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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 21-24, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284111

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os cistos radiculares são as lesões císticas mais comuns nos maxilares. Eles surgem dos Restos Epiteliais de Malassez, presos no ligamento periodontal e podem ser ativados por um processo inflamatório na região pulpar. Geralmente são descobertos em exames radiográficos de rotina, apresentando-se como uma imagem radiolúcida, bem delimitada, envolvendo o periápice de um ou mais dentes. Objetivo: apresentar o tratamento de um extenso cisto radicular, em região de maxila, com acompanhamento de 18 meses. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 49 anos, foi encaminhada para avaliação e tratamento na Clínica Odontológica da Faculdade Sete Lagoas (FACSETE), apresentando lesão extensa em região maxilar anterior direita ao exame radiográfico. Ao exame clínico, observou-se leve assimetria facial e ausência de sintomas dolorosos. Tomografia computadorizada, punção aspirativa e biópsia incisional foram utilizadas para se chegar ao diagnóstico compatível com cisto radicular. Optou-se por uma técnica conservadora, em que foi realizada a descompressão da lesão. Após 05 meses de tratamento, um novo procedimento cirúrgico foi realizado para enuclear o restante da patologia. Conclusão: a descompressão, com utilização de cânula, é um tratamento auxiliar fácil, conservador, eficaz e reduz a morbidade causada por diferentes cistos odontogênicos(AU)


Introduction: root cysts are the most common cystic lesions in the jaw. They arise from the Epithelial Remains of Malassez, trapped in the periodontal ligament and can be activated by an inflammatory process in the pulp region. They are usually discovered in routine radiographic examinations, presenting as a well-defined radiolucent image involving the periapex of one or more teeth. Objective: to present the treatment of an extensive root cyst, in the maxillary region, with a follow-up of 18 months. Case report: A 49-year-old female patient was referred for evaluation and treatment at the Dental Clinic of Faculdade Sete Lagoas (FACSETE), with an extensive lesion in the right anterior maxillary region on radiographic examination. On clinical examination, mild facial asymmetry and absence of painful symptoms were observed. Computed tomography, aspiration puncture and incisional biopsy were used to reach a diagnosis compatible with radicular cyst. We opted for a conservative technique, in which the lesion was decompressed. After 05 months of treatment, a new surgical procedure was performed to enucleate the rest of the pathology. Conclusion: decompression, using a cannula, is an easy, conservative, effective auxiliary treatment and reduces the morbidity caused by different odontogenic cysts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Radicular Cyst , Decompression , Periodontal Ligament , Odontogenic Cysts , Radicular Cyst/surgery , Radicular Cyst/diagnosis , Radicular Cyst/therapy , Radicular Cyst/diagnostic imaging
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 65-74, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345502

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the effect of three commercial calcium silicate-based materials (CSBM) on cytotoxicity and pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines production in cultured human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). Culture of hPDLSCs was established and characterized. Extracts of Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) and PBS Cimmo HP (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brazil) were prepared by placing cement specimens (5 x 3 mm) in culture medium. Then, the extracts were serially two-fold diluted (1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:16) and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h for MTT assays. TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines were quantified by ELISA at 24h-cell supernatants. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). All CSBM exhibited some cytotoxicity that varied according to extract concentration and time of evaluation. MTA Fillapex presented the highest cytotoxic effects with significant reduction of metabolic activity/cell viability when compared to Bio-C Sealer and Cimmo HP®. TNF-α was significantly upregulated by the three tested cements (p < 0.05) while only MTA Fillapex significantly upregulated IL-10 in comparison to control. Taken collectively, the results showed that PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer and MTA Fillapex present mild and transient cytotoxicity and slightly induced TNF-α production. MTA Fillapex upregulated IL-10 release by hPDLSCs.


