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2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(7): 570-577, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347252

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sacral colpopexy is one of the standard procedures to treat apical pelvic organ prolapse. In most cases, a synthetic mesh is used to facilitate the colposuspension. Spondylodiscitis is a rare but potentially serious complication that must be promptly diagnosed and treated, despite the lack of consensus in the management of this complication.We report one case of spondylodiscitis after a laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy and sacral colpopexy treated conservatively. We also present a literature review regarding this rare complication. A conservative approach without mesh removal may be possible in selected patients (stable, with no vaginal lesions, mesh exposure or severe neurologic compromise). Hemocultures and culture of imageguided biopsies should be performed to direct antibiotic therapy. Conservative versus surgical treatment should be regularly weighted depending on clinical and analytical progression. A multidisciplinary team is of paramount importance in the follow-up of these patients.


Resumo A colpopexia sacral é um dos procedimentos padrão para tratar o prolapso de órgãos pélvicos apical. Na maioria dos casos, uma tela sintética é usada para facilitar a colposuspensão. A espondilodiscite é uma complicação rara, mas potencialmente grave, que deve ser prontamente diagnosticada e tratada, apesar da falta de consenso no manejo dessa complicação. Relatamos um caso de espondilodiscite após histerectomia supracervical laparoscópica e colpopexia sacral tratada conservadoramente. Também apresentamos uma revisão da literatura sobre essa complicação rara. Uma abordagem conservadora sem remoção da tela pode ser possível em pacientes selecionadas (estáveis, sem lesões vaginais, exposição da tela ou comprometimento neurológico grave). Hemoculturas e cultura de biópsias guiadas por imagem devemser realizadas para direcionar a antibioticoterapia. O tratamento conservador versus o cirúrgico deve ser avaliado regularmente, dependendo da progressão clínica e analítica. Uma equipe multidisciplinar é de suma importância no acompanhamento desses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Discitis/etiology , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Laparoscopy , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Conservative Treatment
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 82-89, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134308

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: We aimed to determine pre-operative and post-operative sexual function scores of patients who underwent four-arm polypropylene mesh implantation surgery to treat urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Materials and Methods: A prospective study from January 2011 to November 2015 including patients (n: 72) submitted to surgical mesh implantation (four-arm anterior mesh implant (Betamix POP4®, Betatech Medical, Turkey) questioned the patients with Female Sexual Function Index evaluation form. The questionnaire was applied to all patients at pre-operative, post-operative 3rd month and post-operative 1st year periods. Results: The mean age of the patients was 47.2±7.1 years. The mean Body Mass Index (kg/m2) was 28.7±3.7. The average of incontinence duration (year) was 4.6±2.6 and the average for operation time (min) was 35.7±2.1. After the urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse surgery, it was observed that incontinence complaints of patients reduced. Furthermore, there was a positive change in quality of life and sexual function of patients at the post-operative period. There was a statistically significant increase according to Female Sexual Function Index score among all three periods (16%, 86% and 100% respectively, p=0.001) and improvement of sexual functions was observed. Conclusions: Transvaginal mesh use in the surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse improves quality of life. However, risk factors such as transvaginal mesh usage indication, surgical technique and experience of the surgeon, suitability of the material, the current health status of the patient and postoperative personal care of the patient may affect the success of operations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Adult , Urinary Incontinence , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Quality of Life , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Turkey , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(1): 46-53, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156084

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been considered another tool for use during the pre- and postoperative periods of the management of pelvic-organ prolapse (POP). However, there is little consensus regarding its practical use for POP and the association betweenMRI lines of reference and physical examination.We aimedto evaluate the mid- to long-term results of two surgical techniques for apical prolapse. Methods In total, 40 women with apical POP randomized from 2014 to 2016 underwent abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC group; n = 20) or bilateral vaginal sacrospinous fixation with an anterior mesh (VSF-AM group; n = 20). A physical examination using the POP Quantification System (POP-Q) for staging (objective cure) and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS: subjective cure), were applied and analyzed before and one year after surgery respectively. All MRI variables (pubococcigeous line [PCL], bladder base [BB], anorectal junction [ARJ], and the estimated levator ani subtended volume [eLASV]) were investigated one year after surgery. Significance was established at p < 0.05. Results After a mean 27-month follow-up, according to the MRI criteria, 60% of the women were cured in the VSF-AM group versus 45% in ASC group (p= 0.52). The POP-Q and objective cure rates by MRI were correlated in the anterior vaginal wall (p= 0.007), but no correlationwas foundwith the subjective cure. The eLASVwas largeramongthe patients with surgical failure, and a cutoff of ≥ 33.5mm3 was associated with postoperative failure (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [ROC]: 0.813; p= 0.002). Conclusion Both surgeries for prolapse were similar regarding theobjective variables (POP-Q measurements and MRI cure rates). Larger eLASV areas were associated with surgical failure.


