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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(6): 1027-1036, Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278332

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Apesar das evidências crescentes de que o peptídeo natriurético N-terminal pró-cérebro (NT-proBNP) tem um valor prognóstico importante em adultos mais velhos, há dados limitados sobre seu valor preditivo prognóstico. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar o significado clínico do NT-proBNP em pacientes hospitalizados com mais de 80 anos de idade em Pequim, China. Métodos Este estudo prospectivo e observacional foi conduzido em 724 pacientes muito idosos em uma enfermaria geriátrica (idade ≥80 anos, variação, 80-100 anos, média, 86,6±3,0 anos). A análise de regressão linear multivariada foi utilizada para rastrear os fatores independentemente associados ao NT-proBNP, e o modelo de regressão de risco proporcional de Cox foi utilizado para rastrear as associações entre os níveis de NT-proBNP e os principais endpoints . Os principais endpoints avaliados foram mortes por todas as causas e ECAM. Valores de p <0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados As taxas de prevalência de doença cardíaca coronariana, hipertensão e diabetes mellitus foram 81,4%, 75,1% e 41,2%, respectivamente. O nível médio de NT-proBNP foi 770±818 pg/mL. Utilizando análises de regressão linear multivariada, foram encontradas correlações entre o NT-proBNP plasmático e índice de massa corporal, fibrilação atrial, taxa de filtração glomerular estimada, diâmetro do átrio esquerdo, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo, uso de betabloqueador, níveis de hemoglobina, albumina plasmática, triglicérides, creatinina sérica, e nitrogênio uréico no sangue. O risco de morte por todas as causas (HR, 1,63; IC 95%, 1,005-2,642; p = 0,04) e eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores (ECAM; HR, 1,77; IC 95%, 1,289-3,531; p = 0,04) no grupo com o nível mais alto NT-proBNP foi significativamente maior do que no grupo com NT-proBNP mais baixo, de acordo com os modelos de regressão de Cox após o ajuste para vários fatores. Como esperado, os parâmetros da ecocardiografia ajustaram o valor prognóstico do NT-proBNP no modelo. Conclusões O NT-proBNP foi identificado como um preditor independente de morte por todas as causas e ECAM em pacientes hospitalizados com mais de 80 anos de idade.


Abstract Background Despite growing evidence that N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has an important prognostic value in older adults, there is limited data on its prognostic predictive value. Objectives The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical significance of NT-proBNP in hospitalized patients older than 80 years of age in Beijing, China. Methods This prospective, observational study was conducted in 724 very elderly patients in a geriatric ward (age ≥80 years, range, 80100 years, mean, 86.6 3.0 years). Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to screen for factors independently associated with NT-proBNP, and the Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to screen for relationships between NT-proBNP levels and major endpoints. The major endpoints assessed were all-cause death and MACEs. P values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results The prevalence rates of coronary heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus were 81.4%, 75.1%, and 41.2%, respectively. The mean NT-proBNP level was 770 ± 818 pg/mL. Using multivariate linear regression analyses, correlations were found between plasma NT-proBNP and body mass index, atrial fibrillation, estimated glomerular filtration rate, left atrial diameter, left ventricular ejection fraction, use of betablocker, levels of hemoglobin, plasma albumin, triglycerides, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen. The risk of all-cause death (HR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.0052.642; P = 0.04) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; HR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.2893.531; P = 0.04) in the group with the highest NT-proBNP level was significantly higher than that in the group with the lowest level, according to Cox regression models after adjusting for multiple factors. As expected, echocardiography parameters adjusted the prognostic value of NT-proBNP in the model. Conclusions NT-proBNP was identified as an independent predictor of all-cause death and MACE in hospitalized patients older than 80 years of age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Ventricular Function, Left , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Biomarkers , China , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Beijing , Hospitals
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(3): 395-401, Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248865

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A síndrome hemofagocítica (SHF) é uma síndrome hiperinflamatória debilitante. O status da insuficiência cardíaca (IC) com fração de ejeção preservada (ICFEP) está intimamente relacionado ao aumento da inflamação sistêmica e intramiocárdica. Objetivos: este estudo pretende determinar os preditores de mortalidade e os parâmetros de monitoramento confiáveis nos casos de SHF que desenvolveram a ICFEP durante seu curso clínico. Métodos: Trinta e nove pacientes, diagnosticados com SHF de acordo com os critérios diagnósticos do estudo HLH 2004 com Hscore ≥169, e com aspiração ou biópsia de medula óssea comprovada, foram recrutados retrospectivamente. Foram investigados retrospectivamente os fatores de risco tradicionais, como proteína C reativa sérica, níveis de albumina e ferritina com contagens de linfócitos e plaquetas, e fatores não tradicionais, como relação neutrófilolinfócito (NLR), relação linfócito-monócito (MLR), volume plaquetário médio (MPV) e pró-peptídeo natriurético cerebral N-terminal (NTproBNP). Analisou-se a relação entre os valores laboratoriais alterados ao longo do tempo entre si e com a mortalidade. O nível de significância geral foi de 5%. Resultados: Foi demonstrado que a alteração temporal dos níveis de índice cardiotorácico (ICT), NTproBNP sérico, ferritina, PCR e albumina foram detectados como sendo preditores de mortalidade (p<0,05, para todos) em análise univariada. As contagens de linfócitos e plaquetas com valores de NLR e MPV também foram significativos (p<0,05). A relação entre NT-proBNP e o aumento dos marcadores inflamatórios sistêmicos também foi considerada significativa. Além de fatores de risco tradicionais, os níveis de ferritina sérica, e os níveis de NLR, MLR e MPV foram considerados significativamente correlacionados entre si. Conclusão: Acompanhado de parâmetros de monitoramento confiáveis, o diagnóstico rápido e o tratamento antiinflamatório agressivo com controle rígido de volume podem salvar vidas de pacientes com SHF que sofrem de complicações por ICFEP. O monitoramento rígido da inflamação pode prever o resultado do paciente que sofre de ICFEP.


