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Demetra (Rio J.) ; 18: 72182, 2023. ^etab, ^eilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442900


Introdução: Muitas mulheres sofrem com sintomas associados à menopausa, que podem apresentar diferentes graus de intensidade e afetar sua qualidade de vida. Objetivo: Identificar a prevalência e severidade dos principais sintomas nas diferentes fases do climatério. Métodos: Foram selecionadas mulheres com idades entre 40 e 65 anos, que responderam a um questionário on-line com dados sociodemográficos, de saúde, alimentação e características menstruais e de menopausa. Para avaliar os sintomas da menopausa e sua intensidade, foi aplicado o questionário internacional validado Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Resultados: Foram incluídas 283 mulheres (36,8% na pré-menopausa, 24% na perimenopausa e 39,2% na pós-menopausa). Excesso de peso foi mais prevalente na perimenopausa do que na pré-menopausa (P=0,012). Sintomas como diminuição da libido, secura vaginal, incontinência urinária, dores musculares e articulares, alterações lipídicas e ondas de calor, calorões, foram mais prevalentes em valores absolutos nas mulheres pós-menopausa. As mulheres no período de perimenopausa apresentaram maior prevalência, em valores absolutos, de estresse, irritabilidade, dor de cabeça, problemas na pele, falta de concentração/memória, distúrbios do sono e fadiga. De acordo com o MRS, não houve diferença no domínio psicossocial (P=0,265) e os sintomas somato-vegetativos e urogenitais são mais intensos nas mulheres na perimenopausa e pós-menopausa, quando comparadas com as mulheres na pré-menopausa (P<0,001). O escore global do questionário também demonstra essa intensidade menor no grupo pré-menopausa (P=0,001). Conclusões: Este estudo demonstrou uma prevalência e severidade maior de sintomas em mulheres na perimenopausa e pós-menopausa, o que pode prejudicar a qualidade de vida dessas mulheres nessa fase da vida

Introduction: Many women experience symptoms associated with menopause that present with different degrees of intensity and affect their quality of life. Objective: To identify the prevalence and severity of the main symptoms during different climacteric phases. Methods: Women aged 40­65 years answered an online questionnaire on sociodemographic data, health, diet, menstrual, and menopausal characteristics. The internationally validated Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) questionnaire was used to assess menopausal symptoms and their intensities. Results: 283 women were included (36.8% pre-menopausal, 24% peri-menopausal, and 39.2% post-menopausal). Excess weight was more prevalent in the peri-menopausal group than in the pre-menopausal group (P=0.012). Symptoms such as decreased libido, vaginal dryness, urinary incontinence, muscle and joint pain, lipid alterations, and hot flashes were more prevalent in the absolute values of post-menopausal women. Women in the peri-menopausal period had a higher prevalence, in absolute values, of stress, irritability, headache, skin problems, lack of concentration/memory, sleep disorders, and fatigue. According to the MRS, there was no difference in the psychosocial domain (P=0.265) but somato-vegetative and urogenital symptoms are more intense in peri-menopausal and post-menopausal women when compared to pre-menopausal women (P<0.001). The global score on the questionnaire also demonstrated a lower intensity in the pre-menopausal group's symptoms (P=0.001). Conclusions: This study demonstrated a higher prevalence and severity of symptoms in peri-menopausal and post-menopausal women, which may impair the quality of life of these women at this stage of life.

Humans , Female , Quality of Life , Climacteric , Menopause , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Women's Health , Premenopause , Postmenopause , Perimenopause , Diet
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1054-1065, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970577


This study aims to examine the effect of superfine powder and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizomaon on natural perimenopausal syndrome in rats and explore the underlying mechanism. To be specific, a total of 60 female SD rats(14-15 months old) with estrous cycle disorder were screened by the vaginal smear and randomized into model control group, β-estradiol 3-benzoate group(0.1 mg·kg~(-1)), superfine powder of Polygonati Rhizoma group(0.25, 0.5 g·kg~(-1)) and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizoma group(0.25, 0.5 g·kg~(-1)), and another 10 female SD rats(14-15 months old) were selected as the youth control group. The administration lasted 6 weeks. Then the perimenopausal syndrome-related indexes such as body temperature, microcirculatory blood flow of face and ear, vertigo period, salivary secretion, grip force, and bone strength were determined and open field test was conducted. The immune system-related indexes such as the wet weight and index of thymus and spleen, percentage of T lymphocytes and subgroups in peripheral blood, and hematological indexes were measured. In addition, the ovary-related indexes such as estrous cycle, the wet weight and index of uterus and ovary, ovarian tissue morphology, and cell apoptosis were determined. Moreover, hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary axis(HPO)-related indexes such as serum sex hormone levels, cytochrome P450 family 11 subfamily A member 1(CYP11A1), cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A member 1(CYP19A1), and cytochrome P450 family 17 subfamily A member 1(P450 17A1) in ovarian tissue were measured. The results showed that the superfine powder and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizoma significantly decreased body temperature(anal, facial and dorsal temperature), microcirculatory blood flow in the ear, and vertigo period, increased salivary secretion, grip force, bone strength, total distance and total speed in the open field test, wet weight and index of thymus and spleen, lymphocyte ratio, CD3~+ level, and CD4~+/CD8~+ ratio, reduced neutrophil number and ratio, estrous cycle disorder ratio, and number of ovarian apoptotic cells, raised wet weight and index of uterus, wet weight of ovary, levels of inhibin B(INHB), estradiol(E_2), anti-müllerian hormone(AMH), and ovarian CYP11A1 and CYP19A1, decreased follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH) and luteinizing hormone(LH) content, and improved ovarian tissue morphology. It is suggested that the superfine powder and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizoma can improve the symptoms associated with natural perimenopausal syndrome in rats and enhance ovarian function and immune function. The mechanism is that they regulate HPO axis function by increasing estrogen synthesis.

