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1.
Más Vita ; 3(2): 15-22, jun 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1253889

ABSTRACT

La Atención Prehospitalaria (APH) es uno de los pilares fundamentales de los Sistemas de Emergencias Médicas que intenta brindar la mejor asistencia, en el menor tiempo y al menor costo. Para eso requiere componentes principales como recursos humanos y recursos físicos. Objetivo: Determinar si las competencias profesionales del personal del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social (IESS) de la Ciudad de Guayaquil responden al Servicio de Atención Prehospitalaria de acuerdo con los perfiles legales de contratación. Materiales y métodos: La investigación es de enfoque cuantitativo, de diseño observacional, prospectivo y de corte transversal. El tipo de estudio es descriptivo; gracias a que permitió recoger información y medir de manera individual o grupal la variable estudiada. La población de este estudio se constituyó por los profesionales con cargo de paramédicos del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social de la Ciudad de Guayaquil, los cuales son un total de 32 profesionales. Resultados: Una vez obtenido los datos se reflejó que, el 56,3% de los profesionales son de sexo femenino. Con respecto al título de los profesionales registrado en el Senescyt, solo el 56,3% lo posee de manera incompleto. El 56,3% de los profesionales tienen el puesto de paramédico 1. El 81,3% cumple con su tiempo de experiencia en el trabajo equivalente. En el aseguramiento de la escena el 46,9% cumple lo requerido. Los procedimientos en la atención Prehospitalaria del IESS es uno de los puntos de suma importancia en este estudio, ya que se identificó que el 65,6% cumple de manera parcial este procedimiento de atención. Conclusión: En la revisión de las competencias deducimos que no todo el personal fue contratado de acuerdo al perfil de contratación emitido por el MDT. Se Pudo observar una clara diferencia entre los perfiles de contratación entre paramédico 1 al paramédico 5, lo cuales tienen diferentes tipos de relevancia, lo que nos demuestra que hay una falta de formación a todos los niveles(AU)


Prehospital Care (PHC) is one of the fundamental pillars of Emergency Medical Systems that attempts to provide the best assistance, in the shortest time and at the lowest cost. For this purpose, it requires main components such as human resources and physical resources. Objective: To determine if the professional competencies of the personnel of the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security (IESS) in the city of Guayaquil respond to the Prehospital Care Service in accordance with the legal hiring profiles. Materials and methods: The research has a quantitative approach, observational, prospective and cross-sectional design. The type of study is descriptive, since it allowed the collection of information and the individual or group measurement of the studied variable. The population of this study consisted of 32 professionals working as paramedics at the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security in the city of Guayaquil. The results: Once the data were obtained, 56.3% of the professionals were female. With respect to the degree of the professionals registered in Senescyt, only 56.3% of them have incomplete degrees. For the professionals, 56.3% have the position of paramedic 1. 81.3% have the equivalent amount of work experience. In securing the scene, 46.9% meet the requirements. Pre-hospital care procedures at the IESS is one of the most important points in this study, since 65.6% of the patients were found to be partially compliant with these care procedures. Conclusion: In the review of competencies, we deduced that not all personnel were hired according to the hiring profile issued by the MDT. We could observe a clear difference between the hiring profiles between paramedic 1 to paramedic 5, which have different types of relevance, which shows that there is a lack of training at all levels(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Professional Competence , Health Personnel , Prehospital Care/ethics , Hospital Care , Job Description , Bioethics , Emergency Medical Services , Patient Outcome Assessment
2.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 16(43): 2388, 20210126. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358557

ABSTRACT

O processo de decisão compartilhada pode ser definido a partir dos seguintes elementos: 1. há, no mínimo, duas pessoas envolvidas no processo de decisão, o médico e o paciente; 2. médico e paciente compartilham informações; 3. ambos contribuem para o processo decisório expondo suas preferências; 4. chega-se a uma decisão sobre a qual todos os envolvidos concordam. Seu emprego se justifica principalmente pelo aspecto ético de incluir o paciente nas decisões cujas consequências ele sofrerá. Todavia, muito se questiona sobre a relação desta prática com os desfechos em saúde. Objetivos: Esse estudo tem por objetivo avaliar a relação entre a prática da decisão compartilhada e desfechos em saúde em cenários de atenção primária à saúde. Métodos: Realizou-se uma revisão integrativa da literatura e foram incluídos artigos que tivessem medidas empíricas de decisão compartilhada durante o encontro clínico, cujo cenário fosse a atenção primária à saúde e que apresentasse avaliação de, pelo menos, um desfecho em saúde. Resultados: Inclui-se dez artigos no estudo, e os temas abordados são depressão (4 artigos), hipertensão (2), diabetes (1), risco cardiovascular (1), rastreio de câncer colorretal (1) e infertilidade (1). Metade dos estudos sobre depressão encontraram associação positiva entre a decisão compartilhada e a melhora dos sintomas depressivos. Dos estudos sobre hipertensão, não se encontrou associações estatisticamente significativas. Do estudo sobre diabetes, não se constatou correlação positiva entre decisão compartilhada e redução da hemoglobina glicada e do LDL. Compartilhar a decisão ao discutir risco cardiovascular não piorou o escore deste indicador 6 meses após a consulta. Com relação ao rastreio de câncer colorretal, discutir riscos e benefícios e avaliar as preferências dos pacientes se associou negativamente à realização dos testes de rastreio. Por fim, decisão compartilhada se associou a melhor experiência de cuidado para pessoas em acompanhamento para infertilidade na atenção primária. Dois estudos cronometraram consultas e não se observou diferenças de tempo entre aqueles que usaram e os que não usaram a decisão compartilhada. Quatro estudos não definiram conceitualmente a decisão compartilhada e quatro estudos não utilizaram ferramentas validadas para medi-la. Conclusão: Com relação aos desfechos avaliados, os artigos incluídos nesta revisão apresentam resultados ambíguos, com aparente tendência de correlação positiva entre decisão compartilhada e desfechos. Todavia, a falta de uniformidade com relação à definição conceitual de decisão compartilhada parece ser potencial barreira para pesquisas de maior qualidade na área.


