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1.
Distúrbios Comun. (Online) ; 36(1): 1-12, 17/06/2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560942

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A perda auditiva é uma deficiência comum na população mundial e contribui para dificuldade na comunicação verbal e redução da qualidade de vida, evidenciando a importância da identificação precoce, reabilitação e acompanhamento audiológico dessa deficiência para mitigar suas consequências. Durante a pandemia da COVID-19, as medidas restritivas diminuíram a capacidade de atendimento dos serviços de saúde auditiva e dificultaram a busca de auxílio para resolver problemas relacionados à adaptação aos dispositivos eletrônicos de amplificação sonora (DAES), sendo uma barreira no processo de reabilitação da perda auditiva. Objetivo: Caracterizar os usuários de DEAS e o processo inicial de reabilitação auditiva de adultos e idosos e verificar fatores associados ao retorno para a consulta de monitoramento auditivo durante o período inicial da pandemia da COVID-19.Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal com usuários adultos e idosos de um serviço ambulatorial de saúde auditiva com retorno para consulta de monitoramento auditivo agendada no período inicial da implementação das medidas restritivas da pandemia da COVID-19 no Brasil. Resultados: A maioria dos participantes conseguiu retornou para a consulta de monitoramento auditivo, sendo eles em sua maioria idosos, do sexo feminino e vacinados contra a COVID-19. Houve maior prevalência de adaptação adequada aos DAES. Não houve associação estatística entre as variáveis relacionadas à adaptação aos DAES, COVID-19 e saúde mental e o retorno à consulta de monitoramento auditivo. Conclusão: Os fatores relacionados à adaptação aos DAES, à COVID-19 ou à saúde mental não influenciaram o retorno à consulta de monitoramento auditivo na presente pesquisa. (AU)


Introduction: Hearing loss is a common disability in the world population and contributes to difficulty in verbal communication and reduced quality of life, highlighting the importance of early identification, rehabilitation and audiological monitoring of this disability to mitigate its consequences. During the COVID-19 pandemic, restrictive measures reduced the service capacity of hearing health services and made it difficult to seek help to solve problems related to adaptation to personal sound amplification products (PSAPs), being a barrier in the rehabilitation process of hearing loss. Aim: To characterize PSAPs users and the initial hearing rehabilitation process for adults and elderly people and verify the factors associated with the return to hearing monitoring consultations in the initial period of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Cross-sectional observational study with adults and elderly people: elderly users of an outpatient hearing health service who return for a scheduled hearing monitoring consultation in the initial period of the implementation of restrictive measures of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Results: Most participants were able to return to the hearing monitoring clinic, the majority of whom were elderly, female and vaccinated against COVID-19. There was a higher prevalence of adequate adaptation to the PSAPs. There was no statistical association between variables related to adaptation to PSAPs, COVID-19 and mental health and return to hearing monitoring consultation. Conclusion: Factors related to adaptation to PSAPs, COVID-19 or mental health did not influence the return to hearing monitoring consultation in the present investigation. (AU)


Introducción: La pérdida auditiva es una discapacidad común en la población mundial y contribuye a la dificultad en la comunicación verbal y a la reducción de la calidad de vida, destacando la importancia de la identificación temprana, rehabilitación y seguimiento audiológico de esta discapacidad para mitigar sus consecuencias. Durante la pandemia de COVID-19, las medidas restrictivas redujeron la capacidad de atención de los servicios de salud auditiva y dificultaron la búsqueda de ayuda para resolver problemas relacionados con la adaptación a dispositivos electrónicos de amplificación del sonido (DEAS), siendo una barrera en el proceso de rehabilitación de la pérdida auditiva. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los usuarios de DEAS y el proceso inicial de rehabilitación auditiva de adultos y ancianos y verificar los factores asociados al retorno a las consultas de monitorización auditiva en el período inicial de la pandemia COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio observacional transversal con adultos y ancianos: ancianos usuarios de un servicio ambulatorio de salud auditiva que regresan para consulta de monitorización auditiva programada en el período inicial de la implementación de medidas restrictivas de la pandemia de COVID-19 en Brasil. Resultados: La mayoría de los participantes pudieron regresar a la clínica de monitorización auditiva, la mayoría de los cuales eran ancianos, mujeres y estaban vacunados contra COVID-19. Hubo mayor prevalencia de adaptación adecuada a la DEAS. No hubo asociación estadística entre variables relacionadas con adaptación a DEAS, COVID-19 y salud mental y retorno a consulta de monitorización auditiva. Conclusión: Los factores relacionados con la adaptación a DEAS, el COVID-19 o la salud mental no influyeron en el retorno a la consulta de monitorización auditiva en la presente investigación. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Correction of Hearing Impairment , Health Services Accessibility , Brazil , Patient Care/methods , COVID-19 , Hearing Loss/rehabilitation
2.
Journal of Medicine University of Santo Tomas ; (2): 1398-1402, 2024.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016748

ABSTRACT

@#It is just fitting for the oldest medical school in the Philippines, the UST Faculty of Medicine & Surgery, which just celebrated its sesquicentennial year, to initiate this trailblazing stethoscope tagging ceremony for 418 second-year medical students belonging to USTFMS Batch 2026. This activity is aligned with enhancing the Thomasian identity (one of the strategic directional areas [SDA 2] of the university) once they graduate, the Thomasian Physician identity. The stethoscope remains the symbolic representation of physician and patient care. The innovative and pivotal activity, completely different from other international medical schools’ rite of passage, was marked with meaningful symbolisms unique to USTFMS. This rite also involved a pledge to the patroness of the Department of Medicine, Mary Untier of Knots, who would thus qualify for a robust faith formation program of the university (key result area [KRA 1]). Indeed, this would be the beginning of an annual celebration of strengthening faith, hope, and charity (patient care advocacy), TRIA HAEC, the three virtues of St. Paul that comprise the core values of Thomasian education.