Female , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Microcirculation , Cholesterol Side-Chain Cleavage Enzyme , Perimenopause , Powders , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 294-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969987


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of Jianpi Peiyuan acupoint thread embedding therapy on perimenopausal obesity (PMO).@*METHODS@#Ninety-six patients of PMO were randomly divided into an observation group (48 cases) and a control group (48 cases). The control group received health education and lifestyle intervention. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, the observation group was treated with acupoint thread embedding at the main acupoints of Shangwan (CV 13), Zhongwan (CV 12), Xiawan (CV 10), Yinlingquan (SP 9) and Fenglong (ST 40), etc. as well as the supplementary acupoints in accordance with the syndrome differentiation, once every 2 weeks for 8 weeks (4 times in total). The indexes of obesity (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference, hip circumference and body mass), modified Kupperman score, insomnia severity index (ISI) score, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) score, and self-rating depression scale (SDS) score of the two groups were observed before and after treatment, and the safety was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference and body mass in the two groups were lower than before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, Kupperman, ISI and SAS scores in the observation group were lower than before treatment (P<0.05), and ISI score in the control group was lower than before treatment (P<0.05). Kupperman, ISI and SAS scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in SDS between the two groups or within groups (P>0.05). No serious adverse reactions occurred during the experiment.@*CONCLUSION@#Jianpi Peiyuan acupoint thread embedding therapy can reduce the degree of obesity in PMO patients, and improve patients' the perimenopausal symptoms, insomnia and anxiety, with good safety.

Humans , Acupuncture Points , Perimenopause , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Anxiety , Obesity
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 634-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980772


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Bushen Anshen acupuncture (acupuncture for tonifying kidney and calming spirit ) in treating perimenopausal insomnia (PMI) of kidney-yin deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with PMI of kidney-yin deficiency were randomized into an observation group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off). Acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20) and bilateral Shenshu (BL 23), Taixi (KI 3), Anmian (Extra) in the observation group, while sham acupuncture of shallow needling at non-acupoints was applied in the control group. The treatment was required once every other day, 3 times a week for 10 times in the two groups. Before and after treatment, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to evaluate the subjective sleep quality, and polysomnography (PSG) was used to monitor the objective sleep quality in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, hypnotic, daytime dysfunction and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), the scores of sleep duration, sleep efficiency and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the control group (P<0.05); the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency, hypnotic and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index was reduced (P<0.01) when PSG indexes were monitored, and the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 1 (N1%) was decreased while the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 3 (N3%) was increased (P<0.05) compared with those before treatment in the observation group; there was no statistical difference in the PSG indexes compared with those before treatment in the control group (P>0.05). After treatment, compared with the control group, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index and N1% were decreased in the observation group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Bushen Anshen acupuncture can effectively improve the subjective and objective sleep quality in PMI patients of kidney-yin deficiency.

Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Perimenopause , Yin Deficiency , Acupuncture Therapy , Kidney , Hypnotics and Sedatives
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 38(2): e1550, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408690


Introducción: Durante el climaterio o perimenopausia se reflejan una serie de síntomas asociados a la disminución progresiva de las secreciones hormonales de estrógeno y progesterona, estas deficiencias provocan diversos síntomas de orden somático, vasomotor, sexual y psicológico que perjudican la calidad de vida en general de las mujeres, además de las alteraciones en el ciclo menstrual. Objetivo: Determinar la severidad de los síntomas climatéricos en mujeres perimenopáusicas mediante el índice de Kupperman-Blatt y la Escala de Cervantes. Métodos: Se trató de un estudio de corte cuantitativo, tipo descriptivo, observacional, y correlacional, en pacientes que asistían al Centro de Salud Las Moras, en el Departamento de Huánuco, Distrito Huánuco Perú. La muestra estuvo conformada por 60 mujeres que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se aplicaron el Índice Menopáusico de Kupperman-Blatt y la Escala de calidad de vida de Cervantes. Resultados: La evaluación global del Índice Menopáusico de Kupperman-Blatt clasificó a 55 por ciento de las pacientes con intensidad de síntomas leve, seguido de 35 por ciento en pacientes que declararon no tener síntomas. Esto se correspondió en la Escala de calidad de vida de Cervantes con 45 por ciento en pacientes clasificadas con compromiso leve de su calidad de vida, seguido de 40 por ciento con mediano compromiso de calidad de vida. Conclusiones: Con un nivel de significancia de p < 0,05, se demostró que durante la etapa climatérica ambos test presentan una correlación positiva, entre la intensidad de la sintomatología medida con el Índice Menopáusico de Kupperman-Blatt y la calidad de vida valorada con la Escala de Cervantes(AU)

