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1.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e59159, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366299

ABSTRACT

To verify the presence of periodontitis, its severity, and their association with associated factors based on medical records of patients who attended the Dental Clinic of the Faculty of Southern Brazil over 4 years. This is a cross-sectional study, which included 422 medical records of patients aged ≥ 18 years. The clinically analyzed data were: plaque index (PI),bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical attachment level (CAL). Sociodemographic data, dental hygiene, harmful habits and chronic systemic diseases were described. Statistical analysis of binary logistic regression was used to verify the relationship between the severity of periodontitis and the exposure variables. The older adults [odds ratio (OR) = 2.36; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.23-4.54 ­41 to 55 years and OR = 3.0; 95% CI: 1.49-6.09 ­56 to 87 years], and men (OR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.18-3.14) showed higher chances of periodontitis severity. Smokers (OR = 3.54; 95% CI: 2.05-6.12), those with hypertension (OR = 2.11; 95% CI: 1.23-3.63) and with diabetes (OR = 2.10; 95% CI: 1.08-4.12) showed higher chances of developing advanced periodontitis. Advanced or severe periodontitis occurred in one-third of the patients. The findings showed that men, older adults, with systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and smokers are more susceptible to severe periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patients , Periodontitis/complications , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Universities , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Thyroid Gland , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Periodontal Index , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Depressive Disorder/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Smokers , Hypertension/complications
2.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 483-489, dic. 31, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178943

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Oral health can be defined as the absence of pathologies and disorders that affect the stomatognathic system. Objetives: This study aimed to determine the characteristics of self-assessment oral health status, in the clinical experience of dental caries, periodontal status, periodontal fixation loss and to investigate the association between self-reported and clinical oral health status among Paraguayans adults during early 2017. Material and Methods: The design is cross-sectional. Two dentists carried out the oral examinations following the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). Results: There were 333 adult participants with a mean age of 35 ± 13 years. Most (77.2%) of the participants were female. Missing teeth (5.32±6), filled teeth (3.56±4), and decayed teeth (2.55±3) were also detected. Almost half (48.0%) of participants had dental calculus, while 5.8% had a periodontal pocket and 48.6% periodontal fixation loss. The self-perception of oral health was poor in 12.3% of participants, fair in 29.8%, normal in 31.8%, good in 16.2%, and excellent in 9.9%. Oral health self-assessment was positive in 58.0% and negative in 42.0%. A statistically significant difference was found when comparing the DMFT index according to self-perception of oral health, the score being higher in those who had negative self-perception; obtaining similar results in the decayed component. Conclusion: Negative oral health self-perception was associated with a high DMFT index, of this, the decayed component was the only one that presented statistically significant differences.


Introducción: La salud bucodental puede ser definida como la ausencia de patologías y trastornos que afectan el sistema estomatognático. Objetivos: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar las características de la autoevaluación del estado de salud bucal, en la experiencia clínica de la caries dental, el estado periodontal, la fijación de la pérdida periodontal e investigar la asociación entre el estado de salud bucal autoinformado y clínico entre los adultos paraguayos a principios de 2017. Material y Métodos: El diseño es transversal. Dos odontólogos fueron calibrados para el examen bucal, siguiendo las recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Resultados: Participaron 333 sujetos, el promedio de edad fue de 34.93 (DE=12.64) años, 77.2% eran mujeres. El 21.1% de las piezas dentarias estaban perdidas, el 12.2% obturadas y el 9.2% cariadas. El 48.0% presentó cálculo dental, 5.8% el bolsa periodontal y el 48.6% pérdida de fijación. La autopercepción de salud bucal fue para el 12.3% pobre, el 29.8% regular, el 31.8% normal, el 16.2% buena y el 9.9% excelente. Tuvieron una autoevaluación de su salud oral positiva el 58.0% y negativa el 42.0%. Se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa al comparar el DMFT index según la autopercepción de salud oral, siendo mayor el puntaje en los negativos; obteniéndose resultados similares con el componente cariado. Conclusión: La autopercepción de salud oral negativa se asoció con un elevado DMFT index, de este, el componente cariado fue el único que presentó diferencias estadísticamente significativas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Health , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Paraguay/epidemiology , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , DMF Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Caries/diagnosis
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(9): 696-706, Sept. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1143425

ABSTRACT

Periodontal disease is the most common infectious disease that occurs in feline patients. Although it occurs in both sexes, different age groups, and any breeds, the prevalence and severity seem much higher in cats living in animal shelters. This paper aimed to describe the clinical, radiological, cytopathological, and virological aspects of periodontal disease and its complications in cats, based on these aspects and, consequently, on the importance it brings to cat feline medicine in shelter cats. For this, nine cats with periodontal disease from a single animal shelter were evaluated. These cats demonstrated a disease characterized by halitosis, excessive salivation, and oral discomfort. Lymphadenomegaly of the mandibular and retropharyngeal lymph nodes was observed in 44.4% of the cases. Oral lesions consisted of varying degrees of gingival hyperemia, complete loss of free gingival margins, and consequently gingival retraction, dental calculus deposition, dental mobility, complete exposure of the furcation of premolars and molars, and dental roots of canines and incisors, loss of bone radiopacity due to alveolar bone resorption and tooth loss. Complications included chronic ulcerative paradental stomatitis (22.2%), faucitis (22.2%), and chronic gingivostomatitis (11.1%). None of the cats affected by periodontal disease was positive for FIV or FeLV. In 33.3% of the cases, cats were carriers of feline calicivirus, but not feline herpesvirus.(AU)


