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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921825

ABSTRACT

The human spine injury and various lumbar spine diseases caused by vibration have attracted extensive attention at home and abroad. To explore the biomechanical characteristics of different approaches for lumbar interbody fusion surgery combined with an interspinous internal fixator, device for intervertebral assisted motion (DIAM), finite element models of anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) are created by simulating clinical operation based on a three-dimensional finite element model of normal human whole lumbar spine. The fusion level is at L4-L5, and the DIAM is implanted between spinous process of L4 and L5. Transient dynamic analysis is conducted on the ALIF, TLIF and LLIF models, respectively, to compute and compare their stress responses to an axial cyclic load. The results show that compared with those in ALIF and TILF models, contact forces between endplate and cage are higher in LLIF model, where the von-Mises stress in endplate and DIAM is lower. This implies that the LLIF have a better biomechanical performance under vibration. After bony fusion between vertebrae, the endplate and DIAM stresses for all the three surgical models are decreased. It is expected that this study can provide references for selection of surgical approaches in the fusion surgery and vibration protection for the postsurgical lumbar spine.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Pedicle Screws , Range of Motion, Articular , Spinal Fusion , Vibration
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effects of posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty for the treatment of Kümmell disease with kyphosis.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four patients with Kümmell disease complicated with kyphosis treated by posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 6 males and 18 females, aged 63 to 85 (73.1±6.5) years old. The clinical effect was evaluate by visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the anterior height of injured vertebral body, and the sagittal Cobb angle of the affected segment beforeoperation, at 3 days and final follow up after operation. And the surgical complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 24 patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of (15.5±3.2) months. The VAS score was decreased from 5.21±1.06 preoperatively to 2.38±0.58 at 3 days postoperatively and 1.71±0.75 at final follow-up;ODI was decreased from (50.4±13.5)% preoperatively to (20.9±8.0)% at 3 days postoperatively and (16.7±9.6)% at final follow-up;the anterior height of injured vertebral body was restored from (8.0±4.2) mm before surgery to (18.1±5.0) mm at 3 days after surgery and (16.8±5.1) mm at final follow up;the sagittal Cobb angle of affected segment was decreased from (19.5±6.3)° preoperatively to (7.6±2.1)° at 3 days after surgery and(8.4±1.7)° at final follow-up. VAS, ODI, anterior height of injured vertebral body, and sagittal Cobb angle of affected segment were significantly improved at 3 days after operation and at final follow-up (@*CONCLUSION@#Posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty for the treatment of Kümmell disease with kyphosis has relatively small surgical trauma, excellent clinical results, good vertebral height recovery, satisfactory correction of kyphotic angle, and fewer complications, etc. It is a safe and effective surgical method to treat Kümmell disease with kyphosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Kyphosis/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Vertebroplasty
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correction loss after posterior segmental fixation for lumbar spine fractures and explore the related image factors.@*METHODS@#Posterior short-segment fixation was received in 48 patients with L@*RESULTS@#The average follow-up was 12 to 18 (16.13±5.39) months. LKA, AVH and VWA at 1 week postoperative and those at the final follow up, were significantly improved compared with those preoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#The angle of adjacent intervertebral discs and anterior height of injured vertebrae were lost statistically after posterior short-segment pedicle screw treatment for lumbar fractures, and multivariate analysis showed that all of them were correlated with load-sharing score.