Abstract Background: Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) ia s devastating hyperinflammatory syndrome. Heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) status is closely correlated with increased inflammation, both systemic and intramyocardial. Objectives: This study sought to determine mortality predictors and reliable follow-up parameters in HPS that developed HFpEF during the clinical course. Method: Thirty-nine patients, diagnosed as HPS, according to HLH 2004 diagnostic criteria, with an HScore of ≥169 and proven bone marrow aspiration or biopsy, were recruited retrospectively. Both traditional, serum C-reactive protein, albumin and ferritin levels with lymphocyte, and platelet counts, as well as non-traditional risk factors, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte count (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte count (MLR), mean platelet volume (MPV), and N-Terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP), were investigated retrospectively. The relationship between time-changed laboratory values both among themselves and with mortality. The overall significance level was set at 5%. Results: This study showed that temporal change of cardiothoracic ratio (CTR), serum NTproBNP, ferritin, CRP, and albumin levels were detected as mortality predictors (p<0.05, for all) in the univariate analysis. Lymphocyte and platelet counts with NLR and MPV values were also significant (p<0.05). The relationship between NT-proBNP and increased systemic inflammatory markers proved to be significant. In addition to traditional risk factors, serum ferritin levels, NLR, MLR, and MPV levels also proved to be significantly correlated with each other. Conclusion: Accompanied by reliable follow-up parameters, rapid diagnosis and aggressive anti-inflammatory treatment with tight volume control can be life-saving in HPS patients who suffer from HFpEF. Close monitoring of inflammation may predict the outcome of patients suffering from HFpEF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Heart Failure , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Biomarkers , Retrospective Studies , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Mean Platelet Volume
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation between the genotypes and metabolic markers and microstructure of bones in children with Gitelman syndrome (GS).@*METHODS@#For 15 children with GS and 10 healthy individuals, baseline data and bone metabolic markers including parathyroid hormone, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, beta isomer of the C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen and 25-hydroxyvitamin D, high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography indicators (volumetric bone mineral density, bone microstructure indicators) were collected. Genetic testing was carried out to determine their genotypes.@*RESULTS@#The volumetric bone mineral density, bone geometry and bone microstructure parameters of the GS group were better than those of the healthy controls (P<0.05). Variants of the SLC12A3 gene were identified in 9 of the 15 patients but none of the 10 healthy controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The phenotype of GS children is influenced by the interaction of genetic variants, though the phenotype associated with high frequency mutations showed no specificity. There is also a correlation between their genotype and the bone microstructure.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Bone and Bones , Child , Collagen Type I/genetics , Genotype , Gitelman Syndrome , Humans , Osteocalcin/genetics , Peptide Fragments , Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 3
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4406-4414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921516

ABSTRACT

To develop a magnetic nanoparticle chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) for the determination of type Ⅰ procollagen N-terminal peptide (PINP) in human serum, we expressed a recombinant PINP-α1 protein in Corynebacterium glutamicum and used it as an immunogen to immunize BALB/c mice. We obtained three hybridoma cell lines that stably secret antibody against PINP-α1 protein. After further pairing and screening, we chose a monoclonal antibody 8C12 coupled with biotin as the capture antibody, and a monoclonal antibody 1F11 labeled horseradish peroxidase as the detection antibody. The antibodies combined with the serum samples, forming a sandwich complex which was used to detect the concentration of PINP in serum. After optimizing the conditions, we determined that the best working concentration of the capture antibody and the detection antibody were 3 μg/mL, and the incubation time was 30 minutes. The quantitative assay had a detection range of 5-1 100 ng/mL, with recovery rates between 93%-107% and the minimum detection limit of 1.22 ng/mL achieved. The intra-and inter-assay precisions were lower than 10%. The correlation coefficient of PINP results between this CLIA method and the Roche electrochemiluminescence immunoassay system was 0.906 2. Therefore, this CLIA method is specific and can be used to quantitatively detect the content of PINP in serum, which has the potential to become an auxiliary approach for bone disease examination.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Immunoassay , Luminescence , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Peptide Fragments/isolation & purification , Procollagen/isolation & purification
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 845-854, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921288