Resumo Objetivo A ressonância magnética (RM) tem sido considerada uma outra ferramenta para uso pré e pós-operatório em casos de prolapso de órgãos pélvicos. Contudo, pouco consenso existe sobre a sua prática para prolapso e a associação entre as linhas de referência da RM e o exame físico. Nós objetivamos avaliar resultados de médio a longo prazo de duas técnicas cirúrgicas para prolapso apical. Métodos Um total de 40mulheres com prolapso apical foramsubmetidas entre 2014 a 2016 a sacrocolpopexia abdominal (grupo SCA; n = 20) ou fixação bilateral vaginal no ligamento sacroespinhoso com tela anterior (grupo FVLS-TA; n = 20). Os exames físicos comestadiamento usando o Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System (POP-Q: cura objetiva), e o International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS: cura subjetiva) foram analisados antes e depois de um ano da cirurgia, respectivamente. O exame de RM (linha pubococcígea [LPC], base vesical [BV], junção anorretal [JAR] e o volume subtendido estimado do levantador do ânus [VSELA]) foi realizado um ano antes da cirurgia. Estabeleceu-se o nível de significância em 5%. Resultados Depois de uma média de 27 meses de seguimento, de acordo com a RM, 60% das mulheres foram curadas no grupo FVLS-TA versus 45% no grupo SCA (p = 0.52). As curas objetivas associadas ao POP-Q e à RM foram correlacionadas na parede vaginal anterior (p = 0.007), mas nenhuma correlação foi encontrada com a cura subjetiva. O VSELA foi maior entre as pacientes com fracasso da cirurgia, e um ponto de corte de ≥ 33.5mm3 esteve associado ao fracasso da cirurgia (area sob a curva característica de operação do receptor [COR]: 0.813; p = 0.002). Conclusão Ambas as cirurgias para o prolapso foram similares nas curas objetivas tanto pelo POP-Q quanto pela RM. Áreas maiores de VSELA estiveramassociadas como fracasso das cirurgias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , ROC Curve , Treatment Outcome , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Middle Aged
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 200-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It has been a global trend that increasing complications related to pelvic floor surgeries have been reported over time. The current study aimed to outline the development of Chinese pelvic floor surgeries related to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) over the past 14 years and investigate the potential influence of enhanced monitoring conducted by the Chinese Association of Urogynecology since 2011.@*METHODS@#A total of 44,594 women with POP who underwent pelvic floor surgeries between October 1, 2004 and September 30, 2018 were included from 22 tertiary academic medical centers. The data were reported voluntarily and obtained from a database. We compared the proportion of each procedure in the 7 years before and 7 years after September 30, 2011. The data were analyzed by performing Z test (one-sided).@*RESULTS@#The number of different procedures during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018 was more than twice that during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011. Regarding pelvic floor surgeries related to POP, the rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased from 38.1% (5298/13,906) during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011 to 46.0% (14,107/30,688) during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018, whereas the rate of non-mesh procedures decreased from 61.9% (8608/13,906) to 54.0% (16,581/30,688) (Z = 15.53, P < 0.001). Regarding synthetic mesh surgeries related to POP, the rates of transvaginal placement of surgical mesh (TVM) procedures decreased from 94.1% (4983/5298) to 82.2% (11,603/14,107) (Z = 20.79, P < 0.001), but the rate of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) procedures increased from 5.9% (315/5298) to 17.8% (2504/14,107).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased while that of non-mesh procedures decreased significantly. The rate of TVM procedures decreased while the rate of LSC procedures increased significantly.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT03620565, https://register.clinicaltrials.gov.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Humans , Pelvic Floor/surgery , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vagina
8.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 345-351, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143172

