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1.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 6-11, ene. 30, 2023. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1413572

ABSTRACT

Presentación del caso. Paciente masculino de 52 años que se presentó a la consulta de urología con historia de dos años de notar una lesión en el glande y el prepucio, de color rojo brillante, pruriginosa y dolorosa con aumento progresivo del tamaño que no mejoró con tratamientos antibióticos y anti fúngicos. Intervención terapéutica. Se realizó una glandectomía parcial con injerto de piel de muslo. Evolución clínica. Luego de un mes, el injerto presentó un 95 % de acoplamiento. No se observó recurrencia local de cáncer. El estudio histopatológico reportó un carcinoma escamoso invasor en la lesión del prepucio y en la piel del glande, con todos los márgenes quirúrgicos, limites laterales y profundos, negativos a malignidad. Luego de ocho meses posquirúrgicos, se observó el recubrimiento del glande con un adecuado resultado estético, con apariencia similar a la cubierta natural


Case presentation. A A 52-year-old male patient presented to the urology office with a two-year history of noticing a bright red, pruritic, and painful lesion on the glans and foreskin with a progressive increase in size that did not improve with antibiotic and antifungal treatments. Treatment. Partial glandectomy with thigh skin graft was performed. Outcome. After After one month, the graft presented a 95 % of coupling. No local recurrence of cancer was observed. The histopathological study reported invasive squamous cell carcinoma in the lesion of the foreskin and glans skin, with all surgical margins, lateral and deep limits, negative for malignancy. After eight months post-surgery, the covering of the glans was observed with an appropriate esthetic result, with a similar appearance to the natural covering


Subject(s)
Patients , Urology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Erythroplasia , Wounds and Injuries , Skin Transplantation , Foreskin , Neoplasms
2.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 18-24, ene. 30, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1413603

ABSTRACT

La angiostrongiliasis abdominal es una enfermedad parasitaria causada por el género Angiostrongylus costaricensis, un nematodo que infecta a los humanos a través de las secreciones de caracoles o babosas, sus huéspedes definitivos. Costa Rica es el país que se considera más endémico, se ha evidenciado en distintas revisiones que la mayoría de los casos se presentan en niños y personas del sexo masculino. Presentación del caso. Se trata de una mujer de 74 años, que consultó por dolor abdominal agudo, de cuatro días de evolución, acompañado de náuseas, vómitos e hiporexia. Los exámenes de laboratorio reportaron leucocitosis leve y examen general de orina negativo. La ultrasonografía abdominal reportó una masa sólida, heterogénea, mal circunscrita en flanco derecho, esto llevó a la sospecha de una apendicitis aguda. Intervención terapéutica. Se realizó una laparotomía exploradora, con la extirpación de una tumoración de colon perforado que abarcaba desde el ciego hasta el tercio proximal de colon ascendente, además, se realizó una anastomosis de íleo transversa, sin mayor complicación. Evolución clínica. Se manejó con antibióticos y analgésicos, fue dada de alta a los nueve días posteriores al procedimiento, sin complicaciones menores. La biopsia reportó huevos de parásitos consistentes con Angiostrongylus sp


bdominal angiostrongyliasis is a parasitic disease caused by the genus Angiostrongylus costaricensis, a nematode that infects humans through the secretions of snails or slugs, its definitive hosts. Costa Rica is considered the most endemic country, and it has been shown in different reviews that most cases occur in children and males. Case presentation. The patient was a 74-year-old woman who consulted for acute abdominal pain, with four days of evolution, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and hyporexia. Laboratory tests reported mild leukocytosis and a negative general urine test. Abdominal ultrasonography reported a solid heterogeneous mass, poorly circumscribed in the right lateral abdomen, which led to the suspicion of acute appendicitis. Treatment. An exploratory laparotomy was performed, with the removal of a perforated colon tumor that spanned from the cecum to the proximal third of the ascending colon, in addition, a transverse ileum anastomosis was performed, without further complication. Outcome. She was managed with antibiotics and analgesics and was discharged nine days after the procedure, without complications. The biopsy showed parasite eggs consistent with Angiostrongylus sp


Subject(s)
Aged , Angiostrongylus , Patients , Disease , Bodily Secretions
3.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 43-60, ene. 30, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1413692

ABSTRACT

El COVID-19 es una nueva enfermedad que requería resultados prontos provenientes de la investigación. Un abordaje para la comprensión de su fisiopatología es conocer el daño a nivel histopatológico que genera en los pulmones de los afectados. Objetivo. Proveer un resumen riguroso de la evidencia disponible sobre los hallazgos histopatológicos pulmonares en pacientes con COVID-19. Se desarrolló una revisión sistemática con metaanálisis de proporciones. Se incluyeron estudios primarios de cualquier diseño que tuvieran datos primarios de hallazgos histopatológicos de pulmones en pacientes COVID-19. Se excluyeron revisiones y guías. Las fuentes de información fueron el repositorio centralizado Living OVerview of Evidence, PubMed/Medline, LitCovid, la base de datos COVID-19 de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, y medRxiv hasta el 3 de abril 2021. La evaluación del riesgo de sesgos se realizó utilizando las herramientas del Instituto Joanna Briggs para series de casos y reportes de casos. Se extrajo cada dato de hallazgo pulmonar histopatológico. Se calcularon las frecuencias encontradas y los datos de los hallazgos más frecuentes fueron resumidas en metaanálisis usando el método de efectos aleatorios de Der Simmonian-Liard. Se midió la heterogeneidad. Los criterios de inclusión fueron cumplidos por 69 artículos sumando 594 sujetos. Presentaron bajo riesgo de sesgos 35 artículos. El metaanálisis de proporciones mostro daño alveolar difuso en 0,62 (IC 95 % 0,51-0,72), I2 59 % (p < 0,01), en su fase temprana (85,14 %). Conclusión. El daño alveolar difuso temprano fue el hallazgo histopatológico más frecuente en muestras pulmonares de pacientes con COVID-19


