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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363026

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O sucesso da terapia periodontal requer um relacionamento adequado entre o clínico geral e o periodontista. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar, por meio de um questionário, o padrão de encaminhamento de pacientes por dentistas clínicos gerais a periodontistas em Yazd, Irã. Material e Métodos: Este estudo transversal descritivo foi realizado na forma de uma pesquisa incluindo 145 dentistas licenciados em Yazd. Foi elaborado um questionário composto por sete questões com subquestões. Resultados: 89% dos cirurgiões-dentistas encaminham o paciente ao periodontista. A recessão gengival foi o motivo mais frequente de encaminhamento (69,7%), enquanto o sangramento gengival foi o menos frequente (13,1%). Em termos de procedimentos cirúrgicos, os procedimentos mais frequentes para encaminhamentos foram terapias de periimplantite e aumento de rebordo. O encaminhamento realizado por dentistas do gênero feminino foi de 95,9% e pelo gênero masculino foi de 81,7%. O número de pacientes encaminhados por dentistas que atuavam simultaneamente em clínicas privadas e públicas foi maior do que aqueles que atuavam apenas em clínicas privadas ou públicas. O maior percentual de encaminhamento foi no grupo de cirurgiões-dentistas com menos de 5 anos de experiência, com ligeira diferença daqueles com mais de 10 anos de experiência. Apenas 26,1% dos entrevistados relataram ter participado de programas de reciclagem. Conclusão: É necessário que os dentistas gerais considerem os sinais primários da doença periodontal e encaminhem os pacientes mais graves em estágios iniciais para fornecer um resultado ideal a longo prazo para os pacientes.(AU)


Objective: The successful periodontal therapy needs a proper relationship between general dentist and periodontist. The aim of this study was to determine the referral pattern of patients to periodontists by general dentists in Yazd, Iran, by means of a questionnaire. Material and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in the form of a survey among 145 licensed general dental practitioners in Yazd, Iran. A questionnaire comprising of seven questions with sub-questions was prepared. Results: 89% of dentists have referred patient to periodontist. Gingival recession was the most frequent reason for referring (69.7%) and the least was gingival bleeding (13.1%). The most frequent surgical procedure for what patients have been referred were peri-implantitis therapy and ridge augmentation. Referral status to periodontist for female dentists was 95.9% and for male dentists was 81.7%. The number of referred patients form the dentists who were practicing simultaneously at both private and public clinics was higher than those who were practicing only at private or public clinics. The most referral percentage was in the group of dentists with less than 5 years of experience with a slight difference from those with more than 10 years of experience. Only 26.1% of the respondents have participated in retraining programs. Conclusion: There is a need for general dentists to consider the primary signs of periodontal disease and necessity of referring the patients in early stages more serious, to provide an optimal long-term outcome for patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontal Index , Dentists , Peri-Implantitis , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Gingival Recession
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 309-313, nov.-dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354275

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El SARS-CoV-2 afecta el sistema respiratorio en diferentes grados. La cavidad oral es el lugar más colonizado por bacterias, por lo tanto, al no tener una adecuada higiene pueden presentarse diferentes enfermedades secundarias, lo que ha causado alerta en el gremio odontológico, ya que puede contribuir a complicaciones posteriores en los pacientes. Material y métodos: El estudio fue conformado por 47 pacientes voluntarios recuperados de SARS-CoV-2, residentes de Montemorelos, Nuevo León, México, donde fueron atendidos en Bucalia Dent, consultorio dental. Después del consentimiento informado de cada paciente, se realizó una historia clínica para conocer los síntomas, enfermedades sistémicas, ausencia de dientes y nivel de inflamación gingival de acuerdo al índice de Loe y Silness. A continuación, se tomó una muestra de biofilm microbiano (placa dentobacteriana), la cual se suspendió en una solución buffer de fosfato, posteriormente fue llevada al Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Ciencias de la Salud (CIDICS), Monterrey, N.L, México. Se extrajo DNA y se purificó, después se realizó PCR para detectar los patógenos orales; la PCR se visualizó en gel de agarosa (1.5%) por tinción de bromuro de etidio. Resultados: Se detectó 80.85% Porphyromona gingivalis y 68.09% Fusobacterium nucleatum en pacientes recuperados de SARS-CoV-2; 23.4% presentaron inflamación leve de acuerdo al índice de Loe y Silness, 54.5% fueron masculinos y 45.5% femeninos. Por otro lado, 36.4% de los pacientes con inflamación leve tenían de cuatro a seis dientes ausentes. En estos pacientes se detectó 18.18% únicamente con Fusobacterium nucleatum y 27.27% sólo con Porphyromona gingivalis; el sexo masculino tuvo predisposición en 66.6% y el femenino en 33.33%. Se observó infección con los dos patógenos presentes en 45.45%; y 60% de estos pacientes fueron masculinos. Conclusiones: Los pacientes recuperados de SARSCoV- 2 analizados en esta investigación mostraron mala higiene oral y alta prevalencia de los patógenos mencionados altamente relacionados a inflamación gingival o enfermedad periodontal, lo que nos indica que es indispensable la intervención del odontólogo al finalizar el periodo de infección de cada paciente (AU)


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 affects the respiratory system to different degrees. The oral cavity is a colonized place by bacterias, therefore, by not having good hygiene, different secondary diseases can occur; this has caused an alert in the dental industry, since it can contribute to later complications in patients. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 47 SARS-CoV-2 recovered volunteers from the Montemorelos city of the Nuevo León state, Mexico, who were attended at the Bucalia Dent dental clinic. An informed consent was obtained from each of the patients, then their clinical history was documented in order to know the symptoms, previous systemic diseases, absence of teeth and degree of gingival inflammation, as suggested by Loe and Silness. Subsequently, a dental plaque sample was taken from all patients, which was suspended in a phosphate buffered solution and shipped to The Center for Research and Development in Health Sciences (CIDICS), Monterrey, NL, Mexico for storage. DNA extraction and purification was performed and PCR was carried out for the oral pathogens detection. All PCR products were visualized on 1.5% agarose gel by ethidium bromide staining. Results: Porphyromona gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum were detected in 80.85% and 68.09% of SARS-CoV-2 recovered patients, respectively. 23.4% showed mild inflammation based on the Loe and Silness criteria, 54.5% were male and 45.5% female. On the other hand, 36.4% of patients with mild inflammation had between 4 to 6 missing teeth. A single infection by Fusobacterium nucleatum was detected in 18.18% and by Porphyromona gingivalis in 27.27%; the male sex had a predisposition with 66.66% and 33.33% female; coinfection of both pathogens was observed in 45.45% where 60% were male. Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 recovered patients show poor oral hygiene and a high prevalence of oral pathogens related to the development of inflammatory gingival or periodontal disease, this suggests the need for an odontological clinical intervention at the end of the course of infection or disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oral Hygiene , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Porphyromonas gingivalis , SARS-CoV-2 , DNA , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Age and Sex Distribution , Gingivitis/epidemiology , Mexico
3.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 72-78, abr.-maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369193

