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Femina ; 51(7): 443-448, 20230730. graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512454


O orgasmo é o ápice da excitação sexual e, quando comumente não experienciado, denomina-se anorgasmia, segunda queixa sexual mais frequente entre mulheres. A fisioterapia é um recurso que visa beneficiar a qualidade de vida das mulheres anorgásmicas por meio da prevenção, reparação de função e tratamento de quadros álgicos. O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da associação das técnicas de cinesioterapia aplicada à musculatura do assoalho pélvico, massagem perineal e conscientização acerca da sexualidade das participantes. Os métodos utilizados foram educação sexual, massagem perineal e cinesioterapia associada ao uso da sonda uroginecológica New PelviFit Trainer, como biofeedback visual, para promover conscientização e estimar os efeitos sobre a condição da musculatura do assoalho pélvico de mulheres com relato de anorgasmia. O resultado obtido com o protocolo da associação das técnicas terapêuticas em mulheres com disfunção orgásmica apresentou melhora da função sexual feminina, aumento da força e do estado de relaxamento da musculatura do assoalho pélvico, avaliados pelo questionário Índice de Função Sexual Feminina, quantificados por meio da escala de Oxford modificada e da escala de avaliação de flexibilidade vaginal, respectivamente. Como conclusão, a aplicação das técnicas fisioterapêuticas aliadas ao tratamento humanizado, com enfoque na conscientização das mulheres, autopercepção corporal e manutenção da função sexual, promoveu melhora da disfunção sexual orgásmica. Apesar de necessário maior embasamento científico relativo ao tema, a presente abordagem para o tratamento em questão apresentou-se promissora e pertinente à base de dados. (AU)

Orgasm is the peak of sexual excitement, when not commonly experienced, it is called anorgasmia, second most frequent sexual complaint among women. Physiotherapy is a resource that aims to improve the quality of life of anorgasmics women through prevention, function repair and pain management. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of kinesiotherapy techniques applied on the pelvic floor muscles, associated with perineal massage and the participants' sexual awareness. The methods used were sexual education, perineal massage, kinesiotherapy associated with the use of the New PelviFit Trainer urogynecological probe, as a visual feedback, to promove awearness and estimate its effects on the pelvic floor muscles condition in women reporting anorgasmia. The result obtained with the protocol of association of therapeutic techniques in women with orgasmic dysfunction showed improvement in the female sexual function, assessed by the Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire, increased strength and pelvic floor muscles relaxation, quantified using the Modified Oxford scale and the vaginal flexibility assessment scale, respectively. As a conclusion, the application of physiotherapeutic techniques combined with humanized treatment, with a focus on awareness of women, body self-perception and maintenance of sexual function, promoted improvement of orgasmic sexual dysfunction. Despite the need for a greater scientific basis on the subject, the present approach to the treatment in question was promising and relevant to the database. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Kinesiology, Applied , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/therapy , Women's Health , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pelvic Floor , Sexuality/psychology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969965


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of electroacupuncture at Baliao points in patients with erectile dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 58 patients with erectile dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (29 cases, 1 case dropped off, 1 case discontinued) and a control group (29 cases, 1 case dropped off). Both groups were given basic treatment, including routine medical treatment, routine acupuncture treatment, rehabilitation training and pelvic floor biofeedback electrical stimulation treatment. The observation group was treated with electroacupuncture at Baliao points, and the control group was treated with shallow acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture at the control points (8 points at 20 mm horizontally beside Baliao points), continuous wave, frequency in 50 Hz, current intensity in 1-5 mA, 5 times a week for 4 weeks. The 5-item version of the international index of erectile function (IIEF-5) score, erectile dysfunction effect on quality of life (ED-EQoL) score and pelvic floor muscle contraction amplitude were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the IIEF-5 scores and the contraction amplitude of fast muscle fiber, comprehensive muscle fiber and slow muscle fiber in the two groups were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05), the ED-EQoL scores were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the changes of above indexes in the observation group were larger than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at Baliao points can improve the erectile function of patients with erectile dysfunction after stroke, increase the contraction amplitude of pelvic floor muscles, and promote the quality of life of patients.

Male , Humans , Electroacupuncture , Erectile Dysfunction , Quality of Life , Stroke , Pelvic Floor , Acupuncture Points , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985658


Objective: To investigate the present situation of pelvic floor muscle strength, and to analyze the factors affecting pelvic floor muscle strength. Methods: The data of patients who were admitted into the general outpatient department of gynecology, Peking University People's Hospital from October 2021 to April 2022 were collected, and the patients who met the exclusion criteria were included in this cross sectional study. The patient's age, height, weight, education level, defecation way and defecation time, birth history, maximum newborn birth weight, occupational physical activity, sedentary time, menopause, family history and disease history were recorded by questionnaire. Morphological indexes such as waist circumference, abdomen circumference and hip circumference were measured with tape measure. Handgrip strength level was measured with grip strength instrument. After performing routine gynecological examinations, the pelvic floor muscle strength was evaluated by palpation with modified Oxford grading scale (MOS). MOS grade>3 was taken as normal group and ≤3 as decreased group. Binary logistic regression was used to investigate the related factors of deceased pelvic floor muscle strength. Results: A total of 929 patients were included in the study, and the average MOS grade was 2.8±1.2. By univariate analysis, birth history, menopausal time, defecation time, handgrip strength level, waist circumference and abdominal circumference were related to the decrease of pelvic floor muscle strength (all P<0.05). By binary logistic regression analysis, the level of handgrip strength (OR=0.913, 95%CI: 0.883-0.945; P<0.001) was correlated with normal pelvic floor muscle strength; waist circumference (OR=1.025, 95%CI: 1.005-1.046; P=0.016), birth history (OR=2.224, 95%CI: 1.570-3.149; P<0.001), sedentary time> 8 hours (OR=2.073, 95%CI: 1.198-3.587; P=0.009) were associated with the decrease of pelvic floor muscle strength. Conclusions: The level of handgrip strength is related to the normal pelvic floor muscle strength of females, while the waist circumference, birth history and sedentary time>8 hours are related to the decrease of pelvic floor muscle strength of females. In order to prevent the decrease of pelvic floor muscle strength, it is necessary to carry out relevant health education, enhance exercise, improve the overall strength level, reduce daily sedentary time, maintain symmetry, and carry out comprehensive overall intervention to improve pelvic floor muscle function.