COVID-19 is a new disease that required prompt results from research. An approach to understanding its pathophysiology is to know the damage at the histopathological level that it generates in the lungs of those affected. Aim. To provide a rigorous summary of the available evidence on pulmonary histopathological findings in patients with COVID-19. A systematic review with meta-analysis of proportions was developed. Primary studies of any design that had primary data on lung histopathology findings in COVID-19 patients were included. Reviews and guidelines were excluded. The sources of information were the Living OVerview of Evidence centralized repository, PubMed/Medline, LitCovid, the World Health Organization COVID-19 database, and medRxiv up to April 3, 2021. The risk of bias assessment was performed using the Joanna Briggs Institute tools for case series and case reports. Each histopathological pulmonary finding data was extracted. The frequencies found were calculated and the data of the most frequent findings were summarized in meta-analyses using the Der Simmonian-Liard random effects method. Heterogeneity was measured. The inclusion criteria were met by 69 articles totaling 594 subjects. Thirty-five articles presented low risk of bias. The meta-analysis of proportions showed diffuse alveolar damage in 0.62 (95% CI 0.51-0.72), I2 59% (p < 0.01), in its early phase (85.14%). Conclution. Early diffuse alveolar damage was the most frequent histopathological finding in lung samples from patients with COVID-19


Subject(s)
Disease , COVID-19 , Lung , Methods , Patients , Risk
4.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 61-69, ene. 30, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1413696

ABSTRACT

La ecografía es una herramienta segura, portátil, económica y de fácil acceso. Los médicos anestesiólogos pueden beneficiarse con esta herramienta diagnóstica rápida y precisa en su práctica habitual. Existen múltiples áreas potenciales donde la ecografía desempeña un papel importante, para la orientación de intervenciones a ciegas e invasivas, el diagnóstico de condiciones críticas y la evaluación de posibles variaciones anatómicas que pueden conducir a la modificación del plan anestésico. Esta revisión narrativa describe las principales aplicaciones de la ecografía en anestesia, las técnicas ecoguiadas y las tendencias actuales del manejo anestésico perioperatorio del paciente quirúrgico. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos PubMed y Cochrane, se incluyeron artículos originales, estudios aleatorizados y de revisión, en español y en inglés, publicados entre 2017-2021. El uso de ecografía ha entrado en el campo de la medicina del dolor, anestesia regional y del intervencionismo analgésico durante la última década, e incluso es el estándar de la práctica, por tanto, la capacitación y un adecuado aprendizaje en la ecografía deben ser parte del plan de estudios de cualquier programa de anestesiología


Ultrasound is a safe, portable, inexpensive, and easily accessible tool. Anesthesiologists can benefit from this fast and accurate diagnostic tool in their routine practice. There are multiple potential areas where ultrasound plays an important role in the guidance of blind and invasive interventions, diagnosis of critical conditions, and assessment of possible anatomical variations that may lead to modification of the anesthetic plan. This narrative review describes the main applications of ultrasound in anesthesia, ultrasound-guided techniques, and current trends in the perioperative anesthetic management of the surgical patient. A search was conducted in PubMed and Cochrane databases. Original articles, randomized and review studies in Spanish and English published between 2017-2021 were included. The use of ultrasound has entered the field of pain medicine, regional anesthesia, and interventional analgesia during the last decade and is even the standard of practice. Therefore, training and adequate learning in ultrasound should be part of the curriculum of any anesthesiology program


Subject(s)
Ultrasonography , Anesthesia , Pain , Patients , Anesthetics
5.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-5, 01/jan./2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411586

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the demands caused by chikungunya in the chronic phase and their impacts on patients' mental health and quality of life. Materials and methods: This is a qualitative study, performed from November 2019 to January 2020. Focus groups and deep interviews were carried out. Then, the Discourse Analysis was performed. Results: Chronic pain was the main clinical manifestation reported by the participants, being responsible for affecting aspects related to quality of life and mental health. As for psycological view, this study showed that chronic pain was also reported as one of the main symptoms related to anxiety and depression among research subjects. Conclusion: this study demonstrated how the chronic illness caused by Chikungunya impacted the subjects' perception in the domains related to quality of life and mental health. Furthermore, we seek to focus on the management of disease in a holistic way, putting the patients' own awareness of the impacts of the disease on their lives in a relevant level of their treatment.