Subject(s)
Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical value and safety of unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion by muscle-splitting approach treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 51 patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation treated from June 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 19 females, aged 34 to 64 years with an average of (51.11± 7.28) years. Lesions invoved L@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical difference in operation time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Muscle-splitting approach is feasible for thetreatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation with pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion. Compared with the median incision approach, the muscle-splitting approach has the advantages of small incision, less trauma, less bleeding, rapid recovery. Also it can protect multifidus and do not increase the incidence of serious complications. Thus, it can be used as a choice for fixation and fusion of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Muscles , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and superiority of direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to August 2016, the clinical data of 83 patients with lumbar tuberculosis were retrospectively analyzed, including 55 males and 28 females, aged from 27 to 72 (49.5±13.5) years. These 83 patients were divided into two groups according to different operation methods, 35 cases in group A were treated with direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation;48 cases in group B were treated with anterior traditional extraperitoneal debridement combined with posterior internal fixation. After operation, regular quadruple antituberculosis drugs were continued for 18 months. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, bone graft fusion time and complications were compared between the two groups. Visual analogue score (VAS) of lumbar pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), sagittal Cobb angle, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein(CRP) values before and after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in both groups, and the operation mode was not changed during operation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay were (149.4±13.3) min, (354.3±69.0) ml, (9.4±1.6) d in group A and(116.8±10.0) min, (721.9±172.3) ml, (11.8±1.7) d in group B, respectively, with significant difference between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two kinds of operation can obtain satisfactory clinical effect. Direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation can reduce intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay, which is conducive to early rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Transplantation , Debridement , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare accuracy of anterior cervical pedicle screws between assist of rapid prototyping 3D guide plate and free-hand insertion, and evaluate the safety of two methods.@*METHODS@#Eight adult cervical cadaver specimens after formaldehyde immersion, including 4 males and 4 females, aged 32 to 65(40.3±5.6) years old. After X-ray examination to exclude bone damage and deformity, 4 of them (3D guide plate group) randomly selected were for CT scan to obtain DICOM format data, and the data was imported into Mimics software for model, designed the ideal entry point and nail path for anterior cervicaltranspedicular screw (ATPS). After obtaining the personalized guide plate of the nail channel, it was exported as STL data, and the individual guide plate was printed by rapid prototyping and 3D printing technology. In turn, with the assistance of 3D guide plates, one-to-one personalized ATPS screws were placed on the four lower cervical cadaver specimens. Another 4 (free-hand group) lower cervical cadaver specimens were implanted with ATPS screws using free-hand technique. All specimens were performed CT thin-layer scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction after operation. The Tomasino method was used to evaluate the safety of the screws on the CT cross-sectional and sagittal images, to determine whether there was a cortical puncture of the lower and inner edges of the pedicle. According to the CT rating results, gradeⅠandⅡwere safe, and grade Ⅲ- Ⅴ were dangerous.And the accuracy of screws was recorded and analyzed between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Two screws were inserted in each segment from C@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D printing rapid prototyping guide plate assisted insertion of the anterior cervical pedicle screw can significantly improve the accuracy and safety, and provide a theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty in treating Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 37 patients with type Ⅲ Kümmell disease were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 26 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (68.6±4.2) years old, and the courses of disease ranged from 2 to 10 months with an average of(6.5±2.3) months. Nine patients were grade C, 20 patients were grade D and 8 patients were grade E according to Frankle grading. All patients were treated by cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty. Operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospital stay and complicationswere observed after oeprtaion. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), height of anterior vertebral body, Cobb angle before and after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 60 months with an average of (22.4±10.9) months. Operation time was (240.9±77.4) min, blood loss was (315.0±149.2) ml, postoperative drainage was (220.8±72.0) ml, hospital stay was (12.6±4.7) days. One patient occurred incision redness and 1 patient occurred infection after opertaion. No loosening of bone cement occurred. Postopertaive VAS and ODI were lower than that of before opertaion(@*CONCLUSION@#Cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty is a safe and effective method for the tretament of Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2259-2265, Nov.-Dec. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142302

ABSTRACT

A osteomielite é um desafio terapêutico em ortopedia, capaz de retardar ou mesmo impedir a consolidação óssea. O omento, há anos, tem sido empregado como alternativa em diferentes procedimentos cirúrgicos, por sua capacidade, entre outras, de angiogênese, sendo aplicado na ortopedia veterinária quando há o risco de não união óssea. Neste caso, um cão Fila Brasileiro foi submetido à realização de enxerto com retalho pediculado de omento maior, após osteomielite resistente presente em osteossíntese de fratura múltipla de tíbia aberta grau II. Durante 16 dias, manteve-se a comunicação do retalho, mas, diante do risco de peritonite, o pedículo foi seccionado. Numa sequência de intervenções cirúrgicas, após 89 dias, houve cicatrização óssea e remissão da osteomielite, mesmo na presença de bactérias multirresistentes. Neste relato, o omento foi efetivo como terapia adjuvante no tratamento da osteomielite e garantiu o retorno da função do membro.(AU)


Osteomyelitis is a therapeutic challenge in orthopedics, capable of delaying or even preventing bone healing. The omentum has been used in different surgical procedures as an alternative for its capacity, among others, of angiogenesis, being applied in veterinary orthopedics, when there is a risk of non-union of bone. In this case, a Brazilian row dog was submitted to grafting with pedicle flap of greater omentum, after resistant osteomyelitis present in open fracture osteosynthesis of open tibia grade II. For 16 days the communication of the flap was maintained, but at the risk of peritonitis, the pedicle was sectioned. In a sequence of surgical interventions, after 89 days, there was bone healing and remission of osteomyelitis, even in the presence of multi-resistant bacteria. In this report, the omentum was effective as adjuvant therapy in the treatment of osteomyelitis and guaranteed the return of limb function.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Omentum/transplantation , Osteomyelitis/therapy , Osteomyelitis/veterinary , Tibia/pathology , Pedicle Screws/veterinary
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 695-701, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156194

