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1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 487-491, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356960

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los pseudoaneurismas de la arteria humeral son infrecuentes, pero pueden asociarse a complicaciones de alta morbilidad como la isquemia de miembro superior. Comunicamos un caso de pseudoaneurisma humeral en el pliegue del codo, que se presentó como tumor pulsátil con leve disminución de la temperatura y parestesias en la mano homolateral de un año de evolución, debido a una punción arterial inadvertida durante la venopunción para extracción de sangre. Se trató con éxito mediante resección quirúrgica más reconstrucción vascular con bypass húmero-cubital y bypass húmero-radial ambos con vena safena. Se discuten las diversas opciones terapéuticas disponibles para los pseudoaneurismas humerales considerando las características anatómicas y la sintomatología del paciente.


ABSTRACT Brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are rare but can be associated with severe complications as ischemia of the upper extremity. We report a case of a brachial artery pseudoaneurysm in the crease of the elbow presenting as a pulsating mass with progressive growth over the past year. The ipsilateral hand was sightly cold and presented paresthesia. The lesion was due to inadvertent arterial puncture during venipuncture. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated with surgical resection and vascular reconstruction with a brachial to ulnar artery bypass and brachial to radial artery bypass with saphenous vein graft. The different therapeutic options available for brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are discussed, considering the anatomic characteristics and patients' symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Ischemia , Paresthesia , Saphenous Vein , Therapeutics , Brachial Artery , Ulnar Artery , Phlebotomy , Upper Extremity , Iatrogenic Disease
2.
Medisan ; 25(4)2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1340214

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 36 años de edad, quien acudió a la consulta de Ortopedia y Traumatología del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, con un alambrón oxidado, encarnado en la cara palmar de la muñeca derecha, con parestesias en la zona de inervación del nervio mediano. La radiografía reveló que dentro de las estructuras de la muñeca había 10 cm del alambrón, con la porción distal doblada en forma de gancho, por lo cual se le realizó intervención quirúrgica de urgencia. Se utilizó anestesia regional, sedación e isquemia y se extrajo el cuerpo extraño en sentido contrario a la curvatura que presentaba. Luego de pasar el efecto anestésico persistían las parestesias en el pulpejo del índice, que desaparecieron completamente a los 4 meses del accidente. Se incorporó a sus labores habituales a los 2 meses de operado.


The case report of a 36 years patient is described. He went to the Orthopedics and Traumatology Service of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, with a rusty big wire, ingrowing in the right wrist palmar face, with paresthesias in the innervation area of the median nerve. The x-ray revealed that inside the wrist structures there was 10 cm of the big wire, with the distal portion bent in hook form, reason why an emergency surgical intervention was carried out. Regional anesthesia, sedation and ischemia were used and the strange body was removed in sense contrary to the bend that presented. After the anesthetic effect eased the paresthesias of the index finger tip persisted that disappeared completely 4 months after the accident. He went back to his usual works 2 months after the operation.


Subject(s)
Paresthesia/therapy , Foreign Bodies , Median Nerve/injuries , Accidents, Occupational , Median Nerve/surgery
3.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e700, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251505

ABSTRACT

Cervical kyphoscoliosis is an uncommon spinal deformity. Kyphosis or outward curvature of cervical-spine (Image A) has led to a fixed flexion state resulting in suspension of patient's head in the air while lying on the imaging table. Additionally, dextroscoliosis or rightward convexity of the cervical vertebral axis has resulted in a persistent leftward head tilt (Image B). Head and neck radiation and trauma can lead to cervical kyphoscoliosis. In addition to the cosmetic deformity, patients present with myelopathic sensorimotor symptoms such as weakness and tingling of upper extremities. The Poisson effect states that flexion of the spine lengthens and stretches the spinal canal, reduces its area and narrows its lumen. This causes spinal cord impingement and myelopathy.


La cifoescoliosis cervical es una deformidad de la columna vertebral poco frecuente. La cifosis o la curvatura hacia fuera de la columna cervical (imagen A) ha dado lugar a un estado de flexión fija que provoca la suspensión de la cabeza del paciente en el aire mientras está tumbado en la mesa de diagnóstico por imagen. Además, la dextroscoliosis o convexidad hacia la derecha del eje vertebral cervical ha dado lugar a una inclinación persistente de la cabeza hacia la izquierda (Imagen B). La radiación de cabeza y cuello y los traumatismos pueden provocar cifoescoliosis cervical. Además de la deformidad estética, los pacientes presentan síntomas sensoriomotores mielopáticos como debilidad y hormigueo en las extremidades superiores. El efecto Poisson establece que la flexión de la columna vertebral alarga y estira el canal espinal, reduce su área y estrecha su lumen. Esto provoca el pinzamiento de la médula espinal y la mielopatía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Diseases , Spine , Congenital Abnormalities , Paresthesia , Radiology , Spinal Canal , Cervical Vertebrae , Neck
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 346-350, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288666