Introduction: The process of shared decision making can be defined through the following elements: 1. there are, at least, two persons involved in the decisional process, the doctor and the patient; 2. doctor and patient share information; 3. both contribute to the decisional processes exposing it's preferences; 4. a decision upon which all agree is achieved. Its use is justified mainly by the ethical aspect of including the patient in the decisions whose consequences he will suffer. However, much is questioned about the relation between this practice and health outcomes. Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the relation between shared decision making and health outcomes in primary care settings. Methods: An integrative review of the literature was carried out. Articles that contained an empirical measure of shared decision during the clinical encounter, whose scenario was primary health care and that presented evaluation of at least one health outcome were included. Results: Ten articles were included in the study, and the topics covered are depression (4 articles), hypertension (2), diabetes (1), cardiovascular risk (1), colorectal cancer screening (1), and infertility (1). Half of the studies on depression found a positive association between shared decision making and improvement of depressive symptoms. None of the studies on hypertension detected statistically significant associations. The diabetes study found a positive correlation between shared decision making and reduced glycated hemoglobin and LDL. Sharing the decision when discussing cardiovascular risk did not worsen the score of this indicator after 6 months. Regarding colorectal cancer screening, discussing risks and benefits and assessing patient preferences was negatively associated with the performance of screening tests. Finally, shared decision making was associated with better care experience for people being monitored for infertility in primary care. Two studies timed consultations and found no time differences between those who used and those who did not use shared decision making. Four studies did not conceptually define shared decision making and four studies did not use validated tools to measure it. Conclusion: Regarding the specified outcomes, the articles included in this review show ambiguous results, with an apparent positive correlation trend between shared decisions and outcomes. However, the lack of uniformity regarding the conceptual definition of shared decision making seems to be a potential barrier for higher quality research in the area.


Introducción: Se puede definir el proceso de decisión compartida a partir de los siguientes elementos: 1. hay al menos dos personas involucradas en el proceso de decisión, el médico y el paciente; 2. médico y paciente comparten información; 3. ambos contribuyen al proceso de toma de decisiones al exponer sus preferencias; 4. se llega a una decisión sobre la cual todos los involucrados están de acuerdo. Su uso se justifica principalmente por el aspecto ético de incluir al paciente en las decisiones cuyas consecuencias sufrirá. Sin embargo, se cuestiona mucho la relación de esta práctica con los resultados de salud. Objetivo: Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la relación entre la práctica de la decisión compartida y los resultados de salud en entornos de atención primaria de salud. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión integradora de la literatura. Se incluyeron artículos que contenían una medida empírica de decisión compartida durante el encuentro clínico, cuyo escenario era la atención primaria de salud y que presentaban una evaluación de al menos un resultado de salud. Resultados: Se incluyeron diez artículos en el estudio, y los temas cubiertos son depresión (4 artículos), hipertensión (2), diabetes (1), riesgo cardiovascular (1), detección del cáncer colorrectal (1) e infertilidad (1). La mitad de los estudios sobre depresión encontraron una asociación positiva entre la decisión compartida y la mejora de los síntomas depresivos. Ninguno de los estudios sobre hipertensión detectó asociaciones estadísticamente significativas. El estudio de diabetes encontró una correlación positiva entre la decisión compartida y la reducción de la hemoglobina glucosilada y el LDL. Compartir la decisión al discutir el riesgo cardiovascular no empeoró la puntuación de este indicador después de 6 meses. Con respecto a la detección del cáncer colorrectal, discutir los riesgos y beneficios y evaluar las preferencias del paciente se asoció negativamente con la realización de las pruebas de detección. Finalmente, decisión compartida se asoció con la mejor experiencia de atención para las personas que están siendo monitoreadas por infertilidad en atención primaria. Dos estudios cronometraron las citas y no encontraron diferencias de tiempo entre los que usaron y los que no usaron la decisión compartida. Cuatro estudios no definieron conceptualmente la decisión compartida y cuatro estudios no utilizaron herramientas validadas para medirla. Conclusión: Con respecto a los resultados evaluados, los artículos incluidos en esta revisión presentan resultados ambiguos, con una tendencia aparente de correlación positiva entre la decisión compartida y los resultados de salud. Sin embargo, la falta de uniformidad con respecto a la definición conceptual de la decisión compartida parece ser una barrera potencial para investigación de mayor calidad en el área.


