Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 424
Filter
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 377-382, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248933

ABSTRACT

The function and protection of the parathyroid glands are increasingly popular research topics. New Zealand white rabbits are the most commonly used animal model of parathyroid ischemia. However, information on the vasculature of their parathyroid glands is limited. We used 94 healthy New Zealand white rabbits, 3-4 months of age and 2-3kg in weight, for exploration of the parathyroid glands, which were stained using hematoxylin and eosin (HE) after removal. The following types were classified according to the relationship between the position of the inferior parathyroid gland and the thyroid: Type A, Close Type, Type B, and Distant Type. There were 188 cases, 4 where the inferior parathyroid glands were located near the dorsal side of thyroid (2.13%), 8 where the inferior parathyroid glands were located superior to the upper pole of the thyroid (4.26%), 20 where the inferior parathyroid glands were located parallel to the thyroid (10.64%), and 155 cases where the inferior parathyroid glands were located inferior to the lower pole of thyroid (82.45%). Identifying the location and classifying the vasculature of the parathyroid glands in New Zealand white rabbits will provide an anatomical model to assist in future research.(AU)


A função e proteção das glândulas paratireoidianas é um tópico de pesquisa cada vez mais popular. Coelhos brancos da Nova Zelândia são o modelo animal mais comumente usada para isquemia da paratireóide. Porém, informação sobre a vasculatura de suas glândulas paratireóides é limitada. Foram usados 94 coelhos brancos da Nova Zelândia saudáveis, com 3-4 meses de idade, 2-3kg de peso, para exploração das glândulas paratireóides, que foram coradas com hematoxilina e eosina (HE) após a remoção. Os seguintes tipos foram classificados de acordo com a relação entre a posição da glândula paratireoidiana inferior e a tireoide: Tipo A, Tipo Próximo, Tipo B e Tipo Distante. Houve 188 casos, 4 em que as glândulas paratireoidianas inferiores estavam localizadas próximas ao lado dorsal da tireoide (2.13%), 8 onde as glândulas paratireoidianas inferiores estavam localizadas superiores ao polo superior da tireoide (4.26%), 20 onde as glândulas paratireoidianas inferiores estavam localizadas paralelo à tireoide (10.64%) e 155 casos em que as glândulas paratireoidianas inferiores estavam localizadas inferiores ao polo inferior da tireoide (82.45%). A identificação da localização e a classificação da vasculatura das glândulas paratireóides em coelhos brancos da Nova Zelândia fornecerão um modelo anatômico para auxiliar em pesquisas futuras.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Parathyroid Glands/anatomy & histology , Parathyroid Glands/blood supply
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 110-119, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150525

ABSTRACT

Durante las últimas décadas, la incidencia del hiperparatiroidismo primario ha venido en aumento, muy probablemente relacionado con la mayor accesibilidad a los estudios diagnósticos; sin embargo, la forma más común de presentación clínica del hiperparatiroidismo primario es asintomática, en más del 80 % de los pacientes. En la actualidad, es menos frecuente el diagnóstico por las complicaciones renales (urolitiasis) u óseas (osteítis fibrosa quística) asociadas. Un tumor benigno de la glándula paratiroides (adenoma único), es la principal causa de esta enfermedad. Por tanto, su tratamiento usualmente es quirúrgico. A pesar de ello, no es frecuente el manejo de esta patología por el cirujano general. En este artículo se revisan conceptos claves para el diagnóstico y manejo de esta enfermedad para el médico residente y especialista en Cirugía general


