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1.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e703, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1367086

ABSTRACT

La miopericarditis aguda es una pericarditis aguda con compromiso miocárdico menor. En las primeras horas de evolución el cuadro clínico puede confundirse con un síndrome coronario agudo, en especial cuando el electrocardiograma presenta elevación del segmento ST y marcadores de necrosis miocárdica elevados. La resonancia magnética cardíaca tiene un papel importante para diferenciar las dos enfermedades. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 36 años de edad ingresado por dolor de pecho, elevación del segmento ST y de marcadores de necrosis miocárdica. Se realiza angiografía coronaria, que no evidencia lesiones angiográficamente significativas, resonancia magnética cardíaca con contraste de gadolinio, en la que se observa leve derrame pericárdico, presencia de edema y realce tardío con patrón parcheado subepicárdico e intramiocárdico en pared lateral. Los hallazgos del estudio confirman el diagnóstico de miopericarditis.


Acute myopericarditis is an acute pericarditis with minor myocardial compromise. During the first hours from onset the clinical presentation can be confused with an acute coronary syndrome, especially when the electrocardiogram presents with ST segment elevation and increased markers of myocardial necrosis. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging plays an important role to differentiate between these two diseases. We present the case of a 36-year-old male who was admitted with chest pain, ST segment elevation and increased markers of myocardial necrosis. Coronary angiography is performed reporting no significant angiographic findings. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with contrast medium (gadolinium) is performed, reporting mild pericardial effusion, presence of edema, and delayed uptake with a subepicardial and intramyocardial patchy pattern on the lateral wall. These test findings confirm the diagnosis of myopericarditis.


A miopericardite aguda é uma pericardite aguda com pequena deterioração miocárdica. Nas primeiras horas de evolução do quadro clínico podem ser confundidas com síndrome coronariana aguda, principalmente quando o eletrocardiograma mostra supradesnivelamento do segmento ST e marcadores elevados de necrose miocárdica. A ressonância magnética cardíaca desempenha um papel importante em distinguir as duas doenças. Apresentamos o caso de um homem de 36 anos admitido por dor torácica, supradesnivelamento do segmento ST e elevação dos marcadores de necrose miocárdica, foi realizada cineangiocoronariografia, onde não foram evidenciadas lesões angiograficamente significativas. Foi realizada a ressonância magnética cardíaca com contraste de gadolínio e foram observados derrame pericárdico leve, edema e realce tardio com um padrão irregular subepicárdico e intramiocárdico na face lateral. Os resultados do estudo confirmam o diagnóstico de miopericardite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pericarditis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Gadolinium , Myocarditis/diagnostic imaging , Chest Pain , Acute Disease , Coronary Angiography , Diagnosis, Differential , Electrocardiography
2.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 236-240, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115548

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La pericarditis es la enfermedad del pericardio más presente en la práctica médica. La pericarditis purulenta representa el 5% de ellas, con una mortalidad de hasta el 40%. Caso Clínico: Se presenta un paciente masculino, de 27 años de edad, con antecedentes de hipotiroidismo que ingresa con tos y expectoración amarillenta, asociado a fiebre, que resolvió con tratamiento antibiótico. Un mes después, reingresa con dolor abdominal, astenia y disnea intensa que no tolera el decúbito. Se indica ecocardiograma, que diagnostica derrame pericárdico severo, con colapso de cavidades derechas. Se procedió a pericardiocentesis de emergencia, donde se extrajeron 450 mililitros de líquido purulento. En el seguimiento ecocardiográfico a las 48 h, se observa aumento del derrame, por lo que se decide tratamiento quirúrgico, mediante toracotomía anterolateral izquierda, encontrando derrame purulento y engrosamiento pericárdico de 6 mm, con múltiples adherencias. Se indica pericardiectomía parcial. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente, egresándose 7 días posteriores a la cirugía.


