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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 455-468, junio 14, 2022. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378744

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Debido a la rareza de la hernia obturatriz y la imposibilidad para desarrollar estudios controlados de alto grado de evidencia, la mayoría de la literatura al respecto proviene de reportes de casos. Lo anterior, aunado al poco conocimiento del área anatómica de presentación y el cuadro clínico, la convierte en la hernia con mayor mortalidad. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las principales bases de datos, ilustrado con pacientes manejados en el Servicio de Cirugía general de la Clínica Santa María de Sincelejo, Colombia. Discusión. La hernia obturatriz se puede descubrir en mujeres ancianas con antecedentes de cirugía abdominal o multiparidad. El signo de Howship­Romberg, que se presenta en la mitad de los pacientes, puede acompañarse de dolor abdominal en hipogastrio, vómitos y distensión progresiva. La radiografía de abdomen simple muestra tardíamente niveles hidroaéreos con ausencia de gas en ampolla rectal, pero como es poco específica para demostrar el sitio de obstrucción, es preferible la Tomografía computarizada. Conclusión. La hernia obturatriz requiere alto índice de sospecha, que ayude a la detección temprana e intervención quirúrgica inmediata, para evitar las complicaciones.


Introduction. Due to the rarity of the obturator hernia and the impossibility to develop controlled studies with a high degree of evidence, most of the reference in the literature comes from case reports. This, coupled with little knowledge of the anatomical area of presentation and clinical picture, makes it the hernia with the highest mortality. Methods. A literature search was carried out in the main databases, illustrated with patients managed in the General Surgery Service of the Clínica Santa María de Sincelejo. Discussion. Obturator hernia can be discovered in elderly women with a history of abdominal surgery or multiparity. The Howship ­ Romberg sign occurs in half of the patients, it can be associated with lower abdominal pain, vomiting, and progressive distension. Plain abdominal X-ray shows delayed air-fluid levels with absence of gas in the rectal ampulla, but since it is not very specific to demonstrate the site of obstruction, computed axial tomography is preferable. Conclusion. Obturator hernia requires a high index of suspicion, which helps early detection and immediate surgical intervention, to avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Obturator , Intestinal Obstruction , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Abdominal Pain , Pelvic Pain , Diagnosis
2.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 6-11, ene. 28, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1354292

ABSTRACT

El quiste paraovárico se desarrolla en el ligamento ancho, entre la trompa de Falopio y el ovario. Son estructuras redondeadas de pared lisa, llenas de líquido seroso, que se ubican en el mesosálpinx, el ligamento ancho o sobre la propia trompa uterina. Tienen una incidencia aproximada de 1 en 1 500 0002 son frecuentes en la tercera y cuarta década de la vida; raramente se presentan en la edad pediátrica. Generalmente, son benignos y tiene un crecimiento lento y progresivo, suelen ser asintomáticos por lo que el diagnóstico suele ser incidental. En casos de quistes de gran volumen, los síntomas son dolor pélvico o la tumoración ab-dominal. Usualmente son diagnosticados clínicamente y se confirman por imágenes ultrasonográficas. La importancia de este caso es la poca frecuencia de estos tumores en la edad pediátrica y su identificación oportuna por parte de los profesionales de la salud


The paraovarian cyst develops in the broad ligament, between the fallopian tube and the ovary. They are rounded structures with a smooth wall, filled with serous fluid, which are located in the mesosalpinx, the broad ligament or on the uterine tube itself. They have an approximate incidence of 1 in 1,500,0002 and are common in the third and fourth decades of life; they rarely occur in childhood. Generally, they are benign and have a slow and progressive growth, they are usually asymptomatic, so the diagnosis is usually incidental. In cases of large volume cysts, the symptoms are pelvic pain or abdominal mass. They are usually diagnosed clinically and confirmed by ultrasonographic images. The importance of this case is the infrequency of these tumors in the pediatric age and their timely identification by health professionals


Subject(s)
Parovarian Cyst , Pediatrics , Diagnosis , Ovary , Broad Ligament , Pelvic Pain
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 294-298, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928557

ABSTRACT

General recommendations regarding surgical techniques are not always appropriate for all Peyronie's disease (PD) patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of plication procedures in PD patients with severe penile curvature and the effects of early surgical correction in patients who no longer have progressive deformities. The clinical data from 72 patients who underwent plication procedures were analyzed in this study. Patients were divided into Groups A and B according to the curvature severity (≤60° or >60°) and Groups 1 and 2 according to the duration of disease stabilization (≥3 months or <3 months). At the 1-year follow-up, 90.0% (36/40) and 90.6% (29/32) patients reported complete penile straightening, and 60.0% (24/40) and 100.0% (32/32) patients reported penile shortening in Groups A and B, respectively. No curvature recurrence occurred in any patient, and no significant differences were observed in postoperative International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function domain (IIEF-EF), erectile pain, sensitivity, or suture knots on the penis whether such outcomes were grouped according to the curvature severity or the duration of stabilization. However, the duration from symptom onset to surgical management in Group 1 was significantly longer than that in Group 2 (mean ± standard deviation [s.d.]: 20.9 ± 2.0 months and 14.3 ± 1.2 months, respectively, P < 0.001). The present study showed that the plication procedures seemed to be an effective choice for the surgical treatment of PD patients with severe penile curvature. In addition, the early surgical treatment seemed to benefit those patients who already had no erectile pain and no longer exhibited progressive deformity.