Introduction: During climacteric or perimenopause, a series of symptoms are reflected in association with a progressive decrease in estrogen and progesterone hormone secretion. These deficiencies cause diverse somatic, vasomotor, sexual and psychological symptoms that impair the general quality of life of women, in addition to alterations in their menstrual cycle. Objective: To determine the severity of climacteric symptoms in perimenopausal women, using the Kupperman-Blatt index and the Cervantes scale. Methods: This was a quantitative, descriptive, observational and correlational study with patients attending Las Moras health center, Huanuco Department, Huanuco District, Peru. The sample consisted of 60 women who met the inclusion criteria. The Kupperman-Blatt Menopausal Index and the Cervantes Quality of Life Scale were applied. Results: According to the global assessment using the Kupperman-Blatt Menopausal Index, 55 percent of the patients were classified as presenting mild symptom intensity, followed by 35 percent of patients who reported no symptoms. This values were consistent with the Cervantes Quality of Life scale, with 45 percent of patients classified as presenting mild compromise of their quality of life, followed by 40 percent with medium compromise of quality of life. Conclusions: With a significance level of P<0.05, it was demonstrated that, during the climacteric stage, both tests present a positive correlation, regarding the intensity of the symptoms measured with the Kupperman-Blatt Menopausal Index and the quality of life assessed with the Cervantes scale(AU)

Humans , Female , Quality of Life , Climacteric/physiology , Menopause/physiology , Perimenopause , Peru , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 608-612, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939502


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture for perimenopausal early-wake insomnia.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with perimenopausal early-wake insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off, 2 cases were removed). In the observation group, acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 24+), Anmian (Extra), Hegu (LI 4), Shenmen (HT 7), Taichong (LR 3), Taixi (KI 3), etc., once every other day, 3 times a week. In the control group, oryzanol tablets were taken orally, 20 mg each time, 3 times a day. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the sleep actigraphy (ACT) was used to measure the effective sleep time, sleep quality, wake-up time, wake-up frequency, each wake-up time, and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score and early-wake score were compared in the two groups, and the clinical effect was assessed.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, compared before treatment, the effective sleep time was prolonged and the sleep quality was improved (P<0.05), the wake-up time, each wake-up time were shortened and wake-up frequency was decreased (P<0.05), the PSQI score and early-wake score were decreased (P<0.05) in the observation group. After treatment, the wake-up frequency, PSQI score and early-wake score were decreased in the control group (P<0.05). The effective sleep time, sleep quality, wake-up time, wake-up frequency, each wake-up time, PSQI score and early-wake score after treatment in the observation group were superior to the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 88.9% (24/27) in the observation group, which was higher than 38.5% (10/26) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can increase the effective sleep time and improve sleep quality in patients with perimenopausal early-wake insomnia.

Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Perimenopause , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Treatment Outcome
Revagog ; 3(3): 76-77, Jul-Sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1343785


Antecedentes: A nivel mundial, la tasa de letalidad es mayor en hombres que en mujeres. Algunos estudios lo han sugerido. Se plantea la hipótesis de que la hormona estrogénica, puede disminuir la susceptibilidad al síndrome respiratorio agudo severo coronavirus 2. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar las diferencias de género en los resultados del SARS CoV-2 y analizar si existen diferencias en los resultados en mujeres premenopáusicas en comparación con posmenopáusicas. Materiales y métodos: Se incluyeron en el estudio 720 pacientes que dieron positivo (+) para SARS CoV-2 a través de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) con transcripción inversa en tiempo real, mediante el ensayo Thermo Fischer Taqpath, aprobado por el Consejo Indio de Investigación Médica. Los datos obtenidos fueron analizados por las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y de laboratorio de sus historias clínicas. Resultados: La tasa de mortalidad en las mujeres fue del 12,6%, mientras que la mortalidad en los hombres fue del 19,4%. En el análisis entre grupos, el 8,6% (16/185) de las mujeres murieron en el grupo de edad premenopáusica frente al 12,8% (27/211) en el grupo posmenopáusico. La proporción de mujeres que fallecieron debido a COVID difiere significativamente según la edad y el estado posmenopáusico X2 (1, n = 293) = 7,2, el valor de p es 0,007. La diferencia es estadísticamente significativa a P<0,05. Las mujeres posmenopáusicas tenían más probabilidades de fallecer debido a la infección por COVID-19 en comparación con las mujeres premenopáusicas

Humans , Female , Postmenopause , Estrogens/therapeutic use , COVID-19/mortality , Sex Characteristics , Perimenopause , COVID-19/complications
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(3): 277-284, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249194


Objective: Vasomotor symptoms affect 60-80% of women during the menopausal transition. Anxiety, depression, and anxiety sensitivity can have an important role in the distressful experience of vasomotor symptoms. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and association of vasomotor and negative affect symptoms. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 89 perimenopausal women aged 45-55 years. Broad psychiatric and clinical evaluations were carried out. The primary outcome was the vasomotor symptom problem rating and the main study factor was anxiety sensitivity. Linear regression analyses were conducted to examine the associations between the study factors and the primary outcome, and a multiple regression model was created to assess which variables were independently associated with vasomotor symptom problem rating. Results: The prevalence of anxiety, depression, and vasomotor symptoms were 58, 62, and 73%, respectively. Negative affect symptoms were positively associated with vasomotor symptom problem rating. The association of anxiety sensitivity and vasomotor symptom problem rating remained significant after controlling for perimenopausal stage, thyrotropin, follicle-stimulating hormone levels, and psychotropic medication use (β = 0.314, p = 0.002). Conclusion: A better understanding of the experience of vasomotor symptoms is needed, especially the role of negative affect symptoms and anxiety sensitivity. New strategies focusing on related thoughts and behaviors could improve the quality of life of perimenopausal women.

