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1.
Femina ; 52(1): 49-56, 20240130. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532477

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Averiguar qual o papel desempenhado pelas dimensões ósseas da pelve em relação à gênese do prolapso de órgãos pélvicos por meio de publicações dos últimos quinze anos. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática de estudos ob- servacionais para avaliação de risco e prognóstico por meio de um levantamento bibliográfico virtual de artigos científicos publicados em revistas digitais entre os anos 2007 e 2022, nas bases de dados PubMed, BVS e ScienceDirect. Resultados: Uma área pélvica anterior mais ampla e um maior diâmetro interespinhoso foram caracterizados como possíveis causas para prolapso de órgãos pélvicos. A maior parte dos estudos contou com mensurações ósseas diversificadas, nas quais as demais dimensões não apresentaram significância estatística. Conclusão: Os estu- dos avaliados nesta revisão sugerem uma nova medida do assoalho pélvico rela- cionada a mulheres com prolapso, com apresentação de uma maior área anterior, em grande parte influenciada pelo diâmetro interespinhoso, o qual leva a um au- mento da carga sobre o assoalho pélvico. Porém, ainda assim, urge a necessidade de mais estudos para corroborar nossos achados.


Objective: To investigate the role played by the bone dimensions of the pelvis in relation to the genesis of pelvic organ prolapses through publications from the last fifteen years. Methods: This is a systematic review of obser- vational studies for risk assessment and prognosis through a virtual bibliographic survey of scientific articles published in digital journals between 2007 and 2022, in PubMed, BVS and ScienceDirect databases. Results: A wider anterior pelvic area and a larger interspinous diameter were characterized as possible causes for pelvic organ prolapses. Most of the studies have diversified bone measurements, in which the other dimensions weren't statistically significant. Conclusion: The studies evaluated in this review suggest a new measure- ment of the pelvic floor related to women with prolapse, with a larger anterior area, largely influenced by the interspinous diameter, which leads to an increased load on the pelvic floor. However, even so, there is an urgent need for further studies to corroborate our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvic Bones/anatomy & histology , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/diagnosis , Urinary Incontinence , Women's Health , Pelvic Floor/anatomy & histology , Fecal Incontinence , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/etiology
3.
Femina ; 51(7): 443-448, 20230730. graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512454

ABSTRACT

O orgasmo é o ápice da excitação sexual e, quando comumente não experienciado, denomina-se anorgasmia, segunda queixa sexual mais frequente entre mulheres. A fisioterapia é um recurso que visa beneficiar a qualidade de vida das mulheres anorgásmicas por meio da prevenção, reparação de função e tratamento de quadros álgicos. O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da associação das técnicas de cinesioterapia aplicada à musculatura do assoalho pélvico, massagem perineal e conscientização acerca da sexualidade das participantes. Os métodos utilizados foram educação sexual, massagem perineal e cinesioterapia associada ao uso da sonda uroginecológica New PelviFit Trainer, como biofeedback visual, para promover conscientização e estimar os efeitos sobre a condição da musculatura do assoalho pélvico de mulheres com relato de anorgasmia. O resultado obtido com o protocolo da associação das técnicas terapêuticas em mulheres com disfunção orgásmica apresentou melhora da função sexual feminina, aumento da força e do estado de relaxamento da musculatura do assoalho pélvico, avaliados pelo questionário Índice de Função Sexual Feminina, quantificados por meio da escala de Oxford modificada e da escala de avaliação de flexibilidade vaginal, respectivamente. Como conclusão, a aplicação das técnicas fisioterapêuticas aliadas ao tratamento humanizado, com enfoque na conscientização das mulheres, autopercepção corporal e manutenção da função sexual, promoveu melhora da disfunção sexual orgásmica. Apesar de necessário maior embasamento científico relativo ao tema, a presente abordagem para o tratamento em questão apresentou-se promissora e pertinente à base de dados. (AU)


Orgasm is the peak of sexual excitement, when not commonly experienced, it is called anorgasmia, second most frequent sexual complaint among women. Physiotherapy is a resource that aims to improve the quality of life of anorgasmics women through prevention, function repair and pain management. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of kinesiotherapy techniques applied on the pelvic floor muscles, associated with perineal massage and the participants' sexual awareness. The methods used were sexual education, perineal massage, kinesiotherapy associated with the use of the New PelviFit Trainer urogynecological probe, as a visual feedback, to promove awearness and estimate its effects on the pelvic floor muscles condition in women reporting anorgasmia. The result obtained with the protocol of association of therapeutic techniques in women with orgasmic dysfunction showed improvement in the female sexual function, assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire, increased strength and pelvic floor muscles relaxation, quantified using the Modified Oxford scale and the vaginal flexibility assessment scale, respectively. As a conclusion, the application of physiotherapeutic techniques combined with humanized treatment, with a focus on awareness of women, body self-perception and maintenance of sexual function, promoted improvement of orgasmic sexual dysfunction. Despite the need for a greater scientific basis on the subject, the present approach to the treatment in question was promising and relevant to the database. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Kinesiology, Applied , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/therapy , Women's Health , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pelvic Floor , Sexuality/psychology
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(3): 121-126, Mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449716