Subject(s)
Erectile Dysfunction/surgery , Humans , Male , Patient Satisfaction , Pelvic Pain , Penile Induration/surgery , Penis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 323-331, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928541

ABSTRACT

We investigated the therapeutic effects of superoxide dismutase (SOD) from thermophilic bacterium HB27 on chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) and its underlying mechanisms. A Sprague-Dawley rat model of CP/CPPS was prepared and then administered saline or Thermus thermophilic (Tt)-SOD intragastrically for 4 weeks. Prostate inflammation and fibrosis were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, and Masson staining. Alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), serum creatinine (CR), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were assayed for all animals. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were performed to analyze serum cytokine concentrations and tissue levels of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, SOD, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase. Reactive oxygen species levels were detected using dichlorofluorescein diacetate. The messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression of tissue cytokines was analyzed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and infiltrating inflammatory cells were examined using immunohistochemistry. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) P65, P38, and inhibitor of nuclear factor-κBα (I-κBα) protein levels were determined using western blot. Tt-SOD significantly improved histopathological changes in CP/CPPS, reduced inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis, increased pain threshold, and reduced the prostate index. Tt-SOD treatment showed no significant effect on ALT, AST, CR, or BUN levels. Furthermore, Tt-SOD reduced inflammatory cytokine expression in prostate tissue and increased antioxidant capacity. This anti-inflammatory activity correlated with decreases in the abundance of cluster of differentiation 3 (CD3), cluster of differentiation 45 (CD45), and macrophage inflammatory protein 1α (MIP1α) cells. Tt-SOD alleviated inflammation and oxidative stress by reducing NF-κB P65 and P38 protein levels and increasing I-κBα protein levels. These findings support Tt-SOD as a potential drug for CP/CPPS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chronic Pain , Cytokines/metabolism , Fibrosis , Humans , Inflammation/metabolism , Male , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Pelvic Pain/pathology , Prostatitis/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Superoxide Dismutase , Syndrome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927395

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of CO2 laser moxibustion on endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 76 patients with endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis were randomized into a laser moxibustion group and a sham laser moxibustion group, 38 cases in each group. In the laser moxibustion group, moxibustion was applied at bilateral Zigong (EX-CA 1) using CO2 laser moxibustion instrument. In the sham laser moxibustion group, the manipulation of moxibustion was same as the laser moxibustion group, without laser output. The treatment was given once every other day, 30 min each time, 3 times a week for 4 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment and follow-up of 3 months after treatment, the scores of Gracely box scale (GBS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were observed, the usage of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the duration of the treatment and the average days of taking drugs were recorded in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the GBS and VAS scores were decreased after treatment and during follow-up in the laser moxibustion group (P<0.05), while those in the sham moxibustion group had no significant differences (P>0.05). Compared with the sham moxibustion group, the GBS and VAS scores were decreased after treatment and during follow-up (P<0.05), the cases and average days of taking drugs were less in the laser moxibustion group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CO2 laser moxibustion can improve the pain symptom in patients with endometriosis related pelvic pain of cold coagulation and blood stasis, and reduce the use of analgesic drugs.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Carbon Dioxide , Endometriosis/complications , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Treatment Outcome
6.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31213, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372686

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a embolização de artérias uterinas (EAU) é uma opção terapêutica no tratamento de miomas uterinos sintomáticos; todavia, a dor pós-procedimento representa um grande desafio para essa técnica. Nesse contexto, o Bloqueio do Nervo Hipogástrico Superior (BNHS), já utilizado no tratamento de dor pélvica crônica associada à malignidade, apresenta-se como opção de intervenção intraprocedimento para melhorar a recuperação das pacientes e fomentar o uso da EAU na prática clínica. Objetivo: realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura disponível sobre o BNHS no manejo de dor pós EAU. Métodos: bases de dados PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Lilacs e Medline foram avaliadas a partir da combinação dos termos "uterine artery embolization", "pain" e "superior hypogastric block". Foram incluídos estudos clínicos, disponíveis em texto completo, com pacientes adultas, submetidas à EAU, cujo objetivo era avaliar o uso do BNHS e seu impacto na dor pós-procedimento. Foram excluídos artigos de revisão, carta ao editor, e publicação em anais de congresso. Resultados: 8 artigos, em maior parte retrospectivos, indicaram consistência do BNHS em termos de sucesso terapêutico a curto prazo e redução da dor. Apenas uma complicação foi relatada, e evoluiu de forma satisfatória. Conclusões: BNHS tem potencial de aprimorar o manejo da dor após EAU, podendo impactar positivamente no tempo e na qualidade da recuperação, com redução da dor e consumo de opiodes no período pós-operatório. Esses benefícios valorizam o procedimento de embolização como uma alternativa a ser considerada no tratamento de leiomiomas sintomáticos para mulheres candidatas à preservação uterina.


