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1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06903, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1346695

ABSTRACT

Goose parvovirus (GPV), also called Derzsy's disease, is a viral pathogen that causes high morbidity and mortality in goslings and ducklings. In this study, we perform the molecular characterization of the GPV in Turkey. The definition of similarity to the world of GPV isolates in Turkey and construction of a phylogenetic tree was aimed. For this purpose, the presence of GPV in the liver, spleen, and intestine tissues of nine goslings with symptoms such as dysphagia, bilateral ocular swelling, eye discharge, diarrhea, and fatigue were investigated by real-time PCR method and all samples were detected as positive. According to the data obtained by molecular characterization, phylogenetic analysis of GPV has been presented in Turkey. As a result of this study, it was determined that the GPVs available in Turkey are virulent strains.(AU)


O parvovírus do ganso (GPV), também chamado de doença de Derzsy, é um patógeno viral que causa alta morbidade e mortalidade em gansos e patinhos. Neste estudo, objetivou-se a determinação da caracterização molecular do GPV na Turquia, a definição da similaridade com o mundo dos isolados de GPV na Turquia e a construção de uma árvore filogenética. Para tanto, a presença de GPV no fígado, baço e tecidos do intestino de nove gansos com sintomas como disfagia, edema ocular bilateral, secreção ocular, diarreia e fadiga foram investigados pelo método de PCR em tempo real e todas as amostras foram detectadas tão positivo. À luz dos dados obtidos por caracterização molecular, a análise filogenética do GPV foi apresentada na Turquia. Como resultado deste estudo, foi determinado que os GPVs disponíveis na Turquia são cepas virulentas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Phylogeny , Spleen , Parvovirus , Geese , Liver , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Molecular Biology
2.
Clinical Pediatric Hematology-Oncology ; : 83-86, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763518

ABSTRACT

Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a self-limiting disease characterized by subacute necrotizing lymphadenitis. This benign disease is frequently associated with prolonged fever and mostly occurs in young Asian women. KFD is generally diagnosed using a biopsy of affected lymph nodes and spontaneously resolves in several months. Although the causative agent is believed to be infectious, the etiology remains unknown. Some cases of KFD are associated with viral infections, including Epstein-Barr virus, human herpes virus 6, and parvovirus B19 infection. Herein, we report a case of KFD associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Asian People , Biopsy , Fever , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis , Lymph Nodes , Lymphadenitis , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Mycoplasma , Parvovirus , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma
3.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e64-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758957

ABSTRACT

Calf diarrhea caused by infectious agents is associated with economic losses in the cattle industry. The purpose of this study was to identify the causative agents and epidemiological characteristics of diarrhea in Korean native calves (KNC). In total, 207 diarrheal KNC aged less than 7 months were investigated. Fecal samples collected from the rectum were examined for causative agents using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or real-time PCR and the number of oocysts were counted. Fourteen causative agents were detected from 164 of the 207 diarrheal KNC. Rotavirus was the most common agent (34.8%), followed by Eimeria spp. (31.7%), Escherichia coli (22.0%), Giardia spp. (14.0%), Clostridium difficile (9.8%), bovine viral diarrhea virus (8.5%), coronavirus (7.9%), Cryptosporidium spp. (7.3%), torovirus (6.7%), parvovirus (5.5%), norovirus (4.9%), kobuvirus (1.8%), adenovirus (1.2%), and Salmonella spp. (0.6%). About 95 (57.9%) of 164 calves were infected with a single causative agent and 42.1% were infected by multiple agents. No significant difference was observed in mortality between calves infected with a single agent and multiple agents. The occurrence of diarrhea caused by rotavirus, Eimeria spp., kobuvirus, and Giardia spp. was significantly different based on onset age, and the prevalence of diarrhea caused by rotavirus or C. difficile was significantly different between seasons. This study help the understanding of KNC diarrhea for the development of an effective strategy for disease prevention and control, especially in Eastern provinces of South Korea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Adenoviridae , Age of Onset , Clostridioides difficile , Coronavirus , Cryptosporidium , Diarrhea , Eimeria , Epidemiology , Escherichia coli , Giardia , Kobuvirus , Korea , Mortality , Norovirus , Oocysts , Parvovirus , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rectum , Rotavirus , Salmonella , Seasons , Torovirus
4.
Rev. argent. reumatol ; 29(3): 36-38, set. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-977294

ABSTRACT

El lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) es una enfermedad autoinmune de etiología aún desconocida, afecta a individuos genéticamente predispuestos. Es desencadenado por factores hormonales, estrogénicos, ambientales y virales como hepatitis B/C, citomegalovirus (CMV), herpes o parvovirus B19 (PVB19). El PVB19 puede afectar diferentes órganos y presentar manifestaciones clínicas e inmunológicas, similares a las que se observan en pacientes con LES. Se han descripto alteraciones inmunológicas hasta en 79% de los pacientes con infección asociada por PVB19, principalmente positivización de anticuerpos antinucleares (ANA).