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Currently, problems such as constipation due to outlet obstruction, rectal/vaginal prolapse and fecal and urinary incontinence have become increasingly more frequent because of the population aging process, with great impact on the quality of life. Objective: To describe a technique for surgical repair of middle/posterior pelvic floor compartments and extra-mucosal rectal wall treatment by transperineal and vaginal approach, using native tissues and present the results in twenty patients submitted to this surgical technique. Method: Patients with symptoms secondary to middle/posterior pelvic floor descent and anatomical changes confirmed by proctological exam and pelvic MRI defecography. Results were evaluated through the Agachan constipation score, using pre- and post-operative questionnaires. Results: Immediate repair of rectocele and musculature, with prompt improvement of constipation, sustained by 42 months. There were no severe complications in the postoperative period. Conclusion: This is an effective technique, with adequate anatomic repair, improvement of constipation scores and with low risk.


RESUMO Introdução: Problemas como constipação intestinal por obstrução de saída, prolapsos retal/vaginal e incontinências fecal e urinária são cada vez mais frequentes pelo envelhecimento populacional, com grande impacto na qualidade de vida. Objetivo: Descrever técnica para correção do compartimento médio/posterior do assoalho pélvico e tratamento extramucoso da parede retal, por vias perineal e vaginal, utilizando tecidos nativos. Apresentar os resultados da cirurgia em 20 pacientes submetidas à técnica. Método: Pacientes com sintomas secundários ao descenso de assoalho pélvico médio/posterior, submetidas à propedêutica - exame proctológico e defecografia por RNM de pelve que confirmaram as alterações anatômicas. A avaliação dos resultados foi feita com questionários no pré e pós-operatório, com a utilização do escore de Agachan para constipação intestinal. Resultado: Correção imediata da retocele e da musculatura, com melhora imediata da constipação intestinal, sustentada ao longo de 42 meses. Sem complicações graves no pós-operatório. Conclusão: Técnica eficaz, com correção anatômica adequada, associada a melhora significativa dos escores de constipação e de baixo risco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pelvic Floor/abnormalities , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Pelvic Floor Disorders/surgery
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(4): 326-331, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056643

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Pelvic organ prolapse recurrence rate is an important issue which impacts the patient's quality of life and results in a new surgical procedure. We use a new technique of laparoscopic pelvic organ suspension (rectal suspension) for pelvic organ prolapse treatment in our center. We evaluated the results of this technique, three months after surgery and at the time of study reporting. Methods: All patients with pelvic organ prolapse for whom laparoscopic pelvic organ prolapse had been done were evaluated. Data were collected from the patient's charts and their short term follow up 3 months after the surgery and their last follow up visit. Demographic, history, physical examination, Wexner's fecal incontinence score and Altomare's Obstructed Defecation Syndrome score, post-operation complications and patient's satisfaction were analyzed, retrospectively. Results: All patients were female with a mean age of 57 ± 11.43 years (range 32-86 years). Mean BMI was 26.1 ± 3.73. Nine patients had rectal bleeding (31%), 18 had prolonged or difficult defecation (62%), 16 had rectal prolapse (55.2%), 11 had gas incontinence (37.9%), 9 had liquid stool incontinence (31%), 5 had stool incontinence (17.2%), 9 had vaginal prolapse (31%), 23 had constipation (79.3%), 9 complaint of pelvic pain (31%), 9 had urge or stress urinary incontinence (31%) and 13 had dyspareunia (44.8%). Conclusions: In conclusion, we believe this procedure has good results in short term follow up (3 months after surgery), but a high recurrence rate in the middle term follow up. Therefore, this procedure is no longer recommended.


