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1.
South. Afr. j. crit. care (Online) ; 38(1): 33-38, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1371295

ABSTRACT

Background. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on healthcare systems globally as most countries were not equipped to deal with the outbreak. To avoid complete collapse of intensive care units (ICUs) and health systems as a whole, containment measures had to be instituted. In South Africa (SA), the biggest intervention was the government-regulated national lockdown instituted in March 2020. Objective. To evaluate the effects of the implemented lockdown and institutional guidelines on the admission rate and profile of non-COVID-19 patients in a regional and tertiary level ICU in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal Province, SA. Methods. A retrospective analysis of all non-COVID-19 admissions to Harry Gwala and Greys hospitals was performed over an 8-month period (1 December 2019 - 31 July 2020), which included 4 months prior to lockdown implementation and 4 months post lockdown. Results. There were a total of 678 non-COVID-19 admissions over the 8-month period. The majority of the admissions were at Greys Hospital (52.4%; n=355) and the rest at Harry Gwala Hospital (47.6%; n=323). A change in spectrum of patients admitted was noted, with a significant decrease in trauma and burns admissions post lockdown implementation (from 34.2 - 24.6%; p=0.006). Conversely, there was a notable increase in non-COVID-19 medical admissions after lockdown regulations were implemented (20.1 - 31.3%; p<0.001). We hypothesized that this was due to the gap left by trauma patients in an already overburdened system. Conclusions. Despite the implementation of a national lockdown and multiple institutional directives, there was no significant decrease in the total number of non-COVID-19 admissions to ICUs. There was, however, a notable change in spectrum of patients admitted, which may reflect a bias towards trauma admissions in the pre COVID-19 era


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Disease Prevention , COVID-19 , Government , Intensive Care Units , Patient Admission
2.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 21(38): 12-20, nov. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1348582

ABSTRACT

El Consejo Internacional de Enfermeras (CIE) define a la Enfermería como los cuidados, autónomos y en colaboración, que se prestan a las personas de todas las edades, familias, grupos y comunidades, enfermos o sanos, en todos los contextos. Incluye la promoción de la salud, la prevención de la enfermedad y los cuidados de los enfermos, discapacitados y personas moribundas. A su vez Berbiglia y Banfield citan a Orem, ésta plantea que la práctica de la Enfermería en relación con los individuos se institucionaliza alrededor del proceso de una persona, la/el enfermera/o, que proporciona ayuda directa a otra persona, cuando ésta persona es total o parcialmente incapaz de ayudarse a sí misma en el cumplimiento de los cuidados diarios relacionados con la salud, a causa de la situación de salud existente. La misma autora define al estado de salud que indica la necesidad de asistencia enfermera como "la incapacidad de las personas de proporcionarse por sí mismas y continuamente el autocuidado (AC) de calidad y cantidad necesarios según las situaciones de la salud personal". Expresa también que los factores básicos condicionantes son "los factores internos o externos a los individuos que afectan sus habilidades para involucrarse en el autocuidado o afectan el tipo y cantidad de autocuidado requeridos". El objetivo, Sistematizar y acordar las intervenciones y cuidados de enfermería en la admisión del paciente con diabetes, con un enfoque desde los factores básicos condicionantes del autocuidado y la capacidad de la agencia de Autocuidado, que ingresan al servicio de urgencias de adultos, de un Hospital público, 2020. En este sentido el profesional de Enfermería cumple un rol fundamental dentro del equipo de salud para identificar el déficit de autocuidado y promover, gestionar e impulsar diversas estrategias para la promoción de la salud, la prevención de la enfermedad y su tratamiento[AU]


O Conselho Internacional de Enfermeiras (ICN) define Enfermagem como cuidado autônomo e colaborativo, prestado a pessoas de todas as idades, famílias, grupos e comunidades, doentes ou saudáveis, em todos os contextos. Inclui a promoção da saúde, a prevenção de doenças e o atendimento de doentes, deficientes e moribundos. Berbiglia e Banfield, por sua vez, citam Orem, que afirma que a prática de enfermagem em relação aos indivíduos é institucionalizada em torno do processo de uma pessoa, a enfermeira, que fornece ajuda direta a outra pessoa, quando essa pessoa é total ou parcialmente incapaz de ajudar a si mesma na realização dos cuidados diários relacionados à saúde, devido à situação de saúde existente. O mesmo autor define o estado de saúde que indica a necessidade de assistência de enfermagem como "a incapacidade das pessoas de proverem a si mesmas e continuamente o autocuidado (CA) de qualidade e quantidade necessárias de acordo com as situações de saúde pessoal". Também expressa que os fatores condicionantes básicos são "fatores internos ou externos aos indivíduos que afetam suas habilidades para se envolver em autocuidado ou afetam o tipo e a quantidade de autocuidado necessária". O objetivo sistematizar e acordar intervenções e cuidados de enfermagem na admissão do paciente com diabetes, com foco nos fatores condicionantes básicos do autocuidado e na capacidade da agência de Autocuidado, que entra no pronto-socorro de adultos, de um hospital público, 2020. Nesse sentido, o profissional de enfermagem desempenha papel fundamental dentro da equipe de saúde para identificar o déficit de autocuidado e promover, gerenciar e promover diversas estratégias de promoção da saúde, prevenção e tratamento de doenças[AU]


The International Nurses Council (INC ­ 2015) defines Nursery as the independent and accompanied care given to people of all ages, ethnicity, gender, rather family, group and communities, ill or heathy in all sort of contexts. Including Heath`s promotion, sickness prevention and different cares of patients, disable and dying people. In turn, Berbiglia and Banfield cite Orem, which states that the practice Nursing practice as the relationship individuals, which is institutionalized around the process of one person the Nurse, the one who helps directly to the other person, when this one is not fully or partially capable on their own means to help themselves to take charge of their daily health care, caused by the actual health situation remaining. The same author defines the state of health that indicates the Nurses assistance as "The non-capacity of people to assure by themselves the continued self-care, nor in quality and quantity necessary according to the situation of personal health". On the other hand, the author, also states that the basic conditioning factors are "internal or external factors handled by individuals who affect their abilities to engage in self-care or affect the type and amount of self-care required ". The objective is to systematize and agree on interventions and nursing care in the admission of the patient with diabetes, with an approach from the basic conditioning factors of self-care and the capacity of the Self-care agency, who enter the emergency department of adults, of a public hospital, 2020 In this sense, the nursing professional plays a fundamental role within the health team to identify the deficit of self-care and promote, manage and promote various strategies for health promotion, disease prevention and treatment[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Admission , Self Care , Diabetes Mellitus/nursing , Health Promotion , Nursing Assessment , Nursing Care , Quality Indicators, Health Care
3.
Más Vita ; 3(3): 53-60, sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355242

