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1.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(3): 297-306, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144893

ABSTRACT

Resumen La mucormicosis rino-órbito-cerebral (ROC) crónica es una patología poco frecuente, con un número reducido de casos publicados en la literatura, cuyas manifestaciones son muy diversas e inespecíficas. El tratamiento se basa en la experiencia de casos y series de casos. Las herramientas terapéuticas incluyen el uso de antifúngicos endovenosos y orales por tiempo prolongado, asociado o no a debridamiento quirúrgico amplio, pudiendo requerir incluso exenteración orbitaria. Presentamos a continuación un caso de mucormicosis ROC crónica, junto con las dificultades para su diagnóstico y manejo, en el que destaca el enfrentamiento multidisciplinario. Dada la poca frecuencia de esta enfermedad, nos parece relevante difundirlo.


Abstract Chronic rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis is a rare condition with a small number of cases that have been published, whose manifestations are very diverse and nonspecific. The treatment is based on case series experiences. Therapeutic options include the use of long-term intravenous and oral antifungals, associated or not with extensive surgical debridement, and may even require orbital exenteration. We present below a case of chronic rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis with the challenge of diagnosis and management in which multidisciplinary work is fundamental. Since it is an uncommon pathology, it seems relevant to share the information.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Brain Diseases/diagnosis , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/surgery , Mucormycosis/diagnostic imaging , Orbital Diseases , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Exophthalmos , Orbit Evisceration , Diagnosis, Differential , Orbital Cellulitis/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Mucormycosis/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(8): 621-629, Aug. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135666

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to quantify nasosinusal neoplasms diagnosed in dogs in 20 years (2000-2019) and characterize the main clinical, macroscopic, and histological aspects of these neoplasms. The sex, breed, age, skull conformation, the main clinical signs, and the anatomopathological characteristics (distribution, macroscopy, and histology) were computed. During this period, 49 dogs were affected by neoplasms in these regions, totaling 50 neoplasms (one dog had two neoplasms of different locations and histogenetic origins). Similar amounts of mixed-breed dogs (25/49) and purebred dogs (24/49) were affected, these distributed in 16 breeds. Among purebreds, it was noted that dogs with mesocephalic cranial conformation (12/24) were the most affected, followed by dolichocephalic (10/24) and brachycephalic (2/24). There were 22 cases in males and 27 in females, making a proportion of 1:1.23. There was an age variation from 11 months to 16 years old. The epithelial neoplasms have occurred in older dogs compared to those of other histogenic origins (mesenchymal and other origins/round cells). The main clinical signs were similar between the histogenetic categories, related to the involvement of the upper respiratory tract, sometimes accompanied by nervous signs (when there was brain invasion of nasal neoplasms or vice versa). The possible origin site was mostly in the nasal cavity concerning the paranasal sinuses (and other locations). Invasions occurred in different tissues adjacent to the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, resulting in cranial and facial deformities (21/49). The frequency was 48% of epithelial neoplasms, 32% of mesenchymal neoplasms, and 10% of neoplasms with other origins and round cells. The neoplasms most frequently observed, in decreasing order of frequency, were: adenocarcinoma (9/50), squamous cell carcinoma (9/50), transmissible venereal tumor (5/50), osteosarcoma (5/50), chondrosarcoma (4/50), and undifferentiated sarcoma (4/50). Through this study, it was possible to establish the frequency of these neoplasms in 20 years and their clinical, macroscopic, and histological characteristics.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo quantificar os neoplasmas nasossinusais diagnosticados em cães em 20 anos (2000-2019) e caracterizar os principais aspectos clínicos, macroscópicos e histológicos desses neoplasmas. Foram computados sexo, raça, idade, conformação do crânio, principais sinais clínicos e características anatomopatológicas (distribuição, macroscopia e histologia). Nesse período, 49 cães foram acometidos por neoplasmas nessas regiões, totalizando 50 neoplasmas (um cão tinha dois neoplasmas de localização e origens histogenéticas distintas). Foram acometidas quantidades semelhantes de cães sem raça definida (25/49) e de cães com raça definida (24/49), estes distribuídos em 16 raças. Entre os cães com raça definida, notou-se que os cães com conformação craniana mesocefálica (12/24) foram os mais acometidos, seguidos pelos dolicocefálicos (10/24) e braquicefálicos (2/24). Foram observados 22 casos em machos e 27 em fêmeas, perfazendo a relação de 1:1,23. Ocorreu uma variação de idade de 11 meses a 16 anos; tendo os neoplasmas epiteliais ocorrido em cães mais velhos quando comparado aos de outras origens histogênicas (mesenquimais e outras origens/células redondas). Os principais sinais clínicos foram semelhantes entre as categorias histogenéticas, sendo relacionados ao comprometimento do trato respiratório superior, por vezes acompanhados de sinais nervosos (quando houve invasão encefálica de neoplasmas nasais ou vice-versa). O possível local de origem em sua maioria foi na cavidade nasal em relação aos seios nasais (e de outras localizações). Ocorreram invasões para diferentes tecidos adjacentes à cavidade nasal e seios paranasais, tendo como consequência deformidades cranianas e faciais (21/49). A frequência foi de 48% de neoplasmas epiteliais, 32% de neoplasmas mesenquimais e 10% de neoplasmas com outras origens e de células redondas. Os neoplasmas mais frequentemente observados, em ordem decrescente de frequência, foram: adenocarcinoma (9/50), carcinoma de células escamosas (9/50), tumor venéreo transmissível (5/50), osteossarcoma (5/50), condrossarcoma (4/50) e sarcoma indiferenciado (4/50). Com isso, pode-se estabelecer a frequência desses neoplasmas em 20 anos, bem como suas características clínicas, macroscópicas e histológicas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/veterinary , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/epidemiology , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/veterinary , Nose Neoplasms/epidemiology , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Nasal Cavity , Carcinoma/veterinary
3.
Rev. AMRIGS ; 61(1): 64-67, jan.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-849262

