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1.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 13(1): 31-49, jan/mar 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1052894

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é identificar o nível de adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso de adultos autorreferidos com diagnóstico de hipertensão. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo-transversal envolvendo 213 indivíduos autorreferidos com diagnóstico de hipertensão participantes em campanhas de hipertensão arterial realizadas em cidade do interior paulista. Os instrumentos de coleta de dados utilizados foram entrevistas semiestruturadas e questionário de Morisky e Green. Foram aplicados o teste qui-quadrado e análise de correspondência múltipla. A maioria dos participantes do estudo relatou não aderir ao tratamento medicamentoso (84%). O sexo feminino apresentou maior adesão. As barreiras à adesão foram dificuldade para mudança de hábitos de vida, irregularidade às consultas médicas e aos horários das medicações. A adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso constitui-se de um processo complexo e multifatorial que merece atenção especial da equipe multiprofissional em saúde com o objetivo de aumentar as taxas de adesão e a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos.


Adhesion level to medicinal treatment by adults diagnosed with hypertension is identified by a descriptive and transversal study involving 213 people diagnosed with hypertension and participating in arterial hypertension campaign in a town in the hinterland of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Data were collected by half-structured interviews and by Morisky & Green questionnaire. Most participants (84%) failed to adhere to medicinal treatment, with females complying most with adhesion. Adhesion impairments comprised difficulties in changes in lifestyle, irregular visits to the doctor´s and medicine timetable. Adhesion to medicine treatment is a complex and multifactor process that needs special attention by the multiprofessional health team to increase adhesion rates and life quality of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Therapeutics , Patient Compliance , Hypertension , Quality of Life , Treatment Refusal
2.
Tegucigalpa; Secretaría de Salud; 2020. 2 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BIMENA | ID: biblio-1097744
3.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(2): 43-47, 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1095229

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La evaluación de los programas de transición (PT) es un paso fundamental para determinar su importancia como estrategia de seguimiento y apoyo a los adolescentes con diabetes tipo 1 (DM1) que transitan de una atención pediátrica a una adulta. OBJETIVO: evaluar un modelo de PT para adolescentes con DM1 a 4 años de su implementación. SUJETOS Y MÉTODO: este estudio se realizó en 65 adolescentes que ingresaron al PT. Se evaluó el cumplimiento de los indicadores de adherencia del PT (preparación, continuidad, regularidad, exclusividad en la atención médica y seguimiento psicológico), la participación de los adolescentes en el PT (cumplir con los 5 indicadores) y el control metabólico asociado a esa participación. El análisis estadístico se realizó con Prueba de Chi Cuadrado para las variables grados de participación y control metabólico; y Prueba T de Student para muestras pareadas para evaluar la variación de HbA1c al finalizar el primer año en atención como adulto. RESULTADOS: los indicadores de adherencia del PT se cumplen sobre el 65% en la población estudiada. Se encontró que el 38,5% de los adolescentes logran participación completa en el PT (cumplir 5 indicadores), 43,1% participación parcial (cumplir 3 o 4 indicadores) y 18,4% participación insuficiente en el PT (cumplir con 0, 1 ó 2 indicadores). Se observó una mayor frecuencia de mantenimiento o mejoría del control metabólico en los adolescentes con participación completa en el PT en comparación con los de participación parcial e insuficiente (76% v/s 59,2% y 22,2% respectivamente). Se observó un cambio significativo (p < 0,05) de la HbA1c en adolescentes con participación completa y participación parcial. CONCLUSIÓN: en los adolescentes con DM1, se debe incentivar la participación en el PT para fortalecer las conductas de adherencia al tratamiento diabético incluyendo el control metabólico.