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Compare by mechanical tests the pullout resistance and the insertion torque of rough and smooth pedicle screws. Methods Pedicle screws with rough surface and smooth surface, with diameters of 4.8; 5.5 and 6.5 mm, were inserted in polyurethane blocks with density of 10 PCF (0.16 g/cm3). Insertion torque and pullout strength were assessed. Results The pullout strength of the rough surface and smooth surface screws did not differ, except in the group of 4.8 mm diameter screws. In this group, the rough surface screws showed greater resistance to pullout. Conclusion Pedicle screws with a rough surface did not show increased pullout resistance in the acute phase of their insertion in polyurethane blocks compared to smooth surface screws. The rough surface screws had a higher insertion torque than the smooth surface screws, depending on the diameter of the screw and the preparation of the pilot hole.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar por testes mecânicos a resistência ao arrancamento e o torque de inserção do parafuso pedicularjateado e liso. Métodos Parafusos pediculares de superfície áspera e de superfície lisa com diâmetros de 4,8; 5,5 e 6,5 mm foram inseridos em blocos de poliuretano com densidade de 10 PCF (0,16 g/cm3). O torque de inserção e a força de arrancamento foram avaliados. Resultados A força de arrancamento dos parafusos de superfície áspera e de superfície lisa não diferiu, exceto no grupo de parafusos com 4,8 mm de diâmetro. Nesse grupo, os parafusos de superfície áspera apresentaram maior resistência ao arrancamento. Conclusão Os parafusos pediculares de superfície áspera não apresentaram aumento da resistência ao arrancamento na fase aguda de sua inserção em blocos de poliuretano em relação aos parafusos de superfície lisa. Os parafusos de superfície áspera apresentaram maior torque de inserção que os parafusos de superfície lisa, dependendo do diâmetro do parafuso e da preparação do furo piloto.


Subject(s)
Polyurethanes , Spine , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Screws , Pedicle Screws , Pilots
10.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(4): 249-254, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A systematic review of the literature was performed in order to organize, evaluate, and select evidences available about the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive percutaneous arthrodesis with percutaneous pedicle screws in the treatment of patients with degenerative disc disease (and other spinal pathologies) as compared to conventional arthrodesis. PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were consulted to locate clinical trials and case reports/case series published in English between 2014 and 2019. After selection according to the inclusion/exclusion criteria, 21 of the 197 articles identified were chosen for a complete reading and used for the present review. Although the level of evidence of most of the studies included made the demonstration of efficacy and superiority among the surgical techniques reviewed difficult, the findings related to the minimally invasive procedure indicate a safe and reliable approach for the treatment of lumbar diseases. Level of evidence II; Systematic review of literature.


RESUMO A revisão sistemática da literatura foi realizada com o objetivo de organizar, avaliar e selecionar evidências a respeito da segurança e eficácia da artrodese percutânea minimamente invasiva com parafusos pediculares percutâneos no tratamento de pacientes com doença degenerativa de disco (e outras patologias da coluna), em comparação com a artrodese convencional. Foram consultadas as bases de dados PubMed, EMBASE e Biblioteca Cochrane para localizar ensaios clínicos e relatos/séries de casos publicados em inglês entre 2014 e 2019. Dentre 197 estudos identificados, depois de seleção usando critérios de inclusão/exclusão, 21 artigos foram escolhidos para leitura na íntegra e usados na presente revisão. Apesar do nível de evidência da maioria dos estudos incluídos dificultar a demonstração de eficácia e superioridade entre as técnicas cirúrgicas revisadas, os achados referentes ao procedimento minimamente invasivo apontam para uma abordagem segura e confiável para o tratamento de doenças lombares. Nível de evidência II; Revisão sistemática da literatura.