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to explore the correlation between ptk2b/PTK2B (protein tyrosine kinase 2 beta, a ptk2b-encoded protein) and the level of low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1), as well as to uncover the relationship between the changes in beta amyloid protein (Aβ) levels in blood and brain and the expression of ptk2b in Aβ-induced cognitive dysfunction mice. A total of 64 3-month-old C57BL/6J mice were divided randomly into the experimental group and control group. All mice underwent the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) intubation. Mice in the experimental group received the i.c.v. infusion of oligomeric Aβ


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Animals , Brain , Cognitive Dysfunction/chemically induced , Disease Models, Animal , Focal Adhesion Kinase 2 , Hippocampus/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Peptide Fragments
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2874-2881, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921192

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The complement system plays an important role in the immune response to transplantation, and the diagnostic significance of peritubular capillary (PTC) C4d deposition (C4d+) in grafts is controversial. The study aimed to fully investigate the risk factors for PTC C4d+ and analyze its significance in biopsy pathology of kidney transplantation.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included 124 cases of kidney transplant with graft biopsy and donor-specific antibody (DSA) testing from January 2017 to December 2019 in a single center. The effects of recipient pathological indicators, eplet mismatch (MM), and DSAs on PTC C4d+ were examined using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses.@*RESULTS@#In total, 35/124 (28%) were PTC C4d+, including 21 with antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), eight with renal tubular injury, three with T cell-mediated rejection, one with glomerular disease, and two others. Univariate analysis revealed that DSAs (P < 0.001), glomerulitis (P < 0.001), peritubular capillaritis (P < 0.001), and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B eplet MM (P = 0.010) were the influencing factors of PTC C4d+. According to multivariate analysis, DSAs (odds ratio [OR]: 9.608, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.742-33.668, P < 0.001), glomerulitis (OR: 3.581, 95%CI: 1.246-10.289, P = 0.018), and HLA B eplet MM (OR: 1.166, 95%CI: 1.005-1.353, P = 0.042) were the independent risk factors for PTC C4d+. In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the area under the curve was increased to 0.831 for predicting PTC C4d+ when considering glomerulitis, DSAs, and HLA B eplet MM. The proportions of HLA I DSAs and PTC C4d+ in active antibody-mediated rejection were 12/17 and 15/17, respectively; the proportions of HLA class II DSAs and PTC C4d+ in chronic AMR were 8/12 and 7/12, respectively. Furthermore, the higher the PTC C4d+ score was, the more serious the urinary occult blood and proteinuria of recipients at the time of biopsy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PTC C4d+ was mainly observed in AMR cases. DSAs, glomerulitis, and HLA B eplet MM are the independent risk factors for PTC C4d+.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Biopsy , Complement C4b , Graft Rejection , HLA Antigens , HLA-B Antigens , Humans , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Peptide Fragments , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1231-1235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of abdominal acupoint thread embedding therapy based on "brain-intestinal connection" combined with donepezil hydrochloride tablets and oral donepezil hydrochloride tablets alone for mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) and observe its effects on amyloid precursor protein (APP) and β-amyloid protein@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with AD were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 3 cases dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with donepezil hydrochloride tablets (5 mg per day); based on the treatment in the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with abdominal acupoint thread embedding therapy at Zhongwan (CV 12), Xiawan (CV 10), Huaroumen (ST 24), Wailing (ST 26), Daheng (SP 15), etc., once every 10 days. Both groups were treated for 2 months. The mini-mental state examination (MMSE), Alzheimer's disease assessment scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog), activity of daily living scale (ADL), neuropsychiatric inventory questionnaire (NPI) as well as the serum levels of APP and Aβ@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the MMSE scores in the two groups were higher than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The abdominal acupoint thread embedding therapy based on the theory of "brain-intestinal connection" combined with donepezil hydrochloride tablets can improve cognitive function, self-care ability of daily life and mental behavior, and reduce the serum levels of APP and Aβ


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor , Brain , Donepezil , Humans , Peptide Fragments
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1709-1719, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887652

