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Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(4): 255-260, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515217


An angiomyofibroblastoma is a benign tumor that may present itself in the genital tract of a reproductive age woman. Despite it being a benign neoplasia, unable to be invasive, it can reach large sizes, producing discomfort, pain, and anatomical deformation. A late diagnosis may result in increased surgical difficulty for resection. The following is the clinical case of a woman with a vulvo-perineal tumor of 6 years of evolution, with a final diagnosis of angiomyofibroblastoma, in which complete resection of the lesion was achieved with good cosmetic results. The highlight of this tumor is its slow, silent, but progressive growth, leading to diagnoses that are often confused and late, with a consequent delay in treatment. Among the common differential diagnoses are the Bartholin gland cyst and the aggressive angiomyxoma.

El angiomiofibroblastoma es un tumor benigno que puede presentarse en el tracto genital de la mujer en edad reproductiva. A pesar de ser una neoplasia benigna, sin capacidad invasora, puede alcanzar grandes tamaños, produciendo molestia, dolor y alteración importante de la anatomía. Si el diagnóstico es tardío, aumenta la dificultad quirúrgica en su resección. A continuación, se presenta el caso clínico de una mujer con un tumor vulvoperineal de 6 años de evolución, con diagnóstico final de angiomiofibroblastoma, en el que se logró la resección completa de la lesión con un buen resultado estético. La importancia de este tumor está dada por su crecimiento lento, silencioso, pero progresivo, llevando a que su diagnóstico sea en muchas ocasiones confuso y tardío, con el consecuente retraso en el tratamiento. Dentro de los diagnósticos diferenciales comunes se encuentran el quiste de la glándula de Bartholino y el angiomixoma agresivo.

Humans , Female , Adult , Vulvar Neoplasms/surgery , Vulvar Neoplasms/diagnosis , Angiomyoma/surgery , Angiomyoma/diagnosis , Angiofibroma/surgery , Angiofibroma/diagnosis , Perineum , Vulvar Neoplasms/pathology , Angiomyoma/pathology , Angiofibroma/pathology
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 93-98, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514432


Introduction: Puerperium is defined as the period of about 6 weeks after childbirth during which the mother's reproductive organs return to their original nonpregnant condition. Perianal problems, including constipation, hemorrhoids, and fissure, are among the most common digestive complications among women in puerperium, observed in about 30 to 50 percent of women. Considering this great prevalence and the paucity of similar research in this aspect in an Indian population, the present study was done to assess the prevalence of perianal problems seen in puerperium and the risk factors associated with it. Methods: This was a prospective observational cohort study done over the span of 3 years on 902 puerperal women. A self-structured questionnaire covered detailed history and per-rectal and proctoscopy examination. Patients were followed up telephonically for regression of perianal problems post management. Results: The total prevalence of all the perianal problems in puerperium encountered in the present study, out of 902 subjects, was 36.3% (327 subjects). The perianal problems encountered were fissure in 185 patients (20.5%) followed by hemorrhoids in 110 patients (12.2%), perianal episiotomy infections in 25 patients (2.8%), and perineal tears in 7 patients (0.8%). On comparative analysis, positive family history, macrosomia, past history of perianal diseases, and second stage of labour > 50 minutes showed a higher prevalence in the perianal disease group as compared with the healthy group. Out of these, positive family history of perianal diseases (p= 0.015) and past history of perianal diseases (p= 0.016) were statistically significant. The percentage of multipara with hemorrhoids was more when compared to primipara (p= 0.01), patients who had a past history of any perianal disease have a higher chance of hemorrhoids during puerperium (p= 0.00). Patients with constipation in pregnancy have higher chance of hemorrhoids in pregnancy (p= 0.00). Patients who had a past history of any perianal disease had higher chance of fissure during puerperium (p= 0.00). A total of 27.74% of the study subjects with macrosomic babies had fissure in their puerperal period which on comparison with patients with non macrosomic babies was only 19.22%, which was statistically significant (p= 0.02). Conclusion: Constipation, hemorrhoids, and anal fissures are the most common perianal problems in postpartum period causing significant reduction in the quality of life of those afflicted with them. (AU)

Humans , Female , Perineum/injuries , Risk Factors , Postpartum Period , Health Profile , Fissure in Ano/etiology , Hemorrhoids/etiology
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 486-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985788


Objective: To examine the patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair for perineal hernia after abdominoperineal excision (APE) in rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 8 patients with perineal hernia after APE who accepted surgical treatment in the Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Hernia Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from March 2017 to December 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 3 males and 5 females, aged (67.6±7.2) years (range: 56 to 76 years). Eight patients developed a perineal mass at (11.3±2.9) months (range: 5 to 13 months) after APE. After surgical separation of adhesion and exposing the pelvic floor defect, a 15 cm×20 cm anti-adhesion mesh was fashioned as a three-dimensional pocket shape to fit the pelvic defect, then fixed to the promontory or sacrum and sutured to the pelvic sidewalls and the anterior peritoneum, while two side slender slings were tailored in front of the mesh and fixed on the pectineal ligament. Results: The repair of their perineal hernias went well, with an operating time of (240.6±48.8) minutes (range: 155 to 300 minutes). Five patients underwent laparotomy, 3 patients tried laparoscopic surgery first and then transferred to laparotomy combined with the perineal approach. Intraoperative bowel injury was observed in 3 patients. All patients did not have an intestinal fistula, bleeding occurred. No reoperation was performed and their preoperative symptoms improved significantly. The postoperative hospital stay was (13.5±2.9) days (range: 7 to 17 days) and two patients had postoperative ileus, which improved after conservative treatment. Two patients had a postoperative perineal hernia sac effusion, one of them underwent placement of a tube to puncture the hernia sac effusion due to infection, and continued irrigation and drainage. The postoperative follow-up was (34.8±14.0) months (range: 13 to 48 months), and 1 patient developed recurrence in the seventh postoperative month, no further surgery was performed. Conclusions: Surgical repair of the perineal hernia after APE can be preferred transabdominal approach, routine application of laparoscopy is not recommended, combined abdominoperineal approach can be considered if necessary. The perineal hernia after APE can be repaired safely and effectively using the described technique of patterning cropped and shaped mesh repair.

Male , Female , Humans , Animals , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Hernia , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Proctectomy , Laparoscopy , Perineum/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Hominidae
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(4): 345-347, Oct.-Dec. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430672


Introduction: Inverse psoriasis affects the skin of flexural areas, such as the groin, axillae, umbilicus, intergluteal fold, and external genitalia. Clinical Case: We herein report the case of a man who presented with anal pruritus and, upon physical examination, a perianal dermatosis was found, which was characterized by erythematous plaques, with fine scaling. The case was initially managed with zinc oxide, and when no improvement was observed, we decided to take an incisional biopsy, which indicated histological changes suggestive of psoriasiform dermatitis. Discussion: Inverse psoriasis affects 3% to 7% of patients with psoriasis, and it manifests with erythematous plaques without the classic scaling appearance. The skin in these areas is susceptible to maceration, irritation, and ulceration, which alter the classic clinical picture. It may present with typical lesions or, less frequently, in isolation in the anogenital region. In the anogenital presentation only, the diagnosis should be made by biopsy, looking for the classic histopathological features of psoriasis. As for the first-line treatment, low- or medium-potency topical steroids are used for short periods of time; the second-line treatment is with emollients and tar-based products; and the third-line treatment uses an immunomodulator. Conclusion: This presentation is infrequent, and it requires a high index of suspicion for the diagnosis, always supported by biopsies, in search of the classic histopathological features of psoriasis. (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Perineum/injuries , Psoriasis/diagnosis , Perineum/pathology , Pruritus Ani/etiology , Biopsy
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(3): 245-250, July-Sept. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421980


