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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957

ABSTRACT

Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)


Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)


Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Psychosocial Intervention , Heart Defects, Congenital , Anxiety , Orientation , Pain , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Paternity , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pediatrics , Placenta , Placentation , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Maintenance , Prognosis , Psychoanalytic Theory , Psychology , Puerperal Disorders , Quality of Life , Radiation , Religion , Reproduction , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , General Surgery , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Temperance , Therapeutics , Urogenital System , Bioethics , Physicians' Offices , Infant, Premature , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Pregnancy Outcome , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Family , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Family Health , Survival Rate , Life Expectancy , Cause of Death , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Mapping , Parental Leave , Mental Competency , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Down Syndrome , Perinatal Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Chemical Compounds , Depression, Postpartum , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Disabled Children , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Gravidity , Crisis Intervention , Affect , Cytogenetic Analysis , Spirituality , Complicity , Value of Life , Humanizing Delivery , Death , Decision Making , Defense Mechanisms , Abortion, Threatened , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Uncertainty , Organogenesis , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women , Early Diagnosis , Premature Birth , Nuchal Translucency Measurement , Child Mortality , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Postpartum Period , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological , Ethanol , Ego , Emotions , Empathy , Environment , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Cell Nucleus Shape , Prenatal Nutrition , Cervical Length Measurement , Family Conflict , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Sac , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Fetal Death , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Multimodal Imaging , Mortality, Premature , Clinical Decision-Making , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Child, Foster , Freedom , Burnout, Psychological , Birth Setting , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Genetics , Psychological Well-Being , Obstetricians , Guilt , Happiness , Health Occupations , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, University , Human Development , Human Rights , Imagination , Infections , Infertility , Anencephaly , Jurisprudence , Obstetric Labor Complications , Licensure , Life Change Events , Life Support Care , Loneliness , Love , Medical Staff, Hospital , Intellectual Disability , Morals , Mothers , Narcissism , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Neonatology , Nervous System Malformations , Object Attachment
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255195, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529228

ABSTRACT

A pandemia de covid-19 provocou intensas mudanças no contexto do cuidado neonatal, exigindo dos profissionais de saúde a reformulação de práticas e o desenvolvimento de novas estratégias para a manutenção da atenção integral e humanizada ao recém-nascido. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar a atuação da Psicologia nas Unidades Neonatais de um hospital público de Fortaleza (CE), Brasil, durante o período de distanciamento físico da pandemia de covid-19. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, do tipo relato de experiência, que ocorreu no período de março a agosto de 2020. No contexto pandêmico, o serviço de Psicologia desenvolveu novas condutas assistenciais para atender às demandas emergentes do momento, como: atendimento remoto; registro e envio on-line de imagens do recém-nascido a seus familiares; visitas virtuais; e reprodução de mensagens de áudio da família para o neonato. Apesar dos desafios encontrados, as ações contribuíram para a manutenção do cuidado centrado no recém-nascido e sua família, o que demonstra a potencialidade do fazer psicológico.(AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic brought intense changes to neonatal care and required health professionals to reformulate practices and develop new strategies to ensure comprehensive and humanized care for newborn. This study aims to report the experience of the Psychology Service in the Neonatal Units of a public hospital in Fortaleza, in the state of Ceará, Brazil, during the social distancing period of the COVID-19 pandemic. This descriptive experience report study was conducted from March to August 2020. During the pandemic, the Psychology Service developed new care practices to meet the emerging demands of that moment, such as remote care, recordings and online submission of newborns' pictures and video images for their family, virtual tours, and reproduction of family audio messages for the newborns. Despite the challenges, the actions contributed to the maintenance of a care that is centered on the newborns and their families, which shows the potential of psychological practices.(AU)


La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha traído cambios intensos en el contexto de la atención neonatal, que requieren de los profesionales de la salud una reformulación de sus prácticas y el desarrollo de nuevas estrategias para asegurar una atención integral y humanizada al recién nacido. El objetivo de este artículo es reportar la experiencia del Servicio de Psicología en las Unidades Neonatales de un hospital público de Fortaleza, en Ceará, Brasil, durante el periodo de distanciamiento físico en la pandemia de la COVID-19. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, un reporte de experiencia, que se llevó a cabo de marzo a agosto de 2020. En el contexto pandémico, el servicio de Psicología desarrolló nuevas conductas asistenciales para atender a las demandas emergentes del momento, tales como: atención remota; grabación y envío em línea de imágenes del recién nacido; visitas virtuales; y reproducción de mensajes de audio de la familia para el recién nacido. A pesar de los desafíos encontrados, las acciones contribuyeron al mantenimiento de la atención centrada en el recién nacido y su familia, lo que demuestra el potencial de la práctica psicológica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Psychology , Teleworking , COVID-19 , Neonatology , Anxiety , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Apgar Score , Patient Care Team , Patient Discharge , Pediatrics , Perinatology , Phototherapy , Prenatal Care , Quality of Health Care , Respiration, Artificial , Skilled Nursing Facilities , Survival , Congenital Abnormalities , Unconscious, Psychology , Visitors to Patients , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital , Health Care Levels , Brazil , Breast Feeding , Case Reports , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Cardiotocography , Health Behavior , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Child Development , Child Health Services , Infant Mortality , Maternal Mortality , Cross Infection , Risk , Probability , Vital Statistics , Health Status Indicators , Life Expectancy , Women's Health , Neonatal Screening , Nursing , Enteral Nutrition , Long-Term Care , Parenteral Nutrition , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pliability , Comprehensive Health Care , Low Cost Technology , Pregnancy Rate , Life , Creativity , Critical Care , Affect , Crying , Humanizing Delivery , Uncertainty , Pregnant Women , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Disease Prevention , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Information Technology , Child Nutrition , Perinatal Mortality , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Feeding Methods , Fetal Monitoring , Patient Handoff , Microbiota , Integrality in Health , Ambulatory Care , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Maternal Health , Neonatal Sepsis , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Psychosocial Support Systems , Survivorship , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Family Support , Gynecology , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hyperbilirubinemia , Hypothermia , Immune System , Incubators , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Length of Stay , Life Change Events , Love , Maternal Behavior , Maternal Welfare , Medicine , Methods , Nervous System Diseases , Object Attachment , Obstetrics
3.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(2): e222, dic. 2022. tab, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1411437