INTRODUCTION: the evaluation of the transition programs (TP) is a fundamental step to determine its importance as a follow-up and support strategy for adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) who move from a pediatric to adult care. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate a TP model for adolescents with T1D 4 years after its implementation. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: this study was carried out in 65 adolescents who entered the TP. Compliance with the TP adherence indicators was evaluated (preparation, continuity, regularity, exclusivity in medical care and psychological follow-up), the participation of adolescents in the TP (compliance with the 5 indicators) and the metabolic control associated with that participation. The statistical analysis was carried out with Chi-square test for the variable degrees of participation and metabolic control; and paired Student's T test for the change of HbA1c at the end of the first year in adult. RESULTS: TP adherence indicators are met over 65% in the population studied. When evaluating participation in the TP, it was found that 38.5% of adolescents achieved full participation in the TP (meet 5 indicators), 43.1% partial participation (meet 3 or 4 indicators) and 18.4% insufficient participation in the TP (comply with 0, 1 or 2 indicators). A higher frequency of maintenance or improvement of metabolic control was observed in adolescents with full participation in the TP compared to those with partial and insufficient participation (76% v/s 59.2% and 22.2% respectively). The statistical difference (p < 0.05) was obtained in the change of HbA1c of adolescents with full participation and partial participation. CONCLUSION: in adolescents with T1D, participation in TP should be encouraged to strengthen adherence to diabetic treatment including metabolic control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Program Evaluation/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy , Transition to Adult Care , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Chi-Square Distribution , Patient Compliance , Continuity of Patient Care , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
4.
Cogitare enferm ; 25: e62908, 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1089623

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: compreender os aspectos que influenciam a não adesão ao tratamento da doença falciforme em uma família com vários membros adoecidos. Método: estudo de caso único realizado com quatro irmãos com doença falciforme acompanhados em um Centro de Referência no estado da Bahia, Brasil. Os dados foram colhidos por questionário, entrevista aberta e desenho-estória com tema. Resultados: os temas emergidos foram: Preconceito e discriminação promovem o autoisolamento; Dificuldade para deslocamento impede as idas ao serviço; A unidade de saúde é um espaço que amplia dúvidas e incertezas; Desesperança leva à desistência do tratamento. Conclusão: amparo social, suporte emocional, instrumental e educacional são essenciais para reduzir a vulnerabilidade da família que vivencia a doença falciforme. Conteúdos abordados nas unidades de saúde necessitam incluir perspectivas de experiências positivas, fomentando esperança e construção de sentidos para a vida no processo de adoecimento crônico, a fim de aumentar a adesão ao tratamento.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comprender los aspectos que influyen en la no adhesión al tratamiento de la enfermedad falciforme en una familia con varios miembros enfermos. Método: estudio de caso único que se realizó con cuatro hermanos con enfermedad falciforme asistidos en un Centro de Referencia en el estado de Bahia, Brasil. Se obtuvieron los datos por medio de cuestionario, entrevista abierta y dibujo historia con tema. Resultados: los temas que resultaron del proceso fueron: Prejuicio y discriminación promueven el auto aislamiento; Dificultad para desplazarse imposibilita ir al trabajo; La unidad de salud es un espacio que aumenta dudas e incertidumbres; Desesperanza lleva a desistimiento del tratamiento. Conclusión: ayuda social, apoyo emocional, instrumental y educacional son esenciales para reducir la vulnerabilidad de la familia que vive la enfermedad falciforme. Es necesario añadir perspectivas de experiencias positivas en los contenidos que se abordaron en las unidades de salud, fomentando esperanza y construcción de sentidos para la vida en el proceso crónico de la enfermedad, para aumentar la adhesión al tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Objective: To gain insight on the aspects that impact non-adherence to sickle cell disease treatment in a family with several sick members. Method: Single case study of four siblings with sickle cell disease monitored at a Referral Center in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Data was collected with the use of a questionnaire, open interviews and themed story-drawing. Results: The following themes emerged: Prejudice and discrimination promote self-isolation; Transportation problems prevent patients to get to health services; The health unit is a space that amplifies doubts and uncertainty; Hopelessness leads to treatment withdrawal. Conclusion: Social assistance, emotional, instrumental and educational support are essential to reduce the vulnerability of families experiencing sickle cell disease. The contents addressed in health facilities must include perspectives on positive experiences, encouraging hope and the construction of meanings during life in the process of chronic illness, in order to increase treatment adherence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Patient Compliance , Drug Therapy , Prejudice , Social Isolation , Chronic Disease
5.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e37193, jan.-dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1005387