During the last decades, the incidence of primary hyperparathyroidism has been increasing, most probably related to the greater accessibility to diagnostic studies; however, the most common form of clinical presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism is asymptomatic in more than 80% of patients. Diagnosis is less frequent due to associated renal (urolithiasis) or bone (osteitis fibrosa cystica) complications. A benign tumor of the parathyroid gland (single adenoma) is the main cause of this disease. Therefore, its treatment is usually surgical. Despite this, the management of this pathology by the general surgeon is not frequent. This article reviews key concepts for the diagnosis and management of this disease for the resident physician and specialist in General Surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Parathyroidectomy , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The prevalence of asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in China is lower than that in European and American countries and the study about the characteristics of asymptomatic PHPT was rare in China. This study aims to explore the characteristics of asymptomatic PHPT.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 150 patients with PHPT confirmed by operation and pathological examination were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were assigned into a symptomatic PHPT group (@*RESULTS@#The proportion of adenomas was higher than that of adenocarcinoma in the asymptomatic PHPT group. The proportion of the first diagnosis due to hypercalcemia found via biochemical examination in the asymptomatic PHPT group was higher than that in the symptomatic PHPT group (76.92% vs 25.81%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Only a minority of PHPT patients are asymptomatic. Compared with the symptomatic PHPT patients, the primary cause of diagnosis is hypercalcemia, the duration of diagnosis and the diameter of parathyroid gland are shorter, the levels of serum calcium, and PTH are lower, the proportion of adenomas, vitamin D, and the BMD of L


Subject(s)
Calcium , China/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/epidemiology , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Retrospective Studies
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(1): 39-47, feb. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125036

ABSTRACT

El tejido paratiroideo ectópico es una causa frecuente de recurrencia del hiperparatiroidismo (HPT) siendo de 16% en primarios y 14% en secundarios. La localización intratorácica representa el 20-35%, pero solo un 2% requiere una cirugía torácica. El objetivo fue analizar una cohorte de pacientes con diagnóstico de HPT mediastinal operados en un hospital de alta complejidad de Argentina. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de todos los operados por HPT entre enero de 2006 y julio 2019 en ese hospital. Se incluyeron aquellos que requirieron acceso torácico por HPT ectópico. En este período se trataron 728 pacientes con HPT primario y secundario. Seis con primario y 3 con secundario requirieron cirugía torácica. Se realizaron 6 videotoracoscopias (VATS) y 3 esternotomías, sin complicaciones graves. Se utilizó biopsia por congelación en todos y dosaje de paratohormona intraoperatoria (PTHi) en 8 casos, que descendió en promedio 65% respecto al valor basal. Se confirmaron 5 adenomas y 4 hiperplasias. La enfermedad paratiroi dea mediastinal representó el 1.65% (12/728), mientras que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico en nuestra institución 1.24% (9/728). La biopsia por congelación y el descenso de PTHi resultan útiles para confirmar el foco y eventualmente disminuir el riesgo de recurrencia. La VATS es segura pero depende del entrenamiento y de la disponibilidad en el medio asistencial. Si bien el sestamibi es el método con mayor sensibilidad, se propone el uso de 18F-colina PET/TC ante la sospecha de HPT ectópico. La posibilidad de obtener conclusiones basadas en la evidencia requiere de estudios con mayor número de pacientes.


The ectopic parathyroid tissue is a frequent cause of recurrent hyperparathyroidism (HPT), accounting 16% in primary HPT and 14% in secondary cases. Although intrathoracic ectopic glands represent 25-35% of all ectopic cases, only 2% requires thoracic surgery. The aim of this study is to report a case series of patients with ectopic mediastinal HPT treated by thoracic approach in a private institution in Argentina. This is a retrospective analysis from January 2006 to June 2019. All patients diagnosed with ectopic hyperparathyroidism who required a thoracic surgical approach were included. During this period, 728 patients with primary HPT and secondary HPT were treated. Six with primary HPT and 3 with secondary HPT required a thoracic approach. Six video-assisted thoracoscopy surgeries (VATS) and 3 sternotomies were performed. None of them presented serious posoperative complications. Frozen section biopsy was used in all cases. iPTH was measured in 8 cases, with a mean drop of 65% after 15 minutes. Final pathology reports confirmed 5 adenomas and 4 hyperplasias. Our case series reported an incidence of 1.65% (12/728) mediastinal parathyroids, while 1.24% (9/728) received surgical treatment at our institution. Intraoperative frozen section and PTHi are useful to confirm the diagnosis and to avoid recurrences. Although VATS is a safe and efficient treatment option, it depends on surgical training and availability. In terms of diagnostic imaging resources, sestamibi remains the current gold standard. However, 18F-choline PET/CT may arise as a new diagnostic tool. The possibility of obtaining evidence-based conclusions requires studies with higher number of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Parathyroid Glands/pathology , Hyperparathyroidism/pathology , Argentina/epidemiology , Recurrence , Biopsy , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Hyperparathyroidism/therapy , Hyperparathyroidism/epidemiology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816628