ABSTRACT

El Hospital Escuela del Litoral de Paysandú es un centro de referencia departamental y regional con un Servicio de Emergencia único. Asiste a 68.000 usuarios, 25% pediátrico. Objetivos: describir la epidemiología global de las consultas durante el año 2019 en el Servicio de Emergencia del Hospital Escuela del Litoral de Paysandú y las características de la población pediátrica que concurre al mismo. Analizar los principales motivos de consulta, demanda asistencial, nivel de gravedad, rol del médico que asiste al paciente pediátrico y destino del paciente. Material y métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de la demanda asistencial durante el año 2019. Descripción y análisis de las consultas pediátricas entre el 1 de enero y el 30 de junio de 2019. Resultados: 47.647 consultas, 11.411 pediátricas. Meses de mayor consulta: julio, agosto y octubre. N: 4.905, 34,4% preescolares. 89% de las consultas se clasificaron como nivel 4 y 5. La patología respiratoria predominó en todas las franjas etarias y meses del año. Los pacientes nivel 1 se derivaron a cuidados moderados o CTI, y uno falleció. Discusión y conclusiones: mayor demanda asistencial en los meses fríos por patologías respiratorias. 1 de cada 100 consultas corresponden a emergencia-urgencia y 1 de cada 5 menos urgentes. Inadecuado uso del Servicio de Emergencia con sobrecarga asistencial. Se confirma utilidad del triage como herramienta en un Servicio de Emergencia mixto


The School Hospital Hospital Escuela del Litoral de Paysandú is a departmental and regional reference center with a unique Emergency Service. It serves 68,000 users, 25% of which are pediatric users. Objectives: to describe the total epidemiology consultations in 2019 at the Emergency Service of the Hospital Escuela del Litoral de Paysandú and the characteristics of its emergency pediatric population. Analyze the key reasons for consultation, care demand, level of severity, the role of doctors who receive pediatric patients and patients' referral. Material and methods: retrospective descriptive study of the demand for care in 2019. Description and analysis of pediatric consultations between January 1 and June 30, 2019. Results: 47,647 consultations, 11,411 pediatric. Months of greater consultation: July, August and October. N: 4905. 34.4% preschool. 89% of the consultations were classified as level 4 and 5. Respiratory pathology prevailed in all age groups and months of the year. Level 1 patients were referred to moderate care or ICU and one died. Discussion and conclusions: higher demand for care in Winter months due to respiratory pathologies. 1 out of every 100 consultations belonged to Emergency-Urgency Services and 1 out of 5 were less urgent. Inadequate use of the Emergency Service with care overload. We confirm the effectiveness of Triage as a tool in a mixed Emergency Services patients' referral process.


O Hospital Escola do Litoral de Paysandú é um centro de referência departamental e regional com um Serviço de Emergência único. Atende 68.000 usuários, 25% pediátricos. Objetivos: descrever a epidemiologia geral das consultas durante o ano de 2019 no Serviço de Emergência do Hospital Escola de Paysandú e as características da população pediátrica que atende o Serviço de Emergência. Analisar os principais motivos de consulta, demanda de atendimento, grau de gravidade, atuação dos médicos que atendem os pacientes pediátricos e destino do paciente. Material e métodos: estudo descritivo retrospectivo da demanda de atendimento durante o ano de 2019. Descrição e análise das consultas pediátricas entre 1º de janeiro e 30 de junho. de 2019 Resultados: 47.647 consultas, 11.411 pediátricas. Meses de maior consulta: julho, agosto e outubro. N: 4.905. 34,4% pré-escolar. 89% das consultas foram classificadas como nível 4 e 5. A patologia respiratória prevaleceu em todas as faixas etárias e meses do ano. Pacientes nível 1 foram encaminhados para cuidados moderados ou UTI e um faleceu. Discussão e conclusões: maior procura de cuidados nos meses frios devido a patologias respiratórias. 1 em cada 100 consultas corresponde a Urgência-Emergência e 1 em cada 5 corresponde a consultas menos urgentes. Uso inadequado do Serviço de Emergência com sobrecarga de atendimento. Confirma-se a utilidade da Triagem como ferramenta em um Serviço de Emergência misto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Physician's Role , Medical Care Statistics , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Pediatric Emergency Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Uruguay/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Age Distribution , Temporal Distribution
4.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(2): 25-31, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399214

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil epidemiológico e clínico de crianças com cardiopatias congênitas admitidas entre 2018 e 2019 em um hospital de referência em Pernambuco. Métodos: Trata-se de um corte transversal envolvendo 310 crianças com cardiopatias congênitas. Foram obtidos dados epidemiológicos e clínicos em prontuários através de formulários padronizados. Houve tabulação em planilha Excel e análise estatística descritiva por meio do Software SPSS 25. Resultados: Verificou-se média de 21,69 meses de idade e predominância do sexo masculino (55,5%). Os principais fatores de risco maternos foram infecção durante a gestação (21,3%) e idade avançada (15,8%). Dentre as doenças crônicas, destacaram-se hipertensão arterial (6,1%) e diabetes mellitus (4,2%). Os predisponentes do paciente foram prematuridade (16,1%), baixo peso ao nascer (17,7%), trissomia do 21 (17,7%) e malformações extracardíacas (7,1%). Sinais e sintomas respiratórios constituíram o principal motivo de hospitalização, sendo registradas dispneia (55,8%), tosse (30,3%) e alterações de ausculta pulmonar (16,1%). Também motivou o internamento a presença de cianose (20,3%). O sopro cardíaco se apresentou na maioria dos pacientes (80,0%). Em percentual relevante dos casos, o diagnóstico ocorreu durante a hospitalização (16,8%). Conclusão: O conhecimento acerca do perfil das cardiopatias congênitas auxilia o diagnóstico, sendo necessária a ampliação do conhecimento científico nesta temática... (AU)


