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urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(3): 116-120, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412081


Introduction For low-risk prostate cancer (PCa), curative treatment with radical prostatectomy (RP) can be performed, reporting a biochemical relapse-free survival rate (bRFS) at 5 and 7 years of 90.1% and 88.3%, respectively. Prostatic specific antigen (PSA), pathological stage (pT), and positive margins (R1) are significant predictors of biochemical relapse (BR). Even though pelvic lymphadenectomy is not recommended during RP, in the literature, it is performed in 34% of these patients, finding 0.37% of positive lymph nodes (N1). In this study, we aim to evaluate the 10-year bRFS in patients with low-risk PCa who underwent RP and extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND). Methodology All low-risk patients who underwent RP plus bilateral ePLND at the National Cancer Institute of Colombia between 2006 and 2019 were reviewed. Biochemical relapse was defined as 2 consecutive increasing levels of PSA > 0.2 ng/mL. A descriptive analysis was performed using the STATA 15 software (Stata Corp., College Station, TX, USA), and the Kaplan-Meier curves and uni and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used for the survival outcome analysis. The related regression coefficients were used for the hazard ratio (HR), and, for all comparisons, a two-sided p-value ˂ 0.05 was used to define statistical significance. Results Two hundred and two patients met the study criteria. The 10-year bRFS for the general population was 82.5%, statistically related to stage pT3 (p = 0.047), higher Gleason grade group (GG) (p ≤ 0.001), and R1 (p ≤ 0.001), but not with N1. A total of 3.9% of the patients had N1; of these, 75% had R1, 25% GG2, and 37% GG3. Among the N0 (non-lymph node metástasis in prostate cáncer) patients, 31% of the patients had R1, 41% GG2, and 13% GG3. Conclusions Our bRFS was 82.5% in low-risk patients who underwent RP and ePLND. With higher pT, GG, and presence of R1, the probability of BR increased. Those with pN1 (pathologicaly confirmed positive lymph nodes) were not associated with bRFS, with a pN1 detection rate of 3.9%. Details: In low-risk PCa, curative treatment with RP can be performed, reporting a bRFS rate at 5 and 7 years of 90.1% and 88.3%, respectively. Despite the fact that pelvic lymphadenectomy is not recommended during RP in clinical guidelines, in the literature, it is performed in 34% of these patients, finding 0.37% of N1. In this study, we report the 10-year bRFS in patients with low-risk PCa who underwent surgery.

Introducción En el cáncer de próstata (CaP) de bajo riesgo se puede realizar un tratamiento curativo mediante prostatectomía radical (PR), con una tasa de supervivencia libre de recaída bioquímica (SLRb) a 5 y 7 años del 90,1% y el 88,3%, respectivamente. El antígeno prostático específico (PSA), el estadio patológico (pT) y los márgenes positivos (R1) son predictores significativos de recaída bioquímica (BR). Aunque la linfadenectomía pélvica no está recomendada durante la PR, en la literatura se realiza en el 34% de estos pacientes, encontrándose un 0,37% de ganglios linfáticos positivos (N1). En este estudio, nuestro objetivo es evaluar la SLB a 10 años en pacientes con CaP de bajo riesgo sometidos a PR y disección ganglionar pélvica extendida (DGLPe). Metodología Se revisaron todos los pacientes de bajo riesgo sometidos a PR más ePLND bilateral en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Colombia entre 2006 y 2019. La recaída bioquímica se definió como 2 niveles crecientes consecutivos de PSA > 0,2 ng/mL. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo utilizando el software STATA 15 (Stata Corp., College Station, TX, USA), y se utilizaron las curvas de Kaplan-Meier y los modelos uni y multivariados de riesgos proporcionales de Cox para el análisis de resultados de supervivencia. Los coeficientes de regresión relacionados se utilizaron para la hazard ratio (HR), y, para todas las comparaciones, se utilizó un valor p de dos caras ˂ 0,05 para definir la significación estadística. Resultados Doscientos dos pacientes cumplieron los criterios del estudio. La bRFS a 10 años para la población general fue del 82,5%, estadísticamente relacionada con el estadio pT3 (p = 0,047), mayor grupo de grado Gleason (GG) (p ≤ 0,001), y R1 (p ≤ 0,001), pero no con N1. Un total del 3,9% de los pacientes tenían N1; de ellos, el 75% tenían R1, el 25% GG2, y el 37% GG3. Entre los pacientes N0 (metástasis no ganglionar en el cáncer de próstata), el 31% de los pacientes tenían R1, el 41% GG2 y el 13% GG3. Conclusiones Nuestra SSEb fue del 82,5% en los pacientes de bajo riesgo que se sometieron a RP y ePLND. A mayor pT, GG y presencia de R1, mayor probabilidad de RB. Aquellos con pN1 (ganglios linfáticos patológicamente confirmados como positivos) no se asociaron con la SSEb, con una tasa de detección de pN1 del 3,9%. Detalles: En el CaP de bajo riesgo se puede realizar tratamiento curativo con PR, reportando una tasa de SSEb a 5 y 7 años de 90,1% y 88,3%, respectivamente. A pesar de que la linfadenectomía pélvica no está recomendada durante la PR en las guías clínicas, en la literatura se realiza en el 34% de estos pacientes, encontrando un 0,37% de N1. En este estudio, reportamos la SLB a 10 años en pacientes con CaP de bajo riesgo sometidos a cirugía.