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar os recursos utilizados pelo enfermeiro da estratégia saúde da família (ESF) para estimular a adesão do paciente ao tratamento da Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica. Método: abordagem qualitativa. O projeto foi aprovado por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. A coleta de dados ocorreu no período de abril a agosto de 2017, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada com 10 enfermeiros atuantes em unidades de ESF localizadas no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Os depoimentos dos sujeitos foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados: os enfermeiros realizam consultas de enfermagem garantindo a adesão dos participantes em atividades educativas de grupo, como palestras e orientações de enfermagem. Conclusão: o sistema utilizado na adesão ao tratamento é similar entre as unidades de ESF mantendo um padrão preconizado pela literatura.


Objective: to identify the resources used by Family Health Strategy (FHS) nurses to encourage patient adherence to treatment for Systemic Arterial Hypertension. Method: qualitative approach. The project was approved by the research ethics committee. Data were collected between April and August 2017, through semi-structured interviews of 10 nurses working in FHS units in Rio de Janeiro state. The transcriptions underwent Bardin content analysis. Results: the nurses held nursing appointments thus fostering participants' adherence in group educational activities, such as talks and nursing guidance sessions. Conclusion: the treatment adherence system used is similar among FHS units, maintaining a pattern recommended by the literature.


Objetivo: identificar los recursos utilizados por el enfermero de la estrategia de salud familiar (ESF) para estimular la adhesión del paciente al tratamiento de la hipertensión. Método: enfoque cualitativo. El proyecto fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación. La recolección de datos ocurrió en el período entre abril y agosto de 2017, por medio de entrevista semiestructurada junto a 10 enfermeros que trabajan en unidades de ESF ubicadas en el estado de Río de Janeiro. Las declaraciones fueron sometidas al análisis de contenido de Bardin. Resultados: los enfermeros realizan consultas de enfermería garantizando la adhesión de los participantes en actividades educativas de grupo, como charlas y orientaciones de enfermería. Conclusión: el sistema utilizado en la adhesión al tratamiento es similar entre las unidades de ESF manteniendo un patrón preconizado por la literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Patient Compliance , Family Health Strategy , Education, Nursing , Hypertension , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Hypertension/nursing , Hypertension/drug therapy , Nurses
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(9 especial): 576-581, oct 2019.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046621

ABSTRACT

This work is aimed at studying the problems of timely diagnostics and therapy of various forms of rosacea, identifying the factors that influence the compliance, prognosis, and quality of life of the patients, as well as the stages of combination therapy. The efficiency of rosacea therapy is determined by the timely identification of patients, as well as the clinical variety of the disease. Complex therapy of rosacea includes identification of the precipitating factors, basic skincare, and the use of systemic and local pathogenetic preparations. The "Gold Standard" of topical rosacea therapy is the antimicrobial and antiprotozoal drug called metronidazole. An important role in disease therapy is played by active cooperation between the doctor and the patient. Comprehensiveness, timeliness, and rationality of rosacea therapy are defined not only by the mechanisms of the disease development but also by aggravating factors, the need for basic care and photosensitivity of the patients


Subject(s)
Photosensitivity Disorders , Retinoids/therapeutic use , Isotretinoin/therapeutic use , Patient Compliance , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Rosacea/diagnosis , Combined Modality Therapy , Metronidazole/therapeutic use
7.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(2): 149-155, Apr.-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013278