Subject(s)
Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Primary Health Care , Patient Outcome Assessment , Clinical Decision-Making
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1088504

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Validar definições conceituais e operacionais para os indicadores do resultado NOC "Autocontrole da doença cardíaca". Métodos Estudo metodológico de validação consensual desenvolvido em três etapas: revisão integrativa da literatura, elaboração de definições conceituais e operacionais para os indicadores do resultado NOC "Autocontrole da doença cardíaca" e validação das definições por consenso de 20 especialistas. Foi realizado teste binomial para análise da proporção de especialistas que concordaram que as definições elaboradas eram relevantes e claras. Valores de p inferiores a 0,05 indicavam diferença significativa na opinião dos especialistas quanto à relevância e a clareza das definições. Resultados Na avaliação dos especialistas, as definições conceituais de 43 indicadores apresentaram valores de p > 0,05 para clareza e 43 para relevância. Nas definições operacionais 36 indicadores apresentaram valor de p>0,05 para clareza e 43 para relevância. Para indicadores com o p<0,05 reajustes foram feitos conforme as sugestões dos especialistas. Conclusão O estabelecimento de definições conceituais e operacionais para indicadores NOC torna o processo de avaliação mais confiável, orientando a prática clínica em direção a melhores resultados. Quando validados, esses indicadores podem oferecer maior precisão, aumentando a efetividade da prática clínica.


Resumen Objetivo Validar definiciones conceptuales y operativas para los indicadores del resultado NOC "Autocontrol de la enfermedad cardíaca" Métodos Estudio metodológico de validación consensual realizado en tres etapas: revisión integradora de la literatura, elaboración de definiciones conceptuales y operacionales para los indicadores del resultado NOC "Autocontrol de la enfermedad cardíaca" y validación de las definiciones por consenso de 20 especialistas. Se realizó test binomial para analizar la proporción de especialistas que estaba de acuerdo con que las definiciones elaboradas eran relevantes y claras. Valores de p inferiores a 0,05 indicaban diferencia significativa en la opinión de los especialistas con relación a la relevancia y claridad de las definiciones. Resultados En el análisis de los especialistas, las definiciones conceptuales de 43 indicadores presentaron valores de p>0,05 respecto a la claridad y 43 a la relevancia. En las definiciones operativas, 36 indicadores presentaron valores de p>0,05 respecto a la claridad y 43 a la relevancia. Con relación a los indicadores con p<0,05, se realizaron ajustes según las sugerencias de los especialistas. Conclusión Establecer definiciones conceptuales y operativas para indicadores NOC permite que el proceso de evaluación sea más confiable, lo que orienta la práctica clínica a la obtención de mejores resultados. Al validarlos, estos indicadores pueden ofrecer mayor precisión y aumentar la efectividad de la práctica médica.


Abstract Objective To validate conceptual and operational definitions of the indicators for NOC outcomes: cardiac disease self-management. Methods This consensus-validation study was developed in three steps: integrative literature review, development of conceptual and operational definitions of the indicators for NOC outcome: cardiac disease self-management, and consensus-validation of definitions by 20 nursing specialists. A binomial test was conducted to analyze the proportion of nursing specialists who agreed on the relevance and clarity of definitions. P-values lower than 0.05 indicated a significant difference of the opinion among nursing specialits concerning the relevance and clarity of definitions. Results After the reviewing by nursing specialits, the conceptual definitions of 43 indicators for clarity and 43 for relevance had a p >0.05. Operational definitions of 36 indicators presented for clarity and 43 for relevance had a p-value >0.05. Indicators showing p <0.05 were adjusted accordingly to reflect the opinion of nursing specialists. Conclusion To establish conceptual and operational definitions for NOC indicators turn the assessment process more, and guide the clinical practice towards better results. Once validated, these indicators may provide higher precision and increase effectiveness in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Outcome Assessment , Self-Control , Heart Diseases , Heart Failure , Health Status Indicators , Evaluation Study
4.
Borno Med. J. (Online) ; 17(1): 1-8, 2020. tab
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1259676

ABSTRACT

Background: Appropriate infant feeding is still a challenge to HIV-positive mothers especially in the developing world despite their desire to breast feeding beyond the WHO recommended 12 months' duration. Objective: To determine the duration of breast feeding and correlate with outcome of HIV-exposed infants in UDUTH, Sokoto. Methods: This descriptive observational study was conducted among HIV-exposed infants attending Paediatric ART(PMTCT) clinic, UDUTH, Sokoto. The demographics, infant post-exposure prophylaxis, duration of breast feeding and results of early infant diagnosis (EID) of the infants using HIV-DNA PCR machine; and maternal highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) history were documented. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 24.0. A p-value of ≤0.05 was taken as significant. Results: One hundred and sixty-three HIV-positive mother-infant pairs were studied, 103(61.7%) of the HIV-positive mothers were aged 25-34 years, 105(62.9%) were of lower socio-economic class and 94(56.3%) had informal education. One hundred and fifteen (62.5%) were on TDF/3TC/EFV and 143 (85.6%) were on HAARTs prior to the index pregnancy. One hundred and sixty-three of the HIV-exposed infants studied were breast-fed and 165 (98.8%) had nevirapine as infant PEP. The mean duration of breast feeding among HIV-exposed infants was 13.2(±3.5) months with a range 6 ­ 20 months. Ninety-eight (60.1%) infants were breastfed beyond 12months. All the HIV-exposed infants were not infected at the end of breastfeeding for 12 months or more. Conclusion: Majority of the HIV-positive mother's breastfed beyond WHO recommended 12 months and their infants were uninfected. This may support the upward review of the duration of breast feeding of HIV-exposed infants in our community


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , Duration of Therapy , HIV Seropositivity , Infant , Nigeria , Patient Outcome Assessment
5.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03470, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1020385