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to determine the frequency of trigger finger (TF) onset after surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) using an open (OT) or an endoscopic technique (ET). As a secondary endpoint, the present study also compared paresthesia remission and residual pain rates in patients submitted to both techniques. Methods Trigger finger onset and remission rates of paresthesia and pain at the median nerve territory was verified prospectively in a series of adult patients submitted to an OT procedure (n = 34). These findings were compared with a retrospective cohort submitted to ET (n = 33) by the same surgical team. Patients were evaluated with a structured questionnaire in a return visit at least 6 months after surgery. Results Sixty-seven patients were evaluated. There was no difference regarding trigger finger onset (OT, 26.5% versus ET, 27.3%; p = 0.94) and pain (OT, 76.5% versus ET, 84.8%; p = 0.38). Patients submitted to OT had fewer paresthesia complaints compared with those operated using ET (OT, 5.9% versus ET, 24.2%; p = 0.03). Conclusions In our series, the surgical technique did not influence trigger finger onset and residual pain rates. Patients submitted to OT had less complaints of residual postoperative paresthesia.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a frequência do aparecimento de dedo em gatilho (DG) no pós-operatório da síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC) em duas técnicas: aberta (TA) e endoscópica (TE). Como desfecho secundário, comparar as taxas de remissão da parestesia e dor residual entre as duas técnicas. Métodos De forma prospectiva, verificamos o aparecimento de dedo em gatilho e taxa de remissão da parestesia e dor no território do nervo mediano em série de pacientes adultos operados pela TA (n = 34). Comparamos com coorte retrospectiva operada pela TE (n = 33), pela mesma equipe de cirurgiões. A avaliação dos pacientes ocorreu por meio de questionário estruturado em consulta de retorno, com mínimo de 6 meses de pós-operatório. Resultados Sessenta e sete pacientes foram avaliados. Não houve diferença quanto ao aparecimento de dedo em gatilho (TA, 26,5% versus TE, 27,3%; p = 0,94) e dor (TA, 76,5% versus TE, 84.8%; p = 0,38). Os pacientes operados pela TA apresentaram menos queixas de parestesia do que os operados pela TE (TA 5,9% versus TE 24,2%; p = 0,03). Conclusões Em nossa série, a técnica cirúrgica não influenciou o aparecimento de dedos em gatilho e dor residual. Os pacientes operados pela técnica aberta apresentaram menos queixa de parestesia residual pós-operatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Paresthesia , Comparative Study , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Surveys and Questionnaires , Endoscopy , Trigger Finger Disorder , Median Nerve
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 356-359, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288663

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to correlate electroneuromyography (ENMG) findings in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods In total, 154 patients were evaluated in a hand surgery outpatient clinic. All ENMG tests were bilaterally performed by a single neurologist. Qualitative variables were described for all patients with CTS according to their diabetic status, and the chi-squared test was used to reveal any association. A joint model was adjusted to determine the influence of diabetes on ENMG severity in CTS patients. Results The sample consisted of 117 women and 37 men, with an average age of 56.9 years old. Electroneuromyography demonstrated bilateral CTS in 82.5% of the patients. Diabetes was identified in 21.4% of the cases. Severe ENMG was prevalent. Conclusion There was no association between diabetes and ENMG severity in patients with CTS. Level of evidence IV, case series.


Resumo Objetivo O presente trabalho teve por objetivo verificar se existe correlação entre a síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC) e eletroneuromiografia (ENMG) de pacientes diabéticos e não diabéticos. Métodos Foram avaliados 154 pacientes em um ambulatório de cirurgia da mão. Todas as ENMGs avaliadas foram realizadas por um único neurologista, bilateralmente. As variáveis qualitativas foram descritas para todas as pessoas em acompanhamento devido à STC segundo a presença de diabetes e foi verificada a associação com uso do teste qui-quadrado. Foi ajustado o modelo conjunto para verificar a influência da diabetes na gravidade da ENMG em pacientes com STC. Resultados Foram incluídos no presente estudo 117 mulheres e 37 homens, com média de idade de 56,9 anos. Eletroneuromiografia demonstrando STC bilateral foi observada em 82,5% das pessoas. Pessoas diabéticas foram identificadas em 21,4% dos casos. Eletroneuromiografia com padrão grave foi prevalente. Conclusão Não houve associação entre a presença de diabetes e a gravidade da ENMG em pessoas com STC. Nível de evidência IV, série de casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Paresthesia , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Median Neuropathy , Diabetes Mellitus , Electromyography
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-8, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178415

