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1.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(2): 60327, 02/08/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1452449

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O envelhecimento e a presença de doenças crônicas como a Doença de Parkinson (DP) podem gerar incapacidade e afetar a vida da pessoa, sendo que a Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde (CIF), na perspectiva biopsicossocial, permite conhecer a funcionalidade na DP. Objetivo: Investigar a funcionalidade de pessoas com Doença de Parkinson em atendimento fonoaudiológico grupal, tomando a CIF como base conceitual. Método: Pesquisa transversal, aprovada pelo CEP, com 10 participantes com DP, em atendimento fonoaudiológico grupal. Foi elaborado roteiro de entrevista para coleta do perfil sociodemográfico e questionário autoaplicável para coleta da autopercepção nas categorias da CIF em entrevistas com os participantes em três encontros grupais videogravados, com duração de 35 minutos cada. Para estabelecimento de parâmetros de referência, duas juízas fonoaudiólogas classificaram as respostas nas mesmas categorias. Resultados: Os participantes relataram prejuízos em Funções do Corpo (voz, articulação, fluência e do ritmo da fala, movimentos involuntários), dificuldades em Atividades e Participação (fala, conversação, uso fino da mão, andar, vestir-se, realização de tarefas domésticas, e recreação e lazer) e barreiras nos Fatores Ambientais. Em 60% dos casos a concordância entre participantes e juízas foi discreta, 30% regular, e em um caso (10%) foi forte. Conclusão: Os resultados mostram as dificuldades de linguagem e de funcionalidade na percepção das próprias pessoas com DP, conferindo um caráter original à pesquisa por dar voz a elas e trazer subsídios para o cuidado centrado na pessoa, transpondo, assim, a visão biomédica da atenção centrada na doença. (AU)


ntroduction: Aging and the presence of chronic diseases such as Parkinson's Disease (PD) can generate disability and affect a person's life, and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), from a biopsychosocial perspective, allows studying the functioning in PD. Objective: To investigate the functioning of people with PD in a speech-language pathology (SLP) group, taking the ICF as a conceptual basis. Method: Cross-sectional study, approved by the Ethics Committee, with 10 participants with PD, in SLP group. An interview script was developed to collect the sociodemographic profile and a self-administered questionnaire to collect self- perception in the ICF categories in interviews with participants in three videotaped group meetings, lasting 35 minutes each. To establish a reference parameter, two SLP with experience in the ICF (judges) classified the answers in the same categories. Results: Participants reported impairments in Body Functions (voice, articulation, fluency and rhythm of speech, involuntary movements), difficulties in Activities and Participation (speech, conversation, fine use of the hand, walking, dressing, performing household chores, and recreation and leisure) and barriers in Environmental Factors. In 60% of the cases, the agreement between participants and judges was slight, 30% regular, and in one case (10%) it was strong. Conclusion: The results showed language and functioning difficulties in the perception of people with PD, giving an original character to the research by giving them a voice and bringing subsidies to person-centered care, thus transposing the biomedical view of disease-centered care. (AU)


Introducción: El envejecimiento y la presencia de enfermedades crónicas como la Enfermedad de Parkinson (EP) pueden generar incapacidad y afectar a la vida de la persona, siendo que en la Clasificación Internacional del Funcionamiento, Incapacidad y Salud (CIF), en la perspectiva biopsicosocial, permite conocer el funcionamiento en la EP. Objetivo: Investigar el funcionamiento de personas con EP en la intervención fonoaudiológica grupal, tomando la CIF como base conceptual. Método: Estudio transversal aprobado por el CEP (Comité de Ética) con 10 participantes con EP, en tratamiento fonoaudilógico grupal. Se elaboró un guion de entrevista para colección de perfil sociodemográfico y un cuestionario autoaplicable para recopilar la autopercepción en las categorías de la CIF en entrevistas con los participantes en tres encuentros grupales videograbados, con una duración promedio de 35 minutos cada uno. Para establecer parámetros de referencia, dos juezas fonoaudiólogas clasificaron las respuestas en las mismas categorías. Resultados: Los participantes informaron déficit en las Funciones del Cuerpo (voz, articulación, fluidez y ritmo del habla, movimientos involuntarios), dificultades en las Actividades y Participación (habla, conversación, uso fino de la mano, caminar, vestirse, realizar las tareas domésticas, y recreación y ocio) y barreras en Factores Ambientales. En el 60% de los casos la concordancia entre participantes y juezas fue discreta, en el 30% fue regular y en un caso (10%) fue fuerte. Conclusión: Los resultados mostraron las dificultades de lenguaje y funcionamiento en la percepción de las propias personas con EP, dando un carácter original al estudio por darles voz y traer subsidios para el cuidado centrado en la persona, transponiendo así, la visión biomédica de la atención centrada en la enfermedad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Parkinson Disease , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health of the Disabled , Speech Sound Disorder , Physical Functional Performance , Models, Biopsychosocial , Group Practice
2.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(298): 9463-9474, mar.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1427604