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a frequência e as razões da omissão do cuidado de enfermagem e verificar se as razões de omissão diferem entre categorias profissionais. Método Estudo quantitativo e transversal realizado nas unidades de internação adulto de hospital público de uma instituição de ensino. A coleta de dados foi realizada no período de fevereiro a abril de 2017, por meio de uma ficha de caracterização pessoal e profissional e pelo instrumento MISSCARE-BRASIL. Resultados Participaram do estudo 58 profissionais de enfermagem responsáveis pela assistência direta ao paciente, dos quais 74,1% relataram pelo menos uma atividade de enfermagem omitida no turno de trabalho. As principais razões atribuídas à omissão do cuidado foram o dimensionamento inadequado dos profissionais, as situações de urgência com os pacientes durante o turno de trabalho e a não disponibilidade de medicamentos, materiais ou equipamentos quando necessário. Conclusão A maioria dos cuidados foi "sempre" ou "frequentemente" realizada, e as razões atribuídas para a omissão do cuidado estão relacionadas aos recursos laborais, materiais e estilo de gestão. Os enfermeiros diferem dos técnicos quanto às razões para a não realização dos cuidados.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar la frecuencia y las razones de la omisión del cuidado de enfermería y verificar si las razones de omisión difieren entre categorías profesionales. Método Estudio cuantitativo y transversal llevado a cabo en las unidades de hospitalización de adultos de un hospital público de un centro de enseñanza. La recolección de datos fue realizada en el período de febrero a abril de 2017, mediante una ficha de caracterización personal y profesional y por el instrumento MISSCARE-BRASIL. Resultados Participaron en el estudio 58 profesionales de enfermería responsables de la asistencia directa al paciente, de los que el 74,1% relataron por lo menos una actividad de enfermería omitida en el turno de trabajo. Las principales razones atribuidas a la omisión del cuidado fueron el dimensionamiento inadecuado de los profesionales, las situaciones de urgencias con los pacientes durante el turno de trabajo y la no disponibilidad de fármacos, materiales o equipos cuando necesario. Conclusión La mayoría de los cuidados fue "siempre" o "a menudo" realizada, y las razones atribuidas para la omisión del cuidado están relacionadas con los recursos laborales, materiales y estilo de gestión. Los enfermeros difieren de los técnicos en cuanto a las razones para la no realización de los cuidados.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the frequency and reasons for missed nursing care and to verify whether the reasons for omission differ between professional categories. Method A quantitative and cross-sectional study carried out in the adult hospitalization units of a public hospital of a teaching institution. Data collection was performed from February to April 2017, through a personal and professional characterization form and the MISSCARE-BRASIL instrument. Results Fifty-eight (58) nursing professionals responsible for direct patient care participated in the study, of which 74.1% reported at least one missed nursing care activity during the work shift. The main reasons attributed to missed care situations were an inadequate amount of professionals, urgent situations with the patients during the work shift, and the non-availability of medicine, materials or equipment when necessary. Conclusion Most care was "always" or "often" performed, and the reasons given for missed care are related to work resources, materials, and management style. Nurses differ from the technicians as to the reasons for not performing care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Outcome Assessment , Nursing Care , Health Evaluation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Patient Safety
6.
Medisan ; 23(4)jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1091115

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Una de las secuelas más recurrentes de la rama neurológica es la parálisis facial, que no solo afecta al área motora, sino también a la psicológica, por ser el rostro la imagen representativa de la persona. Objetivo: Evaluar la influencia de la digitopuntura como alternativa terapéutica en pacientes con parálisis facial, mediante la aplicación de la técnica fotográfica para la medición de ángulos según los indicadores de evaluación propuestos. Métodos: Se efectuó un estudio experimental y longitudinal de tipo panel, con un pretest y un postest, en el Servicio de Fisioterapia del Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico Militar Central Dr. Carlos Juan Finlay, en el municipio de Marianao, La Habana, de mayo a julio del 2016, para lo cual se conformaron dos grupos: uno de control, en el cual se aplicó tratamiento convencional (masaje, ejercicios de la mímica y agentes físicos), y otro de experimento, que recibió digitopuntura adicionada al masaje. Resultados: En la evaluación de ambos grupos, se obtuvo que en el de control los mejores resultados figuraron en el eje central de la boca, seguido de la contracción muscular, mientras que en el grupo de experimento el total mostró notables cambios en todos los indicadores, con predominio de la contracción muscular. Al comparar los resultados de ambos grupos en el pretest y el postest, se evidenció la incidencia y efectividad de la digitopuntura en el grupo de experimento. Conclusiones: La digitopuntura, como parte de la rehabilitación en personas afectadas por parálisis facial, influyó en una mejor recuperación y disminuyó considerablemente el tiempo de tratamiento, lo que incidió mayormente en las féminas.


Introduction: One of the most recurrent sequels in the neurological branch is the facial paralysis which not only affects the motor area, but also the psychological one, as the face is the person's representative image. Objective: To evaluate the influence of digitopuncture as therapeutic alternative in patients with facial paralysis, by using the photographic technique for measuring angles according to the proposed evaluation indicators. Methods: A panel experimental and longitudinal study was made, with a pretest and a posttest, in the Physiotherapy Service of Dr. Carlos Juan Finlay Hospital Central Military Clinical-surgical, in Marianao municipality, Havana, from May to July, 2016, for which two groups were formed: a control group, in which conventional treatment was applied (massage, exercises of the pantomime and physical agents), and an experiment group which received digitopuncture besides massage. Results: In the evaluation of both groups, it was obtained that in the control group the best results were in the central axis of the mouth, followed by the muscle contraction, while the whole experimental group showed remarkable changes in all the indicators, with prevalence of the muscle contraction. When comparing the results of both groups in the pretest and posttest, the incidence and effectiveness of the digitopuncture was evidenced in the experimental group. Conclusions: Digitopuncture, as part of the rehabilitation in patients affected due to facial paralysis, influenced in a better recovery and decreased the time of treatment considerably, which had a higher incidence in the female group.