ABSTRACT

Since parathyroid hormone (PTH) was first isolated and its gene (PTH) was sequenced, only eight PTH mutations have been discovered. The C18R mutation in PTH, discovered in 1990, was the first to be reported. This autosomal dominant mutation induces endoplasmic reticulum stress and subsequent apoptosis in parathyroid cells. The next mutation, which was reported in 1992, is associated with exon skipping. The substitution of G with C in the first nucleotide of the second intron results in the exclusion of the second exon; since this exon includes the initiation codon, translation initiation is prevented. An S23P mutation and an S23X mutation at the same residue were reported in 1999 and 2012, respectively. Both mutations resulted in hypoparathyroidism. In 2008, a somatic R83X mutation was detected in a parathyroid adenoma tissue sample collected from a patient with hyperparathyroidism. In 2013, a heterozygous p.Met1_Asp6del mutation was incidentally discovered in a case-control study. Two years later, the R56C mutation was reported; this is the only reported hypoparathyroidism-causing mutation in the mature bioactive part of PTH. In 2017, another heterozygous mutation, M14K, was detected. The discovery of these eight mutations in the PTH gene has provided insights into its function and broadened our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying mutation progression. Further attempts to detect other such mutations will help elucidate the functions of PTH in a more sophisticated manner.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Case-Control Studies , Codon, Initiator , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Exons , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Hypoparathyroidism , Introns , Parathyroid Diseases , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroid Neoplasms
9.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 48(1): 35-43, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1013958

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La prescripción de carbonato de litio es común en la actividad psiquiátrica cotidiana. El objetivo es identificar las alteraciones endocrinas secundarias y sus bases fisiopatológicas. La revisión de la literatura se realizó en Psycinfo, EMBASE, PubMed y Scopus. Se efectuó una búsqueda computarizada de información utilizando la estrategia PICO. Las alteraciones más comunes están en riñones, tiroides, paratiroides, páncreas y vías neuroendocrinas. Los mecanismos fisiopatológicos subyacentes son diversos, y destacan la inhibición de la adenilato ciclasa tiroidea sensible a tirotropina como causa de hipotiroidismo, la expresión reducida de acuaporina 2 como causa de diabetes insípida nefrogénica, la pérdida del equilibrio iónico del calcio y la presencia de hiperparatiroidismo e hipercalcemia. En el eje hipotálamo-hipófiso-adrenal, se documenta una disminución en la producción de catecolaminas. Finalmente, se documenta la desregulación en el control de la glucemia al aumentar la resistencia a la insulina. Es necesario conocer estas eventualidades e identificarlas tempranamente a través de evaluaciones periódicas. Se propone un esquema de evaluación integral, sin que implique un algoritmo de tratamiento.


ABSTRACT The prescribing of Lithium is common in psychiatric clinical practice. The aim of this study was to identify the most common endocrine side effects associated with this drug and to clarify the pathophysiological basis. A systematic review was conducted in Psycinfo, Embase, PubMed, and Scopus. A computerised search for information was performed using a PICO (patient, intervention, comparative, outcomes) strategy. The main neuroendocrine alterations were reported in kidneys, thyroid and parathyroid glands, pancreas, and the communication pathways between the pituitary and adrenal glands. The pathophysiological mechanisms are diverse, and include the inhibition of the thyroid adenylate cyclase sensitive to the thyroid stimulant hormone (TSH) sensitive adenylate cyclase, which causes hypothyroidism. It also reduces the expression of aquaporin type 2, which is associated with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, and the loss of the ionic balance of calcium that induces hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcaemia. Other considerations are related to alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and a decrease in the production of catecholamines. Finally, another side-effect is the glycaemic dysregulation caused by the insulin resistance. Periodical clinical and para-clinical evaluations are necessary. The author proposes an evaluation scheme.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Lithium Carbonate , Kidney , Lithium , Parathyroid Glands , Thyroid Gland , Adrenal Glands , Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic
10.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 30(1): 5069-5080, 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1008231