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease of unknown etiology that affects genetically predisposed individuals. It is triggered by hormonal, estrogenic, environmental and viral factors such as hepatitis B/C, cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes or parvovirus B19 (PVB19). PVB19 can affect different organs and present clinical and immunological diseases, as well as those observed in patients with SLE. Immunological alterations have been described in up to 79% of patients with infection associated with PVB19, mainly positivization of antinuclear antibodies (ANA).


Subject(s)
Parvovirus , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(8): 1681-1684, Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976467

ABSTRACT

The occurrence of antibodies against canine distemper virus (CDV), parvovirus and Ehrlichia spp. in wild captive carnivores was evaluated in a zoological park in midwestern Brazil. Serum samples were collected between 2007 and 2014 from 45 carnivores. Antibodies were evaluated by virus neutralization assay for CDV, hemagglutination inhibition test for parvovirus, indirect immunofluorescent and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for Ehrlichia spp. Antibodies against CDV and parvovirus were detected in 75% of Canidae and Felidae. Procyonidae were negative for CDV, although one Mustelidae was positive. TwoCanidae presented antibodies reactive to E. canis antigens. The high antibodies rates to CDV and parvovirus suggest the contact with both pathogens, however since no clinical history of disease are registered in the Zoo-UFMT, we can presume that carnivores have responded satisfactorily against the antigens. The low serological rates observed against Ehrlichia spp. may be resulted to the low occurrence of ticks among carnivores.(AU)


A ocorrência de anticorpos contra o vírus da cinomose canina (CDV), parvovírus e Ehrlichia spp. em carnívoros selvagens em cativeiro foi avaliada em um parque zoológico do centro oeste do Brasil. As amostras de soro foram coletadas entre 2007 e 2014 de 45 carnívoros. Os anticorpos foram avaliados por ensaio de neutralização de vírus para CDV, teste de inibição de hemaglutinação para parvovírus, imunofluorescência indireta e ensaio imunoenzimático ligado à enzima para Ehrlichia spp. Anticorpos contra CDV e parvovírus foram detectados em 75% de canídeos e felídeos. Procionídeos foram negativos para CDV, embora um mustelídeo fora positivo. Dois canídeos apresentaram anticorpos reativos aos antígenos de E. canis. As altas taxas de anticorpos para CDV e parvovírus sugerem o contato com ambos os patógenos, entretanto desde que nenhuma história clínica de doença está registrada no Zoo-UFMT, podemos presumir que os carnívoros têm respondido satisfatoriamente contra os antígenos. As baixas taxas serológicas observadas contra Ehrlichia spp. pode ser resultado da baixa ocorrência de carrapatos entre os carnívoros.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Carnivora/immunology , Parvovirus/pathogenicity , Distemper/immunology , Ehrlichia/pathogenicity
6.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 23(2): 6607-6616, May-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957356

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective. Canine parvovirus is one of the most important diseases of dogs all over the world that threaten their health. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of canine parvovirus in dogs referred to the Small Animal Clinic of Tehran University in Tehran province by genomic method of detection. Materials and methods. Diarrheal stool samples were obtained from 60 dogs during the years 2014-2016 and the presence of CPV was investigated by PCR method. Results. Prevalence of canine parvovirus infection in the studied dogs was 8.33% (5 0f 60). No significant differences between different age groups and breeds were found. However, infection was significantly higher in dogs with hemorrhagic diarrhea (3 of 25), but it was not statistically significant using chi-square test (p>0.05). Conclusions. This study showed that hemorrhagic diarrhea and lack of vaccination may be considered as important symptoms and risk factors for canine parvoviral infection in dogs and Dog owners in Iran should be aware of the fact that vaccination against CPV infection must be done carefully and on schedule to control and prevent the virus.