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar sobre a assistência de Enfermagem a pacientes com Demência do Corpo de Lewy. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura, pela busca nas bases de dados, entre os anos de 2009 a 2021, utilizando os descritores: Doença por corpos de Lewy, Doença de Alzheimer, Doença de Parkinson, Assistência de Enfermagem. Resultado: A Demência do Corpo de Lewy é uma doença de difícil diagnóstico, por causa das semelhanças com as Doenças de Alzheimer e Parkinson, seu tratamento é baseado nessas patologias, não seguindo protocolos específicos da doença. A enfermagem tem por função principalmente orientar a família e oferecer uma assistência integral tanto para o paciente, quanto para o cuidador. Conclusão: É necessária, a realização de mais estudos, para entender como assistir um paciente diagnosticado com esta patologia adequadamente, dando suporte para um cuidado de enfermagem mais científico e integral, estabelecendo rotinas, promoveno assim qualidade de vida ao paciente e sua família.(AU)


Objective: To investigate Nursing care for patients with Lewy Body Dementia. Method: Integrative literature review, using the Scielo database, between 2009 and 2021, using the descriptors: Lewy body disease, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Nursing care. Result: Lewy Body Dementia is a disease that is difficult to diagnose, because of the similarities with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases, its treatment is based on these pathologies, not following disease-specific protocols. Nursing's main function is to guide the family and offer comprehensive care for both the patient and the caregiver. Conclusion: Further studies are needed to understand how to properly care for a patient diagnosed with this pathology, supporting a more scientific and comprehensive nursing care, establishing routines, thus promoting quality of life for patients and their families.(AU)


Objetivo: Investigar el cuidado de Enfermería a pacientes con Demencia con Cuerpos de Lewy. Método: Revisión integrativa de la literatura, utilizando la base de datos Scielo, entre 2009 y 2021, utilizando los descriptores: Enfermedad de cuerpos de Lewy, Enfermedad de Alzheimer, Enfermedad de Parkinson, Cuidados de enfermería. Resultado: La Demencia con Cuerpos de Lewy es una enfermedad de difícil diagnóstico, debido a las similitudes con el Alzheimer y el Parkinson, su tratamiento se basa en estas patologías, no siguiendo protocolos específicos de la enfermedad. La función principal de enfermería es orientar a la familia y ofrecer una atención integral tanto al paciente como al cuidador. Conclusión: Se necesitan más estudios para comprender cómo cuidar adecuadamente a un paciente diagnosticado con esta patología, apoyando un cuidado de enfermería más científico e integral, estableciendo rutinas, promoviendo así la calidad de vida de los pacientes y sus familias.(AU)


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Lewy Body Disease , Alzheimer Disease , Nursing Care
3.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427935

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: As restrições durante a pandemia do COVID-19 limitaram o acesso a centros de reabilitação especializados para tratamento fisioterapêutico de pessoas com Doença de Parkinson (DP). Sabe-se que a falta de exercícios físicos pode agravar as condições de saúde, levar à piora dos sinais típicos da doença e promover o declínio funcional. A telerreabilitação é uma estratégia que pode restaurar o acesso e facilitar a continuidade de assistência fisioterapêutica. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar os efeitos de um programa de exercícios físicos por telerreabilitação no nível de atividade física, no desempenho funcional de Membros Inferiores (MMII), no desempenho nas atividades de vida diária (AVD's) e na qualidade de vida (QV) em idosos com DP. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo experimental, descritivo, longitudinal, em que foram avaliados os efeitos da intervenção por telerreabilitação composta por 12 sessões de 1 hora, feitas 3 vezes/semana, realizada estatística analítica para fins comparativos pelo Teste t de Student. RESULTADOS: 22 participantes concluíram o estudo. Foi observada mudança significativa no nível de atividade física (IPAQ inicial de 0,18 ±0,39 e final de 1,0 ± 0, p = 0,0001), no desempenho funcional dos MMII (teste de sentar e levantar cinco vezes (TSLCV) tempo médio pré 16,22 ± 7.41, e após 12.26 ± 2.83, p= 0,0197), no desempenho nas atividades de vida diária (Brazilian OARS Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire (BOMFAQ) de 26,13 ± 6,31 e após de 35,45 ± 5,16, p = 0,0001) e na QV dos idosos com DP (PDQ-39 inicial de 45,92 ±15,36 e final de 23,63 ± 10,19, p = 0,0001). CONCLUSÃO: Concluise que houve mudança no nível de atividade física, no desempenho funcional de MMII, no desempenho nas AVD's e na QV.