ABSTRACT

As periodontopatias podem ser dos principais fatores para o agravamento de doenças, como alterações cardiovasculares. Microrganismos e produtos bacterianos encontrados nessas condições provocam intensa produção de mediadores inflamatórios, incluindo a proteína C-reativa (PCR), marcador para cardiopatias. Avaliou-se a relação dos níveis plasmáticos de PCR em pacientes com doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) e periodontite. Uma série de quatro casos acompanhados/ concluídos na referida clínica (idade entre 24 e 61 anos, todos homens). Constatada a condição de periodontite, o periograma do sextante comprometido foi realizado, junto à requisição de exames para dosagem dos níveis plasmáticos de PCR, antes e após sessão de raspagem e alisamento radicular. Em 21 a 30 dias, um periograma reavaliativo foi realizado para análise comparativa das pro fundidades de sondagem e níveis de PCR antes e após a sessão de instrumentação. Houve redução de 13,7% (paciente "A") e até 2 mm na perda de inserção (pacientes "A" e "C") dos sítios avaliados; não houve nenhuma mudança significativa nas novas dosagens dos níveis de PCR. Conclui-se que não foi possível demonstrar uma correlação entre os níveis de PCR em pacientes que apresentam concomitantemente DCV e periodontite, nesta série de casos... (AU)


Periodontal diseases are one of the main factors for aggravation of diseases, such as cardiovascular alterations. Microorganisms and bacterial products found under these conditions provoke intense production of inflammatory mediators, including C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker for cardiovascular disease. It was evaluated the relationship of plasma levels of CRP in patients with Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) and periodontitis in the dental clinic of the UPE campus Arcoverde. A series of four cases followed at the clinic (24 to 61 years old, all men). Condition of periodontitis confirmed, the periogram of the compromised sextant was performed, together with the requisition of tests for the determination of plasma levels of CRP, before and after scaling and root planing sessions. Around 21-30 days a re-evaluating periogram was performed for comparative analysis of depths of probing and CRP levels before and after the instrumentation. There was a reduction of 13.7% (patient "A") and up to 2 mm in the loss of insertion (patients "A" and "C") of the evaluated sites; there wasn't significant change in the new doses of CRP levels. It's concluded was not possible to demonstrate a correlation between CRP levels in patients with concomitant CVD and periodontitis in this case series... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , C-Reactive Protein , Cardiovascular Diseases , Heart Diseases , Periodontal Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Oral Health , Dental Clinics
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(4): 561-565, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340643

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the relationship between periodontal health status and coronary slow flow phenomenon. METHODS: One hundred and two patients who underwent coronary angiography with the diagnosis of stable angina pectoris were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups: patients with coronary slow flow (Test group) (n=51), and patients with normal coronary angiography (Control group) (n=51). Diagnosis of slow coronary flow was made according to Beltrame criteria by coronary angiography. Demographic characteristics of the participants were recorded. The periodontal health was assessed by clinical periodontal parameters such as probing depth, clinical attachment level, gingival index, plaque index, and bleeding on probing. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between groups as regards the frequencies of hypertension, smoking (p>0.05). As for the periodontal parameters of the study groups, probing depth, gingival index, plaque index, bleeding on probing, and clinical attachment level values were statistically higher in the test group compared to the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Periodontitis might be accepted as one of the underlying causes of coronary slow flow. Patients with coronary slow flow should be evaluated for an underlying periodontal disease, and treatment of periodontal disease can protect against future cardiovascular events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Periodontitis , Smoking , Periodontal Index , Health Status
5.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e2119248, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154063

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to compare three teaching methods' time and personnel requirements, and their effects on plaque and gingival indices. Methods: This study was a single-blind randomized controlled trial on fixed orthodontic appliance candidates (n = 90), assigned into a control group (n = 30) and two different study groups (n = 30 each). The control group received standard printed educational material and was assisted with verbal information. The study groups either received video-assisted or hands-on training about fixed orthodontic appliance and oral hygiene. The time requirements for all three educational interventions was recorded during the initial visit. The adequacy of oral hygiene was documented through plaque and gingival indices during the initial visit and eighth week of the treatment. The continuous variables were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA. Tukey HSD and Student t-tests were used for post-hoc comparisons (α?#8197;= 0.05). Also, a chi-square test was used for the analysis of categorical variables. Results: Standard education failed to maintain the plaque and gingival indices at the eighth week of the treatment. Although both video-assisted and hands-on training took a considerable amount of time, they served well in preserving both of the indices at the eighth week. The longer the educational intervention was, the better the preservation of the plaque and gingival indices. Conclusion: Educational intervention, either with video-assisted or hands-on programs, provided better results in oral hygiene depending on the time and personnel constraints of the orthodontist.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar a duração e os pré-requisitos de equipe de três métodos de orientação ao paciente, e seus efeitos sobre os índices de placa e de sangramento gengival. Métodos: Esse foi um estudo controlado aleatório cego em candidatos (n=90) a tratamento ortodôntico fixo, que foram divididos em um grupo controle (n=30) e dois grupos de estudo (n= 30 cada). O grupo controle recebeu material educacional impresso e foi orientado com informações verbais. Os grupos de estudo receberam treinamento em formato de vídeo ou treinamento hands-on sobre o tratamento com Ortodontia fixa e higiene bucal. O tempo necessário para cada um dos três tipos de treinamento foi registrado durante a visita inicial. A qualidade da higiene bucal foi avaliada por meio dos índices de placa e de sangramento gengival durante a visita inicial e na oitava semana de tratamento. As variáveis contínuas foram analisadas utilizando-se one-way ANOVA. Os testes HSD de Tukey e t de Student foram utilizados para comparações post-hoc (α?#8197;= 0,05), e o teste qui-quadrado foi utilizado para análise das variáveis categóricas. Resultados: O método de ensino convencional fracassou em manter os índices de placa e de sangramento gengival até a oitava semana de tratamento. Apesar de tanto o método de treinamento com vídeos e de treinamento hands-on demandarem um tempo considerável, eles conseguiram manter ambos os índices até a oitava semana. Quanto mais longa a orientação realizada, melhor foi a manutenção dos índices de placa e de sangramento gengival. Conclusão: Tanto o método de treinamento com vídeo quanto no formato hands-on obtiveram melhores resultados de higiene bucal, mas dependem do tempo e das limitações de equipe de cada ortodontista.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene , Dental Plaque , Orthodontic Appliances , Single-Blind Method , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Dental Plaque/prevention & control
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the association between periodontal indexes and biomarkers in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and preterm birth (PTB) in pregnancy, as well as to assess the clinical value of these indexes as predictors of PTB.@*METHODS@#A nested case-control study was conducted. A total of 300 systematically healthy pregnant women were selected within 36 weeks of gestation and grouped according to the enrolled weeks. Periodontal indexes, including probing depth (PD), bleeding index (BI), gingival index (GI), and five biomarkers in GCF, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were measured at the enrolled date. The detailed birth outcome was recorded.@*RESULTS@#Only women at 24-28 weeks of gestation per PTB case (four full-term births) were selected as controls subjects, PTB displayed significantly greater GI, BI, and 8-OHdG (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased BI and 8-OHdG at 24-28 weeks of gestation are risk factors for PTB. Their combined detection may have some value in the prediction of PTB, but further studies with a larger sample size are needed to explore it and thus provide experiment evidence for establishing an early warning system for PTB in pregnant women with periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies , Female , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Periodontal Index , Pregnancy , Premature Birth
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880859

