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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4013, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1515331

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar la transición del cuidado desde la perspectiva de las personas que viven con enfermedades crónicas e identificar su relación con las características clínicas y sociodemográficas. Método: estudio transversal, con 487 pacientes dados de alta de un hospital. Se utilizaron los instrumentos de caracterización clínica, sociodemográfica y Care Transitions Measure-15, que mide los factores Preparación para el automanejo, Preferencias aseguradas, Comprensión sobre medicamentos y Plan de cuidados. Análisis estadístico descriptivo e inferencial. Resultados: la transición del cuidado fue satisfactoria (76,8±10,4). Media de factores: Preparación para el automanejo (82,2±10,8), Preferencias aseguradas (84,7±14,3), Comprensión sobre medicamentos (75,7±13,7) y Plan de Cuidados (64,5±13,2). Pacientes del sexo femenino presentaron mayor promedio en el factor comprensión sobre medicamentos. Los blancos y los residentes en áreas urbanas calificaron mejor el Plan de cuidados. La media más alta se observó para el factor Preferencias aseguradas (84,7±14,3) y la más baja para el factor Plan de cuidados (64,5±13,2). En todos los factores se encontraron diferencias significativas en las variables (paciente quirúrgico, tener artefactos clínicos y no estar hospitalizado por COVID-19). Los pacientes internados hasta cinco días presentaron diferencia estadística en los factores Preparación para el automanejo y Comprensión sobre medicamentos. En los pacientes que no reingresaron dentro de los 30 días posteriores al alta, la preparación para el automanejo fue mejor. Cuanto mejor sea la preparación para el automanejo, menores serán las tasas de reingreso a los 30 días. Conclusión: en pacientes que viven con enfermedades crónicas, variables sociodemográficas y clínicas están asociadas a la transición del cuidado. Los pacientes que evaluaron mejor la preparación para el automanejo tuvieron menos reingresos dentro de los 30 días.


Objective: evaluate the transition of care from the perspective of people living with chronic diseases and identify its relation with clinical and sociodemographic characteristics. Method: cross-sectional study with 487 patients who were discharged from a hospital. Clinical and sociodemographic characterization instruments were used, as well as the Care Transitions Measure-15, which measures Preparation for self-management, Secured preferences, Understanding about medications and Care plan factors. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. Results: the transition of care was satisfactory (76.8±10.4). Average of the factors: Preparation for self-management (82.2±10.8), Secured preferences (84.7±14.3), Understanding about medications (75.7±13.7) and Care plan (64.5±13.2). Female patients had a higher average in the understanding about medications factor. Whites and residents in the urban area better evaluated the Care plan factor. The highest mean was observed for the Secured preferences factor (84.7±14.3) and the lowest for the Care plan factor (64.5±13.2). In all factors, significant differences were found in the variables (surgical patient, carrying clinical artifacts and not being hospitalized for COVID-19). Patients hospitalized for up to five days showed statistical difference in Preparation for self-management and Understanding about medications factors. In patients who were not readmitted within 30 days of discharge, Preparation for self-management was better. The better the Preparation for self-management, the lower the 30-day readmission rates. Conclusion: in patients living with chronic diseases, sociodemographic and clinical variables are associated with the transition of care. Patients who better evaluated preparation for self-management had fewer readmissions within 30 days.


Objetivo: avaliar a transição do cuidado na perspectiva de pessoas que vivem com doenças crônicas e identificar sua relação com as características clínicas e sociodemográficas. Método: estudo transversal, com 487 pacientes que receberam alta de um hospital. Foram utilizados instrumentos de caracterização clínica, sociodemográfica e Care Transitions Measure-15, que mensura os fatores Preparo para o autogerenciamento, Preferências asseguradas, Entendimento das medicações e Plano de cuidados. Análise estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: a transição do cuidado foi satisfatória (76,8±10,4). Média dos fatores: preparo para o autogerenciamento (82,2±10,8), Preferências asseguradas (84,7±14,3), Entendimento das medicações (75,7±13,7) e Plano de Cuidados (64,5±13,2). Pacientes do sexo feminino apresentaram média superior no fator entendimento sobre medicações. Brancos e residentes na zona urbana avaliaram melhor o Plano de cuidados. Observou-se a maior média no fator Preferências asseguradas (84,7±14,3) e a menor no fator Plano de cuidados (64,5±13,2). Em todos os fatores, foram encontradas diferenças significativas nas variáveis (paciente cirúrgico, portar artefatos clínicos e não estar internado por COVID-19). Pacientes internados até cinco dias apresentaram diferença estatística nos fatores Preparação para o autogerenciamento e Entendimento das medicações. Em pacientes que não apresentaram reinternação em 30 dias após a alta, o Preparo para o autogerenciamento foi melhor. Quanto melhor o Preparo para o autogerenciamento, menores são os índices de reinternação em 30 dias. Conclusão: em pacientes que vivem com doenças crônicas, variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas estão associadas à transição do cuidado. Pacientes que avaliaram melhor o preparo para autogerenciamento tiveram menos reinternações em 30 dias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Patient Transfer , Hospitalization
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 222-230, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449796

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the factors associated with readmission within 30 days after discharge (R30) and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in elderly patients undergoing proximal femur fracture surgery (PFF). Methods Retrospective cohort with data from 896 medical records of elderly (≥ 60 years) patients submitted to PFF surgery in a Brazilian hospital between November 2014 and December, 2019. The patients included were followed-up from the date of hospitalization for surgery up to 30 days after discharge. As independent variables, we evaluated gender, age, marital status, pre- and postoperative hemoglobin (Hb), international normalized ratio, time of hospitalization related to the surgery, door-surgery time, comorbidities, previous surgeries, use of medications, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score. Results The incidence of R30 was 10.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.3-12.3%), and the incidence of IHM was 5.7% (95%CI: 4.3-7.4%). Regarding R30, hypertension (odds ratio [OR]: 1.71; 95%CI: 1.03-2.96), and regular use of psychotropic drugs (OR: 1.74; 95%CI: 1.12-2.72) were associated in the adjusted model. In the case of IHM, higher chances were associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) (OR: 5.80; 95%CI: 2.64-12.31), longer hospitalization time (OR: 1.06; 95%CI: 1.01-1.10), and R30 (OR: 3.60; 95%CI: 1.54-7.96). Higher preoperative Hb values were associated with a lower chance of mortality (OR: 0.73; 95%CI: 0.61-0.87). Conclusion Findings suggest that the occurrence of these outcomes is associated with comorbidities, medications, and Hb.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os fatores associados à reinternação em até 30 dias após a alta (R30) e à mortalidade intra-hospitalar (MIH) em idosos submetidos a cirurgia por fratura do fêmur proximal (FFP). Métodos Coorte retrospectiva com dados de 896 prontuários de idosos (≥ 60 anos) submetidos a cirurgia de FFP em hospital brasileiro, no período entre novembro de 2014 a dezembro de 2019. Os pacientes incluídos foram acompanhados desde a data de internação para a cirurgia até 30 dias após a alta. Como variáveis independentes, foram avaliados o sexo, idade, estado civil, hemoglobina (Hb) pré e pós-operatória, razão normalizada internacional, tempo da internação relacionada à cirurgia, tempo porta cirurgia, comorbidades, cirurgias prévias, uso de medicamentos e escore da American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA). Resultados A incidência de R30 foi de 10,2% (intervalo de confiança [IC] 95%: 8,3-12,3%) e a de MIH foi 5,7% (IC95%: 4,3-7,4%). Referente a R30, no modelo ajustado, associaram-se ter hipertensão (odds ratio [OR]: 1,71; IC95%: 1,03-2,96), uso regular de medicamentos psicotrópicos (OR: 1,74; IC95%: 1,12-2,72). Tratando-se da MIH, maiores chances estiveram associadas à doença renal crônica (DRC) (OR: 5,80; IC95%: 2,64-12,31), maior tempo de internação (OR: 1,06; IC95%: 1,01-1,10) e R30 (OR: 3,60; IC95%: 1,54-7,96). Maiores valores de Hb pré-operatória associaram-se à menor chance de mortalidade (OR: 0,73; IC95%: 0,61-0,87). Conclusão Os achados sugerem que a ocorrência destes desfechos está associada à comorbidades, medicamentos e Hb.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Readmission , Mortality , Femoral Fractures/surgery
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 246-256, feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430523

