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ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 36(1): e366, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515911


A pericardite constritiva (PC) é uma condição na qual a cicatrização e perda de elasticidade do pericárdio resultam em enchimento ventricular prejudicado, disfunção diastólica e insuficiência cardíaca direita. O diagnóstico dessa patologia é desafiador, sendo frequente a necessidade de técnicas de imagem multimodal, dentre as quais a ecocardiografia representa a modalidade de imagem inicial para a avaliação diagnóstica, além de permitir a diferenciação da PC da cardiomiopatia restritiva (CMR) e outras condições que mimetizam constrição. (AU)

Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is a condition in which scarring and loss of elasticity of the pericardium result in impaired ventricular filling, diastolic dysfunction, and right heart failure. The diagnosis of this pathology is challenging, with frequent need for multimodal imaging techniques, among which echocardiography represents the initial imaging modality for the diagnostic evaluation, in addition to allowing the differentiation of CP from restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) and other conditions that mimic constriction. (AU)

Humans , Adolescent , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pericarditis, Constrictive/physiopathology , Pericarditis, Constrictive/diagnostic imaging , Pericardium/abnormalities , Heart Failure/etiology , Pericardium/anatomy & histology , Tuberculosis/complications , Cardiomyopathy, Restrictive/diagnosis , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
Protein & Cell ; (12): 350-368, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982548


Mammals exhibit limited heart regeneration ability, which can lead to heart failure after myocardial infarction. In contrast, zebrafish exhibit remarkable cardiac regeneration capacity. Several cell types and signaling pathways have been reported to participate in this process. However, a comprehensive analysis of how different cells and signals interact and coordinate to regulate cardiac regeneration is unavailable. We collected major cardiac cell types from zebrafish and performed high-precision single-cell transcriptome analyses during both development and post-injury regeneration. We revealed the cellular heterogeneity as well as the molecular progress of cardiomyocytes during these processes, and identified a subtype of atrial cardiomyocyte exhibiting a stem-like state which may transdifferentiate into ventricular cardiomyocytes during regeneration. Furthermore, we identified a regeneration-induced cell (RIC) population in the epicardium-derived cells (EPDC), and demonstrated Angiopoietin 4 (Angpt4) as a specific regulator of heart regeneration. angpt4 expression is specifically and transiently activated in RIC, which initiates a signaling cascade from EPDC to endocardium through the Tie2-MAPK pathway, and further induces activation of cathepsin K in cardiomyocytes through RA signaling. Loss of angpt4 leads to defects in scar tissue resolution and cardiomyocyte proliferation, while overexpression of angpt4 accelerates regeneration. Furthermore, we found that ANGPT4 could enhance proliferation of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, and promote cardiac repair in mice after myocardial infarction, indicating that the function of Angpt4 is conserved in mammals. Our study provides a mechanistic understanding of heart regeneration at single-cell precision, identifies Angpt4 as a key regulator of cardiomyocyte proliferation and regeneration, and offers a novel therapeutic target for improved recovery after human heart injuries.

Humans , Mice , Rats , Cell Proliferation , Heart/physiology , Mammals , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Pericardium/metabolism , Single-Cell Analysis , Zebrafish/metabolism
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(1): 195-200, 20221230. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417766


Introducción. El trauma cardíaco penetrante es una patología con alta mortalidad, que alcanza hasta el 94 % en el ámbito prehospitalario y el 58 % en el intrahospitalario. El algoritmo internacional para los pacientes que ingresan con herida precordial, hemodinámicamente estables, es la realización de un FAST subxifoideo o una ventana pericárdica, según la disponibilidad del centro, y de ser positivo se procede con una toracotomía o esternotomía. Métodos. Se hizo una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Medline, Pubmed, Science Direct y UpTodate, usando las palabras claves: "taponamiento cardíaco", "herida precordial" y "manejo no operatorio". Se tomaron los datos de la historia clínica y las imágenes, previa autorización del paciente. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino ingresó con herida en área precordial, estable hemodinámicamente, sin signos de sangrado activo, con FAST subxifoidea "dudosa". Se procedió a realizar ventana pericárdica, la cual fue positiva para hemopericardio de 150 ml; se evacuaron los coágulos del saco pericárdico, se introdujo sonda Nelaton 10 Fr para lavado con solución salina 500 ml, hasta obtener retorno de líquido claro. Frente al cese del sangrado y estabilidad del paciente se decidió optar por un manejo conservador, sin toracotomía. Conclusiones. No todos los casos de hemopericardio traumático por herida por arma cortopunzante requieren toracotomía. El manejo conservador con ventana pericárdica, drenaje de hemopericardio más lavado y dren es una opción en aquellos pacientes que se encuentran estables hemodinámicamente y no se evidencia sangrado activo posterior al drenaje del hemopericardio.