Introduction: Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE) is a therapeutic option in the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids; however, post-procedure pain imposes as a great challenge in this technique. In this context, the Superior Hypogastric Nerve Block (SHNB), already used in the treatment of chronic pelvic pain associated with malignancy, presents itself as an option for intraprocedural intervention, to improve patients' recovery and to promote UAE in the clinical setting. Objective: to perform an integrative literature review about the effectiveness of SHNB in pain management after UAE. Methods: databases PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Lilacs and Medline were assessed using the combination of the terms "uterine artery embolization", "pain" and "superior hypogastric block". Clinical studies were included once available in full text, with adult patients submitted to UAE, whose objective was to evaluate the use of SHNB and its impact in post-procedure pain. Review articles, letters to the editor, and publication in conference proceedings were excluded. Results: 8 articles were found, most of them retrospective, indicated SHNB's consistency in terms of short-term therapeutic success and pain reduction. The single reported complication evolved satisfactorily. Conclusions: SHNB has the potential to improve pain management after UAE, which can positively impact recovery time and quality, with reduced pain and consumption of opioids in the postoperative period. Benefits like these can enhance the embolization procedure as an alternative to be considered for the treatment of symptomatic fibroids for women candidates for uterine preservation.


Subject(s)
Pelvic Pain , Uterine Artery Embolization , Myoma , Radiology, Interventional , Gynecology , Anesthetics
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 919-925, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357095

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Endometriosis is a hormone-dependent chronic inflammatory disease with symptoms such as pelvic pain, which affect the physical, emotional, and social health of women in reproductive age. The current overview article aims to explore the effect of complementary medicine on the treatment or in mitigating the risk of endometriosis. Methods This is an overview article done in Iran. Two separate researchers systematically searched 3 databases (Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane Central Register Trials) until September 2020. The methodological quality of each study was assessed using the assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool. Results The results of two reviews suggested that physical activity, tobacco smoking, diet, coffee and caffeine intake had no effect on mitigating the risk of endometriosis or improving its treatment, but acupuncture successfully reduced pain and related marker (serum CA-125) levels. Conclusion As endometriosis is an annoying disease with many complications and is hard to diagnose and treat, related studies in complementary medicine can help patients with endometriosis. Based on the relevant literature review, among the complementary medicine available for the treatment or to mitigate the risk of endometriosis, only acupuncture seems to alleviate the pain of endometriosis.


Resumo Objetivo A endometriose é uma doença inflamatória crônica hormono-dependente com sintomas como dores pélvicas, que afetam a saúde física, emocional e social de mulheres em idade reprodutiva. O presente artigo de visão geral tem como objetivo explorar o efeito da medicina complementar no tratamento ou na mitigação do risco de endometriose. Métodos Trata-se de um artigo de visão geral feito no Irã. Dois pesquisadores separados pesquisaram sistematicamente 3 bancos de dados (Medline, Scopus e Cochrane Central Register Trials) até setembro de 2020. A qualidade metodológica de cada estudo foi avaliada usando a ferramenta avaliação da qualidade dos relatos de revisão sistemática (AMSTAR, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Os resultados de duas revisões sugeriram que atividade física, tabagismo, dieta, consumo de café e cafeína não tiveram efeito na redução do risco de endometriose ou na melhoria do tratamento, mas a acupuntura reduziu com sucesso a dor e os níveis de marcadores relacionados (CA-125 sérico). Conclusão Como a endometriose é uma doença incômoda, com muitas complicações e de difícil diagnóstico e tratamento, estudos relacionados em medicina complementar podem ajudar pacientes com endometriose. Com base na revisão da literatura relevante, entre os medicamentos complementares disponíveis para o tratamento ou risco de endometriose, apenas a acupuntura parece aliviar a dor da endometriose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Complementary Therapies , Endometriosis/prevention & control , Exercise , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Pelvic Pain/prevention & control , Iran
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 492-496, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356961

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los tumores de la región retrorrectal son lesiones poco frecuentes, con potencial de malignidad e infección. Generalmente cursan asintomáticos. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 62 años, con dolor pélvico crónico, cuyos estudios imagenológicos informan lesión ocupante de espacio de 3 cm en región presacra. Se procedió a su resección quirúrgica con diagnostico histopatológico de schwannoma.


