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2.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): e296, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289550

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento del traumatismo pélvico es uno de los más complejos en la atención al trauma. La tasa de mortalidad es alta. Objetivo: Examinar los criterios actuales acerca de las lesiones traumáticas de pelvis y las posibles estrategias existentes para su tratamiento. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de artículos publicados en la base de datos PubMed entre los años 2011-2020. Se excluyeron trabajos porque estaban duplicados o los datos de origen eran insuficientes. Resultados: Se analizaron los mecanismos de las lesiones, su fisiopatología, principios y pilares de la atención médica y recomendaciones para el uso de herramientas de diagnóstico en el trauma, entre otras. Las complicaciones se presentan en pacientes con trauma pélvico abierto que pueden tener secuelas crónicas como incontinencia fecal y urinaria, impotencia, dispareunia, discapacidad residual en las funciones físicas, absceso perineal y pélvico, dolor crónico y complicaciones vasculares como embolia o trombosis. La mayoría de las muertes (44,7 por ciento) ocurren el día del trauma. Un enfoque multidisciplinario en la atención a las lesiones traumáticas de pelvis, contribuye a una mejora en el rendimiento y en los resultados de los pacientes. Conclusiones: Las lesiones traumáticas del anillo pélvico son consecuencia de accidentes de alta energía y constituyen una de las lesiones de mayor gravedad a las que está expuesto el ser humano. La posibilidad de inestabilidad mecánica asociada a alteraciones hemodinámicas obliga a la adopción de protocolos de actuación inmediata, para evitar la elevada mortalidad que se asocia a estas lesiones(AU)


Introduction: The treatment of pelvic trauma is one of the most complex in trauma care. Mortality rate is high. Objective: To examine the current criteria about traumatic pelvic injuries and the possible existing strategies for their treatment. Methods: A search was carried out for articles published in PubMed database from 2011 to 2020. Works that were duplicated or had insufficient source data were excluded. Results: We analyzed injury mechanisms, pathophysiology, classifications, principles and pillars of medical care, and recommendations for the use of diagnostic tools in pelvic trauma, among others. Complications with functional limitations occur in patients with open pelvic trauma who may have chronic sequelae such as fecal and urinary incontinence, impotence, dyspareunia, residual disability in physical functions, perineal and pelvic abscess, chronic pain, and vascular complications such as embolism or thrombosis. Most deaths (44.7 percent) occur on the day of the trauma. A multidisciplinary approach to treating traumatic pelvic injuries contributes to improved performance and patient outcomes. Conclusions: Traumatic injuries to the pelvic ring are the consequence of high-energy accidents and constitute one of the most serious injuries to which humans are exposed. The possibility of mechanical instability associated with hemodynamic alterations requires the adoption of protocols for immediate action, to avoid the high mortality associated with these injuries(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvis/surgery , Pelvis/injuries , Therapeutics
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 175-180, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251344

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate knee alignment in the frontal plane and pelvic balance during the step-down test in female and male soccer players. Methods Cross-sectional study carried out with male and female soccer players from under-15 and under-17 teams of a professional club in Southern Brazil. The step-down test was performed, filmed with a video camera, and evaluated according to the angular measurements obtained during movement using the Kinovea software (open source), version 0.8.24. Results The sample consisted of 38 individuals, 19 males and 19 females. Female athletes had a greater varus angle (9.42º ± 1.65º) compared to male athletes (3.91º ± 2.0º; p = 0.04). There was no difference regarding the unilateral pelvic drop between the groups. In addition, the association between the hip-related pelvic drop and the projection angle on the frontal plane of the knee was weak in both genders. Conclusion Even though the pelvic drop was observed in both genders, young female athletes had greater varus knee angles on the step-down test, which require greater attention to minimize the risk of injury.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o alinhamento do joelho no plano frontal e o equilíbrio pélvico durante a descida de um degrau comparando atletas de futebol feminino e masculino. Métodos Estudo transversal, realizado com atletas de futebol das categorias sub-15 e sub-17, de ambos os sexos, de um clube profissional do Sul do Brasil. Foi realizado o teste de descida de um degrau, o qual foi filmado por uma câmera de vídeo, e, em sua avaliação, traçaram-se as medidas angulares durante o movimento por meio do software Kinovea (código aberto), versão 0.8.24. Resultados A amostra foi composta por 38 indivíduos, 19 do sexo masculino e 19 do sexo feminino. As atletas do sexo feminino apresentaram maior ângulo em varo (9,42º ± 1,65º) quando comparadas com os atletas masculinos (3,91º ± 2,0º; p = 0,04). Não houve diferença em relação à queda unilateral da pelve (drop pélvico) entre os grupos, e a associação entre o drop pélvico do quadril e o ângulo de projeção no plano frontal do joelho foi fraca em ambos os sexos. Conclusão Apesar de ambos os sexos terem apresentado queda pélvica, as atletas de base do sexo feminino apresentaram maior angulação do joelho em varo no teste de descida do degrau, e necessitam maior atenção para minimizar o risco de lesão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis , Soccer , Weights and Measures , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Genu Varum , Athletes , Hip , Knee
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 47-51, Jan.-Mar. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286966

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The literature on the safety and long-term sequelae of transrectal and transvaginal drainage of pelvic abscesses is limited. We evaluated the outcomes and safety of pelvic abscess drainage by interventional radiology at our institution. Methods After obtaining institutional review board approval, we retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of transrectal and transvaginal pelvic abscesses drainage using computed tomography, endorectal ultrasound, and or fluoroscopy. Results The study included 26 patients, with an age range of 24 to 88 years old, out of whom 53.8% were men. A total of 46.1% of the participants were African Americans and 26.9% were Caucasians. The average body mass index was 28.4 (range: 15.6 to 41.9). The most common etiology was penetrating abdominal injury (27%), followed by appendectomy (23%), diverticular disease (11.5%), anastomotic leak (11.5%), and disorders of gynecological causes (11.5%). The mean abscess diameter was 6.3 cm (range: 3.3 to 10.0 cm). Transrectal drainage was performed in all except one patient who had a transvaginal drainage. Transrectal ultrasound was used for drainage in 92.3% cases, and fluoroscopy was used as an additional imaging modality in 75% of the cases. An 8- or 10-Fr pigtail catheter was used in>80% of the patients. Drains were removed between 2 and 7 days in 92.3% of the cases. The average follow-up was 30.4 months (range: 1 to 107 months), and no long-term complications were reported. Only one patient required subsequent operative intervention for an anastomotic leak. Conclusions Pelvic abscess drainage by transrectal route using radiological guidance is a safe and effective procedure.