INTRODUCTION: Restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic limited access to specialized rehabilitation centers for physical therapy treatment of people with Parkinson's disease (PD). It is known that lack of exercise can worsen health conditions, lead to worsening typical signs of the disease, and promote functional decline. Telerehabilitation is a strategy that can restore access and facilitate the continuity of physical therapy care. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a telerehabilitation exercise program on the level of physical activity, functional capacity of lower limbs, performance of activities of daily living (ADLs) and quality of life (QoL) in elderly patients with PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an experimental, descriptive, exploratory, longitudinal study, in which the effects of intervention by telerehabilitation were evaluated, the program was composed of 12 sessions of 1 hour, 3 times a week. Analytical statistics was done for comparative purposes by Student's t test. RESULTS: 22 participants completed the study. Significant change was observed in physical activity level (IPAQ initial 0.18 ±0.39 and final 1.0 ± 0, p = 0.0001), in the functional capacity of lower limbs (5 times sit and stand test (TSLCV) mean time pre 16.22 ± 7.41, and post 12.26 ± 2. 83, p= 0.0197), in the performance in the activities of daily living (Brazilian OARS Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire (BOMFAQ) of 26.13 ± 6.31 and after of 35.45 ± 5.16, p = 0.0001) and in the QL of the elderly with PD (PDQ-39 initial of 45.92 ±15.36 and final of 23.63 ± 10.19, p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: We conclude that there was a change in the level of physical activity, in the functional capacity of lower limbs, in the performance of ADLs and in QL.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Exercise , Telerehabilitation
4.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1523150

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A Doença de Parkinson (DP) é responsável por gerar déficits no equilíbrio e distúrbios cognitivos que refletem na capacidade funcional e podem aumentar a propensão a quedas em idosos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre qualidade de vida, aspectos cognitivos, medo de cair e risco de queda em idosos com DP. MÉTODO: Estudo observacional transversal. A caracterização dos sinais e sintomas motores foi realizada através da Moviment Disorder Society ­ Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS parte III). O Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39), o Mini-Exame do Estado Mental (MEEM) e o Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) também foram aplicados. O medo de cair foi mensurado pela Escala Internacional de Eficácia de Quedas (FES-I) e o risco de queda foi avaliado através do teste Timed Up and Go (TUG), do Teste de Alcance Funcional (TAF) e do teste de Sentar e Levantar (SL). A associação de Spearman foi usada para TUG, PDQ-39, MEEM, MoCA e FES-I, enquanto a associação de Pearson foi usada para TAF e SL, com p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: 29 participantes foram incluídos (70,14 ± 8,81 anos). O PDQ-39 apresentou associação significativa, inversa e regular com o TAF, enquanto o MEEM e o MoCA apresentaram uma associação significativa, inversa e forte com os testes TUG e SL. FES-I foi associado ao TUG e SL. CONCLUSÃO: A qualidade de vida, os aspectos cognitivos e o medo de cair estão correlacionados com o risco de queda em idosos com DP.


INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's Disease (PD) is responsible for impairment in balance and cognitive disorders that reflect on functional capacity and may increase the risk of falls in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association between quality of life, cognitive aspects, fear of falling, and risk of falling in elderly people with PD. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study. Motor signs and symptoms of PD were assessed by the Movement Disorder Society ­ Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS part III). The Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39), the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were also applied. The fear of falling was measured by the Falls Efficacy Scale - International (FES-I), and the risk of falling was assessed by the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, Functional Reach Test (FRT), and Sit and Stand test (SS). Spearman's association was used for TUG, PDQ39, MMSE, MoCA, and FES-I, while Pearson's association was used for FRT, SS, and other variables, with p <0.05. RESULTS: 29 participants were included (70.14 ±8.81 years). PDQ-39 showed a significant, inverse, and regular association with the FRT, while MMSE and MoCA showed a significant, inverse, and strong association with the TUG and SS tests. FES-I was associated with TUG and SS. CONCLUSION: Quality of life, cognitive aspects, and fear of falling were associated with the risk of falling in elderly people with PD.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Quality of Life , Aged
5.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; v. 27(n. 1 (2022)): 133-156, jan.2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1426837