Background: Rectocele is a frequent finding in women and is usually asymptomatic. However, it is sometimes associated with symptoms of obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS). While most patients with ODS due to rectocele respond well to conservative treatment, some may require surgical treatment. The aim of the study was to determine the predictors of failure of symptom improvement after rectocele repair. Methods: The study included adult women with rectocele who underwent surgical treatment by transperineal repair (TPR) or transvaginal repair (TVR). The preoperative and postoperative assessment was done using the Wexner constipation score, anorectal manometry, and defecography. Results: A total of 93 female patients with a mean age of 43.7 years were included. Among them, 65.6% of patients underwent TPR and 34.4% underwent TVR; 22 (23.7%) patients reported failure of significant improvement in ODS symptoms after surgery. The independent predictors of failure of improvement were higher preoperative Wexner score (odds ratio, OR: 1.4, 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.09-1.84, p = 0.009), larger residual rectocele after repair (OR: 2.95, 95% CI: 1.43-6.08, p = 0.003), and lower postoperative maximum tolerable volume (OR: 0.949, 95% CI: 0.907-0.992, p = 0.02). The predictive cutoff point for the preoperative Wexner score was 15. Conclusions: Patients with a preoperative Wexner score higher than 15 and larger residual rectocele after surgery may experience little improvement in symptoms after rectocele repair. Although TPR was associated with a poorer relief of symptoms than did TVR; it was not an independent predictor of failure. (AU)

Humans , Female , Treatment Outcome , Rectocele/surgery , Symptom Assessment , Perineum/surgery , Vagina/surgery , Constipation
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 126-130, Apr.-June 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394412


Study Aim: The aim of the present study was to compare in real life the characteristics of treatment with infliximab according to the presence or absence of anoperineal involvement in Crohn's disease. Methods: We performed a single-center, prospective, non-interventional study, on patients with Crohn's disease in remission who had been treated with infliximab for at least 1 year. Patients with poor treatment compliance, on antibiotics, or those with a stoma were excluded. Results: We included 52 patients in this study: 34 with anoperineal lesions with or without luminal lesions, and 18 with luminal lesions only. Patients with anoperineal lesions were more likely to have undergone surgery (70.6% versus 38.9%, p = 0.027), had a shorter median time to infliximab treatment initiation (0.5 versus 5.5 years, p = 0.005), a higher mean dose of infliximab (6.6 versus 5.1 mg/kg, p = 0.015), and were more likely to receive combination treatments including infliximab (52.9% versus 11.1%, p = 0.008) than patients with luminal involvement only. Conclusions In our study, infliximab treatment was initiated more quickly, at higher doses, and more in combination therapy for anoperineal Crohn's disease than for luminal damage alone. Additional studies are required to confirm this finding and to assess the tolerance of this treatment throughout patient management. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anal Canal/injuries , Perineum/injuries , Combined Modality Therapy , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Crohn Disease , Rectal Fistula , Infliximab/administration & dosage
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 144 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551918


Introdução: A laceração perineal se caracteriza por trauma nos tecidos perivaginais durante a expulsão fetal no parto vaginal. Inúmeros fatores de risco já foram elucidados pela literatura, todavia, os resultados ainda são divergentes. Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência da laceração perineal e seus principais fatores de risco. Métodos: Foi realizado estudo transversal baseado nos dados do Inquérito "Nascer no Brasil: Inquérito Nacional sobre o Parto e Nascimento" de âmbito nacional e base hospitalar, realizado entre 2011 e 2012, com 23.894 puérperas. Foram excluídas as mulheres com gestação gemelar, que foram submetidas a cesariana e aquelas em que foi realizado episiotomia. A variável dependente, laceração perineal, foi obtida nos registros do questionário da mulher com base na sua percepção. As variáveis independentes foram ,organizadas em três níveis, o distal que se referiu às características sociodemográficas (idade materna, cor da pele, região do domicílio, escolaridade materna e classe econômica), o intermediário referente ao feto/recém-nato (apresentação fetal, peso ao nascer em relação à idade gestacional) e as questões maternas (estado nutricional pré-gestacional, adequação do ganho de peso gestacional e paridade), e o nível proximal que foi constituído pelas condutas e intervenções da equipe obstétrica (indução do trabalho de parto, posição da parturiente adotada no período expulsivo, prescrição de analgésico/ anestesia, manobra de Kristeller, e parto instrumental). A avaliação foi realizada a partir dos resultados das análises bivariadas e seus respectivos valores-p, com nível de significância < 0,20. Para a análise multivariada, foram inseridas as variáveis contidas no nível distal, conservadas no modelo quando significativas. Resultados: Das 5.397 puérperas avaliadas, 48% relataram ter tido laceração perineal. Os fatores associados ao desfecho no nível distal foram a idade materna entre 12 e 19 anos (OR= 1,37; IC 95%: 1,03-1,83) e a região de domicílio (Centro-Oeste (OR= 2,42; IC 95%: 1,49-3,94), Sudeste (OR= 2,31; IC 95%: 1,54-3,46), Sul (OR= 1,73; IC 95%: 1,12-2,68), Nordeste (OR= 1,55; IC 95%: 1,05-2,30). No nível intermediário, foi o peso ao nascimento referente ao recém-nascido pequeno para idade gestacional (OR= 0,53; IC 95%: 0,36-0,80) e a primiparidade (OR= 2,72; IC 95%: 1,99-3,70). No nível proximal, apenas a manobra de Kristeller foi associada ao desfecho (OR= 1,41; IC 95% 1,14-1,75). Conclusão: Ser adolescente, primípara, residir em qualquer região do país, com exceção da Norte e ter experienciado manobra de Kristeller no parto foram fatores que aumentaram a chance de laceração perineal. Todavia, ter tido recém-nascido pequeno para idade gestacional foi um fator protetor. Apesar de inúmeros fatores não serem passíveis de intervenção, reitera-se a relevância da adoção das recomendações de assistência ao parto vigentes.