Adult , Female , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gynecology , Hand Strength , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Outpatients , Pelvic Floor/physiology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971261


Objective: To investigate the value of reconstruction of pelvic floor with biological products to prevent and treat empty pelvic syndrome after pelvic exenteration (PE) for locally advanced or recurrent rectal cancer. Methods: This was a descriptive study of data of 56 patients with locally advanced or locally recurrent rectal cancer without or with limited extra-pelvic metastases who had undergone PE and pelvic floor reconstruction using basement membrane biologic products to separate the abdominal and pelvic cavities in the Department of Anorectal Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Naval Military Medical University from November 2021 to May 2022. The extent of surgery was divided into two categories: mainly inside the pelvis (41 patients) and including pelvic wall resection (15 patients). In all procedures, basement membrane biologic products were used to reconstruct the pelvic floor and separate the abdominal and pelvic cavities. The procedures included a transperitoneal approach, in which biologic products were used to cover the retroperitoneal defect and the pelvic entrance from the Treitz ligament to the sacral promontory and sutured to the lateral peritoneum, the peritoneal margin of the retained organs in the anterior pelvis, or the pubic arch and pubic symphysis; and a sacrococcygeal approach in which biologic products were used to reconstruct the defect in the pelvic muscle-sacral plane. Variables assessed included patients' baseline information (including sex, age, history of preoperative radiotherapy, recurrence or primary, and extra-pelvic metastases), surgery-related variables (including extent of organ resection, operative time, intraoperative bleeding, and tissue restoration), post-operative recovery (time to recovery of bowel function and time to recovery from empty pelvic syndrome), complications, and findings on follow-up. Postoperative complications were graded using the Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: The median age of the 41 patients whose surgery was mainly inside the pelvis was 57 (31-82) years. The patients comprised 25 men and 16 women. Of these 41 patients, 23 had locally advanced disease and 18 had locally recurrent disease; 32 had a history of chemotherapy/immunotherapy/targeted therapy and 24 of radiation therapy. Among these patients, the median operative time, median intraoperative bleeding, median time to recovery of bowel function, and median time to resolution of empty pelvic syndrome were 440 (240-1020) minutes, 650 (200-4000) ml, 3 (1-9) days, and 14 (5-105) days, respectively. As for postoperative complications, 37 patients had Clavien-Dindo < grade III and four had ≥ grade III complications. One patient died of multiple organ failure 7 days after surgery, two underwent second surgeries because of massive bleeding from their pelvic floor wounds, and one was successfully resuscitated from respiratory failure. In contrast, the median age of the 15 patients whose procedure included combined pelvic and pelvic wall resection was 61 (43-76) years, they comprised eight men and seven women, four had locally advanced disease and 11 had locally recurrent disease. All had a history of chemotherapy/ immunotherapy and 13 had a history of radiation therapy. The median operative time, median intraoperative bleeding, median time to recovery of bowel function, and median time to relief of empty pelvic syndrome were 600 (360-960) minutes, 1600 (400-4000) ml, 3 (2-7) days, and 68 (7-120) days, respectively, in this subgroup of patients. Twelve of these patients had Clavien-Dindo < grade III and three had ≥ grade III postoperative complications. Follow-up was until 31 October 2022 or death; the median follow-up time was 9 (5-12) months. One patient in this group died 3 months after surgery because of rapid tumor progression. The remaining 54 patients have survived to date and no local recurrences have been detected at the surgical site. Conclusion: The use of basement membrane biologic products for pelvic floor reconstruction and separation of the abdominal and pelvic cavities during PE for locally advanced or recurrent rectal cancer is safe, effective, and feasible. It improves the perioperative safety of PE and warrants more implementation.

Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pelvic Exenteration , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Pelvic Floor/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 708-714, 20220906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396514


Introducción. La evisceración intestinal transvaginal es consecuencia, en la gran mayoría de casos, de dehiscencia del muñón vaginal posterior a histerectomía en pacientes postmenopáusicas. A través de la dehiscencia vaginal se produce la salida del contenido abdominopélvico, que puede presentarse como una evisceración simple, incarceración, obstrucción, estrangulamiento y perforación de un asa intestinal. Caso clínico. Mujer de 78 años, con antecedente inmediato de colpocleisis y colporrafia con malla de polipropileno por prolapso vaginal, que presentó dehiscencia del muñón vaginal debido a rechazo de la malla, que condicionó la solución de continuidad de la pared vaginal, con prolapso, incarceración, obstrucción y perforación de íleon. Con el diagnóstico de evisceración intestinal transvaginal incarcerada con perforación intestinal se llevó a tratamiento quirúrgico, con abordaje inicial por vía vaginal para liberar el asa intestinal, luego por laparotomía se realizó resección y anastomosis de íleon, sacrocolpopexia con malla y plastia de Douglas. Presentó buena evolución postoperatoria.Conclusión. La evisceración intestinal transvaginal con perforación intestinal es una entidad de muy rara presentación. El órgano más frecuentemente comprometido es el intestino delgado, especialmente el íleon. Puede complicarse con incarceración, obstrucción intestinal, isquemia y perforación. El manejo quirúrgico involucra resección intestinal, cuando hay signos de necrosis, con reparación y fijación del muñón vaginal.

