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1.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(2): 69-74, abr./jun. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1366839

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve por objetivo avaliar os efeitos da nutrição parenteral total ou enteral, associadas ou não à glutamina, sobre a motilidade gastrintestinal em equinos submetidos à inanição e realimentação. Foram utilizados 16 equinos adultos hígidos, sem raça definida, de ambos os sexos, quatro machos e 12 fêmeas, com idade variando entre quatro e 14 anos e peso corporal médio de 248,40 + 2,28 kg, divididos em quatro grupos, quatro animais por grupo: Grupo I (ENTGL): fluidoterapia enteral com eletrólitos associada a glutamina; Grupo II (PARGL): Nutrição parenteral total (NPT) associada a glutamina; Grupo III (ENTFL): fluidoterapia enteral com eletrólitos; Grupo IV (PARFL): fluidoterapia parenteral. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente ao acaso, em um esquema fatorial 4x12 (grupos x tempo de colheita), para cada fase, e suas médias comparadas pelo teste de Duncan ao nível de 5% de significância. Independente do grupo experimental ocorreu redução da motilidade gastrintestinal durante a fase de inanição, mais pronunciada nos grupos PARGL e PARFL. Uma vez restabelecida a alimentação a motilidade gastrintestinal retornou à normalidade.


This study aimed to evaluate the effects of enteral or total parenteral nutrition, associated or not with glutamine, on gastrointestinal motility in horses subjected to starvation and refeeding. 16 healthy, mixed-breed adult horses of both sexes, four geldings and 12 mares, with ages ranging from four to 14 years and an average body weight of 248.40 + 2.28 kg, were divided into four groups, four animals per group: Group I (ENTGL): enteral fluid therapy with electrolytes associated with glutamine; Group II (PARGL): total parenteral nutrition (TPN) associated with glutamine; Group III (ENTFL): enteral fluid therapy with electrolytes; Group IV (PARFL): parenteral fluid therapy. The experimental design was entirely randomized, in a 4x12 factorial scheme (groups x harvest time), for each phase, and their means compared by the Duncan test at the level of 5% significance. Regardless of the experimental group, there was a reduction in gastrointestinal motility during the starvation phase, which was more pronounced in the PARGL and PARFL groups. Once the food was restored, gastrointestinal motility returned to normal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Enteral Nutrition/veterinary , Parenteral Nutrition, Total/veterinary , Gastrointestinal Motility , Horses , Starvation/veterinary , Glutamine/therapeutic use
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the long-term effect of active parenteral nutrition support regimen in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks.@*METHODS@#According to the different doses of fat emulsion and amino acids used in the early stage, the preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks, who were admitted to the hospital within 24 hours after birth from May to December 2019, were divided into an active parenteral nutrition group and a conventional parenteral nutrition group (@*RESULTS@#At the age of 6 months, the active parenteral nutrition group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks, an active parenteral nutrition support strategy with high doses of fat emulsion and amino acids within 24 hours after birth can improve their long-term neurodevelopment.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Parenteral Nutrition , Parenteral Nutrition, Total
3.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 10(3): 1-15, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247589

ABSTRACT

Justificativa e objetivos: A Nutrição Parenteral Total (NPT) possui grande importância clínica no tratamento e prevenção da desnutrição de pacientes com problemas no sistema digestório. Apesar das boas práticas de manipulação de NPT estarem bem estabelecidas, a contaminação desses produtos ainda ocorre, e esses produto permanecem como um medicamento de alto risco pelo Institute for Safe Medication Practices. O presente estudo teve como objetivo obter um panorama sobre os dados documentais das amostras de nutrição parenteral encaminhadas ao Instituto Nacional de Controle de Qualidade em Saúde da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo qualitativo descritivo e quantitativo, com base em um coorte transversal de amostras de NPT analisadas no período de 2000 a 2016. Resultados: Foram encaminhadas 134 amostras de NPT no período do estudo. 11,20% das amostras foram encaminhadas em 2001, 0,80%, em 2005, 8,20%, em 2006, 16,40% em 2007, 63,40% em 2013. Seis amostras (4,5%) foram canceladas e 113 submetidas ao ensaio de esterilidade, resultando em 13,3% de amostras insatisfatórias. Conclusão: No período do estudo, quatro eventos suspeitos de contaminação bacteriana por enterobactérias em NPTs administradas em pacientes foram relatados, sendo três deles ainda não descritos na literatura. Para que a segurança dos pacientes que fazem uso de NPT seja garantida, sugere-se que as normas que regulamentam a terapia com NPT sejam revisadas e atualizadas e sejam estabelecidos programas de monitoramento da qualidade dessas preparações.(AU)