Subject(s)
Schools, Medical , Students, Medical , Stethoscopes , Patient Care
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 44: e257416, 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1558740

ABSTRACT

O câncer é uma doença crônico-degenerativa, que tem como uma de suas principais características a capacidade de invadir tecidos e órgãos do corpo, favorecendo o crescimento desordenado de células. É uma doença que impacta fortemente a pessoa enferma e todos à sua volta, incluindo sua família e seus amigos. A partir desse cenário, este trabalho visou compreender a visão da criança e o impacto emocional sofrido diante do diagnóstico de câncer da mãe. Buscou-se avaliar, a partir de ferramentas lúdicas e do desenho-estória, o entendimento da criança em relação ao processo de adoecimento materno, tomando como base o referencial psicanalítico para reconhecer como ela lidou com a situação. Participaram desta pesquisa uma mulher de 39 anos com diagnóstico de câncer em remissão e seu filho de 9 anos. Os resultados demonstraram que o adoecimento materno causou impactos emocionais significativos e assustadores para o infante, gerando fantasias irreais relacionadas ao câncer e a si próprio. Dessa forma, considera-se de fundamental importância o cuidado estendido aos familiares do indivíduo doente, a fim de que se tenha um olhar a todos que sofrem diante desse contexto.(AU)


Cancer is a chronic-degenerative disease that has as one of its main characteristics the ability to invade tissues and organs of the body, favoring the disordered cell growth. It is a disease that strongly impacts the sick person and everyone around them, including their family and friends. Based on this scenario, this work aimed to understand the child's view and the emotional impact suffered in the face of the mother's cancer diagnosis. It sought to evaluate, with ludic tools and drawing history, the child's understanding about the mother's illness process, based on the psychoanalytic framework to recognize how they deal with the situation. A 39-year-old woman diagnosed with cancer, in remission, and her 9-year-old son participated in this research. The results showed that the maternal illness caused significant and frightening emotional impacts for the infant, creating unrealistic fantasies related to cancer and to himself. Thus, the care extended to the sick individual's family and to the relatives is considered of fundamental importance, to give a complete care for all those who suffer in this context.(AU)


El cáncer es una enfermedad crónico-degenerativa, que tiene como una de sus principales características la capacidad de invadir tejidos y órganos, favoreciendo un crecimiento desordenado de las células. Enfermedades como esta impactan fuertemente a la persona que está enferma y a todos los que la rodean, incluidos familiares y amigos. Considerando esta situación, este estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender la percepción de un niño y el impacto emocional que sufrió ante el diagnóstico del cáncer vivido por su madre. Se pretendió evaluar, utilizando herramientas lúdicas y de dibujo-cuento, la comprensión del niño al proceso de enfermedad materna, buscando reconocer cómo el niño manejó este proceso a partir del referencial teórico psicoanalítico. En esta investigación participaron una mujer de 39 años diagnosticada de cáncer en remisión y su hijo de 9 años. Los resultados mostraron que los impactos emocionales de la enfermedad materna fueron significativos y aterradores para el infante, generando fantasías irreales relacionadas con el cáncer y él mismo. De esta forma, el cuidado extendido a la familia del individuo que está enfrentando esta enfermedad es importante para promover una atención integral a quienes la padecen en este contexto.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Play and Playthings , Drawing , Graphic Novels as Topic , Psychological Distress , Mothers , Neoplasms , Anxiety , Anxiety, Separation , Pain , Paranoid Disorders , Parents , Paternal Behavior , Pathology , Perceptual Defense , Personality , Play Therapy , Psychoanalysis , Psychoanalytic Therapy , Psychology , Psychotherapy , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Self Concept , Somatoform Disorders , Sublimation, Psychological , Symbiosis , Therapeutics , Transactional Analysis , Unconscious, Psychology , Breast Neoplasms , Bereavement , Adaptation, Psychological , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Homeopathic Cure , Child Care , Child Rearing , Psychic Symptoms , Chronic Disease , Risk Factors , Parenting , Panic Disorder , Interview , Communication , Conflict, Psychological , Creativity , Affect , Crying , Death , Defense Mechanisms , Depression , Diagnosis , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Ego , Emotions , Disease Prevention , User Embracement , Existentialism , Family Relations , Early Detection of Cancer , Fear , Hope , Emotional Adjustment , Phobia, Social , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Free Association , Family Separation , Frustration , Patient Care , Chemotherapy-Related Cognitive Impairment , Physical Distancing , Genetics , Healthy Life Expectancy , Family Support , Psychological Growth , Coping Skills , Guilt , Happiness , Hospitalization , Imagination , Immune System , Individuation , Life Change Events , Loneliness , Maternal Deprivation , Medical Oncology , Medicine , Mother-Child Relations , Negativism , Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous
4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550839

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La atención al paciente con retardo en la cicatrización parte de la optimización en sus cuidados. La reversión del cuadro requiere del conocimiento de los factores de riesgo. La literatura nacional e internacional describen factores locales o relacionados con la herida y generales o relacionados al estado general del paciente. Objetivo: Estimar los factores de riesgo del retardo en la cicatrización en pacientes quemados. Métodos: Estudio analítico de casos y control en pacientes quemados ingresados en el Servicio de Caumatología del Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech en el período 2017 a 2021. La población objeto de estudio comprendió a 267 pacientes. Se calculó el odds ratio y el intervalo de confianza. Resultados: El desarrollo de retardo en la cicatrización resultó tres veces y media más probable en pacientes quemados con 45 años y más, odds ratio 3,591. Además, fue nueve veces más probable en enfermedades crónicas asociadas, hasta seis veces en quemaduras no accidentales, 163 veces en la complicación local y 89 veces en la complicación sistémica. Conclusiones: Los factores de riesgo del retardo en la cicatrización en pacientes quemados identificados fueron los siguientes: edad de 45 años y más, presencia de comorbilidad, el fuego directo como agente causal, el modo de producción no accidental, la presencia de más de seis zonas anatómicas afectadas, la quemadura hipodérmica, la quemadura de 20 porciento de superficie corporal quemada y más de extensión, el apoyo de la lesión, el índice cubano de pronóstico con riesgo vital, la complicación local y la complicación sistémica(AU)


Introduction: The care for the patient with delayed healing starts from the optimization of their care. Reversing such condition requires knowledge of the risk factors. The national and international literature describes local factors related to the injury and general factors related to the patient's general condition. Objective: To estimate the risk factors for delayed healing in burn patients. Methods: An analytical case-control study was carried out with burn patients admitted to the caumatology service at Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech in the period from 2017 to 2021. The study population consisted of 267 patients. Odds ratio and confidence interval were calculated. Results: The development of delayed healing was three and a half times more likely in burn patients aged 45 years or over (odds ratio: 3.591). In addition, it was nine times more likely for associated chronic diseases, up to six times in nonaccidental burns, 163 times in local complications, and 89 times in systemic complications. Conclusions: The identified risk factors for delayed healing in burn patients were the following: age 45 years or over, presence of comorbidity, direct fire as causative agent, nonaccidental way of production, presence of more than six affected anatomical areas, hypodermic burn, burn extension of 20 percent or over on the burned body surface, injury contact pressure, the Cuban index of prognostic vital risk, as well as the local or the systemic complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Healing , Burns/etiology , Patient Care/methods , Review Literature as Topic
5.
Rev. polis psique ; 13(2): 29-56, 2023-11-13.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1517839