Resumo Introdução: A taxa de recorrência do prolapso de órgãos pélvicos é uma questão importante que afeta a qualidade de vida do paciente, resultando em um novo procedimento cirúrgico. Os autores adotaram uma nova técnica de suspensão laparoscópica de órgãos pélvicos (suspensão retal) no tratamento de prolapso de órgãos pélvicos. Os resultados dessa técnica foram avaliados três meses após a cirurgia e no momento do relato do estudo. Métodos: Todos os pacientes com prolapso de órgão pélvico submetidos a suspensão laparoscópica foram avaliados. Os dados foram coletados do prontuário do paciente, na visita de acompanhamento três meses após a cirurgia e na última visita de acompanhamento. Os dados demográficos, histórico médico, avaliação física, escore de incontinência fecal de Wexner, escore da síndrome da defecação obstruída de Altomare, complicações pós-operatórias e satisfação do paciente foram analisados retrospectivamente. Resultados: Todos os pacientes eram do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 57 ± 11,43 anos (variação de 32 a 86 anos). O índice de massa corporal médio foi de 26,1 ± 3,73. Nove (31%) pacientes apresentaram sangramento retal; 18 (62%), defecação prolongada ou difícil; 16 (55,2%), prolapso retal; 11 (37,9%), incontinência gasosa; nove (31%), incontinência fecal líquida, cinco (17,2%), incontinência fecal; nove (31%), prolapso vaginal; 23 (79,3%), constipação; nove (31%), queixa de dor pélvica; nove (31%), incontinência urinária de urgência ou esforço e 13 (44,8%), dispareunia. Conclusões: Os autores acreditam que este procedimento apresenta bons resultados no seguimento de curto prazo (três meses após a cirurgia), mas uma alta taxa de recorrência no acompanhamento a médio prazo. Portanto, esse procedimento não é mais recomendado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laparoscopy , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Laparoscopy/methods
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 999-1007, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040065

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the intermediate-term follow-up results of laparoscopic pectopexy and vaginal sacrospinous fixation procedures. Materials and Methods Forty-three women who had vaginal sacrospinous fixations(SSF) using Dr. Aksakal's Desta suture carrier and 36 women who had laparoscopic pectopexies were re-examined 7 to 43 months after surgery. The PISQ-12 and P-QOL questionnaires were answered by all of the women. Results The apical descensus relapse rates did not differ between the groups (14% in the SSF vs. 11.1% in the pectopexy group). The de novo cystocele rates were higher in the SSF group (25.6% in the SSF vs. 8.3% in the pectopexy group). There were no significant differences in the de novo rectocele numbers between the groups. The treatment satisfaction rates were high in both groups (93% in the SSF vs. 91.7% in the pectopexy group), which was not statistically significant. Moreover, the postoperative de novo urge and stress urinary incontinence rates did not differ; however, the postoperative sexual function scores (PISQ-12) (36.86±3.15 in the SSF group vs. 38.21±5.69 in the pectopexy group) were better in the pectopexy group. The general P-QOL scores were not significantly different between the surgery groups. Conclusion The vaginal sacrospinous fixation maintains its value in prolapse surgery with the increasing importance of native tissue repair. The new laparoscopic pectopexy technique has comparable positive follow-up results with the conventional sacrospinous fixation procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vagina/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(2): 116-123, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003535