Subject(s)
Facial Paralysis , Patient Outcome Assessment , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Physical Therapy Department, Hospital
7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(7): 460-469, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011372

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Facial nerve injury, affecting mainly the marginal mandibular branch, is the most frequent neurologic complication from parotidectomy. Objective To test a modified Sunnybrook Facial Grading System as a new tool to assess the facial nerve function following parotidectomy, emphasizing the marginal mandibular branch. Methods We reviewed the medical records of 73 post-parotidectomy patients (40 female, 18-84 years old, mean age 53.2 years) with facial nerve sparing, referred to the Department of Physical Therapy. All patients had parotid neoplasms or advanced skin cancer, and were followed by the principal author between 2006 and 2014. Results The muscles innervated by the marginal mandibular branch were the most frequently affected (72.6%), particularly in patients undergoing neck dissection (p = 0.023). The voluntary movement scores obtained with the modified system were significantly lower compared with the original version (p < 0.001). The best and worst scores were observed in patients with benign parotid tumors and skin cancer, respectively. Patients requiring neck dissection (p = 0.031) and resection of other structures (p = 0.021) had the lowest scores, evidenced only with the modified version. Patients with malignant tumors had significantly worse ratings, regardless of the Sunnybrook system version. The post-physiotherapy analysis involved 50 patients. The worst facial rehabilitation outcomes were related to the marginal mandibular branch function. Conclusion The modified Sunnybrook Facial Grading System improved the marginal mandibular branch assessment, preserving the evaluation of other facial nerve branches.


RESUMO A lesão do nervo facial é a principal complicação neurológica relacionada às parotidectomias e, em geral, o ramo marginal mandibular é o mais frequentemente acometido. Objetivo Testar um Sistema Sunnybrook de Graduação Facial modificado (mS-FGS) como uma nova ferramenta para avaliar a função do nervo facial após a parotidectomia, enfatizando o ramo marginal mandibular. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, baseado em prontuários de 73 casos (40 do sexo feminino, 18-84 anos, idade média = 53,2), submetidos à parotidectomia, com preservação do nervo facial. Todos os pacientes apresentavam neoplasias parotídeas ou câncer de pele avançado, e foram tratados pela autora principal entre 2006 e 2014. Resultados Neste estudo, os músculos inervados pelo ramo marginal mandibular foram os mais acometidos (72,6% dos casos), principalmente nos pacientes que realizaram esvaziamento cervical (p = 0,023). Os Escores de Movimento Voluntário obtidos pelo sistema modificado foram inferiores aos obtidos pelo original (p < 0,001). As melhores pontuações foram observadas em pacientes com tumores benignos parotídeos e os piores resultados, naqueles com câncer de pele. Pacientes que necessitaram de esvaziamento cervical e ressecção de outras estruturas, além da parótida, apresentaram escores menores (p = 0,031 e p = 0,021), evidenciados apenas pelo sistema modificado. Os tumores malignos geraram escores significativamente menores, independentemente do instrumento empregado. A análise pós fisioterapia envolveu 50 casos. Os piores resultados, após a intervenção fisioterapêutica, também foram observados nos músculos inervados pelo ramo marginal mandibular. Conclusão A avaliação da disfunção facial pós-parotidectomia, através do Sistema Sunnybrook com a modificação proposta permitiu uma apreciação mais detalhada do ramo marginal mandibular, sem prejuízo à avaliação dos demais ramos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Facial Nerve Injuries/diagnosis , Facial Nerve/surgery , Parotid Gland/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Skin Neoplasms/physiopathology , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Parotid Neoplasms/physiopathology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Facial Nerve Injuries/surgery , Facial Nerve Injuries/etiology , Facial Nerve Injuries/physiopathology , Facial Nerve/physiopathology , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Facial Paralysis/physiopathology , Patient Outcome Assessment
8.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 6(1): 18-21, mar. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254184

ABSTRACT

The introduction of the measurement of Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) into a comprehensive assessment is highly significant, since it provides essential information by considering the treatment needs of each individual and population from their own perspective. Likewise, it is an important tool for the assessment of interventions, services and public health programs, especially those aimed at children and adolescents, since they are one of the main objective groups of the dental services. The aim of this paper is to review the main available instruments for measuring OHRQoL, especially in children. Measuring quality of life according to the oral health status is subjective, since it is influenced by different factors that cannot be observed in a direct manner. These instruments were developed for that purpose and repre-sent dimensions that seek to value the personal psychosocial perception of each individual. Several health problems affect the QoL of children and adolescents, including: DDQ, Michigan OH, OH-ECQOL, SOHO-5, ECOHIS, Child-DPQ, Child-OHIP, Child-OIDP, CPQ8-10, CPQ11-14, DFTO, IFAQ, MIQ, P-CPQ, PedsQ1 OH, POQL, among others


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Patient Outcome Assessment , Quality of Health Care , Dental Health Surveys , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 55: e18341, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039058