ABSTRACT

Esta pesquisa busca compreender a relação do expressar-se com o cuidado em saúde mental dos usuários de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS) de um município no Rio Grande do Sul. Como pesquisa qualitativa, os dados foram coletados em entrevistas semiestruturadas. A amostra inicial foi de dez participantes que compareceram a cinco atendimentos psicológicos feitos semanalmente pela estagiária de psicologia, sendo que sete deles permaneceram até o fim devido às faltas aos atendimentos associadas ao tempo reduzido para a realização da coleta de dados. Os resultados indicaram o acompanhamento psicológico como um espaço de escuta associado à livre expressão, proporcionando significados aos usuários, como: percepção de mudanças em seus sentimentos, pensamentos e comportamento, além das dificuldades e melhorias durante o processo. Estes dados trazem um novo significado atribuído pelos usuários sobre a realização dos atendimentos psicológicos, o autoconhecimento, descentralizando a ideia de busca pelo cuidado apenas quando há adoecimento. (AU)


This research aims to understand the relation between self-expression and the mental health care of users from a Basic Health Unit (BHU) located in a city of Rio Grande do Sul. As a qualitative research, the data were collected using semi-structured interviews. The initial sample consisted of ten users that had participated in five psychological consultations done by the psychology intern. However, due to the reduced time for data collection, associated to the absences of some participants, the final number of seven users was reached. The results indicated the psychological follow-up as a listening place, associated with freedom of speech, providing meanings such as: perception of changes in their feelings, thoughts and behavior. Besides that, the difficulties and improvements during the process were also related. These data show the new meanings reported by users aboutgoing to psychological follow-up, like the self-knowledge, decentralizing the idea of seeking mental care only when there is illness. (AU)


Esta investigación busca comprender la relación entre la expresión de sí mismo y la atención a la salud mental de usuarios de una Unidad Básica de Salud (UBS) de un municipio de Rio Grande do Sul. Como investigación cualitativa, los datos fueron colectadosen entrevistas semiestructuradas. La muestra inicial fue compuesta por diez participantes que asistieron a cinco sesiones de terapia hechas por estudiantes de psicología semanalmente, siete de los cuales permanecieron hasta el final por faltas a citas asociadas a la reducción del tiempo de recogida de datos. Los resultados indicaron apoyo psicológico como momento de escucha asociado a la libre expresión, ofreciendo habilidades a los usuarios como: percepción de cambios en sus sentimientos, pensamientos y comportamiento, además de dificultades y mejoras durante el proceso. Estos datos dan nuevo significado atribuido por los usuarios a la prestación de atención psicológica, el autoconocimiento, desconcentrando la idea de buscar atención sólo cuando hay una enfermedad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Psychology/methods , Self Concept , Mental Health , Patient Care/statistics & numerical data , Qualitative Research , Patient Care/psychology
6.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514485

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La rehabilitación cardiovascular integral del paciente con infarto agudo de miocardio resulta fundamental para el logro de su bienestar físico y psicológico, y su reinserción a la vida social. Objetivo: Elaborar una estrategia de intervención psicoeducativa para potenciar la rehabilitación cardiovascular integral en pacientes convalecientes de infarto agudo de miocardio, con la visión de especialistas consultados. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y de corte transversal en el Hospital Universitario «Dr. Celestino Hernández Robau», de Santa Clara, entre octubre de 2019 y enero de 2021. La muestra estuvo conformada por 27 pacientes que asistieron a la consulta de Cardiología, y 7 especialistas según criterios de inclusión. Las técnicas aplicadas fueron: la revisión de historia clínica, entrevistas semiestructuradas a pacientes y especialistas, la encuesta sobre el conocimiento de la enfermedad, un autorreporte vivencial y la evaluación del estilo vida. Se utilizaron estadísticos descriptivos acorde a la medición de las variables, análisis de contenido y triangulación de la información. Resultados: En los pacientes diagnosticados con estilo de vida poco saludable, predominó un conocimiento medianamente suficiente de la enfermedad; la hipertensión arterial fue el principal factor de riesgo asociado. Se elaboró la estrategia de intervención según las necesidades psicoeducativas identificadas por los pacientes con la visión de especialistas consultados. Se constató que presentan carencia de habilidades para autocontrolar las reacciones emocionales posteriores al suceso cardiovascular. Conclusiones: La estrategia elaborada fue valorada satisfactoriamente por juicio de profesionales, indicándose la posibilidad de ser aplicada en los usuarios a los que está dirigida.


Introduction: comprehensive cardiovascular rehabilitation of patients with acute myocardial infarction is essential to achieve their physical and psychological well-being, and their reintegration into social life. Objective: to develop a psychoeducational intervention strategy to enhance comprehensive cardiovascular rehabilitation in patients convalescent from acute myocardial infarction, with the vision of consulted specialists. Methods: an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out at "Dr. Celestino Hernández Robau" University Hospital, in Santa Clara, between October 2019 and January 2021. The sample consisted of 27 patients who come to the Cardiology consultation, and 7 specialists according to inclusion criteria. Medical history review, semi-structured interviews with patients and specialists, a survey on knowledge of the disease, an experiential self-report, and a lifestyle evaluation were the techniques applied. Descriptive statistics were used according to the measurement of the variables as well as content analysis and triangulation of the information. Results: a moderately sufficient knowledge of the disease prevailed in patients diagnosed with an unhealthy lifestyle; arterial hypertension was the main associated risk factor. The intervention strategy was developed according to the psychoeducational needs identified by the patients with the vision of the consulted specialists. We verified that they have a lack of abilities to self-control their emotional reactions after the cardiovascular event. Conclusions: the elaborated strategy was satisfactorily valued by professional judgment, which indicates the possibility of being applied to the users to whom it is directed.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Rehabilitation , Patient Care , Psychosocial Intervention , Myocardial Infarction
7.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(302): 9805-9809, ago.2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1510257

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar na literatura quais são as mais recentes práticas assistenciais prestadas ao paciente portador de úlcera visando a cicatrização da ferida. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura realizada no período de novembro e dezembro de 2022 indexados nos portais LILACS e MEDLINE, os descritores usados na busca foram "Úlcera varicosa" OR "Insuficiência venosa'' AND "cicatrização" AND "Assistência ao paciente". Resultados: foram incluídos 8 artigos, como principais resultados observou-se que a enfermagem realiza várias intervenções para cicatrização das lesões sendo a mais utilizada é o tratamento com terapia compressiva, seguido do tratamento com hidrocoloide e tratamento com gel de plaquetas homólogo. No que tange a avaliação de lesões, prevalece o uso do instrumento PUSH. Considerações finais: faz-se necessário a avaliação adequada, orientação do paciente e cuidador, cuidado multidisciplinar e associação de novas tecnologias para o tratamento de úlceras venosas. A padronização da utilização de escalas como a PUSH na avaliação dos cuidados prestados é essencial para nortear o atendimento.(AU)