Objetivo: Describir el perfil epidemiológico y clínico de niños con cardiopatías congénitas ingresados entre 2018 y 2019 en un hospital de referencia de Pernambuco. Métodos: estudio transversal con 310 niños con cardiopatías congénitas. Los datos epidemiológicos y clínicos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas mediante formularios estandarizados. Se realizó tabulación en planilla de Excel y análisis estadístico descriptivo con el Software SPSS 25. Resultados: La edad media fue 21,69 meses y predominio del sexo masculino (55,5%). Los principales factores de riesgo maternos fueron infección durante el embarazo (21,3%) y edad avanzada (15,8%). Las principales enfermedades crónicas fueron hipertensión arterial (6,1%) y diabetes mellitus (4,2%). Los predisponentes del paciente fueron prematuridad (16,1%), bajo peso al nacer (17,7%), trisomía 21 (17,7%) y malformaciones extracardiacas (7,1%). Signos y síntomas respiratorios fueron el principal motivo de hospitalización, con disnea (55,8%), tos (30,3%) y alteraciones en la auscultación pulmonar (16,1%). Cianosis (20,3%) también motivó la hospitalización. El soplo cardíaco estuvo presente en la mayoría de los pacientes (80,0%). En un porcentaje relevante de casos, el diagnóstico se produjo durante la hospitalización (16,8%). Conclusión: El conocimiento sobre el perfil de las cardiopatías congénitas ayuda al diagnóstico, siendo necesario ampliar el conocimiento científico sobre este tema... (AU)


Objective: Describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of children with congenital heart diseases admitted between 2018 and 2019 to a referencial hospital in Pernambuco. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 310 children with congenital cardiopathy. The data was obtained in the medical charts, using standardized forms. Tabulation was made in an Excel spreadsheet and descriptive statistical analysis done through SPSS 25 Software. Results: The average age was 21,69 months and most patients were male (55,5%). The main risk factors were infection during pregnancy (21,3%) and advanced age (15,8%). Among chronic diseases, hypertension (6,1%) and diabetes mellitus (4,2%) stood out. Predisposing factors related to the patient were prematurity (16,1%), low weight at birth (17,7%), trisomy 21 (17,7%) and extracardiac malformations (7,1%). Respiratory signs and symptoms were the main cause of hospitalization, such as dyspnea (55,8%), cough (30,3%) and changes in pulmonary auscultation (16,1%). Cyanosis also motivated admission (20,3%). Most patients presented heart murmur (80%). In a significant amount of cases, the diagnosis was made during the hospital admission (16,8%). Conclusion: the awareness about the profile of congenital heart diseases helps the diagnosis, and is necessary to expand scientific knowledge on this topic... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Chronic Disease , Heart Defects, Congenital , Hospitalization , Comprehensive Health Care , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Hospitals, Pediatric
7.
In. Pedemonti, Adriana; González Brandi, Nancy. Manejo de las urgencias y emergencias pediátricas: incluye casos clínicos. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2022. p.183-204, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1525457
8.
Mali Médical ; 28(3): 5-9, 30/09/2022. Figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1397291

ABSTRACT

La bourse aiguë est une urgence médico-chirurgicale de part ses nombreuses étiologies menaçant le pronostic fonctionnel des testicules et leurs annexes. Objectifs : Identifier les causes des bourses aiguës de l'enfant et décrire leurs aspects cliniques et thérapeutiques. Matériels et méthode : Il s'agissait d'une étude descriptive retroprospective allant du 1er janvier 2010 au 31 Décembre 2015 portant sur tous les enfants âgés de 0 à 15 ans reçus et traités pour bourse aiguë dans le service de Chirurgie Pédiatrique du CHU Gabriel Touré. Résultats: En 6 ans, nous avons enregistré 42 patients soit une fréquence de 1,4% des urgences chirurgicales. L'âge moyen était de 2,98 ans (24jours-14 ans). La prématurité a représenté 11,9 % des cas. La tuméfaction scrotale douloureuse était le principal motif de consultation (76,2%), Les principales étiologies étaient la HISE (90,5%), le traumatisme scrotal (4,7%), l'orchiépididymite (2,4%) et la torsion testiculaire (2,4%). Le traitement était chirurgical dans 97,6% des cas. L'évolution après 3 mois était simple dans 97,6% des cas. Conclusion: La bourse aigue de l'enfant est une pathologie peu fréquente touchant surtout les nourrissons. La hernie inguino-scrotale étranglée était la principale étiologie. Le diagnostic doit être précoce et le traitement adéquat afin de reduire la morbi-mortalité


Acute bursa is a medico-surgical emergency because of its many etiologies threatening the functional prognosis of the testes and their appendages. Objectives: Identify the causes of acute bursaries in the child and describe their clinical and therapeutic aspects. Materials and method: This were a retrospective descriptive study from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015, on all children aged 0 to 15 years received and treated for acute scholarship in the Pediatric Surgery department at the teaching hospital Gabriel Touré. Results: In 6 years, we registered 42 patients, ie a frequency of 1.4% of surgical emergencies. The mean age was 2.98 years (24 days-14 years). Prematurity represented 11.9% of cases. Painful scrotal tumefaction was the main reason for consultation (76.2%), The main a etiologies were HISE (90.5%), scrotal trauma (4.7%), orchi epididymitis (2.4%) and testicular torsion (2.4%). The treatment was surgical in 97.6% of cases. The course after 3 months was simple in 97.6% of cases. Conclusion: Acute bursa in children is an uncommon condition, especially affecting infants. Strangulated inguino-scrotal hernia was the main aetiology. The diagnosis must be early and the treatment adequate in order to reduce morbidity and mortality