Resumo Objetivo A literatura sobre a segurança e as sequelas no longo prazo da drenagem transretal e transvaginal do abscesso pélvico é limitada. Avaliamos os resultados e a segurança da drenagem do abscesso pélvico por radiologia intervencionista em nossa instituição. Métodos Após obter a aprovação do conselho de revisão institucional, avaliamos retrospectivamente os resultados da drenagem de abscessos pélvicos transretais e transvaginais por meio de tomografia computadorizada, ultrassom endorretal, e/ou fluoroscopia. Resultados Participaram do estudo 26 pacientes, com faixa etária de 24 a 88 anos, dos quais 53,8% eram homens. Um total de 46,1% eram afro-descendentes, e 26,9% eram brancos. O índice de massa corporal médio foi de 28,4 (gama: 15,6 a 41,9). A etiologia mais comum foi lesão abdominal penetrante (27%), seguida de apendicectomia (23%), doença diverticular (11,5%), fístula anastomótica (11,5%) e distúrbios de causas ginecológicas (11,5%). O diâmetro médio do abscesso foi de 6,3 cm(gama: 3,3 a 10,0 cm). A drenagem transretal foi realizada em todos os pacientes, com exceção de uma, que foi submetida a uma drenagem transvaginal. A ultrassonografia transretal foi utilizada para drenagem em 92,3% dos casos, e a fluoroscopia como modalidade adicional de imagem, em 75% dos casos. Um catéter duplo J de 8 ou 10 Fr foi usado em>80% dos pacientes. Os drenos foram retirados entre 2 e 7 dias em 92,3% dos casos. O acompanhamentomédio foi de 30,4meses (gama: 1 a 107 meses), e nenhuma complicação de longo prazo foi relatada. Apenas um paciente necessitou de intervenção cirúrgica subsequente para um vazamento anastomótico. Conclusão A drenagem do abscesso pélvico por via transretal com orientação radiológica é um procedimento seguro e eficaz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis/physiopathology , Rectum/diagnostic imaging , Vagina/diagnostic imaging , Drainage/methods , Pelvic Infection/etiology , Abscess/diagnostic imaging
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(1): 2873-2886, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156781

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las lesiones traumáticas del anillo pélvico constituyen un desafío para los cirujanos ortopedistas por su alta morbimortalidad y las consecuencias que de ellas derivan. Objetivo: describir el comportamiento de variables demográficas y clínicas en los pacientes atendidos por lesiones traumáticas del anillo pélvico en el Hospital Universitario "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández" de Matanzas Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo descriptivo de los pacientes ingresados en el servicio de ortopedia y traumatología por presentar lesiones traumáticas del anillo pélvico en dicho centro en el período comprendido de enero del 2009 a enero del 2019. Se seleccionaron variables demográficas y clínicas Resultados: el estudio incluyó a 48 pacientes. Predominó el sexo masculino 29 pacientes para un 60,4%, la edad de mayor frecuencia estuvo entre 31 a 50 años. Predominaron las fracturas tipo B con 24 pacientes para 50% y el tratamiento quirúrgico con 27 pacientes para 56,2%, dentro de las complicaciones inmediatas predominó el shock hipovolémico en 14 pacientes para 29.1%, en las tardías la sepsis superficial con 6 pacientes, 12.5%. Conclusiones: las lesiones traumáticas del anillo pélvico siempre deben ser tratadas como lesiones graves, por lo que deben ser valoradas de forma multidisciplinaria y apegados a protocolos de actuación, y con especialistas de alta experiencia profesional (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: pelvic ring traumatic lesions are a challenge for orthopedic surgeons due to their high morbi-mortality and the consequences derived from them. Objective: to describe the behavior of clinical and demographic variables in patients cared due to pelvic ring traumatic lesions in the University Hospital "Comandante Faustino Perez Hernandez" of Matanzas. Method: a descriptive, prospective, longitudinal research was carried out in patients admitted to the Orthopedics and Traumatology Service of the before-named hospital for presenting pelvic ring traumatic lesions in the period from January 2009 until January 2019. Clinical and demographic variables were chosen. Results: the study included 48 patients. Male sex predominated, 29 patients, 60.4 %; the most frequent age ranged between 31 and 50 years. Type B fractures predominated with 24 patients and 50 %; surgical treatment also predominated with 27 patients and 56.2 %; among the immediate complications, hypovolemic shock predominated in 14 patients for 29.1 %; among the late ones, surface sepsis predominated with 6 patients, 12.5 %. Conclusions: pelvic ring traumatic lesions should be always treated like serious lesions; therefore they should be evaluated in a multidiscipline way, adhered to the intervention protocols, and by highly experienced professionals (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvis/injuries , Shock/etiology , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Sepsis/etiology , Pelvis/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/mortality , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
6.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 294-301, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886402

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Limb deformity in terms of length discrepancy, angular and rotational deformities are amenable to correction using the Ilizarov method. The corrections can be achieved using the Ortho SUV Frame (OSF), a computer assisted six axes external fixator. Previous studies have reported easier and more accurate deformity correction. In this study, we report on our initial experience and treatment outcomes in using this system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a case series of patients where the Ilizarov circular frame was applied and which the deformity correction was carried out using the OSF. Success and accuracy in correction, length of time to correct, number of revisions needed and complications were gathered from a review of medical records. RESULTS: Thirty limbs in twenty nine cases were included in this report. Seventy seven percent (23/30) of the deformities were due to previous trauma. The rest were due to Blounts, infection and tumor. Correction in eighty seven percent (26/30) were achieved using the turning schedule provided by the Ortho SUV application software. Three cases required surgical removal of soft tissue interposition before further correction using the software was achieved. One case with posterior translation underwent closed manipulation. In the end all planned deformity corrections were achieved. Complications included pin tract swelling and erythema in 13% and all resolved either with oral antibiotics alone or combined with surgical release of pin sites under local anesthesia. CONCLUSION: The Ortho SUV is an effective tool to carry out deformity corrections using the Ilizarov method.