Background and objectives: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) has great clinical importance in malnutrition treatment and prevention in patients with digestive problems. Although good practices for handling TPN are well established, contamination of these products still occurs, and this product remains listed as a higher risk drug by the Institute for Safe Medication Practices. The present study aimed to obtain an overview of the documentary data of the parenteral nutrition samples sent to the National Institute for Quality Control in Health (INCQS) of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Methods: This is a qualitative descriptive and quantitative study carried out based on a cross-section of TPN samples analyzed from 2000 to 2016. Results: A total of TPN 134 samples were sent during the study period. 11.20% of the samples were sent in 2001, 0.80% in 2005, 8.20% in 2006, 16.40% in 2007, 63.40% in 2013. Six samples (4.5%) were canceled and 113 submitted to sterility testing, resulting in 13.3% unsatisfactory samples. Conclusion: During the study period, four suspected events of enterobacterial contamination in TPNs administered to patients were reported, three of which have not yet been described in the scientific literature. For the safety of patients using TPN to be guaranteed, it is suggested that the norms that regulate TPN therapy be reviewed and updated, and programs to monitor the quality of these preparations should be established.(AU)


Justificatión y objetivos: La Nutrición Parenteral Total (NPT) tiene una gran importancia clínica en el tratamiento y la prevención de la desnutrición en pacientes con problemas en el sistema digestivo. Aunque las buenas prácticas para el manejo del TNP están bien establecidas, la contaminación de estos productos aún ocurre, y este producto sigue siendo catalogado como un medicamento de alto riesgo por el Institute for Safe Medication Practices. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo obtener una visión general de los datos documentales de muestras de nutrición parenteral enviadas a Instituto Nacional de Control de Calidad en Salud (INCQS) por Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo cualitativo y cuantitativo basado en una sección transversal de muestras de NPT analizadas entre 2000 y 2016. Resultados: Se enviaron un total de 134 muestras de NPT durante el período de estudio. 11,20% de las muestras enviadas en 2001, 0,80%, en 2005, 8,20%, en 2006, 16,40%, en 2007, 63,40%, en 2013. Seis muestras (4,5%) fueron cancelados y 113 sometidos a la prueba de esterilidad, resultando en 13,3% de muestras insatisfactorias. Conclusión: Durante el período de estudio, se informaron cuatro eventos sospechosos de contaminación por enterobaterias en NPT administrados a pacientes, tres de los cuales aún no se han descrito en la literatura. Para garantizar la seguridad de pacientes que usan NPT, se sugiere revisar y actualizar las normas que regulan la terapia de NPT y se deben establecer programas para controlar la calidad de estas preparaciones.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Control , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Parenteral Nutrition , Health Surveillance , Good Manipulation Practices
5.
Intestinal Research ; : 463-475, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785869