Introduction: Perineal laceration is characterized by trauma to the perivaginal tissues during fetal expulsion in vaginal delivery. Numerous risk factors have already been elucidated in the literature, however, the results are still divergent. Objective: To verify the prevalence of perineal laceration and its main risk factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out based on data from the Survey "Birth in Brazil: National Survey on Childbirth and Birth" nationwide and hospital-based, carried out between 2011 and 2012, with 23,894 mothers. Women with twin pregnancies, who underwent cesarean section and those who underwent episiotomy were excluded. The dependent variable, perineal laceration, was obtained from the woman's questionnaire records based on her perception. The independent variables were organized into three levels, the distal one referring to sociodemographic characteristics (maternal age, skin color, region of domicile, maternal education and economic class), the intermediate one referring to the fetus/newborn (fetal presentation, weight at birth in relation to gestational age) and maternal issues (pre-gestational nutritional status, adequacy of gestational weight gain and parity), and the proximal level that was constituted by factors related to the conduct and interventions of the obstetric team (induction of labor delivery, position of the parturient adopted during the second stage, prescription of analgesics/anesthesia, Kristeller maneuver, and instrumental delivery). The evaluation was carried out based on the results of the bivariate analyzes and their respective p-values, with a significance level < 0.20. For the multivariate analysis, the variables contained in the distal level were inserted, kept in the model when significant. Results: Of the 5,397 postpartum women evaluated, 48% reported having had a perineal laceration. Factors associated with the outcome at the distal level were maternal age between 12 and 19 years (OR= 1.37; 95% CI: 1.03-1.83) and region of domicile (Midwest (OR= 2, 42; 95% CI: 1.49-3.94), Southeast (OR= 2.31; 95% CI: 1.54-3.46), South (OR= 1.73; 95% CI: 1. 12-2.68), Northeast (OR= 1.55; 95% CI: 1.05-2.30). At the intermediate level, it was the birth weight for the small-for-gestational-age newborn (OR= 0 .53; 95% CI: 0.36-0.80) and primiparity (OR= 2.72; 95% CI: 1.99-3.70). At the proximal level, only the Kristeller maneuver was associated with outcome (OR= 1.41; 95% CI 1.14-1.75) Conclusion: Being a teenager, primiparous, residing in any region of the country and having experienced the Kristeller maneuver during childbirth were factors that increased the chance of perineal laceration However, having a small-for-gestational-age newborn was a protective factor. Although many factors are not subject to intervention, the importance of adopting care recommendations is reiterated. to delivery in force.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Perineum/injuries , Risk Factors , Health Surveys , Natural Childbirth/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sociodemographic Factors
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0381345, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374041


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a adesão de gestantes e acompanhantes à realização da massagem perineal digital durante a gestação e seu efeito na prevenção do trauma perineal no parto e na redução de morbidade associada nos 45 e 90 dias pós-parto. Métodos Estudo piloto de ensaio clínico randomizado com 153 gestantes de risco habitual, 78 mulheres no grupo de intervenção realizaram a massagem perineal digital e 75 mulheres do grupo controle receberam os cuidados habituais. Para a análise do desfecho principal (trauma perineal) e dos desfechos secundários, permaneceram em cada grupo 44 mulheres que tiveram parto vaginal. A intervenção foi realizada pela gestante ou acompanhante de sua escolha, diariamente, a partir de 34 semanas de gestação, por 5 a 10 minutos. Resultados A massagem perineal foi fator de proteção para edema nos primeiros 10 dias pós-parto (RR 0,64 IC95%0,41-0,99) e perda involuntária de gases nos 45 dias pós-parto (RR0,57 IC95%0,38-0,86). O ajuste residual ≥ 2 observado na análise das condições do períneo pós-parto mostrou uma tendência das mulheres do grupo intervenção terem períneo íntegro. As mulheres e os acompanhantes que realizaram a massagem perineal aceitaram bem a prática, recomendariam e fariam novamente em futura gestação. Conclusão A massagem perineal digital realizada diariamente, a partir de 34 semanas de gestação, foi uma prática bem aceita pelas mulheres e acompanhantes deste estudo. Apesar de não proteger a mulher de trauma perineal, esta prática reduziu o risco de edema 10 dias pós-parto e incontinência de gases 45 dias pós-parto. Registro Brasileiro de ensaio clínico: RBR-4MSYDX

Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la participación de mujeres embarazadas y acompañantes en la realización del masaje digital perineal durante el embarazo y su efecto en la prevención del trauma perineal durante el parto y en la reducción de la morbilidad asociada con los 45 y 90 días post parto. Métodos Estudio piloto de ensayo clínico aleatorizado con 153 mujeres embarazadas con riesgo normal, 78 mujeres en el grupo de intervención realizaron el masaje digital perineal y 75 mujeres del grupo control recibieron los cuidados habituales. Para el análisis del desenlace principal (trauma perineal) y de los desenlaces secundarios, permanecieron en cada grupo 44 mujeres que tuvieron parto vaginal. La intervención la realizó la mujer embarazada o el acompañante por ella elegido, diariamente, a partir de las 34 semanas de embarazo, por 5 a 10 minutos. Resultados El masaje perineal fue factor de protección para el edema en los primeros 10 días postparto (RR 0,64 IC95%0,41-0,99) y la pérdida involuntaria de gases en los 45 días post parto (RR0,57 IC95%0,38-0,86). El ajuste residual ≥ 2 observado en el análisis de las condiciones del perineo postparto mostró una tendencia en las mujeres del grupo intervención a que tengan el perineo íntegro. Las mujeres y los acompañantes que realizaron el masaje perineal recibieron bien la práctica, la recomendarían y la harían nuevamente en un futuro embarazo. Conclusión El masaje digital perineal realizado diariamente, a partir de las 34 semanas de embarazo, fue una práctica bien recibida por las mujeres y acompañantes de este estudio. Pese a que no protege a la mujer de un trauma perineal, esta práctica redujo el riesgo de edema a los 10 días post parto y la incontinencia de gases 45 días post parto.

Abstract Objective To evaluate the adherence of pregnant women and companions to the performance of digital perineal massage during pregnancy and its effect on the prevention of perineal trauma during childbirth and on the reduction of associated morbidity at 45 and 90 days postpartum. Methods A pilot study of a randomized clinical trial with 153 normal risk pregnant women; 78 women in the intervention group underwent digital perineal massage and 75 women in the control group received usual care. For the analysis of the main outcome (perineal trauma) and secondary outcomes, 44 women who had vaginal delivery remained in each group. The intervention was performed daily by the pregnant woman or the companion of her choice from 34 weeks of gestation during 5-10 minutes. Results Perineal massage was a protective factor for edema in the first 10 days postpartum (RR 0.64 95%CI 0.41-0.99) and involuntary gas loss at 45 days postpartum (RR0.57 95%CI 0.38-0.86). The residual adjustment ≥ 2 observed in the analysis of perineal conditions postpartum showed a trend of women in the intervention group having an intact perineum. The women and companions who performed perineal massage accepted the practice well, recommended it and would do it again in a future pregnancy. Conclusion The digital perineal massage performed daily from 34 weeks of gestation was a practice well accepted by women of this study and their companions. Although not protecting women from perineal trauma, this practice reduced the risk of edema at 10 days postpartum and gas incontinence at 45 days postpartum. Brazilian Clinical Trial Registry: RBR-4MSYDX

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Perineum/injuries , Prenatal Care/methods , Pelvic Floor/injuries , Lacerations/prevention & control , Prenatal Education , Massage/methods , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Pilot Projects
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE003966, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1393707


Resumo Objetivo Desenvolver um algoritmo para avaliação perineal na assistência ao parto e aferir sua aplicabilidade e acurácia utilizando um protótipo de sistema de suporte à decisão. Métodos Pesquisa aplicada de desenvolvimento tecnológico, constituída pela construção de algoritmo, avaliação por profissionais com expertise na área, criação de um protótipo de Sistema de Apoio à Decisão usando ferramentas on-line e avaliação de sua aplicabilidade e acurácia durante a assistência a 305 partos realizados por enfermeiros. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva, teste Qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher além do coeficiente de Kappa para avaliar a concordância entre o procedimento indicado pelo sistema e o realizado pelo profissional. Resultados Houve concordância entre a sugestão do algoritmo e a decisão do profissional em 93,1% dos partos; em 6,9% o profissional decidiu caminhos opostos ao recomendado. Os profissionais que optaram por seguir a sugestão do algoritmo obtiveram como desfecho a integridade perineal ou a ocorrência de lacerações de 1°grau. Os que optaram por não seguir a recomendação houve ocorrência de lacerações de 2º ou 3º graus em 28,6% das parturientes. Já na análise de acurácia, o algoritmo sugeriu que a episiotomia deveria ser realizada em 45 dos 305 partos assistidos. Verificou-se associação entre divergências de conduta e número de eventos adversos (p=0,001). Conclusão O algoritmo mostrou-se ferramenta útil para a avaliação perineal na assistência ao parto.