Subject(s)
General Surgery , Infectious bursal disease virus , Abdomen, Acute , Hernia , Pediatric Emergency Medicine
9.
Pan Afr. med. j ; 43: NA-NA, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1399963

ABSTRACT

Introduction: the pediatric emergency department is the first contact between the population and the hospital. Consequently, its dysfunction influences the quality of general health care. However, any successful policy must first be based on convincing results hence the need to better explore this service, diagnose the various dysfunctions, and survey disease trends to identify the needs of the local population. In this perspective, we propose to describe the epidemiological profile of children hospitalized at the emergency service of the Mother-Child hospital, University Hospital Centre Marrakech, and establish the prevalence table for childhood pathologies. Methods: a retrospective study was carried out in pediatric emergency services for 1658 hospitalized patients between March 2015 and December 2018. The collected data concerns mainly the socio-demographic, clinical profile, evolution status, mode of admission, and medical history. Results: the characterization of the studied population by sex and age showed a predominance of Male with a sex ratio of 1.36, infants with 625 patients. Concerning the final diagnosis, the most frequent pathologies affected the respiratory system in 28% of cases, then the digestive system (11.3%), while infectious pathologies represented 10.7% of admissions. The death rate in the emergency department was 7.4%. Multivariate analysis of the data showed a statistically significant relationship between the final diagnosis (16 diseases by a system according to The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) and age, season, and weight. Thus, for the association between Diseases of the digestive system and weight (aOR=1.052, 95% CI= 1.019-1.086, p=0.02). While for Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue and the autumn season (aOR=11.37, 95% CI= 1.272-<101.777, p=0.03) and age has a negative significance for most diseases. Conclusion: the epidemiological profile study will allow knowledge of patient´s pathologies typology for a well-supported and better definition of needs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Child, Hospitalized , Multivariate Analysis , Subcutaneous Tissue , Delivery of Health Care , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Diagnosis
10.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 20-23, dic. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377872

ABSTRACT

In pediatrics urgency room, one of the main causes of consultation are traumatological problems, including those caused by school accidents and car accidents. We analyzed the change in these causes during SARS-CoV-2 pandemics at a regional hospital in Talca, Chile . We saw a clear droop in traumatological consultations due to sanitary restrictions. This clearly shows the impact that sanitary restrictions had on population behavior


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pandemics , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , COVID-19 , Traumatology , Accidents, Traffic , Quarantine
11.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 18(4): 7-15, dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371044

ABSTRACT

Objetivos El objetivo de este estudio es determinar a qué tipo de patologías nos enfrentamos. Utilizamos la Clasificación Internacional de Atención Primaria para asegurar una nomenclatura objetiva y comparable. Métodos Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y retrospectivo de una muestra de 108102 consultas de atención primaria de pacientes que acudieron a Urgencias de nuestro hospital para evaluar la epidemiología de la atención pediátrica brindada entre 2011 y 2019. Utilizamos el sistema de clasificación diagnóstica ICPC-2. Resultados El número de asistencias fue mayor en enero, febrero y marzo, así como los fines de semana. Tras ser atendidos, el 6,7% de los pacientes ingresaron en nuestro hospital. Las patologías más frecuentes fueron las infecciones del tracto respiratorio superior, gastroenteritis, fiebre y traumatismos / lesiones. Las patologías que con mayor frecuencia dieron lugar a ingresos hospitalarios fueron fiebre, bronquitis, gastroenteritis y vómitos (p> 0,001). En los ingresos hospitalarios de menores de 1 año, la bronquitis fue la patología más frecuente, mientras que entre los de 1 a 6 años fue la gastroenteritis y entre los de 7 a 14 años fue la apendicitis aguda (p <0,001). Conclusiones Las patologías pediátricas suponen un porcentaje importante de las visitas a urgencias, destacando las infecciones del tracto respiratorio superior, las infecciones intestinales y la fiebre. Sería aconsejable incrementar los recursos de personal en los fines de semana. Es necesario enfatizar en la educación sanitaria de la población para ajustar la demanda de asistencia en los servicios públicos. Se requiere más investigación para adaptar mejor la terminología ICPC-2.


Objectives The aim of this study is to determine what type of pathologies we are facing. We use the International Classification of Primary Care to ensure an objective and comparable nomenclature. Methods We carried out a descriptive, observational, and retrospective study of a sample comprising 108102 primary care encounters of patients presenting at our hospital's Emergency Room to assess the epidemiology of the pediatric care provided between 2011 and 2019. We used the ICPC-2 diagnosis classification system. Results The number of attendances was higher in January, February, and March, as well as at weekends. After being seen, 6.7% of patients were admitted to our hospital. The most frequent pathologies were upper respiratory tract infections, gastroenteritis, fever and trauma/injury. Pathologies most frequently resulting in hospital admissions were fever, bronchitis, gastroenteritis and vomiting (p>0.001). In hospital admissions involving patients under 1 year of age, bronchitis was the most frequent pathology, while among those aged between 1 and 6 years, it was gastroenteritis and among those aged between 7 and 14 years it was acute appendicitis (p<0.001). Conclusions Pediatric pathologies account for a significant percentage of visits to the emergency room, highlighting infections of the upper respiratory tract, intestinal infections, and fever. It would be necessary to increase staff resources on the weekends. It is highly recommended to emphasize the health education of the population to adjust the demand for assistance in public services. More research is required to better adapt the ICPC-2 terminology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Pediatric Emergency Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, General/statistics & numerical data , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Fever/epidemiology , Gastroenteritis/epidemiology
12.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 94-98, 30 junio 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292976