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This study is to investigate the effect of home-based cardiac rehabilitation (HBCR) on quality of life, functional capacity, and readmission rates in patients with heart failure. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were screened from Cochrane Library, CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE. The intervention group received a standardized HBCR or a comprehensive rehabilitation strategy that included HBCR. The participants in the control group received CR at a medical center or usual care without CR intervention. The main outcome measurements included quality of life, exercise capacity, mortality and re-hospitalization. This meta-analysis included 20 RCTs, in which 16 studies compared HBCR with usual care, and 4 studies compared HBCR with center-based CR. In comparison with the usual care, HBCR improved the total quality of life score [MD=-5.85, 95 % CI (-9.76, - 1.94), P=0.003, I2=75 %]. Patients with HBCR and usual care were significantly different in VO2max [MD=1.05 mL/kg/min, 95 % CI (0.35, 1.75), P=0.003, I2=46 %]. However, VO2max of patients with HBCR was not significantly different from those with center-based CR [MD=0.08 mL/kg/min, 95 % CI (-1.29, 1.44), P=0.91, I2=0 %]. There was statistically significant difference in the 6-min Walk Distance between usual care and HBCR (for distance [MD=11.84, 95 % CI (7.41, 16.28), P<0.00001, I2=0 %]; and for feet [MD=98.93, 95 % CI (26.79, 171.08), P=0.007, I2=56 %]). However, there was no significant difference in 6-min Walk Distance between patients with HBCR and center-based CR [MD=12.45, 95 % CI (-9.81, 34.72), P=0.27, I2=0 %] , or in anxiety and depression between patients with usual care and HBCR (for anxiety, [MD=-0.25, 95 % CI (-0.56, 0.05), P=0.11, I2=0 %]; for depression, [MD=-0.18, 95 % CI (-0.51, 0.16), P=0.30, I2=0 %] . No significant difference was found in death number [RR=1.04, 95 % CI (0.55, 1.98), P=0.90, I2=0 %] or in the number of re-hospitalization [RR=0.88, 95 % CI (0.66, 1.18), P=0.40, I2=0 %] between usual care and HBCR. For patients with heart failure, compare with usual care and center-based CR, HBCR can improve the total quality of life. Compare with usual care, HBCR can improve VO2max and 6-min Walk Distance, but compare with center- based CR, there are no differences in mortality, re-hospitalization rate or incidence of anxiety and depression. Additionally, center- based CR and HBCR showed similar outcomes and medical costs.


El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el efecto de la rehabilitación cardíaca domiciliaria (HBCR) sobre la calidad de vida, la capacidad funcional y las tasas de reingreso en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca. Se seleccionaron ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA) de la Biblioteca Cochrane, CINAHL, EMBASE y MEDLINE. El grupo de intervención recibió un HBCR estandarizado o una estrategia de rehabilitación integral que incluía HBCR. Los participantes del grupo de control recibieron RC en un centro médico o atención habitual sin intervención de RC. Las principales medidas de resultado incluyeron la calidad de vida, la capacidad de ejercicio, la mortalidad y la rehospitalización. Este metanálisis incluyó 20 ECA, en los que 16 estudios compararon HBCR con la atención habitual y 4 estudios compararon que mejoró la puntuación total de calidad de vida [DM=-5,85, IC del 95 % (-9,76, -1,94), P=0,003, I2=75 %]. Los pacientes con HBCR y atención habitual fueron significativamente diferentes en el VO2máx [DM = 1,05 ml/kg/ min, IC del 95 % (0,35, 1,75), P = 0,003, I2 = 46 %]. Sin embargo, el VO2max de los pacientes con HBCR no fue significativamente diferente de aquellos con CR basada en el centro [DM = 0,08 ml/kg/min, IC del 95 % (-1,29, 1,44), P = 0,91, I2 = 0 %]. Hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en la distancia de caminata de 6 minutos entre la atención habitual y HBCR (para la distancia [DM=11,84, IC del 95 % (7,41, 16,28), P<0,00001, I2=0 %]; y para los pies [DM= 98,93, IC 95 % (26,79, 171,08), P=0,007, I2=56 %]). Sin embargo, no hubo una diferencia significativa en la distancia de caminata de 6 minutos entre los pacientes con HBCR y CR basada en el cen- tro [DM = 12,45, IC del 95 % (-9,81, 34,72), P = 0,27, I2 = 0 %], o en la ansiedad y depresión entre pacientes con atención habitual y HBCR (para ansiedad, [DM=-0,25, IC del 95 % (-0,56, 0,05), P=0,11, I2=0 %]; para depresión, [DM=-0,18, 95 % IC (- 0,51, 0,16), P=0,30, I2=0 %] No se encontraron diferencias significativas en el número de muertes [RR=1,04, IC del 95 % (0,55, 1,98), P=0,90, I2=0 %] o en el número de reingresos [RR=0,88, IC 95 % (0,66, 1,18), P=0,40, I2=0 %] entre atención habitual y HBCR. Para los pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca, en comparación con la atención habitual y la CR en un centro, la HBCR puede mejorar la calidad de vida total. En comparación con la atención habitual, la HBCR puede mejorar el VO2máx y la distancia recorrida en 6 minutos, pero en comparación con la CR basada en un centro, no hay diferencias en la mortalidad, la tasa de rehospitalización o la incidencia de ansiedad y depresión. Además, CR y HBCR basados en el centro mostraron resultados y costos médicos similares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Rehabilitation/methods , Heart Failure/rehabilitation , Home Care Services , Patient Readmission , Quality of Life , Exercise
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2241-2248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981355

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the correlation between traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and reduced risk of readmission in patients having rheumatoid arthritis with hypoproteinemia(RA-H). A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 2 437 rheumatoid arthritis patients in the information system database of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine from 2014 to 2021, and 476 of them were found to have hypoproteinemia. The patients were divided into TCM users and non-TCM users by propensity score matching. Exposure was defined as the use of oral Chinese patent medicine or herbal decoction for ≥1 month. Cox regression analysis was performed to explore the risk factors of clinical indicators of rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally, the use of TCM during hospitalization was analyzed, and analysis of association rules was conducted to investigate the correlation between TCM, improvement of indicators and readmission of patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was plotted to compare the readmission rate of TCM users and non-TCM users. It was found the readmission rate of RA-H patients was significantly higher than that of RA patients. By propensity score matching, 232 RA-H patients were divided into TCM group(116 cases) and non-TCM group(116 cases). Compared with the conditions in the non-TCM group, the readmission rate of the TCM group was lowered(P<0.01), and the readmission rate of middle-aged and elderly patients was higher than that of young patients(P<0.01). Old age was a risk factor for readmission of RA-H patients, while TCM, albumin(ALB) and total protein(TP) were the protective factors. During hospitalization, the TCMs used for RA-H patients were mainly divided into types of activating blood and resolving stasis, relaxing sinew and dredging collaterals, clearing heat and detoxifying, and invigorating spleen and resolving dampness. The improvement of rheumatoid factor(RF), immunoglobulin G(IgG), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), C-reactive protein(CRP) and ALB was closely related to TCM. On the basis of western medicine treatment, the application of TCM could reduce the readmission rate of RA-H patients, and longer use of TCM indicated lower readmission rate.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Patient Readmission , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Hypoproteinemia/drug therapy
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 191-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971250