ABSTRACT

Malnutrition is observed more frequently in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) than in the general population and associated with adverse clinical outcomes. This study aimed to review the current knowledge regarding the efficacy of dietary and nutritional intervention in IBD patients. Exclusive enteral nutrition might be inferior to corticosteroid treatment in adults with active Crohn’s disease (CD) but might even be superior considering the adverse effects of corticosteroid treatment in children. Total parenteral nutrition has no advantage over enteral nutrition, which is considered a more physiologic modality in organ function. Current guidelines do not yet recommend ω3-polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation for the prevention and maintenance of remission in IBD patients. Dietary fiber supplementation could be effective in the relief of symptoms and maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis (UC). Although vitamin D may be favorable to clinical course of IBD and bone density. Probiotic supplementation has proven to be effective in preventing and treating pouchitis for UC but is less effective in treating CD. Nutritional interventions not only correct nutritional deficiencies but also improve symptoms and clinical courses of the disease. Hence, nutritional approaches need to be developed to significantly evaluate the effectiveness of dietary interventions used to treat IBD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Density , Child , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Dietary Fiber , Enteral Nutrition , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Malnutrition , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Pouchitis , Probiotics , Vitamin D
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of alanyl-glutamine-enriched nutritional support in the treatment of children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura.@*METHODS@#Children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura who needed nutritional support were enrolled and stratified according to age, sex and the severity of disease, and were randomly divided into a control group (n=118) and an enriched nutritional support group (n=107). The control group was given nutritional support without using alanyl-glutamine, while the enriched nutritional support group was given alanyl-glutamine-enriched nutritional support. Intravenous steroids were used according to the severity of disease in both groups. Other therapies were the same in the two groups. The two groups were compared in terms of the length of hospital stay, the rate and duration of use of intravenous steroids, the recurrence rate of symptoms during hospitalization, the rate of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), the rate of weight loss and the rate of fasting for more than 5 days. All patients were followed up for 3 months after discharge to monitor the recurrence of symptoms.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the length of hospital stay, the rate of TPN and the rate of fasting for more than 5 days between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the enriched nutritional support group, the control group showed significant increases in the rate and duration of use of intravenous steroids, the recurrence rate of symptoms and the rate of weight loss (P<0.05). After the 3-month follow-up, all the children resumed normal diet, and the recurrence rate of digestive symptoms was less than 20% in each group. Abdominal pain was the most common symptom (83.33%, 30/36), followed by vomiting and abdominal distention. No digestive hemorrhage was observed. All the symptoms were relieved after symptomatic treatment. No significant difference was found between the two groups in the recurrence rate of digestive symptoms (P=0.693).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Alanyl-glutamine-enriched nutritional support in the treatment of children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura can reduce the use of intravenous steroids and weight loss, but without impact on the length of hospital stay and post-discharge recurrence.


Subject(s)
Child , Dipeptides , Humans , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Recurrence
7.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 102-110, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760576

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the effect of delayed elevation of thyrotropin (TSH) (deTSH) on gastrointestinal motility in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI). METHODS: This study retrospectively investigated 228 premature VLBWI aged ≥4 weeks with normal neonatal TSH screening test results and free serum thyroxine levels. Infants with serum TSH levels ranging from 5 to 10 µIU/mL were categorized as the deTSH group (n=76), when TSH was measured at 4 (n=53), 8 (n=20), or 12 (n=3) weeks of age. Serum TSH levels in the control group (n=152) were <5 µIU/mL. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for the development of deTSH. Covariance analysis was used to analyze the relationship between deTSH and gastrointestinal motility. RESULTS: The mean gestational age and birth weight were 29.11±2.25 weeks and 1,157.4±218.0 g, respectively. Risk factors affecting deTSH were dopamine administration (odds ratio [OR], 8.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.80 to 42.05; P=0.007) and operation time (OR, 6.95; 95% CI, 1.43 to 33.75; P=0.016) when the cumulative operating time was ≥1 hour. The mean±standard deviation (SD) duration of a nil per os (NPO) status was significantly higher in the deTSH (99.57±134.99 hours) than in the control group (37.25±59.02 hours) (P from analysis of covariance [ANCOVA]=0.001). The mean±SD duration (33.84±22.34 days) of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) was considerably longer in the deTSH group than in the control group (27.68±13.08 days) (P from ANCOVA=0.003). CONCLUSION: Clinicians must consider deTSH in VLBWI showing feeding intolerance with a prolonged NPO and TPN status.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Dopamine , Gastrointestinal Motility , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Logistic Models , Mass Screening , Parenteral Nutrition , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760866