ABSTRACT

The filling material should be restricted to the root canal, and not extend to the periradicular tissues. Overextension occurs when there is an overflow of gutta-percha and sealer, whereas overfilling refers to the overflow only of sealer beyond the apical foramen. Both may cause several negative clinical consequences. Nevertheless, an accurate diagnosis of where they occurred cannot always be performed by conventional radiographic examination, because of the two-dimensional aspect of the image. This paper describes a clinical case of labiomandibular paraesthesia after overfilling into the mandibular canal (MC), as diagnosed by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), later used to perform the treatment planning. A 34-year-old Caucasian female patient sought a private dental clinic complaining of pain in the right mandibular posterior region. After taking the anamnesis and performing clinical and radiographic exams, the patient was diagnosed with pulp necrosis in the second right mandibular molar, and underwent root canal treatment. The final radiography showed overextension or overfilling, probably into the MC. About 2 hours after the procedure, the patient reported paraesthesia of her lower right lip and chin. A CBCT confirmed a small overfilling into the MC. For this reason, vitamin B12 was prescribed as the first treatment option. After 7 days, the patient reported a significant decrease in paraesthesia, and was completely normal after 15 days. This case report shows that CBCT is an effective radiographic diagnostic tool that can be used as an alternative in clinical cases of labiomandibular paraesthesia caused by overextension or overfilling (AU)


O material obturador deve preencher todo o canal sem extravasar para os tecidos perirradiculares. O extravasamento de guta-percha e cimento além do forame apical, denomina-se sobrextensão, enquanto o termo sobreobturação refere-se ao extravasamento de cimento endodôntico. Ambos podem causar consequências clínicas negativas, porém um preciso diagnóstico nem sempre é logrado somente a partir do exame radiográfico convencional em razão de sua natureza bidimensional. O presente relato descreve um caso clínico de parestesia de lábio inferior e mento após o extravasamento de cimento obturador para o canal mandibular (CM), diagnosticado por meio da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), também utilizada para o planejamento do tratamento. Paciente do gênero feminino, 34 anos, leucoderma, procurou atendimento odontológico particular queixando-se de dor odontogênica na região posterior direita da mandíbula. Finalizados a anamnese e o exame clínico-radiográfico, diagnosticou-se a necrose pulpar do segundo molar inferior direito, ulteriormente submetido ao tratamento endodôntico. A radiografia final evidenciou provável extravasamento de material obturador para o interior do CM. Aproximadamente 2 horas após, a paciente relatou parestesia no lábio inferior direito e no queixo, e a TCFC confirmou a presença de pequena quantidade de cimento obturador no CM. Por conseguinte, a prescrição de vitamina B12 foi o tratamento de escolha. Decorridos 7 dias, a paciente referiu significativa diminuição da parestesia e após 15 dias os padrões de normalidade estavam completamente restabelecidos. O presente relato de caso demonstra que a TCFC é uma ferramenta de diagnóstico potencialmente empregada em casos de parestesia labiomandibular causada por sobrextensão ou sobreobturação (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Paresthesia , Endodontics , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
7.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(9): 513-519, 20200000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362771

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome del hombre rígido representa una rara enfermedad neuromuscular caracterizada por rigidez muscular progresiva y espasmos musculares dolorosos que afecta a 1 persona por cada millón de habitantes por año en el mundo. En la mayoría de los pacientes se encuentran niveles elevados de anticuerpos descarboxilasa del ácido glutámico. En Colombia solo se han publicado alrededor de 3 casos, lo que motiva la presentación de un nuevo informe que aporte a la discusión actual en el campo de la neurología clínica. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo femenino de 35 años con cuadro clínico progresivo de varios años, caracterizado por contracciones paroxísticas dolorosas, parestesias y pérdida de fuerza. Se documentó la presencia de anticuerpos anti-GAD compatibles con el síndrome del hombre rígido. Tras un tratamiento integral, que incluyó la infusión farmacológicamente intratecal con baclofeno, se obtuvo mejoría clínica en el índice de Barthel. Conclusiones: El síndrome del hombre rígido es una condición infradiagnosticada que se asocia a un deterioro de la calidad de vida de quienes lo padecen.