Introduction. Penetrating cardiac trauma is a pathology with high mortality, reaching up to 94% in the prehospital and 58% in the hospital settings. The international algorithm for patients who are admitted to the hospital with a precordial wound and who are hemodynamically stable is to perform a subxiphoid FAST echo or a pericardial window according to the availability of the center and, if positive, proceed to perform thoracotomy or sternotomy. Methods. A literature search was made in the Medline, Pubmed, ScienceDirect, and UpTodate biomedical databases, using the keywords "cardiac tamponade", "precordial wound" and "non-operative management". The data was taken from the clinical history, the images and the surgical procedure. Clinical case. Male patient who was admitted to the emergency room due to a wound in the precordial area, hemodynamically stable without signs of active bleeding, with subxiphoid FAST that is reported as "doubtful". We proceeded to perform a pericardial window which is positive for 150 ml hemopericardium, evacuation of clots from the pericardial sac, inserted a 10 Fr Nelaton catheter and washed with 500 ml saline solution until the return of clear fluid was obtained. In view of the cessation of bleeding and the stability of the patient, it was decided to opt for a conservative management and not to perform a thoracotomy. Conclusions. Not all cases of traumatic hemopericardium from a sharp injury require thoracotomy. Conservative management with pericardial window drainage of the hemopericardium plus lavage and drain is an option in those patients who are hemodynamically stable and there is no evidence of active bleeding after drainage of the hemopericardium.

Humans , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardium , Pericardial Window Techniques , Wounds and Injuries , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Conservative Treatment
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 530-536, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385261


Abstract Background: Although electrical and structural remodeling has been recognized to be important in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation, the mechanisms underlying remodeling process are unknown. There has been increasing interest in the involvement of inflammatory molecules and adipokines released from the epicardial fat tissue in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation. Objectives: In our study, we aimed to investigate the relationship of atrial fibrillation with increased epicardial adipose tissue, inflammatory molecules released from this tissue and omentin. Methods: Thirty-six patients who were followed up with a diagnosis of permanent AF at the cardiology outpatient clinic 33 individuals without atrial fibrillation (controls) were included in the study. Epicardial adipose tissue thickness of patients was measured by echocardiography. Serum omentin, IL 6, IL 1 beta, TNF alpha and CRP levels were measured. Man-Whitney U test was performed for comparisons and significance was established at 5% (p<0.05). Results: Epicardial adipose tissue thickness was significantly greater in the patient group (6mm [4-5.5]) than controls (4mm [3-5.5]) (p <0.001). No significant difference was found in the concentrations of omentin or inflammatory molecules between the groups. Conclusion: No relationship was found between atrial fibrillation and serum levels or omentin or inflammatory markers. A relationship between epicardial adipose tissue thickness measured by echocardiography and atrial fibrillation was determined.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pericardium/anatomy & histology , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Adipose Tissue , Echocardiography , Biomarkers , Adipokines/physiology
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 423-429, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375648


Abstract Pericardial agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly found predominantly in men, and its complete form is extremely rare and difficult to diagnose. This report describes the case of a pregnant patient with complete pericardial agenesis in which mode of delivery and sterilization raised debate among specialists.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pericardium/abnormalities , Delivery, Obstetric , Pericardium/diagnostic imaging , Sterilization, Reproductive , Echocardiography
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 69-75, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922574