Objective: To identify in the literature which are the most recent care practices provided to patients with ulcers, aiming at wound healing. Method: this is an integrative literature review carried out in the period of November and December 2022 indexed in the LILACS and MEDLINE portals, the descriptors used in the search were "Varicose ulcer" OR "Venous insufficiency'' AND "healing" AND "Assistance to the patient". Results: 8 articles were included. With regard to the assessment of injuries, the use of the PUSH instrument prevails. Final considerations: proper assessment, patient and caregiver guidance, multidisciplinary care and association of new technologies for the treatment of venous ulcers are necessary. The standardization of the use of scales such as the PUSH in the assessment of the care provided is essential to guide care.(AU)


Objetivo: Identificar en la literatura cuáles son las prácticas más recientes de cuidados prestados a pacientes con úlceras visando la cicatrización de las heridas. Método: se trata de una revisión bibliográfica integradora realizada en el período de noviembre y diciembre de 2022 indexada en los portales LILACS y MEDLINE, los descriptores utilizados en la búsqueda fueron "Úlcera varicosa" O "Insuficiencia venosa" Y "cicatrización" Y "Cuidados del paciente". Resultados: Se incluyeron 8 artículos, como principales resultados se observó que enfermería realiza diversas intervenciones para la cicatrización de las lesiones, siendo la más utilizada el tratamiento con terapia compresiva, seguida del tratamiento con hidrocoloide y el tratamiento con gel de plaquetas homólogas. En cuanto a la valoración de las lesiones, prevalece el uso del instrumento PUSH. Consideraciones finales: son necesarias una evaluación adecuada, la orientación al paciente y al cuidador, la atención multidisciplinar y la asociación de nuevas tecnologías para el tratamiento de las úlceras venosas. La estandarización del uso de escalas como el PUSH en la evaluación de los cuidados prestados es esencial para orientar la asistencia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Varicose Ulcer , Venous Insufficiency , Wound Healing , Patient Care
8.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 40(2): 161-169, abr.-jun. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, INS-PERU | ID: biblio-1509026

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos. Comparar la mortalidad por todas las causas de pacientes oncológicos no vacunados que recibieron quimioterapia o inmunoterapia durante la pandemia, con aquellos tratados antes de la pandemia. Materiales y métodos. Realizamos un estudio de cohortes en cuatro hospitales terciarios en Argentina. Pacientes ambulatorios con una neoplasia sólida de cualquier estadio en tratamiento citotóxico o inmune intravenoso fueron elegibles. La cohorte pandémica se enroló durante la fase inicial del brote y se comparó con una cohorte de un período anterior a la pandemia utilizando emparejamiento por puntuación de propensión (PSM, por sus siglas en inglés). Los sujetos se emparejaron por edad, sexo, seguro de salud, factores de riesgo para complicaciones graves por COVID-19, estado funcional, tipo de cáncer y tratamiento, línea de tratamiento e índice de masa corporal. La mortalidad por todas las causas se estimó en ambas cohortes después de seis meses de seguimiento. Resultados. 169 pacientes fueron reclutados entre abril y agosto de 2020 para la cohorte pandémica y 377 para la cohorte prepandémica en el mismo período de 2019, 168 pacientes fueron emparejados. Luego de la PSM, la mortalidad por todas las causas fue del 17,9% en la cohorte pandémica y del 18,5% en la cohorte prepandémica, Riesgo Relativo: 0,97 (intervalo de confianza al 95 %: 0,61-1,52; p=0,888). En la cohorte pandémica, 30/168 pacientes fallecieron, ninguno por infección por COVID-19. Conclusiones. No hemos observado un aumento de mortalidad en pacientes ambulatorios no vacunados en tratamiento oncológico endovenoso activo durante la pandemia por COVID-19.


ABSTRACT Objectives. To compare all-cause mortality of unvaccinated oncology patients who received chemotherapy or immunotherapy during the pandemic with those treated before the pandemic. Materials and methods. We conducted a cohort study in four tertiary hospitals in Argentina. Outpatients with a solid neoplasm of any stage under-going cytotoxic or intravenous immunotherapy were eligible. The pandemic cohort was enrolled during the initial phase of the outbreak and compared with a pre-pandemic cohort using propensity score matching (PSM). Subjects were matched for age, sex, health insurance, risk factors for severe COVID-19 complications, performance status, cancer type and treatment, line of treatment, and body mass index. All-cause mortality was estimated for both cohorts after 6 months of follow-up. Results. A total of 169 patients were recruited between April and August 2020 for the pandemic cohort and 377 for the pre-pandemic cohort in the same months of 2019; 168 patients were matched. After PSM, all-cause mortality was 17.9% in the pandemic cohort and 18.5% in the pre-pandemic cohort; the Relative Risk was 0.97 (95 % confidence interval: 0.61-1.52; p=0.888). In the pandemic cohort, 30/168 patients died, but none from COVID-19. Conclusions. Our findings show that the mortality rate of unvaccinated ambulatory patients on active intravenous oncology treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic did not increase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Care
9.
Educ. med. super ; 37(2)jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1528538

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Con la meta permanente de mejorar la relación médico-paciente y favorecer que este último asuma una posición proactiva en la búsqueda de su salud, se implementa la metodología AELI® KINETEST, aceptada desde 2017 por la Oficina Cubana de la Propiedad Industrial, órgano estatal subordinado al Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente. Esta emplea una forma diferente de realizar diagnóstico y tratamiento, con una marcada intención de lograr visión integral del paciente, que abarca contexto personal, familiar, laboral, y complementa así el método clínico. Objetivo: Describir los resultados de la atención a pacientes con AELI®KINETEST. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y de corte transversal. La población estuvo conformada por 582 pacientes del Hospital Universitario Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Miguel Enríquez, entre marzo de 2016 y marzo de 2019. Se confeccionó una ficha personal que incluía los resultados de la aplicación del protocolo del test muscular de los miembros superiores para identificar las disarmonías energéticas. Resultados: Se halló una evolución positiva, predominante a partir de la segunda consulta, en la que se encontraba asintomático el 84,4 por ciento y en la tercera, el 91 por ciento. Conclusiones: AELI® KINETEST resulta una metodología que promueve salud desde una visión integral del ser humano; y permite crecimiento personal, control de los síntomas a corto plazo y rápida reincorporación laboral y familiar. Los resultados muestran la aceptación social y apuntan a una inmediata inclusión en el aprendizaje de las ciencias de la salud(AU)