Resumen Objetivo Desarrollar un algoritmo para la evaluación perineal en la asistencia al parto y determinar su aplicabilidad y precisión utilizando un prototipo de sistema para respaldar la decisión. Métodos Investigación aplicada de desarrollo tecnológico, constituida mediante la construcción del algoritmo, evaluación de profesionales con experiencia en el área, creación de un prototipo de Sistema para Respaldar la Decisión usando herramientas en línea y evaluación de su aplicabilidad y precisión durante la atención a 305 partos realizados por enfermeros. Los datos fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva, prueba χ2 de Pearson y prueba exacta de Fisher, además del coeficiente Kappa para evaluar la concordancia entre el procedimiento indicado por el sistema y el realizado por el profesional. Resultados Hubo concordancia entre la sugerencia del algoritmo y la decisión del profesional en el 93,1 % de los partos, en el 6,9 % el profesional decidió un camino opuesto al recomendado. Los profesionales que optaron por seguir la sugerencia del algoritmo obtuvieron como resultado la integridad perineal o episodios de desgarro de primer grado. Los que optaron por no seguir la recomendación, tuvieron episodios de desgarros de segundo y tercer grado en el 28,6 % de las parturientas. Por otro lado, en el análisis de precisión, el algoritmo sugirió que la episiotomía debería ser realizada en 45 de los 305 partos atendidos. Se verificó relación entre divergencias de conducta y número de eventos adversos (p=0,001). Conclusión El algoritmo demostró ser una herramienta útil para la evaluación perineal en la atención a partos.

Abstract Objective To develop an algorithm for perineal assessment in childbirth care and assess its applicability and accuracy using a decision support system prototype. Methods This is applied research of technological development, consisting of the construction of an algorithm, assessment by professionals with expertise in the area, creation of a Decision Support System prototype using online tools and assessment of its applicability and accuracy during care for 305 childbirths performed by nurses. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square and Fisher's exact tests, in addition to the Kappa coefficient to assess the agreement between the procedure indicated by the system and that performed by professionals. Results There was agreement between the algorithm's suggestion and professional decision in 93.1% of childbirths. In 6.9%, professionals decided opposite paths to the recommended one. The professionals who chose to follow the algorithm's suggestion had perineal integrity or the occurrence of first-degree tear as an outcome. Those who chose not to follow the recommendation had second- or third-degree tears in 28.6% of parturient women. In the accuracy analysis, the algorithm suggested that episiotomy should be performed in 45 of the 305 assisted childbirths. There was an association between divergences in conduct and the number of adverse events (p=0.001). Conclusion The algorithm proved to be a useful tool for perineal assessment in childbirth care.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Perineum/physiopathology , Labor, Obstetric , Decision Support Systems, Clinical , Lacerations , Labor Presentation , Natural Childbirth , Algorithms , Episiotomy
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(4): 739-745, dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353263


Objetivos: conhecer os fatores maternos e neonatais relacionados à integridade perineal e relacionar a preservação do períneo com o profissional que assiste ao parto. Método: estudo retrospectivo, descritivo, quantitativo, em prontuários de 292 mulheres que tiveram parto vaginal com períneo íntegro. Incluídas mulheres que tiveram parto vaginal com períneo íntegro, de feto termo, único ou múltiplo, iniciado espontaneamente ou induzido, instrumentalizado ou não, independente de risco obstétrico. Utilizadas as variáveis: raça, idade materna, idade gestacional, paridade, número de fetos, uso de ocitocina na condução do trabalho de parto, uso de analgesia, trabalho de parto espontâneo ou induzido, apresentação e peso do recém-nascido ao nascer, posição materna no expulsivo e profissional que assistiu ao parto. Resultados: a maioria das mulheres com períneos íntegros eram pardas, multíparas com partos espontâneos; taxa de ocitocina e analgesia foi de 11,6% e 19,9%, respectivamente; o peso médio dos recém-nascidos foi de 3176g e a Enfermagem Obstétrica esteve presente em mais de 90% dos partos. Conclusão: a raça e a multiparidade permaneceram como fatores protetores de lacerações perineais, enquanto outras variáveis precisam de mais estudos para determinar seu papel na integridade perineal. A Enfermagem Obstétrica se manteve como indicadora de boas práticas ao parto e nascimento. (AU)

Objective: Knowing the maternal and neonatal factors related to perineal integrity and relating perineal integrity to the professional attending the delivery. Methods: Retrospective, descriptive, quantitative study on medical records of 292 women who had vaginal delivery with intact perineum. Including women who had a vaginal delivery with intact perineum, full-term fetus, single or multiple, started spontaneously or induced, instrumentalized or not, regardless of obstetric risk. The variables used were race, maternal age, gestational age, parity, number of fetuses, use of oxytocin in conducting labor, use of analgesia, spontaneous or induced labor, presentation and weight of the newborn at birth, maternal position in the expulsive and professional who attended the birth. Results: The majority of women with intact perineum were brown, multiparous with spontaneous births; oxytocin and analgesia rate was 11,6% and 19,9%, respectively; the average weight of newborns was 3176g and obstetric nursing was present in more than 90% of deliveries. Conclusion: Race and multiparity remained as protective factors against perineal lacerations, while other variables need further studies to determine their role in perineal integrity. Obstetric Nursing has remained an indicator of good practices in childbirth and birth. (AU)

Objetivo: Conocer los factores maternos y neonatales relacionados con la integridad perineal y relacionar la preservación del perineo con el profesional que asiste al parto. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y cuantitativo sobre historias clínicas de 292 mujeres que tuvieron parto vaginal con perineo intacto. Incluidas las mujeres que tuvieron un parto vaginal con perineo intacto, feto a término, único o múltiple, iniciado espontáneamente o inducido, instrumentalizado o no, independientemente del riesgo obstétrico. Las variables utilizadas fueron: raza, edad materna, edad gestacional, paridad, número de fetos, uso de oxitocina en la realización del trabajo de parto, uso de analgesia, trabajo de parto espontáneo o inducido, presentación y peso del recién nacido al nacer, posición materna en los expulsivos y profesionales que asistieron al parto. Resultados: La mayoría de las mujeres con perineo sano eran pardas, multíparas con partos espontáneos; la tasa de oxitocina y analgesia fue de 11,6% y 19,9%, respectivamente; el peso promedio de los recién nacidos fue de 3176 gy la enfermería obstétrica estuvo presente en más del 90% de los partos. Conclusión: La raza y la multiparidad se mantuvieron como factores protectores contra las laceraciones perineales, mientras que otras variables necesitan más estudios para determinar su papel en la integridad perineal. La enfermería obstétrica se ha mantenido como un indicador de buenas prácticas en el parto y el parto. (AU)