ABSTRACT

The adherence to therapy associated with the socio-demographic variables and the habits of patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus were investigated in this study. The registration forms of 105 patients in the Hiperdia program in the municipality of Campina Grande-PB were used as a data collection instrument, applying the Morisky-Green test (MGT) and Batalla test (BT) to assess compliance treatment. For the MGT, there was a prevalence of non-adherent individuals (76.2%) and the type of predominant behavior was unintentional. The internal consistency of the responses obtained through the MGT presented good reliability, according to the value of 0.69 obtained by Cronbach's alpha. For the BT, there was a predominance of adherence (68.6%) and the alpha value was 0.80, showing a high reliability level. It was found that a diet lacking in salt is a strong impact variable for determining the adherence to the BT. Given the representativity of the tests, there is a need to amend the interferences that facilitate the low adherence to drug treatment. The results of this study can be used to construct strategies that will address these difficulties and optimize the adherence level and quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Hypertension/drug therapy , Awareness/classification , Chronic Disease/classification , Patient Outcome Assessment
10.
S. Afr. gastroenterol. rev ; 17(1): 48-48, 2019.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1270172

ABSTRACT

I was invited to an interest group meeting at Inanda Club, Sandton that was hosted by the Gastro Foundation. It was a beautiful sunny Saturday morning and the room was filled with familiar faces. What better way to spend a Saturday morning: great food, excellent company and brilliant discussions


Subject(s)
Blood Safety , Health Information Management , Patient Outcome Assessment
11.
The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine ; 76(7): 4553-4556, 2019. tab
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1272774

ABSTRACT

Background: For shock wave lithotripsy has proven to be an effective, safe and truly minimally invasive option for the treatment of nephrolithiasis. Various technical factors as well as patient selection can impact the success of the procedure. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the parameters on NCCT that may predict the success of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in ureteral stones. Patients and Methods: 102 patients who underwent SWL for ureteral stones at sayed Galal University Hospital from January 2015 to August 2018 diagnosed by non-contrasted computed tomography were studied. The failure was defined as remnant stones ﻞ4 mm. We assessed age, sex, body mass index, stone size, location, skin-to-stone distance (SSD), presence of JJ and the presence of secondary signs (hydronephrosis, renal enlargement, perinephric fat stranding, and tissue rim sign). Results: 102 patients with success rate 61.8%, stone size, stone density were significantly associated with outcome of SWL. While SSD, JJ and secondary signs (hydronephrosis, perinephric fat stranding and tissue rim sign) were insignificant. On multivariate analysis, stone size and stone density were the independent factors affecting the outcome of SWL. Conclusions: The study demonstrated that stone size and density are significant and independent predictors of outcome in patients with upper ureteral stones. However SSD and signs of impaction still have to be evaluated


Subject(s)
High-Energy Shock Waves , Lithotripsy , Patient Outcome Assessment
12.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 35(1): 16-31, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1005803

ABSTRACT

Analizar la relación entre los planteamientos diagnósticos de ingreso y egreso, así como la utilidad de los exámenes paraclínicos solicitados para su eficacia diagnóstica. También se determinaron los tiempos de estancia en los servicios de emergencia y hospitalización como parte del sistema de control de calidad. Métodos: Estudio de casos, prospectivo y longitudinal. La muestra estuvo constituida por pacientes que consultaron al Servicio de Emergencia del Hospital General del Oeste y fueron hospitalizados en el servicio de Medicina Interna. Se trató de un muestreo no probabilístico, de selección intencional, de pacientes de cualquier género mayores de 18 años, que ingresaron en el período de Enero a Julio de 2018 con un total de 135. Los datos recolectados de los exámenes complementarios se clasificaron en útiles o no, según cada diagnóstico. Otra importante variable medida fue la identificación de estancia intrahospitalaria prolongada y su causa. Tratamiento estadístico: Se aplicó estadística descriptica a través de medidas de tendencia central y proporción según la naturaleza de las variables, con el fin de priorizar las principales fallas de calidad seguida de la estimación de los costos. Resultados: En el 45% de los casos la causante de estancia prolongada en la Emergencia fue la limitación en la infraestructura. En cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria y su costo, las seis principales fallas correspondieron a un total estimado de US$ 289.695 e incluyó al personal y al Sistema de Salud. Los exámenes diagnósticos de laboratorio e imágenes más solicitados representaron un porcentaje de no utilidad con un costo total estimado de US$ 7.224. Conclusión: En este primer trabajo venezolano sobre Atención Médica de Alto Valor se observaron múltiples causas por las cuales su práctica no fue completa(AU)


To analyze the relationship between the diagnostic approaches at admission and discharge of our hospital, as well as the utility of the tests requested in terms of their diagnostic efficacy and the determination of the length of stay in the emergency services and hospitalization as part of the evaluation of the health system´s quality. Methods: Case study, prospective and longitudinal. The sample were patients who consulted to the Emergency Service of the Hospital General del Oeste, Caracas, Venezuela, and were hospitalized in the Internal Medicine wards. It was a non-probabilistic sampling, of intentional selection, of patients of any gender over 18 years old, from January to July 2018, with a total sample of 135 subjects. The data collected of the tests and images ordered, were clasified as useful or not according to their iagnostic power; another important variable was to evaluate the prolonged hospital stay length and the causes for it. Statistics: Measures of central tendency and proportion, according to the nature of the variables, in order to prioritize the main quality faults, followed by the estimation of costs. Results: In 45% the cause of prolonged stay in the Emergency was the limitation of the infrastructure. In the context of the hospital stay and the six main failures corresponded to an estimated total cost of US$ 289.695 and ncluded health personnel and the Health System. The most frequently ordered laboratory tests and images showed a percentage of non-utility with an estimated total cost of US$ 7.224. Conclusion: In this first Venezuelan study on High-Value Medical Care, multiple causes were observed and explain why its practice is not complete(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Patient Admission/standards , Admitting Department, Hospital/standards , Patient Outcome Assessment , Medical Examination , Emergency Medicine , Hospitalization
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788776