ABSTRACT

Considering the adverse effects of nonimpacted third molars (N-M3s) on the periodontal health of adjacent second molars (M2s), the removal of N-M3s may be beneficial to the periodontal health of their neighbors. This study aimed to investigate the clinical, immunological, and microbiological changes of the periodontal condition around M2s following removal of neighboring N-M3s across a 6-month period. Subjects with at least one quadrant containing an intact first molar (M1), M2, and N-M3 were screened and those who met the inclusion criteria and decided to receive N-M3 extraction were recruited in the following investigation. M2 periodontal condition was interrogated before M3 extraction (baseline) and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Improvements in clinical periodontal indexes of M2s in response to their adjacent N-M3 removal, along with changes in inflammatory biomarkers among gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and the composition of subgingival plaque collected from the distal sites of the M2s of the targeted quadrant were parallelly analyzed. Complete data of 26 tooth extraction patients across the follow-up period were successfully obtained and subsequently applied for statistical analysis. Compared to the baseline, the periodontal condition of M2s was significantly changed 6 months after N-M3 removal; specifically, the probing depth of M2s significantly reduced (P < 0.001), the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 concentration involved in GCF significantly decreased (P = 0.025), and the abundance of the pathogenic genera unidentified Prevotellaceae and Streptococcus significantly decreased (P < 0.001 and P = 0.009, respectively). We concluded that N-M3 removal was associated with superior clinical indexes, decreased GCF inflammatory biomarkers, and reduced pathogenic microbiome distribution within the subgingival plaque. Although the retention or removal of N-M3s continues to be controversial, our findings provide additional evidence that medical decisions should be made as early as possible or at least before the neighboring teeth are irretrievably damaged.


Subject(s)
Humans , Molar/surgery , Molar, Third/surgery , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontal Index , Tooth Extraction
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287488

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess clinical dental status in military firefighters of Rio de Janeiro State and compare data with Brazilian National and Regional oral health surveys. Material and Methods: A sample of 926 military firefighters was examined using the visible biofilm index, the DMFT index and the Community Periodontal Index (CPI). Clinical exams were performed by 15 trained dentists. The Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test with Bonferroni correction were used. Results: Higher biofilm accumulation was associated with increased age. The mean DMFT index for the whole sample of this study was 12.74 (±7.03), and the 'filled' component was the most prevalent (69.9%), whereas the 'decayed' and 'missing' components were, respectively, 8.4% and 21.7%. There was a higher prevalence of periodontal diseases with increasing age, ranging from 57.1% in firefighters of 34 years or less to 70.5% in the ones between 35 and 44 years old and 75.4% in participants at age 45 years or older. Clinical dental status of the military firefighters who belonged to the age group 35-44 was better than the one observed for the Brazilian population at the same age range. However, pathological conditions that can be solved with health promotion strategies associated with dental procedures of low complexity still persist. Conclusion: These results suggest that the availability of dental health care services itself does not represent the most effective approach to the oral health problems found in the studied population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Brazil/epidemiology , Dental Health Surveys/methods , Oral Health , Health Care Surveys/methods , Firefighters , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Clinical Diagnosis/diagnosis , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Health Services , Dental Plaque , Dentists
9.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210045, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352135

ABSTRACT

Introduction Gingivitis is a gingival inflammation which can often be treated with oral hygiene such as brushing, flossing, and an antiseptic mouthwash. Objective The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to clinically evaluate the effectiveness of 0.12% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution as an anti-inflammatory agent and for reducing the presence of plaque and inflammation in young adults. Material and method Thirty patients with gingivitis aged 18 to 30 years with a probing depth ≤ 3 mm and a minimum of 20 teeth in the whole mouth were selected and evaluated at baseline and 30 days after treatment. Periodontal clinical parameters were verified: plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S), Simplified Debris Index (DI-S), and Simplified Calculus Index (CI-S) Patients were then randomly allocated into two groups: CHX Group, received chlorhexidine 0.12% labeled as solution 1, and Placebo Group, received saline solution labeled as solution 2. Both groups were included in a hygiene program and received mouthwash. Result Statistically significant differences between CHX and Placebo groups were observed for the variables PI, GI, DI-S, CI-S, and OHI-S (p<0.05 - Paired T Test) after 30 days. The CHX group presented improved GI compared to Placebo at 30 days. Chlorhexidine 0.12% was efficient in the control of periodontium inflammation. Conclusion It can be concluded that chlorhexidine as a mouthwash is efficient in improving periodontal indices in young adults, but it is still controversial whether age can influence GI and OHI-S.