ABSTRACT

Thiamine (vitamin B₁) is a water-soluble vitamin that is not endogenously synthesized in humans. It is absorbed by the small intestine, where it is activated. Its active form acts as a coenzyme in many energy pathways. We report a rare case of thiamine deficiency in a 3.5-year old boy with short bowel syndrome secondary to extensive bowel resection due to necrotizing enterocolitis during his neonatal age. The patient was parenteral nutrition-dependent since birth and had suffered from recurrent central catheter-related bloodstream infections. He developed confusion with disorientation and unsteady gait as well as profound strabismus due to bilateral paresis of the abductor muscle. Based on these and a very low thiamine level he was diagnosed and treated for Wernicke encephalopathy due to incomplete thiamine acquisition despite adequate administration. He fully recovered after thiamine administration. After 1999 eight more cases have been reported in the PubMed mostly of iatrogenic origin.


Subject(s)
Child , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Gait Disorders, Neurologic , Humans , Intestine, Small , Male , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Paresis , Parturition , Short Bowel Syndrome , Strabismus , Thiamine Deficiency , Thiamine , Vitamins , Wernicke Encephalopathy
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1061-1066, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762053

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Newborn screening (NBS) programs are important for appropriate management of susceptible neonates to prevent serious clinical problems. Neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are at a potentially high risk of false-positive results, and repetitive NBS after total parenteral nutrition is completely off results in delayed diagnosis. Here, we present the usefulness of a targeted next-generation sequencing (TNGS) panel to complement NBS for early diagnosis in high-risk neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The TNGS panel covered 198 genes associated with actionable genetic and metabolic diseases that are typically included in NBS programs in Korea using tandem mass spectrometry. The panel was applied to 48 infants admitted to the NICU of Severance Children's Hospital between May 2017 and September 2017. The infants were not selected for suspected metabolic disorders. RESULTS: A total of 13 variants classified as likely pathogenic or pathogenic were detected in 11 (22.9%) neonates, including six genes (DHCR7, PCBD1, GAA, ALDOB, ATP7B, and GBA) associated with metabolic diseases not covered in NBS. One of the 48 infants was diagnosed with an isobutyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, and false positive results of tandem mass screening were confirmed in two infants using the TNGS panel. CONCLUSION: The implementation of TNGS in conjunction with conventional NBS can allow for better management of and earlier diagnosis in susceptible infants, thus preventing the development of critical conditions in these sick infants.


Subject(s)
Complement System Proteins , Delayed Diagnosis , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Korea , Mass Screening , Metabolic Diseases , Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Oxidoreductases , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
10.
Blood Research ; : 23-30, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739438

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients need parenteral nutrition because of nausea, vomiting, and mucositis caused by conditioning regimens. The demand for glutamine increases during the HSCT period. We evaluated the effects of glutamine-containing parenteral nutrition on the clinical outcomes of HSCT patients. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we reviewed HSCT patients from Seoul National University from August 2013 to July 2017. Depending on their glutamine supplementation status, 91 patients were divided into 2 groups: glutamine group (N=44) and non-glutamine group (N=47). We analyzed the rate of weight change, infection (clinically/microbiologically documented), complications (duration of mucositis and neutropenia, acute graft versus host disease), and 100-days mortality in each group. RESULTS: Regarding the clinical characteristics of the patients, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups except that there was a larger proportion of myeloablative conditioning regimen in the glutamine group (P=0.005). In the glutamine group, the average number of days of glutamine use, parenteral nutrition, and mucositis was 7.6±1.4, 14.6±9.9, and 13.3±9.5, respectively. Furthermore, multivariate analysis revealed odds ratios of 0.37 (95% CI, 0.14–0.96; P=0.042) and 0.08 (95% CI, 0.01–0.98; P=0.048) for clinically documented infection and 100-days mortality, respectively, in the glutamine group. CONCLUSION: Results showed that the glutamine group had less clinically documented infection and 100-days mortality than the non-glutamine group, but the other outcomes did not show significant differences. The extended duration of glutamine supplementation according to the period of total parenteral nutrition and mucositis should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Glutamine , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Mortality , Mucositis , Multivariate Analysis , Nausea , Neutropenia , Odds Ratio , Parenteral Nutrition , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Transplants , Vomiting
11.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 20190000. 81 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1026544