Humans , Male , Prostatectomy , Biochemistry , Proportional Hazards Models , Medical Oncology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prostatic Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Probability , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Hazards , Lymphatic Metastasis
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1411092


Objetivo Evaluar la asociación entre el cociente de los dedos segundo y cuarto (2D:4D), como un biomarcador de la exposición prenatal a andrógenos, y la presencia de cáncer de próstata (CaP). Métodos Estudio de casos y controles con 260 hombres que consultaron en el Servicio de Urología del Hospital General Universitario Reina Sofía (Murcia, España). Los casos (n = 125) fueron pacientes diagnosticados de CaP por anatomía patológica a los que se les realizó una prostatectomía radical. Los controles (n = 135) fueron pacientes que consultaron en Urología por otro motivo y que no mostraron signos ni síntomas de patología prostática. La longitud del 2D y 4D de la mano derecha fue medida mediante un pie de rey digital y se calculó el cociente entre ambos (2D:4D). Para los análisis estadísticos se utilizaron modelos de regresión logística obteniendo Odds ratios (OR) crudas y ajustadas e intervalos de confianza al 95%. Resultados Los casos presentaron un cociente 2D:4D significativamente menor que los controles. El cociente 2D:4D se relacionó significativamente con la presencia de CaP. Tras el ajuste multivariante, se observó que los varones que se encontraban en el primer tercil de distribución del cociente 2D:4D, presentaban casi el doble de riesgo de padecer CaP (OR 1,9: IC 95% 1,1­4,0; P-valor = 0,040) en comparación con los varones que se encontraban en el segundo y tercer tercil. Conclusiones Una mayor exposición prenatal a andrógenos, reflejada por un cociente 2D:4D menor, podría estar asociado con riesgo aumentado de padecer CaP, pero más estudios son necesarios para corroborar esos hallazgos.

Objective To evaluate the association between second to fourth digit (2D:4D) ratio, as a biomarker of prenatal androgen exposure, and the presence of prostate cancer (PCa). Methods This was a case-control study of 260 men attending a Department of Urology in a Murcia Region hospital (Spain). Cases (n = 125) were patients who underwent radical prostatectomy due to PCa and were diagnosed by specimen's histopathology. Controls (n = 135) were patients who showed no signs or symptoms of prostate disease. The length of 2D and 4D of the right hand was measured two times using a digital caliper, and the ratio calculated (2D:4D). Unconditional multiple logistic regressions [crude and adjusted Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)] were performed to evaluate associations between the 2D:4D ratio and presence of PCa. Results Cases showed significantly lower 2D:4D ratios than controls. 2D:4D ratios were significantly associated with the presence of PCa. After controlling for important covariates, men in the first tertile of the 2D:4D ratio distribution, compared with the second and third tertile, were almost two-times [OR 1.9 (95% CI 1.1­4.0; P-value = 0.040] more likely to have PCa. Conclusions A higher prenatal androgen exposure, indicated by lower 2D:4D ratios, might be associated with higher PCa risk, but further research is needed to confirm these findings in other male populations.

Humans , Male , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Androgens , Pathology , Prostatectomy , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Biomarkers , Fingers
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 49(3): 194-198, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149826


ABSTRACT We report the case of a 60-year-old female patient with a history of hypertension and dyslipidemia, who suddenly presented with a clinical picture of emotional lability, disorientation, complex visual hallucinations and persecutory delusions. There were no associated neurological findings in her initial physical examination. At a local hospital she was initially diagnosed with late-onset bipolar disorder and a manic episode with psychotic features, then referred to the mental health unit, where nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging of the brain revealed an acute ischemic stroke in the territory of the left posterior cerebral artery (PCA) with haemorrhagic reperfusion to the occipital cortex. Complete and spontaneous resolution of her clinical condition was achieved after approximately 15 days.