Introdução A gengivite é uma inflamação gengival que geralmente pode ser tratada com higiene oral, como escovação, uso do fio dental e um anti-séptico bucal. Objetivo O objetivo deste ensaio clínico randomizado foi avaliar clinicamente a eficácia da solução de clorexidina 0,12% (CHX) como um agente antiinflamatório e na redução da presença de placa e inflamação em adultos jovens. Material e método Trinta pacientes com gengivite com idade entre 18 e 30 anos com profundidade de sondagem ≤ 3 mm com mínimo de 20 dentes em toda a boca foram selecionados e avaliados no início do estudo e 30 dias após o tratamento. Foram verificados os parâmetros clínicos periodontais: índice de placa (IP), índice gengival (GI), Índice de Higiene Oral Simplificado (IHO-S), Índice de Debris Simplificado (DI-S) e Índice de Cálculo Simplificado (IC-S). A seguir, os pacientes foram alocados aleatoriamente em dois grupos: Grupo CHX, recebeu clorexidina 0,12% previamente identificada como solução 1 e grupo placebo, recebeu solução salina identificada como solução 2. Ambos os grupos foram incluídos em programa de higiene e receberam enxaguatório bucal. Resultado Diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos CHX e Placebo foi observada para as variáveis ​​PI, GI, DI-S, CI-S e OHI-S (p <0,05 - Teste T Pareado) após 30 dias. O grupo CHX melhorou a resposta ao GI em comparação ao placebo em 30 dias. Clorexidina 0,12% foi eficiente no controle da inflamação do periodonto. Conclusão Pode-se concluir que a eficácia da clorexidina como enxaguatório bucal na melhora dos índices periodontais foi confirmada em adultos jovens, mas ainda é controverso que a idade pode influenciar o IG e IHO-S.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Oral Hygiene , Periodontitis , Placebos , Chlorhexidine , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , Gingivitis , Mouthwashes , Adolescent , Adult
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287497

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze periodontal comparison between Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) subject and healthy control. Material and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study included 122 subjects, 61 SLE patients and 61 healthy subjects who visited the Rheumatology Department, Dr. Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Malang, during 2017-2018. Clinical examination of SLE was using Mexican SLE Disease Activity Index and oral cavity conditions were assessed using the periodontal index, gingival index, calculus index, bleeding on probing, clinical attachment loss and mobility teeth. Results: The age of SLE patients ranged from 18-55 years old with the mean age of 29.50 ± 9.57 years old. Periodontitis was higher in SLE patients (88.5%) than healthy subjects (22.95%). In addition, periodontitis occurrence in SLE (2.66 ± 1.02) was significantly different (p<0.001) compared to healthy subjects (0.51 ± 0.81). Conclusion: This study found higher rates of periodontitis, gingivitis, bleeding on probing, clinical attachment loss, and mobility tooth among SLE patients compared to healthy subjects. Periodontitis was also found to be higher along with more severe SLE group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Tooth Mobility , Periodontal Index , Connective Tissue Diseases , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/pathology , Periodontitis , Clinical Diagnosis , Dental Plaque Index , Oral Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric , Gingivitis , Indonesia/epidemiology
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e002, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132745

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This longitudinal study aimed to assess the association between the use of fixed orthodontic appliances and the incidence/increment of active caries lesions in adolescents and young adults over a one-year period. A total of 135 10-30-year-old individuals were divided into two groups: Group G0 was composed of individuals who required orthodontic treatment, but who did not undergo fixed orthodontic therapy over the study period (n=70); Group G1 was composed of individuals who used a fixed orthodontic appliance for 1 year (n=65). Data collection included a questionnaire and clinical oral examinations (plaque index, gingival index, and dental caries index), performed at baseline and after 1 year. Caries examination was performed by a single calibrated examiner, after tooth cleaning and drying, and included the recording of non-cavitated and cavitated, inactive and active lesions of all tooth surfaces. Poisson regression models were used to assess the association between the group and the following study outcomes: incidence (binary variable) and increment (counting variable). The incidence of active caries lesions was 4.8% in G0 and 39.6% in G1. The mean increment of active caries lesions was 0.14 in G0 and 0.61 in G1. G1 showed a greater risk of developing active caries lesions than G0 (incidence analysis, adjusted IRR=9.48, 95%CI=2.62-34.30; increment analysis, adjusted IRR=4.13; 95%CI=1.94-8.79). In conclusion, this study showed that individuals undergoing fixed orthodontic therapy for 1 year had a significantly higher incidence and increment of active caries lesions than those without a fixed appliance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Dental Caries/etiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Longitudinal Studies , Dental Care
12.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2021. 106 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1290793

ABSTRACT

Esse estudo observacional transversal comparativo teve como objetivos avaliar os parâmetros clínicos periodontais, índice gengival modificado (IGM), índice de placa visível (IPV), crescimento gengival induzido por drogas (CGID), mensurar volume e fluxo do fluido crevicular gengival (FCG), perda dentária bem como o impacto da saúde bucal auto-relatada na qualidade de vida, em pacientes pré e pós-transplante de células tronco hematopoiéticas (TCTH), fígado (TX-fígado), rim (Tx-rim), comparados a indivíduos sem doença sistêmica diagnosticada. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) (CAAE-18019619.1.0000.5149). A amostra foi recrutada dentre usuários da Faculdade de Odontologia da UFMG, de março a dezembro de 2019. Foram registrados: IGM, IPV, profundidade à sondagem (PS), sangramento à sondagem (SS), nível de inserção clínico (NIC), recessão gengival (RG), CGID, fluxo e volume do FCG e número de dentes presentes. O instrumento Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) foi aplicado para avaliar a Qualidade de Vida Relacionada à Saúde Bucal (QVRSB). O grupo controle incluiu pacientes sem doença sistêmica diagnosticada, pareados por sexo e idade. Os dados foram analisados pelo programa SPSS versão 25. Análises descritivas e comparativas foram realizadas usando os testes de Wilcoxon, Mann Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis seguido de Dunn-Bonferroni. Modelos de regressão logística binária condicional estimaram a Odds-Ratio, considerando como desfechos presença de periodontite e prevalência de alto impacto na QVRSB. Em todos os testes, o nível de significância de 5% foi adotado. As frequências de periodontite foram maiores em indivíduos em condição de transplante que no grupo controle, na fase pré-transplante e nos pacientes Tx-fígado. O diagnóstico mais frequentemente encontrado foi a periodontite estágio I localizada. As medianas de IPV, PS, NIC, volume e fluxo do FCG foram maiores em pacientes de transplante comparados aos controles (p<0,05). Comparados aos respectivos controles, os grupos Tx-fígado e Tx-rim apresentaram medianas de IPV e PS significativamente maiores. O número de dentes presentes foi menor no grupo Tx fígado que no Tx rim (p=0,027). No modelo ajustado final, nenhuma variável mostrou associação com a presença de periodontite (p>0,05). Pacientes de transplante tiveram pior percepção do impacto na QVRSB que os indivíduos controle (p=0,015). Os grupos TCTH (p=0,008) e Tx-fígado (p=0,033) foram mais impactados que seus controles. Na regressão logística, a variável transplante não afetou a frequência de alto impacto na QVRSB. No modelo final ajustado, a escolaridade e o número de dentes presentes permaneceram como fatores preditores do impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida auto-relatada. Indivíduos com menor escolaridade (OR = 3,590; 1,021-12,622) e com menor número de dentes (OR = 4,991; IC95% 1,386-17,970) tiveram maior impacto na QVRSB. Concluiu-se, que as frequências de periodontite foram maiores em indivíduos em condição de transplante, na fase pré e em pacientes Tx-fígado. A periodontite estágio I localizada foi o diagnóstico mais frequente. A condição de transplante não afetou a presença de periodontite. O número de dentes presentes e a escolaridade tiveram impacto na QVRSB dos indivíduos em condição transplante, e estes demonstram uma pior percepção que os controles.