Objetivo: Compreender as demandas causadas pela chikungunya em sua fase crônica e seus impactos na saúde mental e na qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo com abordagem qualitativa, realizado entre novembro de 2019 a janeiro de 2020. Inicialmetne, foram realizados grupos focais e entrevistas em profundidade; seguidas da Análise do Discurso. Resultados: A dor crônica foi a principal manifestação clínica relatada pelos participantes, sendo responsável por afetar aspectos relacionados à qualidade de vida e saúde mental. Quanto ao aspecto psicológico, este estudo mostrou que a dor crônica também foi relatada como um dos principais sintomas relacionados à ansiedade e depressão entre os sujeitos da pesquisa. Conclusão: este estudo demonstrou como a doença crônica causada pela chikungunya impactou na percepção dos sujeitos em seus domínios relacionados à qualidade de vida e saúde mental. Além disso, procuramos centrar-nos na gestão da doença de forma holística, colocando a consciência dos próprios doentes sobre os impactos da doença nas suas vidas num nível relevante do seu tratamento.


Subject(s)
Chikungunya Fever , Patients , Quality of Life , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Public Health , Focus Groups , Disease Management , Chronic Pain
6.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(4): 986-989, out.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411172

ABSTRACT

O livro Os animais peçonhentos na saúde pública expõe um vasto histórico de acidentes envolvendo problemas de saúde provocados por animais peçonhentos. Os autores resgatam trabalhos e vivências, descritos por Louis Pasteur e Vital Brazil, fundamentais para o desenvolvimento de processos da ciência translacional como compreendida hoje, no século XXI. A obra é marcada pela defesa da necessidade de políticas públicas coerentes que sejam capazes de promover ações de capacitação, prevenção, diagnóstico, tratamento e reabilitação dos pacientes.


The book Os animais peçonhentos na saúde pública presents a vast history of accidents involving health problems caused by venomous animals. The authors rescue works and experiences, described by Louis Pasteur and Vital Brazil, fundamental for the development of translational science processes as understood today, in the 21st century. The work is marked by the defense of the need for coherent public policies capable of promoting training, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients.


El libro Os animais peçonhentos na saúde pública expone una vasta historia de accidentes que involucran problemas de salud causados por animals venenosos. Los autores rescatan obras y experiencias, descritas por Louis Pasteur y Vital Brazil, fundamentales para el desarrollo de los procesos de ciencia translacional tal como se entienden hoy, en el siglo XXI. El libro está marcado por la defensa de la necesidad de políticas públicas coherentes capaces de promover la formación, la prevención, el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y la rehabilitación de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals, Poisonous , Patients , Poisons , Bites and Stings , Public Health , Immunization, Passive , Patient-Centered Care , Translational Science, Biomedical
7.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-7, 01/jan./2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411390

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the prevalence and risk factors for damage or removal of fully implanted long-term catheters from patients undergoing antineoplastic chemotherapy. Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional study that evaluated medical records of patients undergoing placement of a fully implanted catheter for antineoplastic chemotherapy from January 2015 to December 2019. Clinical and sociodemographic data were collected that were associated with catheter survival using Log-Rank Mantel-Cox and Cox Regression tests (SPSS, p<0.05). Results: Of 58 devices evaluated, most patients were higher educated married females, younger than 60 years old. The most frequent side of catheter implantation was the right side, and the most prevalent implantation site was the internal jugular vein. Less than 1/3 of patients (29.3%) had port-a-cath loss due to complications with a five-year follow-up survival of 35.73±3.76 (95% CI = 28.35-43.11). Two patients (4.7%) needed removal due to device exposure, three (7.0%) due to obstruction, and 12 (27.9%) due to infection. Female patients (p=0.019) and patients with breast tumors (p=0.049) had a shorter mean survival time. The women showed port-a-cath survival 9.25 times (95% CI = 1.35-50.25) shorter in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: port-a-cath catheter loss is around 30% and being female is a determining risk factor.


Objetivo: Identificar a prevalência e os fatores de risco para danos ou retirada de cateter de longa permanência totalmente implantado em pacientes submetidos à quimioterapia antineoplásica. Metodos: Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal que avaliou prontuários de pacientes submetidos à colocação de cateter totalmente implantado para quimioterapia antineoplásica, no período de janeiro de 2015 a dezembro de 2019. Foram coletados dados clínicos e sociodemográficos associados à sobrevida do cateter por meio do Log-Rank testes de Mantel-Cox e Regressão de Cox (SPSS, p<0,005). Resultados: Dos 58 dispositivos avaliados, a maioria dos pacientes era mulheres casadas com nivel superior de escolaridade e com idade inferior a 60 anos. O lado mais frequente de implantação do cateter foi o direito, e o local de implantação mais prevalente foi a veia jugular interna. Pouco menos de 1/3 dos pacientes (29,3%) tiveram perda de port-a-cath devido complicações com uma sobrevida de seguimento de cinco anos de 35,73±3.76 (IC 95% = 28.35-43.11). Dois pacientes (4,7%) necessitaram de remoção por exposição do dispositivo, três (7,0%) por obstrução e 12 (27,9%) por infecção. Pacientes do sexo feminino (p=0,0019) e pacientes com tumores de mama (p=0,049) apresentam menor tempo médio de sobrevida. As mulheres apresentaram sobrevida port-a-cath 9,25 vezes (IC 95%=1,35-50,25) menor na análise multivariada. Conclusão: A perda do cateter port-a-cath foi de aproximadamente 30% e ser do sexo feminino foi um fator de risco importante.