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the influence of acupuncture on microcirculation perfusion of the pericardium meridian and heart in acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) rats and evaluate whether acupuncture can simultaneously affect the meridians and corresponding viscera. Additionally, acupoints at different meridians were compared and whether they exert the same effects was discussed.@*METHODS@#Totally 32 Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to left anterior descending (LAD) ligation to develop an AMI model. Rats were divided into 4 groups, including AMI, acupuncture Neiguan (PC 6), Lieque (LU 7) and Qiansanli (LI 10) groups (n=8). Eight rats received only thoracotomy (sham-operated group). The rats in the acupuncture groups received manual acupuncture at PC 6, LU 7 and LI 10 acupoints for 15 min, respectively. The microcirculation perfusion of pericardium meridian and heart was monitored by laser speckle perfusion imager (LSPI) before, during and after acupuncture manipulation for 15 min. Subsequently, the perfusion unit (PU) was calculated and analyzed by PSI System.@*RESULTS@#After LAD, compared to pre-acupuncture stage, the heart microcirculation perfusion (HMP) in the AMI group decreased continuously at during-acupuncture (P>0.05) and post-acupuncture stages (P0.05). Compared to pre-acupuncture stage, the PMP and HMP in PC 6 group significantly increased during acupuncture manipulation (both P0.05); however, they were significantly reduced after acupuncture manipulation (both P<0.05). Additionally, HMP of LI 10 group was decreased significantly during acupuncture, especially compared to pre-acupuncture stage (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupuncture at PC 6 obviously increased the PMP and HMP in AMI rats, and the effects were superior to at LU 7 and LI 10 acupoints. It was further confirmed that acupuncture promoted qi and blood circulation, indicating that acupoint specificity exists and features a meridian-propagated effect.

Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Meridians , Microcirculation , Myocardial Ischemia , Perfusion , Pericardium , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 237-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935606


Objective: To examine the clinical effect of acellular bovine pericardium patch in implant based immediate breast reconstruction. Methods: The clinicopathological information of 141 breast cancer patients, who admitted to Department of Breast Reconstruction and Oncoplastic Surgery, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital, underwent immediate mammoplasty with implants combined with acellular bovine pericardium patches were analyzed from June 2016 to October 2019. All patients were female, with the age of (38.8±8.5) years (range: 13 to 60 years). The body mass index was (21.9±2.5) kg/m2 (range: 16.0 to 32.3 kg/m2). There were 39 cases of duct carcinoma in situ, 46 cases of stage Ⅰ, 40 cases of stage Ⅱ and 16 cases of stage Ⅲ. All patients received nipple-areola-sparing mastectomy or skin-sparing mastectomy with sentinel lymph node biopsy or axillary lymph node dissection, and prosthesis implantation with sub-pectoralis combined with breast patch. The correlation of clinicopathological characters and complications was assessed by t test, χ2 test, Fisher's exact probability method and Logistic regression. Pre-and post-operative aesthetic, quality of life scores were recorded. Results: The operation time (M(IQR)) was 3.6(1.5) hours (range: 3.0 to 6.5 hours). The early postoperative complication rate was 22.0% (31/141), prosthesis removal was the main postoperative complication, accounting for 64.5% (20/31) of the total complications, of which 15 cases occurred in the first 30 patients. The follow-up time was 28(8) months (range: 20 to 53 months), The most frequent long-term complications were capsular contracture and implant displacement, with the incidence of 11.2% (14/125) and 10.4% (13/125), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that prosthesis volume ≥300 ml (OR=8.173, 95%CI: 1.302 to 51.315, P=0.021) and peri-areolar incision (OR=7.809, 95%CI: 2.162 to 28.211, P<0.01) were independent relative factors for the occurrence of short-term postoperative local complications. After 2 years of operation, the score of breast appearance satisfaction was 71.7±15.5, postoperative effect satisfaction was 90.4±9.5, psychological satisfaction was 90.7±17.1, sexual satisfaction was 70.1±25.1. The immediate postoperative satisfaction rate at discharge was 95.4% (134/141), and 17.6% (22/125) of patients had the intention to received revision surgery. Conclusions: Prosthesis volume ≥300 ml and peri-areolar incision were independent realtive factors for short-term local complications after bovine pericardium patch combined with prosthesis implantation in the immediate breast reconstruction. After completing the learning curve, the postoperative complications of the procedure could be decreased.

Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Cattle , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Implantation , Breast Implants , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Pericardium/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 537-543, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939621


Currently, as the key raw material of artificial biological heart valve, bovine pericardium is mainly depend on import and has become a "bottleneck" challenge, greatly limiting the development of domestic biological heart valve. Therefore, the localization of bovine pericardium is extremely urgent. In this study, the pericardium of Sichuan yak was compared with that of Australian cattle in terms of fundamental properties and anti-calcification performance. The results demonstrated that the appearance and thickness of yak pericardium were more advantageous than the Australian one. Sichuan yak pericardium and Australian cattle pericardium had comparable performance in shrinkage temperature, mechanical test and anti-calcification test. This study preliminarily verifies the feasibility of substitution of Australian cattle pericardium by Sichuan yak pericardium and promotes the progression of bovine pericardium localization with data support.

Animals , Cattle , Australia , Bioprosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Pericardium
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 821-824, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939540


The ancient and modern discussions on the treatment of acupoints of the pericardium meridian of hand jueyin and non-acupoints along the meridian for stomach diseases were summarized, and the treatment principle of pericardium meridian for stomach diseases was explored. The relationship between pericardium meridian and stomach was discussed from the three perspectives of heart-stomach correlation, organ-meridian correlation and qi-position correlation. Based on these discussions, the guiding significance of the thoughts of selection effective treatment parts and the theoretical construction for clinical practice was considered and examined.

Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Pericardium , Stomach Diseases/therapy
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 549-555, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940887


Objective: To investigate the acute and long-term outcome of catheter ablation for the treatment of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy (ALVC). Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study enrolled ALVC patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of VT at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2011 to December 2018 and collected their clinical characteristics and intraoperative electrophysiological examination. Patients were followed up every 6 months after radiofrequency ablation until August 2021. Echocardiographic results and VT recurrence post radiofrequency ablation were analysed. Results: Totally 12 patients were enrolled (mean age: (42±15) years, 11 males(11/12)). The mean of left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVDd) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were (51±5)mm and (65±5)%, respectively. Twelve VTs were induced in 10 patients during the electrophysiological study, and the mean tachycardia cycle length was (293±65) ms. Three-dimensional substrate mapping revealed the diseased area at endocardial site in one patient, at epicardial sites in the other 11 patients (involved endocardial sites in 2 cases) with the basal part near the mitral annulus being the predilection for the substrate (10/11). After the catheter ablation at the endocardial and epicardial sites respectively, the complete procedure endpoint was achieved in all patients (VT cannot be induced post ablation). The median follow-up time was 65 (25, 123) months. One patient was lost to follow-up, and the other 11 patients survived without VT. No significant cardiac function deterioration was detected by the echocardiographic examination ((51±5)mm vs. (52±5)mm, P>0.05 for LVDd, (65±5)% vs. (60±6)%, P>0.05 for LVEF) at the end of follow-up. Conclusion: After radiofrequency ablation, the complete procedure endpoint is achieved in ALVC patients, and the catheter ablation provides long-term ventricular tachycardia control during the long-term follow-up.

Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathies , Catheter Ablation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Pericardium/surgery , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 33(2): 5757-5762, jun 2022. imag
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1434442


Introducción: El lipoma pericárdico es un tumor benigno infrecuente cuya presentación clínica es variada. Se revisaron los hallazgos por imagen descritos en la literatura en las modalidades de radiografía, ecocardiografía, tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) y resonancia magnética (RM). Metodología:Se identificaron reportes de caso, presentaciones en congreso y estudios observacionales de lipomas pericárdicos en PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase y Cochrane hasta el 01 de junio de 2022. Resultados: El lipoma pericárdico se ha descrito proporcionalmente en hombres y mujeres, en promedio a los 51 años de edad. Por lo general, los pacientes no presentan comorbilidades y de presentarlas, corresponden a factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Los síntomas más comunes son el dolor torácico y las palpitaciones. Hasta el 15 % de los casos son hallazgos incidentales en pacientes asintomáticos. Los métodos de imagen más frecuentemente descritos son la ecografía y la TAC, seguidos de la radiografía y la RM. Las descripciones incluyen masas ecogénicas, cardiomegalia, masas con densidad grasa menor a las 0 UH y por RM hiperintensas en T1 y T2 con saturación grasa y sin realce del medio de contraste. Un hallazgo frecuente es el derrame pericárdico. Conclusión: El rendimiento de las imágenes para el diagnóstico de lipomas pericárdicos no se ha calculado. Sin embargo, los hallazgos multimodales son altamente confiables para el diagnóstico no invasivo.

