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1.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 36(1): e20230006, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517806

ABSTRACT

A regurgitação tricúspide (RT) importante está associada à alta morbidade e mortalidade. Como o tratamento cirúrgico da RT isolada tem sido associado à alta mortalidade, as intervenções transcateter na valva tricúspide (VT) têm sido utilizadas para o seu tratamento, com risco relativamente mais baixo. Há um atraso na intervenção da RT e provavelmente está relacionado a uma compreensão limitada da anatomia da VT e do ventrículo direito, além da subestimação da gravidade da RT. Nesse cenário, faz-se necessário o conhecimento anatômico abrangente da VT, a fisiopatologia envolvida no mecanismo de regurgitação, assim como a sua graduação mais precisa. A VT tem peculiaridades anatômica, histológica e espacial que fazem a sua avalição ser mais complexa, quando comparado à valva mitral, sendo necessário o conhecimento e treinamento nas diversas técnicas ecocardiográficas que serão utilizadas frequentemente em combinação para uma avaliação precisa. Esta revisão descreverá a anatomia da VT, o papel do ecocardiograma no diagnóstico, graduação e fisiopatologia envolvida na RT, as principais opções atuais de tratamento transcateter da RT e a avaliação do resultado após intervenção transcateter por meio de múltiplas modalidades ecocardiográficas.(AU)


Severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Given that surgical treatment of TR alone has been associated with high mortality, transcatheter interventions in the tricuspid valve (TV) have been used for its treatment, with relatively lower risk. There is a delay in intervention for TR, and this is probably related to a limited understanding of the anatomy of the TV and the right ventricle, in addition to an underestimation of the severity of TR. In this scenario, it is necessary to have comprehensive anatomical knowledge of the TV, the pathophysiology involved in the mechanism of regurgitation, and more accurate grading. The TV has anatomical, histological, and spatial peculiarities that make its assessment more complex when compared to the mitral valve, requiring knowledge and training in the various echocardiographic techniques that will often be used in combination for accurate assessment. This review will describe the anatomy of the TV, the role of echocardiography in the diagnosis, grading, and pathophysiology involved in TR; the main transcatheter treatment options currently available for TR; and the assessment of outcomes after transcatheter intervention by means of multiple echocardiographic modalities.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tricuspid Valve/anatomy & histology , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/physiopathology , Pericardial Effusion/complications , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/mortality , Echocardiography/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Endocarditis/complications , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(1): 195-200, 20221230. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417766

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trauma cardíaco penetrante es una patología con alta mortalidad, que alcanza hasta el 94 % en el ámbito prehospitalario y el 58 % en el intrahospitalario. El algoritmo internacional para los pacientes que ingresan con herida precordial, hemodinámicamente estables, es la realización de un FAST subxifoideo o una ventana pericárdica, según la disponibilidad del centro, y de ser positivo se procede con una toracotomía o esternotomía. Métodos. Se hizo una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Medline, Pubmed, Science Direct y UpTodate, usando las palabras claves: "taponamiento cardíaco", "herida precordial" y "manejo no operatorio". Se tomaron los datos de la historia clínica y las imágenes, previa autorización del paciente. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino ingresó con herida en área precordial, estable hemodinámicamente, sin signos de sangrado activo, con FAST subxifoidea "dudosa". Se procedió a realizar ventana pericárdica, la cual fue positiva para hemopericardio de 150 ml; se evacuaron los coágulos del saco pericárdico, se introdujo sonda Nelaton 10 Fr para lavado con solución salina 500 ml, hasta obtener retorno de líquido claro. Frente al cese del sangrado y estabilidad del paciente se decidió optar por un manejo conservador, sin toracotomía. Conclusiones. No todos los casos de hemopericardio traumático por herida por arma cortopunzante requieren toracotomía. El manejo conservador con ventana pericárdica, drenaje de hemopericardio más lavado y dren es una opción en aquellos pacientes que se encuentran estables hemodinámicamente y no se evidencia sangrado activo posterior al drenaje del hemopericardio.