Obstetric Nursing , Perineum , Natural Childbirth
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 732-737, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291284


Introducción. El enterocele es causado por un defecto herniario del piso pélvico, siendo el más común la hernia interrecto-vaginal. Se produce por un debilitamiento del piso pélvico, por diversos factores, entre ellos, las cirugías en la región pélvica, el estreñimiento crónico o las patologías que aumentan la presión intraabdominal, el antecedente de prolapso rectal o vaginal, y también, factores congénitos. Presentación de caso. Paciente femenina de 84 años de edad, con antecedentes de un parto eutócico y múltiples procedimientos quirúrgicos, entre ellos histerectomía hace 40 años y rectosigmoidectomía por enfermedad diverticular complicada hace 6 años, quien cuatro meses antes presenta constipación crónica, que empeora en los días previos a su ingreso, con dolor perineal intenso y salida de asas intestinales a nivel de la región perineal, que la obliga a consultar a Urgencias. Al encontrarse con asas intestinales expuestas, con cambios de coloración, es intervenida quirúrgicamente con resultado satisfactorio, postquirúrgico inmediato optimo y seguimiento por consulta externa por 3 meses sin evidencia de recidiva. Discusión. La hernia interrecto-vaginal tiene una incidencia baja y una presentación clínica variada. El único tratamiento es quirúrgico

Introduction. The enterocele is produced by an hernia defect of the pelvic floor, being the most common the interrecto-vaginal hernia. It is produced by weakness of the pelvic floor for multiples factors, among them surgeries of the pelvic region, chronic constipation or pathologies that increase intra-abdominal pressure, a history of rectal or vaginal prolapse, and congenital factors. Case report. A 84-year-old female patient, with a history of eutocic delivery and multiple surgical procedures, including hysterectomy 40 years ago and rectosigmoidectomy for complicated diverticular disease 6 years ago, presented four months earlier with chronic constipation, which worsens in the days before her admission, with intense perineal pain and exit of intestinal loops at the level of the perineal region, which forced her to consult the emergency room. At examination the intestinal loops were found exposed, with color changes, she underwent surgery with satisfactory results, optimal immediate postoperative and outpatient follow-up for 3 months with no evidence of recurrence. Discussion. Interrecto-vaginal hernia has a low incidence and a varied clinical presentation. The only treatment is surgery

Humans , Perineum , Douglas' Pouch , Hernia , Pelvic Floor , Intestine, Small
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021224, 09 fev. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349379


INTRODUCTION: Perineal trauma is an important complication for women after giving birth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of perineal trauma and its associated factors in nulliparous. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was carried out, through the analysis of the medical records of women with singleton pregnancy who achieved vaginal birth of a live infant, in 2017, in a maternity hospital. Data collection involved information about demographic, obstetric, and clinical data from nulliparous women, and infant birthweight. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were performed to verify the association of perineal trauma with the variables assessed, with significant variables remaining in the model (p<0.05), through a stepwise strategy. RESULTS: A total of 326 medical records were analyzed. The percentage of perineal trauma was 60%. In the multivariate analysis, the use of oxytocin increased the chance of perineal trauma by 730%. In addition, the adoption of squatting position and hands and knees decreased the chances of perineal trauma by 81% and 97%, respectively, in comparison with those who adopted the lithotomy position, during the second stage labor. CONCLUSION: The rate of perineal laceration was high, but the severity was low. The use of oxytocin is associated with the presence of trauma and the squatting position and hands and knees, especially, have contributed to the protection of the perineum.

INTRODUÇÃO: Laceração perineal é uma complicação importante para mulheres pós-parto. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de laceração perineal e seus fatores associados em primíparas. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo de coorte retrospectivo, através da análise dos prontuários de mulheres que pariram no ano de 2017, em uma maternidade da cidade. Durante a coleta de dados foi utilizada uma lista de checagem e um formulário para retirar informações sobre dados obstétricos, sociodemográficos e clínicos das mulheres e o peso do recém-nascido. Em seguida foram formuladas tabelas para determinação da associação entre as variáveis independentes e a presença de laceração. Logo após, foi feita a análise de regressão logística múltipla para identificar as variáveis mais fortemente associadas à laceração perineal. RESULTADOS: Um total de 326 prontuários foram analisados. O percentual de laceração perineal foi de 60%. Na análise multivariada, o uso de oxitocina aumentou a chance de laceração perineal em 730%. Além disso, a posição de cócoras e de quatro apoios diminuíram a chance de laceração perineal em 80% e 97%, respectivamente, em comparação com as mulheres que adotaram a posição de litotomia, durante o segundo período do parto. CONCLUSÃO: A taxa de laceração perineal encontrada foi alta, mas a gravidade foi baixa. O uso de ocitocina está associado com a presença de laceração perineal e a posição de cócoras e de quatro apoios contribuem para a proteção do períneo.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Perineum/injuries , Puerperal Disorders , Women's Health , Parturition , Parity , Oxytocin , Episiotomy
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(2): 475-483, fev. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153788


Resumo Descreve-se uma atividade pedagógica com estudantes do Mestrado e Pós-Licenciatura em Enfermagem de Saúde Materna e Obstetrícia, aplicando princípios da prática simulada na realização da sutura perineal após o parto. Este procedimento causa muita insegurança e gera grande ansiedade nos estudantes, quando iniciam estágio em bloco de partos. Os objetivos deste artigo são desenvolver competências psicomotoras nos estudantes para a reconstituição cirúrgica perineal; aumentar a autoconfiança dos estudantes para o procedimento. Metodologia qualitativa, com 2 momentos de recolha de dados aplicados a dois cursos. Questionário com perguntas abertas, sessão de "focus group" e filmagem. Análise de conteúdo das respostas às perguntas abertas e verbatim do "focus group". Como Resultados destaca-se uma estreita relação entre a simulação e o desenvolvimento de competências. Os estudantes salientaram a importância da atividade pedagógica na aquisição de competências de sutura, reforço da autoconfiança e na diminuição da ansiedade inicial. O uso da investigação qualitativa permitiu identificar o impacto da prática simulada no desenvolvimento de competências dos estudantes, identificar aspetos a aperfeiçoar na metodologia, contribuindo para a melhoria das práticas pedagógicas.

Abstract A pedagogical activity with Master's Degree and Postgraduate students in Maternal Health and Obstetrics Nursing is described, applying principles of simulated practice in perineal suturing after delivery. This procedure causes a lot of insecurity and generates great anxiety in the students, when they start the internship in a delivery room. Objectives: to develop the psychomotor skills in students for perineal surgical reconstruction; increase students' self-confidence to perform the procedure. Methodology: qualitative, with 2 moments of data collection applied to two courses. Questionnaire with open questions, focus group session and filming. Content analysis of the answers to the questions and verbatim of the focus group. Results: a close relationship was observed between simulation and skills development. Conclusion: the students emphasized the importance of the pedagogical activity in the acquisition of suturing skills, improving their self-confidence and reducing the initial anxiety. The use of the qualitative research allowed identifying the impact of the simulated practice on the development of the students' skills and to identify aspects to be improved, contributing to the progress of pedagogical practices.