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate and compare peripheral, pelvic floor, respiratory muscle strength, and functionality in the immediate puerperium of normal delivery and cesarean section. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that verified respiratory, pelvic floor, peripheral, and functional muscle strength through manovacuometry, pelvic floor functional assessment (PFF), dynamometry, and the Time Up and Go (TUG) test, respectively. The groups were divided according to the type of delivery, into a cesarean section group and a normal parturition group. Results: The sample was composed of 72 postpartum puerperae, 36 of normal parturition, and 36 of cesarean section, evaluated before hospital discharge, mean age ranged from 25.56 ± 6.28 and 28.57 ± 6.47 years in puerperae of normal parturition and cesarean section respectively. Cesarean showed higher pelvic floor strength (PFF) compared to normal parturition (p < 0.002), but puerperae from normal delivery showed better functionality (p < 0.001). As for peripheral muscle strength and respiratory muscle strength, there was no significance when comparing the types of parturirion. Conclusion: There is a reduction in pelvic muscle strength in puerperae of normal delivery and a decrease in functionality in puerperae of cesarean section.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar o pavimento pélvico periférico, a força muscular respiratória e a funcionalidade no puerpério imediato do parto normal e da cesariana. Métodos: Este é um estudo transversal que verificou a força muscular respiratória, pavimento pélvico, periférico e funcional através da manovacuometria, avaliação funcional do pavimento pélvico (PFF), dinamometria, e o teste Time Up e Go (TUG), respectivamente. Os grupos foram divididos de acordo com o tipo de parto, num grupo de cesariana e num grupo de parto normal. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 72 puérperas pós-parto, 36 de parto normal e 36 de cesariana, avaliados antes da alta hospitalar, a idade média variou entre 25,56 ± 6,28 e 28,57 ± 6,47 anos em puérperas de parto normal e cesariana, respectivamente. A cesariana mostrou maior resistência do pavimento pélvico (TFP) em comparação com o parto normal (p < 0,002), mas as puérperas de parto normal mostraram melhor funcionalidade (p < 0,001). Quanto à força muscular periférica e à força muscular respiratória, não houve significado ao comparar os tipos de parto. Conclusão: Há uma redução da força muscular pélvica em puérperas de parto normal e uma diminuição da funcionalidade em puérperas de cesarianas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Pelvic Floor , Postpartum Period , Physical Functional Performance , Natural Childbirth
5.
Rev. venez. cir ; 76(1): 80-84, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1552975

ABSTRACT

La patología de piso pélvico es una entidad multifactorial con un conjunto de síntomas ginecológicos, urinarios, fecales y de sensibilidad pelviperineal. La Teoría Integral de la Continencia propone un tratamiento holístico con la reconstrucción de los ligamentos del piso pélvico. La presente técnica propuesta constituye una alternativa quirúrgica que permite dar respuesta de forma global a los síntomas que refieren las pacientes. Método: Reconstrucción de los ligamentos pubouretrales, cardinales y úterosacros con acortamiento de su longitud y colocación de cinta de malla de polipropileno que permita la formación de colágeno y mejore los resultados a largo plazo. Resultados: Se incluyeron 15 pacientes con prolapso de órganos pélvicos, incontinencia urinaria, vulvodinia, nocturia, alteración del vaciamiento vesical y nocturia. Se realizó seguimiento al 1, 3 y 6 años. Se obtuvo diferencia estadísticamente significativa al año en la incontinencia urinaria de esfuerzo, dolor pélvico, alteración del vaciamiento y nocturia y prolapso ( p = 0,33, 0,033, 0,002 y 0,001 respectivamente). En el seguimiento a 6 años se evaluó el 20 % de la muestra inicial, 2 pacientes con recidiva de la alteración del vaciamiento y la incontinencia urinaria, ninguna con recidiva de prolapso. Vulvodinia: Se incluyeron 2 pacientes las cuales no tuvieron el síntoma a los 3 años de seguimiento. Conclusiones: La técnica propuesta es una alternativa para el tratamiento de la patología del piso pélvico y requiere aumentar el tamaño de la muestra para aumentar el aprendizaje de la técnica y tener mayor evidencia estadística de sus resultados a corto y largo plazo(AU)


Pelvic floor pathology is a multifactorial entity with a set of gynecological, urinary, fecal and pelviperineal sensitivity symptoms. The Integral Theory of Continence proposes a holistic treatment with the reconstruction of the ligaments of the pelvic floor. This proposed technique constitutes a surgical alternative that allows a global response to the symptoms reported by the patients. Method: Reconstruction of the pubourethral, cardinal and uterosacral ligaments with shortening of their length and placement of polypropylene mesh tape that allows collagen formation and improves long-term results. Results: 15 patients with pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, vulvodynia, nocturia, impaired bladder emptying and nocturia were included. Follow-up was performed at 1, 3 and 6 years. A statistically significant difference was obtained at one year in stress urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, impaired voiding, and nocturia and prolapse (p = 0.33, 0.033, 0.002, and 0.001, respectively). At 6-year follow-up, 20% of the initial sample was evaluated, 2 patients with recurrence of impaired voiding and urinary incontinence, none with recurrence of prolapse. Vulvodynia: 2 patients were included who did not have the symptom at 3 years of follow-up. Conclusions: The proposed technique is an alternative for the treatment of pelvic floor pathology. A larger sample is necessary to improve the learning curve of this technique and achieve greater statistical evidence of its outcomes at short and long term(AU)


Subject(s)
Pelvic Floor/pathology , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Colpotomy
7.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 268-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971261