Introduction. Penetrating cardiac trauma is a pathology with high mortality, reaching up to 94% in the prehospital and 58% in the hospital settings. The international algorithm for patients who are admitted to the hospital with a precordial wound and who are hemodynamically stable is to perform a subxiphoid FAST echo or a pericardial window according to the availability of the center and, if positive, proceed to perform thoracotomy or sternotomy. Methods. A literature search was made in the Medline, Pubmed, ScienceDirect, and UpTodate biomedical databases, using the keywords "cardiac tamponade", "precordial wound" and "non-operative management". The data was taken from the clinical history, the images and the surgical procedure. Clinical case. Male patient who was admitted to the emergency room due to a wound in the precordial area, hemodynamically stable without signs of active bleeding, with subxiphoid FAST that is reported as "doubtful". We proceeded to perform a pericardial window which is positive for 150 ml hemopericardium, evacuation of clots from the pericardial sac, inserted a 10 Fr Nelaton catheter and washed with 500 ml saline solution until the return of clear fluid was obtained. In view of the cessation of bleeding and the stability of the patient, it was decided to opt for a conservative management and not to perform a thoracotomy. Conclusions. Not all cases of traumatic hemopericardium from a sharp injury require thoracotomy. Conservative management with pericardial window drainage of the hemopericardium plus lavage and drain is an option in those patients who are hemodynamically stable and there is no evidence of active bleeding after drainage of the hemopericardium.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardium , Pericardial Window Techniques , Wounds and Injuries , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Conservative Treatment
3.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 24-34, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395911

ABSTRACT

Amyloidosis is a low-frequency disease that can cause compromise of different systems. We report a case of heart failure in an 81-year-old woman secondary to amyloidosis, in which the echocardiogram was a valuable diagnostic tool.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Pericardial Effusion/diagnosis , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Amyloidosis , Radiography, Thoracic , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Electrocardiography , Computed Tomography Angiography , Heart Failure/etiology
4.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 86(3): 199-210, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1407209

ABSTRACT

Resumen El derrame pericárdico (DP) es una entidad frecuente en la práctica diaria, que puede ocurrir por un amplio rango de patologías. Los métodos por imágenes constituyen una herramienta diagnóstica clave en la evaluación del pericardio. El ecocardiograma transtorácico (ETT) se considera de primera línea por su costo-efectividad. La tomografía computarizada multicorte (TCMC), por su parte, representa un valioso complemento ante limitaciones del ETT y en la evaluación de urgencia del paciente con sospecha de DP. El objetivo del trabajo es mostrar la utilidad y rol de la TCMC, mediante la medición de densidades, para estimar la etiología del DP, ilustrado con casos de nuestra institución.


Abstract Pericardial effusion (PE) is a common entity in daily practice, which can occur due to a wide range of conditions. Imaging methods are a key diagnostic tool in the evaluation of the pericardium. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) is the first line imaging method because of its cost-effectiveness. Multi-slice Computed Tomography (MSCT), on the other hand, represents a valuable complement to the limitations of TTE and in emergency evaluation of the patient with suspected PE. The objective of this review is to show the usefulness and role of the MSCT —through the measurement of densities— to estimate the etiology of PE, illustrated with cases of our Institution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardium/pathology , Pneumopericardium/diagnostic imaging , Pericardial Fluid , Pericarditis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Heart Failure
5.
Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies ; : 106-112, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962099

ABSTRACT

@#Thyroid hormone plays an important role in cardiovascular function. Pericardial effusions are commonly seen in cases of severe hypothyroidism. However, large to massive pericardial effusions with cardiac tamponade are exceptionally rare. Herein, we present two cases of severe hypothyroidism with massive pericardial effusion. Our first case demonstrates that a patient with large pericardial effusion can be managed conservatively with aggressive thyroid hormone replacement therapy. In our second case, pericardiocentesis was performed in addition to thyroid hormone replacement therapy as the underlying aetiology of effusion could not be reasonably limited to hypothyroidism. These two cases served to highlight and demonstrate rapid normalisation of thyroid function test by using aggressive oral thyroid hormone replacement therapy using liothyronine, in combination with levothyroxine, which led to resolution of pericardial effusion and prevent its re-accumulation.