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os comprometimentos do andar em idosos com doença de Parkinson (DP) estão associados à elevada ocorrência de quedas e à redução dos níveis de independência. O objetivo do estudo foi comparar a resposta dos parâmetros do andar em idosos com doença de Parkinson (DP), durante, imediatamente após e até uma hora após o término de uma sessão de treinamento do andar com e sem dicas auditivas rítmicas, utilizando três ritmos diferentes para o grupo dica (10% abaixo da cadência preferida, cadência preferida e 10% acima) e um ritmo diferente para o grupo controle (velocidade usual de cada participante). Métodos: vinte e nove idosos foram aleatoriamente distribuídos em dois grupos: "controle" e "dica". As sessões de intervenção tiveram 30 minutos de duração e a diferença entre os grupos foi a utilização de dicas auditivas rítmicas oferecidas por um metrônomo no grupo dica. O andar foi avaliado antes, durante e até uma hora após a sessão de intervenção. Resultados: os grupos apresentaram desempenhos similares ao longo das avaliações, com aumento do comprimento do passo e redução da variabilidade da duração do passo. Conclusão: a sessão de intervenção com dicas auditivas rítmicas apresentou efeitos similares aos da sessão de treino sem dica para o andar de idosos com DP.(AU)


Introduction: Gait impairments in older people with Parkinson's disease (PD) are associated with a high occurrence of falls and reduced levels of patients' independence. The objective of the study was to compare the response of gait parameters in older people with Parkinson's disease (PD), during, immediately after, and up to 1h after the end of a single locomotion training session with and without rhythmic auditory cues, using 3 different rhythms for the tip group (10% below the preferred cadence, preferred cadence and 10% above) and 1 different rhythm for the control group (usual speed of each participant). Materials and method: 29 older people were randomly assigned to two groups: Control and "Cue". The intervention sessions lasted 30 minutes and the difference between the groups was the use of rhythmic auditory cues offered by a metro-nome in the Cue group. Gait was assessed before, during, and up to 1 hour after the intervention session. Results: The groups showed similar performances throughout the assessments, with increased step length and reduced step time variability in response to the intervention (compared to the baseline assessment). Conclusion: The intervention session with rhythmic auditory cues had similar effects on gait as the session without cues in older people with PD.(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Parkinson Disease , Aging , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Locomotion
6.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 479-490, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971566

ABSTRACT

The accumulation of pathological α-synuclein (α-syn) in the central nervous system and the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta are the neuropathological features of Parkinson's disease (PD). Recently, the findings of prion-like transmission of α-syn pathology have expanded our understanding of the region-specific distribution of α-syn in PD patients. Accumulating evidence suggests that α-syn aggregates are released from neurons and endocytosed by glial cells, which contributes to the clearance of α-syn. However, the activation of glial cells by α-syn species produces pro-inflammatory factors that decrease the uptake of α-syn aggregates by glial cells and promote the transmission of α-syn between neurons, which promotes the spread of α-syn pathology. In this article, we provide an overview of current knowledge on the role of glia and α-syn pathology in PD pathogenesis, highlighting the relationships between glial responses and the spread of α-syn pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/pathology , alpha-Synuclein/metabolism , Dopaminergic Neurons/metabolism , Pars Compacta/metabolism
7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 113-124, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971556