Introduction: Pericarditis is frecuent pericardial disease in medical practice. The purulent pericarditis represents 5%, with a mortality of up to 40%. Case Report: We present a male patient, 27 years old, with a history of hypothyroidism that enters with cough and yellowish expectoration, associated with fever, resolved with antibiotic treatment. One month later, he reenters with abdominal pain, asthenia and intense dyspnea that does not tolerate decubitus. Echocardiogram diagnosed severe pericardial effusion, with collapse of right cavities. Emergency pericardiocentesis was performed and 450 milliliters of purulent fluid were extracted. In the echocardiographic follow-up at 48 hours, an increase in the effusion was observed, was decided surgical treatment by left anterolateral thoracotomy, finding purulent effusion and pericardial thickening of 6 mm, with multiple adhesions. Partial pericardiectomy is indicated. The patient evolved favorably, leaving 7 days after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pericarditis/surgery , Pericarditis/complications , Pericardiectomy/methods , Pericardiocentesis/methods , Pericarditis/etiology , Pericarditis/drug therapy , Pericardium/pathology , Prognosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786140

ABSTRACT

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness that is characterized by systemic inflammation usually involving medium-sized arteries and multiple organs during the acute febrile phase, leading to associated clinical findings. The diagnosis is based on the principal clinical findings including fever, extremity changes, rash, conjunctivitis, oral changes, and cervical lymphadenopathy. However, KD diagnosis is sometimes overlooked or delayed because other systemic organ manifestations may predominate in acute phase of KD. As a cardiovascular manifestation, an acute pericarditis usually shows a small pericardial effusion, but large pericardial effusion showing clinical signs of cardiac tamponade is very rare. Here, we described a case of incomplete KD presenting with impending cardiac tamponade, and recurrent fever and pleural effusion.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Cardiac Tamponade , Conjunctivitis , Diagnosis , Exanthema , Extremities , Fever , Inflammation , Lymphatic Diseases , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Pericardial Effusion , Pericarditis , Pleural Effusion
5.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(4): e2019113, Oct.-Dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024144

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy used to be regarded as a rare untreatable cause of sudden death in young male athletes. This report is the case of a middle-aged female patient with hereditary hypertrophic cardiomyopathy masked by superimposed pericarditis and revealed by autopsy. This case report illustrates how co-morbidity can hide a crucial diagnosis. This case report also illustrates the value of autopsy disclosing a familial disease that is increasingly recognized and dramatically more treatable than a few decades ago. Sudden death due to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has become preventable, if the diagnosis is made soon enough. The lessons for patient care from this case include the importance of not missing the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in female patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Familial/pathology , Delayed Diagnosis/prevention & control , Pericarditis/pathology , Autopsy , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology , Fatal Outcome
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 194-202, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990571

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: In this retrospective study, we aimed to observe the efficacy of pericardial effusion (PE) treatments by a survey conducted at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University. Methods: In order to get comparable results, the patients with PE were divided into three groups - group A, 480 patients who underwent subxiphoid pericardiostomy; group B, 28 patients who underwent computerized tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage; and group C, 45 patients who underwent echocardiography (ECHO)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. Results: In the three groups of patients, the most important symptom and physical sign were dyspnea and tachycardia, respectively. The most common causes of PE were uremic pericarditis in patients who underwent tube pericardiostomy, postoperative PE in patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, and cancer-related PE in patients who underwent ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. In all the patients, relief of symptoms was achieved after surgical intervention. There was no treatment-related mortality in any group of patients. In patients with tuberculous pericarditis, the rates of recurrent PE and/or constrictive pericarditis progress were 2,9% and 2,2% after tube pericardiostomy and ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, respectively. Conclusion: Currently, there are many methods to treat PE. The correct treatment method for each patient should be selected according to a very careful analysis of the patient's clinical condition as well as the prospective benefit of surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Drainage/methods , Pericardial Window Techniques/instrumentation , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericarditis/complications , Echocardiography/instrumentation , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Drainage/instrumentation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay
8.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(1): 126-129, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-985129

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Relatar um caso raro de uma criança com meningite associada a pericardite na doença pneumocócica invasiva. Descrição do caso: Este relato descreve uma evolução clínica desfavorável de um lactente feminino de 6 meses de idade, previamente hígido, que apresentou inicialmente sintomas respiratórios e febre. A radiografia de tórax revelou um aumento da área cardíaca sem alterações radiográficas nos pulmões. Após a identificação do derrame pericárdico, o paciente apresentou convulsões e entrou em coma. Pneumonia foi descartada durante a investigação clínica. Contudo, foi identificado Streptococcus pneumoniae nas culturas de líquor e sangue. O exame neurológico inicial foi compatível com morte encefálica, posteriormente confirmada pelo protocolo. Comentários: A pericardite purulenta tornou-se uma complicação rara da doença pneumocócica invasiva desde o advento da terapia antibiótica. Pacientes com pneumonia extensa são primariamente predispostos e, mesmo com tratamento adequado e precoce, estão sujeitos a altas taxas de mortalidade. A associação de meningite pneumocócica e pericardite é incomum e, portanto, de difícil diagnóstico. Por isso, uma alta suspeição diagnóstica é necessária para instituir o tratamento precoce e aumentar a sobrevida.