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. El quilotórax resulta de un daño al conducto torácico por ruptura, laceración, desgarro o compresión. Es una patología rara de derrame pleural en la edad pediátrica, pero frecuente como complicación posterior a cirugía cardiotorácica. La base del tratamiento conservador se ha fundamentado en: drenaje inicial, modificación de la dieta, uso de somatostatina o análogos sintéticos como octreotide, cirugía, prevención y manejo de complicaciones. Fue preciso describir la experiencia institucional clínica así como su abordaje. CASO CLÍNICO. Paciente masculino de 4 meses de edad, que ingresó a la Unidad Pediátrica Área de Emergencias del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, el 13 de septiembre de 2019 con antece-dente quirúrgico de atresia de esófago corregida en etapa neonatal. Acudió con dificultad respiratoria, radiografía de tórax que evidenció derrame pleural derecho, toracentesis diagnóstica con salida de líquido de aspecto turbio y lechoso; se colocó tubo de tórax derecho. Se prescribió ayuno inicial, nutrición parenteral durante 4 semanas hasta comprobar resolución del quilotórax. Fue dado de alta en condición estable tras 43 días de hospitalización. DISCUSIÓN. La evidencia científica registró que el tratamiento conservador del quilotórax se basó en: drenaje, reposo digestivo inicial, nutrición parenteral, modificación cualitativa de la dieta enteral y uso de octreotide; el mismo que fue aplicado al paciente de este caso clínico con evolución favorable. CONCLUSIÓN. El tratamiento conservador y multidisciplinario en el abordaje del qui-lotórax fue exitoso y no necesitó manejo quirúrgico.


INTRODUCTION. Chylothorax results from damage to the thoracic duct by rupture, la-ceration, tear or compression. It is a rare pathology of pleural effusion in pediatric age, but frequent as a complication after cardiothoracic surgery. The basis of conservative treatment has been based on: initial drainage, diet modification, use of somatostatin or synthetic analogues such as octreotide, surgery, prevention and management of complications. It was necessary to describe the clinical institutional experience as well as its approach. CLINICAL CASE. A 4-month-old male patient was admitted to the Emergency Area Pediatric Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital on september 13, 2019 with a surgical history of esophageal atresia corrected in the neonatal stage. He went with respiratory distress, chest X-ray that showed right pleural effusion, diagnostic thoracentesis with outflow of cloudy and milky fluid; a right chest tube was placed. Initial fasting was prescribed, parenteral nutrition for 4 weeks until resolution of the chylothorax was verified. He was discharged in stable condition after 43 days of hospitalization. DISCUSSION. The scientific evidence recorded that the conservative treatment of chylothorax was based on: drainage, initial digestive rest, parenteral nutrition, qualitative modification of enteral diet and use of octreotide; the same that was applied to the patient of this clinical case with favorable evolu-tion. CONCLUSION. Conservative and multidisciplinary treatment in the approach to chylothorax was successful.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Thoracic Duct , Somatostatin , Chylothorax/surgery , Parenteral Nutrition , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Tracheoesophageal Fistula , Esophageal Atresia
13.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342989

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a adesão dos enfermeiros ao preenchimento da Nota de Transferência com emissão do Paediatric Early Warning Score (PEWS) em pacientes pediátricos do Serviço de Emergência. Método: estudo quantitativo, transversal e retrospectivo. O estudo foi realizado a partir da análise de 1.219 prontuários de pacientes de uma unidade de emergência pediátrica, no ano de 2018. Resultados: na avaliação da nota de transferência e PEWS, houve adesão de, respectivamente, 86,8% e 75,2% ao longo do ano. Os motivos de hospitalização variam conforme época do ano. Os pacientes atendidos no Serviço de Emergência foram, majoritariamente, estabilizados no serviço e, somente os pacientes com PEWS alterado, foram encaminhados à unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica. Conclusões: são necessárias ações de educação com os profissionais, com a finalidade de melhoria dos indicadores relacionados à aplicação do PEWS e da nota de transferência para a garantia de uma assistência segura no que tange à continuidade do cuidado.


Aims: to evaluate the nurses' adherence to filling out the transfer note with the emission of the Paediatric Early Warning Score (PEWS) in pediatric patients in the Emergency Department. Methods: quantitative, cross-sectional and retrospective study. The study has been conducted from the analysis of 1.219 medical records of patients in a Pediatric Emergency, in the year of 2018. Results: in the evaluation of transference note and PEWS, the adherence was, respectively, 86,8% e 75,2%, over the year. The reasons for hospitalization vary according to the time of the year. Most patients attended by the emergency department were stabilized at the emergency service and only the patients with altered PEWS were referred to the pediatric intensive care unit. Conclusions: educational actions addressed to the professionals are necessary, with the objective to improve the indicators related the application of PEWS and the transfer note to guarantee safety assistance regarding the continuity of the care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Pediatric Nursing , Child, Hospitalized , Patient Safety
14.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 60(2): 101-105, dic.2020. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1509621

ABSTRACT

El Covid 19 es un coronavirus que afecta directamente al sistema respiratorio, es de un elevado nivel de contagio, provocando que los hospitales han visto desbordado sus servicios de emergencia. El área de triage que atiende la unidad de emergencia pediátrica del hospital General Puyo, no escapa a esta realidad. Es por ello que el presente estudio tiene como fin establecer el nivel de conocimiento que presenta el personal de enfermería que labora en el área de triage sobre los procedimientos de clasificación de los pacientes en medio de la pandemia del Covid 19. El estudio fue descriptivo, de corte transversal. La técnica que se utilizó para la recolección de datos es la encuesta. Como instrumento se utilizó un cuestionario dicotómico aplicado a 21 enfermeras del Hospital Provincial General Puyo que desempeñan funciones en el servicio de emergencia. En conclusión, que el área de la emergencia pediátrica referida al triage de emergencia, le debe crear un mayor compromiso al personal de enfermería por mejorar su conocimiento sobre el nivel de atención que posee cada paciente y más aún él era de pediatría que es el sector más indefenso porque muchas veces no saben expresar que es lo que está sintiendo. Resalando finalmente, que durante el , desarrollo de esa investigación, se cumplieron las normas éticas establecidas por la OMS y OPS para el abordaje de pacientes positivo covid-19(AU)