Humans , Female , Quality of Life , Perimenopause , Anxiety/epidemiology , Vasomotor System , Cross-Sectional Studies
Araçatuba; s.n; 2021. 88 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435847


A diminuição nas concentrações de estrógeno, como o que ocorre no período da perimenopausa e menopausa, contribui para o aumento do turnover ósseo, com taxa de reabsorção superior à de formação óssea que favorece a instalação da osteoporose, doença silenciosa que determina fragilidade óssea e maior probabilidade de fraturas. Entre as intervenções utilizadas para prevenção da osteoporose, destaca-se o treinamento de força (TF) e a ocitocina (OT), hormônio promissor com ação anabólica no osso. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a ação da associação da OT ao TF, em comparação às intervenções isoladas, no processo de remodelamento ósseo do colo do fêmur de ratas Wistar na periestropausa (18 a 21 meses). Quarenta ratas Wistar com ciclo estral irregular (18 meses) foram randomizadas nos grupos: 1- Veículo (Veh); 2-Ocitocina (Ot); 3-Treinamento de força (Tf); 4-Ot+Tf. Os animais do grupo 1 receberam salina (0,15 mol/L) e dos grupos 2 e 4 receberam OT (134 µg/kg), sendo duas injeções intraperitoneais com intervalo de 12 horas a cada 30 dias, totalizando 8 injeções ao final do período experimental. Os animais dos grupos 3 e 4 realizaram TF em escada 3 vezes por semana com realização mensal do teste de capacidade de carga máxima voluntária (CCMV). Após 120 dias, os animais foram eutanasiados, os fêmures foram coletados para análises de ensaio mecânico, densitometria, microtomografia óssea, espectroscopia de Raman e técnica de reação em cadeia da polimerase de transcrição reversa em tempo real (qRT-PCR), e o sangue para análises de marcadores bioquímicos do metabolismo ósseo, dano hepático e estresse oxidativo. A principal novidade deste estudo é a adição da OT ao TF, a qual apresentou, no ensaio de compressão, maior força máxima em relação ao Veh e menor elasticidade em relação ao Tf e, no ensaio de flexão de três pontos, maior rigidez em relação ao Veh e Ot, menor rigidez e menor elasticidade em relação ao Veh; maior espessura cortical (Ct.Th) em relação aos demais grupos, menor número de poros (Po.N) em relação ao Veh e Ot, e maior momento polar médio (J) em relação ao Tf. Houve também maior volume do osso trabecular (BV/TV) em relação ao Ot e maior espessura trabecular (Tb.Th) em relação aos demais grupos. A densidade mineral óssea areal (aDMO) do colo do fêmur foi maior que o Ot, e a DMO do fêmur total foi maior que os demais grupos. Quanto a expressão gênica, houve maior expressão do fator de transcrição relacionado ao Runt 2 (Runx2) em relação ao Veh, o fator de transcrição Osterix (Osx/Sp7) foi menor que o Ot e Tf. A proteína morfogenética óssea 2 (Bmp2) apresentou menor expressão em relação ao Veh, e a expressão da fosfatase alcalina óssea (Fal) foi maior que os demais grupos. A expressão do membro da família do fator de necrose tumoral 11b (Opg) e do ligante do fator de necrose tumoral (Rankl) foi maior que os outros grupos, a expressão do membro do fator de necrose tumoral 11a (Rank) e catepsina K (Ctsk) foi maior que Veh e Ot. Também foi observado menor atividade de fosfatase ácida resistente ao tartarato (TRAP) e capacidade antioxidante total (CAT) no ensaio bioquímico em relação aos demais grupos. Na intervenção com OT, houve maior elasticidade no ensaio de flexão de três pontos, e maior Ct.Th em relação ao Veh. A expressão gênica de Runx2, Osx/Sp7 foi maior e Bmp2 foi menor que o grupo Veh. No TF houve maior elasticidade que o Veh e Ot no ensaio de compressão, maior rigidez e elasticidade em relação ao Veh no ensaio de flexão de três pontos. Houve menor Ct.Th em relação ao Ot, maior DMO do fêmur total em relação ao Veh, e a taxa de mineralização foi maior que o Veh e Ot. Na expressão gênica, Runx2 e Osx/Sp7 foram maiores que o Veh. A Bmp2 e osteocalcina/proteína óssea gama-carboxiglutamato (Ocn) foram menores que o Veh, e a Fal foi menor que Ot. Em relação a Rank e Ctsk, estas foram maiores que Veh e Ot. Por fim, a atividade de aspartato aminotransferase (AST) foi menor que o Veh. Esses resultados mostraram que a associação de intervenções é estratégia anabólica promissora para a prevenção da osteoporose no período da periestropausa, destacando-se dos efeitos das intervenções isoladas, ao preservar aspectos mecânicos, estruturais e gênicos do osso, além de parecer controlar fatores relacionados ao cross-talk entre tecido ósseo e tecido adiposo a favor da homeostase oxidativa e de fatores relacionados a atividade de marcadores ósseos(AU)