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of reconstruction of pelvic floor with biological products to prevent and treat empty pelvic syndrome after pelvic exenteration (PE) for locally advanced or recurrent rectal cancer. Methods: This was a descriptive study of data of 56 patients with locally advanced or locally recurrent rectal cancer without or with limited extra-pelvic metastases who had undergone PE and pelvic floor reconstruction using basement membrane biologic products to separate the abdominal and pelvic cavities in the Department of Anorectal Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Naval Military Medical University from November 2021 to May 2022. The extent of surgery was divided into two categories: mainly inside the pelvis (41 patients) and including pelvic wall resection (15 patients). In all procedures, basement membrane biologic products were used to reconstruct the pelvic floor and separate the abdominal and pelvic cavities. The procedures included a transperitoneal approach, in which biologic products were used to cover the retroperitoneal defect and the pelvic entrance from the Treitz ligament to the sacral promontory and sutured to the lateral peritoneum, the peritoneal margin of the retained organs in the anterior pelvis, or the pubic arch and pubic symphysis; and a sacrococcygeal approach in which biologic products were used to reconstruct the defect in the pelvic muscle-sacral plane. Variables assessed included patients' baseline information (including sex, age, history of preoperative radiotherapy, recurrence or primary, and extra-pelvic metastases), surgery-related variables (including extent of organ resection, operative time, intraoperative bleeding, and tissue restoration), post-operative recovery (time to recovery of bowel function and time to recovery from empty pelvic syndrome), complications, and findings on follow-up. Postoperative complications were graded using the Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: The median age of the 41 patients whose surgery was mainly inside the pelvis was 57 (31-82) years. The patients comprised 25 men and 16 women. Of these 41 patients, 23 had locally advanced disease and 18 had locally recurrent disease; 32 had a history of chemotherapy/immunotherapy/targeted therapy and 24 of radiation therapy. Among these patients, the median operative time, median intraoperative bleeding, median time to recovery of bowel function, and median time to resolution of empty pelvic syndrome were 440 (240-1020) minutes, 650 (200-4000) ml, 3 (1-9) days, and 14 (5-105) days, respectively. As for postoperative complications, 37 patients had Clavien-Dindo < grade III and four had ≥ grade III complications. One patient died of multiple organ failure 7 days after surgery, two underwent second surgeries because of massive bleeding from their pelvic floor wounds, and one was successfully resuscitated from respiratory failure. In contrast, the median age of the 15 patients whose procedure included combined pelvic and pelvic wall resection was 61 (43-76) years, they comprised eight men and seven women, four had locally advanced disease and 11 had locally recurrent disease. All had a history of chemotherapy/ immunotherapy and 13 had a history of radiation therapy. The median operative time, median intraoperative bleeding, median time to recovery of bowel function, and median time to relief of empty pelvic syndrome were 600 (360-960) minutes, 1600 (400-4000) ml, 3 (2-7) days, and 68 (7-120) days, respectively, in this subgroup of patients. Twelve of these patients had Clavien-Dindo < grade III and three had ≥ grade III postoperative complications. Follow-up was until 31 October 2022 or death; the median follow-up time was 9 (5-12) months. One patient in this group died 3 months after surgery because of rapid tumor progression. The remaining 54 patients have survived to date and no local recurrences have been detected at the surgical site. Conclusion: The use of basement membrane biologic products for pelvic floor reconstruction and separation of the abdominal and pelvic cavities during PE for locally advanced or recurrent rectal cancer is safe, effective, and feasible. It improves the perioperative safety of PE and warrants more implementation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pelvic Exenteration , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Pelvic Floor/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 158-162, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of electroacupuncture at Baliao points in patients with erectile dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 58 patients with erectile dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (29 cases, 1 case dropped off, 1 case discontinued) and a control group (29 cases, 1 case dropped off). Both groups were given basic treatment, including routine medical treatment, routine acupuncture treatment, rehabilitation training and pelvic floor biofeedback electrical stimulation treatment. The observation group was treated with electroacupuncture at Baliao points, and the control group was treated with shallow acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture at the control points (8 points at 20 mm horizontally beside Baliao points), continuous wave, frequency in 50 Hz, current intensity in 1-5 mA, 5 times a week for 4 weeks. The 5-item version of the international index of erectile function (IIEF-5) score, erectile dysfunction effect on quality of life (ED-EQoL) score and pelvic floor muscle contraction amplitude were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the IIEF-5 scores and the contraction amplitude of fast muscle fiber, comprehensive muscle fiber and slow muscle fiber in the two groups were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05), the ED-EQoL scores were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the changes of above indexes in the observation group were larger than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at Baliao points can improve the erectile function of patients with erectile dysfunction after stroke, increase the contraction amplitude of pelvic floor muscles, and promote the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Electroacupuncture , Erectile Dysfunction , Quality of Life , Stroke , Pelvic Floor , Acupuncture Points , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 351-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985658

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the present situation of pelvic floor muscle strength, and to analyze the factors affecting pelvic floor muscle strength. Methods: The data of patients who were admitted into the general outpatient department of gynecology, Peking University People's Hospital from October 2021 to April 2022 were collected, and the patients who met the exclusion criteria were included in this cross sectional study. The patient's age, height, weight, education level, defecation way and defecation time, birth history, maximum newborn birth weight, occupational physical activity, sedentary time, menopause, family history and disease history were recorded by questionnaire. Morphological indexes such as waist circumference, abdomen circumference and hip circumference were measured with tape measure. Handgrip strength level was measured with grip strength instrument. After performing routine gynecological examinations, the pelvic floor muscle strength was evaluated by palpation with modified Oxford grading scale (MOS). MOS grade>3 was taken as normal group and ≤3 as decreased group. Binary logistic regression was used to investigate the related factors of deceased pelvic floor muscle strength. Results: A total of 929 patients were included in the study, and the average MOS grade was 2.8±1.2. By univariate analysis, birth history, menopausal time, defecation time, handgrip strength level, waist circumference and abdominal circumference were related to the decrease of pelvic floor muscle strength (all P<0.05). By binary logistic regression analysis, the level of handgrip strength (OR=0.913, 95%CI: 0.883-0.945; P<0.001) was correlated with normal pelvic floor muscle strength; waist circumference (OR=1.025, 95%CI: 1.005-1.046; P=0.016), birth history (OR=2.224, 95%CI: 1.570-3.149; P<0.001), sedentary time> 8 hours (OR=2.073, 95%CI: 1.198-3.587; P=0.009) were associated with the decrease of pelvic floor muscle strength. Conclusions: The level of handgrip strength is related to the normal pelvic floor muscle strength of females, while the waist circumference, birth history and sedentary time>8 hours are related to the decrease of pelvic floor muscle strength of females. In order to prevent the decrease of pelvic floor muscle strength, it is necessary to carry out relevant health education, enhance exercise, improve the overall strength level, reduce daily sedentary time, maintain symmetry, and carry out comprehensive overall intervention to improve pelvic floor muscle function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gynecology , Hand Strength , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Outpatients , Pelvic Floor/physiology
10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1267-1273, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010351