Resumo Este estudo investigou o efeito de três materiais comerciais à base de silicato de cálcio (CSBM) na citotoxicidade e na produção de citocinas pró e antiinflamatórias em células-tronco do ligamento periodontal humano (hPDLSCs). Cultura de hPDLSCs foi estabelecida e caracterizada. Extratos de Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil) e PBS Cimmo HP® (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brasil) foram preparados com a colocação de espécimes dos cimentos (5 x 3 mm) em meio de cultura. Em seguida, os extratos foram diluídos (1, 1: 2, 1: 4, 1: 8, 1:16) e inseridos nos poços semeados de células para ensaio de citotoxicidade por meio de MTT por 24, 48 e 72 h. As citocinas TNF-α e IL-10 foram quantificadas por ELISA em sobrenadantes de células de 24 h. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Todos os CSBM exibiram alguma citotoxicidade que variou de acordo com a concentração do extrato e o tempo de avaliação. O MTA Fillapex apresentou os maiores efeitos citotóxicos com redução significativa da atividade metabólica / viabilidade celular quando comparado ao Bio-C Sealer e Cimmo HP®. O TNF-α foi regulado positivamente pelos três cimentos testados (p <0,05), enquanto apenas o MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 em comparação com o controle. Tomados em conjunto, os resultados mostraram que PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer e MTA Fillapex apresentam citotoxicidade leve e transitória e induziram a produção de TNF-α. O MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 por hPDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Root Canal Filling Materials/adverse effects , Stem Cells/drug effects , Silicates/adverse effects , Calcium Compounds/adverse effects , Oxides , Materials Testing , Cytokines/metabolism , Aluminum Compounds
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) are important source of periodontal tissue reconstruction. Under chronic inflammation, the multi-directional differentiation potential and chemotaxis in hPDLCs are decreased. Therefore, inhibiting inflammatory microenvironment and improving the functional characteristics of stem cells can better promote periodontal tissue reconstruction. This study was to investigate the effect of astaxanthin (AST) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in hPDLCs and the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#hPDLCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, and vimentin and keratin immunocytochemical staining were used to identify hPDLCs. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the effects of AST (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L) on proliferation of hPDLCs. Quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) and ELISA were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α) in the control (Con) group, the LPS group, and the LPS+AST (5, 10, 20, and 50 μmol/L) group. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of IKBα, phosphorylated IKBα (p-IKBα), and p65 in the Con group, the LPS group, the AST (20 μmol/L) group, and the LPS+AST (20 μmol/L) group. After 10 μmol/L PDTC treatment, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α were detected by RT-qPCR and ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Cell morphology and immunocytochemical staining showed that the cells were in line with the characteristics of hPDLCs. Treatment with AST could promote the proliferation of hPDLCs, which reached the peak at 20 μmol/L. The mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α in the LPS group were higher than those in the Con group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#AST promotes the proliferation of hPDLCs, which is related to suppression of LPS-induced the secretion of inflammatory factors via inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Humans , Inflammation/chemically induced , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , Periodontal Ligament , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Xanthophylls
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to explore the effect and molecular mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily Q member 1 overlapping transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs).@*METHODS@#The hPDLSCs of normal periodontal tissues were isolated and cultured. The mineralized solution induced the osteoblast differentiation of hPDLSCs. The down-regulation of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, the overexpression of anti-miR-24-3p on the proliferation and the levels of osteocalcin (OCN), osteopontin (OPN) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) of hPDLSCs were investigated. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the levels of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, miR-24-3p, OCN, OPN, and ALP. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was used to detect cell viability and activity. Cell proliferation was evaluated by MTT. Western blot was used to detect protein expression. The targeted relationship between lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 and miR-24-3p was detected by double-luciferase experiment.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 increased, and that of miR-24-3p decreased during the osteogenesis of hPDLSCs (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Down-regulation of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 inhibited the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs by targeting the up-regulated expression of miR-24-3p.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Potassium , Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Stem Cells/cytology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888697

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, orthodontic treatment has become increasingly popular. However, the biological mechanisms of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) have not been fully elucidated. We were aiming to summarize the evidences regarding the mechanisms of OTM. Firstly, we introduced the research models as a basis for further discussion of mechanisms. Secondly, we proposed a new hypothesis regarding the primary roles of periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) and osteocytes involved in OTM mechanisms and summarized the biomechanical and biological responses of the periodontium in OTM through four steps, basically in OTM temporal sequences, as follows: (1) Extracellular mechanobiology of periodontium: biological, mechanical, and material changes of acellular components in periodontium under orthodontic forces were introduced. (2) Cell strain: the sensing, transduction, and regulation of mechanical stimuli in PDLCs and osteocytes. (3) Cell activation and differentiation: the activation and differentiation mechanisms of osteoblast and osteoclast, the force-induced sterile inflammation, and the communication networks consisting of sensors and effectors. (4) Tissue remodeling: the remodeling of bone and periodontal ligament (PDL) in the compression side and tension side responding to mechanical stimuli and root resorption. Lastly, we talked about the clinical implications of the updated OTM mechanisms, regarding optimal orthodontic force (OOF), acceleration of OTM, and prevention of root resorption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Periodontal Ligament , Periodontium , Root Resorption , Tooth Movement Techniques
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879277