Introduction. Transvaginal intestinal evisceration is a consequence, in the vast majority of cases, of dehiscence of the vaginal stump after hysterectomy in postmenopausal patients. Through vaginal dehiscence, the exit of the abdominopelvic content occurs, which can present as a simple evisceration, incarceration, obstruction, strangulation and perforation of an intestinal loop. Clinical case. A 78-year-old woman with an immediate history of colpocleisis and polypropylene mesh colporrhaphy due to vaginal prolapse, presents dehiscence of the vaginal stump caused by rejection of the mesh that conditioned the solution of continuity of the vaginal wall, prolapse, incarceration, obstruction and perforation of the ileum. Surgical treatment was performed with the diagnosis of incarcerated transvaginal intestinal evisceration with intestinal perforation. The initial approach was to free the intestinal loop vaginally, followed by laparotomy, ileal resection and anastomosis, mesh sacrocolpopexy, and Douglas plasty were performed. He presented good postoperative evolution.Conclussion. Transvaginal intestinal evisceration with intestinal perforation is a very rare entity. The most common organ involved is the small intestine, especially the ileum. It can be complicated by incarceration, intestinal obstruction, ischemia, and perforation. Surgical management involves intestinal resection, when there are signs of necrosis, with repair and fixation of the vaginal stump.

Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Vagina , Intestinal Perforation , Pelvic Exenteration , Pelvic Floor , Ileum
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(3): 217-222, July-Sept. 2022. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421985


Objectives: Vaginal balloon inflation simulates the compressive forces on the pelvic floor during the second phase of natural delivery. The foremost use of this animal model of vaginal distention (VD) is to study the mechanisms underlying urinary incontinence. As damage to the pelvic floor during natural birth is a common cause of fecal incontinence, the present paper aimed to investigate the effect of VD on defecation behavior in adult rats. Methods: Vaginal distention was performed in 8 rats for 2 hours, and in 3 rats for 4 hours, and sham inflation was performed in 4 rats. With the use of a latrine box in the rat home-cage and 24/7 video tracking, the defecation behavior was examined. The time spent in and outside the latrine was monitored for two weeks preoperatively and three weeks postoperatively, and a defecation behavior index (DBI; range: 0 [continent] to 1 [incontinent]) was defined. Pelvic floor tissue was collected postmortem and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Results: Vaginal balloon inflation for 2 hours resulted in fecal incontinence in 29% of the animals (responders) whereas the DBI scores of non-responders (71%) and control animals did not change in the postoperative phase compared with the baseline score. A 4-hour balloon inflation resulted in fecal incontinence in 1 animal and caused a humane endpoint in 2 animals with markedly more tissue damage in the 4-hour responder compared with the 2-hour responders. Conclusions: Vaginal balloon inflation, with an optimum duration between 2 and 4 hours, can be used as a model to study changes in defecation behavior in rats induced by pelvic floor damage. (AU)

Animals , Rats , Pelvic Floor/injuries , Defecation , Sprains and Strains , Vagina/injuries , Fecal Incontinence
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 53-60, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388919


Resumen Introducción: La rehabilitación del piso pélvico es frecuentemente indicada a los pacientes con incontinencia fecal. Su efectividad a corto plazo ha sido demostrada. Sin embargo, sus resultados en el largo plazo son controversiales. Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo es evaluar los resultados funcionales y calidad de vida a largo plazo de los pacientes con incontinencia fecal tratados mediante rehabilitación del piso pélvico. Materiales y Método: Estudio cuasi-experimental. Se incluyeron los pacientes con incontinencia fecal tratados mediante rehabilitación del piso pélvico entre 2007-2014 en nuestro centro, sin necesidad de cirugía. Se midió el puntaje funcional de Wexner y de calidad de vida (FIQLS) antes (T1) y después del tratamiento (T2). Se realizó encuesta vía correo electrónico para obtener dichos puntajes entre 3-10 años posterior al tratamiento (T3). Resultados: De 215 pacientes, 182 cumplían criterios de inclusión. 96 (52,8%) de ellos respondieron la encuesta en T3. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 4,5 (3-10) años. La edad promedio al tiempo del estudio fue de 60,8 ±13,1 años. 88,4% fueron mujeres. La mediana del puntaje funcional fue 16 (6-20) en T1 y 7 (0-18) en T2, p = 0,000. La calidad de vida mejoró significativamente en sus 4 dimensiones entre T1 y T2. En T3, ambos puntajes presentaron mejores promedios que en T1, p = 0,000. No hubo asociación entre el tiempo de seguimiento y el resultado funcional en T3. Conclusión: Los pacientes con incontinencia fecal tratados mediante rehabilitación del piso pélvico mejoran significativamente su funcionalidad y calidad de vida. El beneficio disminuye en el tiempo, pero persiste mejor que previo al tratamiento.

Introduction: Pelvic floor rehabilitation is often indicated as first-line therapy for patients with fecal incontinence. Its short-term effectiveness has been demonstrated in these patients. However, long-term results are controversial. Aim: Our objective is to evalúate long-term functionality and quality of life in patients with fecal incontinence treated with pelvic floor rehabilitation. Materials and Method: Quasi- experimental study conducted at a single tertiary care center. We included patients with fecal incontinence treated by pelvic floor rehabilitation at our center between 2007-2014 who did not require surgery. Wexner functional score and quality of life using FIQLS were measured pre (T1) and post-treatment (T2). Poste - riorly, an-e-mail survey was conducted to retrieve scores three to 10 years after treatment (T3). Results: Of the 215 patients, 182 met the inclusion criteria. 96 (52.8%) patients responded at T3 and were therefore included. The median follow-up period was of 4.5 years (3-10). The mean age at the time of the study was 60.8 ± 13.1 years and 88.4% were women. The median Wexner score was 16 (6-20) in T1 and 7 (0-18) in T2, (p = 0.000). Quality of life improved significantly in its four dimensions when comparing T1 and T2. In T3, Wexner and the quality of life scores were significantly lower than T2. However, in T3, both scales had better means than T1, (p = 0.000). There was no association between the follow-up time and the functional result in T3. Conclusions: Patients with fecal incontinence treated by pelvic floor rehabilitation improve their functionality and quality of life significantly. This benefit decreases over time but remains above its baseline.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Fecal Incontinence/physiopathology , Fecal Incontinence/rehabilitation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971211