ABSTRACT

Pelvic floor ultrasound can clearly visualize the position and morphology of pelvic floor organs, observe the pelvic organ prolapse in real-time, and quantify and analyze the degree of the levator ani muscle injury, which is the most common imaging method to assess the morphology and function of the levator ani muscle to date. The different ultrasound imaging techniques provide a variety of indicators, each with its own advantages and limitations.Furthermore, two-dimensional ultrasound is the basis of imaging, but it fails to detect cross-sectional images of the pelvic floor; three-dimensional ultrasound can acquire the axial plane of the levator hiatus; tomographic ultrasound imaging allows real-time observation of the levator ani muscle injury; shear wave elastography can provide a quantitative assessment of the contractility and elastic characteristics of the levator ani muscle in real-time. It is of great significance to summarize the basic principles of various ultrasound imaging techniques, summarize the ultrasound image characteristics of levator ani muscle and its hiatus in different populations and different states, and explore the cut-off values and diagnostic criteria-related ultrasound parameters for improving the diagnostic efficiency of pelvic floor ultrasound for levator ani muscle injury, leading to reducing missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvic Floor/pathology , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/pathology , Ultrasonography/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 708-714, 20220906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396514

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La evisceración intestinal transvaginal es consecuencia, en la gran mayoría de casos, de dehiscencia del muñón vaginal posterior a histerectomía en pacientes postmenopáusicas. A través de la dehiscencia vaginal se produce la salida del contenido abdominopélvico, que puede presentarse como una evisceración simple, incarceración, obstrucción, estrangulamiento y perforación de un asa intestinal. Caso clínico. Mujer de 78 años, con antecedente inmediato de colpocleisis y colporrafia con malla de polipropileno por prolapso vaginal, que presentó dehiscencia del muñón vaginal debido a rechazo de la malla, que condicionó la solución de continuidad de la pared vaginal, con prolapso, incarceración, obstrucción y perforación de íleon. Con el diagnóstico de evisceración intestinal transvaginal incarcerada con perforación intestinal se llevó a tratamiento quirúrgico, con abordaje inicial por vía vaginal para liberar el asa intestinal, luego por laparotomía se realizó resección y anastomosis de íleon, sacrocolpopexia con malla y plastia de Douglas. Presentó buena evolución postoperatoria.Conclusión. La evisceración intestinal transvaginal con perforación intestinal es una entidad de muy rara presentación. El órgano más frecuentemente comprometido es el intestino delgado, especialmente el íleon. Puede complicarse con incarceración, obstrucción intestinal, isquemia y perforación. El manejo quirúrgico involucra resección intestinal, cuando hay signos de necrosis, con reparación y fijación del muñón vaginal.


Introduction. Transvaginal intestinal evisceration is a consequence, in the vast majority of cases, of dehiscence of the vaginal stump after hysterectomy in postmenopausal patients. Through vaginal dehiscence, the exit of the abdominopelvic content occurs, which can present as a simple evisceration, incarceration, obstruction, strangulation and perforation of an intestinal loop. Clinical case. A 78-year-old woman with an immediate history of colpocleisis and polypropylene mesh colporrhaphy due to vaginal prolapse, presents dehiscence of the vaginal stump caused by rejection of the mesh that conditioned the solution of continuity of the vaginal wall, prolapse, incarceration, obstruction and perforation of the ileum. Surgical treatment was performed with the diagnosis of incarcerated transvaginal intestinal evisceration with intestinal perforation. The initial approach was to free the intestinal loop vaginally, followed by laparotomy, ileal resection and anastomosis, mesh sacrocolpopexy, and Douglas plasty were performed. He presented good postoperative evolution.Conclussion. Transvaginal intestinal evisceration with intestinal perforation is a very rare entity. The most common organ involved is the small intestine, especially the ileum. It can be complicated by incarceration, intestinal obstruction, ischemia, and perforation. Surgical management involves intestinal resection, when there are signs of necrosis, with repair and fixation of the vaginal stump.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Vagina , Intestinal Perforation , Pelvic Exenteration , Pelvic Floor , Ileum
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(3): 217-222, July-Sept. 2022. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421985