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O Schwannoma é uma neoplasia benigna com origem nas células de Schwann presentes na bainha de nervos autossômicos periféricos. Localiza-se cranial ou extracranial. Na cabeça e pescoço constitui 30 a 45% dos casos extracraniais, sendo que 4% deles estão localizados no nariz e seios paranasais. Relato do caso: Paciente feminina, 37 anos, realizou tomografia de crânio após queda para investigar trauma cranioencefálico. Esta identificou velamento de seios paranasais à esquerda. O achado motivou a investigação da hiposmia e obstrução nasal à esquerda de longa data. À rinoscopia anterior, observou-se lesão expansiva polipoide ocupando a fossa nasal, não permitindo a passagem do nasofibroscópio. Tomografia computadorizada evidenciou lesão ocupando totalmente a fossa nasal esquerda, velamento do seio maxilar e células etmoidais anteriores e posteriores à esquerda. Realizou-se exérese endoscópica da lesão, que tinha provável origem no recesso esfenoetmoidal. A biópsia transoperatória com congelação observou lesão inflamatória. A confirmação do diagnóstico de Schwannoma foi feita pelo anatomopatológico e imuno-histoquímica, que evidenciou alta reatividade à proteína S-100. Discussão: As lesões intranasais unilaterais apresentam inúmeras possibilidades diagnósticas. Os sintomas são inespecíficos e os exames de imagem pouco esclarecedores. Neste relato, a tomografia sugeriu pólipo de Killian ou papiloma invertido pela unilateralidade da lesão. Porém, as características histopatológicas e a imunorreatividade à proteína S-100 auxiliaram na confirmação diagnóstica. Conclusão: O Schwannoma intranasal faz parte do diagnóstico diferencial das lesões intranasais. O exame histopatológico e a imunohistoquímica são de extrema importância para confirmação diagnóstica frente à inespecificidade dos sintomas e achados radiológicos (AU)