Introduction: With the permanent goal of improving the doctor-patient relationship and encouraging the latter to assume a proactive position in the pursuit of her or his health, the AELI®KINETEST methodology is implemented. It has been accepted since 2017 by the Cuban Office of Industrial Property, a state body subordinated to the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment. This methodology uses a different way of making a diagnosis and carrying out treatment, with a marked intention to achieve an comprehensive vision of the patient, covering the individual, family, work, and other contexts. Objective: To describe the results of patient care with AELI®KINETEST. Methods: A retrospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted. The population consisted of 582 patients from Hospital Universitario Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Miguel Enríquez, during March 2016 and March 2019. An individual file was prepared, including the results of the application of the upper limb muscle test protocol for identifying energetic disharmonies. Results: A positive evolution was observed, predominantly from the second consultation, at which moment 84.4 percent were asymptomatic; while at the moment of the third consultation, 91 percent were asymptomatic. Conclusions: AELI® KINETEST is a methodology that promotes health with an approach towards a comprehensive vision of the human being, as well as it allows individual growth, short-term symptom control and a rapid reincorporation to work and family. The results show social acceptance and point to an immediate inclusion in the learning of health sciences(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physician-Patient Relations , Complementary Therapies/methods , Clinical Diagnosis/education , Treatment Outcome , Methodology as a Subject , Patient Care , Learning , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Disease Prevention
11.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236629, 01 jan 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1415536

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o ensino baseado em simulação no desenvolvimento da competência clínica de estudantes. MÉTODO: Estudo quase experimental realizado em uma universidade pública que participaram 62 estudantes. Para coleta de dados utilizou-se um Teste de Conhecimento e um Checklist. Os dados foram apresentados em percentual e comparados com a ANOVA. RESULTADOS: A média do percentual do conhecimento, antes, durante e após as estratégias teóricas (estudo de caso e aula teórica dialogada), foi 67,6%, 76,7% e 88,1% respectivamente e 87,6% após 30 dias. Na simulação, a habilidade "comunicou-se com fala nítida e tom de voz controlado" obteve 93,5% de acertos; "acoplou oxímetro de pulso" e "administrou o antiagregante plaquetário" 100%; 75% dos estudantes classificaram o paciente em um dos três grupos de síndrome coronariana e 83,7% relacionaram com o melhor tratamento. CONCLUSÃO: O ensino baseado em simulação possibilitou o desenvolvimento da competência clínica dos estudantes no atendimento de síndrome coronariana.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate simulation-based teaching in the development of students' clinical competence. METHOD: Quasi-experimental study carried out at a public university with the participation of 62 students. A Knowledge Test and a Checklist were used for data collection. Data were presented as percentages and compared using ANOVA. RESULTS: The average percentage of knowledge, before, during and after the theoretical strategies (case study and dialogued theoretical class), was 67.6%, 76.7% and 88.1% respectively and 87.6% after 30 days. In the simulation, the skill "communicated with clear speech and controlled tone of voice" obtained 93.5% of correct answers; "attached pulse oximeter" and "administered platelet antiaggregant" 100%; 75% of the students classified the patient in one of the three groups of coronary syndrome and 83.7% related it to the best treatment. CONCLUSION: Simulation-based teaching enabled the development of students' clinical competence in treating coronary syndromes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Nursing , Clinical Competence , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Simulation Training , Patient Care , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
12.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e250311, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422425

ABSTRACT

Este artigo é um relato de experiência cujo objetivo é refletir sobre a atuação de uma psicóloga no contexto da urgência e emergência no hospital a partir da psicologia jungiana. Utilizou-se como método o recurso da sistematização da experiência, que consiste em sua interpretação crítica, cujo foco é o ordenamento e a reconstrução das experiências para explicitar a lógica do processo vivido. Por meio da reflexão de situações clínicas foi possível proporcionar um lugar para a subjetividade diante do disruptivo e da objetividade institucional do hospital. Teoricamente, o texto descreve as experiências de atendimento hospitalar, espaço em que urge o inesperado e o desconhecido. Aposta-se no simbolismo como movimento da psique para lidar com aquilo que o sujeito ainda não pode nomear, significar, incluindo a vulnerabilidade, as perdas e a questão da morte e do luto, este entendido como a ruptura de um vínculo. Dessa forma, a psicologia analítica se volta para como a entrada no hospital e a fugacidade do contexto de urgência e emergência afetam a psique dos sujeitos atendidos e de que forma esse psiquismo reage às vivências disruptivas e inesperadas.(AU)


This work is an experience report whose objective is to reflect on the role of a psychologist in the context of urgency and emergency in the hospital from the perspective of Jungian psychology. The resource of systematization of the experience was used as method, which consists of a critical interpretation, whose focus is the ordering and reconstruction of experiences to explain the logic of the process experienced. With the reflection of clinical situations, it was possible to provide a place for subjectivity in the face of the disruptive and the institutional objectivity of the hospital. Theoretically, the text describes the experience of entry in a hospital, a place in which the unexpected and the unknown are faced. We believe on symbolism as a movement of the psyche to deal with what the patient cannot yet name or give a meaning, including vulnerability, losses, and the issue of death and grief, this last one understood as the rupture of a link. Thus, analytical psychology will focus on how the entry in a hospital and the fleetingness of the emergency context affect the psyche of the patients and how this psyche reacts to the disruptive and unexpected experiences.(AU)


Este reporte de experiencia pretende reflejar sobre el papel de una psicóloga en el contexto de urgencia y emergencia en el hospital desde la perspectiva de la psicología junguiana. El método utilizado fue el recurso de sistematización de la experiencia, que consiste en una interpretación crítica, cuyo enfoque es el ordenamiento y reconstrucción de experiencias para explicar la lógica del proceso vivido. A partir del reflejo de situaciones clínicas se logró dar lugar a la subjetividad frente a la objetividad institucional del hospital. Teóricamente se describen las vivencias en la atención hospitalaria, un espacio donde se encuentra lo inesperado y lo desconocido. Se considera el simbolismo como un movimiento de la psique para lidiar con lo que el sujeto aún no puede nombrar, incluidas la vulnerabilidad, las pérdidas y el tema de la muerte y el dolor, este último comprendido como un quiebre del vínculo. De esta manera, la psicología analítica se centrará en cómo la admisión al hospital y la fugacidad del contexto de emergencia afectan la psique de los sujetos atendidos y cómo esta psique reacciona a estas experiencias disruptivas e inesperadas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychology , Psychology, Medical , Emergencies , Anxiety , Anxiety Disorders , Patient Admission , Patient Discharge , Patients , Psychophysiology , Psychotherapy, Brief , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Social Problems , Sociology , Suicide, Attempted , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Violence , Wounds and Injuries , Behavioral Sciences , Burns , Bereavement , Radiography , Family , Oxygenation , Individual Diseases , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Ultrasonography , Caregivers , Psychotherapeutic Processes , Crisis Intervention , Personal Autonomy , Death , Interdisciplinary Communication , Diagnosis , Electrocardiography , Emergency Medical Services , Empathy , User Embracement , Fractures, Bone , Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services , Resilience, Psychological , Vital Signs , Interactive Ventilatory Support , Ambulatory Care , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Clinical Observation Units , Posttraumatic Growth, Psychological , Therapeutic Alliance , Sadness , Patient Care , Psychosocial Intervention , Cognitive Psychology , Psychological Well-Being , Happiness , Health Promotion , Health Services , Amputation, Surgical , Hospitalization , Abdominal Injuries , Individuation , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
13.
Ann. Health Res. (Onabanjo Univ. Teach. Hosp.) ; 9(3): 179-189, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512873