Humans , Perineum/surgery , Students, Nursing , Clinical Competence , Focus Groups , Qualitative Research
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 910-918, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942990


Objective: To compare the morbidity of perineum-related complication between biological mesh and primary closure in closing pelvic floor defects following extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE). Methods: A literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP database, and China Biological Medicine database for published clinical researches on perineum-related complications following ELAPE between January 2007 and August 2020. Literature inclusion criteria: (1) study subjects: patients undergoing ELAPE with rectal cancers confirmed by colonoscopy pathological biopsy or surgical pathology; (2) study types: randomized controlled studies or observational studies comparing the postoperative perineum-related complications between the two groups (primary perineal closure and reconstruction with a biological mesh) following ELAPE; (3) intervention measures: biological mesh reconstruction used as the treatment group, and primary closure used as the control group; (4) outcome measures: the included literatures should at least include one of the following postoperative perineal complications: overall perineal wound complications, perineal wound infection, perineal wound dehiscence, perineal hernia, chronic sinus, chronic perineal pain (postoperative 12-month), urinary dysfunction and sexual dysfunction. Literature exclusion criteria: (1) data published repeatedly; (2) study with incomplete or wrong original data and unable to obtain original data. Two reviewers independently performed screening, data extraction and assessment on the quality of included studies. Review Manager 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. The mobidities of perineum-related complications, including overall perineal wound (infection, dehiscence, hernia, chronic sinus) and perineal chronic pain (postoperative 12-month), were compared between the two pelvic floor reconstruction methods. Finally, publication bias was assessed, and sensitivity analysis was used to evaluate the stability of the results. Results: A total of five studies, including two randomized controlled studies and three observational controlled studies, with 650 patients (399 cases in the biological mesh group and 251 cases in primary closure group) were finally included. Compared with primary closure, biological mesh reconstruction had significantly lower ratio of perineal hernia (RR=0.37, 95%CI: 0.21-0.64, P<0.001). No significant differences in ratios of overall perineal wound complication, perineal wound infection, perineal wound dehiscence, perineal chronic sinus and perineal chronic pain (postoperative 12-month) were found between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Compared with primary closure, pelvic floor reconstruction following ELAPE with biological mesh has the advantage of a lower incidence of perineal hernia.

Humans , Pelvic Floor/surgery , Perineum/surgery , Proctectomy , Rectum/surgery , Surgical Mesh
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE002205, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349803


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a relação entre vulvovaginite pré-natal e laceração perineal relacionada ao parto. Método Estudo transversal analítico com 100 puérperas ≥18 anos de idade que deram à luz por parto normal a um bebê único, vivo, a termo, em apresentação cefálica, em um centro de parto liderado por enfermeiras obstetras. Os dados foram coletados a partir da ficha de pré-natal e nascimento e por entrevista estruturada dos participantes. A distribuição das variáveis contínuas e categóricas de acordo com a ruptura perineal foi comparada com o teste t de Student, qui-quadrado e teste exato de Fisher. Para as variáveis significativamente associadas à ruptura perineal, foi estimado o Odds Ratio com modelos de regressão logística. Modelos de regressão múltipla foram ajustados para avaliar o efeito independente das variáveis. A significância estatística foi considerada com p<0,05. Resultado A média de idade das participantes foi de 23,1 anos, 16% dos trabalhos de parto foram induzidos com misoprostol, em 54% dos trabalhos de parto houve infusão de ocitocina sintética, 83% dos partos foram em posição de litotomia, 98% de manobra hands-on, 75% de laceração perineal, 54% de vulvovaginite pré-natal, média de peso ao nascer, circunferência cefálica e torácica dos recém-nascidos: 3,102g, 33,3cm e 32,2cm, respectivamente. Vulvovaginite pré-natal (p=0,005), peso ao nascer do recém-nascido (p=0,006) e perímetro cefálico (0,027) tiveram associação com a ruptura perineal. A análise múltipla mostrou que mulheres com vulvovaginite pré-natal tiveram uma chance de 4,6 (IC 95%: 1,712-14,125; p=0,004) de sustentar laceração perineal em comparação com aquelas sem vulvovaginite, independentemente do peso do recém-nascido (OR:1,182, IC 95%: 1,002-1,415; p=0,056) e do perímetro cefálico(OR: 1,160, IC 95%: 0,721-1892; p=0,544). Não houve associação entre o tratamento de vulvovaginite pré-natal e laceração perineal (p>0,999) ou vulvovaginite pré-natal e gravidade da laceração perineal (OR:1,061, IC 95%: 0,383-3,069; p=0,911). Conclusão Este estudo demonstrou associação entre laceração perineal no parto e vulvovaginite pré-natal. É necessário prevenir e tratar a vulvovaginite pré-natal e oferecer cuidados perineais adequados durante o parto às mulheres que tiveram vulvovaginite na gestação.

Resumen Objetivo Determinar la relación entre vulvovaginitis prenatal y desgarro perineal relacionado con el parto. Método Estudio transversal analítico con 100 puérperas de ≥18 años de edad que dieron a luz por parto vaginal a un bebé único, vivo, a término, en presentación cefálica, en un centro de parto liderado por enfermeras obstetras. Los datos se recopilaron a partir de la ficha de atención prenatal y nacimiento y mediante encuesta estructurada de las participantes. La distribución de las variables continuas y categóricas de acuerdo con la ruptura perineal fue comparada con el test-T de Student, la prueba χ2 de Pearson y la prueba exacta de Fisher. Para las variables significativamente asociadas a la ruptura perineal, se estimó el Odds Ratio con modelos de regresión logística. Se adaptaron los modelos de regresión múltiple para evaluar el efecto independiente de las variables. La significación estadística fue considerada con p<0,05. Resultado El promedio de edad de las participantes fue de 23,1 años, el 16 % de los trabajos de parto fueron inducidos con misoprostol, en el 54 % de los trabajos de parto hubo infusión de oxitocina sintética, el 83 % de los partos fueron en posición de litotomía, el 98 % de maniobra hands-on, el 75 % de desgarro perineal, el 54 % de vulvovaginitis prenatal, el promedio de peso al nacer de 3,102 g, de circunferencia cefálica de 33,3 cm y de circunferencia torácica de 32,2 cm de los recién nacidos. La vulvovaginitis prenatal (p=0,005), el peso al nacer del recién nacido (p=0,006) y el perímetro cefálico (0,027) tuvieron relación con la ruptura perineal. El análisis múltiple demostró que mujeres con vulvovaginitis prenatal tuvieron una probabilidad de 4,6 (IC 95 %: 1,712-14,125; p=0,004) de tener desgarro perineal en comparación con aquellas sin vulvovaginitis, independientemente del peso del recién nacido (OR:1,182, IC 95 %: 1,002-1,415; p=0,056) y del perímetro cefálico (OR:1,160, IC 95 %: 0,721-1892; p=0,544). No se observó relación entre el tratamiento de vulvovaginitis prenatal y desgarro perineal (p>0,999) o entre la vulvovaginitis prenatal y la gravedad del desgarro perineal (OR:1,061, IC 95 %: 0,383-3,069; p=0,911). Conclusión Este estudio demostró que existe relación entre desgarro perineal en el parto y vulvovaginitis prenatal. Es necesario prevenir y tratar la vulvovaginitis prenatal y ofrecer cuidados perineales adecuados durante el parto a las mujeres que tuvieron vulvovaginitis en el embarazo.