Introduction: Schwannoma is a benign neoplasm originating in the Schwann cells present in the sheath of peripheral autosomal nerves. It is located cranially or extracranially. In the head and neck it comprises 30 to 45% of extracranial cases, 4% of which located in the nose and paranasal sinuses. Case report: A 37-year-old female patient underwent skull tomography after a fall to investigate cranioencephalic trauma. This identified veiling of paranasal sinuses on the left. The finding motivated the investigation of long-standing hyposmia and nasal obstruction on the left. At anterior rhinoscopy, an expansive polypoid lesion occupying the nasal fossa was observed, not allowing the nasofibroscope to pass. Computed tomography revealed a lesion totally occupying the left nasal fossa, maxillary sinus veil, and anterior and posterior ethmoid cells on the left. Endoscopic excision of the lesion that was likely to originate in the sphenoethmoidal recess was performed. Intraoperative biopsy with freezing showed an inflammatory lesion. Confirmation of the Schwannoma diagnosis was made by pathology and immunohistochemistry that showed high reactivity to S-100 protein. Discussion: Unilateral intranasal lesions present numerous diagnostic possibilities. The symptoms are nonspecific and imaging exams are not very elucidating. In this report, CT scan suggested a Killian polyp or inverted papilloma due to the unilaterality of the lesion. However, the histopathological characteristics and immunoreactivity to the S-100 protein aided in the diagnostic confirmation. Conclusion: Intranasal Schwannoma is part of the differential diagnosis of intranasal lesions. Histopathological examination and immunohistochemistry are extremely important for diagnostic confirmation in the face of the non-specificity of symptoms and radiological findings (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Neurilemmoma/diagnosis , Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 10(1): 17-22, abr. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782616

ABSTRACT

Sinus mycetoma is a dense accumulation of hyphae that form a rounded mass within the mucosal confines of a paranasal sinus. The aim of this study was to present a case series of three patients with maxillary sinus mycetoma and to describe their radiographic presentations. Three cases are presented. The first two, a 44-year-old woman and an 88 year-old man, both diabetics, were referred to maxillofacial treatment by other specialties. They both had a bad odor of unknown origin on the facial level and their respective computerized tomographies revealed a unilateral opacification of the maxillary sinus with a region of greater radio-opacity. The third case is a 31-year-old woman with a history of a severe facial trauma who had undergone surgery and for whom orthognathic surgery had been planned to correct side effects. In addition to the orthognathic surgery, the removal of the lesion that appeared opacified in the pre-surgery scan was planned. She showed opacification of the maxillary sinus and during the intraoperative stage, tissue of a whitish-gray appearance was detected on the maxillary sinus. The lesion was completely removed and the result of the histopathological study was sinus mycetoma. The patients evolved favorably and the symptomatology disappeared completely. The growing occurrence of mycetoma and the lack of information on it make publicizing this pathology fundamental so it can be considered as a differential imaging, clinical, and pathological diagnosis and in that way receive adequate and opportune treatment.


El micetoma sinusal es una patología de origen fúngico, que afecta a pacientes inmunocomprometidos, capaz de desorientar en su diagnóstico por su clínica y expresión imagenológica particular. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar una serie de tres casos con micetoma en el seno maxilar y describir su presentación imagenológica. Se presentan tres casos. Los dos primeros, una mujer de 44 años y un hombre de 88 años, ambos diabéticos y derivados a atención maxilofacial por otras especialidades. Coincidía un mal olor expelido de origen desconocido a nivel facial y en sus respectivas tomografías computarizadas se observó velamiento unilateral del seno maxilar con una zona de mayor hiperdensidad. El tercer caso corresponde a una mujer de 31 años con antecedente de trauma facial severo operado, a la cual se le planificó cirugía ortognática para corregir secuelas. En conjunto con la cirugía ortognática, se planificó la biopsia excisional de una lesión hiperdensa que se presentó en el escáner pre-quirúrgico; en el intraoperatorio se pesquisó tejido de aspecto blanquecino grisáceo en el seno maxilar. A todos los pacientes se les realizó la exéresis total de la lesión y el estudio histopatológico dio como resultado micetoma sinusal. Los pacientes evolucionaron favorablemente, desapareciendo por completo la sintomatología. La creciente incidencia del micetoma y el desconocimiento sobre el mismo hacen que sea fundamental la difusión de esta patología para ser considerada como diagnóstico diferencial clínico y patológico, y realizar así un tratamiento adecuado y oportuno.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Mycetoma/diagnostic imaging , Mycoses/pathology , Mycoses/diagnostic imaging , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses/diagnostic imaging , Sinusitis/pathology , Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 74(3): 171-174, May-Jun/2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-764242