The decrease in estrogen concentrations, such as that which occurs during perimenopause and menopause, contributes to an increase in bone turnover, with a rate of resorption higher than that of bone formation, which favors the installation of osteoporosis, a silent disease that determines bone fragility and greater probability of fractures. Among the interventions used to prevent osteoporosis, strength training (ST) and oxytocin (OT), a promising hormone with anabolic action on bone, stand out. The objective of this study was to verify the action of the association of OT and ST, compared to isolated interventions, in the process of bone remodeling of the femoral neck of Wistar rats in periestropause (18 to 21 months). Forty Wistar rats with irregular estrous cycle (18 months) were randomized into groups: 1-Vehicle (Veh); 2-Oxytocin (Ot); 3-Strength training (St); 4-Ot+St. The animals in group 1 received saline (0.15 mol/L) and in groups 2 and 4 received OT (134 µg/kg), with two intraperitoneal injections with an interval of 12 hours every 30 days, totaling 8 injections at the end of the period. trial period. The animals in groups 3 and 4 performed ST on a ladder 3 times a week with monthly performance of the maximum voluntary carrying capacity test (MVCC). After 120 days, the animals were euthanized, the femurs were collected for mechanical assay analysis, densitometry, bone microtomography, Raman spectroscopy and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) technique, and blood for analysis of biochemical markers of bone metabolism, liver damage and oxidative stress. The main novelty of this study is the addition of OT to ST, which presented, in the compression test, greater maximum force in relation to Veh and less elasticity in relation to St and, in the three-point bending test, greater stiffness in relation to to Veh and Ot, less rigidity and less elasticity in relation to Veh; greater cortical thickness (Ct.Th) in relation to the other groups, smaller number of pores (Po.N) in relation to Veh and Ot, and greater mean polar moment (J) in relation to St. There was also greater trabecular bone volume (BV/TV) in relation to Ot and greater trabecular thickness (Tb.Th) in relation to the other groups. The areal bone mineral density (aBMD) of the femoral neck was higher than the Ot, and the BMD of the total femur was higher than the other groups. As for gene expression, there was greater expression of the transcription factor related to Runt 2 (Runx2) in relation to Veh, the transcription factor Osterix (Osx/Sp7) was lower than Ot and St. Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (Bmp2) showed lower expression compared to Veh, and boné alkaline phosphatase (Alp) expression was higher than the other groups. The expression of tumor necrosis factor 11b family member (Opg) and tumor necrosis factor ligand (Rankl) was higher than the other groups, tumor necrosis factor 11a member (Rank) and cathepsin K (Ctsk) was greater than Veh and Ot. It was also observed lower activity of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and total antioxidant capacity (CAT) in the biochemical assay in relation to the other groups. In the intervention with OT, there was greater elasticity in the three-point bending test, and greater Ct.Th in relation to Veh. The gene expression of Runx2, Osx/Sp7 was higher and Bmp2 was lower than the Veh group. In ST intervention there was greater elasticity than Veh and Ot in the compression test, greater stiffness and elasticity in relation to Veh in the three-point bending test. There was lower Ct.Th in relation to Ot, higher BMD of the total femur in relation to Veh, and the mineralization rate was higher than Veh and Ot. In gene expression, Runx2 and Osx/Sp7 were higher than Veh. Bmp2 and osteocalcin/bone protein gammacarboxyglutamate (Ocn) were lower than Veh, and Fal was higher than Ot. In relation to Rank and Ctsk, these were higher than Veh and Ot. Finally, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity was lower than Veh. These results showed that the association of interventions is a promising anabolic strategy for the prevention of osteoporosis in the periestropause period, standing out from the effects of isolated interventions, by preserving mechanical, structural and genetic aspects of the bone, in addition to seeming to control factors related to the cross -talk between bone tissue and adipose tissue in favor of oxidative homeostasis and factors related to the activity of bone markers(AU)

Animals , Rats , Oxytocin , Perimenopause , Resistance Training , Osteoporosis , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Aging , Menopause , Bone Remodeling , Rats, Wistar
Araçatuba; s.n; 2021. 74 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442683


O sedentarismo associado à diminuição da concentração plasmática de estrogênio aumenta o estresse oxidativo e promove alterações na homeostase óssea, culminando na osteopenia, que pode evoluir para osteoporose, aumentar a fragilidade óssea e o risco de fraturas. Assim, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade óssea de ratas Wistar naturalmente envelhecidas, no período da periestropausa submetidas a prática de três diferentes métodos de treinamento físico. Quarenta e oito ratas multíparas da linhagem Wistar com idade inicial de 18 meses foram submetidas três vezes por semana durante 120 dias a treinamento aeróbio (TA; corrida em esteira), treinamento resistido (TR; subir escadas), treinamento concorrente (TC; subir escadas + corrida em esteira) ou permanecer sedentário. Após o período experimental, aos 21 meses, foi realizado a coleta do material biológico para análises. Os diferentes métodos de treinamento propiciaram redução de estresse oxidativo, aumento no desempenho físico, densidade mineral óssea, melhor microarquitetura óssea, resistência mecânica, locomoção e deambulação de ratas envelhecidas naturalmente durante o período da periestropausa. Além de confirmar que o TR é boa estratégia de intervenção, verificamos também que a realização de TA e TC desencadeou benefícios importantes para a estrutura óssea e qualidade da marcha, sendo alternativas de baixo custo financeiro e de fácil acesso à comunidade, que pode ser adotada como estratégia de prevenção de fraturas osteoporóticas(AU)