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: 1) Revisar la anatomía y epidemiología de los adenomas paratiroideos ectópicos (APE); 2) resumir el papel de las modalidades de imagen relevantes en su localización; y 3) revisar brevemente los enfoques quirúrgicos para los mismos. Métodos: Reseña literaria de artículos publicados en inglés desde 1984 hasta agosto de 2017. Resultados: El resumen de la literatura indica que la prevalencia de APE es de, aproximadamente, el 20 % en pacientes con hiperparatiroidismo primario que no han sido intervenidos quirúrgicamente, pero en pacientes reintervenidos es tan alta que alcanza el 66 %. Los APE pueden estar localizados en cualquier lugar, desde la bifurcación de la carótida hasta la ventana aortopulmonar. El ultrasonido tiene una agudeza diagnóstica limitada en su identificación, excepto para los que están localizados cerca de la glándula tiroides y al ligamento tirotímico. Requiere gran experiencia del operador. Si se comparan las técnicas de gammagrafía Sestamibi- 99mTc de fase dual, la imagen híbrida con tomografía computarizada de emisión de fotón simple (SPECT) y con tomografía computarizada (TC), la técnica SPECT/TC es superior a la gammagrafía planar o SPECT en la localización de los APE. La TC en cuatro dimensiones (4DTC) delinea con precisión las relaciones anatómicas importantes y es altamente sensible para la localización de los APE. Aunque la 4DTC requiere radiación, medio de contraste intravenoso yodado y experiencia del lector, provee buena información para detectar lesiones en varios sitios ectópicos y guiar el abordaje quirúrgico. Los APE frecuentemente requieren enfoques quirúrgicos alternativos. Se puede intentar una nueva paratiroidectomía en pacientes que han sido previamente sometidos a una exploración bilateral del cuello, por un cirujano experimentado, una vez que la lesión se localice mediante dos modalidades de imágenes. La remoción de la enfermedad no localizada requiere una exploración cuidadosa y sistemática de las localizaciones superiores e inferiores de las glándulas. Conclusión: Los APE plantean desafíos tanto para su localización como para la extirpación quirúrgica. Con el fin de obtener resultados óptimos se requiere contar con la experiencia de un alto número de pacientes y una atención multidisciplinaria.


Objective: (1) To review the anatomy and epidemiology of ectopic parathyroid adenomas (EPAs), (2) summarize the role of relevant imaging modalities in the localization of EPAs, and (3) briefly review surgical approaches for EPAs. Methods: Literature review of published English-language articles from 1984 through August 2017. Results: Summary of the literature indicates that the prevalence of EPA is approximately 20% in unexplored patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, but it is as high as 66% in re-operative patients. EPAs may be located anywhere from the carotid bifurcation to the aortopulmonary window. Ultrasound has limited accuracy in identifying EPAs except near the thyroid and thyrothymic ligament and requires expert experience from the user. Among dual-phase 99mTc sestamibi scintigraphy techniques, hybrid imaging with both singlephoton emission computed tomography (SPECT) and computed tomography (CT), (SPECT/CT) is superior to planar scintigraphy or SPECT alone at localizing EPAs. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) precisely delineates important anatomic relationships and is highly sensitive in localizing EPAs. Although 4DCT requires radiation, intravenous iodinated contrast, and reader experience, it is well-equipped to detect lesions at various ectopic sites and guide the surgical approach. EPAs frequently require alternative surgical approaches. Re-operative parathyroidectomy may be attempted in patients having previously undergone bilateral neck exploration by an experienced surgeon once the lesion is colocalized by 2 repeat imaging modalities. Removal of nonlocalized disease requires a careful and systematic exploration of superior and inferior gland locations. Conclusion: EPAs pose challenges during both localization and surgical removal. High-volume experience and multidisciplinary care are necessary for optimal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Parathyroid Glands , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Adenoma
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764087

ABSTRACT

Secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) usually result from parathyroid gland hyperplasia that produces excess parathyroid hormone (PTH). Decreased renal function leads to elevate serum phosphate levels and reduce vitamin D production, which results in hypocalcemia. Skeletal resistance to PTH results in persistently and frequently extremely elevated PTH levels and renal osteopathy. Treatment of choice for secondary HPT is medical management including calcitriol and vitamin D. However, for some cases in calciphylaxis and the failure including PTH >800 pg/mL or osteoporosis under maximal medical management surgical intervention could be an alternative option. We described a case of 47-year-old woman with surgical intervention for secondary hyperparathyroidism.