Doença periodontal é a mais comum doença infecciosa que ocorre em pacientes felinos. Embora ocorra em gatos de ambos os sexos, diferentes faixas etárias e quaisquer raças, a prevalência e a gravidade parece muito maior em gatos que vivem em abrigos para animais. Baseado nesses aspectos e, consequentemente, na importância que ela traz para a medicina felina de gatos de abrigos, o objetivo desse artigo é descrever os aspectos clínicos, radiológicos, citopatológicos e virológicos da doença periodontal e suas complicações em gatos. Para isso, nove gatos com doença periodontal oriundos de um único abrigo de animais foram avaliados. Esses gatos demonstraram uma doença caracterizada por halitose, salivação excessiva e desconforto oral. Linfadenomegalia dos linfonodos mandibulares e retrofaríngeos foi observada em 44,4% dos casos. As lesões orais consistiam de graus variados de hiperemia gengival, perda completa das margens gengivais livres e, consequentemente, retração gengival, deposição de cálculo dental, mobilidade dentária, exposição completa da furca dos pré-molares e molares e das raízes dentárias dos caninos e incisivos, perda de radiopacidade óssea devido à reabsorção de osso alveolar e perda dentária. Complicações incluíram estomatite paradental ulcerativa crônica (22,2%), faucite (22,2%) e gengivoestomatite crônica (11,1%). Nenhum dos gatos afetados pela doença periodontal foi positivo para FIV ou FeLV. Em 33,3% dos casos, os gatos eram portadores do calicivírus felino, mas não do herpesvírus felino.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Periodontal Diseases/complications , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Periodontal Diseases/veterinary , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Periodontitis/veterinary , Stomatitis/veterinary , Cat Diseases , Gingivitis/veterinary
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2053, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126490

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El edentulismo es la pérdida total o parcial de dientes, ocasionado principalmente por la caries y la enfermedad periodontal; es un proceso gradual que está comúnmente asociado al aumento de edad. Actualmente es considerado una discapacidad debido a la limitación funcional que ocasiona en quien lo presenta. Objetivo: Exponer el tratamiento rehabilitador multidisciplinario, funcional y estético en un paciente con desarmonías oclusales. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 74 años, diagnosticado con edentulismo parcial bimaxilar, mediante examen clínico y radiológico. Se sometió a terapia periodontal generalizada, cirugía preprotésica, restauración de plano oclusal de forma directa e indirecta y rehabilitación bucal con prótesis removibles total superior y parcial inferior; lo cual le permitió recuperar funcionalidad, estética y autoestima. Conclusiones: El edentulismo desencadena alteración en el estado funcional y emocional del paciente. Un diagnóstico integral y plan de tratamiento multidisciplinario y ordenado desencadenó éxito en el presente caso(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Edentulism is total or partial tooth loss mainly caused by dental caries and periodontal disease. It is a gradual process often associated to aging. At present edentulism is considered to be a disability, due to the functional limitations undergone by sufferers. Objective: Describe the multidisciplinary, functional and esthetic rehabilitation treatment provided to a patient with occlusal disharmony. Case presentation: A 74-year-old male patient was diagnosed with bimaxillary partial edentulism based on clinical and radiographic examination. The patient underwent generalized periodontal therapy, pre-prosthetic surgery, direct and indirect occlusal plane restoration, and oral rehabilitation with total upper and partial lower removable prostheses, as a result of which he recovered his functionality, esthetic appearance and self-esteem. Conclusions: Edentulism triggers changes in the functional and emotional state of patients. Comprehensive diagnosis and orderly multidisciplinary treatment led to success in the case herein presented(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Dental Caries/therapy , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Vertical Dimension , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Esthetics
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056879