Covid 19 is a coronavirus that directly affects the respiratory system, it is of a high level of contagion for this reason, hospitals have seen their emergency services overwhelmed, in this sense the triage area that attends the pediatric emergency unit of the hospital General Puyo, does not escape this reality. That is why the present study aims to establish the level of knowledge presented by the nursing staff working in the triage area about the procedures for classifying patients in the midst of the Covid 19 pandemic. The study was descriptive, cross-sectional. the technique used for data collection is the survey. The instrument used was a dichotomous questionnaire applied to 21 nurses from the Puyo Provincial General Hospital who perform functions in the emergency service. In conclusion, that the pediatric emergency area, referring to emergency triage, should create a greater commitment to the nursing staff to improve their knowledge about the level of care that each patient has and even more so he was pediatric, which is the sector more defenseless because many times they do not know how to express what they are feeling(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pediatrics/organization & administration , Triage/organization & administration , Pediatric Emergency Medicine/organization & administration , COVID-19/epidemiology , Argentina
15.
Ribeirão Preto; s.n; 2020. 88 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1426560

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo trata do atendimento da equipe de enfermagem à criança em situação crítica, mais especificamente em situação de emergência decorrente de choque séptico. Com o objetivo de desenvolver material educativo de treinamento para atuação da enfermagem em situação de emergência pediátrica decorrente de choque, este estudo metodológico percorreu três fases: pré-produção, produção e pós-produção. Na primeira delas, construiu-se o roteiro do vídeo, com seis páginas contendo capa e sete cenas, dentre elas a apresentação do vídeo seguido de cenas que envolveram ações da equipe de saúde para atendimento da criança em situação de emergência decorrente de choque séptico. Este roteiro foi validado na primeira rodada por 10 peritos. Depois, foi criado o storyboard que orientou as demais etapas da produção. Na produção do vídeo, selecionou-se local para filmagem, tipo de cenário, manequins, equipamentos, materiais para encenação e equipamentos de imagem e áudio. O preparo do ambiente contou com equipe especializada em atividades laboratoriais de ensino de uma instituição pública de ensino superior. Sete atores e um técnico de audiovisual contribuíram nesse momento. Na montagem do cenário (enfermaria de Pediatria), foram utilizados um manequim pediátrico, um monitor multiparamétrico com software para simulação e materiais e equipamentos necessários para atender a criança. Na pós-produção, o vídeo foi editado visando a sua qualidade e a proximidade com a realidade da assistência nele encenada. A validação do vídeo foi feita por um profissional da enfermagem que atua na assistência hospitalar pediátrica, um docente de graduação de enfermagem, ambos participantes da validação do roteiro, e também por um técnico de audiovisual, especialista em designer gráfico, com experiência em desenvolvimento de vídeos e games interativos. O projeto de pesquisa foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo. Do roteiro do vídeo, os peritos analisaram cada cena considerando uso de jargões técnicos, vocabulário, clareza e fidedignidade das informações comparando a um cenário real. Para todas as cenas, cada um dos itens obteve valores superiores a 90% de adequação, em alguns houve total concordância entre os peritos. Como produto final, o vídeo educativo tem duração de 11 minutos e 26 segundos e contempla título, apresentação da temática, atendimento da criança em situação de choque séptico até sua estabilização, finalização e créditos. O mesmo foi validado por três juízes, dois para avaliar o atendimento à criança em situação de urgência e um para avaliar aspectos técnicos do vídeo. Esta validação contribui para que a sua oferta ao público a que se destina seja feita de forma mais aceitável e melhor compreensível. Assim, cumpre-se o propósito de entregar um dispositivo de conhecimento que favoreça a adesão dos profissionais de saúde aos protocolos de cuidado da criança em situação de emergência decorrente de choque séptico. A sua configuração permite acesso remoto e em qualquer momento, seja em estabelecimento de saúde ou de ensino. Entende-se que esse recurso tecnológico tem potencial para compor programas de aprendizado, de treinamento ou de aprimoramento para o cuidado de enfermagem à criança em situação crítica


This study approaches nursing team services for children in critical situations, more specifically in emergency situations due to septic shock. Aiming to develop educational training material for nursing practice in pediatric emergency situations due to shock, this methodological study went through three phases: pre-production, production and post-production. In the first, the video's script was developed. Six pages long with a cover and seven scenes, among them, a screening of the video followed by scenes that involved actions by the child health care service team for children in emergency situations due to septic shock. This script was validated in the first round by 10 experts. A storyboard was then created, which guided the other production stages. During the video's production, filming location, type of scenario, mannequins, equipment, staging material and image and audio equipment were selected. The environment was prepared by a team specialized in laboratory teaching activities of a public higher education institution. Seven actors and one audiovisual technician contributed at this time. When building the scenario (Pediatrics ward), a pediatric mannequin, a multiparametric monitor with simulation software and materials and equipment needed to care for a child were included. The video was edited in post-production aiming to achieve quality and a reality of the staged care. The video was validated by a nursing professional working in pediatric hospital care, a nursing undergraduate professor, both participants of the script validation, and also by an audiovisual technician, expert in graphic design, with experience in developing interactive videos and games. The Ethics Research Committee of the Ribeirão Preto School of Nursing of São Paulo University approved the research project. From the movie scripe, specialists analyzed each scene considering the use of technical jargon, vocabulary, clarity and information reliability compared to a real scenario. For all scenes, each item obtained values above 90% of adequacy, in some there was complete agreement among the experts. As an end product, the educational video lasts 11 minutes and 26 seconds and includes title, theme presentation, care of children in septic shock until their stabilization, completion and credits. The video was validated by three judges, two to assess the care of children in urgent situations and one to evaluate technical aspects of the video. This validation helps to make the video's distribution more feasible, acceptable and better understandable. Thus, it fulfills the purpose of delivering a knowledge device that favors the accession of health professionals to child care protocols in emergency situation due to septic shock. It is configuration allows remote access at any time, whether in a health or educational establishment. It is understood that this technological resource has the potential to compose learning, training or improvement programs for nursing care for critically ill children