In recent years, professional societies in China including the Chinese Medical Doctor Association Anorectal Branch have issued many clinical practice guidelines and expert consensus on constipation, which played a positive role in the standardization of diagnosis and surgical treatment of chronic constipation in China. However, the diagnosis and treatment of outlet obstructive constipation (OOC) remain controversial. OOC, the most common subtype of functional constipation, is featured by various clinical symptoms, complex pelvic floor anatomy, functional and psychological aspects. We need a gold standard supported by high-level clinical research evidence. To standardize the diagnosis and treatment process of OOC in China, Chinese Medical Doctor Association Anorectal Branch and its Clinical Guidelines Committee, and jointly sponsored by Professional Committee on Anorectal Diseases of Chinese Society of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Anorectal Disease Committee of Chinese Medical Women's Association and Chinese Constipation Medical Association, and the Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery organized and summoned a Chinese expert taskforce to focus on OOC diagnosis, classification, examination, evaluation, and various treatments (e.g. diet modification, medication, biofeedback therapy, pelvic floor function training, psychological intervention, traditional Chinese medicine and surgical treatment). Based on the latest relevant evidence in China and abroad and experts' clinical experience, the taskforce produced the " Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of outlet obstructive constipation (2022 edition)" after rounds of discussion and revision. The aim is to help anorectal surgeons make clinical decisions, standardize the process of diagnosis and treatment, reduce complications and improve clinical efficacy in OOC.

Humans , Female , Consensus , East Asian People , Constipation/etiology , Rectal Diseases/complications , Pelvic Floor
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(2): 68-72, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1411985


Introducción y Objetivo El reflejo bulbocavernoso (RBCV) se ha observado ausente incluso en pacientes neurológicamente sanos. Los trastornos funcionales del piso pélvico deben incluir su evaluación. Nuestro objetivo primario fue evaluar la prevalencia de ausencia de RBCV en pacientes sanos. El objetivo secundario fue observar la afectación del RBCV en presencia de otras comorbilidades cómo enfermedad neurológica y diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo, en el que se revisaron mil expedientes clínicos de pacientes sometidos a estudio urodinámico a quienes se les realizó exploración mecánica del RBCV como parte de una exploración rutinaria. Se realizó estadística descriptiva para las variables cuantitativas y cualitativas utilizando la prueba tde Student y la de chi cuadrado, respectivamente. Se consideraron estadísticamente significativos valores de p < 0,05. Resultados La muestra tenía una media de edad de 59,84 años (desviación estándar [DE]: ± 14,13 años), y contenía 36,19% de mujeres y 21,13% de hombres sin enfermedad neurológica y RBCV ausente. Se observó mayor ausencia de RBCV en pacientes con presencia de enfermedad neurológica en comparación con pacientes neurológicamente sanos: 21,6% versus 10,6%, respectivamente (p < 0,0001); además, se observó una ausencia importante de RBCV en presencia de diabetes mellitus en comparación con pacientes no diabéticos: 30.8% versus 18.8%, respectivamente (p < 0,0001). No se observaron diferencias al comparar grupos con respecto a disfunción vesical. Conclusión La ausencia de RBCV no es exclusiva de una enfermedad neurológica con repercusión de síntomas del tracto urinario inferior, y la proporción de pacientes neurológicamente sanos con ausencia de RBCV no es despreciable. No se encontró una diferencia significativa en los grupos con ausencia de RBCV con respecto a disfunción vesical.

Introduction and Objective Absence of the bulbocavernosus reflex (BCVR) has been observed even in neurologically-healthy subjects. Functional disorders of the pelvic floor should include its assessment. The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the absence of BCVR in healthy subjects. The secondary objective was to evaluate the BCVR with regards to the presence of other comorbidities, such as neurogenic bladder and type-2 diabetes mellitus. Methods A descriptive and retrospective study in which we reviewed the clinical files of one thousand subjects who underwent a urodynamic study and were submitted to a mechanical exploration of the BCVR as part of a routine evaluation. Descriptive statistics were performed for the quantitative and qualitative variables using the Student t and the Chi-squared tests accordingly. Values of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The sample had a mean age of 59.84 years (standard deviation [SD] ± 14.13 years), and it contained 36.19% of women and 21.13% of men without neurological disease and absent BCVR. A higher proportion of BCVR absence was observed in patients with neurological disease compared to their healthy counterparts: 21.6% and 10.6% respectively (p ≤ 0.0001); furthermore, an important absence of the BCVR was observed in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus compared to non-diabetic patients: 30.8% and 18.8% respectively (p ≤ 0.0001). No statistically significant differences were observed in the group comparison regarding bladder dysfunction. Conclusion The absence of the RBCV is not exclusive to a neurological disease with repercussions in terms of lower urinary tract symptoms, and the proportion of neurologically healthy subjects with absence of the BCVR is not negligible. No significant difference was found in groups with absence of the BCVR with regards to bladder dysfunction

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Reflex, Abnormal , Pelvic Floor , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Urodynamics , Urinary Bladder , Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane , Diabetes Mellitus
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0381345, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374041


