Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 137
Filter
1.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(3): 238-244, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1011494

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the 12-month prevalence of mental health services utilization (overall and by type of service sector), the adequacy of treatment provided, and sociodemographic correlates in the Argentinean Study of Mental Health Epidemiology (ASMHE). Methods: The ASMHE is a multistage probability household sample representative of adults in urban areas of Argentina. The World Health Organization World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI) was used to evaluate psychiatric diagnosis and service utilization. Results: Among those with a disorder, 27.6% received any treatment in the prior 12 months. Of these, 78.3% received minimally adequate treatment using a broad definition and only 43.6% using a stringent definition. For individuals with a disorder, more services were provided by mental health professionals (17.7%) than by general medical professionals (11.5%) or non-healthcare sectors (2.6%). Younger individuals with low education and income were less likely to receive treatment; those never married and those with an anxiety or mood disorder were more likely to receive treatment. Among those in treatment, treatment was least adequate among younger individuals with low education and low income. Conclusions: Policies to increase access to services for mental health disorders in Argentina are needed, as is training for primary care practitioners in the early detection and treatment of psychiatric disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Substance-Related Disorders/therapy , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Mental Disorders/therapy , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Mental Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Argentina/epidemiology , Psychiatry/education , Socioeconomic Factors , Urban Population/statistics & numerical data , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Surveys , Substance-Related Disorders/diagnosis , General Practitioners/education , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Mental Disorders/diagnosis , Middle Aged
3.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(2): e00047217, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-952381

ABSTRACT

O papel dos serviços de saúde é crucial para o alcance da meta 90-90-90 de controle da epidemia do HIV. O estudo avalia a organização dos serviços brasileiros nas ações de promoção, monitoramento e suporte à retenção no seguimento e apoio ao tratamento. Foram comparadas, por meio de variação percentual (VP), as respostas dos serviços a um questionário de avaliação da qualidade organizacional (Qualiaids) em 2007 e em 2010. Analisou-se os 419 serviços que responderam ao questionário em 2007 (83,1% dos respondentes) e 2010 (63,6%). Ações gerenciais relacionadas à retenção e apoio, embora incrementadas no período, permaneceram com baixa frequência, tais como: reuniões sistemáticas para discussão de casos; (32,7% em 2010; VP = 19,8%), registro de faltas em consulta médica (35,3%; VP = 36,8%). Ações assistenciais relacionadas à adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso permanecem majoritariamente exclusivas do médico. O aporte de recursos de provisão federal - medicamentos e exames específicos para HIV - manteve-se alto para a grande maioria dos serviços (~90%). Não se alcançará decréscimo significativo da transmissão do HIV enquanto a permanência no tratamento não for prioridade de todos os serviços de assistência.


El papel de los servicios de salud es crucial para el alcance de la meta 90-90-90 de control de la epidemia de VIH. El estudio evalúa la organización de los servicios brasileños en las acciones de promoción, monitoreo y apoyo al mantenimiento del seguimiento y tratamiento. Se compararon, mediante la variación porcentual (VP), las respuestas de los servicios a un cuestionario de evaluación de la calidad organizativa (Qualiaids) en 2007 y en 2010. Se analizaron los 419 servicios que respondieron al cuestionario en 2007 (83,1% de los participantes) y 2010 (63,6%). Las acciones de gerencia, relacionadas con el mantenimiento y apoyo, aunque se incrementaron durante el período, permanecieron con baja frecuencia, tales como: reuniones sistemáticas para discusión de casos; (32,7% en 2010; VP = 19,8%), registro de faltas en consulta médica (35,3%; VP = 36,8%). Las acciones asistenciales relacionadas con la adhesión al tratamiento farmacológico continúan siendo mayoritariamente exclusivas del médico. La aportación de recursos de provisión federal -medicamentos y exámenes específicos para VIH- se mantuvo alta para la gran mayoría de los servicios (~90%). No se alcanzará un decremento significativo en la transmisión del VIH, mientras la permanencia en el tratamiento no sea una prioridad de todos los servicios de asistencia.


Health services play a crucial role in reaching the 90-90-90 target of controlling the HIV epidemic. This study evaluates the organization of Brazilian health services in improving, monitoring, and retention in HIV care and adherence support. Percentage variation (PV) was used to compare the responses by services to an evaluation questionnaire on organizational quality (Qualiaids) in 2007 and 2010. The study analyzed the 419 services that completed the questionnaire in 2007 (83.1% of respondents) and 2010 (63.6%). Management actions of retention and support although increased in the period, but remained at low rates, for example: systematic meetings for case discussion (32.7% in 2010; PV = 19.8%) and recording of missed medical appointments (35.3%; PV = 36.8%). Patient care actions related to adherence to ART remained largely exclusive to the attending physician. The supply of funds and resources from the Federal Government (medicines and specific HIV tests) remained high for the vast majority of the services (~90%). It will not be possible to achieve a significant decrease in HIV transmission as long as retention in treatment is not a priority in all the health services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Health Care , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , HIV Infections/therapy , Ambulatory Care/organization & administration , National Health Programs , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/therapy , HIV Long-Term Survivors
4.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(9): e00011618, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-952468

ABSTRACT

Despite the overall benefits of immunization, vaccine hesitancy has been a growing trend and has been associated with the resurgence of vaccine-preventable diseases. The aim of this study was to assess vaccine confidence and hesitancy in Brazil, as part of a wider project to map vaccine confidence globally. One thousand subjects were interviewed, either online or face-to-face, based on a general questionnaire regarding perceptions on vaccines and vaccination. Further exploratory questions were used with the subset of respondents who were parents of children aged under 5. Such questions extracted information regarding vaccination behavior, opinions on vaccination and government health services, and vaccine hesitancy. Reasons for hesitancy were classified as relating to confidence, convenience and/or complacency, and the population was also analyzed socio-demographically. The results showed that overall confidence in immunization was higher than confidence in family planning services, community health workers and emergency services. Seventy-six people reported hesitancy to vaccinate. The commonest reasons for hesitancy were issues with confidence (41.4%), efficacy/safety of the vaccine (25.5%) and concerns about adverse events (23.6%). The sociodemographic analysis revealed that vaccine hesitancy was associated with marital status, level of education and income. Despite overall vaccine confidence being high, a clear trend toward lower levels of confidence was associated with higher levels of hesitancy, which warrants on-going monitoring, due to the dynamic and changing nature of vaccine hesitancy.