Introduction: Pericardial lipomas are benign and infrequent cardiac tumors with variable clinical presentation. We reviewed the imaging findings reported in the literature in radiography, echocardiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance. Methodology: We identified case reports, congress presentations and observational studies published in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane until June 1st, 2022. Results: Pericardial lipoma occurs proportionally in women and men, at a mean age of 51 years. Past medical history is unremarkable and if present, cardiovascular risk factors are the most common comorbidity. The most common symptoms are chest pain and palpitations. Up to 15% of cases are incidental findings in asymptomatic patients. The most frequent imaging methods are echocardiography and computed tomography followed by radiography and magnetic resonance. Descriptions include echogenic masses, cardiomegaly, densities below 0 UH, T1 and T2 hyperintensity, fat saturation and lack of contrast enhancement. A frequent finding was pericardial effusion. Conclusions: The accuracy of the different imaging methods for lipomas has not been estimated. However, multimodal imaging is highly reliable for non-invasive diagnosis.

Lipoma , Pericardium , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Rev. argent. radiol ; 86(3): 199-210, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1407209


Resumen El derrame pericárdico (DP) es una entidad frecuente en la práctica diaria, que puede ocurrir por un amplio rango de patologías. Los métodos por imágenes constituyen una herramienta diagnóstica clave en la evaluación del pericardio. El ecocardiograma transtorácico (ETT) se considera de primera línea por su costo-efectividad. La tomografía computarizada multicorte (TCMC), por su parte, representa un valioso complemento ante limitaciones del ETT y en la evaluación de urgencia del paciente con sospecha de DP. El objetivo del trabajo es mostrar la utilidad y rol de la TCMC, mediante la medición de densidades, para estimar la etiología del DP, ilustrado con casos de nuestra institución.

Abstract Pericardial effusion (PE) is a common entity in daily practice, which can occur due to a wide range of conditions. Imaging methods are a key diagnostic tool in the evaluation of the pericardium. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) is the first line imaging method because of its cost-effectiveness. Multi-slice Computed Tomography (MSCT), on the other hand, represents a valuable complement to the limitations of TTE and in emergency evaluation of the patient with suspected PE. The objective of this review is to show the usefulness and role of the MSCT —through the measurement of densities— to estimate the etiology of PE, illustrated with cases of our Institution.

Humans , Male , Female , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardium/pathology , Pneumopericardium/diagnostic imaging , Pericardial Fluid , Pericarditis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Heart Failure
Med. lab ; 26(2): 115-118, 2022. ilus, Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371148


La pericarditis se refiere a la inflamación de las capas del pericardio y es la forma más común de enfermedad pericárdica. Puede estar asociada a derrame pericárdico y resultar en un taponamiento. La enfermedad puede ser una condición aislada o una manifestación cardíaca de un trastorno sistémico (por ejemplo, enfermedades autoinmunes o autoinflamatorias). La pericarditis se categoriza como aguda, incesante, recurrente o crónica, pero se debe tener en cuenta que también se clasifica como de etiología infecciosa y no infecciosa, siendo la presentación idiopática la más común

Pericarditis refers to inflammation of the layers of the pericardium and is the most common form of pericardial disease. It may be associated with pericardial effusion and result in tamponade. The disease may be an isolated condition or a cardiac manifestation of a systemic disorder (e.g., autoimmune or autoinflammatory diseases). Pericarditis is categorized as acute, incessant, recurrent, or chronic, but it should be noted that it is also classified as being of infectious and noninfectious etiology, with the idiopathic presentation being the most common

Pericarditis , Pericardium , Autoimmune Diseases , Coronary Disease , Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 32: 32206, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391109