Subject(s)
Pericardial Effusion , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
6.
Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies ; : 83-88, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962092

ABSTRACT

@#The presence of autoantibodies is a common link between autoimmune hypothyroidism (AH) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). The coexistence of AH (Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis) and SLE is common; however, massive pericardial effusion (PEEF) with signs of tamponade is extremely rare and only a few cases have been reported in literature. We present a case of a 54-year-old female who came in with progressive dyspnea who was found out to have massive PEEF from overt AH and concurrent SLE, which was successfully managed medically. This gave us valuable insight that massive pericardial effusion occurring in overt hypothyroidism may be secondarily caused by other co-existing disease entities such as SLE. The importance of the correct diagnosis cannot be overemphasized, as this largely contributed to the successful management of this case.


Subject(s)
Pericardial Effusion , Cardiac Tamponade , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 323-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935695

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics, risk factors and outcomes of thalassemia major (TM) children with pericardial effusion (PE) after allo-geneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: Clinical data of 446 TM children received allo-HSCT at Shenzhen Children's Hospital between January 2012 and December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into PE and non-PE group according to the occurrence of PE. Chi-square tests were used to investigate the risk factors that were associated with the development of PE. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis of the 2 groups. Results: Twenty-five out of 446 patients (5.6%) developed PE at a time of 75.0 (66.5, 112.5) days after allo-HSCT. Among these patients, 22 cases (88.0%) had PE within 6 months after allo-HSCT and 19 patients (76.0%) had PE within 100 days after allo-HSCT. The diagnoses of PE were confirmed using echocardiography. Pericardial tamponade was observed in only 1 patient, who later undergone emergency pericardiocentesis. The rest of patients received conservative managements alone. PE disappeared in all patients after treatment. Risk factors that were associated with the development of PE after allo-HSCT included the gender of patients, the type of transplantation, the number of mononuclear cells (MNC) infuse, pulmonary infection after HSCT and transplantation associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) (χ²=3.99, 10.20, 14.18, 36.24, 15.03, all P<0.05). In 239 patients that received haploidentical HSCT, the development of PE was associated with the gender of patients, pulmonary infection after HSCT and TA-TMA (χ²=4.48, 20.89, 12.70, all P<0.05). The overall survival rates of PE and non-PE groups were 96.0% (24/25) and 98.6% (415/421). The development of PE was not associated with the overall survival of TM children after allo-HSCT (χ²=1.73, P=0.188). Conclusions: PE mainly develop within 100 days after allo-HSCT in pediatric TM recipients. Haploidentical grafts, female gender, pulmonary infection after HSCT and TA-TMA are the main risk factors associated with PE development after transplant. However, the presence of PE don't have a significant impact on the outcomes of pediatric TM patients after allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/complications , beta-Thalassemia/therapy
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5,supl.1): 24-31, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346355

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Pericardial effusion is a relatively common finding and can progress to cardiac tamponade; etiological diagnosis is important for guiding treatment decisions. With advances in medicine and improvement in the social context, the most frequent etiological causes have changed. Objectives: To evaluate the clinical and laboratory characteristics, etiology, and clinical course of patients with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. Materials and methods: Patients with pericardial effusion classified as small (< 10 mm), moderate (between 10-20 mm), or severe (> 20 mm) were included. Data from the clinical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and complementary tests were evaluated in patients with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: A total of 254 patients with a mean age of 53.09 ± 17.9 years were evaluated, 51.2% of whom were female. A total of 40.4% had significant pericardial effusion (> 20 mm). Pericardial tamponade occurred in 44.1% of patients. Among pericardial effusion patients without tamponade, the most frequent etiologies were: idiopathic (44.4%) and postsurgical (17.6%), while among those with tamponade, the most frequent etiologies were postsurgical (21.4%) and postprocedural (19.6%). The mean follow-up time was 2.2 years. Mortality was 42% and 23.2 in those with and without tamponade, respectively (p=0.001). Conclusions: There is an etiological difference between pericardial effusion patients with and without cardiac tamponade. An idiopathic etiology is more common among those without tamponade, while postinterventional/postsurgical is more common among those with tamponade. The tamponade group had a higher mortality rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Cardiac Tamponade/therapy , Pericardial Effusion/complications , Pericardial Effusion/mortality , Pericarditis , Cardiac Tamponade/mortality , Retrospective Studies
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 581-583, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347167