A sedentary lifestyle associated with a decrease in the plasma concentration of estrogen increases oxidative stress and promotes changes in bone homeostasis, culminating in osteopenia, which can progress to osteoporosis, increase bone fragility and the risk of fractures. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the bone quality of naturally aged Wistar female rats, in the period of peristropause, submitted to the practice of three different methods of physical training. Forty-eight multiparous Wistar rats with an initial age of 18 months were submitted three times a week for 120 days to aerobic training (AT; treadmill running), resistance training (RT; stair climbing), concurrent training (CT; stair climbing + treadmill running) or remain sedentary. After the experimental period, at 21 months, the collection of biological material for analysis was performed. The different training methods provided reduced oxidative stress, increased physical performance, bone mineral density, better bone microarchitecture, mechanical strength, locomotion and walking of naturally aged rats during the period of periestropause. In addition to confirming that the RT is a good intervention strategy, we also verified that the performance of AT and CT triggered important benefits for bone structure and gait quality, being alternatives of low financial cost and easy access to the community, which can be adopted as a prevention strategy for osteoporotic fractures(AU)

Animals , Rats , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Aging , Perimenopause , Sedentary Behavior , Quality of Life
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5103-5109, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921650


To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Kuntai Capsules in the treatment of perimenopausal syndrome. Systematic reviews on Kuntai Capsules in the treatment of perimenopausal syndrome were retrieved from Chinese and English databases from database establishment to August 31, 2020. AMSTER-2 scale, GRADE scale and ROBIS tools were used respectively to evaluate the methodological quality, evidence quality level and bias risk of the finally included systematic reviews. A total of 6 systematic reviews with 28 outcome indicators were included. The results of AMSTER-2 methodological quality assessment showed that one of the six systematic reviews was of low quality, and the other five were of extremely low quality. GRADE scale showed that 28 clinical outcome indicators were evaluated, three of which were intermediate-level ones, and the rest were low-level or very low-level ones. Two evidences of the three intermediate evidences were total efficiency, and the other intermediate evidence was Kupperman score. ROBIS bias risk assessment showed all the included studies were of high risk. The results showed that, Kuntai Capsules were effective in the treatment of perimenopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and sweating. The improvement of E_2 level was not as good as that in the menopause hormone therapy group, but the incidence of adverse reactions was lower than that in the menopause hormone therapy group. However, the quality of evidence needs to be improved due to the low quality of methodology and high risk of bias. It is suggested that systematic review and reasonable design should be carried out in the future, and attention should be paid to the registration of research schemes. In addition, the research reports shall be prepared according to PRISMA statement.

Female , Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Perimenopause , Syndrome , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 699-702, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877682


The potential effect mechanism of acupuncture for perimenopausal syndrome is analyzed and summarized from five aspects, i.e. the influence on reproductive endocrine system, the regulation on nervous system, the improvement of immune function, the intervention on free radical metabolism and the regulation of adverse emotions. It is believed the mechanism research of acupuncture in the treatment of perimenopausal syndrome should be deepened in terms of acupoint specificity and the influence of acupoint compatibility based on the characteristics of acupuncture therapy itself. In clinic, the research on therapeuticmethods and treatment frequency should be enhanced.

Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Emotions , Perimenopause
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 377-380, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877624


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with wheat-grain moxibustion and oral fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule on perimenopausal depression with kidney deficiency and liver depression.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients of perimenopausal depression with kidney deficiency and liver depression were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. Acupuncture combined with wheat-grain moxibustion were adopted in the observation group. Acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Fengchi (GB 20), etc. for 30 min. Wheat-grain moxibustion was applied at Ganshu (BL 18), Shenshu (BL 23), Mingmen (GV 4) and Yongquan (KI 1), 3 moxa-cones for each acupoint. The treatment in the observation group was given once every 2 days, 3 times a week. Fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule was given orally in the control group, 20 mg each time, once a day. Treatment for 8 weeks was required in the both groups. The scores of Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) and modified Kupperman scale were observed in the both groups before and after treatment, and at 1, 3, 6-month follow-up. The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of HAMD and modified Kupperman scale after treatment and at each time point of follow-up were decreased in the both groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with wheat-grain moxibustion can effectively treat perimenopausal depression with kidney deficiency and liver depression, and have more stable and sustained therapeutic effect compared with oral fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule.

Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Kidney , Liver , Moxibustion , Perimenopause , Treatment Outcome , Triticum
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 316-320, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877612
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(2): 217-223, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115491


La perimenopausia produce cambios hormonales y emocionales, que podrían influir en la calidad de vida como en la percepción de estrés de las mujeres. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la calidad de vida y su relación con la percepción de estrés y el perfil antropométrico en mujeres adultas. Se efectuó un estudio transversal en mujeres adultas (40-65 años) que concurrieron a la Fundación Hemocentro Buenos Aires (FHBA). El estado nutricional se evaluó con el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y circunferencia de cintura (CC). La calidad de vida se valoró mediante el cuestionario de calidad de vida (CV) de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (WHOQoL-Bref). La percepción de estrés (PS) se valoró por escala de estrés percibido (PSS-10). Se incluyeron 128 mujeres (52,3% premenopáusicas y 47,7 % posmenopáusicas). El 56,3% refirió tener una CV entre bastante buena y muy buena. La prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad fue de 60,2% (IC 95%; 51,5 - 68,2%). La percepción de CV se asoció inversamente al IMC (p= 0,0031) al igual que los dominios físico (p= 0,016) y psicológico de CV (p= 0,001). Asimismo, la PS se asoció de manera inversa a la precepción de CV (p= 0,008) y los cuatro dominios de CV.