ABSTRACT

A multimídia interativa é uma medida no âmbito da tecnologia de informação e comunicação adotada atualmente de forma ampla, com a proposta de difundir conhecimentos de forma muito mais acessível e uniforme a toda comunidade, interligada pela aplicação prática do conhecimento científico. Utilizando-se desse mecanismo de ampliação de conhecimentos, a ciência da saúde vêm empregando esses avanços tecnológicos na capacitação de profissionais, especialmente enfermeiros, no caso da presente pesquisa, na temática da Nutrição Parenteral Total. O objetivo do estudo foi estruturar e testar uma multimídia interativa construída no site Fábrica de Aplicativos, como estratégia de capacitação de enfermeiros que cuidam de clientes submetidos à nutrição parenteral. Metodologia: estudo intervencional, em instituição federal do Rio de Janeiro. Os participantes foram avaliados sobre a temática, em pré teste, foi aplicado a multimídia interativa, realizada no site Fábrica de aplicativos, após isso, um pós teste, onde foi analisado as competências adquiridas após a implementação da multimídia interativa


Interactive multimedia is a measure in the field of information technology and communication currently widely adopted, with the proposal of disseminating knowledge in a much more accessible and uniform way to the whole community, interlinked by the practical application of scientific knowledge. Using this mechanism of knowledge enhancement, health science has been employing these technological advances in the training of professionals, especially nurses, in the case of the present research, in the theme of Total Parenteral Nutrition. The objective of the study is to structure and test an interactive multimedia built on the Application Factory site, as a training strategy for nurses who care for clients submitted to parenteral nutrition. Methodology: interventional study, in a federal institution of Rio de Janeiro. Participants Will be evaluated on the subject, in pre-test, will be applied to interactive multimedia, held in the Application Factory site, in a new moment, a post test, where will be analyzed the skills acquired after the implementation of interactive multimedia


Subject(s)
Humans , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Multimedia , Health Human Resource Training , Nursing, Team
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738948

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has become a standard procedure in bariatric surgery owing to its efficacy and simplicity. However, this procedure can cause life-threatening complications such as a gastric staple-line leak. A 24-year-old woman was transferred to the emergency department for evaluation of epigastric pain. Nine days prior to transfer, she underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy at another institution. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed fluid collection with air density along the left subphrenic space and gastrosplenic ligament area. Intravenous antibiotics and total parenteral nutrition were initiated. She underwent percutaneous catheter drainage. On postoperative day 18, an esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed to assess the site and size of the leak, and revealed a leak at the proximal staple line just below the gastroesophageal junction. A newly designed, fully covered antimigratory esophageal stent was placed to cover the leak from the distal esophagus to gastric midbody. Follow-up abdominal CT demonstrated improvement of the fluid collection at the location of the previous gastric leak. The stent was removed 3 weeks after insertion, and a barium study confirmed no more leakage. In this case, we experienced that the newly designed esophageal stent was safe and effective for preventing migration in the management of leak after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Anastomotic Leak , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bariatric Surgery , Barium , Catheters , Drainage , Emergency Service, Hospital , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagogastric Junction , Esophagus , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Humans , Ligaments , Obesity , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
13.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 196-201, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718042