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#According to the amyloid, tau, neurodegeneration research framework classification, amyloid and tau positive (A+T+) mild cognitive impairment (MCI) individuals are defined as prodromal Alzheimer disease. This study was designed to compare the clinical and biomarker features between A+T+MCI individuals who progressed to progressive MCI (pMCI) and those who remained stable MCI (sMCI), and to identify relevant baseline clinical biomarker and features that could be used to predict progression to dementia within 2 years.@*METHODS@#We stratified 197 A+T+MCI individuals into pMCI (n = 64) and sMCI (n = 133) over 2 years. Demographics and cognitive assessment scores, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and neuroimaging biomarkers (18F-florbetapir positron emission tomography mean standardized uptake value ratios [SUVR] and structural magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) were compared between pMCI and sMCI at baseline, 12- and 24-month follow-up. Logistic regression models then were used to evaluate clinical baseline and biomarker features that predicted dementia progression in A+T+MCI.@*RESULTS@#pMCI individuals had higher mean 18F-florbetapir SUVR, CSF total-tau (t-tau), and p-tau181P than those in sMCI individuals. pMCI individuals performed poorer in cognitive assessments, both global and domain specific (memory, executive, language, attention, and visuospatial skills) than sMCI. At baseline, there were significant differences in regions of interest of structural MRI between the two groups, including bilateral amygdala, hippocampus and entorhinal, bilateral inferior lateral ventricle, left superior and middle temporal, left posterior and caudal anterior cingulate (P < 0.05). Baseline CSF t-tau levels and cognitive scores of Montreal cognitive assessment, functional assessment questionnaire, and everyday cognition by the patient's study partner language domain could predict progression to dementia in A+T+MCI within 2 years.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In future clinical trials, specific CSF and cognitive measures that predict dementia progression in A+T+MCI might be useful risk factors for assessing the risk of dementia progression.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Biomarkers , Cognitive Dysfunction , Disease Progression , Humans , Peptide Fragments , Positron-Emission Tomography
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1803-1811, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887602

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute heart failure (AHF) is the most common disease in emergency departments (EDs). However, clinical data exploring the outcomes of patients presenting AHF in EDs are limited, especially the long-term outcomes. The purposes of this study were to describe the long-term outcomes of patients with AHF in the EDs and further analyze their prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#This prospective, multicenter, cohort study consecutively enrolled 3335 patients with AHF who were admitted to EDs of 14 hospitals from Beijing between January 1, 2011 and September 23, 2012. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis were adopted to evaluate 5-year outcomes and associated predictors.@*RESULTS@#The 5-year mortality and cardiovascular death rates were 55.4% and 49.6%, respectively. The median overall survival was 34 months. Independent predictors of 5-year mortality were patient age (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.027, 95 confidence interval [CI]: 1.023-1.030), body mass index (BMI) (HR: 0.971, 95% CI: 0.958-0.983), fatigue (HR: 1.127, 95% CI: 1.009-1.258), ascites (HR: 1.190, 95% CI: 1.057-1.340), hepatic jugular reflux (HR: 1.339, 95% CI: 1.140-1.572), New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III to IV (HR: 1.511, 95% CI: 1.291-1.769), heart rate (HR: 1.003, 95% CI: 1.001-1.005), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (HR: 0.996, 95% CI: 0.993-0.999), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (HR: 1.014, 95% CI: 1.008-1.020), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)/N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level in the third (HR: 1.426, 95% CI: 1.220-1.668) or fourth quartile (HR: 1.437, 95% CI: 1.223-1.690), serum sodium (HR: 0.980, 95% CI: 0.972-0.988), serum albumin (HR: 0.981, 95% CI: 0.971-0.992), ischemic heart diseases (HR: 1.195, 95% CI: 1.073-1.331), primary cardiomyopathy (HR: 1.382, 95% CI: 1.183-1.614), diabetes (HR: 1.118, 95% CI: 1.010-1.237), stroke (HR: 1.252, 95% CI: 1.121-1.397), and the use of diuretics (HR: 0.714, 95% CI: 0.626-0.814), β-blockers (HR: 0.673, 95% CI: 0.588-0.769), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) (HR: 0.714, 95% CI: 0.604-0.845), angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARBs) (HR: 0.790, 95% CI: 0.646-0.965), spironolactone (HR: 0.814, 95% CI: 0.663-0.999), calcium antagonists (HR: 0.624, 95% CI: 0.531-0.733), nitrates (HR: 0.715, 95% CI: 0.631-0.811), and digoxin (HR: 0.579, 95% CI: 0.465-0.721).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results of our study demonstrate poor 5-year outcomes of patients presenting to EDs with AHF. Age, BMI, fatigue, ascites, hepatic jugular reflux, NYHA class III to IV, heart rate, DBP, BUN, BNP/NT-proBNP level in the third or fourth quartile, serum sodium, serum albumin, ischemic heart diseases, primary cardiomyopathy, diabetes, stroke, and the use of diuretics, β-blockers, ACEIs, ARBs, spironolactone, calcium antagonists, nitrates, and digoxin were independently associated with 5-year all-cause mortality.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Beijing/epidemiology , Biomarkers , Cohort Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure/mortality , Humans , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Prospective Studies
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880365