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate if performing anti-incontinence procedures during surgical anterior and/or apical prolapse correction in women with asymptomatic urinary incontinence (UI) may prevent stress urinary incontinence (SUI) postoperatively. Methods We have performed a systematic review of articles published in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Lilacs databases until March 31, 2016. Two reviewers performed the data collection and analysis, independently. All of the selected studiesweremethodologically analyzed. The results are presented as relative risk (RR), with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Results After performing the selection of the studies, only nine trials fulfilled the necessary prerequisites. In the present review, 1,146 patients were included. Altogether, the review included trials of three different types of anti-incontinence procedures. We found that performing any anti-incontinence procedure at the same time of prolapse repair reduced the incidence of SUI postoperatively (RR = 0.50; 95% CI: 0.28-0.91). However, when we performed the analysis separately by the type of anti-incontinence procedure, we found different results. In the subgroup analysis with midurethral slings, it is beneficial to perform it to reduce the incidence of SUI (RR = 0.08; 95% CI: 0.02-0.28). On the other hand, in the subgroup analysis with Burch colposuspension, there was no significant difference with the control group (RR = 1.47; 95% CI: 0.28-7.79]). Conclusion Performing any prophylactic anti-incontinence procedure at the same time as prolapse repair reduced the incidence of SUI postoperatively. The Burch colposuspension did not show any decrease in the incidence of SUI postoperatively.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar se a realização de procedimentos anti-incontinência durante a correção cirúrgica do prolapso anterior e/ou apical em mulheres assintomáticas para incontinência urinária (IU) pode prevenir a incontinência urinária de esforço (IUE) no pós-operatório. Métodos: Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática dos artigos publicados nas bases de dados PubMed, Cochrane Library e Lilacs até o dia 31 de março de 2016. Dois revisores realizaram a coleta e a análise de dados, de forma independente. Todos os estudos selecionados foram analisados metodologicamente. Os resultados estão apresentados como risco relativo (RR), com 95% de intervalo de confiança (IC). Resultados: Após a seleção do estudo, apenas nove estudos preencheram os prérequisitos necessários. Nesta revisão, 1.146 pacientes foram incluídos. No total, a revisão incluiu ensaios de três tipos diferentes de procedimentos anti-incontinência. Descobrimos que realizar qualquer procedimento anti-incontinência ao mesmo tempo que o reparo do prolapso reduziu a incidência de IU no pós-operatório (RR = 0,50; IC 95%: 0,28-0,91). No entanto, quando fizemos a análise separadamente pelo tipo de procedimento antiincontinência, encontramos resultados diferentes. Na análise de subgrupos com slings miduretrais, é benéfico realizá-lo para reduzir a incidência de IU (RR = 0,08; IC 95%: 0,02- 0,28). Por outro lado, na análise de subgrupo com colposuspensão de Burch, não houve diferença significativa com o grupo controle (RR = 1,47; IC 95%: 0,28-7,79]). Conclusão: A realização de qualquer procedimento profilático anti-incontinência ao mesmo tempo que o reparo do prolapso reduziu a incidência de IUE no pós-operatório. A colposuspensão de Burch nãomostrou diminuição na incidência de IUE no pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Urinary Incontinence/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Urologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/prevention & control , Brazil , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Suburethral Slings/statistics & numerical data , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery
13.
In. Castillo Pino, Edgardo A. Tratado de perineología: disfunciones del piso pélvico. Montevideo, Academia Nacional de Medicina, 2019. p.373-378.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1348411
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1263-1264, Nov.-Dec. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040047

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sacrocolpopexy is the gold-standard repair for apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). However, over half of women with POP who undergo the surgery experience recurrence, particularly those with higher preoperative stage, younger age, and greater body weight. We address the challenges of repairing recurrent POP in a patient with a prior transabdominal mesh sacrohysteropexy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Reoperation , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Middle Aged
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(5): 996-1004, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975635

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate differences in perioperative complications and short-term outcomes of patients who underwent abdominal sacrocolpopexy / sacrohysteropexy, laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy / sacrohysteropexy, or laparoscopic pectopexy due to apical prolapse. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 110 patients who underwent apical prolapse surgery between January 1, 2011, and July 31, 2017. Only symptomatic uterine or vaginal vault prolapse patients with stage 2-4, according to the pelvic organ prolapse quantification system, were included. Baseline and intraoperative variables of groups; perioperative complications, including hemorrhage, urinary, and wound complications, blood transfusion, ileus, and short-term outcomes were compared. Results: A total of 68 abdominal sacrocolpopexies (44 sacrocolpopexies and 24 sacrohysteropexies), 14 laparoscopic sacrocolpopexies (10 sacrocolpopexies and 4 sacrohysteropexies), and 28 laparoscopic pectopexies (16 pectopexies and 12 pectohysteropexies) were analyzed. Baseline characteristics and intraoperative variables were similar. However, the mean operating time was significantly shorter in the laparoscopic pectopexy group (74.9 min) when compared with that of the other groups (p < 0.01). During the six-month follow-up period, no prolapse recurrence and mesh erosion / exposure were observed in any group. De-novo stress urinary incontinence, urgency, and defecation problems, as well as perioperative complication rates, were not statistically significantly different between the groups. Conclusions: Although the complication rates and short-term outcomes were not significantly different between the groups, minimally invasive approaches were associated with reduced procedural-related morbidity. Laparoscopic pectopexy is a promising endoscopic prolapse surgery and can be an alternative technique to sacrocolpopexy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Intraoperative Complications , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Operative Time , Middle Aged
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 779-784, July-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954084