ABSTRACT

A trombose do seio dural é uma situação clínica rara, que resulta normalmente da complicação de processos infecciosos dos seios perinasais. Os sintomas e sinais são extremamente variados e inespecíficos sendo o diagnóstico feito através da ressonância magnética nuclear. Esse trabalho relata a ocorrência de trombose do seio dural em um paciente com idade pediátrica. Paciente com 10 anos de idade, sexo masculino, foi enviado ao serviço de urgência devido à diplopia e endotropia no olho esquerdo. No exame oftalmológico foi detectado papiledema bilateral, diplopia binocular e endotropia do olho esquerdo. Apresentava acuidade visual de 10/10 bilateralmente. Diante da suspeita de lesão ocupando espaço do sistema nervoso central, foi realizada ressonância magnética nuclear que confirmou o diagnóstico de TSD. Para avaliar a pressão intracraniana foi efetuada uma punção lombar com manometria, e esta demonstrou uma pressão intracraniana de 20mmHg (normal: <15mmHg). Perante isto a criança ficou internada para tratamento médico (enoxaparina de baixo peso molecular 1,5 mg/kg/dia subcutâneo (60 mg/dia), prednisolona 35 mg/dia oral e acetazolamida 250 mg/dia oral) durante 10 dias. Após 1 mês de follow-up verificou-se agravamento oftalmológico. A realização de nova punção lombar apresentou uma pressão intracraniana de 40 mmHg que não cedia ao tratamento médico. Após discussão multidisciplinar do caso optou-se pela realização de derivação lombo-peritoneal. A necessidade de uma grande dose de suspeição clínica, tanto para o diagnóstico inicial quanto para a monitorização das complicações, tornam a abordagem da trombose do seio dural um processo singular.


Dural sinus thrombosis is a rare condition, usually results from a late complication of an infection of the paranasal sinuses. The signs and symptoms are extremely varied and nonspecific, being the diagnosis made through magnetic resonance imaging. Ten-year-old male patient that was sent to our emergency department with left endotropia and diplopia. Ophthalmic examination was performed and showed papilledema with margin blurred right and left eye, binocular diplopia and left eye endotropia. Visual acuity was 10/10 bilaterally. Given the suspected space occupying lesion of the central nervous system, the MRI was performed and confirmed the diagnosis of DST. For evaluating the intracranial pressure (IP), a lombar puncture (LP) with manometry was carried out and revealed IP of 20 mmHg (normal values: <15mmHg). Towards this, the child’s was admitted for medical treatment (low molecular weight enoxaparin subcutaneous 1,5 mg/kg/day (60 mg/day), prednisolone 35 mg/per day and acetazolamide 250 mg/per day) over 10 days. After 1 month of follow-up there was deterioration of the ophthalmologic condition. A new LP was made and showed IP of 40 mmHg resilient to medical treatment. After multidisciplinary discussion of the case, it was decided for conducting lumboperitoneal shunt. The need for a great deal of suspicion for both the initial diagnosis and for monitoring complications make DST approach a special process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Intracranial Pressure , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial/diagnosis
6.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159365

ABSTRACT

Neuroendocrine carcinomas are epithelial neoplasm with predominant neuroendocrine differentiation. Mostly they are found in gastrointestinal and respiratory system. In the nasal and paranasal sinus regions, squamous cell carcinoma is the most common tumor, followed by adenocarcinoma, malignant lymphoma, sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma, and olfactory neuroblastoma. Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of head and neck region is extremely rare. Until now, very few cases of neuroendocrine tumors of paranasal sinuses have been documented. Compared to other organ systems, the neuroendocrine carcinoma involving sinuses are much more aggressive and with poor prognosis. The rarity of this carcinoma has restricted the understanding of its etiology and clinical outcome. We herein reporting a case of large cell poorly differentiated neuroendocrine tumor of maxilla with orbital extension with the purpose of analysis of the available information of this rare malignancy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/etiology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/surgery , Humans , Male , Maxilla/surgery , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms/etiology , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses/surgery
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1683-1690, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180225