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the factors associated with readmission within three months of surgery for gastric cancer and the impact of readmission on patients' long-term nutritional status and quality of life. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study comprising patients who underwent radical gastrectomy in the Department of Pancreatic and Gastric Surgery, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from October 2018 to August 2019. Patients who failed to complete postoperative follow-up, whose body mass index (BMI) could not be accurately estimated, or who were unable to complete a quality-of-life questionnaire were excluded. The patients were followed up for 12 months. Time to, cause(s) of, and outcomes of readmission were followed up 1, 2 and 3 months postoperatively. BMI was followed up 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Results of blood tests were collected and patients' nutritional status and quality of life were assessed 12 months postoperatively. Nutritional status was evaluated by BMI, hemoglobin, albumin, and total lymphocyte count. Quality of life was evaluated using the European Organization for Research in the Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life scale. The higher the scores for global health and functional domains, the better the quality of life, whereas the higher the score in the symptom domain, the worse the quality of life. Results: The study cohort comprised 259 patients with gastric cancer, all of whom were followed up for 3 months and 236 of whom were followed up for 12 months. Forty-four (17.0%) patients were readmitted within 3 months. The commonest reasons for readmission were gastrointestinal dysfunction (16 cases, 36.3%), intestinal obstruction (8 cases, 18.2%), and anastomotic stenosis (8 cases, 18.2%). Logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment score ≥ 4 points (OR=1.481, 95% CI: 1.028‒2.132), postoperative complications (OR=3.298, 95%CI:1.416‒7.684) and resection range (OR=1.582, 95% CI:1.057‒2.369) were risk factors for readmission within 3 months of surgery. Compared with patients who had not been readmitted 12 months after surgery, patients who were readmitted within 3 months of surgery tended to have greater decreases in their BMI [-2.36 (-5.13,-0.42) kg/m2 vs. -1.73 (-3.33,-0.33) kg/m2, Z=1.850, P=0.065), significantly lower hemoglobin and albumin concentrations [(122.1±16.6) g/L vs. (129.8±18.4) g/L, t=2.400, P=0.017]; [(40.9±5.0) g/L vs. (43.4±3.3) g/L, t=3.950, P<0.001], and significantly decreased global health scores in the quality of life assessment [83 (67, 100) vs. 100 (83, 100), Z=2.890,P=0.004]. Conclusion: Preoperative nutritional risk, total or proximal radical gastrectomy, and complications during hospitalization are risk factors for readmission within 3 months of surgery for gastric cancer. Perioperative management and postoperative follow-up should be more rigorous. Readmission within 3 months after surgery may be associated with a decline in long-term nutritional status and quality of life. Achieving improvement in long-term nutritional status and quality of life requires tracking of nutritional status, timely evaluation, and appropriate interventions in patients who need readmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nutritional Status , Quality of Life , Patient Readmission , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Prospective Studies , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
6.
Coluna/Columna ; 22(3): e274615, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520787

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: Postoperative readmission rates can be used to assess hospital care quality. The rates of unplanned readmission within 30 days after spine surgery are variable in the literature, and no studies have evaluated such rates in a single Latin American center. This study aimed to assess the rate of unplanned hospital readmission within 30 days after a spine surgery at a single Brazilian institution and to identify possible risk factors. Methods: Patients who underwent spine surgery at a single private hospital between January 2018 and December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and those with unplanned readmissions within 30 days of discharge were identified. Risk factors were determined, and the reoperation rate was assessed. Results: 650 patients were included in the analysis, and 74 (11.28%) were readmitted within 30 days after surgery. Higher readmission rates were observed after vertebroplasty and surgeries involving spinal or bone tumors. The risk factors found in the series were older age, longer hospital stays, higher ASA scores, instrumented surgeries, diabetes mellitus, and surgeries involving primary or secondary spinal tumors. The most common causes of unplanned readmission were infection and pain. Of the readmissions, 28.37% required a return to the operating room. Conclusions: This study suggests infection and pain management were the most common causes of unplanned readmission after spine surgery. Strategies to improve perioperative and postoperative care are required to reduce unplanned readmissions. Level of Evidence III; Retrospective Comparative Study.


RESUMO: Objetivo: As taxas de readmissão pós-operatórias podem ser usadas para avaliação da qualidade assistencial hospitalar. As taxas de readmissão não planejada em 30 dias após cirurgias de coluna são variáveis na literatura, e não há estudos avaliando tais taxas em centros únicos da América Latina. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as taxas de readmissões não planejadas em 30 dias após cirurgias de coluna em uma única instituição brasileira e identificar possíveis fatores de risco. Métodos: Pacientes submetidos a cirurgias de coluna em um único hospital privado entre janeiro de 2018 e dezembro de 2020 foram avaliados retrospectivamente, e aqueles readmitidos dentro de 30 dias foram identificados. Fatores de risco foram determinados e a taxa de reoperação foi avaliada. Resultados: 650 pacientes foram incluídos na análise, e 74 (11,28%) foram readmitidos dentro de 30 dias após a cirurgia. Maiores taxas de readmissão foram observadas após vertebroplastia e cirurgias envolvendo tumores espinhais ou tumores ósseos. Os fatores de risco encontrados em nossa série foram idade mais elevada, maior tempo de hospitalização, maior escore ASA, cirurgias com instrumentação, diabetes mellitus e cirurgias envolvendo tumores vertebrais primários ou secundários. As causas mais comuns de readmissão não planejada foram infecção e dor. Dentre os pacientes reinternados, 28,37% necessitaram de reoperação. Conclusões: Este estudo sugere que infecção e manejo de dor foram as causas mais comuns de readmissão não planejada após cirurgias de coluna. Estratégias para melhorar os cuidados pre e pós-operatórios são necessárias para reduzir readmissões não planejadas. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo Retrospectivo Comparativo.


RESUMEN: Objetivo: Las tasas de reingreso después de la cirugía de columna son variables y ningún estudio ha evaluado tales tasas en un solo centro latinoamericano. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la tasa de reingreso hospitalario no planificado dentro de los 30 días posteriores a la cirugía de columna en una sola institución brasileña e identificar posibles factores de riesgo. Métodos: Se analizaron retrospectivamente los pacientes que se sometieron a cirugía de columna en un solo hospital entre enero de 2018 y diciembre de 2020, y se identificaron aquellos con reingresos no planificados dentro de los 30 días posteriores al alta. Se determinaron los factores de riesgo y se evaluó la tasa de reoperación. Resultados: En el análisis se incluyeron un total de 650 pacientes, y 74 (11,28%) reingresaron dentro de los 30 días posteriores a la cirugía. Se observaron tasas de reingreso más altas después de la vertebroplastia y las cirugías que involucraron tumores espinales u óseos. Los factores de riesgo encontrados en nuestra serie fueron la edad avanzada, la estancia hospitalaria más prolongada, las puntuaciones ASA más altas, las cirugías instrumentadas, la diabetes mellitus y las cirugías de tumores espinales. Las causas más frecuentes de reingreso fueron la infección y el dolor. De los reingresos, el 28,37% requirieron volver al quirófano. Conclusiones: Este estudio sugiere que la infección y el manejo del dolor fueron las causas más comunes de reingreso. Se requieren estrategias para mejorar la atención perioperatoria y posoperatoria y así reducir las readmisiones no planificadas. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio comparativo retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedics , Patient Readmission , Orthopedic Procedures
7.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20230004, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1528608

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo analisar os fatores associados à readmissão de atendimento ao Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência (SAMU). Método estudo epidemiológico, do tipo seccional. Analisaram-se dados de 600 pacientes adultos atendidos pelo serviço de um município do interior de São Paulo, Brasil, no ano de 2015. Uma regressão logística múltipla identificou os fatores associados à readmissão. Resultados predominaram o atendimento de ocorrências clínicas, pacientes do sexo masculino e média de idade de 55,5 anos. Identificou-se um retorno de 26,7% nos seis meses seguintes ao atendimento no serviço pré-hospitalar. As readmissões se associaram aos fatores clínicos dos pacientes, aos procedimentos realizados no ambiente pré-hospitalar móvel e ao fluxo intra-hospitalar. Ademais, foi possível verificar relação com a região da cidade na qual o estudo foi realizado. Conclusão e implicações para a prática a análise mostrou um perfil de atendimentos a pacientes com idade média de 55 anos e acometidos por doenças crônicas não transmissíveis. A chance de retorno se associou à natureza clínica da doença, aos fluxos assistenciais e à região do atendimento. Estudos como este auxiliam no planejamento e na elaboração de políticas públicas e ações em saúde condizentes com as necessidades identificadas, com potencial de auxiliar na diminuição da sobrecarga dos serviços de urgência.