ABSTRACT Retrorectal tumors are rare but have potential malignant transformation and risk of infection. Thet are usually asymptomatic. We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient with chronic pelvic pain and imaging tests showing a 3-cm space-occupying lesion in the presacral region. The lesion resected and the histopathologic diagnosis was schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Risk , Pelvic Pain , Diagnosis , Infections , Neoplasms
9.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(3): e1295, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357311

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La factibilidad y seguridad del empleo de la ozonoterapia se evidencia en los resultados expuestos por varios autores, en enfermedades cuyo síntoma fundamental es el dolor crónico. Objetivo: Determinar la evolución clínica de las pacientes con dolor pélvico crónico, tratadas con ozono asociado al tratamiento médico convencional. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo, en el que se determinó la evolución clínica de las pacientes con dolor pélvico crónico tratadas con ozono, asociada al tratamiento médico convencional. La muestra fue de 54 mujeres. Las variables utilizadas fueron: edad, causa del dolor pélvico, tiempo de evolución, puntuación de la escala de dolor antes y después de la aplicación de la ozonoterapia y evaluación del tratamiento. Resultados: Prevalecieron las pacientes con edad de 26-35 años. El 57,4 por ciento tenían entre 2 y 2 años de evolución del dolor. La enfermedad inflamatoria pélvica crónica fue la causa de mayor frecuencia con 42,5 por ciento. Antes de la aplicación de la ozonoterapia la media de puntuación en la escala de dolor fue de 6,31, y disminuyó a 3 después del tratamiento, con una evaluación de bien en el 81,1 por ciento de los casos. Conclusiones: Después de la aplicación de la ozonoterapia asociada al tratamiento médico convencional, se produce mejoría clínica, por lo que puede ser una alternativa de tratamiento(AU)


Introduction: The feasibility and safety of the use of ozone therapy is evidenced in the results presented by several authors, in diseases whose main symptom is chronic pain. Objective: To determine the clinical evolution of patients with chronic pelvic pain treated with ozone associated with conventional medical treatment. Methods: Descriptive, observational, retrospective study, in which the clinical evolution of patients with chronic pelvic pain treated from January 2018 to January 2020, with ozone therapy, associated with conventional medical treatment. The sample was 54 women. The variables used were: age, cause of pelvic pain, time of evolution, score on the pain scale before and after the application of ozone therapy, and evaluation of the treatment. Results: Patients aged 26-35 years prevailed. 57,4 percent had between two and four years of pain evolution. Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease was the most frequent cause with 42,5 percent. Before the application of ozone therapy, the mean score on the pain scale was 6.31, and it decreased to 3 after treatment, with an evaluation of good in 81,1percent of the cases. Conclusions: After the application of ozone therapy associated with conventional medical treatment, there is evident clinical improvement, which is why it constitutes an alternative of treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ozone/therapeutic use , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
Femina ; 49(2): 115-120, 20210228. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224068

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho buscou reunir dados essenciais sobre as etiologias de dor pélvica aguda, uma queixa constante nos serviços de emergências e ambulatórios de ginecologia, responsável por grande desconforto e impacto na qualidade de vida de pacientes mulheres. É uma condição laboriosa por causa de seu amplo espectro de causas, devendo ser abordada com cuidado e atenção pelo profissional médico, o qual deve considerar os diversos diagnósticos diferenciais, sendo a ultrassonografia o exame de maior importância para auxiliar em seu diagnóstico. As principais etiologias não obstétricas podem ser não ginecológicas e ginecológicas; essas últimas são divididas em anexiais e uterinas. Entre as causas ginecológicas, devem- -se investigar cistos ovarianos, torções anexiais, leiomiomas, doença inflamatória pélvica, abscesso tubo-ovariano, dismenorreia e complicações de dispositivos intrauterinos. A maioria das causas tem tratamento eficaz, com retorno da função do órgão e melhora da qualidade de vida, sem complicações, especialmente se diagnosticada precocemente.(AU)


The aim of this study was to gather important data on acute pelvic pain etiologies, a usual complaint in the emergency services and gynecology outpatient clinics, responsible for great discomfort and impact on quality of life in female patients. It is a laborious condition due to its wide spectrum of causes, which needs to be approached with attention by the physician, who must consider all the possible diagnoses, being the ultrasonography the most important exam to detect it. The main non-obstetric etiologies can be non-gynecological and gynecological, which are separated in adnexal and uterine causes. Among the gynecological causes, ovarian cysts, adnexal torsions, leiomyomas, pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian tube abscess, dysmenorrhea and complications of intrauterine devices should be investigated. Most causes can be effectively treated, with return of organ function and improved quality of life, without complications, especially if diagnosed early.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Acute Pain/etiology , Ovarian Cysts/complications , Databases, Bibliographic , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/complications , Pelvic Pain/diagnosis , Pelvic Pain/diagnostic imaging , Abscess/complications , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Ovarian Torsion/complications , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects , Leiomyoma/complications
11.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(4): e20200374, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279018