ABSTRACT

In the study of oral orthodontics, the dental tissue models play an important role in finite element analysis results. Currently, the commonly used alveolar bone models mainly have two kinds: the uniform and the non-uniform models. The material of the uniform model was defined with the whole alveolar bone, and each mesh element has a uniform mechanical property. While the material of the elements in non-uniform model was differently determined by the Hounsfield unit (HU) value of computed tomography (CT) images where the element was located. To investigate the effects of different alveolar bone models on the biomechanical responses of periodontal ligament (PDL), a clinical patient was chosen as the research object, his mandibular canine, PDL and two kinds of alveolar bone models were constructed, and intrusive force of 1 N and moment of 2 Nmm were exerted on the canine along its root direction, respectively, which were used to analyze the hydrostatic stress and the maximal logarithmic principal strain of PDL under different loads. Research results indicated that the mechanical responses of PDL had been affected by alveolar bone models, no matter the canine translation or rotation. Compared to the uniform model, if the alveolar bone was defined as the non-uniform model, the maximal stress and strain of PDL were decreased by 13.13% and 35.57%, respectively, when the canine translation along its root direction; while the maximal stress and strain of PDL were decreased by 19.55% and 35.64%, respectively, when the canine rotation along its root direction. The uniform alveolar bone model will induce orthodontists to choose a smaller orthodontic force. The non-uniform alveolar bone model can better reflect the differences of bone characteristics in the real alveolar bone, and more conducive to obtain accurate analysis results.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Computer Simulation , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Models, Biological , Periodontal Ligament , Stress, Mechanical , Tooth Movement Techniques
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect and mechanism of low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory injury of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLFs).@*METHODS@#hPDLFs were inoculated into well plates and randomly divided into the normal group, LPS group, and LPS+LLLI group. The cells in the normal group were cultured in conventional medium. The hPDLFs in the LPS and LPS+LLLI groups were cultured in RPMI1640 medium containing 1 mg·L@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, the LPS group showed increased apoptosis rate of hPDLFs and intracellular free Ca@*CONCLUSIONS@#LLLI has a protective effect on the inflammatory injury of hPDLFs induced by LPS, and the effect is most obvious when the irradiation intensity is 4 J·cm


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Humans , Interleukin-1beta , Lasers , Lipopolysaccharides , Periodontal Ligament , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200791, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250185

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: IGF-1 may be an important factor in bone remodeling, but its mechanism of action on osteoclasts during orthodontic tooth movement is complex and unclear. Methodology: The closed-coil spring was placed between the left maxillary first molar and upper incisors with a force of 50 g to establish an orthodontic movement model. Eighty SD rats were randomized to receive phosphate buffer saline or 400 ng rhIGF-1 in the lateral buccal mucosa of the left maxillary first molar every two days. Tissue sections were stained for tartrate-resistant acidic phosphatase (TRAP), the number of TRAP-positive cells was estimated and tooth movement measured. Results: The rhIGF-1 group exhibited evidential bone resorption and lacuna appeared on the alveolar bone compared to the control group. Moreover, the number of osteoclasts in compression side of the periodontal ligament in the rhIGF-1 group peaked at day 4 (11.37±0.95 compared to 5.28±0.47 in the control group) after the orthodontic force was applied and was significantly higher than that of the control group (p<0.01). Furthermore, the distance of tooth movement in the rhIGF-1 group was significantly larger than that of the control group from day 4 to day 14 (p<0.01), suggesting that rhIGF-1 accelerated orthodontic tooth movement. Conclusion: Our study has showed that rhIGF-1 could stimulate the formation of osteoclasts in the periodontal ligament, and accelerate bone remodeling and orthodontic tooth movement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Osteoclasts , Tooth Movement Techniques , Periodontal Ligament , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Bone Remodeling , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200734, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180800

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare tooth movement rate and histological responses with three different force magnitude designs under osteoperforation in rabbit models. Methodology 48 rabbits were divided into three groups: Group A, Group B, and Group C, with traction force of 50 g, 100 g, 150 g, respectively. Osteoperforation was performed at the mesial of the right mandibular first premolar, the left side was not affected. One mini-screw was inserted into bones between two central incisors. Coil springs were fixed to the first premolars and the mini-screw. Tooth movement distance was calculated, and immunohistochemical staining of PCNA, OCN, VEGF, and TGF-β1 was analyzed. Results The tooth movement distance on the surgical side was larger than the control side in all groups (P<0.01). No significant intergroup difference was observed for the surgical side in tooth movement distance among the three groups (P>0.05). For the control side, tooth movement distance in Group A was significantly smaller than Groups B and C (P<0.001); no significant difference in tooth movement distance between Group B and Group C was observed (P>0.05). On the tension area of the moving premolar, labeling of PCNA, OCN, VEGF and TGF-β1 were confirmed in alveolar bone and periodontal ligament in all groups. PCNA, OCN, VEGF and TGF-β1 on the surgical side was larger than the control side in all groups (P<0.001). Conclusion Osteoperforation could accelerate orthodontic tooth movement rate in rabbits. Fast osteoperforation-assisted tooth movement in rabbits was achieve with light 50 g traction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Periodontal Ligament , Tooth Movement Techniques , Rabbits , Bicuspid
10.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(6): 19-25, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154054