ABSTRACT

El triaje ayuda a clasificar, seleccionar al individuo de acuerdo a la condición de salud que mantenga la persona, actuando el personal de enfermería como la pieza principal gracias a la valoración céfalo caudal y a través de los signos vitales, priorizando siempre la afectación del paciente. Objetivo: Describir la importancia del triaje, como puerta de entrada al nivel hospitalario. Materiales y métodos: Este artículo fue realizado bajo los parámetros de la revisión documental, de nivel descriptivo, monográfico. La técnica aplicada fue el fichaje bibliográfico y el análisis sistemático de los documentos encontrados en la web. Resultados: El proceso de triaje, se da cuando un evento de emergencia supera los recursos de un centro hospitalario. Este proceso, es lo que determina a priori, la situación del paciente, clasificándolos según la prioridad de atención que requiere. Conclusión: El triaje es un proceso importante ante las emergencias, porque permite optimizar lo recursos y las atenciones a las personas afectadas garantizando el tratamiento adecuado y necesario en el momento indicado(AU)


Subject(s)
Triage , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Patient Admission , Emergency Medicine , Patient Care
4.
Más Vita ; 3(3): 33-41, sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1343305

ABSTRACT

La percepción que tienen los usuarios y su nivel de satisfacción frente a servicios brindados durante su atención es considerada como un indicador de calidad en el sector salud, además de reafirmar que la atención se centra sobre el paciente, familia o comunidad. Objetivo: analizar los factores determinantes en el nivel de atención y su relación con la satisfacción de los usuarios que acuden a la sala de emergencias del hospital Dr. Carlos del Pozo Melgar de Muisne. Materiales y Métodos: El estudio fue de tipo mixto, con diseño transversal y alcance descriptivo. Se aplicó un cuestionario desarrollado por el Ministerio de Salud Pública y adaptado a la población de estudio. La muestra fue de 165 personas que acudieron a la emergencia del hospital. Además, para registrar los datos se utilizó una ficha de observación durante la atención que se brindaba. Resultados: el 45% de los usuarios se sintieron muy satisfechos en cuanto al grado de satisfacción por la ubicación de la casa de salud. El 78% de los usuarios consideraron que la atención recibida fue personalizada. El 10% expresaron percepciones de discriminación por parte del personal de salud durante su atención. Se encontró que del 17% que poseían grado académico superior, el 10% no se encontraba satisfecho con la atención recibida. Conclusiones: existe un alto nivel de satisfacción en la mayoría de la muestra estudiada, en donde los principales factores determinantes fueron el grado académico de los usuarios y el estado de la infraestructura de la casa de salud(AU)


The perception of users and their level of satisfaction with the services provided during their care is considered an indicator of quality in the health sector, in addition to reaffirming that care is centered on the patient, family or community. Objective: To analyze the determining factors in the level of care and their relationship with the satisfaction of users attending the emergency room of the Dr. Carlos del Pozo Melgar Hospital in Muisne. Materials and Methods: The study was of a mixed type, with a cross-sectional design and descriptive scope. A questionnaire developed by the Ministry of Public Health and adapted to the study population was applied. The sample consisted of 165 people who attended the hospital emergency room. In addition, an observation form was used to record the data during the care provided. Results: 45% of the users were very satisfied with the location of the health center. Seventy-eight percent of the users considered that the care they received were personalized. In addition, the 10% expressed perceptions of discrimination on the part of the health personnel during their care. It was found that of the 17% who had a higher academic degree, 10% were not satisfied with the care received. Conclusions: there was a high level of satisfaction in the majority of the sample studied, where the main determining factors were the academic degree of the users and the state of the infrastructure of the health center(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Satisfaction , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospital Care , Patient Admission , Quality of Health Care , Medical Care
5.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-15, jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284390

ABSTRACT

La importancia de la evaluación inicial de la gravedad del paciente con neumonía es una acción diagnóstica de importancia bien establecida. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar la relación entre la frecuencia y calidad del proceso de estratificación de pacientes con neumonía, y el cumplimiento de las sugerencias de ubicación intrahospitalaria y de tratamiento antimicrobiano inicial de un instrumento de estratificación. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo sobre una población de 1,809 pacientes hospitalizados durante 10 años. Se analizó el comportamiento de los índices de ubicación intrahospitalaria y tratamiento antimicrobiano inicial acorde a la sugerencia de un instrumento de estratificación utilizado; en el análisis estadístico se utilizó el Odds ratio y el estadígrafo X2, con un nivel de significación de 95%. En los resultados se destacan que la ubicación intrahospitalaria estuvo acorde a la sugerencia del instrumento en el 96%, con el valor más bajo en los pacientes con neumonía grave y altas probabilidades de recuperación (82%, p<,05). Se constató mayor frecuencia de ubicación intrahospitalaria acorde a la sugerencia del instrumento en los pacientes bien estratificados (p<,05), fundamentalmente en los pacientes con neumonía grave y altas probabilidades de recuperación. La correspondencia del tratamiento antimicrobiano inicial con la propuesta del instrumento fue del 61%; el estrato IIIA mostró el valor más elevado (80%, p<,05). Como conclusiones del estudio se constató un elevado desempeño en el cumplimiento de la sugerencia de ubicación intrahospitalaria del instrumento de estratificación, no así en el cumplimiento de la sugerencia de tratamiento antimicrobiano inicial. Se demostró la existencia de una relación entre el proceso de estratificación y el cumplimiento de la ubicación intrahospitalaria sugerida por el instrumento empleado.