Introdução: O uso de pericárdio bovino teve início em 1972 nas cirurgias cardiovasculares. A partir da evolução da engenharia de tecidos com os cuidados na preparação do material, minimizando os riscos de rejeição e facilitando a utilização para diversos tipos de cirurgias, o pericárdio bovino tornou-se ferramenta importante em procedimentos cirúrgicos reconstrutivos. Objetivos: Nessa casuística, o presente estudo propõe avaliar o atual cenário da utilização do pericárdio bovino em procedimentos cirúrgicos de diversas especialidades e os resultados pósoperatórios encontrados. Métodos: Assim, foi realizada uma revisão sistemática da literatura e a base de dados consultada foi a MEDLINE, utilizando a palavra-chave "bovine pericardium", elencando estudos publicados nos últimos cinco anos em inglês e português, e que não utilizavam outro tipo de "patch". Resultados: Foram selecionados 14 artigos que totalizam 507 pacientes, submetidos a cirurgias em diversas áreas, tais quais, cardiologia, neurologia, vascular, pediatria, urologia e oftalmologia. Conclusão: Depreende-se que o uso de pericárdio bovino como remendo cirúrgico é seguro, tendo em vista que existem poucos casos de rejeição do hospedeiro, além de fácil e rápido de ser manuseado, possuindo benefícios frente a próteses mecânicas. Faz-se relevante, portanto, ampliar o número de estudos sobre o tema, visando o grande potencial que esse tipo de material possui para a medicina regenerativa.

Introduction: The use of bovine pericardium started in 1972 in cardiovascular surgeries. From the evolution of tissue engineering with care in the preparation of the material, minimizing the risk of rejection and facilitating the use for various types of surgeries, the bovine pericardium has become an important tool in reconstructive surgical procedures. Purpose: In this series, the present study proposes to evaluate the current scenario of the use of bovine pericardium in surgical procedures of different specialties, and the postoperative results found. Methods: Thus, a systematic literature review was carried out and the database consulted was MEDLINE, using the keywords "bovine pericardium", listing studies published in the last five years in English and Portuguese and that did not use another type of patch. Results: 14 articles were selected, totaling 507 patients, who underwent surgery in several areas, such as cardiology, neurology, vascular, pediatrics, urology, and ophthalmology. Conclusion: It appears that the use of bovine pericardium as a surgical patch is safe, given that there are few cases of host rejection, in addition to being easy and quick to handle, with benefits compared to mechanical prostheses. It is relevant, therefore, to expand the number of studies on the subject, aiming at the great potential that this type of material has for regenerative medicine.

Humans , Bioprosthesis , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Pericardium , Regenerative Medicine
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(12): 1806-1811, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389405


Prosthetic valve replacement is the standard treatment for aortic valvulopathy. Due to the structural valve deterioration of biological prosthesis and the anticoagulation requirements of mechanical valves, the repair of aortic valve disease is receiving more attention in recent years. The Ozaki technique consists in the reconstruction of a trileaflet valve using autologous pericardium. We report our first two cases of successful reconstruction of the aortic valve using this technique with 12-month echocardiographic and 24-month clinical follow up.

Humans , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve/diagnostic imaging , Pericardium/transplantation , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Echocardiography , Treatment Outcome
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 23(1)jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1389032


Resumen Paciente masculino de 18 años, quien es valorado en el Servicio de Cardiología del Hospital Víctor Manuel Sanabria Martínez referido del primer nivel de atención por cuadro crónico de dolor torácico atípico acompañado de pectus excavatum y desplazamiento izquierdo del latido de punta a la exploración física. La radiografía de tórax posteroanterior evidencia una cardiomegalia moderada con levocardia máxima. El ecocardiograma transtorácico con función sistólica biventricular conservada, dilatación moderada del ventrículo derecho, sin signos de hipertensión pulmonar e imagen cardiaca de "corazón en lágrima". Angiotomografía computarizada de tórax con contraste que documenta malformación de la caja torácica con hundimiento de la región esternal, en relación con pectus excavatum. Corazón aumentado de tamaño en relación con cardiomegalia grado I y desplazamiento hacia el hemitórax izquierdo. No se observa pericardio en ninguna región. Aurícula derecha levemente dilatada con un ventrículo derecho con diámetro aumentado en su porción media y deformidad de su tracto de salida debido a la forma de la caja torácica, de tal manera que se corrobora el diagnóstico de una agenesia pericárdica completa.