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Vaginal balloon inflation simulates the compressive forces on the pelvic floor during the second phase of natural delivery. The foremost use of this animal model of vaginal distention (VD) is to study the mechanisms underlying urinary incontinence. As damage to the pelvic floor during natural birth is a common cause of fecal incontinence, the present paper aimed to investigate the effect of VD on defecation behavior in adult rats. Methods: Vaginal distention was performed in 8 rats for 2 hours, and in 3 rats for 4 hours, and sham inflation was performed in 4 rats. With the use of a latrine box in the rat home-cage and 24/7 video tracking, the defecation behavior was examined. The time spent in and outside the latrine was monitored for two weeks preoperatively and three weeks postoperatively, and a defecation behavior index (DBI; range: 0 [continent] to 1 [incontinent]) was defined. Pelvic floor tissue was collected postmortem and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Results: Vaginal balloon inflation for 2 hours resulted in fecal incontinence in 29% of the animals (responders) whereas the DBI scores of non-responders (71%) and control animals did not change in the postoperative phase compared with the baseline score. A 4-hour balloon inflation resulted in fecal incontinence in 1 animal and caused a humane endpoint in 2 animals with markedly more tissue damage in the 4-hour responder compared with the 2-hour responders. Conclusions: Vaginal balloon inflation, with an optimum duration between 2 and 4 hours, can be used as a model to study changes in defecation behavior in rats induced by pelvic floor damage. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Pelvic Floor/injuries , Defecation , Sprains and Strains , Vagina/injuries , Fecal Incontinence
13.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(5): 503-510, May 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387910

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of deep infiltrative endometriosis (DIE) on pelvic floor dysfunction (urinary incontinence [UI], pelvic organ prolapse [POP], fecal incontinence [FI)] or constipation, and sexual function [dyspareunia]). Data Source The present systematic review was performed in the PubMed database. For the selection of studies, articles should be published by January 5, 2021, without language restriction. Study Selection Six randomized controlled studies that evaluated surgical treatment for DIE and the comparison of different surgical techniques were included. Data Collection The studies were selected independently by title and abstract by two authors. Disagreements were resolved by a third author. All included studies were also evaluated according to the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the quality of the evidence was analyzed using the GRADE criteria. Subgroup analysis by different treatments and follow-up periods was also performed. Results Six studies were included in the quantitative analysis. The risk of bias between studies showed an uncertain risk of bias for most studies, with concealment of allocation being the least reported category. The quality of the evidence was considered low. High heterogeneity was found between the studies. No study has evaluated UI or POP comparatively before and after surgery. Conclusion Dyspareunia and FI have improved after the surgical procedure, but it was not possible to demonstratewhich surgical technique was related to these outcomes as there was surgical heterogeneity. This diversity was found across data, with the recommendation of future prospective studies addressing pelvic floor disorders withDIE.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar o impacto do tratamento cirúrgico para endometriose infiltrante profunda (EIP) nas disfunções do assoalho pélvico (incontinência urinária [IU], prolapso de órgãos pélvicos [POP], incontinência fecal [IF] ou constipação e função sexual [dispareunia]). Fonte de Dados A presente revisão sistemática foi realizada na base de dados PubMed. Para a seleção dos estudos, os artigos deveriam ser publicados até 5 de janeiro de 2021, sem restrição de idioma. Seleção dos Estudos Foram incluídos seis estudos randomizados e controlados que avaliaram o tratamento cirúrgico para EIP e a comparação de diferentes técnicas cirúrgicas. Coleta de Dados Os estudos foram selecionados de forma independente por título e resumo por dois autores. As discordâncias foram avaliadas por umterceiro autor. Todos os estudos incluídos foram avaliados de acordo coma ferramenta Cochrane de risco de viés e a qualidade de evidência foi analisada usando os critérios GRADE. A análise de subgrupo por diferentes tratamentos e períodos de acompanhamento também foi realizada. Resultados Seis estudos foram incluídos na análise quantitativa. O risco de viés mostrou um risco incerto de viés para a maioria dos estudos, sendo a ocultação da alocação a categoria menos relatada. A qualidade de evidência foi considerada baixa. Alta heterogeneidade foi encontrada entre os estudos. Nenhum estudo avaliou a IU ou o POP comparativamente antes e após a cirurgia. Conclusão A dispareunia e a IF melhoraram após o procedimento cirúrgico, mas não foi possível demonstrar qual técnica cirúrgica esteve relacionada a estes desfechos, pois houve heterogeneidade cirúrgica. Esta diversidade foi encontrada nos dados, com a recomendação de estudos prospectivos futuros abordando distúrbios do assoalho pélvico com EIP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Urinary Incontinence , Pelvic Floor , Endometriosis/surgery , Fecal Incontinence
14.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 53-60, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388919

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La rehabilitación del piso pélvico es frecuentemente indicada a los pacientes con incontinencia fecal. Su efectividad a corto plazo ha sido demostrada. Sin embargo, sus resultados en el largo plazo son controversiales. Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo es evaluar los resultados funcionales y calidad de vida a largo plazo de los pacientes con incontinencia fecal tratados mediante rehabilitación del piso pélvico. Materiales y Método: Estudio cuasi-experimental. Se incluyeron los pacientes con incontinencia fecal tratados mediante rehabilitación del piso pélvico entre 2007-2014 en nuestro centro, sin necesidad de cirugía. Se midió el puntaje funcional de Wexner y de calidad de vida (FIQLS) antes (T1) y después del tratamiento (T2). Se realizó encuesta vía correo electrónico para obtener dichos puntajes entre 3-10 años posterior al tratamiento (T3). Resultados: De 215 pacientes, 182 cumplían criterios de inclusión. 96 (52,8%) de ellos respondieron la encuesta en T3. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 4,5 (3-10) años. La edad promedio al tiempo del estudio fue de 60,8 ±13,1 años. 88,4% fueron mujeres. La mediana del puntaje funcional fue 16 (6-20) en T1 y 7 (0-18) en T2, p = 0,000. La calidad de vida mejoró significativamente en sus 4 dimensiones entre T1 y T2. En T3, ambos puntajes presentaron mejores promedios que en T1, p = 0,000. No hubo asociación entre el tiempo de seguimiento y el resultado funcional en T3. Conclusión: Los pacientes con incontinencia fecal tratados mediante rehabilitación del piso pélvico mejoran significativamente su funcionalidad y calidad de vida. El beneficio disminuye en el tiempo, pero persiste mejor que previo al tratamiento.