ABSTRACT

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disease with various complications throughout its course. The presence of emotional burden in diabetes disease, which is referred to as diabetes-related distress (DRD) is common among such patients and may affect their response to treatment. Objectives: To assess the relationship of diabetes-related distress and glycaemic control among patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Methods: This hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted at the Family Medicine Department of LASUTH, Ikeja, Lagos. A total of 317 patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus were systematically recruited. The data were collected over a four-month period. Important clinical information including clinical characteristics and diabetes-related distress using the diabetes distress scale (DDS-17) was collected. Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was also assessed. Results: The degrees of DRD were as follows: 54.9% (None/little), 40.1% (moderate) and 5.0% (severe). The mean HbA1c estimate for all participants was 7.83±1.8%. Among the 317 study participants, 67.2% had poor glycaemic control while 32.8% had good glycaemic control. There was a statistically significant association between DRD and glycaemic control (p< 0.001). Likewise, the various domains of DRD had statistically significant associations with glycaemic control with the exception of physician-related domain. Participants with better glycaemic control reported lower levels of DRD than participants with poorer glycaemic control. Conclusion: There is a high level of diabetes-related distress patients with diabetes mellitus. Good glycaemic control is important in improving or preventing DRD. Therefore, T2DM patients should be screened for DRD during their treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Patient Care , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune , Noncommunicable Diseases , Chronic Disease Indicators
14.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512890

ABSTRACT

Exercising autonomy allows nurses to demonstrate their knowledge and skills. However, more information is needed about the critical care nurses' perceptions of their professional autonomy in rural areas. Objective: To explore the perceptions, facilitators and barriers to professional autonomy among critical care nurses in rural Kenya. Methods: The hermeneutic phenomenological study design was used in this study. Data were collected in a critical care unit using a semi-structured interview guide. A sample of 10 participants were recruited. The study was conducted in Nyeri County Referral Hospital. Results: Three themes emerged from the study on the nurses' experiences of professional autonomy, perceptions of autonomy, facilitators of autonomy, and barriers to autonomy. Conclusion: Autonomy undeniably plays a pivotal role in defining the professional status of the nursing profession. Perceptions, facilitators and barriers to professional autonomy form the background of the current professional status. Nurses, therefore, exercise autonomy effectively when it aligns with patient care needs and when a conducive environment supports it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Professional Autonomy , Critical Care Nursing , Nurses , Nursing , Qualitative Research , Patient Care
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230467, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1444733

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study, with the aim of checking some of the changes in patients' daily habits and their reasons for needing restorative treatment was conducted at a public university immediately on return to attendance after the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. Methods: This survey consisted of interviews held by applying 2 questionnaires to students and patients. A single researcher collected data in all the restorative dentistry clinics at the university after the return to face-to-face activities in the period between 02/02/2021 and 07/30/2021. Data obtained by means of the questionnaires were submitted to descriptive analysis. Results: Ninety (90) participants answered the patient questionnaire. When considering possible associations between being in social isolation or not, significant values were found for changed type of diet (p=0.0011), frequency of eating (p=0.011) and toothbrushing (p=0.034). Data about 417 restorations were collected and among the reasons for restorative intervention, 33.03% were restoration replacement, 31.87% treatment of primary caries and 24.40% of dental wear/non-carious lesions. Conclusion: Patients who isolated themselves during the pandemic tended to change their eating habits and frequency of oral hygiene. Toothache was the main reason for seeking dental treatment and the replacement of pre-existing restorations was the main reason for restorative treatments


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Hygiene , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Clinics , Feeding Behavior , Patient Care , COVID-19
16.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21425, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429965

ABSTRACT

Abstract The University Pharmacy Program (FU), from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), was created based on the need to offer a curricular internship to students of the Undergraduate Course at the Faculty of Pharmacy. Currently, it is responsible for the care of about 200 patients/day, offering vacancies for curricular internships for students in the Pharmacy course, it has become a reference in the manipulation of many drugs neglected by the pharmaceutical industry and provides access to medicines for low-income users playing an important social function. Research is one of the pillars of FU-UFRJ and several master and doctoral students use the FU research laboratory in the development of dissertations and theses. As of 2002, the Pharmaceutical Care extension projects started to guarantee a rational and safe pharmacotherapy for the medicine users. From its beginning in 1982 until the current quarantine due to the COVID-19 pandemic, FU-UFRJ has been adapting to the new reality and continued to provide patient care services, maintaining its teaching, research, and extension activities. The FU plays a relevant social role in guaranteeing the low-income population access to special and neglected medicines, and to pharmaceutical and education services in health promotion.


