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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 43: 23-31, Jan. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087514

ABSTRACT

Background: Hong Qu glutinous rice wine (HQGRW) is brewed under non-aseptic fermentation conditions, so it usually has a relatively high total acid content. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics of the bacterial communities and total acid during the fermentation of HQGRW and elucidate the correlation between total acid and bacterial communities. Results: The results showed that the period of rapid acid increase during fermentation occurred at the early stage of fermentation. There was a negative response between total acid increase and the rate of increase in alcohol during the early fermentation stage. Bacterial community analysis using high-throughput sequencing technology was found that the dominant bacterial communities changed during the traditional fermentation of HQGRW. Both principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering analysis revealed that there was a great difference between the bacterial communities of Hong Qu starter and those identified during the fermentation process. Furthermore, the key bacteria likely to be associated with total acid were identified by Spearman's correlation analysis. Lactobacillus, unclassified Lactobacillaceae, and Pediococcus were found, which can make significant contributions to the total acid development (| r| N 0.6 with FDR adjusted P b 0.05), establishing that these bacteria can associate closely with the total acid of rice wine. Conclusions: This was the first study to investigate the correlation between bacterial communities and total acid during the fermentation of HQGRW. These findings may be helpful in the development of a set of fermentation techniques for controlling total acid.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/isolation & purification , Wine/microbiology , Pediococcus/isolation & purification , Pediococcus/genetics , Pediococcus/metabolism , Time Factors , Acetobacter/isolation & purification , Acetobacter/genetics , Acetobacter/metabolism , Cluster Analysis , Sequence Analysis , Computational Biology , Principal Component Analysis , Fermentation , Microbiota , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Lactobacillus/genetics , Lactobacillus/metabolism
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65167

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capacity of a lactic acid bacteria (LAB) inoculum to protect calves with or without lactose supplements against Salmonella Dublin infection by evaluating histopathological lesions and pathogen translocation. Fifteen calves were divided into three groups [control group (C-G), a group inoculated with LAB (LAB-G), and a group inoculated with LAB and given lactose supplements (L-LAB-G)] with five, six, and four animals, respectively. The inoculum, composed of Lactobacillus (L.) casei DSPV 318T, L. salivarius DSPV 315T, and Pediococcus acidilactici DSPV 006T, was administered with milk replacer. The LAB-G and L-LAB-G received a daily dose of 109 CFU/kg body weight of each strain throughout the experiment. Lactose was provided to the L-LAB-G in doses of 100 g/day. Salmonella Dublin (2 x 1010 CFU) was orally administered to all animals on day 11 of the experiment. The microscopic lesion index values in target organs were 83%, 70%, and 64.3% (p < 0.05) for the C-G, LAB-G, and L-LAB-G, respectively. Administration of the probiotic inoculum was not fully effective against infection caused by Salmonella. Although probiotic treatment was unable to delay the arrival of pathogen to target organs, it was evident that the inoculum altered the response of animals against pathogen infection.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Feces/microbiology , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Lactose/metabolism , Male , Pediococcus/metabolism , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Salmonella Infections, Animal/drug therapy , Salmonella enterica/drug effects , Tissue Distribution
3.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 10(4): 563-569, oct. 2007. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-504119

ABSTRACT

The fusion protein, 6XHis-Xpress-PedA was constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The presence of a 12.8 kDa recombinant protein, localized in inclusion bodies (IBs) at high concentration, was confirmed by SDS-PAGE analysis and by western blotting using anti-His antibody. The rec-pediocin was purified by Nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid beads and refolded using 5 mM of beta-mercaptoethanol along with 1 M glycine. Results indicated that the refolded rec-pediocin had an early elution profile in the RP-HPLC when compared to the unfolded protein and it exhibited biological activity against Listeria monocytogenes V7 which was approximately 25 times less active compared to native counterpart. The final yield of purified rec-pediocin was 3 mg/l of the culture and is estimated to be 8-10 times higher than the purification by conventional methods.


Subject(s)
Bacteriocins/isolation & purification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Inclusion Bodies , Pediococcus/metabolism , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Anti-Bacterial Agents/isolation & purification , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacteriocins/pharmacology , Bacteriocins/metabolism , Chromatography, Affinity , Listeria monocytogenes
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