The initial evaluation of the patient's condition with pneumonia is a very important assistance action. The objective was evaluate the relationship between the frequency and quality of the stratification process of the patient with pneumonia, and the execution of suggestions of intrahospitalary location and the initial antimicrobial treatment of stratification instrument. A descriptive study was done on a population of 1,809 patients hospitalized during 10 years. The indexes of intrahospitalary location and of antimicrobian initial treatment were analized according to the suggestions of the instrument; in the statistical analysis it was used the odds ratio and the statistician X2, with a significant level of 95%. The intrahospitalary location was in agreement with the suggestion of the instrument in 96% of the cases, with the lowest value in patients with serious pneumonia and high recovery probabilities (82%, p <,05). The frequency of intrahospitalary location was bigger and veryfied with the suggestion of the instrument in the termed well stratified patients (p <,05), fundamentally in the patients with serious pneumonia and high recovery probabilities. The correspondence of the initial antimicrobial treatment with the proposal of the instrument was of 61%; the stratum IIIA showed the highest value (80%, p <,05). As conclusions, a high performance in the execution of the suggestion of the intrahospitalary location has been one of the characteristics of the process, although as a negative element it stands out the frequent non-fulfillment of the suggestion of the initial antimicrobial treatment. There was a relationship between the stratification process and the execution of the suggestion of the intrahospitalary location.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Community-Acquired Infections/diagnosis , Community-Acquired Infections/drug therapy , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Severity of Illness Index , Total Quality Management , Cuba , Patient Acuity , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
6.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 20: e20216467, 05 maio 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1338004

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: analisar a associação de variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas com o desfecho de pacientes com Aids admitidos em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI). MÉTODO: Estudo transversal, analítico, retrospectivo, de abordagem quantitativa, realizado num hospital de ensino com 55 pacientes. Os dados foram obtidos de fontes secundárias referentes aos anos de 2016 a 2018. Foi realizado análise estatística descritiva e inferencial. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos pacientes era homem (76,4%), não aderente à terapia antirretroviral (88,6%) e coinfectado (58,2%). A insuficiência respiratória aguda (52,7%) foi a principal causa de admissão. Durante a internação, hemotransfusão (50,9%) foi a medida terapêutica mais comum e infecção (49,1%) a complicação mais recorrente. Citomegalovírus, sífilis, hemodiálise, tosse, dispneia, náuseas, convulsão e tempo de permanência na UTI foram estatisticamente associados (p<0,05) à mortalidade na UTI e/ou hospital. CONCLUSÃO: Há necessidade de aprimorar as políticas de saúde do homem para incrementar a vigilância à saúde daqueles acometidos por Aids.


OBJECTIVE: to analyze the association of sociodemographic and clinical variables with the outcome of patients with Aids admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). METHOD: A cross-sectional, analytical, retrospective study with a quantitative approach carried out in a teaching hospital with 55 patients. Data were obtained from secondary sources for the years 2016 to 2018. A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: Most patients were male (76.4%), non-adherent to antiretroviral therapy (88.6%), and were co-infected (58.2%). Acute respiratory failure (52.7%) was the main cause of admission. During hospitalization, blood transfusion (50.9%) was the most common therapeutic measure and infection (49.1%) was the most recurrent complication. Cytomegalovirus, syphilis, hemodialysis, cough, dyspnea, nausea, seizure, and length of stay in the ICU were statistically associated (p<0.05) with mortality in the ICU and/or hospital. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to improve men's health policies to increase the health surveillance of those affected by Aids.


OBJETIVO: analizar la asociación de variables sociodemográficas y clínicas a la evolución de los pacientes con Sida ingresados en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI). MÉTODO: Estudio transversal, analítico, retrospectivo, con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado con 55 pacientes en un hospital docente. Los datos se obtuvieron de fuentes secundarias relativas a los años 2016 a 2018. Se realizó análisis estadístico descriptivo e ilativo. RESULTADOS: La mayoría de los pacientes eran hombres (76,4%), no adherentes a la terapia antirretroviral (88,6%) y coinfectados (58,2%). La insuficiencia respiratoria aguda (52,7%) fue la principal causa de ingreso. Durante la hospitalización, la transfusión de sangre (50,9%) fue la medida terapéutica más común y la infección (49,1%) fuela complicación más recurrente. El citomegalovirus, la sífilis, la hemodiálisis, la tos, la disnea, las náuseas, las convulsiones y la estancia en la UCI se asociaron estadísticamente (p<0,05) a la mortalidad en la UCI y/o el hospital. CONCLUSIÓN: Es necesario mejorar las políticas de salud de los hombres para aumentar la vigilancia de la salud de las personas que viven con el VIH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Admission , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Inpatients , Intensive Care Units , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(2): 219-230, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289073

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da disponibilidade de leitos em unidade de terapia intensiva, distratores e formatação da escolha, nas decisões de admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Este estudo foi um ensaio randomizado fatorial, com utilização de vinhetas baseadas em pacientes. As vinhetas foram consideradas arquetípicas para admissão ou recusa de admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva, conforme julgado por um grupo de especialistas. Médicos de unidade de terapia intensiva foram randomizados para um grupo com distrações (intervenção) ou um grupo controle; a um ambiente de escassez ou de disponibilidade de leitos em unidade de terapia intensiva (disponibilidade) e a uma vinheta com cenário de múltipla escolha ou omissão (status quo). O desfecho primário foi a proporção de alocações adequadas à unidade de terapia intensiva, definida como concordância com as decisões de alocação acordadas pelo grupo de especialistas. Resultados: Analisamos 125 médicos. Em termos gerais, os distratores não tiveram impacto sobre o desfecho; contudo, houve taxa diferenciada de desistências, com menos médicos no grupo intervenção tendo respondido completamente ao questionário. A disponibilidade de leitos em unidade de terapia intensiva se associou com alocações inadequadas de vinhetas consideradas não adequadas para admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva (RC = 2,47; IC95% 1,19 - 5,11), porém não com vinhetas apropriadas para admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva. Ocorreu interação significante com a presença de distratores (p = 0,007), sendo a disponibilidade de leitos na unidade de terapia intensiva associada com maior admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva de vinhetas não apropriadas para admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva no braço com distratores (intervenção) (RC = 9,82; IC95% 2,68 - 25,93), porém não no grupo controle (RC = 5,18; IC95% 1,37 - 19,61). Conclusão: A disponibilidade de leitos em unidade de terapia intensiva e vieses cognitivos se associaram com decisões inadequadas de alocação à unidade de terapia intensiva. Esses achados podem ter implicações para políticas de admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva.