Apesar dos benefícios globais da imunização, a hesitação em vacinar é uma tendência crescente que tem sido associada ao ressurgimento das doenças imunopreveníveis. O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a confiança nas vacinas e a hesitação em vacinar no Brasil, como parte de um projeto mais amplo para mapear a confiança em vacinas em nível global. Foram entrevistadas mil pessoas, direta ou virtualmente, usando um questionário geral sobre percepção em relação às vacinas e à vacinação. Foram utilizadas perguntas exploratórias adicionais no subconjunto de entrevistados que eram pais de crianças abaixo de cinco anos de idade. Essas perguntas produziram informações sobre o comportamento em relação à vacinação, opiniões sobre vacinação e serviços públicos de saúde e hesitação em vacinar. Os motivos da hesitação foram classificados em relação à confiança, conveniência e/ou acomodação, e a população também foi analisada conforme as características sociodemográficas. Os resultados mostraram que a confiança geral na imunização foi maior do que nos serviços de planejamento familiar, agentes comunitários de saúde e serviços de emergência. Setenta e seis pessoas relataram hesitação em vacinar. Os motivos mais frequentes da hesitação diziam respeito a confiança (41,4%), eficácia/segurança da vacina (25,5%) e preocupações com eventos adversos (23,6%). A análise sociodemográfica mostrou que a hesitação em vacinar estava associada ao estado civil, escolaridade e renda. Apesar da alta confiança geral na vacinação, uma clara tendência para níveis de confiança mais baixos esteve associada a níveis mais altos de hesitação, o que justifica o monitoramento permanente dessa tendência, em função da natureza dinâmica da hesitação em vacinar.


A pesar de lo beneficios generales de la inmunización, la renuencia a la vacunación ha sido una tendencia en crecimiento que ha sido asociada con el resurgimiento de las enfermedades prevenibles por vacunación. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la confianza y renuencia a las vacunas en Brasil, como parte de un proyecto más amplio para mapear la confianza en las vacunas globalmente. Mil sujetos fueron entrevistados, bien en línea o cara-a-cara, mediante un cuestionario general respecto a sus percepciones sobre las vacunas y la vacunación. Se utilizaron otras preguntas exploratorias con el subconjunto de encuestados, que eran padres de niños con una edad inferior a los cinco años. Tales preguntas recabaron información respecto al comportamiento sobre la vacunación, opiniones sobre vacunación y servicios de salud gubernamentales, así como su renuencia a las vacunas. Las razones para esta última se clasificaron como aquellas relacionadas con la confianza, conveniencia y/o complacencia, y la población fue también analizada sociodemográficamente. Los resultados mostraron que la confianza general en inmunización fue más alta que la confianza en servicios de planificación familiar, trabajadores de salud comunitarios y servicios de emergencia. Setenta y seis personas informaron de renuencia a la vacunación. Las razones más comunes para la renuencia fueron temas relacionados con la confianza (41,4%), eficacia/seguridad de la vacuna (25,5%) y preocupaciones sobre efectos adversos (23,6%). El análisis sociodemográfico reveló que la renuencia a la vacunación estaba asociada con el estado civil, nivel de educación e ingresos. A pesar de que la confianza general en las vacunas es alta, existe una clara tendencia hacia niveles más bajos de confianza, que estaba asociada con altos niveles de renuencia, lo que garantiza una supervisión permanente, debido a la dinámica y naturaleza cambiante del rechazo a las vacunas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Vaccines/administration & dosage , Attitude to Health , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 9(2): 416-421, abr.-jun. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-836358

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the influence of the abandonment of prenatal care fetal and neonatal mortality. Methods: Assessment study, descriptive and exploratory, primarily on documentary evidence, using a quantitative approach, conducted from October to November 2014. It was used as a data source, 400 death certificates and 400 investigation files of fetal and neonatal deaths and reported in the years 2010 to 2013 were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences, to obtain the absolute and relative frequencies, nominal and numerical variables and chi-square Person. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the State University of Maranhão (CAAE26463814.2.0000.5554). Results: When evaluated the correlation between prenatal neglect and fetal and neonatal mortality it was observed that the mortality of fetuses and newborns whose progenitors have left the prenatal care was a growing event. Conclusion: It was possible to confirm the direct influence of prenatal cessation in fetal and neonatal mortality.


Objetivo: avaliar a influência do abandono da assistência pré-natal na mortalidade fetal e neonatal. Métodos: Estudo avaliativo, descritivo–exploratório, de cunho documental, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado de outubro a novembro de 2014. Utilizou-se como fonte de dados, 400 declarações de óbitos e 400 fichas de investigação de óbitos fetais e neonatais, ocorridos e notificados nos anos de 2010 a 2013. Foram analisados por meio do Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, para obtenção das frequências absolutas e relativas, variáveis nominais e numéricas e Qui-quadrado de Person. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Estadual do Maranhão (CAAE26463814.2.0000.5554). Resultados: Quando avaliado a correlação entre o abandono do pré-natal e a mortalidade fetal e neonatal, observou-se que a mortalidade de fetos/neonatos de genitoras que abandonaram o prénatal foi um evento crescente. Conclusão: Pode-se confirmar a influência direta do abandono do pré-natal na mortalidade fetal e neonatal.