Introduction: Pelvic floor rehabilitation is often indicated as first-line therapy for patients with fecal incontinence. Its short-term effectiveness has been demonstrated in these patients. However, long-term results are controversial. Aim: Our objective is to evalúate long-term functionality and quality of life in patients with fecal incontinence treated with pelvic floor rehabilitation. Materials and Method: Quasi- experimental study conducted at a single tertiary care center. We included patients with fecal incontinence treated by pelvic floor rehabilitation at our center between 2007-2014 who did not require surgery. Wexner functional score and quality of life using FIQLS were measured pre (T1) and post-treatment (T2). Poste - riorly, an-e-mail survey was conducted to retrieve scores three to 10 years after treatment (T3). Results: Of the 215 patients, 182 met the inclusion criteria. 96 (52.8%) patients responded at T3 and were therefore included. The median follow-up period was of 4.5 years (3-10). The mean age at the time of the study was 60.8 ± 13.1 years and 88.4% were women. The median Wexner score was 16 (6-20) in T1 and 7 (0-18) in T2, (p = 0.000). Quality of life improved significantly in its four dimensions when comparing T1 and T2. In T3, Wexner and the quality of life scores were significantly lower than T2. However, in T3, both scales had better means than T1, (p = 0.000). There was no association between the follow-up time and the functional result in T3. Conclusions: Patients with fecal incontinence treated by pelvic floor rehabilitation improve their functionality and quality of life significantly. This benefit decreases over time but remains above its baseline.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Fecal Incontinence/physiopathology , Fecal Incontinence/rehabilitation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
15.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 41(1): 31-46, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526225

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O envelhecimento populacional cresce a cada ano e, consequentemente, surgem adaptações fisiológicas do organismo, tais como: diminuição da velocidade da marcha, da estabilidade e da adaptação postural, além da perda da integralidade muscular; podendo levar a várias alterações, dentre elas: disfunções do assoalho pélvico e prejuízo na mobilidade. Objetivo: associar a função do assoalho pélvico à mobilidade em idosas. Materiais e métodos: trata-se de um estudo transversal, desenvolvido com mulheres acima de 60 anos, residentes na cidade de Bauru/SP. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa (parecer nº4.040.883), e todas as voluntárias, que assinaram o Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido, responderam aos questionários para caracterização sociodemográfica e verificação das queixas de disfunções do assoalho pélvico. A avaliação da mobilidade foi realizada pela marcha, por meio de uma passarela de 14 metros e da análise dos parâmetros cinemáticos da marcha pelo módulo de aquisição de sinais biológicos, com um acelerômetro triaxial posicionado sobre o maléolo lateral e uma bateria de avaliação Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Resultados: No total, foram avaliadas 13 mulheres (7 no grupo com disfunção do assoalho pélvico e 6 no grupo controle), com média de idade de 64 ± 6,3 anos. As disfunções do assoalho pélvico relatadas foram: 54% de incontinência urinária, 8% de prolapsos de órgãos pélvicos, 15% de incontinência fecal e 8% de disfunção sexual. Nos resultados do SPPB, 92% das voluntárias apresentaram boa capacidade; 8%, baixa capacidade. Na avaliação da marcha, não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos (p=0,260). Conclusão: Não houve relação entre as funções do assoalho pélvico e a mobilidade nas participantes avaliadas.


Introduction: Population aging grows every year and, consequently, there are physiological adaptations of the organism such as a decrease in gait speed, stability, and postural adaptation, in addition to a loss of muscle integrality, which can lead to several changes, including pelvic floor dysfunctions and impaired mobility. Objective: to associate pelvic floor function with mobility in elderly women. Materials and methods: this cross-sectional study consisted of women over 60 from the city of Bauru /SP. The Research Ethics Committee (number 4.040.883) approved the study, and all volunteers signed the Informed Consent Form and responded to questionnaires for sociodemographic characterization and verification of complaints of pelvic floor dysfunction. Mobility assessment was performed by gait using the 14-meter walkway and analysis of the kinematic parameters using the biological signal acquisition module and a triaxial accelerometer positioned on the lateral malleolus and the evaluation battery Short Physical Performance Battery. Results: A total of 13 women were evaluated (7 in the group with pelvic dysfunction and 6 in the control group) with a mean age of 64± 6,3 years. 54% of women reported urinary incontinence, 8% prolapse, 15% fecal incontinence and 8% sexual dysfunction. In the results of the SPPB, 92% of the volunteers had good ability, and 8% had low ability. In the gait assessment, there were no statistical statistics between the groups (p = 0.260). Conclusion: There was no relation between pelvic floor function and mobility in the evaluated participants.