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The presence of mild to moderate pericardial effusion after cardiac surgery is common and oral medical therapy is usually able to treat it. Larger effusions are less frequent and surgical intervention is usually necessary. However, there are some rare cases of large effusions that are recurrent even after intervention and become challenging to treat. Methods: We describe the case of a patient submitted to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without any intraoperative complications, who was regularly discharged from the hospital. She was referred to our emergency department twice after surgery with large pericardial effusion that was drained. Even after those two interventions and with adequate oral medication, the large effusion recurred. Results: During follow-up, the patient had her symptoms resolved, with no need for further hospital admission. Her echocardiograms after the last intervention showed no pericardial effusion. The present surgical technique demonstrated to be easy to perform, thus it should be considered as a treatment option for these rare cases of large and repetitive effusions, which do not respond to the traditional methods. Conclusions: In challenging cases of recurrent and large pericardial effusions, the pericardial-peritoneal window is an alternative surgical technique that brings clinical improvement and diminishes the risk of cardiac tamponade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Tamponade/surgery , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Pericardiectomy , Pericardial Window Techniques
11.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(1): e36108, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | BNUY, UY-BNMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1252493

ABSTRACT

Los linfomas cardíacos primarios son un subtipo muy poco frecuente de tumor en los cuales la lesión primaria se encuentra en el corazón. Los tumores suelen ser infiltrantes y se localizan en la aurícula derecha, seguidos del pericardio. Su mortalidad es notablemente alta y el diagnóstico tardío es el principal factor para su mal pronóstico. Describimos el caso de un paciente que presentó shock obstructivo por derrame pericárdico profuso causado por un tipo raro de tumor cardíaco primario, un linfoma pericárdico de células T/NK.


Primary cardiac lymphomas are a rare subtype of lymphomas in which the primary lesion is in the heart. The tumors are usually located in the right atria, followed by the pericardium and are frequently infiltrative. Mortality is remarkably high in this group and the delayed diagnosis is the main factor for its poor prognosis. We describe the case of a patient that presented with obstructive shock due to profuse pericardial effuse caused by a rare kind of primary cardiac tumor, a T/NK cell pericardial lymphoma.


Os linfomas cardíacos primários são um subtipo de tumor muito raro, no qual a lesão primária está no coração. Os tumores geralmente são infiltrativos e localizam-se no átrio direito, seguidos pelo pericárdio. Sua mortalidade é notavelmente alta e o diagnóstico tardio é o principal fator que produz seu mau prognóstico. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente que apresentou choque obstrutivo devido a um derrame pericárdico profuso causado por um tipo raro de tumor cardíaco primário, um linfoma pericárdico de células T/NK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell/drug therapy , Lymphoma, T-Cell/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/drug therapy , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Pericardium/pathology , Cardiac Tamponade/therapy
12.
Iatreia ; 34(1): 78-83, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154361

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El coma mixedematoso es la complicación más grave de un hipotiroidismo. Ocurre, por lo general, en mujeres ancianas con hipotiroidismo conocido sin un adecuado manejo y en presencia de un evento desencadenante. El diagnóstico es difícil y debe realizarse en forma oportuna para disminuir el riesgo de muerte. El coma es una de las presentaciones neurológicas de esta urgencia endocrinológica y no es necesario su presencia para el diagnóstico. En este reporte de caso se presentan varías manifestaciones inusuales en un paciente masculino con hipotiroidismo profundo que, al diagnóstico, debutó con coma mixedematoso con predictores de mal pronóstico durante la hospitalización, pero debido al abordaje temprano y el manejo integral, se dio una resolución satisfactoria a esta urgencia endocrinológica infrecuente.