Subject(s)
Ilizarov Technique , External Fixators , Upper Extremity , Pelvis
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353985

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La articulación sacroilíaca es el origen del dolor en el 10-25% de los pacientes con lumbalgia mecánica. Si no hay traumatismos, tumores, enfermedades metabólicas ni colagenopatías, su papel en la fisiopatología del dolor lumbar aún no está completamente dilucidado. El objetivo fue estudiar la anatomía sagital de la pelvis a través de la medición de la incidencia pélvica en pacientes con dolor sacroilíaco en el ámbito laboral frente a personas asintomáticas. Materiales y métodos: Estudio analítico, observacional, retrospectivo de pacientes con dolor sacroilíaco diagnosticados mediante un bloqueo guiado por tomografía computarizada en un centro de patología laboral, entre enero de 2015 y diciembre de 2018. El grupo de comparación fue una muestra aleatoria de personas sin enfermedad de la pelvis o lumbosacra estudiados con tomografía computarizada de pelvis y columna durante el mismo período. Resultados: La incidencia pélvica media en pacientes con dolor sacroilíaco fue de 52,57 (DE 9) y 46,52 (DE 9) en el grupo de personas sanas. La diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa con valores mayores de incidencia pélvica en pacientes con dolor sacroilíaco (p 0,042). Conclusión: Los pacientes con dolor sacroilíaco presentaron una mayor incidencia pélvica que las personas sanas, con una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en nuestro estudio. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The sacroiliac joint causes pain in 10 to 25% of patients with mechanical low back pain or symptoms radiating to the lower limbs. In the absence of trauma, metabolic disease, and collagen disease, its role in the pathophysiology of low back pain is not yet fully understood. The objective is to study the sagittal pelvic anatomy through the measurement of pelvic incidence (PI) in patients with sacroiliac pain in the workplace compared to asymptomatic patients. Materials and methods: A retrospective observational analytical study of adult patients with sacroiliac pain diagnosed with CT-guided block in an occupational pathology center during January 2015 and December 2018. The comparison group was a random sample of patients without pelvic or lumbosacral pathology studied with CT of the pelvis and spine during the same period. Results: The mean PI in patients with sacroiliac pain was 52.57 (SD 9) and 46.52 (SD 9) in the group of healthy patients. The difference was statistically significant with the higher PI values in patients with sacroiliac pain (p 0.042). Conclusion: Patients with sacroiliac pain had a higher pelvic incidence than healthy patients, with a statistically significant difference in our study. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Pain , Pelvis/pathology , Sacroiliac Joint , Occupational Diseases
8.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 463-474, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353947

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades degenerativas de la cadera y la columna vertebral son causas comunes de discapacidad y dolor y los síntomas suelen superponerse. Cuando algún parámetro se altera, otro debe modificarse para evitar el choque femoroacetabular y una posible luxación. Se piensa que la fijación lumbar afectaría la adaptación de la unidad espino-pélvica en las diferentes posturas. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el comportamiento espino-pélvico en pacientes con artroplastia total de cadera y artrodesis lumbar. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio no aleatorizado, retrospectivo, de casos y controles en pacientes con artroplastia total de cadera evaluados con radiografía lumbopélvica de frente y de perfil en posición erecta y en sedestación, divididos en dos grupos: con artrodesis lumbar o sin ella. Se midieron parámetros espino-pélvicos y femoroacetabulares. Resultados: La muestra tenía 50 pacientes: 25 en cada grupo. Quince tenían artroplastia total de cadera bilateral y el nivel de fijación lumbar más frecuente era L5-S1. No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa en la edad y el sexo entre ambos grupos. Los pacientes con artrodesis lumbar necesitaron más flexión de cadera para sentarse, sin un aumento significativo asociado en la tasa de luxación. Conclusiones: La composición ideal de los componentes aún es difícil de alcanzar. La reconsideración de las "zonas seguras" de los componentes ha comenzado a alejarse de los valores del plano coronal de Lewinnek. Se ha propuesto un nuevo enfoque en las zonas seguras del plano sagital más apropiadas y precisas en pacientes seleccionados con enfermedad espino-pélvica grave. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Degenerative diseases of the hip and spine are common causes of disability and pain, and the symptoms usually overlap. When a parameter is altered, another one should be modified to avoid femoroacetabular impingement and a potential dislocation. It is believed that lumbar fixation would affect the adaptation of the spinopelvic unit in different postures. This article aims to analyze the spinopelvic behavior in patients with Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) and lumbar arthrodesis. Materials and Methods: A non-randomized retrospective study of cases and controls was carried out in patients with THA, who were assessed using anterior and lateral X-ray views in functional sitting and standing postures, divided into two groups depending on the presence or absence of lumbar arthrodesis. Spinopelvic parameters as well as femoroacetabular parameters were measured. Results: A sample of 50 patients was selected, 25 in each group. In total, 15 patients had bilateral THA, and the most common level of lumbar fixation was L5-S1. There was no statistically significant difference in gender and age between both groups. Lumbar arthrodesis patients required more hip flexion to sit, without being associated with a significant increase in the rate of dislocation. Conclusion: The ideal composition of the components is still difficult to achieve. The review of the "safe zones" of the components has started to depart from the values of the body plane proposed by Lewinnek. A new approach has been proposed to the safe zones of the sagittal plane, which are more appropriate and accurate in selected patients with severe spinopelvic pathology. Level of Evidence: IIII