Resumen Objetivo analizar los factores asociados al retorno al Servicio de atención móvil de urgencias. Método estudio epidemiológico transversal. Se analizaron datos de 600 pacientes adultos atendidos por el servicio en una ciudad del interior de São Paulo, Brasil, en 2015. La regresión logística múltiple identificó factores asociados con el retorno. Resultados predominó la asistencia a eventos clínicos, sexo masculino y edad media de 55,5 años. Se identificó un retorno del 26,7% a los seis meses de atención en el servicio prehospitalario. Las recaídas se asociaron con los factores clínicos de los pacientes, los procedimientos realizados en el ambiente prehospitalario móvil y el flujo intrahospitalario. También es posible verificar una relación con la región de la ciudad en la que se realizó el estudio. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica el análisis mostró un perfil de atención para pacientes con una edad promedio de 55 años y afectados por enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. La posibilidad de retorno se asoció con la naturaleza clínica de la enfermedad, los flujos de atención y la región de atención. Estudios como este ayudan en la planificación y elaboración de políticas públicas y acciones de salud acordes con las necesidades identificadas, con el fin de reducir la sobrecarga de los servicios de emergencia.


Abstract Objective to analyze the factors associated with readmission to the Mobile Emergency Care Service. Method this is an epidemiological, cross-sectional study. Data from 600 adult patients served by the service in a municipality in the countryside of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2015 were analyzed. Multiple logistic regression identified the factors associated with readmission. Results clinical occurrences, male sex, and a mean age of 55.5 years predominated. A 26.7% return rate within six months of prehospital service was identified. Readmissions were associated with patients' clinical factors, procedures performed in the mobile prehospital environment, and intra-hospital flow. Additionally, a relationship with the region of the city where the study was conducted was observed. Conclusion and implications for the practice the analysis revealed a profile of patients with a mean age of 55 years and afflicted by chronic non-communicable diseases. The likelihood of return was associated with the clinical nature of the disease, care flows, and the service region. Studies similar to this one assist in planning and developing public policies and health actions in line with identified needs, aiming to reduce the burden on emergency services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patient Readmission , Continuity of Patient Care , Prehospital Care
8.
MedUNAB ; 25(3): [451-460], 01-12-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437115

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El reingreso hospitalario de los pacientes con enfermedad mental es causado principalmente por descompensación del trastorno de base; por esto, se deben considerar intervenciones centradas en la rehabilitación y reinserción social, siendo la transición a la atención domiciliaria una estrategia que aporta a la disminución de brechas, al acceso a los servicios y a las rehospitalizaciones. El presente estudio busca identificar y exponer, desde los cuidados de enfermería, cuáles son las características del plan de transición del paciente hospitalizado en la unidad de salud mental reportados en la literatura sintetizando los hallazgos. Metodología. Revisión de alcance según los lineamientos del JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis y el informe PRISMA. Se consultaron las bases de datos PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, Nursingovid y ScienceDirect, se incluyeron publicaciones en español, inglés y portugués en el período comprendido entre 2015-2021. Resultados. Se seleccionaron 14 artículos, identificando las siguientes temáticas: Planes y preparativos para el alta; Continuidad de la atención en salud; Apoyo social y familiar para el alta; y Adherencia terapéutica e Implicaciones para la práctica de enfermería. Discusión. En concordancia con otros estudios, se destacan las intervenciones que trabajan las buenas relaciones interpersonales, el apoyo social y la generación del vínculo entre el hospital y la comunidad. Conclusiones. La literatura encontrada reporta cinco características del plan de transición con intervenciones de enfermería que representan el éxito del proceso de transición para el paciente.


Introduction. Hospital readmission of patients with mental illness is mainly caused by worsening of the underlying disorder; therefore, interventions focused on rehabilitation and social reintegration should be considered, being the transition to home care a strategy that contributes to the reduction of gaps, and an improved access to services and rehospitalizations. The present study seeks to identify and expose, from nursing care, which are the characteristics of the transition plan of the hospitalized patient in the mental health unit reported in the literature synthesizing the findings. Methodology. Scoping review according to the guidelines of the JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis and the PRISMA report. The databases PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, Nursingovid and ScienceDirect were consulted, including publications in Spanish, English and Portuguese in the period 2015-2021. Results. Fourteen articles were selected, identifying the following topics: Discharge Planning and Preparations; Continuity of Health Care; Social and Family Support for Discharge; and Therapeutic Adherence and Implications for Nursing Practice. Discussion. In line with other studies, the interventions that deal with good interpersonal relationships, social support and the generation of the link between the hospital and the community stand out. Conclusions. The retrieved literature reports five characteristics of the transition plan with nursing interventions that represent the success of the transition process for the patient.


Introdução. A readmissão hospitalar de pacientes com doença mental é causada principalmente pela descompensação do transtorno subjacente. Por isso, intervenções voltadas para a reabilitação e reinserção social devem ser consideradas, sendo a transição para o cuidado domiciliar uma estratégia que contribui para a redução de lacunas, acesso aos serviços e reinternações. O presente estudo busca identificar e expor, de uma perspectiva de cuidados de enfermagem, quais são as características do plano de transição do paciente internado na unidade de saúde mental relatadas na literatura, sintetizando os resultados. Metodologia. Revisão do âmbito de acordo com as diretrizes do JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis e do relatório PRISMA. Foram consultadas as bases de dados PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Nursingovid e ScienceDirect, incluindo publicações em espanhol, inglês e português no período de 2015-2021. Resultados. Foram selecionados 14 artigos, identificando os seguintes temas: Planos e preparativos para a alta; Continuidade dos cuidados de saúde; Apoio social e familiar para alta; e Adesão terapêutica e implicações para a prática de enfermagem. Discussão. Em concordância com outros estudos, destacam-se as intervenções que trabalham o bom relacionamento interpessoal, o apoio social e a geração de vínculo entre o hospital e a comunidade. Conclusões. A literatura encontrada relata cinco características do plano de transição com intervenções de enfermagem que representam o sucesso do processo de transição para o paciente.


Subject(s)
Nursing Care , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Mental Disorders
9.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 12: 4470, nov. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1418711

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:analisar as reinternaçõesnão planejadas após procedimentos cirúrgicos e seus fatores de risco em um hospital de grande porte no Norte do Brasil. Método:coorte prospectiva, com dados coletados de prontuários e à cabeceira do leito. Foram realizadas análises descritivas, análise bivariada e múltipla por meio da regressão de Poisson no Stata® v.16.0. Resultados:do total de 486 pacientes, 1,47% reinternaram. A incidência de reinternação foi 68 a cada 1.000 procedimentos (IC95%: 47,10; 93,85). Na análise ajustada apresentaram-se comofatores de risco não ser branco (RR: 2,06; IC95% 1,13; 3,75), usar implante na cirurgia (RR: 2,00; IC95%: 1,05; 3,81) e procedimentos das especialidades urologia/renal (RR: 3,17; IC95%:1,59-6,31) e ginecologia (RR: 2,18; IC95%:1,06-4,49). Conclusão:a incidência de reinternação nesta região é maior do que outras regiões. Características demográficas e tipo de procedimento cirúrgico foram fatores de risco para o desfecho


Objective:to analyze unplanned readmissions after surgical procedures and their risk factors in a large hospital in Northern Brazil. Method:prospective cohort, with data collected from medical records and at the bedside. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple analysis were performed using Poisson regression in Stata® v.16.0. Results: of the total of 486 patients, 1.47% were readmitted. The incidence of readmissions was 68 per 1,000 procedures (95%CI: 47.10; 93.85). In the adjusted analysis, the risk factors were not being white (RR: 2.06; 95%CI 1.13; 3.75), using implants in surgery (RR: 2.00; 95%CI: 1.05; 3.81) and procedures of the urology/renal specialties (RR: 3.17; 95%CI: 1.59-6.31) and gynecology (RR: 2.18; 95%CI: 1.06-4.49). Conclusion:the incidence of readmissions in this region is higher than in other regions. Demographic characteristics and type of surgical procedure were risk factors for the outcome