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epidemiological evidence has shown that serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations, a diagnostic biomarker for heart failure, are positively associated with cardiovascular risk. Since NT-proBNP in serum is excreted in urine, it is hypothesized that urinary NT-proBNP concentrations are correlated with serum concentrations and linked with cardiovascular risk in the general population.@*METHODS@#A total of 3060 community-dwelling residents aged ≥ 40 years without history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) were followed up for a median of 8.3 years (2007-2015). Serum and urinary concentrations of NT-proBNP at baseline were compared. The hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between NT-proBNP concentrations and the risk of developing CVD were computed using the Cox proportional hazards model.@*RESULTS@#The median values (interquartile ranges) of serum and urinary NT-proBNP concentrations at baseline were 56 (32-104) pg/mL and 20 (18-25) pg/mL, respectively. There was a strong quadratic correlation between the serum and urinary concentrations of NT-proBNP (coefficient of determination [R@*CONCLUSIONS@#The present study demonstrated that urinary NT-proBNP concentrations were well-correlated with serum concentrations and were positively associated with cardiovascular risk. Given that urine sampling is noninvasive and does not require specially trained personnel, urinary NT-proBNP concentrations have the potential to be an easy and useful biomarker for detecting people at higher cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers/urine , Cardiovascular Diseases/urine , Female , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Humans , Incidence , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/urine , Peptide Fragments/urine , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the change and significance of serum pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) and syndecan-4 in children with chronic heart failure (CHF).@*METHODS@#A total of 40 children with CHF who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled as the heart failure group, and 30 children who underwent physical examination in the outpatient service during the same period of time were enrolled as the control group. The serum levels of PTX-3, syndecan-4, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The children with CHF had significant reductions in the serum levels of PTX-3, syndecan-4, and NT-proBNP after treatment. The levels of these markers in children with CHF were significantly higher than the control group before and after treatment (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum PTX-3 and syndecan-4 may be involved in the development and progression of ventricular remodeling in children with CHF and may be used as markers for the diagnosis, cardiac function grading, and treatment outcome evaluation of children with heart failure.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Child , Chronic Disease , Heart Failure , Humans , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Stroke Volume , Syndecan-4 , Ventricular Function, Left
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 620-627, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131355

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Os efeitos da caminhada de longa distância sobre o sistema cardiovascular são pouco estudados. Objetivos: O objetivo geral deste estudo foi verificar esses efeitos sobre o comportamento da função diastólica e dos biomarcadores cardíacos CK-MB (massa), troponina T e NT-proBNP em atletas amadores. Método: Este estudo longitudinal realizado em 2015 avaliou os participantes nas 5 etapas seguintes: A0 (basal) antes de iniciar o percurso, e as demais, A1, A2, A3 e A4 ao final de cada dia, totalizando 244,7 km. Em todas as etapas foram dosados os biomarcadores NT-proBNP, CK-MB (massa) e troponina T. Realizou-se ecocardiograma para análise das ondas E, A e E'. Adotado p < 0,05 como significativo. Resultados: Foram avaliados 25 participantes com média de idade de 46 ± 10,5 anos e índice de massa corporal de 20,2 ± 2,3 kg/m2. Encontrou-se aumentos dos valores de NT-proBNP de A0 para A1, A2, A3 e A4 (p < 0,001), CK-MB (massa) de A0 para A2 (p < 0,001) e da onda E' de A0 para A1, A2, A3 e A4 (p < 0,001). Foram identificadas correlações entre os seguintes: CK-MB (massa) e troponina T (A1: r = 0,524, p = 0,010; A4: r = 0,413, p = 0,044); CK-MB (massa) e NT-proBNP (A4: r = 0,539, p = 0,006); e E/A e E' (A0: r = 0,603, p < 0,001; A1: r = 0,639, p < 0,001; A4: r = 0,593, p = 0,002); e correlação negativa entre CK-MB (massa) com E/A (A1: r = −0,428, p = 0,041). Conclusão: Os efeitos da atividade física intensa, prolongada e intercalada foram verificados a partir das variações significativas no comportamento da CK-MB (massa), NT-proBNP e E'. Apesar das alterações encontradas, não houve critérios sugestivos de dano ao miocárdio.


Abstract Background: The effects of long-distance walking on the cardiovascular system have been little studied. Objectives: The general objective of this study was to verify these effects on the behavior of diastolic function and the cardiac biomarkers CK-MB (mass), troponin T, and NT-proBNP, in amateur athletes. Method: This longitudinal study, conducted in 2015, evaluated participants during the following 5 stages: E0 (baseline) before starting the trajectory and the others, E1, E2, E3, and E4, at the end of each day, totaling 244.7 km. At all stages, the biomarkers NT-proBNP, CK-MB (mass), and troponin T were measured. Echocardiogram was performed to analyze the E, A and E' waves. P < 0.05 was adopted as significant. Results: The study evaluated 25 participants, with an average age of 46 ± 10.5 years and body mass index of 20.2 ± 2.3 kg/m2. Increased values were found for NT-proBNP from E0 to E1, E2, E3, and E4 (p < 0.001), CK-MB (mass) from E0 to E2 (p < 0.001), and E' wave from E0 to E1, E2, E3, and E4 (p < 0.001). Positive correlations were identified between the following: CK-MB (mass) and troponin T (E1: r = 0.524, p = 0.010; E4: r = 0.413, p = 0.044); CK-MB (mass) and NT-proBNP (E4: r = 0.539, p = 0.006); and E/A and E' (E0: r = 0.603, p < 0.001; E1: r = 0.639, p < 0.001; E4: r = 0.593, p = 0.002). A negative correlation was found between CK-MB (mass) and E/A (E1: r = −0.428, p = 0.041). Conclusion: The effects of intense, prolonged, and interspersed physical activity were verified based on significant variations in the behavior of CK-MB (mass), NT-proBNP, and the E' wave. Notwithstanding the alterations found, there were no criteria suggestive of myocardial damage