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo descrever as experiências das mulheres sobre as suas trajetórias desde o início dos sintomas até o diagnóstico da endometriose. Método pesquisa descritiva, qualitativa, realizada com dez mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose no município do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Coletaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas áudio gravadas e posteriormente submetidas à Análise de Conteúdo por meio do software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sem o diagnóstico de endometriose, as mulheres vivenciam sintomas fortes desde a menarca. Essa situação repercute negativamente em diferentes esferas da vida, inclusive pela desvalorização de suas queixas em seus círculos de convivência. Assim, entende-se a importância da rede de apoio perante essa situação. Diante desse contexto, as mulheres peregrinam por diversos profissionais até o diagnóstico definitivo. Considerações finais e implicações para a prática as trajetórias dessas mulheres são marcadas pela desvalorização de suas queixas por profissionais de saúde e pessoas próximas, pela naturalização da dor feminina e pela dificuldade em estabelecer um diagnóstico diferencial. No entanto, a capacidade individual de reconhecer a presença de uma patologia, o conhecimento sobre a endometriose e a experiência do profissional facilitaram o diagnóstico. No contexto da assistência de enfermagem, entender essa trajetória pode promover a escuta ativa, melhor valorização das queixas, avaliação clínica e o encaminhamento para o diagnóstico precoce.


Resumen Objetivo describir las vivencias de las mujeres en sus trayectorias desde el inicio de los síntomas hasta el diagnóstico de endometriosis. Método investigación descriptiva cualitativa realizada con diez mujeres diagnosticadas con endometriosis en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Se recogieron entrevistas semiestructuradas grabadas en audio y posteriormente se sometieron a Análisis de Contenido utilizando el software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sin el diagnóstico de endometriosis, las mujeres experimentan síntomas fuertes desde la menarquia. Esta situación tiene un impacto negativo en diferentes ámbitos de la vida, incluso por la devaluación de sus quejas en sus círculos de convivencia. Así, se comprende la importancia de la red de apoyo en esta situación. Ante este contexto, las mujeres deambulan por diferentes profesionales hasta el diagnóstico definitivo. Consideraciones finales e implicaciones para la práctica las trayectorias de estas mujeres están marcadas por la devaluación de sus quejas por parte de los profesionales de la salud y personas cercanas, por la naturalización del dolor femenino y por la dificultad para establecer un diagnóstico diferencial. Sin embargo, la capacidad del individuo para reconocer la presencia de una patología, el conocimiento sobre la endometriosis y la experiencia del profesional facilitaron el diagnóstico. En el contexto del cuidado de enfermería, comprender esta trayectoria puede promover la escucha activa, mejor valoración de las quejas, evaluación clínica y la derivación para diagnóstico precoz.


Abstract Objectives to describe the experiences of women on their trajectories from the beginning of symptoms to the diagnosis of endometriosis. Method descriptive, qualitative research, conducted with ten women diagnosed with endometriosis in the city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. Audio recorded semi-structured interviews were collected and later submitted to Content Analysis using Atlas.ti 8 software. Results without the diagnosis of endometriosis, women experience strong symptoms from the menarche. This situation has a negative impact on different spheres of life, including the devaluation of their complaints in their circles of coexistence. Thus, the importance of the support network in this situation is understood. Faced with this context, women wander through various professionals until the definitive diagnosis. Final considerations and implications for practice the trajectories of these women are marked by the devaluation of their complaints by health professionals and people close to them, by the naturalization of female pain and by the difficulty in establishing a differential diagnosis. However, the individual's ability to recognize the presence of a pathology, the knowledge about endometriosis and the professional's experience facilitated the diagnosis. In the context of nursing care, understanding this trajectory can promote active listening, better appreciation of complaints, clinical assessment and referral to early diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Quality of Life/psychology , Health Care Costs , Cost of Illness , Pelvic Pain , Qualitative Research , Early Diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Endometriosis/therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Menstrual Cycle/physiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on chronic pelvic pain in patients with sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease.@*METHODS@#A total of 144 patients with chronic pelvic pain were randomly divided into an observation group (72 cases, 10 cases dropped off) and a control group (72 cases, 9 cases dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with ibuprofen sustained-release capsules 10 days before menstruation, 0.3 g each time, once a day. On the basis of the treatment of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with EA at Guanyuan (CV 4), Shuidao (ST 28), Guilai (ST 29), Shenshu (BL 23) and Ciliao (BL 32), disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz of frequency, once a day. The patients in both groups were treated for 10 days per menstrual cycle for 3 menstrual cycles. The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of lower abdomen and lumbosacral area, local sign score, quality of life scale score and pain disappearance rate were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores of lower abdomen and lumbosacral area as well as each item score and total score of local signs in the observation group after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment and those in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#EA can relieve the pain symptoms in patients with chronic pelvic pain and improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Analgesics , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/therapy , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Quality of Life
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877545