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate periodontal tissue condition on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and its characteristics. Material and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study involved 61 SLE patients. Clinical examination of the oral cavity was performed using periodontal index (PI), gingival index (GI), clinical attachment loss (CAL) and number of loose teeth. Also, we evaluated SLE duration, treatment duration, ethnics, marital status, educational background, family income, and occupation. Results: In the evaluation of periodontal tissue, 93.4% had bleeding on probing, 80.3% clinical attachment loss, and 16.3% loose teeth. A total of 54 patients (88.5%) with SLE had periodontitis. Seven subjects had no periodontitis, 11 mild periodontitis, 29 moderate periodontitis and 14 severe periodontitis. Mean Periodontal Index score, Gingival Index, Clinical Attachment Loss (mm), and the number of mobility teeth, Plaque Index and Calculus Index respectively were 2.66 ± 1.20, 1.95 ± 1.02, 0.75 ± 0.59 mm, 1,49 ± 1.77. There was a significant difference in periodontal index score, shown periodontitis between employment and unemployment subjects (p=0.004) and a moderate correlation between periodontitis and occupation. Conclusion: Periodontitis found as manifestations SLE patients, followed by bleeding on probing and loose teeth. Its characteristics is playing a role in periodontitis in SLE patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Periapical Tissue , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Periodontal Index , Clinical Studies as Topic/methods , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Indonesia/epidemiology
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34(supl.1): e027, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1098124

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Periodontal diseases are considered a worldwide public health problem, owing to their high prevalence in developed and developing countries. Periodontitis may lead to tooth loss, which can impact oral health-related quality of life. Gingivitis and periodontitis have been extensively studied regarding their etiopathogenesis, epidemiology, prevention and treatment outcomes. However, most of these aspects are studied and discussed globally, which may hamper a clear interpretation of the findings and the design of effective plans of action for specific regions or populations. For example, in Latin America, epidemiological data about the distribution of periodontal diseases is still scarce, mainly when it comes to nationwide representative samples. This Consensus aimed to address the following topics related to periodontal diseases in Latin America: a) The impact of the global burden of periodontal diseases on health: a global reality; b) Periodontal diseases in Latin America; c) Strategies for the prevention of periodontal diseases in Latin America; d) Problems associated with diagnosis of periodontal conditions and possible solutions for Latin America; e) Treatment of Periodontitis. This consensus will help to increase awareness about diagnosis, prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases, in the context of Latin American countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Consensus Development Conferences as Topic , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Periodontitis/therapy , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Global Burden of Disease , Gingivitis , Gingivitis/diagnosis , Gingivitis/epidemiology , Latin America/epidemiology
7.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(9 especial): 571-575, oct 2019. fig, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046618

ABSTRACT

The mobility of teeth in terms of periotestometry and hydration of periodontal tissues in terms of bioimpedance spectrometry were studied in healthy volunteers without dental and concomitant somatic diseases. It was found that teeth of these subjects have both low and pathological mobility. It was also revealed as increased hydration (edema), indicating the presence of inflammation, and reduced hydration, indicating atrophic processes in periodontal tissues. A comparison of the data of periotestometry and bioimpedance spectrometry showed that the indicators of mobility of the teeth and hydration of the periodontal tissues reflect different characteristics of the functional state of dentoalveolar system, and can be used as complementary in the diagnostic studies.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Spectrum Analysis , Tooth Mobility/diagnosis , Periodontium/anatomy & histology , Organism Hydration Status
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4180, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997893

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the effect of scaling and root planning treatment on levels of hs-CRP (C-reactive protein) in patients with risk of cardiovascular disease. Material and Methods: This research is an experimental research with one group pre- and post-test design. This research was performed to the periodontal patients who came to the clinic and have risk of cardiovascular disease. Medical evaluations included measurement of blood pressure and body mass index were performed. Blood samples were obtained from each subject after over night fasting, highsensitivity C-reactive protein was measured as an index of inflammation. Blood samples were analysed two times before treatment (scaling and root planning) and three weeks later. Statistical analysis used Paired t-test. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: Means-CRP levels before and after treatment in scaling and root planning were 3.16 ± 2.37 and 2.18±1.56 (p=0.007). Conclusion: There are significant differences between hs-CRP levels before and after treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , C-Reactive Protein , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Dental Scaling/methods , Indonesia , Periodontal Index , Data Interpretation, Statistical
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4305, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997903

ABSTRACT

Objective: This parallel, randomized, examiner-blind clinical trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy of two different toothbrushes (manual and sonic) on plaque control in adolescents. Material and Methods: This study enrolled 56 volunteers, randomly allocated to two different groups: group A (n = 28) for the manual toothbrush (Curaprox 5460 Ultra Soft®) and group B (n = 28) for the sonic toothbrush (Edel White®). Mean age was 17.2 ± 1.1 years. A calibrated periodontist performed a periodontal evaluation to assess the presence of plaque with the Turesky Modification of the Quigley Hein Plaque Index (PI) and the gingival inflammation with the Silness & Löe Gingival Index (GI). Adolescents received instructions about the mechanical control of plaque at baseline (T0), with a reexamination after 3 months (T1) and 6 months (T2). Non-parametric Mann Whitney test was used to compare the differences between the two toothbrush groups and the Friedman test was used for the comparisons between times. Results: There has been PI reduction concerning the study times (T0, T1 and T2, p<0.05), but not between the groups A and B (p>0.05). As for GI there has been no significant difference between the groups and between the study times (p>0.05). Conclusion: Both toothbrushes were efficient in the control of supragingival plaque (visible biofilm).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Toothbrushing/methods , Randomized Controlled Trial , Dental Devices, Home Care , Dental Plaque/etiology , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adolescent , Statistics, Nonparametric
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4533, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998260