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Teeth frequently fail to erupt and situations arise that prevent the canines from reaching the occlusal plane. Objective: Discourse about the three situations in which the canine does not reach the occlusal plane, and remains unerupted; and at the same time, point how to make a safe diagnosis of alveolodental ankylosis - one of the three causes -, based on tomography. Conclusions: Ankylosis occurs in impacted teeth by atrophy of the periodontal ligament, including the epithelial rests of Malassez. The tomographic signs of alveolodental ankylosis in unerupted canines are the interruption of hypodense periodontal space, discontinuity of the lamina dura and its continuity with the root surface, which gradually loses its regular shape.


RESUMO Introdução: Muitas vezes, a erupção falha, e ocorrem situações que impedem que os caninos cheguem até o plano oclusal. Objetivos: Discorrer sobre quais as três situações nas quais o canino não chega até o plano oclusal, permanecendo não irrompido e, ao mesmo tempo, destacar como se diagnosticar com segurança uma dessas três causas, a anquilose alveolodentária, a partir da tomografia. Conclusões: A anquilose em dentes não irrompidos ocorre pela atrofia do ligamento periodontal, incluindo os Restos Epiteliais de Malassez. Os sinais tomográficos de uma anquilose alveolodentária em caninos não irrompidos são a interrupção do espaço periodontal hipodenso, a descontinuidade da lâmina dura e a sua continuidade com a superfície radicular, que, gradativamente, perde sua regularidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Impacted , Tooth Ankylosis , Cuspid/diagnostic imaging , Periodontal Ligament , Tooth, Impacted/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tooth Ankylosis/diagnostic imaging
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 143-151, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132278

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acute sepsis in the periodontal ligament, alveolar and furcation bone in absence of periodontitis induction through histological and immunohistochemical analyses. A septic rat model was established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Twelve rats were randomly divided into CLP (n=6) and Sham (n=6) groups. The animals were euthanized at 24 h and hemimandibles were submitted to histomorfometric (bone matrix, collagenous fibers, fibroblasts, osteocytes, inflammatory cells, and blood vessels) and immunohistochemical (BMP-2/4, RANKL and osteocalcin) evaluation in alveolar bone, furcation bone and periodontal ligament. Our results demonstrated that histomorphometric parameters were similar in alveolar bone, furcation bone and periodontal ligament of Sham and CLP rats. Regarding to immunohistochemical analyses, the number of BMP-2/4 and RANKL immunolabeled cells was also similar in both groups. Furthermore, it was detected a reduction in the osteocalcin immunolabeled cells in periodontal ligaments of CLP compared to Sham rats (p=0.0014). In conclusion, the acute sepsis induction resulted in reduced number of osteocalcin labelled cells in periodontal ligament region. Moreover, no significant histological differences were observed in the periodontium of rats under acute sepsis. Considering the role of osteocalcin in bone remodeling, the study contributes to revealing the importance of careful periodontal evaluation in the presence of sepsis.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da sepse aguda no ligamento periodontal, osso alveolar e osso da furca por meio de análise histológica e imunohistoquímica. O modelo de sepse em ratos foi estabelecido pelo procedimento de ligação e perfuração do ceco (CLP). Doze ratos foram divididos de forma randomizada em ratos sépticos (n=6) e controle - grupo Sham (n=6). Os animais foram eutanasiados após 24 horas e suas hemimandíbulas foram submetidas aos procedimentos histotécnicos para análise histomorfométricos (matriz óssea, fibras colágenas, fibroblastos, osteócitos, células inflamatórias e vasos sanguíneos) e imunohistoquímicos (BMP-2/4, RANKL e osteocalcina) no osso alveolar, osso de furca e ligamento periodontal. Nossos resultados demonstraram que os parâmetros histomorfométricos foram similares no osso alveolar, osso de furca e ligamento periodontal dos animais do grupo sepse e do grupo Sham. Em relação à análise por imunohistoquímica, o número de células imunomarcadas para BMP-2/4 e RANKL também foi similar em ambos os grupos. Entretanto, houve redução (p=0.0014) no número de células imunomarcadas para osteocalcina no ligamento periodontal de ratos sépticos em relação ao grupo Sham. Como conclusão, o estabelecimento de sepse aguda resultou em um número reduzido de células imunomarcadas para osteocalcina na região do ligamento periodontal (p=0,0014). Além disso, não foram observadas diferenças histológicas significativas no periodonto de ratos na presença de sepse aguda. Considerando o papel da osteocalcina na remodelação óssea, este estudo contribui para revelar a importância da avaliação periodontal cuidadosa na presença de sepse.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Periodontal Ligament , Osteocalcin , Sepsis , Disease Models, Animal , Ligation
12.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(1): e008, ene.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1095501