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the effect of vaginal hysterectomy-anterior/posterior colporrhaphy with Kelly's plication(VH-KP), versus vaginal hysterectomy-anterior/posterior colporrhaphy-transobturator tape(VH-TOT) surgeries on incontinence, quality of life, and sexual functions in patients with pelvic organ prolapse(POP), and concurrent obvious stress urinary incontinence(SUI). Materials and Methods: Between 2013 and 2017, fifty patients treated with VH-KP(n = 25), and VH-TOT(n = 25) due to POP and SUI, were evaluated prospective consecutively. Age, parity, duration of urinary incontinence, and the daily pad use were recorded. Patients were filled "rinary Distress Inventory-6(UDI-6)", "Incontinence Impact Questionnaire 7(IIQ-7)" and "Index of Female Sexual Function(IFSI)" questionnaire forms at preoperatively, and postoperative 6th month. No usage of pads was accepted as subjective cure rate. Intraoperative, and postoperative complications were noted. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between two groups, for the mean age of the patients, parity, duration of SUI, and the daily pad use, preoperatively (p > 0.05). Decreased UDI-6 scores, IIQ-7 scores and daily pad usage, and increased IFSF scores were found statistical significantly in each group, at the postoperative 6 th month (p < 0.05). However, VH-TOT group had higher improvement rates, on UDI-6 scores (69.5% vs 63.0%, p = 0.04). In addition, it was notable that the the rates of the patients had IFSF scores ≥ 25 was higher in VH-KP group (p = 0.05). Four (16%) patients had recurrent SUI in the VH-KP group (p = 0.039) and vaginal extrusion occurred in 2 (8%) patients in the VH-TOT group (p = 0.153), postoperatively. Conclusions: Although the effects of VH-TOT surgery are superior to conventional methods for incontinence and quality of life; negative effects on sexual functions are notable. In addition, although recurrence rates of TOT are low, complications such as vaginal extrusion are accompanied by drawbacks of mesh usage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Quality of Life , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/physiopathology , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/surgery , Suburethral Slings , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Hysterectomy, Vaginal/methods , Parity/physiology , Postoperative Period , Time Factors , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Incontinence Pads , Statistics, Nonparametric , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/physiopathology , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(3): 219-227, jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959509

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El prolapso de órganos pélvicos es definido como el descenso de la pared anterior y /o posterior de la vagina y/ o la cúpula o útero a través de la vagina. Esta patología se ha visto asociada a disfunción urinaria, alteración de la defecación y disfunción sexual. El prolapso sintomático de órganos pélvicos es una condición que afecta negativamente la calidad de vida de las mujeres, encontrando una prevalencia de 3-6%. La cirugía obliterativa de vagina, tiene un menor tiempo quirúrgico, las tasas de morbilidad y pérdida de sangre son más bajas, la recuperación es más rápida, y el éxito anatómico mayor. Las pacientes que son ideales candidatas a la colpocleisis suelen presentar múltiples comorbilidades médicas que las descartan para llevar a una cirugía reconstructiva con una eficiencia de 90% en la literatura, refiriendo que mejora de la calidad de vida y la imagen corporal para la mayoría de pacientes. OBJETIVO: Realizar una revisión sobre el procedimiento de colpocleisis referente a los resultados anatómicos, resolución de los síntomas, satisfacción con los resultados quirúrgicos y la morbimortalidad asociada de pacientes que consultaron a una institución prestadora de salud privada de tercer nivel, ubicada en Medellín, (Colombia). METODOLOGÍA: Se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo en el cual se incluyen todas las pacientes con prolapso grado 3-4 a quienes se les haya realizado colpocleisis en el periodo de tiempo comprendido entre 2013 al 2016, en una institución prestadora de salud privada de III nivel en Medellín, Antioquia, que atiende régimen contributivo del sistema seguridad social en Colombia y pacientes particulares. Se usó la escala de cuantificación del Prolapso del Órgano Pélvico (POP-Q) para determinar los niveles de prolapso y que tipo de prolapso se identificaba antes y después de la cirugía. Se les solicitó a todas evaluación urodinámica multicanal preoperatoria con reducción del prolapso para evaluar incontinencia oculta o dificultades de micción. Y se realizó una evaluación subjetiva de la respuesta a la cirugía con la escala de Impresión Global de Mejora del paciente (PGI-I). RESULTADOS: Se realizó una recolección de datos entre enero de 2013 a diciembre de 2016. Fueron sometidas a colpocleisis 143 pacientes, 27 de ellas (18.8 %) tenían más de 80 años. 52 pacientes (36.3%) entre 60-70 años, 62 pacientes (43.3%) entre 70-80 años y 1 pacientes <60 años. La edad media del grupo de edad fue de 75 años, rango 58-94 años; el índice de masa corporal promedio fue de 27, la duración del seguimiento promedio fue 9 meses, y el número de partos vaginales 4. El 97.9% de las pacientes presentaban comorbilidades médicas. Hubo una tasa de curación de 97.9%. CONCLUSIÓN: El estudio de cohorte describe nuestra experiencia y agrega a los datos existentes que apoyan la viabilidad y seguridad de la colpocleisis. Encontramos alta eficacia de las cleisis en cuanto a la satisfacción de las pacientes, en mejoría de calidad de vida, independiente de la edad, con una baja tasa de complicaciones y fallas quirúrgicas. La colpocleisis es una buena opción de tratamiento para prolapso de órganos pélvicos estadio 3-4, en quienes no deseen conservar la función sexual, sin embargo este concepto debe ser individualizado para cada paciente.