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between acupuncture combined with ibuprofen sustained-release capsule and simple ibuprofen sustained-release capsule on chronic pelvic pain (CPP) after pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).@*METHODS@#A total of 144 patients were randomized into an observation group (72 cases, 10 cases dropped off) and a control group (72 cases, 9 cases dropped off). Ibuprofen sustained-release capsule was given orally in the control group, one capsule a time. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, acupuncture was applied at Guanyuan (CV 4), Shuidao (ST 28), Guilai (ST 29), Shenshu (BL 23) and Ciliao (BL 32), and Shuidao (ST 28), Guilai (ST 29), Shenshu (BL 23) and Ciliao (BL 32) were connected to electroacupuncture in the observation group. The treatment was given 10 days before menstruation, once a day for 3 menstrual cycles in both groups, and the follow-up was adopted 3 menstrual cycles after treatment. The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of hypogastrium and lumbosacral region before treatment, after treatment, and at the follow-up, the score of local signs and the score of World Health Organization quality of life questionnaire-brief version (WHOQOL-BREF) before and after treatment were observed in the both groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and at the follow-up, the VAS scores of hypogastrium and lumbosacral region were decreased compared before treatment in both groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with ibuprofen sustained-release capsule can effectively improve the symptoms, signs and quality of life in patients with CPP after PID, the therapeutic effect is superior to simple ibuprofen sustained-release capsule.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Female , Humans , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/etiology , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect and safety of Kangfuyan Capsules () for treating pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in patients with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in a multicenter, randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel-group clinical trial.@*METHODS@#Totally, 240 PID patients with CPP were randomized into 2 groups using a computer generated random number at a 1:1 ratio from 10 hospitals in China between September 2014 and November 2015. Patients received either oral Kangfuyan Capsules or Gongyanping Capsules (, control); the regimen for both groups comprised 4 capsules (3 times daily) for 12 weeks, with follow-up visit 4 weeks after treatment. The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, clinical responses, remarkable cure rates for each symptom, and quality of life scores were assessed at baseline, and after 1, 2, and 3 months. Adverse events were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores were significantly lower (P<0.05), whereas the clinical responses, remarkable cure rates for lower abdominal pain, uterine tenderness, adnexal mass, and adnexal tenderness, and Health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) scores were higher in the Kangfuyan group than in the control group at 3 months (P<0.05). Common treatment-related adverse events included high hepatic enzyme levels, reduced hemoglobin levels, and elevated platelet counts, although all the adverse events were either mild or moderate in severity.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with Gongyanping therapy, Kangfuyan therapy yielded markedly better analgesia effects for CPP caused by PID, with obvious long-term efficacy and good safety. (Registration No. ChiCTR190022732).


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chronic Pain/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Pelvic Pain/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
15.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(3): e450, jul.-set. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144484

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Dentro de los trastornos sexuales por dolor, se estudian la dispareunia y el vaginismo. El Manual diagnóstico y estadístico de los trastornos mentales V, los engloba bajo la categoría trastorno de dolor génito-pélvico y penetración. En Cuba, no existen muchos referentes teóricos de estas enfermedades. Objetivo: Sistematizar y actualizar los referentes teóricos relacionados con la dispareunia y el vaginismo, desde un enfoque sexológico. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura publicada sobre el tema, de los últimos diez años, a texto completo, en las bases de datos SciELO y desde la búsqueda con Google académico con las palabras claves: trastornos sexuales por dolor, dispareunia y vaginismo. Desarrollo: La dispareunia y el vaginismo presentan una etiología multifactorial y variables grados de afectación del disfrute sexual de las parejas. Se presentan los aspectos esenciales de ambas entidades, fundamentalmente la clasificación, etiología, caracterización clínica, evaluación y el tratamiento. Conclusiones: La dispareunia y el vaginismo, son dos afecciones que afectan la vida sexual plena y satisfactoria y requieren de conocimientos, orientación y tratamiento especializado para que los resultados sean satisfactorios(AU)


Introduction: Within sexual disorders due to pain, dyspareunia and vaginismus are studied. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V encompasses them under the category of pelvic pain and penetration disorder. In Cuba, there are not many theoretical references of these diseases. Objective: Systematize and update the theoretical references related to dyspareunia and vaginismus, from a sexological approach Methods: A review of the literature published on the subject, of the last ten years, in full text, in the SciELO databases and from the search with academic Google with the keywords: sexual disorders due to pain, dyspareunia and vaginismus. Development: Dyspareunia and vaginismus have a multifactorial etiology and varying degrees of impairment of sexual enjoyment of couples. The essential aspects of both entities are presented, fundamentally the classification, etiology, clinical characterization, evaluation and treatment. Conclusions: Dyspareunia and vaginismus are two conditions that affect full and satisfactory sex life and require specialized knowledge, guidance and treatment for the results to be satisfactory(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pain , Sex , Pelvic Pain , Knowledge , Dyspareunia , Vaginismus , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
16.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 366-370, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138633