Objetivo: evaluar la influencia del abandono de la atención prenatal fetal y mortalidad neonatal. Métodos: Estudio de Evaluación, descriptivo y exploratorio, principalmente en pruebas documentales, utilizando un enfoque cuantitativo, realizado entre octubre y noviembre de 2014. Fue utilizado como una fuente de datos, 400 certificados de de función y 400 expedientes de investigación de las muertes neonatales y fetales y reportado en los años 2010 a 2013, fueron analizados mediante el Statistical Package for Social Sciences, para obtener las frecuencias absolutas y relativas, variables nominales y numéricas y de chi-cuadrado del Person. El estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética de Investigación de la Universidad del Estado de Maranhão (CAAE 26463814.2.0000.5554). Resultados: Cuando se evaluó se observó la correlación entre el descuido prenatal y mortalidad fetal y neonatal que la mortalidad de los fetos/progenitores de los recién nacidos que han abandonado el cuidado prenatal fue un evento cada vez mayor. Conclusión: Fue posible confirmar la influencia directa de la cesación prenatal en la mortalidad fetal y neonatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Patient Compliance , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Pregnant Women , Fetal Mortality , Infant Mortality , Perinatal Mortality , Brazil
6.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(1): 23-29, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-844203

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate pharmacological treatment adherence of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, attended in an outpatient pharmacy at a tertiary hospital in northeastern Brazil. Methods: The analysis of adherence was performed along with caregivers, through a structured questionnaire based on Morisky, Green and Levine, which enabled the categorization of adherence in “highest”, “moderate” or “low” grades, and through evaluating medication dispensing registers, which classified the act of getting medications at the pharmacy as “regular” or “irregular”. Drug Related Problems (DRP) were identified through the narrative of caregivers and classified according to the Second Granada Consensus. Then, a pharmaceutical orientation chart with information about the therapeutic regimen was applied, in order to function as a guide for issues that influenced adherence. Results: A total of 43 patients was included, with a mean age of 11.12 years, and 65.1% (n = 28) were female. Applying the questionnaire, it was found “highest” adherence in 46.5% (n = 20) patients, “moderate” adherence in 48.8% (n = 21), and “low” adherence in 4.7% (n = 2). Through an analysis of the medication dispensing registers, a lower level of adherence was observed: only 25.6% (n = 11) of the participants received “regularly” the medications. Twenty-six DRP was identified, and 84.6% (n = 22) were classified as real. There were no significant associations between socio-demographic variables and adherence, although some caregivers have reported difficulty in accessing the medicines and in understanding the treatment. Conclusion: Our findings showed problems in the adherence process related to inattention, forgetfulness and irregularity in getting medicines, reinforcing the need for the development of strategies to facilitate a better understanding of treatment and to ensure adherence.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a adesão ao tratamento farmacológico de pacientes com artrite idiopática juvenil, atendidos na farmácia ambulatorial de hospital terciário do Nordeste do Brasil. Métodos: A análise da adesão foi feita junto aos cuidadores, por meio de questionário estruturado com base no teste de Morisky, Green e Levine, que viabilizou a categorização da adesão em “máxima”, “moderada” ou “baixa”, e da avaliação dos registros de dispensação dos medicamentos, que classificou a retirada de medicamentos na farmácia como “regular” ou “irregular”. Os problemas relacionados com medicamentos (PRM) foram identificados por meio da narrativa dos cuidadores e classificados conforme o Segundo Consenso de Granada. Em seguida, aplicou-se uma tabela de orientação farmacêutica, que contém informações sobre o esquema terapêutico, de forma a esclarecer questões que influenciavam a adesão. Resultados: Participaram 43 pacientes, com média de 11,12 anos, 65,1%, (n = 28) do sexo feminino. Por meio do questionário, verificou-se adesão “máxima” em 46,5% (n = 20) dos pacientes, “moderada” em 48,8% (n = 21) e “baixa” em 4,7% (n = 2). Pelo registro de dispensação, observou-se um nível de adesão menor: apenas 25,6% (n = 11) dos participantes receberam os medicamentos “regularmente”. Identificaram-se 26 PRM, 84,6% (n = 22) classificados como “reais”. Não foram observadas associações significativas entre as variáveis sociodemográficas e a adesão, embora alguns cuidadores tenham relatado dificuldade de acesso ao medicamento e de compreensão do tratamento. Conclusão: Nossos achados demonstraram falhas no processo de adesão, relacionadas ao descuido, esquecimento e à irregularidade para receber os medicamentos, o que reforça a necessidade de estratégias para facilitar a compreensão do tratamento e garantir a adesão


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Pharmacies , Arthritis, Juvenile/drug therapy , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Caregivers/statistics & numerical data , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Arthritis, Juvenile/psychology , Arthritis, Juvenile/epidemiology , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Caregivers/education , Drug Utilization Review , Needs Assessment , Health Services Research
7.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 22(1): 291-300, jan. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-839911

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar percepções sobre a saúde dos homens nas óticas masculina e feminina. Amostra aleatória de 1.894 homens e 1.991 mulheres entre 20 e 59 anos de idade, usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde, residentes nas capitais de estados brasileiros e no Distrito Federal, foi submetida a entrevista por telefonia móvel. Foram registradas as variáveis sociodemográficas e as relacionadas à percepção do serviço de saúde, situação e cuidado de saúde. Regressão logística foi executada para avaliar a não busca de atendimento e o autocuidado bom e muito bom. A maioria da população avaliada se considera sem problema de saúde, principalmente os homens. A principal causa do não tratamento é a falta de acesso ao atendimento, embora homens e mulheres avaliem que os serviços os recebam adequadamente. A automedicação atinge mais de 40% dos homens e quase 30% das mulheres. Os homens se percebem cuidando bem da sua saúde, ao contrário de como as mulheres os veem, sendo que as percepções se diferenciam ao se levar em conta idade, escolaridade, etnia e situação ocupacional.


Abstract The goal of this article is to assess the perception of male health from the viewpoint of men and women. The study drew from a random sample of men aged 20 to 59 who were SUS (Unified Healthcare System) users and resided in the capitals of Brazilian states and the Federal District. Participants were interviewed by phone. Sociodemographic variables and variables related to perception of healthcare services, health status and health care were recorded. Logistic regression was used to assess failure to seek service and good and very good self-care. The majority of the study population considers it has no health problem, especially men. The main reason for failure to seek treatment is no access to services, although both men and women claim the healthcare services receive them adequately. Over 40% of men and almost 30% of women self-medicate. Men believe they are taking good care of their health, while women have a different perception of this. Perceptions differ when we take into consideration age, years of schooling, ethnicity and occupation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Health Status , Men's Health , Self Care/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Attitude to Health , Brazil , Delivery of Health Care , Educational Status , Health Services Accessibility , Interpersonal Relations , Interviews as Topic , Logistic Models , Occupations/statistics & numerical data , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Sex Factors
8.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 41: e161, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-961649