Subject(s)
Autografts , Calciphylaxis , Calcitriol , Female , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary , Hyperplasia , Hypocalcemia , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Transplantation, Autologous , Vitamin D
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760726

ABSTRACT

Aluminum (Al) is the third most abundant element in the earth's crust and is omnipresent in our environment, including our food. However, with normal renal function, oral and enteral ingestion of substances contaminated with Al, such as antacids and infant formulae, do not cause problems. The intestine, skin, and respiratory tract are barriers to Al entry into the blood. However, contamination of fluids given parenterally, such as parenteral nutrition solutions, or hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis or even oral Al-containing substances to patients with impaired renal function could result in accumulation in bone, parathyroids, liver, spleen, and kidney. The toxic effects of Al to the skeleton include fractures accompanying a painful osteomalacia, hypoparathyroidism, microcytic anemia, cholestatic hepatotoxicity, and suppression of the renal enzyme 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1 alpha hydroxylase. The sources of Al include contamination of calcium and phosphate salts, albumin and heparin. Contamination occurs either from inability to remove the naturally accumulating Al or from leeching from glass columns used in compound purification processes. Awareness of this long-standing problem should allow physicians to choose pharmaceutical products with lower quantities of Al listed on the label as long as this practice is mandated by specific national drug regulatory agencies.


Subject(s)
Aluminum , Anemia , Antacids , Calcium , Eating , Glass , Heparin , Humans , Hypoparathyroidism , Infant Formula , Intestines , Kidney , Leeching , Liver , Osteomalacia , Parathyroid Glands , Parenteral Nutrition Solutions , Peritoneal Dialysis , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Renal Dialysis , Respiratory System , Salts , Skeleton , Skin , Spleen
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785730

ABSTRACT

Intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring (IPM) has been shown to be a useful adjunct during parathyroidectomy to ensure operative success at many specialized medical centers worldwide. Using the Miami or “>50% intraoperative PTH drop” criterion, IPM confirms the complete excision of all hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue before the operation is finished, and helps guide the surgeon to identify additional hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands that may necessitate further extensive neck exploration when intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels do not drop sufficiently. The intraoperative PTH assay is also used to differentiate parathyroid from non-parathyroid tissues during operations using fine needle aspiration samples and to lateralize the side of the neck harboring the hypersecreting parathyroid through differential jugular venous sampling when preoperative localization studies are negative or equivocal. The use of IPM underscores the recognition and understanding of sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism (SPHPT) as a disease of function rather than form, where the surgeon is better equipped to treat such patients with quantitative instead of qualitative information for durable long-term operative success. There has been a significant paradigm shift over the last 2 decades from conventional to focused parathyroidectomy guided by IPM. This approach has proven to be a safe and rapid operation requiring minimal dissection performed in an ambulatory setting for the treatment of SPHPT.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Neck , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Surgeons
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785837

ABSTRACT

Despite the correction of secondary renal hyperparathyroidism after successful kidney transplantation, some recipients have persistent hyperparathyroidism due to autonomous hypertrophied parathyroid glands. St. Goar first identified and termed this disease as tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Surgery, either subtotal parathyroidectomy or total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation, is the main treatment for tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Here, we report a case of a patient with tertiary hyperparathyroidism after two times of kidney transplantation who underwent subtotal parathyroidectomy and also review the relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Autografts , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Kidney Transplantation , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroidectomy , Transplantation, Autologous
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738991

ABSTRACT

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disorder caused by germline mutation of the MEN1 gene. It is characterized by tumors of the anterior pituitary gland, parathyroid glands, and endocrine pancreas. Thymic carcinoid tumor is uncommon and associated with a high mortality, but its natural history has not been investigated yet. We report a case of asymptomatic MEN 1 with a thymic carcinoid tumor. A 37-year-old man underwent a routine medical checkup and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a duodenal neuroendocrine tumor (NET). Further studies showed the coexistence of pancreatic tumor, parathyroid hyperplasia, pituitary adenoma, and thymoma. The patient underwent duodenal endoscopic mucosal resection, distal pancreatectomy, subtotal parathyroidectomy, and thymectomy. The pathological test revealed a duodenal NET, pancreatic NET, parathyroid hyperplasia, and thymic carcinoid tumor. He was treated for MEN 1. We report this asymptomatic case of MEN 1 with a literature review.