Abstract Objective: To assess the impact of intensive care unit bed availability, distractors and choice framing on intensive care unit admission decisions. Methods: This study was a randomized factorial trial using patient-based vignettes. The vignettes were deemed archetypical for intensive care unit admission or refusal, as judged by a group of experts. Intensive care unit physicians were randomized to 1) an increased distraction (intervention) or a control group, 2) an intensive care unit bed scarcity or nonscarcity (availability) setting, and 3) a multiple-choice or omission (status quo) vignette scenario. The primary outcome was the proportion of appropriate intensive care unit allocations, defined as concordance with the allocation decision made by the group of experts. Results: We analyzed 125 physicians. Overall, distractors had no impact on the outcome; however, there was a differential drop-out rate, with fewer physicians in the intervention arm completing the questionnaire. Intensive care unit bed availability was associated with an inappropriate allocation of vignettes deemed inappropriate for intensive care unit admission (OR = 2.47; 95%CI 1.19 - 5.11) but not of vignettes appropriate for intensive care unit admission. There was a significant interaction with the presence of distractors (p = 0.007), with intensive care unit bed availability being associated with increased intensive care unit admission of vignettes inappropriate for intensive care unit admission in the distractor (intervention) arm (OR = 9.82; 95%CI 2.68 - 25.93) but not in the control group (OR = 1.02; 95%CI 0.38 - 2.72). Multiple choices were associated with increased inappropriate allocation in comparison to the omission group (OR = 5.18; 95%CI 1.37 - 19.61). Conclusion: Intensive care unit bed availability and cognitive biases were associated with inappropriate intensive care unit allocation decisions. These findings may have implications for intensive care unit admission policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Triage , Patient Admission , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units
8.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250355

ABSTRACT

La calidad de la gestión y adecuación del ingreso de los pacientes en los servicios de medicina interna es un tema relevante en el ámbito sanitario, dado que resulta un indicador del equilibrio existente entre la atención primaria de salud, el servicio de urgencia hospitalaria y la funcionalidad del propio servicio de medicina interna. Sin embargo, en este equilibrio se presentan irregularidades debido a determinadas problemáticas vinculadas a un insuficiente nivel teórico de los prestadores y a carencias en las habilidades prácticas y organizativas para ejecutar la hospitalización. En este artículo se abordan algunas de estas deficiencias que dañan la calidad de la gestión del ingreso en dicho servicio, y que requieren la proyección de una estrategia sustentada en un modelo formativo sociohumanista y asistencial, a fin de lograr avances significativos en el contexto hospitalario.


The quality of management and adaptation of admission of patients to the internal medicine services is a relevant topic in the health environment, as it is an indicator of the existing balance between primary health care, the emergency hospital service and the functioning of the internal medicine service itself. However, there are irregularities in this balance due to certain problems linked to a scarce theoretical level of the providers and to scarcities in the practical and organizational skills to carry out hospitalization. Some of the deficiencies damaging the quality of management during admission in this service, which require the projection of a strategy based on a health, formative, and social-humanistic model are presented in this work, with the aim of achieving significant advances in the hospital context.


Subject(s)
Patient Admission , Health Services Administration , Hospitalization , Internal Medicine , Quality of Health Care , Hospital Administration
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(1): 37-41, março 2021. tab., graf.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361703

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar os valores da amplitude de distribuição das hemácias em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST submetidos à intervenção coronária percutânea primária e avaliar sua associação com resultados adversos. Métodos: Os níveis de amplitude de distribuição das hemácias foram medidos em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST antes da intervenção coronária percutânea primária e divididos conforme valor das amplitudes de distribuição das hemácias. Após a alta hospitalar, os pacientes foram acompanhados por até 3 anos para a ocorrência de eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores e mortalidade a longo prazo. Resultados: Foram incluídos 893 pacientes com idade média de 60,7 (±12,5) anos, e 66,3% eram do sexo masculino. Na análise multivariada, a hemácia permaneceu como preditor independente de mortalidade a longo prazo. A área sob a curva para mortalidade a longo prazo foi de 0,64 (IC95% 0,61-0,67; p<0,0001). Amplitudes de distribuição das hemácias <13,3 tiveram valor preditivo negativo de 87,1% para mortalidade por todas as causas. Conclusão: Um valor elevado de amplitude de distribuição das hemácias é um preditor independente de mortalidade a longo prazo e eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST submetidos à intervenção coronária percutânea primária. Amplitudes de distribuição das hemácias baixas têm baixo tem um excelente valor preditivo negativo para mortalidade a longo prazo. (AU)


Objective: To determine red cell distribution width values in ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention and to evaluate its association with adverse outcomes. Methods: Red cell distribution width levels were measured in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients before primary percutaneous coronary intervention and divided into low and high red cell distribution width. After discharge, patients were followed for up to 3 years for the occurrence of long-term major adverse cardiovascular events and mortality. Results: A total of 893 patientes were with a mean age of 60.7 (±12.5) years, 66.3% were male. In multivariate analysis, the red cell distribution width remained as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. The area under the curve for long-term mortality was 0.64 (95%CI0.61-0.67; p<0.0001). Red cell distribution width<13.3 had a negative predictive value of 87.1% for all-cause mortality. Conclusion: High number of red cell distribution width is an independent predictor of long-term mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. A low number of red cell distribution width has an excellent negative predictive value for long-term mortality. Patients with sustained elevated levels of red cell distribution width have worse outcomes at long-term follow-up. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Erythrocyte Indices , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/mortality , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/blood , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Patient Admission , Prognosis , Blood Cell Count , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Comorbidity , Cohort Studies , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Ventricular Dysfunction/epidemiology , Inflammation Mediators/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Hypertension/epidemiology
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 97-106, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156097

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cases of maternal near miss are those in which women survive severe maternal complications during pregnancy or the puerperium. This ecological study aimed to identify the temporal trend of near-miss cases in different regions of Brazil between 2010 and 2018, using data fromtheHospital Information System(HIS) of theUnified BrazilianHealth System (SUS, in the Portuguese acronym). Hospital admission records of women between 10 and 49 years old with diagnosis included in the 10th Revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) and codes indicating nearmiss events were selected. From 20,891,040 admissions due to obstetric causes, 766,249 (3.66%) near-miss cases were identified, and 31,475 women needed admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). The cases were found to be more predominant in black women over 35 years old from the North and Northeast regions. There was a trend of increase in near-miss rates of ~ 13.5% a year during the period of the study. The trend presented a different behavior depending on the level of development of the region studied. The main causes of near miss were preeclampsia (47%), hemorrhage (24%), and sepsis (18%).


Resumo Casos de near miss materna são aqueles em que as mulheres sobrevivem a graves complicações maternas durante a gravidez ou o puerpério. Este estudo ecológico teve comoobjetivo identificar a tendência temporal de casos de near missemdiferentes regiões do Brasil entre 2010 e 2018, utilizando dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares (SIH) do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foram selecionados registros de internação demulheres entre 10 e 49 anos comdiagnóstico incluído na 10ª revisão daClassificação Internacional de Doenças e Problemas Relacionados à Saúde (CID-10) e códigos indicando eventos de near miss. Das 20.891.040 internações por causas obstétricas, 766.249 (3,66%) casos de near miss foram identificados, e 31.475mulheres necessitaramde internação na unidade de terapia intensive (UTI). Constatou-sequeos casos sãomaispredominantesemmulheres negras commais de 35 anos da região Norte e Nordeste. Houve uma tendência de aumento nas taxas de near miss de aproximadamente 13,5% ao ano durante o período do estudo. A tendência apresentou um comportamento diferente, dependendo do nível de desenvolvimento da região estudada. As principais causas de near miss foram pré-eclâmpsia (47%), hemorragia (24%), e sepse (18%).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Prenatal Care , Near Miss, Healthcare/statistics & numerical data , Obstetric Labor Complications/epidemiology , Patient Admission , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography , Maternal Mortality , Hospital Information Systems , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Near Miss, Healthcare/trends , Obstetric Labor Complications/prevention & control , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(1): 125-137, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289056

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Estudar o impacto do retardo na admissão à unidade de terapia intensiva em mais do que 4 horas nos desfechos de pacientes críticos. Métodos: Este foi um estudo observacional retrospectivo, no qual pacientes adultos admitidos diretamente do pronto-socorro para a unidade de terapia intensiva foram divididos em dois grupos: Tempo Adequado, se admitidos dentro de 4 horas, e Admissão Retardada, nos casos em que a admissão demorou mais do que 4 horas para ocorrer. Compararam-se, entre os grupos, o tempo de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva e a taxa de mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva e no hospital. Foi realizado pareamento por escore de propensão para correção de desequilíbrios. Utilizou-se uma análise de regressão logística para explorar retardo da admissão como fator independente de risco para mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva. Resultados: Durante o período do estudo, 1.887 pacientes foram admitidos diretamente do pronto-socorro para a unidade de terapia intensiva, sendo que 42% dessas admissões foram retardadas. Os pacientes com retardo tiveram permanências na unidade de terapia intensiva significantemente mais longas e maior mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva e no hospital. Esses resultados persistiram após pareamento dos grupos por escore de propensão. O retardo da admissão foi fator independente de risco para mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva (RC = 2,6; IC95% 1,9 - 3,5; p < 0,001). A associação de retardo e mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva surgiu após período de retardo de 2 horas e foi mais alta após período de retardo de 4 horas. Conclusão: O retardo da admissão do pronto-socorro para a unidade de terapia intensiva é fator de risco independente para mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva, sendo a associação mais forte após retardo de 4 horas.


Abstract Objective: To study the impact of delayed admission by more than 4 hours on the outcomes of critically ill patients. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study in which adult patients admitted directly from the emergency department to the intensive care unit were divided into two groups: Timely Admission if they were admitted within 4 hours and Delayed Admission if admission was delayed for more than 4 hours. Intensive care unit length of stay and hospital/intensive care unit mortality were compared between the groups. Propensity score matching was performed to correct for imbalances. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore delayed admission as an independent risk factor for intensive care unit mortality. Results: During the study period, 1,887 patients were admitted directly from the emergency department to the intensive care unit, with 42% being delayed admissions. Delayed patients had significantly longer intensive care unit lengths of stay and higher intensive care unit and hospital mortality. These results were persistent after propensity score matching of the groups. Delayed admission was an independent risk factor for intensive care unit mortality (OR = 2.6; 95%CI 1.9 - 3.5; p < 0.001). The association of delay and intensive care unit mortality emerged after a delay of 2 hours and was highest after a delay of 4 hours. Conclusion: Delayed admission to the intensive care unit from the emergency department is an independent risk factor for intensive care unit mortality, with the strongest association being after a delay of 4 hours.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Emergency Service, Hospital , Intensive Care Units , Patient Admission , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Length of Stay
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921098

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Cancer is a pervasive global problem with significant healthcare utilisation and cost. Emergency departments (EDs) see large numbers of patients with oncologic emergencies and act as "gate-keepers" to subsequent hospital admissions. A proportion of such hospital admissions are rapidly discharged within 2 days and may be potentially avoidable.@*METHODS@#Over a 6-month period, we conducted a retrospective audit of active cancer patients presenting to the ED with subsequent admission to the Department of Medical Oncology. Our aims were to identify independent factors associated with a length of stay ≤2 days; and characterise the clinical and resource needs of these short admissions.@*RESULTS@#Among all medical oncology admissions, 24.4% were discharged within 2 days. Compared to longer stayers, patients with short admissions were significantly younger (@*CONCLUSION@#Short admissions have low resource needs and may be managed in the ED. This may help save valuable inpatient bed-days and reduce overall healthcare costs.


Subject(s)
Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospitalization , Humans , Length of Stay , Neoplasms/therapy , Patient Admission , Retrospective Studies , Singapore/epidemiology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877745

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#We evaluated the impact of public health measures on paediatric emergency department attendances during the COVID-19 and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreaks in Singapore.@*METHODS@#Between 1 January 2020 and 31 July 2020, we retrospectively reviewed paediatric emergency department attendances and admissions in a tertiary paediatric hospital in Singapore before and after a national lockdown to combat the spread of COVID-19 in Singapore. Hospital attendances and admissions were compared with data from a corresponding period in 2019 (1 January 2019 to 31 July 2019), as well as during and after the SARS outbreak (1 January 2003 to 31 December 2004).@*RESULTS@#Compared with a corresponding non-outbreak period, emergency department attendances decreased in line with nationwide public health measures during the COVID-19 and SARS outbreaks (2020 and 2003 respectively), before increasing gradually following lifting of restrictions, albeit not to recorded levels before these outbreaks. During the COVID-19 outbreak, mean daily attendances decreased by 40%, from 458 per day in January-July 2019, to 274 per day in January-July 2020. The absolute number of hospital inpatient admissions decreased by 37% from January-July 2019 (19,629) to January-July 2020 (12,304). The proportion of emergency department attendances requiring admission remained similar: 20% in January-July 2019 and 21% in January-July 2020.@*CONCLUSION@#Nationwide public health measures in Singapore have had an impact on paediatric emergency department attendances and hospital inpatient admissions. Data from this study could inform planning and resource allocation for emergency departments in Singapore and internationally.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , COVID-19/prevention & control , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease Outbreaks , Emergency Service, Hospital/trends , Facilities and Services Utilization/trends , Female , Health Policy , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/trends , Pediatrics , Retrospective Studies , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Singapore/epidemiology
14.
E3 J. Med. Res ; 8(1): 1-16, 2021. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1368199

ABSTRACT

The primary objective of this study was to assess the characteristics of patients admitted for COVID-19, 'J18.9 Pneumonia, unspecified organism' and other types of diagnoses. The aim was to assess as to what extent do COVID-19 related admissions changed to pneumonia, and as to what extent do 'J18.9 Pneumonia, unspecified organism' related admissions that changed to COVID-19 diagnosis at discharge stage. The secondary objective of the study was to assess' predictors of readmissions in private hospitals. The review period was private hospital claims received by the scheme between January and August 2020. The inclusion criteria for COVID-19 admissions were patients that had a laboratory-confirmed (RT ? PCR assay) COVID-19. Predictors of readmissions were modelled using logistic regression. The study found that restricted scheme patients admitted for a COVID-19 diagnosis changed to a 'J18.9 Pneumonia, unspecified organism' diagnosis. The converse was found to be true in that some patients that were admitted as J18.9 Pneumonia, unspecified organism' diagnosis changed to a COVID-19 diagnosis. This study showed underlying factors associated with hospital admissions and predictors of readmissions in private hospitals.


Subject(s)
Patient Admission , Pneumonia , Risk Factors , Diagnosis , COVID-19
15.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e48849, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1119635

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever o atual processo de convocação de pacientes para procedimento cirúrgico, bem como a comunicação entre a equipe multiprofissional e o paciente no período pré-operatório e identificar a linha de cuidados prestados pela equipe multiprofissional no período pré-operatório. Método: pesquisa exploratória, descritiva e qualitativa. Amostra contemplou 28 participantes, membros da equipe multidisciplinar da clínica cirurgia geral de um hospital universitário do Rio de Janeiro. Os dados foram coletados por dois roteiros de entrevista semiestruturada, de fevereiro a abril de 2019, após autorização do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: a falta de planejamento, protocolos e fluxo intenso de pacientes levou a dúvidas, estresse, cancelamento de cirurgias no decorrer da internação. Conclusão: a ausência de protocolos articulados com ações e treinamentos prejudicou o processo de internação, bem como a comunicação entre a equipe multiprofissional e paciente. Fizeram parte da linha de cuidados: anamnese, sinais vitais, conciliação medicamentosa e orientações gerais.


Objective: to describe the current process of calling patients in for surgical-clinic unit, as well as communication between multidisciplinary team and patient in the preoperative period. Method: in this exploratory, qualitative, descriptive study, the 28 participants were members of the multidisciplinary team of surgical-clinic unit of a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Data were collected from February to April 2019 using two semi-structured interview scripts. The study was authorized by the research ethics committee. Results: the lack of planning and protocols and the intense flow of patients led to doubts, stress, and cancellation of surgeries during hospitalization. Conclusion: the absence of protocols coupled with actions and training impaired the hospitalization process, as well as communication between multidisciplinary team and patient. The line of care comprised: anamnesis, vital signs, medication reconciliation and general guidelines.


Objetivo: describir el proceso actual de convocatoria de pacientes para unidad clínica quirúrgica, así como la comunicación entre equipo multidisciplinario y paciente en el período preoperatorio. Método: en este estudio exploratorio, cualitativo, descriptivo, los 28 participantes eran miembros del equipo multidisciplinario de la unidad clínica quirúrgica de un hospital universitario de Río de Janeiro. Los datos se recopilaron de febrero a abril de 2019 mediante dos guiones de entrevistas semiestructurados. El estudio fue autorizado por el comité de ética en investigación. Resultados: la falta de planificación y protocolos y el intenso flujo de pacientes generó dudas, estrés y cancelación de cirugías durante la hospitalización. Conclusión: la ausencia de protocolos sumados a acciones y formación perjudicó el proceso de internación, así como la comunicación entre equipo multidisciplinar y paciente. La línea de atención comprendió: anamnesis, constantes vitales, conciliación de medicamentos y pautas generales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Patient Admission , Preoperative Care/methods , Hospitals, University , Patient Care Team , Professional-Patient Relations , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Qualitative Research , Hospitalization , Interprofessional Relations
16.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(5): 359-367, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139721

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Older adults frequently experience nonspecific clinical features. However, there is limited evidence on how often admission diagnoses for hospitalized older patients are incorrect, potentially leading to treatment delays. OBJECTIVES: To determine the consistency between hospital admission and discharge diagnoses, and identify factors associated with diagnostic discrepancies in older adults. DESIGN AND SETTING: Population-based cohort study in the United States. We included adults aged ≥ 18 years who were admitted from emergency departments (EDs) to hospitals, identified using the 2005-2010 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Survey, a nationally representative survey. METHODS: Three admission diagnoses and the principal discharge diagnosis were captured and classified as discrepant if they involved considerably different conditions within the same organ system, or different organ systems altogether. RESULTS: Each year, 12 million adults were hospitalized following ED visits in the United States; 45% were aged ≥ 65 years. These patients' mean age was 79 years and 58% were women. Diagnostic discrepancies between admission and discharge were more common among adults ≥ 65 years (12.5 versus 8.3%; P < 0.001). Certain admission diagnoses had particularly high rates of diagnostic discrepancies: 26-27% of patients presenting with mental disorders or with endocrine and metabolic diseases had substantial diagnostic discrepancies between admission and discharge. Substantial diagnostic discrepancy was independently associated with longer hospitalization and higher in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION: One out of eight older adults hospitalized from EDs was discharged with a principal diagnosis differing considerably from the admission diagnosis. Given that missed or delayed diagnoses are a critical safety problem, clinicians should be vigilant and frequently cogitate alternative diagnostic possibilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Patient Admission , Patient Discharge , Diagnostic Errors/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Service, Hospital , United States , Cohort Studies , Health Care Surveys
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(10): 1402-1408, Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136165

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the demographic characteristics of cancer patients admitted to an emergency department and determine the relationship between the frequency of admission to the emergency department and oncological emergencies and their effect on mortality. METHODS: This observational, prospective, diagnostic accuracy study was performed in the ED of a tertiary care hospital. Patients over the age of 18 who were previously diagnosed with cancer and admitted to the emergency service for medical reasons were included in the study. We recorded baseline characteristics including age, gender, complaints, oncological diagnosis, metastasis status, cancer treatments received, the number of ED admissions, structural and metabolic oncological emergency diagnoses in the ED, discharge status, length of hospital stay, and mortality status. RESULTS: In our study, 1205 applications related to the oncological diagnosis of 261 patients were examined. 55.6% of the patients were male, and 44.4% were female. The most common metabolic oncological emergency was anemia (19.5%), and the most common structural oncological emergency was bone metastasis-fracture (4.6%.) The mean score of admission of patients to the emergency department was four times (min: 1 max: 29) during the study period. A total of 49.4% (n: 129) of the patients included in the study died during follow-up, and the median time of death was 13 days after the last ED admission. CONCLUSION: The palliation of patient symptoms in infusion centers that will be established in the palliative care center will contribute to the decrease in the frequency of use of emergency services.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo determinar as características demográficas dos pacientes com câncer admitidos no setor de emergência e determinar a relação entre a frequência de admissão no setor de emergência e emergências oncológicas e seus efeitos na mortalidade. MÉTODOS: Este estudo observacional, prospectivo e de precisão diagnóstica foi realizado no pronto-socorro de um hospital terciário. Pacientes com idade superior a 18 anos que foram previamente diagnosticados com câncer e admitidos no serviço de emergência por razões médicas foram incluídos no estudo. Registramos características basais, incluindo idade, sexo, queixas, diagnóstico oncológico, status de metástase, tratamentos de câncer recebidos, número de admissões ao DE, diagnósticos de emergência oncológicos estruturais e metabólicos no DE, status de alta, tempo de internação e estado de mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Em nosso estudo, foram examinadas 1205 aplicações relacionadas ao diagnóstico oncológico de 261 pacientes. 55,6% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino e 44,4% eram do sexo feminino. A emergência oncológica metabólica mais comum foi anemia (19,5%) e a emergência oncológica estrutural mais comum foi fratura óssea causada por metástase (4,6%). A média de admissão dos pacientes no pronto-socorro foi de quatro vezes (min: 1 máx: 29) durante o período do estudo. Um total de 49,4% (n: 129) dos pacientes incluídos no estudo morreram durante o acompanhamento, e a mediana para o tempo de morte foi de 13 dias após a última admissão ao ED. CONCLUSÃO: A paliação dos sintomas de pacientes nos centros de infusão que serão estabelecidos nos centros de cuidados paliativos contribuirá para a diminuição da frequência de uso dos serviços de emergência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Admission , Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Length of Stay
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(10): 1361-1365, Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136145

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate whether there has been a reduction in patient admission to a high-complexity cancer care center in Brasil during the COVID-19 pandemic, similar to what was reported in Europe. METHODS: We reviewed the cancer tracking database of the largest cancer center in southern Brasil and performed statistical tests to compare first-time appointments from the onset of the outbreak until the end of June to those of the equivalent period in 2019. RESULTS: We observed a dramatic reduction (-42%) in first-time appointments during the pandemic compared to the same period in the previous year (P <0.001). This reduction was observed among all medical specialties (P <0.001). CONCLUSION: The onset of COVID-19 was correlated with a reduction in admission to a high-complexity cancer care center in Brasil. Since a delay in diagnosis and treatment may influence prognosis, it is important that cancer centers and public health strategies reinforce care for non-COVID-19 patients to prevent potentially unnecessary deaths.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
19.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 412-417, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138503

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o tempo de desocupação e ocupação dos leitos na unidade de terapia intensiva; analisar os intervalos entre os tempos durante o período do dia e da noite, finais de semana e feriados e identificar preditores para os tempos de desocupação e ocupação. Métodos: Estudo transversal, de natureza observacional, descritivo, analítico e inferencial. Foram analisados 700 registros de desocupação-ocupação em 54 leitos na unidade de terapia intensiva adulto de um hospital da rede pública de Sergipe, entre janeiro e dezembro de 2018. O teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparações entre grupos. Diversos modelos preditivos de tempo de permanência foram elaborados. A razão de taxa de incidência foi utilizada como estimativa de tamanho do efeito. Resultados: Durante o período do estudo, houve 13.477 solicitações de vaga na unidade de terapia intensiva para os 54 leitos, e apenas 5% (700 pacientes) conseguiram o acesso ao leito. Os tempos de desocupação-ocupação tiveram valores menores quando a ocupação do leito era realizada no período noturno (razão de taxa de incidência de 0,658; IC95% 0,550 - 0,787; p < 0,0001) e oferta nos finais de semana (razão de taxa de incidência de 0,566; IC95% 0,382 - 0,838; p = 0,004). O sexo feminino (razão de taxa de incidência de 0,749; IC95% 0,657 - 0,856; p < 0,0001) foi um preditor de menor tempo de desocupação-ocupação. Esse tempo tende a aumentar com a idade do paciente (razão de taxa de incidência de 1,006; IC95% 1,003 - 1,009; p < 0,0001). Conclusão: Identificaram-se disparidades no tempo de espera para a ocupação do leito, sendo maior no período diurno e em dias úteis. Mulheres e pacientes mais jovens são beneficiados por um processamento mais rápido no tempo de desocupação-ocupação.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the vacancy and occupancy times of intensive care unit beds; to analyze differences in these times between the day and night shifts and weekdays, weekends, and holidays; and to identify predictors of vacancy and occupancy times. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational, descriptive, analytical, inferential study. A total of 700 vacancy-to-occupancy records from 54 beds of an adult intensive care unit of a public hospital in Sergipe, Brazil, dated between January and December 2018 were analyzed. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney test was used for comparisons between groups. Several predictive models of length of stay were constructed. The incidence rate ratio was used to estimate the effect size. Results: During the study period, there were 13,477 requests for the 54 intensive care unit beds, and only 5% (700 patients) were granted. The vacancy-to-occupancy times were shorter when beds were occupied at night (incidence rate ratio of 0.658; 95%CI 0.550 - 0.787; p < 0.0001) or on weekends (incidence rate ratio of 0.566; 95%CI 0.382 - 0.838; p = 0.004). Female sex (incidence rate ratio of 0.749; 95%CI 0.657 - 0.856; p < 0.0001) was a predictor of shorter vacancy-to-occupancy time. This time tended to increase with patient age (incidence rate ratio of 1.006; 95% CI 1.003 - 1.009; p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Disparities in the waiting time for intensive care unit beds were identified, as the time was greater in the daytime and on weekdays, and women and younger patients experienced shorter vacancy-to-occupancy times.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bed Occupancy/statistics & numerical data , Waiting Lists , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Models, Theoretical
20.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(5): 425-432, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287193

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pandemia de COVID-19 ha llevado a medidas de aislamiento social, restricciones laborales, fuerte campaña mediática y suspensión de las actividades médicas programadas. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue relevar el impacto de estas medidas sobre las internaciones en Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos Cardiovasculares, con la hipótesis de que se ha generado un comportamiento social que puede disminuir la demanda de consultas, aun las de enfermedades graves. Comparamos las internaciones de marzo-abril de 2010-2019 con las del mismo bimestre de 2020 sobre la base del registro prospectivo multicéntrico Epi-Cardio® en seis instituciones, tres públicas y tres privadas, que utilizan la epicrisis computarizada para las altas. Fueron incluidos 6839 egresos de ese bimestre en los 11 años. El promedio del número de internaciones en ese bimestre del decenio 2010-19 fue 595 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 507-683) y se redujo a 348 en 2020 (caída del 46.8%, p < 0.001). En la agrupación por 11 causas de internación, la reducción observada fue: cirugía cardiovascular 72.3%, intervenciones electrofisiológicas 67.8%, síndrome coronario agudo sin elevación del ST 52.6%, angio-plastias 47.6%, arritmias 48.7%, insuficiencia cardíaca 46%, fibrilación auricular 35.7%, infarto con elevación del ST 34.7%, dolor no coronario 31.8% y otros 51.6%. Solo se incrementaron las consultas por crisis hipertensivas (89%), aunque la prevalencia fue baja. La caída observada en la internación de entidades clínicas críticas ha sido un "efecto adverso" de las medidas adoptadas ante la pandemia, con consecuencias potencialmente graves, que podrían revertirse con un ajuste de las políticas y la comunicación pública.


Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has led to measures of social isolation, labor restrictions, a strong information campaign and the suspension of scheduled medical activities. The aim of this study was to describe the impact of these measures on the number of hospitalizations in Cardiovascular Intensive Care Units, with the hypothesis that the social behavior generated by this emergency promotes a decreased demand for medical care, even when severe cardiovascular disease is involved. We compared the number of admissions in March-April 2010-2019 versus March-April 2020, based on a prospective study including six institutions (three public and three private) that use Epi-Cardio® as a multicenter registry of cardiovascular care unit discharge. Altogether, we included 6839 patients discharged during the 11-year study period (2010-2020). The average number of patient admissions on March-April 2010-19 was 595 (CI 95%: 507-683) and decreased to 348 in 2020 (fall of 46.8%, p < 0.001). The reasons for hospitalization were classified into 11 groups and a statistically significant reduction was seen in 10 of these groups: cardiovascular surgery 72.3%, electrophysiological interventions 67.8%, non-ST acute coronary syndromes 52.6%, angioplasties 47.6%, arrhythmias 48.7%, heart failure 46%, atrial fibrillation 35.7%, ST elevation myocardial infarction 34.7%, non cardiac chest pain 31.8%, others 51.6%. Although with low prevalence, hypertensive crisis increased in 89%. The abrupt decrease observed in the number of admissions due to critical pathologies may be considered an "adverse effect" related to the measures adopted, with potentially severe consequences. This trend could be reversed by improving public communication and policy adjustment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Argentina/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
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