Resumen Objetivo. El parvovirus canino es una de las enfermedades más importantes en perros en todo el mundo la cual amenaza su salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia del parvovirus canino en perros remitidos a la Clínica de Pequeños Animales de la Universidad de Teherán en la provincia de Teherán por el método de detección del genoma. Materiales y Métodos. Se obtuvieron muestras de heces diarreicas de 60 perros durante los años 2014-2016 y se investigó la presencia de CPV por el método de PCR. Resultados. La prevalencia de infección por parvovirus canino en los perros estudiados fue del 8.33% (5 0f 60). No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los diferentes grupos de edad y razas. Sin embargo, la infección fue significativamente mayor en perros con diarrea hemorrágica (3 de 25), pero no fue estadísticamente significativa usando la prueba de chi-cuadrada (p>0.05). Conclusiones. Este estudio demostró que la diarrea hemorrágica y la falta de vacunación pueden considerarse como síntomas y factores de riesgo importantes de la infección por parvovirus canino en perros, y que los propietarios de perros en Irán deben ser conscientes del hecho de que la vacunación contra la infección CPV debe hacerse con cuidado y a tiempo para controlar y prevenir el virus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Parvovirus , Genomics , Diarrhea , Dogs
7.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 36-40, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786701

ABSTRACT

Neuralgic amyotrophy (NA) is a peripheral neuropathy, primarily involving the brachial plexus. There is a relation between antecedent infection and NA. A few cases of NA after infections such as Epstein-Barr virus, herpes zoster virus, parvovirus, human immunodeficiency virus, Borrelia, and other infections have been reported. This case report describes a 26-year-old man with motor impairment after neuropathic pain with preceding mild flu-like symptoms whose laboratory studies revealed evidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. He was diagnosed with NA associated with CMV infection. In conclusion, CMV is a rare but possible pathogen of NA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Borrelia , Brachial Plexus , Brachial Plexus Neuritis , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Cytomegalovirus , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Herpesvirus 4, Human , HIV , Immunocompetence , Neuralgia , Parvovirus , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
8.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(4): 769-773, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889183

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This is the first report on circulating canine rotavirus in Mexico. Fifty samples from dogs with gastroenteritis were analyzed used polymerase chain reaction and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in order to identify parvovirus and rotavirus, respectively; 7% of dogs were infected with rotavirus exclusively, while 14% were co-infected with both rotavirus and parvovirus; clinical signs in co-infected dogs were more severe.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Dogs , Coinfection/veterinary , Dog Diseases/virology , Gastroenteritis/veterinary , Parvoviridae Infections/veterinary , Parvovirus/isolation & purification , Rotavirus Infections/veterinary , Rotavirus/isolation & purification , Coinfection/virology , Feces/virology , Gastroenteritis/virology , Mexico , Parvoviridae Infections/virology , Parvovirus/genetics , Parvovirus/physiology , Rotavirus Infections/virology , Rotavirus/genetics , Rotavirus/physiology
9.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 159-167, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109783

ABSTRACT

Goose parvovirus (GPV) continues to be a threat to goose farms and has significant economic effects on the production of geese. Current commercially available vaccines only rarely prevent GPV infection. In our study, Lactobacillus (L.) plantarum NC8 was selected as a vector to express the VP2 gene of GPV, and recombinant L. plantarum pSIP409-VP2/NC8 was successfully constructed. The molecular weight of the expressed recombinant protein was approximately 70 kDa. Mice were immunized with a 2 × 109 colony-forming unit/200 µL dose of the recombinant L. plantarum strain, and the ratios and numbers of CD11c⁺, CD3⁺CD4⁺, CD3⁺CD8⁺, and interferon gamma- and tumor necrosis factor alpha-expressing spleen lymphocytes in the pSIP409-VP2/NC8 group were higher than those in the control groups. In addition, we assessed the capacity of L. plantarum SIP409-VP2/NC8 to induce secretory IgA production. We conclude that administered pSIP409-VP2/NC8 leads to relatively extensive cellular responses. This study provides information on GPV infection and offers a clear framework of options available for GPV control strategies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Agriculture , Geese , Immunization , Immunoglobulin A, Secretory , Interferons , Lactobacillus plantarum , Lactobacillus , Lymphocytes , Molecular Weight , Parvovirus , Spleen , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Vaccines
10.
Blood Research ; : 50-54, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226882