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To develop a questionnaire that allows the early detection of patients at risk for poor adherence to medical and non-medical treatment in children and adolescents with chronic rheumatic diseases. Methods: The Pediatric Rheumatology Adherence Questionnaire (PRAQ) was applied in recently diagnosed patients within a period of one to four months after confirmation of the rheumatic disease. After six months, the patients' adherence to the medical and non-medical treatment was assessed. An internal consistency analysis was conducted to eliminate redundant questions in the PRAQ. Results: A total of 33 patients were included in the pilot study. Six months after the PRAQ had been applied, poor global adherence was observed in seven (21.2%) patients and poor adherence to medical treatment in eight (24.2%) patients. No correlation was observed between the PRAQ scores and the percentages of adherence, as well as the stratification for each index, except for a tendency to a correlation between socioeconomic index and poor adherence to medical treatment (p=0.08). A new PRAQ questionnaire with 25 of the 46 original questions was generated as a result of the reliability analysis. Conclusions: The usefulness of this questionnaire in clinical practice should be still evaluated. Due to the importance of a tool for the early detection of rheumatic patients at risk of poor adherence to treatment, the new PRAQ questionnaire should be reviewed and applied in a larger study to better define its validity and reliability.


RESUMO Objetivo: Desenvolver um questionário que permitisse a detecção precoce de pacientes em risco de má adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso e não medicamentoso para crianças e adolescentes com doenças reumáticas crônicas. Métodos: O Questionário de Adesão em Reumatologia Pediátrica (QARP) foi aplicado em pacientes recentemente diagnosticados, de um a quatro meses após a confirmação da doença reumática. Seis meses depois, foi avaliada a adesão do paciente ao tratamento medicamentoso e não medicamentoso. Foi realizada uma análise de consistência interna para eliminar questões redundantes no QARP. Resultados: Ao todo, 33 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo-piloto. Seis meses após a aplicação do QARP, observou-se baixa adesão global em sete pacientes (21,2%) e baixa adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso em oito (24,2%) pacientes. Não foi encontrada correlação entre os escores QARP e as porcentagens de adesão, bem como a estratificação para cada indicador, com exceção de uma tendência a uma correlação entre o indicador socioeconômico e a baixa adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso (p=0,08). Um novo questionário QARP com 25 das 46 perguntas originais foi gerado como resultado da análise de confiabilidade. Conclusões: A utilidade deste questionário na prática clínica ainda deve ser avaliada. Devido à importância de uma ferramenta para a detecção precoce de pacientes reumáticos em risco de má adesão ao tratamento, o novo questionário QARP deve ser revisado e aplicado em um estudo maior para que sua validade e confiabilidade sejam mais bem definidas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Compliance , Risk Assessment/methods , Pediatrics/methods , Pediatrics/standards , Socioeconomic Factors , Patient Care Management/methods , Patient Care Management/organization & administration , Brazil/epidemiology , Pilot Projects , Rheumatic Diseases/therapy , Rheumatic Diseases/epidemiology , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-759623

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Since the introduction of hospital pharmacy residency programs in 1983, hospital pharmacists in South Korea have been expected to expand their roles. However, their services and the outcomes have not been fully understood. In this study, we conducted a systematic review of Korean hospital pharmacist-provided interventions with regard to intervention type, intervention consequences, and target patient groups. METHODS: A literature search of the following databases was performed: Embase, PubMed, Medline, KoreaMed, RISS, KMbase, KISS, NDSL, and KISTI. The search words were “hospital pharmacist”, “clinical pharmacist”, and “Korea”. Articles reporting clinical or economic outcome measures that resulted from hospital pharmacist interventions were considered. Numeric measures for the acceptance rate of pharmacist recommendations were subjected to meta-analysis. RESULTS: Of the 1,683 articles searched, 44 met the inclusion selection criteria. Most articles were published after 2000 (81.8%) and focused on clinical outcomes. Economic outcomes had been published since 2011. The interventions were classified as patient education, multidisciplinary team work, medication assessment, and guideline development. The outcome measures were physicians’ prescription changes, clinical outcomes, patient adherence, economic outcomes, and quality of life. The acceptance rate was 80.5% (p < 0.005). CONCLUSION: Studies on pharmacist interventions have increased and showed increased patient health benefits and reduced medical costs at Korean hospital sites. Because pharmacists' professional competency would be recognized if the economic outcomes of their work were confirmed and justified, studies on their clinical performance should also include their economic impact.