RESUMEN La revisión sistemática de la literatura fue realizada con el objetivo de organizar, evaluar y seleccionar evidencias al respecto de la seguridad y eficacia de la artrodesis percutánea mínimamente invasiva con tornillos pediculares en el tratamiento de pacientes con enfermedad degenerativa de disco (y otras patologías de la columna) en comparación con la artrodesis convencional. Fueron consultadas las bases de datos PubMed, EMBASE y Biblioteca Cochrane para localizar ensayos clínicos y relatos/series de casos publicados en inglés entre 2014 y 2019. Entre 197 estudios identificados, después de selección usando criterios de inclusión/exclusión, fueron escogidos 21 artículos para lectura integral y usados en la presente revisión. A pesar de que el nivel de evidencia de la mayoría de los estudios incluidos dificulte la demostración de eficacia y superioridad entre las técnicas quirúrgicas revisadas, los hallazgos referentes al procedimiento mínimamente invasivo apuntan hacia un abordaje seguro y confiable para el tratamiento de enfermedades lumbares. Nivel de evidencia II; Revisión sistemática de la literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthrodesis , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Case Reports , Clinical Trial , Pedicle Screws
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 642-648, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144215

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To verify whether, regardless of the screw placement technique, there is a safe distance or angle in relation to the facets that can prevent violation of the facet joint when the screws are placed. Methods Retrospective, single, comparative, non-randomized center. We evaluated by axial computed tomography: the angle of the screw/rod in relation to the midline, the angle of the center of the facets in relation to the midline, the distance between the head of the screw/rod to the midline, and the distance from the center of the facets to the midline; the violation of the facet joint will be evaluated in a gradation of 0 to 2. Also will be measured the difference between the angle os the facets and the angle of the screws (Δ Angle) and, the difference between the facet distance and the screw distance (Δ Distance). Results A total of 212 patients and 397 facets were analyzed (196 on the left and 201 on the right). Of these, 303 were not violated (grade 0), corresponding to 76,32%, and 94 suffered some type of violation (grade 1 and 2), corresponding to 23,68%. The mean of Δ angle was 9.87° +/− 4.66° (grade 0), and of 3.77° +/− 4.93° in facets (grade 1 and 2) (p< 0.001), and the Δ mean distance in cases in which there was no violation was 0.94 arbitrary units (a.u.) +/− 0.39 a.u., while the Δ distance in G1 and G2 cases was 0.56 a.u. +/− 0.25 a.u. (p< 0.001). Conclusion The measurements of angle and distance between facet and screw can help in the placement of screws. These parameters can be used as safety measures with the most frequent use of surgical navigation techniques.


Resumo Objetivo Verificar se, independente da técnica de colocação do parafuso, há uma distância ou angulação segura em relação as facetas para que os parafusos sejam colocados de modo a evitar a violação da articulação facetária. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, comparativo, não randomizado, em centro único. Foram avaliados em tomografia computadorizada axial: o ângulo do parafuso/barra em relação a linha média, o ângulo do centro das facetas em relação a linha média, a distância entre a cabeça do parafuso/barra até a linha média, e a distância do centro das facetas até a linha média; a violação da articulação facetária será avaliada em uma gradação de 0 a 2. Serão também calculados a diferença entre o ângulo do parafuso e ângulo da faceta (Δ Ångulo) e também a diferença entre a distância da faceta e a distância do parafuso (Δ Distância). Resultados Um total de 212 pacientes e 397 facetas foram analisados (196 do lado esquerdo e 201 do lado direito). Destes, 303 foram não violados (grau 0), correspondendo a 76,32%, e 94 sofreram algum tipo de violação (grau 1 e 2), correspondendo a 23,68%. A média do Δ ângulo foi de 9,87° +/− 4,66° (grau 0) e de 3,77° +/− 4,93° em facetas (grau 1 e 2) (p< 0.001), e o Δ distância médio nos casos em que não houve violação foi de 0,94 unidades aleatórias (u.a.) +/− 0,39 u.a., enquanto o Δ distância de casos G1 e G2 foi de 0,56 u.a. +/− 0,25 u.a. (p< 0.001). Conclusão As medidas de ângulo e distância entre faceta e parafuso, podem auxiliar na colocação de parafusos. Esses parâmetros podem ser utilizados como medidas de segurança com o uso mais frequentes das técnicas de navegação cirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fusion/methods , Zygapophyseal Joint/surgery , Pedicle Screws , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Zygapophyseal Joint/diagnostic imaging , Pedicle Screws/adverse effects
12.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(3): 172-175, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133581

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To establish the statistical interobserver and intraobserver concordance of thoracic pedicle screw placement in scoliosis surgery, with a 4-week interval between the two analyses. Methods Of 55 patients that evaluated the intra- and interobserver concordances of the screw positions (according to the Abul-Kasim classification) using the Kappa coefficient. Results The intraobserver concordance ranged from a Kappa coefficient of 0.516 to 0.889 ("moderate" to "almost perfect") between the two analyses performed four weeks apart. Interobserver concordance ranged from 0.379 to 0.633 ("reasonable" to "strong"). Conclusion The intraobserver concordance was always greater than the interobserver concordance. No concordance coefficient was classified as "insignificant" or "weak". Level of Evidence III; Retrospective study.