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyze the outcome of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) after preoperative systemic steroid (PSS) treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyposis (NP) and to investigate and compare clinicopathological factors associated with the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 468 patients with CRS with NP who underwent primary ESS between January 2005 and October 2011. 124 patients who met the inclusion criteria were included. Beginning from 2008, our clinic administered steroid preoperatively in patients of CRS with NP, thus there were 84 patients with preoperative systemic steroid (PSS group) and another 40 patients without such regimen (no PSS group). To evaluate the outcome after ESS, poor outcome and complication were analyzed according to the following parameters: age, sex, follow-up duration, eosinophilic infiltration, atopy, asthma, Lund-Mackay score, and polyp grade. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in poor outcome rates between the PSS and no PSS group (35.0% vs. 47.6%, p=0.185). There was no significant difference in complication rates between the PSS and no PSS group (10% vs. 6%, p=0.468). As with the multivariate analysis of the clincopathological factors to the poor outcome rate, presence of asthma and eosinophilic infiltration were significantly related (odds ratio as 6.555 and 4.505, respectively), whereas PSS was confirmed as less likely related (odds ratio 0.611). CONCLUSION: Low dose PSS administration does not seem to have an effect on the outcome after ESS in patients who have CRS with NP. Eosinophilic infiltration and presence of asthma are important predictors of surgical outcome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Asthma/complications , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps/complications , Odds Ratio , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-145711

ABSTRACT

Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) or sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (SHML) is a rare benign disorder that typically manifests as massive lymphadenopathy and systemic symptoms. The authors report a 27-year-old man who presented with nasal mass and generalised cervical lymphadenopathy. Cytological and histopathological examination of lymph nodes demonstrated lymphophagocytosis (emperipolesis) consistent with a diagnosis of RDD. There was remarkable regression in the size of nasal polyps and lymph nodes after systemic corticosteroids. The clinical and histological aspects of the disease are discussed as a rare cause of generalised lymphadenopathy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Histiocytosis, Sinus/complications , Histiocytosis, Sinus/diagnosis , Histiocytosis, Sinus/therapy , Humans , Male , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology
9.
Radiol. bras ; 44(5): 321-326, set.-out. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-612935

ABSTRACT

O desenvolvimento dos seios paranasais é um processo intricado que se inicia na vida intrauterina e termina na idade adulta. Dos seios da face, as células etmoidais são provavelmente as estruturas mais complexas e as que estão associadas com o maior número de variantes da normalidade. Variações no padrão de pneumatização das células etmoidais podem ser divididas em intra ou extramurais. Intramurais são aquelas que ao se desenvolverem mantêm contato com o labirinto etmoidal, e extramurais as que se desenvolvem isoladamente. A tomografia computadorizada é a ferramenta mais útil na avaliação de processos inflamatórios dos seios paranasais. De igual modo, ela é importante para o planejamento pré-operatório e controle pós-operatório, pois possibilita grande detalhe anatômico das estruturas normais e detecção precisa de suas variantes. Neste ensaio iconográfico os autores descrevem as principais variantes da normalidade do labirinto etmoidal e suas relações com estruturas adjacentes. Cirurgias endoscópicas para o tratamento de afecções dos seios paranasais têm-se tornado cada vez menos invasivas, o que certamente aumentará a demanda por relatórios de imagem cada vez mais ricos em detalhes desta região.