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Physical inactivity is one of the most important risk factors contributing to morbidity and mortality in the world, although sedentary behavior (SB), low-intensity physical activity (LIPA), and shorter sleep duration have also been associated with various chronic diseases and physiopathological conditions that may affect health, irrespective of one's level of physical activity (PA). Current methods to evaluate and classify the PA level in the population appear to be limited, as they primarily focus on time spent performing moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). The aim of this article is to analyze the scientific literature in regard to various combinations of patterns among sleep, SB, LIPA, and MVPA, in order to propose a more integrative PA classification in apparently healthy children, adolescents, and adults. In general, the most common classification is composed of four categories that combine MVPA with SB level as follows: i) "physically active" or "physically inactive" (meets or does not meet weekly MVPA recommendations) and ii) "high SB" or "low SB" (depending on amount of accumulated sedentary time per day). There is a consensus regarding the classification of physically active or not, but agreement has not been reached on the classification of a high SB or low SB level. This new, integrative approach appears to be an appropriate methodological proposal for categorizing the level of PA, with the aim of providing health professionals and researchers a more comprehensive vision of PA behaviors among the population.


RESUMEN La inactividad física es uno de los factores de riesgo más importantes que aumentan la morbilidad y mortalidad en el mundo, aunque el sedentarismo, la actividad física leve y una menor duración del sueño también se han asociado con diversas afecciones fisiopatológicas y enfermedades crónicas que pueden afectar la salud, independientemente del nivel de actividad física. Los métodos usados hoy en día para evaluar y clasificar el nivel de actividad física de la población parecen tener limitaciones, pues se centran principalmente en el tiempo dedicado a la actividad física de moderada a vigorosa. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la bibliografía científica relacionada con diversas combinaciones de hábitos en lo referente al sueño, el sedentarismo, la actividad física leve y la actividad física de moderada a vigorosa, a fin de proponer una clasificación más integradora de la actividad física que realizan niños, adolescentes y adultos aparentemente sanos. En general, la clasificación más común consta de cuatro categorías que combinan la actividad física de moderada a vigorosa con el nivel de sedentarismo de la siguiente manera: 1) "físicamente activo" o "físicamente inactivo" (sigue o no las recomendaciones sobre cuánta actividad física de moderada a vigorosa debe realizarse cada semana); y 2) "nivel alto de sedentarismo" o "nivel bajo de sedentarismo", dependiendo de la cantidad de tiempo dedicado a actividades sedentarias que se acumule por día. Hay consenso sobre la clasificación de físicamente activo o físicamente inactivo, pero no se ha llegado a un acuerdo con respecto la clasificación de un nivel alto o bajo de sedentarismo. Este enfoque nuevo e integrador parece ser una propuesta metodológica apropiada para clasificar el nivel de actividad física, con el objetivo de proporcionar a investigadores y profesionales de la salud una visión más amplia del comportamiento de la población frente a la actividad física.


RESUMO A inatividade física é um importante fator de risco contribuinte para a morbidade e a mortalidade em todo o mundo, embora o comportamento sedentário (CS), a atividade física de baixa intensidade (AFBI) e a redução da duração de sono estejam também associados a diversas doenças crônicas e estados fisiopatológicos potencialmente prejudiciais à saúde, qualquer que seja o nível de atividade física (AF). As metodologias atuais para avaliar e classificar o nível de AF de uma população têm limitações porque se baseiam sobretudo no tempo dispendido em AF de intensidade moderada a vigorosa (AFMV). O propósito deste artigo é examinar a literatura científica quanto às diversas combinações de padrões de sono, CS, AFBI e AFMV a fim de propor uma classificação de AF mais integrativa para crianças, adolescentes e adultos aparentemente saudáveis. A classificação de uso geral está dividida em quatro categorias que combinam AFMV com o nível de CS: i) fisicamente ativo ou fisicamente inativo (satisfaz ou não satisfaz os níveis recomendados de AFMV semanal) e ii) nível alto ou nível baixo de CS (segundo o tempo sedentário acumulado por dia). Existe consenso quanto à classificação de fisicamente ativo ou inativo, mas não quanto à classificação de nível alto ou baixo de CS. Esta nova abordagem integrativa é possivelmente uma proposição metodológica adequada para categorizar o nível de AF, pois oferece aos profissionais da saúde e pesquisadores uma concepção mais ampla dos comportamentos de atividade física na população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Public Health/methods , Population Groups/statistics & numerical data , Return to Sport/classification , Motor Activity
9.
Colomb. med ; 47(3): 155-159, Sept. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-828601

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence of medically unexplained physical symptoms and the characteristics and use of health services in a group of patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms and a group of patients with other illnesses. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, retrospective and multicenter study. We included 1,043 patients over 18 years of age from 30 primary care units of a government health institution, in 11 states of Mexico, attended by 39 family physicians. The prevalence of medically unexplained physical symptoms was determined and both groups with or without symptoms were compared with regard to drug use, laboratory and other studies, leaves of absence, and referrals in the last six months. The group with medically unexplained physical symptoms was diagnosed using the Patient Health Questionnaire and the diagnostic criteria of Reid et al. Emergency or terminal illnesses were excluded. The chi square test was used with a statistical significance of p < 0.05. Results: Medically unexplained physical symptoms was diagnosed in 73 patients (7.0%). The majority were women (91.8%); their predominant symptom was from the gastrointestinal system in 56 (76.7%). This group had a greater use of clinical studies and referrals to other services (mean 1.1 vs. 0.5; p <0.0001 and 0.6 vs. 0.8; p < 0.01, respectively). Conclusions: The prevalence of medically unexplained physical symptoms was low, but with a greater impact on some health services. This could represent an overload in medical costs....au