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La tuberculosis (TBC) genital es una infección relativamente poco frecuente en la mujer. Afecta principalmente a mujeres menores de 40 años, y el motivo de consulta más usual es la esterilidad, de ahí la importancia de su diagnóstico precoz. CASO CLÍNICO clínico: Se presenta el caso de una paciente con dolor pélvico crónico que acude a nuestras consultas para valoración. Durante el estudio se toma biopsia dirigida de la cavidad endometrial diagnosticándose la presencia de granulomas no necrotizantes. Posteriormente se realiza un cultivo microbiológico que resulta positivo para micobacterias y se determina el DNA, mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa, de mycobacterium tuberculosis, como causante del cuadro. DISCUSIÓN: El diagnóstico definitivo de TBC requiere el aislamiento en cultivo del bacilo de Koch, aunque en los casos de TBC genital, al ser una entidad paucibacilar, puede no resultar positivo. En éste caso, sería suficiente el diagnóstico de presunción basado en la sospecha clínica y el hallazgo histológico de granulomas. CONCLUSIÓN: La tuberculosis genital es una entidad poco frecuente en nuestro medio, aunque es una causa importante de infertilidad femenina y su predominio generalmente se subestima debido a la naturaleza paucisintomática de la misma. El diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento multidisciplinar son fundamentales.


INTRODUCTION: Genital tuberculosis (TB) is a relatively rare afection in women. It mainly affects women younger than 40 years, and the most frequent reason for consultation is sterility, therefore early diagnosis is important. CLINICAL CASE: We presented the case of a patient with chronic pelvic pain who comes to our consultations. During the study, we take an endometrial biopsy diagnosing the presence of non-necrotizing granulomas. Finally, we determined the mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA through the polymerase chain reaction and positive microbiological culture, as the cause of pathology. DISCUSSION: The definitive diagnosis of TB requires the isolation in culture of the Koch bacillus, although in genital TB cases, as it is a paucibacillary entity, it may not be positive. In this case, the presumptive diagnosis based on clinical suspicion and the histological granulomas would be enough. CONCLUSIONS: Genital tuberculosis is a rare entity in our environment, although it is an important cause of female infertility and its prevalence is generally underestimated due to its paucisymptomatic nature. Early diagnosis and multidisciplinary treatment are essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/complications , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/diagnosis , Endometritis/etiology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/microbiology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/pathology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/drug therapy , Postmenopause , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Granuloma/etiology , Infertility, Female , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(2): 90-95, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098854

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of women with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) and assess their quality of life (QOL) during 6 months of medical treatment. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study of 60 women diagnosed with DIE either by surgery or image methods (ultrasound or magnetic resonance), who received clinical treatment for at least 6 months in the Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Both the SF-36 and the EHP-30 questionnaires were used to assess the quality of life. Results The mean age of the patients was 37.7 ± 6.0 years old, with 50% presenting dysmenorrhea; 57% dyspareunia; and 50% chronic pelvic pain. The SF-36 and the EHP-30 revealed impaired quality of life. In the SF-36, the worst domains were limitation due to emotional aspects (40.2 ± 43.1) and self-esteem and disposition (46.1 ± 24.8), whereas in the EHP-30 they were social well-being (50.3 ± 30.6); infertility (48.0 ± 36.3); and sexual intercourse (54.0 ± 32.1). Conclusion Although clinically treated, women with deep endometriosis present impairment in different domains of quality of life regardless of the questionnaire used for evaluation.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever características clínicas e sociodemográficas de mulheres com endometriose profunda infiltrativa e avaliar sua qualidade de vida dentro de 6 meses de tratamento clínico. Métodos Estudo de corte transversal descritivo com 60 mulheres em seguimento ambulatorial na Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brasil, com endometriose profunda infiltrativa diagnosticada por cirurgia ou métodos de imagem (ultrassonografia ou ressonância magnética), em tratamento clínico há pelo menos 6 meses. Para avaliar a qualidade de vida, foram utilizados os questionários SF-36 e EHP-30. Resultados A média etária das mulheres foi de 37,7 ± 6,0 anos; 50% delas apresentaram dismenorreia, 57% dispareunia e 50% dor pélvica crônica. O SF-36 e o EHP-30 mostraram comprometimento da qualidade de vida destas mulheres. No SF-36, os piores domínios foram os aspectos emocionais (40,2 ± 43,1) e a autoestima e disposição (46,1 ± 24,8), enquanto que no EHP-30 foram o bem-estar social (50,3 ± 30,6), a infertilidade (48,0 ± 36,3) e as relações sexuais (54,0 ± 32,1). Conclusão Embora tratadas clinicamente, as mulheres com endometriose profunda apresentaram comprometimento em diferentes domínios da qualidade de vida independente do questionário utilizado para avaliação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Endometriosis/psychology , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pelvic Pain , Endometriosis/pathology
19.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1268620