Subject(s)
Aged , Pelvis , Spinal Fusion , Range of Motion, Articular , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Joint Dislocations
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1566-1570, July-Aug. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131516

ABSTRACT

No Brasil, Mangalarga Marchador é a raça com o maior número de equinos registrados, um total de 600.000 animais. Devido à falta de estudos termográficos, este estudo buscou avaliar alterações superficiais de temperatura corporal de membros torácicos e pélvicos após o esforço de marcha, usando uma câmera termográfica com infravermelho. O estudo avaliou 25 equinos, com peso médio de 414,9±34,5kg e idade média de 6,5±3 anos. As imagens foram obtidas a cinco metros de distância perpendicular à superfície lateral e caudal do corpo, em uma sala apropriada. Os animais foram submetidos ao exercício de marcha na velocidade de 15km.h-1 por 20 minutos. As imagens foram capturadas imediatamente antes e após o esforço, e repetidas após 30 minutos de repouso. As frequências cardíaca e respiratória aumentaram significativamente (P<0,001), comparando-se antes e após o esforço. Embora tenha sido notado também aumento significativo da temperatura retal (P<0,001), as alterações de temperatura superficial dos membros torácicos e pélvicos entre os termogramas obtidos antes e após o exercício não foram significativas (P>0,05). Dessa forma, mais estudos se fazem necessários para avaliar a relação da duração desse esforço e elevação da temperatura corporal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Pelvis , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Thorax , Body Temperature , Body Temperature Regulation/physiology , Horses/physiology , Thermography/veterinary
10.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(3): 184-188, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133577

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives The hip-spine syndrome (HSS) is defined as the simultaneous degeneration of the hip and lumbar spine. The objective of this study is to quantify the sagittal balance values in the population with HSS and to compare them with the normal sagittal balance parameters. Methods A retrospective study was conducted in which 30 patients with HSS who were waiting for total hip arthroplasty (THA) were evaluated. The lumbar lordosis (LL), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence (PI) and spinopelvic harmony (SH) angles and the BMI of these patients were measured. Results Seventeen women and 13 men participated in the study, with a mean LL of 39.55°, a mean SS of 36.92°, a mean PT of 25.77°, a mean PI of 62.72°, a mean SH of 23.17° and a mean BMI of 25.55. Only the SS did not present a changed value when compared to the normal values of the population. Conclusions HSS is increasingly present in our environment due to the aging population. Sagittal balance is gaining more and more attention in studies related to spinal pathologies. All the parameters measured in this study, except for SS, presented altered values when compared to the populational means. Evidence Level II. Observational and retrospective study.


RESUMO Objetivos A síndrome quadril-coluna (SQC) é definida como a degeneração simultânea do quadril e da coluna lombar. O objetivo do presente estudo consiste em quantificar os valores do equilíbrio sagital na população com SQC e compará-los com os parâmetros normais do equilíbrio sagital. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo em que foram avaliados 30 pacientes com SQC aguardando cirurgia de artroplastia total de quadril (ATQ). Foram aferidos os ângulos de lordose lombar (LL), declive sacral (DS), versão pélvica (VP), incidência pélvica (IP), harmonia espinopélvica (HP) e o IMC dos pacientes no estudo. Resultados Participaram do estudo 17 mulheres e 13 homens, sendo que a LL média foi de 39,55°, DS 36,92°, VP 25,77°, IP 62,72°, HP 23,17° e IMC 25,55. Apenas o DS não apresentou valor alterado quando comparado aos valores normais da população. Conclusão A SQC está cada vez mais presente em nosso meio devido ao envelhecimento populacional. O equilíbrio sagital ganha cada vez mais espaço nos estudos relacionados às patologias da coluna vertebral. Com exceção do DS, os demais parâmetros medidos nesse estudo apresentaram valores alterados quando comparados à média populacional. Nível de Evidência II. Estudo observacional e retrospectivo.


RESUMEN Objetivos El Síndrome de Columna-Cadera (SCC) se define como la degeneración simultánea de la columna lumbar y la cadera. El objetivo del presente estudio consiste en cuantificar los valores del equilibrio sagital en la población con SCC y compararlos con los parámetros normales del equilibrio sagital. Métodos Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en el que se evaluaron 30 pacientes con SCC que esperaban cirugía para artroplastia total de cadera (ATC). Fueron medidos los ángulos de lordosis lumbar (LL), pendiente sacra (PS), versión pélvica (VP), incidencia pélvica (IP), armonía espinopélvica (AP) y el IMC de los pacientes en el estudio. Resultados Participaron en el estudio 17 mujeres y 13 hombres, siendo que la LL promedio fue de 39,55 °, PS 36,92°, VP 25,77°, IP 62,72°, AP 23,17° e IMC 25,55. Sólo la PS no presentó un valor alterado, cuando comparado a los valores normales de la población. Conclusión El SCC está cada vez más presente en nuestro medio debido al envejecimiento poblacional. El equilibrio sagital está ganando cada vez más espacio en los estudios relacionados a las patologías de la columna vertebral. Con excepción de la PS, los demás parámetros medidos en este estudio presentaron valores alterados cuando comparados al promedio poblacional. Nivel de Evidencia II. Estudio observacional y retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis, Spine , Pelvis , Radiography , Osteoarthritis, Hip , Low Back Pain , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Postural Balance
11.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 26(2): 40-45, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126192

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La protección gonadal ha sido durante largo tiempo un importante factor para abordar el requisito "tan bajo como sea razonablemente posible" ALARA. El presente artículo realiza una revisión sistemática sobre la utilidad de la protección gonadal en la radiografía de pelvis en la cual se han destacado los factores que tienen que ver con su realización diaria, es decir, la dosis de radiación involucrada, la radiosensibilidad de las gónadas, la posición del protector gonadal y el factor psicológico de la población en relación con su uso. La incorporación de equipamientos modernos, con dosis y protocolo optimizados, transforma el beneficio de la protección en un tema al menos debatible. Mientras algunos siguen respaldando la medida, otros organismos y autores ya no la respaldan. Es necesario reconsiderar prácticas actuales fundadas en consensos científicos que pueden estar obsoletos y considerar el factor de cambio cultural basados en estos nuevos consensos para su implementación, sin generar mayor preocupación en la población.