ABSTRACT

Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is the major cause of intractable focal epilepsy in childhood leading to epilepsy surgery. The overall seizure freedom after surgery ranges between 50–75% at 2 years after surgery and the long-term seizure freedom remain relatively stable. Seizure outcome after surgery depends on a various factors such as pathologic etiologies, extent of lesion, and types of surgery. Therefore, seizure outcome after surgery for FCD should be analyzed carefully considering cohorts' characteristics. Studies of pediatric epilepsy surgery emphasize the early surgical intervention for a better cognition. Early surgical intervention and cessation of seizure activity are important for children with intractable epilepsy. However, there are limited data on the cognitive outcome after surgery in pediatric FCD, requiring further investigation. This paper reviews the seizure and cognitive outcomes of epilepsy surgery for FCD in children. Several prognostic factors influencing seizure outcome after surgery will be discussed in detail.


Subject(s)
Child , Cognition , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Epilepsies, Partial , Epilepsy , Freedom , Humans , Malformations of Cortical Development , Patient Outcome Assessment , Pediatrics , Seizures
14.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 125-128, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771632

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To examine the relationships between emergency department length of stay (EDLOS) with hospital length of stay (HLOS) and clinical outcome in hemodynamically stable trauma patients.@*METHODS@#Prospective data collected for 2 years from consecutive trauma patients admitted to the trauma resuscitation bay. Only stable blunt trauma patients with appropriate trauma triage criteria requiring trauma team activation were included in the study. EDLOS was determined short if patient spent less than 2 h in the emergency department (ER) and long for more than 2 h.@*RESULTS@#A total of 248 patients were enrolled in the study. The mean total EDLOS was 125 min (range 78-180). Injury severity score (ISS) were significantly higher in the long EDLOS group (17 ± 13 versus 11 ± 9, p < 0.001). However, when leveled according to ISS, there were no differences in mean in diagnostic workup, admission rate to intensive care unit (ICU) or HLOS between the short and long EDLOS groups.@*CONCLUSION@#EDLOS is not a significant parameter for HLOS in stable trauma patients.


Subject(s)
Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospitals , Intensive Care Units , Israel , Length of Stay , Patient Admission , Patient Outcome Assessment , Time Factors , Trauma Severity Indices , Wounds and Injuries
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 172-176, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771621

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is systemic manifestation of fat emboli in the circulation seen mostly after long bone fractures. FES is considered a lethal complication of trauma. There are various case reports and series describing FES. Here we describe the clinical characteristics, management in ICU and outcome of these patients in level I trauma center in a span of 6 months.@*METHODS@#In this prospective study, analysis of all the patients with FES admitted in our polytrauma intensive care unit (ICU) of level I trauma center over a period of 6 months (from August 2017 to January 2018) was done. Demographic data, clinical features, management in ICU and outcome were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#We admitted 10 cases of FES. The mean age of patients was 31.2 years. The mean duration from time of injury to onset of symptoms was 56 h. All patients presented with hypoxemia and petechiae but central nervous system symptoms were present in 70% of patients. The mean duration of mechanical ventilation was 11.7 days and the mean length of ICU stay was 14.7 days. There was excellent recovery among patients with no neurological deficit.@*CONCLUSION@#FES is considered a lethal complication of trauma but timely management can result in favorable outcome. FES can occur even after fixation of the fracture. Hypoxia is the most common and earliest feature of FES followed by CNS manifestations. Any patient presenting with such symptoms should raise the suspicion of FES and mandate early ICU referral.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Central Nervous System Diseases , Early Diagnosis , Embolism, Fat , Diagnosis , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Hypoxia , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Male , Patient Outcome Assessment , Time Factors , Trauma Centers , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785608

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trends in demographics and outcomes of patients presenting with traumatic brain injury by performing a retrospective database review of the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) Trauma Registry.METHODS: We utilized the IDPH Trauma Registry to retrieve data on patients treated for traumatic brain injuries at our large, tertiary care hospital from 2004 to 2012, inclusive. From this data, logistic regression models were used to analyze and compare basic demographics such as age, sex, and clinical outcome.RESULTS: Three thousand and thirty-nine patients were analyzed with a mean age of 43 (standard deviation, 24) and a median age of 41 (interquartile range, 23 to 60). Over the study period, patients’ age increased steadily from 32 to 49 years. The percentage of female patients increased, from 16.4% to 27.5% over the last 4 years. Overall mortality was greater for males than females (22.1% vs. 17.3%; odds ratio [OR], 1.36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10 to 1.68). Mortality decreased over the period (OR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.85 to 0.91), with a greater decrease in females (OR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.78 to 0.90) than in males (OR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.86 to 0.94).CONCLUSION: Although the age of patients presenting with traumatic brain injury is increasing substantially, the data suggests that overall mortality appears to be decreasing, and this decrease appears to be greater in females than in males. These changes in trends found in the IDPH Trauma Registry supports the importance for further analysis of other reliable public datasets to identify areas of future study.