Abstract Objective To determine the relationship between antenatal vulvovaginitis and birth-related perineal tear. Methods An analytical cross-sectional study with 100 postpartum women, ≥18 years of age, who gave birth vaginally to a single, live, full-term baby in cephalic presentation at a midwife-led birth center. Data were collected from the antenatal and birth record and by structured interview of participants. Distribution of continuous and categorical variables according to perineal tear were compared by using the Student's T-test, Chi-square and Fisher Exact tests. For variables significantly associated with perineal tear, the Odds Ratio with logistic regression models was estimated. Multiple regression models were adjusted to evaluate the independent effect of variables. Statistical significance was considered at a level p<0.05. Results mean of participants' age 23.1 years, 16% labor induced with misoprostol, 54% synthetic oxytocin infusion in labor, 83% lithotomy birth position, 98% "hands on" maneuver, 75% perineal tear, 54% antenatal vulvovaginitis, mean of newborn birth weight, head and thoracic circumference: 3.102g, 33.3cm and 32.2cm, respectively. Antenatal vulvovaginitis (p=0.005) and newborn birth weight (p=0.006) and head circumference (0,027) were associated with perineal tear. The multiple analysis showed that women who had antenatal vulvovaginitis had a 4.6 (IC 95%:1.712-14.125; p=0.004) chance of sustaining perineal tear compared to those without vulvovaginitis, regardless of newborn birth weight (OR:1.182 IC 95%:1.002-1.415; p=0,056) and head circumference (OR:1.160 IC 95%: 0.721-1892; p=0.544). There was no association between treating antenatal vulvovaginitis and perineal tear (p>0,999) or antenatal vulvovaginitis and perineal tear severity (OR: 1.061 IC 95%: 0.383-3.069; p=0.911). Conclusion This study demonstrates an associated risk between antenatal vulvovaginitis perineal injury. It is necessary to prevent and treat antenatal vulvovaginitis, and offer proper perineal care to women who have had antenatal vulvovaginitis during childbirth.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Perineum/injuries , Prenatal Care , Vulvovaginitis , Lacerations , Natural Childbirth , Cross-Sectional Studies
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE02724, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349810


Resumo Objetivo Descrever o uso da cola cirúrgica no reparo do trauma perineal no parto normal. Métodos Estudo série de casos realizado em três momentos (até 2 horas, 12-24 horas e 36-48 horas após o parto), em Itapecerica da Serra, SP. Foram incluídas mulheres que tiveram parto normal com trauma perineal com indicação de sutura (laceração de primeiro ou segundo graus e episiotomia). O trauma perineal foi reparado exclusivamente com cola cirúrgica Glubran-2®. Avaliou-se: intensidade da dor perineal (Escala Visual Numérica com 11 pontos), processo de cicatrização (escala REEDA de 15 pontos), satisfação com o reparo (escala Likert de 5 pontos). Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e inferencial comparando os três momentos. Resultados A técnica de aplicação da cola e a quantidade necessária foram definidas em uma amostra de 19 mulheres. Destas, 78,9% tiveram laceração de primeiro grau, 15,8% de segundo grau e 5,3% episiotomia. Os desfechos nos momentos 1, 2 e 3, foram respectivamente: ausência de dor (73,6%, 94,7% e 89,4%); escore ≤1 na escala REEDA (94,7%, 78,9% e 84,2%); 100% satisfeitas com o reparo em todos os momentos. Não houve diferença pelo teste de Friedman para dor e satisfação. O processo de cicatrização mostrou diferença, porém sem confirmação no pós-teste hoc. Conclusão A aplicação da cola mostrou-se viável para avaliação em uma amostra maior de mulheres, pois os resultados sugerem boa aceitação pelas mulheres e dor de baixa intensidade ou ausente, cicatrização adequada e alta satisfação com o reparo nas primeiras 48 horas após o parto.

Resumen Objetivo Describir el uso de pegamento quirúrgico para reparar traumas perineales en partos vaginales. Métodos Estudio serie de casos realizado en tres momentos (hasta 2 horas, de 12 a 24 horas y de 36 a 48 horas después de parto), en Itapecerica da Serra, estado de São Paulo. Se incluyeron mujeres que tuvieron parto vaginal con trauma perineal e indicación de sutura (desgarro de primer o segundo grado y episiotomía). El trauma perineal fue reparado exclusivamente con pegamento quirúrgico Glubran-2®. Se evaluó la intensidad del dolor perineal (Escala Visual Numérica de 11 puntos), el proceso de cicatrización (Escala REEDA de 15 puntos) y la satisfacción respecto a la reparación (Escala Likert de 5 puntos). Los datos fueron analizados de forma descriptiva e inferencial, comparando los tres momentos. Resultados La técnica de aplicación del pegamento y la cantidad necesaria fueron definidas en una muestra de 19 mujeres. De ellas, el 78,9 % tuvieron un desgarro de primer grado, el 15,8 % de segundo grado y el 5,3 % episiotomía. Los resultados de los momentos 1, 2 y 3 fueron, respectivamente: ausencia de dolor (73,6 %, 94,7 % y 89,4 %); puntuación ≤1 en la escala REEDA (94,7 %, 78,9 % y 84,2 %); 100 % satisfechas con la reparación en todos los momentos. No se observó diferencia de dolor y satisfacción con la prueba de Friedman. El proceso de cicatrización mostró diferencia, pero sin confirmación en la prueba post hoc. Conclusión La aplicación del pegamento demostró ser viable para un análisis con una muestra mayor de mujeres, ya que los resultados sugieren buena aceptación por parte de las mujeres, dolor de baja intensidad o ausente, cicatrización adecuada y alta satisfacción respecto a la reparación en las primeras 48 horas después del parto.

Abstract Objective To describe the use of surgical glue to repair perineal trauma during normal delivery. Methods This is a case series study, which was carried out in three moments (up to 2 hours, 12-24 hours and 36-48 hours after delivery) in Itapecerica da Serra, SP. Women who had a normal delivery with perineal trauma with a suture (first or second degree laceration and episiotomy) were included. Perineal trauma was repaired exclusively with Glubran-2® surgical glue. Perineal pain intensity (11-point Visual Numeric Scale), healing process (15-point REEDA scale), satisfaction with repair (5-point Likert scale) were assessed. Data were analyzed in a descriptive and inferential way comparing the three moments. Results The technique of applying the glue and the required amount were defined in a sample of 19 women. Of these, 78.9% had first-degree lacerations, 15.8%, second-degree lacerations and 5.3%, episiotomy. The outcomes at moments 1, 2 and 3 were absence of pain (73.6%, 94.7% and 89.4%), score ≤1 on the REEDA scale (94.7%, 78.9% and 84, two%); 100% were satisfied with the repair at all times. There was no difference by the Friedman test for pain and satisfaction. The healing process showed a difference, but without confirmation in the hoc post-test. Conclusion The glue application proved to be viable for assessment in a larger sample of women, as the results suggest good acceptance by women and low or no pain, adequate healing and high satisfaction with the repair in the first 48 hours after delivery.