Objetivo:analizar los reingresos no planificados después de procedimientos quirúrgicos y sus factores de riesgo en un gran hospital del norte de Brasil. Método:cohorte prospectiva, con datos recolectados de historias clínicas y al lado de la cama. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos, bivariados y múltiples mediante regresión de Poisson en Stata® v.16.0. Resultados:del total de 486 pacientes, el 1,47% reingresó. La incidencia de reingresos fue de 68 por 1.000 procedimientos (IC del 95%: 47,10; 93,85). En el análisis ajustado, los factores de riesgo fueron no ser blanco (RR: 2,06; IC 95% 1,13; 3,75), uso de implantes en cirugía (RR: 2,00; IC 95%: 1,05; 3,81) y procedimientos de la urología/especialidades renales (RR: 3,17; IC 95%: 1,59-6,31) y ginecología (RR: 2,18; IC 95%: 1,06-4,49). Conclusión: la incidencia de reingresos en esta región es mayor que en otras regiones. Las características demográficas y el tipo de procedimiento quirúrgico fueron factores de riesgo para el resultado


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Readmission , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Cross Infection , Longitudinal Studies
11.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(2): 107-120, 15 de junio 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1379494

ABSTRACT

Objective. To determine the effect of interdisciplinary discharge planning on treatment adherence and readmission in the patients undergoing coronary artery angioplasty in the south of Iran in 2020. Methods. This experimental study had an intervention group and a control group with pre-test and post-test. 70 patients participated in the study who were randomly divided into the groups (intervention group (n=35) and control group (n=35)). In the intervention group, discharge planning was performed based on an interdisciplinary approach. Treatment adherence before, immediately, and one month after the intervention was evaluated with a 10-question survey scored from 1 to 5 (maximum score = 50), as well as readmission three months after the discharge was examined in both groups. Results. Before the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference between the intervention and the control groups in the treatment adherence score (18.22 versus 17.37; p=0.84) but immediately and one month after the intervention statistically significant differences between the groups were showed (21.51 versus 46.14 and 23.28 versus 43.12, respectively; p<0.001). Within three months after discharge, the readmission rate was 11.4% in the control group, while no readmission was reported in the intervention group. Within three months after discharge, the readmission rate was 11.4% in the control group, while no readmission was reported in the intervention group. Conclusion. The implementation of interdisciplinary discharge planning had positive effects on treatment adherence and readmission rate in patients undergoing coronary artery angioplasty; therefore, it is suggested that health care system managers make the necessary plans to institutionalize this new educational approach for other patients discharge planning


Objetivo. Determinar el efecto de la planificación interdisciplinaria del alta en la adherencia al tratamiento y el reingreso en los pacientes sometidos a angioplastia de la arteria coronaria en el sur de Irán en 2020. Métodos. Este estudio experimental contó con un grupo de intervención y un grupo de control con evaluación pre-test y post-test. Participaron en el estudio 70 pacientes que se dividieron aleatoriamente en los grupos. En el grupo de intervención, la planificación del alta se realizó sobre la base de un enfoque interdisciplinario. En ambos grupos se examinó la adherencia al tratamiento antes, inmediatamente y un mes después de la intervención con una encuesta de 10 preguntas puntuadas de 1 a 5 (máximo puntaje = 50), así como el reingreso hasta tres meses después del alta. Resultados. Antes de la intervención, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo de intervención y el de control en la puntuación de la adherencia al tratamiento (18.22 versus 17.37; p=0.84), pero inmediatamente y un mes después de la intervención los grupos mostraron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (21.51 versus 46.14 y 23.28 versus. 43.12, respectivamente; p<0.001). A los tres meses del alta, la tasa de reingreso fue del 11.4% en el grupo de control, mientras que no se registró ningún reingreso en el grupo de intervención. Conclusión. La aplicación de la planificación interdisciplinaria del alta tuvo efectos positivos la adherencia del tratamiento y la tasa de reingreso en los pacientes sometidos a angioplastia de las arterias coronarias; por lo tanto, se sugiere que los gestores del sistema sanitario hagan los planes necesarios para institucionalizar este nuevo enfoque educativo para la planificación del alta de otros pacientes


Objetivo. Determinar o efeito do planejamento de alta interdisciplinar na adesão ao tratamento e readmissão em pacientes submetidos à angioplastia de artéria coronária no sul do Irã em 2020. Métodos. Este estudo experimental contou com um grupo intervenção e um grupo controle com avaliação pré-teste e pós-teste. Participaram do estudo 70 pacientes que foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupos. No grupo intervenção, o planejamento da alta foi realizado com base na abordagem interdisciplinar. Em ambos os grupos, a adesão ao tratamento foi examinada antes, imediatamente e um mês após a intervenção com um questionário de 10 questões pontuadas de 1 a 5 (pontuação máxima = 50), bem como a readmissão até três meses após a alta. Resultados. Antes da intervenção, não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos intervenção e controle na pontuação de adesão ao tratamento (18.22 vr. 17.37; p = 0.84), mas imediatamente e um mês após a intervenção os grupos apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa (21.51 vr. 46.14 e 23.28 vr. 43.12, respectivamente; p <0.001). Aos três meses após a alta, a taxa de readmissão foi de 11.4% no grupo de controle, enquanto nenhuma readmissão foi registrada no grupo de intervenção. Conclusão. A aplicação do planejamento de alta interdisciplinar teve efeitos positivos na adesão ao tratamento e na taxa de readmissão em pacientes submetidos à angioplastia de artéria coronária; portanto, sugere-se que os gestores do sistema de saúde façam os planos necessários para institucionalizar essa nova abordagem educativa para o planejamento da alta de outros pacientes


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Patient Compliance , Angioplasty , Interprofessional Relations
12.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 41-47, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388917

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las consultas en el servicio de urgencia (CU) y el reingreso (RI) hospitalario después de una cirugía bariátrica (CB) son importantes indicadores de calidad y seguridad. Sin embargo, existe escasa información de estos indicadores en nuestro medio nacional. En este trabajo analizamos las CU y RI de pacientes sometidos a una CB primaria en un centro universitario de alto volumen, y buscamos variables asociadas a estos indicadores. Materiales y Método: Estudio observacional retrospectivo que incluyó a todos los pacientes sometidos a bypass gástrico (BPG) o gastrectomía en manga (GM) laparoscópica primaria realizados de forma consecutiva en nuestra institución durante el período 2006-2007 y 2012-2013. Utilizando nuestros registros clínicos y base de seguimiento prospectivo, identificamos aquellos pacientes con CU o RI en nuestro hospital durante los primeros 30 días después del alta. Resultados: Se incluyeron 1.146 CB primarias, 53% (n = 613) fueron BPG y 47% (n = 533) GM. Un 8,03% (n = 92) de los pacientes tuvo al menos una CU y un 3,7% (n = 42) un RI. Las variables independientes asociadas tanto a CU como RI fueron el tiempo operatorio e índice de masa corporal (IMC) preoperatorio. No se encontró asociación estadística, en el periodo estudiado, para el tipo de CB realizada con la CU ni con el RI. Conclusión: Existe una baja proporción de pacientes que requieren CU y RI posterior a la CB, lo que demuestra la seguridad de estas intervenciones.