Subject(s)
Vascular Access Devices , Patients , Catheterization, Peripheral , Risk Factors , Catheters , Antineoplastic Agents
8.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-7, 01/jan./2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411398

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the notified and confirmed cases of ACL in a municipality in east Minas Gerais, from 2007 to 2020. Methods: a combined study was carried out as a cross-sectional and an ecological approach of time series type, using notified and confirmed ACL cases, from 2007 to 2020. Primary and secondary data were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (simple linear regression, T-test, Mann-Whitney, chi-square (χ2) at a 5% significance level). Results: a total of 219 cases were reported with a decreasing temporal trend, with a higher frequency observed for the cutaneous form (82.6%), age group 40 to 59 years (32.1%), black race (56.4%), and completed elementary school (47.7%). Individuals with the mucosal clinical form had lesions for a longer time, a greater chance of not progressing to cure, and used more vials of meglumine antimoniate when compared to patients with the cutaneous form. Conclusions: different correlations were observed between the variables studied and the profile of involvement described in the scientific literature, with the clinical form predominantly cutaneous and with a good prognosis.


Objetivo: analisar os casos notificados e confirmados de LTA em um município do leste de Minas Gerais, no período de 2007 a 2020. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo combinado com abordagem transversal e ecológica do tipo série temporal, utilizando casos notificados e confirmados de LTA, de 2007 a 2020. Foram utilizados dados primários e secundários. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e inferencial (regressão linear simples, teste T, Mann-Whitney, qui-quadrado (χ2) com nível de significância de 5%). Resultados: foram notificados 219 casos com tendência temporal decrescente, com maior frequência observada para a forma cutânea (82,6%), faixa etária de 40 a 59 anos (32,1%), raça negra (56,4%) e ensino fundamental completo (47,7%). Indivíduos com a forma clínica mucosa apresentaram maior tempo de lesão, maior possibilidade de não evoluir para cura e utilizaram mais ampolas de antimoniato de meglumina quando comparados aos pacientes com a forma cutânea. Conclusões: foram observadas diferentes correlações entre as variáveis estudadas e o perfil de acometimento descrito na literatura científica, com a forma clínica predominantemente cutânea e com bom prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous , Patients , Wounds and Injuries , Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous , Public Health , Epidemiology , Morbidity , Mucous Membrane
9.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-6, 01/jan./2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411567

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a relação entre a qualidade de vida e o tempo de espera para a realização de artroplastia total do joelho (ATJ) em pacientes usuários do sistema público de saúde. Método: estudo observacional, retrospectivo, do tipo corte transversal, entre janeiro a junho de 2021. Foram incluídos no estudo os pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 50 anos que adentraram em fila de espera para tratamento cirúrgico por artroplastia total do joelho, desde setembro de 2018, em um hospital público terciário. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionário desenvolvido e validado pelo próprio serviço de psicologia da instituição e processados por meio de estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: trinta pacientes participaram da pesquisa, com idade de 67 ± 6,63 anos, 70% do sexo feminino com renda mensal média de R$1.558,00. Quanto ao tempo de espera pela ATJ, 56,67% dos pacientes esperaram até 90 dias; 16,67% entre 90 e 180 dias e 26,67% esperaram mais de 180 dias. Foi demonstrada melhora significativa entre as condições clínicas pré e pós ATJ, como mobilidade, edema, rigidez matinal e dor. A redução da dor foi preditora significativamente mais associada com a satisfação com o procedimento. Análise de regressão verificou que os piores resultados foram encontrados nos pacientes que esperaram por mais de 90 dias pela ATJ. Conclusão: o tempo de espera causa um impacto significativo no cotidiano dos pacientes submetidos à ATJ. Quanto maior o tempo de espera, piores são os resultados funcionais, a satisfação e a qualidade de vida desses pacientes.


Objective: to evaluate the relationship between quality of life and waiting time for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients using the public health system. Method: an observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study from January to June 2021. Patients aged 50 years or older who joined the waiting list for surgical treatment for total knee arthroplasty in September 2018 in a tertiary public hospital were included in the study. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed and validated by the institution's own psychology service and processed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: thirty patients participated in the research, aged 67 ± 6.63 years, 70% female, and with a mean monthly income of R$1,558.00. Regarding the waiting time for TKA, 56.67% of patients waited up to 90 days; 16.67% between 90 and 180 days, and 26.67% waited more than 180 days. Significant improvement was demonstrated between pre-and post-TKA clinical conditions, such as mobility, edema, morning stiffness, and pain. Pain reduction was significantly more predictor associated with satisfaction with the procedure. Regression analysis found that the worst outcomes were found in patients who waited longer than 90 days for TKA. Conclusion: waiting time has a significant impact on the daily lives of patients undergoing TKR. The longer the waiting time, the worse are the functional results, satisfaction, and quality of life of these patients.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Pain , Patients , Quality of Life , Unified Health System , Public Health , Edema , Hospitals, Public , Knee
10.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(3): 43-50, 20221115.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401467