Subject(s)
Humans , Insurance Benefits , Korea , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Patient Compliance , Patient Education as Topic , Patient Selection , Pharmacists , Pharmacy Residencies , Prescriptions , Quality of Life
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740354

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of filling the external auditory meatus with 1% clotrimazole at a single visit for the treatment of otomycosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 40 patients who were referred to our clinic with complaints of ear itching, pain, and fullness, and were diagnosed with unilateral otomycosis. After cleaning the mycotic hyphae from the external auditory meatus, the ear canal was filled with 1% clotrimazole, using an intravenous catheter and syringe. The patients received follow-up examinations on post-treatment days 7, 15, and 45. RESULTS: The follow-up otomicroscopic examinations revealed that 95% of the ear canals were entirely clean and that all symptoms had resolved. The post-treatment scores of pain, aural fullness and itching were significantly lower than the pre-treatment scores (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Filling the external auditory meatus with 1% clotrimazole at a single visit is an easy, efficient, and cost-effective treatment for otomycosis. Additionally, high patient compliance makes this treatment superior to long-term topical therapy.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Clotrimazole , Ear , Ear Canal , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyphae , Otomycosis , Patient Compliance , Prospective Studies , Pruritus , Syringes
10.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 92-101, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740307

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the trend of non-compliance with treatment (NCT) among gastric cancer patients in the Korean population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using data from the Korea Central Cancer Registry from 1999 to 2015, patients who did not receive any treatment for gastric cancer within 4 months after diagnosis were defined as the NCT group. The annual incidence rate, distributions according to age group and stage, and 5-year relative survival of the patients exhibiting NCT were analyzed. RESULTS: The number of NCT patients was 5,871 (30.6%) in 1999 and continuously decreased to 4,434 (15.3%) in 2015. Between 2006 and 2015, the proportions of NCT patients decreased from 72.9% to 55.0% among those 80 years old or older and from 9.2% to 5.4% among patients younger than 40 years. In patients with distant metastases, this proportion decreased from 35.5% to 32.7%, and this proportion also decreased from 17.6% to 8.2% among those with localized disease. The 5-year relative survival rates of NCT patients between 2011 and 2015 were significantly lower than those of the treated patients in each stage (60.2% vs. 99.7%, 13.8% vs. 67.1%, and 2.0% vs. 8.3% among those with localized, regional, and distant disease, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of NCT gastric cancer patients has decreased during the last 16 years. However, considerable numbers of elderly patients are still NCT. There must be a strategy to decrease NCT and improve the nationwide survival rate of patients with gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Aged , Diagnosis , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Patient Compliance , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival Rate
11.
Intestinal Research ; : 87-93, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Oral mesalazine is an important treatment for ulcerative colitis (UC), and non-adherence to mesalazine increases the risk of relapse. Controlled-release (CR) mesalazine has 2 formulations: tablets and granules. The relative acceptabilities of these formulations may influence patient adherence; however, they have not been compared to date. This study aimed to evaluate the acceptabilities of the 2 formulations of CR mesalazine in relation to patient adherence using a crossover questionnaire survey. METHODS: UC patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups in a 1:1 ratio. Patients in each group took either 4 g of CR mesalazine tablets or granules for 6 to 9 weeks, and then switched to 4 g of the other formulation for a further 6 to 9 weeks. The acceptability and efficacy were evaluated by questionnaires, and adherence was assessed using a visual analog scale. The difference in acceptabilities between the 2 formulations and its impact on adherence were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 49 patients were prospectively enrolled and 33 patients were included in the analysis. Significantly more patients found the tablets to be less acceptable than the granules (76% vs. 33%, P=0.0005). The granules were preferable to the tablets when the 2 formulations were compared directly (73% vs. 21%, P=0.004), for their portability, size, and numbers of pills. The adherence rate was slightly better among patients taking the granules (94% vs. 91%) during the observation period, but the difference was not significant (P=0.139). CONCLUSIONS: CR mesalazine granules are more acceptable than tablets, and may therefore be a better option for long-term medication.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative , Drug Compounding , Humans , Medication Adherence , Mesalamine , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Patient Compliance , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Tablets , Ulcer , Visual Analog Scale
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786236