Introduction: Emergency department visits (EDV) and hospital readmission (HR) after bariatric surgery (BS) are important indicators of quality and safety in surgery, however there is little information on their characteristics in our national environment. Aim: In this work we analyze EDV and HR in patients undergoing a primary BS in a high-volume university center, and identify variables that could be associated with these indicators. Materials and Method: A retrospective observational study where we identified all patients undergoing Roux-in-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) or primary laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) performed consecutively at our institution during the period 2006-2007 and 2012-2013. Using our clinical records and prospective follow-up database, we identify those patients with EDV and/or HR in our hospital during the first 30 days after discharge. Results: 1146 primary BS were included, of these 53% (n = 613) were RYGBP and 47% (n = 533) SG. 8,03% (n = 92) of the patients had at least one EDV, of these 3,7% (n = 42) had an HR. The independent variables associated with EDV and HR were the operative time and preoperative body mass index (BMI). No statistical association was found, in the period studied, for the type of BS performed with EDV or HR. Conclusion: There is a low proportion of patients who require EDV and HR after BS, which demonstrates the safety of these interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Gastric Bypass/methods , Bariatric Surgery/statistics & numerical data , Patient Readmission , Postoperative Complications , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Gastrectomy
13.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 74-80, ene. 28, 2022.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1354469

ABSTRACT

La insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva es parte importante de la morbimortalidad mundial. Estos pacientes pierden calidad de vida de manera considerable, particularmente por su trayecto impredecible. Los cuidados paliativos representan una oportunidad para mejorar el control sintomático y prevenir reingresos hospitalarios, especialmente en las fases avanzadas de la enfermedad (New York Heart Association III-IV). El objetivo de esta revisión es determinar la influencia de los cuidados paliativos en la calidad de vida de los pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca en enfermedad avanzada, puesto que se ha demostrado que sufren múltiples hospitalizaciones: 84% tendrá ≥1 en sus últimos 12 meses de vida, y el reingreso hospitalario a los 30 días posteriores al alta circunda 20-50 %. En general, reciben menos cuidados paliativos que los pacientes oncológicos, y al recibirlos lo hacen presentando una menor funcionalidad (p<0,001). Al implementar los cuidados paliativos aumenta la calidad de vida (p=0,03) y mejoran la depresión (p=0,02), la ansiedad (p=0,048) y la frecuencia de reingresos hospitalarios en comparación con el manejo usual, 33,63 % vs. 61 %, y visitas a emergencias, 35,0 % vs. 60,0 %. Múltiples evidencias señalan que la mortalidad no es influenciada (p>0,19, p>0,22). Según la bibliografía, se concluye que los cuidados paliativos deben ser implementados desde el diagnóstico de esta patología, puesto que ofrecen una mayor calidad de vida, especialmente en enfermedad avanzada


Congestive heart failure is an important part of global morbidity and mortality. These patients lose quality of life considerably, particularly due to their unpredictable path. Palliative care represents an opportunity to improve symptom control and prevent hospital readmissions, especially in the advanced stages of the disease (New York Heart Association III-IV). The objective of this review is to determine the influence of palliative care on the quality of life of patients with heart failure in advanced disease, since it has been shown that they suffer multiple hospitalizations: 84% will have ≥1 in their last 12 months of life, and hospital readmission 30 days after discharge is around 20-50%. In general, they receive less palliative care than cancer patients, and when they receive it they do so with less functionality (p<0.001). When implementing palliative care, quality of life increases (p=0.03) and depression (p=0.02), anxiety (p=0.048) and the frequency of hospital readmissions improve compared to usual management, 33 .63%vs. 61%, and ER visits, 35.0% vs. 60.0%. Multiple pieces of evidence indicate that mortality is not influenced (p>0.19, p>0.22). According to the bibliography, it is concluded that palliative care should be implemented from the diagnosis of this pathology, since it offers a better quality of life, especially in advanced disease


Subject(s)
Palliative Care , Quality of Life , Heart Failure , Patient Readmission , Patients , Disease , Heart
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 314-318, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928606

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the current status of unplanned readmission of neonates within 31 days after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and risk factors for readmission.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 1 561 infants discharged from the NICU, among whom 52 infants who were readmitted within 31 days were enrolled as the case group, and 104 infants who were not readmitted after discharge during the same period of time were enrolled as the control group. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the risk factors for readmission.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 561 infants, a total of 63 readmissions occurred in 52 infants, with a readmission rate of 3.33%. hyperbilirubinemia and pneumonia were the main causes for readmission, accounting for 29% (18/63) and 24% (15/63) respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that that gestational age <28 weeks, birth weight <1 500 g, multiple pregnancy, mechanical ventilation, and length of hospital stay <7 days were risk factors for readmission (OR=5.645, 5.750, 3.044, 3.331, and 1.718 respectively, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonates have a relatively high risk of readmission after discharge from the NICU. The medical staff should pay attention to risk factors for readmission and formulate targeted intervention measures, so as to reduce readmission and improve the quality of medical service.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 460-463, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the incidence and risk factors of readmission of elderly patients with hip fracture after hip hemiarthroplasty.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 237 elderly hip fracture patients who underwent hip hemiarthroplasty from February 2015 to October 2020 were performed. According to the readmission status of the patients at 3 months postoperatively, the patients were divided into readmission group (39 cases)and non-readmission group(198 cases). In readmission group, there were 7 males and 32 females with an average age of(84.59±4.34) years old, respectively, there were 34 males and 164 females with average age of (84.65±4.17) years old in non-readmission group. The general information, surgical status, hip Harris score and complications of patients in two groups were included in univariate analysis, and multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze independent risk factors of patients' readmission.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of complications(cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease) in readmission group was significantly higher than that of non-readmission group (P<0.05), and intraoperative blood loss in readmission group was significantly higher than that of non-readmission group(P<0.05). Harris score of hip joint was significantly lower than that of non-readmission group(P<0.05). The proportion of infection, delirium, joint dislocation, anemia and venous thrombosis in readmission group were significantly higher than that of non-readmission group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors for readmission of elderly patients with hip fracture after hip hemiarthroplasty included cerebral infarction, infection, delirium, dislocation, anemia and venous thrombosis (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The complications of the elderly patients who were readmission after hip hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures were significantly higher than those who were non-readmission. Cerebral infarction, infection, delirium, dislocation, anemia and venous thrombosis are risk factors that lead to patient readmission. Corresponding intervention measures can be taken clinically based on these risk factors to reduce the incidence of patient readmissions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Cerebral Infarction/surgery , Delirium , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Hemiarthroplasty/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Patient Readmission , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
16.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19099, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403697

ABSTRACT

Older adults have difficulty monitoring their drug therapy in the first thirty days following hospital discharge. This transition care period may trigger hospital readmissions. The study aims to identify the factors associated with the readmission of older adults 30 days after discharge from the perspective of drug therapy. This is a cross-sectional study and hospital admission within 30 days was defined as readmission to any hospital 30 days after discharge. The complexity of the drug therapy was established by the Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI).. Readmission risks were predicted by the "Readmission Risk Score - RRS". The multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with readmission within 30 days after discharge. Two hundred fifty-five older adults were included in the study, of which 32 (12.5%) had non-elective hospital readmission. A higher number of readmissions was observed with increased RRS value, suggesting a linear gradient effect. The variables included in the final logistic regression model were the diagnosis of cancer (OR=2.9, p=0.031), pneumonia (OR=2.3, p=0.055), and High MRCI (> 16.5) following discharge (OR=1.9, p=0.119). The cancer diagnosis is positively associated with hospital readmissions of older adults within 30 days


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patient Readmission/trends , Aged/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drug Therapy/classification , Hospitals/classification , Hospitals, Public/classification , Neoplasms/drug therapy
17.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20200435, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1346055

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar o conceito Cuidados de Transição no contexto da gestão da alta hospitalar. Método reflexão analítica utilizando-se a análise conceitual de Walker e Avant: seleção do conceito; definição do objetivo, identificação do uso do conceito (busca na literatura e dicionários entre setembro-dezembro/2019 nas bases de dados: PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde e SCOPUS. Consideraram-se 77 artigos que contemplaram conceito e outros termos que corroboraram o estudo; para fins metodológicos, 12 estudos possibilitaram a análise); definição dos atributos; descrição de caso modelo; descrição de casos adicionais; definição de antecedentes e consequentes; definição de indicadores empíricos. Resultados os antecedentes cuidados fragmentados e reinternação são comuns ao conceito. Identificaram-se atributos cuidado integrado, colaboração profissional, coordenação, planejamento da alta, comunicação, integração profissional e gerenciamento de casos. Conclusão e implicações para a prática foi oportuno analisar o conceito em conjunto com termos relacionados ao contexto da alta hospitalar. Cuidados de Transição são práticas coordenadas e eficazes para a Continuidade dos Cuidados na transferência do usuário na alta hospitalar; nesse contexto, as Enfermeiras de Ligação são potenciais protagonistas para estar à frente nesse processo de Integração. As especificidades do conceito poderão favorecer a sua compreensão e a construção de conhecimentos que repercutam no cuidado coordenado e contínuo.