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La obesidad es la segunda causa de muerte susceptible de prevención. El tratamiento quirúrgico es el único tratamiento eficaz y demostrado para pacientes con obesidad grave (índice de masa corporal > 40 kg/m²). Las operaciones bariátricas prolongan la supervivencia y corrigen las enfermedades asociadas con la obesidad grave. Objetivos: Caracterizar los resultados de la cirugía bariátrica en pacientes obesos internados en el Hospital Nacional de Itauguá de marzo a diciembre del año 2019. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo de corte transversal, retrospectivo con muestreo no probabilístico a conveniencia. Se incluyeron pacientes de ambos sexos, mayores a 16 años con obesidad sometidos a cirugía bariátrica en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Nacional de Itauguá. Resultados: Se incluyeron a 24 pacientes, cuyo promedio de peso fue de 117,5 kg y un promedio del IMC de 43,5. El 67% presentó obesidad grado III y el 70% un ASA III. La técnica quirúrgica empleada con mayor frecuencia fue gastrectomía vertical en manga laparoscópica. El promedio de pérdida de exceso de peso post quirúrgico a los 12 meses fue de 56,4 kg. La estancia hospitalaria post quirúrgico en promedio fue de 48 horas. En el 96% de los casos no se presentaron complicaciones. Conclusión: El resultado de nuestro estudio sugiere que la cirugía bariátrica ha demostrado ser una alternativa con excelentes resultados para el tratamiento de la obesidad, mejorando así no solo patologías clínicas crónicas sino también la calidad de vida del paciente.


Introduction: Obesity is the second cause of death susceptible to prevention. Surgical treatment is the only effective and proven treatment for severely obese patients (body mass index > 40 kg/m²). Bariatric operations prolong survival and correct diseases associated with severe obesity. Objectives: To determine the short-term and long-term results of bariatric surgery in obese patients admitted to the National Hospital of Itauguá from March to December 2019. Materials and methods: Observational, descriptive cross-sectional, retrospective study with non-probabilistic sampling at convenience. We included patients of both sexes, over 16 years of age with obesity who underwent bariatric surgery and were admitted to the General Surgery Service of the Hospital Nacional de Itauguá in 2019. Results: Twenty-four patients were followed up in the study, with an average weight of 117.5 kg and a mean BMI of 43.5. 67% presented with grade III obesity and 70% with ASA III. The most frequently used surgical technique was vertical gastrectomy in the laparoscopic sleeve. The average postoperative weight loss at 12 months was 56.4 kg. The average postoperative hospital stay was 48 hours. There were no complications in 96% of cases. Conclusion: The result of our study suggests that bariatric surgery has proven to be an alternative with excellent results for the treatment of morbid obesity, , thus improving not only chronic clinical pathologies but also the quality of life of the patient with increased life expectancy.


Subject(s)
Obesity , Patients , General Surgery , Bariatric Surgery
11.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(3): 58-63, 20221115.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401553

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La tuberculosis representa la novena causa de muerte en todo el mundo. La infección latente puede reactivarse por situaciones que comprometan la inmunidad del huésped. La tuberculosis pulmonar es la manifestación más frecuente en pacientes inmunodeprimidos. La baciloscopia es la herramienta primaria en el diagnóstico de la tuberculosis pulmonar activa. Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia de tuberculosis pulmonar con baciloscopia positiva en pacientes inmunocomprometidos que acuden al Servicio de Neumología del Hospital de Clínicas durante el periodo 2018 a 2019. Materiales y métodos: Diseño observacional, descriptivo, transversal, retrospectivo, muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos. Se realizó la revisión de fichas clínicas de pacientes internados en la Cátedra de Neumología del Hospital de Clínicas (2018-2019), registrados en la estadística del servicio. Para el procesamiento y análisis de datos fue utilizada una planilla electrónica precodificada de Microsoft Excel. Resultados: Del total de historias clínicas de pacientes dentro de la población estudiada (n=34), en el 68% de los casos el diagnóstico se estableció mediante baciloscopia, el 65% de ellos con hallazgo tres cruces (+++). Conclusión: La frecuencia de baciloscopia positiva en inmunocomprometidos determinada fue elevada. Aunque se está disminuyendo su uso, es importante seguir practicando este estudio a todos los inmunocomprometidos con síntomas respiratorios debido a su bajo costo y practicidad.


Introduction: Tuberculosis represents the ninth leading cause of death worldwide. Latent infection can be reactivated by situations that compromise host immunity. Pulmonary tuberculosis is the most frequent manifestation in immunocompromised patients. Smear microscopy is the primary tool in the diagnosis of active pulmonary tuberculosis. Objectives: To determine the frequency of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in immunocompromised patients attending the Pneumology Service of the Hospital de Clínicas during the period 2018 to 2019. Materials and methods: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective, non-probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases. A review of clinical records of patients admitted to the Department of Pneumology of the Hospital de Clínicas (2018-2019), registered in the statistics department of the service, was performed. A pre-coded Microsoft Excel spreadsheet was used for data processing and analysis. Results: Of the total patient medical records within the studied population (n=34), in 68% of the cases the diagnosis was established by smear microscopy, 65% of them with finding three crosses (+++). Conclusion: The frequency of positive smear microscopy in immunocompromised patients was high. Although its use is decreasing, it is important to continue performing this study in all immunocompromised patients with respiratory symptoms due to its low cost and practicality.