Subject(s)
Adult , Carcinoid Tumor , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperplasia , Islets of Langerhans , Mortality , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia , Natural History , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Pancreatectomy , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroidectomy , Pituitary Gland, Anterior , Pituitary Neoplasms , Thymectomy , Thymoma
17.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(6): 557-564, dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978030

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: La cirugía mayor ambulatoria (CMA) y con estancia inferior a 24 horas (overnight stay) se ha consolidado en muchas patologías aunque en cirugía tiroidea y paratiroidea resulta controvertido. El objetivo es valorar nuestros resultados en cirugía del tiroides y paratiroides en régimen de CMA durante un periodo de 6 años. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional prospectivo de pacientes con indicación de hemitiroidectomía o paratiroidectomía enfocada en régimen CMA entre enero de 2011 y diciembre de 2016. Los pacientes cumplían criterios de CMA. En los primeros años se excluyeron los nodulos tiroideos mayores de 3 cm y los pacientes ASA III. Los pacientes ingresaron la mañana de la intervención, tras el acto quirúrgico pasaron a la Unidad de Recuperación Posquirúrgica y posteriormente a sala de hospitalización. Tras 8 h, si cumplían criterios, fueron dados de alta. Resultados: Se intervinieron 270 pacientes, la tasa de aplicabilidad global fue del 59%, la tasa de aceptabilidad global del 83,6% y el índice de sustitución del 49,2%. El índice de ingresos no deseados fue del 10,4% para la paratiroidectomía y del 17,6% en la cirugía del tiroides. Ningún paciente presentó complicaciones mayores en su domicilio. El grado de satisfacción fue alto o muy alto en el 94% de los pacientes. Conclusiones: La paratiroidectomía enfocada y la hemitiroidectomía realizada por cirujanos expertos en pacientes seleccionados, es segura y efectiva en régimen ambulatorio. Es posible mejorar el índice de sustitución ambulatorio aumentando la tasa de aplicabilidad y aceptabilidad.


Objetive: Ambulatory or overnight stay surgery have been consolidated in many different procedures. However, its use in thyroid and parathyroid surgery is still controversial. The aim of this report is to present the results of 6 years of ambulatory patients undergoing surgery of the thyroid or parathyroid glands. Material and Methods: Prospective observational study of patients who underwent hemithyroidectomy or selective parathyroidectomy in the ambulatory program from January 2011 to December 2016. All patients included met the general criteria of ambulatory surgery. During the first years nodules bigger than 3 cm and patients classified as ASA III were excluded. Patients arrive at hospital the morning of surgery. After the operation, patients pass to the post-anesthesia care unit and then to the hospitalization room. 8 hours after surgery patients are discharged home if they meet the criteria. Results: 270 patients were operated, 159 of them met the inclusion criteria. The overall applicability rate was 59%. The acceptance rate was 83.6% and the substitution index was 49.2%. The unwanted hospital admission was 10.4% for the parathyroidectomy and 17.6% for the hemithyroidectomy. Any patient presented major complications at home. The satisfaction rate was high or very high for 94% of the patients. Conclusion: Selective parathyroidectomy and hemithyroidectomy performed by experienced surgeons in selected patients can be safely and effectively carried out in ambulatory surgery (outpatient). It would be possible to improve the substitution index by increasing the application and acceptability ratios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thyroidectomy/methods , Parathyroidectomy/methods , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Goiter, Nodular/surgery , Parathyroid Glands/surgery , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction
18.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(6): 565-570, dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978031