RESUMO Objetivo Estabelecer a concordância estatística interobservadores e intraobservadores do posicionamento de parafusos pediculares torácicos em cirurgia de escoliose, com intervalo de quatro semanas entre as duas análises. Métodos Com 55 pacientes, que avalia as concordâncias intra e interobservador da posição dos parafusos (segundo a classificação de Abul-Kasim), utilizando o coeficiente de Kappa. Resultados A concordância intraobservador variou entre 0,516 e 0,889 ("moderada" a "quase perfeita") de coeficiente Kappa, entre análises com intervalo de quatro semanas. A concordância interobservador variou entre 0,379 e 0,633 ("razoável" a "forte"). Conclusões A concordância intraobservador foi sempre maior que a interobservador. Nenhum coeficiente de concordância foi classificado como "insuficiente" ou "fraco". Nível de Evidência III; Estudo retrospectivo.


RESUMEN Objetivo Establecer la concordancia estadística interobservadores e intraobservadores del posicionamiento de tornillos pediculares torácicos en cirugía de escoliosis, con intervalo de cuatro semanas entre los dos análisis. Métodos Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo (nivel con 55 pacientes, que evalúa las concordancias intra e interobservador de la posición de los tornillos (según la clasificación de Abul-Kasim), usando el coeficiente de Kappa. Resultados La concordancia intraobservador varió entre 0,516 y 0,889 ("moderada" a "casi perfecta"), de coeficiente Kappa, entre análisis con intervalo por 4 semanas. La concordancia interobservador varió entre 0,379 y 0,633 ("razonable" a "fuerte"). Conclusiones La concordancia intraobservador fue siempre mayor que la interobservador. Ningún coeficiente de concordancia fue clasificado como "insuficiente" o "débil". Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis , Spine , Congenital Abnormalities , Pedicle Screws
13.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(3): 176-179, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133576

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives Although Watanabe morphological classification is well known, there is no consensus of its use among spine surgeons. We propose an analysis of the Watanabe classification by three observers, one senior and two recently graduated orthopedic spine surgeons, and its applicability in pre-operative evaluation. Methods An intraobserver and interobserver analysis of the classifications of 937 thoracic pedicles among 55 scoliosis patients treated surgically in two institutions. The average age at time of surgery was 16.3 years (10- 50 years). The etiologies of the scoliosis were: idiopathic (n= 47), congenital (n=4), syndromic (n= 3) and neuromuscular (n=1). The mean Cobb angle was 67 degrees (41- 120º). The evaluation of the thoracic pedicle was performed using pre-operative CT images. Results A total of 937 pedicles were classified by three observers with percentages of 47.5% type A, 28.6% type B, 17.1% type C and 6.9% type D for the total pedicles, convex and concave. Intraobserver agreement was fair to almost perfect (kappa 0.34 to 0.92) and interobserver agreement was fair to moderate (kappa 0.33 to 0.59) with statistical significance of p<0.001. Conclusion Watanabe classification remains a good method for predicting intraoperative difficulties, and has better agreement as the surgeon becomes more experienced. Level of evidence II; Prognostic Studies.


RESUMO Objetivo A classificação morfológica dos pedículos descrita por Watanabe, apesar de bem conhecida, não é consenso entre os cirurgiões de coluna. Propomos uma análise da classificação por três observadores, um sênior e dois cirurgiões de coluna recém-graduados, e sua aplicabilidade na avaliação pré-operatória. Métodos Foi realizada uma análise intraobservador e interobservador das classificações de Watanabe de 937 pedículos em 55 pacientes com escoliose, tratados cirurgicamente em duas instituições. A média de idade no momento da cirurgia foi de 16,3 anos (10 a 50 anos). As etiologias da escoliose foram: idiopática (n = 47), congênita (n = 4), sindrômica (n = 3) e neuromuscular (n = 1). O ângulo médio de Cobb foi de 67 graus (41º a 120º). A avaliação dos pedículos torácicos foi realizada com imagens pré-operatórias de tomografia computadorizada. Resultados Três observadores classificaram 937 pedículos côncavos e convexos, evidenciando 47,5% do tipo A; 28,6% do tipo B; 17,1% do tipo C e 6.9% do tipo D. A concordância intraobservador foi de razoável a quase perfeita (kappa 0,34 a 0,92) e concordância interobservador foi de razoável a moderada (kappa 0,33 a 0,59), com significância estatística de p < 0,001. Conclusões A classificação de Watanabe pode ser considerada um bom método para prever dificuldades intraoperatórias e apresenta melhor concordância à medida que o cirurgião se torna mais experiente. Nível de Evidência II; Estudos Prognósticos.