ABSTRACT Objective: To report a rare case of a child with invasive pneumococcal disease that presented meningitis associated with pericarditis. Case description: This report describes the unfavorable clinical course of a previously healthy 6-months-old female infant who initially presented symptoms of fever and respiratory problems. A chest X-ray revealed an increased cardiac area with no radiographic changes in the lungs. After identifying a pericardial effusion, the patient experienced seizures and went into coma. Pneumonia was excluded as a possibility during the clinical investigation. However, Streptococcus pneumoniae was identified in the cerebrospinal fluid and blood cultures. An initial neurological examination showed that the patient was brain dead, which was then later confirmed according to protocol. Comments: Purulent pericarditis has become a rare complication of invasive pneumococcal disease since the advent of antibiotic therapy. Patients with extensive pneumonia are primarily predisposed and, even with early and adequate treatment, are prone to high mortality rates. The association of pneumococcal meningitis and pericarditis is uncommon, and therefore difficult to diagnose. As such, diagnostic suspicion must be high in order to institute early treatment and increase survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Streptococcus pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Pericarditis/diagnosis , Pericarditis/physiopathology , Pericarditis/microbiology , Pericarditis/therapy , Pneumococcal Infections/diagnosis , Pneumococcal Infections/physiopathology , Pneumococcal Infections/therapy , Echocardiography/methods , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Cerebrospinal Fluid/microbiology , Fatal Outcome , Blood Culture/methods , Meningitis/diagnosis , Meningitis/physiopathology , Meningitis/microbiology , Meningitis/therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/classification , Neurologic Examination/methods
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762199

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA, also known as the Churg-Strauss syndrome) is a disorder characterized by asthma, peripheral eosinophilia and systemic vasculitis. It rarely occurs in children, so that physicians may frequently mistake it for a simple uncontrolled asthma. Since a subsequent cardiac involvement is critical for the prognosis, it is important to suspect EGPA in children with severe, uncontrolled asthma. The cardiac manifestations in EGPA are variable from asymptomatic electrocardiogram abnormalities to pericarditis with pericardial effusion, myocarditis with cardiomyopathy, heart failure, and sudden cardiac death. Although delayed treatment may lead to fatal cardiac complications in EGPA, adequate immune suppression can reverse cardiac impairment. We report a 14-year-old girl with persistent asthma refractory to steroids who was eventually diagnosed with an anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-negative EGPA.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Cardiomyopathies , Child , Churg-Strauss Syndrome , Cytoplasm , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Electrocardiography , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Female , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Heart Failure , Heart , Humans , Myocarditis , Pericardial Effusion , Pericarditis , Prognosis , Steroids , Systemic Vasculitis
10.
Prensa méd. argent ; 104(6): 277-280, Ago2018. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1051226

ABSTRACT

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is the predominant dimorphic fungal disease in Latin America. Males between 29 to 40 years of age are most often affected. Inhalation of the infecting particle produces a localized alveolitis. The organisms then may disseminate to the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, adrenal glands, liver, spleen, bones, central nervous system and digestive tract, giving a multisystemic affectation, mainly in immunocompromised hosts. A male 34 years old with a history of immunocompromised VIH +, was studied. The characteristics in authopsy are described, with previous diagnosis of diseminated. Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, with intraalveolar hemorrhage, pleuritis and pericarditis. Deep systemic micosis and opportunistic are pathologies that present with increased frequency in recent years, mainly by the rise of the VIH+ infected population. Despite this circumstance, the coexistence of Paracoccidioide infection and VIH+ is scarce in the literature, and for that reason, we present this case of autopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Pericarditis/diagnosis , Pleurisy/diagnosis , Autopsy , HIV/immunology , Immunocompromised Host , Hemorrhage
11.
Case reports (Universidad Nacional de Colombia. En línea) ; 4(1): 30-38, ene.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-989565

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Purulent pericarditis is an inflammatory process in the pericardium caused by bacterial infection. If experienced during childhood and with untimely diagnosis, it has a high mortality rate. Case presentation: A 10-month-old infant was admitted to a high complexity pediatric hospital in the city of Bogotá D.C, Colombia, due to clinical symptoms including cough, respiratory distress and fever. A chest x-ray was taken showing cardiomegaly and multilobar pulmonary involvement. The echocardiogram showed global pericardial effusion managed with pericardiotomy, in which 50 mL of turbid fluid with whitish membranes was obtained. Cytochemical test revealed 2 600 mm3 leukocytes with 90% PMN and protein elevation. Purulent pericarditis was diagnosed based on imaging and laboratory findings. Treatment was initiated with ceftriaxone and clindamycin for four weeks, obtaining effective clinical and echocardiographic resolution. Discussion: The clinical presentation and imaging, paraclinical and electrocardiographic findings suggested purulent pericarditis as the first possibility. This diagnosis was confirmed considering the characteristics of the pericardial fluid, which was compatible with an exudate. Clinical resolution supported by antibiotic management corroborated the diagnosis, even though microbiological isolation was not obtained in cultures. Conclusion: Purulent pericarditis is a rare disease in pediatrics and has a high mortality rate. Making a timely diagnosis and administering early treatment are related to a better prognosis of this pathology.


RESUMEN Introducción. La pericarditis purulenta es un proceso inflamatorio del pericardio producto de una infección bacteriana. De no lograrse un diagnóstico oportuno, se convierte en una patología con alta mortalidad en la infancia. Presentación del caso. Lactante de 10 meses de edad que ingresó a un hospital pediátrico de alta complejidad en Bogotá D.C., Colombia, por un cuadro clínico dado por tos, dificultad respiratoria y fiebre. Se tomó una radiografía de tórax donde se observó cardiomegalia y compromiso neumónico multilobar. El ecocardiograma mostró un derrame pericárdico global que requirió pericardiotomía, en la cual se obtuvo 50 mL de líquido turbio con membranas blanquecinas. En la prueba citoquímica se encontraron 2 600mm3 leucocitos, polimorfonucleares del 90% y elevación de proteínas. Con los hallazgos de imagenología y laboratorio se hizo el diagnóstico de pericarditis purulenta, por lo que se inició tratamiento con ceftriaxona y clindamicina por 4 semanas, obteniendo una resolución clínica y ecocardiográfica efectiva. Discusión. La presentación clínica y los hallazgos imagenológicos, paraclínicos y electrocardiográficos sugirieron como primera posibilidad pericarditis purulenta, lo cual se confirmó por las características de líquido pericárdico, que era compatible con un exudado. La resolución clínica, apoyada por el manejo antibiótico y a pesar de no obtener aislamiento microbiológico en los cultivos, corroboró el diagnóstico. Conclusiones. La pericarditis purulenta es una enfermedad poco frecuente en pediatría pero con alta mortalidad. Realizar un diagnóstico oportuno sumado a un tratamiento tempano se relaciona con un mejor pronóstico de esta patología.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pericarditis , Pediatrics , Bacteria , Pericardial Window Techniques
12.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 25(2): 138-144, mar.-abr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-959961

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Revisar sistemáticamente la efectividad del tratamiento no quirúrgico para el manejo del derrame pericárdico moderado o severo. Metodología: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática desde febrero hasta junio de 2016 en las bases de datos Pub Med, SciELO y Lilacs, en inglés y español. Los términos de búsqueda utilizados fueron: Pericardial Effusion and Acute Pericarditis, Treatment, Therapy, Therapeutics, Management. Se eligieron artículos publicados entre 2011 y 2016 que abordaran el tratamiento del derrame pericárdico no quirúrgico y la pericarditis aguda. Se excluyeron artículos que evaluaran el manejo de taponamiento cardíaco, pericarditis constrictiva y derrame pericárdico por lesión miocárdica. La selección de artículos estuvo a cargo de dos evaluadores y, en caso de discrepancias, se consultó un tercer evaluador. Resultados: Se identificaron un total de 2.998 referencias; posteriormente, se seleccionaron 138 artículos, de los cuales se evaluaron sus resúmenes. Se eligieron dos artículos para la lectura a texto completo, y se aplicaron a estos las guías Strobe, para estudios observacionales, y Consort, para ensayos clínicos aleatorizados. Se evidenció que la pericarditis recurrente ocurrió en 26 de los 120 pacientes en el grupo de colchicina y en 51 de 120 en el grupo placebo, RRR: 0, 49 (IC = 0, 24-0, 65; p = 0, 0009). Conclusiones: la colchicina asociada a antiinflamatorios no esteroides evidenció ser efectiva en la pericarditis aguda idiopática y asimismo en sus recurrencias. Sin embargo, aún es necesario consultar más ensayos clínicos con mayor tamaño de muestra para determinar con exactitud la efectividad del tratamiento.


Abstract Objective: To present a systematic review of the effectiveness of non-surgical treatment for the management of moderate or severe pericardial effusion. Methodology: A systematic search was made from February to June 2016 in the databases of Pub Med, SciELO, and Lilacs, in English and Spanish. The search terms used were: Pericardial Effusion and Acute Pericarditis, Treatment, Therapy, Therapeutics, Management. Articles published between 2011 and 2016 that approached the non-surgical treatment of pericardial effusion and acute pericarditis were chosen. Articles that were excluded were those that evaluated cardiac tamponade, constrictive pericarditis, and pericardial effusion due to a myocardial lesion. The selection of the articles was the responsibility of two evaluators and, in case of discrepancies, a third evaluator was consulted. Result: A total of 2,998 references where identified, from which 138 articles were later selected, and their Abstracts were evaluated. Two articles were chosen in order to read the full text, and the Strobe guidelines for observational studies and the Consort guidelines for randomised clinical trials were used. It was shown that recurrent pericarditis occurred in 26 of the 120 patients in the colchicine group, and in 51 of 120 in the placebo group, with a relative risk ratio (RRR): 0.49 (95% CI; 0.24- 0.65; P=.0009). Conclusions: Colchicine combined with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs showed to be effective in acute idiopathic pericarditis, as well as in their recurrences. However, more clinical trials with a larger sample size need to be consulted in order to determine the effectiveness of the treatment with more accuracy.


Subject(s)
Pericarditis/drug therapy , Pericardium , Systematic Review
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718208

ABSTRACT

Clozapine may be associated with cardiovascular adverse effects including QTc prolongation and, more rarely, with myocarditis and pericarditis. Although rare, these latter cardiovascular adverse effects may be life-threatening and must be immediately recognized and treated. Several cases of clozapine related-pericarditis have been described and often it has a subtle and insidious onset with symptoms that may be often misdiagnosed with psychiatric manifestations (e.g. anxiety, panic or somatization) leading to a delayed correct diagnosis with potential fatal consequences. In the present report we describe the case of a 27-year-old girl with schizoaffective disorder taking long acting aripiprazole and valproate who developed a sudden onset clozapine-related pericarditis during titration phase that resolved with immediate clozapine discontinuation and indomethacin administration. We underline the importance of an early diagnosis of clozapine-related pericarditis and the need to have monitoring protocols to prevent this potentially fatal adverse effect especially when polypharmacy is administered to patients taking clozapine.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anxiety , Aripiprazole , Clozapine , Diagnosis , Drug Monitoring , Early Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Indomethacin , Myocarditis , Panic , Pericarditis , Polypharmacy , Psychotic Disorders , Valproic Acid
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787108

ABSTRACT

Recurrent pericarditis is rare in children and is considered idiopathic in most cases. Its course is chronic, and preventing recurrences is important for the patient's quality of life. Although a treatment strategy in pediatric recurrent pericarditis has not yet been established, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most common treatment for management of this condition, followed by corticosteroids, colchicine, immunosuppressive agents, immunoglobulins, and interleukin-1β receptor antagonists (e.g. anakinra). Herein, we report a case of recurrent pericarditis with pericardial effusion in a 5-year-old child who presented with fever and epigastric pain. He responded poorly to NSAIDs and corticosteroid therapy, but was successfully treated with colchicine.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Child , Child, Preschool , Colchicine , Fever , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Immunosuppressive Agents , Pericardial Effusion , Pericarditis , Quality of Life , Recurrence
16.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 24(6): 622-622, nov.-dic. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-900592

ABSTRACT

Resumen El derrame pericárdico es la acumulación de más de 50 ml de líquido en el espacio pericárdico. La etiología es muy diversa ya que puede ser de causa idiopática o deberse a enfermedades primarias del pericardio, como las pericarditis de cualquier etiología, o por enfermedades sistémicas como el infarto agudo de miocardio y la rotura cardiaca contenida; o por cirugía cardiaca, hemorragia intrapericárdica, enfermedades metabólicas, transudación serosa (anasarca) y quilopericardio, entre otras. El estudio diagnóstico del derrame pericárdico siempre debe guiarse por la epidemiología local y requiere alta sospecha clínica. Cuando el derrame pericárdico se complica con taponamiento cardiaco, constituye una emergencia médica que requiere identificación e intervención inmediatas. Se exponen cuatro casos de pacientes con derrame pericárdico asociado a tuberculosis, mixedema, uremia y lupus, quienes desarrollaron taponamiento cardiaco.