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Patients , Immunocompromised Host/immunology
12.
Nursing (Ed. brasileira. Online) ; 25(295): 9179-9190, dez. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1412692

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: refletir as necessidades básicas de saúde ao paciente com traqueostomia por câncer de cabeça e pescoço no contexto da pandemia pelo coronavírus, utilizando a Teoria das Necessidades Básicas. Método: estudo teórico-reflexivo. Foram utilizados documentos do Ministério da Saúde e da Organização Pan-Americana de Saúde, assim como uma revisão da literatura na base de dados da PUBMED para que a literatura científica associasse com os documentos consultados. Resultados: as necessidades básicas de saúde afetadas foram: Psicobiológicas de oxigenação e ambiente; Psicossociais de segurança e comunicação e Psicoespirituais de religião, seguidas dos enunciados das Intervenções de Enfermagem (NIC) como oxigenoterapia, aumento da segurança do paciente, estímulo a rituais religiosos. Conclusão: a construção do saber científico na Enfermagem torna-se imperioso, para que as necessidades de saúde afetadas ao paciente com traqueostomia na pandemia da COVID-19 sejam atendidas, para promoção da saúde e da vida.(AU)


Objective: to reflect the basic health needs of patients with tracheostomy for head and neck cancer in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, using the Theory of Basic Needs. Method: This is a reflective study, carried out through a critical reading of official documents from national and international health agencies and other conceptual sources on the subject.Results: the basic health needs affected were: Psychobiological oxygenation and environment; Psychosocial security; communication and health education and Psychospirituals of religion, followed by nursing interventions of NIC activities, oxygen therapy, environmental control, increased safety, improved communication in speech deficits; encouraging religious rituals and facilitating an efficient decision-making process. Conclusion: the construction of scientific knowledge in Nursing becomes imperative, so that the health needs affected by the patient with tracheostomy in the COVID-19 Pandemic are met, to promote health and life.(AU)


Objetivo: reflejar las necesidades básicas de salud de los pacientes traqueostomizados por cáncer de cabeza y cuello en el contexto de la pandemia del coronavirus, utilizando la Teoría de las Necesidades Básicas. Método: Se trata de un estudio reflexivo, realizado a través de una lectura crítica de documentos oficiales de organismos de salud nacionales e internacionales y otras fuentes conceptuales sobre el tema. Resultados: las necesidades básicas de salud afectadas fueron: Oxigenación psicobiológica y medio ambiente; seguridad psicosocial; comunicación y educación para la salud y Psicoespirituales de la religión, seguidas de las intervenciones de enfermería de las actividades NIC, oxigenoterapia, control ambiental, aumento de la seguridad, mejora de la comunicación en los déficits del habla; fomentar los rituales religiosos y facilitar un proceso eficiente de toma de decisiones. Conclusión: la construcción del conocimiento científico en Enfermería se torna imperativa, para que sean atendidas las necesidades de salud afectadas por el paciente con traqueotomía en la Pandemia del COVID-19, para promover la salud y la vida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Patients , Tracheostomy , Needs Assessment , Pandemics , Standardized Nursing Terminology
13.
Rev. tecnol. (St. Tecla, En línea) ; (15): 43-47, ene.-dic. 2022. ilus.^c28 cm., graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1413137

ABSTRACT

El presente estudio de factibilidad técnica realizado por docentes investigadores del Centro Regional MEGATEC Zacatecoluca se centró en desarrollar una investigación descriptiva y aplicada para escalar la comunicación de un Sistema Central de Monitoreo de Pacientes a dispositivos móviles. El objetivo principal del proyecto fue brindar alternativas para escalar y optimizar el acceso a la información de los signos vitales de pacientes, a través de la integración y desarrollo de herramientas informáticas y aplicaciones de terceros, con el software del sistema y componentes informáticos del Sistema Central de Monitoreo. El proyecto integró herramientas, conocimientos, habilidades, experiencias, métodos y procedimientos requeridos para el desarrollo e implementación de un sistema de comunicación interoperable entre aplicaciones heterogéneas. Se utilizaron protocolos y estándares para intercambiar información entre aplicaciones de salud HL7 y FHIR.


This technical feasibility study carried out by research professors from the Centro Regional MEGATEC Zacatecoluca focused on the developing of a descriptive and applied research to scale the communication of a Central Patient Monitoring System to mobile devices. The main objective of the project was to provide alternatives to scale and optimize access to information on the vital signs of patients, through the integration and development of computer tools, and third-party applications with the system software and computer components of the Central System Monitoring. The project integrated tools, knowledge, skills, experiences, methods and procedures required for the development and implementation of an interoperable communication system between heterogeneous applications. Protocols and standards were used to exchange information between HL7 and FHIR health applications.