RESUMEN Objetivo analizar el concepto de Atención Transicional en el contexto de la gestión del alta hospitalaria. Método reflexión analítica utilizando el análisis conceptual de Walker y Avant: selección de conceptos; definición del objetivo, identificación del uso del concepto (búsqueda en la literatura y diccionarios entre septiembre-diciembre / 2019 en las bases de datos: PubMed, Virtual Health Library y SCOPUS. Se consideraron 77 artículos que contemplaban el concepto y otros términos que corroboraban el estudio; a efectos metodológicos, 12 estudios permitieron el análisis); definición de atributos; descripción del caso modelo; descripción de casos adicionales; definición de antecedentes y consecuencias; definición de indicadores empíricos. Resultados la atención fragmentada y los antecedentes de readmisión son comunes al concepto. Se identificaron los atributos atención integral, colaboración profesional, coordinación, planificación del alta, comunicación, integración profesional y manejo de casos. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica fue apropiado analizar el concepto junto con términos relacionados con el contexto del alta hospitalaria. Transition Care son prácticas coordinadas y efectivas para la Continuidad de la Atención en el traslado del usuario al alta hospitalaria; en este contexto, las Enfermeras de Enlace son potenciales protagonistas para estar a la vanguardia de este proceso de integración. La especificidad del concepto puede favorecer su comprensión y la construcción de conocimientos que inciden en la atención coordinada y continuada.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the concept of Transitional Care in the context of hospital discharge management. Method analytical reflection using the Walker and Avant's conceptual analysis: concept selection; definition of the objective, identification of the use of the concept (literature search and dictionaries between September-December/2019 in the databases: PubMed, Virtual Health Library and SCOPUS. A total of 77 articles that contemplated the concept and other terms that corroborated the study were considered; for methodological purposes, 12 studies enabled the analysis); definition of attributes; description of model case; description of additional cases; definition of antecedents and consequents; definition of empirical indicators. Results the fragmented care and readmission antecedents are common to the concept. The attributes integrated care, professional collaboration, coordination, discharge planning, communication, professional integration, and case management were identified. Conclusion and Implications for practice it was opportune to analyze the concept together with terms related to the context of hospital discharge. Transitional Care is coordinated and effective practices for the Continuity of Care in the transference of the user at hospital discharge; in this context, Liaison Nurses are potential protagonists to be ahead in this Integration process. The specificities of the concept may favor its understanding and the construction of knowledge that has repercussions on coordinated and continuous care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Discharge , Transitional Care , Patient Readmission , Intersectoral Collaboration , Continuity of Patient Care , Nurses
18.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 30(4): 265-270, 15/12/2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369041

ABSTRACT

Objetivo La biopsia de próstata es una ayuda esencial en el diagnóstico de cáncer, siendo el método más utilizado la biopsia transrectal guiada por ultrasonido (TRUS), con una tasa diagnóstica entre el 37% y el 45%, aunque no exenta de complicaciones como infecciones, dolor o sangrado. El enfoque alternativo y seguro a las biopsias TRUS se encuentra en la biopsia transperineal (BTP), realizada comúnmente bajo anestesia regional o general. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la efectividad de la BTP bajo anestesia local y guía ultrasonográfica transrectal, con el impacto sobre la sensibilidad del estudio y la tasa de readmisión hospitalaria por infección. Métodos Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva en el que se evaluaron 83 pacientes sometidos a BTP con anestesia local y guía ultrasonográfica transrectal de enero de 2017 a agosto de 2018 en una ciudad intermedia de Colombia. La muestea incluyó todos los hombres mayores de 18 años con datos de historia clínica disponibles para su análisis, así como los reportes histopatológicos de las biopsias. Se excluyeron casos de rebiopsia o con datos insuficientes. El análisis de datos nominales se realizó mediante la prueba de chi cuadrado, y el de los datos numéricos, con las prubas t de Student o de Mann-Whitney. Resultados Un total de 83 pacientes, con media de edad de 65 ± 7.9 años fueron sometidos al análisis del estudio histopatológico. Se excluyeron nueve pacientes que no tenían información disponible en el registro clínico sistematizado, ni en historia clínica de formato físico. Se encontró una proporción de positividad y diagnóstico de cáncer de prostata en el 39.7% (33) de los pacientes, distribuidos así: grado de grupo 1 (69.7%; 23); grado de grupo 2 )15.2%; 5); grados de grupos 3 y 4 (3% cada uno de ellos; 2); y grado de grupo 5 (9%; 3). En total, 60% (50) fueron negativos para malignidad y, de estos el 54% (27) tuvo hiperplasia. El antibiótico profiláctico indicado en el 96.7% (80) de los casos fue una cefalosporina de primera generación, administrada en el 15% (12) por vía parenteral preoperatoria. En esta serie de casos, no se documentaron ingresos hospitalarios asociados a infección después del procedimiento. Conclusiones La biopsia de próstata por vía transperineal es una técnica con rendimiento diagnostico similar al del abordaje transrectal: es segura, rápida, de fácil acceso, con bajo costo y, sobre todo, con un riesgo insignificante de infección y sepsis. Sus beneficios son altamente representativos en un sistema de salud como el de nuestro país, y la BTP facilita el acceso de la población vulnerable del área rural y de ciudades intermedias, en las que no se dispone de un urólogo experto.


Objective Prostate biopsy is an essencial aid in cancer diagnosis, and the the most widely-used method is known as transrectal ultrasound-guided (TRUS) biopsy, with a diagnostic rate ranging from 37% to 45%; however, it is not free of complications such as infections, pain, or bleeding. The alternative and safe approach lies in the transpineal biopsy (TPB), commonly performed under regional or general anesthesia. The objetive of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of TPBunder local anesthesia and transrectal ultrasound guidance, with the impact of the sensitiviy of the study and the rate of hospital readmission due to infection. Methods Retrospective cohort study in which 83 patients underwent TPB with local anesthesia and transrectal ultrasound guidance from january 2017 and august 2018 in an intermediate city in Colombia. The sample included all male subjects older than 18 years of age with medical history data available for analysis, as well as the histopathological reports of the biopsies. Cases of rebiopsy or with insufficient data were excluded. The analysis of the nominal data was performed using the chi-squared test, and that of the numerical data, with the Student t or the Mann-Whitney test. Results A total of 83 patientswith an average age was of 65 ± + 7.9 years, had their histopathological studies analyzed. We excluded nine patients who did not have information available in the systematized clinical registry nor in the medical history in physical format. Positivity and a diagnosis of prostate cancer was found in 39.7% (33) of the patients, who were distributed like this: grade group 1 (69.7%; 23); grade group 2 (15.2%; 5); grade groups 3 and 4 (each with 3%; 2); and grade group 5 (9%; 3). In total, 60% (50) were negative for malignancy, and, of these, 54% (27) had glandulostromal hyperplasia. The indicated prophylactic antibiotic in 96.7% (80) of the cases was a first generation cephalosporin and, in 15% (12) of the cases it was administered through a preoperative parenteral route. Hospital admissions after the procedure associated with infection were not documented in the present series of cases. Conclusions Transperineal prostate biopsy is a technique with diagnostic performance similar to that of the transrectal approach: it is safe, fast, easy to access, has a low cost and, above all, presents a minimum risk of infection and sepsis. Its benefits are highly representative in a health system like that of our country, and TPB facilitates the access of the vulnerable population of the rural area and of intermediate cities in which there is no availability of an expert urologist.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Biopsy , Anesthesia, Local , Patient Readmission , Ultrasonics , Cephalosporins , Sepsis , Vulnerable Populations , Insemination, Artificial, Heterologous , Anesthesia, Conduction , Anti-Bacterial Agents
19.
Insuf. card ; 16(3): 72-78, set. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1346327