This cross-sectional observational study aimed to assess periodontal clinical parameters, modified gingival index (MGI), visible plaque index (VPI), drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO), measuring gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) volume and flow , tooth loss as well as the impact of self-reported oral health on quality of life, in patients before and after hematopoietic stem cell (HSCT), liver (Tx-liver), kidney (Tx-kidney) transplantation compared to individuals without diagnosed systemic disease. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) (CAAE-18019619.1.0000.5149). The sample was recruited from users of the Faculty of Dentistry at UFMG, from March to December 2019. The outcomes MGI, VPI, probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BoP), clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival recession (GR), DIGO, flow and volume of GCF and number of teeth present were recorded. The Oral Health Impact Profile instrument (OHIP-14) was applied to assess the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). The control group included patients without diagnosed systemic disease, matched for sex and age. The data were analyzed using the SPSS software version 25. Descriptive and comparative analyzes were performed using the Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney and KruskalWallis followed by Dunn-Bonferroni tests. To estimate the Odds-Ratio, conditional binary logistic regression models were used, considering as outcomes presence of periodontites and prevalence of hight impact on OHRQoL. In all tests, the significance level of 5% was adopted. The frequency of periodontitis was higher in individuals undergoing transplantation than in the control group, in the pre-transplant phase and in Tx-liver patients. The most frequently found diagnosis was localized stage I periodontitis. The medians of VPI, PD, CAL, GCF volume and flow were higher in transplant patients compared to controls (p <0.05). The Tx-liver and Tx-kidney groups had significantly higher VPI and PD medians than their respectives controls. Comparing the transplant groups, the number of teeth present was lower in Tx-liver than in Tx-kidney (p = 0.027). In the final adjusted model, no variable was associated with the presence of periodontitis (p> 0.05). Transplant patients had a worse perception of the impact on OHRQoL than control subjects (p = 0.015). The groups HSCT (p = 0.008) and Tx-liver (p = 0.033) were more impacted than their controls. In logistic regression, the transplant variable did not affect the frequency of high impact on OHRQoL. In the final adjusted model, schooling and the number of teeth present remained as predictors of the impact of oral health on self-reported quality of life. Individuals with less education (OR = 3.590; 1.021-12.622) and with fewer teeth (OR = 4.991; 95% CI 1.386-17.970) had a greater impact on HRQoL. It was concluded that the frequencies of periodontitis were higher in individuals in a transplant condition, in the pre-transplantation phase and in Tx-liver patients. Localized stage I periodontitis was the most frequent diagnosis. The transplant condition did not affect the presence of periodontitis. The number of teeth present and education had an impact on the HRQoL of transplantation individuals, and these demonstrate a worse perception than the controls.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplant Recipients , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gingival Overgrowth , Observational Study
13.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 295-300, nov.-dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151009

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad periodontal puede ser causa de lesiones sistémicas. Se conoce la prevalencia de enfermedad periodontal en mayores de 35 años y el aumento de los factores de riesgo en mujeres embarazadas, pero no se sabe si estos factores se potencializan en mujeres embarazadas menores de 35 años. En México son muy prevalentes tanto el embarazo en mujeres jóvenes como el parto pretérmino. Con el objetivo de conocer la prevalencia de la enfermedad periodontal y su asociación con el parto prematuro, se realizó este estudio en mujeres puérperas menores de 35 años en una población abierta. Material y métodos: Estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo y transversal, analizando casos y controles. La población de estudio fueron pacientes puérperas entre 17 y 35 años que ingresaron a un hospital público durante parte del año 2019. Se utilizó el índice de necesidad de tratamiento periodontal en la comunidad (CPITN, por sus siglas en inglés) para la medición de enfermedad periodontal (EP), se consideró embarazo prematuro (PP) cuando el parto ocurrió con menos de 37 semanas de embarazo. Como covariables se consideraron edad, tabaquismo y paridad. Se buscó la asociación mediante regresión logística para el cálculo de la razón de momios. Resultados: Se analizaron 323 mujeres, 200 (62%) tuvieron niveles 3 y 4 CPITN; 10.8% (35) tuvieron parto prematuro, la razón de momios cruda para la asociación entre código CPITN 3 y 4 y parto prematuro fue de 3.3 (p < 0.01). Después de ajustar por otros predictores la asociación se mantuvo en 3.8 (p < 0.01). Conclusiones: Es la primera vez en nuestro medio que se encuentra esta asociación entre enfermedad periodontal y parto prematuro. La prevalencia de parto prematuro en este grupo fue más alta que la media nacional. Es necesaria la revisión odontológica durante las visitas prenatales. Debe continuarse la línea de investigación con un estudio prospectivo (AU)


Introduction: Periodontal disease can cause systemic injuries. Prevalence of periodontal disease in people older than 35 years old is known, as well as the risk factors for pregnant women; however, it is not known if these factors also apply for pregnant women younger than 35 years of age. In Mexico, pregnancy among young women and preterm birth are very prevalent. The present study was done with the objective of finding out the prevalence of periodontal disease and its relationship with preterm birth in puerperal women younger than 35 years old in a population without social security. Material and methods: The study is observational, descriptive and transversal, analysis type cases and controls was done. The population for the study consists on puerperal patients between the ages of 17 to 35 years, all of them were admitted into a public hospital in a period of 2019. The Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Need (CPITN) was used to measure periodontal disease in the patients. Preterm birth was defined as a birth occur before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Age, smoking and parity were used as covariables. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between periodontal disease and preterm birth through odds ratio values. Results: 323 women were analyzed, 200 (62%) had levels of 3 and 4 on the CPITN. 10.8% (35) had preterm birth, the raw odds ratio for the association between the codes 3 and 4 from the CPITN was of 3.3 (p < 0.01), after adjusting other predictors the association was 3.8 (remaining as a p < 0.01). Conclusions: It is the first time that such an association between periodontal disease and preterm birth has been found in the region. Prevalence of preterm birth in the group studied was higher than the national's average. An odontological revision during prenatal visits is needed. This line of research should be continued through a prospective study (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontal Index , Pregnant Women , Premature Birth , Infant, Premature , Logistic Models , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Dental Service, Hospital , Observational Study , Health Services Needs and Demand , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Mexico
14.
San Salvador; Guillermo Alfonso Aguirre Escobar; Primera Edición; 08.10.2020. 67 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1122047