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a adesão de gestantes e acompanhantes à realização da massagem perineal digital durante a gestação e seu efeito na prevenção do trauma perineal no parto e na redução de morbidade associada nos 45 e 90 dias pós-parto. Métodos Estudo piloto de ensaio clínico randomizado com 153 gestantes de risco habitual, 78 mulheres no grupo de intervenção realizaram a massagem perineal digital e 75 mulheres do grupo controle receberam os cuidados habituais. Para a análise do desfecho principal (trauma perineal) e dos desfechos secundários, permaneceram em cada grupo 44 mulheres que tiveram parto vaginal. A intervenção foi realizada pela gestante ou acompanhante de sua escolha, diariamente, a partir de 34 semanas de gestação, por 5 a 10 minutos. Resultados A massagem perineal foi fator de proteção para edema nos primeiros 10 dias pós-parto (RR 0,64 IC95%0,41-0,99) e perda involuntária de gases nos 45 dias pós-parto (RR0,57 IC95%0,38-0,86). O ajuste residual ≥ 2 observado na análise das condições do períneo pós-parto mostrou uma tendência das mulheres do grupo intervenção terem períneo íntegro. As mulheres e os acompanhantes que realizaram a massagem perineal aceitaram bem a prática, recomendariam e fariam novamente em futura gestação. Conclusão A massagem perineal digital realizada diariamente, a partir de 34 semanas de gestação, foi uma prática bem aceita pelas mulheres e acompanhantes deste estudo. Apesar de não proteger a mulher de trauma perineal, esta prática reduziu o risco de edema 10 dias pós-parto e incontinência de gases 45 dias pós-parto. Registro Brasileiro de ensaio clínico: RBR-4MSYDX

Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la participación de mujeres embarazadas y acompañantes en la realización del masaje digital perineal durante el embarazo y su efecto en la prevención del trauma perineal durante el parto y en la reducción de la morbilidad asociada con los 45 y 90 días post parto. Métodos Estudio piloto de ensayo clínico aleatorizado con 153 mujeres embarazadas con riesgo normal, 78 mujeres en el grupo de intervención realizaron el masaje digital perineal y 75 mujeres del grupo control recibieron los cuidados habituales. Para el análisis del desenlace principal (trauma perineal) y de los desenlaces secundarios, permanecieron en cada grupo 44 mujeres que tuvieron parto vaginal. La intervención la realizó la mujer embarazada o el acompañante por ella elegido, diariamente, a partir de las 34 semanas de embarazo, por 5 a 10 minutos. Resultados El masaje perineal fue factor de protección para el edema en los primeros 10 días postparto (RR 0,64 IC95%0,41-0,99) y la pérdida involuntaria de gases en los 45 días post parto (RR0,57 IC95%0,38-0,86). El ajuste residual ≥ 2 observado en el análisis de las condiciones del perineo postparto mostró una tendencia en las mujeres del grupo intervención a que tengan el perineo íntegro. Las mujeres y los acompañantes que realizaron el masaje perineal recibieron bien la práctica, la recomendarían y la harían nuevamente en un futuro embarazo. Conclusión El masaje digital perineal realizado diariamente, a partir de las 34 semanas de embarazo, fue una práctica bien recibida por las mujeres y acompañantes de este estudio. Pese a que no protege a la mujer de un trauma perineal, esta práctica redujo el riesgo de edema a los 10 días post parto y la incontinencia de gases 45 días post parto.

Abstract Objective To evaluate the adherence of pregnant women and companions to the performance of digital perineal massage during pregnancy and its effect on the prevention of perineal trauma during childbirth and on the reduction of associated morbidity at 45 and 90 days postpartum. Methods A pilot study of a randomized clinical trial with 153 normal risk pregnant women; 78 women in the intervention group underwent digital perineal massage and 75 women in the control group received usual care. For the analysis of the main outcome (perineal trauma) and secondary outcomes, 44 women who had vaginal delivery remained in each group. The intervention was performed daily by the pregnant woman or the companion of her choice from 34 weeks of gestation during 5-10 minutes. Results Perineal massage was a protective factor for edema in the first 10 days postpartum (RR 0.64 95%CI 0.41-0.99) and involuntary gas loss at 45 days postpartum (RR0.57 95%CI 0.38-0.86). The residual adjustment ≥ 2 observed in the analysis of perineal conditions postpartum showed a trend of women in the intervention group having an intact perineum. The women and companions who performed perineal massage accepted the practice well, recommended it and would do it again in a future pregnancy. Conclusion The digital perineal massage performed daily from 34 weeks of gestation was a practice well accepted by women of this study and their companions. Although not protecting women from perineal trauma, this practice reduced the risk of edema at 10 days postpartum and gas incontinence at 45 days postpartum. Brazilian Clinical Trial Registry: RBR-4MSYDX

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Perineum/injuries , Prenatal Care/methods , Pelvic Floor/injuries , Lacerations/prevention & control , Prenatal Education , Massage/methods , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Pilot Projects
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 308-311, 20220316. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362980


Las hernias perineales presentan una incidencia variable entre el 0,3-6 %. El abordaje quirúrgico se puede realizar por vía perineal o por vía laparoscópica. Se presentan las imágenes de una paciente con una hernia perineal adquirida primaria, tratada exitosamente mediante un abordaje mixto.

Perineal hernias present a variable incidence between 0.3-6%. The surgical approach can be performed perineally or laparoscopically. Images of a patient with a primary acquired perineal hernia, successfully treated using a mixed approach, are presented.