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El abordaje de elección de la glándula tiroides y paratiroides, desde su descripción, ha sido la cervicotomía transversal. En el hiperparatiroidismo, con la optimización de los métodos de localización preoperatoria de las glándulas anómalas, se han creado técnicas abiertas mínimamente invasivas, con un mejor resultado estético y un menor tiempo de recuperación. Con el objetivo de eliminar las cicatrices externas se ha implementado una nueva técnica quirúrgica que utiliza abordajes endoscópicos a través de orificios naturales (NOTES). En los últimos años se ha hecho conocida una técnica de tiroidectomía y paratiroidectomía transoral endoscópica a través de incisiones en el vestíbulo oral. Caso clínico: Paciente de 65 años con hiperparatiroidismo primario con nódulo hiperfuncionante superior derecho que se somete a una paratiroidectomía parcial transoral endoscópica por abordaje vestibular. Resultados: El procedimiento se realiza sin incidentes con buena evolución posoperatoria de la paciente. Discusión: La paratiroidectomía transoral endoscópica por abordaje vestibular (TOEPVA) ha demostrado ser una técnica bastante segura, con resultados similares a los de la técnica abierta, pero sin dejar cicatrices visibles.


Introduction: The approach of choice of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, since its description, has been the transverse cervicotomy. In hyperparathyroidism, with the optimization of the preoperative localization methods of the anomalous glands, minimally invasive open techniques have been created, with a better aesthetic result and a shorter recovery time. With the aim of eliminating external scars, a new surgical technique has been implemented that uses endoscopic approaches through natural orifices (NOTES). In recent years, a transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy technique through incisions in the oral vestibule has been known. Clinical case: A 65-year-old patient with primary hyperparathyroidism with right upper hyperfunctioning nodule who underwent partial transoral endoscopic parathyroidectomy due to vestibular approach. Results: The procedure is performed without incidents with good postoperative evolution of the patient. Discussion: Transoral endoscopic parathyroidectomy by vestibular approach (TOEPVA) has proven to be a fairly safe technique, with results similar to open technique, but without leaving visible scars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Parathyroidectomy/methods , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Parathyroid Glands/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(4): 421-425, dic. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985749

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La paratiromatosis se describe como una dolencia en la que existen múltiples nódulos de tejido paratiroideo hiperfuncionante diseminados por cuello y el mediastino, en la cual las pruebas de imagen no son efectivas para localizar las glándulas paratiroides y requiere de la combinación de un tratamiento médico y quirúrgico que en ocasiones se presenta como un desafío. Describimos el caso de una mujer de 61 años con hiperparatiroidismo primario recurrente a la que se le extirpan un total de 9 glándulas paratiroideas en 3 cirugías diferentes, y realizamos revisión de la literatura.


ABSTRACT Parathyromatosis is described as a condition in which there are multiple nodules of hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue disseminated by the neck and mediastinum. Imaging tests are not effective in locating the parathyroid glands and requires the combination of medical and surgical treatment that sometimes is challenging. We describe the case of a 61-year-old woman with recurrent primary hyperparathyroidism. A total of 9 parathyroid glands where removed in 3 different surgeries. We also reviewed the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Parathyroid Glands/pathology , Parathyroidectomy , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/etiology , Parathyroid Glands/surgery , Recurrence , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnostic imaging
20.
Acta méd. colomb ; 43(3): 126-128, jul.-set. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-983693

ABSTRACT

El hiperparatiroidismo terciario (HPTT) se caracteriza por hipercalcemia en respuesta a la excesiva secreción de hormona paratiroidea (PTH) en pacientes con hiperparatiroidismo secundario (HPTS) que responden de manera ineficaz al tratamiento médico, o como con-secuencia de un mal control del metabolismo fosfo-cálcico que ocasiona estimulación prolongada de las células paratiroideas, hi-perplasia y con frecuencia formación de un adenoma glandular. El HPTT puede manifes-tarse con prurito, dolores óseos, calcificación de tejidos blandos y alteraciones bioquímicas, en especial aumento de los niveles de calcio, fósforo y fosfatasa alcalina. Esta alteración puede darse en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en diálisis (ERCD) o en pa-cientes que han recibido un trasplante renal; en este último escenario, puede persistir una excesiva secreción de PTH por la hipertrofia de las glándulas paratiroides; sin embargo, la secreción hormonal en esta población remite hasta en 90% de los casos después de 6 meses de realizado el trasplante.


Subject(s)
Hyperparathyroidism , Parathyroid Glands , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL