Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 104
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 1017-1019, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144003


Abstract Case Presentation: A case of a 49-year-old patient, male, victim of stab wound, developing belatedly cardiac tamponade and hemodynamic stability was reported. The patient underwent a pericardial window with drainage of pericardial effusion of blackened aspect; however, without visualization of the cardiac lesion, enlargement of the incision by median sternotomy was opted for. A hematoma was spotted at the left ventricle with epicardial lesion and a patch of pericardium was made with 3-0 polypropylene. The patient developed acute pulmonary edema and atrial fibrillation, which improved after the intensive care unit clinical management, with hospital discharge in the 7th postoperative day.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Tamponade/surgery , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Penetrating , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Wounds, Stab/complications , Sternotomy
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 194-202, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990571


Abstract Objective: In this retrospective study, we aimed to observe the efficacy of pericardial effusion (PE) treatments by a survey conducted at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University. Methods: In order to get comparable results, the patients with PE were divided into three groups - group A, 480 patients who underwent subxiphoid pericardiostomy; group B, 28 patients who underwent computerized tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage; and group C, 45 patients who underwent echocardiography (ECHO)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. Results: In the three groups of patients, the most important symptom and physical sign were dyspnea and tachycardia, respectively. The most common causes of PE were uremic pericarditis in patients who underwent tube pericardiostomy, postoperative PE in patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, and cancer-related PE in patients who underwent ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. In all the patients, relief of symptoms was achieved after surgical intervention. There was no treatment-related mortality in any group of patients. In patients with tuberculous pericarditis, the rates of recurrent PE and/or constrictive pericarditis progress were 2,9% and 2,2% after tube pericardiostomy and ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, respectively. Conclusion: Currently, there are many methods to treat PE. The correct treatment method for each patient should be selected according to a very careful analysis of the patient's clinical condition as well as the prospective benefit of surgical intervention.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Drainage/methods , Pericardial Window Techniques/instrumentation , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericarditis/complications , Echocardiography/instrumentation , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Drainage/instrumentation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(3): e1818, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-956563


RESUMO Objetivo: determinar a incidência de derrame pericárdico com tamponamento cardíaco em recém-natos prematuros em uma unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica, com ênfase na relação entre o derrame pericárdico e a inserção de cateter central de inserção periférica, e avaliar o papel da ultrassonografia à beira do leito na abordagem desses casos. Métodos: análise retrospectiva dos pacientes internados em unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica, entre julho de 2014 e dezembro de 2016, que apresentaram derrame pericárdico com repercussão hemodinâmica, avaliados por ultrassonografia. Resultados: foram estudados 426 pacientes admitidos na unidade neonatal de cinco leitos, com realização 285 ultrassonografias à beira do leito. Foram encontrados seis casos de derrame pericárdico, sendo quatro casos com choque obstrutivo e necessidade de realização de drenagem pericárdica, sem mortalidade relacionada ao procedimento e com melhora hemodinâmica em todos os pacientes após o procedimento. A incidência de derrame pericárdico foi de 2,4 casos por ano. Conclusão: a incidência de derrame pericárdico é baixa em neonatos, porém o diagnóstico precoce é fundamental devido à alta morbimortalidade, especialmente nos casos de instalação abrupta. Todos os casos foram diagnosticados pela ultrassonografia à beira do leito, demonstrando sua importância no rastreio desses casos, especialmente em nos quadros de choque de etiologia incerta e neonatos com instabilidade hemodinâmica de início súbito que estão em uso de acesso venoso central.

ABSTRACT Objective: to determine the incidence of pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade in preterm infants in a pediatric intensive care unit, with emphasis on the relationship between pericardial effusion and peripherally inserted central catheter, and to evaluate the role of bedside ultrasound in approaching these cases. Methods: we conducted a retrospective analysis of patients admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit between July 2014 and December 2016, who presented pericardial effusion with hemodynamic repercussion, evaluated by ultrasonography. Results: we studied 426 patients admitted to the five beds of the neonatal unit. In the period, there were 285 bedside ultrasound exams. We found six cases of pericardial effusion, four of which with obstructive shock and need for pericardial drainage. There was no procedure-related mortality, and all patients evolved with hemodynamic improvement after the procedure. The incidence of pericardial effusion was 2.4 cases per year. Conclusion: the incidence of pericardial effusion is low in neonates, but early diagnosis is fundamental due to high morbidity and mortality, especially in cases of abrupt onset. All cases were diagnosed by bedside ultrasonography, demonstrating its importance in the screening of these cases, especially in shocks of uncertain etiology and neonates with sudden onset hemodynamic instability who are using central venous access.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Infant, Premature , Catheterization, Peripheral/adverse effects , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Pericardial Effusion/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cardiac Tamponade/therapy , Cardiac Tamponade/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Point-of-Care Systems , Hemodynamics
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(4): e237-e242, ago. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887354


La pericarditis aguda es la enfermedad más común del pericardio en la práctica clínica. Supone el 0,1% de todos los ingresos hospitalarios y hasta un 5% de aquellos por dolor torácico. En países desarrollados, la causa suele ser benigna, y son más frecuentes las idiopáticas e infecciosas que las secundarias a pericardiotomía quirúrgica y neoplasias. La tuberculosis es la causa más importante en países en vías de desarrollo. Los síntomas más comunes son el dolor torácico característico y la fiebre. Debido a su benignidad y buena evolución con reposo y tratamiento médico, se puede controlar de forma ambulatoria, teniendo presentes aquellos signos de alarma para vigilar o pacientes de riesgo para evitar complicaciones (derrames importantes, taponamiento cardíaco, recurrencias, etc.). Presentamos un caso clínico de un niño de 7 años con antecedentes de comunicación interauricular cerrada quirúrgicamente 9 meses antes, con un cuadro de pericarditis aguda de evolución favorable.

Acute pericarditis is the most common disease of the pericardium encountered in clinical practice. It is diagnosed in 0.1% of all admissions and 5% of emergency room admissions for chest pain. In developed countries, it is usually due to a benign cause. Idiopathic and infectious pericarditis are more common than secondary to surgical pericardiotomy or neoplastic causes, whereas tuberculosis is the dominant cause in developing countries. The most common symptoms of pericarditis are characteristic chest pain and fever. Since pericarditis presents a benign outcome because of self-limiting and good response to conventional anti-inflammatory therapy, it can be safely managed on outpatient basis unless a specific cause is suspected or the patient has high-risk features to avoid complications such as pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade or recurrent pericarditis. We report a case of pericarditis, diagnosed 9 months after surgical closure of an atrial septal defect, in a 7-year-old boy with favorable evolution.

Humans , Male , Child , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericarditis/complications , Postpericardiotomy Syndrome/complications , Acute Disease
Clin. biomed. res ; 37(1): 18-24, 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-833270


Introduction: Pericardial effusion (PE) is a postoperative complication of cardiac valve surgery, related to early hospital readmissions and death. We aimed to describe its incidence and to identify predictive factors of moderate-to-severe PE in a contemporary cohort. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of all consecutive patients submitted to cardiac valve surgery in a tertiary teaching hospital from January 2012 to July 2014, where echocardiography was routinely performed before patient discharge. Moderate-to-severe PE was defined as ≥ 10 mm of thickness, or signs of cardiac tamponade on echocardiography. Additional clinical and perioperative data were extracted from medical records using a standardized protocol. Results: Of 353 patients, 335 underwent a predischarge echocardiography. From these, 27 patients (8%; mean age: 62 years; standard deviation 12 years; 70% male) had moderate-to-severe PE. These patients had a higher prevalence of previous stroke (22% vs. 8%; p = 0.009) and oral anticoagulation (international normalized ratio > 2) prior to the surgery (11 vs. 2%; P = 0.002). In patients with moderate-to-severe PE, surgeries had longer ischemia (p < 0.001) and cardiopulmonary bypass (p < 0.001) times, and the prevalence of postoperative atrial fibrillation was higher (56% vs. 32%; p = 0.011) than in patients with absent or small PE. Hospital mortality was also higher (15% vs. 3%; p = 0.002) in patients with moderate-to-severe PE. Conclusions: Eight percent of patients submitted to cardiac valve surgery developed moderate-to-severe PE. Moreover, PE was associated with pre- and post-surgery conditions likely related to the coagulation state, though a cause-effect relationship could not be inferred. Noteworthy, this condition was associated with higher in-hospital morbidity and mortality(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 84(2): 86-91, abr.-jun. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-732011


Objetivo: Conocer la prevalencia, las causas, los hallazgos clínicos, ecocardiográficos, microbiológicos y citopatológicos de pacientes con derrame pericárdico. Métodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo, transversal y analítico. Se analizaron expedientes clínicos de pacientes que reciben pericardiocentesis durante un periodo de 5 años. Se empleó estadística descriptiva, con medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión para el análisis. Resultados: La prevalencia de derrame pericárdico fue del 1.1%. Predominó en mujeres (60.4%) y se observó una media de edad de 49 años. La principal causa asociada fue neoplásica, con un 32.1%, seguida de la idiopática y reumatológica con un 27.4 y 10.4%, respectivamente. Se presentó taponamiento cardiaco en un 27.1%, siendo la disnea y la presencia de tonos cardiacos apagados los datos clínicos más comunes. El colapso auricular y ventricular derechos se presentaron en el 84.9 y 75.5%, respectivamente. El estudio citopatológico de líquido pericárdico presentó un mayor rendimiento diagnóstico en el estudio de derrames asociados a neoplasias, mostrando una sensibilidad del 54%, una especificidad del 95%, un valor predictivo positivo del 85% y un valor predictivo negativo del 81%. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de derrame pericárdico en un hospital de tercer nivel fue del 1.1%, predominando la etiología neoplásica. El colapso auricular y ventricular derechos son los hallazgos ecocardiográficos más comunes en la presencia de derrame pericárdico moderado o severo. El estudio citopatológico tiene una alta especificidad ante la sospecha de causa neoplásica.

Objective: To determine the prevalence, etiology, clinical, echocardiographic, microbiological and cytopathological characteristics of patients with pericardial effusion. Methods: Observational, retrospective, cross-sectional analytical study. We reviewed medical records of patients undergoing pericardiocentesis for a 5 years period. We used descriptive statistics, measures of central tendency and dispersion for analysis. Results: The prevalence of pericardial effusion was 1.1%. Predominant in women (60.4%) and there was a mean age of 49 years. The main causes were neoplastic 32.1%, idiopathic 27.4% and rheumatological 10.4%. A percentage of 27.1 had cardiac tamponade whereas dyspnea and muffled heart sounds were the most common clinical data. The right atrial and ventricular collapse occurred in 84.9 and 75.5%, respectively. The pericardial fluid cytology yielded better in neoplastic causes a sensitivity of 54%, specificity 95%, positive predictive value 85% and negative predictive value 81%. Conclusions: The prevalence of pericardial effusion in a tertiary care hospital was 1.1%, the main cause was neoplastic. In the evaluation of moderate or severe pericardial effusion we found that right atrial and ventricular collapses were the most common echocardiographic findings. The cytopathological study had a high specificity for the diagnosis of neoplasia.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pericardial Effusion/epidemiology , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Age Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Echocardiography , Neoplasms/complications , Prevalence , Pericardial Effusion/pathology , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Pericardiocentesis , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatic Diseases/complications , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sex Distribution , Tertiary Care Centers
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 74(1): 62-63, ene.-feb. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-708559


El quilopericardio no traumático suele deberse a enfermedades infecciosas, congénitas o neoplásicas que infiltran los ganglios mediastinales, alteran el flujo linfático normal y acumulan quilo en la cavidad pericárdica. Se asocia a quilotórax en, aproximadamente, un 3% de los casos. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 52 años con cáncer de mama avanzado que ingresa con derrame pleural bilateral y signos ecocardiográficos de taponamiento cardíaco. La TC mostró múltiples adenopatías en mediastino. El dosaje de triglicéridos en líquido pleural fue 372 mg/ dl. Por pericardiocentesis se obtuvo un líquido lechoso con triglicéridos de 984 mg/dl y colesterol 90 mg/dl. Se modificó el esquema terapéutico. Se revisan la fisiopatología, los criterios diagnósticos y el tratamiento de esta rara entidad.

Non traumatic chylopericar dium is mostly secondary to infection, congenital or neoplastic disease that invade mediastinal lymph nodes and modify the normal lymphatic flow. It is associated to chylothorax in approximately 3% of cases. We report the case of a 52 years old woman with diagnosis of advanced breast cancer. She was admitted with bilateral pleural effusion and echocardiographic signs of cardiac tamponade. A CT scan disclosed multiple mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The level of tryglicerides in pleural effusion was 372 mg/dl. A percutaneous pericardiocentesis was performed, obtaining chyle, with 984 mg/dl of tryglicerides and cholesterol 90 mg/dl levels. Treatment strategy was modified. We reviewed pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment of this rare entity.

Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/complications , Chylothorax/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardiocentesis , Triglycerides/blood
Saudi Medical Journal. 2014; 35 (10): 1257-1259
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-148899


A 38-year-old male was diagnosed with unrepaired ventricular septal defect associated with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension, cyanosis, and significant exercise intolerance. His echocardiogram showed right ventricular dysfunction and moderate pericardial effusion with no signs of cardiac tamponade. He was treated with an intensive course of inhaled iloprost and sildenafil. He showed a dramatic clinical response; his saturation went up from 60% on admission to 90% on minimal oxygen with significant improvement in his symptoms and signs of heart failure and total resolution of pericardial effusion. On follow up 3 and 6 weeks later, he was stable and could walk 360 meters in a 6 minutes walk test with disappearance of pericardial effusion. With unavailability of intravenous prostacyclin, we have shown in this case that intensive administration of inhaled iloprost could be used intensively as a rescue therapy in severe cases of pulmonary arterial hypertension with excellent results

Humans , Male , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Cyanosis , Dyspnea , Iloprost , Chronic Disease , Iloprost/administration & dosage , Administration, Inhalation
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44054


Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is one of the reliable methods for the diagnosis of various cardiac diseases. However, EMB can cause various complications. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the complication of transfemoral EMB with both fluoroscopic and two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiographic guidance. A total of 228 patients (148 men; 46.0+/-14.6 yr-old) who underwent EMB at Kyungpook National University Hospital from January 2002 to June 2012 were included. EMB was performed via the right femoral approach with the guidance of both echocardiography and fluoroscopy. Overall, EMB-related complications occurred in 21 patients (9.2%) including one case (0.4%) with cardiac tamponade requiring emergent pericardiocentesis, four cases (1.8%) with small pericardial effusion without pericardiocentesis, two cases (0.9%) with hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia (VT), one case (0.4%) with nonsustained VT, one case (0.4%) with tricuspid regurgitation, twelve cases (5.3%) with right bundle branch block. There was no occurrence of either EMB-related death or cardiac surgery. Left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower (32.0+/-18.7% vs 42.0+/-19.1%, P=0.023) and left ventricular end-diastolic dimension was larger (60.0+/-10.0 mm vs 54.2+/-10.2 mm, P=0.013) in patients with EMB related complications than in those without. It is concluded that transfemoral EMB with fluoroscopic and 2-D echocardiographic guidance is a safe procedure with low complication rate.

Adult , Biopsy/adverse effects , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Echocardiography/adverse effects , Endocardium/diagnostic imaging , Female , Fluoroscopy/adverse effects , Heart Diseases/pathology , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Tachycardia, Ventricular/etiology , Ventricular Function
Medisan ; 16(12): 1942-1947, dic. 2012.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-662280


Se expone el caso clínico de un paciente de 40 años de edad, con aparente buena salud, atendido en el Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico Docente Dr Joaquín Castillo Duany de Santiago de Cuba por presentar, desde hacía varios meses, dolor abdominal en epigastrio, no irradiado, asociado a molestia en la región anterior del tórax, dificultad para respirar, hinchazón en las piernas, decaimiento, somnolencia y dolores articulares, así como andar lento y disminución de la memoria, entre otros síntomas. Los resultados de los exámenes complementarios confirmaron que se trataba de un derrame pericárdico de causa hipotiroidea. Se indicó tratamiento sustitutivo con hormonas tiroideas (levotiroxina sódica). Evolucionó favorablemente y egresó de la institución hospitalaria, pero fue reevaluado a los 3 meses, observándose una mejoría significativa

The case of an apparently healthy 40 year-old patient is reported, who was attended in Dr Joaquín Castillo Duany Clinical Surgical Hospital of Santiago de Cuba to present with epigastric abdominal pain for several months, no irradiated and associated with discomfort in anterior chest, breathing difficulty, swelling of the legs, weakness, drowsiness and joint pains, as well as slow gait, impaired memory, and other symptoms. The results of additional tests confirmed a pericardial effusion of hypothyroid cause. A replacement therapy was administered with thyroid hormones (sodium levothyroxine). He made good progress and was discharged from the hospital, but he was reevaluated at 3 months and a significant improvement was observed

Humans , Male , Adult , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Hypothyroidism/complications , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Thyroxine/therapeutic use
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 56(6): 383-387, ago. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-649280


Este estudo visa relatar um caso raro de derrame pericárdico maciço como manifestação inicial do hipotireoidismo. Paciente de 21 anos, feminina, previamente hígida, iniciou quadro súbito de dispneia ao repouso e edema de membros inferiores. Após internação, exames laboratoriais de rotina evidenciaram hipotireoidismo (TSH 146,14 mUI/L). Também foi realizado ecocardiograma, o qual mostrou derrame pericárdico importante. Instituiu-se terapêutica com levotiroxina, obtendo-se melhora do quadro sem necessidade de pericardiocentese. Após a alta hospitalar, a paciente foi acompanhada por 1 ano, com remissão total da dispneia e do edema. No entanto, iniciou com sintomatologia típica de hipotireoidismo e permaneceu com astenia, dislipidemia, ganho de peso e discreto derrame pericárdico ao final de 1 ano, mesmo com a otimização da dose de levotiroxina. Destaca-se, com esse caso, a necessidade de investigação precoce do hipotireoidismo em pacientes com derrame pericárdico.

The aim of this study is to report a rare case of massive pericardial effusion as initial manifestation of hypothyroidism. A previously healthy 21-year-old female patient suddenly began presenting dyspnea at rest and lower limb edema. Routine laboratory tests performed at admission showed hypothyroidism (TSH 146.14 mUI/L) and echocardiography showed significant pericardial effusion. Therapy was instituted with levothyroxine, resulting in clinical improvement without pericardiocentesis. The patient was followed up for 1 year, with total remission of dyspnea and edema. However, she developed typical symptoms of hypothyroidism, and remained with asthenia, dyslipidemia, weight gain, and mild pericardial effusion at the end of one year, even with the optimization of the levothyroxine dose. This case highlights the need for early investigation of hypothyroidism in patients with pericardial effusion.

Female , Humans , Young Adult , Hypothyroidism/complications , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Follow-Up Studies , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Thyroxine/therapeutic use
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28106


A 29-year-old pregnant woman with recurrent pericardial effusion and a cardiac tumor, diagnosed as an angiosarcoma, was treated with surgical resection of the tumor followed by radiotherapy. Immediately after completion of radiotherapy, she developed bilateral breast masses, which were also confirmed as angiosarcomas. We thought this might be the first case of bilateral angiosarcoma of the breast metastasizing to heart mimicking a primary cardiac angiosarcoma, although we could not conclude with certainty that angiosarcoma of the heart was not the primary site.

Adult , Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Female , Heart Neoplasms/complications , Hemangiosarcoma/pathology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Positron-Emission Tomography , Pregnancy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-138615


Mediastinal haemangioma is a rare benign vascular tumour. A young male presented with complaints of cough and dyspnoea. Serial chest radiographs were suggestive of progressive mediastinal widening and cardiomegaly. Pericardiocentesis revealed haemorrhagic fluid which was negative for microbiology and malignant cells. Patient was unresponsive to antituberculosis treatment and steroids. Computed tomography (CT) of thorax revealed an anterior mediastinal mass lesion with pericardial effusion which on biopsy was found to be a mediastinal haemangioma.

Adolescent , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Hemangioma/complications , Hemangioma/diagnosis , Hemangioma/surgery , Humans , Male , Mediastinal Neoplasms/complications , Mediastinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mediastinal Neoplasms/surgery , Pericardial Effusion/diagnosis , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Radiography, Thoracic , Thoracotomy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
New Egyptian Journal of Medicine [The]. 2010; 42 (2): 184-187
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-111469


We present one case of neonatal cardiac tamponade due to percutaneous jugular venous catheterization, a rare, butpotentially fatal complication. In neonates with central venous catheters the incidence of pericardial effusion [PCE] with tamponade is 0.5-2%. Perforation usually has a delayed course and results from eridothelial injury, caused by the fluids, which leads to necrosis and thrombosis. This fluid then diffuses transmurally across the myocardium into the pericardium. Even if the catheter tip is placed properly and checked immediately after placement, it can migrate, an incidence which implicates that the position of the catheter should be checked at least twice a week after insertion

Humans , Male , Female , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Jugular Veins , Infant, Newborn
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 80(3): 267-273, jun. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-547845


Pericardial effusion is the main complication of pericarditis, and can create serious consequences depending on the speed of development and etiology. The most common causes are neoplasms and idiopathic, even though viral etiology is a frequently underestimated cause because of the difficulty in its confirmation. In cases of significant pericardial effusion, pericardiocenthesis has demonstrated to be an effective and safe procedure. We present a clinical case of a 14 year old adolescent who complained of persistent abdominal pain, and whose study showed significant pericardial effusion. Pericardiocenthesis was performed, along with installation of a pigtail catheter which drained 500 ml of serohematic pericardial effusion. The etiologic study included an PCR (polymerase chain reaction) positive for Enterovirus. The patient recovered favorably and was dismissed from the hospital in good condition. The objective of this report is to expose a current revision of the clinical management of pericardial effusion and the technical skills of pericardiocenthesis. Knowledge of the technique is fundamental in the treatment of pericardial effusion, especially in situations associated with hemodynamic compromise.

El derrame pericárdico es la principal complicación de la pericarditis, la cual puede generar graves consecuencias dependiendo de la velocidad de instauración como de su etiología. Las principales causas reportadas son las neoplásicas y las idiopáticas, sin embargo, la etiología viral es subestimada debido a la dificultad de confirmar el diagnóstico. En casos de derrame pericárdico significativo la pericardiocentesis ha mostrado ser un procedimiento eficaz y seguro. Presentamos caso clínico de un adolescente de 14 a±os quién consulta por dolor abdominal persistente, cuyo estudio demuestra un derrame pericárdico. Se realizó pericardiocentesis e instalación de catéter pigtail dando salida a 500 mL de líquido pericárdico serohemático. Dentro del estudio etiológico presenta PCR (Reacción de Polimerasa en cadena) positivo para enterovirus. Paciente evoluciona favorablemente y es dado de alta en buenas condiciones. El objetivo del presente reporte es exponer la revisión actualizada del enfrentamiento clínico del derrame pericárdico y la técnica de pericardiocentesis. El conocimiento de la técnica de pericardiocentesis en fundamental en el tratamiento del derrame pericárdico, en especial en situaciones con compromiso hemodinámico.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Pericardiocentesis/methods , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Enterovirus Infections/complications