The development of the paranasal sinuses is an intricate process that begins in the intrauterine life and terminates in early adulthood. Among the paranasal sinuses, the ethmoid cells or labyrinth are probably the most complex structures, being associated with the highest number of normal variants. Variations in the pattern of pneumatization of the ethmoid cells can be divided into intra- and extramural cells. Intramural cells are those which develop within the ethmoid labyrinth. Extramural cells are those that develop isolatedly. Computed tomography is the most useful tool in the evaluation of inflammatory processes of the paranasal sinuses. Computed tomography also plays a relevant role in the preoperative planning as well as in the postoperative follow-up, since it demonstrates exact anatomical details of normal structures with accuracy in the detection of variants. In the present pictorial essay, the authors describe the most common anatomical variants of the ethmoid labyrinth and their relationship with adjacent structures. Endoscopic sinonasal surgery has become increasingly less invasive, requiring more detailed anatomical imaging of this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ethmoid Sinus , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 932-937, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33808

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate how clinical features such as sex, age, etiologic factors, and presenting symptoms of odontogenic sinusitis are differentiated from other types of sinusitis. Also, this study was designed to find methods for reducing the incidence of odontogenic sinusitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis was completed on twenty-seven patients with odontogenic sinusitis. They were all treated at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital between February 2006 and August 2008. The study protocol and informed consent forms were approved by the institutional review boards for human beings at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital. RESULTS: Ten patients (37.0%) had dental implant related complications and 8 (29.6%) had dental extraction related complications. Unilateral purulent nasal discharge was the most common symptom (66.7%). The therapeutic modality included transnasal endoscopic sinus surgery in 19 (70.4%) patients, and a Caldwell-Luc operation in two (7.4%) patients. CONCLUSION: In our study, there was no significant difference in the incidence between genders. The average age of the patients was 42.9 years. The incidence was highest in the fourth decade. There were no significant differences between the symptoms of odontogenic sinusitis and that of other types of sinusitis. However, almost all of the patients with odontogenic sinusitis had unilateral symptoms. Iatrogenic causes, which include dental implants and dental extractions, were the most common etiologic factors related to the development of odontogenic sinusitis. Therefore, a preoperative consultation between a rhinologist and a dentist prior to the dental procedure should be able to reduce the incidence of odontogenic sinusitis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Endoscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Maxillary Sinusitis/complications , Middle Aged , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Postoperative Complications , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Sex Factors , Sinusitis/complications , Treatment Outcome
12.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2008 Oct-Dec; 4(4): 200-2
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-111567

ABSTRACT

Mucosal melanoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is seldom encountered in routine ENT practice. These tumors have poor prognosis owing to higher rates of locoregional recurrence and distant metastasis. Various treatment modalities have been employed over time but the ideal treatment approach still remains an open issue. This article presents some commonly accepted guidelines in treating these rare mucosal neoplasms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Melanoma/diagnosis , Middle Aged , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. bras. otorrinolaringol ; 74(2): 297-302, mar.-abr. 2008. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-484840

ABSTRACT

Pseudotumor inflamatório pode ser definido como uma lesão que simula neoplasia clínica e radiologicamente. Não se trata de uma entidade clínico-patológica única, mas um termo genérico para qualquer lesão expansiva inflamatória crônica inespecífica. Há poucos relatos de pseudotumor inflamatório em cavidade nasal e seios paranasais. RELATO DE CASOS: Apresentamos três casos de pseudotumor inflamatório em nariz e seios paranasais atendidos na Divisão de Clínica Otorrinolaringológica do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. DISCUSSÃO: Pseudotumor inflamatório de seios paranasais apresenta sintomatologia variável conforme o local de origem. Geralmente, segue curso benigno, porém pode ser localmente agressivo.


Inflammatory pseudotumors may be defined as lesions that clinically and radiologically simulate neoplasms. These tumor are not a single clinical-pathological entity, but rather a generic term applied to any nonspecific, chronic, inflammatory expanding lesion. There are few reports of inflammatory pseudotumors in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. CASE REPORT: We report three cases of inflammatory pseudotumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses seen at the Division of Otolaryngology of the Medical School University Hospital, Sao Paulo University. DISCUSSION: Inflammatory pseudotumors of the paranasal sinuses present a variety of symptoms according to the site.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Biopsy , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2008 Jan-Mar; 51(1): 26-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-74488