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Considerando la revisión bibliográfica realizada y los datos oficiales disponibles, se podría afirmar que El Salvador sufre un analfabetismo epidemiológico en lo referente a las principales afecciones del Sistema Estomatognático, debido entre otras múltiples causas a la carencia o limitado número de estudios con rigor científico-metodológico, que reflejen la situación global de las principales afecciones del Sistema Estomatognático en diferentes grupos etarios. Ante ello, se realiza la primera encuesta de salud bucal a nivel nacional, apegada a lo establecido metodológicamente por la OMS, criterios actualizados y considerando muestras representativas de diferentes edades, zonas geográficas del país y condiciones sociodemográficas. Objetivos: Determinar la condición de salud bucal y las necesidades de tratamiento de la población salvadoreña a través de la aplicación de diferentes indicadores epidemiológicos, caracterizar la población según condición sociodemográfica, identificar sus conocimientos y prácticas en salud bucal. Metodología: El diseño corresponde a un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, característico de una encuesta de salud oral y metodología Pathfinder según OMS. El trabajo de campo se efectuó en 24 municipios de El Salvador, entre 2016 y 2017. La muestra total fue de 3881 salvadoreños, de ambos sexos, distribuidos en seis grupos etarios (2-5, 5-6, 6-12, 13-17,18-30, 31-45 y 60 a más), siguiendo la técnica de muestreo estratificado por conglomerados sugerida por el Manual de Encuestas de Salud Bucodental de la OMS, 2013. Los datos fueron analizados en SPSS V25, donde fueron calculadas las medias, desviaciones estándar y porcentajes de las variables analizadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Health Surveys , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , Dental Caries , Fluorosis, Dental
15.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(1): 13-17, jan.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253530

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Quando presente, o terceiro molar inferior (3MI) pode causar vários problemas aos pacientes, dentre esses os defeitos periodontais com comprometimento do segundo molar inferior (2MI). Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar a correlação do posicionamento dos 3MI com as alterações periodontais nos 2MI. Metodologia: Tratou-se de um estudo prospectivo de coorte, do qual participaram pacientes com presença de 3MI. As tomografias foram avaliadas, e registrada a posição do 3MI, de acordo com a classificação de Winter (vertical, mésio-angular, disto-angular e horizontal). Foram avaliadas as variáveis índice de placa, profundidade de sondagem, sangramento à sondagem, nível clínico de inserção e recessão gengival. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 32 pacientes (42 dentes). Os dentes classificados como mésio-angulares apresentaram os maiores índices de profundidade de sondagem tanto nos sítios distais quanto nos mesiais do 2MI (média 3,41mm), em comparação às demais angulações. Sangramento à sondagem (7 dentes) e índice de placa (12 dentes) estiveram mais presentes nos dentes verticais. Nenhum dente apresentou recessão gengival. Conclusões: Os 3MI mesioangulares demonstraram os piores resultados em relação à profundidade de sondagem do 2MI, e os verticais apresentaram maior sangramento à sondagem e maior índice de placa... (AU)


Introduction: When present, the lower third molar (3MI) can cause several problems to patients, including periodontal defects with involvement of the second lower molar (2MI). The objective of this research was to evaluate the correlation of the 3MI positioning with the periodontal changes in the 2MI. Methodology: This was a prospective cohort study involving patients with 3MI. The tomographs were evaluated and the position of the 3MI was recorded according to Winter's classification (vertical, mesio-angular, distal-angular and horizontal). The variables plaque index, probing depth, bleeding on probing, clinical insertion level and gingival recession were evaluated. Results: The sample consisted of 32 patients (42 teeth). The mesioangular teeth presented the highest probing depth indices in both the distal and mesial sites of the 2MI (average 3.41mm), compared to the other angles. Bleeding the probing (7 teeth) and plaque index (12 teeth) were more present in the vertical teeth. No teeth showed gingival recession. Conclusions: The mesioangular 3MI showed the worst results in relation to the 2MI probing depth, and the vertical ones showed greater bleeding on probing and higher plaque índex... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgery, Oral , Cohort Studies , Molar, Third , Tooth , Periodontal Index , Health , Gingival Recession
16.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(1): e002, ene.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1095469

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de enfermedades bucodentales en niños de 6, 12 y 15 años en Islay, Arequipa. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. La muestra estuvo conformada por 360 estudiantes de 6, 12 y 15 años, de ambos sexos, que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. El nivel de confianza se determinó en un 95% y el margen de error en un 5%. Para evaluar las patologías orales, se utilizó los índices de IHO-S, IHOS-M, IPC-M, CPOD, ceod, el de la OMS y el de Dean. Los estudiantes fueron examinados visual y clínicamente. Resultados: Con referencia al IHO-S: buena higiene,72,5% en deciduos, 63,3% en permanentes; regular higiene, 27,5% en deciduos, 35,0% en permanentes; mala higiene, 1,7% en permanentes, existe diferencia significativa en cuanto a la edad. El CPOD fue de 6,71 cariados, 0,14 perdidos, 1,44 obturados y un promedio de 8,29; existe diferencia significativa según la edad. De acuerdo con el IPC-M, el 81,4% padece de gingivitis; el 57,5%, periodontitis; el 4,2%, periodontitis severa, y hay diferencias significativas según la edad. Las maloclusiones: oclusión normal, 38,9%; maloclusión leve, 38,6%, y moderada o severa, 22,5%; el 61,1% padece de maloclusiones. Respecto de la fluorosis, el 34,7% no presentó lesión; fluorosis cuestionable, 15%; fluorosis muy leve, 30,3%; fluorosis leve, 11,7%; fluorosis moderada, 1,1%; la prevalencia fue del 58,1%. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de enfermedades bucodentales es elevada y el riesgo de caries dental es alto. Se observa una regular y mala higiene en la dentición permanente. El porcentaje de gingivitis es alto. Las maloclusiones están en el rango de leve a moderado. La fluorosis dental está en un rango de muy leve. (AU)