Introduction: Stiff man syndrome represents a rare neuromuscular disease characterized by progressive muscle rigidity and painful muscle spasms that affects 1 person for every million habitants per year in the world. High levels of glutamic acid antibodies decarboxylase are found in most patients. In Colombia, only around 3 cases have been published, which motivates the presentation of a new report that contributes to the current discussion in the field of clinical neurology. Clinical Case: 35-year-old female patient with a progressive clinical picture of several years, characterized by painful paroxysmal contractions, paresthesias and loss of strength. The presence of anti-GAD antibodies was documented, compatible with Stiff man syndrome. After comprehensive treatment, which included pharmacologically intrathecal infusion with baclofen, clinical improvement was obtained in the Barthel index. Conclusions: Stiff man syndrome is an underdiagnosed condition which is associated with a deterioration in the quality of life for those who suffer from it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Paresthesia/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Baclofen/therapeutic use , Stiff-Person Syndrome/diagnosis , Glutamic Acid , Neuromuscular Manifestations , Diagnosis, Differential , Muscle Rigidity/diagnosis
8.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(3): 6-11, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253212

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de parestesia do nervo alveolar inferior em exodontias dos terceiros molares mandibulares realizadas por estudantes de Odontologia. Material e métodos: O presente estudo retrospectivo incluiu os prontuários de 226 pacientes submetidos à exodontia dos terceiros molares mandibulares durante o período de julho de 2015 a agosto de 2017 por estudantes de Odontologia da Liga Acadêmica de Cirurgia da Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campus-Patos, Paraíba, Brasil. Resultados: Foram removidos 238 terceiros molares mandibulares de pacientes com faixa etária entre 16 a 42 anos, sendo a maioria dos pacientes do gênero feminino (71,68%). Nove dos pacientes (3,9%) relataram algum grau de comprometimento no território de inervação do nervo alveolar inferior com remissão total do sintoma no período de 3,7 meses. A prevalência da parestesia em relação ao número de terceiros molares inferiores extraídos foi de 1:25. Conclusão: A prevalência de parestesia decorrente da exodontia de terceiros molares mandibulares realizadas por estudantes de Odontologia é de 3,9%... (AU)


Objective: To define the prevalence of inferior alveolar nerve damage in mandibular third molar extractions performed by dentistry students. Materials and methods: The present retrospective study included the medical records of 226 patients submitted to mandibular third molar extraction during the period from July 2015 to August 2017 by students of Dentistry of the Academic League of Surgery of the Federal University of Campina Grande, Campus- Patos, Paraíba, Brazil. Results: 238 mandibular third molars were extracted from patients aged 16 to 42 years, with the majority of patients being females (71.68%). Nine of the patients (3.9%) reported some degree of involvement in the territory of innervation of the inferior alveolar nerve with total suspension of the symptom in the period of 3.7 months. The prevalence of damage in relation to the number of lower third molars extracted was 1:25. Conclusion: The prevalence of damage resulting from mandibular third molar extraction performed by dentistry students is 3.9%... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Paresthesia , Surgery, Oral , Mandibular Nerve , Molar , Molar, Third/surgery , Dentistry
9.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053534

ABSTRACT

Aims: To investigate the arm and hand function in hemodialysis patients. Methods: Upper limb function using validated questionnaires such as Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire (DASH), Cochin and Boston were applied to 57 chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis and 60 healthy controls. Epidemiological data, data on pain and paresthesia in the upper limb and handgrip strength were obtained. Results: The three questionnaires showed worse performance of upper limb function in chronic renal failure patients than controls: DASH questionnaire with P = 0.05; Cochin questionnaire with P = 0.0004 and Boston questionnaire with P = 0.03. The questionnaire scores were affected by presence of pain (P = 0.05 for DASH and < 0.0001 for Boston questionnaires) and paresthesia (DASH with P = 0.003; Cochin with P = 0.01 and Boston questionnaire with P < 0.0001). Handgrip strength was lower in hemodialysis patients when compared with controls (P = 0.02) but did not affect the performance of any of the studied questionnaires. Conclusions: Upper limb function is impaired in hemodialysis patients and the main associations found were with pain and paresthesia.


Objetivos: Investigar a função do braço e da mão em pacientes em hemodiálise. Métodos: A função dos membros superiores foi investigada utilizando-se questionários validados, como Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire (DASH), Cochin e Boston, sendo aplicada a 57 pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica em hemodiálise e 60 controles saudáveis. Foram obtidos dados epidemiológicos tais como dor e parestesia no membro superior e força de preensão manual. Resultados: Os três questionários apresentaram pior desempenho da função do membro superior em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica do que os controles: questionário DASH com P = 0,05; questionário de Cochin com P = 0,0004 e questionário de Boston com P = 0,03. Os escores do questionário foram afetados pela presença de dor (P = 0,05 para DASH e <0,0001 para questionários de Boston) e parestesia (DASH com P = 0,003; Cochin com P = 0,01 e Boston com P <0,0001). A força de preensão manual foi menor nos pacientes em hemodiálise quando comparados aos controles (P = 0,02), mas não afetou o desempenho de nenhum dos questionários estudados. Conclusões: A função do membro superior é prejudicada em pacientes em hemodiálise e as principais associações encontradas foram com dor e parestesia.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Pain , Paresthesia , Arteriovenous Fistula , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Kidney Diseases , Medicine , Nephrology
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811247