ABSTRACT Pelvic organ prolapse is defined as the descent of the anterior and / or posterior wall of the vagina and / or the dome or uterus through the vagina. This pathology has been associated with urinary dysfunction, altered defecation and sexual dysfunction. Symptomatic prolapse of pelvic organs is a condition that negatively affects the quality of life of women, finding a prevalence of lifetime prevalence is 3-6%. Obliterative vaginal surgery, has a shorter surgical time, morbidity and blood loss rates are lower, recovery is faster, and anatomic success greater. Patients who are ideal candidates for colpocleisis usually present multiple medical comorbidities that discard them to lead to reconstructive surgery. With an efficiency of 90% in the literature, indicating that improvement of the quality of life and body image for the majority of patients. OBJECTIVE: To perform a review of the colpocleisis procedure regarding anatomical results, resolution of symptoms, satisfaction with surgical results and associated morbidity and mortality of patients who consulted a third-level private health care institution located in Medellín, (Colombia). METHODOLOGY: A retrospective cohort study was carried out in which all patients with grade III-IV prolapse who underwent colpocleisis were included in the period from 2013 to 2016, in a private health institution of III level in Medellín, Antioquia, that attends contributory regime of the social security system in Colombia and private patients. The Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP-Q) scale was used to determine prolapse levels and what type of prolapse was identified before and after surgery. All preoperative multichannel urodynamic evaluations with prolapse reduction were requested to evaluate occult incontinence or micturition difficulties. And a subjective evaluation of the response to surgery was performed with the Global Impression of Patient Improvement (PGI-I) scale. RESULTS: Data were collected between January 2013 and December 2016. Thirty-three patients were submitted to colpocleisis, 27 of which 18.8 (%) were older than 80 years. 52 (36.3%) patients between 60-70 years, 62 (43.3%) between 70-80 years and <60 years 1 patient. The mean age of the age group was 75 years, range 58-94 years; the mean body mass index was 27, the average follow-up duration was 9 months, and the number of vaginal deliveries was 4. (97.9%) of the patients had medical comorbidities. With a cure rate of 97.9%. CONCLUSION: The cohort study describes our experience and adds to existing data that support the viability and safety of colpocleisis. We found high efficacy of cleisis in terms of patient satisfaction, improvement in quality of life, independent of age, with a low rate of complications and surgical failures. Colpocleisis is a good treatment option for prolapse of pelvic organs stage III-IV, in those who do not wish to preserve sexual functionality, however this concept must be individualized for each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Vagina/surgery , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(6): 1115-1121, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892914