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) es una enfermedad con alta incidencia, prevalencia y mortalidad. Es primera causa de hospitalización en mayores de 65 años y 25% de los pacientes que reingresan antes de 30 días. La implementación de varios planes de transición al alta han mostrado beneficios respecto a los reingresos, no habiendo datos al respecto en Uruguay. Se diseñó un estudio para analizar el efecto de un Plan de Alta Programada sobre los reingresos en pacientes internados con IC en un Hospital. Material y métodos. Estudio prospectivo, controlado y randomizado, incluyendo pacientes ingresados en servicios de medicina del Hospital de Clínicas Dr. Manuel Quintela con diagnóstico de IC. Criterios de exclusión: negativa a participar, discapacidad cognitiva, hospitalización d"24 horas o muerte en internación. Se randomizaron dos grupos (intervención y control) con seguimiento a 18 meses. En el grupo intervención se aplicó un plan de alta programada y en el grupo control el criterio de médico tratante. Se registraron reingresos, muerte y calidad de vida a los 3, 6, 9, 12 y 18 meses. Se consideró significativo un valor de p<0,05. Se utilizó la prueba de T- student para muestras independientes. Resultados. Se incluyeron 149 pacientes, 78 en el grupo intervención. Se registraron 19 (24,4%) reingresos en el grupo intervención y 38 (53,5%) en el grupo control (RR 1,85 [IC 1,337-2,583] p<0,05). Ocurrieron 6 muertes en el grupo intervención y 7 en el grupo control (RR: 1,024 [IC 0,926-1,32] p=0,640). La calidad de vida por Test de Minnesota fue 50,98; 49,71 y 49,07 en el grupo intervención a los 3, 6 y 18 meses, respectivamente, y 55,04; 55,32 y 54,91 en el grupo control, con un valor de p no significativo. Conclusiones. La implementación de un Plan de Alta Programada reduce de manera significativa los reingresos por IC. Dado que parece ser una herramienta costo/efectiva para el sistema de salud la misma podría tener un impacto beneficioso en la calidad asistencial del paciente con IC.


Background. Heart failure (HF) is a disease with a high incidence, prevalence and mortality. It is the first cause of hospitalization in people over 65 years and 25% of patients are readmitted within 30 days. The implementation of various discharge transition plans has shown benefits with respect to readmissions, and there is no data in this regard in Uruguay. A study was designed to analyze the effect of a Scheduled Discharge Plan on readmissions in hospitalized patients with HF. Material and methods. Prospective, controlled and randomized study, including patients admitted to the medical services of the Hospital de Clínicas Dr. Manuel Quintela with a diagnosis of HF. Exclusion criteria: refusal to participate, cognitive disability, hospitalization d"24 hours or death in hospital. Two groups (intervention and control) were randomized with 18-month follow-up. In the intervention group, a planned discharge plan was applied and the criterion of treating physician was applied in control. Readmissions, death and quality of life were recorded at 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 months. A value of p <0.05 was considered significant. The student s T-test was used for independent samples. Results. 149 patients were included, 78 in the intervention group. There were 19 (24.4%) readmissions in the intervention group and 38 (53.5%) in the control group (RR 1.85 [CI 1.337-2.583] p <0.05). There were 6 deaths in the intervention group and 7 in the control group, (RR: 1,024 [CI 0.926-1.32] p = 0.640). The quality of life by Minnesota Test was 50.98; 49.71 and 49.07 in intervention at 3, 6 and 18 months respectively and 55.04; 55.32 and 54.91 in the control group, with a non-significant p value. Conclusions. The implementation of a Scheduled Discharge Plan significantly reduces readmissions for HF. Given that it appears to be a cost/effective tool for the health system, it could have a beneficial impact on the quality of care for patients with HF.


Introdução. A insuficiência cardíaca (IC) é uma doença com alta incidência, prevalência e mortalidade. É a primeira causa de hospitalização em pessoas com mais de 65 anos e 25% dos pacientes são readmitidos em 30 dias. A implementação de vários planos de transição de alta mostrou benefícios no que diz respeito às readmissões, e não há dados a esse respeito no Uruguai. Um estudo foi desenhado para analisar o efeito de um Plano de Alta Planejado nas readmissões em pacientes hospitalizados com IC. Material e métodos. Estudo prospectivo, controlado e randomizado, incluindo pacientes internados nos serviços médicos do Hospital de Clínicas Dr. Manuel Quintela com diagnóstico de IC. Critérios de exclusão: recusa em participar, deficiência cognitiva, internação d"24 horas ou óbito no hospital. Dois grupos foram randomizados (intervenção e controle) com seguimento de 18 meses. No grupo de intervenção, um plano de alta planejado foi aplicado e o critério de médico assistente foi aplicado no controle. Readmissões, óbito e qualidade de vida foram registrados aos 3, 6, 9, 12 e 18 meses. Um valor de p<0,05 foi considerado significativo. O teste T do aluno foi usado para amostras independentes. Resultados. Foram incluídos 149 pacientes, 78 no grupo de intervenção. Houve 19 (24,4%) readmissões no grupo de intervenção e 38 (53,5%) no grupo de controle (RR 1,85 [IC 1,337-2,583] p <0,05). Houve 6 mortes no grupo de intervenção e 7 no grupo controle, (RR: 1,024 [IC 0,926-1,32] p=0,640). A qualidade de vida pelo teste de Minnesotafoi de 50,98; 49,71 e 49,07 na intervenção em 3, 6 e 18 meses, respectivamente, e 55,04; 55,32 e 54,91 no grupo controle, com um valor de p não significativo. Conclusões. A implementação de um Plano de Descarga Planejado reduz significativamente as readmissões para IC. Visto que parece ser uma ferramenta econômica para o sistema de saúde, pode ter um impacto benéfico na qualidade do atendimento aos pacientes com IC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data , Health Planning , Heart Failure/therapy , Patient Discharge , Quality of Life , Uruguay/epidemiology , Intervention Studies , Prospective Studies
20.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(4): 519-525, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388847

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El análisis de reoperaciones no programadas (RONP) es un indicador de calidad solicitado por el Ministerio de Salud de Chile (MINSAL) desde julio de 2010 como una forma de retroalimentar a los equipos quirúrgicos sobre las causas de reintervenciones en cirugía electiva, promoviendo la discusión técnica en una reunión clínica de pares. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de un protocolo de RONP en un hospital público docente de alta complejidad. Materiales y Método: Estudio descriptivo que analiza la base de datos prospectiva iniciada en nuestro centro en julio de 2010 incluyendo todos los pacientes reoperados antes de 30 días desde la intervención inicial electiva. El indicador se consideró cumplido si hubo un análisis crítico del caso antes de 15 días desde la fecha de la reintervención y si hay un documento que lo respalda. Resultados: En el periodo de 9,5 años se efectuaron 18.536 intervenciones electivas con una tasa global de RONP de 2,5%. El protocolo se cumplió en el 97% de los casos. Las RONP representan el 45,5% de la mortalidad global de los equipos estudiados en el periodo. Conclusión: El indicador de las RONP nos parece una práctica relevante en el contexto acotado de un servicio y su evolución en el tiempo. No es útil como indicador global de una institución que involucra servicios de adultos y niños con múltiples especialidades no comparables. Para cumplir con el objetivo debe medirse en forma prospectiva, completa, no discriminatoria y sin carácter punitivo. Teóricamente podría retroalimentar la estrategia quirúrgica de los equipos.


Background: Unplanned reoperations (UPRO) after elective surgery was proposed by Ministry of Health (MINSAL) as a quality indicator since 2010. The goal was to promote the discussion between pairs as an effective feedback for the surgical team. Aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze the results of a protocol of UPRO in a high complexity public institution. Materials and Method: The 9.5 years data base starting in July 2010 was analyzed. All reoperations within 30 days of the initial surgery were included. The UPRO indicator was considered fulfilled if the critical discussion of the case occurred in the clinical meeting within 15 days of the reoperation and if there is a document to support it. Results: in the indicated period the rate of UPRO was 2.5% (455 of 18,536 patients) and the protocol was accomplished in 97% of the cases. The stay in hospital and mortality rate in re-operated patients were high, with great differences between the surgical teams. Conclusions: The UPRO indicator is useful as a detailed analysis of postoperative morbidity of specific surgical teams and the changes along the years. Considering the great differences between the procedures in adults and children and the huge variation and complexity of the operations of multiple surgical specialties, it seems not relevant as a global indicator of a General Hospital. The UPRO must be prospective, complete, non-discriminatory and non-punitive. Theoretically UPRO could be useful as a feedback of surgical teams.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reoperation/standards , Reoperation/statistics & numerical data , Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Clinical Protocols
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