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the extent of bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and the level of oral hygiene and caries prevalence among pregnant women. Material and Methods: Random samples of pregnant women attending eight public health centers were examined. Their periodontal and caries statuses were examined using the Community Periodontal Index, Simplified Oral Hygiene Index and DMF-T. The good criteria of OHI-S ranged from 0 to 1.2, the fair from 1.3 to 3.0 and the poor from 3.1 to 6.0. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the absolute and relative frequencies. Results: 84.7% had caries and the DMF-T index score was 4.34 (fair). 73% suffered gingival bleeding, 34% with 4-5 mm pocket depth, 2% with 6 mm or deeper pocket depth, while the majority had good oral hygiene. The prevalence of 4-5 mm probing pocket depth increased between the first and second trimesters (12.1% to 48.5%), before undergoing a slight decrease in the third trimester (39.4%). Gingival bleeding was found to be most prevalent in the third trimester. Pocket depth of 4-5 mm was found to be highest in the second trimester. Pocket depth of 6 mm or more was restricted to the third trimester. Oral hygiene scores increased in tandem with gestational age. Conclusion: The majority had caries, which strongly suggests that the awareness of the pregnant women regarding their oral hygiene remains limited.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Oral Hygiene/methods , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Pregnant Women , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(3): 219-224, Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975736

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The influence of cytokine on the progression of chronic periodontitis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients is still controversial and poorly investigated. This study aimed to analyze and compare IL-6 and IFN-α levels in the gingival crevicular fluid of HIV-1-positive and HIV-1-negative patients with chronic periodontitis and different grades of tissue destruction and inflammation. Samples from the gingival crevicular sulcus were obtained from 35 HIV-1-positive individuals with chronic periodontitis and 35 seronegative patients with chronic periodontitis. Probing depth and clinical attachment level, as well as the results of the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for confirmation of patient diagnostics, were evaluated. Statistical analyses were performed using Student t, Mann-Whitney and Spearman tests. IL-6 levels were significantly lower, while IFN-α levels were significantly higher in HIV-1 patients. Clinical attachment level was directly associated with IFN-α levels in HIV-1 carriers, connected to probing depth in these patients. Clinical data in association with gingival crevicular fluid cytokine levels may reveal a localized immunological response pattern, which may contribute to the understanding of periodontitis pathogenesis in HIV-1 carriers.


RESUMEN: La influencia de la citocina en la progresión de la periodontitis crónica en pacientes con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) sigue siendo controvertida y poco investigada. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar y comparar los niveles de interleuquina-6 (IL6) e interferón-α (IFN-α) en el líquido crevicular gingival de pacientes VIH-1-positivos y VIH-1-negativos con periodontitis crónica y diferentes grados de destrucción e inflamación tisular. Se obtuvieron muestras del surco crevicular gingival de 35 individuos VIH-1 positivos con periodontitis crónica y 35 pacientes seronegativos con periodontitis crónica. Se evaluaron la profundidad de sondeo y el nivel de inserción clínica, así como los resultados del Ensayo Inmunoabsorbente Ligado a Enzimas para la confirmación del diagnóstico del paciente. Los análisis estadísticos se realizaron utilizando pruebas t de Student, Mann-Whitney y Spearman. Los niveles de IL-6 fueron significativamente más bajos, mientras que los niveles de IFN-a fueron significativamente más altos en los pacientes con VIH-1. El nivel de inserción clínica se asoció directamente con los niveles de IFN-α en los portadores del VIH1, conectados a la profundidad del sondaje en estos pacientes. Los datos clínicos en asociación con los niveles de citoquinas de los fluidos creviculares gingivales pueden revelar un patrón de respuesta inmunológica localizado, que puede contribuir a la comprensión de la patogénesis de la periodontitis en los portadores del VIH-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , HIV Infections/immunology , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/immunology , Chronic Periodontitis/classification , Brazil , Cytokines/analysis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interferon-alpha , Statistics, Nonparametric , Ethics Committees, Research
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 17(1): 78-83, jul.17,2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909998

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Microrganismos subsecivos de infecções endodônticas primárias ou secundárias são a causa das infecções persistentes ou refratárias. Objetivo: realizar uma revisão de literatura sobre as infecções endodônticas persistentes, descrevendo a microbiota mais comumente associada ao insucesso da terapia endodôntica, bem como ressaltar o diagnóstico e tratamento dessas infecções. Metodologia: Foram realizadas buscas bibliográficas eletrônicas utilizando base de dados como Pubmed, Lilacs e Bireme que abordassem o tema proposto no período de 2000 a 2016. Para tanto, foram utilizados os seguintes descritores de assunto na língua portuguesa: "Endodontia", "Infecção persistente", "Periodontite apical" e na língua inglesa: "Endodontics", "Persistent infection","Apical Periodontitis". Resultados: Os artigos selecionados foram lidos criteriosamente e mostraram que esses microrganismos resistem aos procedimentos intracanais de desinfecção, resultando em uma periodontite apical persistente, com ou sem sintomatologia clínica e radiográfica evidente. O diagnóstico e tratamento são dificultados devido à complexidade anatômica do sistema de canais radiculares e capacidade de resistência bacteriana e o tratamento envolve um tratamento endodôntico efetivo, com necessidade cirúrgica em alguns casos. Conclusão: A análise desses patógenos é crucial nas infecções refratárias, tornando-se necessário avançar nas pesquisas para a determinação de novas técnicas de desinfecção associadas a novas medicações que tornarão a Endodontia cada vez mais eficaz e com resultados ainda mais previsíveis