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Walking , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Biomarkers , Longitudinal Studies , Troponin T , Creatine Kinase, MB Form
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 247-251, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056430

ABSTRACT

Nine tumor and various potential biomarkers were measured and combined the information to diagnose disease, all patients accepted fiber bronchoscopy brush liquid based cytologyand histopathology examination in order to reliably detect lung cancer. The samples from 314 Chinese lung cancer patients were obtained and CK5/6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, NapsinA CD56, Syn and CgA were measured with the immunohistochemical SP method and analyzed correlation of the expression of these markers with pathological and clinical features of squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and small cell lung carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma were 61 cases, 114 cases and 139 cases,CK5/6 and P63 expression were more frequent in squamous cell carcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 77.05 % and 96.44 %, 83.61 % and 88.93 %,and compared with adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), The incidences of a positive P40 expression were 100 % in squamous cell carcinoma, with specificity of 98.81 %.CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 85.09 % and 78.69 %, 79.82 % and 93.44 %, 56.14 % and 95.08 %, and compared with squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). TTF-1, Syn, CgA and CD56 expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 86.33 % and 93.44 %, 89.21 % and 98.36 %, 74.10 % and 100 %, 96.40 % and 96.72 %. The combined detection of CK5/6, P63 and P40 were more useful and specific in differentiating squamous cell carcinoma. CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA were more useful and specific in differentiating lung adenocarcinoma. The impaired CD56, TTF-1, Syn and CgA reflects the progression of small cell lung cancer.


Se midieron tumores y utilizaron nueve biomarcadores potenciales y se analizó la información para diagnosticar la enfermedad. A todos los pacientes se les realizó citología en líquido con broncoscopía de fibra y examen histopatológico para detectar de manera confiable el cáncer pulmonar. Se obtuvieron muestras de 314 pacientes chinos con cáncer de pulmón y CK5 / 6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, Napsina A, CD56, Syn y CgA se midieron a través de histoquímica SP y analizaron la correlación de la expresión de estos marcadores con características patológicas y clínicas de carcinoma de células escamosas, adenocarcinoma y carcinoma de células pequeñas en el cáncer de pulmón. El carcinoma de células escamosas, el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas fueron 61 casos, 114 casos y 139 casos, respectivamente, la expresión de CK5 / 6 y P63 fueron más frecuentes en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 77,05 % y 96,44 %, 83,61 % y 88,93 %, y en comparación con el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas, la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05). La incidencia de ap la expresión positiva P40 fue del 100 % en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una especificidad del 98,81 %. La expresión de CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más frecuentes en el adenocarcinoma, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 85,09 % y 78,69 %, 79,82 % y 93,44 %, 56,14 % y 95,08 %, y en comparación con el carcinoma de células escamosas y la diferencia de carcinoma de células pequeñas fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05) .TTF-1, Syn, CgA y la expresión de CD56 fueron más frecuentes en adenocarcinoma, con sensibilidad y especificidad de 86.33 % y 93.44 %, 89.21 % y 98.36 %, 74.10 % y 100 %, 96.40 % y 96.72 %. La detección combinada de CK5 / 6, P63 y P40 fue más útil y específica en la diferenciación del carcinoma de células escamosas. CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más útiles y específicos para diferenciar el adenocarcinoma de pulmón. El deterioro de CD56, TTF-1, Syn y CgA refleja la progresión del cáncer de pulmón de células pequeñas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma/metabolism , Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Peptide Fragments/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/metabolism , Sensitivity and Specificity , Carcinoma, Small Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Small Cell/pathology , CD56 Antigen/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism , Keratins, Type II/metabolism , Keratin-7/metabolism , Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1/metabolism
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(4): 666-672, Abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131203