Resumen Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de Síntomas Físicos Medicamente No Explicables y las características y uso de los servicios de salud entre el grupo de pacientes con Síntomas Físicos Medicamente No Explicables, y el grupo con otras enfermedades. Métodos: Estudio transversal, retroprospectivo y multicéntrico. Se incluyeron a 1,043 pacientes mayores de 18 años, en 30 unidades de atención primaria de una institución gubernamental en salud, en 11 estados de la República Mexicana, atendidos por 39 médicos familiares. Se estimó la prevalencia de Síntomas Físicos Medicamente No Explicables y se compararon los dos grupos con y sin estos síntomas, en cuanto al uso de medicamentos, estudios de laboratorio, de gabinete, incapacidades y referencias en los últimos seis meses. El grupo de Síntomas Físicos Medicamente No Explicables fue diagnosticado por el Patient Health Questionnaire (son los síntomas físicos más comúnmente referidos por estos pacientes en el primer nivel de atención), además de criterios diagnósticos de Reid et al. Se excluyeron urgencias o con enfermedad terminal. Se utilizó prueba Chi cuadrada con p <0.05 para significancia estadística. Resultados: El 7.0% (73) se diagnosticó como Síntomas Físicos Medicamente No Explicables, la mayoría mujeres (91.8%); el síntoma predominante pertenece al sistema gastrointestinal con 76.7% (56). Este grupo demandó mayor uso de estudios de gabinete y referencias a otros servicios (media 1.1 vs. 0.5; p <0.0001 y 0.8 vs 0.6; p <0.01, respectivamente). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de Síntomas Físicos Medicamente No Explicables fue baja, pero con impacto significativo en el uso de algunos servicios de salud. Esto pudiera representar un mayor costo comparado con otro grupo de pacientes...au


Subject(s)
Humans , Medically Unexplained Symptoms , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mexico/epidemiology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 114(1): 36-43, feb. 2016. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-838163

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En Argentina, se diagnostican 3000 nuevos casos y más de 2000 muertes por cáncer de cuello uterino cada año. El virus del papiloma humano es el principal factor de riesgo en la carcinogénesis cervical. Objetivos. Determinar el nivel de aceptación de la vacuna contra el virus del papiloma humano por parte de los tutores de las niñas candidatas y los factores asociados en un área de Resistencia, Chaco. Métodos. Estudio cualicuantitativo. Se utilizó un muestreo aleatorio simple sobre la base de listas escolares. Se incluyeron los tutores que refirieron tomar decisiones respecto a la salud de sus niñas, en el año 2012. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado en 4 constructos, que medían la aceptabilidad global. Se estudió la asociación entre aceptabilidad global y las variables sociodemográficas. Resultados. La frecuencia de aceptación fue 46,6% (IC 95%: 34,8-58,6). De los tutores, el 84,2% fueron mujeres; la media de edad fue 38,3 años (IC 95%: 36,7-39,8). La frecuencia de práctica de religión fue 86,8% (77,1-93,5); el 55,2% practicaban la religión católica y el 44,8%, evangelista. El 18,9% tenia más de una niña candidata a recibir la vacuna. El 85,5% refirió que había escuchado hablar del virus en algún momento y el 52,7% conocía la existencia de la vacuna para prevenirlo. La aceptación fue significativamente mayor en los tutores de las niñas que habían recibido la primera dosis de la vacuna (OR 8,02; IC 95%: 2,29-28,01; p= 0,0011). Conclusiones. La frecuencia de aceptación fue baja y no se encontró una asociación de los factores sociodemográficos y psicosociales con la decisión de vacunar a las niñas contra el virus del papiloma humano.


Introduction, In Argentina, every year, 3000new cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed and more than 2000 deaths occur as a result of this disease. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main risk factor for cervical carcinogenesis. Objectives. To establish the extent of acceptance of HPV vaccines and associated factors among legal guardians of candidate girls in an area of Resistencia, Chaco. Methods. Qualitative and quantitative study. A single randomized sampling was done based on school enrollment lists. Guardians who reported making decisions regarding girls' health in 2012 were included. A structured questionnaire made up offour constructs was used to measure overall acceptability. The association between overall acceptability and sociodemographic outcome measures was assessed. Results. The rate of acceptance was 46.6% (95% confidence interval: 34.8-58.6). Among guardians, 84.2% were women; their mean age was 38.3 years old (95% confidence interval: 36.7-39.8). Religion was practiced by 86.8% (77.1-93.5), 55.2% were Catholic and 44.8%, Evangelical Protestants. Guardians with more than one candidate girl for the vaccine accounted for 18.9%. Also, 85.5% referred having heard about the virus at some point, and 52.7% knew that a vaccine could prevent it. Acceptance was significantly higher among guardians of those girls who had received the first vaccine dose (OR: 8.02, 95% confidence interval: 2.29-28.01, p= 0.0011). Conclusions. The rate of acceptance was low and no association was observed between sociodemographic and psychosocial factors and the decision to have girls vaccinated with the HPV vaccine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Vaccines/therapeutic use
11.
Cad. saúde pública ; 32(6): e00001415, 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-785241

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi estimar a prevalência e identificar fatores associados à não realização do exame citopatológico do colo do útero entre mulheres que frequentaram o pré-natal. Trata-se de estudo transversal, de base populacional, com 308 mulheres de um município do interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Utilizou-se amostragem complexa com estratificação e conglomeração. Para análise estatística, empregou-se o teste do qui-quadrado e o modelo de regressão logística com as variáveis que apresentaram valor de p ≤ 0,05 na análise bivariada. A prevalência de não submissão ao exame foi de 21,3%. Entre as mulheres com 25 anos ou mais, a prevalência foi de 15,1%. A não adesão foi mais frequente entre as mulheres jovens, solteiras e com baixa escolaridade. A escolaridade se manteve associada ao desfecho (OR = 0,41), indicando que mulheres com mais anos de estudo têm maiores chances de realizarem o exame. O contato com o serviço de saúde para realização do pré-natal não foi determinante para garantir o acesso ao exame, indicando perda de oportunidades onde o rastreamento é oportunístico.


Abstract: The objectives were to estimate the prevalence of non-adherence to Pap smear testing in women attending prenatal care and to identify associated factors. This was a cross-sectional population-based study in 308 women from a rural municipality (county) in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Complex stratified cluster sampling was used. Statistical analysis used the chi-square test and logistic regression model with the variables that presented p-value ≤ 0.05 in the bivariate model. Prevalence of lack of Pap smear test was 21.3%. Among women 25 years or older, prevalence was 15.1%. Non-adherence was more common in young, single women and those with low schooling. Low schooling remained associated with non-performance of Pap smear (OR = 0.41), indicating that women with more schooling enjoyed higher odds of testing. Contact with the prenatal clinic did not determine guaranteed access to the test, thus indicating missed opportunities when opportunistic screening is employed.