Subject(s)
Software , Vital Signs , Patients
14.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 13: 1-8, dez. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1413578

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Discutir as representações sociais de pessoas em hemodiálise sobre o tratamento dialítico à luz dos estressores de Neuman. Métodos: Pesquisa de abordagem processual das Representações Sociais, realizada numa clínica particular de hemodiálise de Minas Gerais. Dados de caracterização sociodemográfica, perfil de doença/tratamento e entrevista individual em profundidade coletados de agosto a novembro/2017 com 68 pessoas em hemodiálise, tratados nos softwares: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, NVivo Pro11® com análise temático-categorial (adensamento teórico - coeficiente Pearson ≥0,7) e de coocorrência no Iramuteq. Resultados: Foram categorias de análise: 1) autopercepção sobre o adoecimento e o enfrentamento da doença renal - origem intrapessoal; 2) relações interpessoais e profissionais: criação de vínculos no contexto terapêutico - origem interpessoal e 3) ambiente terapêutico compartilhado: constructos representacionais sobre a hemodiálise renal - origem transpessoal. Conclusão: As representações sociais construíram se em convivências intrapessoais, interpessoais ou transpessoais explicitando estressores que devem ser controlados terapeuticamente. (AU)


Objective: To discuss the social representations of people on hemodialysis about dialysis treatment in the light of Neuman's stressors. Methods: Research of procedural approach of Social Representations, conducted in a private hemodialysis clinic in Minas Gerais. Data of sociodemographic characterization, disease/treatment profile and individual in-depth interview collected from August to November/2017 with 68 people on hemodialysis, treated in software: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, NVivo Pro11® with thematic-categorial analysis (theoretical densification - Pearson coefficient ≥0.7) and of cooccurrence in Iramuteq. Results: The categories of analysis were: 1) self-perception about the illness and coping with kidney disease - intrapersonal origin; 2) interpersonal and professional relationships: bonding in the therapeutic context - interpersonal origin and 3) shared therapeutic environment: representational constructs about renal hemodialysis - transpersonal origin. Conclusion: Social representations were built in intrapersonal, interpersonal or transpersonal relationships, explaining stressors that must be therapeutically controlled. (AU)


Objetivo: Discutir las representaciones sociales de las personas en hemodiálisis sobre el tratamiento de diálisis a la luz de los factores estresantes de Neuman. Métodos: Investigación con enfoque procedimental de las Representaciones Sociales, realizada en una clínica privada de hemodiálisis en Minas Gerais. Datos de caracterización sociodemográfica, perfil de enfermedad/tratamiento y entrevista individual en profundidad recopilada de agosto a noviembre/2017 con 68 personas en hemodiálisis, tratadas en el software: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, NVivo Pro11® con análisis de categorías temáticas (densidad teórica - coeficiente de Pearson ≥0 , 7) y de co-ocurrencia en Iramuteq. Resultados: Las categorías de análisis fueron: 1) autopercepción de la enfermedad y afrontamiento de la enfermedad renal - origen intrapersonal; 2) relaciones interpersonales y profesionales: creación de vínculos en el contexto terapéutico - origen interpersonal y 3) ambiente terapéutico compartido: constructos representacionales sobre hemodiálisis renal - origen transpersonal. Conclusion: Las representaciones sociales se construyeron en interacciones intrapersonales, interpersonales o transpersonales, explicando los estresores que deben ser controlados terapéuticamente. (AU)


Subject(s)
Patients , Psychology, Social , Nursing Theory , Renal Dialysis , Nursing
15.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369163

ABSTRACT

Introduction: One of the challenges of maxillofacial surgery is the rehabilitation of patients with severe bone loss, using implant-supported prostheses. This challenge is based on the small remaining bone structure, and on the need to reconstruct the structure for the rehabilitation with autogenous or exogenous grafts. Case report: We report the case of a patient with severe maxillary atrophy, where a skullcap graft was performed associated with implant placement and prosthetic completion 14 months after the start of treatment. Final considerations: We demonstrate clinical safety for the use of extraoral grafts without complications, representing a good alternative treatment for this group of patients.


Introdução: um dos desafios da cirurgia bucomaxilofacial é a reabilitação de pacientes com perda óssea severa, utilizando próteses implantossuportadas. Este desafio baseia-se na pequena estrutura óssea remanescente e na necessidade de reconstrução da estrutura para a reabilitação com enxertos autógenos ou exógenos. Relato de caso: Relatamos o caso de um paciente com atrofia maxilar grave, onde foi realizado enxerto de calota craniana associado à instalação de implante, com finalização protética 14 meses após o início do tratamento. Consideracoes finais: Demonstramos segurança clínica para o uso de enxertos extrabucais sem complicações, representando uma boa alternativa de tratamento para este grupo de pacientes.


Subject(s)
Mandible , Patients , Prostheses and Implants , Atrophy , Skull , Surgery, Oral , Jaw, Edentulous
16.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369172

ABSTRACT

Introduction: It is reported a case of a 57-year-old woman with multiple psychiatric hospitalizations, during which different diagnostic hypotheses and therapeutic procedures were proposed. Case report: After analyzing the patient's clinical records, the medical team proposed a diagnosis of Schizoaffective Disorder. This disorder presents a high risk of recurrent hospitalizations and high costs associated with therapeutic and follow-up withdrawal, yet there is limited data to assess the post-discharge critical periods. Final considerations: Further research in this area is required to adopt effective therapeutic strategies, reduce the probability of hospital admissions, improve prognosis, and lessen associated financial costs.