Subject(s)
Pharmacy/classification , Education, Pharmacy , COVID-19/classification , Patients/classification , Pharmaceutical Services/history , Teaching/ethics , Pharmaceutical Preparations/supply & distribution , Patient Care/ethics
17.
Rev. med. Urug ; 39(1): e204, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1424194

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: los pacientes neurocríticos constituyen un subgrupo especial en la medicina intensiva. Estudios internacionales recientes han mostrado variabilidad en su monitorización y manejo terapéutico. Objetivo: conocer las características de la atención y manejo de los pacientes neurocríticos en Uruguay. Métodos: estudio prospectivo y descriptivo. Se realizó una encuesta telefónica basada en un cuestionario de estructuras y procesos en la asistencia del paciente neurocrítico. Fue diseñado por la comisión de neurocríticos de la SUMI. Se entrevistó a jefes o coordinadores de cada unidad de cuidado intensivo (UCI), de forma voluntaria y anónima. Resultados: se encuestaron 52 UCI (98% del país), 67% correspondieron al Interior y 65% al sector privado del país. 96% de las UCI reciben pacientes neurocríticos. Se cuenta con neurocirugía presencial en 46%. El estudio de neuroimagen más disponible es la tomografía computada (81%). Se realiza: monitorización de presión intracraneana en 65%, oximetría yugular en 27% y neuromonitorización no invasiva en 58%, siendo la ultrasonografía la más frecuente. Las estrategias más utilizadas para el tratamiento de la hipertensión intracraneana son: osmoterapia (salino hipertónico en 100%), propofol (85%), bloqueo muscular (78%) y descompresiva (75%). Reperfusión en ataque cerebrovascular: trombolisis (88%) y trombectomía mecánica (44%). Los fármacos antiepilépticos más utilizados son: midazolam (100%), levetiracetam y fenitoína (96%). Tratamiento del aneurisma cerebral: clipado quirúrgico (98%) y endovascular (66%). Protocolización en 96% y realización de ateneos clínicos en 61%. Conclusiones: se presenta el primer trabajo realizado en nuestro país sobre el tema. Se encontró variabilidad en la monitorización así como en la disponibilidad de neuroimagenología y especialidades neurointervencionistas. Este estudio proporciona una oportunidad para la investigación comparativa de efectividad.


Background: neurocritical care patients constitute a special subgroup in intensive care medicine. Recent international studies have shown variability in their monitoring and therapeutic handling. Objective. to learn about the handling and care characteristics of neurocritical patients in Uruguay. Method: prospective, descriptive study. A telephone survey was conducted based on a structure and processes questionnaire on neurocritical patients' care. It was designed by the Neurocritical Patients Comittee of the Uruguayan Society of Intensive Medicine (SUMI). Chiefs or coordinators of each intensive care units were interviewed, their participation being voluntary an anonymous. Results: 52 ICU in the country were interviewed, 67% were located in the provinces and 65% belonged to the private sector. 96% of intensive care units received neurocritical care patients. Routine neurosurgery was available in 46% of cases. Computerized technology was the most widely available imaging study (81%). The following procedures were conducted: intracranial pressure monitoring in 65% of patients, jugular venous oximetry in 27%, non-invasive neuromonitoring in 58%, ultrasound being the most frequently used. The most commonly used strategies to treat intracranial hypertension are: osmotherapy (hypertonic saline in 100%), propofol (85%), muscular blockade (78%) and decompressive craniectomy (75%). Reperfusion in cerebrovascular attack, thrombolisis (88%) and mechanical thrombectomy (44%). The most widely used antiepileptic drugs are: midazolam (100%), levetiracetam y phenytoin (96%). Cerebral aneurysm was treated with surgical clipping (98%) and endovascular treatment (66%). Protocols were followed in 96% and case conferences were organized in 61%. Conclusions: the study presents the first research conducted on this topic in our country and it found variability in terms of monitorization and availability of neuro-imagining and neurointerventionist special strategies. The study represents an opportunity for effectiveness comparative research.


Introdução: os pacientes neurocríticos constituem um subgrupo especial na medicina intensiva. Estudos internacionais recentes têm mostrado variabilidade em seu monitoramento e manejo terapêutico. Objetivo: conhecer as características de atendimento e manejo de pacientes neurocríticos no Uruguai. Métodos: estudo prospectivo e descritivo. Fez-se uma pesquisa telefônica utilizando um questionário sobre estruturas e processos do cuidado de pacientes neurocríticos. Foi projetado pela comissão de neurocríticos de la Sociedad Uruguaya de Medicina Intensiva. Os chefes ou coordenadores de cada unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) foram entrevistados de forma voluntária e anônima. Resultados: pesquisaram-se 52 UTIs (98% do país), 67% do Interior e 65% do setor privado do país. 96% das UTIs recebem pacientes neurocríticos. A neurocirurgia no local está disponível em 46%. O estudo de neuroimagem mais disponível é a tomografia computadorizada (81%). Realiza-se monitorização da pressão intracraniana em 65%, oximetria jugular em 27% e neuromonitorização não invasiva em 58%, sendo a ultrassonografia a mais frequente. As estratégias mais utilizadas para o tratamento da hipertensão intracraniana são: osmoterapia (soro fisiológico 100% hipertônico), propofol (85%), bloqueio muscular (78%) e descompressão (75%). Faz-se reperfusão no ataque cerebrovascular por trombólise (88%) e trombectomia mecânica (44%). As drogas antiepilépticas mais utilizadas são: midazolam (100%), levetiracetam e fenitoína (96%). Tratamento do aneurisma cerebral: clipagem cirúrgica (98%) e endovascular (66%). Protocolização em 96% e reuniões clínicas em 61%. Conclusões: este é o primeiro trabalho realizado em nosso país sobre o tema. Foi encontrada variabilidade no monitoramento, bem como na disponibilidade de especialidades de neuroimagem e neurointervenção. Este estudo oferece uma oportunidade para a pesquisa comparativa de eficácia.


Subject(s)
Surveys and Questionnaires , Critical Care , Patient Care
18.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(1): 203544, jan.-mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1452179

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes com câncer enfrentam percurso terapêutico longo e de alto nível de complexidade. Diante desse cenário, a satisfação com o tratamento hospitalar é um processo importante na recuperação da saúde, dada a possibilidade de se obter informações essenciais referentes às experiências de quem recebe o tratamento, as quais auxiliarão na adequação de condutas para prática da assistência de qualidade com possíveis implicações na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS). Objetivo: Analisar a QVRS e sua relação com a satisfação com o tratamento hospitalar de adultos com câncer. Método: Estudo observacional, analítico, de recorte transversal, realizado com 120 pacientes em tratamento clínico ou cirúrgico em um hospital referência no tratamento onco-hematológico localizado no Sul do Brasil, entre agosto de 2021 e janeiro de 2022. Foram utilizados os instrumentos Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 e Satisfaction with In-Patient Cancer Care, analisados descritivamente e por teste de correlação de Spearman. Resultados: A qualidade de vida global apresentou baixos escores (58,54/100) e maior comprometimento no domínio função social (44,17/100). Houve alto nível de satisfação com a equipe médica e de enfermagem, e maiores médias na escala habilidades técnicas (89,44/100 e 86,67/100, respectivamente). Verificou-se significância estatística entre a qualidade de vida global e todos os itens do instrumento de satisfação (p<0,05). Conclusão: A satisfação com o tratamento hospitalar impacta na qualidade de vida de adultos com câncer. Reconhecer as alterações na qualidade de vida e os determinantes que compõem a satisfação ao tratamento hospitalar pode contribuir para o aperfeiçoamento da assistência prestada.