ABSTRACT

Umbilical venous catheterization (UVC) is a common practice in intensive neonatal care. However, a malpositioned UVC and its prolonged use may lead to various problems, including mechanical, infectious, and thrombotic complications in various organs such as the liver, lungs, and heart. Congenital chylous ascites is characterized by abnormally high levels of triglycerides in the peritoneal fluid of newborns, which originate from refluxed lymph within the abdominal cavity. Herein, we report a case of an UVC complication presenting as chyloperitoneum simulating congenital chylous ascites in a preterm neonate that resulted from total parenteral nutrition (TPN) extravasation from a malpositioned UVC. Biochemical analysis of intraperitoneal chylous fluid and TPN infusate could help confirm the origin of chyloperitoneum. This case suggests that TPN extravasation from UVC should be considered when chyloperitoneum develops in newborns with an indwelling catheter. UVC positions must also be carefully monitored at regular intervals to recognize associated complications early, particularly in cases with an inevitably malpositioned catheter related to the anatomy of the vessel course.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Cavity , Ascitic Fluid , Catheterization , Catheters , Catheters, Indwelling , Chylous Ascites , Heart , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Liver , Lung , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Triglycerides
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742315

ABSTRACT

Early diagnosis followed by primary repair is the best treatment for spontaneous esophageal perforation. However, the appropriate management of esophageal leakage after surgical repair is still controversial. Recently, the successful adaptation of vacuum-assisted closure therapy, which is well established for the treatment of chronic surface wounds, has been demonstrated for esophageal perforation or leakage. Conservative treatment methods require long-term fasting with total parenteral nutrition or enteral feeding through invasive procedures, such as percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or a feeding jejunostomy. We report 2 cases of esophageal leakage after primary repair treated by endoscopic vacuum therapy with continuous enteral feeding using a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube.


Subject(s)
Early Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Enteral Nutrition , Esophageal Perforation , Fasting , Gastrostomy , Jejunostomy , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Vacuum , Wounds and Injuries
15.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 35(4): 375-382, out.-dez. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-902867

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever como as crianças respondem à anticoagulação oral com varfarina, verificando a influência da idade, da condição clínica, da via de administração da varfarina e do uso de Nutrição Parenteral Total (NPT), e apresentar a presença de fatores de risco para eventos tromboembólicos (TE). Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo com pacientes ≤18 anos que iniciaram o uso da varfarina em um hospital universitário. Os pacientes foram divididos conforme condição clínica, idade, forma de administração do medicamento e uso de NPT. Foram utilizados os dados dos prontuários dos pacientes, considerando os fatores de risco para TE já descritos na literatura, o tempo e a dose necessária para atingir a primeira Razão Normalizada Internacional (INR) no alvo e eventos adversos nesse período. No período posterior ao alcance de INR, foi verificada a manutenção da anticoagulação, por meio da dose prescrita e dos exames de INR. Resultados: Vinte e nove pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. O principal fator de risco para TE foi o uso de cateter venoso central, em 89,6% dos pacientes. Os pacientes com síndrome do intestino curto e em uso de NPT necessitaram de doses significativamente maiores (p≤0,05) para atingir e manter a INR no alvo. Os pacientes com ≤1 ano levaram mais tempo e necessitaram de uma dose maior para anticoagular e para manter o INR no alvo que os pacientes mais velhos. A mediana de exames de INR abaixo do alvo foi de 48,2% nos grupos estudados. Conclusões: A complexidade da terapia anticoagulante reforça a necessidade da elaboração de protocolos que orientem a prática clínica.