Introdução: é relatado o caso de uma mulher de 57 anos com múltiplas hospitalizações psiquiátricas, durante as quais diferentes hipóteses diagnósticas e terapêuticas associadas foram propostas. Relato do caso: Após análise dos registos clínicos, a equipa médica propôs o diagnóstico de Perturbação Esquizoafetiva. Esta Perturbação apresenta um elevado risco de re-internamento, para além do custo associado ao abandono do seguimento clínico e terapêutico. Porém, não existem dados suficientes que avaliem os períodos pós-alta. Consideracoes finais: Portanto, tornam-se necessárias pesquisas mais amplas na área para adotar estratégias terapêuticas eficazes, reduzir a probabilidade de re-internamento, melhorar o prognóstico e minimizar os custos financeiros associados.


Subject(s)
Psychotic Disorders , Patients , Prognosis , Therapeutics , Women
17.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Instituto Nacional de Salud. Centro Nacional de Salud Intercultural; 1 ed; Nov. 2022. 126 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU, INS-PERU | ID: biblio-1402623

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del mapa microbiológico es determinar la frecuencia y distribución de los microorganismos a través de su perfil de sensibilidad/resistencia antimicrobiana según el tipo de muestra clínica, localización de la infección, tipo de infección, servicio y caracterizar el fenotipo y genotipo de resistencia en pacientes hospitalizados y ambulatorios


Subject(s)
Patients , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Selection of the Waste Treatment Site , Infections , Anti-Infective Agents , Anti-Bacterial Agents
18.
San Salvador; MINSAL; nov. 29, 2022. 27 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1402343

ABSTRACT

El Ministerio de Salud como rector del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud (SNIS), ha realizado los presentes lineamientos técnicos con la participación de las instituciones integrantes y colaboradoras del sistema, los cuales contiene las disposiciones técnicas para el cumplimento del secreto profesional en todos los niveles de atención. El secreto profesional está enlazado con los principios y prácticas fundamentales del cuidado de la salud y tiene sus raíces en la responsabilidad hipocrática que define el profesionalismo médico. El secreto médico pertenece al campo de la ética médica, que consiste en el deber de actuar en el ejercicio de la profesión médica de acuerdo a principios que garantizan tanto la libertad del profesional como el bienestar de los pacientes


The Ministry of Health, as rector of the National Integrated Health System (SNIS), has carried out these technical guidelines with the participation of the member and collaborating institutions of the system, which contain the technical provisions for compliance with professional secrecy at all levels. of attention. Professional secrecy is linked to the fundamental principles and practices of health care and is rooted in the Hippocratic responsibility that defines medical professionalism. Medical secrecy belongs to the field of medical ethics, which consists of the duty to act in the exercise of the medical profession in accordance with principles that guarantee both the freedom of the professional and the well-being of patients


Subject(s)
Health Systems , Ethics, Professional , Patients , Attention , Health , El Salvador
19.
San Salvador; INS; oct. 01, 2022. 30 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1400729

ABSTRACT

La presente guía de práctica clínica es el resultado del esfuerzo articulado de los profesionales del Sistema Integrado de Salud (SNIS) coordinado por el Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) y el apoyo metodológico de la OPS con el objetivo de brindar una herramienta de utilidad a los prestadores de los servicios de salud y a los pacientes ante la amenaza del COVID-19 en una etapa que afrontamos desde el desconocimiento de un virus hasta poder proveer de los registros de evidencia científica sobre esta enfermedad, considerada una infección potencialmente mortal causada por el virus SARS-Cov2 y que actualmente continua sien do un reto para todos los sistemas sanitarios en el mundo


This clinical practice guideline is the result of the coordinated effort of the professionals of the Integrated Health System (SNIS) coordinated by the National Institute of Health (INS) and the methodological support of PAHO with the aim of providing a useful tool for health service providers and patients in the face of the threat of COVID-19 in a stage that we face from being unaware of a virus to being able to provide records of scientific evidence on this disease, considered a potentially fatal infection caused by the virus SARS-Cov2 and that currently continues to be a challenge for all health systems in the world


Subject(s)
Practice Guidelines as Topic , COVID-19 , Patients , SARS Virus , El Salvador , Infections
20.
San Salvador; INS; oct. 01, 2022. 155 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1400728

ABSTRACT

La presente guía de práctica clínica es el resultado del esfuerzo articulado de los profesionales del Sistema Integrado de Salud (SNIS) coordinado por el Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) y el apoyo metodológico de la OPS con el objetivo de brindar una herramienta de utilidad a los prestadores de los servicios de salud y a los pacientes ante la amenaza del COVID-19 en una etapa que afrontamos desde el desconocimiento de un virus hasta poder proveer de los registros de evidencia científica sobre esta enfermedad, considerada una infección potencialmente mortal causada por el virus SARS-Cov2 y que actualmente continua sien do un reto para todos los sistemas sanitarios en el mundo


This clinical practice guideline is the result of the coordinated effort of the professionals of the Integrated Health System (SNIS) coordinated by the National Institute of Health (INS) and the methodological support of PAHO with the aim of providing a useful tool for health service providers and patients in the face of the threat of COVID-19 in a stage that we face from being unaware of a virus to being able to provide records of scientific evidence on this disease, considered a potentially fatal infection caused by the virus SARS-Cov2 and that currently continues to be a challenge for all health systems in the world


Subject(s)
Practice Guidelines as Topic , COVID-19 , Patients , Viruses , SARS Virus , El Salvador , Infections
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