ABSTRACT

An analysis of cases presenting as mass in nasal cavity (NC), paranasal sinuses (PNS), and nasopharynx (NP) was done over a period of 7 years in Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh. A provisional diagnosis was made after clinical assessment and radiological investigations, but final diagnosis was made after histopathological examination. The incidence of masses in NC, PNS, and NP was 34.3 cases per year, non-neoplastic lesions constituted 60% of these cases and their incidence was 20.7 cases per year. All the cases were carefully examined histopathologically and it was found that the region was affected by a variety of non-neoplastic lesions. Among 240 cases, 145 were non-neoplastic and 95 were neoplastic The lesions in the decreasing order of frequency were - nasal polyp, rhinoscleroma, tuberculosis, fungal infection, fibrous dysplasia, ossifying fibroma, cysts, nasal glioma, and cemento-ossifying fibroma. NP was involved by a range of neoplastic lesions; however, no non-neoplastic lesion was seen in this region.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cysts/diagnosis , Female , Fibroma/diagnosis , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/diagnosis , Humans , Incidence , India/epidemiology , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Mycoses/diagnosis , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Nasal Polyps/diagnosis , Nasopharynx/pathology , Nose Diseases/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnosis , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Rhinoscleroma/diagnosis , Tuberculosis/diagnosis
15.
ACM arq. catarin. med ; 37(3): 87-90, 2008. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-503668

ABSTRACT

As mucoceles dos seios paranasais são lesões císticas de revestimento epitelial com conteúdo mucóide, que apresentam crescimento lento com características expansivas e de reabsorção óssea. Eventualmente, podem comprometer as estruturas nobres adjacentes como aórbita e a cavidade intracraniana.Relato de caso - Caso 1: Paciente masculino, 55 anos, com tumoração na região medial da órbita esquerdacom evolução progressiva que iniciou há 10 meses. Apresentava restrição na elevação do olho em supraversão à direita. Exame tomográfico compatível com mucocele etmoidal. Submetido a etmoidectomia externa, apresentou boa evolução no pós-operatório e permaneceassintomático até o momento. Caso 2: Paciente masculino, 65 anos, com baixaacuidade visual progressiva no olho direito há 5 meses após aparecimento de tumoração indolor na região superiorda órbita direita que evoluía progressivamente há 1 ano. Apresentava acuidade visual de vultos e atrofia de nervo óptico no olho direito. Mobilidade ocular com restrição. Tomografia computadorizada confirmou o diagnóstico de mucocele fronto-etmoidal. Discussão: As mucoceles apresentam um crescimento lento e, por este motivo, em muitos casos, a lesãopode alcançar a órbita antes dos pacientes procurarem auxílio. A complicação mais grave das mucoceles periorbitárias é a perda da visão. Seu crescimento através da órbita pode produzir compressão do globo ocular caucausando lesões no nervo óptico e no pólo posterior. O tratamento das mucoceles é cirúrgico, sendo que as vias de acesso podem ser externa e endonasal.


Paranasal sinus mucoceles are cystic lesions with an epithelial revestment containing mucus, that grow slowlywith expansive characteristics, reabsorbing surrounding bones. Eventually, they can compromise important structures as the orbit and the intracranial cavity. Case report - Case 1: A 55 year-old male came to our clinic complaining of a tumor in nasal left orbit with slow progression for 10 months. Physical examination revealed supraversion of left eye. Computed tomography (CT) imaging showed ethmoid sinus mucocele. The patient underwent external ethmoidectomy with good evolution and remains asymptomatic until now. Case 2: A 65 year-old male, with progressive righteye low vision for 5 months after the appearing of a painless tumor at the superior region of the right orbit thatwas slowly growing for 1 year. Visual acuity of shadows and optic nerve atrophy in the right eye. General limitedeye movement of the right eye. CT confirmed frontal and ethmoid mucocele.Discussion: Mucoceles have slow progression and, for this reason, in many cases, they can reach the orbitbefore patient look for help. The most severe complication of the periorbital mucoceles is blindness. While theygrow inside the orbit, they can compress the eyeball and injure the posterior pole and the optic nerve. The treatmentis based on surgery, that can be performed by external or endonasal access.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mucocele , Orbit , Paranasal Sinuses , Visual Acuity , Mucocele/complications , Mucocele/metabolism , Mucocele/pathology , Orbit/abnormalities , Orbit/surgery , Orbit/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses/abnormalities , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology
16.
Revue Tunisienne d'Infectiologie. 2008; 2 (3): 26-30
in French | IMEMR | ID: emr-102780