RESUMEN Se presenta el reporte de caso de una mujer de 60 anos de edad con antecedente de hipertensión arterial y dislipidemia, quien presenta cuadro clínico de inicio súbito consistente en labilidad emocional, desorientación alopsíquica global, alucinaciones visuales complejas e ideación delirante de tipo persecutorio, sin hallazgos neurológicos asociados en el examen físico inicial. Se enfocó en hospital local como un trastorno bipolar de inicio tardío con episodio actual maníaco con características psicóticas y es remitida a unidad de salud mental. Posteriormente hallazgos de resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) cerebral revelaron una lesión correspondiente a ataque cerebrovascular (ACV) isquémico agudo en territorio de la arteria cerebral posterior (ACP) izquierda con reperfusión hemorrágica a nivel de corteza occipital. Se alcanzó una resolución espontánea completa de su cuadro clínico en un curso aproximado de 15 días.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Mental Health , Stroke , Bipolar Disorder , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Confusion , Posterior Cerebral Artery , Delusions , Dyslipidemias , Neuropsychiatry/trends , Hallucinations
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 49(2): 67-67, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1115645


A raiz de la polemica originada por la difusión de un programa televisivo de opinion donde se denuncias maltratos a pacientes hospitalizados en instituciones nacionales de salud mental, la ACP emitió el siguiente comunicado que ponemos hoy como editorial de nuestra revista.

As a result of the controversy caused by the dissemination of an opinion television program where mistreatment of hospitalized patients in national mental health institutions is reported, the ACP issued the following statement that we put today as the editorial of our magazine.

Humans , Male , Female , Television , Mental Health , Patients , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Diffusion
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 29(3): 129-135, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1410609


Introduction Prediction of lymph node involvement (LNI) is of paramount importance for patients with prostate cancer (PCa) undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). Multiple statistical models predicting LNI have been developed to support clinical decision-making regarding the need of extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND). Our aim is to evaluate the prediction ability of the best-performing prediction tools for LNI in PCa in a Latin-American population. Methods Clinicopathological data of 830 patients with PCa who underwent RP and ePLND between 2007 and 2018 was obtained. Only data from patients who had ≥ 10 lymph nodes (LNs) harvested were included (n = 576 patients). Four prediction models were validated using this cohort: The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) web calculator, Briganti v.2017, Yale formula and Partin tables v.2016. The performance of the prediction tools was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC). Results The median age was 61 years old (interquartile range [IQR] 56­66), the median Prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 6,81 ng/mL (IQR 4,8­10,1) and the median of LNs harvested was 17 (IQR 13­23), and LNI was identified in 53 patients (9.3%). Predictions from the 2017 Briganti nomogram AUC (0.85) and the Yale formula AUC (0.85) were the most accurate; MSKCC and 2016 Partin tables AUC were both 0,84. Conclusion There was no significant difference in the performance of the four validated prediction tools in a Latin-American population compared with the European or North American patients in whom these tools have been validated. Among the 4 models, the Briganti v.2017 and Yale formula yielded the best results, but the AUC overlapped with the other validated models.

Introducción La predicción del compromiso ganglionar es de suma importancia en pacientes con cáncer de próstata (CaP) que se van a someter a prostatectomía radical (PR). Múltiples modelos estadísticos se han desarrollado para predecir el riesgo de compromiso ganglionar y facilitar las decisiones clínicas de realizar o no linfadenectomía pélvica ampliada (LPA). Nuestro objetivo es evaluar la habilidad de predicción de las mejores herramientas de predicción de compromiso ganglionar en CaP en una población latinoamericana. Métodos Se evaluaron los datos clínico-patológicos de 830 pacientes con CaP sometidos a PR y LPA entre el 2007­2018. Solo se analizaron os pacientes con 10 o más ganglios extraídos (n = 576). Cuatro modelos de predicción fueron validados en esta cohorte: el modelo de la calculadora online del Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), el Briganti v.2017, la fórmula de Yale, y tablas de Partin v.2016. Se evaluó el desempeño de los modelos con curvas de características operativas del receptor (COR) y el área bajo la curva (ABC). Resultados La mediana de edad fue 61 años (rango intercuartílico [RI]: 56­66), mediana de Prostate specific antigen (PSA) 6,81 ng/mL (RI: 4,8­10,1), y mediana de ganglios extraídos 17 (RI: 13­23); se documentó compromiso ganglionar en 53 pacientes (9.3%). La habilidad de predicción del nomograma de Briganti v.2017 ABC (0,85) y la fórmula de Yale ABC (0,85) fueron las más precisas. El modelo del MSKCC y las tablas de Partin v.2016 mostraron AUC de 0,84 ambos. Conclusiones No encontramos diferencia estadisticamente significativa en el desempeño de los cuatro modelos de predicción validados en esta población latinoamericana comparada con pacientes norteamericanos o europeos en los que estas herramientas fueron desarrolladas. Entre los 4 modelos, el nomograma de Briganti v.2017 y la fórmula de Yale mostraron los mejores resultados; sin embargo, el AUC se sobrepone con los otros modelos validados.

Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Prostatectomy , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , ROC Curve , Models, Statistical , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Clinical Decision-Making
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(5): 332-341, May 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1012753


Knowledge about reproduction of white-lipped peccary is of great importance to assist with the conservation of this species and enable its rational use in captivity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ACP-103®, ACP-116® and BTS semen extenders on sperm viability during cooling of Tayassu pecari semen. Five ejaculates from four adult males were chilled. The animals were submitted to the protocols of sedation and anesthesia for semen collection by the electroejaculation method. After collection, the semen was macro- and microscopically assessed and diluted to reach 35x106 spermatozoa/mL in each of the three different extenders tested. The fresh-extended semen was packed in a BotuFLEX® thermal box to keep samples at 15°C for 24 hours. After cooling, the following semen parameters were analyzed: sperm motility, functional and structural integrity of sperm membranes, mitochondrial activity, chromatin condensation, and the thermoresistance test was performed. The parameters sperm motility, structural and functional integrity of sperm membranes, mitochondrial activity, and chromatin condensation were preserved after use of the extenders tested, and were similar to those of in natura semen (p>0.05). Curvilinear velocity (VCL) (p<0.05) was the only parameter with reduced values after cooling regardless of the extender used. The percentage of sperm with normal morphology was greater in samples cooled using the BTS extender (p<0.05). The ACP-103®, ACP-116® and BTS extenders can be used for the cooling and preservation of white-lipped peccary semen at 15°C for 24 hours.(AU)

Para auxiliar na conservação da espécie e permitir o uso racional do queixada em cativeiro é de grande importância o conhecimento sobre a reprodução da espécie. Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito dos diluidores de sêmen ACP-103®, ACP-116® e BTS na viabilidade espermática durante a refrigeração do sêmen do Tayassu pecari. Foram refrigerados cinco ejaculados provenientes de quatro machos adultos. Os animais foram contidos com auxílio de puçá e submetidos ao protocolo de sedação e anestesia para realização da coleta de sêmen pelo método da eletroejaculação. Depois da coleta, o sêmen foi avaliado macro e microscopicamente e diluído para atingir 35x106 espermatozoides/mL em cada um dos três diferentes diluidores testados. O sêmen diluído foi acondicionado em caixa térmica BotuFLEX® para manter as amostras a 15°C por um período de 24 horas. Depois da refrigeração, os espermatozoides foram avaliados quanto aos parâmetros de movimento espermático, integridade funcional e estrutural das membranas espermáticas, atividade mitocondrial, condensação da cromatina e teste de termorresistência. Os diluidores testados preservaram as características cinéticas, a integridade estrutural e funcional das membranas espermáticas, a atividade mitocondrial e a condensação da cromatina semelhante ao sêmen in natura (P>0,05). O único parâmetro que reduziu com o processo de refrigeração independente do diluidor utilizado foi a Velocidade Curvilinear (VCL) (P<0,05). Foi observado aumento do percentual de espermatozoides morfologicamente normais nas amostras refrigeradas em BTS (P<0,05). Os diluidores ACP-103®, ACP-116® e BTS podem refrigerar e conservar o sêmen de queixada a 15°C por 24 horas.(AU)

Animals , Artiodactyla , Semen Preservation/methods , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Cryopreservation/veterinary
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762246


