente con pérdida de peso, congestión nasal epistaxis, aumento de volumen en cuello con disfagia a sólidos y líquidos de 1 mes de evolución. La tomografía de cuello muestra una masa de tejidos blandos en la base de cuello con erosión del esfenoides con extensión a la fosa craneal media, con erosión del clivus, el esfenoides y la si­lla turca. El diagnostico histopatológico es un estesioneuroblastoma.


We present a case of a patient with weight loss, nasal congestion, epistaxis, increase neck volu­ me with dysphagia to solids and liquids of 1 month of evolution. The neck tomography shows a soft tissue mass at the base of the neck with erosion of the sphe­ noid with extension to the middle cranial fossa, with erosion of the clivus, the sphenoid and the sella turcica. The histopathological diagnosis is an esthesioneuroblastoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Epistaxis/pathology , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnostic imaging , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Skull Base Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ethmoid Bone/pathology , Meningioma/diagnostic imaging
5.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(2): 127-132, jun. 2018. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961604

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción El papiloma invertido nasosinusal es un tumor benigno con tendencia a la recidiva, y con riesgo de malignización. El tratamiento habitual es la extirpación quirúrgica. Objetivo Describir y analizar las características clínicas, epidemiológicas, y resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico por vía endoscópica. Material y método Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, incluyendo pacientes con papiloma invertido nasosinusal sometidos a extirpación quirúrgica endoscópica entre los años 2012 y 2016. Se analizaron variables epidemiológicas, clínicas, complicaciones quirúrgicas, recurrencias y transformación maligna. El grado de extensión se evaluó con tomografia computarizada según la clasificación de Krouse. Resultados La serie está constituida por 18 pacientes, con una edad promedio de 57,4 años. La clínica se caracterizó por obstrucción nasal unilateral 72,2% (13/18 pacientes), rinorrea 33,3% (6/18 pacientes), hiposmia 27,8% (5/18 pacientes) y epistaxis 27,8% (5/18 pacientes). Según la clasificación de Krouse, las lesiones iniciales se describen como estadio T1 en 7/18, T2 en 5/18, T3 en 5/18 y T4 en 1/18 pacientes. En el período de seguimiento, se observa recurrencia en 4 pacientes en un período promedio de seguimiento de 5,6 meses, y un caso de transformación maligna. No hubo complicaciones quirúrgicas, excepto un caso de epífora por obstrucción de la vía nasolagrimal. Conclusiones El abordaje endoscópico fue efectivo para el tratamiento de papilomas invertidos nasosinusales.


ABSTRACT Introduction Sinonasal inverted papillomas are benign tumors with a tendency to recur and a potential for malignant transformation. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice. Aim To describe and analyze the clinical characteristics, epidemiology, and surgical results from an endoscopic endonasal approach. Material and method Retrospective and descriptive study of all patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for the treatment of a sinonasal inverted papilloma between the years 2012 and 2016. Variables analyzed include demographics, signs and symptoms, surgical complications, recurrence rate and malignant transformation. Tumor extension was evaluated with the Krouse staging system on computed tomography imaging. Results This series includes 18 patients, with a mean age of 57.4 years. Clinically, patients presented with unilateral nasal obstruction 72.2% (13/18 patients), followed by rhinorrhea 33.3% (6/18 patients), hyposmia 27.8% (5/18 patients) and epistaxis 27.8% (5/18 patients). Based on the Krouse staging system, 7/18 were T1, 5/18 were T2, 5/18 were T3 and 1/18 was T4 on initial evaluation. On follow-up, 4 patients presented with a recurrence at a mean period of 5.6 months, and one patient exhibited malignant transformation. No surgical complications were observed except for one case of epyphora as a consequence of nasolacrimal obstruction. Conclusions The endoscopic approach was effective for the treatment of sinonasal inverted papillomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Papilloma, Inverted/surgery , Papilloma, Inverted/diagnostic imaging , Endoscopy/methods , Recurrence , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/epidemiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Papilloma, Inverted/epidemiology
6.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(1): 15-24, mar. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902809