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Anterior Elevate® mesh kit system (AES) in woman with symptomatic stage 3 or 4 anterior and/or apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Materials and Methods: This retrospective, monocentric, single surgeon study enrolled between May 2010 and January 2013 fifty-six woman experiencing symptomatic anterior vaginal prolapse with or without apical descent (POP-Q stage 3 or 4). All women received a AES and 7 (12.5%) received a concomitant transvaginal hysterectomy. Primary endpoint was anatomic correction of prolapse; success was defined as POP-Q stage ≤ 1 or asymptomatic stage 2. Secondary endpoints were quality-of-life (QOL) results and patients' safety outcomes, which were assessed by 3 validated self-reporting questionnaires at baseline and annually: ICIQ-UI short form, ICIQ-VS and P-QOL. All patients completed 2-years and 28 women 3-years of follow-up. Surgical approach was modified in women with uterus, moving the two-propylene strips anteriorly around the cervix itself crossing one another, so the left will take place in the right side and the right on the opposite. This modification was made in order to better support the uterus. Results: Vaginal mesh exposure was present in 3 (5,3%) patients. Very good anatomical outcomes were seen, with one (1,8%) failure at 6-months, 4 (7,1%) at 1-year, 6 at 2-years (10,7%). Statistically significant improvements were seen in the ICIQ-VS and P-QOL questionnaires throughout follow-up. Conclusion: Our data suggest that AES is a minimally-invasive transvaginal procedure to repair anterior and apical POP, with good evidence related to mid-term safety and efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 82(5): 480-490, Nov. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899934

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: El prolapso genital afecta hasta al 50% de las mujeres a nivel mundial, su calidad de vida, percepción corporal y vida sexual. A las pacientes de edad avanzada frecuentemente les ofrecemos técnicas quirúrgicas obliterativas para su manejo. El objetivo fue evaluar los resultados de las técnicas obliterativas basados en nuestra experiencia local. MÉTODOS: análisis retrospectivo de pacientes tratadas con técnicas obliterativas en nuestro hospital entre los años 2008 y 2016. RESULTADOS: se incluyeron 78 pacientes, la edad promedio fue de 74.5 años, 11.5% de las pacientes presentaba comorbilidad de mayor riesgo quirúrgico, 24% eran pacientes histerectomizadas por prolapso y 30.8% presentaba incontinencia de orina al momento de la cirugía. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue 52 minutos, 73.1% de las cirugías fueron con técnica de LeFort y 5.1% presentó complicaciones postquirúrgicas precoces. Se contactaron telefónicamente 59 pacientes, 90% refirió mejor calidad de vida, 92% satisfacción con la cirugía, 3.4% recidiva del prolapso y 44% incontinencia urinaria, en su mayoría moderada o severa. La recidiva reportada estuvo acorde a lo reportado en la literatura, pero la incontinencia de orina reportada fue muy alta respecto a lo reportado y de predominio de urgencias. CONCLUSIÓN: las técnicas obliterativas son efectivas en el tratamiento quirúrgico del prolapso y el principal problema postquirúrgico a largo plazo asociado fue la incontinencia de orina de urgencias.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Genital prolapse affects up to 50% of women worldwide, their quality of life, body perception and sex life. For older patients, we often offer obliterative surgical techniques to manage it. The objective was to evaluate the results of the obliterative techniques based on our local experience. METHODS: retrospective analysis of patients treated with obliterative techniques in our hospital between 2008 y 2016. RESULTS: 78 patients were included, with an average age of 74.5 years, 11.5% of the patients had comorbidities of high surgical risk, 24% were previously hysterectomized because of genital prolapse and 30.8% had urinary incontinence at the time of the surgery. Average surgical time was 52 minutes, 73.1% of the surgeries were performed with the LeFort technique and 5.1% presented early postoperative complications. 59 patients were contacted by telephone, 90% reported better quality of life, 92% were satisfied with the surgery, 3.4% had recurrence of the prolapse and 44% reported urinary incontinence, mostly moderate or severe. The reported relapse was in line with what was reported in the literature, but the reported urinary incontinence was very high compared to what was reported, and was predominantly urge incontinence. CONCLUSION: obliterative techniques are effective in the surgical treatment of genital prolapse and the main long term problem after surgery was urge incontinence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Urogenital Surgical Procedures/methods , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Quality of Life , Urogenital Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Vagina/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Operative Time
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