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is the gold standard treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), although, associated with poor patient compliance. Conversely, high flow, humidified, temperature-regulated nasal insufflation of oxygen or air is well tolerated.CASE: We describe our experience of three patients with known or suspected moderate to severe OSA who were poorly compliant to CPAP therapy and received high flow nasal insufflation (HFNI) postoperatively. None had significant episodes of desaturation (SpO₂ < 95%) and all patients uniformly reported superior comfort levels than with the CPAP therapy. HFNI generates small amounts of positive end-expiratory pharyngeal pressure, increases inspiratory airflow and decreases dead space ventilation. Due to the open system, less difficulty with the patient-mask interface and improved patient comfort is experienced. These factors help prevent hypopnea and lead to enhanced sleep continuity.CONCLUSIONS: HFNI may be a promising alternative to CPAP therapy in the perioperative setting.


Subject(s)
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Humans , Insufflation , Oxygen , Patient Compliance , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Ventilation
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785451

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Keloids are benign fibro-proliferative lesion, related to excessive inflammatory reactions in certain anatomical areas, including the auricles. Their specific etiology remains unclear; nonetheless they exhibit tumor-like characteristics of significant recurrence and cause emotional distress, even with various treatment strategies. We applied intermittent magnetic pressure therapy on ear keloids in combination with surgical excision, and present its effectiveness herein.METHODS: Ear keloid patients were treated with surgical excision followed by magnetic pressure therapy. The keloid tissues underwent excision and keloid marginal flaps were utilized for wound closure. Intermittent magnetic pressure therapy was applied 2 weeks after the surgical procedure. The pressure therapy consisted of a 3-hour application and 2-hour resting protocol (9 hr/day), and lasted for 6 months. The results were analyzed 6 months after the therapeutic procedures, using the scar assessment scale.RESULTS: Twenty-two ear keloids from 20 patients were finally reviewed. Among the keloids that completed the therapeutic course, 20 ear keloids out of 22 in total (90.9%) were successfully eradicated. Two patients (2 keloids) exhibited slight under-correction. Postoperative complications such as wound dehiscence or surgical site infection were not noted. The scar assessment scale demonstrated a significant improvement in each index. The intermittent pressure therapy led to patient compliance, and avoided pressure-related pain and discomfort.CONCLUSION: Excision followed by intermittent pressure application using a magnet successfully reduced the burden of fibro-proliferative keloids, and had good patient compliance. The role of intermittent pressure application and resting should be studied with regard to keloid tissue remodeling.


Subject(s)
Cicatrix , Ear , Humans , Keloid , Patient Compliance , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Surgical Wound Infection , Treatment Outcome , Wounds and Injuries
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785314

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Because of its efficacy and safety, polyethylene glycol (PEG) is generally used to prepare for colonoscopy. However, the side effects of PEG, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, pain, and general weakness, tend to decrease patient compliance and satisfaction. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of PEG with 0.1 mg ramosetron on colonoscopy patients who had difficulty taking PEG due to side effects or large volume.METHODS: From January to August in 2012, 28 patients who visited Yeungnam University hospital for a colonoscopy were prospectively enrolled. All enrolled patients were previous history underwent colonoscopy using PEG only in our hospital. The efficacy and safety of ramosetron were assessed through the use of a questionnaire, and compared previous bowel preparation.RESULTS: Compared to previous examination, the patients using the ramosetron reported less nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, and abdominal pain, as well as a higher degree of compliance and satisfaction of the patient. There were no side effects reported with the use of ramosetron. However, overall bowel preparation quality was not better than the previous examination.CONCLUSION: In case of the use of ramosetron in combination with PEG for bowel preparation, patients experienced a higher rate of compliance and tolerance. Looking forward, ramosetron may become an option of pretreatment for bowel preparation.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Colonoscopy , Compliance , Humans , Nausea , Patient Compliance , Polyethylene Glycols , Polyethylene , Prospective Studies , Vomiting
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-761822