ABSTRACT

Los restos epiteliales de Malassez son células que se encuentran alrededor de las raíces de las piezas dentarias y forman parte de los tejidos del ligamento periodontal, donde se disponen en forma de red. Las funciones que desempeñan no son muy específicas; sin embargo, se demostró su participación en el mantenimiento del espacio del ligamento periodontal, la regeneración del tejido periodontal, la regeneración del cemento, entre otros. Además, tienen capacidad de diferenciarse en otros linajes celulares, lo que demuestra su capacidad como células madres, y el papel más conocido que tienen es su participación y proliferación en la formación de diversas patologías, como quistes y tumores odontogénicos. (AU)


Epithelial rests of Malassez are cells that are arranged in a network located around the roots of the teeth forming part of the periodontal ligament tissues. The functions that these cells perform are not very specific, however, they have shown to participate in the maintenance of the periodontal ligament space, regeneration of periodontal tissue, including cement regeneration among others. In addition, they are able to differentiate into other cell lineages, thereby demonstrating their capacity as stem cells. These cells are best known for their role in the participation and proliferation of the formation of different pathologies, such as cysts and odontogenic tumors. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Ligament , Stem Cells , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Tumors , Malassezia
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of periostin on hypoxia-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts and the molecular mechanism involved.@*METHODS@# cultured human periodontal ligament fibroblasts were placed in an anaerobic gas-producing bag for hypoxia treatment for 48 h followed by treatment with periostin at low (25 ng/mL), moderate (50 ng/mL) or high (100 ng/mL) doses. MTT assay was used to measure the cell viability, and the cell apoptosis rate was determined using flow cytometry. The contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the cells were determined with ELISA, and ROS levels were measured using a fluorescent plate reader. The intracellular SOD activity was detected using ELISA. The expressions of HIF-1α, P21, cyclin D1, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2, P38MAPK and p-p38 MAPK proteins in the cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Hypoxia treatment significantly reduced the cell viability ( < 0.05), increased P21, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3 protein levels ( < 0.05), promoted cell apoptosis ( < 0.05), and decreased cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 protein levels ( < 0.05) in the cells. Compared with the hypoxic group, the cells treated with periostin at different concentrations showed significantly increased cell viability ( < 0.05) with significantly lowered apoptotic rates ( < 0.05) and decreased expression levels of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 ( < 0.05) but significantly increased expression levels of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 ( < 0.05). Hypoxic exposure of the cells resulted in significantly increased expression levels of HIF-1α and p-p38 MAPK ( < 0.05) and increased levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and ROS ( < 0.05) but decreased SOD activity ( < 0.05). Periostin treatment at different concentrations significantly lowered the expression levels of HIF-1α and p-p38 MAPK ( < 0.05) and the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and ROS ( < 0.05) and significantly increased SOD activity in the hypoxic cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periostin promotes the proliferation, inhibits apoptosis, enhances cellular antioxidant capacity, and reduces inflammatory damage in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts exposed to hypoxia possibly by inhibiting the activation of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Cell Hypoxia , Fibroblasts , Humans , Oxidative Stress , Periodontal Ligament , Cell Biology , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135516

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To systematically review the hyalinization of experimental tooth movement in humans and animals. Material and Methods: The electronic databases of MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Institute for Scientific Information, and Google Scholar were searched for performing a systematic review of the related literature published until 2019. Moreover, Endnote X9 software was utilized to manage electronic titles. The searches were fulfilled using keywords of "hyalinization," "orthodontic tooth movement" OR "OTM" AND "periodontal ligament" OR "PDL," "molecular pathways," AND "mechanical cell." Therefore, this systematic review was conducted based on the key consideration of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Results: Forces ranged between 2.3 and 50 CN had been applied. According to the research design, incisors had been included in two experiments, whereas maxillary molars had been displaced by tipping forces in another rat examination. However, a majority of investigations had stated that hyalinization had firstly appeared within the first 24 hours. Moreover, the amount of prostaglandin-end peroxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) had been positively related to force term and size utilizing Western blotching. As PTGS2 had been included in the prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) metabolism, the up-regulation of PTGS2 gene expression could be connected with that of PGE2 emission. Conclusion: Gene expression in connection with force term and size and also the first signalling pathways were recognized utilizing protein-protein interactions (PPIs).