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptides have better diagnostic accuracy compared to clinical-radiologic judgment for acute heart failure. In acute coronary syndromes (ACS), the prognostic value of acute heart failure is incorporated into predictive models through Killip classification. It is not established whether NT-proBNP could increment prognostic prediction. Objective: To evaluate whether NT-proBNP, as a measure of left ventricular dysfunction, improves the in-hospital prognostic value of the GRACE score in ACS. Methods: Patients admitted due to acute chest pain, with electrocardiogram and/or troponin criteria for ACS were included in the study. The plasma level of NT-proBNP was measured at hospital admission and the primary endpoint was defined as cardiovascular death during hospitalization. P-value < 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: Among 352 patients studied, cardiovascular mortality was 4.8%. The predictive value of NT-proBNP for cardiovascular death was shown by a C-statistic of 0.78 (95% CI = 0.65-0.90). After adjustment for the GRACE model subtracted by Killip variable, NT-proBNP remained independently associated with cardiovascular death (p = 0.015). However, discrimination by the GRACE-BNP logistic model (C-statistics = 0.83; 95%CI = 0.69-0.97) was not superior to the traditional GRACE Score with Killip (C-statistic = 0.82; 95%CI = 0.68-0.97). The GRACE-BNP model did not provide improvement in the classification of patients to high risk by the GRACE Score (net reclassification index = - 0.15; p = 0.14). Conclusion: Despite the statistical association with cardiovascular death, there was no evidence that NT-proBNP increments the prognostic value of GRACE score in ACS.


Resumo Fundamento: Os níveis plasmáticos de peptídeos natriuréticos cerebrais têm melhor precisão diagnóstica em comparação com a avaliação clínico-radiológica para insuficiência cardíaca aguda. Nas síndromes coronárias agudas (SCA), o valor prognóstico da insuficiência cardíaca aguda é incorporado nos modelos preditivos através da classificação de Killip. Não está estabelecido se o NT-proBNP poderia aumentar a previsão prognóstica. Objetivo: Avaliar se o NT-proBNP, como medida da disfunção ventricular esquerda, melhora o valor prognóstico intra-hospitalar do escore GRACE na SCA. Métodos: Foram incluídos no estudo pacientes admitidos por dor torácica aguda, com eletrocardiograma e/ou critérios de troponina para SCA. O nível plasmático de NT-proBNP foi medido no momento da admissão hospitalar e o desfecho primário foi definido como morte cardiovascular durante a hospitalização. Foi considerado significativo o valor de p < 0,05. Resultados: A mortalidade cardiovascular entre os 352 pacientes estudados foi de 4,8%. O valor preditivo do NT-proBNP para morte cardiovascular foi mostrado por uma estatística C de 0,78 (IC 95% = 0,65-0,90). Após o ajuste para o modelo GRACE subtraído pela variável Killip, o NT-proBNP permaneceu independentemente associado à morte cardiovascular (p = 0,015). No entanto, a discriminação pelo modelo logístico GRACE-BNP (estatística C = 0,83; IC 95% = 0,69-0,97) não foi superior ao escore GRACE tradicional com Killip (estatística C = 0,82; IC 95% = 0,68-0,97). O modelo GRACE-BNP não proporcionou melhora na classificação dos pacientes de alto risco pelo Escore GRACE (índice líquido de reclassificação = - 0,15; p = 0,14). Conclusão: Apesar da associação estatística com a morte cardiovascular, não houve evidências de que o NT-proBNP aumente o valor prognóstico do escore GRACE na SCA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Biomarkers , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Assessment , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(3): 540-551, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088881

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A fisiopatologia e o prognóstico não estão claramente determinados nos pacientes com fenômeno do fluxo coronário lento (FCL). Esses pacientes apresentam várias condições clínicas, que variam desde quadro assintomático até internação hospitalar com morte cardíaca súbita. Objetivos Nosso objetivo foi avaliar os achados da ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) com o realce tardio pelo gadolínio (RTG), como um indicador de fibrose miocárdica. Também buscamos determinar a relação entre a presença de fibrose miocárdica e os níveis de NT-proBNP em pacientes com FCL na artéria coronária descendente anterior esquerda (DAE). Métodos Ao todo, 35 pacientes, entre 31 e 75 anos de idade, foram incluídos. Os pacientes estudados (n=19) apresentaram artérias coronárias epicárdicas normais na angiografia, mas tinham FCL na DAE. O grupo controle de pacientes (n=16) apresentou artérias coronárias epicárdicas normais e níveis de escore TIMI normais na angiografia. Em ambos os grupos, os pacientes foram examinados com RMC para a detecção de presença de fibrose miocárdica. Além disso, níveis plasmáticos de NT-proBNP foram medidos. Valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados significativos. Resultados A taxa de fibrose miocárdica foi significativamente maior na RMC para os pacientes com FCL (p=0.018). Uma quantidade variável de tecido cicatricial foi detectada no ápice ventricular esquerdo em 7 pacientes e nas regiões inferior e inferolateral em 3 pacientes. Não foram observadas diferenças nos níveis de NT-proBNP nos pacientes com FCL. Entretanto, os níveis de NT-proBNP foram maiores nos pacientes com FCL, que apresentaram fibrose miocárdica na RMC (p=0.022). Conclusões Em suma, o RTG na RMC mostrou que a cicatriz miocárdica isquêmica pode estar presente nos pacientes com FCL. Esses resultados indicam que o FCL pode nem sempre ser inofensivo. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(3):540-551)