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the role of family to the compliance of patient role behavior in long-term hemodialysis patients. METHODS: In this descriptive correlational design, 103 participants recruited from 3 hemodialysis clinics at D city. They completed the self-reported questionnaire including family characteristics, family support, family function, and compliance of patient role behavior. All participants have family and are undergoing regular hemodialysis more than 1 year. RESULTS: Among patient's characteristics, compliance of patient role behavior was significantly different by standard of living, burden of treatment, marital status, experience of hospitalization, perceived health status, kidney transplantation plan, and depression. Experience of hospitalization, perceived health status and family support explained 31.9% of the variance in the compliance of patient role behavior (R2=.319, F=5.34, p=.001). CONCLUSION: Family support is important for compliance of patient role behavior in the long-term hemodialysis patients. Therefore it is recommended that the family must be included to improve compliance of patient role behaviors.


Subject(s)
Compliance , Depression , Family Characteristics , Hospitalization , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Marital Status , Patient Compliance , Renal Dialysis , Sick Role , Socioeconomic Factors
16.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 201-206, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-761009

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To observe the effectiveness of the practical instruction sheet and the educational video for left-sided breast treatment in a patient receiving deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) technique. Two parameters, simulation time and patient satisfaction, were assessed through the questionnaire. METHODS: Two different approaches, which were the instruction sheet and educational video, were combinedly used to assist patients during DIBH procedures. The guideline was assigned at least 1 week before the simulation date. On the simulation day, patients would fill the questionnaire regarding their satisfaction with the DIBH instruction. The questionnaire was categorized into five levels: extremely satisfied to dissatisfied, sequentially. The patients were divided into four groups: not DIBH technique, DIBH without instruction materials, the DIBH with instruction sheet or educational video, and DIBH with both of instruction sheet and educational video. RESULTS: Total number of 112 cases of left-sided breast cancer were analyzed. The simulation time during DIBH procedure significantly reduced when patients followed the instruction. There was no significant difference in simulation time on the DIBH procedures between patient compliance via instruction sheet or educational video or even following both of them. The excellent level was found at 4.6 ± 0.1 and 4.5 ± 0.1, for patients coaching via instruction sheet as well as on the educational video, respectively. CONCLUSION: Patient coaching before simulation could potentially reduce the lengthy time in the simulation process for DIBH technique. Practicing the DIBH technique before treatment is strongly advised.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cardiotoxicity , Humans , Patient Compliance , Patient Satisfaction , Unilateral Breast Neoplasms
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-766097

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic effect of patient compliance with supportive periodontal treatment (PC-SPT). Chronic periodontitis patients were classified based on their compliance level, and factors affecting PC-SPT and the prognosis of PC-SPT were investigated. METHODS: This study selected 206 patients who started SPT after receiving periodontal treatment between 2010 and 2012. Patients who continued SPT through February 2016 were included. The patients were classified according to whether they exhibited complete compliance (100% of visits), excellent compliance (≥70% of visits), incomplete compliance (<70% of visits), or non-compliance (only 2 visits). Patient characteristics that could affect PC-SPT, such as age, sex, distance of the clinic from their residence, implantation, and periodontal treatment, were investigated. The number of newly decayed and extracted teeth, alveolar bone level changes around the teeth and implants, and implant removal were examined to evaluate the prognosis of PC-SPT. RESULTS: Sex and the presence of an implant significantly affected PC-SPT. Additionally, the number of newly decayed and extracted teeth and changes in alveolar bone levels around the teeth and implants were significant prognostic factors related to PC-SPT. CONCLUSIONS: PC-SPT in chronic periodontitis patients will help maintain periodontal health and prevent further periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Chronic Periodontitis , Compliance , Humans , Patient Compliance , Periodontal Diseases , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tooth
18.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-765054