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to the tropism of human parvovirus B19 to erythroid progenitor cells, infection in patients with an underlying hemolytic disorder such as beta-thalassemia major leads to suppression of erythrocyte formation, referred to as transient aplasia crisis (TAC), which may be life-threatening. We investigated the prevalence of parvovirus B19 among patients with beta thalassemia major attending the Zafar Adult Thalassemia Clinic in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed to determine the presence of parvovirus B19 DNA in blood samples and parvovirus B19 genotypes in plasma samples of patients with thalassemia major. The population consisted of 150 patients with beta-thalassemia major who attended the Zafar clinic in Tehran. Specimens were studied using a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. RESULTS: The prevalence of parvovirus B19 in our study population was 4%. Of 150 patients with thalassemia, six (4%) were positive for B19 DNA. There was no significant correlation between blood transfusion frequency and B19 DNA positivity. Finally, phylogenetic analysis of human parvovirus B19 revealed genotype I in these six patients. CONCLUSION: In this study, acute B19 infections were detected in patients with beta thalassemia major. Screening of such high-risk groups can considerably reduce the incidence and prevalence of B19 infection; thus, screening is required for epidemiologic surveillance and disease-prevention measures.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , beta-Thalassemia , Blood Transfusion , Cross-Sectional Studies , DNA , Epidemiological Monitoring , Erythrocytes , Erythroid Precursor Cells , Genotype , Incidence , Iran , Mass Screening , Parvovirus , Parvovirus B19, Human , Plasma , Prevalence , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Thalassemia , Tropism
11.
Blood Research ; : 311-315, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21825

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) is one of the smallest DNA viruses and shows great resistance to most disinfectants. Therefore, it is one of the common contaminant pathogens present in blood and plasma products. Parvovirus 4 (PARV4) is a newly identified parvovirus, which is also prevalent in parenteral transmission. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of B19V and PARV4 DNA among patients with hemophilia in Birjand County in eastern Iran. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study comprising nearly all people with hemophilia in this region. Whole blood samples were taken after patient registration and sent for plasma isolation. After nucleic acid extraction, B19V was detected with real-time polymerase chain reaction, PARV4 DNA was then detected using sensitive semi-nested PCR. RESULTS: In total, there were 86 patients with hemophilia, with mean age 28.5±1.5 years. Of these, 90.7% were men and 9.3% women; 84.9% had hemophilia A and 7.0% had hemophilia B. We found 11 patients (12.8%) were positive for B19V DNA and 8 were positive (9.3%) for PARV4 DNA. The prevalence of B19V was higher in middle-aged groups rather than younger people, whereas PARV4 infection was more common in younger patients (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: There was a high prevalence of B19V and PARV4 infection in this high-risk group of patients with hemophilia. Due to the clinical significance of the B19 virus, imposing more precautionary measures for serum and blood products is recommended.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Disinfectants , DNA , DNA Viruses , Epidemiologic Studies , Hemophilia A , Hemophilia B , Iran , Parvovirus B19, Human , Parvovirus , Plasma , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(7): 595-599, jul. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-794763

ABSTRACT

Enteric disease is a multifactorial problem in chickens, which causes gastrointestinal alterations, elevated feed conversions and impairment. In the last years, several enteric viruses were implicated in enteric disease; case reports have shown their presence alone or in concomitant infections during outbreaks and have suggested that they might be determining factors in the aetiology of enteric disease. This study shows high detection rates of enteric viruses in the pancreas and spleen in samples from an outbreak of enteritis and malabsorption in 16 chicken flocks (n=80 broilers). Avian nephritis virus (ANV) was the most ubiquitous virus, present in 75% of the flocks followed by avian rotavirus group A (ART-A) with 68.75%, and by chicken astrovirus (CAstV) and chicken parvovirus (ChPV) in 43.75% of samples. Viruses were present in the pancreas of positive flocks at extremely high rates: 100% for ART-A, 91.7% for ANV, 100% for CAstV and 57.14% for ChPV. By contrast, only 16.7% and 57.14% of intestine samples were positive for ANV and CAstV, respectively. Avian reovirus (AReo) and avian adenovirus group 1 (FAdV-1) were not detected. These results suggest that high viral detection rates in pancreas samples may be a result of viremia during enteric disease, with subsequent damage of the exocrine pancreas, leading to runting-stunting syndrome (RSS).(AU)