Abstract Pericardial effusion is defined as the accumulation of more than 50 ml of fluid in the pericardiac space. Its origin is very diverse since it can be an idiopathic cause or be due to primary diseases of the pericardium, such as pericarditis of any origin. It can also be due to systemic diseases, such as acute myocardial infarction and contained cardiac rupture, as well as due to heart surgery, intra-pericardiac haemorrhage, metabolic diseases, serous transudation (anasarca), and chylopericardium, among others. The diagnostic work-up of pericardial effusion must always be guided by the local epidemiology, and requires a high clinical suspicion. When the pericardial effusion is complicated by cardiac tamponade, it constitutes a medical emergency that requires immediate identification and treatment. Four cases are presented on patients with pericardiac effusions associated with tuberculosis, myxoedema, uraemia, and lupus, and who developed cardiac tamponade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pericardium , Cardiac Tamponade , Echocardiography , Heart , Pericarditis
17.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 24(5): 513-513, sep.-oct. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-900574

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las complicaciones cardiovasculares asociadas a las infecciones por la Salmonella son raras y suceden entre el 1 a 5% de los pacientes. Las enfermedades del pericardio son extremadamente inusuales con pocos casos reportados en la literatura. Presentamos el caso de un adulto mayor con síntomas de derrame pericárdico y hallazgos de pericarditis purulenta en quien la etiología corresponde a infección por la Salmonella spp. confirmada por hallazgos clínicos, de imágenes diagnósticas, microbiológicos, quirúrgicos e histopatológicos.


Abstract Cardiovascular complications associated to Salmonella infections are rare and happen in around 1 to 5% of patients. Pericardium diseases are extremely unusual with few cases reported in literature. We report the case of an old adult with symptoms of pleural effusion and findings of purulent pericarditis where the etiology corresponded to an infection of Salmonella spp confirmed with clinical findings and imaging, microbiological, surgical and histopathological results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infections , Cardiac Tamponade , Pericarditis , Pericardium
18.
19.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(4): e237-e242, ago. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887354

ABSTRACT

La pericarditis aguda es la enfermedad más común del pericardio en la práctica clínica. Supone el 0,1% de todos los ingresos hospitalarios y hasta un 5% de aquellos por dolor torácico. En países desarrollados, la causa suele ser benigna, y son más frecuentes las idiopáticas e infecciosas que las secundarias a pericardiotomía quirúrgica y neoplasias. La tuberculosis es la causa más importante en países en vías de desarrollo. Los síntomas más comunes son el dolor torácico característico y la fiebre. Debido a su benignidad y buena evolución con reposo y tratamiento médico, se puede controlar de forma ambulatoria, teniendo presentes aquellos signos de alarma para vigilar o pacientes de riesgo para evitar complicaciones (derrames importantes, taponamiento cardíaco, recurrencias, etc.). Presentamos un caso clínico de un niño de 7 años con antecedentes de comunicación interauricular cerrada quirúrgicamente 9 meses antes, con un cuadro de pericarditis aguda de evolución favorable.


Acute pericarditis is the most common disease of the pericardium encountered in clinical practice. It is diagnosed in 0.1% of all admissions and 5% of emergency room admissions for chest pain. In developed countries, it is usually due to a benign cause. Idiopathic and infectious pericarditis are more common than secondary to surgical pericardiotomy or neoplastic causes, whereas tuberculosis is the dominant cause in developing countries. The most common symptoms of pericarditis are characteristic chest pain and fever. Since pericarditis presents a benign outcome because of self-limiting and good response to conventional anti-inflammatory therapy, it can be safely managed on outpatient basis unless a specific cause is suspected or the patient has high-risk features to avoid complications such as pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade or recurrent pericarditis. We report a case of pericarditis, diagnosed 9 months after surgical closure of an atrial septal defect, in a 7-year-old boy with favorable evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericarditis/complications , Postpericardiotomy Syndrome/complications , Acute Disease
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