SUMMARY Myxedema coma is the most serious complication of hypothyroidism. It usually occurs in the context of elderly women, with known hypothyroidism without proper management and in the presence of a triggering event. The diagnosis is challenging and must be made in a timely manner to prevent the development of adverse outcomes. Coma is one of the neurological manifestations of the entity, not being necessary for its diagnosis. This case report presents a constellation of unusual manifestations of a male patient with myxedema coma at the debut of severe hypothyroidism with predictors of poor prognosis during hospitalization, but due to the early approach and comprehensive management, this uncommon endocrinological emergency was satisfactorily resolved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Pericardial Effusion , Myxedema , Seizures , Coma
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(2): 281-285, feb. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389441

ABSTRACT

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) contributes to 15% of total cases, representing a great diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Pericardial involvement is present in 1 to 2% of TB patients and is considered an unusual presentation form of TB. We report a 67-year-old male presenting with fever and progressive dyspnea. A chest CAT scan showed a bilateral pleural effusion and an extensive pericardial effusion. An echocardiogram showed signs of tamponade. Therefore, an emergency pericardiectomy was performed. The pathological report of pericardial tissue showed caseating necrosis and its Koch culture was positive. The patient was treated with anti-tuberculous drugs with a favorable evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Pericarditis, Tuberculous/diagnosis , Pericarditis, Tuberculous/diagnostic imaging , Tuberculosis , Pericardiectomy , Echocardiography
14.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(2): 163-169, 2021. ilus., tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362729

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: el taponamiento cardiaco por causas clínicas es una entidad rara y de difícil diagnóstico. Metodología: se reporta el caso de una paciente atendida en el nivel de mediana complejidad por taponamiento cardiaco de origen oncológico de novo. Se analiza la fisiopatología del derrame, causas etiológicas del taponamiento cardiaco, presentación clínica, valor de las ayudas diagnósticas a la mano en estos casos y las utilizadas en situaciones especiales, así como el manejo de esta patología


Objective: Cardiac tamponade for clinical causes is a rare and difficult to diagnose entity. Methodology: we report the case of a female patient treated at a mid-level hospital for cardiac tamponade due to de novo metastatic disease. The physiopathology of the effusion, etiological causes, clinical manifestations, value of diagnostic aids available for these cases and those used in special situations, as well as the management of this pathology, were analyzed


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pericardium , Cardiac Tamponade , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardiocentesis
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 259-264, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879843

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of pericardial effusion caused by central venous catheterization in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 11 preterm infants with pericardial effusion caused by central venous catheterization. Their catheterization features, manifestations, treatment, and prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 preterm infants (11/2 599, 0.42%) developed pericardial effusion, with a mean gestational age of (30.1±2.6) weeks and a mean birth weight of (1 240±234) g. Pericardial effusion mostly occurred within 4 days after central venous catheterization (10 cases, 91%). The main manifestations included poor response (6/11, 55%), cyanosis (5/11, 45%), increased respiratory rate (6/11, 55%), increased heart rate (6/11, 55%), aggravated dyspnea (5/11, 45%), and muffled heart sound (5/11, 45%). At the time of disease progression, 7 preterm infants (64%) had a deep position of the end of the catheter, 3 preterm infants (27%) had a correct position, and 1 preterm infant (9%) had a shallow position. Five preterm infants (45%) experienced cardiac tamponade, among whom 4 underwent pericardiocentesis. Seven preterm infants were given conservative medical treatment. Among the 11 children, 2 (18%) died and 9 (82%) improved.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pericardial effusion caused by central venous catheterization mostly occurs in the early stage of catheterization and has critical clinical manifestations. Pericardiocentesis is required for cardiac tamponade, and early diagnosis and intervention can effectively improve prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Infant, Premature , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Pericardiocentesis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 374-379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941289