ABSTRACT

The way sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) is perceived has undergone drastic changes in recent decades. For a long time, PD was considered a brain disease characterized by motor disturbances; however, the identification of several risk factors and the hypothesis that PD has a gastrointestinal onset have shed additional light. Today, after recognition of prodromal non-motor symptoms and the pathological processes driving their evolution, there is a greater understanding of the involvement of other organ systems. For this reason, PD is increasingly seen as a multiorgan and multisystemic pathology that arises from the interaction of susceptible genetic factors with a challenging environment during aging-related decline.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/pathology , Gastrointestinal Tract , Risk Factors , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Prodromal Symptoms , alpha-Synuclein
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 175-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an efficient protocol for directed differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into functional midbrain dopaminergic progenitor cells (DAPs) in vitro.@*METHODS@#hiPSCs were induced to differentiate into DAPs in two developmental stages. In the first stage (the first 13 days), hiPSCs were induced into intermediate cells morphologically similar to primitive neuroepithelial cells (NECs) in neural induction medium containing a combination of small molecule compounds. In the second stage, the intermediate cells were further induced in neural differentiation medium until day 28 to obtain DAPs. After CM-DiI staining, the induced DAPs were stereotactically transplanted into the right medial forebrain bundle (MFB) of rat models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Eight weeks after transplantation, the motor behaviors of PD rats was evaluated. Immunofluorescence assay of brain sections of the rats was performed at 2 weeks after transplantation to observe the survival, migration and differentiation of the transplanted cells in the host brain microenvironment.@*RESULTS@#hiPSCs passaged stably on Matrigel showed a normal diploid karyotype, expressed the pluripotency markers OCT4, SOX2, and Nanog, and were positive for alkaline phosphatase. The primitive neuroepithelial cells obtained on day 13 formed dense cell colonies in the form of neural rosettes and expressed the neuroepithelial markers (SOX2, Nestin, and PAX6, 91.3%-92.8%). The DAPs on day 28 highly expressed the specific markers (TH, FOXA2, LMX1A and NURR1, 93.3-96.7%). In rat models of PD, the hiPSCs-DAPs survived and differentiated into TH+, FOXA2+ and Tuj1+ neurons at 2 weeks after transplantation. Eight weeks after transplantation, the motor function of PD rats was significantly improved as shown by water maze test (P < 0.0001) and apomorphine-induced rotation test (P < 0.0001) compared with rats receiving vehicle injection.@*CONCLUSION@#HiPSCs can be effectively induced to differentiate into DAPs capable of differentiating into functional neurons both in vivo and in vitro. In rat models of PD, the transplanted hiPSCs-DAPs can survive for more than 8 weeks in the MFB and differentiate into multiple functional neurocytes to ameliorate neurological deficits of the rats, suggesting the potential value of hiPSCs-DAPs transplantation for treatment of neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Animals , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Neurons , Parkinson Disease , Mesencephalon , Cells, Cultured
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 780-787, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980829

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is a novel and minimally invasive technology. Since the US Food and Drug Administration approved unilateral ventral intermediate nucleus-MRgFUS for medication-refractory essential tremor in 2016, studies on new indications, such as Parkinson's disease (PD), psychiatric diseases, and brain tumors, have been on the rise, and MRgFUS has become a promising method to treat such neurological diseases. Currently, as the second most common degenerative disease, PD is a research hotspot in the field of MRgFUS. The actions of MRgFUS on the brain range from thermoablation, blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening, to neuromodulation. Intensity is a key determinant of ultrasound actions. Generally, high intensity can be used to precisely thermoablate brain targets, whereas low intensity can be used as molecular therapies to modulate neuronal activity and open the BBB in conjunction with injected microbubbles. Here, we aimed to summarize advances in the application of MRgFUS for the treatment of PD, with a focus on thermal ablation, BBB opening, and neuromodulation, in the hope of informing clinicians of current applications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Brain , Blood-Brain Barrier , Essential Tremor/surgery , Brain Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1261-1277, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980808

ABSTRACT

In the last decade, it has become increasingly recognized that a balanced gut microbiota plays an important role in maintaining the health of the host. Numerous clinical and preclinical studies have shown that changes in gut microbiota composition are associated with a variety of neurological diseases, e.g., Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and myasthenia gravis. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are complex and remain unclear. Behavioral phenotypes can be transmitted from humans to animals through gut microbiota transplantation, indicating that the gut microbiota may be an important regulator of neurological diseases. However, further research is required to determine whether animal-based findings can be extended to humans and to elucidate the relevant potential mechanisms by which the gut microbiota regulates neurological diseases. Such investigations may aid in the development of new microbiota-based strategies for diagnosis and treatment and improve the clinical management of neurological disorders. In this review, we describe the dysbiosis of gut microbiota and the corresponding mechanisms in common neurological diseases, and discuss the potential roles that the intestinal microbiome may play in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , Nervous System Diseases , Parkinson Disease , Microbiota , Brain
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 739-742, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980788

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of acupuncture on swallowing function and quality of life for patients with dysphagia in Parkinson's disease (PD).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients of PD with dysphagia were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 3 cases dropped off). The control group was given conventional medication therapy and rehabilitation training. On the basis of the treatment as the control group, the observation group was given acupuncture at Fengfu (GV 16), Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Yintang (GV 24+), Yansanzhen and bilateral Fengchi (GB 20), 30 min each time, once a day, 6 times a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the Kubota water swallowing test, standardized swallowing assessment (SSA) and swallowing quality of life (SWAL-QOL) were used to evaluate the swallowing function and quality of life of the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the Kubota water swallowing test grade, SSA scores in the two groups were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.05, P<0.001),the SWAL-QOL scores were increased compared with those before treatment (P<0.001); in the observation group,the Kubota water swallowing test grade and SSA score were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05),the SWAL-QOL score was higher than that in the control group (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional medication therapy and rehabilitation training,acupuncture could improve the swallowing function and quality of life for patients of PD with dysphagia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Deglutition , Quality of Life , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Water
12.
Journal of Medicine University of Santo Tomas ; (2): 1144-1152, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974057