RESUMEN Objetivo La clasificación morfológica de los pedículos descrita por Watanabe, a pesar de ser bien conocida, no es consenso entre los cirujanos de columna. Proponemos un análisis de la clasificación por 3 observadores, un sénior y dos cirujanos de columna recién graduados, y su aplicabilidad en la evaluación prequirúrgica. Método Fue realizado un análisis intraobservador e interobservador de las clasificaciones de Watanabe de 937 pedículos en 55 pacientes con escoliosis, tratados quirúrgicamente en dos instituciones. El promedio de edad en el momento de la cirugía fue de 16,3 años (10-50 años). Las etiologías de la escoliosis fueron: idiopática (n=47), congénita (n=4), sindrómica (n=3) y neuromuscular (n=1). El ángulo promedio de Cobb fue de 67 grados (41º a 120º). La evaluación de los pedículos torácicos fue realizada con imágenes prequirúrgicas de tomografía computada. Resultados Tres observadores clasificaron 937 pedículos cóncavos y convexos, evidenciando 47,5% tipo A, 28,6% tipo B, 17,1% tipo C y 6,9% tipo D. La concordancia intraobservador fue de razonable a casi perfecta (kappa 0,34 a 0,92)y la concordancia interobservador fue de razonable a moderada (kappa 0,33 a 0,59) con una significancia estadística de p<0,001. Conclusiones La clasificación de Watanabe puede ser considerada un buen método para prever dificultades intraquirúrgicas y presenta mejor concordancia a medida que el cirujano se vuelve más experimentado. Nivel de Evidencia II; Estudios Pronósticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pedicle Screws , Scoliosis , Cell Nucleus Shape
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the curative effects of injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty and short-segment pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty in treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fractures.@*METHODS@#Seventy patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fractures who met the inclusion criteria were collected in the study from January 2015 to December 2017. Among them, 35 patients were treated with injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty (group A), including 20 males and 15 females, aged from 55 to 74 years with an average of (64.03± 7.82) years. Twenty-six cases were type A3 and 9 cases were type A4 according to the AO typing;another 35 patients were treated with short segment pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty (group B), including 18 males and 17 females, aged from 54 to 72 years with an average of (62.78±6.40) years. Twenty-eight cases were type A3 and 7 cases were type A4 according to AO typing. Operation length, intraoperative bleeding volume, complication, imaging parameters and clinical effects were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for at least 12 months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, injury site, preoperative VAS, Cobb angle, and injured vertebral height before surgery. There were no significant differences in operation length, intraoperative bleeding volume between two groups. In terms of VAS scores before surgery, 1 week after surgery, and at the final follow up, group A was 5.5 ±2.5, 1.8 ±0.8, 0.9 ±0.4, group B was 5.4 ± 2.3, 1.7±0.6, 1.2±1.8, respectively;injured vertebral height was (40.4±8.8)%, (92.0±4.9)%, (87.1±3.8)% in group A, and (41.2±6.6)%, (93.2±4.6)%, (80.0±4.3)% in group B;Cobb angle was (18.4±6.9) °, (2.8±2.2) °, (4.2±2.6) ° in group A, and (16.8±7.2) °, (2.7±2.5) °, (6.0±2.4) ° in group B. There were significant differences in the 3 parameters above before the operation and at the final follow up in all groups (<0.05). There were significant differences in the Cobb angle and injured vertebral height between 1 week after operation and at the final follow up (<0.05). At the final follow up, injured vertebral height in group A was obviously better than that in group B (<0.05). Internal fixation failure occurred in 2 cases from the group A, and occurred in 4 cases from the group B. There were no neurological complications in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#For osteoporotic thoracolumbar vertebral burst fractures, injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty and vertebra pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty can achieve good clinical effects. However, injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty is better at maintaining postoperative vertebral height and sagittal arrangement, and reducing internal fixation related complications. The treatment strategy is worthy of application and promotion.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the preliminary clinical effective of open decompression, microwave ablation combined with open vertebroplasty and pedicle screw rod system in the treatment of spine metastases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 12 patients with spine metastases were retrospectively analyzed, they were treated with open decompression, microwave ablation combined with open vertebroplasty and pedicle screw rod system between January 2014 and January 2016. Six males and 6 females were included, aged from 30 to 75 years old with an average of 55.6 years. There were 5 cases with spine metastases from lung cancer, 2 from breast cancer, 2 from thyroid cancer, 2 from renal cancer and 1 from liver cancer. Sevencases were thoracic metastases and 5 cases were lumbar metastases. Tomita score were mainly arranging from 3 to 6 points. According to ASIA neurologic grading system, 3 patients were grade C, 1 was grade D, 8 were grade E. Preoperative VAS score was 8.3±0.4. VAS was used to evaluate the clinical effect at 1, 3, 6 months after operation and final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful and the amount of blood loss during surgery was 500 to 2 050 ml (average of 850 ml), operation time was 3.5 to 5.5 h (average of 4.5 h). There was no nerve root injury during surgery. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in 3 cases after surgery, which were healed after conservative treatment. Superficial infection of the incision occurred in 2 cases, which were healed after dressing change. There was one case of pulmonary infection. No deep infection, lower limb thrombosis or other complications were found. All 12 patients were followed up for 9 -40 months with an average of 28.6 months. The clinical symptoms of all patients were significantly improved, and the motor function of the lower limbs was recovered to varying degrees. According to ASIA grade, 2 cases of grade C were improved to grade B;1 case of grade C did not recover significantly;1 case of grade D was improved to grade E. One patient died of primary liver cancer 10 months after surgery. Local tumor recurrence occurred in 1 patient during follow up period. The VAS scores were 2.7±0.6, 2.5±0.4, 2.6±0.5, and 2.5±0.5 at 1, 3, 6 months after surgery and at final follow-up, which were significantly improved compared with the score before surgery(<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Open decompression, microwave ablation combined with open vertebroplasty and pedicle screw rod system in the treatment of spine metastases show some effects, with less intraoperative blood loss, shorter operation time, significant postoperative pain relief, and low tumor recurrence rate.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Microwaves , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828236