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Orthodontics , Periodontal Ligament , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic , China/epidemiology
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101287

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the rate of tooth movement and the pain perception via self-ligating (SL) and conventional elastomeric ligation brackets (CB) system. Material and Methods: This study has been conducted at the Orthodontic Department of Baqai Dental College, Baqai Medical University. The sample size of this study comprised 40 patients, falling between the age of 12-30 years without any sex discrimination. Shapiro-Wilk was used to check the distribution of data. Non-parametric Mann Whitney U test was applied to evaluate the pain associated with SL and CB brackets system. To analysis the canine retraction Wilcoxon test was applied for the comparison of CB and SL brackets system. For all statistical analyses, the p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results: Pain level associated with retraction via CB and SL shows significant differences. However, the rate of canine retraction via CB and SL shows no significant differences at stages T0-T1 and T1-T2. However, stage T2-T3 shows a significant difference. Conclusion: As pain during orthodontic treatment is mostly associated with the level of compression of the periodontal ligament, it may be hypothesized that lower frictional forces generate less compression of the periodontal ligament and blood vessels, and so alter the type of pain experienced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Periodontal Ligament , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/instrumentation , Pain Perception , Orthodontic Friction , Statistics, Nonparametric , Malaysia
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828965

ABSTRACT

Efforts to control inflammation and achieve better tissue repair in the treatment of periodontitis have been ongoing for years. Human β-defensin 3, a broad-spectrum antimicrobial peptide has been proven to have a variety of biological functions in periodontitis; however, relatively few reports have addressed the effects of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) on osteogenic differentiation. In this study, we evaluated the osteogenic effects of hPDLCs with an adenoviral vector encoding human β-defensin 3 in an inflammatory microenvironment. Then human β-defensin 3 gene-modified rat periodontal ligament cells were transplanted into rats with experimental periodontitis to observe their effects on periodontal bone repair. We found that the human β-defensin 3 gene-modified hPDLCs presented with high levels of osteogenesis-related gene expression and calcium deposition. Furthermore, the p38 MAPK pathway was activated in this process. In vivo, human β-defensin 3 gene-transfected rat PDLCs promoted bone repair in SD rats with periodontitis, and the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway might also have been involved. These findings demonstrate that human β-defensin 3 accelerates osteogenesis and that human β-defensin 3 gene modification may offer a potential approach to promote bone repair in patients with periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Infective Agents , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament , Metabolism , Periodontitis , Drug Therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , beta-Defensins , Metabolism , Pharmacology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of periostin on hypoxia-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts and the molecular mechanism involved.@*METHODS@# cultured human periodontal ligament fibroblasts were placed in an anaerobic gas-producing bag for hypoxia treatment for 48 h followed by treatment with periostin at low (25 ng/mL), moderate (50 ng/mL) or high (100 ng/mL) doses. MTT assay was used to measure the cell viability, and the cell apoptosis rate was determined using flow cytometry. The contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the cells were determined with ELISA, and ROS levels were measured using a fluorescent plate reader. The intracellular SOD activity was detected using ELISA. The expressions of HIF-1α, P21, cyclin D1, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2, P38MAPK and p-p38 MAPK proteins in the cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Hypoxia treatment significantly reduced the cell viability ( < 0.05), increased P21, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3 protein levels ( < 0.05), promoted cell apoptosis ( < 0.05), and decreased cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 protein levels ( < 0.05) in the cells. Compared with the hypoxic group, the cells treated with periostin at different concentrations showed significantly increased cell viability ( < 0.05) with significantly lowered apoptotic rates ( < 0.05) and decreased expression levels of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 ( < 0.05) but significantly increased expression levels of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 ( < 0.05). Hypoxic exposure of the cells resulted in significantly increased expression levels of HIF-1α and p-p38 MAPK ( < 0.05) and increased levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and ROS ( < 0.05) but decreased SOD activity ( < 0.05). Periostin treatment at different concentrations significantly lowered the expression levels of HIF-1α and p-p38 MAPK ( < 0.05) and the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and ROS ( < 0.05) and significantly increased SOD activity in the hypoxic cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periostin promotes the proliferation, inhibits apoptosis, enhances cellular antioxidant capacity, and reduces inflammatory damage in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts exposed to hypoxia possibly by inhibiting the activation of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Fibroblasts , Humans , Hypoxia , Oxidative Stress , Periodontal Ligament , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827536