ABSTRACT

@#The hospital is often a haven for people in need of care. However, for people with Parkinson’s disease (PD), hospitalizations can turn into a nightmare. People with PD are admitted to the hospital more frequently than those without PD. Infections, metabolic changes, exposure to anesthesia, changes in medication regimen or new medication changes are some common factors that may worsen PD symptoms during hospitalization. More importantly, the inherent complexity of PD pathophysiology creates challenges in management. Therefore, understanding PD pathophysiology and recognizing care gaps enable optimization of inpatient care among this vulnerable population.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Inpatients
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1927-1935, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981412

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the neuroprotective mechanism of ginsenoside Re(GS-Re) on drosophila model of Parkinson's disease(PD) induced by rotenone(Rot). To be specific, Rot was used to induce PD in drosophilas. Then the drosophilas were grouped and respectively treated(GS-Re: 0.1, 0.4, 1.6 mmol·L~(-1); L-dopa: 80 μmol·L~(-1)). Life span and crawling ability of drosophilas were determined. The brain antioxidant activity [content of catalase(CAT), malondialdehyde(MDA), reactive oxygen species(ROS), superoxide dismutase(SOD)], dopamine(DA) content, and mitochondrial function [content of adenosine triphosphate(ATP), NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit B8(NDUFB8) Ⅰ activity, succinate dehydrogenase complex, subunit B(SDHB) Ⅱ activity] were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The number of DA neurons in the brains of drosophilas was measured with the immunofluorescence method. The levels of NDUFB8 Ⅰ, SDHB Ⅱ, cytochrome C(Cyt C), nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2(Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1(HO-1), B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 2(Bcl-2)/Bcl-2-assaciated X protein(Bax), and cleaved caspase-3/caspase-3 in the brain were detected by Western blot. The results showed that model group [475 μmol·L~(-1) Rot(IC_(50))] demonstrated significantly low survival rate, obvious dyskinesia, small number of neurons and low DA content in the brain, high ROS level and MDA content, low content of SOD and CAT, significantly low ATP content, NDUFB8 Ⅰ activity, and SDHB Ⅱ activity, significantly low expression of NDUFB8 Ⅰ, SDHB Ⅱ, and Bcl-2/Bax, large amount of Cyt C released from mitochondria to cytoplasm, low nuclear transfer of Nrf2, and significantly high expression of cleaved caspase-3/caspase-3 compared with the control group. GS-Re(0.1, 0.4, and 1.6 mmol·L~(-1)) significantly improved the survival rate of PD drosophilas, alleviated the dyskinesia, increased DA content, reduced the loss of DA neurons, ROS level, and MDA content in brain, improved content of SOD and CAT and antioxidant activity in brain, maintained mitochondrial homeostasis(significantly increased ATP content and activity of NDUFB8 Ⅰ and SDHB Ⅱ, significantly up-regulated expression of NDUFB8 Ⅰ, SDHB Ⅱ, and Bcl-2/Bax), significantly reduced the expression of Cyt C, increased the nuclear transfer of Nrf2, and down-regulated the expression of cleaved caspase-3/caspase-3. In conclusion, GS-Re can significantly relieve the Rot-induced cerebral neurotoxicity in drosophilas. The mechanism may be that GS-Re activates Keap1-Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway by maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis, improves antioxidant capacity of brain neurons, then inhibits mitochondria-mediated caspase-3 signaling pathway, and the apoptosis of neuronal cells, thereby exerting the neuroprotective effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Caspase 3/metabolism , Parkinson Disease/genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Drosophila/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Apoptosis , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Adenosine Triphosphate/pharmacology
14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 484-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981295

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease(PD)is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease,with high morbidity and high disability rate.Since the early symptoms of PD are not typical and often similar to those of normal aging or other diseases.It is easy to missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis,which seriously affects the diagnosis and treatment of this disease and aggravetes the burden on the patients' life.MicroRNAs(miRNA)are a class of endogenous non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation by binding to target messenger RNAs(mRNA).They are highly conserved,short,easy to obtain,and can stably exist in peripheral body fluids.They have been used as biomarkers for a variety of diseases.Recent studies have demonstrated that miRNA play an important role in the development of PD.This paper reviews the recent research progress of miR-7/124/155,three mature miRNA in PD,aiming to provide reference for clarifying the pathogenesis and guiding the diagnosis and treatment of PD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease , Neurodegenerative Diseases , MicroRNAs/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Biomarkers/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1773-1788, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981169