Abstract: Gonadal protection has long been an important factor in addressing the ALARA "as low as reasonably possible" requirement. This article performs a systematic review on the usefulness of gonadal protection in pelvic radiography, in which the factors that have to do with its daily performance have been highlighted, that is, radiation dose involved, the radiosensitivity of the gonads, the position of the gonadal shielding and the psychological factor of the population in relation to its use. The incorporation of modern equipment, with optimized dose and protocols, transforms the benefit of gonad shielding into an issue that is at least debatable. While some continue to support the measure, other agencies and authors no longer support it. It is necessary to reconsider current practices based on scientific consensus that may be obsolete and consider the factor of cultural change based on these new consensus for its implementation, without generating major concern in the population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pelvis/diagnostic imaging , Radiation Protection/methods , Gonads/radiation effects , Radiation Dosage , X-Rays , Radiography
12.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(2): 232-235, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126314

ABSTRACT

Resumen Por definición, la colitis actínica incluye cambios inflamatorios de la mucosa colorrectal secundarios a radioterapia en cercanía a la región tratada. La localización más frecuente es el recto y la indicación más común de radioterapia corresponde a neoplasias de la región pélvica incluidos el recto, la próstata y el cérvix. Se estima que hasta la mitad de los pacientes que reciben radiación pélvica llega a desarrollar síntomas gastrointestinales asociados. Se presentan dos pacientes con metástasis óseas sacroilíacas y pélvicas secundarias a adenocarcinoma de próstata que recibieron radiación en la región lumbosacra y pélvica, ambos pacientes presentaron episodios de deposiciones con sangre que iniciaron tempranamente posterior a la radioterapia. La colonoscopia mostró eritema y ulceración. En el estudio histopatológico se observó un patrón de colitis isquémica, con núcleo y citomegalia, estroma fibroso con cambios reactivos y abundante infiltrado inflamatorio neutrofílico. Estos hallazgos son característicos de la colitis actínica aguda; sin embargo, la localización cecal no ha sido frecuentemente reportada. Aunque al ser el ciego y el íleon terminal móviles de localización pélvica, se convierten en un factor de riesgo para que estos segmentos anatómicos sean susceptibles al impacto directo de la radioterapia. Esta condición, en la fase aguda, es autolimitada y se suele resolver con medidas de soporte. Es indispensable que el personal involucrado en el manejo de estos pacientes conozca esta entidad y los posibles diagnósticos diferenciales.


Abstract By definition, actinic colitis includes inflammatory changes of the colorectal mucosa secondary to radiation therapy of nearby tissue. The most frequent location is the rectum, and the most common indication for radiation therapy is a pelvic region neoplasm in the rectum, prostate or cervix. It is estimated that up to half of patients receiving pelvic radiation go on to develop associated gastrointestinal symptoms. We present two patients with sacroiliac and pelvic bone metastases secondary to prostate adenocarcinoma who received radiation in the lumbosacral and pelvic region. Both patients developed bloody stools soon after radiation therapy. Colonoscopy showed erythema and ulceration, and histopathology found a pattern of ischemic colitis with nucleus and cytomegalovirus infection, fibrous stroma with reactive changes and abundant inflammatory infiltration of neutrophils. These findings are characteristic of acute actinic colitis, but the cecal location has not been reported frequently. Nevertheless, the pelvic location of the cecum and the terminal ileum puts these anatomical segments at risk from the direct impact of radiation therapy. In the acute phase, this condition, is self-limiting and usually resolves with support measures. It is essential that the personnel involved in the management of these patients be aware of this entity and its possible differential diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colitis , Pelvis , Prostate , Signs and Symptoms , Adenocarcinoma , Colitis, Ischemic
13.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 275-280, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126163

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Presentamos caso clínico de puérpera de cesárea de noveno día con cuadro febril en espigas, asintomática, en que se plantea desde su ingreso el diagnóstico de tromboflebitis séptica pelviana y se inicia tratamiento con antibióticos parenterales de amplio espectro y heparina de bajo peso molecular en dosis terapéuticas. La respuesta es a la mejoría al tercer día de tratamiento. Se discuten los métodos diagnósticos, el diagnóstico diferencial y el tratamiento.


ABSTRACT A case of a woman on her 9th post-operative day after childbirth by cesarean section (CS) consulting with febrile spikes, otherwise asymptomatic, is presented. The diagnosis of a septic pelvic thrombophlebitis is proposed from the admission and treated with parenteral broad-spectrum antibiotics and low-molecular-weight heparin at therapeutic doses. Patient significantly improved on her third day of treatment. The diagnostic procedures, differential diagnosis and treatment are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovary/blood supply , Thrombophlebitis/etiology , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Sepsis/etiology , Pelvis/blood supply , Thrombophlebitis/drug therapy , Thrombophlebitis/diagnostic imaging , Heparin/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Sepsis/drug therapy , Sepsis/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
14.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 147-150, jun. 2020. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125552

ABSTRACT

La flegmasia cerúlea dolens es una presentación poco habitual y grave de una trombosis venosa profunda producida por una obstrucción al flujo venoso de salida de la extremidad inferior, que conlleva un alto grado de morbilidad. Este cuadro no ha sido comunicado como complicación del tratamiento definitivo de una fractura de pelvis. Consideramos que una breve descripción del tema y la presentación de un caso pueden ser útiles para el cirujano ortopédico ante una situación similar. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) is an unusual and serious presentation of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) caused by an obstruction to the venous outflow of the lower limb, which is associated with significant morbidity. To our knowledge, this complication has not yet been reported as a complication of the definitive treatment of a pelvic fracture. We believe that a brief description of the subject matter and the description of the case may be useful to Orthopedic surgeons in similar situations. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Pelvis/injuries , Postoperative Complications , Acute Disease , Venous Thrombosis , Fractures, Bone , Leg/pathology , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 353-359, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138026