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe how children respond to oral anticoagulation with warfarin, verifying the influence of age, clinical condition, route of administration of warfarin and use of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), as well as to describe risk factors for the occurrence of thrombotic events (TE) in childhood. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study including all patients ≤18 years old for whom warfarin was prescribed in a university hospital. Patients were divided according to clinical condition, age, route of medication administration and use of TPN. Data was collected from the patients' medical records and the analysis considered the risk factors for TE already described in the literature, the time and the dose required in order to reach the first International Normalized Ratio (INR) in the target and the adverse events in this period. After reaching the INR, the maintenance of anticoagulation was verified by the prescribed dose and INR tests. Results: Twenty-nine patients were included in the study. The major risk factor for TE was the use of a central venous catheter in 89.6% of the patients. Patients with short bowel syndrome and total parenteral nutrition required significantly higher doses (p≤0.05) to achieve and maintain the INR in the target. Patients ≤1 year old needed longer periods and required an increased dose of anticoagulation and maintenance than older patients. The mean number of INR examinations below the target was 48.2% in the groups studied. Conclusions: The observed complexity of anticoagulant therapy reinforces the need to develop protocols that guide clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Warfarin/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Warfarin/pharmacology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Anticoagulants/pharmacology
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(5): 390-393, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897936

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Chylothorax is a lymphatic extravasation into pleural cavity and its incidence is 0.25%-5.3% in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Objective: To evaluate the incidence of chylothorax in pediatrics patients operated, linking it in each surgical intervention. Evaluate treatment types and efficiency. Methods: Retrospective study using medical records of children undergoing cardiac surgery in the Hospital do Coração between 2004 and 2014. For statistical analysis, qualitative variables by absolute frequency and relative frequency; quantitative variables, by median of 25 and 75 percentiles, as they did not present normal distribution (Shapiro-Wilk, P<0.05). The Chi-square test was used for the association between type of treatment and result. The adopted confidence level was 95%. Results: Incidence of chylothorax was 2.1% (0.9% in intracardiac surgery, 1.7% correction of patent ductus arteriosus and aortic coarctation, 8.3% Glenn's surgery, 11.8% total cavopulmonary surgery and 3% in others). Among treatments, fasting associated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) resolved 51% of the cases. Hypoglossal diet had failed treatment and surgical referral in 22% of the cases. Fasting with TPN associated with octreotide had success in the treatment of chylothorax in a period exceeding 15 days in 78% of cases, and 3.7% were referred for surgery. Conclusion: According to the results, incidence of chylothorax was 2.18%. Treatment with fasting and TPN leads to resolutions in 86.5%, and the association with octreotide was successful in 85.1% of cases, showing an efficient option, while the treatment with hypoglossal diet had therapeutic failure in 22% of the cases in which it was used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Chylothorax/therapy , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Chylothorax/etiology , Parenteral Nutrition, Total
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303871

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compared the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic repair (LR) versus open repair (OR) for perforated peptic ulcers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to June 2014, in Shanghai Tongji Hospital, 119 patients who were diagnosed as perforated peptic ulcers and planned to receive operation were prospectively enrolled. Patients were randomly divided into LR (58 patients) and OR(61 patients) group by computer. Intra-operative and postoperative parameters were compared between two groups. This study was registered as a randomized controlled trial by the China Clinical Trials Registry (registration No.ChiCTR-TRC-11001607).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in baseline data between two groups (all P>0.05). No significant differences of operation time, morbidity of postoperative complication, mortality, reoperation probability, decompression time, fluid diet recovery time and hospitalization cost were found between two groups (all P>0.05). As compared to OR group, LR group required less postoperative fentanyl [(0.74±0.33) mg vs. (1.04±0.39) mg, t=-4.519, P=0.000] and had shorter hospital stay [median 7(5 to 9) days vs. 8(7 to 10) days, U=-2.090, P=0.001]. In LR group, 3 patients(5.2%) had leakage in perforation site after surgery. One case received laparotomy on the second day after surgery for diffuse peritonitis. The other two received conservative treatment (total parenteral nutrition and enteral nutrition). There was no recurrence of perforation in OR group. One patient of each group died of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) 22 days after surgery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LR may be preferable for treating perforated peptic ulcers than OR, however preventive measures during LR should be taken to avoid postopertive leak in perforation site.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Enteral Nutrition , Female , Fentanyl , Humans , Laparoscopy , Rehabilitation , Laparotomy , Length of Stay , Male , Multiple Organ Failure , Epidemiology , Operative Time , Pain, Postoperative , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Peptic Ulcer Perforation , Rehabilitation , General Surgery , Peritonitis , Therapeutics , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27207