Perimenopause produces hormonal and emotional changes, which could influence quality of life as well as stress perception in women. The objective of this study was to evaluate quality of life and its relationship with stress perception and anthropometric profile in adult women. A cross-sectional study was carried out in adult women (40-65 years old) who attended the Fundación Hemocentro Buenos Aires. Nutritional status was evaluated with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). Quality of life was assessed using the World Health Organization quality of life questionnaire. Perception of stress was assessed by the perceived stress scale (PSS-10). We included 128 women (52.3% premenopausal and 47.7% postmenopausal). Over half (56.3%) reported having a quality of life between fairly good and very good. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 60.2% (95% CI, 51.5 - 68.2%). The perception of quality of life was inversely associated to the BMI (p= 0.0031) as well as the physical (p= 0.016) and psychological domains of quality of life (p= 0.001). Similarly, perceived stress was associated inversely with the quality of life perception (p= 0.008) and the four quality of life domains.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Nutritional Status , Perimenopause/psychology , Perception , Argentina , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Overweight/epidemiology , Waist Circumference , Obesity/epidemiology
Rev. colomb. menopaus ; 26(2): 16-33, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1254063


Introducción: La hemorragia uterina anormal, durante la perimenopausia y la posmenopausia tiene prevalencia hasta del 35 y el 11% respectivamente. Las pacientes, en estas etapas de sus vidas, consultan por hemorragia con mucha frecuencia, viéndose enfrentadas, dentro del síndrome climatérico, a anemia, dolor pélvico, abstinencia sexual, alteraciones en compromisos sociales y profesionales y temores de sufrir enfermedades ginecológicas malignas; condiciones que afectan profundamente la calidad de vida. Es por ello que los médicos debemos estar bien preparados para tratarlas, oportunamente, tanto en consulta externa como en salas de urgencias. Objetivo: Revisar las causas de la hemorragia uterina anormal perimenopáusica y posmenopáusica y agruparlas en una clasificación coherente, a fin de facilitar su enfoque y manejo, en sus formas de presentación crónica y urgente. Material y métodos: Revisión de la literatura de los últimos 10 años, desde enero de 2010 hasta junio de 2020, en idiomas inglés y español, en libros de texto, pubMed, Ovid, Guías clínicas y Cochrane library. Resultados y conclusiones: Actualmente, contamos con buenos métodos para diagnosticar las causas de la hemorragia anormal perimenopáusica y posmenopéusica e igualmente, diferentes opciones de tratamiento para cada paciente, en particular. Las causas son benignas en su mayoría; solo hay un 10% de riesgos de cáncer endometrial. Agrupadas en una clasificación coherente, dichas causas permiten un enfoque fácil y práctico para las mejores posibilidades de tratamiento medico-quirúrgico de ellas en sus dos formas de presentación: crónica y urgente.

Introduction: Abnormal uterine bleeding during perimenopause and postmenopausal bleeding, have a prevalence of up to 35% and 11% respectively. Patients, at these stages of their lives, consult for bleeding very often facing anemia, pelvic pain, sexual abstinence, social and professional fears of malignant gynecological diseases, profoundly altering the "quality of life".That is why doctors must be well prepared to treat them, in a timely manner from bleeding, in external consultation or in emergency rooms. Objective: To review the causes of perimenopausal and postmenopausal abnormal uterine bleeding and to group them into a coherent classification, in order to facilitate their approach and management, in their chronic and urgent forms of presentation. Material and methods: Literature review of the last 10 years, from January 2010 to June 2020, in English and Spanish languages, in textbooks, PubMed, Ovid, Clinical Guides and Cochrane library. Results and conclusions: Currently, we have good methods to diagnose the causes of abnormal perimenopausal and postmenopausal bleeding; and also, different treatment options for each patient, in particular. The causes are mostly benign, there is only a 10% risk of endometrial cancer. Grouped in a coherent classification they allow an easy and practical approach, to the best medical-surgical treatment possibilities, in its two forms of presentation: chronic and urgent.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Uterine Hemorrhage , Quality of Life , Therapeutics , Postmenopause , Perimenopause
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056833


Abstract Objective: To analyze the differences in periodontal severity between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study with 63 subjects, comprising 27 perimenopausal and 36 postmenopausal women, aged 45-59 years, was conducted in East Jakarta. The women were interviewed regarding their perimenopausal and postmenopausal status; they underwent a periodontal examination for periodontal pockets, attachment loss, gingival recession, plaque index, debris index, calculus index, oral hygiene index, papilla bleeding index, and tooth mobility. Independent T-test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for bivariate analysis Results: There were significant differences (p<0.05) in age between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women (p=0.01); however, no significant differences (p>0.05) in gingival recession (p=0.33) or tooth mobility (p=0.84) were observed. Independent t-test revealed no significant differences in pocket depth (p=0.95), attachment loss (p=0.71), plaque index (p=0.89), debris index (p=0.52), calculus index (p=0.46), oral hygiene index (p=0.48), or papilla bleeding index (p=0.63) between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women Conclusion: There was no difference in periodontal severity between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women; however, the current study obtained valuable information regarding periodontal severity in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Oral Hygiene Index , Postmenopause , Perimenopause , Chronic Periodontitis , Periodontal Pocket , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interview , Statistics, Nonparametric , Gingival Recession , Indonesia/epidemiology
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 998-1002, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773500