ABSTRACT

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological sleep disorder characterized by an urge to move the legs or arms and is associated with discomfort and paresthesia in the legs. RLS is diagnosed based on the clinical symptoms, and polysomnography is performed to quantify the periodic limb movements during sleep or in patients who undergo the suggested immobilization test. Determining the cause of RLS is important for accurately diagnosing and evaluating this condition. The treatment of RLS varies according to the etiology, severity, and frequency of the patients' symptoms. Accurate identification and treatment of the cause of RLS are important in patients with secondary RLS. Iron supplementation could be useful in patients with uremia, iron deficiency, and for RLS during pregnancy. Dopamine agonists have been used as the first-line treatment for primary RLS. On the other hand, augmentation is a known adverse effect associated with the long-term use of dopamine agonists. Therefore, recent treatment guidelines recommend the administration of anticonvulsants, such as pregabalin and gabapentin, to treat RLS. Iron, opioids, or benzodiazepines may be useful in patients refractory to anticonvulsants or dopamine agonists. RLS is a chronic condition. Therefore, it is essential to establish a long-term treatment plan, considering both the efficacy and adverse effects of therapeutic agents used in patients.


Subject(s)
Analgesics, Opioid , Anticonvulsants , Arm , Benzodiazepines , Diagnosis , Dopamine Agonists , Extremities , Hand , Humans , Immobilization , Iron , Leg , Paresthesia , Polysomnography , Pregabalin , Pregnancy , Restless Legs Syndrome , Sleep Wake Disorders , Uremia
11.
Med. UIS ; 32(3): 49-54, Sep.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114976

ABSTRACT

Resumen La luxación temporomandibular es infrecuente, pero genera gran repercusión en el esqueleto facial. En ocasiones el cuadro clínico inicial es inespecífico y puede confundirse con otras patologías si no se tiene un adecuado conocimiento del tema, o se realiza una anamnesis incorrecta. Este artículo presenta el caso de una paciente que consultó al servicio de urgencias por disartria y desviación de la comisura labial hacia la izquierda, asociado a dolor severo y parestesia en hemicara derecha. No obstante, al ingreso la paciente refirió síntomas ambiguos, que para el médico evaluador sugirieron una causa neurológica. Durante la observación se solicitó valoración por servicio de cirugía plástica, se logró orientación de la anamnesis y examen físico, obteniendo una impresión diagnóstica de luxación de articulación temporomandibular derecha, confirmada por imagenología, y por ende un tratamiento oportuno con reducción e inmovilización en el servicio de urgencias. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(3):49-54


Abstract The temporomandibular joint dislocation is uncommon, but it causes a great repercussion on the facial skeleton. Occasionally, the initial symptoms can be unspecific and confuse with other pathologies if there are not an adequate knowledge of the topic and the anamnesis is incorrect. This article presents a clinical case of a patient with dysarthria and left deviation of the labial commissure, associated with severe pain and paresthesia in the right side of the face. Nevertheless, the patient initially referred ambiguous symptoms, suggesting a neurological cause. During observation in the emergency room, plastic surgery service valorated the patient, with subsequent orientation of the anamnesis and physical examination, achieving a satisfactory management of the acute dislocation. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(3):49-54


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Joint Dislocations , Pain , Paresthesia , Pathology , Physical Examination , Printing , Skeleton , Surgery, Plastic , Temporomandibular Joint , Dysarthria , Face , Immobilization , Medical History Taking
12.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(3): 94-97, sept. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048277

ABSTRACT

Las fístulas arteriovenosas durales medulares son malformaciones vasculares adquiridas que constituyen una causa muy infrecuente de mielopatía progresiva (5-10 casos por millón de habitantes por año). La resonancia magnética es el estudio por imágenes de elección para su diagnóstico. A continuación presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 89 años, que consultó a la guardia de nuestra institución por un cuadro de paraparesia moderada asociada a parestesias e incontinencia urinaria posterior a esfuerzo físico. Se le diagnosticó una fístula arteriovenosa dural medular como causante de su cuadro. (AU)


Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are acquired spinal vascular malformations and a rare cause of progressive myelopathy (5-10 new cases per year and per 1 million inhabitants). Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnosis modality of choice. We present a case of a 89-year-old female patient who consulted the emergency department of our institution because of paraparesis and lower extremities paresthesias associated with urinary incontinence post physical effort. With the final diagnosis of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, as a cause of the clinical symptoms. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Dura Mater/abnormalities , Paresthesia , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Urinary Incontinence , Arteriovenous Fistula/etiology , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Low Back Pain/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Paraparesis , Fecal Incontinence , Hypertension/complications , Hypesthesia , Erectile Dysfunction , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(9): 1201-1207, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041066