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pre-travel medical consultation is essential to reduce health impairment during travel. Yellow fever vaccination (YFV) is mandatory to enter some endemic countries. In this study, we evaluated the factors that affect compliance with appropriate prevention of infectious diseases in travelers who visited clinic for YFV. METHODS: For this retrospective study, chart reviews for 658 patients who visited a travel clinic for YFV before travel were conducted. The period of this study was from January 2016 to September 2018. The associations between appropriate vaccination and factors such as travel duration, destination, time of visiting clinic before departure, and purpose of travel were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 658 patients who got YFV during the study period, 344 patients (52.3%) received additional vaccination or malaria prophylaxis following a physician's recommendation. Travelers who visited the clinic more than 21 days before departure were more compliant than those who visited 14 days or fewer before departure (odds ratio [OR], 1.90; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23–2.93; P = 0.004). Travelers visiting Africa were more compliant than were those traveling to South and Central America (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.34–2.90; P = 0.001). Travelers in age groups of 40-49 years and over 70 years were less compliant than the 18–29 years old population (OR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.28–0.93; P = 0.027 and OR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.04–0.84; P = 0.03, respectively). Also, those who traveled for tour or to visit friends or relatives were more compliant than those who departed for business (OR, 0.77; 95% CI, 1.03–3.56; P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: For appropriate vaccination, pre-travel consultation at least 3 weeks before departure is crucial. Travelers should be aware of required vaccination and malaria prophylaxis before visiting South and Central America and Asia. Plans to enhance compliance of the elderly and business travelers should be contrived.


Subject(s)
Africa , Aged , Asia , Central America , Commerce , Communicable Diseases , Compliance , Friends , Humans , Malaria , Patient Compliance , Retrospective Studies , Travel Medicine , Vaccination , Yellow Fever , Yellow Fever Vaccine
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-764631

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was a descriptive survey research to identify the factors that influence sick role behavior compliance in patients on hemodialysis. METHODS: Structured surveys were used to collect data from 170 patients who are on hemodialysis three times a week through outpatient care at a university hospital located in G City using tools measuring resilience, family support, and sick role behavior compliance. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and Stepwise multiple linear regression. RESULTS: The results showed that factors that influenced sick role behavior compliance in the subjects were in the order of family support (β=.27, p < .001), age (β=.27, p < .001), and resilience (β=.23, p=.003). Resilience, family support, and sick role behavior compliance were positively correlated. Factors influencing hemodialysis patients' sick role behavior compliance included family support, age, and resilience. These variables explained 30.2% of the variance in sick role behavior compliance. CONCLUSION: Based on these results, care intervention and the development of a training program that involves family in the treatment plan and process to support and encourage patients are needed to increase the sick role behavior compliance in patients on hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care , Compliance , Education , Humans , Linear Models , Patient Compliance , Renal Dialysis , Sick Role
20.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-764481

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Optimal methods for communication skills training (CST) are an active research area, but the effects of CST on communication performance in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) has not been closely studied. Student roleplay (RP) for CST is common, although volunteer simulated patient (SP) CST is cost-effective and provides authentic interactions. We assessed whether our volunteer SP CST program improved OSCE performance compared to our previous RP strategy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, quasi-experimental study of 2 second-year medical student cohorts' OSCE data in Australia. The 2014 cohort received RP-only CST (N=182) while the 2016 cohort received SP-only CST (N=148). The t-test and analysis of variance were used to compare the total scores in 3 assessment domains: generic communication, clinical communication, and physical examination/procedural skills. RESULTS: The baseline characteristics of groups (scores on the Australian Tertiary Admission Rank, Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences Admission Test, and medicine program interviews) showed no significant differences between groups. For each domain, the SP-only CST group demonstrated superior OSCE outcomes, and the difference between cohorts was significant (P<0.01). The superiority of volunteer SP CST over student RP CST in terms of OSCE performance outcomes was found for generic communication, clinical communication, and physical examination/procedural skills. CONCLUSION: The better performance of the SP cohort in physical examination/procedural skills might be explained by the requirement for patient compliance and cooperation, facilitated by good generic communication skills. We recommend a volunteer SP program as an effective and efficient way to improve CST among junior medical students.


Subject(s)
Australia , Clinical Competence , Cohort Studies , Humans , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Patient Compliance , Patient Simulation , Retrospective Studies , Students, Medical , Volunteers
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