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/microbiology , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontal Diseases/therapy
13.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(2): 110-116, jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954250

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Dentro de las patologías orales, la caries, enfermedad periodontal y pérdida de dientes, son las enfermedades más frecuentes en la población adulta, sin embargo, su prevalencia en pacientes embarazadas del tercer trimestre y puérperas hospitalizadas es un área poco investigada. Comparar la condición de salud oral de embarazadas del tercer trimestre y puérperas hospitalizadas en el Hospital Parroquial de San Bernardo entre los años 2015-2016, que utilizaron el programa de salud oral integral de la embarazada GES versus aquellas que no lo utilizaron. Se realizó un estudio de tipo transversal donde se evaluó a 321 pacientes, las cuales se encontraban hospitalizadas en el servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia del Hospital Parroquial de San Bernardo. Se analizó la prevalencia de caries, enfermedad periodontal, piezas ausentes y COPD, utilizando el programa estadístico Stata 14.0 y Test chi-cuadrado, Mann Whitney, exacto de Fisher. La muestra quedó constituida por 293 pacientes, 236 (80,55 %) correspondían a pacientes que utilizaron el programa GES de la embarazada. El promedio de edad de las pacientes fue de 26 años, el nivel socio económico y el nivel educacional más prevalente fue el nivel C3 en el 42,3 % y media completa en un 37,8 %, respectivamente. Las embarazadas que utilizaron el programa GES, presentaron un componente C menor y un componente O mayor, cuya diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa, para el componente C y O del COPD (p=0,0001 y p=0,0089) respectivamente. El ser beneficiario GES es un factor protector de caries, con un OR de 0,33 valor p < 0,001 y un intervalo de confianza al 95 % de 0,18 - 0,61. Las pacientes evaluadas no presentaban diferencias en los parámetros periodontales estudiados, en cambio las pacientes GES si tenían un factor C menor que las no GES, en el COPD.


ABSTRACT: Dental caries, periodontitis and tooth loss are considered the most frequent oral conditions in the adult population. This is not an exception during pregnancy, where efforts have been made in Chile to improve women's oral health through the GES program initiative, developed in 2010. However, prevalence of these conditions is unknown for the Chilean pregnant and puerperal population. The aim of this study was to compare differences in the oral health condition of third trimester pregnant and puerperal women hospitalized in San Bernardo's Parochial Hospital during 2015-2016 with regards to the use of the GES program. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Gynecology and Obstetrics Service of San Bernardo's Parochial Hospital, where 321 hospitalized third trimester pregnant and puerperal women received a thorough oral examination with a selfadministered questionnaire collecting data on sociodemographics, oral hygiene habits and frequency of dental visits. The prevalence of dental caries, periodontal disease and tooth loss were studied. Chi-square, Mann Whitney and Fisher's exact tests were conducted using the Stata 14.0 software. Two hundred and ninety three patients agreed to participate, with a mean age of 26, and 236 (80.55 %) were GES program users. A C3 socio-economic and educational level of (42.3 %) and a completed high school level (37.8 %) were the most frequent. Pregnant and puerperal women using the GES program presented statistically lower (p = 0.0001) and a higher restoration records (p = 0.0089) in the COPD index. The evaluated patients had a high COPD index and a high prevalence of periodontal disease. Being a GES user had an OR of 0.33 p value <0.001 and a 95 % confidence interval of 0.18 - 0.61. The evaluated patients did not present differences in periodontal parameters studied, whereas GES patients had a C factor lower than non-GES patients, in the COPD. The GES program could be a caries protective factor for third trimester pregnant and puerperal women hospitalized in San Bernardo's Parochial Hospital during2015-2016.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Tooth Loss/epidemiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Oral Hygiene , Socioeconomic Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , National Health Programs
14.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 37(2): 18-26, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1003922