Abstract An 18-year-old male patient who is evaluated in the Cardiology Department of the Víctor Manuel Sanabria Martínez Hospital, referred to the first level of attention due to chronic symptoms of atypical chest pain accompanied by pectus excavatum and left displacement of the peak beat. Chest X-ray Posteroanterior with moderate cardiomegaly with maximum levocardia. Transthoracic echocardiogram with preserved biventricular systolic function, moderate dilatation of the right ventricle, without signs of pulmonary hypertension and cardiac image of "tear heart". Thoracic Computed Angiotomography with contrast documenting malformation of the rib cage with sinking of the external region, in relation to pectus excavatum. Heart enlarged in relation to grade I cardiomegaly and displacement towards the left hemithorax. No pericardium is observed in any region. Slightly dilated right atrium with a right ventricle with an increased diameter in its middle portion and deformity of its outflow tract due to the shape of the rib cage. Corroborating the diagnosis of complete pericardial agenesis.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pericardium/abnormalities , Cardiomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Levocardia/diagnostic imaging , Pericardium/diagnostic imaging
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(3): 295-300, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288228


Abstract Introduction: This study aims to test the effect of phenytoin as an inhibitor of the process of dystrophic calcification in bovine pericardium and porcine leaflets implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. Methods: Isolated segments of biomaterials were implanted subcutaneously in young rats. The study groups received 500 mg phenytoin per kilogram of diet per day. After 90 days, samples were collected and quantitative calcification assessment by optical microscopy, radiological studies with mammography, and atomic emission spectrometry were performed. Results: Inflammatory reaction was a frequent finding in all groups when analyzed by optical microscopy. The calcium level assessed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry was significantly lower in the study groups using phenytoin compared to the control groups (control bovine pericardium group X=0.254±0.280 µg/mg; study bovine pericardium group X=0.063±0.025 µg/mg; control porcine aortic leaflets group X=0.640±0.226 µg/mg; study porcine aortic leaflets group X=0.056±0.021 µg/mg; P<0.05). Radiologic studies revealed a statistically significant difference between the groups treated with and without phenytoin (not only regarding the bovine pericardium but also the porcine leaflets). Conclusion: The results obtained suggest that phenytoin reduces the calcification process of bovine pericardium segments and porcine aortic leaflets in subdermal implants in rats; also, the incidence of calcification in bovine pericardium grafts was similar to that of porcine aortic leaflets.

Animals , Cattle , Rats , Bioprosthesis , Calcinosis/prevention & control , Aorta , Pericardium , Phenytoin , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Glutaral
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(1): e36108, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | BNUY, UY-BNMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1252493


Los linfomas cardíacos primarios son un subtipo muy poco frecuente de tumor en los cuales la lesión primaria se encuentra en el corazón. Los tumores suelen ser infiltrantes y se localizan en la aurícula derecha, seguidos del pericardio. Su mortalidad es notablemente alta y el diagnóstico tardío es el principal factor para su mal pronóstico. Describimos el caso de un paciente que presentó shock obstructivo por derrame pericárdico profuso causado por un tipo raro de tumor cardíaco primario, un linfoma pericárdico de células T/NK.

Primary cardiac lymphomas are a rare subtype of lymphomas in which the primary lesion is in the heart. The tumors are usually located in the right atria, followed by the pericardium and are frequently infiltrative. Mortality is remarkably high in this group and the delayed diagnosis is the main factor for its poor prognosis. We describe the case of a patient that presented with obstructive shock due to profuse pericardial effuse caused by a rare kind of primary cardiac tumor, a T/NK cell pericardial lymphoma.

Os linfomas cardíacos primários são um subtipo de tumor muito raro, no qual a lesão primária está no coração. Os tumores geralmente são infiltrativos e localizam-se no átrio direito, seguidos pelo pericárdio. Sua mortalidade é notavelmente alta e o diagnóstico tardio é o principal fator que produz seu mau prognóstico. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente que apresentou choque obstrutivo devido a um derrame pericárdico profuso causado por um tipo raro de tumor cardíaco primário, um linfoma pericárdico de células T/NK.

Humans , Female , Aged , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell/drug therapy , Lymphoma, T-Cell/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/drug therapy , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Pericardium/pathology , Cardiac Tamponade/therapy