Resumen: Los objetivos fueron estimar la prevalencia e identificar factores asociados con la no realización del examen citopatológico del cuello de útero entre mujeres que frecuentaron el servicio prenatal. Se trata de un estudio transversal, de base poblacional, con 308 mujeres de un municipio del interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Se utilizó una muestra compleja con estratificación y conglomeración. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el test del chi-cuadrado y el modelo de regresión logística con las variables que presentaron un valor de p ≤ 0,05 en el análisis bivariado. La prevalencia de la no realización del examen fue de un 21,3%. Entre las mujeres con 25 años o más, la prevalencia fue de un 15,1%. La no adhesión fue más frecuente entre las mujeres jóvenes, solteras y con baja escolaridad. La escolaridad se mantuvo asociada con el resultado (OR = 0,41), indicando que las mujeres con más años de estudio tienen mayores oportunidades de realizar el examen. El contacto con el servicio de salud para la realización del examen pre-natal no fue determinante para garantizar el acceso al examen, indicando una pérdida de oportunidades respecto adonde el rastreo es por oportunidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Papanicolaou Test/statistics & numerical data , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Vaginal Smears/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prenatal Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 37(1): e51467, 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-960716

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos avaliar o acompanhamento e desfecho do tratamento de casos de tuberculose pulmonar no programa de controle da tuberculose de um município prioritário do Sul do Brasil. Métodos estudo quantitativo, descritivo, documental, utilizando prontuários das pessoas com tuberculose em tratamento entre 2009-2013, a coleta ocorreu entre junho e julho de 2014 no Programa de Controle da Tuberculose. Utilizou-se estatística descritiva. Resultados a média de consultas, entre os 629 pacientes, foi de 7,2 por paciente, com intervalo médio de 1,03 meses entre as consultas. A média de baciloscopias foi de 2,7 exames por paciente, durante o período estudado. O desfecho do tratamento foi 87,8% de cura, 8,3% de abandono e 6,5% de óbitos. Conclusões apesar do alcance da taxa de cura, o abandono ainda é elevado, sendo necessário explorar estratégias para melhor a adesão ao tratamento, e o comprometimento da gestão municipal em articular o acompanhamento na atenção primária à saúde.


RESUMEN Objetivo evaluar el seguimiento y tratamiento de la tuberculosis pulmonar en el programa de control de la tuberculosis en una ciudad prioridad en el sur de Brasil. Método estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, documental, usando los registros de personas con tuberculosis tratados entre 2009-2013, los datos fueron recogidos entre junio y julio de 2014 en el programa de control de la tuberculosis. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva. Resultados entre los 629 pacientes el número medio de visitas fue de 7,2 por paciente, con un intervalo medio de 1,03 meses entre las visitas, y la media fue de 2,7 microscopías por paciente, no periodo del estudio. El resultado del tratamiento fue del 87,8% de curación, el 8,3% de deserción y 6,5% de muertes. Conclusión a pesar de la tasa de curación, el abandono es aún elevado, siendo necesario explorar estrategias para mejorar la adherencia al tratamiento, así como el compromiso de la gestión municipal en el seguimiento conjunto de los pacientes con tuberculosis por la atención primaria.


ABSTRACT Objectives To monitor and assess the outcome of treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis in the tuberculosis control program in a prioritized municipality in Southern Brazil. Methods a quantitative study, descriptive, documentary, using records of people with tuberculosis in treatment between 2009-2013, the collection took place between June and July 2014 in the Tuberculosis Control Program. Descriptive statistics was used. Results The average number of consultations among the 629 patients was 7.2 per patient, with a mean interval of 1.03 months between visits. The average of smears was 2.7 tests per patient during the study period. The outcome of treatment was a cure rate of 87.8%, an abandonment rate of 8.3% and 6.5% of deaths. Conclusions despite the cure rate, abandonment is still high, thus, it is necessary to explore strategies for better adherence to treatment, and the commitment of the municipal administration in articulating monitoring in primary health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Office Visits/statistics & numerical data , Patient Dropouts/statistics & numerical data , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Tuberculosis/diagnostic imaging , Urban Population , Brazil/epidemiology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Comorbidity , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Diagnostic Tests, Routine/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-225238

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The suicide rate in Korea is increasing every year, and is the highest among the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. Psychiatric patients in particular have a higher risk of suicide than other patients. This study was performed to evaluate determinants of mental health care utilization among individuals at high risk for suicide. METHODS: Korea Health Panel data from 2009 to 2011 were used. Subjects were individuals at high risk of suicide who had suicidal ideation, a past history of psychiatric illness, or had utilized outpatient services for a psychiatric disorder associated with suicidal ideation within the past year. The chi-square test and hierarchical logistic regression were used to identify significant determinants of mental health care utilization. RESULTS: The total number of subjects with complete data on the variables in our model was 989. Individuals suffering from three or more chronic diseases used mental health care more frequently. Mental health care utilization was higher in subjects who had middle or high levels of educational attainment, were receiving Medical Aid, or had a large family size. CONCLUSIONS: It is important to control risk factors in high-risk groups as part of suicide prevention strategies. The clinical approach, which includes community-based intervention, entails the management of reduction of suicidal risk. Our study identified demographic characteristics that have a significant impact on mental health care utilization and should be considered in the development of suicide prevention strategies. Further studies should examine the effect of mental health care utilization on reducing suicidal ideation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Ambulatory Care , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Mental Disorders/economics , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide/prevention & control , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
14.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 312-317, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-67076