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present paper aims to evaluate the influences of individual characteristics in radiographic magnification and to identify the most accurate method for radiographic calibration. Methods During radiographical exam of 50 patients with hip prosthesis, anthropometric data was collected and 4 spherical metal markers with 25 mm diameters were positioned: at the greater trochanter level and lateral to it, over the pubic symphysis, between the thighs at the greater trochanter level, and over the exam table. Since the prosthesis head is the best internal radiographic marker for hip arthroplasty, it was our calibration parameter. Two examiners measured the markers' image for further analysis. Results The sample consisted of 50 participants, 19 of whom were male. A difference in pubic symphysis magnification was found. Other individual characteristics (weight, height and body mass index) had weak correlation. The higher accuracy of the markers was at the greater trochanter, between 68.4 and 78.9%, visualized in only19 radiographs. The marker positioned between the thighs was visualized in all radiographs, with an accuracy ranging from 30 to 46%. Conclusions Of all individual characteristics, only gender influences magnification at the pubic symphysis. We suggest the use of two spherical markers: at the greater trochanter, due the best accuracy, and between the thighs, considered the best positioning for better visibility.


Resumo Objetivo Os objetivos desse artigo são avaliar as influências das características pessoais na magnificação radiográfica e identificar o método de maior acurácia e o mais adequado. Métodos Durante o exame radiográfico em 50 pacientes com prótese de quadril, foram coletados dados antropométricos e posicionados quatro marcadores metálicos esféricos: ao nível e lateral ao trocânter maior, na sínfise púbica, ao nível do trocânter maior entre as coxas, sobre a mesa do exame. A cabeça da prótese é o melhor marcador radiográfico interno e foi o nosso parâmetro de calibragem. Dois avaliadores mediram as imagens desses marcadores para análise de resultados. Resultados Foram selecionados 50 participantes, sendo 19 do sexo masculino. Houve diferença de magnificação entre os sexos na posição sínfise púbica. As outras características pessoais avaliadas (peso, altura e índice de massa corpórea) tiveram correlação fraca. A maior acurácia do marcador foi no trocânter maior, entre 68,4 e 78,9%, visualizado em apenas 19 radiografias. O marcador entre as coxas obteve acurácia entre 30 e 46% e foi visualizado em todas as radiografias. Conclusão Das características pessoais, apenas o sexo influencia a magnificação e somente na posição da sínfise púbica. Sugerimos padronizar o uso de duas esferas: no trocanter maior, pela maior acurácia, e entre as coxas, por ser o mais adequado e com melhor visibilidade em todas radiografias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis/diagnostic imaging , Prostheses and Implants , Radiographic Magnification , Body Mass Index , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Arthroplasty, Replacement , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Gender Identity , Hip/surgery , Hip Prosthesis
16.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(2): 1-14, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179229

ABSTRACT

El Plexo Hipogástrico Inferior (PHI) es un plexo difícil de definir y disecar, de allí la facilidad con que puede lesionarse tanto en la investigación anatómica como quirúrgica. Definir sus relaciones, con respecto a las fascias endopelvianas (FEP), incluyendo su formación y sus ramos, (Baader et al., 2003, p. 129)facilitaría su disección. Esta investigación anatómica pretende estandarizar Se utilizó material cadavérico perteneciente a la Tercera Cátedra de Anatomía de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Se disecaron un bloque de órganos de cadáver adulto formolizado (n=1) y diecisiete (n = 17) hemipelvis: cinco (n = 5) hemipelvis masculinas adultas formolizadas, nueve (n = 9) hemipelvis fetales formalizadas (7 masculinos y 2 femeninas), entre 18 y 36 semanas de edad gestacional calculada por la longitud femoral y tres (n = 3) hemipelvis adultas de cadáveres frescos, dos (n = 2) femeninas y un (n = 1) masculino. Se utilizaron elementos de microdisección y lupas.Pudimos distinguir tres sectores diferentes: el primero, preplexual, ubicado posterior y lateralmente a la FEP, donde los componentes simpáticos (nervios hipogástricos) y los parasimpáticos (nervios esplácnicos pélvicos) aún no han confluido para su formación. Un segundo sector, plexual, con el plexo ya completamente formado, ubicado en el espesor de la FEP. Por último, su porción terminal, ya desprovisto de la FEP, formado por nervios que se dirigen a la membrana perineal acompañados por vasos arteriales y venosos. Cada uno de estos sectores requiere distinto abordaje tanto en la disección anatómica como quirúrgica.


The Inferior Hypogastric Plexus (PHI) is a difficult plexus to define and dissect, hence the ease with which it can be injured both in anatomical and surgical research. Defining its relationships, with respect to the endopelvic fascia (FEP), including its formation and branches, (Baader et al., 2003, p. 129) would facilitate their dissection. This anatomical investigation aims to standardize different portions that require a different approach to preserve their integrity.Cadaveric material belonging to the Third Chair of Anatomy of the School of Medicine, Buenos Aires University was used. One (n=1) formolized male adult organ block and seventeen (n=17) hemipelvis were dissected: five (n=5) adult male hemipelvis formolized, nine (n=9) fetal hemipelvis formolized (7 male and 2 female), between 18 and 36 weeks of gestational age calculated by femoral length, and three (n=3) adult hemipelvis from fresh cadavers, two (n=2) female and one (n=1) male. Microdissection elements and magnifying glasses were used. We were able to distinguish three different sectors: the first, preplexual, located posterior and lateral to the FEP, where the sympathetic components (hypogastric nerves) and the parasympathetic (pelvic splanchnic nerves) have not yet converged to form the plexus. A second sector, plexual, with the plexus already fully formed, located in the thickness of the FEP. Finally, its terminal portion, already devoid of the FEP, formed by nerves that go to the perineal membrane accompanied by arterial and venous vessels. Each of these sectors requires a different approach in both anatomical and surgical dissection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvis/anatomy & histology , Fascia/anatomy & histology , Hypogastric Plexus
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(4): 181-187, Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137821