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Shock, Septic/therapy , Emergency Nursing , Educational Technology , Instructional Film and Video , Pediatric Emergency Medicine
16.
Revista Espaço para a Saúde ; 21(1): [34 - 36], 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116035

ABSTRACT

O atendimento na emergência pediátrica compreende passos importantes no manejo do paciente crítico e pode-se considerar, ou não, a presença da família. O objetivo é analisar a percepção da equipe de saúde multiprofissional, em um pronto atendimento pediátrico, em um município do estado do Paraná, referente à presença da família na emergência pediátrica. O método foi exploratório-descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo temática. Os profissionais se mostraram favoráveis à permanência da família, auxiliando na recuperação da criança, proporcionando segurança e tranquilidade. Destacaram que a instabilidade familiar atrapalha o desempenho da equipe. Recomenda-se que instituições hospitalares proporcionem a educação permanente em saúde como forma de capacitação dos profissionais, além de reflexões sobre o processo de trabalho envolvido no acolhimento da família para estruturação de um protocolo interno que padronize as ações.


Subject(s)
Pediatric Emergency Medicine
17.
Rev. Hosp. Niños B.Aires ; 62(277): 80-86, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100689

ABSTRACT

No hacer daño es una condición médica, quirúrgica y ética esencial que siempre debe estar presente en todo acto médico. Este trabajo propone considerar 5 recomendaciones comprendidas en un espectro de situaciones que suceden cotidianamente durante la atención de pacientes en casos de emergencia. Estas sugerencias de diagnóstico y tratamiento tienen como objetivo reforzar el criterio que el médico de urgencias pone en práctica para resolver eficazmente situaciones que comprometan la vida y detectar así la patología oculta, potencialmente letal. Las 5 recomendaciones referidas fueron elegidas en base a la frecuente observación de conductas erróneas muy afianzadas en la práctica médica habitual. Durante la fase inicial de todo tratamiento se recomienda: 1. No administrar corticoides en el tratamiento de los traumatismos de cráneo, 2. No hiperoxigenar luego de la recuperación de un paro cardiopulmonar, 3. No administrar volúmenes excesivos de líquidos ante una situación de emergencia hemodinámica, 4. No colocar pinzas hemostáticas a ciegas para cohibir hemorragias externas y 5. No indicar indiscriminadamente una TAC de cráneo simple en menores de 2 años con TEC leve


No damage is an essential medical, surgical and ethical requirement which must always be kept in mind. This paper proposes to keep in mind 5 recommendations that cover a spectrum of situations which occur during emergency situations on a frequent basis. These diagnostic and treatment suggestions will aim to reinforce the criteria used by the emergency physician to effectively resolve life-threatening situations and detect hidden, potentially lethal pathology. The referred 5 recommendations were chosen based on the frequent observation of erroneous behaviors firmly established in the usual medical practice. During the initial phase of treatment we recommend: 1. Do not administer corticosteroids during the head injuries treatment. 2. Do not hyperoxygenate after recovery from cardiopulmonary arrest. 3. Do not administer excessive volumes of liquids in a hemodynamic emergency situation. 4. Do not place hemostatic clamps blindly to inhibit external bleedingsand 5. Do not indiscriminately perform a CT scan in children under 2 years with mild head injury


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Wounds and Injuries , Bioethics , Pediatric Emergency Medicine
18.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1258614

ABSTRACT

Background: The accuracy of drug dosing calculations during medical emergencies in children has not been evaluated extensively. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the accuracy of drug dose calculations using the Broselow tape, the PAWPER XL tape plus its companion drug-dosing guide, a custom-designed mobile phone app and no drug-dosing aid (control group). Methods: This was a prospective study in which 32 emergency medicine volunteers participated in eight simulations of common paediatric emergency conditions, using children models. The participants used the three methods to estimate the children's weight and calculate drug doses. The accuracy of and time taken for the drug dose determinations were then evaluated for each of the methods. Results: The overall accuracy of drug dose determinations was extremely and potentially dangerously low in the control group in which no dosing guide was used as well as in the Broselow tape group (<20% of doses were correct). The accuracy was significantly higher with the PAWPER XL tape group and the mobile app group (47% and 31% respectively). The times taken to obtain the required information did not differ in a clinically meaningful magnitude. Conclusions: Both an accurate weight estimation and a dosing guide with comprehensive information were necessary to produce an accurate prescription. The information on the Broselow tape was not sufficient for this purpose. The current guidelines recommending the use of tapes with limited information should be revised. The results from the comprehensive dosing guides were substantially better, but still had a lower proportion of accurate prescriptions than desirable. The role of training in every aspect of the emergency paediatric weight estimation and drug dosing procedure cannot be underestimated and should be routine in any environment where emergency care may be needed


Subject(s)
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Emergency Medicine , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Resuscitation , South Africa
19.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 35(2): 113-118, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-999590

ABSTRACT

Las reconsultas constituyen un indicador de calidad asistencial. Conocer sus características permite planificar estrategias para la mejora asistencial continua. Objetivo: describir las características de las reconsultas en las primeras 72 horas en un servicio de emergencia pediátrica (SE) durante enero, abril, julio y octubre 2017. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, mediante revisión de historias clínicas electrónicas del SE de la Asociación Española. Variables: frecuencia, edad, sexo, momento, motivo de la reconsulta y evolución. Resultados: en el período analizado ocurrieron 8.299 consultas y 476 reconsultas, 54 fueron excluidas por haber sido motivadas por patologías diferentes a la primera consulta. Se incluyeron 422, representando el 5,1%. Media de edad: 4 años. Motivos de las reconsultas: persistencia de los síntomas 204 (48%), evolución de la enfermedad 73 (17%), control 59 (14%), exámenes pendientes 51 (12%), peoría 30 (7%), diagnóstico diferente al planteado inicialmente 5 (1%). Luego de la segunda consulta, el 88% fue dado de alta a domicilio y 11,5% hospitalizado. Ninguno de los niños ingresó a unidad de cuidado intensivo ni falleció. Conclusiones: en este servicio la frecuencia de reconsultas es similar a la comunicada en otras series. Analizando los motivos de reconsulta, es necesario mejorar la gestión clínica desarrollando estrategias de comunicación con los padres y cuidadores y reforzando las consultas ambulatorias y la contrarreferencia al primer nivel de atención. Resulta importante reiterar el estudio luego de implementar planes de mejora de la gestión clínica.