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La relación causa / efecto entre el embarazo y la enfermedad periodontal resulta muy contradictorio en la literatura. Algunos autores niegan que exista esta relación, mientras otros la afirman. Objetivo: Identificar la presencia de Enfermedad Periodontal en gestantes del primer y tercer trimestre, teniendo en cuenta la edad y la higiene bucal de las mismas. Métodos: La muestra estuvo integrada por 106 gestantes del primer y tercer trimestre del embarazo. Las mismas fueron reunidas de acuerdo a los siguientes grupos de edades: Adolescentes, adultas jóvenes y adultas de más de 35 años. A todas las gestantes de la muestra se les efectuó un examen estomatológico para diagnosticar las pacientes portadoras de Enfermedad Periodontal, las formas clínicas presentadas, así como evaluar la calidad de la higiene bucal. Resultados: Se comprobó que 36 de las gestantes eran portadoras de Enfermedad Periodontal: 34 presentaban gingivitis y dos periodontitis. La forma clínica más abundante fue la gingivitis fibro-edematosa. De las 36 gestantes enfermas, 33 eran adultas jóvenes y tres, mayores de 35 años. Ninguna de las adolescentes presentó EP. Del total de gestantes, 20 se encontraban en el primer trimestre y 16 en el tercero. De las 36 pacientes enfermas 29 presentaron higiene bucal deficiente para un 80,55 por ciento y sólo siete mostraban una higiene bucal eficiente para un 19,44 por ciento Conclusiones: La Enfermedad Periodontal es frecuente entre las gestantes del primer y tercer trimestre a lo cual contribuye la mala higiene bucal, la edad, como también la elevación de las hormonas durante el embarazo(AU)


Introduction: The cause / effect relationship between pregnancy and periodontal disease is very contradictory in the literature. Some authors deny that this relationship exists, while others affirm it. Objective: To identify the presence of Periodontal Disease in first and third trimester pregnant women, taking into account their age and oral hygiene. Methods: The sample consisted of 106 pregnant women from the first and third trimesters of pregnancy. They were collected according to the following age groups: Adolescents, young adults and adults over 35 years of age. All the pregnant women in the sample underwent a stomatological examination to diagnose the patients carrying Periodontal Disease, the presented clinical forms, as well as to evaluate the quality of the oral hygiene. Results: It was found that 36 of the pregnant women were carriers of Periodontal Disease: 34 had gingivitis and two periodontitis. The most abundant clinical form was fibro-edematous gingivitis. Of the 36 pregnant women, 33 were young adults and three were over 35 years old. None of the adolescents presented EP. Of the total of pregnant women, 20 were in the first quarter and 16 in the third. Of the 36 sick patients, 29 had poor oral hygiene for 80.55 percent and only seven showed efficient oral hygiene for 19.44 percent. Conclusions: Periodontal disease is common among pregnant the first and third quarter which contributes to poor oral hygiene, age, as well as elevated hormones during pregnancy(AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Periodontal Diseases/complications , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Oral Health/education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
15.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 37(2): 9-17, abr.-jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1003921

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La relación causa / efecto entre el embarazo y la enfermedad periodontal resulta muy contradictorio en la literatura. Algunos autores niegan que exista esta relación, mientras otros la afirman. Objetivo: Identificar la presencia de Enfermedad Periodontal en gestantes del primer y tercer trimestre, teniendo en cuenta la edad y la higiene bucal de las mismas. Métodos: La muestra estuvo integrada por 106 gestantes del primer y tercer trimestre del embarazo. Las mismas fueron reunidas de acuerdo a los siguientes grupos de edades: Adolescentes, adultas jóvenes y adultas de más de 35 años. A todas las gestantes de la muestra se les efectuó un examen estomatológico para diagnosticar las pacientes portadoras de Enfermedad Periodontal, las formas clínicas presentadas, así como evaluar la calidad de la higiene bucal. Resultados: Se comprobó que 36 de las gestantes eran portadoras de Enfermedad Periodontal: 34 presentaban gingivitis y dos periodontitis. La forma clínica más abundante fue la gingivitis fibro-edematosa. De las 36 gestantes enfermas, 33 eran adultas jóvenes y tres, mayores de 35 años. Ninguna de las adolescentes presentó EP. Del total de gestantes, 20 se encontraban en el primer trimestre y 16 en el tercero. De las 36 pacientes enfermas 29 presentaron higiene bucal deficiente para un 80,55 por ciento y sólo siete mostraban una higiene bucal eficiente para un 19,44 por ciento. Conclusiones: La Enfermedad Periodontal es frecuente entre las gestantes del primer y tercer trimestre a lo cual contribuye la mala higiene bucal, la edad, como también la elevación de las hormonas durante el embarazo(AU)


Introduction: The cause / effect relationship between pregnancy and periodontal disease is very contradictory in the literature. Some authors deny that this relationship exists, while others affirm it. Objective: To identify the presence of Periodontal Disease in first and third trimester pregnant women, taking into account their age and oral hygiene. Methods: The sample consisted of 106 pregnant women from the first and third trimesters of pregnancy. They were collected according to the following age groups: Adolescents, young adults and adults over 35 years of age. All the pregnant women in the sample underwent a stomatological examination to diagnose the patients carrying Periodontal Disease, the presented clinical forms, as well as to evaluate the quality of the oral hygiene. Results: It was found that 36 of the pregnant women were carriers of Periodontal Disease: 34 had gingivitis and two periodontitis. The most abundant clinical form was fibro-edematous gingivitis. Of the 36 pregnant women, 33 were young adults and three were over 35 years old. None of the adolescents presented EP. Of the total of pregnant women, 20 were in the first quarter and 16 in the third. Of the 36 sick patients, 29 had poor oral hygiene for 80.55 percent and only seven showed efficient oral hygiene for 19.44 percent. Conclusions: Periodontal disease is common among pregnant the first and third quarter which contributes to poor oral hygiene, age, as well as elevated hormones during pregnancy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Periodontal Diseases/complications , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Oral Hygiene Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3975, 15/01/2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-967104