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screw and pedicle screw (PS) internal fixation in treating senile patients with lumbar tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to January 2017, 42 senile patients with lumbar tuberculosis were divided into CBT group and PS group, 21 patients in each group. In CBT group, there were 12 males and 9 females, aged from 64 to 81 years old with an average of (72.52±9.25) years old, T value of bone mineral density was (-2.69±0.17) g / cm, posterior CBT screw internal fixation and anterior debridement, interbody fusion with bone grafting was performed. In PS group, there were 11 males and 10 females, aged from 63 to 85 years old with an average of (71.42±9.81) years old, T value of bone mineral density was (-2.70±0.21) g / cm, PS internal fixation and anterior debridement, interbody fusion with bone grafting were performed. Length of posterior incision, intraoperative bleeding volume, operation time, time of bone graft fusion and complications between two groups were compared. Level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), segment kyphotic Cobb angle before and after operation were compared, VAS score was used to evaluate pain releasing, JOA score was applied to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 21 months with an average of (15.00±3.57) months. No reoccurrence of lumbar tuberculosis and screw loosing occurred. There were statistical difference in length of incision, intraoperative bleeding volume, operation time between two groups (0.05). There were no statistical differences in complications, time of bone graft fusion and segment kyphotic Cobb angle at 1 week after operation between two groups (>0.05). There was difference in Cobb angle at 12 months after operation (0.05), but VAS score at 3 months after operation were improved after operation between two groups (<0.05).For JOA score, there were no difference between two groups before operation, 3 and 12 months after operation, and JOA score at 3 and 12 months after operation were improved than that of before operation between two groups (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both of CBT screw internal fixation and PS screw internal fixation could achieve satisfying results for the treatment of elderly patients with lumbar tuberculosis. PSinternal fixation has a long fixation but great trauma. However, CBT screw internal fixation only needs to fix adjacent segments of the lesion to reduce the fixation range, which has advantages of less trauma and strong screw holding force.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Cortical Bone , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828234