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis remains a real public health problem in Tunisia. Extra-pulmonary localizations account for 20 to 30% of tuberculosis disease, dominated by the node, osseous and urogenital localization. The authors present three cases of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis concerning the maxillary sinuses which represents an unusual localization of the disease. They were a man and 2 women old respectively of 30, 65 and 36 years. The main symptoms were dominated by nasal obstruction, posterior throwing and dental pains. All the patients profited from a complete clinical exam. A tomodensitometry exam was performed for the 3 patients. A maxillary sinus biopsy with anatomopathologic exam was made and had confirmed tuberculosis in all the cases. The three patients were treated with anti-tuberculosis quadruples for 2 months then double for 8-9 months and the evolution was good in all the cases after a 22 month retreat


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Nose/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Biopsy
18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-86410

ABSTRACT

A 15 year-old-male presented with concurrent sinonasal polyposis and anterior uveitis with cervical lymph node enlargement. Cervical lymph node biopsy confirmed Rosai-Dorfman disease. Though patient's eye symptoms did not respond well to topical corticosteroid treatment but he showed a remarkable regression in the size of nasal polyps and cervical lymph nodes after systemic corticosteroids. Intraocular involvement in such a case is rare.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Biopsy, Needle , Diagnosis, Differential , Histiocytosis, Sinus/diagnosis , Humans , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Male , Nasal Mucosa/microbiology , Nasal Polyps/surgery , Neck/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-227239

ABSTRACT

Chondrosarcomas are malignant tumors of cartilage that rarely involve the sinonasal region, and myxoid chondrosarcoma is a rare histologic variant of chondrosarcoma that usually occurs in the soft tissue of extremities. Although several case reports and results of small series of chondrosarcomas in the sinonasal region in children are available, myxoid type chondrosarcoma is extremely rare. We recently experienced a case of low grade myxoid chondrosarcoma involving the sinonasal cavity in a 10-year-old boy, and here we report its radiologic-pathologic findings. In this case, chondroid calcification on CT and septal and marginal enhancement on MRI suggested a chondrosarcoma. Whole body PET-CT demonstrated no definite metastatic lesion and a low peak standardized uptake value primary tumor. However, no definite distinguishing imaging features were observed that distinguished low grade myxoid chondrosarcoma from conventional chondrosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Bone Neoplasms/diagnosis , Child , Chondrosarcoma/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Myxosarcoma/diagnosis , Nasal Cavity/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Positron-Emission Tomography , Rare Diseases , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Whole Body Imaging
20.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 2006 Jun-Sep; 24(2-3): 123-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-37186

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare the paranasal sinus mucosal thickenings, bony changes consistent with chronic sinusitis, and bony anatomic variations detected by computed tomography (CT) in chronic rhinosinusitis patients with and without allergy. Three hundred and thirty-nine patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were analyzed for their allergic status by performing skin prick test. Two hundred and thirteen patients (62.8%) had at least one positive skin prick test (allergic patients, male/female: 85/128, mean age: 29.1 +/- 1.2). One hundred and twenty-six patients (37.2%) were included in the non-allergic group (male/female: 53/73, mean age: 31 +/- 2.2). Maxillary mucosal thickening and frontal hypoplasy were significantly more common in allergic chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Moreover, pneumatized uncinate process is apparently more common in the allergic group than non-allergic group, and statistical analysis revealed marginal significance (p = 0.0535). In conclusion CT findings of allergic chronic rhinosinusitis patients are comparable to the CT findings of chronic rhinosinusitis patients without allergy. However, presence of maxillary mucosal thickening, frontal hypoplasia or pneumatized uncinate process in the CT scan of a patient with chronic rhinosinusitis could be of clinical significance, and might guide the otolaryngologist for the evaluation of the presence of allergy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chronic Disease , Female , Humans , Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Male , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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