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical, cardiac imaging characteristics and prognosis of patients with primary cardiac angiosarcoma. Methods: The clinical data of 14 patients hospitalized with primary cardiac angiosarcoma from January 2001 to December 2017 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were collected and analyzed. Metastatic cardiac angiosarcoma was not included in this study. Patients were followed up post discharge per telephone call or clinical visit. Results: Of the 14 patients, 8 were males and 6 were females, average age was 48 years. The main clinical symptoms were shortness of breath (8/14), hemoptysis (6/14), fever (5/14), chest pain (4/14) and cough (3/14). Imaging examinations showed that the tumors of 8 patients were located in the right heart and 6 in the pericardial cavity. Tumors in the right heart often infiltrate the atrial wall and cause pericardial effusion (7/8). Tumors in the pericardium were characterized by recurrent bloody pericardial effusion (6/6), prone to progressive constrictive pericarditis (3/6), pericardial fluid cytology was often negative (6/6). MRI showed heterogeneous high signal intensity (cauliflower aspect) on T2-weighted image and heterogeneous enhancement with a"sunray" aspect at the perfusion study. At the time of diagnosis, 8 patients developed lung or adrenal metastasis (8/14). The median survival was only 305 days. Conclusions: Primary cardiac angiosarcoma is a rare disease with non-specific clinical manifestation and poor prognosis. Imaging examinations may help diagnosis. The high invasiveness and the easy-to-metastasis feature of the tumor contribute to the poor prognosis of cardiac angiosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aftercare , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hemangiosarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Patient Discharge , Pericardial Effusion
18.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(2)2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283777

ABSTRACT

A amiloidose é uma condição rara que descreve um grupo heterogêneo de distúrbios que cursam com a deposição extracelular de agregados proteicos fibrilares em tecidos e órgãos. Relata-se aqui o caso de paciente do sexo masculino, com 76 anos de idade, que, há 2 meses, iniciou quadro progressivo de dispneia aos mínimos esforços. Na investigação, observou-se aumento cardíaco global, e o ecocardiograma evidenciou cardiopatia restritiva infiltrativa e derrame pericárdico. Pela elevada suspeição clínica, foi solicitada ressonância magnética cardíaca, que foi altamente sugestiva de amiloidose cardíaca. Dessa forma, assim como no caso relatado, o acometimento cardíaco possui como principal forma de manifestação o tipo miocardiopatia restritivo, sendo um quadro de insuficiência cardíaca crônica com etiologia de difícil diagnóstico em pacientes acima de 50 anos, com prognóstico bastante reservado. Assim, apesar de permanecer como um desafio diagnóstico para o clínico, sua hipótese deve sempre ser aventada na ausência de outra causa que justifique tais achados (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Cardiomyopathy, Restrictive/physiopathology , Cardiomyopathy, Restrictive/diagnostic imaging , Atrioventricular Block/pathology , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Comorbidity , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Electrocardiography , Lymphadenopathy/diagnostic imaging , Amyloidosis
19.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 50-56, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344677

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency that occurs when fluid accumulates in the pericardial space, its prompt diagnosis and treatment can prevent a fatal outcome. OBJECTIVES: We describe a case of cardiac tamponade in a medicine Ward and its subsequent resolution. CLINICAL CASE: 56-year-old male patient with dyspnoea and edematous síndrome, managed with partial response depletive therapy. Echocardiographic study reveals a large pericardial effusion with signs of cardiac tamponade. Inmediate management with ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis and subsequent surgical resolution. DISCUSSION: The knowledge of the clinical-hemdynamic manifestations and their subsequent pathophysiological background are important in the diagnostic suspicion and management considerations. Echocardiography is a critical component for the final diagnosis, since given its sensitivity and specificity it allows to complete the characterization of the pericardial effusion. In addition, it contributes to reducing the morbidity associated with its drainage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericardial Effusion/diagnosis , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnosis , Cardiac Tamponade/therapy , Echocardiography , Cardiology , Hemodynamics
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 1017-1019, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144003

ABSTRACT

Abstract Case Presentation: A case of a 49-year-old patient, male, victim of stab wound, developing belatedly cardiac tamponade and hemodynamic stability was reported. The patient underwent a pericardial window with drainage of pericardial effusion of blackened aspect; however, without visualization of the cardiac lesion, enlargement of the incision by median sternotomy was opted for. A hematoma was spotted at the left ventricle with epicardial lesion and a patch of pericardium was made with 3-0 polypropylene. The patient developed acute pulmonary edema and atrial fibrillation, which improved after the intensive care unit clinical management, with hospital discharge in the 7th postoperative day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Tamponade/surgery , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Penetrating , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Wounds, Stab/complications , Sternotomy
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