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was the early diagnosis of ABCB11 spectrum liver disorders, especially those focused on benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis and progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis. METHODS: Fifty patients presenting neonatal cholestasis were evaluated to identify underlying etiologies. Genetic analysis was performed on patients suspected to have syndromic diseases or ABCB11 spectrum liver disorders. Two families with proven ABCB11 spectrum liver disorders were subjected to genetic analyses to confirm the diagnosis and were provided genetic counseling. Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were performed on the patients and the family members. RESULTS: Idiopathic or viral hepatitis was diagnosed in 34%, metabolic disease in 20%, total parenteral nutrition induced cholestasis in 16%, extrahepatic biliary atresia in 14%, genetic disease in 10%, neonatal lupus in 2%, congenital syphilis in 2%, and choledochal cyst in 2% of the patients. The patient with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis had novel heterozygous mutations of ABCB11 c.11C>G (p.Ser4*) and c.1543A>G (p.Asn515Asp). The patient with benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis had homozygous mutations of ABCB11 c.1331T>C (p.Val444Ala) and heterozygous, c.3084A>G (p.Ala1028Ala). Genetic confirmation of ABCB11 spectrum liver disorder led to early liver transplantation in the progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis patient. In addition, the atypically severe benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis patient was able to avoid unnecessary liver transplantation after genetic analysis. CONCLUSION: ABCB11 spectrum liver disorders can be clinically indistinguishable as they share similar characteristics related to acute episodes. A comprehensive genetic analysis will facilitate optimal diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Biliary Atresia , Choledochal Cyst , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Exome , Genetic Counseling , Hepatitis , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia , Jaundice , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Metabolic Diseases , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Syphilis, Congenital
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148439

ABSTRACT

Since its introduction as an alternative intestinal lengthening technique, the serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) procedure has been used increasingly as the surgical treatment of choice for children with short bowel syndrome (SBS). On the other hand, there are few report of its efficacy in adults with SBS, particularly those who have previously undergone a gastrectomy. This case report describes a 34-year-old woman with a short bowel after an esophagectomy and total gastrectomy due to lye ingestion followed by an extensive intestinal resection due to small bowel strangulation. The STEP procedure was performed successfully and the small intestine was lengthened from 55 to 75 cm. The patient tolerated the procedure well and was weaned off total parenteral nutrition. The frequency and characteristics of diarrhea improved, and her weight remained acceptable via management with intermittent parenteral nutritional support for 6 months postoperatively. This case suggests that the STEP procedure should be considered for gastrectomized patients with SBS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Diarrhea , Eating , Esophagectomy , Female , Gastrectomy , Hand , Humans , Intestine, Small , Lye , Nutritional Support , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Short Bowel Syndrome
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28079

ABSTRACT

Intestinal hypoganglionosis is a rare innervation disorder that provides numerous nutritional, medical and surgical challenges. In this case report, we present a case of a newborn with intestinal hypoganglionosis leading to intestinal failure and intestinal failure-associated liver disease who responded to Omegaven™, a fat emulsion comprised of omega-3 fatty acids. Omegaven™ has been shown to be beneficial in the management of cholestatic liver injury. Clinical success with Omegaven™ was seen in this patient with a clear decrease in aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and complete resolution of cholestasis with a direct bilirubin of zero within two weeks of initiation of Omegaven™. No current guidelines for the diagnosis and management of hypoganglionosis are available. We recommend a multidisciplinary approach and the use of novel therapies such as fat emulsions composed of omega-3 fatty acids for improved patient outcomes. Appropriate compassionate use protocols should be obtained from the Food and Drug Administration prior to initiation of Omegaven™.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Alkaline Phosphatase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Bilirubin , Cholestasis , Compassionate Use Trials , Diagnosis , Empathy , Emulsions , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Hirschsprung Disease , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Liver , Liver Diseases , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , United States Food and Drug Administration
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