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of mindfulness meditation training for improving anxiety, depression and sleep disorders in perimenopausal women.@*METHODS@#Intervention by menopause meditation training was delivered in 121 perimenopausal women with anxiety, depression or sleep disorders in Baiyun District, Guangzhou. Before and after the intervention, the Self-rating Anxiety Scale, Self-rating Depression Scale and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index were used for assessment of changes in the conditions of the women.@*RESULTS@#After menopausal meditation training, the perimenopausal women showed significant improvement in the mean scores of Self-rating Anxiety Scale (48.26 ± 6.47; =3.865, < 0.01), Selfrating Depression Scale (50.27 ± 6.54; =4.541, < 0.01) and Pittsburgh Sleep Questionnaire (10.64 ± 4.38; =5.596, < 0.01). The symptom remission rates differed significantly among the women with different self-practice frequencies ( < 0.01). The remission rates of anxiety, depression and sleep disorder increased significantly with the frequency of self-exercise ( < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mindfulness meditation training can effectively alleviate the symptoms of anxiety and depression and improve the quality of sleep in perimenopausal women, and the frequency of the exercise is positively correlated with the improvements. Mindfulness meditation training can be an effective intervention for improving the mental health of perimenopausal women.

Female , Humans , Anxiety , Depression , Meditation , Mindfulness , Perimenopause , Sleep
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1069-1074, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774589


The efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture in the treatment of kidney-deficiency and bloodstasis perimenopausal sleep disorders were evaluated. A total of 67 subjects who completed the study were randomly divided into two groups. The traditional Chinese medicine group was orally given Bushen Huoxue Anshen Fang,and the acupuncture group was given acupuncture treatment. Both groups were treated for three consecutive courses of treatment,with a course of treatment of 30 days. The changes of PSQI score,improved Kupperman score,TCM syndromes,serum sex hormone,coagulation,routine blood and urine,liver and kidney function and electrocardiogram were observed before and after treatment. After treatment,the total effective rates of Chinese medicine group and acupuncture group were similar or respectively 91. 43% and 87. 50%. The scores of PSQI,improved Kupperman and TCM syndromes in both groups decreased significantly( P<0. 05). The effect of improving Kupperman score in TCM group was better than that in acupuncture group( P< 0. 01). The effect of improving PSQI and TCM syndromes was similar to that in acupuncture group. The levels of serum FSH and LH were decreased in both groups( P<0. 05),but with no significant difference between the two groups; the level of serum E2 was increased in both groups,but with no significant difference. Compared with before treatment,PT was increased in traditional Chinese medicine group( P<0. 05),but with no significant difference in APTT,TT and FIB before and after treatment; PT and TT were prolonged in acupuncture group( P<0. 05),but with no significant difference in APTT and FIB before and after treatment. The effect of improving PT and TT in the acupuncture group was better than that in the traditional Chinese medicine group( P<0. 05). The results showed that TCM and acupuncture had similar therapeutic effects on perimenopausal sleep disorder of kidney deficiency and blood stasis type,and were safe and reliable. The mechanism was related to the improvement of serum FSH and E2 levels.

Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Perimenopause , Sleep Wake Disorders , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 18(4): 695-702, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013114


Abstract Objectives: to evaluate the sociodemographic, clinical, histopathological, cytopathological and microbiological profile of women with cervical cancer treated at Oncology Center in Pernambuco, located in the city of Caruaru-PE. Methods: a retrospective study was carried out to evaluate the medical records of women with cervical cancer treated for radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy between January 2014 and December 2016. For the analysis of variables, the absolute and relative frequencies were calculated. Results: there was a predominance of cases in the age range between 40 and 59 years (45.37%), non-white race/color (91.75%) and incomplete primary education (44.32%). Squamous carcinoma was present in 85.19% of the cases, with a moderately differentiated histological grade being the most common (53.41%). Most women underwent radiotherapy and associated chemotherapy (72.72%) and had 3 or more pregnancies before diagnosis (73.44%). Cytopathology has more frequently identified high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) cases (45.83%) and cocci and/or bacilli (66.67%) were the most evident microorganisms. Conclusions: the results showed that the perimenopause age, low educational level, multiparity, cytopathologic result of HSIL and histopathological examination evidencing moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma were among the characteristics most related to cervical cancer in the population studied.

Resumo Objetivos: avaliar o perfil sociodemográfico, clínico, histopatológico, citopatológico e microbiológico de mulheres com câncer de colo do útero atendidas em Centro de Oncologia Pernambucano. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo, que avaliou os prontuários de mulheres com câncer de colo do útero atendidas para tratamento radioterápico e/ou quimioterápico entre janeiro de 2014 e dezembro de 2016. Para a análise das variáveis foram calculadas as frequências absolutas e relativas. Resultados: houve predominância de casos na faixa etária entre 40 a 59 anos (45,37%), de raça/cor não branca (91,75%) e com até o ensino fundamental incompleto (44,32%). O carcinoma escamoso esteve presente em 85,19% dos casos, sendo o grau histológico moderadamente diferenciado o mais comum (53,41%). A maioria das mulheres realizaram radioterapia e quimioterapia associadas (72,72%) e apresentaram 3 gestações ou mais antes do diagnóstico (73,44%). A citopatologia identificou, com maior frequência, casos de high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion(HSIL) (45,83%) e cocos e/ou bacilos (66,67%) foram os microrganismos mais evidentes. Conclusões: os resultados revelaram que a idade perimenopausa, baixo grau de escolaridade, multiparidade, resultado citopatológico de HSIL e exame histopatológico evidenciando carcinoma escamoso moderadamente diferenciado, estavam entre as características mais relacionadas ao câncer de colo do útero na população estudada.

Humans , Female , Health Profile , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/microbiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Parity , Radiotherapy , Brazil , Women's Health , Perimenopause , Drug Therapy , Educational Status