Reconsultations are an indicator of the quality of care. Learning about their characteristics allows planning strategies for continuous quality of care improvement. Objective: to describe the characteristics of reconsultations within the first 72 hours in a Pediatric Emergency (PE) service during January, April, July and October of 2017. Methods: descriptive, retrospective study through the review of electronic medical records of the PE service of a private health care provider in Montevideo. Variables: frequency, age, sex, time, reason for consultation and evolution. Results: During the time analyzed, there were 8299 visits and 476 reconsultations. 54 reconsultations were excluded because they were due to conditions other than the one in the initial visit. 422 were included in the study, representing 5.1%. Median age was 4 years. Reasons for reconsultations: persistence of symptoms 204 (48%), disease evolution 73 (17%), control 59 (14%), tests pending 51 (12%), worsening 30 (7%), a different diagnosis 5 (14%). After the second visit 88% were discharged to their homes and 11.5% were admitted. No child was referred to the intensive care unit, and none of them died. Conclusions: The rate of reconsultations in this service is similar to that reported in other series. Upon analyzing the reason for reconsultations, it is necessary to improve clinical management, developing communication strategies with parents and carers and strengthening outpatient visits and counter-referral to the first level of care. It is important to repeat the study after the implementation of plans to improve clinical management.


As reconsultas constituem um indicador da qualidade do atendimento. Conhecer suas características permite planejar estratégias para melhoria contínua do cuidado. Objetivo: descrever as características de reconsultas dentro das 72 horas em um Serviço de Emergência Pediátrica (EP) em Janeiro, Abril, Julho e Outubro de 2017. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, através da revisão de registros clínicos da EP de um provedor de saúde privada em Montevidéu. Variáveis: frequência, idade, sexo, momento, motivo da reconsulta e evolução. Resultados: no período analisado houve 8299 consultas e 476 reconsultas, sendo 54 excluídas por motivarem-se por patologias diferentes da primeira consulta. 422 foram incluídos, representando 5,1%. Mediana de idade 4 anos. Razões para reconsultas: sintomas persistentes 204 (48%), progressão da doença 73 (17%), controle 59 (14%), estudos pendentes 51 (12%), peoria 30 (7%), um outro diagnóstico 5 (1%). Após a segunda consulta, 88% receberam alta hospitalar e 11,5% foram hospitalizados. Nenhuma das crianças entrou na unidade de terapia intensiva ou morreu. Conclusões: neste serviço, a frequência de reconsultas é semelhante à relatada em outras séries. Analisando as razões da reconsulta, é necessário melhorar o manejo clínico, desenvolvendo estratégias de comunicação com pais e cuidadores e reforçando as consultas ambulatoriais e contrarreferência para o primeiro nível de atenção. É importante reiterar o estudo após a implementação de planos para melhorar o manejo clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Readmission , Pediatric Emergency Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Quality Indicators, Health Care
20.
Horiz. enferm ; 30(3): 254-270, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223569

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El número de consultas de urgencias pediátricas en los últimos años han experimentado un aumento notable. Muchos son los factores que influyen en el uso de los servicios sanitarios y en el uso que los padres hacen de estos servicios. Se ha demostrado que la autoeficacia parental juega un papel fundamental en el manejo de la salud y la enfermedad de los niños, y puede que también lo esté haciendo en el uso de los servicios de salud. OBJETIVO: Se plantea esta revisión narrativa de la literatura, con el propósito de explorar el papel que la autoeficacia parental tiene en el cuidado de los niños y el uso de los servicios sanitarios. MÉTODO: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en Pubmed, Cinhal y Psyc-Info. RESULTADOS: No se encontraron estudios que explorasen de manera directa la autoeficacia parental y el uso de los servicios sanitarios. Sin embargo, la relación existente entre el concepto de autoeficacia y el manejo de la salud infantil y las enfermedades menores conduce a pensar que la autoeficacia parental puede estar jugando un papel importante en el uso de los servicios sanitarios. CONCLUSIÓN: Es necesario llevar a cabo estudios que ayuden a explorar la relación entre la autoeficacia parental y el uso de los servicios. Esta información puede ser de gran ayuda para planificar acciones de educación para la salud acordes con las necesidades de esta población y contribuir a la sostenibilidad del sistema, reduciendo las visitas innecesarias a los servicios de urgencias.


INTRODUCTION: The number of visits to emergency departments in recent years has increased significantly. There are many factors that influence the use of health services and the use that parents make of these services. It has been shown that parental self-efficacy plays a fundamental role in the management of children's health and illness and may also be the case in the use of health services. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this narrative review was to explore the role that parental self-efficacy plays in the care of children and the use of health services. METHODS: To this end, a bibliographic search was carried out in Pubmed, Cinhal and PsycINFO. RESULTS: No studies were found that directly explored parental self-efficacy and the use of health services. However, the relationship between the concept of self-efficacy and the management of children's health and minor illnesses shown in the literature points out towards the idea that parental self-efficacy may be playing an important role in the use of health services. CONCLUSION: Future observational studies are necessary to explore the relationship between parental-self-efficacy and use of service. This information can be of great help in planning health education actions according to the needs of this population and contributing to the sustainability of the system, decreasing unnecessary visits to the emergency departments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Parent-Child Relations , Child Health Services , Child Health , Self Efficacy , Pediatric Emergency Medicine/organization & administration , Child Care , Health Education , Narration
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