ABSTRACT

Human periodontal ligament-derived cells serve as an important source of seeding cells in periodontal regenerative medicine, and their osteogenic potential is closely related to alveolar bone repair and periodontal regeneration. Non-coding RNA (ncRNA), such as microRNA, long non-coding RNA, and circular RNA, play important roles in the regu-lation of osteogenic genes in human periodontal ligament-derived cells. In this review, we summarize the target genes, path-ways, and functions of the ncRNA network during osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament-derived cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , MicroRNAs , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of Piezo1 protein in mediating the osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) via the Notch signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#In this study, young permanent teeth extracted from impacted teeth of 8-14-year-
old children from January 1, 2016 to January 1, 2018 in the Department of Orthodontic, Beijing Children's Hospital were selected as cell sources. hPDLSCs were extracted by enzymatic digestion. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of keratin and vimentin, and flow cytometry was used to identify the markers (CD146 and STRO-1) of hPDLSCs. The construction and screening of Piezo1 siRNA gene interference vector and Piezo1 gene overexpression plasmid were completed. Flexcell 4000T mechanical distraction stress instrument was used to construct hPDLSC cell model in vitro. According to the preliminary results, the experiment was divided into five groups: siRNA interference group, overexpression group, blank control group, stretch stress group, and negative control group. Real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of Piezo1, Notch1, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), osteocalcin (OCN), and bone sialoprotein (BSP). Western blot was used to detect the expression of ALP and Runx2. Fluo-3 AM probe was used to detect intracellular calcium content.@*RESULTS@#Vimentin staining of hPDLSCs was positive, and keratin staining was negative. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of STRO-1 and CD146, markers of hPDLSC. Empty viral vectors, siRNA-Piezo1 interference sequence, and Piezo1 overexpression vector sequence could be transfected into hPDLSC by lentivirus, and the transfection efficiency was high (approximately 90%). The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results showed that there were significant differences in Piezo1 gene levels among the siRNA interference group, overexpression group, blank control group, stretch stress group, and negative control group (F=9.573, P<0.05). The level of Piezo1 in the overexpression group was significantly higher than that in the siRNA interference group (q=3.893, P<0.05). The level of Piezo1 in the stretch stress group was significantly higher than that in the blank control group (q=2.006, P<0.05). The expression of Notch1 and osteogenic genes ALP, Runx2, OCN, and BSP had the same trend. Western blot results showed that there were significant differences in the expression of ALP in the siRNA interference group, overexpression group, blank control group, stretch stress group, and negative control group (F=11.207, P<0.001). The expression level of ALP in the overexpression group was significantly higher than that in the siRNA interference group (q=2.991, P<0.05). The expression of ALP in the stretch stress group was significantly higher than that in the blank control group (q=3.007, P<0.05). The expression of Runx2 protein showed the same trend. The intracellular calcium fluorescence intensity of the overexpression group was significantly higher than that of the siRNA interference group, and the intracellular calcium fluorescence intensity of the stretch stress group was significantly higher than that of the siRNA interference group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mechanical stretch stress can promote the expression of Piezo1 protein. Ca2+ is the second messenger, activates the Notch1 signaling pathway and the expression of ALP, Runx2, OCN, and BSP; and promotes the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSC. The siRNA-Piezo1 interfering plasmid can block this process. On the contrary, the overexpression plasmid of Piezo1 can promote the osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Child , Humans , Ion Channels , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament , Signal Transduction , Stem Cells
20.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2020. 124 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1099625