Humans , Pelvic Floor , Hernia, Abdominal , Laparoscopy , Hernia
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 4(1): 125-136, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1391833


Introducción. Colombia es un país que enfrenta diversas situaciones provenientes de la falta de educación sexual y educación en salud adecuada: casos de abuso sexual, embarazos en niñas menores de catorce años y la incidencia y prevalencia de la in-continencia urinaria por afectación del piso pélvico. Objetivo. El presente artículo busca dar cuenta del desconocimiento en temas de salud sexual y sus consecuencias, evidenciar los beneficios que podrían generar las intervenciones de educación sexual integral en el país y reflexionar sobre el rol del fisioterapeuta en la rehabilitación y prevención de disfunciones del piso pélvico en las mujeres. Reflexión. Si se incorporaran procesos de fisioterapia pélvica como componente preventivo, que incluya educación, se podría reducir el desconocimiento, el riesgo de vulneración de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos y futuras disfunciones del piso pélvico. La importancia de la educación desde la fisioterapia radica en que las mujeres reconozcan que, al aumentar la fuerza de su musculatura, están cuidando de su piso pélvico hasta edades avanzadas, en las que se estima que la prevalencia de incontinencia urinaria es del 34%. Conclusiones: Un programa de educación sexual impartido desde el currículo po-dría disminuir las condiciones de salud del piso pélvico, así como los factores de riesgo de abuso sexual. Además, permitiría el acompañamiento médico adecuado para orientar el inicio de la vida sexual en un proceso seguro y consciente, así como la expresión de la sexualidad con libertad, al ser concebida como un derecho

Introduction. Colombia is a country that faces various situations stemming from the lack of sexual education and adequate health education: cases of sexual abuse, pregnancies in girls under fourteen years old, and the incidence and prevalence of urinary incontinence due to pelvic floor involvement. Aim. This article seeks to account for the lack of knowledge about sexual health issues and their consequences. Also, to show the benefits that comprehensive sexua-lity education interventions could generate in the country. Finally, to reflect on the physiotherapist's role in the rehabilitation and prevention of pelvic floor dysfunc-tions in women. Reflection. If pelvic physiotherapy processes were incorporated as a preventive component, including sexual education, it could reduce ignorance, the risk of viola-tion of sexual and reproductive rights, and future dysfunctions of the pelvic floor. The importance of physiotherapy ́s education is that women recognize that, by increasing the strength of their muscles, they are taking care of their pelvic floor until advanced ages, in which it is estimated that the prevalence of urinary incontinence is 34%. Conclusions. A sexual education program taught from the curriculum could redu-ce the health conditions of the pelvic floor, as well as the risk factors for sexual abuse. It would also allow adequate medical support to guide the beginning of sexual life in a safe and conscious process, as well as the expression of sexuality with freedom as it is conceived as a right

Sex Education , Physical Therapy Modalities , Reproductive Rights , Reproductive Health , Primary Prevention , Urinary Incontinence , Women , Risk Factors , Pelvic Floor , Sexuality , Minors , Education , Physical Therapists , Sexual Health
Femina ; 50(9): 549-555, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397889


Objetivo: Descrever a importância da intervenção fisioterapêutica para mulheres com vaginismo. Fonte de dados: Foram utilizadas as bases de dados SciELO, PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS) e Literatura Cinza, incluindo artigos nacionais e internacionais, sem delimitação temporal. Foram propostas para as buscas as seguintes palavras-chave e operadores boleanos: [("vaginismus") AND ("physiotherapy" OR "intervention" OR "efficiency")], sendo esses posteriormente adequados para as demais bases que foram utilizadas nesta revisão sistemática. Seleção dos estudos: A seleção dos estudos foi realizada por três examinadores independentes. Coleta de dados: Inicialmente foram excluídos estudos com base no título, em seguida os resumos foram analisados e, dos 353 artigos encontrados inicialmente, quatro foram elegíveis para esta revisão. Síntese dos dados: Os artigos incluídos descreveram que o tratamento fisioterapêutico é de extrema importância para as mulheres com vaginismo, pois aumenta a força e o controle sobre a musculatura do assoalho pélvico, diminuindo os sintomas do vaginismo e promovendo o incremento da satisfação sexual. Conclusão: A intervenção fisioterapêutica é imprescindível para mulheres que apresentam vaginismo, tendo em vista que suas técnicas têm efetividade na prevenção e tratamento do vaginismo, além de promover melhora importante na qualidade de vida e na satisfação sexual das mulheres.(AU)

Objective: To describe the importance of physical therapy intervention for women with vaginismus. Data source: The SciELO, PubMed, Virtual Health Library (BVS) and Gray Literature databases were used, including national and international articles, without temporal delimitation. The following keywords and Boolean operators were proposed for the searches: [("vaginismus") AND ("physiotherapy" OR "intervention" OR "efficiency")], which were later suitable for the other bases that were used in this systematic review. Study selection: Study selection was performed by three independent examiners. Data collection: Initially, studies were excluded based on the title, then the abstracts were analyzed and of the 353 articles found initially, 4 were eligible for this review. Data synthesis: The articles included described that physical therapy treatment is extremely important for women with vaginismus, as it increases strength and control over the pelvic floor muscles, decreasing the symptoms of vaginismus and promoting increased sexual satisfaction. Conclusion: Physical therapy intervention is essential for women who have vaginismus, considering that its techniques are effective in preventing and treating vaginismus, in addition to promoting an important improvement in women's quality of life and sexual satisfaction.(AU)

Humans , Female , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Vaginismus/therapy , Botulinum Toxins/therapeutic use , Electric Stimulation Therapy/methods , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Musculoskeletal Manipulations/methods
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(4): [1-17], out.-dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372316


Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre diástase músculo reto abdominal (DMRA) supra- e infraumbilical com a contração da musculatura do assoalho pélvico (MAP) de mulheres no pós-parto imediato, internadas em uma maternidade pública. Metodologia: Estudo transversal aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Seres Humanos (nº 1.674.698; CAA 6163616.8.0000.0096). Participaram 60 puérperas de baixo risco, assistidas nas enfermarias de uma maternidade. A DMRA foi avaliada pela palpação abdominal e graduada conforme a quantidade de polpas digitais. A contração da MAP foi avaliada por meio da inspeção visual. A correlação das variáveis foi realizada pelo teste de Spearman, com nível de significância em p<0,05. Resultados: 40 puérperas (66,7%) apresentaram DMRA supraumbilical e 23 participantes (38,4%) mantinham DMRA infraumbilical maior do que 2 polpas digitais. Cerca de 71,4% das puérperas contraíram MAP isoladamente e 12,7% contraíram MAP utilizando mecanismos compensatórios; 14,3% das puérperas não conseguiram realizar a contração. A DMRA supraumbilical está correlacionada com a contração da MAP com músculos acessórios de primíparas (p=0,03; r=-0,46); a sustentação da contração da MAP em multíparas (p=0,03; r=-0,43); e a ausência da contração da MAP (=0,03; r=0,35) e ao tempo de sustentação da contração (p=0,02; r=-0,40) em puérperas que realizaram parto vaginal. Conclusão: A presença da DMRA supraumbilical apresenta correlação com a função da MAP de puérperas de acordo com a paridade e a via de parto do último parto. (AU)