Abstract Background Pathophysiology and prognosis are not clearly determined in patients with the coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP). These patients present with various clinical conditions ranging from being asymptomatic to being admitted with sudden cardiac death. Objectives We aimed at assessing the findings of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) as an indicator of myocardial fibrosis. We also aimed at determining the relationship between the presence of myocardial fibrosis and NT-proBNP levels in patients with CSFP in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). Methods A total of 35 patients were enrolled within an age range of 31-75. The study patients (n=19) had normal epicardial coronary arteries at angiography, but they presented with CSFP in the LAD. The control group patients (n=16) had normal epicardial coronary arteries and TIMI scores at normal levels in angiography. In both groups, the patients were examined with CMR for the presence of myocardial fibrosis. In addition, plasma NT-proBNP levels were measured. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results The rate of myocardial fibrosis was significantly higher in CMR in the patients with CSFP (p=0.018). A variable amount of myocardial scar tissue was detected at the left ventricular apex in 7 patients and at the inferior and inferolateral regions in 3 patients. There was no difference in the level of NT-proBNP in patients with CSFP. However, the NT-proBNP levels were higher in patients with CSFP, who had scar tissue in CMR (p=0.022). Conclusions In conclusion, LGE in CMR showed that ischemic myocardial scarring may exist in patients with CSFP. These results indicate that CSFP may not always be innocent. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(3):540-551)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cicatrix , No-Reflow Phenomenon , Peptide Fragments , Contrast Media , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Gadolinium
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with donepezil hydrochloride and donepezil hydrochloride alone on improving learning-memory ability in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and to explore its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients of AD were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group were treated with EA at governor vessel (GV) combined with donepezil hydrochloride. EA was applied at Baihui (GV 20) and Fengfu (GV 16) with dilatational wave (10 Hz/50 Hz of frequency, 0.5 to 5.0 mA of intensity), and the needles were kept for 40 min, EA was given once a day; the donepezil hydrochloride tablet was taken orally, 5 mg, once a day, and after 4 weeks the dosage might be increased to 10 mg per day according to the specific situation. All the treatment was given for 8 weeks. The patients in the control group were only treated with donepezil hydrochloride with the identical procedure as the observation group. The Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and Alzheimer's disease assessment scale cognitive part (ADAS-Cog) were evaluated before and after treatment; P300 (latency and amplitude of N2 and P3) was detected by EEG/ERP system brain event related potential instrument, and amyloid precursor protein (APP) and β-amyloid protein 1-42 (Aβ) were detected by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the MoCA scores were increased after treatment in the two groups (<0.05), and the MoCA score in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the ADAS-Cog scores were decreased after treatment in the two groups (<0.05), and the ADAS-Cog score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the latency of N2 and P3 was shortened and the amplitude was increased after treatment in the two groups (<0.05); after treatment, the latency of N2 and P3 in the observation group was shorter than that in the control group and the amplitude was higher than that in the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the serum levels of APP and Aβ were lower after treatment in the two groups (<0.05), and the serum levels of APP and Aβ in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at Baihui (GV 20) and Fengfu (GV 6) combined with donepezil hydrochloride can effectively reduce the serum levels of APP and Aβ and improve the scores of MoCA and ADAS-Cog and the levels of N2 and P3 of P300 in AD patients, which has superior effect to donepezil hydrochloride alone in improving the learning-memory of AD patients.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Blood , Therapeutics , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Blood , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor , Blood , Cognition , Donepezil , Therapeutic Uses , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Learning , Memory , Peptide Fragments , Blood
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 173-177, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878026

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recent studies suggest that a healthy diet helps to prevent the development of Alzheimer disease (AD). This study aimed to investigate whether spicy food consumption is associated with cognition and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of AD in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#We enrolled 55 AD patients and 55 age- and gender-matched cognitively normal (CN) subjects in a case-control study, as well as a cohort of 131 participants without subjective cognitive decline (non-AD) in a cross-sectional study. Spicy food consumption was assessed using the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Associations of FFQ scores with cognition and CSF biomarkers of AD were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the case-control study, spicy food consumption was lower in AD patients than that in CNs (4.0 [4.0-8.0] vs. 8.0 [4.5-10.0], P < 0.001); FFQ scores were positively associated with Mini-Mental Status Examination scores in the total sample (r = 0.218, P = 0.014). In the cross-sectional study, the association between spicy food consumption and cognition levels was verified in non-AD subjects (r = 0.264, P = 0.0023). Moreover, higher FFQ scores were significantly associated with higher β-Amyloid (1-42) (Aβ42) levels and lower phospho-tau/Aβ42 and total tau/Aβ42 ratios in the CSF of non-AD subjects (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Spicy food consumption is closely related to higher cognition levels and reversed AD biomarkers in the CSF, suggesting that a capsaicin-rich diet might have the potential to modify the cognitive status and cerebral pathologies associated with AD.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies , Cognition , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Peptide Fragments , tau Proteins
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