BACKGROUND: Thoracic interfascial plane block is useful as a component of multimodal analgesia in patients undergoing mastectomy. However, multimodal analgesia tends not to be provided during lumpectomy as it is one of the less aggressive procedures among breast cancer surgeries. Therefore, we investigated the effects of thoracic interfascial plane block as more effective analgesia after breast lumpectomy. METHODS: Forty six patients (20–80 years old, female) with breast cancer scheduled to undergo lumpectomy were randomly assigned to two groups. Postoperative pain control in the control group consisted only of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). In the block group, intravenous PCA was used after serratus intercostal fascial plane block and pecto-intercostal fascial plane block. The primary outcome was the 24 h cumulative postoperative fentanyl consumption. Pain severity, additional rescue analgesic requirement, side effects, and patient satisfaction were also evaluated. RESULTS: Postoperative fentanyl consumption in the block group was significantly reduced compared with the control group (median, 88.8 [interquartile range, 48.0, 167.6] vs. 155.2 [88.8, 249.2], P = 0.022). The pain score was significantly lower in the block group only in the post-anesthesia care unit (2.9 ± 1.8 vs. 4.3 ± 2.3, P = 0.022). There were no differences in the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting and the requirement for additional analgesics between the groups. The satisfaction score was significantly higher in the block group. CONCLUSIONS: Thoracic interfascial plane block after lumpectomy reduces opioid usage and increases patient satisfaction with postoperative pain control. Thoracic interfascial plane block is useful for multimodal analgesia after lumpectomy.

Analgesia , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Analgesics , Analgesics, Opioid , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Fentanyl , Humans , Incidence , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Nerve Block , Pain, Postoperative , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Patient Satisfaction , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764925


BACKGROUND: Recently, younger prostate cancer (PCa) patients have been reported to harbour more favourable disease characteristics after radical prostatectomy (RP) than older men. We analysed young men (< 50 years) with PCa among the Korean population, paying attention to pathological characteristics on RP specimen and biochemical recurrence (BCR). METHODS: The multi-centre, Severance Urological Oncology Group registry was utilized to identify 622 patients with clinically localized or locally advanced PCa, who were treated with RP between 2001 and 2017. Patients were dichotomized into two groups according to age (< 50-year-old [n = 75] and ≥ 50-year-old [n = 547]), and clinicopathological characteristics were analysed. Propensity score matching was used when assessing BCR between the two groups. RESULTS: Although biopsy Gleason score (GS) was lower in younger patients (P = 0.033), distribution of pathologic GS was similar between the two groups (13.3% vs. 13.9% for GS ≥ 8, P = 0.191). There was no significant difference in pathologic T stage between the < 50- and ≥ 50-year-old groups (69.3% vs. 68.0% in T2 and 30.7% vs. 32.0% in ≥ T3, P = 0.203). The positive surgical margin rates were similar between the two groups (20.0% vs. 27.6%, P = 0.178). BCR-free survival rates were also similar (P = 0.644) between the two groups, after propensity matching. CONCLUSION: Contrary to prior reports, younger PCa patients did not have more favourable pathologic features on RP specimen and showed similar BCR rates compared to older men. These findings should be considered when making treatment decisions for young Korean patients with PCa.

Biopsy , Humans , Korea , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Grading , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Young Adult
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 257-266, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742536


PURPOSE: Radical prostatectomy (RP) is one of main treatments for prostate cancer (Pca). The prevalence of Pca has been decreasing in recent reports. However, no study has reported trends in Pca prevalence or RP rate according to age structural changes. The objective of this study was to investigate trends in Pca prevalence and frequency of RP according to age structural change. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated trends in Pca prevalence and RP rate using National Health Insurance Data from 2005 to 2015. Relationships for Pca prevalence and RP rate with age structural change were also determined. Primary outcomes included trends in Pca prevalence and RP rates according to age groups, comparing those before and after 2011. RESULTS: Pca prevalence tended to increase before 2011 and decreased after 2011 in persons in the 60-years age group. RP rate increased pattern before 2011 and decreased after 2011 in age groups of 50s, 60s, and over 70s. Pca prevalence and age structural change showed a significantly positive relationship in all age groups, except for the age group under 40 years. RP rate and age structural change also showed a significantly positive relationship in all age groups. CONCLUSION: Age structural change can affect the decreasing trend in Pca prevalence and RP rate in South Korea. Future studies are needed to validate this result.