ABSTRACT

Introduction: les algies pelviennes aiguës sont responsables d'une morbi-mortalité importante. L'objectif de ce travail était de décrire leurs aspects épidémiologiques, cliniques et thérapeutiques à Yaoundé.Méthodes: nous avons mené une étude transversale descriptive avec collecte prospective des données au Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique de l'Hôpital Gynéco-Obstétrique et Pédiatrique de Yaoundé du 1er avril au 31 juillet 2015. Nous avons inclus toutes les femmes admises pour douleur pelvienne dont l'évolution était inférieure à un mois et ayant accepté de participer à l'étude. Nous avons exclu les femmes qui étaient au troisième trimestre de grossesse ou en post-partum. Le logiciel Epi info version 3.5.4 a servi à l'analyse des données. Ces données ont été présentées sous forme de fréquence et de pourcentage.Résultats: au total 5915 femmes ont consulté pendant la période de l'étude dont 125(2,11%) étaient des algies pelviennes aiguës. La moyenne d'âge était de 29,5 ± 6,9 ans. Les étiologies des douleurs étaient les infections génitales hautes (36,8%) et la grossesse extra-utérine (18,4%). Le traitement surtout médical (92,8%), associait antibiotiques (65,5%), anti-inflammatoires (56,9%) et antalgiques (39,7%). La chirurgie a été réalisée chez 25(20%) patientes par laparotomie (80%) et cœlioscopie (20%)L'indication chirurgicale était la grossesse extra-utérine dans 76% des cas. La régression de la douleur était obtenue chez 99% des cas. Conclusion: les d'algies pelviennes aigues survenaient chez les femmes jeunes, dues aux infections génitales hautes et à la grossesse extra-utérine étaient principalement. En cas de grossesse extra-utérine le traitement chirurgical était surtout la laparotomie


Subject(s)
Cameroon , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital , Pelvic Pain/diagnosis , Pelvic Pain/epidemiology , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Pelvic Pain/therapy , Women
20.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 42(8): 486-492, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137862

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine the average body composition (percentage of body fat), the anthropometric markers, and the intensity of clinical pain in women with a clinical diagnosis of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) secondary to endometriosis. Methods A case-control study performed with 91 women, 46 of whom with CPP secondary to endometriosis and 45 of whom with CPP secondary to other causes. They underwent an evaluation of the anthropometric parameters by means of the body mass index (BMI), the perimeters (waist, abdomen, hip), and the percentage of body fat (%BF), which were assessed on a body composition monitor by bioimpedance; the intensity of the clinical pain was evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS), and the symptoms of anxiety and depression, using the hospital's anxiety and depression scale (HAD). Results The groups did not differ in terms of mean age, BMI, %BF or regarding the available waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). The mean intensity of the clinical pain by the VAS was of 7.2 ± 2.06 in the group with CPP secondary to endometriosis, and of 5.93 ± 2.64 in the group with CPP secondary to other causes (p = 0.03), revealing significant differences between the groups. Conclusion We concluded that, despite the difference in the pain score assessed between the two groups, there was no difference regarding body composition and anthropometry.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a composição corporal média (porcentagem de gordura corporal), os marcadores antropométricos, e a intensidade de dor clínica em mulheres com diagnóstico clínico de dor pélvica crônica (DPC) secundária a endometriose. Métodos Um estudo de caso-controle realizado com 91 mulheres, 46 das quais com DPC secundária a endometriose, e 45 das quais com DPC secundária a outras causas. As pacientes foram submetidas à avaliação dos parâmetros antropométricos por meio do índice de massa corporal (IMC), dos perímetros (cintura, abdômen, quadril), e do percentual de gordura corporal (%GC), que foram avaliados emmonitor de composição corporal por bioimpedância; a intensidade clínica da dor foi avaliada usando-se a escala visual analógica (EVA), e os sintomas de ansiedade e depressão, usando a escala de ansiedade e depressão do hospital (EADH). Resultados Os grupos não diferiram quanto à idade média, ao IMC, ao %GC, nem quanto à relação da cintura-quadril (RCQ) disponível. Amédia da intensidade clínica da dor pela EVA foi de 7,2 ± 2,06 no grupo com DPC secundária a endometriose, e de 5,93 ± 2,64 no grupo com DPC secundária a outras causas (p = 0,03), revelando diferenças significativas entre os grupos. Emrelação à EADH, ambos os grupos estavam acima da média de corte. Conclusão Concluímos que, apesar da diferença no escore de dor avaliado entre os dois grupos, não houve diferença com relação à composição corporal e à antropometria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Body Composition/physiology , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Endometriosis/complications , Endometriosis/epidemiology , Chronic Pain/etiology , Anxiety , Pain Measurement , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Depression , Middle Aged
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