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El carcinoma adenoide quístico es una neoplasia originada en glándulas exocrinas de todo el cuerpo, principalmente en glándulas salivales mayores. En cavidad nasal y senos paranasales es poco frecuente y se caracteriza por presentar una alta frecuencia de recurrencia y de metástasis a distancia posterior a su remisión y a pesar de su tratamiento. Objetivo: Describir características de una serie de casos de pacientes con carcinoma adenoide quístico de cavidad nasal y senos paranasales operados. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo-retrospectivo. Período enero de 2012 y enero de 2017. La información se obtuvo a partir de las fichas electrónicas de la Clínica Las Condes. Se describen procedencia, edad y sexo, características clínicas, hallazgos anatomopatológicos, métodos diagnósticos, tratamiento, evolución. Resultados: Total de 5 pacientes operados, 3 mujeres y 2 hombres. La edad promedio fue de 63 años, con rango de 33 años a 90 años de edad. 100% de los casos sin factores asociados. La presentación clínica más frecuente fue la obstrucción nasal unilateral, seguida por el dolor facial. Dos pacientes se presentaron con diagnóstico inicial, dos por recurrencia y uno por persistencia. En tres casos el tumor se origina de seno maxilar y en dos en seno etmoidal. Todos presentaron enfermedad avanzada, etapa IV y III. Tres pacientes histológicamente fueron de bajo grado y dos de alto grado. En los cinco casos el tratamiento primario fue quirúrgico, en el 60% endoscópico, 20% abierto y 20% combinado. En cuatro casos se usó radioterapia posoperatoria y en tres de éstos, quimioterapia concomitante. Todos se encuentran sin signos de recidiva tumoral en último control. Conclusiones: El carcinoma adenoide quístico de cavidad nasal y senos paranasales es bastante infrecuente, su incidencia es menor a 1/100.000 casos por año. Es más frecuente en mujeres entre 40 y 50 años. Se identifica más con su origen en el seno maxilar (50%) y de patrón cribiforme. Clínicamente se presenta en estadíos avanzados ya que en etapa precoz es asintomático o presenta clínica inespecífica inflamatoria. El diagnóstico se realiza con biopsia complementada con imagenología. El tratamiento más utilizado es la cirugía endoscópica o abierta asociado a radioterapia posoperatoria, a pesar de la cual, se presentan con alta recurrencia a largo plazo.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma is a neoplasm originating in exocrine glands throughout the body, mainly in the major salivary glands. In the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is rare and characterized by a high frequency of recurrence and distant metastasis after remission and despite its treatment. Aim: To describe characteristics of a series of patients with operated adenoid cystic carcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Material and method: Descriptive-retrospective study. Period January 2012 and January 2017. The information was obtained from the electronic tabs of the Las Condes Clinic. It describes origin, age and sex, clinical characteristics, anatomopathological findings, diagnostic methods, treatment, evolution. Results: Total 5 patients operated, 3 women and 2 men. The average age was 63 years, ranging from 33 years to 90 years of age. 100% of the cases without associated factors. The most frequent clinical presentation was unilateral nasal obstruction, followed by facial pain. 2 patients presented with initial diagnosis, 2 due to recurrence and 1 due to persistence. In 3 cases the tumor originates from the maxillary sinus and in 2 in the ethmoidal sinus. All had advanced disease, stage IV and III. 3 patients were histologically low grade and 2 high grade. In all 5 cases, the primary treatment was surgical, 60% endoscopic, 20% open and 20% combined. In 4 cases, postoperative radiotherapy was used and in 3 of this concomitant chemotherapy. All are without signs of tumor recurrence in the last control. Conclusion: Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is quite infrequent; its incidence is less than 1/100,000 cases per year. It is more common in women between 40 and 50 years. It is identified more with its origin in the maxillary sinus (50%) and cribriform pattern. Clinically it presents in advanced stages since at an early stage, it is asymptomatic or it presents nonspecific inflammatory clinic. Diagnosis is performed with biopsy supplemented with imaging. The most commonly used treatment is endoscopic or open surgery associated with postoperative radiotherapy, despite which, they present with high recurrence in the long term.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/surgery , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/diagnostic imaging , Nasal Cavity/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(3): 281-288, set. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902777

ABSTRACT

El osteoma es el tumor más frecuente de los senos paranasales, habitualmente asintomático debido a su lento crecimiento, sin embargo, pueden desarrollarse síntomas dependiendo del tamaño, localización y extensión, con potencial compromiso de órbita y cerebro. La cirugía está indicada en casos sintomáticos pudiendo realizarse abordaje externo, endoscópico o combinado. Presentamos un caso de osteoma etmoidal con compromiso orbitario resuelto, manejado por medio de la cirugía endoscópica nasal, con apoyo de navegación.


The osteoma is the most common tumor of the paranasal sinuses, is usually asymptomatic because of their slow growth, however, may develop symptoms depending on the size, location and extent, with potential compromise of orbit and brain. Surgery is indicated in symptomatic cases, with external, endoscopic or combined approach. We present a case of ethmoidal osteoma with orbital involvement managed by endoscopic image guided surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Osteoma/surgery , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Osteoma/diagnostic imaging , Bone Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Ethmoid Sinus/surgery , Ethmoid Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Frontal Sinus/surgery , Frontal Sinus/diagnostic imaging
8.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2011; 27 (1): 212-213
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-112908

ABSTRACT

Metastatic paranasal sinuses and orbital cancer is very rare. The patient with sinusitis and orbital symptoms warrants a detailed history, complete physical examination and serial radiological tests [sinus radiographs and CT scan] to rule out any metastatic disease and prompt treatment. We present a case of 65 years old patient with metastatic prostate cancer who presented to us with left ethmoid sinuses and orbital metastasis causing ipsilateral proptosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Orbital Neoplasms/pathology , Ethmoid Sinus , Neoplasm Metastasis , Exophthalmos , Prostatic Neoplasms/secondary , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy
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