Humans , Korea , National Health Programs , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Prevalence , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742310


Trichomoniasis is the most common curable sexually-transmitted infection. Most Trichomonas vaginalis-infected men are asymptomatic and can remain undiagnosed and untreated, and this has been thought to result in chronic persistent prostatic infection. Chronic inflammation is regarded as the major factor in the pathogenesis and progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatic cancer (PCa). The aim of this study is to identify seropositivity to T. vaginalis in men with prostate tumors (BPH or PCa) visited to Hanyang University Hospital. A total of 183 men were enrolled between October 2013 and November 2014. They consisted of 139 with BPH (mean age: 64.0±0.07) and 44 with prostate cancer (mean age: 73.3±0.18). We carried out ELISA to identify the seropositivity to T. vaginalis. Mixed lysate antigen extracted from 8 strains of T. vaginalis was used in the ELISA. Also 58 male outpatients visited to Health Promotion Center in Hanyang University Hospital were evaluated for comparing group. As a results, seropositivity to T. vaginalis in patients with prostatic diseases was 19.7% (BPH: 18.7%, PCa: 22.7%) and it was significantly higher than the 1.7% of the comparing healthy group (P=0.001). Therefore, prostatic tumor showed higher seropositivity against T. vaginalis than normal men. As far as we know, this is the first report about seroprevalence in prostatic tumor in Korea.

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Health Promotion , Humans , Inflammation , Korea , Male , Outpatients , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Prostate , Prostatic Diseases , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Prostatic Neoplasms , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Trichomonas vaginalis , Trichomonas
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741401


OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively determine whether the use of the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) version 2 (v2) helps predict long-term outcomes for prostate cancer (PCa) patients following radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 166 patients with localized PCa evaluated with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) at 3T before RP were enrolled. Three groups were created based on PI-RADS v2 score used to predict clinical outcomes: group A, ≥ 3; group B, ≥ 4; group C, 5. We calculated biochemical recurrence-free survival (RFS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Cox proportion hazards models were used to identify variables predictive of biochemical recurrence and disease progression. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 9.1 years, biochemical recurrence occurred in 67 patients (40.4%) and disease progression occurred in 55 patients (33.1%). In all groups, 10-year RFS and 10-year PFS were significantly lower for PI-RADS scores ≥ 3, ≥ 4 and 5 than for score < 3, < 4 and < 5 (p <0.05), respectively. In multivariate analysis, PI-RADS score ≥ 3 and score 5 were significant independent risk marker for biochemical recurrence (hazard ratio [HR] = 5.58, p = 0.018; HR = 1.75, p = 0.033) and disease progression (HR = 3.99, p = 0.047; HR = 2.31, p = 0.040). Moderate inter-observer agreement was seen for PI-RADS scoring. CONCLUSION: PI-RADS v2 may be used to predict long-term outcomes following RP in PCa.

Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Information Systems , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719629


PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in the expression of androgen receptor (AR) and its variants (ARVs) in human prostate cancer (PCa) tissues according to disease status, and its prognostic significance following radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 282 PCa cases were evaluated, which included 252 localized PCa, 8 metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and 22 benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) cases. Samples were collected from patients who underwent RP or transurethral resection and were stored in ethically approved tissue banks. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry were performed for AR and ARVs. Each tissue was confirmed as cancerous (greater than 80%) using hematoxylin and eosin staining. AR and ARVs expression was compared according to disease status. The biochemical recurrence free survival (BCRFS) rates in men with localized PCa was analyzed according to AR and ARV7 expression using the Kaplan-Meier curve. RESULTS: Only 58 of the 252 localized PCa were included in the analysis because of insufficient cancer tissue. AR and ARV7 mRNA expression was higher in the CRPC tissue than in the localized PCa tissue (p=0.025, p=0.002, respectively). In localized PCa tissue, high AR mRNA and protein level was associated with a low BCRFS rate (log-ranked, p=0.019, p < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Overall AR and ARV7 mRNA expression levels were increased in CRPC tissues compared to localized PCa and BPH tissues. High AR protein and mRNA expression in the tumor tissue may be considered a predictive factor of BCRFS following RP.