ABSTRACT

A triple-transgenic (tyrosine hydroxylase/dopamine decarboxylase/GTP cyclohydrolase 1, TH/DDC/GCH1) bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell line (BMSCs) capable of stably synthesizing dopamine (DA) transmitters were established to provide experimental evidence for the clinical treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) by using this cell line. The DA-BMSCs cell line that could stably synthesize and secrete DA transmitters was established by using the triple transgenic recombinant lentivirus. The triple transgenes (TH/DDC/GCH1) expression in DA-BMSCs was detected using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blotting, and immunofluorescence. Moreover, the secretion of DA was tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Chromosome G-banding analysis was used to detect the genetic stability of DA-BMSCs. Subsequently, the DA-BMSCs were stereotactically transplanted into the right medial forebrain bundle (MFB) of Parkinson's rat models to detect their survival and differentiation in the intracerebral microenvironment of PD rats. Apomorphine (APO)-induced rotation test was used to detect the improvement of motor dysfunction in PD rat models with cell transplantation. The TH, DDC and GCH1 were expressed stably and efficiently in the DA-BMSCs cell line, but not expressed in the normal rat BMSCs. The concentration of DA in the cell culture supernatant of the triple transgenic group (DA-BMSCs) and the LV-TH group was extremely significantly higher than that of the standard BMSCs control group (P < 0.000 1). After passage, DA-BMSCs stably produced DA. Karyotype G-banding analysis showed that the vast majority of DA-BMSCs maintained normal diploid karyotypes (94.5%). Moreover, after 4 weeks of transplantation into the brain of PD rats, DA-BMSCs significantly improved the movement disorder of PD rat models, survived in a large amount in the brain microenvironment, differentiated into TH-positive and GFAP-positive cells, and upregulated the DA level in the injured area of the brain. The triple-transgenic DA-BMSCs cell line that stably produced DA, survived in large numbers, and differentiated in the rat brain was successfully established, laying a foundation for the treatment of PD using engineered culture and transplantation of DA-BMSCs.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Dopamine , Parkinson Disease/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Cell Line , Brain/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation
16.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 20-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970669

ABSTRACT

At present, the incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD) is gradually increasing. This seriously affects the quality of life of patients, and the burden of diagnosis and treatment is increasing. However, the disease is difficult to intervene in early stage as early monitoring means are limited. Aiming to find an effective biomarker of PD, this work extracted correlation between each pair of electroencephalogram (EEG) channels for each frequency band using weighted symbolic mutual information and k-means clustering. The results showed that State1 of Beta frequency band ( P = 0.034) and State5 of Gamma frequency band ( P = 0.010) could be used to differentiate health controls and off-medication Parkinson's disease patients. These findings indicated that there were significant differences in the resting channel-wise correlation states between PD patients and healthy subjects. However, no significant differences were found between PD-on and PD-off patients, and between PD-on patients and healthy controls. This may provide a clinical diagnosis reference for Parkinson's disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Cluster Analysis , Electroencephalography , Healthy Volunteers
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 59-68, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970106

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of dihydromyricetin (DHM) on Parkinson's disease (PD)-like lesions in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats. The T2DM model was established by feeding Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin (STZ). The rats were intragastrically administered with DHM (125 or 250 mg/kg per day) for 24 weeks. The motor ability of the rats was measured by balance beam experiment, the changes of dopaminergic (DA) neurons and the expression of autophagy initiation related protein ULK1 in the midbrains of the rats were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the protein expression levels of α-synuclein (α-syn), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), as well as AMPK activation level, in the midbrains of the rats were detected by Western blot. The results showed that, compared with normal control, the rats with long-term T2DM exhibited motor dysfunction, increased α-syn aggregation, down-regulated TH protein expression, decreased number of DA neurons, declined activation level of AMPK, and significantly down-regulated ULK1 expression in the midbrain. DHM (250 mg/kg per day) treatment for 24 weeks significantly improved the above PD-like lesions, increased AMPK activity, and up-regulated ULK1 protein expression in T2DM rats. These results suggest that DHM may improve PD-like lesions in T2DM rats by activating AMPK/ULK1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Parkinson Disease , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog
18.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 832-844, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982457