Objective: To determine the prevalence of oral diseases in children 6, 12 and 15 years old in Islay, Arequipa. Materials and methods: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 360 students of 6, 12 and 15 years of age of both sexes who met the inclusion criteria. The level of confidence was determined at 95% and the margin of error at 5%. To evaluate oral pathologies, the OHI-S, OHI-M, mPI/PI, DMFT, DMFS, the WHO and the Dean index were used. The students were examined visually and clinically. Results: Regarding IHO-S: good hygiene was observed in 72.5% in deciduous and 63.3% in permanent teeth; regular hygiene was found in 27.5% in deciduous and 35.0% in permanent teeth with poor hygiene in 1.7% in permanent teeth and significant differences in age. The CPOD showed 6.71 carious, 0.14 lost, 1.44 blocked and an average of 8.29 with significant differences in relation toage. According to the IPC-M, 81.4% had gingivitis, 57.5% periodontitis, 4.2 % severe periodontitis, with significant differences for age. Malocclusions included: normal occlusion 38.9%, mild malocclusion 38.6% and moderate or severe 22.5%; 61.1 % had malocclusions. In relation to fluorosis, 34.7% had no lesion, 15% questionable fluorosis, 30.3% very mild fluorosis, 11.7% mild fluorosis, and 1.1% moderate fluorosis with a prevalence of 58.1%. Conclusions: The prevalence of oral diseases and the risk of dental caries are high in children, with regular and poor hygiene being observed in permanent dentition. The percentage of gingivitis is high. The prevalence of malocclusions ranges from mild to moderate while the prevalence of dental fluorosisis is low. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , DMF Index , Dental Caries , Malocclusion , Mouth Diseases , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 133-138, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136183

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Periodontitis may stimulate infectious and immune response and cause the development of atherogenesis, coronary heart disease, and myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to compare the plateletcrit (PCT) and mean platelet volume (MPV) levels derived from complete blood count (CBC) tests in patients suffering from stage 3 periodontitis with those of healthy individuals without periodontal disease. METHODS The study included 57 patients (28 females and 29 males) with Stage 3 Periodontitis and 57 volunteering individuals (31 females and 26 males) who were periodontally healthy. The age of study participants ranged from 18 to 50 years. Their periodontal condition was investigated with probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing, and plaque index. Leukocyte (WBC) and erythrocyte count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (HCT) levels, mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and red cell distribution width (RDW), thrombocyte count, mean platelet volume (MPV), plateletcrit (PCT ), and neutrophil and lymphocyte counts were evaluated based on the CBC test results of the study participants. RESULTS PCT, WBC, Neutrophil, and MPV values were found to be significantly higher in the periodontitis group (p<0.05). There were no significant differences in RBC counts, Hb, HCT, MCV, RDW, and platelet and lymphocyte counts between the two study groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS PCT and MPV levels may be a more useful marker to determine an increased thrombotic state and inflammatory response in periodontal diseases.


RESUMO OBJETIVO A periodontite pode estimular a resposta infecciosa e imunitária e causar o desenvolvimento da aterogênese, doença coronária e infarto do miocárdio. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os níveis de plaquetócrito (PCT) e de volume médio de plaquetas (VMP) derivados dos testes de hemograma completo (CBC) em doentes que sofrem de periodontite de fase 3 com os de indivíduos saudáveis, sem doença periodontal. MÉTODOS O estudo incluiu 57 doentes (28 mulheres e 29 homens) com periodontite de fase 3 e 57 voluntários (31 mulheres e 26 homens) que eram periodontalmente saudáveis. A idade dos participantes do estudo variou de 18 a 50 anos. A condição periodontal dos participantes do estudo foi investigada com profundidade de sonda (PD), nível de ligação clínica, hemorragia na sonda e índice de placas. Contagem de leucócitos (WBC) e eritrócitos (RBC), níveis de hemoglobina (Hb) e hematócrito (HCT), volume corpuscular médio (VCM) e largura de distribuição das células vermelhas (RDW), contagem de trombócitos, volume plaquetário médio (MPV), plaquetócrito (PCT) e contagem de neutrófilos e linfócitos foram avaliados com base nos resultados do teste CBC dos participantes do estudo. RESULTADO Verificou-se que os valores de PCT, WBC, neutrófilos e MPV eram significativamente mais elevados no grupo da periodontite (p<0,05). Não houve diferenças significativas nas contagens de glóbulos vermelhos, Hb, HCT, MCV, RDW; nem nas contagens de plaquetas e linfócitos entre os dois grupos estudados (p>0, 05). CONCLUSÃO Os níveis de PCT e MPV podem ser um marcador mais útil para determinar um estado trombótico aumentado e a resposta inflamatória em doenças periodontais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Periodontitis/blood , Blood Platelets/cytology , Mean Platelet Volume , Reference Values , Blood Cell Count , Case-Control Studies , Periodontal Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(1): 71-86, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1052629

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Durante a gravidez, os hormônios sexuais, estrógeno e progesterona, aumentam significativamente no organismo da mulher e parecem exercer efeitos marcantes e potencialmente prejudiciais sobre o metabolismo tecidual sendo, portanto, um fator agravante para oaumento da incidência da doença periodontal nesse período, assim como para o aumento da severidade da doença quando já instalada. Além disso, durante o período de gestação, ocorrem alterações nos níveis hormonais modificando as chances da doença periodontal se instalar ou se agravar. Objetivo:Estudar a prevalência e a severidade da doença periodontal, a identificação de dieta, higiene bucal e levantamento de lesões brancas ativas de esmaltenas gestantes cadastradas no Programa Pré-natal em umaUnidade Básica de Saúde em Natal/RN. Método:O estudo se caracteriza como seccional, descritivo e observacional, tendo como público alvo as gestantes cadastradas no programa de Pré-natal da Unidade de Saúde de Aparecida. Foram incluídas 30 gestantes em estágios diversos de gravidez. Para a análise das condições periodontais utilizou-se Índice Periodontal Comunitário. Os dados obtidos foram tabulados em planilha Excel, a partir dos quais foram calculadas médias e os respectivos desvios-padrão. Além disso foi aplicado um questionário com questões semiestruturadas para a identificação de dieta, higiene bucal e levantamento de lesões brancas ativas de esmalte. Resultados:Constatou-se que metade das gestantes adotavam dieta rica em carboidratos, e de um modo geral, apresentavam higiene bucal insatisfatória; presença de lesão branca de esmalte ativa na maioria das gestantes examinadas; a condição periodontal avaliada por meio do índice escolhido queevidenciou alta prevalência de cálculo dentário, sangramento gengival ebolsas periodontais entre os sextantes examinados. Conclusões:De forma geral, as gestantes apresentaram uma condição de saúde bucal precária, com altas médias dos componentes do índice usadoe presença de lesões brancas ativas de esmalte.(AU).