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the chief complaints (CCs) of elderly individuals on presentation to the emergency department (ED) according to gender, age, and disease-related and injury-related visits. METHODS: The 2014 registry database of the National Emergency Department Information System in South Korea, which included data on 908,761 ED visits by individuals aged 65 years and over, was reviewed. RESULTS: We found that 80.7% ED visits were related to disease, whereas the remaining visits were related to injury. The most common CCs presented by elderly male and female individuals with disease-related visits were dyspnea and dizziness, respectively. The 10 most common CCs accounted for 45.5% and 49.2% of the total disease-related visits for male and female individuals, respectively. The most common CC in male and female individuals with injury-related visits was headache and hip pain, respectively. The CC rank showed minimal variance among the different age groups, but a difference was observed between male and female individuals. The most common mechanism of injury in elderly male and female individuals was slipping, wherein females showed a higher occurrence rate than their male counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: These findings can be used to establish an ED training curriculum for nursing students and ED nurses, particularly for ED triage in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chronic Disease , Emergencies/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Male , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Triage/statistics & numerical data , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 572-579, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-52544

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Unique features of adolescent cancer patients include cancer types, developmental stages, and psychosocial issues. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between diagnostic delay and survival to improve adolescent cancer care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 592 patients aged 0-18 years with eight common cancers were grouped according to age (adolescents, ≥10 years; children, <10 years). We retrospectively reviewed their symptom intervals (SIs, between first symptom/sign of disease and diagnosis), patient delay (PD, between first symptom/sign of disease and first contact with a physician), patient delay proportion (PDP), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Mean SI was significantly longer in adolescents than in children (66.4 days vs. 28.4 days; p<0.001), and OS rates were higher in patients with longer SIs (p=0.001). In children with long SIs, OS did not differ according to PDP (p=0.753). In adolescents with long SIs, OS was worse when PDP was ≥0.6 (67.2%) than <0.6 (95.5%, p=0.007). In a multivariate analysis, adolescents in the long SI/PDP ≥0.6 group tended to have a higher hazard ratio (HR, 6.483; p=0.069) than those in the long SI/PDP <0.6 group (HR=1, reference). CONCLUSION: Adolescents with a long SI/PDP ≥0.6 had lower survival rates than those with a short SI/all PDP or a long SI/PDP <0.6. They should be encouraged to seek prompt medical assistance by a physician or oncologist to lessen PDs.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Delayed Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasms/classification , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate , Time Factors
16.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 19(3): 253-262, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-751883

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Since 1996 Brazil has provided universal access to free antiretroviral therapy, and as a consequence, HIV/AIDS patients' survival rate has improved dramatically. However, according to scientific reports, a significant number of patients are still late presenting for HIV treatment, which leads to consequences both for the individual and society. Clinical and immunological characteristics of HIV patients newly diagnosed were accessed and factors associated with late presentation for treatment were evaluated. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in an HIV/AIDS reference center in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, in Southeastern Brazil from 2008 to 2010. Operationally, patients with late presentation (LP) for treatment were those whose first CD4 cell count was less than 350 cells/mm3 or presented an AIDS defining opportunistic infection. Patients with late presentation with advanced disease (LPAD) were those whose first CD4 cell count was less than 200 cells/mm3 or presented an AIDS defining opportunistic infection. LP and LPAD associated risk factors were evaluated using logistic regression methods. Results: Five hundred and twenty patients were included in the analysis. The median CD4 cell count was 336 cells/mm3 (IQR: 130-531). Two hundred and seventy-nine patients (53.7%) were classified as LP and 193 (37.1%) as LPAD. On average, 75% of the patients presented with a viral load (VL) >10,000 copies/ml. In multivariate logistic regression analysis the factors associated with LP and LPAD were age, being symptomatic at first visit and VL. Race was a factor associated with LP but not with LPAD. Conclusion: The proportion of patients who were late attending a clinic for HIV treatment is still high, and effective strategies to improve early HIV detection with a special focus on the vulnerable population are urgently needed. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delayed Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Viral Load
17.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 36(2): 21-27, Apr-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: lil-752589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the health care process for women over 50 at a Family Health Unit based on the concept of programmatic vulnerability. METHOD: This study is inserted in the field of health care assessments. The framework proposed by Donabedian was used to analyze 90.5% of the 790 records of women registered at the unit. RESULTS: It was observed that none of the women that did not have a diagnosed pathology attended the recommended consultations or underwent the recommended tests. Of the total number of women with hypertension or diabetes, 20.7% were registered in the Hiperdia Programme and less than 1.0% had attended the consultations and undergone the necessary tests. Only 11.9% of the women had had a gynaecological examination, a clinical breast examination and a mammography the year before data collection. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that women over 50 are in a situation of programmatic vulnerability in terms of the indicators established in this study. Knowledge of this reality can help nurses provide care that is best suited for this group. .


OBJETIVO: evaluar el proceso de atención a las mujeres a partir de los 50 años de edad en la Unidad de Salud de la Familia, tomando como referencia el concepto de vulnerabilidad del programa. MÉTODO: Estudio insertado en la evaluación de programas de salud, tuvo Donabediam como referencia, siendo analizados el 90,5% de los 790 registros médicos de mujeres inscritas en la unidad. Fueran creados indicadores de evaluación. RESULTADOS: Ninguna mujer sin patología diagnosticada realizó consultas y exámenes recomendados. De todas las hipertensas y diabéticas, 20,7% estaban inscritas en el Programa Hiperdia y menos del 1,.0% había realizado consultas y exámenes necesarios. Sólo el 11.9% de las mujeres había realizado el examen ginecológico, examen clínico de los senos y la mamografía en el año anterior a la recolección de datos. CONCLUSIÓN: Concluye que las mujeres mayores de 50 años están en situación de vulnerabilidad programática en relación con los indicadores definidos en este estudio. Por lo tanto, conocer la realidad puede resultar en la atención de enfermería más adecuada para este grupo. .