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the ability of the pubic arch angle (PAA) as measured by transperineal ultrasonography during labor to predict the delivery type and cephalic pole disengagement mode. Methods The present prospective cross-sectional study included 221 women in singleton-gestational labor ≥ 37 weeks with cephalic fetuses who underwent PAA measurement using transperineal ultrasonography. These measurements were correlated with the delivery type, cephalic pole disengagement mode, and fetal and maternal characteristics. Results Out of the subjects, 153 (69.2%) had spontaneous vaginal delivery, 7 (3.2%) gave birth by forceps, and 61 (27.6%) delivered by cesarean section. For the analysis, deliveries were divided into two groups: vaginal and surgical (forceps and cesarean). The mean PAA was 102 ± 7.5º (range, 79.3-117.7º). No statistically significant difference was observed in delivery type (102.6 ± 7.2º versus 100.8 ± 7.9º, p = 0.105). The occipitoanterior position was seen in 94.1% of the fetuses and the occipitoposterior position in 5.8%. A narrower PAA was found in the group of surgical deliveries (97.9 ± 9.6º versus 102.6 ± 7.3º, p = 0.049). Multivariate regression analysis showed that PAA was a predictive variable for the occurrence of head disengagement in occipital varieties after birth (odds ratio, 0.9; 95% confidence interval, 0.82-0.99; p = 0.026). Conclusion Ultrasonographic measurement of the PAA was not a predictor of delivery type, but was associated with the persistence of occipital varieties after birth.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a medida do ângulo do arco púbico (AAP) por ultrassonografia transperineal durante trabalho de parto em predizer tipo de parto e modo de desprendimento do polo cefálico. Métodos Um estudo prospectivo transversal foi conduzido com 221 mulheres em trabalho de parto com gestação única ≥ 37 semanas, com fetos em apresentação cefálica, foram submetidas à avaliação ultrassonográfica por via transperineal para aferição do AAP. Correlações com tipo de parto, modo de desprendimento do polo cefálico e características fetais e maternas foram realizadas. Resultados Um total de 153 (69,2%) mulheres apresentaram parto vaginal espontâneo, 7 (3,2%) parto a fórceps e 61 (27,6%) parto cesárea. Para fins de análise, dividiu-se os partos em dois grupos: partos vaginais e cirúrgicos (fórceps e cesáreas). A média do AAP foi 102 ± 7,5º (variação: 79,3-117,7º). Não foi observada significância estatística do AAP em relação ao tipo de parto (102,6 ± 7,2º versus 100,8 ± 7,9º; p = 0,105). Um total de 94,1% dos fetos desprenderam em variedade de posição occipito anterior e 5,8% em occipito posterior. Encontrou-se AAP mais estreitado no grupo de partos cirúrgicos (97,9 ± 9,6º versus 102,6 ± 7,3º; p = 0,049). A análise de regressão multivariada demonstrou que AAP foi uma variável de proteção para a ocorrência de desprendimento da cabeça em variedades occipito posteriores ao nascimento (odds ratio [OR]= 0,9; índice de confiança (IC) 95%: 0,82-0,99; p = 0,026). Conclusão A medida ultrassonográfica do AAP não foi preditora do tipo de parto, porém demonstrou associação com persistência de variedades occipito posteriores ao nascimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pelvis/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Delivery, Obstetric/statistics & numerical data , Cesarean Section , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Cephalopelvic Disproportion/epidemiology , Fetus/diagnostic imaging
18.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 26(1): 32-37, mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115523

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Las imágenes médicas constituyen un recurso de enseñanza-aprendizaje que complementa las metodologías tradicionales en el estudio de la Anatomía Humana para las profesiones de la salud. La pelvis femenina es una entidad anatómica compleja que contiene estructuras de varios sistemas, cuyas relaciones anatómicas son susceptibles de estudiar con detalle utilizando imágenes de resonancia magnética. Propósito: Diseñar una aplicación móvil como complemento al aprendizaje de la anatomía radiológica de la pelvis femenina y realizar una aplicación piloto a baja escala. Metodología: Se diseñó una aplicación móvil de anatomía normal de la pelvis femenina utilizando recursos gratuitos disponibles en línea, a partir de imágenes anonimizadas de resonancia magnética del archivo digital local. A partir de literatura anatómica relevante se seleccionaron las estructuras a rotular. Para evaluar la percepción de los usuarios, se diseñó y aplicó una encuesta por vía digital. Resultados: La aplicación móvil interactiva fue diseñada para dispositivos Android, con 7 secciones y 107 imágenes. Existió una adecuada recepción de la herramienta por parte de los seis estudiantes que participaron en la implementación piloto, destacando la accesibilidad como el principal aspecto a mejorar. Conclusión: Este atlas imagenológico a través de dispositivos móviles es un complemento del aprendizaje de la anatomía humana utilizando imágenes médicas.


Abstract: Introduction: Medical imaging is a teaching-learning resource that complements traditional methodologies in the study of Human Anatomy to health professions. The female pelvis is a complex anatomical entity that contains structures of several systems, whose anatomical relationships can be studied in detail using magnetic resonance imaging. Purpose: To design a mobile application as a complement to the learning of the radiological anatomy of the female pelvis and to carry out a pilot application in a small scale. Methodology: A mobile application of normal anatomy of the female pelvis was designed using free resources available online from anonymized magnetic resonance images from the local digital archive. The structures to be labelled were selected from relevant anatomical literature. In order to evaluate user's perception, a digital survey was designed and applied. Results: The interactive mobile application was designed for Android devices, with 7 sections and 107 images. There was an adequate reception of the tool by the six students who participated in the pilot implementation, highlighting accessibility as the main aspect to improve. Conclusion: This atlas imaging through mobile devices is a complement to the learning of human anatomy using medical images.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvis/anatomy & histology , Teaching/trends , Mobile Applications , Anatomy/education , Pelvis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pilot Projects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Computer-Assisted Instruction
19.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(1): 84-86, feb. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125041