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder caused by the loss of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra and the formation of Lewy bodies, which are mainly composed of alpha-synuclein fibrils. Alpha-synuclein plays a vital role in the neuroinflammation mediated by the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-, leucine-rich repeat-, and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in PD. A better understanding of the NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated neuroinflammation and the related mitochondrial impairment during PD progression may facilitate the development of promising therapies for PD. This review focuses on the molecular mechanisms underlying NLRP3 inflammasome activation, comprising priming and protein complex assembly, as well as the role of mitochondrial impairment and its subsequent inflammatory effects on the progression of neurodegeneration in PD. In addition, the therapeutic strategies targeting the NLRP3 inflammasome for PD treatment are discussed, including the inhibitors of NLRP3 inflammatory pathways, mitochondria-focused treatments, microRNAs, and other therapeutic compounds.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/complications , alpha-Synuclein , Inflammasomes , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Mitochondria
19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 499-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981568

ABSTRACT

The increasing prevalence of the aging population, and inadequate and uneven distribution of medical resources, have led to a growing demand for telemedicine services. Gait disturbance is a primary symptom of neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD). This study proposed a novel approach for the quantitative assessment and analysis of gait disturbance from two-dimensional (2D) videos captured using smartphones. The approach used a convolutional pose machine to extract human body joints and a gait phase segmentation algorithm based on node motion characteristics to identify the gait phase. Moreover, it extracted features of the upper and lower limbs. A height ratio-based spatial feature extraction method was proposed that effectively captures spatial information. The proposed method underwent validation via error analysis, correction compensation, and accuracy verification using the motion capture system. Specifically, the proposed method achieved an extracted step length error of less than 3 cm. The proposed method underwent clinical validation, recruiting 64 patients with Parkinson's disease and 46 healthy controls of the same age group. Various gait indicators were statistically analyzed using three classic classification methods, with the random forest method achieving a classification accuracy of 91%. This method provides an objective, convenient, and intelligent solution for telemedicine focused on movement disorders in neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Parkinson Disease/diagnosis , Aging , Algorithms , Gait , Lower Extremity
20.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Online) ; 17: 1-4, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease is a neurological disorder that affects 1% of individuals aged 60 years and older. The associated symptoms can impose limitations on the available dental treatment options. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case report follows the CARE guidelines and presents an adapted and simplified technique to fabricate complete dentures for a 74-year-old male edentulous patient with Parkinson's disease. This modified technique enabled the fabrication of complete dentures in 4 clinical sessions of approximately 40 minutes. The first session involved manufacturing a preliminary impression with fast-setting alginate. The base plates and occlusal rims were then adjusted for artificial teeth arrangement during the second session. The final prosthesis was completed in the third session, which involved a teeth try-in and fabrication of a functional impression with low-melting thermoplastic material and polyether. Finally, denture installation was performed in the fourth session and follow-up consisted of 3 weekly sessions. DISCUSSION: Considering that the treatment provided satisfactory aesthetics and function, mastication and socialization benefits, and improved the self-esteem and well-being of the older patient with Parkinson's disease, the authors suggest this adapted and simplified technique for fabricating complete dentures. (AU)


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVO: A doença de Parkinson é uma desordem neurológica que afeta 1% dos indivíduos com 60 anos ou mais. Os sintomas associados podem impor limitações nas opções de tratamento odontológico disponíveis. DESCRIÇÃO DO CASO: Este relato de caso segue o protocolo CARE e apresenta uma adaptação da técnica simplificada para confecção de novas próteses totais, para um paciente edêntulo, do sexo masculino, de 74 anos com doença de Parkinson. Essa técnica modificada possibilita a confecção de próteses totais em quatro sessões clínicas de aproximadamente 40 minutos. A primeira sessão envolveu uma moldagem preliminar com alginato de presa rápida. As placas articulares com rodetes de cera foram ajustadas para montagem dos dentes artificiais durante a segunda sessão. A prótese definitiva foi concluída na terceira sessão, que envolveu a prova dos dentes e moldagem funcional com material termoplástico de baixa fusão e poliéter. Por fim, a instalação da prótese foi realizada na quarta sessão e o acompanhamento consistiu em três sessões semanais. DISCUSSÃO: Considerando que o tratamento proporcionou estética e função satisfatórias, benefícios mastigatórios e de socialização, melhora da autoestima e bem-estar do idoso com doença de Parkinson, os autores sugerem o uso da adaptação da técnica simplificada para confecção de prótese total. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Parkinson Disease , Denture Design/methods , Mouth, Edentulous/rehabilitation
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