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o processo de atenção prestada a mulheres, a partir dos 50 anos de idade, em Unidade de Saúde da Família, tomando-se como referência o conceito de vulnerabilidade programática. MÉTODO: Estudo inserido no campo da avaliação de programas de saúde; utilizou-se o referencial proposto por Donabediam, sendo analisados 90.5% dos 790 prontuários de mulheres matriculadas na Unidade. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que nenhuma mulher sem patologia diagnosticada realizou consultas e exames preconizados. Do total de hipertensas e diabéticas, 20.7% estavam inscritas no Programa Hiperdia e menos de 1.0% tinha realizado as consultas e exames necessários. Apenas 11.9% das mulheres tinham realizado exame ginecológico, exame clínico das mamas e mamografia, no ano que antecedeu a coleta de dados. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que as mulheres com mais de 50 anos estão em situação de vulnerabilidade programática, relacionada aos indicadores definidos neste estudo. Logo, conhecer a realidade poderá resultar no atendimento de enfermagem mais adequado para esse grupo. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health Promotion , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Preventive Health Services , Vulnerable Populations , Women's Health Services , Age Factors , Blood Chemical Analysis , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/nursing , Diabetes Mellitus/psychology , Electrocardiography , Family Health , Genital Diseases, Female/diagnosis , Genital Diseases, Female/prevention & control , Health Promotion/organization & administration , Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypertension/nursing , Hypertension/psychology , Mammography , Patient Compliance , Program Evaluation , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology , Physical Examination , Preventive Health Services/organization & administration , Women's Health Services/organization & administration
18.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-141153

ABSTRACT

Using the Korean public health insurance database, we analyzed patients diagnosed as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) from 2004 to 2008. Age and year-specific amount and seasonal variation of hospital visits (HV), duration of treatment (DT), the total and per capita amount of insurance payment (TAIP, PCIP) were evaluated. A total of 12,088,995 HV were studied. Total HV increased 1.7 times and DT almost doubled in 2008 compared to those in 2004. HV, DT, and TAIP showed linearly increasing patterns year by year. In a time series analysis, HV increased in winter and demonstrated seasonality in a 12-month cycle. In a Poisson regression analysis, the annual variations of HV, DT, TAIP, and PCIP were different by age groups. In patients older than 40 yr, HV significantly increased 1.10-1.16 times compared to that of the previous year. DT markedly increased in their 60s and 80s patients. The rate of increase in PCIP was steeper in patients 50 yr and older than in the others.Health care utilization due to BPH was rapidly increasing in Korea and it was remarkable in the elderly population. Seasonal variation of HV demonstrated that health care utilization increased in winter.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cost of Illness , Health Care Costs , Humans , Insurance, Health/economics , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Prostatic Hyperplasia/economics , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Seasons , Young Adult
19.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-141152

ABSTRACT

Using the Korean public health insurance database, we analyzed patients diagnosed as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) from 2004 to 2008. Age and year-specific amount and seasonal variation of hospital visits (HV), duration of treatment (DT), the total and per capita amount of insurance payment (TAIP, PCIP) were evaluated. A total of 12,088,995 HV were studied. Total HV increased 1.7 times and DT almost doubled in 2008 compared to those in 2004. HV, DT, and TAIP showed linearly increasing patterns year by year. In a time series analysis, HV increased in winter and demonstrated seasonality in a 12-month cycle. In a Poisson regression analysis, the annual variations of HV, DT, TAIP, and PCIP were different by age groups. In patients older than 40 yr, HV significantly increased 1.10-1.16 times compared to that of the previous year. DT markedly increased in their 60s and 80s patients. The rate of increase in PCIP was steeper in patients 50 yr and older than in the others.Health care utilization due to BPH was rapidly increasing in Korea and it was remarkable in the elderly population. Seasonal variation of HV demonstrated that health care utilization increased in winter.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cost of Illness , Health Care Costs , Humans , Insurance, Health/economics , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Prostatic Hyperplasia/economics , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Seasons , Young Adult
20.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 36(4): 193-202, Oct-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-731321

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the characteristics of alcohol and drug users who seek treatment at the Brazilian Unified Health System in Brazil. METHOD: A multicenter cross-sectional study involving five clinical and research centers located in four Brazilian state capitals was conducted with 740 in- and outpatients. The only exclusion criterion was the presence of neurological or severe psychiatric symptoms at the moment of the interview. The Addiction Severity Index (ASI-6) and the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) were used to assess the severity of substance use and the problems related. RESULTS: There were significantly more men than women in the sample; mean age was 36 years. The drug most frequently used at all sites was alcohol (78%), followed by cocaine/crack (51%). Alcohol was the drug that most commonly motivated treatment seeking, at all centers. ASI-6 Summary Scores for Recent Functioning (SS-Rs) were quite similar among centers. SS-Rs were compared between users who had never received treatment for psychoactive substance abuse (n = 265, 36.1%) and those who had already been treated at one or more occasions (n = 470, 63.9%). This analysis revealed significant differences between the groups in the drug, psychiatric symptoms, legal, and family/social problems areas (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings confirm previous evidence suggesting that the management of patients seeking drug abuse treatment should take several different aspects into consideration, e.g., education, employment, and family relationships, which often appear as areas of concern for these individuals (AU)


OBJETIVO: Avaliar as características dos usuários de álcool e drogas que procuram tratamento no Sistema Único de Saúde. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal multicêntrico envolvendo cinco centros clínicos/de pesquisa localizados em quatro capitais brasileiras foi realizado com 740 pacientes hospitalizados e ambulatoriais. O único critério de exclusão foi a presença de sintomas neurológicos ou psiquiátricos graves no momento da entrevista. A Escala de Gravidade de Dependência (Addiction Severity Index, ASI-6) e o teste ASSIST (Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) foram utilizados para avaliar a severidade do uso de substância e problemas relacionados. RESULTADOS: Houve significativamente mais homens do que mulheres na amostra; a idade média foi de 36 anos. A droga mais usada em todos os centros foi o álcool (78%), seguido de cocaína/crack (51%). O álcool foi a droga que mais motivou procura por tratamento, em todos os centros. Os Escores Resumidos da ASI-6 para Funcionamento Recente (SS-Rs) foram bastante similares nos centros. SS-Rs foram comparados entre usuários que nunca haviam recebido tratamento para abuso de substâncias (n = 265, 36,1%) e aqueles que já haviam sido tratados uma ou mais vezes (n = 470, 63,9%). Foram observadas diferenças significativas entre os grupos nas áreas de droga, sintomas psiquiátricos e problemas legais e familiares/sociais (p < 0,05). CONCLUSÕES: Nossos dados confirmam evidências prévias de que o manejo de pacientes que procuram tratamento para abuso de substância deve levar em conta vários aspectos, como educação, emprego e relações familiares, que normalmente geram preocupação nesses indivíduos (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Alcohol-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Severity of Illness Index
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL