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ABCS health sci ; 48: e023207, 14 fev. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414627


INTRODUCTION: The pathological status of obesity can influence COVID-19 from its initial clinical presentation, therefore, the identification of clinical and laboratory parameters most affected in the presence of obesity can contribute to improving the treatment of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical, laboratory, and tomographic characteristics associated with obesity and BMI at t hospital admission in adult patients with COVID-19. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study with a total of 315 participants with COVID-19 confirmed by rt-PCR. The participants were divided into non-Obese (n=203) and Obese (n=112). Physical examinations, laboratory tests, and computed tomography of the chest were performed during the first 2 days of hospitalization. RESULTS: Patients with obesity were younger, and they had higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure, higher frequency of alcoholism, fever, cough, and headache, higher ALT, LDH, and red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin, hematocrit, and percentage of lymphocytes. Also, they presented a lower value of leukocyte count and Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio (RNL). The parameters positively correlated with BMI were alcoholism, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fever, cough, sore throat, number of symptoms, ALT in men, LDH, magnesium, RBC, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and percentage of lymphocytes. The parameters negatively correlated with the BMI were: age and RNL. CONCLUSION: Several parameters were associated with obesity at hospital admission, revealing better than expected results. However, these results should be interpreted with great caution, as there may be some influence of a phenomenon called the Obesity Paradox that can distort the severity and prognosis of the patient.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Patient Admission , Tomography , Biomarkers , Body Mass Index , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , COVID-19 , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 107 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1433964


INTRODUÇÃO: Pacientes com câncer em estágio avançado continuam a receber cuidados médicos cada vez mais agressivos perto da morte, apesar da crescente preocupação de que isso reflita uma má qualidade de cuidados. No entanto, existem poucos dados na literatura sobre os ônus das admissões na UTI de pacientes com câncer consideradas inapropriadas ou potencialmente inapropriadas. Assim, o objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar as características, uso de recursos e desfechos dos pacientes com câncer com admissão potencialmente inapropriada na UTI. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva de pacientes com câncer internados nas UTIs do Hospital A.C.Camargo Cancer Center entre janeiro de 2017 e dezembro de 2018. Os pacientes foram classificados como apropriados, potencialmente inapropriados ou inapropriados para admissão na UTI de acordo com as diretrizes da Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM). O desfecho principal foi o tempo de internação na UTI, tendo a morte como evento competitivo. Os desfechos secundários foram a mortalidade em um ano, na UTI e no hospital, o tempo de internação hospitalar e o uso de recursos durante a internação na UTI. Utilizamos modelos de regressão de Fine e Gray (risco competitivo) para o desfecho primário, e de regressão logística para análise da mortalidade em 1 ano. RESULTADOS: Dos 6.700 pacientes admitidos, 5803 (86,6%) foram classificados como apropriados, 683 (10,2%) como potencialmente inapropriados e 214 (3,2%) como inapropriados para admissão na UTI. Após a análise ajustada para fatores de confusão, os pacientes com admissões na UTI potencialmente inapropriadas e inapropriadas tiveram uma menor probabilidade de alta da UTI do que os pacientes com admissão apropriada (sHR 0,55; 95% CI 0,49 ­ 0,61 e sHR 0,65; 95% CI 0,53 ­ 0,81, respectivamente). Dentre os pacientes com internação apropriada, potencialmente inapropriada e inapropriada, a mortalidade na UTI foi 4,8%, 32,6% e 35,0%, e a mortalidade intra-hospitalar foi 12,2%, 71,6% e 81,3%, respectivamente (p < 0,01). As admissões potencialmente inapropriadas e inapropriadas também foram associadas a uma maior mortalidade em 1 ano (OR 6,39; 95% CI 5,60­7,29 e OR 11,12; 95% CI 8,33-14,83, respectivamente). O uso de suporte orgânico na UTI foi mais comum e mais prolongado nos pacientes com admissão potencialmente inapropriada. CONCLUSÕES: A inadequação da admissão na UTI de pacientes com câncer foi associada ao maior uso de recursos e à maior mortalidade a curto e longo prazo. Esses achados destacam a necessidade de se melhorar a utilização da UTI entre os pacientes com câncer em estágio avançado.

INTRODUCTION: Patients with advanced-stage cancer continue to receive increasingly aggressive medical care near death, including admission to intensive care unit (ICU) within the last month of life, despite growing concerns that this reflects poor quality care at end of life. However, there is a lack of data regarding the burden of inappropriate and potentially inappropriate ICU care among patients with cancer. The aim of the study was to evaluate the characteristics, resource use and outcomes of critically ill patients with cancer according to appropriateness of ICU admission. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with cancer admitted to ICU in a dedicated cancer center in Brazil from January 2017 to December 2018. Patients were classified as appropriate, potentially inappropriate, or inappropriate for ICU admission according to the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) guidelines. The primary outcome was ICU length of stay (LOS). Secondary outcomes were one-year, ICU and hospital mortality, hospital LOS, utilization of ICU organ support, and decisions to forgo lifesustaining therapies during the ICU stay. We used logistic regression competing risk models accounting for relevant confounders for the primary outcome analyses, and a logistic regression model for one-year mortality analysis. RESULTS: From 6,700 admitted patients, 5,803 (86.6%) were classified as appropriate for ICU admission, 683 (10.2%) as potentially inappropriate and 214 (3.2%) as inappropriate for ICU admission. After adjusted analysis, potentially inappropriate and inappropriate ICU admissions had lower likelihood of being discharged from the ICU than patients with appropriate ICU admission (sHR 0.55, 95% CI 0.49 - 0.61 and sHR 0.65, 95% CI 0.53 - 0.81, respectively). Among patients considered to have had appropriate, potentially inappropriate, and inappropriate ICU admissions, ICU mortality was 4.8%, 32.6% and 35.0%, and in-hospital mortality was 12.2%, 71.6% and 81.3%, respectively (p < 0.01). Potentially inappropriate and inappropriate ICU admissions were also associated with higher 1-year mortality (OR 6.39, 95% CI 5.60-7.29 and OR 11.12, 95% CI 8.33-14.83, respectively). Use of organ support was more common and longer among patients with potentially inappropriate ICU admission. CONCLUSIONS: Inappropriateness for ICU admission among patients with cancer was associated with higher resource use in ICU and higher one year mortality among ICU survivors. These findings highlight the need to improve utilization of ICU services among patients with advanced-stage cancer

Humans , Male , Female , Intensive Care Units , Patient Admission , Length of Stay , Neoplasms
South Sudan med. j. (Online) ; 16(3)2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1452137


Introduction: Eclampsia, a hypertensive disorder, is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in developing countries like Nigeria. We evaluated the relationship between the pattern of liver enzymes and maternal mortality in eclamptic women. Method: A retrospective study of 55 eclamptic women admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), University College Hospital, Nigeria, was conducted. Data were obtained on their demographic, obstetric, and clinical characteristics, liver enzyme patterns, and maternal outcome. Analysis was by descriptive statistics, univariate analysis, and non-parametric tests with level of significance set at p<0.05. Results: Maternal deaths occurred in 27.3% and elevation of liver enzymes was observed more among the dead patients compared with those who survived. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was the most commonly elevated liver enzyme, occurring in almost all (90.9%) the patients. Maternal mortality was significantly associated with age (p=0.001), saturated oxygen levels (p=0.007), elevated alkaline phosphatase (p=0.008), alanine aminotransferase (p=0.013), aspartate aminotransferase (p=0.016), and total bilirubin (p<0.001). Conclusion: Maternal mortality due to eclampsia was clinically associated with age, elevated liver enzymes and a lower serum level of total bilirubin. Liver transaminases are therefore important prognostic indicators associated with eclampsia.

Critical Care , Pregnant Women , Eclampsia , Enzymes , Patient Admission , Maternal Death
African journal of emergency medicine (Print) ; 13(1): 25-29, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1413328


Introduction: Little information is available regarding the characteristics of patients attending the emergency centre (EC) in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study aims to provide some epidemiological and clinical aspects of patients admitted to the emergency centre at Beni General Referral Hospital. Methodology: For a year, from January to December 2021, a cross-sectional study was conducted. Data regarding patients' characteristics, admission modality, stay duration, reason for admission, and discharge modality was anonymously collected from patients' registers. A descriptive analysis was done with Epi-Info 7. Result: A total of 1404 patients were admitted to the EC, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.2 to 1. The age group below 18 years accounted for 35.4%. Most of the patients (75.7%) originated from urban areas. In 83% of cases, there was no recommendation from another medical facility for EC admission. The most common reasons for admission are non-traumatic gathering on top of neuropsychiatric and non-specific symptoms. Road traffic accidents are the most frequent causes of trauma symptoms. Few patients (14.7%) spent less than 12 hours in the EC. Globally, 7.3% of patients admitted to the EC were discharged after being managed, and 89% were transferred to different wards. The intra-emergency centre mortality rate was 11.8% among admitted patients in the ER at Beni General Referral Hospital. Conclusion: This epidemiology database underlines the need for developing globalizing and multi-sectoral interventions (diagnosis, therapeutic strategy, organization, health program, or health policies) in the perspective of bringing change and/or taking action in the Democratic Republic of Congo's emergency medical system.

Humans , Male , Female , Patient Admission , Wounds and Injuries , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services , Health Policy , Accidents, Traffic
Pan Afr. med. j ; 44(NA): NA-NA, 2023.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1418878


Introduction: approximately 15% of COVID-19 patients develop symptoms necessitating admission. From 2020 to 2022, Mashonaland West Province had an institutional case fatality rate of 23% against a national rate of 7%. Therefore, we evaluated the COVID-19 admissions in the province to determine the factors associated with COVID-19 mortality. Methods: we conducted an analytical cross-sectional study based on secondary data from isolation centers across the province using all 672 death audit forms and patient records. We obtained data on patient demographics, signs and symptoms, clinical management and oxygen therapy administered, among other things. Data were entered into an electronic form and imported into Epi-info 7 for analysis bivariate and multivariate was conducted. Results: we found that being an older man, aOR 1.04 (1.03-1.05), who had diabetes aOR 6.0 (95% CI: 3.8-9.2) and hypertension aOR 4.5 (95% CI: 2.8-6.5) were independent risk factors. Patients put on dexamethasone aOR 2.4 (95% CI: 1.6-3.4) and heparin/clexane aOR 1.6 (95% CI: 1.1-2.2) had a higher mortality risk. However, vitamin C aOR 0.48 (95% CI: 0.31-0.71) and oxygen therapy aOR 0.14 (95% CI: 0.10-0.19) and being pregnant aOR 0.06 (95% CI: 0.02-0.14) were protective. Conclusion: mortality risk increased in older male patients with comorbidities and with those on dexamethasone and heparin therapy. Oxygen therapy and vitamin C were protective. There is a need to conduct further study of the source of these variations in risk across patients to establish the true impact of differences in individuals' mortality.

Humans , Male , Female , Patient Admission , Therapeutics , Diagnosis , COVID-19 , Risk Factors , Mortality
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(2): e573, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409056


Introduction: Fractures pose a tremendous burden on the health care systems due to the prolonged duration of admission. Addressing various determinants that prolong hospital stay will help minimize the cost of treatment. Objective: To study the determinants associated with the duration of hospital stay among patients admitted with fractures. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at a private tertiary care hospital in Mangalore. A semi-structured proforma was used for collecting data from the medical records. Results: The mean age of the 124 patients were 48.3±21.4 years. The majority were males [69(55.6 por ciento)] and were from urban areas [86(69.3 por ciento)]. Co-morbidities were present among 69(55.6 por ciento) patients. Out of the total patients, 8(6.4 por ciento) were alcoholics, and 10(8.1 por ciento) were tobacco smokers. The majority [50(40.3 por ciento)] had fracture of the femur. Five (4 por ciento) patients developed complications during the post-operative period. Seventy-eight (62.9 por ciento) patients had medical insurance facilities. The mean duration of hospital stay was 9.6±3.2 days among the patients. The mean duration of hospital stay among patients (n=115) before surgery was 2.4±1.6 days. Increased pre-operative stay, increasing age, rural residential status, open type of fracture, and being given general anaesthesia for the operative procedure were significant predictors determining the period of stay among patients in the hospitals. Alcoholic status independently influenced the period of stay in the pre-operative period. Conclusion: Both patient and treatment characteristics were important determinants associated with the duration of hospital stay. Targeting these predictors will help to manage in-patients better and shorten their duration of hospital stay(AU)

Introducción: Las fracturas suponen una enorme carga para los sistemas sanitarios debido a la duración prolongada del ingreso. Abordar varios determinantes que prolongan la estadía en el hospital ayudará a minimizar el costo del tratamiento. Objetivo: Estudiar los determinantes asociados a la duración de la estancia hospitalaria en pacientes ingresados con fracturas. Métodos: Este es un estudio observacional retrospectivo realizado en un hospital privado de atención terciaria en Mangalore. Se utilizó una proforma semiestructurada para la recolección de datos de las historias clínicas. Resultados: La edad media de los 124 pacientes fue de 48,3±21,4 años. La mayoría eran hombres [69 (55,6 percent)] y de áreas urbanas [86 (69,3 percent)]. Las comorbilidades estuvieron presentes en 69 (55,6 percent) pacientes. Del total de pacientes, 8 (6,4 percent) eran alcohólicos y 10 (8,1 percent) fumadores. La mayoría [50 (40,3 percent)] tenía fractura de fémur. Cinco (4 percent) pacientes desarrollaron complicaciones durante el postoperatorio. Setenta y ocho (62,9 percent) pacientes tenían seguro médico. La duración media de la estancia hospitalaria fue de 9,6±3,2 días entre los pacientes. La duración media de la estancia hospitalaria de los pacientes (n=115) antes de la cirugía fue de 2,4±1,6 días. El aumento de la estancia preoperatoria, el aumento de la edad, el estado residencial rural, el tipo de fractura abierta y la anestesia general para el procedimiento quirúrgico fueron predictores significativos que determinaron el período de estancia entre los pacientes en los hospitales. El estado alcohólico influyó de forma independiente en el tiempo de estancia en el preoperatorio. Conclusión: Tanto las características del paciente como las del tratamiento fueron determinantes importantes asociadas con la duración de la estancia hospitalaria. Abordar estos predictores ayudará a manejar mejor a los pacientes hospitalizados y acortar la duración de su estadía en el hospital(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patient Admission , Fractures, Bone/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210159, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375799


ABSTRACT Background Inpatient consultations are a fundamental component of practice in tertiary care centers. However, such consultations demand resources, generating a significant workload. Objectives To investigate the profile of inpatient consultations requested by other specialties and provided by the Vascular and Endovascular Surgery team at an academic tertiary hospital. Methods Prospective observational study. Results From May 2017 to May 2018, 223 consultations were provided, representing 2.2% of the workload. Most consultations were requested by Oncology (16.6%), Hematology (9.9%), Nephrology (9.0%), and Cardiology (6.3%). The leading reasons for inpatient consultation were: need for vascular access (51.1%) and requests to evaluate a vascular disease (48.9%). Acute venous diseases accounted for 19.3% of consultations, chronic arterial diseases for 14.8%, acute arterial diseases for 7.2%, diabetic feet for 5.4%, and chronic venous diseases accounted for 2.2%. Surgical treatment was performed in 57.0%, either conventional (43.9%) or endovascular (13.0%). Almost all (98.2%) patients' issues were resolved. Conclusions Inpatient consultations with the Vascular and Endovascular Surgery team in a tertiary academic hospital accounted for 2.2% of the team's entire workload. Most patients were elective and underwent low-complexity elective surgical procedures. There may be an opportunity to improve healthcare, redirecting these patients to the outpatient flow.

RESUMO Introdução Interconsultas são um componente fundamental da prática clínica em centros de atendimento terciários. No entanto, esse tipo de consulta requer recursos, resultando em uma alta carga de trabalho. Objetivo Investigar o perfil das interconsultas solicitadas por outros departamentos e realizadas pela equipe de Cirurgia Vascular e Endovascular em um hospital universitário terciário. Métodos Estudo observacional prospectivo. Resultados De maio de 2017 a maio de 2018, foram realizadas 223 consultas, correspondendo a 2,2% da carga de trabalho. A maioria das consultas foram solicitadas pelos departamentos de Oncologia (16,6%), Hematologia (9,9%), Nefrologia (9,0%) e Cardiologia (6,3%). As principais razões das interconsultas foram a necessidade de acesso vascular (51,1%) e de avaliação de doenças vasculares (48,9%). As doenças venosas agudas corresponderam a 19,3% das avaliações; as doenças arteriais crônicas, a 14,8%; as doenças arteriais agudas, a 7,2%; o pé diabético, a 5,4%; e as doenças venosas crônicas corresponderam a 2,2%. Foi realizado tratamento cirúrgico em 57,0% dos casos, tanto convencional (43,9%) quanto endovascular (13,0%). Foram resolvidos os problemas de quase todos os pacientes (98,2%). Conclusão As interconsultas realizadas pela equipe de Cirurgia Vascular e Endovascular em um hospital universitário terciário corresponderam a 2,2% da carga de trabalho total. A maioria dos pacientes eram eletivos e foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos eletivos de baixa complexidade. O redirecionamento desses pacientes para o atendimento ambulatorial poderia auxiliar na melhoria dos serviços de saúde.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Admission , Referral and Consultation , Tertiary Healthcare/methods , Tertiary Care Centers/organization & administration , Vascular Surgical Procedures/organization & administration , Prospective Studies , Workload , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Health Resources , Hospitals, University
South. Afr. j. crit. care (Online) ; 38(1): 33-38, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1371295


Background. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on healthcare systems globally as most countries were not equipped to deal with the outbreak. To avoid complete collapse of intensive care units (ICUs) and health systems as a whole, containment measures had to be instituted. In South Africa (SA), the biggest intervention was the government-regulated national lockdown instituted in March 2020. Objective. To evaluate the effects of the implemented lockdown and institutional guidelines on the admission rate and profile of non-COVID-19 patients in a regional and tertiary level ICU in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal Province, SA. Methods. A retrospective analysis of all non-COVID-19 admissions to Harry Gwala and Greys hospitals was performed over an 8-month period (1 December 2019 - 31 July 2020), which included 4 months prior to lockdown implementation and 4 months post lockdown. Results. There were a total of 678 non-COVID-19 admissions over the 8-month period. The majority of the admissions were at Greys Hospital (52.4%; n=355) and the rest at Harry Gwala Hospital (47.6%; n=323). A change in spectrum of patients admitted was noted, with a significant decrease in trauma and burns admissions post lockdown implementation (from 34.2 - 24.6%; p=0.006). Conversely, there was a notable increase in non-COVID-19 medical admissions after lockdown regulations were implemented (20.1 - 31.3%; p<0.001). We hypothesized that this was due to the gap left by trauma patients in an already overburdened system. Conclusions. Despite the implementation of a national lockdown and multiple institutional directives, there was no significant decrease in the total number of non-COVID-19 admissions to ICUs. There was, however, a notable change in spectrum of patients admitted, which may reflect a bias towards trauma admissions in the pre COVID-19 era

Humans , Male , Female , Disease Prevention , COVID-19 , Government , Intensive Care Units , Patient Admission
S. Afr. j. infect. dis. (Online) ; 37(1)2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1396018


Background: Gauteng province (GP) was one of the most affected provinces in the country during the first two pandemic waves in South Africa. We aimed to describe the characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients admitted in one of the largest quaternary hospitals in GP during the first two waves. Objectives: Study objectives were to determine factors associated with hospital admission during the second wave and to describe factors associated with in-hospital COVID-19 mortality. Method: Data from a national hospital-based surveillance system of COVID-19 hospitalisations were used. Multivariable logistic regression models were conducted to compare patients hospitalised during wave 1 and wave 2, and to determine factors associated with in-hospital mortality.Results: The case fatality ratio was the highest (39.95%) during wave 2. Factors associated with hospitalisation included age groups 40­59 years (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 2.14, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08­4.27), 60­79 years (aOR: 2.49, 95% CI: 1.23­5.02) and ≥ 80 years (aOR: 3.39, 95% CI: 1.35­8.49). Factors associated with in­hospital mortality included age groups 60­79 years (aOR: 2.55, 95% CI: 1.11­5.84) and ≥ 80 years (aOR: 5.66, 95% CI: 2.12­15.08); male sex (aOR: 1.56, 95% CI: 1.22­1.99); presence of an underlying comorbidity (aOR: 1.76, 95% CI: 1.37­2.26), as well as being admitted during post­wave 2 (aOR: 2.42, 95% CI: 1.33­4.42). Conclusion: Compared to the recent omicron-driven pandemic waves characterised by lower admission rates and less disease severity among younger patients, COVID-19 in-hospital mortality during the earlier waves was associated with older age, being male and having an underlying comorbidity.

Patient Admission , Health Surveillance System , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Inpatients , Mortality
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 21(38): 12-20, nov. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1348582


El Consejo Internacional de Enfermeras (CIE) define a la Enfermería como los cuidados, autónomos y en colaboración, que se prestan a las personas de todas las edades, familias, grupos y comunidades, enfermos o sanos, en todos los contextos. Incluye la promoción de la salud, la prevención de la enfermedad y los cuidados de los enfermos, discapacitados y personas moribundas. A su vez Berbiglia y Banfield citan a Orem, ésta plantea que la práctica de la Enfermería en relación con los individuos se institucionaliza alrededor del proceso de una persona, la/el enfermera/o, que proporciona ayuda directa a otra persona, cuando ésta persona es total o parcialmente incapaz de ayudarse a sí misma en el cumplimiento de los cuidados diarios relacionados con la salud, a causa de la situación de salud existente. La misma autora define al estado de salud que indica la necesidad de asistencia enfermera como "la incapacidad de las personas de proporcionarse por sí mismas y continuamente el autocuidado (AC) de calidad y cantidad necesarios según las situaciones de la salud personal". Expresa también que los factores básicos condicionantes son "los factores internos o externos a los individuos que afectan sus habilidades para involucrarse en el autocuidado o afectan el tipo y cantidad de autocuidado requeridos". El objetivo, Sistematizar y acordar las intervenciones y cuidados de enfermería en la admisión del paciente con diabetes, con un enfoque desde los factores básicos condicionantes del autocuidado y la capacidad de la agencia de Autocuidado, que ingresan al servicio de urgencias de adultos, de un Hospital público, 2020. En este sentido el profesional de Enfermería cumple un rol fundamental dentro del equipo de salud para identificar el déficit de autocuidado y promover, gestionar e impulsar diversas estrategias para la promoción de la salud, la prevención de la enfermedad y su tratamiento[AU]

O Conselho Internacional de Enfermeiras (ICN) define Enfermagem como cuidado autônomo e colaborativo, prestado a pessoas de todas as idades, famílias, grupos e comunidades, doentes ou saudáveis, em todos os contextos. Inclui a promoção da saúde, a prevenção de doenças e o atendimento de doentes, deficientes e moribundos. Berbiglia e Banfield, por sua vez, citam Orem, que afirma que a prática de enfermagem em relação aos indivíduos é institucionalizada em torno do processo de uma pessoa, a enfermeira, que fornece ajuda direta a outra pessoa, quando essa pessoa é total ou parcialmente incapaz de ajudar a si mesma na realização dos cuidados diários relacionados à saúde, devido à situação de saúde existente. O mesmo autor define o estado de saúde que indica a necessidade de assistência de enfermagem como "a incapacidade das pessoas de proverem a si mesmas e continuamente o autocuidado (CA) de qualidade e quantidade necessárias de acordo com as situações de saúde pessoal". Também expressa que os fatores condicionantes básicos são "fatores internos ou externos aos indivíduos que afetam suas habilidades para se envolver em autocuidado ou afetam o tipo e a quantidade de autocuidado necessária". O objetivo sistematizar e acordar intervenções e cuidados de enfermagem na admissão do paciente com diabetes, com foco nos fatores condicionantes básicos do autocuidado e na capacidade da agência de Autocuidado, que entra no pronto-socorro de adultos, de um hospital público, 2020. Nesse sentido, o profissional de enfermagem desempenha papel fundamental dentro da equipe de saúde para identificar o déficit de autocuidado e promover, gerenciar e promover diversas estratégias de promoção da saúde, prevenção e tratamento de doenças[AU]

The International Nurses Council (INC ­ 2015) defines Nursery as the independent and accompanied care given to people of all ages, ethnicity, gender, rather family, group and communities, ill or heathy in all sort of contexts. Including Heath`s promotion, sickness prevention and different cares of patients, disable and dying people. In turn, Berbiglia and Banfield cite Orem, which states that the practice Nursing practice as the relationship individuals, which is institutionalized around the process of one person the Nurse, the one who helps directly to the other person, when this one is not fully or partially capable on their own means to help themselves to take charge of their daily health care, caused by the actual health situation remaining. The same author defines the state of health that indicates the Nurses assistance as "The non-capacity of people to assure by themselves the continued self-care, nor in quality and quantity necessary according to the situation of personal health". On the other hand, the author, also states that the basic conditioning factors are "internal or external factors handled by individuals who affect their abilities to engage in self-care or affect the type and amount of self-care required ". The objective is to systematize and agree on interventions and nursing care in the admission of the patient with diabetes, with an approach from the basic conditioning factors of self-care and the capacity of the Self-care agency, who enter the emergency department of adults, of a public hospital, 2020 In this sense, the nursing professional plays a fundamental role within the health team to identify the deficit of self-care and promote, manage and promote various strategies for health promotion, disease prevention and treatment[AU]

Humans , Male , Female , Patient Admission , Self Care , Diabetes Mellitus/nursing , Health Promotion , Nursing Assessment , Nursing Care , Quality Indicators, Health Care
Más Vita ; 3(3): 33-41, sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1343305


La percepción que tienen los usuarios y su nivel de satisfacción frente a servicios brindados durante su atención es considerada como un indicador de calidad en el sector salud, además de reafirmar que la atención se centra sobre el paciente, familia o comunidad. Objetivo: analizar los factores determinantes en el nivel de atención y su relación con la satisfacción de los usuarios que acuden a la sala de emergencias del hospital Dr. Carlos del Pozo Melgar de Muisne. Materiales y Métodos: El estudio fue de tipo mixto, con diseño transversal y alcance descriptivo. Se aplicó un cuestionario desarrollado por el Ministerio de Salud Pública y adaptado a la población de estudio. La muestra fue de 165 personas que acudieron a la emergencia del hospital. Además, para registrar los datos se utilizó una ficha de observación durante la atención que se brindaba. Resultados: el 45% de los usuarios se sintieron muy satisfechos en cuanto al grado de satisfacción por la ubicación de la casa de salud. El 78% de los usuarios consideraron que la atención recibida fue personalizada. El 10% expresaron percepciones de discriminación por parte del personal de salud durante su atención. Se encontró que del 17% que poseían grado académico superior, el 10% no se encontraba satisfecho con la atención recibida. Conclusiones: existe un alto nivel de satisfacción en la mayoría de la muestra estudiada, en donde los principales factores determinantes fueron el grado académico de los usuarios y el estado de la infraestructura de la casa de salud(AU)

The perception of users and their level of satisfaction with the services provided during their care is considered an indicator of quality in the health sector, in addition to reaffirming that care is centered on the patient, family or community. Objective: To analyze the determining factors in the level of care and their relationship with the satisfaction of users attending the emergency room of the Dr. Carlos del Pozo Melgar Hospital in Muisne. Materials and Methods: The study was of a mixed type, with a cross-sectional design and descriptive scope. A questionnaire developed by the Ministry of Public Health and adapted to the study population was applied. The sample consisted of 165 people who attended the hospital emergency room. In addition, an observation form was used to record the data during the care provided. Results: 45% of the users were very satisfied with the location of the health center. Seventy-eight percent of the users considered that the care they received were personalized. In addition, the 10% expressed perceptions of discrimination on the part of the health personnel during their care. It was found that of the 17% who had a higher academic degree, 10% were not satisfied with the care received. Conclusions: there was a high level of satisfaction in the majority of the sample studied, where the main determining factors were the academic degree of the users and the state of the infrastructure of the health center(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Patient Satisfaction , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospital Care , Patient Admission , Quality of Health Care , Medical Care
Más Vita ; 3(3): 53-60, sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355242


El triaje ayuda a clasificar, seleccionar al individuo de acuerdo a la condición de salud que mantenga la persona, actuando el personal de enfermería como la pieza principal gracias a la valoración céfalo caudal y a través de los signos vitales, priorizando siempre la afectación del paciente. Objetivo: Describir la importancia del triaje, como puerta de entrada al nivel hospitalario. Materiales y métodos: Este artículo fue realizado bajo los parámetros de la revisión documental, de nivel descriptivo, monográfico. La técnica aplicada fue el fichaje bibliográfico y el análisis sistemático de los documentos encontrados en la web. Resultados: El proceso de triaje, se da cuando un evento de emergencia supera los recursos de un centro hospitalario. Este proceso, es lo que determina a priori, la situación del paciente, clasificándolos según la prioridad de atención que requiere. Conclusión: El triaje es un proceso importante ante las emergencias, porque permite optimizar lo recursos y las atenciones a las personas afectadas garantizando el tratamiento adecuado y necesario en el momento indicado(AU)

Triage , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Patient Admission , Emergency Medicine , Patient Care
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-15, jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284390


La importancia de la evaluación inicial de la gravedad del paciente con neumonía es una acción diagnóstica de importancia bien establecida. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar la relación entre la frecuencia y calidad del proceso de estratificación de pacientes con neumonía, y el cumplimiento de las sugerencias de ubicación intrahospitalaria y de tratamiento antimicrobiano inicial de un instrumento de estratificación. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo sobre una población de 1,809 pacientes hospitalizados durante 10 años. Se analizó el comportamiento de los índices de ubicación intrahospitalaria y tratamiento antimicrobiano inicial acorde a la sugerencia de un instrumento de estratificación utilizado; en el análisis estadístico se utilizó el Odds ratio y el estadígrafo X2, con un nivel de significación de 95%. En los resultados se destacan que la ubicación intrahospitalaria estuvo acorde a la sugerencia del instrumento en el 96%, con el valor más bajo en los pacientes con neumonía grave y altas probabilidades de recuperación (82%, p<,05). Se constató mayor frecuencia de ubicación intrahospitalaria acorde a la sugerencia del instrumento en los pacientes bien estratificados (p<,05), fundamentalmente en los pacientes con neumonía grave y altas probabilidades de recuperación. La correspondencia del tratamiento antimicrobiano inicial con la propuesta del instrumento fue del 61%; el estrato IIIA mostró el valor más elevado (80%, p<,05). Como conclusiones del estudio se constató un elevado desempeño en el cumplimiento de la sugerencia de ubicación intrahospitalaria del instrumento de estratificación, no así en el cumplimiento de la sugerencia de tratamiento antimicrobiano inicial. Se demostró la existencia de una relación entre el proceso de estratificación y el cumplimiento de la ubicación intrahospitalaria sugerida por el instrumento empleado.

The initial evaluation of the patient's condition with pneumonia is a very important assistance action. The objective was evaluate the relationship between the frequency and quality of the stratification process of the patient with pneumonia, and the execution of suggestions of intrahospitalary location and the initial antimicrobial treatment of stratification instrument. A descriptive study was done on a population of 1,809 patients hospitalized during 10 years. The indexes of intrahospitalary location and of antimicrobian initial treatment were analized according to the suggestions of the instrument; in the statistical analysis it was used the odds ratio and the statistician X2, with a significant level of 95%. The intrahospitalary location was in agreement with the suggestion of the instrument in 96% of the cases, with the lowest value in patients with serious pneumonia and high recovery probabilities (82%, p <,05). The frequency of intrahospitalary location was bigger and veryfied with the suggestion of the instrument in the termed well stratified patients (p <,05), fundamentally in the patients with serious pneumonia and high recovery probabilities. The correspondence of the initial antimicrobial treatment with the proposal of the instrument was of 61%; the stratum IIIA showed the highest value (80%, p <,05). As conclusions, a high performance in the execution of the suggestion of the intrahospitalary location has been one of the characteristics of the process, although as a negative element it stands out the frequent non-fulfillment of the suggestion of the initial antimicrobial treatment. There was a relationship between the stratification process and the execution of the suggestion of the intrahospitalary location.

Humans , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Community-Acquired Infections/diagnosis , Community-Acquired Infections/drug therapy , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Severity of Illness Index , Cuba , Patient Acuity , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 20: e20216467, 05 maio 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1338004


OBJETIVO: analisar a associação de variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas com o desfecho de pacientes com Aids admitidos em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI). MÉTODO: Estudo transversal, analítico, retrospectivo, de abordagem quantitativa, realizado num hospital de ensino com 55 pacientes. Os dados foram obtidos de fontes secundárias referentes aos anos de 2016 a 2018. Foi realizado análise estatística descritiva e inferencial. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos pacientes era homem (76,4%), não aderente à terapia antirretroviral (88,6%) e coinfectado (58,2%). A insuficiência respiratória aguda (52,7%) foi a principal causa de admissão. Durante a internação, hemotransfusão (50,9%) foi a medida terapêutica mais comum e infecção (49,1%) a complicação mais recorrente. Citomegalovírus, sífilis, hemodiálise, tosse, dispneia, náuseas, convulsão e tempo de permanência na UTI foram estatisticamente associados (p<0,05) à mortalidade na UTI e/ou hospital. CONCLUSÃO: Há necessidade de aprimorar as políticas de saúde do homem para incrementar a vigilância à saúde daqueles acometidos por Aids.

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the association of sociodemographic and clinical variables with the outcome of patients with Aids admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). METHOD: A cross-sectional, analytical, retrospective study with a quantitative approach carried out in a teaching hospital with 55 patients. Data were obtained from secondary sources for the years 2016 to 2018. A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: Most patients were male (76.4%), non-adherent to antiretroviral therapy (88.6%), and were co-infected (58.2%). Acute respiratory failure (52.7%) was the main cause of admission. During hospitalization, blood transfusion (50.9%) was the most common therapeutic measure and infection (49.1%) was the most recurrent complication. Cytomegalovirus, syphilis, hemodialysis, cough, dyspnea, nausea, seizure, and length of stay in the ICU were statistically associated (p<0.05) with mortality in the ICU and/or hospital. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to improve men's health policies to increase the health surveillance of those affected by Aids.

OBJETIVO: analizar la asociación de variables sociodemográficas y clínicas a la evolución de los pacientes con Sida ingresados en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI). MÉTODO: Estudio transversal, analítico, retrospectivo, con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado con 55 pacientes en un hospital docente. Los datos se obtuvieron de fuentes secundarias relativas a los años 2016 a 2018. Se realizó análisis estadístico descriptivo e ilativo. RESULTADOS: La mayoría de los pacientes eran hombres (76,4%), no adherentes a la terapia antirretroviral (88,6%) y coinfectados (58,2%). La insuficiencia respiratoria aguda (52,7%) fue la principal causa de ingreso. Durante la hospitalización, la transfusión de sangre (50,9%) fue la medida terapéutica más común y la infección (49,1%) fuela complicación más recurrente. El citomegalovirus, la sífilis, la hemodiálisis, la tos, la disnea, las náuseas, las convulsiones y la estancia en la UCI se asociaron estadísticamente (p<0,05) a la mortalidad en la UCI y/o el hospital. CONCLUSIÓN: Es necesario mejorar las políticas de salud de los hombres para aumentar la vigilancia de la salud de las personas que viven con el VIH.

Humans , Male , Female , Patient Admission , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Inpatients , Intensive Care Units , Cross-Sectional Studies
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(2): 219-230, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289073


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da disponibilidade de leitos em unidade de terapia intensiva, distratores e formatação da escolha, nas decisões de admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Este estudo foi um ensaio randomizado fatorial, com utilização de vinhetas baseadas em pacientes. As vinhetas foram consideradas arquetípicas para admissão ou recusa de admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva, conforme julgado por um grupo de especialistas. Médicos de unidade de terapia intensiva foram randomizados para um grupo com distrações (intervenção) ou um grupo controle; a um ambiente de escassez ou de disponibilidade de leitos em unidade de terapia intensiva (disponibilidade) e a uma vinheta com cenário de múltipla escolha ou omissão (status quo). O desfecho primário foi a proporção de alocações adequadas à unidade de terapia intensiva, definida como concordância com as decisões de alocação acordadas pelo grupo de especialistas. Resultados: Analisamos 125 médicos. Em termos gerais, os distratores não tiveram impacto sobre o desfecho; contudo, houve taxa diferenciada de desistências, com menos médicos no grupo intervenção tendo respondido completamente ao questionário. A disponibilidade de leitos em unidade de terapia intensiva se associou com alocações inadequadas de vinhetas consideradas não adequadas para admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva (RC = 2,47; IC95% 1,19 - 5,11), porém não com vinhetas apropriadas para admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva. Ocorreu interação significante com a presença de distratores (p = 0,007), sendo a disponibilidade de leitos na unidade de terapia intensiva associada com maior admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva de vinhetas não apropriadas para admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva no braço com distratores (intervenção) (RC = 9,82; IC95% 2,68 - 25,93), porém não no grupo controle (RC = 5,18; IC95% 1,37 - 19,61). Conclusão: A disponibilidade de leitos em unidade de terapia intensiva e vieses cognitivos se associaram com decisões inadequadas de alocação à unidade de terapia intensiva. Esses achados podem ter implicações para políticas de admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva.

Abstract Objective: To assess the impact of intensive care unit bed availability, distractors and choice framing on intensive care unit admission decisions. Methods: This study was a randomized factorial trial using patient-based vignettes. The vignettes were deemed archetypical for intensive care unit admission or refusal, as judged by a group of experts. Intensive care unit physicians were randomized to 1) an increased distraction (intervention) or a control group, 2) an intensive care unit bed scarcity or nonscarcity (availability) setting, and 3) a multiple-choice or omission (status quo) vignette scenario. The primary outcome was the proportion of appropriate intensive care unit allocations, defined as concordance with the allocation decision made by the group of experts. Results: We analyzed 125 physicians. Overall, distractors had no impact on the outcome; however, there was a differential drop-out rate, with fewer physicians in the intervention arm completing the questionnaire. Intensive care unit bed availability was associated with an inappropriate allocation of vignettes deemed inappropriate for intensive care unit admission (OR = 2.47; 95%CI 1.19 - 5.11) but not of vignettes appropriate for intensive care unit admission. There was a significant interaction with the presence of distractors (p = 0.007), with intensive care unit bed availability being associated with increased intensive care unit admission of vignettes inappropriate for intensive care unit admission in the distractor (intervention) arm (OR = 9.82; 95%CI 2.68 - 25.93) but not in the control group (OR = 1.02; 95%CI 0.38 - 2.72). Multiple choices were associated with increased inappropriate allocation in comparison to the omission group (OR = 5.18; 95%CI 1.37 - 19.61). Conclusion: Intensive care unit bed availability and cognitive biases were associated with inappropriate intensive care unit allocation decisions. These findings may have implications for intensive care unit admission policies.

Humans , Physicians , Triage , Patient Admission , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250355


La calidad de la gestión y adecuación del ingreso de los pacientes en los servicios de medicina interna es un tema relevante en el ámbito sanitario, dado que resulta un indicador del equilibrio existente entre la atención primaria de salud, el servicio de urgencia hospitalaria y la funcionalidad del propio servicio de medicina interna. Sin embargo, en este equilibrio se presentan irregularidades debido a determinadas problemáticas vinculadas a un insuficiente nivel teórico de los prestadores y a carencias en las habilidades prácticas y organizativas para ejecutar la hospitalización. En este artículo se abordan algunas de estas deficiencias que dañan la calidad de la gestión del ingreso en dicho servicio, y que requieren la proyección de una estrategia sustentada en un modelo formativo sociohumanista y asistencial, a fin de lograr avances significativos en el contexto hospitalario.

The quality of management and adaptation of admission of patients to the internal medicine services is a relevant topic in the health environment, as it is an indicator of the existing balance between primary health care, the emergency hospital service and the functioning of the internal medicine service itself. However, there are irregularities in this balance due to certain problems linked to a scarce theoretical level of the providers and to scarcities in the practical and organizational skills to carry out hospitalization. Some of the deficiencies damaging the quality of management during admission in this service, which require the projection of a strategy based on a health, formative, and social-humanistic model are presented in this work, with the aim of achieving significant advances in the hospital context.

Patient Admission , Health Services Administration , Hospitalization , Internal Medicine , Quality of Health Care , Hospital Administration
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 97-106, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156097


Abstract Cases of maternal near miss are those in which women survive severe maternal complications during pregnancy or the puerperium. This ecological study aimed to identify the temporal trend of near-miss cases in different regions of Brazil between 2010 and 2018, using data fromtheHospital Information System(HIS) of theUnified BrazilianHealth System (SUS, in the Portuguese acronym). Hospital admission records of women between 10 and 49 years old with diagnosis included in the 10th Revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) and codes indicating nearmiss events were selected. From 20,891,040 admissions due to obstetric causes, 766,249 (3.66%) near-miss cases were identified, and 31,475 women needed admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). The cases were found to be more predominant in black women over 35 years old from the North and Northeast regions. There was a trend of increase in near-miss rates of ~ 13.5% a year during the period of the study. The trend presented a different behavior depending on the level of development of the region studied. The main causes of near miss were preeclampsia (47%), hemorrhage (24%), and sepsis (18%).

Resumo Casos de near miss materna são aqueles em que as mulheres sobrevivem a graves complicações maternas durante a gravidez ou o puerpério. Este estudo ecológico teve comoobjetivo identificar a tendência temporal de casos de near missemdiferentes regiões do Brasil entre 2010 e 2018, utilizando dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares (SIH) do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foram selecionados registros de internação demulheres entre 10 e 49 anos comdiagnóstico incluído na 10ª revisão daClassificação Internacional de Doenças e Problemas Relacionados à Saúde (CID-10) e códigos indicando eventos de near miss. Das 20.891.040 internações por causas obstétricas, 766.249 (3,66%) casos de near miss foram identificados, e 31.475mulheres necessitaramde internação na unidade de terapia intensive (UTI). Constatou-sequeos casos sãomaispredominantesemmulheres negras commais de 35 anos da região Norte e Nordeste. Houve uma tendência de aumento nas taxas de near miss de aproximadamente 13,5% ao ano durante o período do estudo. A tendência apresentou um comportamento diferente, dependendo do nível de desenvolvimento da região estudada. As principais causas de near miss foram pré-eclâmpsia (47%), hemorragia (24%), e sepse (18%).

Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Prenatal Care , Near Miss, Healthcare/statistics & numerical data , Obstetric Labor Complications/epidemiology , Patient Admission , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography , Maternal Mortality , Hospital Information Systems , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Near Miss, Healthcare/trends , Obstetric Labor Complications/prevention & control , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(1): 125-137, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289056


RESUMO Objetivo: Estudar o impacto do retardo na admissão à unidade de terapia intensiva em mais do que 4 horas nos desfechos de pacientes críticos. Métodos: Este foi um estudo observacional retrospectivo, no qual pacientes adultos admitidos diretamente do pronto-socorro para a unidade de terapia intensiva foram divididos em dois grupos: Tempo Adequado, se admitidos dentro de 4 horas, e Admissão Retardada, nos casos em que a admissão demorou mais do que 4 horas para ocorrer. Compararam-se, entre os grupos, o tempo de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva e a taxa de mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva e no hospital. Foi realizado pareamento por escore de propensão para correção de desequilíbrios. Utilizou-se uma análise de regressão logística para explorar retardo da admissão como fator independente de risco para mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva. Resultados: Durante o período do estudo, 1.887 pacientes foram admitidos diretamente do pronto-socorro para a unidade de terapia intensiva, sendo que 42% dessas admissões foram retardadas. Os pacientes com retardo tiveram permanências na unidade de terapia intensiva significantemente mais longas e maior mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva e no hospital. Esses resultados persistiram após pareamento dos grupos por escore de propensão. O retardo da admissão foi fator independente de risco para mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva (RC = 2,6; IC95% 1,9 - 3,5; p < 0,001). A associação de retardo e mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva surgiu após período de retardo de 2 horas e foi mais alta após período de retardo de 4 horas. Conclusão: O retardo da admissão do pronto-socorro para a unidade de terapia intensiva é fator de risco independente para mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva, sendo a associação mais forte após retardo de 4 horas.

Abstract Objective: To study the impact of delayed admission by more than 4 hours on the outcomes of critically ill patients. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study in which adult patients admitted directly from the emergency department to the intensive care unit were divided into two groups: Timely Admission if they were admitted within 4 hours and Delayed Admission if admission was delayed for more than 4 hours. Intensive care unit length of stay and hospital/intensive care unit mortality were compared between the groups. Propensity score matching was performed to correct for imbalances. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore delayed admission as an independent risk factor for intensive care unit mortality. Results: During the study period, 1,887 patients were admitted directly from the emergency department to the intensive care unit, with 42% being delayed admissions. Delayed patients had significantly longer intensive care unit lengths of stay and higher intensive care unit and hospital mortality. These results were persistent after propensity score matching of the groups. Delayed admission was an independent risk factor for intensive care unit mortality (OR = 2.6; 95%CI 1.9 - 3.5; p < 0.001). The association of delay and intensive care unit mortality emerged after a delay of 2 hours and was highest after a delay of 4 hours. Conclusion: Delayed admission to the intensive care unit from the emergency department is an independent risk factor for intensive care unit mortality, with the strongest association being after a delay of 4 hours.

Humans , Adult , Emergency Service, Hospital , Intensive Care Units , Patient Admission , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Length of Stay
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921098


INTRODUCTION@#Cancer is a pervasive global problem with significant healthcare utilisation and cost. Emergency departments (EDs) see large numbers of patients with oncologic emergencies and act as "gate-keepers" to subsequent hospital admissions. A proportion of such hospital admissions are rapidly discharged within 2 days and may be potentially avoidable.@*METHODS@#Over a 6-month period, we conducted a retrospective audit of active cancer patients presenting to the ED with subsequent admission to the Department of Medical Oncology. Our aims were to identify independent factors associated with a length of stay ≤2 days; and characterise the clinical and resource needs of these short admissions.@*RESULTS@#Among all medical oncology admissions, 24.4% were discharged within 2 days. Compared to longer stayers, patients with short admissions were significantly younger (@*CONCLUSION@#Short admissions have low resource needs and may be managed in the ED. This may help save valuable inpatient bed-days and reduce overall healthcare costs.

Humans , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , Neoplasms/therapy , Patient Admission , Retrospective Studies , Singapore/epidemiology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877745


INTRODUCTION@#We evaluated the impact of public health measures on paediatric emergency department attendances during the COVID-19 and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreaks in Singapore.@*METHODS@#Between 1 January 2020 and 31 July 2020, we retrospectively reviewed paediatric emergency department attendances and admissions in a tertiary paediatric hospital in Singapore before and after a national lockdown to combat the spread of COVID-19 in Singapore. Hospital attendances and admissions were compared with data from a corresponding period in 2019 (1 January 2019 to 31 July 2019), as well as during and after the SARS outbreak (1 January 2003 to 31 December 2004).@*RESULTS@#Compared with a corresponding non-outbreak period, emergency department attendances decreased in line with nationwide public health measures during the COVID-19 and SARS outbreaks (2020 and 2003 respectively), before increasing gradually following lifting of restrictions, albeit not to recorded levels before these outbreaks. During the COVID-19 outbreak, mean daily attendances decreased by 40%, from 458 per day in January-July 2019, to 274 per day in January-July 2020. The absolute number of hospital inpatient admissions decreased by 37% from January-July 2019 (19,629) to January-July 2020 (12,304). The proportion of emergency department attendances requiring admission remained similar: 20% in January-July 2019 and 21% in January-July 2020.@*CONCLUSION@#Nationwide public health measures in Singapore have had an impact on paediatric emergency department attendances and hospital inpatient admissions. Data from this study could inform planning and resource allocation for emergency departments in Singapore and internationally.

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , COVID-19/prevention & control , Disease Outbreaks , Emergency Service, Hospital/trends , Facilities and Services Utilization/trends , Health Policy , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/trends , Pediatrics , Retrospective Studies , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Singapore/epidemiology