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES Inguinal hernioplasty techniques have been improved since the first hernioplasty. Tension-free techniques that apply synthetic mesh materials, as in the Lichtenstein approach, are the gold standard. Laparoscopic hernioplasty is the strongest alternative to Lichtenstein. The superiority of laparoscopic hernioplasty over Lichtenstein is a major topic of debate. In this study, we aimed to find a conclusion to this debate by comparing our totally extraperitoneal (TEP) experiences with Lichtenstein experiences. METHODS Patients who underwent inguinal hernioplasty at the Gulhane Training and Research Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The sample included 96 TEP and 90 Lichtenstein patients for a total of 186 patients. The variables assessed were hospitalization duration, postoperative early visual analog scale score, chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications. Data were collected from patient records and via telephone questionnaire if needed. Data analysis was done by SPSS v20, using chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney U tests. RESULTS Male/female ratios were similar between the TEP and Lichtenstein groups. There was no difference in mean age between groups (p=0.1). The hospital stay was shorter (p=0.0001), and early postoperative visual analog scale score was lower in the TEP group (p=0.003). Chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications (hematoma, seroma, wound infection) were similar. CONCLUSIONS TEP is superior to Lichtenstein with shorter hospitalization duration and lower rates of early postoperative pain. No difference between the two techniques was found for chronic pain. We believe that laparoscopic hernioplasty approach may be the best alternative technique for inguinal hernia repair.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS As técnicas de hernioplastia inguinal foram melhoradas desde a primeira hernioplastia. Técnicas livres de tensão que aplicam materiais de malha sintética, como na abordagem de Lichtenstein, são o padrão ouro. A hernioplastia laparoscópica é a alternativa mais forte ao Lichtenstein. A superioridade da hernioplastia laparoscópica sobre o Lichtenstein é um dos principais temas debatidos. Neste estudo, procuramos encontrar uma conclusão para esse debate comparando nossas experiências totalmente extraperitoneais (TEP) com as experiências de Lichtenstein. MÉTODOS Pacientes submetidos à hernioplastia inguinal no Gulhane Training and Research Hospital de 2013 a 2018 foram incluídos neste estudo de coorte retrospectivo. A amostra incluiu 96 pacientes TEP e 90 pacientes Lichtenstein para um total de 186 pacientes. As variáveis avaliadas foram tempo de internação, escore da escala analógica visual precoce no pós-operatório, dor crônica, parestesia, recidiva e complicações pós-operatórias precoces. Os dados foram coletados dos prontuários e do questionário por telefone, se necessário. A análise dos dados foi realizada pelo SPSS v20, utilizando os testes qui-quadrado, exato de Fisher e U de Mann-Whitney. RESULTADOS As razões homem/mulher foram semelhantes entre os grupos TEP e Lichtenstein. Não houve diferença na média de idade entre os grupos (p=0,1). A permanência hospitalar foi menor (p=0,1) e a escala visual analógica precoce foi menor no grupo TEP (p=0,003). Dor crônica, parestesia, recorrência e complicações pós-operatórias imediatas (hematoma, seroma, infecção da ferida) foram semelhantes. CONCLUSÕES O TEP é superior ao Lichtenstein, com menor tempo de internação e menores taxas de dor pós-operatória precoce. Nenhuma diferença entre as duas técnicas foi encontrada para dor crônica. Acreditamos que a abordagem de hernioplastia laparoscópica pode ser a melhor técnica alternativa para correção de hérnia inguinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Paresthesia/etiology , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Chronic Pain/etiology , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 25(1): 44-56, ene.-jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1058571

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los pacientes refieren sus síntomas en una gran variedad de términos como: "estoy cansado", "me duelen las articulaciones", "me pica todo el cuerpo", "tengo la boca seca", entre otros. Ante estos síntomas el médico piensa de manera automática en un número limitado de patologías que le son familiares, pero existen muchas otras causas a estos síntomas que no se tienen en cuenta. El desconocimiento del médico hace que en el paciente se genere inconformidad al no tenerse un diagnóstico correcto y un tratamiento adecuado, esto lleva a múltiples consultas y que el médico llegue a preguntarse a sí mismo "¿será que este paciente tiene un diagnóstico psiquiátrico?". En este artículo se enumeran las causas frecuentes de estos síntomas mencionados, se describen causas que son pocas veces sospechadas y las claves clínicas para que el médico pueda hacer el diagnóstico de éstas. La primera parte desarrollará los síntomas: fatiga, parestesias, prurito, artralgias, ansiedad y cambios en el comportamiento. La segunda parte desarrollará los síntomas: intolerancia a los alimentos, xerostomía, síncope, disfagia y manifestaciones en pacientes con cirugía bariátrica.