Introduction: Patients with cancer face a long and high level of complexity therapeutic path. Given this scenario, satisfaction with hospital treatment is an important process in the recovery of health, because of the possibility of obtaining essential information about the experiences of those receiving treatment, which will help to match the conduct for the practice of quality care with possible implications for health-related quality of life (HRQL). Objective: To analyze the HRQL and its relationship with satisfaction with hospital treatment of adults with cancer. Method: Observational, analytical cross-sectional study conducted with 120 patients undergoing clinical or surgical treatment at a reference hospital of oncohematological treatment located in Southern Brazil between August 2021 and January 2022. The instruments used were Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 and Satisfaction with In-Patient Cancer Care, analyzed descriptively and by Spearman correlation test. Results: Global quality of life had low scores (58.54/100), greater impairment of the social functioning domain (44.17/100). There was a high level of satisfaction with medical and nursing staff, higher averages of the technical skills scale (89.44/100 and 86.67/100, respectively). Statistical significance was found between global quality of life and all items of the satisfaction instrument (p<0.05). Conclusion: Satisfaction with hospital treatment impacts the quality of life of adults with cancer. Recognizing changes in quality of life and determinants of the satisfaction with hospital treatment can contribute to improve the care provided.


Introducción: Los pacientes con cáncer enfrentan una larga y compleja experiencia terapéutica. Ante ese escenario, la satisfacción con el tratamiento hospitalario es un proceso importante en la recuperación de la salud, dada la posibilidad de obtener informaciones esenciales referentes a las experiencias de quien recibe el tratamiento, las cuales ayudarán en la adecuación de conductas para la práctica de la asistencia de calidad con posibles implicaciones en la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS). Objetivo: Analizar la CVRS y su relación con la satisfacción con el tratamiento hospitalario de adultos con cáncer. Método: Estudio observacional, analítico, de corte transversal, realizado con 120 pacientes en tratamiento clínico o quirúrgico en un hospital referencia en el tratamiento oncohematológico localizado en el Sur de Brasil, entre agosto de 2021 y enero de 2022. Se utilizaron los instrumentos Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 y Satisfaction with In-Patient Cancer Care, analizados descriptivamente y por prueba de correlación de Spearman. Resultados: La calidad de vida global presentó bajas puntuaciones (58,54/100), mayor comprometimiento en el dominio función social (44,17/100). Hubo un alto nivel de satisfacción con el personal médico y de enfermería, mayores promedios en la escala habilidades técnicas (89,44/100 y 86,67/100, respectivamente). Se verificó significación estadística entre la calidad de vida global y todos los ítems del instrumento de satisfacción (p<0,05). Conclusión: La satisfacción con el tratamiento hospitalario impacta en la calidad de vida de adultos con cáncer. Reconocer los cambios en la calidad de vida y determinantes que componen la satisfacción al tratamiento hospitalario puede contribuir a mejorar la asistencia prestada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Adult Health , Patient Satisfaction , Oncology Service, Hospital , Patient Care
19.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 24-31, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980376

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study determined the association between work engagement among hospital nurses and their work outcomes (i.e., job satisfaction, stress, burnout, and turnover intention) and patient outcomes (i.e., missed nursing care, adverse events, and quality of care).@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was employed using secondary data derived from 549 registered nurses working in different hospitals in Central Philippines. Eight self-report questionnaires were adopted to gather data in this study. Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses were used to test the hypotheses.@*Results@#Nurses with lower levels of work engagement reported increased levels of job burnout and turnover intention. Those nurses with higher scores on the dedication subscale reported increased job satisfaction and perceived quality of patient care.@*Conclusion@#Work engagement influences nurse work and patient outcomes in the Philippines. Higher levels of work engagement prevent nursing staff from leaving their workplaces and may help them find their work fulfilling personally and professionally. Nursing management should highly consider promoting work engagement through enhancing job resources to meet the needs of nurses and, eventually, improve professional work outcomes and quality patient care.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , Job Satisfaction , Nurses , Patient Care , Philippines , Work Engagement
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1521888

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La calidad de atención de Enfermería no se puede resumir en aspectos técnicos mecanizados, pues implica cuidado humano, que sustenta la necesidad evaluarla desde la percepción del sujeto. Objetivo: Validar un instrumento para medir la calidad percibida de los servicios de Enfermería en el contexto hospitalario. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio instrumental, en los servicios de hospitalización del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras", La Habana, Cuba, en el período de enero a julio de 2021. Participaron nueve expertos, 15 jueces, 30 pacientes y 10 profesionales de la Enfermería del área de hospitalización. Se emplearon la revisión documental, el grupo focal, el método Delphi y la prueba piloto. Como métodos estadísticos se emplearon los coeficientes de V de Aiken y Alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: El instrumento quedó conformado por tres dimensiones: Componente Técnico (24 indicadores); Componente Interpersonal (17 indicadores); Confort (7 indicadores). El consenso entre los expertos, determinado por el Coeficiente de Concordancia, resultó igual al 100 por ciento. El índice de coeficiente de V de Aiken, estuvo en todos los ítems por encima de 0,9 y global de 0,97. El coeficiente de alfa de Cronbach alcanzó resultados superiores a 0,9 en cada ítem y 0,96 global. Conclusiones: El estudio permitió validar un instrumento para medir la calidad percibida de los servicios de Enfermería en el contexto hospitalario. El instrumento alcanzó una buena validez de contenido, alta fiabilidad y consistencia(AU)


Introduction: The quality of nursing care cannot be summarized based on mechanized technical aspects, since it implies human care, which is supported by the need to assess it focusing on the subject's perception. Objective: To validate an instrument to measure the perceived quality of nursing services in the hospital context. Methods: An instrumental study was carried out in the hospitalization services of Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras, in Havana, Cuba, in the period from January to July 2021, with the participation of 9 experts, 15 judges, 30 patients and 10 nursing professionals from the hospitalization area. Documentary review, focus group, the Delphi method and the pilot test were used. Aiken's V and Cronbach's alpha coefficients were used as statistical methods. Results: The instrument consisted of three dimensions: technical component (24 indicators, interpersonal component (17 indicators), and comfort (7 indicators). The consensus among the experts, determined by the concordance coefficient, was equal to 100 por ciento. The Aiken's V coefficient index was above 0.9 for all items, while the global one was 0.97. Cronbach's alpha coefficient reached results above 0.9 in each item, while the global one was 0.96. Conclusions: The study allowed to validate an instrument for measuring the perceived quality of nursing services in the hospital context. The instrument achieved good content validity, high reliability and consistency(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Health Care , Validation Study , Patient Care/methods
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