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber (SKTW) es una rara malformación venosa que, en general afecta a los miembros inferiores y, más raramente, a los superiores. Se caracteriza por formaciones angiomatosas cutáneas, várices e hipertrofia del miembro afectado. El compromiso genitourinario es sumamente infrecuente. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 14 años. Ingresó por hematuria macroscópica de 48 h de evolución y metrorragia con grave compromiso hemodinámico. Se encontraba en estudio por presentar un hemangioma en el miembro inferior izquierdo que se extendía hasta la región pelviana. La uretrocistofibroscopía demostró la presencia de múltiples lesiones angiomatosas diseminadas en forma amplia en la vejiga, algunas de ellas con sangrado activo. La angioresonancia mostró una voluminosa formación hipervascularizada en contacto con la pared vesical a la cual desplazaba y fístulas arteriovenosas a nivel pelviano y en el miembro inferior izquierdo confirmando el diagnóstico etiológico. Se realizó una embolización arterial selectiva de los territorios ilíacos interno y externo e inmediatamente después una endocoagulación láser de los focos angiomatosos sangrantes. La hematuria remitió completamente en las 24 h posteriores al procedimiento. La metrorragia asociada al SKTW fue controlada mediante la utilización de análogos LHRH y progestágenos.


Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome (KTWS) is a rare venous malformation that generally affects the lower limbs and, more infrequently, the upper limbs. It is characterized by cutaneous angiomatous formations, varicose veins and hypertrophy of the affected limb. The involvement of the genitourinary tract is extremely infrequent. We expose the case of a 14 years old female patient who was admitted for macroscopic hematuria of 48 hours of evolution and metrorrhagia with severe hemodynamic decompensation. The patient was under study for presenting a hemangioma in the lower left limb that extended to the pelvic region. Urethrocystofibroscopy showed the presence of multiple wide-spread angiomatous lesions in the bladder, some of them with active bleeding. The angio-resonance showed a voluminous hypervascular formation in contact with the bladder wall showing several arteriovenous fistulas at the pelvic level and in the left lower limb confirming the etiological diagnosis. A selective arterial embolization of the internal and external iliac territories was performed and then, a laser endocoagulation of the bleeding angiomatous foci was carried out. The hematuria completely stopped within 24 hours later of the procedure. The metrorrhagia associated with KTWS was controlled by the use of LHRH analogs and progestogens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Metrorrhagia/surgery , Pelvis , Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome/pathology , Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Gallbladder Diseases/surgery , Gallbladder Diseases/pathology , Hemangioma/surgery , Hemangioma/pathology , Hematuria/surgery , Hematuria/pathology , Metrorrhagia/pathology
20.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(1): 3-13, feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092770

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El cáncer cervical es una patología común en países en vías de desarrollo. La histerectomía radical es el estándar de manejo en estadios tempranos sin deseo de fertilidad. La linfadenectomía paraaórtica como parte del tratamiento quirúrgico es controversial. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la frecuencia de compromiso ganglionar paraaórtico en una serie retrospectiva de pacientes con carcinoma cervical estadio IB1 (clasificación FIGO 2009) llevadas a histerectomía radical mas linfadenectomía pélvica y paraaórtica en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología durante el periodo de enero 1 de 2009 a marzo 31 de 2017. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo. Se describieron variables clínicas, operatorias e histopatológicas. Se determinó la frecuencia de compromiso ganglionar a nivel paraaórtico o pélvico, y concurrente. Se realizó análisis univariado en el software estadístico R Project versión 3.6.0. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 88 casos. El promedio de edad fue 44,24 ± 9,99 años. La mediana del número de ganglios pélvicos y paraaórticos resecados fue de 23 (6-68) y 4 (1-25), respectivamente. En el 12,5% de las pacientes se observó compromiso tumoral ganglionar pélvico. No se detectó compromiso metastásico de ganglios paraórticos en ningún caso. Dos pacientes presentaron recaída ganglionar paraaórtica durante el seguimiento, recibiendo tratamiento con quimioterapia y quimiorradioterapia de campo extendido, respectivamente. CONCLUSIÓN: En este estudio no se detectó compromiso paraaórtico en pacientes con cáncer cervical IB1 sometidas a histerectomía radical. Este resultado se debe considerar al ofrecer linfadenectomía paraaórtica en pacientes con ganglios pélvicos aparentemente normales en el acto operatorio y/o en los estudios de imágenes prequirúrgicas.


INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer is a common pathology in developing countries. Radical hysterectomy is the standard of management in early stages without desire for fertility. Paraaortic lymphadenectomy as part of surgical treatment is controversial. The objective of this study is to determine the frequency of paraaortic lymph node involvement in a retrospective series of patients with stage IB1 cervical carcinoma (FIGO 2009 classification) underwent to radical hysterectomy plus pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia during the period of January 1 2009 to March 31 2017. METHODS: Descriptive, retrospective study. Clinical, operative, and histopathological variables were described. The frequency of paraaortic, pelvic, concurrent lymph node involvement and adjuvant treatment was determined. A univariate analysis of the variables was performed in the R project statistical software version 3.6.0. RESULTS: 88 cases were included. The mean age was 44,24 ± 9,99 years. The median number of resected pelvic and para-aortic nodes was 23 (6-68) and 4 (1-25), respectively. In 12,5 % of the patients, involvement of the pelvic lymph nodes was present. No patient had paraaortic lymph node involvement. Two patients presented para-aortic lymph node relapse during follow-up, receiving treatment with chemotherapy and extended field chemoradiotherapy, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this study, the frequency of paraaortic involvement in patients with cervical cancer IB1 was 0%. This result should be considered when offering paraaortic lymphadenectomy in patients with apparently normal pelvic nodes in presurgical imaging studies and during the procedure.


Subject(s)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Hysterectomy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Aorta, Abdominal , Pelvis/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Colombia , Hysterectomy/statistics & numerical data , Lymph Node Excision/statistics & numerical data , Mesentery/surgery
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