Abstract Patients refer their symptoms in a variety of terms such as: "I am tired", "my joints hurt", "my body itches", "my mouth is dry", among others. Given these symptoms, the doctor automatically thinks in a limited number of pathologies that are familiar to him, but there are many other causes to these symptoms that are not taken into account. The lack of knowledge of the doctor causes the patient to be dissatisfied by not having a correct diagnosis and adequate treatment, this leads to multiple visits and the doctor comes to ask himself "will this patient have a psychiatric diagnosis?". This article lists the frequent causes of these symptoms, describes causes that are rarely suspected and the clinical keys for the doctor to diagnose them. The first part will address the symptoms: fatigue, paresthesia, pruritus, arthralgia, anxiety and changes in behavior. The second part will develop the symptoms: intolerance to food, xerostomia, syncope, dysphagia and manifestations in patients with bariatric surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety , Pruritus , Diagnosis , Mental Disorders , Paresthesia , Pathology , Signs and Symptoms , Volition , Xerostomia , Family , Arthralgia , Bariatric Surgery , Fatigue , Joints
15.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(1): 71-75, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-985436

ABSTRACT

Abstract Interscalene block (ISB) is the brachial plexus approach most frequently used in shoulder surgery, providing better postoperative analgesia and reducing the need for rescue morphine compared to general anesthesia. While it is considered a safe block, it has been associated with a relatively high rate of complications, the most serious of which are postoperative neurologic symptoms, such as paresthesia, dysesthesia, and reduced sensitivity. We present the case of a patient with prolonged neurological deficit lasting 4 months following nerve stimulation-guided ISB. Due to the multifactorial nature of postoperative neurological lesions, it can be difficult to determine their etiology. In our case, the brachial plexopathy was probably due to the administration of local anesthetic through the perineurium. We discuss possible causes and argue for the use of ultrasound associated with nerve stimulation when an ISB is performed in order to reduce the incidence of nerve puncture.


Resumen El bloqueo Interescalénico (BIE) es el abordaje al plexo braquial usado con mayor frecuencia en cirugía de hombro, que permite una mejor analgesia postoperatoria y reduce la necesidad de morfina de rescate, en comparación con la anestesia general. Si bien es cierto que se considera un bloqueo seguro, se ha asociado a una tasa de complicaciones relativamente alta, siendo la complicación más seria los síntomas neurológicos postoperatorios (SNPO), tales como parestesia, disestesia, y pérdida de la sensibilidad. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con déficit neurológico prolongado de 4 meses de duración, luego de BIE guiado por neuroestimulación. Debido a la naturaleza multifactorial de las lesiones neurológicas postoperatorias, puede ser difícil determinar su etiología. En nuestro caso, la plexopatía braquial se debió posiblemente a la administración de anestésico local (AL) a través del perineuro. Hacemos referencia a las posible causas y la opción de ultrasonido asociado a la neuroestimulación cuando se realiza un bloqueo interescalénico, a fin de reducir la incidencia de punción del nervio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty , Shoulder , Brachial Plexus , Anesthesia, General , Neurologic Manifestations , Paresthesia , Peripheral Nerves , Ultrasonics , Brachial Plexus Neuropathies , Analgesia , Anesthetics, Local , Morphine
16.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 9(3): 256-257, 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047440

ABSTRACT

Qual seu diagnóstico? Paciente feminina atendida no posto de saúde com queixas de lesões hipercrômicas e pruriginosas no dorso. Também relatou dor em coluna toracolombar e lombossacra de longa data. Realizou ressonancia que evidenciou compressão de raízes nervosas em alguns pontos, mas sem sinais de compressão medular. Analisando anamnese, exame fisico e exame de imagem a paciente foi diagnosticada com notalgia parestética.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Paresthesia , Pruritus , Nerve Crush
17.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 97-101, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811487

ABSTRACT

Tardy ulnar nerve palsy is ulnar neuropathy at or around elbow and commonly evaluated in the electromyography laboratory. However, ulnar neuropathy at the elbow due to neurofibroma is rare. Neurofibromas are tumors that arise within nerve fasciculi and anywhere along a nerve from dorsal root ganglion to the terminal nerve branch. We report one case of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow due to neurofibroma. Patient had paresthesia on the left 5th finger and there had been left hypothenar atrophy since 2 months ago. Tinel's sign was positive at left elbow. As a result of electromyography, there were suggestive of right ulnar neuropathy at or around elbow, referred to as tardy ulnar nerve palsy. Ultrasonography showed a diffuse tortuous thickening with multiple neurofibromas arising from individual fascicles of the ulnar nerve in cubital tunnel area. Surgery was then performed to release cubital tunnel of left elbow, then the patient's symptoms improved.