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate accuracy and safety of individualized 3D printing guided template for thoracolumbar pedicle screw placement in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to September 2019, thoracolumbar spine three-dimensional CT data of 8 patients with ankylosing spondylitis were included, Mimics 17.0 and ideaMaker computer software were applied to design thoracolumbar pedicle screw guided template of patients with AS, physical model of all patients (T-L)were printed by 3D printer, 2 parts in each patient, and divided into guide-plate-assisted screw group (experimental group) and free-hand nail group (control group). Thoracolumbar pedicle screws of both groups were placed by the same spinal surgeon. The accuracy of pedicle screw placement between two groups were evaluated according to results of postoperative CT, the accuracy of the fixation of thoracolumbar pedicle screw was divided into 4 grades, grade 0 and 1 screws were acceptable nails, grade 2 and 3 screws were unacceptable nails. The diameter and length of pedicle screws, the distance between entry point and posterior median line designed by preoperative 3D printing were compared with actual use in operation.@*RESULTS@#Twenty three blocks of thoracolumbar 3D printing screw of ankylosing spondylitis guided templates were designed and printed in guide-plate-assisted screw group, 46 screws were inserted and 44 screws were accepted. The time of implanting a screw into thoracolumbar pedicle was (4.20±1.15) min, the frequency of X-ray was (5.00±1.25) times and the average adjustment times of screw and Kirschner needle during screw placement was (1.76±1.32) times. In the control group, 46 nails were placed by traditional surgical method and 30 screws were accepted. The time of implanting a screw into thoracolumbar pedicle was (14.67±2.23) min, the frequency of X-ray fluoroscopy was (14.46±2.21) times and the average times of Kirschner needle adjustment was (4.76±3.39) times. The success rates between experimental group and control group were 95.65%(44 / 46) and 56.22%(30 / 46) respectively, and had statistical difference (χ=13.538, 0.05). The operation time of inserting a single screw, the times of X-ray fluoroscopy, and the average times of adjustment screw and Kirschner needle in experimental group were significant less than those in control group(<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The personalized guide template assisted the thoracolumbar fixation designed by 3D printing could significantly improve safety, accuracy and efficiency of surgery, especially suitable for thoracolumbar vertebral bodies requiring posterior pedicle screw fixation for fracture or dislocation with AS.


Subject(s)
Fluoroscopy , Humans , Pedicle Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Spinal Fusion , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
18.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 211-215, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827832

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, COVID-19, an acute infectious disease, has gradually become a global threat. We report a case of thoracolumbar fractures (T and L) and incomplete lower limb paralysis in a patient with COVID-19. After a series of conservative treatment which did not work at all, posterior open reduction and pedicle screw internal fixation of the thoracolumbar fracture were performed in Wuhan Union Hospital. Three weeks later, the patient could stand up and the pneumonia is almost cured. We successfully performed a surgery in a COVID-19 patient, and to our knowledge it is the first operation for a COVID-19 patient ever reported.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Paralysis , General Surgery , Pedicle Screws , Pneumonia, Viral , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the causes of vascular injury occurred in oblique lateral interbody fusion for treating lumbar degenerative diseases, and put forward preventive measures.@*METHODS@#There were 235 patients analyzed from October 2014 to May 2017 in five hospitals, who were treated with oblique lateral interbody fusion with or without posterior pedicle screw fixation. There were 79 males and 156 females with an average age of (61.9±13.5) years old (ranged from 32 to 83 years). There were 7 cases of vascular injury, including 4 cases of segmental vessel injury, 1 case of left common iliac artery injury, 1 case of left common iliac veininjury and 1 case of ovarian vein injury.@*RESULTS@#The follow up time ranged from 6 to 36 months, averagely (15.6±7.5) months. There was no pedicle screw loosen or fracture. The low back pain VAS decreased from preoperative 6.7±2.3 to 1.4±0.8 at the latest follow-up, which was statistically difference(@*CONCLUSION@#Oblique lateral interbody fusion technique provides a new method for minimally invasive fusion of lumbar internal fixation. However, it has a risk of vascular injury. In order to effectively prevent the occurrence of vascular injury, the operative indications and careful and meticulous operation should be strictly grasped.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vascular System Injuries/surgery
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811287

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared the clinical and radiological results between two groups of patients with percutaneous fixation or conventional fixation after hardware removal.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed 68 patients (43 open fixation and 43 percutaneous screw fixation [PSF] 25) who had undergone fixation for unstable thoracolumbar fractures. The radiologic results were obtained using the lateral radiographs taken before and after the fixation and at the time of hardware removal. The clinical results included the time of operation, blood loss, time to ambulation, duration of the hospital stay and the visual analogue scale.RESULTS: The percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) group showed better results than did the conventional posterior fixation (CPF) group (p<0.05) in regard to the perioperative data such as operation time, blood loss, and duration of the hospital stay. There were no significant differences in wedge angle, local kyphotic angle, and the ΔKyphotic angle on the postoperative plane radiographs between the two groups (p>0.05). There were no significant differences in the wedge angle and local kyphotic angle after implant removal (p>0.05) between the two groups as well. However, there were significant differences in the segmental montion angle (p<0.001), and the PPSF group showed a larger segmental motion angle than did the CPF group (CPF 1.7°±1.2° vs PPSF 5.9°±3.2°, respectively).CONCLUSION: For the treatment of unstable thoracolumbar fractures, the PPSF technique could achieve better clinical results and an improved segmental motion angle after implant removal within a year than that of the conventional fixation method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Length of Stay , Methods , Pedicle Screws , Walking
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