Aim: to analyze the relationship between supra- and infraumbilical diastasis recti abdominis (DRA) and pelvic floor musculature (PFM) contraction of women at immediate postpartum, admitted in a public maternity hospital. Methodology: Cross-sectional study approved by the Human Ethics Committee (nº 1.674.698; CAA 56163616.8.0000.0096). Sixty low-risk puerperal women attended at the maternity participated were included. DRA was assessed by abdominal palpation and graded according to number of digital pulps. PFM contraction was assessed by visual inspection. The correlation of variables was performed using the Spearman test, with a significance level of p <0.05. Results: 40 participants (66.7%) had supraumbilical DRA and 23 participants (38.4%) had infraumbilical DRA greater than 2 digital pulps. About 71.4% of women contract only PFM and 12.7% contract PFM using compensatory mechanisms; 14.3% of puerperal women were unable to perform a contraction. Supraumbilical DRA is correlated with PFM contraction and accessory muscles (p = 0.03; r = -0.46); to time of sustained PFM contraction in multiparous women (p = 0.03; r = -0.43); and absence of PFM contraction (= 0.03; r = 0.35) and the time of sustained PFM contraction (p = 0.02; r = -0.40) in puerperal women who underwent vaginal delivery. Conclusion: The presence of supraumbilical DRA correlates with PFM function according to the parity and the type of delivery. (AU)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Women's Health , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pelvic Floor , Diastasis, Muscle , Palpation , Parity , Women , Rectus Abdominis , Parturition , Postpartum Period , Hospitals, Maternity , Muscles
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1150-1159, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340025


ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of intravaginal electrical stimulation (IVES) added to bladder training (BT) on incontinence-related quality of life (QoL) and clinical parameters in women with idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB). Materials and Methods: Sixty-two women with idiopathic OAB were randomized into two groups using the random numbers generator as follows: Group 1 received BT alone (n:31), and Group 2 received BT+IVES (n:31). IVES was performed for twenty minutes three days a week over a course of eight weeks for a total of 24 sessions. Patients were evaluated in terms of incontinence severity (24-hour pad test), pelvic floor muscles strength (perineometer), 3-day voiding diary (frequency of voiding, nocturia, incontinence episodes and number of pads), symptom severity (OAB-V8), incontinence-related QoL (IIQ-7), treatment success (positive response rate), cure/improvement rate and treatment satisfaction (Likert scale). Results: A statistically significant improvement was found in all parameters for all groups at the end of the treatment compared to the baseline values except pelvic floor muscles strength in Group 1 (p <0.05). At the end of treatment, incontinence severity, frequency of voiding, nocturia, incontinence episodes, number of pads, symptom severity, and QoL were significantly improved in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (p <0.05). Treatment satisfaction, cure/improvement, and positive response rates were significantly higher in group 2 compared to Group 1 (p <0.05). Conclusion: We conclude that BT+IVES were more effective than BT alone on both incontinence-related QoL and clinical parameters in women with idiopathic OAB.

Humans , Female , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/therapy , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pelvic Floor , Electric Stimulation
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(5): 697-711, Nov 11, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353485


Prolapso de órgão pélvico (POP) consiste no deslizamento de órgãos pélvicos femininos através do introito vaginal, por falhas no sistema de suporte. Acredita-se que a etnia esteja diretamente associada ao aparecimento do POP. Objetivo: Revisar estudos publicados nos últimos 5 anos para verificar a relação entre etnia e a incidência de prolapso de órgãos pélvicos em mulheres de diversas raças. Métodos: Revisão integrativa de literatura efetuada através de uma busca em artigos científicos publicados em revistas impressas e eletrônicas no período compreendido entre os anos de 2015 e março de 2020, nas bases PubMed, Bireme e PEDro. Resultados: Foram incluídos 4 estudos segundo os critérios de elegibilidade. Foram identificados estudos sobre diferenças étnicas em POP ou períneo descendente. A população estudada foi de mulheres afrodescendentes, caucasianas e asiáticas. Na avaliação metodológica, apenas um estudo foi considerado moderado, enquanto os demais foram considerados fortes. Conclusão: A análise dos dados foi capaz de demonstrar diferenças em sintomas, nos perfis genético, metabólico e de composição das fibras musculares. Observou-se que mulheres afrodescendentes apresentam maior índice de prolapsos de parede anterior, as caucasianas de parede posterior e asiáticas apresentaram maior descida uterina e prolapsos de cúpula vaginal.