ABSTRACT

A reabsorção radicular externa inflamatória (RREI) é um processo patológico definido como a perda progressiva de tecido mineralizado radicular, dentina e cemento, resultante da combinação entre a lesão às camadas protetoras da superfície externa da raiz e a presença de microrganismos no interior do sistema de canais radiculares. Estudos clínicos demonstraram o papel da idade e de fatores relacionados ao manejo e tratamento do dente avulsionado na etiopatogenia e evolução das RREI após reimplantes. Entretanto, não existem informações sobre a interação destes fatores, bem como poucos estudos avaliaram a influência do perfil genético e imunológico do paciente no padrão de cicatrização após reimplantes dentários. O presente estudo objetivou (1) avaliar a interação de fatores prognósticos para o desenvolvimento da RREI após o reimplante de dentes permanentes, bem como (2) investigar o papel da epigenética nos processos imunomediados das RREI pós-traumáticas. Para estudo dos determinantes clínicos e suas interações, o universo da pesquisa envolveu 427 pacientes (idade média de 12,6 anos) portadores de 581 dentes permanentes reimplantados, com rizogênese completa no momento do trauma, tratados na Clínica de Traumatismos dentários da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais entre 1994 e 2018. Dados relativos à idade do paciente no momento do trauma, grau de rizogênese, condições de armazenamento e período extra alveolar do dente avulsionado, uso de antibioticoterapia sistêmica, tempo decorrido entre o reimplante e o início da terapia endodôntica radical (TER) e a duração do período de imobilização foram coletados dos prontuários dos pacientes. Tomadas radiográficas realizadas na consulta de início do TER foram utilizadas para diagnóstico da atividade de reabsorção. Sinais radiográficos de RREI foram encontrados em 80,7% da amostra (469 dentes). Os resultados demonstraram que a idade do paciente no momento do trauma e o tempo decorrido até o início do TER representaram importantes fatores prognósticos para a ocorrência de RREI. Além disso foi observada uma interação quantitativa entre estas duas variáveis uma vez que o aumento na idade do paciente atenuou significativamente o efeito do tempo até o início da terapia endodôntica. Este resultado inédito evidencia a maior vulnerabilidade do paciente mais jovem e enfatiza a importância de se considerar estas duas covariáveis conjuntamente durante a tomada de decisão clínica. Para o estudo epigenético, o perfil de metilação do DNA de 22 genes envolvidos na resposta imune foi avaliado em um pool de 08 amostras de fragmentos radiculares de dentes reimplantados portadores de RREI, indicados para exodontia. O grupo controle consistiu em um pool de 06 amostras de tecido ósseo saudável coletado durante a extração cirúrgica de dentes impactados. Os padrões de metilação do DNA dos 22 genes foram quantificados utilizando EpiTect Methyl II Signature Human Cytokine Production PCR Array. Os resultados do estudo da epigenética revelou que o pool de amostras com RREI apresentou nível mais alto de metilação do DNA na região promotora da FOXP3, em comparação com o pool de osso normal (65,95% e 23,43%, respectivamente). Esta é a primeira evidência de uma possível participação de eventos epigenéticos na modulação da RREI e especula-se se o padrão hipermetilado da FOXP3 poderia estar relacionado à presença da infecção endodôntica.


Inflammatory external root resorption (IERR) is a pathological process defined as the progressive loss of root mineralized tissue, dentin and cement, resulting from both: damage to the protective layers in the root external surface and the presence of endodontic infection inside the root canal. Clinical studies have demonstrated the role of age and factors related to the management and treatment of avulsed teeth in the etiopathogenesis and progression of RREI. However, there is no information on the interaction of these factors and few studies have evaluated the influence of the patient's genetic and immunological profile on the healing pattern after dental replantation. The present study aimed to (1) evaluate the interaction of prognostic factors for the development of RREI after replantation of permanent teeth, as well as (2) to investigate the role of epigenetics in the immunomediated processes of posttraumatic RREI. To study the clinical determinants and their interactions, the sample comprised 427 patients (mean age 12.6 years) with 581 replanted mature permanent teeth treated at the Dental Trauma Clinic of the Faculty of Dentistry from the Federal University of Minas Gerais between 1994 and 2018. Patients' records were evaluated to collect data such as patient's age at the time of the trauma, storage conditions and extra alveolar period of the avulsed tooth, systemic antibiotic therapy prescription, time elapsed between reimplantation and onset of endodontic therapy (TER) and splinting timing. The presence and index of IERR was assessed radiographically at the visit of pulpectomy. Radiographic signs of IEER were found in 80.7% of the sample (469 teeth) and were absent in 19.7% of cases (112 teeth). The results showed that the patient's age at the time of the trauma and the time that elapsed until the beginning of TER represented important prognostic factors for the occurrence of RREI. In addition, a quantitative interaction was observed between these two variables since the increase in the patient's age significantly attenuated the effect of time until the beginning of endodontic therapy. This is an original result that highlights the greater vulnerability of the younger patients and emphasizes the importance of considering these two covariates together during clinical decision-making. For the epigenetic study, the DNA methylation profile of 22 genes involved in the immune response was evaluated in a pool of 08 samples of root fragments of replanted teeth with RREI, referred to extraction. The control group consisted of a pool of 06 samples of healthy bone tissue collected during surgical extraction of impacted teeth. The DNA methylation pattern was quantified using EpiTect Methyl II Signature Human Cytokine Production PCR Array. The results of the epigenetics study revealed that the sample pool with RREI showed a higher level of DNA methylation in the FOXP3 promoter region, compared to the normal bone pool (65.95% and 23.43%, respectively). This is the first evidence of a possible participation of epigenetic events in the modulation of RREI and it is speculated whether the hypermethylated pattern of FOXP3 could be related to the presence of endodontic infection.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Ligament , Root Resorption , Tooth Avulsion , Tooth Replantation , Dentition, Permanent , DNA Methylation , Epigenomics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Anti-Bacterial Agents
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