Subject(s)
Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pelvic Floor Disorders , Pelvic Floor/injuries , Mobility Limitation
17.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(2): 68-72, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1411985

ABSTRACT

Introducción y Objetivo El reflejo bulbocavernoso (RBCV) se ha observado ausente incluso en pacientes neurológicamente sanos. Los trastornos funcionales del piso pélvico deben incluir su evaluación. Nuestro objetivo primario fue evaluar la prevalencia de ausencia de RBCV en pacientes sanos. El objetivo secundario fue observar la afectación del RBCV en presencia de otras comorbilidades cómo enfermedad neurológica y diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo, en el que se revisaron mil expedientes clínicos de pacientes sometidos a estudio urodinámico a quienes se les realizó exploración mecánica del RBCV como parte de una exploración rutinaria. Se realizó estadística descriptiva para las variables cuantitativas y cualitativas utilizando la prueba tde Student y la de chi cuadrado, respectivamente. Se consideraron estadísticamente significativos valores de p < 0,05. Resultados La muestra tenía una media de edad de 59,84 años (desviación estándar [DE]: ± 14,13 años), y contenía 36,19% de mujeres y 21,13% de hombres sin enfermedad neurológica y RBCV ausente. Se observó mayor ausencia de RBCV en pacientes con presencia de enfermedad neurológica en comparación con pacientes neurológicamente sanos: 21,6% versus 10,6%, respectivamente (p < 0,0001); además, se observó una ausencia importante de RBCV en presencia de diabetes mellitus en comparación con pacientes no diabéticos: 30.8% versus 18.8%, respectivamente (p < 0,0001). No se observaron diferencias al comparar grupos con respecto a disfunción vesical. Conclusión La ausencia de RBCV no es exclusiva de una enfermedad neurológica con repercusión de síntomas del tracto urinario inferior, y la proporción de pacientes neurológicamente sanos con ausencia de RBCV no es despreciable. No se encontró una diferencia significativa en los grupos con ausencia de RBCV con respecto a disfunción vesical.


Introduction and Objective Absence of the bulbocavernosus reflex (BCVR) has been observed even in neurologically-healthy subjects. Functional disorders of the pelvic floor should include its assessment. The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the absence of BCVR in healthy subjects. The secondary objective was to evaluate the BCVR with regards to the presence of other comorbidities, such as neurogenic bladder and type-2 diabetes mellitus. Methods A descriptive and retrospective study in which we reviewed the clinical files of one thousand subjects who underwent a urodynamic study and were submitted to a mechanical exploration of the BCVR as part of a routine evaluation. Descriptive statistics were performed for the quantitative and qualitative variables using the Student t and the Chi-squared tests accordingly. Values of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The sample had a mean age of 59.84 years (standard deviation [SD] ± 14.13 years), and it contained 36.19% of women and 21.13% of men without neurological disease and absent BCVR. A higher proportion of BCVR absence was observed in patients with neurological disease compared to their healthy counterparts: 21.6% and 10.6% respectively (p ≤ 0.0001); furthermore, an important absence of the BCVR was observed in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus compared to non-diabetic patients: 30.8% and 18.8% respectively (p ≤ 0.0001). No statistically significant differences were observed in the group comparison regarding bladder dysfunction. Conclusion The absence of the RBCV is not exclusive to a neurological disease with repercussions in terms of lower urinary tract symptoms, and the proportion of neurologically healthy subjects with absence of the BCVR is not negligible. No significant difference was found in groups with absence of the BCVR with regards to bladder dysfunction


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Reflex, Abnormal , Pelvic Floor , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Urodynamics , Urinary Bladder , Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane , Diabetes Mellitus
18.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0381345, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374041

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a adesão de gestantes e acompanhantes à realização da massagem perineal digital durante a gestação e seu efeito na prevenção do trauma perineal no parto e na redução de morbidade associada nos 45 e 90 dias pós-parto. Métodos Estudo piloto de ensaio clínico randomizado com 153 gestantes de risco habitual, 78 mulheres no grupo de intervenção realizaram a massagem perineal digital e 75 mulheres do grupo controle receberam os cuidados habituais. Para a análise do desfecho principal (trauma perineal) e dos desfechos secundários, permaneceram em cada grupo 44 mulheres que tiveram parto vaginal. A intervenção foi realizada pela gestante ou acompanhante de sua escolha, diariamente, a partir de 34 semanas de gestação, por 5 a 10 minutos. Resultados A massagem perineal foi fator de proteção para edema nos primeiros 10 dias pós-parto (RR 0,64 IC95%0,41-0,99) e perda involuntária de gases nos 45 dias pós-parto (RR0,57 IC95%0,38-0,86). O ajuste residual ≥ 2 observado na análise das condições do períneo pós-parto mostrou uma tendência das mulheres do grupo intervenção terem períneo íntegro. As mulheres e os acompanhantes que realizaram a massagem perineal aceitaram bem a prática, recomendariam e fariam novamente em futura gestação. Conclusão A massagem perineal digital realizada diariamente, a partir de 34 semanas de gestação, foi uma prática bem aceita pelas mulheres e acompanhantes deste estudo. Apesar de não proteger a mulher de trauma perineal, esta prática reduziu o risco de edema 10 dias pós-parto e incontinência de gases 45 dias pós-parto. Registro Brasileiro de ensaio clínico: RBR-4MSYDX


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la participación de mujeres embarazadas y acompañantes en la realización del masaje digital perineal durante el embarazo y su efecto en la prevención del trauma perineal durante el parto y en la reducción de la morbilidad asociada con los 45 y 90 días post parto. Métodos Estudio piloto de ensayo clínico aleatorizado con 153 mujeres embarazadas con riesgo normal, 78 mujeres en el grupo de intervención realizaron el masaje digital perineal y 75 mujeres del grupo control recibieron los cuidados habituales. Para el análisis del desenlace principal (trauma perineal) y de los desenlaces secundarios, permanecieron en cada grupo 44 mujeres que tuvieron parto vaginal. La intervención la realizó la mujer embarazada o el acompañante por ella elegido, diariamente, a partir de las 34 semanas de embarazo, por 5 a 10 minutos. Resultados El masaje perineal fue factor de protección para el edema en los primeros 10 días postparto (RR 0,64 IC95%0,41-0,99) y la pérdida involuntaria de gases en los 45 días post parto (RR0,57 IC95%0,38-0,86). El ajuste residual ≥ 2 observado en el análisis de las condiciones del perineo postparto mostró una tendencia en las mujeres del grupo intervención a que tengan el perineo íntegro. Las mujeres y los acompañantes que realizaron el masaje perineal recibieron bien la práctica, la recomendarían y la harían nuevamente en un futuro embarazo. Conclusión El masaje digital perineal realizado diariamente, a partir de las 34 semanas de embarazo, fue una práctica bien recibida por las mujeres y acompañantes de este estudio. Pese a que no protege a la mujer de un trauma perineal, esta práctica redujo el riesgo de edema a los 10 días post parto y la incontinencia de gases 45 días post parto.