A doença entérica é um problema multifatorial em galinhas que causa alterações gastrointestinais, conversão alimentar elevada e deficiência de crescimento. Nos últimos anos, os vírus entéricos foram associados à doença entérica; casos reportados mostraram a infecção de um único vírus e também infecções concomitantes durante os surtos sugerindo a presença de múltiplos fatores etiológicos nas doenças entéricas. Este estudo mostra uma alta taxa de detecção dos vírus entéricos em amostras de pâncreas e baço de um surto de enterite e má-absorção em 16 lotes de frangos (n=80 frangos). O vírus de nefrite aviária (ANV) foi o vírus mais detectado, estando presente em 75% dos lotes seguido pelo rotavírus aviário grupo A (ART-A) em 68,75% dos casos, e pelo astrovirus (CAstV) e parvovírus aviários (ChPV), ambos em 43,75% das amostras. Os vírus estavam presentes no pâncreas dos lotes positivos em percentuais elevados: 100% para ART-A e CAstV; 91,7% para ANV, e em 57,14% para ChPV. Em contraste, somente 16,7% e 57,14%, em amostras de intestino, foram positivos para ANV e CAstV, respectivamente. Reovírus aviário (AReo) e o adenovírus do grupo 1 (FAdV-1) não foram detectados. Estes resultados sugerem que os elevados percentuais de vírus detectados em amostras de pâncreas podem estar associados à viremia durante a doença entérica, com subsequente lesão no pâncreas exócrino das aves levando ao desenvolvimento da síndrome de nanismo e raquitismo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Avastrovirus/isolation & purification , Chickens/virology , Malabsorption Syndromes/diagnosis , Malabsorption Syndromes/veterinary , Parvovirus/isolation & purification , Dwarfism/diagnosis , Dwarfism/veterinary , Gastrointestinal Diseases/veterinary , Pancreas/physiopathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Rickets/diagnosis , Rickets/veterinary , Spleen/virology
13.
Journal of University of Malaya Medical Centre ; : 7-11, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-625397

ABSTRACT

Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a clinico-pathologic entity caused by increased proliferation and activation of benign macrophages with haemophagocytosis throughout the reticulo-endothelial system. Virus-associated HLH is a well-recognised entity. Although majority of parvovirus B19 associated HLH does not require any specific treatment and carries good prognosis, outcome of children is worse than adults. We report here a case of HLH associated with acute parvovirus B19 infection in a young healthy patient with underlying hereditary spherocytosis, with bone marrow findings typical of parvovirus infection. Although this patient had spontaneous recovery of cell counts, he succumbed due to complication from prolonged ventilation. Unexpectedly, his immunoglobulin levels were inappropriately normal despite on-going ventilator associated pneumonia, which reflects inadequate humoral immune response towards infection.


Subject(s)
Parvovirus
14.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 181-185, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-125589

ABSTRACT

Parvovirus B19 (PVB19) infection is a rare cause of meningoencephalitis. A 53-year-old previously healthy woman presented with fever, headache, and multiple erythema on the both legs. Cerebrospinal fluid study revealed pleocytosis and elevated opening pressure and protein level. Brain MRI showed multiple, asymmetric, hyperintensity in the brain stem, basal ganglia, white matter, and gray matter. Anti-B19 IgM antibody and PCR for PVB19 were positive in serum. Clinician should consider PVB19 infection in any case of acute febrile illness with erythema and meningoencephalitis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Basal Ganglia , Brain , Brain Stem , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Erythema , Fever , Headache , Immunoglobulin M , Leg , Leukocytosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meningoencephalitis , Parvovirus , Polymerase Chain Reaction
15.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 176-179, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43529

ABSTRACT

Rituximab (RTX), a monoclonal antibody against the B-cell marker CD20, is commonly used as a treatment for antibody-mediated diseases or B-lymphocyte-mediated diseases. Destruction of B cells may reverse the disease course in many conditions; however, patients who are treated with RTX cannot respond appropriately to de novo infection due to lack of B lymphocytes. Here, we report one such case. A 7-year-old renal allograft recipient presented with severe anemia due to parvovirus infection after RTX treatment. The patient had focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and had received cadaveric kidney transplantation 6 months previously. She was treated with high-dose steroid for acute rejection and RTX for Epstein Barr Virus infection 3 months previously. At presentation, her hemoglobin level was 5.4 g/dL and leukocyte and platelet counts were normal. She had microcytic normochromic anemia and high viral load of parvovirus B19(70,578 copies/mL). Intravenous immunoglobulin (200 mg/kg.d) treatment controlled the progression of anemia and parvovirus infection. De novo parvovirus infection during the B lymphocyte-depletion period may have precipitated the severe anemia in this case. Close monitoring of infection is required after RTX therapy.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Allografts , Anemia , B-Lymphocytes , Cadaver , Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Immunoglobulins , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Leukocytes , Parvoviridae Infections , Parvovirus , Platelet Count , Transplantation , Viral Load , Rituximab
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 65-74, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345526