Blotting, Western , Castration , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematoxylin , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Prostatic Neoplasms , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Androgen , Recurrence , RNA, Messenger , Tissue Banks
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719317


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of heritability on the craniofacial soft tissue cephalometric characteristics of monozygotic (MZ) twins, dizygotic (DZ) twins, and their siblings (SIB). METHODS: The samples comprised Korean adult twins and their siblings (mean age, 39.8 years; MZ group, n = 36 pairs; DZ group, n = 13 pairs of the same gender; and SIB group, n = 26 pairs of the same gender). Thirty cephalometric variables were measured to characterize facial profile, facial height, soft-tissue thickness, and projection of nose and lip. Falconer's method was used to calculate heritability (low heritability, h2 0.9). After principal components analysis (PCA) was performed to extract the models, we calculated the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) value and heritability of each component. RESULTS: The MZ group exhibited higher ICC values for all cephalometric variables than DZ and SIB groups. Among cephalometric variables, the highest h2 (MZ-DZ) and h2 (MZ-SIB) values were observed for the nasolabial angle (NLA, 1.544 and 2.036), chin angle (1.342 and 1.112), soft tissue chin thickness (2.872 and 1.226), and upper lip thickness ratio (1.592 and 1.026). PCA derived eight components with 84.5% of a cumulative explanation. The components that exhibited higher values of h2 (MZ-DZ) and h2 (MZ-SIB) were PCA2, which includes facial convexity, NLA, and nose projection (1.026 and 0.972), and PCA7, which includes chin angle and soft tissue chin thickness (2.107 and 1.169). CONCLUSIONS: The nose and soft tissue chin were more influenced by genetic factors than other soft tissues.

Adult , Chin , Humans , Lip , Methods , Nose , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Siblings , Twins , Twins, Dizygotic , Twins, Monozygotic
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763013


Mast cells are the most prominent effector cells of Type 1 hypersensitivity immune responses. CYC116 [4-(2-amino-4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-5-yl)-N-[4-(morpholin-4-yl)phenyl] pyrimidin-2-amine] is under development to be used as an anti-cancer drug, but the inhibitory effects of CYC116 on the activation of mast cells and related allergy diseases have not reported as of yet. In this study, we demonstrated, for the first time, that CYC116 inhibited the degranulation of mast cells by antigen stimulation (IC₅₀, ∼1.42 µM). CYC116 also inhibited the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α (IC₅₀, ∼1.10 µM), and IL-6 (IC₅₀, ∼1.24 µM). CYC116 inhibited the mast cell-mediated allergic responses, passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (ED50, ∼22.5 mg/kg), and passive systemic anaphylaxis in a dose-dependent manner in laboratory experiments performed on mice. Specifically, CYC116 inhibited the activity of Fyn in mast cells and inhibited the activation of Syk and Syk-dependent signaling proteins including LAT, PLCγ, Akt, and MAP kinases. Our results suggest that CYC116 could be used as an alternative therapeutic medication for mast cell-mediated allergic disorders, such as atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis.

Anaphylaxis , Animals , Cytokines , Dermatitis, Atopic , Hypersensitivity , Interleukin-6 , Mast Cells , Mice , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Phosphotransferases , Rhinitis, Allergic
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770086


PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of single injection adductor canal block (SACB), continuous adductor canal block (CACB), and the concomitant use of transdermal buprenorphine after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 125 patients who underwent TKA were divided into three groups and the clinical results were retrospecitively compared. Group I was comprised of patients with pain controlled by SACB (n=41). Group II consisted of patients with pain controlled by both SACB and transdermal buprenorphine (10 µg/h) (n=44). Group III contained patients with pain controlled by CACB (n=40). The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used as the pain control indicator and the patients were measured on a VAS for resting on the bed (VAS-Rest) at 12 hours, 24 hours, and 48 hours after surgery. The VAS while doing continuous passive motion (VAS-CPM) on the first and second postoperative day was also measured. In addition, the total amount of medications used (Butopahn, Tridol, and Ketorac) for the intravenous patient controlled analgesia (PCA) was counted for 48 hours after surgery. As the indicator of the functional recovery outcome, the incidence of nausea and vomiting was observed for 48 hours after surgery. The maximum knee joint flexion range and maximum walking distance on the first and second postoperative day, and the total length of stay at the hospital were compared. RESULTS: The VAS-Rest was similar in the three groups at 12 hours after surgery, but at 24 hours and 48 hours after surgery, group II and III a lower VAS-CPM and total amount of medications used for PCA than group I (p<0.05). The three groups showed a low incidence of nausea and vomiting, maximum knee joint flexion range, and similar walking distance and total length of stay at the hospital. CONCLUSION: The combination of SACB and transdermal buprenorphine has great pain control effect initially. On the other hand, it is not associated with catheter complications and it is convenient to use and safety toward the renal function. Therefore, the concomitant use of SACB and transdermal buprenorphine can be an effective pain control method after TKA.

Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Buprenorphine , Catheters , Hand , Humans , Incidence , Knee Joint , Length of Stay , Methods , Nausea , Pain, Postoperative , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Vomiting , Walking
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761397


OBJECTIVE: Oxycodone, a semi-synthetic thebaine derivative opioid, is commonly used for treating moderate to severe pain. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of oxycodone and fentanyl used for treating postoperative pain with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS: A total of 122 patients were randomized to receive postoperative pain treatment with either oxycodone (n=62, group O) or fentanyl (n=60, group F). Patients received 7.5 mg oxycodone and 150 mcg fentanyl with ketorolac 30 mg at the end of anesthesia, and then continued with IV-PCA (conversion dose ratio, 50:1) for 48 hours postoperatively. A blinded observer assessed postoperative pain based on a numerical rating scale, postoperative nausea and vomiting and other side effects, infused PCA dose, patient satisfaction, and sedation level. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed in patient satisfaction according to the analgesic used during the 48 hours postoperative period. CONCLUSION: Oxycodone showed similar efficacy for pain relief compared to fentanyl when used at a conversion dose ratio of 50:1. Therefore, oxycodone may be useful as an alternative to fentanyl for IV-PCA after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery.

Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Anesthesia , Female , Fentanyl , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Humans , Ketorolac , Oxycodone , Pain, Postoperative , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Patient Satisfaction , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Postoperative Period , Thebaine
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760324


PURPOSE: To compare biopsy performance of 2 approaches for multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided biopsy and transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided biopsy with 2nd and 3rd repeat biopsy patients in prostate cancer detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed 2,868 patients who was performed prostate biopsy between September 2013 to March 2017 at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea with TRUS-guided random biopsy and MRI fusion, MRI cognitive, and MRI-guided biopsy as 2nd and 3rd repeat biopsy and propensity matching was applied to reduce bias. Detection rate of each study was compared with 1:1 matching. RESULTS: Among 265 patients who performed TRUS 2nd biopsy, positivity rate for prostate cancer (PCa) was 18.49% (n=49/265) while 54.72% (n=145/265) for MRI-guided biopsy. In 3rd biopsy, positivity rate for PCa of TRUS biopsy was 17.74% (n=11/62) while 56.45% (n=35/62) for MRI guided biopsy. There was no significant difference in the detection rate for the patient with Gleason score 8 or more. CONCLUSIONS: MRI-guided biopsy was associated with a higher detection rate of prostate cancer with especially in patients with prior negative biopsy.

Bias , Biopsy , Cohort Studies , Humans , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Grading , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Propensity Score , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Ultrasonography
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739994


BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) frequently occurs following bimaxillary orthognathic surgeries. Compared to opioids, Nefopam is associated with lower incidences of PONV, and does not induce gastrointestinal tract injury, coagulopathy, nephrotoxicity, or fracture healing dysfunction, which are common side effects of Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We compared nefopam- and fentanyl-induced incidence of PONV in patients with access to patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) following bimaxillary orthognathic surgeries. METHODS: Patients undergoing bimaxillary orthognathic surgeries were randomly divided into nefopam and fentanyl groups. Nefopam 120 mg or fentanyl 700 µg was mixed with normal saline to a final volume of 120 mL. Patients were given access to nefopam or fentanyl via PCA. Postoperative pain intensity and PONV were measured at 30 minutes and 1 hour after surgery in the recovery room and at 8, 24, 48, and 72 hours after surgery in the ward. The frequency of bolus delivery was compared at each time point. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients were enrolled in this study, with 48 in the nefopam (N) group and 41 in the fentanyl (F) group. PONV occurred in 13 patients (27.7%) in the N group and 7 patients (17.1%) in the F group at 8 hours post-surgery (P = 0.568), and there were no significant differences between the two groups at any of the time points. VAS scores were 4.4 ± 2.0 and 3.7 ± 1.9 in the N and F groups, respectively, at 8 hours after surgery (P = 0.122), and cumulative bolus delivery was 10.7 ± 13.7 and 8.6 ± 8.5, respectively (P = 0.408). There were no significant differences in pain or bolus delivery at any of the remaining time points. CONCLUSION: Patients who underwent bimaxillary orthognathic surgery and were given nefopam via PCA did not experience a lower rate of PONV compared to those that received fentanyl via PCA. Furthermore, nefopam and fentanyl did not provide significantly different postoperative pain control.

Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Analgesics, Opioid , Fentanyl , Fracture Healing , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Incidence , Nefopam , Orthognathic Surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Prospective Studies , Recovery Room