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of doctors and dentists in Bamako on the relationship between chronic non-communicable diseases and periodontal diseases. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 420 physicians and dental surgeons was conducted from March to August 2016. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics (frequency distribution). All statistical analyses were performed using the Epi Info 3.5.4 Software. Results: The male sex was the most represented with 58% for a sex ratio of 1.3. The most represented age group was 30-40 years old (48.8%) with an average age of 33 ± 8.2 years. General practitioners were the most represented in 93.6% of cases. Physicians with no knowledge of periodontal disease accounted for 60% of all cases, and all dental surgeons reported knowledge of chronic noncommunicable conditions in 100% of cases. Physicians and dental surgeons rated their knowledge levels of periodontal disease and chronic disease as inadequate in 98% and 90% of cases, respectively. Examination of the oral cavity by the doctors was "sometimes" carried out in 66% of the cases and the non-demand of the clinical signs of the gingival bleeding (64%) and dental migration (80.5%). They did not make recommendations on oral hygiene in 61.7% of cases. Conclusion: This study shows shortcomings among doctors and dentists in Bamako on the relationship between periodontal diseases and chronic non-communicable diseases. Capacity building and multidisciplinary collaboration are needed to support people's health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Physicians , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Chronic Disease , Dentists , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Diagnosis, Oral/methods , Indonesia
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3872, 15/01/2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-965745

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the periodontal status of teeth adjacent to the posterior single tooth implant during one year after restoration. Material and Methods: In this crosssectional study, 36 patients, which were systematically and had received the implant(s) of single posterior teeth over the past year were selected. The teeth adjacent to singleposterior tooth implants were evaluated regarding bleeding on probing, mobility, gingivitis and periodontal pockets during the follow up period of 3, 6 and 9 months under the supervision of two specialists. To investigate the relationship between periodontal statuses, the Chi-square test was used, and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used to assess statistical significance of periodontal indexes in the period under assessment. The p-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: There was no significant relationship between the variable of bleeding on probing, mobility, gingivitis and periodontal pocket in the studied distal and mesial teeth. Out of studied patients, after 9 months, only 11.1% had one of the periodontal problems, as a result, 88.9% of crowns replacement of single-posterior tooth does not make any periodontal damages to adjacent teeth. Conclusion: Crowns replacement of implant does not have any destructive impact on periodontal condition of adjacent teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Dental Implants , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Crowns , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric
18.
Rev. inf. cient ; 97(supl.2): i:466-f:475, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-999399

ABSTRACT

Se sistematizaron referentes teóricos que sustentan el diagnóstico de las enfermedades periodontales, apoyado en el uso del método clínico, lo que potencia la labor del profesor de la asignatura Periodoncia en la carrera de Estomatología dirigida a la preparación del estudiante para esta finalidad, durante el período enero a julio de 2017, en la Facultad de Estomatología de Guantánamo(AU)


We systematized theoretical references that support the diagnosis of periodontal diseases, supported by the use of the clinical method, which enhances the work of the professor of the subject Periodontics in the career of Stomatology aimed at preparing the student for this purpose, during the period January to July 2017, in the Faculty of Stomatology of Guantánamo(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontics/education , Clinical Medicine/education , Education, Dental
19.
Univ. odontol ; 37(79)2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-995683

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar la efectividad de las terapias de sensibilización dental que usan láser diodo 940 nm y nitrato de potasio en pacientes con síntomas de hipersensibilidad dental (HD). Métodos: Este ensayo clínico aleatorizado incluyó 30 pacientes quienes habían recibido previamente terapia periodontal básica y presentaban recesiones gingivales clases I y II (Miller 1985) con síntomas de HD. La muestra fue asignada aleatoriamente a los dos grupos. Al primero (n=15) le fue aplicado láser 940 nm por 90 segundos en la superficie de la recesión, y se les suministró un tubo de glicerina para ser aplicado diariamente y evitar la generación de sesgos. El segundo grupo (n=15) recibió láser inactive como placebo y se le suministró un gel desensibilizante que contenía nitrato de potasio 0,5 g para aplicar dos veces al día durante 14 días. Se realizaron controles a los 15 minutos, 8 días, 15 días y 4 semanas. Los datos obtenidos se registraron en una table en Excel. Se emplearon U de Mann Whitney U y t Student para comparar los grupos (p=0,05). Resultados: Todos los pacientes del estudio mostraron reducción de la HD, diferencias que fueron estadísticamente significativas (p<0,01) entre los dos grupos intervenidos. Conclusiones: Ambos, el láser diodo y el nitrato fueron efectivos en el manejo posterior a la terapia periodontal para el manejo de la HD. Sin embargo, las diferencias fueron mayores para el grupo de terapia con láser.


Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of two dental desensitization therapies, 940nm laser diode and potassium nitrate, in patients with dental hypersensitivity (DH) symptoms. Methods: This randomized clinical trial included 30 patients who initially underwent basic periodontal therapy and presented gingival recessions Class I and II (Miller 1985) with symptoms of DH. Subjects were randomly assigned into two groups. The first group (n = 15) received laser 940 nm application for 90 seconds on the surface of the recession and were given a tube of glycerin to be applied daily in order to avoid generating bias. Patients in the second group (n = 15) were exposed to inactive laser simulating the actual application of the laser, and they were given a desensitizing gel containing 0.5 g of potassium nitrate to be applied twice daily during 14 days. Controls were carried out at 15 minutes, 8 days, 15 days, and 4 weeks. Data obtained were filled out in an Excel table. For comparison between groups the Mann Whitney U and t student tests were used (p=0.05). Results: All patients involve in the study experienced reduction in DH (p<0.01) and differences between the two interventions performed. Conclusions: Laser and nitrate therapies were effective to manage DH after basic periodontal therapy. However, a statistically significant higher sensitivity reduction was observed in laser therapy group.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontics , Dentistry
20.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(4): 871-883, jul.-ago. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902209

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la periodontitis y la infección subgingival anaerobia asociada representan injuria metastásica que disemina mediadores inflamatorios favorecedores de la ateroesclerosis. La alta tasa de mortalidad por enfermedades cardíacas y cerebrovasculares en Cuba demanda estudios sobre factores de riesgo emergentes, para dirigir esfuerzos a su prevención y control. Objetivo: caracterizar la asociación entre enfermedad periodontal inmunoinflamatoria crónica (EPIC) y un grupo de enfermedades derivadas de la aterosclerosis. Materiales y Métodos: entre enero y marzo del 2017 se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo, de casos y controles, en el consultorio No 13 del Policlínico "19 de Abril", municipio Plaza de la Revolución. Se conformó el grupo de casos con pacientes que padecieron enfermedades seleccionadas derivadas de la ateroesclerosis; el grupo de controles con sujetos que no las habían presentado. Se homologaron según edad, sexo y color de la piel. Se exploraron factores de riesgo ateroescleróticos y prevalencia y severidad de la EPIC según el Índice Periodontal Revisado. Se respetaron normativas bioéticas para investigaciones biomédicas. Se emplearon medidas de resumen para datos cualitativos y la prueba de independencia de chi-cuadrado (x2) para variables cualitativas. Resultados: existió igual cantidad de hombres que de mujeres, mayoritariamente blancos, entre 61 y 70 años. Las complicaciones ateroescleróticas más frecuentes fueron la angina de pecho y el infarto del miocardio. El factor de riesgo más común fue la hipertensión arterial. Solo hubo 3 pacientes sanos según la Periodoncia. Conclusiones: la asociación entre la EPIC y el grupo de enfermedades estudiadas derivadas de la aterosclerosis no fue estadísticamente significativa (AU).


Introduction: Periodontitis and its associated anaerobic subgingival infection represent metastatic injury that disseminates inflammatory mediators, which favor atherosclerosis. The high mortality rate for heart and cerebrovascular diseases in Cuba requires studies on emerging risk factors to direct efforts to their control and prevention. Objective: To characterize the association between chronic immune inflammatory periodontal disease (CIIPD) and some entities derived from atherothrombotic disease. Materials and Methods: Between January and March 2017, a cross - sectional descriptive study of cases and controls was carried out in the Medical Office # 13 of the Policlinic "19 de Abril", municipality of Plaza de la Revolución. The cases group was formed with patients who have suffered the chosen diseases derived from arteriosclerosis. The control group was formed by 1 X 1 mating, with subjects who had not presented diseases derived from atherosclerosis. They were validated according to age, sex and skin color. Atherosclerotic risk factors were explored, and also the prevalence and severity of CIIPD according to the Revised Periodontal Index. Bioethical principles and regulations for biomedical research were fulfilled. Summary measures were used for qualitative data and independent chi square test (X2) for qualitative variables. Results: The amount of men and women was the same, mostly white persons, aged 61-70 years. The most frequent atherosclerotic complications were angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. The most common risk factor was hypertension. From the point of view of Periodontics, there were only 3 healthy patients. Conclusions: The association among CIIPD and the chosen diseases derived from arteriosclerosis was not statiscally significant (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Periodontal Diseases/complications , Risk Factors , Atherosclerosis/complications , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Periodontics/methods , Periodontitis/complications , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Observational Studies as Topic , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Atherosclerosis/pathology
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