Abstract Objective To evaluate the adherence of pregnant women and companions to the performance of digital perineal massage during pregnancy and its effect on the prevention of perineal trauma during childbirth and on the reduction of associated morbidity at 45 and 90 days postpartum. Methods A pilot study of a randomized clinical trial with 153 normal risk pregnant women; 78 women in the intervention group underwent digital perineal massage and 75 women in the control group received usual care. For the analysis of the main outcome (perineal trauma) and secondary outcomes, 44 women who had vaginal delivery remained in each group. The intervention was performed daily by the pregnant woman or the companion of her choice from 34 weeks of gestation during 5-10 minutes. Results Perineal massage was a protective factor for edema in the first 10 days postpartum (RR 0.64 95%CI 0.41-0.99) and involuntary gas loss at 45 days postpartum (RR0.57 95%CI 0.38-0.86). The residual adjustment ≥ 2 observed in the analysis of perineal conditions postpartum showed a trend of women in the intervention group having an intact perineum. The women and companions who performed perineal massage accepted the practice well, recommended it and would do it again in a future pregnancy. Conclusion The digital perineal massage performed daily from 34 weeks of gestation was a practice well accepted by women of this study and their companions. Although not protecting women from perineal trauma, this practice reduced the risk of edema at 10 days postpartum and gas incontinence at 45 days postpartum. Brazilian Clinical Trial Registry: RBR-4MSYDX


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Perineum/injuries , Prenatal Care/methods , Pelvic Floor/injuries , Lacerations/prevention & control , Prenatal Education , Massage/methods , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Pilot Projects
19.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 308-311, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362980

ABSTRACT

Las hernias perineales presentan una incidencia variable entre el 0,3-6 %. El abordaje quirúrgico se puede realizar por vía perineal o por vía laparoscópica. Se presentan las imágenes de una paciente con una hernia perineal adquirida primaria, tratada exitosamente mediante un abordaje mixto.


Perineal hernias present a variable incidence between 0.3-6%. The surgical approach can be performed perineally or laparoscopically. Images of a patient with a primary acquired perineal hernia, successfully treated using a mixed approach, are presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Floor , Hernia, Abdominal , Laparoscopy , Hernia
20.
Femina ; 50(9): 549-555, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397889

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a importância da intervenção fisioterapêutica para mulheres com vaginismo. Fonte de dados: Foram utilizadas as bases de dados SciELO, PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS) e Literatura Cinza, incluindo artigos nacionais e internacionais, sem delimitação temporal. Foram propostas para as buscas as seguintes palavras-chave e operadores boleanos: [("vaginismus") AND ("physiotherapy" OR "intervention" OR "efficiency")], sendo esses posteriormente adequados para as demais bases que foram utilizadas nesta revisão sistemática. Seleção dos estudos: A seleção dos estudos foi realizada por três examinadores independentes. Coleta de dados: Inicialmente foram excluídos estudos com base no título, em seguida os resumos foram analisados e, dos 353 artigos encontrados inicialmente, quatro foram elegíveis para esta revisão. Síntese dos dados: Os artigos incluídos descreveram que o tratamento fisioterapêutico é de extrema importância para as mulheres com vaginismo, pois aumenta a força e o controle sobre a musculatura do assoalho pélvico, diminuindo os sintomas do vaginismo e promovendo o incremento da satisfação sexual. Conclusão: A intervenção fisioterapêutica é imprescindível para mulheres que apresentam vaginismo, tendo em vista que suas técnicas têm efetividade na prevenção e tratamento do vaginismo, além de promover melhora importante na qualidade de vida e na satisfação sexual das mulheres.(AU)


Objective: To describe the importance of physical therapy intervention for women with vaginismus. Data source: The SciELO, PubMed, Virtual Health Library (BVS) and Gray Literature databases were used, including national and international articles, without temporal delimitation. The following keywords and Boolean operators were proposed for the searches: [("vaginismus") AND ("physiotherapy" OR "intervention" OR "efficiency")], which were later suitable for the other bases that were used in this systematic review. Study selection: Study selection was performed by three independent examiners. Data collection: Initially, studies were excluded based on the title, then the abstracts were analyzed and of the 353 articles found initially, 4 were eligible for this review. Data synthesis: The articles included described that physical therapy treatment is extremely important for women with vaginismus, as it increases strength and control over the pelvic floor muscles, decreasing the symptoms of vaginismus and promoting increased sexual satisfaction. Conclusion: Physical therapy intervention is essential for women who have vaginismus, considering that its techniques are effective in preventing and treating vaginismus, in addition to promoting an important improvement in women's quality of life and sexual satisfaction.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Vaginismus/therapy , Botulinum Toxins/therapeutic use , Electric Stimulation Therapy/methods , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Musculoskeletal Manipulations/methods
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