Subject(s)
Atrophy , Elbow , Electromyography , Fingers , Ganglia, Spinal , Humans , Neurofibroma , Neurofibromatoses , Paresthesia , Ulnar Nerve , Ulnar Neuropathies , Ultrasonography
18.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 592-600, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762969

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: We experienced the situation wherein some patients had new-onset pain or dysesthesia around the ring and little fingers (C8 symptom) or ulnar aspect of the forearm (T1 symptom) after cervical laminoplasty (LP). We investigated the incidence and the cause of new C8 or T1 symptoms and the clinical outcomes after C3–C6 LP or C3–C7 LP. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There were some reports regarding complications after cervical LP. However, there was no report regarding C8 or T1 symptoms after cervical LP. METHODS: Among the 33 patients enrolled in this study, 11 and 22 patients were treated with C3–C6 LP and C3–C7 LP, respectively. We prospectively evaluated C8 or T1 symptoms daily postoperatively for 1 week. The distance of the posterior spinal cord shifting and posterior subarachnoid space from C2 to T1 was measured by T2-weighted midsagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We evaluated pre- and postoperative axial neck pain, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, and JOA score improvement rate. RESULTS: C8 or T1 symptoms occurred in five and three patients with C3–C6 LP (45.5%) and C3–C7 LP (13.6%), respectively. The distance of the posterior subarachnoid space in C3–C6 LP at C7 was significantly shorter than that in C3–C7 LP at T1 on MRI 24 hours postoperatively (p=0.0448). Postoperative axial neck pain, pre- and postoperative JOA scores, and JOA score improvement rate were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of C8 or T1 symptoms in C3–C6 LP was higher than that in C3–C7 LP. C8 or T1 symptoms would be caused by the posterior fila radicularia and spinal cord impingement on the intact lower end of the lamina.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Fingers , Forearm , Humans , Incidence , Laminoplasty , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neck Pain , Paresthesia , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord , Subarachnoid Space
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762651

ABSTRACT

We report two cases of subacute combined degeneration (SCD) caused by nitrous oxide (N₂O) gas intoxication, which is rarely reported in Korea. Two patients recreationally inhaled N₂O gas daily for several months. They presented with paresthesia of limbs, voiding difficulty, and gait disturbance. The initial vitamin B₁₂ levels were normal or decreased, but homocysteine levels of the two patients were increased. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine showed T2-weighted hyperintensity in the bilateral dorsal columns of the cervical spinal cord. Electromyography and somatosensory evoked potential tests for both patients suggested posterior column lesion of the spinal cord combined with sensorimotor polyneuropathy. According to these findings, we concluded that the two patients had SCD. The patient’s symptoms partially improved after cessation of N₂O gas inhalation and the receiving of vitamin B₁₂ supplementation therapy. As the incidence of recreational N₂O gas inhalation is increasing in Korea, physicians must be alert to the N₂O induced SCD in patients presenting with progressive myelopathy.


Subject(s)
Cervical Cord , Electromyography , Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory , Extremities , Gait , Homocysteine , Humans , Incidence , Inhalation , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nitrous Oxide , Paresthesia , Polyneuropathies , Recreation , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Diseases , Spine , Subacute Combined Degeneration , Vitamin B 12 , Vitamins
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766751

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome caused by injury to skeletal muscle and characterized by myalgia and swelling of the affected muscles. Peripheral nerve injury rarely occurs in patients with rhabdomyolysis. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 8 consecutive patients with peripheral neuropathies associated with rhabdomyolysis. We assessed the clinical characteristics and electrodiagnostic findings of eight patients. RESULTS: In seven patients, rhabdomyolysis occurred after prolonged immobilization. In one patient, blunt trauma was a cause of rhabdomyolysis. All patients presented with weakness and paresthesia in lower extremities and electrodiagnostic tests showed peripheral nerve injury suggesting sciatic neuropathy or lumbosacral plexopathy. Although rhabdomyolysis itself recovered completely in all patients, neurologic deficits from neuropathy recovered partially and slowly. CONCLUSIONS: Sciatic nerve or lumbosacral plexus was injured in all eight patients. Among the various causes of rhabdomyolysis, prolonged immobilization is associated with development of peripheral neuropathy.


Subject(s)
Electrodiagnosis , Humans , Immobilization , Lower Extremity , Lumbosacral Plexus , Medical Records , Muscle, Skeletal , Muscles , Myalgia , Neurologic Manifestations , Paresthesia , Peripheral Nerve Injuries , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Rhabdomyolysis , Sciatic Nerve , Sciatic Neuropathy
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