Subject(s)
Brain Injuries , Dataset , Demography , Emergency Service, Hospital , Female , Humans , Illinois , Logistic Models , Male , Mortality , Odds Ratio , Patient Outcome Assessment , Public Health , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Healthcare
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A common emergency department (ED) patient care outcome metric is 72-hour ED return visits (EDRVs). Risks predictive of EDRV vary in different studies. However, risk differences associated with related versus unrelated EDRV and subsequent EDRV disposition deviations (EDRVDD) are rarely addressed. We aim to compare the potential risk patterns predictive of related and unrelated EDRV and further determine those potential risks predictive of EDRVDD.METHODS: We conducted a large retrospective observational study from September 1, 2015 through June 30, 2016. ED Patient demographic characteristics and clinical metrics were compared among patients of 1) related; 2) unrelated; and 3) no EDRVs. EDRVDD was defined as obvious disposition differences between initial ED visit and return visits. A multivariate multinomial logistic regression was performed to determine the independent risks predictive of EDRV and EDRVDD after adjusting for all confounders.RESULTS: A total of 63,990 patients were enrolled; 4.65% were considered related EDRV, and 1.80% were unrelated. The top risks predictive of EDRV were homeless, patient left without being seen, eloped, or left against medical advice. The top risks predictive of EDRVDD were geriatric and whether patients had primary care physicians regardless as to whether patient returns were related or unrelated to their initial ED visits.CONCLUSION: Over 6% of patients experienced ED return visits within 72 hours. Though risks predicting such revisits were multifactorial, similar risks were identified not only for ED return visits, but also for return ED visit disposition deviations.


Subject(s)
Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Logistic Models , Observational Study , Patient Care , Patient Outcome Assessment , Physicians, Primary Care , Retrospective Studies
18.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 47-52, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739701

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The role of very early (≤12 hours) endoscopy in nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding is controversial. We aimed to compare results of very early and early (12–24 hours) endoscopy in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding demonstrating low-risk versus high-risk features and nonvariceal versus variceal bleeding. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with nonvariceal and variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The primary outcome was a composite of inpatient death, rebleeding, or need for surgery or intensive care unit admission. Endoscopy timing was defined as very early and early. We performed the analysis in two subgroups: (1) high-risk vs. low-risk patients and (2) variceal vs. nonvariceal bleeding. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients were included, of whom 59.8% underwent urgent endoscopy. Patients who underwent very early endoscopy received endoscopic therapy more frequently (p=0.001), but there was no improvement in other clinical outcomes. Furthermore, patients at low risk and with nonvariceal bleeding who underwent very early endoscopy had a higher risk of the composite outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Very early endoscopy does not seem to be associated with improved clinical outcomes and may lead to poorer outcomes in specific populations with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The actual benefit of very early endoscopy remains controversial and should be further clarified.


Subject(s)
Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Humans , Inpatients , Intensive Care Units , Patient Outcome Assessment , Retrospective Studies
19.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 59-64, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739699

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The clinical impact of single-stage endoscopic stone extraction by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and cholecystectomy during the same hospitalization remains elusive. This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of single-stage ERCP and cholecystectomy during the same hospitalization in patients with cholangitis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 166 patients who underwent ERCP for mild to moderate cholangitis due to choledocholithiasis secondary to cholecystolithiasis from 2012 to 2016. RESULTS: Complete stone extraction was accomplished in 92% of patients (152/166) at the first ERCP. Among 152 patients who underwent complete stone extraction, cholecystectomy was scheduled for 119 patients (78%). Cholecystectomy was performed during the same hospitalization in 89% of patients (106/119). We compared two groups of patients: those who underwent cholecystectomy during the same hospitalization (n=106) and those who underwent cholecystectomy during a subsequent hospitalization (n=13). In the delayed group, cholecystectomy was performed about three months after the first ERCP. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of operative time, rate of postoperative complications, and interval from cholecystectomy to discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Single-stage endoscopic stone extraction is recommended in patients with mild to moderate acute cholangitis due to choledocholithiasis. The combination of endoscopic stone extraction and cholecystectomy during the same hospitalization is safe and feasible.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystolithiasis , Choledocholithiasis , Hospitalization , Humans , Medical Records , Operative Time , Patient Outcome Assessment , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766182

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate longitudinal changes in the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Sjögren's syndrome patient reported index (ESSPRI) and to study the clinical features associated with favorable ESSPRI changes in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: At baseline and after a median period of 6.6 years, 41 pSS patients were evaluated using the ESSPRI, EULAR Sjögren's syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI), short-form 36, xerostomia inventory (XI), and visual analog scale (VAS) scores for symptoms. The favorable subgroup included patients who were stable or showed improved to satisfactory symptom status (ESSPRI<5) and the unfavorable subgroup included those with stable or worsening to an unsatisfactory symptom status (ESSPRI ≥5). RESULTS: Median ESSPRI increased from 4.11 to 5.33 (p<0.05), although XI scores (p=0.01) and oral dryness (p<0.05) were significantly decreased. Serum immunoglobulin G level was significantly reduced (p<0.001) but ESSDAI scores were unchanged. Six (14.6%) patients showed clinical improvement in ESSDAI, and 11 (26.8%) showed improvement in ESSPRI. On comparing the favorable (n=17) and unfavorable (n=24) subgroups, the former exhibited significantly lower VAS scores for sicca and depression and XI and ESSPRI scores at baseline (all p<0.05) and more lacrimal flow (p<0.05). The favorable subgroup received a significantly lower cumulative dose of pilocarpine and glucocorticoids (both p<0.05). CONCLUSION: About 25% of pSS patients showed clinically significant ESSPRI improvement and about 40% showed a favorable ESSPRI course. Because the favorable subgroup had more lacrimal flow and less sicca symptoms at baseline, long-term patient-derived outcomes could depend on residual exocrine function at pSS diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Depression , Diagnosis , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Patient Outcome Assessment , Pilocarpine , Quality of Life , Rheumatic Diseases , Visual Analog Scale , Xerophthalmia , Xerostomia
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