Humans , Female , Perineum/injuries , Tissue Adhesives , Lacerations/therapy , Postpartum Period , Obstetric Nursing
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(8): 588-594, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351767


Abstract Objective In around 85% of vaginal births, the parturients undergo perineal lacerations and/or episiotomy. The present study aimed to determine the incidence of lacerations and episiotomies among parturients in 2018 in a habitual-risk public maternity hospital in southern Brazil, and to determine the risk and protective factors for such events. Methodology A retrospective cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from medical records and analyzed using the Stata software. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed. Values of p<0.05 were considered significant. Results In 2018, there were 525 vaginal births, 27.8% of which were attended by obstetricians, 70.7% by obstetric nurses, and 1.5% evolved without assistance. Overall, 55.2% of the parturients had some degree of laceration. The professional who attended the birth was a significant variable: a greater number of first- and second-degree lacerations, as well as more severe cases, occurred in births attended by nurses (odds ratio [OR]: 2,95; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 1,74 to 5,03). Positions at birth that did not enable perineal protection techniques (expulsive period with the "hands-off" method), when analyzed in isolation, determined the risk; however, in the final regression model, this relationship was not confirmed. Although reported in the literature, there were no associations between the occurrence of laceration and age, skin color, or birth weight. In 24% of the births, episiotomy was performed, and doctors performed 63.5% of them. Conclusion Births attended by nurses resulted in an increased risk of perineal lacerations, of varying degrees. In turn, those assisted by physicians had a higher occurrence of episiotomy.

Resumo Objetivo Aproximadamente 85% dos partos vaginais cursam ou com lacerações perineais e/ou com episiotomia. Este estudo objetivou determinar a incidência de lacerações e episiotomias das parturientes de 2018 de uma maternidade pública de risco habitual, no sul do Brasil, bem como determinar os fatores de risco e proteção para tais eventos. Métodos Estudo transversal retrospectivo, no qual os dados foram obtidos dos prontuários e analisados no programa Stata. Realizaram-se regressões logísticas uni e multivariada. Foram considerados como significantes valores de p<0,05. Resultados Em 2018, aconteceram 525 partos vaginais, sendo 27,8% assistidos por médicos obstetras, 70,7%, por enfermeiros obstetras, e 1,5% evoluíram sem assistência. Ao todo, 55,2% das parturientes apresentaram algum grau de laceração. O profissional que assistiu ao parto foi uma variável que demonstrou significância: um maior número de lacerações de primeiro e segundo graus, bem como casos de maior gravidade, ocorreram em partos assistidos por enfermeiros (razão de probabilidades [RP]: 2,95; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC 95%]: 1,74 a 5,03). Posições ao nascimento que não permitiam técnicas de proteção perineal (período expulsivo na técnica "sem mãos" [hands off, em inglês]), quando analisadas isoladamente, determinaram o risco; contudo, no modelo final de regressão, essa relação não se confirmou. Apesar de relatada na literatura, não houve associação entre a ocorrência de laceração e a idade, a cor da pele, ou o peso de nascimento. Em 24% dos partos, uma episiotomia foi realizada, tendo os médicos executado 63,5% delas. Conclusão Partos assistidos por enfermeiros resultaram em um maior risco de lacerações perineais, de variados graus. Por sua vez, os assistidos por médicos apresentaram maior ocorrência de episiotomia.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Lacerations/etiology , Lacerations/epidemiology , Perineum/injuries , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Delivery, Obstetric , Episiotomy
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e20200193, 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1340731


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyse the knowledge and use of perineal protection methods during the expulsive stage by health professionals involved in childbirth and whether they correspond to the World Health Organization's recommendations. Method: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study aimed at health workers involved in births in Spain. Results: Fifty-seven professionals participated in the study: midwives (47%), gynaecologists (25%), nurse residents (14%) and resident physicians (14%) in obstetrics and gynaecology. The degree of knowledge and use of perineal protection methods differed according to the position held and was very limited among gynaecologists and resident physicians. The only method recognized by all positions was "hands on" (p = 0.05). "Hands off " (p = 0.002), "delayed pushing" (p = 0.0001) and "maternal posture" (p = 0.03) were only known to midwives and nurse residents. "Flexion technique" (p = 0.035) and "delayed pushing" (p = 0.011) were used effectively by midwives and nurse residents. "Episiotomy" was erroneously identified as a method to protect the perineum by gynaecologists and resident physicians (p = 0.003). Conclusion: The degree of knowledge and use of perineal protection methods by health care professionals does not correspond to the recommendations of the World Health Organization.

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o grau de conhecimento e utilização dos métodos de proteção perineal durante o período expulsivo por parte dos profissionais sanitários implicados no parto e se ele se corresponde com as recomendações da Organização Mundial da Saúde. Método: Estudo descritivo de corte transversal dirigido a sanitários que assistem partos na Espanha. Resultados: Participaram no estúdio 57 profissionais: obstetras (47%), ginecologistas (25%), Enfermeiro Interno Residente (EIR) (14%) e Médico Interno Residente (MIR) (14%) em Obstetrícia e Ginecologia. Houve diferencias no grau de conhecimento e utilização segundo o cargo desempenhado, sendo muito limitado para ginecologistas e MIR. Os únicos métodos reconhecidos por todos os cargos foram "Hands On" (p = 0,05). "Hands off " (p = 0.002), "Controle de puxos" (p = 0.0001) y "Posturas no período expulsivo" (0.03) somente são conhecidos pelas obstetras e EIR. "Controle de deflexão da cabeça fetal" (0.035) e o "Controle de puxos" (p = 0.011) são efetivos para matronas e EIR. A "Episiotomia" se identificou erroneamente como protetor do períneo por ginecologistas e MIR (p = 0.003). Conclusão: O grau de conhecimento e uso dos métodos de proteção do períneo dos profissionais não se corresponde com as recomendações da Organização Mundial da Saúde.

RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar grado de conocimiento y utilización de los métodos de protección perineal durante el periodo expulsivo de los profesionales sanitarios implicados en el parto y si se corresponde con las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Método: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal dirigido a sanitarios que asisten partos en España. Resultados: Participaron en el estudio 57 profesionales: matronas (47%), ginecólogos (25%), Enfermero Interno Residente (EIR) (14%) y Médico Interno Residente (MIR) (14%) en Obstetricia y Ginecología. Hubo diferencias respecto al grado de conocimiento y utilización según el cargo desempeñado, siendo muy limitado para ginecólogos y MIR. Los únicos métodos reconocidos por todos los cargos fueron "Hands On" (p = 0,05). "Hands off " (p = 0.002), "Control de pujos" (p = 0.0001) y "Posturas en el periodo expulsivo" (0.03) sólo son conocidos por las matronas y EIR. "Control de deflexión de la cabeza fetal" (0.035) y el "Control de pujos" (p = 0.011) son efectivos para matronas y EIR. La "Episiotomía" se identificó erróneamente como protector del periné por ginecólogos y MIR (p = 0.003). Conclusión: El grado de conocimiento y uso de los métodos de protección del periné de los profesionales no se corresponde con las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud.

Perineum , Obstetric Nursing , Parturition , Episiotomy , Midwifery