ABSTRACT

New epidemic broke out in recent year which was suspected to be caused by variant Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV). For this reason, new MDPV detection methods are needed for the new virus strains. In this study, a pair of primers were designed according to the full-length genome of MDPV strain SAAS-SHNH, which were identified in 2012, and were used to amplify the vp3 gene of MDPV by polymerase chain reaction. After being sequenced, the vp3 gene was subcloned into the prokaryotic expression vector PET28a. The recombinant plasmid was transformed into E. coli BL21 and induced with IPTG. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting analysis showed the MDPV vp3 gene was successfully expressed. After being purified by Ni2+ affinity chromatography system, the recombinant protein was used as antigen to immunize rabbits to obtain antiserum. Western blotting analysis showed that the acquired antiserum could react specifically with VP3 protein of J3D6 strain and MDPV vaccine strain. The antiserum could also be used for detection of cultured MDPV from primary duck embryo fibroblasts by immune fluorescence assay (IFA). It could be concluded that the VP3 protein and its antibody prepared in the research could be used for detection of VP3 antiserum and antigen respectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Blotting, Western , DNA Primers , Ducks , Virology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Immune Sera , Parvovirus , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Viral Proteins , Genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 679-684, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296229

ABSTRACT

Until now, more than seventeen parvovirus have been reported which can infect mammals and poultries. The infected cells appeared different properties of apoptosis and death, present a typical cytopathic effect. NS1 is a major nonstructural protein of parvovirus, with a conservative structure and function, which plays an important role in the viral life cycle. In addition to the influence on viral replication, the NS1 also participates in apoptosis induced by viruses. Parvovirus induced apoptosis which is mainly mediated by mitochondrial pathway, this review summarized the latest research progresses of parvovirus induced apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Apoptosis , Parvoviridae Infections , Virology , Parvovirus , Genetics , Metabolism , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(8): 770-775, Aug. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-723197

ABSTRACT

A panleucopenia felina é uma importante doença infectocontagiosa de felinos domésticos, principalmente em animais com menos de um ano de idade. Este trabalho descreve os achados clinicopatológicos e o diagnóstico imuno-histoquímico de 33 casos de panleucopenia felina. Os principais sinais clínicos relatados foram vômito, diarreia e anorexia. As alterações mais frequentes na necropsia foram mucosa intestinal avermelhada (16/33), evidenciação das placas de Peyer (14/33) e conteúdo intestinal liquefeito (7/33). Os achados histológicos mais frequentes no intestino foram necrose (33/33) e infiltrado inflamatório linfo-histiocitário na mucosa (31/33), fusão (27/33) e atrofia de vilosidades (26/33). Em órgãos hematopoiéticos as alterações se caracterizavam principalmente por necrose e rarefação celular. Obteve-se resultado imuno-histoquímico positivo para parvovírus em 84,85% dos casos analisados. O intestino delgado foi o melhor órgão para detecção viral, com imunomarcação em 84,85%. Dentre os órgãos linfoides, o baço apresentou o melhor resultado, com 47,37% dos cortes analisados positivos. A pesquisa revelou importantes lesões no intestino delgado e em órgãos linfoides e a técnica da imuno-histoquímica demonstrou-se eficiente na detecção do parvovírus...


Feline panleukopenia is an important infectocontagious disease of domestic feline, especially in animals under 1 year. This paper describes the clinical-pathological findings and the immunohistochemical diagnosis of 33 cases of feline panleukopenia. The most important clinical signs were vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia. The main gross findings observed were reddening of intestinal mucosa (16/33), evidentiation of Peyer patches (14/33), and liquefied intestinal content (7/33). The most consistent histological findings were necrosis (33/33) and lymphohistiocytic inflammatory infiltrate in the intestinal mucosa (31/33), villus fusion (27/33) and villus atrophy (26/33). In the hematopoietic tissues, the findings were characterized mainly by necrosis and tissue depletion. Parvovirus positive immunohistochemichal results were obtained in 84.85% of the cases analyzed. The best organ for viral detection was the intestine, with 84.85% of labeling in the immunohistochemichal technique. The spleen showed the best result among lymphoid organs, with 47.37% of the sections positive. This study presents most important lesions in the small intestine and in lymphoid organs and the immunohistochemistry proved good results in the detection of parvovirus...


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Autopsy/veterinary , Feline Panleukopenia/diagnosis , Signs and Symptoms/veterinary , Intestines/pathology , Parvovirus/isolation & purification
20.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 399-400, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208743

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis , Parvovirus
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