Introduction:During pregnancy, the sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, increase significantly in the woman's body and seem to exert significant and potentially harmful effects on the tissue metabolism and, therefore, an aggravating factor to increase the incidence of periodontal disease in this period, as well as to increase the severity of the disease when already installed. In addition, during the gestation period, changes in hormone levelsoccur, modifying the chances of periodontal disease if it installs or worsens.Objective:To study the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease, identification of diet, oral hygiene and survey of active White enamel lesions among pregnant women enrolled in the Pré-natal Program in aBasic Health Unitin Natal/RN. Methods:The study is characterized as sectional, descriptive and observational, with the target group of pregnant women enrolled in the Pré-natal Program of the Aparecida Health Unit. Thirty pregnant women were included in various stages of pregnancy. Periodontal Community Index was used to analyze the periodontal conditions. The data obtained were tabulated in Excel spreadsheet, from this mean and the respective standard deviations were calculated. 10390In addition, a questionnaire with semistructured questions was applied to the identification of diet, oral hygiene and survey of active white lesions of enamel. Results:It was found that half of the pregnant women adopted a diet rich in carbohydrates, and, in general, presented poor oral hygiene; presence of active enamel white lesion in the majority of pregnant women examined; the periodontal condition evaluated through of theshowed a high prevalence of dental calculus, gingival bleeding and periodontal pockets among the sextants examined.Conclusions:In general, the pregnant women presented a precarious oral health condition, with high mean values of the components of the used indexand the presence of active enamel white lesions.(AU).


Introducción:durante el embarazo, las hormonas sexuales, el estrógeno y la progesterona, aumentan significativamente en el cuerpo de la mujer y parecen tener efectos marcados y potencialmente dañinos en el metabolismo de los tejidos, por lo que son un factor agravante de la mayor incidencia de enfermedad periodontal en este período. Así como para aumentar la gravedad de la enfermedad cuando ya está instalada. Además, durante el período de gestación, se producen cambios en los niveles hormonales, lo que cambia las posibilidades de que la enfermedad periodontal se estabilice o empeore. Objetivo:Estudiar la prevalencia y la gravedad de la enfermedad periodontal, identificación de la dieta, higiene bucal y estudio de lesiones activas del esmalte blanco en mujeres embarazadas registradas en el Programa Pré-natal en unaUnidad de SaludBásica en Natal/RN. Método:El estudio se caracteriza por ser descriptivo, descriptivo y observacional, dirigido a mujeres embarazadas registradas en el programa Pré-natal de la Unidad de Salud de Aparecida. Se incluyeron treinta mujeres embarazadas en diferentes etapas del embarazo. Para el análisis de las condiciones periodontales, se utilizó un índice periodontal comunitario. Los datos obtenidos se tabularon en una hoja de cálculo Excel, a partir de la cual se calcularon los promedios y las respectivas desviaciones estándar. Además, se aplicó un cuestionario con preguntas semiestructuradas para identificar la dieta, la higiene bucal y la encuesta de las lesiones activas del esmalte blanco. Resultados: encontró que la mitad de las mujeres embarazadas adoptaron una dieta rica en carbohidratos y, en general, presentaron una higiene bucal insatisfactoria; presencia de lesión del esmalte blanco activa en la mayoría de las embarazadas examinadas; La condición periodontal evaluada mediante el índicemostró una alta prevalencia de cálculo dental, sangrado gingival y bolsas periodontales entre los sextantes examinados. Conclusiones:en general, las mujeres embarazadas presentaron una condición de salud bucal precaria, con promedios altos de los componentes del índice utilizadoy la presencia de lesiones activas de esmalte blanco.(AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Periodontal Diseases , Brazil , Health Centers , Oral Health , Pregnant Women , Oral Hygiene , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Periodontal Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190490, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090781

ABSTRACT

Abstract The relationship between periodontitis and the pathogenesis of other inflammatory diseases, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and obesity has been an important topic of study in recent decades. The Th17 pathway plays a significant role in how local inflammation can influence systemic inflammation in the absence of systemic pathology. Objective: To determine Th17 biased-cells in systemically healthy patients in the presence of generalized chronic periodontitis. Methodology: A total of 28 patients were recruited without systemic inflammatory pathology, which was determined by clinical history, the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and rheumatoid factor detection. Of these patients, 13 were diagnosed as healthy/gingivitis (H/G) and 15 as generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP). Th17 (CD4+CD161+) cells and Th17IL23R+ (CD4+CD161+IL-23R+) cells were quantified by flow cytometry, based on the total cells and on the lymphocyte region, termed the "enriched population" (50,000 events for each). Results: The percentages of Th17 cells of the H/G and periodontitis groups were similar on total cells and enriched population (19 vs 21.8; p=4.134 and 19.6 vs 21.8; p=0.55). However, Th17IL23R+ cells differ significantly between periodontally healthy patients and generalized chronic periodontitis patients in both total cell (0.22% vs 0.65%; p=0.0004) and enriched populations (0.2% vs 0.75%; p=0.0266). Conclusions: GCP patients (otherwise systemically healthy) were characterized by increased Th17-proinflammatory cell phenotype positive for the IL-23 receptor in peripheral blood. The proportion of Th17 cells that are negative for the IL-23 receptor in the peripheral blood of systemically healthy patients seemed to be unaffected by the presence or absence of chronic periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chronic Periodontitis/immunology , Th17 Cells/immunology , Phenotype , Case-Control Studies , Periodontal Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Receptors, Interleukin/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Interleukin-23/blood , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Th17 Cells/pathology , Flow Cytometry , Gingivitis/immunology , Gingivitis/pathology
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190236, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090786

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This clinical trial sought to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of concentrated growth factor (CGF) and compare it with connective tissue graft (CTG) with coronally advanced flap (CAF) in the treatment of Miller Class I gingival recessions (GR). Methodology This split-mouth study included 74 Miller Class I isolated (24 teeth) or multiple (50 teeth) GRs in 23 jaws of 19 patients. GRs were randomly treated using CGF (test group: 37 teeth; 12 teeth in isolated GRs, 25 teeth in multiple GRs) or CTG with CAF (control group: 37 teeth;12 teeth isolated GRs, 25 teeth in multiple GRs). Clinical variables, plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD), recession depth (RD), recession width (RW), clinical attachment level (CAL), keratinized tissue thickness (KTT), keratinized tissue width (KTW), and root coverage (RC) were assessed at the baseline as well as at three and six months post-surgery. Healing index (HI) were obtained in the second and third weeks post-surgery. Postoperative pain was assessed for the first seven days using a horizontal visual analog scale (VAS). Results No significant change was observed in PI, GI, or PD values in either the intergroup or the intragroup comparisons. A statistically significant decrease was observed in CAL, RD, and RW, and KTT increased in all groups at three and six months compared with the baseline. The control group had greater increases in KTW, KTT, and RC at three and six months. No significant difference was found in CAL or RD at the third and sixth months between the two groups. Healing was found to be similar for both groups in the second and third weeks post-surgery. The VAS values in the control group were higher than in the test group, especially at the second, fourth, fifth, and seventh days postoperatively. Conclusions CTG is superior to CGF with CAF for increasing KTT, KTW, and RC. CGF may be preferable due to decreased postoperative pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Gingival Recession/surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Reference Values , Time Factors , Wound Healing , Blood Platelets , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric
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