Ethnicity , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Women , Pelvic Floor
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(5): e3857, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352085


Introducción: La manometría anorrectal de alta resolución ha permitido una mayor comprensión de la fisiopatología del daño motor y sensorial, que suelen tener los pacientes con disfunción del suelo pélvico. Objetivo: Ofrecer los resultados de la introducción de la técnica en Cuba, en un primer grupo de pacientes, la caracterización del mismo, los valores obtenidos para los parámetros de estudio y los diagnósticos más frecuentes. Material y Métodos: Se revisaron los registros de manometría anorrectal de alta resolución, realizados en el Laboratorio de Motilidad del CNCMA, entre septiembre de 2017 y junio de 2019. Se analiza el registro de los datos generales de los pacientes y los parámetros específicos de alta resolución. Se estudiaron 159 pacientes que constituyeron el universo de estudio, la mayoría fueron pacientes por encima de los 60 años. Se aplica la Clasificación de Londres para el diagnóstico del tipo de disfunción anorrectal resultante. Resultados: Predominio de sexo femenino. La indicación más frecuente para la prueba fue la incontinencia fecal, seguida en menor medida por el estreñimiento. En las mujeres fue frecuente el antecedente obstétrico o de intervención quirúrgica relacionada. La disinergia defecatoria más frecuente fue el tipo III. El diagnóstico de disfunción anorrectal más frecuente fueron los desórdenes del tono anal y la contractilidad. Conclusiones: La introducción de la técnica fue exitosa. Se introdujeron en Cuba los estudios de manometría anorrectal de alta resolución, lo que permitió mayor conocimiento del daño establecido en los pacientes a quienes se les realiza la prueba, siendo la IF la disfunción que resultó más frecuente en el estudio. Se obtuvieron por primera vez parámetros específicos de alta resolución en pacientes cubanos, lo que permitirá estandarizar la técnica a otros servicios y tendrá como consecuencia mayor calidad en el diagnóstico de estos pacientes(AU)

Introduction: High-resolution anorectal manometry has allowed a better understanding of the pathophysiology of motor and sensory damage in patients with pelvic floor dysfunction. Objective: To offer the outcomes of the introduction of the technique applied in a first group of patients in Cuba, as well as its characterization, the values obtained for the study parameters and the most frequent diagnoses. Material and Methods: The high-resolution anorectal manometry records, which were performed at the CNCMA Motility Laboratory between September 2017 and June 2019, were reviewed. The record of the patients´ general data and specific discharge parameters were analyzed. The London Classification was applied for the diagnosis of the resulting type of anorectal dysfunction. Results: A total of 159 patients were studied. There was a predominance of females over 60 years of age. The most common indication for the test was fecal incontinence, followed by constipation. Obstetric history or history of surgical intervention were frequent in women. Type III dyssynergia was the most frequent type of dyssynergic defection. The most frequent diagnoses of anorectal dysfunction were disorders of anal tone and contractility. Conclusions: The introduction of the technique was successful. It allowed the identification of the damaged structures, which led to a faster and more timely therapeutic decision-making for the patient. The London Classification was used in the diagnosis of dysfunction(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Pelvic Floor , Fecal Incontinence , Laboratories , Cuba
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 302-307, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345301


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the constipation or obstructed defecation symptoms identified by using imaging, as dynamic three-dimensional ultrasound and correlate vaginal delivery, parity, and age. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pelvic floor dysfunctions in female patients with obstructed defection symptoms and to determine whether specific pelvic floor dysfunctions identified by dynamic three-dimensional ultrasonography (echodefecography) are correlated with vaginal delivery, parity, and age. The secondary goal is to report the prevalence of coexisting pelvic floor dysfunctions. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study including patients with obstructed defecation symptoms underwent echodefecographyto evaluate pelvic floor dysfunctions in the posterior compartment and correlate with vaginal delivery, parity, and age. RESULTS: Of 889 female: 552 (62%) had had vaginal delivery and 337 (38%) were nulliparous. The prevalence of dysfunctions identified by echodefecography (rectocele, intussusception, enterocele/sigmoidocele, and dyssynergia) was similar between the two groups and was not associated with number of deliveriesor age. However, the prevalence of sphincter defects showed higher rates in women with vaginal delivery and increased with the parity. Up to 33% of patients had coexisting dysfunctions. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of dysfunctions such as rectocele, intussusception, dyssynergia, and enterocele/sigmoidocele assessed by echodefecography in patients with obstructed defecation symptoms are found similar regardless of vaginal delivery, number of deliveries or stratified-age. In vaginal delivery, number of deliveries does impact on detection of sphincter defects and liability to fecal incontinence.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: Poucos estudos investigaram pacientes portadoras de defecação obstruída identificados por exames de imagens, como ultrassonografia tridimensional dinâmica, correlacionando parto vaginal, paridade e idade. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de disfunções do assoalho pélvico em pacientes do sexo feminino com sintomas de defecação obstruída e determinar se disfunções específicas do assoalho pélvico identificadas por ultrassonografia tridimensional dinâmica (ecodefecografia) estão correlacionadas com parto vaginal, paridade e idade. O objetivo secundário é relatar a prevalência de disfunções do assoalho pélvico coexistentes. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo de coorte retrospectivo incluindo pacientes com sintomas de obstrução da defecação submetidas à ecodefecografia para avaliar disfunções do assoalho pélvico no compartimento posterior e correlacionar com parto vaginal, paridade e idade. RESULTADOS: De 889 mulheres: 552 (62%) tiveram parto vaginal e 337 (38%) eram nulíparas. A prevalência de disfunções identificadas pela ecodefecografia (retocele, intussuscepção, enterocele/sigmoidocele e dissinergia) foi semelhante entre os dois grupos e não foi associada ao número de partos ou à idade. No entanto, a prevalência de defeitos esfincterianos apresentou taxas mais elevadas em mulheres com parto vaginal e aumentou com a paridade. Até 33% dos pacientes apresentavam disfunções coexistentes. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência de disfunções como retocele, intussuscepção, dissinergia e enterocele/sigmoidocele avaliada pela ecodefecografia em pacientes com sintomas de defecação obstruída são semelhantes independentemente do parto normal, número de partos ou idade estratificada. No parto vaginal, o número de partos tem impacto na detecção de defeitos esfincterianos e na possibilidade de incontinência fecal.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pelvic Floor/diagnostic imaging , Defecation , Parity , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Constipation , Constipation/etiology , Constipation/epidemiology , Delivery, Obstetric